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Spaceport NewsJohn F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universe June 15, 2012 Vol. 52, No. 12 Inside . Page 2 Spreading the space station word Page 3 room takes shape Page 5 ISU opens with Page 6 Research draws students to labs NuSTAR reaches intended orbit 41st Pegasus rocket launch begins mission without a hitch By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News The Nuclear Spectro scopic Telescope Array, known as NuSTAR, is going through early mission preparations launch June 13, aboard an Orbital Sciences Pegasus rocket. soared into space from Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands at noon Eastern time to start a mission that is ex pected to show astronomers more details about black holes and other structures in the universe. KSC-based Launch Services Program, or LSP, joined the Orbital launch team to oversee the Pegasus/ Kennedy also played a part in the operation. for the Launch Services Program," said Tim Dunn, assistant launch director. "We're ready to get into the science portion of the NuSTAR mission." The air-launched Pegasus performed well during the launch, from dropping away from its L-1011 aircraft, to igniting its three stages on click on the photo. "The performance of the Pegasus launch vehicle was right on the money." Tim Dunn, NuSTAR assistant launch director time and then separating from NuSTAR. "The performance of the Pegasus launch vehicle was right on the money," Dunn said. The spacecraft's solar array unfurled minutes after reaching orbit, and it communicated with ground controllers through NASA's space communications This Orbital Sciences Corp. Pegasus XL rocket carrying NASAs NuSTAR spacecraft was launched at noon June 13, drop ping away from the L-1011 Stargazer aircraft and racing into space. Pegasus was released at an altitude of 39,000 feet, 117 nautical miles south of the Kwajalein Atoll at a latitude of 6.75 degrees north of the equator. NuSTAR spacecraft separa tion from the rocket occured 13 minutes, 14 seconds after deployment from the L-1011. For more on the NuSTAR mission, network. The spacecraft will deploy its 32-foot-long boom about a week after launch. Observations will begin following checkouts and calibrations of the op tics that will focus on highenergy X-rays. Once operational and making observations, the NuSTAR spacecraft is expected to reveal details of black holes and exploded stars previously obscured by dust or other objects. the year for LSP and begins a cycle that is expected to this year. The next up is the Radiation Belt Storm Probes, or RSBP, targeted to launch Aug. 23 on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket from Cape Canaveral will see twin probes survey the radiation belts around Earth. After that, another Pega sus is set to loft the Interface Region Imaging Spectro graph, or Iris, spacecraft into orbit to study the sun's processes and solar wind. That launch is targeted for Dec. 1 from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The team then will turn its attention to an Atlas V due to deliver NASA's latest Tracking and Data Relay Satellite, known as TDRSK, to orbit. That launch also will take place at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. NASA/Randy Beaudoin, VAFB
Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWS June 15, 2012 Training program emphasizes space station utilization By Anna Heiney Spaceport News Space enthusiasts and NASA employees are accustomed to hearing questions and con cerns from people who are unfamiliar with the scien of the International Space Station. Dr. Julie Robinson, ISS program scientist at Johnson Space Center in Houston, hears them, too. To better help agency employees spread the word about bene assembly of the Internation al Space Station, Robinson developed the "ISS Ambassador" training program. On June 4 and 5, she shared her knowledge and enthusiasm with employees at Kennedy Space Center. "Often, in a social setting, I meet someone who knows I work for NASA, and they say, 'Oh, I'm so sorry to hear about NASA. What are you going to do now?' Robinson said. When asked if anyone else in the room had had a similar experi ence, most of those seated in Robinson the audito rium raised their hands. opportunity," Robinson explained, "because the next thing you can say is, 'I've got a lot to do, and it's really exciting, and here's why.' After a full decade of con struction, the outpost was completed in 2011, kicking period in which science and technology research have become the primary focus of station activities. Flying more than 200 miles above Earth's surface, the 357-foot-long orbit ing research facility is an engineering marvel, home to the only U.S. National Laboratory in a micrograv ity environment. With six resident crew members representing a variety of na tions, ground teams around the globe stand ready to sup port station activities on a daily basis. "The 24/7 ongoing human space operations are really the great engineer ing achievement of the last decade," Robinson said. Until the development of the space station, humans had never undertaken a project like it. The facility far surpasses previous space scope. Never before had mul tiple nations collaborated so closely on such an effort, bridging language barriers and engineering cultures for a common goal. One by one, components built around the world were lofted into space and successfully added to the station, proving it was pos sible to coordinate such a massive, global engineering project without requiring ground. agencies involved in the sta tion are the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), European Space Agency (ESA), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), NASA and the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos). "The ISS partnership, by being international in scope, of a nation doing explora tion all by itself for its own economic gain, humans have banded together to do something even bigger that no one nation could do alone," Robinson said. "And that's exciting be cause the endeavor is com mitted to the advancement of all humankind, not just a single nation." These achievements serve as a model for future coop eration in the development of exploration missions, and beginning holds the promise entire world. Trying to carry out research during the station's construction phase was not easy, though. "We were basically trying to do surgery while someone was building the operating room," Robinson recalled. By fall 2011, the orbiting laboratory already had served about 1,300 scientists by hosting more than 1,200 experiments conducted by researchers in more than 60 countries. cal advancements discov ered or developed aboard the space station serve as an economic engine. Robinson NASA This picture, recorded by one of the Expedition 31 crew members aboard the International Space Station, features Aurora technology, click on the photo. pointed out that science doesn't work at the same pace as engineering: It takes and ready for publication. "Usually with a discovery, you don't know what ing to generate right away," Robinson said, adding that over time many discoveries lead to valuable new infor mation, or products, services right here on Earth. studies in which scientists designed an investigation A spinoff, on the other hand, is a technology that starts out as a solution to a problem or need in space exploration, but is then adapted and applied for use on Earth. Rather than competing for priority, research and exploration really are two sides of the same human advancement that drives our economy, Robinson said. "Over the next decade, that's our goal: to get the most research, new knowl edge, new applications for exploration, and new out of that laboratory." NASA Expedition 30 Commander Dan Burbank, left, uses the Health Maintenance System Tonometry payload to perform an intraocular pressure test on Flight Engineer Don Pettit in the International Space Station's Destiny Laboratory on April 6. The activity was supervised via live Ku-band video by medical ground personnel. To follow "A Lab Aloft," the station blog, click on the photo.
Page 3 June 15, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News T to the future any more. An extensive renova tion of everything from the consoles in the YoungCrippen Firing Room to the computer servers in the Launch Control Center and Launch Pad 39B and all the cables and networks con necting them will produce a nerve center for rockets national spaceport. The room will be as plugged-in to the status and preparations of vehicles in facilities of Kennedy Space Center as it was for space shuttles, but the infrastruc ture making the connections is decades more advanced. "We're building upon what was there for shuttle and taking it to the next level," said Stephen Cox, the element operations manager for command and control. The renovations in the the Spaceport Command and Control System, or SCCS, are proceeding at the same time the Ground Systems Development and Operations Program makes similarly grand upgrades at Launch Pad 39B and in the Vehicle Assembly Building. The goal is to install the devices and infrastructure for a launch center that can host several kinds of rock ets at the same time. That is a revolutionary undertaking since previously all pro cessing and launch systems vehicle, such as the space shuttle. forts opened the doors on the new facilities recently to center employees. The feedback was very positive, said Greg Clements, chief of Kennedys Control and Data Systems Division. "For many people, they had not seen the new Fir ing Room 1 equipment and command and control capabilities for several years," Clements said. "For others, it had been a year or two. Many of the comments centered on the fact that the attendees and stakeholders better understand that we are working on a capabil ity that is different from Constellation, and they are looking forward to seeing additional progress over the next several months." One of the good things is that all of the facili ties needed to process and launch already are in place, ting networks and support equipment, not building whole new structures. With small-screen moni tors inside blue metal boxes replaced by contempo rary cabinets and modern computers and monitors, resemblance to the original control room that oversaw launch processing and lift off operations for shuttles. The changes go far be -Curtis Williams, a design engineer, details some of the upgrades to consoles in Kennedy Space Center's Young-Crippen Firing Room on May 31. For more on the Ground Systems Development and Operations Program, click on the photo. yond cosmetic appearances. The additions have at their heart the goal of provid ing options for the control center. Instead of a given seat being suited for only one task, whoever sits down at the computer will be able to call up the appropri ate data set for the work they are doing. On launch day, that could mean every available console is staffed with people dedicated to the liftoff. But afterward, when another vehicle or two is being processed for launch, the same consoles can be split to oversee the different operations. "The new concept that we are working on is that all services are at that console. They can use that glass real estate the best way Van Houten, SCCS deputy project manager. The workstations are offthe-shelf machines similar to the computers people have at home. The servers are the same ones found in many banks and commer cial data centers. "We very much take advantage of the prevailing commercial markets in our computer usage," Clements said. Cables and other ele ments of the antiquated infrastructure have been pulled and replaced with new materials that, in many cases, provide substantially improved performance. The improvements include pulling a bundle of wiring that transmit ted images from a single camera to make way for a carries the signals of more than 570 cameras from the launch pad to the control room. Similar innovations can be found throughout the upgrade, including at the fa cilities at Launch Pad 39B, where rooms built about 45 years ago look brand-new. At this point, there are a number of new rocket designs in different stages of development that could call the revamped Kennedy facilities home. The point of the renovations is to be ready to process and launch any of them. NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis Improvements were made in the control rooms at Launch Pad 39B to host a variety of different rockets and spacecraft, employees learned May 31.
Page 4 SPACEPORT NEWS June 15, 2012 Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center NASA A team from Kennedy Space Center successfully tested the Mobile Launch Control System at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston to show it would work with the Orion spacecraft systems under devel opment. The evaluation met all the test objectives along with additional objectives. The situations covered astronauts, is to launch in 2014. For more on the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, click on the photo. NASA/Cory Huston The NASA payload is installed on the prototype rover Artemis Jr. for NASAs Regolith and Environment Science and Oxygen and Lunar Volatile Extraction, or RESOLVE, project in a test facility behind the Op erations and Checkout Building at Kennedy Space Center on June 11. The cylindrical structure at left is the drill. The drill and rover were provided to NASA by the Canadian Space Agency. The NASA payload is designed to prospect for water, ice and other lunar resources. RESOLVE also will demonstrate how CLICK ON PHOTO NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis United Space Alliance forward spacecraft operator Bill Powers locks the hatch of space shuttle Endeav at Kennedy Space Center on June 12. Endeavour is being prepared for public display at the California information, click on the photo. For NASA future explorers can take advantage of resources at potential landing sites by manufacturing oxygen NASA General Counsel Michael C. Wholley, right, presented NASA's 2012 Attorney of the Year Award to Kennedy Space Center's Joe Batey during a ceremony May 23 in Cambridge, Md. Two other vehicles that demonstrate how explorers might prospect for resources and make their own oxygen for members of the legal team at Kennedy -Tracy Lee Belford and Penny Chambers -were part of the survival while on other planetary bodies. For more information, click on the photo. multi-center team winning the 2012 NASA Legal Team Award.
Page 5 June 15, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS By Stephanie Covey Spaceport News W hat makes a strong program? Is it diversity of thought, talent and back grounds -or a strong network that can solve problems with ease? A suc cessful program is all of this and more, and that is why Kennedy Space Center is excited to co-host the Inter national Space Universitys 25th Annual Space Studies Program (SSP). NASA supports the university's mission and goals of SSP to globally collabo rate on space initiatives, said Dicksy Hansen, chief of the NASA Pubic Services team lead for ISU. SSP enhances Kennedys standing as a leader in the interna tional space community and promotes our future direc tion, existing capabilities and talented work force. This year, Kennedy and the Florida Institute of Technology are co-hosting 125 post-graduate univer sity students, experts and professionals in the space industry from 31 countries to encourage international cooperation on space-related projects. The countries include Canada, Israel, South Africa, Greece and the United Kingdom. NASA Deputy Administrator Lori Garver was the keynote speaker of the opening ceremony June 4. Garver was followed by Center Director Bob Cabana the participants on behalf of Kennedy. The participants have a variety of expertise ranging from art, education, social networking and engineering, but their love of space and science continues to bring them together. Sanja Scepanovic, a stu dent from Montenegro, said her passion for space programs stems from watching videos of NASA missions as a child. Even though her country does not have a space program, she always dreamed of working with a space agency like NASA. The program encourages participants to share their knowledge and experiences to solve complex prob lems in the space industry. Throughout the nine-week program, lectures from veteran Kennedy employees will encourage international space efforts and promote future partnerships and cooperative agreements. Events taking place at Ken nedy this summer include an international astronaut panel at the visitor complex, tours of the center with subject matter experts, and access to Launch Complex 39A for the Student Rocket Launch. Marc Labriet, a U.S. participant, has always been interested in space and is very excited to learn at Kennedy, which he calls the birthplace of the U.S. space program. Labriet is a technical project manager working with software and is hoping to transition into an aerospace career through the program. The Space Studies Program will give me the opportunity to work with engineers from all over the world who are as passionate about space as I am, Labriet said. Ames is the only other NASA center to host the event, which created chal lenges unique to a govern ment facility. By partnering with Flor ida Tech, students receive long-stay housing accom modations on a univer sity campus, while visiting world-class space facilities, and learning from subject matter experts drawing from 50 years of experience. CLICK ON PHOTO Entertainment during the opening ceremonies June 4 for the International Space University's 25th annual Space Studies Program session at the Florida Institute of Technology in Melbourne, Fla., was provided by Jim Sawgrass and the Deep Forest Native American Indian Program dancers. The nine-week intensive course is designed for post-graduate university students and professionals during the summer. The program is hosted by a different country each year, providing a unique educa tional experience for participants from around the globe. Kennedy Space Center and Florida Tech are co-hosting this year's event, which runs through Aug. 3. This year, there are about 125 participants representing 31 countries. For more information, click on the photo. NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis Professor Angie Bukley, dean and vice president for Academic Affairs, International Space University, addresses the audience during opening ceremonies for the university's 25th annual Space Studies Program session at the Florida Institute of Technology in Melbourne, Fla., on June 4. Seated from left are Anthony J. Catanese, president of Florida Tech; Kennedy Space Center Director Bob Cabana; Bukley; and Dr. Guy A. Boy, chair of the Space Studies Programs local organizing committee.
Page 6 SPACEPORT NEWS June 15, 2012 Research leads students to Kennedy's high-tech labs Spaceport News W hile the Kennedy Space Center worldwide as NASA's launch center, a group of high school students recently learned that there's more to the center than just launching rockets. Twentysix honor students in chemistry and biology and their teachers got a chance to visit some high-tech labs at Kennedy as part of an ef fort to encourage students in the areas of science, technology, engineering and math, known as STEM. "In addition to our launch and landing operations, we also do research and development, engineering development, science and technology," said NASA materials engineer Dr. LaNetra C. Tate during her welcome address to the group. The tenthand eleventhgrade students from Terry Parker High School in Jacksonville, Fla., visited a number of vastly different labs during their one-day tour. First stop was the Space Life Sciences Lab facility where they visited lar physics and regolith operations, electrostatic and surface physics, and life support and habitat sys tems. Located in Explora tion Park just outside the Kennedy gates, the Space Life Sciences Lab was developed in a coopera tive effort between NASA, Space Florida and the state of Florida. Experiments aboard the space shuttle and the International Space Station. Inside the Electrostatics and Surface Physics Lab, Dr. Carlos Calle demon strated a process for keep ing spacecraft, equipment and even spacesuits free of dust when exploring dusty surfaces like those found on the moon or Mars. While in the Granular Physics and Regolith Operations Lab, their work, including how they use simulants to replicate lunar dust in their experiments. During the students' tour of the Life Support and Habitation Systems Lab, some research for longduration space travel. "One of the approaches we've been looking at is growing plants," he said, explaining that plants are not just for food, but that they also use carbon dioxide and produce oxygen -a process that a spacecraft. "We also look at waste recycling, both for solid and wastewater systems, because you're going to have to recycle all those things. You have to think about living in a very tightly closed environ ment," he added. The students then moved Dr. Phil Metzger demonstrates an experiment to study the physics of granular materials to students in the Granular Physics and Regolith Operations Lab at the Space Life Sciences Lab facility on May 14. The 26 honor students in chemistry and biology and their teachers got a chance to visit a number of high-tech labs at Kennedy Space Center as part of an effort to encourage students in the areas of science, technology, engineering and math. The 10thand 11th-grade students from Terry Parker part of a nationwide effort by the National Lab Network to help introduce the nation's students to science careers. inside the Kennedy gates to the Operations and Check out Building. Known as the O&C, the building con tinues to play an integral part in present and future space exploration as it has since the 1960s, housing many facilities over the years including the astro naut crew quarters. The students' visit to the facility encompassed demonstra tions in the applied physics and cryogenics labs, as well as a walk-through of the prototype lab. The group's visit was hosted by the Kennedy a nationwide effort by the National Lab Network to help introduce the country's students to careers in the we can make a stronger impact and inspire students by involving them in activi ties as an extension of their classroom," said Beth B. Smith, informal education specialist. NASA/Jim Grossmann NASA/Jim Grossmann Students and their teachers get some hands-on experience inside the applied physics lab in the Operations and Checkout Building on May 14.
Page 7 June 15, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS Wheeler to present to American Society for Horticultural Science crops or to preserve and enhance natural beauty of Spaceport News has presented more than 60 landscape plants, Kaplan times since 1989. He is the r. Ray Wheeler, the said. recipient of a NASA Excep lead for advanced Kennedys Chief Tech life support activi nologist Karen Thompson ment Medal. ties in the Surface Systems said Wheeler is acclaimed He holds or has held Division of Kennedy Space throughout NASA as the adjunct or courtesy ap Centers Engineering top scientist for plant physi pointments at the Florida Directorate, was selected ology. Institute of Technology, as the 2012 Benjamin Y. Wheeler also is recog the University of Florida, Morrison Memorial Award the University of Central Lecturer by the Agriculture expertise, Thompson said. Florida, Utah State Uni Departments Agricultural This award is yet anotherDr. Ray Wheeler checks on hydroponically grown lettuce in the Biomass Produc -versity, Cornell University, Research Service (ARS). testament to his accom -tion Chamber at Hangar L in 1992, prior to the move to the Space Life Sciences Texas A&M University and This years notice was a Laboratory at Kennedy Space Center. plishments and is truly a real surprise and Im hon high honor. ers selection for this award Y. Morrison (1891-1966). Wheeler also serves as a ored to receive the nomina For his lecture, Wheeler is further indication of his tion, Wheeler said. will receive an honorarium, vice chairman for the Life excellence in the discipline director of the U.S.D.A.s Wheeler will present his a medallion and a plaque. Sciences Commission on and Kennedys unique National Arboretum in lecture during the American Wheeler began his career the International Commit place in the area of space Washington, D.C., and a Society for Horticultural with NASA at Kennedy tee on Space Research, or life sciences and plant pioneer in horticulture. Science annual meeting in 1988. His work at the COSPAR. physiology. According to ARS lecture July 31 to Aug. 3 in Miami. Hes worked hard to coordinator Kim Kaplan, Space Life Sciences Lab Wheeler said, During He will speak to his peers focuses on lighting and car my presentation, I hope to establish this capability in in the industry with a pre bon dioxide concentration point out the commonalities the space industry for Ken es scientists who have made sentation titled Controlled nedy, and we all applaud outstanding contributions effects on plant growth and between using crops for life Environment Research: A development, and the use of support systems in space this great accomplishment, to horticulture and other Forgotten Discipline with Simpkins said. environmental scientists. hydroponic techniques for and emerging terrestrial Emerging Opportunities. The ARS established the Or for encouraging the production systems. interests in controlled en Director of Engineering lecture in 1968 to honor use of these sciences for the Wheeler is the author or vironment agriculture and co-author of more than 200 Pat Simpkins said Wheel the memory of Benjamin production of horticultural vertical farming concepts." Complex problems solved in Technical Interchange Meetings Spaceport News D N ASAs Commercial Crew Program is turning to a number of strategies to work through the complex challeng es of engineering a new generation of rockets and spacecraft. Technical Interchange Meetings, for example, are providing program leaders an opportunity to gain a comprehen sive understanding for the vehicles that private industry are designing and developing on their own before the agency's astronauts will climb aboard. Called TIMs for short, the meet ings bring together a rather small group of experts to do just what its namesake calls for, exchange techni cal information. Alliant Techsystems Inc., or ATK, which is developing its Liberty launch vehicle under NASA's Commercial Crew Development Round 2 (CCDev2) activi ties, most recently held a TIM on the software that controls all the avionics components, commanding them to work together to control the launch vehicle. A TIM is really just an oppor with a review of these systems, said Ken Tenbusch, the NASA partner manager working with ATK. We might see something and both teams just need to talk this out and vet it out a little bit further with some of our technical teams. So, what it does is it just opens up that line of com munication back and forth. The software TIM was the latest in a series for ATK under CCDev2. Earlier TIMs involved the compa ny's planned approach to certifying the rocket's launch abort system and providing analysis of thrust oscil lation to show the company could reduce the acceleration astronauts would experience during launch compared to ATK's Ares I rocket design, which has a similar architec ture to Liberty. "It's kind of like trying to deter mine why your car might be getting 20 miles of gasoline per gallon instead of 30," said James Burnum, NASA's deputy partner manager working with ATK. "It may take the full story, someone who knows about the engine, someone who knows about the fuel, someone who knows about tires." Typically the meetings take place in an informal setting with a range of 15 to 30 experts. On the NASA side, the program is able to pull from a wide range of talent, includ ing safety and integration engineers or teams working on the Space Launch System, the heavy-lift rocket designed to expand human presence beyond low Earth orbit. Tenbusch said these meetings are try. In fact, while Tenbusch worked with the space shuttle's external fuel tank and solid rocket boosters as an operations manager he partici difference, he said, is the wealth of information that's being shared. "During shuttle, both sides of the house already knew the answers and we would just get together to make sure we fully understood how we got to those answers," Tenbusch said. "With commercial crew, weve gone a little bit further, weve learned a little bit more about the company's systems and subsystems because they're bringing more information to the table." All of NASA's CCDev2 partners are giving the agency an in-depth look at their vehicles during the See TIM Page 8
Page 8 SPACEPORT NEWS June 15, 2012 In celebration of Kennedy Space Center's 50th anniversary, enjoy this vintage photo . FROM THE VAULT This view of personnel sitting at consoles that controlled the lunar module training simulator located in the Flight Crew Training Building was taken July 22, 1970. Former engineering development director receives alumnus award Spaceport News Former NASA Kennedy Space Center Engineering Development Director Walter T. Murphy received a Distinguished Alumnus Award on April 21, after being nominated by his classmates from Hendrix College in Conway, Ark. The Distinguished Alumnus Award is given by the Alumni Association of Hendrix College to former graduates who have distinguished themselves in their Walter T. Murphy, shown here in 1990, won a vocations, service to humanity and Distinguished Alumnus Award on April 21. Murphy was nominated by his classmates at Hendrix Col-service to the college. lege in Conway, Ark. Murphy, who worked for NASA for 34 years, was chosen by his with a bachelor of Science in peers and selected by the Hendrix physics in 1961. Alumni Board. This is a very prestigious Walt was selected because of award to be honored with. his lifetime achievements, said After retiring from NASA in Pamela Owen, member of the 1997, Murphy continued working alumni group. at Kennedy for 10 years as a Murphy spent eight years at contractor for The Boeing Company NASAs Johnson Space Center and United Space Alliance. in Houston before transferring to I was blessed with math and Kennedy in 1973. engineering, Murphy said. Having I was totally surprised to a background in physics helped receive this, said Murphy, who and being at NASA made all the graduated from Hendrix College difference. Looking up and ahead . .* All times are Eastern 2012 Targeted for June 18 Launch/CCAFS (SLC-41): Atlas V (AV-203), NROL-38 June 28 Launch/CCAFS (SLC-37B): Delta IV-Heavy, NROL-15 Launch window: 5:30 to 10:30 a.m. Aug. 2 Launch/VAFB (SLC-3E): Atlas V (AV-033), NROL-36 Launch window: TBD Third Quarter Launch/Wallops Flight Facility (Launch Pad 0A): Launch time: TBD Aug. 23 Launch/CCAFS (SLC-41): Atlas V-401, Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) Launch window: 4:08 to 4:28 a.m. No earlier than Sept. 20 Launch/CCAFS (SLC-37B): Delta 4, GPS 2F-3 Launch window: TBD and humidity and carbon dioxideFrom TIM Page 7 removal systems joint venture of establishing routine Tenbusch said the companies access to and from the International also are welcoming the constructive Space Station in a few years. feedback NASA provides at these This week, for instance, Space meetings based on its decades of hu Exploration Technologies, known as SpaceX, hosted a TIM at its head tough lessons it has learned about quarters in Hawthorne, Calif., to talk keeping crews safe. about the current design state of the "These companies want to be crewed version of its Dragon cap safe," Tenbusch said. "They want sule. Future interchange meetings to be successful. They have to be could focus on topics such as abort successful, and there's been a lot of aerodynamic loads and performance, ground gained from these TIMs." John F. Kennedy Space Center Spaceport News Managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candrea Thomas Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kay Grinter Editorial support provided by Abacus Technology Corp. Writers Group. NASA at KSC is on the Internet at www.nasa.gov/kennedy SP-2012-06-109-KSC