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Aug. 24, 2012 Vol. 52, No. 17 Spaceport NewsJohn F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universe The planned launch of NASA's Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) on Aug. 24 was delayed at least 24 hours when the Eastern Operations Center on Cape Canaveral look on. It was not known as of press time if the issue was in the ground-based range detection equipment or in the Atlas V transponder. Delay keeps RBSP grounded Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Md. "So whatever is hap pening on the sun, the Earth will feel an effect and will respond to that changing space weather." The mission features nearly identical twin probes, each carrying a suite of advanced instruments to help scientists monitor and characterize changes within the radiation belts. "The Radiation Belt Storm Probes will give us a better understanding of how the radiation belts actually work, and allow us to do a better job of predicting and protecting against the radia tion that's up there in the fu ture," said mission systems engineer Jim Stratton, also of APL. The RBSP mission is part of NASA's Living with a Star program, which is man aged by the agency's God dard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. The APL team built the RBSP space craft and will manage the two-year mission for NASA. The discovery of the radiation belts dates back to the dawn of the space age. Their existence was detected in 1958 by a Geiger counter Explorer 1, built by James Van Allen and his team from the University of Iowa. Now, more than half a century later, RBSP packs a comprehensive set of instru ments designed to look at not only the particles within the radiation belts, but also the plasma waves, electric See RBSP Page 2 By Anna Heiney Spaceport News ncircling the Earth's e quator are two con centric, wide rings of high-intensity particles known as the Van Allen ra diation belts. This dynamic region changes in response to the sun, with the poten tial to affect GPS satellites, satellite television and more. NASA's Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) mission aims to study this ever-changing environment in greater detail than ever before. "We live in the atmo sphere of the sun. So when the sun sneezes, the Earth catches a cold," explained Nicky Fox, deputy project scientist at Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Inside . Boeing tests CST-100 parachute protector Page 3 Astronaut shares space station stories Page 4 High-altitude tests Rocket U students Page 6 First Saturn V rollout 45 years ago Page 7 E Bolden touts strides on tour By Rebecca Regan Spaceport News N ASA Administrator Charlie Bolden took a few dozen media on a road show tour of the agency's Kennedy Space Center and adjacent Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on Aug. 23 to show the progress being made for future government and commercial space endeav ors that will begin from Florida's Space Coast. Space Exploration Technol ogies (SpaceX) processing facility on Cape Canaveral's Space Launch Complex 40, Bolden announced that the company has completed its Space Act Agreement with NASA for Commercial Or bital Transportation Services company ever to carry cargo to the International Space Station, SpaceX now is scheduled to launch 12 con station for NASA's Com mercial Resupply Services (CRS) Program. Inside SpaceX's facility, a Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon capsule are being prepared See BOLDEN Page 2

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Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWS Aug. 24, 2012 From BOLDEN Page 1 targeted for October. The company also is working with NASA under the Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCap) phase of the Commercial Crew Program to launch astronauts from U.S. soil in "We cannot sustain the Inter national Space Station if America does not have a capability to get our crews and cargo to space, and that's where the commercial entities come in," said Bolden "They are not a 'nice to have' anymore, they are an essential part of our International Space Station program." Two other industry partners, Sierra Nevada Corp. (SNC) and The Boeing Company, are working under CCiCap to develop America's next-generation crew transporta tion systems. SNC completed its with a kick-off meeting outlining implementation plans for its Dream Chaser and United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket. Boeing is NASA Administrator Charlie Bolden announces new milestones Aug. 23 inside the Space Explora tion Technologies, or SpaceX, processing facility near NASAs Kennedy Space Center in Florida. hosting a similar meeting this week for its CST-100 spacecraft and inte grated Atlas V. Next, the administrator joined ULA's James Sponnick and Ra diation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) deputy project scientist Nicky Fox in front of an Atlas V at Cape Canaveral's Space Launch Complex 41. There, RBSP is awaiting an overnight launch to Earth's radia tion belts to help scientists better space weather and how it affects our planet. "Most spacecraft try to avoid the radiation belts; they either don't have other orbits that go through them or they have sensitive equip ment," Fox said. "We have to live in them, we have to work in them, so we are two incredibly, incredibly rugged spacecraft." Bolden said studying radiation levels in space is just one piece of thread that the agency will use to tie together its robotic and human exploration missions. RBSP, for example, could provide answers about radiation's effect on humans, which NASA could glean from as it to Mars aboard the Orion MultiPurpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV). Inside Kennedy's Operations and Checkout Building (O&C), Bolden showed media the progress being made on Orion's Exploration Flight Test-1 (EFT-1) vehicle, which is to evaluate how the spacecraft behaves during launch, in space and through re-entry. The tour came to a close at Or biter Processing Facility-3 (OPF-3), which is being leased by Boeing through an agreement with Space Florida for the manufacturing and assembly of its CST-100. The company expects to add about 550 jobs along Florida's Space Coast as it begins to process and launch the crew capsule. Throughout Bolden's tour, the common theme was that NASA is investing in American companies and American ingenuity without giving up on its ambitious desires to further explore our solar system. "Most importantly, were keep ing the United States the undisputed world leader in space exploration and helping to inspire the next gen eration of scientists, engineers and astronauts." CLICK ON PHOTO From RBSP Page 1 that transport and guide those particles. The mission needed two probes, Fox explained, because scientists want to be able to distinguish transient features from those that are there for a longer period, or may be changing. "If you imagine having two buoys in the ocean, and one goes up, and comes down again, you don't know anything about what caused that to go up and down," Fox said. "If both of them go up, then you know you've got a very big feature that is affecting both of them at the same time. If one goes up, then the other goes up, you can measure how fast that wave has traveled between them, and what direction it's going into. And if only one goes up and comes down again, then you've got a very, very localized feature that didn't travel anywhere. "So in order to be able to really understand what is go features in our radiation belts, we have two space craft to do that," she said. The eight-sided probes weigh more than 1,400 pounds each and measure about six feet wide by three feet high. But the electric extend outward on booms that distance these instru ments from the immediate vicinity of the spacecraft, which could generate its own electric and magnetic shielding on spacecraft elec tronics offer additional pre vention against interference, as well as protection from the intense environment the probes will encounter daily. challenge that we face is the radiation environment that the probes are going to said. "Most spacecraft try to avoid the radiation belts right through the heart of them." RBSP is launching on the tried-and-true Atlas V built by United Launch Alliance. "NASA has an excellent history with the Atlas V rocket. As a matter of fact, we are 100 percent, six for six, launching on Atlas V," said Tim Dunn, RBSP launch director for NASA's Launch Services Program (LSP). "Since 2006, we have launched missions to Jupi ter, Pluto, the sun, the moon, and two missions to Mars." Based at NASA's Kenne dy Space Center in Florida, LSP has been involved in prelaunch planning for the RBSP mission for several years. "The team has been preparing in total for about six years for the RBSP mission. The early planning began that long ago, back in about the 2006 time frame. The core team came in at about contract award time in March of 2009," Dunn said. "So we've been very heavily involved with RBSP for the last three years." Rex Engelhardt, LSP's mission manager for RBSP, has been working on the project since 2006. He pointed out that ensuring the separation of both spacecraft from the Centaur upper stage, after launch, required some extra attention. The probes will be deployed one at a time into separate orbits, so the Centaur will spin up, its spin, and then turn to aim the second probe toward its orbit. "Then you've got to point it in the right direction, spin it back up again, separate the second (probe), then you've got to spin the Cen taur back down again, and quietly back away," Engel hardt said. Once the probes are placed in their proper orbits, they'll undergo a two-month "commissioning period." This offers the team plenty of time to extend the instru mentation booms, check out the probes' health and safety, and ensure the electronics are working. "After you launch, after you get through the environ ments of launch and when you're up there in the space environment, you want to make sure everything's working perfectly," Stratton said. "So that takes about 60 days after launch, and then we'll start our prime mission as soon as that commissioning period is done." According to Fox, the data from the RBSP mis sion will allow scientists dramatically to improve current models of how the radiation belts form and change in response to the sun. "That is important because it will allow us to design better spacecraft; we'll be able to protect them better and we also won't do costly overdesign," Fox explained. "It will help us protect astronauts that are out in Earth orbit, and community by giving us a lot more information about fundamental particle phys ics."

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Page 3 Aug. 24, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS Boeing tests heat shield for CST-100 parachute By Rebecca Regan deploy the parachutes." forward heat shield using approved and will be comSpaceport News Testing of the compositebreakaway joints, which are pleted later this year. based forward heat shield designed to fail if one of the Boeing also tested the T he Boeing Company took place at Bigelow AeroCST-100 service module recently completed space's headquarters outside re-entry. propellant tanks on July 2 to a jettison test of its of Las Vegas on June 5, 7 "The joint is designed so make sure they can handle forward heat shield, which and 11. Surrounded by dry it won't break when exposed the extreme requirements of will protect the parachutes mountain air, Burghardt and to nominal loads. However, a launch abort scenario. of the company's CST-100 his team set up a series of if we did have a thruster "The earlier you can spacecraft during future failure case, the joint would do testing and the more missions to and from low nition cameras to capture break to allow the heat testing you do accelerates Earth orbit. The forward the shield's deployment, a shield to be jettisoned from what you learn," Burghardt heat shield jettison will start sequence that begins with the spacecraft," Burghardt said. "There's nothing like the parachute deployment four piston-like thrustsaid. building something and then sequence and provide a safe The shield is an adaptalanding for the capsule and between 20,000 and 30,000 tion of what Boeing used for thing you didn't think you its crew members. The test its Apollo moon capsules knew about or you didn't was part of Boeing's work they are designed to push and is similar to the design remember." supporting its funded Space the shield out of the way of NASA's Orion spacecraft Boeing will have the Boeing completed testing of the for-Act Agreement (SAA) with ward heat shield (FHS) jettison systemNASA's Commercial Crew the spacecraft, allowing the will use for human exploraopportunity to conduct for the Crew Space Transportation-100 Program (CCP) during drogue parachute to deploy tion missions to deep space. more testing on its CST-spacecraft (CST-100) July 24 as part Commercial Crew Developto stabilize the descending In March 2011, the 100 during NASA's Com-of the CCDev2 program. The testing crew module followed by agency signed a $92.3 milmercial Crew Integrated was performed at Bigelow Aerospace ment Round 2 (CCDev2). facilities in Las Vegas, Nev. "Without the parachutes, the three main parachutes. lion SAA with the company Capability (CCiCap) phase, the crew wouldnt survive During the test, accelerfor the continued developwhich began earlier this mercial Crew Transportation landing. We need to slow ometers and strain gauges ment of its Crew Space month with three American System. CCiCap will set the them down to a safe landmeasured the shocks and Transportation (CST), companies that are advancstage for a crewed orbital ing velocity," said Mike loads that were transmitted which is a reusable, capsuleing integrated spacecraft and demonstration mission in Burghardt, director of during the deployment seshaped spacecraft designed launch vehicle designs. Boe2016, the start of operations Spacecraft Development quence. The team also tested to carry up to seven people, ing partnered with United that will lead to providing for Boeing's CST-100. "It the ability to jettison the or a combination of people Launch Alliance to integrate commercial transportation is key to be able to get that forward heat shield if one and cargo to low Earth orbit. its capsule with an Atlas V services to the agency to forward heat shield released of the thrusters were to fail. Optional milestones valued rocket for launches to comsend crews to the Interna at the right time so we can The thrusters connect to the at $20.6 million also were plete its integrated Com-tional Space Station. N ASA recently provided new bility with the goal of achieving safe, months. In this time, the companies details about its plans for certify-reliable and cost-effective access will develop products that will help companies with systems at the design ing commercially developed space -to and from the space station and ensure required standards and safety maturity level of Phase 1. The second craft and launch systems that could low Earth orbit. After the capability is processes are met before a trans-phase will include development, support future crewed missions to the matured and expected to be available portation system could be approved International Space Station. to the government and other customactivities enabling NASA to assess "We're spurring an industry capa-ers, NASA could contract to purchase station. The contracts are expected to the CTS capability for performing bility to and from low Earth orbit and commercial services to meet its sta-be awarded in February 2013. space station missions in compliance working to ensure the U.S. ends its tion crew transportation needs. "In order to eventually certify these with NASA requirements. reliance on foreign crew transporta-NASA will take a two-phase systems for space station mis"Competition has been a key as tion to the space station," said Ed approach to see that commercial sions, NASA needs to make sure pect to the success of this program," Mango, manager of NASA's Com-missions are held to the same safety their designs are meeting the intent Mango said. "We still believe that mercial Crew Program (CCP). "We've standards as government human of our safety and mission require-having more than one company, decided now would be the best time space transportation system mis-ments," said Brent Jett, CCP's deputy sions. manager. process as possible, will provide the risk of technically challenging or -At the conclusion of CPC, the costly redesigns to systems in the tion efforts, NASA plans to award agency anticipates more than one ensure we have the safest and most future." company will be ready to compete for affordable systems possible." Through CCP, NASA is facilitating (CPC) to between two and four the development of a U.S. commer-contractors for up to $10 million Transportation System, also called -By Rebecca Regan Spaceport Newscial crew space transportation capa-each. CPC Phase 1 will last about 15 CTS The second phase will build on

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Page 4 SPACEPORT NEWS Aug. 24, 2012 Innovation Expo to spur tomorrow's great ideas By Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Spaceport News I nnovation always has been a part of the work done at NASA's Ken nedy Space Center. Now, as the center and the agency transition into a new era of space exploration, em exciting ways to collabo rate and innovate. Because Kennedy is one of the space agency's largest centers both in population and square miles, many workers have only visited a few buildings during the course of their careers. That will change on Sept. 6 as workers are given the opportunity to participate More online For more information, visit http://innovationexpo.ksc.nasa.gov. For more information about the Expo Tours, visit https://sp.ksc. nasa.gov/sites/InnovationExpo/2012/Pages/Tours.aspx. To sign up for the VAB tour, visit www.surveygizmo.com/ s3/1001313/Innovation-Expo-VAB-Tour-Sign-up. tion Expo. The one-day event, open to civil service and contractor employees, will allow the Kennedy workforce to see what great work their neighbors are doing, meet some of those time, learn about their new and innovative ideas, and hear some thoughts about innovation and collaboration from people outside their normal day-to-day work life. There is a big variety of work that goes on here, but many times we dont get to see what is just on the other side of the cubicle wall, said NASA engineer David Miranda, chairman of the 2012 Innovation Expo. The expo will give all of us an opportunity to absorb as much as possible. Who knows what great ideas will result when we wake up the next morning? Some 16 tours will give employees an understanding of how innovation is shap ing the future of the center and the agency. The event will be a great opportunity to tour unfa miliar parts of the center Kennedy's master plan. All of the tours, except for the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) guided tour, will be conducted like an open house. The VAB tour requires advance online registration. The expo will be made up of several components, including the Kennedy Kick Start, an event in which employees will quickly share (in 90 seconds) their new and innovative ideas in hopes of receiving a $5,000 funding kick start; the Innovation Forum, a series of short talks from numerous industry speak ers; the Kennedy Showcase, featuring exhibits from all across the center; Solve It, KSC!, a networking activity with group icebreakers and problem-solving; and Expo Tours of facilities and labs across the center. These activities will take place from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. at various locations on both the north and south ends of the center. Astronaut recalls 'historic' expedition to space station By Bob Granath Spaceport News I nternational Space Station astro naut Ron Garan returned to NASA's Kennedy Space Center on Aug. 8 and spoke to employees about his experiences during Expe ditions 27 and 28, a time of transi tion for the orbiting laboratory. "It was a very historic mission," he said. "We saw the last two shuttle missions come up and dock, but we also saw the transition from con struction to utilization of the Interna tional Space Station." Garan along with Russian cosmo nauts Alexander Samokutyaev and Andrey Borisenko lifted off aboard Soyuz TMA-21 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on April 4, 2011. "We launched almost 50 years to the day and from the same pad as Yuri Gagarin," said Garan, a Yon kers, N.Y., native who has been an astronaut since 2000. space, circled the globe one time on April 12, 1961. Garan believes the work on the space station is equally important. "I truly believe that history books will show that the International CLICK ON PHOTO NASA/Gianni Woods During his presentation to Kennedy Space Center employees Aug. 8, astronaut Ron Garan, right, presented a photo montage with images from Expeditions 27 and 28 to Center Director Bob Cabana. Space Station has made life sig said. "The research and experiments we do on the space station simply cannot be done anywhere else on the planet." Garan's pride is validated by the station's microgravity experiments, which have resulted in breakthroughs such as: of muscular dystrophy and cancer. microbes increase in the micrograv ity of space, allowing scientists to develop new candidate vaccines. rich in Omega-3 fatty acids are cor related with reduced bone loss. "We've always talked about the different spinoffs from the space program, and those are all still very important," Garan said. "Now, for ty to bring from space direct tangible doing on board the space station is improving life on planet Earth." Garan believes credit for these achievements goes to all who made the International Space Station pos sible. "Everybody involved with the pro gram, everybody who was involved with the hardware, with the train ing, with the operations had a direct impact in making the world a better place," he said. "All the people here at the Kennedy Space Center and all the other centers around the world that are involved had a hand in that." Once Garan and his two Soyuz crewmates joined Russian cosmo naut Dmitry Kondratyev, NASA astronaut Catherine Coleman and European Space Agency astronaut Polo Nspoli of Italy on April 6, 2011, they went right to work. "We had to get acclimated to life on the space station quickly because very shortly after we got there, our crew of STS-134 aboard the space shuttle Endeavour," Garan said. "It was a busy mission." space shuttle, arrived during July 2011, delivering the Raffaello MultiPurpose Logistics Module packed with supplies and spare parts for the station. While Atlantis was docked, Garan and Fossum performed a spacewalk to transfer a failed am monia pump to the shuttle's cargo bay and move the Robotic Refueling Mission hardware to the station. "The investment is not only in technology, but in international co operation," he said. "This is the best investment we have in our future, bar none."

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Aug. 24, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS Page 5 Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center CLICK ON PHOTO A crane is used to load a space shuttle solid rocket booster on a truck Aug. 14 The solid rocket boosters, or SRBs, will be displayed at the California Science Center in Los Angeles. The external tank soon will be transported for display at the Wings of Dreams Aviation Museum at Keystone Heights Airport between Gainesville and Jacksonville, Fla. CLICK ON PHOTO Dave Zeiters, a senior systems engineer with Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies Inc., under the Engineering Services Contract at Kennedy Space Center, recently received the Catalyst Award from the Center Planning and Development CLICK ON PHOTO NASA's Commercial Crew Program (CCP) Manager Ed Mango and Florida's Lt. Gov. Jennifer Carroll check out CCP's "Same Crew, New Ride" poster at the National Space Club Florida Committee's luncheon Aug. 14. During the luncheon, Mango talked to about 350 space club members and guests about the efforts of NASA and CCP as they work to close the gap to safe, affordable and reliable U.S. commercial crew space transportation capabilities to and from low Earth orbit and the International Space Station. Carroll discussed the positive impacts the aerospace industry has on Florida and congratulated the agency's newest Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCap) partners who have plans to operate in the sunshine state. Download your own "Same Crew, New Ride" poster by clicking on the photo. CLICK ON PHOTO Members of the Kennedy Space Center team who helped process the space shuttles Endeavour and Atlantis, gather for a group picture after the two spacecraft were brought together for a brief photo opportunity transfer to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, targeted for November.

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Page 6 SPACEPORT NEWS Aug. 24, 2012 High-altitude drop tests Rocket University engineers and a camera. These sensors also were greater, without By Steven Siceloff were connected to a central being suffocating. In other control processor that was words, if things went Spaceport News A n experimental programmed to carry off wrong, the engineers didn't payload went 25,000 tasks at an appointed time. have to worry about losing feet higher than Known more for their an expensive mission. planned during a recent test work with rockets, the of 'just get it to work,' said engineers who built the well and will be the basis for Nicole Otermat, who took instruments and launched part in both missions but had the balloon are taking part in "I think avionics-wise just given birth when the Rocket University, a program it went beautifully," said The capsule and instruments built by Rocket University participants begins its designed to challenge NASA Chris Iannello, part of the descent to Earth from 105,000 feet July 26. an appreciation for why you engineers. Rocket Univer team at NASA's Kennedy go through months of design sity, or just "Rocket U," lets scended, eventually landing and systems hardware." Space Center in Florida that engineers perform hands-on 105,000 feet. The balloon near Kissimmee. The payload demands launched a high altitude work they might not other burst at that height, sending Johnson Space Center will increase again on the balloon to the edge of the wise do, and requires them to the instrument package into in Houston designed the Rocket U participants as they atmosphere and then tracked work with other centers and a terminal velocity free fall prepare a 200-pound capsule an instrument package they apply techniques to different before automatically deploy it can work as a design for built as it free-fell back to disciplines. ing its parachute. returning payloads safely loon next year provided by Earth. "We were all real Wallops Flight Facility from "It sent data all the way, from space. pleased with it." a launch site in New Mexico. recorded data on board, Kennedy teams built the The engineers intended the Rocket University group "We're learning by doing, changed collection rates as large scale version of the for a shoebox-sized capsule working our way up through loaded with instruments to programmed during descent, capsule and the electronics with a smaller set of instru hardware and methods," Ian be carried under the balloon and performed its automatic inside that would control ments, was also successful. nello said. "We're doing it in chute deployment spot on," to about 80,000 feet and This time, the instrument the logical progression with dropped to test the capsule's Iannello said. Teams that requirements were more pre the next step being real-time aerodynamic design. launched the payload from on this small scale launch cise, the capsule was bigger, operating systems, and from But when a wire didn't Melbourne Beach recorded included components to and the balloon and other there, Field Programmable burn through correctly, the instrument readings and measure navigational data parts had to be larger, too. Arrays with soft-core proces the package held onto the tracked the package as it de such as attitude and position The demands for precision sors." Kennedy aims to protect lunar sites from future visitors CLICK ON PHOTO NASA By Kay Grinter 17 sites which have Saturn IVB stages and Spaceport News pitting on coupons lunar module ascent What are the most impor tant human archaeological sites "Space archaeologists" have a unique perspec tive. For them, the Apollo lunar landing sites hold that distinc tion, according to Philip Metzger, a senior research physicist at Kennedy Space Center. Metzger is rec ognized for his contributions to the development of NASA guidelines for "protect ing the lunar heritage sites from the effects of visiting spacecraft," the topic of his Kennedy Engineering Academy presentation on Aug. 17. Competitors for the Google Lunar X PRIZE are on target to land on the moon and visit the historic Apollo sites within the next two years. The rocket exhaust of these landers will propel dust, sand and gravel at velocities which will sandblast and possibly damage the hardware and sur rounding terrain. Of special concern is preservation of the Apollo 11 and Apollo Artifacts left on the lunar surface 40 years ago during the Apollo Program, such as the lunar roving vehicle pictured here, can provide invaluable information to aerospace engineers about how various materials are impacted by exposure to the space environ ment. Employees can learn more about the Kennedy Engineering Academy presentations by clicking on the photo. NASA places visited by the Apollo astronauts, Metzger said. Kennedy has been leading the effort to predict lunar and Mar tian rocket-blast effects. According to the models developed, damage may not be surface. Orbiting space craft also are at risk, Metzger said. It is an "urban myth" that rocks don't blow around. Evidence collected employing the same technology used to examine the space shuttle's windows for damage returned from the Sur veyor 3 spacecraft on the Apollo 12 mission. Outer space law dif fers from maritime law in that the U.S. retains ownership of all its hardware and equip ment remaining on the lunar surface, Metzger said. "Finders-keep ers" does not apply. However, no country can claim possession of extraterrestrial real estate, no matter how been planted. U.S. artifacts on the moon include the remains of the Ranger, Surveyor and LCROSS missions, as well as stages. In fact, maps showing where every rest on the moon are kept at the Smithson ian's Air and Space Mu seum in Washington. More online To learn more about the guidelines, "NASA's Recommendations to Space-Faring Entities," or to download a copy of the report, go to www.nasa.gov/ directorates/heo/ library/reports/lunar artifacts.html. competing for the X PRIZE, visit www. googlelunarxprize.org.

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Page 7 Aug. 24, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS By Bob Granath By Bob Granath will either be refurbished or ing service structures were commercial vehicles. Pro program, the vehicles Spaceport News Spaceport News dismantled. However there pellant storage tanks have were rolled to the pad 30 hicles. Work is on schedule are more changes under way been completely drained to 60 days before launch. N ASA's Kennedy to have the pads ready by than meet the eye. and are being refurbished That time factor should be Space Center 2017." "That's the visible part of and painted. reduced considerably in the Launch Pad 39B Unlike the Apollo and the work," Perez-Morales "The liquid hydrogen and future. recently went though an Space Shuttle programs, the said. "There's a great deal liquid oxygen propellant "Much of the work at the other round of pad upgrades Pad 39B of the future will more. Each lightning tower tanks should now be ready pad during shuttle involved and currently is laying the have the ability to support has a complete weather sta to support launch opera completing the many con groundwork for multiple multiple types of launch tion. Data will be collected tions for the next 20 to 30 nections between the vehicle launch vehicles including vehicles, including commer on four levels which can be years," Perez-Morales said. and the pad tower," he said. the Space Launch System cial rockets and SLS, and its In other ways, some "Doing more in the VAB (SLS), which could take Orion spacecraft. SLS will More than 1.3 million feet future systems will more also reduces the exposure to astronauts farther into space be an advanced heavy-lift of cables, some dating back closely resemble those of the elements and the delays than ever before. launch vehicle providing a to the Apollo era, have been Apollo. caused by Florida's all too "With new systems, new capability for human removed and replaced with "One example of this is familiar thunderstorms." upgrades and refurbishexploration beyond low having the launch umbilical Apollo 4 opened a new era ment to pad B, it will be almost like new," said Jose Earth orbit. era electronic systems also tower back on the mobile 45 years ago. In 1981, STS-1 Perez-Morales, NASA's Pad have been removed and began the second generation Element Project manager launch from Pad 39B, three upgraded with state-of-theration, we can complete a of vehicles launching from for the Ground Systems 600-foot-tall lightning art hardware. A new univer great deal of the prelaunch Floridas spaceport. Today, Development and Opera protection towers were built. preparations in the VAB," preparations are well under tions Program. "All of the Following the Ares I-X designed for use not only said Perez-Morales. way for Kennedy's third era pad systems and structures with SLS, but with various During the shuttle of exploration. Historic rollout created path of exploration 45 years ago By Bob Granath Spaceport News unprecedented step for NASA. "All the elements that constitute T he Saturn V rocket for the uncrewed Apollo 4 mission time, put together here and put to the test," said Dr. Kurt Debus, Kennedy's stacked in the Vehicle Assembly director at the time. The big exam came Nov. 9, 1967, lift off from Kennedy Space Center. The missions historic rollout to the launch pad took place 45 years ago stage ignited, building up to 7.5 mil this month. lion pounds of thrust. The Saturn V room erupted in cheers from mem take Apollo astronauts to orbit around the moon and land on its lasted almost nine hours, with the This Saturn V vehicle (AS-501) for the Apollo 4 mission rolls out on a crawler-transporter from thesurface. command module splashing down in Apollo 4's rollout began early Aug. pad at the Kennedy Space Center. Apollo 4 launched from Launch Pad 39A on Nov. 9, 1967. 26, 1967. Scores of news reporters declared a complete success, dem from around the world were on hand onstrating the structural and thermal Apollo program manager, also had Pads 39A and B. to record the event as the 363-footintegrity of the Saturn launch vehicle high praise for the people of Ken tall Saturn V atop the mobile launch and Apollo spacecraft. nedy. prepared the pads for three decades er and crawler transporter made "It was really an expert launch all "I was tremendously impressed of space shuttle missions. In a 30 for an 18 million pound vehicle. It the way through, launching exactly with the smooth teamwork as the year span, Kennedy launched the lumbered along at less than 1 mph on time to performance of every combined government/multi-industry on its way to Launch Pad 39A, about single stage," said Dr. Wernher von team pulled together," he said. "It three miles away. Braun, director of the Marshall was smooth, it was professional, it tis on the STS-135 mission, was The crucial Apollo 4 mission was Space Flight Center where the Saturn launched from Pad A in July 2011. an "all-up test," meaning all rocket had been designed. From 1967 to 1975, 13 Saturn Pad 39B was last used for the Ares stages and the spacecraft were fully Maj. Gen. Sam Phillips, NASA's Vs and 4 Saturn 1Bs launched from I-X launch in October of 2009.

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Page 8 SPACEPORT NEWS Aug. 24, 2012 NASA Employees of the Month: August Employees for the month of August are, from left, Not pictured are Maloney, Engineering Directorate. Not pictured are Robert Henry, Ground Systems Development and FROM THE VAULT In celebration of Kennedy Space Center's 50th anniversary, enjoy this vintage photo . Kennedy Space Center where the 250-ton bridge cranes operate. The cranes are used to move the three stages of the 363-foot-tall Saturn V and ultimately to stack them into one vehicle. Looking up and ahead . .* All times are Eastern 2012 Sept. 6 Innovation Expo, Kennedy Space Center No earlier than Sept. 13 USAF Launch/Vandenberg Air Force Base (SLC-3E): Atlas V (AV-033), NROL-36 Launch window: TBD Oct. 4 USAF Launch/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (SLC-37B): Delta 4, GPS 2F-3 Launch window: 8:10 to 8:29 a.m. October TBD SpaceX Launch/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (SLC-40): Falcon 9, Dragon C3 Launch window: TBD Oct. 26 USAF Launch/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (SLC-41): Atlas V, OTV 3 Launch window: TBD Dec. 6 NASA Launch/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (SLC-41): Atlas V, Tracking and Data Relay Satellite-K (TDRS-K) Launch window: 12:29 to 1:09 a.m. 2013 No earlier than January NASA Launch/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (SLC-40): Falcon 9, Dragon C4 Launch window: TBD No earlier than Jan. 18 USAF Launch/Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (SLC-37B): Delta 4, WGS 5 Launch window: TBD No earlier than Jan. 22 NASA Launch/Vandenberg Air Force Base (L-1011): Pegasus XL, Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Launch window: 9:32 to 9:37 a.m. No earlier than Feb. 11 NASA Launch/Vandenberg Air Force Base (SLC-3E): Atlas V, Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) Launch window: 1:04 to 1:48 p.m. John F. Kennedy Space Center Spaceport News online on alternate Fridays by Public Affairs in the interest of KSC civil service and contractor employees. Contributions are welcome and should be submitted three weeks before publication to Public Affairs, IMCS-440. Email submissions can be sent to KSC-Spaceport-News@mail.nasa.gov Managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candrea Thomas Assistant managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stephanie Covey Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kay Grinter Editorial support provided by Abacus Technology Corp. Writers Group. NASA at KSC is on the Internet at www.nasa.gov/kennedy SP-2012-08-159-KSC