Spaceport news

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Title:
Spaceport news
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Serial
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English
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Kennedy Space Center
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External Relations, NASA at KSC
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Kennedy Space Center, FL
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Copyright Date:
2009

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serial   ( sobekcm )
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United States -- Florida -- Brevard -- Cape Canaveral -- John F. Kennedy Space Center
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28.524058 x -80.650849 ( Place of Publication )

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University of Florida
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University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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UF00099284:00032


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Inside this issue... Page 11 Angry Bird exhibit Page 9 Crawler-Transporter Page 5 Delta GEM students Page 2 To PARTNER Page 3 Micro Aerospace Solutions takes up shop at SSPF K ennedy Space Centers Center Planning and Development Director ate (CPDD) and International Space Station (ISS) Ground Processing and Research Directorate welcomed Micro Aerospace Solutions (MAS) of Melbourne as a new partner at the Space Station Processing Facility (SSPF) on April 1. Amy Houts-Gilfriche, a part nership development manager welcome to MAS President Donald Platt. We are very happy to wel come you to the space center, Houts-Gilfriche said. NASA signed an agreement with MAS on March 22 for use at the processing facility. Were very excited about By Linda Herridge Spaceport News using the facilities at Kennedy Space Center, Platt said. We look forward to our partnership with NASA. CPDD Deputy Director Tom Engler said its a wonderful partnership for the center. Were looking forward to having MAS work with us and us with them as they provide all the small payloads and small satellites that they will work with at Kennedy, Engler said. MAS is a small business established in 2000 that special izes in software, electrical and mechanical design engineering services. The company will use facilitys high bay to test and process a variety of small satel lites and payloads for delivery to the ISS. To HANGER N Page 3 PaR Systems signs up to use NASAs Hanger N K ennedy Space Cen ter has signed a new partnership agreement with PaR Systems Inc. of Shoreview, Minn., for use of the Hangar N facility and its unique nondestructive testing (NDT) equipment. The facility is located on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) adjacent to Kennedy. Because of NASAs transi PaR Systems Inc. of Shoreview, Minn., signed a new partnership agreement with Kennedy Space Center to utilize Hanger N (shown here) and its unique equipment April 5. tion from the Space Shuttle Program to future commer cial and government mission activities, this agreement allows NASA to preserve Hangar Ns unique inventory of nondestructive test and evaluation (NDE) equipment and the capability for current support. The government Spaceport News Report NASA/Tony Gray

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Page 2 Program facilitates before problems arise By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News N anoand microsatel lites built by students, businesses and research organizations can catch their own rides into space now that a California-based company is of a high-altitude rocket big enough to carry payloads high into the atmosphere. Garvey Spacecraft Corp.s Prospector 18 (P-18) has made operational mission last Decem ber that saw it carry a research payload for NASAs Ames Research Center and California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly). The Long Beach, Calif.-based company is using building a larger model that can reach orbit. The development is impor tant for NASA because it gives satellite builders a chance to before hitching a ride on a larger mission and rocket, said Garrett Skrobot of NASAs Launch Services Program who runs the CubeSat and Nanosat projects of the agencys ELaNa program, short for Educational Launch of Nanosatellites. Today, nanosat developers still depend on secondary ride opportunities to get to orbit, Skrobot said. There are several operational issues with that ap proach. In response, with proj ects like this, we are taking the craft and other small launch vehicle developers to explore alternatives that could eventu ally lead to dedicated launch services that are tailored to the requirements of this market. The High Altitude Launch Service contract paid for the December mission and another mission, scheduled to launch the CP9/StangSat payload; a spacecraft being built by Merritt Island High School; Cal Polys payload; a Rocket University experiment that is a product of Kennedy Space Center; and another research payload from Ames and a new lightweight nanosat carrier system. The satellites in mind for the rocket are 4-inch squares that weigh about two pounds. Previ ously, they were carried inside a rockets and sprung free into orbit once the main payload was deployed. small satellite needs, though, more experiments and hardware needs of a research payload. Prospector answers LSP call N ASA recently was named one of the best places to work in the federal government, in part because of its effort to attract and maintain a diverse workforce. is the inclusion of dif ferent people. And with different people come different ways of looking at things. Sometimes, issues arise. As always, there is the right way to deal with them. Whether the problems are serious or simple, Kennedy Space Centers Richard Rodriguez and and Equal Opportunity always are available to take them on. It is important that individuals have a place they can go and express their concerns in the workplace, said Rodriguez, an Equal Em ployment Opportunity specialist who serves as the Equal Employment Opportunity Program manager at Kennedy. Workers just dont have to deal with it, if theres a problem, just say some thing. Whether a worker is having a tough time with a co-worker or a supervisor, Rodriguez said workplace disputes can be resolved quickly and effectively through the use of the Alterna tive Dispute Resolution is maintained during this process. The group, which pro motes diversity and equal opportunity, gathers and provides information to those involved, opens av enues of communication, and recommends solu tions to these issues. When individuals (civil servants, applicants and in some instances contractor employees) feel they have been discriminated against or treated unfairly, they interview them, and explain the process and options available to try to reach a resolution to the dispute, which is what usually happens. Often an employee just wants to talk out a problem without it becoming public, and everyone equally. By Frank Ochoa-Gonzales Spaceport News The Prospector 18 suborbital reusable launch vehicle takes off last year during NASAs Launch Services Program. The Prospector 18 suborbital reusable launch vehicle takes off last year during NASAs Launch Services Program. Photo courtesy of Kevin Baxter/ Friends of Amateur Rocketry Inc. Equal Employment Opportunity specialist Richard Rodriguez helps resolve workplace disputes quickly and effectively through the use of the Alternative Dispute Resolution Program. Have a workplace problem? Email Richard Rodriguez at richard.rodriguez-1@nasa.gov or go to http://odeo.ksc.nasa.gov NASA/Jim Grossmann

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Page 3 From PARTNER Page 1 ISS leaders review NASA Docking System design International Space Station Program team members check out NASAs Docking System (NDS) design mock-up on Sept. 2, 2010. The NDS could be incorporated into Commercial Crew Program (CCP) partner spacecraft for future missions to the sta tion. For more on CCP developments, click on the photo. For NASA Spaceport News Report N ASAs International Space Station (ISS) Program held a review April 2-4 of the docking system that spacecraft could use for future missions to the space station, including the companies working with the agencys Commercial Crew Program (CCP). Plans call for the NASA Docking System (NDS) design, pictured at right, to be made available to all U.S.-based crew-carrying spacecraft docking with the space station in the future. The docking system will be able to transfer power, data, commands, air and communications between the two craft as they orbit the Earth. CCPs three Certication Products Contract (CPC) contractors -The Boeing Company, Sierra Nevada Corp. (SNC) Space Systems and Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX) -will be able to look at the results of the review and provide feedback on how they plan to incorporate the NDS into their spacecraft. CLICK ON PHOTO In addition to testing the space station, elec tronic systems, inertial sensors and software systems for small satel lites, MAS will work on propulsion-related testing for different types of rockets. MAS is lead avionics integrator and software developer for NASAs Sunjammer small satel lite mission that is sched uled to launch no earlier than 2014. The company avionics system design and integration and en gineering support as the primary subcontractor to LGarde Corp. of Tustin, Calif. Sunjammer will dem solar sail for propulsion in space. Among other projects, MAS also is primary software developer and integrator for several biology-related payloads station. Platt said having ac cess to the unique facili ties and test capabilities at the center is a great More online For more information about PaR Systems, go to http://www.par.com. retains ownership of the facility and equip ment, which enables PaR Systems to utilize it now and NASA to use projects. Kennedy Space Center continues to work with the com mercial community to use our unique facilities and equipment, said Kennedy Director Bob Cabana. We look forward to this new partnership with PaR Systems and its contri butions to Americas space program. Under a 15-year lease agreement, PaR Sys tems will operate and maintain the facility at its own expense to perform nondestructive evaluation testing and other related aerospace, marine and industrial products services. The company will immedi ately access the facility to begin work. Hangar N can inspect large structures as well as small commercial and aerospace parts. Its location at CCAFS allows PaR to provide support to NASAs Space Launch System and Orion programs and to commercial launch customers. Kennedys business project development team and the Economic Development Commis sion of Floridas Space Coast worked with PaR Systems to establish the agreement. PaR Systems is a privately held business specializing in process automation, robotic solutions and services for critical applications in demanding environ ments. Initially, eight PaR employees will be based at Kennedy to perform the work. Additional support will be provided by PaRs LaserUT Center of Excellence in Fort Worth, Texas, and its Robotics Headquarters. Tom Engler, right, deputy director of Kennedys Center Planning and Development Directorate (CPDD), and Amy Houts-Gilfriche, CPDD partnership development manager, welcome Don Platt, president of Micro Aero space Solutions (MAS) to the Space Station Processing Facility on April 1. From HANGAR N Page 1 and its customers. Were here to help make this partnership successful, Engler said. CPDD Technical Integration manager Cliff Hausmann said the center also is interested in the future growth potential. We look forward to years of partnership, said ISS Ground Pro cessing and Research Director Josie Burnett. Its exciting to have an additional customer who will be working with payload and space station customers.

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Page 4 W hether there are rocket boosters ar riving by rail or barge, motors and space station supplies by truck, or sat ellites and spacecraft by plane, Kennedy Space Center is bustling with new spaceport activities. U.S. Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and Florida Depart ment of Transportation (FDOT) representatives learned March 27 that Floridas Space Coast is a hub for intermodal space transportation. During a day of brief ings and tours hosted by Space Florida, an aerospace economic development agency, the transportation group learned how the state is working to grow and diversify its aerospace industry. We serve as the states spaceport author ity, just like an airport or seaport authority, said Frank DiBello, president and chief executive of We are also responsible for development and growth of the aerospace industry in the state. DiBello noted that although the citrus industry and tourism are key components of Floridas economy, there are 11,638 aerospace companies in the state with 132,140 employees bringing in more than $17.7 billion in revenue. If all goes as planned, Kennedy and Cape Canaveral Air Force Sta tion, which sits adjacent to the space center, will become multiuser spaceports, and could be the launch sites for new commercial markets in low-Earth orbit, as well as NASA missions to deep-space destinations such as Mars or aster oids. In the next 25 years increase in the amount of activity that is going on in low-Earth orbit, DiBello said. People will be going up there to look at things, to do research, to move things around, to refuel them, refurbish, all kinds of ac tivities up there, includ ing adventure tourism. Trey Carlson of the Center Planning and De velopment Directorate at Kennedy presented ele ments of NASAs master plan to the FHWA and FDOT representatives. Carlson, who is Kenne dys master planner, said the agency currently is studying how best to use the facilities available at the center. Kennedy-built infrastructure is what has enabled us to do the great things that have pride, Carlson said. It allowed us to achieve a manned lunar land ing with the Saturn V launching from LC-39. We then transformed the center at the end of the Apollo Program for the Space Shuttle Program, leading to the construc tion of the International Space Station. Carlson explained that Kennedy is, once again, making great strides to transform as it evolves from a historically government-only launch facility to a multiuser spaceport for both gov ernment and commercial customers. We are in a period of transition again, he said. We now are de veloping a spaceport that supports both NASAs Space Launch System and other commercial operations. The Space Launch System is an advanced, heavy-lift rocket that will provide the capabili ty for human exploration beyond low-Earth orbit. At the same time, NASA is working in partner ship with the nations aerospace industry to develop space transpor tation systems that can launch astronauts safely to the International Space Station. Our motto now is a new way of doing business for a new gen eration of explorers, Carlson said. The transportation group then traveled to Kennedys Shuttle Land ing Facility before head ing to the Commercial Crew and Cargo Pro cessing Facility (C3PF) to talk with representa tives from NASA, The Boeing Company and Space Florida about the ongoing work to mod ernize the former orbiter processing facility for commercial space activi ties. FDOT helped fund part of Space Floridas work at C3PF. We removed almost 1,200 tons of steel and other material from this facility in about four months, 93 percent of which was recycled, said Mark Bontrager, Space Florida vice president of Spaceport Operations. All of that infrastructure just wasnt useful anymore. It was designed for the shuttle, and now were embark ing on the next phase of commercializing this facility during the next few months. By giving the facil look, companies that are partnered with NASAs Commercial Crew Program (CCP), such as Boeing with its CST100 spacecraft, could begin manufacturing and planned to launch around the middle of the decade. The groups last stop was Space Launch Complex-40 at the Cape, where SpaceX already is launching cargo vessels to the space station for NASA and is planning to launch crews in the future. Just a mile and a half away, at Space Launch Complex-41, Boeings CST-100 and Sierra Nevada Corp.s Dream Chaser would launch crews atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket. Today, were actually amount of money to non-U.S.-based vehicle, said Gennaro Caliendo, CCPs partner manager for Boeing. Its effec tive, very safe, it works, but its just not what we want to do as an agency, its not what we want to do as a country. We want to bring that capability back here. By Bob Granath and Rebecca Regan Spaceport News The Commercial Crew and Cargo Processing Facility (C3PF) at Kennedy Space Center is going through major renovations to support the manufacturing of The Boeing Companys CST-100 spacecraft as shown in this Dec. 20, 2012 photo. NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis

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Page 5 Young women focus on STEM careers A group of 30 students from Floridas Putnam and Volusia counties recently participated in a presen tation by a panel of women who work at Kennedy Space Center. The 11to 13-year-old middle school scholars are part of Delta Academy, and the 14to 18-year-old high school students are part of Delta GEMS. Both are African-American womens mentoring programs. The group took part in a space and science demonstration pro gram at Kennedys Center for Space Education, followed by a panel presentation on making career choices and encouraging interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). According to Lalita Thomas, an advisor from Putnam County, young women are given the chance to hear about different career paths. It is part of the Professional African-American Womens Tour that takes place during March each year through the Delta Academy/GEMS program. This is a great opportunity for the students to be exposed to different career choices, she said. The Delta Academy/GEMS approach focuses on helping students form a road map for college and career planning. One step down that path was hearing from three NASA professionals who provided insights and encouragement to the students to work hard toward whatever their career choices may be. I was in the 10th or 11th ing about a career, said Ledlyne Heriscar, an electrical systems engineer in the Communications and Tracking Branch of NASA Engineering and Technology. My suggestion is to think about out what you need to study for that kind of job. She said that having a mentor -a wise and trusted teacher or counselor -was a key help in getting her ambitions pointed in the right direction. When I was in my sopho more year of high school, my math teacher really encouraged me, Heriscar said. She knew I liked the subject and suggested I consider engineering. Heriscar went on to earn a bachelors degree in electrical engineering from the Universi ty of Central Florida and went on to the University of Miami where she received a masters in industrial engineering. She now has worked at Kennedy for nine years, with both the Space Program Operations contractor United Space Alliance and NASA. supervisor and program analyst in NASA Information Technol ogy and Communications Ser vices, agreed that mentors can play an important role in setting a direction for a career. You need mentors, she said. I knew in high school, there is no way I can make all the decisions on my own. I had to depend on others, and many of my teachers helped me along the way. Benita Desuza, a lead pro gram specialist in NASA Educa tion Programs and University Research, said there may be times of discouragement but urged the women to persevere. Know what you want to do and dont let obstacles stop you, she said. If you are strug gling in a subject (in school), you. Desuza, who earned a bachelors degree in business from Jackson State Univer sity, praised the Delta GEMS program. GEMS does a great job encouraging interest in math and science, she said. Heriscar added that con centrating now on academic subjects needed to prepare for a chosen career will be worth while. Develop good study habits now and that will pay off in the future, she said. By Bob Granath Spaceport News Middle and high school students from Floridas Putnam and Volusia counties recently participated in science demonstrations at NASAs Center for Space Education at the Kennedy Space Center. The students are part of Delta Academy and Delta GEMS, an African-American womens mentoring program. NASA/Jim Grossmann NASA/Jim Grossmann Delta Academy/GEMS program participants are hands-on during a science demonstration at Kennedy Space Centers Center for Space Education on March 29.

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Page 7 Page 6 Scenes Around Kennedy Space CenterVisitors to the Tico Warbird Air Show near Kennedy Space Center take time March 22 to learn about the work the agency is pursuing and plans for future exploration. The NASA booth provided guests with information about the Ground Systems Development and Operations, Launch Services and the Commercial Crew programs, all based at Kennedy. Models of spacecraft and rockets, including the Space Launch System, were on display. Ron Hungerford, royal regent of the Royal Rosarians, during a ceremony March 20 in St. the organization. The Royal Rosarians are a 101-year-old community service organization known as the City of Roses. The Royal Rosarians also expressed appreciation for her work supporting a recent observance at Kennedys visitor complex during which the Royal Rosarians planted a rose bush in recognition of space center employees.NASA/Tim Adams NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis run. During proof pressure testing on the vehicle, the spacecraft sustained three cracks in the aft bulkhead. A team composed of Lockheed Martin and NASA engineers designed a set of brackets to repair the Debris litters Kennedy Space Center the day after a storm with strong winds and tornadic activity blew through the Space Coast on March 25. NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis Kennedy Space Center Director Bob Cabana shares his optimism during the unveiling of No. 1 in the large agencies category, those which have more than 15,000 employees. measure how federal employees view their jobs and workplaces. seven times.NASA/Tim Jacobs NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis For NASA

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Page 8 S cience teacher April Lanotte from NASAs Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) placed a marshmallow Peep in the shape of a gingerbread man inside a small vacuum chamber at Kennedy Space Centers Ed ucator Resource Center (ERC) and turned on the switch. As education specialists then began to shrink back until it was shriveled and distorted. This is why astronauts need to wear pressurized suits high in the Earths atmosphere and in space, Lanotte said, and using a vacuum chamber is one of the easiest ways to demonstrate temperature, pressure, density and human survival at high pressure altitudes to children. Lanotte, who is an Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellow, was at the ERC on March 19 to train Kennedy education specialists and Kennedy Educate to Innovate volunteers in the directorates the updated Museum in a Box education program. During her two years as a distinguished educator fellow with NASA, Lanotte is helping to shape education programs by offering guidance and insight to the agency. I came to NASA as a science teacher with a love of space science, Lanotte said. Now I am producing NASA content and helping to deliver it to other teachers and students. I cant imagine a better fellowship experience anywhere. The series of hands-on lessons and activities are tied to K-12 National Science Standards and teaches physical science through aeronautics. Topics include forces and mo tion, Bernoullis Principle, cepts. The activities and experi ments in the Museum in a Box give students a real sense of why theyre learning the basic science principles and how they could apply them to a career in the future, Lanotte said. Education specialists explore Museum in a Box By Linda Herridge Spaceport News During the training ses sion, education specialists received background material, step-by-step instructions and worksheets, and participated in some of the hands-on activities designed for different grade levels. Laura Baker, an ERC pro gram manager from Oklahoma State University, said Museum in a Box provides many new ideas and activities to enhance the current K-12 education program. We already have incorpo rated some of the activities into existing programming, Baker said. It will help to further in volve students and teachers in science, technology, engineer ing and mathematics studies. Baker said the ERC staff is very excited to add the new content to programs already in place. Inside Kennedy Space Centers Educator Resource Center, science teacher April Lanotte displays the Museum in a Box that contains activities and learning materials for K-12 students. Lanotte, who is an Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellow working in NASAs Aeronatics Research Mission Directorate, was at Kennedy on March 19 to train education specialists and Kennedy Educate to Innovate program volunteers in the series of lessons and activities. NASA/Jim Grossmann Inside the Educator Resource Center, science teacher April Lanotte demonstrates one of the Museum in a Box experiments to a group of education specialists and Kennedy Educate to Innovate program volunteers during a training session March 19. NASA/Jim Grossmann

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Page 9 Crawler-Transporter sports new bearing assemblies 39A last November. In February, the crawler returned to the VAB's high bay 2 for further work. "The next step is to remove and replace the roller bearing as semblies," said Mary Hanna, CT project manager in the Vehicle Integration and Launch Branch of GSDO. "We've already begun the process of removing the treads and jack ing two of the crawler corners four feet off the ground to remove the old assemblies." Hanna noted that CT-2 will play a crucial role in future launch operations at Kennedy. "These upgrades are designed to make sure the crawler will sup port us for another 50 years," she said. "Many of the older parts were wearing out from years of use." The crawlertransporters were an integral part of the Apollo and Space Shuttle programs. For more than 45 years, the crawlers were used to transport the mobile launcher platforms and the Apollo-Saturn V rockets and, later, space shuttles to the two launch pads at Launch Complex 39. At the end of 2011, engineers began modifying CT-2 to ensure its ability to transport launch vehicles currently in development, such as NASA's Space Launch System (SLS), which will send the Orion spacecraft carrying humans to new destinations in the solar system. The new rocket will have the heaviest lift capability and be the most powerful to date. The current work is being supported by NASA's Test and Operations Support Contract by Jacobs Technology Inc., NASA's Engineering Support Contract by QinetiQ Inc., both at Kennedy, as well as Mammoet Inc. of Hous ton and L&H Industrial Inc. of Gillette, Wyo. "L&H is produc ing the rollers, shaft assemblies, sleeves and other hardware needed," Hanna said. "Alto gether, that will amount to about a half-million pounds of steel being delivered here at Ken nedy." Technicians from Ja cobs are performing the work of removing the crawler treads prior to Mammoet jacking and cribbing the corners. L&H then will remove the old roller bearing as semblies and inspect the structure and integrity of openings to see if any repairs are needed. If there are, they will take place prior to installing the new assemblies. "We expect the installation to begin in August," Hanna said. "Testing should take place near the end of this year." represent a redesign and upgrade to the roller bearings and assemblies to be installed on CT-2. "There weren't many changes needed, but the new assemblies will help the crawler carry the heavier load," she said. "The newer system will also be bet ter lubricated and that should provide a longer operational life." "The current schedule tions to CT-2 to be complete in early 2016," Hanna said. "Testing will include picking up the new mobile launcher and moving it into the VAB later that year. We'll then move it all to Launch Pad 39B in late 2017." The SLS rocket is scheduled to launch from Pad 39B in 2017 on a mission around the moon. By Bob Granath Spaceport News F or more than a year, NASA's crawler-trans porter (CT) 2 has been undergoing a major tuneup in the Kennedy Space Center's Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB). Recent work has included preparations to install upgraded com ponents that will enable the crawler to carry the greater loads antici pated with the agency's new rocket designed to take astronauts beyond low-Earth orbit for the 1970s. The crawler-trans part of NASA's Ground Systems Development and Operations (GSDO) Program efforts to up grade Kennedy's infra structure to support the 21st-century spaceport. tions were checked out during an extensive test drive to Launch Pad Mary Hanna, in GSDOs Vehicle Integration and Launch Branch, Administrator Charlie Bolden during his visit to the Kennedy Space Center last August. Hanna is the crawler-transporter project manager overseeing upgrades to the mammoth vehicle. facilitate removal of the roller bearing assemblies. The lower portion of the track has been removed, remaining NASA/Charisse Nahser

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Page 10 W hile NASA engineers and scientists must constantly concern themselves with the challenges humans face living in the harsh environment of space, one of the harsh environmental effects of life on Earth is the focus of a group at Kennedy Space Center. The spaceports location near the Atlantic Ocean presents numerous opportunities to both study and attempt to solve the destructive effects of corrosion. The Spaceport has the most aggressive corrosion environ ment among all government facilities for which data is avail able except for ships at sea, explained Luz Marina Calle, founder and technical lead for the space centers Corrosion Technology Laboratory. The naturally cor rosive conditions at Kennedy are exacerbated at the launch pads by the exhaust of rocket boosters. NASAs Cor rosion Technol ogy Laboratory at Kennedy has the facilities and staff to perform corrosion testing -accelerated, as well as long-term -and to develop new corrosion control and pre diction technolo gies, said Calle. Far from being a unique problem besetting the space center and coastal communities, the effect of corrosion on equip ment, facilities and infrastruc ture is a worldwide problem be ing confronted by experts from around the globe under the ban ner of National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) International. NACE Interna tional draws on expertise from its more than 30,000 members in nearly 100 countries. At a recent conference in Orlando, Fla., the organization honored by recognizing her technical achievements and for establishing the corrosion technol ogy laboratory and continuing to lead its work. Calle was presented with the NACE Internation al Fellow Honor, an award given in recognition of distinguished contributions corrosion and its prevention. She joins other recipi ents who form a broad-based forum of technical and professional leaders to serve as advisors to the association. While the average person may only be confronted by the corrosion problem on a small scale around the home, every one is affected by the larger problem in the form of dete riorated highways and bridges, power plants, pipelines, military assets and installations, and many other public and private resources. The costs of repair and replacement of these facili ties are carried by taxpayers and consumers. The worldwide costs of corrosion have been estimated at $1.4 trillion annu ally. In 2010, the Department of Defense estimated that corro sion costs it more than $22.9 billion annually. Finding new and better ways to head off or treat the problem becomes the more cost-effective ap proach. Current technology develop ment efforts in the corrosion technology laboratory target the development of smart coatings for corrosion detection and control, and the development of a new accelerated corrosion test method that correlates with long-term corrosion test meth ods, said Calle. Kennedys corrosion labora tory also recently played a role in the new Orlando Science Center exhibition, Corro sion: The Silent Menace, that opened in March. The lab provided a case study from the space center for students to examine. The exhibit presents The Case of the Cracked Crawler Treads, using issues NASA faced involving de terioration of the shoes on the crawler-transporters -the mechanical giants that were used to carry the Apollo Saturn V rockets and the space shuttles to the launch pad. The lab also provided sam ples of six forms of corrosion to be hidden around the display to help students understand the different types of corrosion. The exhibit includes a video in which Calle and other profes their experiences and how they were inspired to join the effort The interactive exhibit is geared toward children to corrosion, explained Calle. Being a contributor to the exhibit furthers NASAs com mitment to educational outreach activities. Spaceport News Kennedys corrosion laboratory played a role in the new Orlando Science Center exhibi tion, Corrosion: The Silent Menace, by providing a case study from the space center for students to examine, as well as samples of six forms of corrosion to be hidden around the display to help students understand the different types of corrosion. Luz Marina Calle, lead scientist and principal investigator at NASAs Corrosion Technology Laboratory, was presented with the National Association of Corrosion Engineers International Fellow Honor. At the exhibits grand opening, actor LaVar Burton joined 13-year-old Gaily, a middle school student from Orange City, Fla., at the Careers in Corrosion video kiosk. Burton has been a corrosion spokesman for the U.S. Department of Defense since 2009 and narrated a series of its videos on the subject. For more information on the Orlando Science Cen ters exhibit, Corrosion: The Silent Menace, click on the photo. For NASA For NASA Courtesy of Orlando Science Center

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Page 11 Angry Birds Space takes roost at visitor complex F ivefour threetwo onewas the countdown chanted by young and old alike, birds descended on the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex new Angry Birds Space Encounter attraction on March 22. Amid excitement and fanfare, NASA astronaut Don Pettit, Spaceperson and Angry Bird character Super Red helped bring the popular digital game to life by slingshot ting plush birds at the entrance to the new attraction. Bill Moore, chief visitor complex, said that while there is a lot of history at the visitor complex, its also about the future. Today were doing something a little differ ent, but were still talk ing about space, Moore said. Angry Birds Space Encounter is both a fun and educational experience. Visitors can come face-to-face with Angry Birds Space characters, including Super Red, Lazer Bird, Space Bomb and Incredible Terence, as they follow their kidnapped eggs into an intergalactic wormhole, encounter Space Pigs and discover their superpowers. Kennedys Associate Director Kelvin Man ning said Angry Birds Space is an awesome addition to the visitor complex. This game will help to ensure the next generation of explorers will have that interest in space exploration, as well as the fundamen tals of science, technol ogy, engineering and mathematics, Manning said. Id like to tell kids that science can really be this cool. Describing one of six interactive games inside the 4,485-square-foot exhibit, Manning said mastering launching the Angry Birds into the right trajectory to hit the big targets could translate to using or bital mechanics to land spacecraft on a distant planet or fast-moving asteroid in the future. We do all of this with the goal of making life better on Earth, Manning said. NASA and the visitor complex partnered with Finland-based Angry Birds creator Rovio Entertainment to bring the beloved animated mobile app game to life. Angry Birds attraction to open in the United States. Entertainment Design Group Inc. in Austell, Ga., developed, built and installed the Angry Birds Space Encounter attraction. Dan Mitchell, who is Rovios director of location-based enter tainment, said he is extremely excited to have fans take part in the Angry Birds Space Encounter. Our partnership with NASA and the visitor complex has really been a great experience for us as a way to bring our brand from the digital world to the physical world, Mitchell said. The interactive games will encourage children to explore science, tech nology, engineering and mathematics. Pettit spent a total of 12 months on two sepa rate missions aboard the International Space Sta tion and launched Angry zero gravity. When youre in space, because were human beings, we like to have a little fun, Pet tit said. This fun allows us to work and cope in a serious environment. Pettit said part of having fun on his last mission was being able to make some videos dealing with trajectories using Angry Birds in space to escape. While youre having fun doing this, theres a thread of math and science and engineer ing that gets worked into these games, Pettit said. The opening of Angry Birds Space Encounter comes a few months be fore the visitor complex will celebrate the grand opening of the new home of Space Shuttle Atlantis on June 29. By Linda Herridge Spaceport News NASA astronaut Don Pettit uses a giant slingshot to launch a plush Angry Bird character toward the entrance to the new Angry Bird Space Encounter attraction during the grand opening ceremony, March 22, at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex. Standing behind Pettit is Space Red, one of the Angry Bird Space characters. Children try out some of the interactive exhibits inside the new Angry Birds Space Encounter at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex after the grand opening ceremony March 22.

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Page 12 http://www.nasa.gov/kennedy KSC-Spaceport-News@mail.nasa.gov. Managing editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stephanie Covey Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Frank Ochoa-Gonzales NASA Employees of the Month: April Employees for the month of April are, from left, Katherine L. Stresau, Engineering and Technology; Joseph A. Dant, Safety and Mission Assurance; Adam D. Milliken, Launch Services Program; Christopher L. Broadaway, Commercial Crew Program; and Dung H. Trang, Center Operations. Not pictured are James Clete Leagan, Information Technology and Communication Services; Polly J. Gardiner, Engineering and Technology; and Tony NASA Looking up and ahead . All times are Eastern No Earlier than April 17 Mission: Orbital Sciences Corp. Test Flight Launch Vehicle: Antares Launch Site: Wallops Flight Facility, Va. Launch Pad: 0A Launch Window: TBD Description: Orbital Sciences is scheduled to test its Antares rocket that will enable the rocket to eventually carry experiments and supplies to the International Space Station. April 24 Mission: ISS Resupply Launch Vehicle: ISS Progress 51 Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Description: Progress 51 will carry supplies, hardware, fuel and water to the ISS. May 28 Assembly Flight: 35S Mission: Expedition 36/37 Launch Vehicle: Soyuz TMA-09M Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Description: Soyuz TMA-09M will carry three Expedition 36/37 crew members to the ISS. Targeted for early June Mission: ISS Automated Transfer Vehicle 4 Launch Vehicle: Ariane 5 Launch Site: Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana Launch Pad: ELA-3 Description: The European Space Agencys ATV-4, also known as the Albert Einstein, will deliver several tons of supplies to the ISS, docking with the Zvezda Service Module on the Russian segment of the station. To watch a NASA launch online, go to http:// www.nasa.gov/ntv NASA Spinoffs: Did you know? For more about NASA Spinoffs, go to http:// www.nasa.gov/ spinoffs NASA didnt invent solar cells, but the agency did help keep the technology alive when it was considered uneconomical. amorphous silicon are gaining attention in a market dominated by monoand poly-crystalline silicon cells. At Glenn Research Center, the Photovoltaic and Space Environments Branch conducts research focused on developing this NASA with an attractively priced solution to fabricating other types of solar cells. NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory has developed advanced photovoltaic conversion (PV) technology while cutting its costs. This basic principle of PV is used to provide power to nearly all man-made satellites. NASA pioneered PV power for spacecraft and has supported U.S. Department of Energy programs to expand terrestrial applications. Glenn Research Center engineer Bernard Sater spent his spare time developing a solar concentrator that would use less silicon, making solar arrays cheaper. After retiring from NASA, Sater and his son formed Oberlin, Ohio-based GreenField Solar, and under a Space Act Agreement with Glenn, moved the technology toward commercialization. GreenField Solar now employs 30 people thanks to its NASA partnership. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory spearheaded the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, which created a high-detail global elevation map. The data sets were processed to produce shading models, which are now part of New York City-based Locus Energy LLCs commercial offerings. Locus Energys solar power prediction packages help companies save millions of dollars in costs by avoiding expensive hardware.