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May 18, 2012 Vol. 52, No. 10John F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universe Inside . VAB undergoes major renovations Deep space missions on docket Page 2 U.S. astronauts join Hall of Fame Page 3 Endeavour undergoes By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News The Vehicle Assembly Building at Ken nedy Space Center has been a landmark to the technological advancements of sending men to the moon and astronauts into space for more than 45 years. But the VAB, as it is best known, is due for major renovations to continue processing launch vehicles and support the sub sequent launching of a new generation of astronauts into orbit and deeper into space than ever before. "This is home improve ment, VAB style," said Jose Lopez, who is managing the effort to refurbish a structure that was once the biggest in the world. "We're going for ity with modern equipment. That building has many systems that haven't been touched up since it was built (in 1965)." Although the work is massive simply because of the scale of the VAB, Lopez said now is the time to do it and take advantage of the pause in rocket processing that is to end in a couple years. "When the shuttle program was in place, you couldn't take down the cranes for a long period of time, or take on heavy infrastructure proj ects," Lopez said. Before another generation of rocket processing kicks in, Lopez said, the VAB must it needs to host these rockets and spacecraft assembly for another 40 years. NASA/Jim Grossmann CLICK ON PHOTO Workers pull large bundles of cable from inside the Vehicle Assembly Building infrastructure. More than 50 miles of cabling will be taken out during the work. For more Kennedy Space Center photos, click on the photo. The effort will touch most Apollo/Saturn V removed. In areas of the architectural their place will be a series of behemoth in one way or 10 platforms that can be re other. For instance, High Bay 3 will see the seven work See VAB Page 3 platforms designed for the SpaceX manifest includes student experiments, meals NASA/Jim Grossmann CLICK ON PHOTO By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News The Dragon spacecraft built by SpaceX will head to the International Space Station Station resupply during its demonstration mission with about 1,200 pounds of cargo, including commemorative patches and pins, 162 meals and a collection Page 4 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, a cargo bag slides through the docking ring into SpaceX's Dragon capsule on Launch update As of press time, the launch of the SpaceX Falcon 9 was scheduled for May 19. For complete coverage and photos, go to For more about the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS), go to Since the company's rocket and spacecraft are conducting a test tant goods for the station's crew of astronauts and cosmonauts, but not mission-critical items. lift off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla., at 4:55 a.m. EDT regular cargo missions that will carry a wider range of goods to the orbit ing laboratory. Hawthorne, Califor nia-based SpaceX, formally known also is deep into the work required See SPACEX Page 2 Page 7

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Page 2 May 18, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News The Space Launch System is on track to give America the launch vehicle it will need to send humans deeper into space than ever before, the program's manager said May 8. Speaking to the National Space Club during a luncheon near Ken nedy Space Center, Todd May, SLS program manager, said an uncrewed 2014, SLS mission in 2017 and a 10to 14-day mission with astronauts going to the moon and back in 2021 will leave the nation in a position to "By that point, you'll have the ca pability to go anywhere in the solar system people want to go," May said. May leads a team of engineers and designers at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala. "The ultimate goal is to put hu man boots on Mars." Kennedy designers also are at work to make a place to assemble and launch the SLS. Launch Pad the Vehicle Assembly Building is un dergoing modernizations to host the 36-story-tall SLS. Also, the mobile launcher that will hold the rocket and its servicing connections already has conducted a test at the pad. Checkout Building and the space assembly at Kennedy before being mounted atop a Delta IV rocket for a mission without astronauts aboard to test the spacecraft's systems and heat shield. There's a lot going on," said Scott Colloredo, chief architect of the Ground Systems Development and see hardware moving in the direc tion of the launch pad, that's always Many elements of the SLS itself already are in testing, including the engines and solid rocket boosters that will give the rocket about 8 mil lion pounds of thrust at launch, 10 percent more than the Saturn V. NASA already has an inventory of space shuttle main engines that will be used to power the core stage. "The propulsion elements are in re space shuttle main engines, that's a good head start." The SLS also will use solid rocket boosters like the shuttle, but the instead of four. The core stage, which will hold the fuel tanks for the main engines, is early in its design but still is on schedule. Like the space shuttle Space Launch System Program Manager Todd May addresses the National Space Club's Florida Committee during the organization's monthly luncheon in Cocoa Beach, Fla., on May 8. built at NASAs Michoud Assembly Facility in Louisiana. The SLS stage is about 15 feet longer than the shipped to Kennedy on the Pegasus barge, another element shared with the shuttle. The stage, complete with the space shuttle main engines on the bottom, will be shipped to NASA's Stennis Space Center in Mississippi in early it will come to Florida that summer where it will be stacked inside the Vehicle Assembly Building into the full rocket that will launch at the end of 2017. May said using shuttle compo nents where possible saved con siderable design and development costs. Also, NASA is counting on savings from modern manufacturing processes and has cut the agency's oversight requirements to further save money and time. "We understand we've got to do things differently than in the past," May said. The SLS is slated to be America's biggest rocket ever, even surpassing the Saturn V that lofted astronauts and their spacecraft to the moon in the late '60s and early '70s. For the Apollo capsules, though much larger. To get anywhere on an SLS still requires considerable work, although the team is making steady progress. The focus now is on the version of the SLS designed to lift 70 tons into space, strong enough to send the tons, enough to carry landers or other spacecraft suited for whatever loca tion astronauts head to. "NASA hits something that speaks ration," May said. "It's great to do things that speak to all of human kind." From SPACEX Page 1 to make Dragon suitable to carry people into orbit. The mission is a landmark a privately built spacecraft will head to the International which includes no crew members other than those already on the station who will guide Dragon's arrival, carries enormous challenges and involves numerous indi vidual evaluations. Most of the cargo's weight, 674 pounds, is in food and crew provisions, including the meals, crew clothing, batteries and other pantry items. A laptop and its ac companying accessories also during this phase, too. move to a position about will make the journey. 700 feet from the station so Dragon then will be removed Tucked inside the Dragon mission, the spacecraft will controllers can determine from the station by the arm capsule are two NanoRacks perform a methodical ap whether it is safe to allow a proach to the space station. closer rendezvous. Earth. ments that will study a range Assuming a "go" is given, Unlike the other cargo of microgravity-related areas station at more than the Dragon will close to vehicles that resupply the from microbial growth to within 98 feet of the station station, the SpaceX craft is it no closer than 1.6 miles. designed to return to Earth The mission calls for the With navigation units on the step will bring Dragon safely instead of burning 18-foot-high Dragon to spacecraft and station relay to about 32 feet from the up in the atmosphere. That approach the station after ing information, the Dragon station, within reach of the its sensors and navigation will approach slowly from equipment can be stowed in systems are checked out beneath the station, pausing crewmember Don Pettit will side the capsule and returned thoroughly. The spacecraft at several stages as systems steer the arm to latch onto to scientists. will go through numerous are continually checked. the cargo craft and connect it tests during the third day of The crew aboard the sta to the Harmony module. ences Corp. are conducting tion will take command of The station crew will demonstration missions about 1.5 miles of the sta unpack the Dragon dur under NASA's Commer tion. Communications net capsule's ability to retreat works from the spacecraft to from the area. load Dragon with more than Services contract, known as the station will be evaluated The spacecraft later will 1,400 pounds of used scien

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May 18, 2012 Page 3SPACEPORT NEWS By Linda Herridge Spaceport News T were inducted into the Astronaut Hall of Fame during a ceremony at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida on May 5. Frank lin R. Chang-Diaz, Air Force Gen. Kevin P. Chilton and Charlie Precourt became the 11th group of space shuttle astronauts to join the ranks of the distinguished mem -John Zarrella, CNNs principal correspondent for coverage of NASAs space program, introduces the 2012 U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame inductees, from left, Franklin bers of the Hall of Fame. program, served as Master of tions on a well-deserved yet to come, Nelson said. Ceremonies and introduced honor, Cabana said. ues to be challenging, but the Im a product of two welcomed guests to the the attending members of the In spite of what some cultures and this honor here U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame of you may have heard, up to the challenge and I has a special meaning to a privilege to host the induc as they came forward and the ending of the shuttle me because its given by tion ceremony where so took their seats on the stage. program has not ended hu Cabana said. those who have always been many astronaut heroes gather Hall of Famer and Ken Hall of Famer George my heroes, Chiang-Diaz each year to recognize and nedy Space Center Director and Kennedy is not shut- Pinky Nelson introduced said. The folks here are the welcome a chosen few into Bob Cabana said its great ting down, Cabana said. Chang-Diaz by saying he people that I looked up to. the ranks of this elite group to have Chang-Diaz, Chilton We continue to make has continued to push the Today, Im most thankful and Precourt, three out great strides in becoming a envelope. to this great nation that 1968 John Zarrella, CNNs standing inductees, back in multiuser government and Youve done incredible opened the doors for me, a principal correspondent for Florida. commercial spaceport of the things and I really believe coverage of NASAs space My sincere congratula future. that your biggest impact is See ASTRONAUTS Page 5 NASA/Jim Grossmann From VAB Page 1 designed for processing different kinds of rockets. Like everything else inside the VAB, the platforms are not run-ofweigh about 90,000 pounds and be for rockets, such as nitrogen and helium along with electrical and networking cables. Simply put, no longer will a high bay be suitable for only one kind of rocket design. rockets, Lopez said. The VAB is slated to host NASA's Space Launch System, or SLS, as it 2021. The SLS will rival the Saturn V for sheer size and power and is designed for several variations that the platforms would have to accom modate. Commercial companies with much smaller rockets also are facilities. "The main thing we're doing there is an evolvable approach where we can handle any one of these SLS vehicles, but also handle any of the commercial vehicles," said Scott Colloredo, chief architect of the Ground Systems Development and supporting one, it helps us to support the other." in the VAB will see their antiquated control systems modernized, too. The cranes, anchored to the VAB's framework at the top of the structure, were used to lift the shuttles and transfer aisle to their place on the launch platforms. They routinely hoisted the 100-ton shuttles more than 16 stories off the ground safely and lowered them onto the side of Two of the cranes can lift 325 tons, another two are rated for 250-ton hold 175 tons. They will be crucial again in the future to stack the SLS tion. The doors, the largest in the world, are due for new braking systems and wear-and-tear on the tracks and systems. The renovation calls for remov ing a great deal of the infrastructure inside the VAB, some of which was installed when the structure was built in 1965. New systems, all up to mod ern building and safety codes, are to be installed. More than 50 miles of Apollo-era cabling will be removed during the work and replaced with modern lines. About 70,000 feet of cabling already has come out. In some cases, that means replacing thick bundles of corroded in many important areas and is not big enough under current regulations. So its vast network of pipes, spigots and pumps, will be year and replaced with new equip ment and piping. The work should be said. There is plenty of evidence that other water and drainage pipes in the VAB also are corroding, so they will be replaced, along with boilers and chillers that feed hot and cold water into the facility. Battery backups for the electrical system also are slated for replace ment. The renovation is focusing on the building's interior systems, but the building itself is in very good shape. The work would have had to be done at some point soon whether rockets were being processed or not, Lopez said. Doing it all while keeping the structure's systems up and able to handle normal process ing demands would have been an though. Lopez said, "It would have been like putting a new car engine in your trunk while keeping the same engine in the front still going,"

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Page 4 May 18, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center NASA/Jim Grossmann on May 10. Crosby, a representative with the Florida Division of Blind Services, was the Dr. LaNetra C. Tate (center), materials engineer at Kennedy Space Center, is surrounded by students as she welcomes them for their tour of the Space Life Sciences Lab facilities on April 12. The 26 honor students in chemistry and biology and of math, science, technology and engineering. The tenth and eleventh grade students from Terry Parker High School in nation's students to science careers. NASA/Jim Grossmann NASAs Mobile Aerospace Reconnaissance System, or MARS, is secured aboard NASAs Freedom Star ship near Hangar AE at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on April 9. With its spatial, hyperspectral, thermal and directed energy capabilities, MARS will be used for thermal imaging testing for the upcoming SpaceX Falcon 9 and Dragon By Steven Siceloff American people for the Space Station and conductSpaceport News honor of launching this ve-ing the landmark mission hicle 135 times, to not only to repair NASA's HubbleTechnicians working Space Telescope. inside space shuttle make life better on Earth. "I'd like to dedicate this Good night, Endeavour." powerdown to those who deck and controllers The work was a milestone are not so fortunate to be stationed in the Launch for the shuttle's retirement here today, to those who Control Center turned the as crews at Kennedy Space gave their blood, sweat and lights out on the last powCenter continue to make heart to the program," said ered shuttle May 11 as they the spacecraft suitable for a Walter "Buddy" McKenzie switched off Endeavour's museum career. of United Space Alliance. displays and systems for the Endeavour's power-With that, some of the down, which is the process same people who ran end "It is with a great sense of controllers follow to stop less checklists to make sure sadness that we say goodEndeavour was ready for night to Endeavour, and to the shuttle, came almost space ran through a checkthe Space Shuttle Program 20 years to the day of the list in reverse to take key as a whole today," said Mike Ciannilli, a NASA May 7, 1992. As NASA's ready to leave Kennedy for When that work is com test director who stood at youngest shuttle, Endeavour Endeavour's cockpit was lit its new home at the Califor-pleted, an aerodynamic tail the integration console in only by work lights plugged nia Science Center in Los cone will be bolted over the Firing Room 3 during the posted notable accomplish-in outside the shuttle. Angeles. The payload bay engines and Endeavour will procedure. "It is with a great ments, including capturing Discovery and Atlantis doors must be closed perma-be mounted atop NASA's sense of pride that we recog and redeploying a stranded went through the same steps nently, three replica space Shuttle Carrier Aircraft. nize the contributions of communications satel-earlier as they also were shuttle main engines will be this amazing team over the readied for public display. installed and the hatch to the last 30 years. And it is with Several steps remain crew compartment will be tember and will take several a heartfelt 'thank you' to the mission of the International before Endeavour will be closed. days. United Space Alliance associate operations chief Pat Leslie toggles the switches ing operations to power down the shuttle May 11.

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May 18, 2012 Page 5SPACEPORT NEWS By Brittney Longley Spaceport News Famous for his rise from an engineer to corporate director and president of Kaiser Aero space and Electronics Corp., Clay P. Bedford once said, You can teach a student a lesson for a day, but if you can teach him to learn by creating curiosity, he will continue the learning pro cess as long as he lives. Seven cooperative educa tion (co-op) students showcased the results of their curiosity during the 2012 teams May 3 at the Kennedy Learning Institute. spring co-op showcase at the tors from their organization, about, said co-op student Cabana was present at the work because of the people Kennedy Learning Institute the coordinators of the co-op Laura Midulla. showcase to see how the here. We are making great (KLI) on May 3. program, and a representa The co-ops worked on students applied their class strides and progress continuTo be eligible for full-time projects from a new hand room skills to real world ally and you are employment, co-op students tive staff. book for incoming co-ops to objectives. part of that. coming to Kennedy Space What we learn in class, a Vehicle Assembly Build I know you learned Cabana encouraged the Center after January 2012 we often sit and wonder how ing (VAB) interface study, something, but the real ques co-ops to continue their hard must present a project with we are going to apply it, and which is the study of the tion is did you have fun? work: Keep doing what you which they have been tasked climate in the VAB. asked Cabana. We make are doing. You are the future to their fellow co-ops, men our professors are talking Kennedy Director Bob the center a great place to for Kennedy Space Center. From ASTRONAUTS Page 3 dreamer that came to the shores of this country, and this country opened the doors to the land of opportunity, to the American dream. I can say that Diaz said. Chang-Diaz served in the as tronaut program for 25 years and became one of only two astronauts sions. His missions were STS 61-C, STS-34, STS-46, STS-60, STS-75, STS-91 and STS-111. He logged more than 1,600 hours in space, including 19 hours and 31 minutes during three spacewalks. He ellite, the European Retrievable Car rier, the Tethered Satellite System, the Space Habitation Module-2, and the Galileo spacecraft on its journey to Jupiter. he installed the mobile base system on the International Space Station and replaced the failed wrist joint on Canadarm 2. In 2005, Chang-Diaz retired from NASA and established the Ad Astra Rocket Company, which is dedicated to the development of advanced plasma rocket propulsion technology. Hall of Famer Dan Brandenstein introduced Chilton by reviewing his career in NASA and the U.S Air Force. Throughout his career, he dem unparalleled devotion to duty and visionary planning, Brandenstein said. I am honored to welcome the newest member of the Astronaut Hall of Fame. Thank you so much for this won derful honor, Chilton said. Chilton is a three-time space shuttle astronaut with more than 700 hours in space. He served as pilot on STS-49, the maiden voyage of space shuttle Endeavour, and STS-59, which featured the deployment of the Space Radar Laboratory. He served as the commander of STS-76 on the third docking mission to the Russian spacewalk from the space shuttle while docked to Mir. Hall of Famer Robert Hoot Gib son introduced Precourt and talked about learning Russian in order to Mir space station. After working with him and get ting to know him, I said I would be really surprised if he isnt the chief astronaut one day, Gibson said. After four brilliant missions and three times going to Mir, including the very last docking in 1998, Char lie became the chief astronaut. He has gone right to the very top in everything hes ever done. Con gratulations, Charlie, and welcome to the Astronaut Hall of Fame, Gibson said. This is a tremendous honor, Precourt said. Its obviously very humbling, and Im just really thrilled to be here today. Weve had opportunities in the space program that go beyond our wildest dreams, and Im very, very thrilled in particular that this represents the work of the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation, who is pay ing it back, and we get to be a part of that for the students. Education is so critical. Precourt served in the space pro gram for 15 years and was a mission specialist on STS-55, pilot on STS71, and commander on STS-84 and STS-91. During those missions, he logged a total of 932 hours in space. During the STS-91 mission, which docking mission, the crew also conducted the Alpha Magnetic Spec ter in space. Precourt left NASA in 2005 and currently serves as general manager and vice president of Space Launch Systems for ATK Aerospace Systems of Magna, Utah. According to Astronaut Scholar ship Foundation Chairman and Hall of Fame astronaut Charlie Duke, the ASF was founded in 1984 by the original Mercury 7 astronauts. The foundation distributes 28, $10,000 scholarships annually and has awarded nearly $3.5 million since its inception. ASF scholarships are the largest monetary award given in the United States to science and engineering students at the undergraduate level based solely on merit.

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Page 6 May 18, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS By Linda Herridge Is there something youve tribute to NASAs mission. Spaceport News always wanted to try, some program you wanted to ap contributions in the workLearning to take risks ply for, a job youve always place at Kennedy, across and overcoming the wanted? If there is, take a all disciplines and orga fear of rejection were chance and go for it. There nizations, Moore said. two key points that Gwen are people along the way to dolyn Young, director for help your supervisor, a co contributions of our mem Mission Support at NASAs worker, a friend, a mentor. Dryden Flight Research I am incredibly proud of munity of NASA, Kennedy, Center in Edwards, Calif., the APAC team and our ac Brevard County and Central covered in her presentation participants during the APAC Heritage Month event, May 10, at the Training complishments in the areas Florida. to workers during the Asian-Auditorium at Kennedy Space Center in Florida. of leadership development, We have found that when Center Director Bob Cabana coming failures and disap recruitment and outreach, we reach out to the commu month event in Kennedy during opening remarks. pointment, Young said. I said Josie Burnett, director nity as volunteers, mentors Space Centers Training Young, who has worked think people should prepare of ISS Ground Processing and spokespersons, we begin Auditorium on May 10. for NASA for 29 years, themselves for failure. and Research. This year to thrive, as opposed to sim Hosted by the centers described some unusual Failure is the doorstep was a great year, and we ply surviving, Moore said. challenges she overcame to to success. You have to fail, have many more to look The Kennedy management Connection (APAC), this achieve her current leader otherwise, youre never forward to as Kennedy has been very supportive in years theme is Striving for ship position. She said the going to learn anything, becomes a multi-user launch this area, providing oppor struggle encouraged her to Young said. And Im tunities and encouragement Diversity and Inclusion. do her best on her life's jour reminded of something that APAC Chairperson Lien for personal and community I appreciate the culture of Jerry West of the Los Ange Moore said the main goal growth. hard work and perseverance others regardless of their les Lakers said, Every time is to help raise awareness Moore added, If you backgrounds. I hit the lowest point, Ive that there is a large group want to learn a subject, can workers here at Ken My story of how I came risen to the highest. study; if you want to master nedy Space Center, said to NASA is one of over Young asked the audience, (APAs) at Kennedy that cona subject, teach it. Top high school students treated to day at Kennedy By Linda Herridge Spaceport News Graduating top seniors from Brevard County high schools toured Kennedy Space Center and heard about NA SAs past, present and future during May 11. coordinated the event that featured a ing the Vehicle Assembly Building, and viewing of space shuttle Atlantis in its orbiter processing facility. Chief of the Education Programs Division Hortense Diggs welcomed the students to the center and congratulated them on their achieve ments. engineers, Diggs said. I hope each of you will consider pursuing a career in science, technology, engi neering and mathematics, or STEM, occupations that will matter most in the 21st century. Kelvin Manning, Kennedy associ students to the center. In this country we recognize the athletes and the entertainers and aca demics are kind of pushed off to the side, Manning said. But Id like to congratulate you on your achieve ments and emphasize that STEM to keep moving forward as a nation. We need to focus more on the NASA Building at Kennedy Space Center, May 11, during the Brevard Top Scholars Day sponsored by the do here at NASA, Manning said. Russell Romanella, director of Kennedys Safety and Mission Assurance gave a presentation on NASAs past, present and future in During lunch at the Kennedy students heard from Applied Physics Lab Branch Chief Stan Starr from the Engineering Directorate. Starr talked about the centers labs and some space shuttle-related problems that were solved. Chris from Heritage High School in Palm Bay said the tour and pre sentation were very informative. even some Kennedy employees have not had the opportunity to do. Im glad to have had the opportunity, Chris said. He plans to pursue a degree in electrical engineering from Florida Institute of Technology in Melbourne. Eau Gallie High School student Jessica said she really liked the days I really liked Russells presenta tion, Jessica said. She may pursue a career in medicine. Nicholas, a senior from Space Coast High School in Port St. John, is planning to pursue a degree in civil engineering from Florida Tech. The tour was one of my favor ites, Nicholas said. Ive always had an interest in the space program, but now it interests me even more. At the end of the day, each student his or her attendance at the event.

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May 18, 2012 Page 7SPACEPORT NEWS Remembering Our Heritage Station resupply important to Kennedys past and future companies through NASA agreements. Dragon capsule, scheduled Canaveral Air Force Station. ences Cygnus spacecraft, which will launch from NASAs Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia. The test rocket tentatively is set for this fall, with the Cygnus ing in the winter. Typically, there will be but there could be two or the future. missions will be prepared in Kennedys Space Sta tion Processing Facility and shipped to Japan for launch, accompanied by a small team from Kennedy. and his team will be busy Switching Unit and a Util ity Transfer Assembly for HTV-4. of international research ers continues to make their way to and from the orbiting laboratory, Kennedy will be at the forefront helping to provide their basic needs. By Kay Grinter Reference Librarian Humans are by nature consumers, regardless of where they might live and work. Supply runs to the International Space Station began as soon as assembly got under way. livered in May 1999 aboard space shuttle Discovery dur ing the STS-96 mission, the The station, or ISS, was merely the Russian Zarya control module mated to the U.S. Unity Node 1 connecting module, a far cry from the orbiting laboratory now house. Node 1 was delivered by the STS-88 crew, which included Kennedy Space Center Director Bob Cabana. The STS-96 crew dropped Device, a U.S.-built crane, and parts of the Russian crane Strela, as well as 3,567 pounds of material, which included clothing, sleeping bags, spare parts, medical equipment, supplies, hard ware and about 85 gallons of water in anticipation of the needs of the stations future consumers, soon to be arriving in the form of inter With the end of the Space Workers check out the placement of one of four gas tanks on the Spacelab Logistics Double Pallet in the Operations and Checkout Building on May 7, 2001. storage tanks comprised the high pressure gas assembly that was attached to the International Space Station's Joint Airlock Module during two spacewalks. The tanks supported spacewalk operations from the station and augmented the Service Module gas resupply system. Shuttle Program in sight, NASAs partners renewed their commitment to spacebased research by providing other resupply methods. The station currently is replenished by the Russian Progress resupply vehicle, the Japanese H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV) and the Eu ropean Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV). The Progress, launched from the Baikonur Cosmo drome in Kazakhstan on a Soyuz rocket, is an auto mated, unpiloted version of the Soyuz spacecraft capable of delivering supplies and fuel tanks. The Progress also has the ability to raise the station's altitude and control the orientation of the station using the vehicle's thrusters. The HTV, launched from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan on an H-IIB rocket, is the only resup ply vehicle also capable of surized cargo to the station since the shuttles retirement. The cargo is mounted to within the HTVs unpressur ized section. The ATV, about the size of a traditional London double-decker bus, became the largest and heaviest vehicle supplying the station after the shuttles retirement in 2011. Launched from NASA NASA soon will become the the primary provider of oxygen and nitrogen to the In ternational Space Station and with that has come the development of the Nitrogen Oxygen Recharge System (NORS), a component of NASAs Orbital Replacement team holds an engineering model of the NORS Recharge Tank Assembly (RTA) at a Johnson Space Center NORS design review. the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana, on Ariane 5 rockets, the ATV can carry almost three times the amount of fuel as a Progress. However, NASA soon will become the primary provider the station with the develop Project. Primary responsibil ity for launch preparations of to Kennedys ISS Ground Processing and Research Processing Directorate. with quick disconnects that make them easy to replace in their entirety. needed for replenishment of the stations cabin breathing air, as well as for operation of the airlock and the pres surized ammonia cooling systems. We have responsibility here at Kennedy for process said Steve Bigos, the project Assembly (RTA)." about 6,000 PSI and then prepare the RTA for transfer to the launch providers. "We are currently build ing the support equipment required for our processing operations, Bigos said. Although the ATV and Progress spacecraft usually transport some amount of visit to the station, most of the orbital labs future needs RTAs. sels are in the manufactur ing phase now, Bigos said. Plans are to launch the canisters on HTVs from Tanegashima in Japan or on U.S. spacecraft under development by commercial and resupply missions to the station, visit NASAs launch schedule at www.nasa.gov/missions/ highlights/schedule.html

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Page 8 May 18, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS NASA Employees of the Month: May Employees for the month of May are, from left to right, Harold D. Wiedemuth, Engineering and Technol Looking up and ahead . All times are Eastern 2012 Dragon C2/C3 Pegasus XL, NuSTAR Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) In celebration of Kennedy Space Center's 50th anniversary, enjoy this vintage photo . FROM THE VAULT This is the third crop of lettuce harvested for the Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS) Program, an effort by NASA in the 1990s to develop bioregenerative systems that would planetary colonizations. Taken on Oct. 8, 1991, the lettuce is 28 days old inside the Biomass Production Chamber of Hangar L at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. John F. Kennedy Space Center Managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candrea Thomas NASA at KSC is on the Internet at www.nasa.gov/kennedy