• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Title Page
 Acknowledgement
 Table of Contents
 List of Tables
 List of Figures
 List of abbreviations
 Equivalencies and symbols
 Abstract
 Introduction
 Overview of the Guatemalan...
 Theoretical background
 The LP model of Guatemala
 Model validation and results
 Empirical testing
 Summary and conclusions
 Appendices
 Bibliography
 Biographical sketch






Title: Agricultural policy
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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00099241/00001
 Material Information
Title: Agricultural policy : a linear programming application to Guatemala
Physical Description: xiii, 177 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Yumiseva, Hilda, 1948- ( Dissertant )
Langham, Max R. ( Thesis advisor )
Andrew, Chris O. ( Thesis advisor )
McPherson, W. W. ( Reviewer )
Denslow, David A. ( Reviewer )
Fry, Jack L. ( Degree grantor )
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1981
Copyright Date: 1981
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Food and Resource Economics thesis Ph. D
Agriculture and state -- Mathematical models -- Guatemala   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Economic aspects -- Mathematical models -- Guatemala   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Mathematical models -- Guatemala   ( lcsh )
Dissertations, Academic -- Food and Resource Economics -- UF
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Guatemala
 Notes
Abstract: This study develops a mathematical programming model of the Guatemalan agricultural sector (MAYA) for the 1976-1977 period and uses it to simulate policy. The main objectives were (a) to determine the optimal pattern of production and show the bias involved when risk averse behavior is ignored, and (b) to estimate the effects of different policies. MAYA consists of three subsectors based on farm size and technology, producing 13 annual crops—which could be produced under several techniques and represent 90% of the value of Guatemala's total agricultural production. These subsectors were linked by an objective function and by intersectoral transfers of products and inputs. Crops were either sold directly or transformed. Eighteen final products could be sold in the domestic market or exported. The basic optimizing market equilibrium formulation of the model assumes that producers are profit maximizers and that consumers' behavior is described by demand functions. This formulation was modified by introducing risk-averse behavior. To demonstrate the uses of MAYA several experiments were conducted. Supply responses to variations in the prices of maize and cotton were analyzed for selected crops, and technological change was discussed in detail. Another experiment tested the effects of expanding the area planted with cotton in order to increase farmers' incomes and employment. Finally, MAYA was used to obtain schedules of comparative advantage in international trade. The conclusions drawn from these experiments were (a) as product prices increased, farmers tended to adopt higher yielding, more input-intensive techniques which were also riskier; (b) less advanced farmers behaved no differently from the more advanced ones; (c) a policy to increase incomes and promote employment through increased cotton production would only be effective in the short run, as in the long run prices rose cancelling the initial effects; and (d) Guatemalan agriculture is rather competitive in international markets. The study demonstrated that mathematical programming models can be effective tools for planners in underdeveloped agriculture. Their usefulness could be improved if they were considered within the multilevel framework—maximizing a set of goals subject to a behavioral problem—and if income were explicitly incorporated in their formulation.
Thesis: Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Florida, 1981.
Bibliography: Bibliography: leaves 169-176.
Statement of Responsibility: by Hilda Yumiseva.
General Note: Typescript.
General Note: Vita.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099241
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: alephbibnum - 000296805
oclc - 08234866
notis - ABS3171

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Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Page i
    Acknowledgement
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
    List of Tables
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
    List of Figures
        Page viii
    List of abbreviations
        Page ix
        Page x
    Equivalencies and symbols
        Page xi
    Abstract
        Page xii
        Page xiii
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Overview of the Guatemalan economy
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Theoretical background
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
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        Page 54
    The LP model of Guatemala
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
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        Page 77
        Page 78
    Model validation and results
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
    Empirical testing
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
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        Page 123
        Page 124
    Summary and conclusions
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
    Appendices
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
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    Bibliography
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
    Biographical sketch
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
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