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Endeavour earns piggyback ride back to KSC Inside this issue . Page 2 Cabana recollects entering ISS COPV training at KSC Page 3 Coast Guard silently defends spaceport Page 6 Heritage: Gordos provided amazing results 50 years ago Page 7 D ont let the desert fool you. Its not al ways hot. In fact, in Californias Mojave Desert where NASA and contractor employees are processing space shuttle Endeavour, its freezing. Its 32 degrees out here, said Ken Tenbusch, Not easy when your teeth are chattering. One of the major dif ferences in processing at NASAs Kennedy Space Center in Florida and NASAs Dryden Flight Re search Center in California is location. Within hours of land ing at Kennedy, Endeavour would have been towed into one of the centers orbiter processing facilities -a place where technicians have all of the resources they need right at their Endeavour is processed outdoors at the Mate-De mate Device with limited resources. Processing outdoors offers many challenges, Tenbusch said. Over here, you are completely open to the environment. The wind comes right off of the moun tains and if it rains, youre getting rained on. The way orbiters are processed is different, too. At Dryden, crews basically have to winter ize the vehicle before its bolted to a 747 jumbo jet called the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft. Technicians power the orbiter down, safe all the hypergolic propellants and fuel systems, drain the water systems and close the nose and landing gear doors. Then, they install a large cone on the tail of the orbiter, which helps smooth In order to do that, you have to manipulate the engines and bring them over the top of them, said Randy Goodmon, Endeav To perform these turn around operations, about 250 NASA and contractor employees are working around the clock. Mean while, there are several sys tems engineers at Kennedy who cant wait to get their hands on Endeavour. You can explain and For more information on space shuttle complete coverage of the shuttle program, including photos and videos, go to: www.nasa.gov/shuttle More online See SHUTTLE, Page 8 NASA/Tony Landis
Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWSDec. 12, 2008Cabana, cosmonaut entered ISS 10 years ago Spaceport NewsSlightly more than 10 years ago on Dec. 4, 1998, NASA and its partner nations began building a dream: the International Space Station. On that date, space shuttle Endeavour lifted off on its 12-day mission to deliver NASAs Unity module and connect it to Rus sias Zarya control module already o rbiting Earth. Cabana -now director of Kennedy Space Center. and Russian cosmonaut Sergei Kri m embers to enter the newly joined modules. o pen and were up to the main hatch going into Node 1 (Unity). We open the hatch and Sergei Krikalev was with me. I just waved my hand toward the hatch and the two of us entered together, says Cabana. I think what it talks about on the space station is international cooperation. in. We went in together. Despite his unique place in s pace station history, it is the sense of international cooperation that continues to impress Cabana. When you look at Japan, C anada, the European space agency and all its partners, Russia. You take all those different cultures, people and hardware built around the world -thats phenomenal, he says. The engineering of it is phenomenal. differences and that we have worked together in space as partners through some tough times and some easier times for 10 years now -thats amazing. As the stations construction on the continuing work aboard the station. Right now, 24 hours a day s even days a week, 365 days a year, we have humans in space exploring -exploring how to work in that mi crogravity environment in space. In t hat harsh environment where it can be as cold as minus 150 F or as hot as 300 degrees, he explains. Were making things work. Were doing real science. Were going to do more science when we get a larger crew up there. Were proving the systems that we need. We have an excellent international cooperative partner ship. Cabana concludes, I think f olks need to know that we can work together. That its not just when the shuttle launches. Theres a crew up there right now doing real work in space. www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/ station/behindscenes/construction _Q-A.html Q&A with Bob Cabana
SPACEPORT NEWSPage 3Dec. 12, 2008Shuttle workers learn COPV inspection techniques During a two-day training session at Kennedy Space Center, shuttle and safety workers learned how to detect damage to compos ite overwrapped pressure v essels, or COPVs, which hold pressurized helium or nitrogen. About 24 of these pressurized vessels are used in the space shuttles main propulsion system, the or bital maneuvering system, t he reaction control system and the environmental con trol and life support system d uring each space shuttle mission. Though some COPVs are wrapped in a carbon shuttle are wrapped with a called Kevlar. Cylindrical in shape, the shuttles COPVs have a thin titanium and alu minum alloy liner embedded string and are coated in a carbon epoxy Training instructor T ommy Yoder said the ves sels are half as heavy and twice as strong as metal pressure vessels. Lighter weight makes them ex tremely desirable, said Y oder, who is the COPV group project leader with Jacobs Engineering at John son Space Centers White Sands Test Facility in New training session at Kennedy in a little more than a year. The training course focused on detection meth ods with hands-on visual hardware. Other topics were damage mechanisms, progressive failure analysis, impact control and protec tion, receiving and periodic inspections and inspection techniques. The hands-on training is so important in order to meet NASA s requirements for safety and mission as surance, Yoder said. Its important to detect COPV damage before they are used on aerospace missions. Yoder said damage could occur during manufacturing, delivery or handling before NASA Safety Engineer Andrew Stampfel partici pated in the classes. He said every Kennedy worker who is involved in the ground processing of COPVs should handle them with care so they will not become damaged and to be aware of the detection methods used in order to extend the life of the tanks in space. COPVs are a fairly new technology but are quickly becoming the standard in space travel, Stampfel said. They need to be handled and inspected using different techniques. Yoder said every launch vehicle, including the Ares I, will use COPVs for pressure storage, making this training very necessary Spaceport News COPVs are a fairly new technology, but are quickly becoming the standard in space travel. Andrew Stampfel, NASA safety engineer at Kennedy
Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center Page 4SPACEPORT NEWSDec. 12, 2008 Page 5SPACEPORT NEWS Dec. 12, 2008 Send photos of yourself and/or your co-workers in action for possible publication. Photos should include a short caption describing whats going on, with names and job titles, from left to right. Send your photos to: KSC-Spaceport-News@mail.nasa.govSpaceport News wants your photos NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis NASA/Jack Pfaller NASA/Amanda Diller For NASAExternal Tank 130, which will be used on the Hubble servicing mission, STS-125, rolls toward the Vehicle Assembly Building after arriving Dec. 4. The Pegasus barge transported the fuel tank from the Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans. The fuel tank was previously designated for the STS-127 mission. United Space Alliance Senior Aero Composite technicians Dior Hubel, left, and Marcia Jones-Clark pack a colorful main parachute white and blue. Ares I-X is targeted to launch July 2009 from Launch Pad 39B. scheduled for launch on space shuttle Endeavour s STS-130 mission, will provide a 360-degree panoramic view of activities outside the station and spectacular views of Earth. STS-130 is targeted for liftoff Dec. 10, 2009.NASA/Cory Huston The Expendable Launch Vehicle Integrated Support Team, or ELVIS, consisting of Analex/QinetiQ Corp, a.i. solutions, SAIC and its NASA-LSP customer, hosted its sixth annual Thanksgiving food drive. The group teams up with North Brevard Charities & Sharing Center, which provides food baskets for families.2008 Kennedy Space Center Holiday Coffee NASA/Jack Pfaller Checkout Building. Center Director Bob Cabana attended both Holiday Coffees that day. Workers attended one of the annual Holiday Coffees in the 5th Floor
Page 6SPACEPORT NEWSDec. 12, 2008 While space buffs looked skyward anticipating Endeavours launch on the STS-126 mission last month, the U.S. Coast Guard patrolled the wa terways around Kennedy S pace Center and Cape Ca naveral Air Force Station. A s launch countdown pro gressed, a Coast Guard HUto remain near the solid rocket booster drop zone. About 100 support personnel monitored an area encompassing roughly 230 square miles, from Mosqui to Lagoon north, to NASA Causeway south, and from three miles of f the Atlantic coastline, to ensure the area was cleared of any personal and commercial watercraft. According to Chief the Coast Guard s normal daily duties include patrol ling and monitoring 2,250 square miles of fshore, 24/7, each day of the year. The patrol area covers 40 miles offshore and 50 miles along Floridas coastline, from Mosquito Lagoon to Palm The Coast Guard provides security and safety zone enforcement up to four days prior to launch. Active duty, reserve and auxiliary Coast Guard shuttle support personnel begin continu ous patrols 12 hours before launch, using an 87-foot Coast Guard Cutter a 47foot motored life boat, two 25-foot response boats, and 18and 23-foot utility boats. minutes before launch, the Coast Guard expands its safety zone to 12 miles of fshore and enlists support from the U.S. Customs and Fish and Wildlife Commis Guard personnel also assist the surveillance control of tions Control Center at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. We all work together to protect our valuable U.S. assets, Carstens said. The Coast Guard is very proud to serve the country and have the opportunity to perform this mission. Stationed at Port Canaveral since 1976, the Coast Guard has supported NASA s mission for more than 25 years, including the agencys Launch Services Program. Its legacy missions in clude boarding vessels, pa trolling port waterways and supporting Navy vessels. Weve evolved over the years to support NASA s needs and homeland secu rity changes, Carstens said. The process needs to be transparent. For NASAs Ares Guard will provide security and safety zone support for launch of the rocket. Carstens said there are some unique security challenges for the agency s future Mars Science Laboratory launch.Coast Guard keeps eye on spaceports waterways Spaceport News (The Coast Guard has) evolved over the years to support NASAs needs and homeland security changes. The process needs to be transparent. United States Coast Guard
Page 7SPACEPORT NEWSDec. 12, 2008Gordo proved humans could survive journeyBy Kay Grinter Reference Librarian Mercury astronaut Gordon Cooper human launches was a bevy of critter astronauts, includ ing a diminutive, one-pound s quirrel monkey dubbed Gordo. Primate Gordo was the I launch from Cape Ca naveral Air Force Stations Launch Complex 26 on Dec. 13, 1958, 50 years ago. NASA mission, but rather the responsibility of the templating the possibility of men riding rockets into space, the U.S. Armys Of eral proposed a program of serve several purposes. rocket-powered animal when an anesthetized monkey named Albert launched aboard a V2 rocket at White Sands, New Mexico. However, none of the animal payloads used in the project were recovered alive because of mechanical failures. designed to collect data on the physiological response of conscious primates dur would demonstrate whether living creatures could sur vive unharmed if adequate life-support systems were provided and whether their capsules could be quickly located and recovered after an ocean splashdown. help the Army develop missile countdown and launch ing procedures. The rocket chosen for Gordo s launch was a U.S Army Jupiter capsule was developed and tested at the U.S. Navy s School of Aviation Medi cine in Pensacola, Fla., with design assistance pro fully-instrumented capsule was custom-built to contain Gordo s cylinder container section of the rockets nose cone for easy access. Cov ered with insulating foil couch-restrained monkey, as well as his life-support systems and monitoring equipment. During his training, Gordo was known as Old Reliable, due to his abil ity to learn quickly. It also happened that the highly dependable Jupiter rockets, the same type that would carry him, were commonly referred to by that name. Four days prior to capsules and six monkeys were transported by Navy personnel from Pensacola to Cape Canaveral. Then, 11 hours before the scheduled liftoff, two teams of doctors selected a pair of monkeys with the best overall perfor mance during training: one for backup. At this time, the prime assigned the name Gordo, phonetically much better suited for communications. a chamois leather -lined plastic helmet made of molded plastic compound and strapped onto an indi couch. The couch was covered by a thin sheet of foam rubber with a built-in microphone to monitor his heartbeat. A thermistor, used to measure body tempera ture, was placed under one of his armpits and a respi ratory sensing device was secured with model glue just above his nostrils. Small straps extend ing from Gordos helmet were secured onto rubber posts that formed part of his molded bed in order to immobilize his head, after which further foam rub ber overlays were secured across his body Gordos knees had been drawn up in a supine position, which would allow him to cope better when undergoing the stresses associated with ac celeration. Following liftoff at 3:38 a.m. EST telemetry indicated that Gordo expe rienced around 10 gs of acceleration, which slowed his respiratory rate and caused and then speed up. During an estimated nine minutes of weightlessness, these readings returned to normal, and he made an otherwise uneventful quarter -hour The capsule splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean, over 1,500 miles downrange from Cape Canaveral, but unfortunately, the recovery ship was unable to pick up its signal. A parachute malfunction or a mechani system may have been the cause. The search was aban doned after six hours. Gordo gave his life for space research, but it was not in vain. After examining doctors reported that the respiratory and heartbeat data transmitted indicated humans could survive a similar journey. Note: The author used excerpts fr om the book Animals in Space: From Research Rockets to the Space Shuttle, by Colin Burgess and Chris Dubbs.
Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rebecca Sprague Spaceport News three weeks KSC-Spaceport-News@mail.nasa.gov Page 8SPACEPORT NEWSDec. 12, 2008 OR TD STREE Ron Feile, with EG&G Technical Services Steve Anthony, with NASA Robert Brantley, with United Space Alliance Jimmy Dean, with Space Gateway Support Fire James Moye, with Abacus Technology Corp. W Looking up and ahead send pictures -but its clearly not the same as being next to the hardware, Tenbusch said. Tenbusch and Goodmon say Endeavour appears to be in good shape. They even commented on the window that was hit by a meteor while orbiting Earth. replaced before Endeavours next mission. Even with the challenges, Tenbusch says his turnaround team is doing a great job preparing Endeavour for its piggyback ride to Kennedy. And while many wonder i f s A landing in California put Endeavour behind schedule for its next mission targeted for May 2009, Tenbusch remains optimistic. There are ways to make up lost time. The two most prominent are overtime and diverting resource from one orbiter processing facility to another, Tenbusch said. I truly believe the team will be able to respond well and make up the lost time. SHUTTLE Page 1 NASA Employees of the Month: December NAS