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Cabana: Proposal mission By Steven Siceloff Spaceport NewsKennedy Space Center will have a leading role in NASAs plans to capture an asteroid and launch astronauts to explore it, the centers director told employees shortly before the agencys 2014 budget proposal was released. It does everything that needs to be done as far as developing the technologies and the skills that we need for exploration beyond planet Earth, Ken nedy Director Bob Cabana said. Testing out our spacecraft on a real mission instead of a pure ing. The team here at Kennedy, were ready to get on board and make this happen. Im very excited about this mission. The overall budget proposal for NASA features $2.3 billion for Kennedy proj ects and programs, including the Launch Services Program, Commercial Crew Program and Ground Systems Development and Operations Program. in the budget process with Congress offering its own suggestions during the next few Kennedy Space Center Director Bob Cabana told workers the center will play a vital role in NASAs future plans March 10 at the Training Auditorium.Inside this issue...Page 7 Rescued eaglets Page 6 Space apps Pages 4 5 Astronaut Hall of Fame Page 2 Employee spotlightTo MISSION Page 2 NEW DISCOVERIES, NEW FRONTIERS DRIVE FY 2014 BUDGETPresidents space exploration vision ahead of schedule By Bob Granath Spaceport NewsOn the third anniversary of President Obamas visit to Kennedy Space Center, where he set his space exploration vision for the future, news media representa tives were given an opportunity to see up close the Orion space craft that could take astronauts on an asteroid sampling mis sion as early as 2021. Key leaders from across the agency shared progress being made on the spacecraft and infrastructure that will send humans to the asteroid, and eventually to Mars. Orion currently is being prepared in Kennedys Operations and Checkout Building (O&C) for Flight Test (EFT)-1, in 2014. Three years ago today, the president was here in an empty high bay challenging us to go to an asteroid by 2025, said Bob Cabana, Kennedy director. Today, this is a world-class vehicle, Orion, getting ready tremendous progress in our transition to the future. Dan Dumbacher, deputy associate administrator for Exploration Systems Devel opment; Mark Geyer, Orion program manager; Keith He fner, Space Launch System (SLS) program planning and control manager; and Scott Colloredo, chief architect for the Ground Systems Development and Operations program, also discussed progress being made tion of Orion for the uncrewed To PRESIDENT Page 3


Page 2 -Introducing engineering drives FIRST mentorG tition. From MISSION Page 1 Launch Services Program engineer Dustin Dyer says working with FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology) Robotics students gives him a chance to introduce them to the joys and challenges of engineering. Dyer oversees the software and control system effort for FIRST teams 1592 from Cocoa High and Holy Trinity Episcopal Academy. For more on the FIRST Robotics program, click on the photo.NASA/Jim Grossmann CLICK ON PHOTOTo MISSION Page 3 By Anna Heiney Spaceport News


Page 3 able to support other commercial launch operations, Cabana said. and will launch from Pad 39B. time in 2021. That mission could be the one that carries the crew to an asteroid, depend ing on how the plan progresses. The Kennedy-based Commercial Crew Program (CCP) will keep working this years budget proposal. You can see that the Commercial Crew Program is funded extremely well and thats crucial, Cabana said. for Kennedys portion of the program. That on privately developed spacecraft and rock administrator. The Launch Services Program (LSP) proposal. It will oversee several launches in out how and why the Martian atmosphere changed. Our Launch Services Program continues to be the backbone for providing our sci ence missions to make NASA successful, Cabana said. LSP also will be involved with a landing comes on the heels of the success of the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity. The asteroid exploration mission is expected to stretch across three of the agencys directorates and impact planning for a number of areas at Kennedy, Cabana said.From MISSION Page 2 vehicle travel farther into space than any human spacecraft has gone in more than 30 years. The main objective of EFT-1 is to test Orions heat shield at the high speeds generated during a return from deep space. an example of that wonderful progress that has been made by the Orion team, said Dum bacher. There is also great progress by the Space Launch System team getting the launch vehicle ready. The presidents Fiscal Year 2014 budget request for NASA From PRESIDENT Page 1 provides funding for an initia tive to robotically capture an asteroid and redirect it to a stable orbit in the Earth-moon system. Astronauts then would launch in Orion aboard an SLS rocket to collect samples of and explore the relocated asteroid. Designed to expand human presence and enable explora tion of new destinations in the solar system, Orion and SLS are part of the presidents goal to reach beyond where anyone has gone before. I believe its more important to ramp up our capabilities to reach -and operate at -a se ries of increasingly demanding targets, while advancing our technological capabilities with each step forward, Obama said in his 2010 address at Kennedy. And thats what this strategy does. And thats how we will ensure that our leadership in space is even stronger in this new century than it was in the last. All of the Orion subsystems and components created around the country are coming together in the O&C. In the near future, the production team will apply heat-shielding thermal protec tion systems, avionics and other hardware to the spacecraft. NASAs SLS will boost Orion off the planet on a test spacecraft for crew and cargo missions. mission, Dumbacher said. It will be a challenge, it will be complex. But NASAs up to the challenge and the team you see represented here is ready and willing to take it on. The presidents proposal process with Congress offering its own suggestions during the next few months. Oct. 1. During the presidents 2010 address at Kennedy, he spoke of the value of NASAs work. For pennies on the dollar, the space program has fueled jobs and entire industries, he said. For pennies on the dollar, the space program has improved our lives, advanced our society, strengthened our economy, and inspired genera tions of Americans. Speaking on April 15, 2010, in the Operations and Checkout Building at Kennedy Space Center, President Barack Obama outlines the course his administration is charting for an Orion spacecraft that could transport U.S. astronauts as early as 2017.NASA/Jim Grossmann explore it. To see a video and learn more, click on the photo. NASA CLICK ON PHOTO


Page 4 Page 5 Trio of space shuttle astronauts inducted into Hall of FameBy Bob Granath Spaceport NewsSpace shuttle astronauts Bonnie Dunbar, Curt Brown and Eileen Collins joined an elite group of Ameri can space heroes as they were inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame on April 20, dur ing a ceremony at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. They were welcomed to the ranks of legendary pioneers such as John Glenn, Neil Armstrong and Sally Ride distin guished members of the Hall of Fame. This induction is the twelfth group of space shuttle astro nauts named to the Hall of Fame were inducted at the same time. CNNs principal correspondent for coverage of NASAs space programs, John Zarrella, served as master of ceremonies and introduced the attending members of the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame as they came forward and took their seats on the stage. During his remarks, he honored Armstrong and Ride who died during the past year. NASA Administrator and Hall of Fame astronaut Charlie Bolden noted that his fellow astronauts, including the Hall of Famers at the ceremony, all share a common vision. The people sitting on this stage had dreams when they came into this program, he said. Bolden added that NASA now is working to continue those dreams, a theme that was echoed by those inducted dur ing the Astronaut Hall of Fame ceremony. Going to the moon and then on to Mars will take a lot of effort, he said. Today, for the on the precipice of being able to do that. Kennedy Center Director Bob Cabana welcomed the trio of honorees back to the Florida spaceport. Much has changed here at the Kennedy Space Center since space shuttle, said Cabana, also a Hall of Fame astronaut. But one thing that hasnt changed is our desire to excel and explore beyond the bounds of planet Earth. Were now stepping up to meet the presidents chal lenge to send astronauts to an asteroid. who was selected as a NASA astronaut in 1981. Inspired by space agency of the late 1950s, Dunbar applied to be an astro naut at an early age. I did send a letter to NASA when I was about eight or nine, she said. I was looking at the stars one night, it was a very clear crisp night . and I thought this is what I want to do with the rest of my life. This is what my passion is. Dunbar expressed apprecia tion for the many people who helped her throughout her career to make her dreams come true. You never get anywhere without a lot of help, she said. I had family, I had teachers, I had professors who helped along the way. Dunbar now leads the Univer sity of Houstons STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) Center and joined the faculty of the Cullen College of Engineering. Now I have an opportunity to give back, she said. Part of that giving back is to ensure we keep our vision forward and that we continue to explore. veteran, she served as a mission specialist on STS-61A, STS-32, STS-50, STS-71 and STS-89. All totaled, she logged more than 50 days in space. Following her retirement from NASA in 2005, Dunbar served as president of The Museum of Flight until assuming her current role. Like Dunbar, Brown began thinking of a career at an early age. As far back as I can remember my passion, Brown said. He also spoke of having a vision for reaching goals. Dreams are very, very impor tant, Brown said. Dreams are what made this country great. Dreams are what made NASA such a great institution and dreams continue to make this nation great. Our dreams determine who we are and what we do in life. Never think and never believe that your vision will not come true. Brown began his career with six space missions, spending over 57 days in space. Browns shuttle missions include serving as pilot on STS-47, STS-66 and STS-77, and commanding STS85, STS-95 and STS-103. The STS-95 mission aboard Discovery in 1998 was one of the that included Astronaut Hall of Fame charter member Glenn. Collins expressed appre ciation to those who set an example in her life, at home and in her career. My mom and dad, they were my heroes, she said. Collins also thanked Cabana, who was chief of the Astronaut women astronauts who served before her for being outstanding role models. She now works to inspire others. We live in such a great coun try with such great opportuni ties, she said. I like to talk to young people about STEM. There are many opportunities out there. Collins was selected to be woman to pilot and command a spacecraft, she also is a retired U.S. Air Force colonel. Her accomplishments on four pilot on STS-63, STS-84, and commanding STS-93 and the lowing the loss of the shuttle Columbia, STS-114. Collins has logged more than 38 days in space. She retired from NASA in 2006. Space shuttle astronauts, from left, Bonnie Dunbar, Curt Brown and Eileen Collins stand together after being inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. To learn more about the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame, click on the photo.CLICK ON PHOTO Twenty-six members of the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame stand together after Bonnie Dunbar, Curt Brown and Eileen Collins were inducted into the elite group at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. NASA Administrator Charles Bolden speaks at the ceremony during which Bonnie Dunbar, Curt Brown and Eileen Collins were inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex on April 20.


Page 6 Students from the University of Florida, University of Central Florida and University of Puerto Rico brainstorm on April 20 at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complexs Center for Space Education. At right, is Dr. Phil By Linda Herridge Spaceport NewsEnthusiasts converge for Space Apps challengeAstronauts travel ing to an asteroid near the moon, to Mars or other nearEarth locations may have a stop off point to gather fresh fruits and vegetables to sustain them during their space voyage. A design concept for a space-based greenhouse called the Deployable Independent Greenhouse System (DIGS), which could be stationed near the moon, was selected as the top winner of the 2013 International Space Apps Challenge (ISAC) from Kennedy Space Center. It also received Peoples Choice rec ognition. The event was part of the worldwide ISAC on April 20 and 21. The event at the Center for Space Education at Kennedys visitor complex brought NASA engineers and scientists together with 21 profes sionals and students from a variety of non-NASA backgrounds to solve challenges relevant to improving life on Earth and in space. Kennedy ter to host the challenge. 9,000 people and 484 organizations came to gether in 83 cities across 44 countries, as well as online, to participate. to an end Sunday, there tions submitted for 58 challenges. Kennedys winning presentation in the Deployable Greenhouse More online For more information about the International Space Apps Challenge at Kennedy, visit For more information at the International Space Apps Challenge, visit challenge came from a diverse group of people with different back grounds: Jamie Szaf ran, a developer in the Launch Control Systems Project in the Ground Systems Development and Operation Program; Jessica King, an em College; Pat Starace, an animator and mobile application developer from Orlando; and Mike King, an audiovisual design engineer from Orlando. The DIG team brainstormed with others online and a Kennedy subject-matter expert on the greenhouse design. They also analyzed how it would be deployed into space before presenting their concept to a panel of three judges. The group earned the opportunity to return to the center for a launch. house for astronauts trav eling to the moon, Mars or near-Earth objects to collect fresh produce, under quite a bit of time constraint with about 23 hours to do the work, so it was exciting. It feels great to win. Caley Burke, an engineer in the Launch Services Program and coordinator of Kennedys event, said the Space Apps Challenge brings participants with diverse skills and backgrounds together, across the world, to develop new ways of solving chal lenges that NASA faces. People from all walks of life with a passion for space were given the opportunity to work for NASA for the weekend, Burke said. Their solu tions may revolutionize how NASA approaches a challenge. The three other teams at Kennedy worked on Kennedy Space Center Spaceport 2040, Seven Minutes of Science, and Moonville -Lunar Industry Game. The Seven Minutes of Science challenge team was named the runnerup. Kennedys winner and runner-up entries will go on to the global competition, where the Best in Class will be an nounced on May 22. Dr. Phil Metzger, a physicist at Kennedys Swampworks, and Tracy Gill of the Research and Kennedys Center Plan ning and Development Directorate were among experts who met with Kennedy participants and answered questions that helped guide them in their selected challenge topics. They also com municated with partici pants virtually around the world. It was exciting to be a part of this event, Metzger said. Im a strong believer in crowd sourcing. Brandon Morel of Orlando and Samantha Messer of Jacksonville, worked on the Kennedy Space Center Spaceport 2040 challenge. They participated in the chal lenge because of their interest in the future of space travel. again have this unique opportunity to share my ideas about the space center of the future? Morel said. This topic is relevant to us as residents of Florida, Messer com mented. The judges were Luke Roberson from Kennedys Engineering Direc torate; Robert Hubbard, business development manager in Kennedys Center Planning and Development Director ate; and Sean Mondesire, from A Little Evil Tech nology in Orlando. A summary of all projects for Kennedy challenges will be re viewed by teams from the center and ideas from the projects will be shared with Kennedy management to consider as potential center and project improvements. The management team will review the concepts and evaluate them to determine if implementa tion is possible.


Page 7 Rescued eaglet returned to nest boxBy Bob Granath Spaceport Newshen a strong thun derstorm recently blew through Kennedy Space Center, two eagles landed -falling to the ground along with their nest. Fortu nately, ecologists at the space port, who take great care to track the birds and protect their habitat, stepped in and rescued the eaglets, who were believed to be six to seven weeks old. Kennedy is a nesting area for numerous bald eagles. Space center employees and visi tors alike enjoy watching their addition to being the national bird of the United States, bald eagles have been a popular im age on a dozen mission patches for American human space nesting areas about three times a year," said Becky Bolt, a wildlife ecologist with InoMedic Health Applications (IHA) Inc. "A couple of days after the big storm, we found three eagle nests had been blown to the ground. One had an eaglet standing in the nest. on the ground, about 100 yards away." IHA is NASA's Medical and Environmental Support con tractor at Kennedy. The two eaglets found March north of Schwartz Road, were east of Kennedy Parkway. The thunderstorm that passed through the Space Coast on the afternoon of March 24 lasted less than 30 minutes, but it pounded the area with heavy rain, hail and winds exceeding 60 miles per hour. "It was easy to see how that would blow the nest to the ground," said Lynne Phillips, a physical scientist in the Environmental Management Branch of Center Operations. Phillips pointed out that the eaglets were not yet mature are predators, such as bobcats, that could have threatened the eaglets, their main problem was dehydration. Fortunately, neither eaglet had any broken bones." from IHA and the Merritt uge, both birds were collected and taken to the Audubon Center for Birds of Prey in Maitland, Fla. The center provides medical treatment, rehabilitation and release of Floridas raptors. Two days after the rescue, one eaglet was returned to the area where he was found. A nest box was built with a wood frame, wire mesh in the and straw. near where the original nest was located," Bolt said. The second eaglet remains at the Audubon Center where treatment continues for an eye problem. "The Audubon Center's vet doesn't think the eye was injured in the fall, and the problem may be due to an illness or disease," Bolt said. that we will be able to release him in the next few weeks." for eagles or other birds living in the wild. food and water," Bolt said. to the river and show them how watching what other eagles do." Ecologists at Kennedy have plenty of opportunities to track the activities of local bald eagles. The 140,000 acre Mer Refuge includes fresh-water impoundments, salt-water estuaries and brackish marshes. The diverse landscape provides habitat for more than 310 spe reptiles including species such as wood storks, Florida scrub jays, Atlantic loggerhead and leatherback turtles, ospreys and alligators. Eagles usually nest in the area from September to late April or early May. eagle nests each year," Bolt said. "The same pair of eagles usually returns to the same nest. The one along Kennedy been there as long as anyone can remember."An uninjured eaglet is returned to a nest box in a pine tree near where he was found by Jim Lott, an arborist from the Audubon Center after CLICK ON PHOTO


Page 8 Page 9 A crane lifts a segment for a set of twin, full-size solid rocket booster (SRB) replicas in front of the shuttle Atlantis exhibit under construction at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex on April 11. An external tank replica will be added later between the SRBs. The SRBs stand 150 feet tall, NASA/Jim Grossmann CLICK ON PHOTO Engineers and technicians use an aerial lift to work on one of three large antennas at the Ka-Band Objects Observation and Monitoring (Ka-BOOM) site in the Industrial Area on April 12.NASA/Jim Grossmann Technicians work on the payload fairing April 15 that will protect NASA's IRIS spacecraft during launch aboard click on the photo.NASA/Randy Beaudoin, VAFB CLICK ON PHOTOMembers of the Kennedy Space Center Running Club and other Kennedy workers offer a moment of silence to honor those affected by the recent terrorist attacks in Boston. The group gathered April 18 and also walked a lap at the Operations and Checkout Building running track. Other signs of support for those affected last week were shown as Kennedy workers wore their favorite running shirts to work and Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center A bobcat is on the prowl at Kennedy Space Center on April 6. The Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge (MINWR) manages Ken nedys unincorporated areas. The refuge is hosting a photo presentation, Bobcats of the Refuge, at 1 p.m. Thursday, April 25 at the 27. No experience is necessary. Bring water, snacks, insect repellent, and wear closed shoes and long pants. Call 321-861-5601 NASA/Tony Gray CLICK ON PHOTO The NASA Partner Integration Team (PIT Crew) working with Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX) on the companys talked about spacecraft propulsion and parachute systems. Later this month, the PIT Crew will travel to McGregor, engine test. Plans call for eight spacecraft, allowing a crew to escape from danger at any point of launch. Sierra Nevada Corp. (SNC) Space Systems put the Engineering Test at the companys facilities. The testing is standard for aircraft and helicopters and from machinery inside the craft wont make it shake itself apart. Wind tunnel testing continues following a recent test readiness review. The testing, also scheduled for May and June, is tied to one of the milestones SNC will meet to reduce risk in spacecraft designs.Sierra Nevada Corp. Dream Chaser/Atlas V SpaceX Dragon/Falcon 9 Spotlight on Commercial Crew Development


Page 10 Special leadership program selects engineers Johnny Nguyen, chief of Kennedy Space Centers Fluids Test and Technology Development Branch, left, and Khoa Vo, technical integration manager for Kennedys Control and Data Systems Division, were selected for the Senior Executive Services (SES) leadership development program. By Bob Granath Spaceport NewsTwo NASA engineers from the Kennedy Space Centers Engineering and Technology Directorate recently were selected by the Asian-American Governments Executives Network (AAGEN), to participate in a special leadership program. They will join 18 participants from other federal agen cies across the nation. Johnny Nguyen, chief of the Fluids Test and Technology Develop ment Branch, and Khoa manager for the Con trol and Data Systems Division, were selected for the year-long Senior Executive Services (SES) development course. The program is sponsored by AAGEN with participation by the on Asian-American and agement and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Its an opportunity to be mentored and learn from some of the most experienced federal exciting to be chosen. Nguyen agreed that it is an honor to be selected. Im looking forward to the sessions, he said. I know there is going to be some homework. Founded in 1993, non-partisan organization of top Asian-American, and appointed executives in the federal, state and local governments. The SES development pro gram curriculum consists of two to three days of ton, D.C., once each quarter. The sessions in clude speakers, network ing and classes focusing on personal branding, risk taking, communica tion and building trust as a professional. SES program will be per sonally valuable, but also allow him and Nguyen to add value to NASA. The program should help us continue to grow and be more effective and better equipped as leaders, he said. That will better position us to help the agency. Nguyen also is looking forward to the program. It should be an op portunity to learn new leadership skills and better understand how the federal government works, he said. A Space Coast native, Nguyen grew up in Port St. John, Fla., and attended Titusville High School. In 2001, I graduated from the University of Central Florida (UCF) with a degree in me chanical engineering, he said. I started working for NASA at Kennedy as a co-op in 1998 while I was going to school. Nguyen went on to earn a Master of Busi ness Administration from UCF in 2004. He now manages personnel, resources and technical skills to ensure that tech nology activities support all programs and projects development at the space center. Its exciting work, he said. Space exploration improves life on Earth, and our work is part of that mission. nam as a teenager and now lives in Orlando. I studied computer science at UCF, graduat -ing in 1998, he said. I went to work for Lockheed Martin the next year. He was a software engineer for Lockheed Martin and United Space Alliance before going to work for NASA in 2004. ters degree in software engineering in 2006. coordinates the Engi neering and Technology Directorates imple mentation of the safetycritical command and control capabilities that are required for rees tablishing our nations ability to launch humans into space. preciates his job with the space agency. Its an opportunity to in the future, he said. transition phase. Now is the time to make a differ ence because what we do now will have an impact for decades to come. believe the SES develop ment program will aid in direction. I hope to get some insights into some of the struggles other agencies are facing and some of the things that have been successful, Nguyen said. Hopefully, I will learn best practices to bring back to NASA. learn and share other per will make us mindful of big pictures and issues that are affecting our federal government and learn more about apply ing diverse approaches and opinions.


Page 11 Lunar exploration workshop highlights ideas Pat Simpkins, director of Engineering and Technology at Kennedy Space Center, addresses participants during the Third International Workshop on Lunar Superconductor Applications on April 9. For information about Lunar Superconductor Applications, click on the photo.NASA/Jim Grossmann By Linda Herridge Spaceport NewsCLICK ON PHOTOEngineers and research ers from Kennedy Space Center and other organi zations and companies around the country recently discussed innovative ideas on the best ways to mine for resources on the moon and the steps neces sary to achieve them. They heard from subjectmatter experts on more than 50 related topics and exchanged information during the Third Lunar Superconductor Appli cations, held April 9-10, and April 11, in Cocoa Beach, Fla. Dubrow and Russell Cox, both with Flexure Engineering in College Park, Md., welcomed participants in the room and many others participating on During the next three days you will be listening to some of the leaders, the scientists and engineers, who are actually paving the way for whats new in the world, Dubrow said. Cox told attendees that theres been more interest in the moon in the last 10 years than any time since the 1960s. He said there are a lot of maturing pieces of technology and mis sion concepts coming about. Superconductor technology is going to be one of the most important technologies of lunar exploration, Cox said. It is going to open up the frontier in a way that has never before been possible. are moving from gee could we do that into how are we going to do that. Pat Simpkins, director of Engineering and Technology at Kennedy, updated the group on activities at the center. Kenne dy is up to so much more than launching rockets, Simpkins of business. His presentation focused on the work the center is doing to support NASAs priorities, including the Launch Services, Commercial Crew, the Ground Systems Development and Operations programs, as well as the Space Launch System, the Orion multi-purpose crew vehicle and Advanced Explora tion Systems. will send humans to an asteroid by as early as 2021, and step up efforts to improve detection and characterization of asteroids, other technologies are being developed to explore the moon. The future of NASA and Kennedy is bright, Simpkins said. Bill Larson, retired NASA In-Situ Resource Utiliza tion (ISRU) project manager, shared information about space resources and the major areas of ISRU when considering developing a base on the moon. These include resource charac terization, mission consumable production, civil engineering and surface construction, manu facturing and repair, energy generation, and storage and transfer. Larson said NASAs Aerospace Exploration Systems Pro gram is moving forward with the Regolith and Environment Science and Oxygen and Lunar lunar ice prospector that would, in the future, explore the moon. been tested near the volcanic area of Mauna Kea in Hawaii, a rocky, desolate area that mimics the moons surface. ISRU is important, Larson said, because it can help to reduce mass and cost, expand human presence in space, solve terrestrial challenges, enable space commercialization, and ibility. Larson said no single process for technology is the best. Development of two or more approaches is most likely to ensure success. the core technologies that will allow us to get to any destina tion that is selected, Larson said. In 2020, we hope to have an ISRU demonstration payload on Mars that supports the cur rent human design reference mission. However, if RE water on the moon, then maybe that changes our thoughts on a Mars exploration architecture. Rob Mueller, senior tech nologist in the Surface Systems ing and Technology Directorate, presented Mining Resources in the Moons Permanently Shadowed Craters. Mueller said one of NASAs goals is to extend and sustain human activity across the solar system. Some of the key tech nologies needed to achieve this include robotics and automa tion, power systems, habitation life support, and space resource utilization. there in the solar system and we know its vastly more water than we have here on Earth, Mueller said. You could argue that Earth is resourceconstrained and were starting to feel the effects. During the last 10 years, mis sions to the moon have revealed locations where ice water could be located beneath the surface. permanently shadowed craters at the north and south poles that hold ice water and volatiles. The moons Shackleton crater at the South Pole is a very compelling target, Muel ler said. Researchers think that up to 22 percent of the surface content could be water ice. Extreme access will be required on these missions into the permanently shadowed regions of the moon, Muel ler said. There are hundreds of small craters at the moons North Pole, and there is data that shows they might contain up to 600 million metric tons of water ice. Mueller said space mining re quires access, resource excava tion, extraction, and then some level of processing. To LUNAR Page 10


Page 12 editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stephanie Covey NASA Spinoffs: Did you know?For more about NASA Spinoffs, go to baseball season in full swing, take a look at how a few NASA spinoffs have changed the way Americas Pastime is played.Technology developed at Ames resolution imagery on Mars is now being used in baseball stadiums across the country. Fans navigate the the whole stadium online and tag themselves and their friends using social media tools. NASA collaborated in research that developed liquid metal alloys with the elasticity of plastics and twice the strength of titanium. The material appears in numerous products, including baseball bats. The alloys take the shape of impressed objects but return to their original shape. NASA developed a Video Image Stabilization and Registration technology that was the basis for a Video Analyst System (VAS) for the FBI to analyze at night. VAS is used in baseball to give video contrasts and comparisons of a batters technique. Looking up and ahead . .* All times are Eastern en 2013 April 24 Mission: ISS Resupply Launch Vehicle: ISS Progress 51 Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Description: Progress 51 will carry supplies, hardware, fuel and water to the ISS. May 28 Assembly Flight: 35S Mission: Expedition 36/37 Launch Vehicle: Soyuz TMA-09M Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Launch Window: 4:31 p.m. Description: Soyuz TMA-09M will carry three Expedition 36/37 crew members to the ISS. June 5 Mission: ISS Automated Transfer Vehicle 4 Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5 Launch Site: Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana Launch Pad: ELA-3 Description: The European Space Agencys ATV-4, also known as the Albert Einstein, will deliver several tons of supplies to the ISS, docking June 15 with the Zvezda Service Module on the Russian segment of the station. June 26 All launch vehicle, spacecraft and integration activities will continue to protect for a launch date of May 28. Mission: Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Launch Window: 10:29:57 p.m. to 10:33:57 p.m. Launch Vehicle: Pegasus XL Launch Site: Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif. Description: IRIS is designed to provide signicant new information to increase our understanding of energy transport into the corona and solar wind and provide an archetype for all stellar atmospheres.To watch a NASA launch online, go to .Solar system resource utili zation is the key to expanding civilization off Earth, Mueller said. The solar system has vast amounts of resources, but theres a catch. They must be acquired and processed to be how to do that. Asteroids have huge amounts of resources in the Asteroid Belt and so do nearEarth asteroids. The lunar poles also are showing evidence of volatiles as is Mars, Mueller technologies to extract these From LUNAR Page 9 resources, but accessing the permanently shadowed regions of the craters is going to be hard and harsh. How very fortunate it is that we have all of this amazing technology, Dubrow said. Other presentations from Kennedys Engineering and Technology Directorate includ ed Cryogenics in Space from tardonato, and Cryogenics and Energy at the Extremes, by James Fesmire, senior engineer and co-founder of Kennedys Cryogenics Testbed Laboratory. A second presentation from NASAs Lunar Ice Prospector. NASA technology has led to the invention of Temper Foam, which is used in batting helmets and catchers equipment. The key tech interior padding developed at Ames Research Center to protect astronauts from the forces experienced during liftoff.