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April 20, 2012 Vol. 52, No. 8See DRAGON Page 3 John F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universeSpaceport News Inside this issue...'Transformers' spinoffsPage 3 Page 2Golden recognitionPage 62012 All-American PicnicPage 7Innovation honoredDiscovery departs KennedySpace shuttle Discovery departed Kennedy Space Center for the last time with an early morn ing takeoff atop NASA's Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA) on April 17. Instead of blazing a trail toward low Earth orbit, shuttle made its way to the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Va. The SCA transporting Discovery took off from Kennedy at 7 a.m. EDT, just the Shuttle Landing Facility. 11:05 a.m. when the aircraft touched down at Washington Dulles International Airport in Sterling, Va. Before the departure, in vited guests, members of the were joined at the runway by and last astronaut crews for an emotional send-off. "This is the place where people have really taken care of Discovery for its entire life," said NASA astronaut Nicole Stott, a mission specialist on Discovery's By Anna Heiney Spaceport NewsSpaceX crossed another milestone this week as company and NASA thorough Flight Readiness Review ahead of the launch of the Dragon spacecraft on International Space Station. The Flight Readiness Re view, or FRR, is a standard element for NASA, but the upcoming mission is not. As scheduled, the mission will built and funded spacecraft rendezvous with the station. If successful, the mission is expected to pave the way toward regular operational commercial cargo missions. "It's almost like the leadup to Apollo, in my mind," said Mike Horkachuck, NASA's project executive for SpaceX. "You had Mercury, then you had Gemini, and eventually you had Apollo. This would be similar in the sense that, we're not going to the moon or anything as spectacular as that, but we are in the beginnings of com mercializing space. This may SpaceX Dragon sets next historic course By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News be the Mercury equivalent to then eventually leading to, in the long run, passenger travel in space." California-based Space Exploration Technologies Corps., known as SpaceX, is preparing to launch an ambitious mission to dock its Dragon spacecraft to the space station and return it to Earth. The spacecraft will not have a crew, but will carry about 1,200 pounds of cargo that the astronauts and cosmonauts living on the sta tion will be able to use. The capsule will go into space atop a Falcon 9 rocket also built by SpaceX. The FRR set the stage for a launch on April 30, although there are sev eral additional checks to go ing of the Falcon 9's engines. "Everything looks good heading into the April 30 launch date," said Bill Ger stenmaier, NASA's associate administrator for Human Exploration and Operations. "I think the teams are very well-prepared. They've done The Shuttle Carrier Aircraft transporting space shuttle Discovery to the Washington Dulles International Airport in Virginia NASA/Glenn BensonSee DISCOVERY Page 4


Page 2SPACEPORT NEWSApril 20, 2012 Award-winning videos showcase 'Tranformers' spinoffs NASA's spinoff technologies are innovations origi nally designed for space products that improve daily lives. Now in its second year, the OPTIMUS PRIME Spinoff Video Contest asks students in grades three through 12 to study NASA spinoff technologies and produce short, creative videos promoting their favorites. "I've been sent out around the smartest, most-talented, creative (school-age) kids in the nation to see if any of them might one day want to be a future scientist or astronaut or engineer," said Jim Stofan, NASA's deputy associate administrator for Education. on Mars is probably between fourth and eighth grade today, according to Stofan, who asked for a show of hands from students in those grade levels. "One of you might be the person who Mars," he said. The contest, run by NASA Goddard Space Flight Cen ter's Innovative Partnerships designed to help students see nology here on Earth. NASA collaborated with Hasbro in using the companys iconic OPTIMUS PRIME character. Students provided their completed videos to NASA, which posted them on You Tube, where members of the public could vote for the best productions. NASA judges selected winners from the six to eight and nine to 12. So, what's the connection with OPTIMUS PRIME, leader of the AUTOBOT world of the TRANSFORMERS? Like NASA's spinoff technologies, OPTIMUS PRIME was built for space, but changes into something useful while on Earth -in his case, a slick, armored semi-truck. Cullen has provided the voice of OPTIMUS PRIME since the television car toon's inception in 1984, and his history with the character extends to all three live-action movies and the current computer-animated television series from Hasbro Studios, "Transformers: Prime" airing on the Hub TV Network. "You have shown rare skill in illustrating the innova tions of the men and women at NASA," said OPTIMUS PRIME in an animated mes sage for students. "You have inspired fellow humans to seek out new solutions to the problems you face. You are heroes." Space shuttle astronauts Jon McBride and Wendy Lawrence also celebrated with the winners and em phasized the importance of education in their own lives and in the eventual careers of today's students. "When I was 10 years old, we did one of the most re markable things in the space program -which was to put humans on the moon for the profound impact on the di rection of my life," Lawrence said. "The key to making a dream like that come true is doing exactly what you're doing now. Staying in school and getting that good educa tion -that truly is going to be the foundation you build the rest of your life on." By Anna HeineyTSpaceport News he students who pro duced three awardwinning videos took home trophies -and met the actor who gives voice to a heroic robot in disguise -at the NASA OPTIMUS PRIME Spinoff Video Contest awards ceremony on April 12 at the Ken nedy Space Center Visitor Complex. "You are the Galileos, the Newtons. You are the ad venturers who will build the dreams," said Peter Cullen, the longtime voice of OPTI MUS PRIME, who attended the ceremony and answered questions for the students gathered at the complex's Rocket Garden. "You are the future, and I am proud of you all." The winning videos are "Eagle Eyes Ultravioletblocking lens protect, en hance vision," "A Beautiful Earth, with the Help of Mi cro-Organisms" and "NASA Vid 2012." Winners received cash awards or scholarship money, as well as the NASA OPTIMUS PRIME trophy etched with the image of the popular TRANSFORMERS leader. Peter Cullen, the voice of OPTIMUS PRIME from the TRANSFORMERS franchise, addresses students and teachers involved with the NASA OPTIMUS PRIME Spinoff Video Contest in the Rocket Garden of the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex on April 12. To view all of the contest videos, click on the photo. NASA/Jim Grossmann GOES-R, GOES-S wear crown of latest, greatest technology F or more than 30 years, the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite sys tem known as GOES has been used by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to help provide accurate weather forecasting on Earth and in space. With each new series, the satellites are built with improvements to enhance their use and effectiveness. More recently, NASA and NOAA created a new series of GOES satellites called GOES-R and GOES-S. "The GOES-R series is an dvanced spacecraft and instruent technology that will support xpanded detection of environmenal phenomena," said Diana Calero, ASA mission manager with the aunch Services Program (LSP). The satellites will assist NOAA in onitoring water, weather, cliate and ecosystems. Calero said pgrades to the series will include igher resolution images, lightning etection, solar space monitoring nd higher data capabilities. LSP selected United Launch ervices to launch GOES-R and OES-S in October 2015 and ebruary 2017, respectively, aboard a m e t N L m m u h d a S G F Atlas V rockets from Space Launch Complex-41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. The GOES satellites have been a collaborative effort between NASA and NOAA for many years, successfully creating and launching 15 previous satellites. The GOES-R which oversees the development of the space segment, is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. NASA's role is to provide oversight of the development of the space segment, which consists of the spacecraft, its instruments, the launch vehicle and the auxiliary communications payloads," Calero said. NOAAs responsibilities include the overall programmatic responsibility and procurement of ground fa cilities, antenna sites, and software and hardware for satellite command and control. NOAA also processes, creates and distributes the data the satellites retrieve to researchers and weather forecasters. Calero said, "With the new GOES-R series, we will receive new and accurate data that directly affects public safety, protection of property, and ultimately, economic health and development." By Brittney Longley Spaceport News TRANSFORMERS, AUTOBOT, and OPTIMUS PRIME are trademarks of Hasbro and used with permission. 2012 Hasbro. All rights reserved. CLICK ON PHOTO


April 20, 2012 Page 3SPACEPORT NEWS From DRAGON Page 1 a tremendous amount of work getting ready." Another review will be April 23, Gerstenmaier said. There is a single instantaneous launch op portunity at 12:22 p.m. EDT. Elon Musk, the owner of SpaceX and the com pany's chief designer, said his team is not taking the mission's objectives for granted. "We have launched the rocket twice and the spacecraft once so they are pretty new, and the space," Musk said. "I think its important to appre ciate that this is fairly tricky, and it is important to remember that we are hitting a target within a few inches while it moves over 17,000 mph." If this mission is successful, the Dragon is ex pected to become operational and launch regular supply runs to the station this year. Unlike any other cargo carrier, the Dragon can bring things back to Earth, too, a boon for scientists whose research is taking place on the orbiting laboratory. more of a question mark in my mind," Horka chuck said, "because no capsule that these guys had built before had gone into space, done the basic maneuvering to show you have attitude con trol, as well as re-entering, so knowing the vehicle came through re-entry relatively unscathed and all the parachute systems worked perfectly, that was a real big deal." Because of that mission's achievements, NASA and SpaceX agreed to combine the planned Assuming the Dragon spacecraft passes about a few days' worth of equipment checks and dem onstration in orbit, it will be allowed to approach the station close enough for astronauts to grab the capsule with the station's large robotic arm. The arm will berth the Dragon to the station and astronauts will unload the spacecraft and put about 1,400 pounds of material inside the Dragon for return to Earth. The mission is expected to last about 21 days, Horkachuck said. Getting the rocket, spacecraft and overall mission together has been a learning experience, Horkachuck said. For instance, SpaceX learned ing to a space station with a crew on board. "One of the refreshing things has been, once you convince SpaceX they need to make a change and it's the right thing to do from a technical perspective, they just go off and do it," Horkachuck said. "There's not a lot of wran gling." The rocket and capsule are at Cape Canaveral ahead of the launch. For Horkachuck, the three he said. "Once Dragon gets into orbit and is operating, there's certainly going to be a big cheer," he said. "But I think most of the big events and dynamic mission, there will be moments of panic fol lowed by long periods of calm."Ordnance Operations Facility earns LEED GoldThe teams at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida that routinely test explosive devices can now carry out their mis sions in an environmentally friendly facility. On March 28, the center's Ord nance Operations Facility (OOF) received the U.S. Green Building Councils Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold rating. This is the sixth facility at be recognized as sustainable. "The OOF takes Kennedy's total square feet," said Mick Barth, a LEED accredited professional with the Center Operations Directorate, who served as the OOF's project manager and lead design engineer. Ed Tobin, with Center Op erations, led the construction of the 3,500-square-foot facility. It was designed by Eli Schoen with the directorate's Environmental Management Branch. The general contractor, Canav eral Construction Company Inc., completed the project three months ahead of schedule and under budget, Barth said. Selecting and sizing the geother mal heat pump system, Barth said, was one of the many exciting chal lenges to designing the administra LEED awards are designed to encourage and facilitate the develop ment of more sustainable buildings. The system is based on the use of sustainable sites, materials and re indoor environmental quality and design innovation. Contributing to the award of LEED Gold, the OOF will receive about 20 percent of its power from a 5-kilowatt photovoltaic system located on the ground south of the building. The facility is heated and cooled with a 3.5-ton geothermal heat pump system located six feet below the ground, also to the south of the facility. The OOF is expected to achieve 34 percent energy use reduction and a 49 percent water use reduction compared to traditional buildings, on an annual basis. Savings during construction include 95.8 percent waste diversion 33.9 percent of the building materials were manufactured using recycled materials. Not only is the facility good for the environment, it's good for the people working inside, too since 97.3 percent of the building is lit by natural daylight. "By using less energy, less water and fewer resources, this facility will save the taxpayers money, reduce carbon emissions and contribute to a healthier environment for workers," Barth said. The facility houses about 10 em ployees who work for Space Coast Launch Services and the Air Force, depending on the requirements for each mission. Barth said, The center is going to see more green buildings popping up to meet NASAs sustainability policy, which is to execute missions without compromising our planets resources so that future generations can meet their needs.By Frank Ochoa-GonzalesSpaceport News CURRENT KENNEDY LEED FACILITIES en Ordnance Operations Facility Electrical Maintenance Facility Propellants North en Visitor's Complex Artifact Storage Life Support Facilityen Visitors Center Food Storage Warehouse POTENTIAL KENNEDY LEED FACILITIES Rating Points Required Certified 26-32 Silver 33-38 Gold 39-51 Platinum 52+ NASA LEED'S LATEST RATING SYSTEM


Page 4SPACEPORT NEWSApril 20, 2012 SPACEPORT NEWS Page 5 April 20, 2012 Delivering Discovery to D.C. A Look Inside Discovery's Ride NASA/Chris Gunn From DISCOVERY Page 1 See Discovery Leave


Page 6 April 20, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS 2012 KSC All-American PicnicM NASA photos by Frankie Martin and Amanda Diller Share your thoughts


Page 7 April 20, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS Flexible aerogel, innovator earn hall of fame honors By Linda Herridge Spaceport News A technology called Photo courtesy of Thomas Kimmell, Space FoundationKennedy Space Center Deputy Director Janet Petro, right, and senior principal investigator James Fesmire at the 28th National Space Symposium in Colorado Springs, Colo., on April 19. A cold storage team member checks an International Space Station experiment cryogenic freezer, called a Glacier unit, inside the Space Station Processing Facility at Kennedy Space Center on March 2. The freezer utilizes the aerogel blanket technology which is targeted to launch aboard the Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (SpaceX) Dragon capsule on April 30. NASA/Amanda Diller


Page 8 April 20, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS Spaceport News published online on alternate Fridays by Public Affairs in the interest of KSC civil service and contractor employees. Contributions are welcome and should be submitted three weeks before publication to Public Affairs, IMCS-440. E-mail submissions can be sent to FROM THE VAULTIn celebration of Kennedy Space Center's 50th anniversary, enjoy this vintage photo . Looking up and ahead . .en All times are Eastern en 2012 Workers walk, run, have fun in the sun