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March 9, 2012 Vol. 52, No. 4 Spaceport NewsJohn F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universe Inside . Commercial Crew Program Safety Focused Page 2 Planning Group Looks At Next 20 Years Page 3 Many Variables Dictate Launch Windows Page 4 Power-Downs Tough On Emotions Page 6 NuSTAR to open high-energy window in space By Steven Siceloff shaped island is close to the Spaceport News equator. A launch team from NASA's next observa atoll about a week ahead tory is about the size of launch and return after of a refrigerator, NuSTAR is in orbit. but it is expected to uncover The Pegasus is NASA's some of the most powerful only rocket that launches structures in the universe. from an airplane, a modiThe Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, called CLICK ON PHOTO NASA/Randy Beaudoin, VAFB Starchaser. NuSTAR, is to launch later Orbital Science technicians ensure the Pegasus payload fairing is properly "Pegasus is our most this month aboard an Orbital installed around NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR inside the Orbital Sciences processing facility at Vandenberg Air Force Base in unique rocket, period," said Sciences Pegasus rocket California, on March 3. For more on the NuSTAR mission, click on the photo. Omar Baez, launch director from the Reagan Test Site for LSP. "First off, it has a at Kwajalein Atoll in the on the universe. It will ride 33-foot-long span with wing. The way we launch it aboard a winged Pegasus sensors at one end that will is we drop it like a weapon rocket to an orbit close to the focus the X-rays the spaceor a bomb and a few seconds craft able to focus highequator and extend a solar craft sees. later this thing lights off and energy X-rays, the same kind array for power. The span is similar to the of X-rays dentists use to "Compared to a Juno or an one extended during space It's unique in all kinds of penetrate teeth. Researchers MSL (Mars Science Laborashuttle mission STS-99 for aspects." say the instrument represents tory), it's not very big, it's the Shuttle Radar Topograa huge advance in what they about 775 pounds, about the phy Mission. launch sites LSP uses. Cape will be able to see in space. size of a refrigerator" said Part of NASA's Small Canaveral Air Force Station "We are going to open up Garrett Skrobot, NuSTAR's Explorers program, the in Florida, Vandenberg Air the high-energy window on mission manager for NASA's NuSTAR mission takes Force Base in California, the universe," said Daniel Launch Services Program advantage of numerous techKodiak Launch Complex in Stern, project scientist for (LSP). "But it only has one nological advances Alaska, and Wallops Fight NuSTAR. "It's going to teach basic instrument on the of the past decade, Facility in Virginia are the us a lot about the universe spacecraft itself, whereas the said Yunjin Kim, NuSTAR's others. LSP is based at Kenfrom what heats the atmoother spacecraft have mulproject manager. nedy Space Center. sphere of the sun to under tiple instruments on them." NASA opted to launch the After NuSTAR is orbiting standing black holes." After about a week in spacecraft from Kwajalein and returning data, astronoSome of the highest space, it will extend a because the horseshoemers expect to team it with energy objects in the uniother observatories already verse have been invisible to astronomers because they in orbit, such as NASA's didn't have an instrument Chandra X-ray Observatory. that could focus high-energy That can mean anything X-rays from black holes and from the two spacecraft stars that recently exploded. looking at an object at the NuSTAR is expected to alsame time and comparing low a complete count of the the results to having Chandra black holes in the universe from NuSTAR observations. holes rotate. and measure how fast black "We have planned ob"We think two out of every servations of things we'reNASA image three black holes in the unisafely sure we're going toNASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) will allow astronomers verse are hidden," Stern said. see," Stern said, "but the bigNuSTAR will not leave X-rays and will complement astrophysics missions that explore the cosmos in excitement is we might see Earth orbit as it looks out other regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. things that are unexpected."

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Page 2 March 9, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS Good challenges ahead for new S&MA leaders By Linda Herridge Spaceport News Kennedy Space Cen ters new Safety and Mission Assurance (S&MA) Director Russell Romanella and Deputy Director Russ DeLoach say there are challenges ahead, but they are good challenges, as the center transforms to a multiuser launch center. Im very happy to take on this challenge, Romanella said. The time was right. With previous director Mike Wetmores and deputy directors Humberto (Bert) Gambaros retirements late last year, Romanella and Detheir positions in January. support contractors in safety and mission assurance efforts that support all of Kennedys programs and directorates. The S&MA workers are top-notch folks, Romanella Director Russell Romanella Safety & Mission Assurance said. In a time when theres a different way of thinking, I feel like we can make a difference. According to Romanella, there are a number of transformative changes in work including reviewing and rewriting S&MA documentation to support Kennedy's future environment. The spaceport envisioned in NASA's future includes facilities shared with commer cial partners, facilities turned over to NASA partners enDeputy Director Russ DeLoach Safety & Mission Assurance tirely and facilities in which Kennedy organizations are the sole tenants. It is vital to maintain an atmosphere of safety, DeLoach said. In the world of safety, were trying to be more risk-based and less rule-based. DeLoach said the director ate will look at the centers safety requirements, processes and procedures to maintain safety and allow commercial ventures to be The recent Space Act Agreement with Space Flor ida to lease Orbiter Processing Facility-3 to The Boeing Company is an example of paving the way for facility use by another company. This supports NASAs overall exploration vision including commercial space, Romanella said. The commercial partners have their requirements and Kennedy has its safety culture. The key is to meld safety. DeLoach said theres a growing understanding that Kennedy needs to help comThe kinds of things were doing require us to be appropriate safety controls, DeLoach said. Some rules may need to be more or less stringent. meeting last month, Romanella set the directorates goals and objectives. He acknowledged Kennedys safety record which than in other years and credits the centers safety culture for that. The shuttles retirement changed the center sigHow do we maintain the safety culture and keep the excitement going? Thats the challenge. He said the directorate needs to maintain a level of independence with checks and balances between S&MA, engineering, and programs and projects. Its important that S&MA is recognized as an organization that will help solve problems, Romanella said. Find the problem and then DeLoach added, Its going to be a very busy time for S&MA. Safety requirements shaping commercial crew designs By Rebecca Regan Spaceport News NASA's plans for a new gen eration of commercially owned and operated space craft and launches involve meeting a number of goals, none higher than keeping to the agency's high standards for crew safety. The agency's Commercial Crew Program (CCP) outlined hundreds of human safety and performance requirements for the companies it is working with to carry astronauts to low Earth orbit. NASA's engineers won't directly tell the companies how to meet the requirements, though. Instead, they'll rely on their partners' innovations to meet their safety objectives. "The success of this program is really dependent on all of us work ing together to design, develop and verify that we have a sound crew transportation system," said Ed Mango, CCP program man That's why, in our list of goals as a then cost-effective access to low Earth orbit." released a set of requirements and ments for NASA missions to the International Space Station. be independent of our acquisition strategy. So, it's a set of documents that can stand alone whether we're in a Space Act Agreement (SAA) or contract with our commercial pro viders," said Chris Gerace, deputy chief of CCP's Systems Engineering Gerace said that throughout CCP's second round of development, known as CCDev2, NASA's industry partners are either meeting attempting to meet their intent. The program anticipates the same level of enthusiasm in meeting require ments during the next round of development, called Commercial Crew Integrated Capability (CCiCap). "It really behooves our industry partners to meet our requirements now so that it doesn't become costly down the road," Mango said. The standards cover every aspect of safety, from ground processing and providing a crew with optimal breathing air and life support sys tems to ensuring the reliability of a spacecraft's windows and computer circuit boards. "When you look at everything that goes into designing both a launch vehicle and a spacecraft that has to dock with the space station, stay in orbit for months, and reenter the Earth's atmosphere, every safety requirement is important," Gerace said. "Our partners can be as creative as they want when it comes to their designs, but they've got to meet the intent of these standards Gerace noted that his team relied heavily on the successes and hard lessons learned from NASA's Space Shuttle Program to develop CCP's requirements. "Our goal has always been to be safer than the programs that came before us," said Mango, who spent the majority of his NASA career supporting the shuttle program. "As engineers, as designers, as test con ductors, as assistant launch directors or as project management for the shuttle program, we have the scars in order to make this program even better." space shuttle, Columbia, from prove a number of cutting-edge See CCP Page 4

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March 9, 2012 Page 3SPACEPORT NEWS Kennedy Space Center cur rently is creating a new Master Plan that describes how the center will transform itself from a single user federal entity to one that supports a multitude of users and operations. This agency mandated plan, spans a twenty year horizon and will detail the land uses, business policies and infra structure that the center will require to remain the launch site of choice for all providers. During the past year, Kennedys Center Planning and Development while preparing the Future Development Concept, the precursor to the Master Plan. Guided by the Master Planning Steering Group -chaired by the Kennedy Deputy Center Director Janet Petro -CPDO has NASA HQ, Florida Department of Transportation, Space Florida, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge and various operating and emerging commercial space launch customers; to determine Kennedys position in the space industry. These interviews and the resulting two-day planning meeting last September formed the framework of the Future Development Concept. Trey Carlson, Master Planner for Kennedy, describes the Future Development Concept with three succinct themes that will guide activity to adopt new business practices allowing companies and outside organizations to make investments in the center to operate their enter prises, to transfer or otherwise dispose of facilities that are not being used enough and won't be needed by future NASA programs, to build new facilities that are economically and environmentally sustainable and can be used by a variety of people, organizations and programs. "It is very challenging making the transition from a government program focused primarily on a single crewed spacecraft to a multiuser program," Carlson said, adding at the same time, we must be careful not to preclude any future uses with decisions that are being made today. Overall, the aim is to keep Kennedy's identity as a premier launch site while adding the capability to adapting the landscape to the needs of a variety of horizontal and vertiand aircraft. After all, Kennedy has some of the most unique infrastructure in the world, ranging from the 3-mile-long Shuttle Landing Facility runway big enough for any aircraft or spacecraft currently envisioned, to the Vehicle Assembly Building, which has stacked the largest rockets NASA There are about 700 facilities in different areas of the center's 144,000 acres. Figuring out their roles in the center's future was a large part of the master planning effort. Many structures, including the orbiter processing facilities, have garnered intense interest from organizations and companies outside NASA. Already, one of the three has been leased to Space Florida, which in turn made a deal with The Boeing Company to process its new human tion, has facilities with different users," Carlson said. The shuttle runway is already hosting divergent users, including teams testing their designs on one rockets, such as United Launch Alliances Atlas V. While some buildings will be taken down or turned over to new tenants, others will be rebuilt or the Operations and Checkout Building is undergoing a remodeling that will eventually remake the facility from the inside. The building, one of to host Lockheed Martin's Orion Kennedy's Headquarters Building and the Central Instrumentation Facility, which are approaching their 50th birthday and showing signs of their age, are to be taken down the next several years and replaced by a new headquarters that will consolidate all shared ser vices and most administrative functions across the Industrial Area. The new headquarters building is the cornerstone for the Central Campus consolidation. It will be built in two phases and all shared services south and west of the current HQ building except for the Occupational will build a modern engineering and science laboratory building. The new laboratory building will enable a complete gut and renovate project for the South Wing of the Operations lar to the current one on the north will enable demolition of approximately 900,000 square feet of physical plant in the Industrial Area while rebuilding only about 450,000 square feet. Between the 50 per cent reduction in foot print and the considerably lower costs associated with the operation and maintenance KSC will save in the order of $400 million during the next 40 years. Carlson said the modern construction technology will allow the new headquarters to operate far more "We're going to see a dramatic return on investment with new facilities," Carlson said.Planners have begun discussions with Florida's Department of Transportation exploring partnering arrangements for upkeep and perhaps the eventual improvements of some of Kennedy's roads, particularly the four bridges cur rently under the centers care. That could free up NASA's resources for other infrastructure upgrades at the center. "With a constrained budget forecast we owe it to ourselves to look at options of how to operate the Center in a more sustainable manner," Carlson said." Although the changes are expected to touch most aspects of the center, Carlson said planners anticipate keeping the area's identity as a NASA launch site and aerospace research hub. Carlson added, "You will always be driving by a sign at the gate that says, 'Welcome to Kennedy Space Center.' "Three themes guiding Kennedy's next 20 yearsSpaceport News ReportAn artist image of the proposed new headquarters of Kennedy Space Center. According to Trey Carlson, master planner for Kennedy, modern construction technology will allow the new headquarters NASA image

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Page 4 March 9, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS Variables dictate launch window opportunities By Anna Heiney Spaceport News Why does NASA some times schedule a rocket launch for the middle of the night or aim for a liftoff time when weather is notoriously unlikely to cooperate? The simplicity of the question belies the complexity of the answer. The best time to start a mission the spacecraft, the type of rocket, and the desired trajectory, which refers to the path the vehicle and spacecraft must take to successfully start the mission. Not only do these variables the ideal time of departure -but the overall length of the launch window, which can vary from one second to several hours. The dynamics change from mission to mission, and determining the launch window is an important part "The interesting thing about our job is each mission is almost completely different from any other mission," said Eric Haddox, the lead Launch Services Program (LSP), based at Kennedy Space Center. Haddox leads the team of agency and contractor personnel overseeing and integrating the trajectory design efforts of the spacecraft team and launch service contractor for each LSP mission. Once the spacecraft selected, and the work of hammering out the best launch window and trajectory begins. Ultimately, the launch window and preferred liftoff time are set by the launch service contractor. "We help everybody understand the requirements of the spacecraft and what the capabilities are of the launch vehicle, and try to mesh the two," Haddox explained. factors in when to launch are where the spacecraft is headed and what its solar needs are. Earth-observing spacecraft, for example, may be sent into low Earth orbit. Some payloads precise time, perhaps to rendezvous with another object or join a constellation of satellites already in place. Missions to the moon or a planet involve aiming for a moving object a NASA/Bill Ingalls A Delta II arcs across the sky carrying NASA's Suomi NPP spacecraft. long distance away. Additionally, spacecraft often need sunlight to perform the science necessary to meet the mission's objectives or they may need to avoid the sun's light in order to look deeper into the dark, distant reaches of space. timing needs must lift off at the right time to slip into the same orbit as its target; a planetary mission typically has to launch when the trajectory will take it away from Earth and out on the correct course. According to Haddox, aiming for location in Earth orbit where the solar conditions will be just right -is a bit like skeet shooting. "You've got this object that's goyou've got to shoot it," said Haddox. "You have to be able to judge how far away your target is and how fast it's moving and make sure you reach the same point at the same time." But Haddox also emphasized that Earth is rotating on its axis while it orbits the sun, making the launch pad a moving platform. With so many moving players, launch windows and trajectories must be carefully choreographed. Of course, weather or technical problems can interfere with the team's best plans. Launch windows are intended to absorb small delays while still offering plenty of chances to lift off on a given day. However, launching at a time other than the preferred time could reduce the rocket's performance, potentially limiting the payload mass. Likewise, if a spacecraft has to use any of its onboard propellant to make up for any difference in the trajectory, that could impact the entire mission. "The navigation system on the rocket is going to do what it needs to do to get the spacecraft where it needs to be, but it's not going to be the same trajectory you looked at before," said Haddox. "When you've got things that are moving seven to eight kilometers a second, half a second can result in a big distance." Haddox added, "So it just makes things a lot harder to predict." From CCP Page 2 technologies, from the innovative main engines that provided enough thrust to accelerate the utes to the ceramic tiles that protected the shuttle from the searing heat of re-entry. Never before had the agency put astronauts on board a space operational." Mango said he envisions CCP verifying systems and subsystems in a somewhat similar fashion, whether it's with demonstrations, such "What we want is innovation," Mango said. "So, if we're meeting the intent of our require ments, we are more than willing to talk about diflong as the intent has not changed and the risk that that requirement is trying to negate is being accounted for." There are several reasons CCP is handling safety and mission requirements a little differ ently than its shuttle predecessor. One is that shuttles had a lot more mission capabilities than what CCP is requesting, which is to transport up to four crew members and a few lockers full of supplies and experiments to the International Space Station. Shuttles had the unique capability to house satellites in their payload bays or act as research laboratories all on their own in space. And, second, because each design is so different, CCP couldn't develop a set of requirements that detailed every nut and bolt like the thousands of requirements levied for the shuttle. "Our goal from the beginning has been to have with our knowledge base and our help." Mango said that CCP's acquisition approach is tion of a crew transportation system will take place once NASA enters into a contract with a the commercial providers themselves, but that doesn't change the importance of NASA's safety goals. "The value of a human life is priceless," Mango said. "It's the same whether it's a NASA employee or a company employee. The people who will sit in these rockets and spacecraft are our partners, our friends, our neighbors, our

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March 9, 2012 Page 5SPACEPORT NEWS Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center CLICK ON PHOTO NASA/Frankie Martin Representatives from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida talk to visitors attending the NBA All-Star Jam Session at the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, Fla., on Feb. 23. The NASA exhibit offers hands-on educational activities highlighting some of the contributions the space agency has made to sports, transportation and everyday life. One of the events leading up to the NBA All-Star game in Orlando on Feb. 26, the jam session is a basketball experience intended for all ages, allowing fans to compete against their friends in skills challenges and collect autographs from players and legends. To Play Ball! NASA celebrates Space Day at Space Coast Stadium NASA and the Space Coast Stadium in Viera, Fla., celebrate Space Day during Major League Baseball's Washington Nationals spring training game with the Houston Astros on March 8. Kennedy Space Center Director Bob Cabana Kennedy hosted a booth at the stadium where representatives highlighted some of the contributions the space agency has made to sports, transportation and everyday life. Spaceperson greeted and took photos with baseball fans (bottom left). Attendees had the opportunity to sign the full-scale test version of NASA's Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle outside the stadium (top left). Photo courtesy of United Launch Alliance An Atlas V, carrying a Mobile User Objective System-1 (MUOS-1) satellite lifts off at 5:15 p.m. EST, Feb. 24, from Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla. At nearly 15,000 pounds, MUOS-1 is the heaviest payload launched to date by an Atlas V launch vehicle.

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Page 6 March 9, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS By Anna Heiney Spaceport News Space shuttles Discovery and Atlantis are on the move today between different facilities at Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex 39. Discovery is rolling out of Orbiter Processing Fa bly Building while Atlantis takes after the vehicles were powered Dec. 22. Endeavour is targeted to be powered-down in May. "After working so many years -little hard to say, 'I'm taking my best car and I'm going to not drive it anymore. In fact, I'm going to go ahead more,' said United Space Alliance's Walter "Buddy" McKenzie. After overseeing preparations of several space shuttles during his career and witnessing the power-downs, he you when you're powering down a vehicle for the last time." and displays were turned off by spacecraft operators inside the crew inside the nearby Launch Control Center, test conductors gave direction as system engineers monitored the process. Finally, the lights on the These are important milestones in the shuttle's transition and retirement activities. Discovery, Atlantis and Endeavour all are being prepared for their retirement roles as museum attractions, and the team still has plenty of work to do before the vehicles are safe and ready for public display. But that doesn't make the transition easier for those who cared for these spacecraft, sometimes for decades, and were there to see the two shuttles put into permanent sleep. "My gut's tied up in knots, because I know I won't be doing it again," said Gene Dixon of United Space Alliance. A spacecraft operator for the past 27 years, he was one of three technicians working through the checklist for the last time inside CLICK ON PHOTO NASA/Jim Grossmann ing preparations to power down the shuttle during Space Shuttle Program transition and retirement activities. Atlantis is being prepared for public display in 2013 at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. For more information, click on the photo. The world knows NASA's Discovery, but to the shuttle team, preparations began for its public display at the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Va. Shuttle processing activities typically required that the vehicle be powered. But the team reached a point in mid-December when all of those tasks were complete, and vehicle power would no longer be needed. So Discovery was powered up, the payload bay doors were closed, and the spacecraft then was powered down. "Everyone that's used to working in the midbody or seeing those (payload bay) doors open, all of a sudden were watching them close, time that we here at Kennedy would ever see inside that midbody," said director overseeing all the orbiters' transition and retirement activities. "Even at the Smithsonian, there are no plans to open the payload bay doors on Discovery, so as far as we know right now, those doors will never open again." When the power-down checklist was complete, Center Director Bob Cabana pulled the plug on the "Vehicle Powered" sign near the operations desk. "I just want to thank everybody on the loop for an outstanding job you guys have done over the years," Cabana said, referring to the communications channel used by the shuttle team during processing activities. "It's kind of a momentous day, and I just appreciate everybody's hard work, and the team's doing absolutely outstanding. It is special to see you power down the vehicle for the last time." missions. Destined for display at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, it's temporarily moving to the Vehicle Assembly Building to make room in the orbiter processing facility for Endeavour. "We basically laid out the work so we could get what we had to get done to be able to power down," Stilson explained. "We got all that work taken care of right away, so efforts over in the Vehicle Assembly Building. We can't do everything over there, but it will allow us to continue and keep our schedule if we can continue that work." With the shuttle's robotic arm and Ku-band antenna stowed and the payload bay doors closed, Atlantis' power was shut down. erator Bill Powers, pausing to glance Stilson compares the shuttles' pending departures to sending your children off to college. "You don't want to see them go, you're going to miss not having your hands on them every day, and knowing that you can really look out for them, but you're happy for this progression of their career," Stilson said. "And you just trust that there will be other people there to take care of them and look out for them." In addition to those participating in the work to power the vehicles down, several other shuttle team members gathered to observe and honor the spacecraft they know so well. "You're with them more than you are with your family. They actually become part of you," McKenzie on them so much, you know where their weaknesses are and you know where their strengths are. You get familiar with them. At some point, they leave the machine stage, and they become part of your soul."

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March 9, 2012 Page 7SPACEPORT NEWS Remembering Our Heritage Celebrating Women's History Month Women are bright spots in solar research program By Kay Grinter Reference Librarian Women scientists have been at the forefront in space exploration and discovery, managing NASAs solar Nancy Roman was chief of Science at NASA Headquarters in Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO) satellites launched from Cape Canaveral on March 7. Roman, who reached for the stars in more ways woman to hold an executive position in the agency. Romans astronomy credentials included a bachelors degree from Swarthmore College and a doctorate from the University of Chicago. Women often encountered resiscareers during that era and Roman was no exception. At Swarthmore, the Dean of Women was very opposed to women going into science or engineering, Roman recalled during an interview so opposed that if she couldnt talk a girl out of it, she just never had CLICK ON PHOTO Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Program Executive Dana Brewer is shown with an image of the SDO satellite in 2010. For more on the SDO Program, click on the photo. anything more to do with her for the four years she was there. of real-time data on solar phenomena, including measurements of 75 she had oversight for the planning and development of several other CLICK ON PHOTO Dr. Nancy Roman, one of the nation's top scientists in the space program, is shown with a model of the Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO) in 1963. For more on the OSO Program, click on the photo. A transcript of Romans interview is available online in its entirety at www.jsc.nasa.gov/history/ oral_histories/NASA_HQ/Herstory/RomanNG/romanng.pdf. astronomical satellite programs, including the Cosmic Background Explorer and the Hubble Space Telescope. NASAs solar research conNASAs Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), managed by a bevy of women scientists including SDO Program Executive Dana Brewer. Brewers experience with career advice was not unlike that received by Roman. I accepted the challenge of succeeding in science when a chemistry professor told me that women should not get science degrees, reported in an interview for the SDO Team website. Brewer was not deterred and earned a bachelors degree in general science from Penn State and a doctorate in quantum chemistry from Virginia Tech. When the sun erupted March 6, launched from Cape Canaveral in One of the most dramatic features apparent in a video of the event is the way the entire surface of the sun seems to ripple with the force of the eruption. This movement comes from something called EIT waves with the Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (EIT) on the Solar Heliospheric Observatory. Since SDO captures images every that they can travel across the full breadth of the sun. The waves move at over a million miles per hour, zipping from one side of the sun to the other in about an hour. The video, available online at www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/ sunearth/news/News030712X1.5.html, shows two distinct all directions; the second is nar rower, moving toward the southeast. Such waves are associated with, and perhaps trigger, fast coronal mass ejections, so it is likely that each is connected to one of the two ejections that erupted on March 6. The journeys of the OSO and SDO spacecraft have been successful but how do these two women scientists feel about their career paths? Well, when I joined NASA, Roman said, because the womens pages (of the newspapers) were so very anxious to get material, I got a great deal of publicity, much more, I think, than I deserved, but in a way, it was fun. As a result, of course, I had a lot of opportunities that I probably would not have had as a man in the same job. Brewer concurred, Societys acceptance of female engineers has caught up with my activities. More information For additional information on the Women of SDO, visit www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/ sdo/team/women-of-sdo.html. For information on NASAs commitment to attract and retain students in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics, or STEM, disciplines, visit www.nasa.gov/education.

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Page 8 March 9, 2012SPACEPORT NEWS Looking up and ahead . All times are Eastern No earlier than March 22 Launch/Reagan T est Site Kwajalein Atoll: Pegasus XL, NuSTAR Launch window: 11:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. No earlier than late April Launch/CCAFS (SLC-40): SpaceX Falcon 9, Dragon C2/C3 Launch window: TBD No earlier than April 27 Launch/CCAFS (SLC-41): Atlas V AEHF 2 Launch window: TBD John F. Kennedy Space CenterManaging editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Candrea Thomas Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kay GrinterEditorial support provided by Abacus Technology Corp. Writers Group.NASA at KSC is on the Internet at www.nasa.gov/kennedy USGPO: 733-049/600142Spaceport News NASA Employees of the Month: March Employees for the month of March are, from left, Richard Knochelmann (VA), Jennifer Stahre (CC), Chris Zuber (OP), Katherine Renneisen (GP), and James Smith (NE). Not pictured are William Simmonds (LX), Kathleen Ellis (NE), Crystal Jones (SA) and Ramon Mejias (T A). FROM THE VAULTThe cab used for emergency egress from the Apollo/Saturn V rocket hits a reverse pull arrestor Complex 39's Pad A on Jan. 25, 1969. Riding in the nine-person-capacity cab were astronaut Porcher, Design Engineering. In the background is the Saturn V launch vehicle for the Apollo 9 mission. It is surrounded by the mobile service structure and Launcher Umbilical Tower.In celebration of Kennedy Space Center's 50th anniversary, enjoy this vintage photo . Softball game inspires team buildingA Brittney Longley Spaceport News