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John F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universe Spaceport News Oct. 28 2011 Vol. 51, No. 21 Inside this issue ... CCP signs new unfunded SAA Page 7 Asteroid Flybys Flame Trench Visit Page 2 For Spaceport News Page 6 N ASAs Commercial Crew Program is entering into an unfunded Space Act Agreement with Excalibur Almaz, Incorporated (EAI) as part of the Commercial Crew Development Round 2 (CCDev2) activities. The unfunded Space Act Agree ment (SAA) with EAI establishes a framework to enable NASA to collaborate with EAI in furthering the development of Excalibur s spacecraft concept for low Earth orbit crew transportation. EAIs concept for commercial crew to the International Space Station is to use the companys planned tourist space vehicle in concert with an interme vehicle on a commercially available launch vehicle to be determined in the near future. We are pleased to add Excalibur Almaz to the group of CCDev2 companies and look forward to a productive partnership, said Brent Jett, Commercial Crew Program deputy manager. As part of this SAA, EAI will conduct several reviews. These will include reviews of systems require ments status, launch vehicle compat ibility, testing plans and status, and overall status of the design, opera See SAA Page 3 A Delta II rocket launches with the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) spacecraft payload from Space mission to address the challenge of acquiring a wide range of land, ocean, and atmospheric measure ments for Earth system science while simultaneously preparing to address operational requirements for weather forecasting. NASA/Bill Ingalls NPP, Delta II blast into Earths orbit By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News A technological trailblazer lifted off from a California launch pad early Oct. 28, to take a place in space to show us what is happening on Earth. Known as the NPP, for National Polarorbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System Preparatory Project, the two-ton spacecraft reached an or bit 512 miles above the planet where it will be able to see every part of the Earth. Because it is going into a polar or bit crossing both the north and south poles while the world spins beneath it, the NPP mission launched from NASAs Space Launch Complex-2 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. NPP has two goals, according to James Gleason, NPP project scientist. One is to get the data for the weather forecasts, environmental observations and take a whole suite of observations that continue our satellite data records which span from measuring aerosols, you know, dust particles in the atmosphere, how Page 3 Governor Stops By See NPP Page 3
Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWS Oct. 28, 2011 A team of Louisiana State University students who volun teered to build a tabletoptook a look at the real thing at Launch Pad 39B on Oct. 14. Luz Marina Calle, a mate rials researcher at Kennedy Space Center, posted the requirement for a lab-sized Jacob Koch and Kevin Schenker, all mechanical engineering students at LSU, took on the assignment with their professor. The pictures are pretty accurate, but the size . and then seeing the effects the environment has that its You cant understand it until you come and see it, Koch said as the group looked up from the bottom of the 40-foot deep trench. trench is a high priority as the launch pad is modernized following the retirement of the space shuttle, said Jose Morales, project manager for the work at Pad 39B. Its one of the most chal lenging projects weve got, Morales said. built when Pads 39A and 39B were constructed in 1966 to handle the Saturn V moon rocket. They were proof bricks, many of which remain in place today. How ever, the fasteners holding some of the bricks in place occasionally gave way in the force of 7 million pounds of thrust during dozens of space shuttle launches. We have a unique condi tion here, so there are no commercial materials out there for this, Morales said. The water deluge, the acid from the solid rocket boost ers. A cement-like compound called Fondue Fyre was used to cover suspect areas, but it required maintenance after each launch, Morales said. We have spent a lot of money into the maintenance of the insulating material now, Morales said. After every launch theres a lot of work that has to be refur bished. Recognizing that there may not be a commercially available product that can conditions and require little maintenance, Kennedys scientists are working to come up with a formula to handle the job. Testing it on a small scale is critical to the development, Calle said. If it proves handy to another industry, then NASA can get a commercial company to produce it, too. One of the things we wanted to do was build a lab-scale simulation of the If there is a potential material, were going to need to test it in the lab. The students also will build a system that simulates the pad will be used for NASAs new Space Launch System heavy lift rocket, which currently is planned for four space shuttle main engines and two solid rocket boosters, the thrust will be on par with a Saturn V. Trying to make it as close to the real thing as possible is the objective, Koch said. I think were going to use a plasma torch or a plasma cutter. The team expects to begin work on the project soon after returning to school. This semester well go into putting down a plan and then next semester well build it early and go through samples and prepare them with things like saltwater, While the trip has a scien of the area was not lost on the students. This has always seemed out of reach to me, so I never dreamed that I would get to come and tour a launch By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News A group of Louisiana State University students take a look at Launch Pad 39B on Oct. 14. The mechanical engineering NASA/Jim Grossmann Kennedy Space Center Materials Researcher Luz Marina Calle, third from the right, poses with a group of Louisiana State University students at Launch Pad 39B on Oct. 14. NASA/Jim Grossmann
Page 3 Oct. 28, 2011 SPACEPORT NEWS Visit brightens governors vision of future space missions By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News F lorida Gov. Rick Scott Oct. 18 at the facili ties Kennedy Space Center will use to assemble and process the Orion spacecraft for launch on deep space missions. This is the future, Scott said. We always have to look at all the changes and say, Look, we have a great opportunity. Were going to continue to make things happen here. The governor, along with Lt. Gov. Jennifer Carroll Agriculture commissioner, toured the Operations and Checkout Building and visited the Vehicle Assembly Building as well. Florida funded part of the refurbishment of the high bay at the Operation and Checkout Building so the Orion spacecraft can be assembled there. Scott got a close-up look at an Orion test article used for a launch abort system test in New Mexico in 2010. nauts is scheduled for 2017, heavy-lift rocket, or SLS. A follow in 2021 on the SLS. With those complete, the stage would be set to dispatch crews into deep space to destinations such as an asteroid, the moon and eventually Mars. I think we have a clear path forward, said Ken nedy Center Bob Cabana, pointing out some of the have taken place at some of the centers better-known facilities, including Launch Pad 39B and the rest of the Operations and Checkout Building. processing of the Apollo modules during the moon program of the late 1960s and early 1970s. Now refurbished, the high bay is being set up for Orion. Some for handling the capsuleshaped spacecraft. Exploration Park, a research area off Space Commerce Way, is in the early stages of construction, Cabana told Scott, showing him maps and drawings of what the science-focused facilities are expected to look like when completed. Cabana also noted that Kennedy has seen two new programs get under way, too, Commercial Crew Program and the 21st Century Ground Systems Program. Prior to their afternoon including Florida Attorney General Pam Bondi, held a Cabinet meeting at the Ken nedy Space Center Visitor Complex and approved a resolution recognizing the centers numerous contri butions to exploration and technology and calling for increased support to help Kennedy adapt for future missions. Weve got to make sure it continues to prosper, Scott said. We have all the talent. If you look at the quality of individuals who work here, their dedication, their train ing, theyve done it. After the tour, Cabana mission, along with a Ken nedy Space Center coin that went into space on shuttle Endeavours STS-126 mis sion in 2008. Seeing the prototypes is helpful, Scott said. But its really the passion of the people and how committed they are to getting this done and getting this done in a manner that is good for our country that really excites you. Its inspiring. Kennedy Space Center Director Bob Cabana, right, shakes hands with Florida Gov. Rick Scott, (left), following a tour of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle processing facility in the Operations and Checkout Building at Kennedy on Oct. 18. In the nedy for a Florida cabinet meeting and a space industry roundtable at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complexs Debus Conference Center. They also toured selected facilities around the center. NASA/Jim Grossmann tional and facilities plans, and inte gration status. NASA will participate in these reviews by providing expert feedback based on 50 years of space plan to kick-off these activities this month, and milestones are planned to continue through May 2012. Under this unfunded SAA, NASA will provide limited technical sup port to EAI but no funding. NASA will not receive any deliverables under this Space Act Agreement. EAI is an independent, wholly U.S. owned company in Houston, Texas. The Commercial Crew Program is managed by the Kennedy Space Center. The goal of CCDev2 is to acceler ate the availability of U.S. commer cial crew transportation capabilities and reduce the gap in American advancing concepts and maturing the design and development of elements of the systems. NASA believes this new partnership with EAI supports this goal. Through this activity, NASA also may be able to spur eco nomic growth as potential new space markets are created. Once developed, crew transportation capabilities could become available to commercial and government customers. From SAA Page 1 From NPP Page 1 have they changed over the past de cade?, Gleason said. Is the ground greener or browner over time? Has the sea surface temperature changed? Has the ozone changed? We just want to keep adding to that so we can answer the question, is the climate changing? Members of NASAs Launch Services Program, based at Kennedy Space Center, have been working at Vandenberg to get the spacecraft ready to launch on a United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket. We began build-up of the vehicle stage, the nine solid rocket motors, the second stage, putting the payload fairing into the mobile service tower, NASA Launch Director Tim Dunn said. From orbit, the NPP spacecraft ments that track their development through the sensors used on previous Earth-observation missions. NPP data will be used by virtu ally all of the national weather services for all the nations of the world, Gleason said. And then are trying to understand the indi vidual phenomena both at home and abroad.
Page 4 SPACEPORT NEWS Oct. 28, 2011 SPACEPORT NEWS Page 5 Oct. 28, 2011 Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center Business leaders visit exhibitor booths at the annual Business Opportunities Expo 2011, in Cruise Terminal 4 at Port Canaveral in Florida on Oct. 18. The trade show was sponsored by NASA Kennedy Space Centers Prime Contractor Board, the 45th Space Wing and Canaveral Port Authority. The event featured about 175 business and government exhibitors from across the nation and Brevard County and is geared toward business leaders who are interested in learning more about government contracting and what local and national vendors have to offer. Workers unwrap the latest Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (SpaceX) Dragon capsule inside a building at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on Oct. 23 so it can be processed and attached to the top of a Falcon 9 rocket on Space Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program. For more informa tion, click on the photo. Preparations are under way to enclose NASAs Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) in an Atlas V rocket payload fairing on Oct. 25 in the Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility at Kennedy Space Center. The blocks on the interior of the fairing are components of the fairing acoustic protection (FAP) system, designed to protect the payload by dampening the sound created by the rocket during liftoff. The fairing will protect the spacecraft from the impact of aerodynamic pressure and heating during ascent Launch of MSL aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket. Launch is planned for Nov. 25 from Space Launch Complex-41 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. For more information, click on the photo. Technicians assist as a large crane lowers space shuttle Atlantis left orbital maneuvering system (OMS) pod onto a carrier on Oct. 21 inside Orbiter Processing Facility-2 at Kennedy Space Center. The work is part of the Space Shuttle Programs transi tion and retirement processing of shuttle Atlantis. The OMS pods will be sent to White Sands Space Harbor in New Mexico where they will undergo a complete deservicing and cleaning and then be returned to Kennedy for reinstallation on Atlantis. Atlantis is being prepared for display at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. NASA/Jim Grossmann NASA/Gianni Woods with the children at the Child Development Center on Oct. 14. Sparky gave each NASA/Jim Grossmann CLICK ON PHOTO NASA/Glenn Benson NASA/Charisse Nahser CLICK ON PHOTO time. They are being prepared for shipment to NASAs Stennis Space Center in Mississippi for storage following the completion of the Space Shuttle Program. The engines are being repurposed for use on NASAs Space Launch System heavy lift rocket. For more on the SSMEs, click on the photo. NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis CLICK ON PHOTO
Page 6 Oct. 28, 2011 SPACEPORT NEWS T his years annual Tour de KSC on Oct. 15 may not have gone over mountains or through the country-side like the Tour de France, but it al lowed hundreds of cyclists a chance to ride through the past, present and future of programs at the Kennedy Space Center. And more im portantly, it was the kick-off event for the centers Com bined Federal Campaign (CFC) season, which has the potential to help tens of thousands of people through their daily lives. About 500 Kennedy employees, families and guests came out for the third annual Tour de KSC, which included ride-bys of the industrial area, Launch Pad 39B and stops at the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB). Cyclists were even able to get an up-close view of space shuttle Endeavour, which is being temporarily stored in the VABs High Bay 4. Some riders took additional loops around the center that extended their trip from 12 to 37 miles. Science Applications International Corpora tion (SAIC) Informational Manager, Kelly Hunter, has participated in the tour each of the past three years. This year she rode all 37 miles of the tour with 12 friends. She said that it was nice riding by pad 39B and the VAB since the facilities have been evolving lately. I was awestruck being so close to Endeavour; most people never get to see it, so to be that close was amaz ing, Hunter said. I had a lot of people with me that had never seen the shuttles before, so seeing their faces was special. The organizers of this years event were able to collect $7,500 for the CFC, which will be divided among more than 2,800 charities. The best part of the tour is the coming together of the people in support of such a great cause, said Yves Lamonthe, Assistant Aero space Engineer and CFC chairman. Through the support of civil servants and contrac tors, the campaign raises money to support local and international charities that include Habitat for Human ity, the Patrick Air Force Base Youth Center and the Second Harvest Food Bank of Central Florida. This year marks the 50th anniversary of the CFC at Kennedy. This years goal is $490,000 and the theme is A History of Giving, A 500 take on Tour de KSC for CFC By Stephanie Covey Spaceport News By Melanie Carlson Spaceport News P lans to launch small satellites into orbit from the wings of a supersonic jet are moving along following a taxi test on the runway at NASAs Kennedy Space Center. to a stop Oct. 27 at the Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) after the supersonic aircraft conducted a high-speed taxi test. Piloted by Rick Svetkoff, the F-104 reached speeds of 150 mph as it taxied up and down the runway. The test was carried out to evaluate a newly developed suborbital vehicle that has the poten tial to carry nanosatellites into low Earth orbit. Commercial carriers like convenient, reasonably-priced option tions to build and launch missions. Fla., through a cooperative Space Act Agreement, is based at the SLF. This business partnership furthers the research and development of commercial space industries at Ken personic jets, similar to those NASA started using in the 1960s with the Project Mercury, are helping usher in a new age of commercial space The taxi test was conducted to verify the aeronautical conditions of tests the launch vehicle will undergo. lated mock-up vehicle and will be the booster separates, a parachute will carry the payload for splash down. Sensors and recorders are encapsulated in each launch vehicle tested and data will be analyzed for the build up to the next test. 4Frontiers is aiming for tests to be completed by early 2012, with com Star Lab has the potential to 4Frontiers is hoping to launch 10 rockets per year with multiple payloads, or more than 100 payloads per year. The company is trying to keep the costs as low as possible and tion and return of payload to owner. The Star Lab suborbital launch vehicle tested Oct. 27 was developed by 4Frontiers Corporation, a Florida company founded in 2005. 4Fron tiers has commercially partnered to air launch Star Lab. 4Frontiers is an emerging space commerce busi ness focused on developing funda mental space-related capabilities and resources essential for long-duration The design and building of Star Lab is a collaborative effort between 4Frontiers and students from EmbryRiddle Aeronautical University and the University of Central Florida. The launch vehicle was designed using funds awarded by the Florida Space Grant Consortium. Star Lab students by offering a physical, hands-on learning environment. The launch vehicle is designed by students and built by students. The success of the launches of Star Lab has the potential to open new avenues of research and educa tion for scientists and universities as demand for suborbital launch capability is expected to grow. And, the ultimate success of way for expanding future use of the Shuttle Landing Facility and furthers Kennedy. Legacy of Hope. Avid cyclist and Kennedy Center Director Bob Cabana kicked-off the tour with a few words about the need for such a campaign before riding. We have had some tough times in the community right now, and we will do anything we can to help, Cabana said. I cant think of a more worthy cause. NASA/Amanda Diller NASA/Gianni Woods NASA/Gianni Woods
Remembering Our Heritage Page 7 Oct. 28, 2011 SPACEPORT NEWS By Kay Grinter Reference Librarian B efore NASAs Gali leo probe reached its the planet Jupiter -in 1995, it already had found its way into the history books. Galileo cruised past the S-type asteroid 951 Gaspra on Oct. 29, 1991, snapping image of an asteroid. The picture was captured from about 10,000 miles and was one of a dozen taken during Asteroids are leftovers formed from the cloud of gas and dust -the solar nebula -that collapsed to form our sun and the planets about 4.5 billion years ago. Gaspra resides in the asteroid belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. The largest body in the belt, the dwarf planet Ceres, has a diameter of 590 miles; the smallest is the size of a dust particle. S-type asteroids account for about 17 percent of known asteroids and are normally composed of me tallic iron mixed with ironand magnesium-silicates. Before the close encoun ter with Galileo, Gaspra was no stranger to the spotlight, having been discovered by the Ukrainian astronomer Grigory Neujmin in 1916. Neujmin named his discov ery for a then-popular resort on the Black Sea. A visit to Gaspra, though, would be no vacation. The potato-shaped rock was determined to be about 12miles long, heavily covered in impact craters and frac tures, with no spa in view. larger asteroid, the 32-mile long Ida, in 1993, and found that Ida had its own moon, The instruments aboard measurements from the as teroids, as well, but return ing the data to Earth did not go according to plan. As Galileo approached Gaspra, its high-gain antenna failed to deploy to its full extent. The images and other data were transmitted at a slower rate using its low-gain antenna. Today, scientists continue to re-analyze the spectral observations returned from Granahan, a planetary scien tist at Science Applications International Corp., which conducted the asteroid re search on contract to NASA, stract presented at the 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference in March 2011. A key result of this study is that 951 Gaspra does not appear to be made of ordinary chondrite-type material, Granahan wrote. The relative abundance of olivine (89 percent) with respect to orthopyroxene (11 percent) is different from This indicates that this asteroid has spectra that are distinct from most S-type asteroids, Granahan con cluded. During the past 20 years, other NASA missions have asteroid encounters, includ ing NEAR, the Near-Earth Asteroid Rendezvous with the asteroid Eros; the Deep Braille; and the Dawn or biter of asteroids Ceres and Vesta. Next, in 2016, NASA will launch the Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Regolith Explorer, or OSIRIS-REx, to a nearEarth asteroid, designated 1999 RQ36, which will use a robotic arm to pluck samples that could better ex plain our solar systems for mation and how life began since asteroids contain the original material from the solar nebula. OSIRIS-REx to carry samples from an asteroid back to Earth. RQ36 is about 1,900 feet in diameter or roughly the The asteroid, little altered over time, is likely to represent a snapshot of our solar systems infancy. The asteroid also is likely rich in carbon, a key element in the organic molecules necessary for life. After traveling three years, OSIRIS-REx will approach RQ36 in 2019. Once within three miles of the asteroid, the spacecraft will begin six months of comprehensive surface map ping. The science team then will pick a location to take a two-ounce sample for return to Earth. The sample will be stored in a capsule that will land at Utahs Test and Train ing Range in 2023. The capsules design will be similar to that used by NASAs Stardust spacecraft, which returned the worlds comet Wild 2 in 2006. The OSIRIS-REx sample capsule will be taken to NASAs Johnson Space Center in Houston for precise analysis that cannot be duplicated by spacecraftbased instruments. This is a critical step in meeting the objectives outlined by President Obama to extend our reach beyond low-Earth orbit and explore into deep space, said NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden in March. Its robotic missions like these that will pave the way for future human space missions to an asteroid and other deep space destina tions. NASA scientists will track aster oid 2005 YU55 with antennas of the agencys Deep Space Network at Goldstone, Calif., as Earth slightly closer than the moons orbit on Nov. 8. For more information, go to http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/ news.cfm?release=2011332&cid=release_2011-332 Oct. 29, 1991, from about 10,000 miles away. The sun is shining from the right. The illuminated part of the asteroid is about 10 miles by 7.5 miles. The surface shows many craters; two large facets about 5 miles across appear on the limb of the asteroid at top and bottom right. The smallest craters in this view are about 1,000 feet across. Gaspra rotates in a counter-clockwise direction in slightly more than 7 hours; its north pole is near the upper left corner of the lighted part of the asteroid. This image shows the spacecraft NASA will launch to an asteroid in 2016 and use a robotic arm to pluck samples that could better explain our solar systems formation and how life began. The mission, called Origins-Spectral InterpretationU.S. mission to carry samples from an asteroid back to Earth. NASA/Artist image
Page 8 Oct. 28, 2011 SPACEPORT NEWS John F. Kennedy Space Center Managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candrea Thomas Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Melanie Carlson Editorial support provided by Abacus Technology Corp. Writers Group. NASA at KSC is on the Internet at www.nasa.gov/kennedy USGPO: 733-049/600142 Spaceport News Kennedy Space Center Activities 2011 KSC Fall Flag Football League Standings and Upcoming Schedule POINTS POINTS TEAM RECORD SCORED ALLOWED Predators 6-0 143 37 Rowdies 4-2 119 58 Dog and Bone Crushers 4-2 130 56 Stuffers 3-3 113 75 Team Ram Rod 1-5 42 140 Bacalao 0-6 13 162 Week 7 Results (Oct. 25) Crushers 14, Bacalao 0 Rowdies 21, Stuffers 3 Predators 20, Ram Rod 6 Week 8 Schedule (Nov. 1) 5:30 p.m. Ram Rod @ Bacalao 6:30 p.m. Rowdies @ Predators 7:30 p.m. Crushers @ Stuffers 2011 KSC Tennis League Rankings, Leaders and Upcoming Schedule Group 1 Rankings Billy Specht Art Shutt Alan Wheeler Miguel Rodriguez Group 2 Rankings Norm Hosan Ken Young Ed Bertot Scott DeWitt Group 3 Rankings Calvert Staubus Bob Ingram Kevin Panik Jorge Rivera Nov. 3 Schedule Specht vs. Rodriguez Shutt vs.Wheeler Hosan vs.DeWitt Young vs. Bertot Staubus vs. Rivera Ingram vs. Panik Bolig vs. Scott Liu vs. McCoy Singles Games are played Tuesdays at KARS Park I. For more information, contact Matt Jimenez at 321-867-4509 or email@example.com Doubles Court leaders from Oct. 25 Court 9 Chip Hooper Court 8 Miguel Rodriguez Court 7 Ray Jones Court 6 Tom Li Court 4 Jay Hebert Court 3 Jane Mosconi Court 2 Mike Lietzen Court 1 TBD The league seeks new players and is open to all Kennedy civil service and contractor personnel and dependents. Matches are played Thursdays at KARS Park I and II. For more information, contact Alan Wheeler at 321-867-3565 or firstname.lastname@example.org The league seeks new players and is open to all Kennedy civil service and contractor personnel and dependents. Matches are played Tuesdays at KARS Park I and II. For more information, contact Teresa Bollig at 321-264-8575 or email@example.com Court 8 Ron Feile Miguel Rodriguez Norm Ring Ray Jones Court 3 Jane Mosconi Scott DeWitt Laura Scott Bill Shockley Court 7 Alan Wheeler Teresa Bolig Ted Moore Lenny Corack Court 2 TBD Court 6 Tom Li Amy Lombardo Laura Rochester Jim Fitzgerald Court 1 TBD Court 9 Chip Hooper Scott Schilling Dave Davies Art Shutt Court 4 Jay Hebert Pat Hadden Damien Boos Mike Lietzen Court groups for Nov. 1 Group 4 Rankings Teresa Bolig Kate Liu Lashelle McCoy Laura Scott Debra A. Preston, Launch Vehicle Processing Directorate; Margaret R. Dutczak, Engineering Directorate; Engineering Directorate. Not pictured are Amber M. Hufft, Chief Counsel; Michelle C. Green, Commercial Launch Services Program. NASA/Sandra Joseph NASA Employees of the Year Looking up and ahead . All times are Eastern 2011 No Earlier Than Nov. 7 Launch/CCAFS: Delta IV, WGS 4; Launch window: TBD Nov. 25 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, Mars Science Laboratory; Launch: 10:25 a.m. EST Under Review Launch/CCAFS: SpaceX Falcon 9, Dragon C2/C3; Launch window: TBD No Earlier Than December Launch/Wallops Flight Facility, Pad 0A: Orbital Sciences Corporation, Taurus II, Launch window: TBD 2012 Early 2012 Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, AEHF 2; Launch window: TBD Early 2012 Launch/CCAFS: Delta IV-Heavy, NROL-15; Launch window: TBD No Earlier Than February Launch/Wallops Flight Facility, Pad 0A: Orbital Sciences Corporation, Cygnus/Taurus II, Launch window: TBD No Earlier Than Feb. 3 Launch/Kwajalein Atoll: Pegasus XL, NuSTAR; Launch window: TBD February Launch/CCAFS: Atlas V, MUOS; Launch window: TBD June Launch/CCAFS, LC-41: Atlas V, Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-K (TDRS-K); Launch window: TBD No Earlier Than Aug. 23 Launch/CCAFS, LC-41: Atlas V-401, RBSP; Launch window: TBD