Spaceport news

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Title:
Spaceport news
Physical Description:
Serial
Language:
English
Creator:
Kennedy Space Center
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External Relations, NASA at KSC
Place of Publication:
Kennedy Space Center, FL
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
2009

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serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States -- Florida -- Brevard -- Cape Canaveral -- John F. Kennedy Space Center
Coordinates:
28.524058 x -80.650849 ( Place of Publication )

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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UF00099284:00030


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Revitalization project upgrades water, pipesWater has played a promi nent role in mission success during the 50 years Kennedy Space Center has been around. Released during launches to dampen the acoustic sound levels, needed it most. A majority of the components of thus exceeding their designed life expectancy. ing on a plan to improve Kennedy's pipes and lift stations, and reduce "With aging pipes come fail NASAs Construction of Facilities Division. "These failures are be coming progressively more serious and costly and cause great disrup tions to the centers institutional on Test, Operations Support ContractThe same day SpaceX 2 lifted off on the second commer cial resupply mission to the International Space Station, NASA's Test and Operations launched by Jacobs Technology overall management and imple mentation of ground systems capa and launch operations at Kennedy Space Center. month phase-in period that started are subcontractors Engineering Research and Consulting Inc. (ERC), and Aerodyne Industries LLC, providing support for the International Space Station, Ground Systems Development and Op erations (GSDO), Space Launch System (SLS), Orion multi-purpose programs. "The transition has been ex ceptionally smooth," said Pete Ground Processing Directorate at Kennedy. "Bringing the Jacobs team on board for operations and processing services has been seam less." The smooth nature of the phaseJacobs team supported the launch periments and other supplies to the International Space Station. TOSC General Manager Andy Allen agreed that the Jacobs team tract," said Allen, a former NASA astronaut. "The support from NASA and USA (United Space helped the phase-in to be that much more successful." Allen noted that the TOSC team assembled by Jacobs is highlyInside this issue... Pages 8-9 On the ISS Page 3 Tri-ProgramTo WATER Page 2 By Frank Ochoa-GonzalesSpaceport News By Bob Granath Spaceport News Pages 6-7 A new 12-inch water main is being installed as part of a water/wastewater revitalizing plan at Kennedy Space Center on Jan. 11. Work on Phase 4 will continue until the fall of 2014.NASA/Tim Jacobs To TOSC Page 3

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Page 2 S mission special ist Sally K. Ride blasted through the glass ceiling and into orbit aboard space shuttle Challenger on the STS-7 mission. "I remember it because serves as director of Interna tional Space Station Ground Processing and Research at Kennedy Space Center. the space program. At the become an astronaut. The agency replied: become a test pilot or an aerospace engineer. not a military pilot. earned a degree in aerospace engineering from the Univer sity of Florida. of the agency's dedication to recruiting diversity. ahead of the game in terms of providing opportunities for everybody," said Bur "Once you get hired, it's added. "Each individual, male or female, has their are." Burnett's career trajectory organizations at Kennedy, Spacelab modules, space shuttle payloads, Internation al Space Station assembly, assembly to station utiliza tion in the post-shuttle era. Today, the station organiza tion at Kennedy is focused on the processing and hous ing of most of the spare sta processing experiments that capsules, and developing research. Despite the challenges of and smaller budget through a period of constant change, the entire team has pulled together to ensure success. contributions made by every NASA employee, no mat you have," Burnett said. She pointed out that the space value of cooperation. granted the value of diver could do those hard things By Anna Heiney Spaceport News and programmatic operations." Systems Plan. Many things have changed since the initial construction of ments, and numerous facility and program changes. These factors, that had exceeded their designed life expectancy, necessitated cen "These planned projects are Miller said. "It had been a long time coming." phases. value. This phase included numer ous studies to identify issues and across Kennedy. Construction station, the main pump station for contract value. This phase included ment of individual facility service and upgrades to four lift stations. contract value. It is targeted for phase began as a major revitaliza tion effort to replace degraded and repairs and upgrades to nine lion construction contract value, scheduled to be completed in fall vious phases and is the largest in lift stations. Phase 5, to be designed later this year, is scheduled to run from be funded for construction in Fiscal station. replacement are a critical com mission readiness and success."From WATER Page 1 Celebrating Women's Heritage MonthJosie Burnett, director of International Space Station Processing and Ground Research at the Kennedy Space Center, on Feb. 21. At the age of 10, Burnett wrote to NASA asking for advice on what she'd need to do to become an astronaut. NASA/Dimitri Gerondidakis

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Page 3 By Linda Herridge Spaceport NewsKennedy Space Center Direc Florida legislators at the students at Elizabeth Cobb Middle School during Florida Space Day Governor Jennifer Carroll, Attorney General Pam Bondi, Agricultural Commissioner Adam Putnam and several state legislators to highlight Kennedys accomplishments during "Space Day is a great opportunity to update our state representatives about Kennedy Space Center's prog complex," Cabana said. Bob Crippen, former astronaut and Kennedy director, made appearances to the Florida economy. It is important for the state gov ernment to continue their support of space exploration, Crippen said. coordinated by Kennedys Educa astronauts, learned about different a main engine demonstration to learn about engine propulsion. Space Day is a great time for NASA to reach out to the Tallahas -NASA imageKennedy Space Center Director Bob Cabana, at left, talks to Attorney General Pam Bondi about the center's accomplishments at the Capitol in Tallahassee during Florida Space Day 2013 meetings March 5 and 6. at a middle school? said Hortense Diggs, division chief of Kennedys them excited and engage them in space-related activities today. Kennedys Display Management Team provided several exhibits in by legislators and the general public. The displays highlighted the past, present and future of the center, and recent accomplishments of the Com tems Development and Operations and the Launch Services programs. of CCP partners spacecraft: The Nevada Corp.s Dream Chaser, and Space Exploration Technologies NASAs Space Launch System. Don White Jr., the chairman of is home to nearly 450 aerospace professionals. pand and diversify its space-related and non-traditional opportunities, White said. White said Florida Space Day is an opportunity to educate and bring aerospace industry and its impact on Floridas economy.From TOSC Page 1 meet any challenge. "TOSC had about 5,000 applicants for approximately 500 positions," he said. "We Ground Processing is responsible for providlaunch operations, ground systems operations NASA, other government agencies and com mercial customers at the Florida spaceport. cessing of launch vehicles, spacecraft and space logistics and support for the upcoming GSDO future voyages in space. "The merging of contracts and the legacy develop a single approach to performing on this contract," he said. "Transitioning the develop ment of the SLS ground support systems from varied challenges ahead. but emerging commercial customers. TOSC is becomes necessary." the NASA SLS program begins to bring hard

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Page 4 Scenes Around Kennedy Space Center Brig. Gen. Cotton shares 'common ground' with Kennedy workers at BEST luncheonNASA/Frank Ochoa-Gonzales NASA/Frank Ochoa-Gonzales NASA/Frankie MartinHarriet Harris shares a moment with Brig. Gen. Anthony Cotton, commander of the 45th Space Wing and director of the Eastern Range at Patrick Air Force Base, during the Black Employee Strategy Team's (BEST) 2013 African-American History Month Luncheon on Feb. 28. Johnson is the sister of Evelyn Johnson, a founding member of BEST. Dionne Jackson sang an inspired version of "The Star-Spangled Banner" to open the ceremonies. Aliyah Jenkins, left, and Maurisa Orona are two of three 2013 Evelyn Johnson Scholarship winners.The Kennedy Space Center Black Employee Strategy Team (BEST) hosted the annual African-American History Month luncheon at the Space Station Processing Facility's Confer ence Center on Feb. 28. Brig. Gen. Anthony Cotton, commander of the 45th Space Wing, shared stories about his past and his dreams of the future. Two of the three 2013 recipients of the Evelyn Johnson Scholarship were in attendence and recognized. The schol arship is given in memory of Johnson, a founding member of BEST and former deputy director of the KSC Equal Op Roy Tharpe celebrates his service to the space program with family, friends and co-workers at Headquar ters on Feb. 22. Tharpe began working for NASA at Kennedy in 1963 as a data analyst on Project Gemini. NASA/Jim Grossmann A worker guides a parabolic telemetry antenna and tracker camera to the roof of the Launch Control Center (LCC) in Launch Complex 39 at Kennedy Space Center with the help of a crane. This antenna and Telemetry Station (RFTS), which will be used to monitor radio frequency communications from a launch vehicle at Launch Pad 39A or 39B as well as provide radio frequency relay for a launch vehicle in the Vehicle Assembly Building. The RFTS replaces the shuttle-era communications and tracking labs at Kennedy. The modern RFTS checkout station is designed primarily to support NASA's Space Launch System and Orion spacecraft, but can support multi-user radio frequency tests as the space center transitions to support a variety of rockets and spacecraft.

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Page 5 Workers practice stacking replica escape rocketCrane operators, tech nicians and engi neers practiced lift in February as they moved a called the LAS, for Launch Abort System, from a trailer Orion capsule. thing for a Space Launch years off, engineers said ing the same procedures and ny the actual assembly, helps ahead of time. handling spacecraft compo nents that must be moved gingerly and placed precise inside the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at Kennedy Space Center using the same launch. the LAS from horizontal to vertical, is not as easy as it sometimes seems, but the VAB guys are exceptional. They are really good at didn't have a problem," said up and operations planning for the Ground Systems Development and Operations Program. During missions, the LAS solid-fueled engines and lift from disaster in the un launch. Its design is similar to that used during Apollo launches, though the LAS is larger than the escape produce 500,000 pounds of thrust, about the same as the Gemini spacecraft into orbit. the overall thrust the Space Launch System is designed to produce to lift Orion into orbit and then propel it to deep space. service module that has been standing at the north end of the transfer aisle in the VAB remain there so engineers and designers can continue spacecraft as it evolves from a concept that exists only on a computer screen to a spacecraft carrying humans into deep space. "The number one thing people say about real hard design (CAD) model doesn't do it justice," Lenhardt said. "Things seem to almost al it really does help having a physical model."A mock-up of the Launch Abort System (LAS) is lifted off a trailer inside the Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center on Feb. 25 so it can be positioned atop an Orion capsule during test stacking operations. The Orion spacecraft is being designed to carry astronauts on missions beyond Earth orbit. that requires the spacecraft be pulled away from the rocket to save the crew. NASA's Ground Systems Development and Operations Program performed the test operations. NASA/Charisse Nahser By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News Spotlight on Commercial Crew Development Sierra Nevada Corp. SpaceX NASA and Blue Origin signed an agreement to extend their Commercial Crew Development Round 2 (CCDev2) partnership in an unfunded capacity. Between now and mid-2014, the company will continue to advance subsystems for its biconic-shaped spacecraft. The company also will test re its liquidoxygen and liquid-hydrogen fueled BE-3 engines at its West Texas Launch Site. This CCDev2 extension will allow NASA to provide expert feedback to Blue Origin as the company works through additional milestones. Boeing has focused on its Launch Vehicle Adapter design as the company closes in on plans for the component that will connect the CST-100 capsule to the United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket. NASA's Partner Integration Team, also called a PIT crew, worked with Boeing to complete a preliminary design review for the adapter. Boeing also discussed its prelaunch sequence plans with NASA and ULA. Earlier this year, Boeing worked with NASA to establish what will be needed to communicate with the spacecraft and recover it when it returns from a mission. Sierra Nevada Corp. Space Systems is working with NASA to develop two ight campaigns, a crewed suborbital and an uncrewed orbital, as the company pre pares to prove its Dream Chaser ight test vehicle can perform as planned. It selected Lockheed Martin to build future Dream Chaser composite structures at NASA's Michoud Assembly Facility. An Integrated Systems Safety Analysis Review earlier this year gave NASA insight into how the company plans to mitigate and reduce hazards on the integrated spacecraft and United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket. Throughout the next several weeks, SpaceX will talk with NASA engineers about the systems necessary to support crewed ights in the company's Dragon capsule, from biomedical and life support to software and processes with which a crew would need to become familiar in order to command a Dragon mission. The SpaceX team also is gearing up to host a number of sessions to talk with NASA about how the company plans to meet the agency's safety and performance requirements for crewed Dragon missions to the International Space Station.

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Tri-Program shows off SLS, Orion, GSDO teamworkBy Steven Siceloff TSpaceport News Page 7 Page 6

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Page 8 Some of the re search on the International Space Station focuses on meeting the needs of long-term space such as asteroids or Mars. A group of engineers at Kennedy Space Center is developing a plant habitat chamber to learn the effects of long-duration microgravity exposure to plants in space. Through most of Kennedys history, the space center has focused on receiving, processing and launching vehicles developed at other centers. Design projects such as the plant habitat give employees an op portunity to further use edge base in preparing Kennedy-led space station payload of this magnitude," said Bryan Onate, Plant Habitat Project manager in the International Space Station (ISS) Ground Processing and Research Directorate. "We're using in-house expertise to develop the plant habitat to go on an Expedite the Processing of Experi ments to Space Station station's Destiny labo a large, enclosed, envi ronmentally controlled chamber designed to support commercial and fundamental plant research aboard the space station." The plant habitat is mounted on a standard multipurpose payload supports research and science experiments across many disciplines by providing structural other needs to operate science payloads in orbit. The compact facility "NASA is conducting plant research aboard the space station because during future long-duration missions, life in space may de pend on it," Onate said. As NASA plans Earth orbit, relying on important role. "The ability of plants closed system, a source of food and recycle carbon dioxide into breathable oxygen may prove crucial for astronauts and add to as they live in space for months at a time," he said. Onate explained that most of the experi ments conducted on the space station are developed by princi pal investigators from universities or other research institutions. "The plant habitat is an effort to attract a broader audience of principal investiga tors that need a large duration," he said. "In order to expedite this capability on the Technologies Corp. to help us design, fabricate and certify the Based in Madison, Wis., Orbital Tech nologies Corp., better is a leading subsystems integrator and hightechnology develop ment company. The plant habi tats design includes the ability to control temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide levels and lighting. "Lighting is an important part of plant "We're using LEDs in this payload. Our ments in our labs here at Kennedy." Within the plant habitat there is a tray called a science carrier types of plants. The sci ence carrier is a remov the primary structural delivery to the rootzone for in-orbit plant tion. The science carrier consists of a structural ery mechanism, and a standard interface plate mentation support as part of the basic plant habitat capabilities. provide more instru mentation interfaces for additional, experimentinvestigators to extend the habitat's basic capa bilities. gators to modify the carriers depending on the type of plants they they have in mind," Onate said. Plant habitat inves tigations can use the microgravity of space 90 days depending on the nature of the research. have a system of tubes By Bob Granath Spaceport NewsSome of the research on the International Space Station already is focusing on meeting the needs of checks the progress of a new growth experiment aboard the space station on Sept. 22, 2011. NASA is using in-house expertise to develop this plant habitat in an Expedite the Processing of Experiments to Space Station (EX PRESS) rack in the International Space Station's Destiny laboratory. The plant habitat will provide a large, enclosed, environmentally controlled chamber designed to support commercial and fundamen tal plant research aboard the space station. conducting the ex and other plant nutri ents into the media sup Onate said. The next step for the plant habitat is a preliminary design project is progressing to ensure the design meets budget constraints. "One of the design plant habitat," Onate said. "Weight, vol ume and maximizing valuable space station important consideration for any payload de "Launch of the Ken nedy-designed plant on a SpaceX Dragon spacecraft," Onate said. "It is targeted for launch in December NASA NASA

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Page 9 O ration Technologies Corp. Dragon capsule launched Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on the second Commercial Resup cal Research In Canisters (BRIC) The BRIC series canisters consist of a compact storage system for studies during the U.S. Microgravity Payload mission aboard space "BRIC lends itself to the 'fastmonths," said Jose Camacho, BRIC project manager at Kennedy Space longer period of time to prepare an mitted by principal investigators Anna-Lisa Paul, Ph.D., professor of molecular genetics at the Univer sity of Florida, and Simon Gilroy, Ph.D., a professor of botany at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. response to the NASA Research Announcement, Research Opportuni ties in Space Biology. usual specialized structures tradi gravity, react differently in space. An undifferentiated cell is an imma ture or undeveloped cell that has not ering plants related to cabbage and mustard, to see if they reveal any response to the space environment. development in Arabidopsis seeds poxia. Root-zone hypoxia is thought lessness leads to a reduction in the buoyancy-driven convection that usually aids in gas exchange around organisms. This in turn leads to the development of oxygen-limiting plant vigor and productivity. environmental stimuli interact to af less environment. In addition, the plants to thrive in space. Ultimately, a source of food during long-term asteroids or Mars. inches by four inches by four inches tion units. Each principal investiga units. Once aboard the orbiting labora to the ambient temperature inside the space station. The investigations called RNALater administered by tool developed at Kennedy. "Fixing" the specimens stops all biological activity and prevents corruption of experiment is exposed to gravity upon landing. The experiments are then frozen in the space station's Minus Eighty Degree Laboratory Freezer (MELFI) and stored until the Dragon capsule for the return trip to Earth. The same operations performed performed in ground control units, stored in an environmental cham ber at the Space Station Processing Facility at Kennedy. investigators the ability to study identical subjects and compare Camacho said. "The plan is to have the ex principal investigators approxi By Bob Granath Spaceport News Dr. Howard Levine, chief scientist in NASA's International Space Station Ground Processing and Research Directorate, watches as Michele Koralewicz of QinetiQ North America assembles a Biological Research in Canisters (BRIC) experi ment package Nov. 20. the International Space Station.NASA/Jim Grossmann NASA/Jim Grossmann A Space Exploration Technologies Falcon 9 rocket lifts off Space Launch Complex 40 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on March 1. For more on the mission, click on the photo.NASA/George Roberts CLICK ON PHOTO KENNEDY TEAM PREPARES, PACKAGES RESEARCH FOR ISS

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Page 10 S ome of the core beliefs about on the International Space Sta Space Center. Florida Institute of Technology out gravity tearing them apart. Their thought is that Alzheimer's and other diseases, including those that develop from head injuries in sports, occur not because normal proteins become corrupted, but concussions, changes occur in the cause certain proteins to cling together in ever-larger threads that ing a person of memories and brain functions. cer at Kennedy, said current theories about the cause of Alzheimer's and similar diseases perhaps misidentify Dan Woodard, an aerospace physi tions at Kennedy, and Shaohua Xu, Space Life Sciences Lab at Ken nedy. "We believe it may be a colloi dal chemical process rather than a biochemical process," Tipton said. and experience in colloidal chemis try and crystal chemistry so this is a perfect opportunity for NASA's different approach by the pharma ceutical and medical industries to ments for these diseases." NASA has an extensive history of studying crystal formation and processes similar to the protein development the researchers pro pose. Astronauts operated crystal to the Russian Mir space station. "We've been able to see almost individual protein molecules join together," said Woodard. "We can similar processes, except that they organisms." The research can only go so far beyond a certain size in the labora tory before they collapse of their technology and experience to an said. container holding the proteins to the researchers expect. If their theory holds, the proteins should clump together in larger structures than are seen in Earths normal gravity. scientists at NASA's Glenn Reducted several prior experiments that examined colloidal processes in space. "In zero-gravity, these colloidal interactions can occur much faster because gravity isn't pulling the colloid out of suspension," Tipton 40 years, your research isn't going to move very fast." As the particles accumulate, they together and become a solid coating as the paint dries in the air. "It appears that perfectly normal proteins are capable of aggregating to form threads that then accumu people these proteins can remain soluble and function normally in the in other cases the same proteins undergo aggregation." prove to be the fundamental element piece of the puzzle that is vital in Tipton said. from testing on actual brains. ing on brains," Tipton said. "We're this theory could indeed be the cause of protein aggregation into brains." Both Tipton and Woodard are brain-crippling diseases. "In the vast majority of people ard said. "The proteins are in fact genetically normal, so something else must be the driving factor in causing aggregation. We believe it loidal forces. We have to remember that proteins are still just ordinary chemicals and are subject to nonbiological actions." By Steven Siceloff Spaceport News Russian Mir and STS-95 in support of colloidal aggregation studies in space. The unit also was used in the lab to study the kinetics of protein aggregation. Protein molecules aggregate to form colloidal NASA NASA

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Page 11 Refueling in space expected to spur future exploration The 50-year, three-phased plan for the Operations and Service Infrastructure for Space (OASIS) project, views the moon, asteroids and Mars as waypoints to be used for the exploration of the solar system, providing refueling points for longer jour neys by using propellants created from available space resources and solar energy. For more on OASIS, click on the photo. The recent successful robotic refueling ex ercises conducted at the International Space Sta to future exploration of the solar system. Under the umbrella of the International Space Univer different countries produced the Operations and Service Infrastructure for Space (OASIS) plan featuring a spaceports. Their concepts, put forth in the project report, also echo the inter national cooperation that the "The refueling technolo gies demonstrated on the on-orbit spaceports that ice found at the lunar poles, said Kennedy Space Center's as OASIS team project cochair. aimed at refueling satellites in geosynchronous orbit, the ambitious OASIS proposal aims at enabling spaceships to travel further into the solar system. The 50-year, moon, asteroids and Mars the exploration of the solar system, providing refueling points for longer journeys by using propellants cre ated from available space resources and solar energy. "This OASIS study is spaceports, but the tech nologies needed to do this are currently in the early stages of development at space companies, and are feasible," said Mueller. "A particularly interesting aspect of this study is the proposed formation of an International legal and space-based infra routine and affordable space transportation to occur." The OASIS-proposed supply stations and opera orbit, and continuing on Martian moon Phobos. The goal of creating these space travel more affordable and accessible by providing intermediate, multipurpose locations for staging, launch and resupply -in essence, steppingstones to the further reaches of our solar system. The emphasis for the development of this net and commercial for human and robotic missions, and continue as the OASIS Next proposal. Kennedy Space Center and the Florida Institute of Tech nology co-hosted the International Space University's 25th annual Space Studies Program in Florida. Mueller said, "The in novative ideas presented by the diverse student team used to inform and stimulate further debate and analysis regarding the future direction of our space program." Spaceport NewsNASA image CLICK ON PHOTO Kennedy Space Center Visi tor Complex recently home for space shuttle Atlantis by exhibit and its grand opening date -June 29. different concepts, the identity that simple design stating, "Space Shuttle monument signage at the entry, on ing and promotional materials. NASA to build the only place in able voyage of Atlantis -one of the most storied spacecraft in the Space Center is the best place to experience, learn about and be inspired by space exploration past, present and future." Atlantis made the journey to its story of the entire shuttle program, including the thousands of people of the Hubble Space Telescope, as tional Space Station. never-before-experienced perspec tive on the shuttles complex systems, components and capabilities. tion. Although the multimillion-dollar interactive exhibit encompasses much, much more than the display of Atlantis, there is no denying, she missions, is the real reason that our to see her in all her glory." By Bob Granath Spaceport NewsTo ATLANTIS Page 12

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KSC-Spaceport-News@mail.nasa.gov Page 12 NASA Spinoffs: Did you know?For more about NASA Spinoffs,, go to http://www.nasa.gov/spinoffs. Looking up and ahead . .* All times are Eastern 2013 March 28 Assembly Flight: 34S Mission: Expedition 35/36 Launch Vehicle: Soyuz TMA-08M Launch Site: Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan Description: Soyuz TMA-08M will carry three Expedition 35/36 crew members to the International Space Station. To watch a NASA launch online, go to http://www.nasa.gov/ntv .A miniature rose plant, called the space shuttle Discovery during its STS-95 mission. After some research and testing, created on Earth. This unique "space rose" scent is now a fragrance ingredient in a perfume called "Zen." of St. Louis-based PGAV Destinations, explained that the logo for representative of the shuttles launch and re-entry to Earth. These sym Another milestone in the exhibits construction is scheduled to be ning of the installation of a full-scale Shuttle Atlantis. These components ing beneath the massive orange ex 24 feet above the ground, mounted Construction also continues on schedule inside the exhibit. In May, construction dust and debris. The opened and Atlantis Canadarm remote manipulator system -its and extended. describe the emotions and insights opens this summer," Moore said, "for there has truly never been anything From ATLANTIS Page 11 RASSOR, which is 2.5 feet high and expected to weigh 100 pounds, was featured in the Feb. 8, 2013, issue of Spaceport News. To watch a video of the blue-collar robot, click on the photo.NASA/Jason Schuler New RASSOR video Graphic courtesy of the Kennedy Space Center Visitor ComplexNASA-led research has developed a leaf sensor that can monitor plants using electrical pulses, allowing anyone from astronauts to farmers to measure plant water levels directly. This technology allows thirsty plants to send text messages to farmers asking for more water. Kennedy Space Center has developed a method using LED lighting for growing crops in space. This technology allows for precision and control, and uses less power than traditional lamps. The lighting systems Kennedy Space Center-led research into aeroponics has reduced water usage by 98 percent, fertilizer usage by 60 percent, and pesticide usage by 100 percent, all while By conserving water and eliminating harmful pesticides and fertilizers, growers are doing their part to protect the Earth.