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John F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universe Spaceport News Nov. 14, 2008 Vol. 48, No. 23 Bob Cabana, STS-88 mission commander, totes a notebook while checking on the progress of readiness tasks aboard the International Space Stations Unity module in 1998. NASA Cabana emphasizes importance of safety Inside this issue . Page 2 NASA honors worker Ares I-X update Page 3 Blue Angels highlight Space & Air Show Pages 4-5 Heritage: Crawlerway built 45 years ago Page 7 See CABANA Page 8 Kennedy Space Center Director Bob Cabana answered workers questions at the All Hands Meeting on Nov. 4 in the Training Auditorium. WORD ON THE STREET What goals should the new director focus on? Page 8 I hope from my comments at the all hands, you were able to get some sense of the excite ment I have about being part of this outstanding team during a historic time in our nations space program. I cant think of anywhere Id rather be as we complete the Inter national Space Station and prepare spacecraft the United States has During the months ahead, Id like to use my column in the Space port News to discuss topics that are important to me and I think are important to our success as a center. to pick a subject dear to my heart -safety. I want everyone to un derstand how important safety is to me and how committed I am to ensuring a safe work environment for all our employees. I will do my very best to use our center resources to buy down the risk from hazards walk-throughs and visits to the vari ous work sites around the center. In our core values of safety, teamwork, integrity and excellence, is so important that we cant do it safely. But do you really believe that, have you accepted it? As a contrac tor/civil service team, are we really working together to make our work environment at Kennedy safer for everyone? If we truly believe safety, team work, integrity and excellence are our core values, then we are going to see improvement in our com bined incident rate because safety will be ingrained in all that we do. Teamwork will mean looking out for each other and taking care of our teammates by pointing out to them when theyre doing something un safe or correcting a problem before someone gets hurt. We will have the integrity to follow through and make things right. To ensure mission success, we will be true professionals, conduct ing our tasks safely, by the book, without taking short cuts or putting people at risk and we will be recog nized for our excellence. We will never have a truly ef fective safety program until all of us realize that safety is our respon sibility, not managements or safety ours. We have to own it and take responsibility for it. It has to be at our very core and part of everything we do. Id like you also to consider that safety doesnt begin or end as we pass through the gates on our way home. If were truly committed to doing things safely, were going NASA/Jim Grossman


Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWS Nov. 14, 2008 Whitehead earns NASA Lifetime Achievement Award Disability awareness presentation features stroke survivor F ocus on abilities rather than disabilities -thats the mes sage Kate Adamson brought to Kennedy Space Center workers during a National Disability Em ployment Awareness Month event. The presentation, delivered by the brain-stem stroke survivor and national speaker, was sponsored by the Disability Awareness and Action Working Group, or DAAWG. Helping to welcome Adamson were Kennedy Deputy Director Janet and DAAWG Executive Advisor Susan Kroskey. Adamson, author of Paralyzed but not Powerless, described her experiences and the long road to overcoming Locked-in Syndrome, or total paralysis, from a double brainstem stroke at the age of 33. The mother of two toddlers could see and hear but had no way to communicate or move. She remained in this condition for 70 days and then spent another three months in acute rehabilitation. When doctors wrote her off, her husband discovered that she could communicate by blinking her eyes. A support system is very important, Adamson said. Dur friends are. She challenged Kennedy work ers to think of the good things that can come from a disability. Working together we can overcome obstacles, Adamson said. Dont think about what you cant do; instead, focus on what you can do. Tara Gillam, manager of Ken Opportunity, said that right now the Kennedy work force is diverse, but less than one percent are individuals with targeted disabilities. We all need to open our hearts and our minds, Gillam said. We must look beyond the wheel chair, or the leg braces, the cane, or the interpreter, and see the talent that we have only begun to tap. During the presentation, the DAAWG committee recognized Sam Gutierrez for his support and efforts on behalf of the working group. Gutierrez helped create the new DAAWG logo and was an active committee member for many years. After the presentation, repre sentatives from local organizations and provided information about the services and products available for the disabled. Participants included the Bre vard Achievement Center, Brevard Drop-in-Center, LifeBridge Diag nostics, National Stroke Association, Kennedys Re-hab Works, Kennedy Adapted Physical Activity Program, Southeastern Guide Dogs Inc., the Tourette Syndrome Association of Florida-Brevard Chapter, and Visioneers. By Linda Herridge Spaceport News before the STS-126 Flight Readiness Review at the Operations and Support Building II on Oct. 30. Whitehead has worked at Kennedy Space Center for 34 years. A s a young girl, Vir ginia Whitehead could identify the planets and even knew the names of the stars. Little did she know then, that she would end up as one of NASAs brightest as she received the Lifetime Achievement Award from NASA Administrator Mike seems like a lifetime. But thats how old Whitehead was when she started work ing here at Kennedy Space Center -34 years ago. Whitehead has served so many roles with NASA, from writing to reducing data, to serving as an ISS payload director. I have been given this award for just having fun all these years, Whitehead said. I just liked working with everybody to get stuff done. And shes not done yet, as law school remains in her plans. I still toy with the idea, she said. I just want to be able to help people who need help. Her interest in rocketry began at Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Lab in Maryland. Whiteheads du ties there included interpret ing data for Wallops Flight Facility missile launches in Virginia. She then applied her knowledge at a California observatory, in the missile industry again, and even tually at NASAs White Sands Test Facility in New Mexico. All the rules they made at White Sands were based on what I did, she joked. If I did it, they had to make a rule against it. Although Whitehead kids that her methods are unconventional, many space pioneers valued her con tributions. In fact, she says it was a lot of fun working with the German rocket sci entists, who used to visit her home where she says she got to know them well. (Dr. Kurt) Debus, (Wernher) Von Braun and Karl Sendler used to come hands, she said. When I was out there, it was all optical data. Telemetry was just getting started. I would tell them how fast a missile was moving and if it was rolling or turning. given NASAs You Make a Difference Award, which recognizes employees who have set examples of high energy and are team players. Something that might surprise those who have known Whitehead for all these years -in 1964, when Cocoa Beach Jr./Sr. High opened its doors, Whitehead asked them if she could teach math. Of course, she was hired on the spot. One of her algebra students also rose in the ranks at NASA -former Center Director Jim Kennedy.


SPACEPORT NEWS Page 3 Nov. 14, 2008 First rocket parts of new launch system arrive at KSC T hardware of the Ares I-X rocket has ar rived in Florida to begin preparation for the inaugu next-generation launch The Ares I-X upper stage simulator traveled to Port Canaveral aboard the Delta Mariner, a ship that also transports the Delta IV rocket for United Launch Alliance. The journey began as the barge traveled toward the Mississippi River for its voyage to Port Canaveral. been moved off the barge into high bay 4 of the Ve hicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center. The upper stage simula tor consists of 11 individual components that were de signed and manufactured during a two-year period at NASAs Glenn Research Center in Cleveland. The components represent the size, outer shape and weight of the second stage of the Ares I rocket, and will be integrated together in the Vehicle Assembly Building. The upper stage simulator eventually will be stacked atop the solid rocket booster segments of the Ares I-X rocket. Video of the arrival activities are available on NASA schedules and downlink information, visit: For more information about the Ares I-X and NASAs next-generation spacecraft, visit: Want to learn more? will provide NASA an early opportunity to test hard ware, facilities and ground operations associated with the Ares I crew launch vehicle. It also will allow NASA to gather critical data during ascent of the integrated Ori on crew exploration vehicle and the Ares I rocket. The data will ensure the entire vehicle system is safe and fully operational before astronauts begin traveling into orbit. The segments will simulate the mass and the outer mold line and will be more than 100 feet of the total vehicle height of 327 feet. The simulator comprises 11 segments that are approximately 18 feet in diameter. Most of the segments will be approximately 10 feet high, ranging in weight from 18,000 to 60,000 pounds, for a total of approximately 450,000 pounds. Sharing, caring highlight Make a Difference Day by transporting collected items to the local Brevard Sharing Center & Salvation Army Domestic Violence Center on Oct. 24. The event was hosted by the local chapter of the Federally Employed Women. NASA/Jim Grossman M ake a Difference Day is the most encompassing national day of helping others -a celebration of neighbors helping neighbors. was no different as the Federally Employed Women Space Coast Chapter put a call out to members and employees at Kennedy Space Sharing Center and to assist in furnishing the new Salvation Army Domestic Violence Center. The response was overwhelming as members and employees opened their hearts and pocketbooks and came through for their community. In the past the chapter has performed tasks such as painting, providing new curtains and bedspreads, landscaping, providing diapers, collecting food -whatever An educational scholarship program was established in 1976 for members and students in the county that continues today.


Scene Around Kennedy Space Center: 2008 Space and Air Show Page 4 SPACEPORT NEWS Nov. 14, 2008 Page 5 SPACEPORT NEWS Nov. 14, 2008 Mike Goulian maneuvers his EXTRA300SHP aircraft. Patrick Air Force Bases 920th Rescue Wing demonstrates a water rescue. D istant relatives of the space shuttle adorned the skies over Kennedy Space Center on Nov. 7-9. The Navys Blue Angels, an Super Hornet and other aircraft pro vided thousands of spectators -an estimated 10,000 each day -with an experience they soon wont forget. Air Force Base, demonstrated a daring water rescue. The Scream ing Eagles provided a few oohs and aahs with their air assault opera tions. The aircraft staged the air show from the same Kennedy runway used by space shuttles returning from space. Air show takes breaths away


Scene Around Kennedy Space Center: 2008 Space and Air Show Page 5 SPACEPORT NEWS Nov. 14, 2008 Patrick Air Force Bases 920th Rescue Wing demonstrates a water rescue. The Screaming Eagles Parachute Demonstration Team wowed the crowd with several cool chutes. Thousands of visitors kept their eye on the sky dur ing the Space & Air Show at Kennedy Space Center.


Page 6 SPACEPORT NEWS Nov. 14, 2008 Launch Services Program reaches 10-year mark A Delta II rocket lifts the Phoenix spacecraft toward Mars in one of the many successful launches by the Launch Services Program. The LSP was established for NASAs acquisition and program management of expendable launch vehicle missions. N ASAs Launch Services Program, or LSP, recently celebrated its 10-year an niversary at Kennedy Space Center -an important milestone in the agencys history of successful rocket-launched missions. LSP -the Expendable Launch Vehicle Program, or ELV -was established on the Space Coast. Engineering teams from NASAs Goddard Space Flight Center, with its management of Pegasus and Delta II launches, and Lewis Research Cen ter (renamed Glenn Research Center), with its management of Atlas launches, combined with Kennedys ground operations team. According to former LSP Deputy Director Ray Lugo, plans to bring the program to Ken nedy began in 1996, around the time he joined NASAs ELV Directorate. Though Lugo departed of NASAs Glenn Research Center, he remem bers the transition well. Kennedy started taking on some of the responsibilities for the program, Lugo said. It just made sense to consolidate and bring the program here. We looked at best practices from across the agency and the strengths from each centers approaches. The transition was critical because sev eral high-visibility missions were scheduled to launch, including two Mars missions and Star dust. We pushed extra hard; it was important for us to be successful, Lugo said. LSPs efforts to put the right people, processes and procedures in place helped to ensure NASAs missions. LSP Manager Steve Francois worked on ex pendable launch vehicle missions before the pro gram was established at Kennedy. He returned program is due to the diligence and hard work of the people and their contributions to each mis sion, year after year, Francois said. Darren Bedell, the program systems integra from Goddards Orbital Launch Services Project located in Huntington Beach, Calif. My role tion function and help the program transition from the other centers, Bedell said. The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter was launch vehicle. The LSP technical management team did an incredible job so that NASA would be ready for the launch of this important mis sion, Bedell said. Transferring from Goddard, Marisa Achee came to Kennedy to become a program manager Achee has supported LSP for 11 years. Her most memorable launch was ARGOS, with NASAsponsored secondary payloads Orsted from Denmark and SUNSAT from South Africa in Feb. 1999, from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. It took 11 attempts, Achee said. We sup ported the mission integration process and made several trips to both countries. My hope is that we continue our 100 percent success record by maintaining the superior technical capability of our engineers. Senior Launch Director Chuck Dovale highlight was serving as launch director for the lenging to launch successfully within the tight Mars planetary window. Dovale was invited to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., about seven months later to witness the spacecrafts landing on Mars. LSP should continue to be Earths Bridge to Space, and I look forward to doing my part and maintaining its record of success, Dovale said. LSP Launch Director Omar Baez came to LSP from the Space Shuttle Program and has Building at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Operations and Checkout Building. Baez hopes the program will continue to evolve. I hope we can keep up the pace and maybe get two or three steps ahead of our environment, which is the key to getting great projects to work on, Baez said. Lugo said the key was not to underestimate Kennedys abilities. If you give workers the opportunities to stretch their abilities youll be surprised at what you can accomplish. By Linda Herridge Spaceport News Came to LSP to learn about dynamics and controls. Heather Barthelme, co-op student Launch of Phoenix -to see it launch and land on Mars. The level of knowledge and expertise here in the LSP. Its a good place to learn. James Ristow, structural dynamics and loads analyst Ive always had a passion for space-related things. Jeerapong Wongchote, avionics engineer missions, right after LSP became a program at KSC. John Giles, launch approval engineer Teresa Kinney, structural dynamics and loads analyst Watching EOS-Terra liftoff on an Atlas IIAS was very gratifying. Timothy Widrick, discipline expert, loads and dynamics Launch Services Program workers share their memories and thoughts


Page 7 SPACEPORT NEWS Nov. 14, 2008 Crawlerway construction paved way for Apollo Remembering Our Heritage By Kay Grinter Reference Librarian Alabama River rock was placed to a depth of eight inches on curves and four inches on straightway sections as the top surface. F or NASA engineers, the early days of the Apollo Program were all about making the right decisions. Choosing the right launch site, capsule concept, rocket design and launch method created more than a few headaches. As the rocket and spacecraft designs came into focus, the mobile launch concept came under consideration. The advantage of a mobile concept lay in its promise of faster launch operations. Instead of rocket components being mated and checked out on a pad, which was then unavailable for other uses, the vehicle could be integrated and tests conducted in an assembly building a remote distance from the launch site. A brief checkout process at the pad could verify the rocket sys tems were ready for launch. There were other advantages to a mobile system, as well. An assem bly building could protect launch vehicles from Cape Canaverals tropical weather and salt air. Housing the work force in one assem bly building, rather than numerous pads, might also save in labor costs. Once the mobile concept was adopted, construction of the Vehicle Assembly Building, or VAB -referred to as the Vertical Assembly Building at its inception -began in July 1963, as did construction of the three mobile launchers, the platforms that support the rocket before launch and become, in effect, the pads surface. NASA selected a giant transporter, or crawler, that moves along a specially de signed roadbed, rather than a barge or rail system, as the method of transportation for the integrated Apollo/Saturn V from the assembly build ing to the pad. The crawlerway was designed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and built by a joint venture of the Blount Brothers Construc tion Company of Montgom ery, Ala., and M. M. Sundt Construction Company of Tucson, Ariz. Construction of the roadway between the VAB and the site for Ken nedy Space Centers Launch Complex 39A got under way in November 1963. At that time, work also began on the pad under the same contract. The crawlerway pro vided a traveling surface for the transporter between the VAB and the launch complexs twin pads con sisting of two 40-foot-wide median. To support the 17,000,000-pound load of a transporter carrying an integrated Apollo/Saturn V atop a mobile launcher, the roadbed averaged seven feet in thickness. Under maximum load conditions in high winds, each one of the four dualtractor units of the trans pounds of pressure on the roadbed, or more than foot. The access tunnels for any ducts or pipes that would pass beneath the crawlerway had to be capable of withstanding the load conditions, as well. The approach to con struction of the crawlerway was similar to that for a causeway. After the softer material was excavated, more than 3,000,000 cubic was placed along the route. vibratory rollers and then proof-rolled with a 100-ton roller. Three and a half feet of selected sub-base material under three feet of graded crushed aggregate base course made up the road bed, with a blacktop sealer topping it off. River gravel was placed to a depth of eight inches on curves and four inches on straightway sections for the top surface on which the transporter maneuvers. The initial section of the crawlerway leading to Pad A was ready for Pad A followed in Decem structed between December 1964 and April 1967, cost a The crawlerway was cheap by comparison, com all. Not only were the mobile concept and its in frastructure used during the Apollo Program, but they continue to serve the Space Shuttle Program to the pres ent day. The same pads, assem bly building, transporters, mobile launcher platforms and crawlerway will be support the Ares rockets and Orion crew module of the Constellation Program, NASAs next-generation hu man space program.


John F. Kennedy Space Center Managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candrea Thomas Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rebecca Sprague Editorial support provided by Abacus Technology Corp. Writers Group. NASA at KSC is on the Internet at USGPO: 733-049/600142 Spaceport News is published on alternate Fridays by External Relations in the interest of KSC civil service and contractor employees. Contributions are welcome and should be submitted three weeks before publication to the Media Services Branch, IMCS-440. E-mail submissions can be sent to Page 8 SPACEPORT NEWS Nov. 14, 2008 From CABANA Page 1 Register for PM Challenge 2009 The Project Management Challenge Conference is several months away, but registration runs through Jan. 30. For more information, visit: to take it home with us also. As the holiday season approaches, there are plenty of opportunities for an incident at home. We need everyone healthy if were going to succeed, and more importantly, your families need you healthy to provide and care for them. Dont be that bad ex ample at the safety brief that shows how not to do a job. So take some time and step back and ask yourself if youre really committed to safety as a core value. Have you taken ownership of it, or do you feel safety is someone elses responsibility? Weve got a tremendous chal lenge in front of us the next few years and we cant afford to fail. We will not be successful if safety is not at our core. Think about it, take ownership of it, and be safe at home and on the job. Keep charging! Bob STS-88 Mission Specialist Nancy Currie gets a hug from Commander Bob Cabana after landing. Looking up and ahead Scheduled for Jan. 26, 2010 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, SDO; TBD No earlier than March 5, 2009 Launch/CCAFS: Delta IV, GOES-O; TBD Target Nov. 14 Launch/KSC: Endeavour, STS-126; 7:55 p.m. April 24, 2009 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, LRO/LCROSS; TBD No earlier than April 1, 2009 Launch/CCAFS: Delta II, STSS; TBD Target Feb. 12, 2009 Launch/KSC: Discovery, STS-119; 7:36 a.m. Scheduled for March 5, 2009 Launch/CCAFS: Delta II, Kepler; TBD Target May 15, 2009 Launch/KSC: Endeavour, STS-127; 4:52 p.m. Launch/KSC: Atlantis, STS-128; TBD Target July 30, 2009 No earlier than Nov. 16 Launch/CCAFS: Delta IV, NROL-26; TBD Target Oct. 15, 2009 Launch/KSC: Discovery, STS-129; TBD Target Dec. 10, 2009 Launch/KSC: Endeavour, STS-130; TBD Target Feb. 11, 2010 Launch/KSC: Atlantis, STS-131; TBD Target April 8, 2010 Launch/KSC: Discovery, STS-132; TBD Target May 31, 2010 Launch/KSC: Endeavour, STS-133; TBD Feb. 4, 2009 Launch/CCAFS: Delta II, NOAA-N Prime; TBD Target July 12, 2009 Launch/KSC: Ares I-X Test Flight/Launch Pad 39B; TBD Mary Clark, with the NASA Exchange William Thomas, ground systems engineer with NASA Jessa Bautista, Jerry LaMott, WORD STREET ON THE Abel Gomes,