Group Title: Official newsletter of the Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Title: Official newsletter
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Title: Official newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Place of Publication: London, England
Publication Date: September/October/November 2010
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Bibliographic ID: UF00099220
Volume ID: VID00046
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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The Antigua and Barbuda

High Commission

Official Newsletter Issue 141 -- September/October/November 2010

UPP Chairman

overwhelmed by

Appeals Court

favourable ruling

Chairman of the United Progressive Party, the Hon.
Harold Lovell, is overwhelmed by the judgment
passed down by the Eastern Caribbean Court of
Appeal in the elections petitions case, which ruled that
all three members of the United Progressive Party in
question were fairly elected as Ministers of
Government in the 2009 elections.
Hon. Harold Lovell described the decision as a great
day for democracy in Antigua and Barbuda, which UPP Chairman Honourable Harold Lovell
will alleviate the 18 months of unnecessary stress
placed on three affected Ministers of Parliament, including the Prime Minister of Antigua and
Barbuda Hon. Dr. W. Baldwin Spencer. To Minister Lovell, the ruling demonstrates that all
the allegations against the UPP were false, and the elections were won fairly.
Now, having weathered 18 months of political uncertainty, Minister Lovell has indicated that
the UPP will be moving forward beginning first with a period of self examination in order to
remain relevant to the people of Antigua and Barbuda.

For more, please go to

In This Issue
1. Economic recovery rests with Tourism, says IMF ......... Page 3
2 Marine species threatened by pollution, climate change ........Page 9
3. High Commissioner Roberts signs Revised Cotonou Agreement ......... Pages 19 and 20

2nd Floor, 45 Crawford Place. London W1H 4LP
Tel: 020 7258 0070 Fax: 020 7258 7486 E-mail: enquiries @

AIssue 141 lectembelOctobelflovembef 2010


Another Important Step in Nation

It has often been said that a chain is only as strong
as its weakest link. In this adage saying is the
recognition that the chain itself is made up of a
number of interlinked components each providing
the critical feature of its recognisable whole.

The above description can be used to describe any
company and just as equally the Nation of Antigua
and Barbuda. The way we dress, enjoy life, cele-
brate our national achievements, bask in the glory
of our sporting heroes all point to the special
fibres that make up the fabric of our society. But
it doesn't stop there. How many times we hear
complaints about the quality of service we provide.
The attitude we exhibit when called upon to pro-
vide some small service to our guests (the tourists),
the patients in our hospitals and clinics and the
customer who in fear approaches the customer
service counter, all these too indicate the culture
of the institution or of the country.

Many years ago as a very junior employee at a
local institution in Antigua and Barbuda, it was a
joy for me to interact with the many receptionist
and telephone attendants at several of our many
hotels. The same could have been said when ap-
proaching a government clerk in the Old Adminis-
tration Building near to the Westerby Memorial
at the bottom of High Street and across from the
General Post Office. It was immediately clear that
these persons felt pride in providing quality friend-
ly service and their task was certainly not servi-

Recently the 3rd Commonwealth Minister Reform
on Public Sector Development looked at the issue
of Public Sector Reform. The issue of poor service
is however not unique to the public sector at home.
Many a person complain of the feeling of
"disturbing" an employee when service is request-
ed. These employees are more interested it ap-
pears in doing the least amount of work for the
day, or getting up to date on the latest details of
the ubiquitous TV soap programmes or just sim-
ply taking a "break".

The main industries in Antigua and Barbuda are
all primarily based on service. Service to the Anti-
gua and Barbuda customer as well as the stranger
in our country. The time for a change has come. If
we are serious about nation building then there
MUST be a change EVERYWHERE.

It begins at the point of entry to the nation, it
should permeate every facet of our interaction and
there should be a genuine smile at the departure
outlets which says unashamedly, "thanks for giv-
ing me the opportunity of being of service to you.
Please come again soon".

This step in nation building plants a small
"mustard" seed which will grow into the largest of
sturdy trees. Then we can build our nation and
national pride on as many of these nesting trees as
possible. Let this be our motto "Service above
Self". It has worked well for a wonderful
organisation which continues to prosper in this
ever changing world

HE Dr Carl Roberts

mmmewa was w n

Cln)irrlrrr rrnrl Rrrrklrrlrr nlrrb Crrmmictirrn

Irrus 14 1 Ss~tsmbsr/Octobsr/novsmbsr 2010

The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 141 leatembeflOctoberlovembef 20 10

IMF assures Antigua and
Barbuda of continued

The deputy managing director of the
International Monetary Fund, Murilo
Portugal, has commended the
government of Antigua and Barbuda
for its efforts at fiscal consolidation.

In a final meeting Monday 11th
October before the departure of the
delegation from Washington,
Portugal assured Finance and
Economy Minister Harold Lovell that
the IMF will continue to help Antigua
and Barbuda achieve its
macroeconomic objectives.

Minister Lovell headed Antigua and
Barbuda's team to the annual
meetings of the International
Monetary Fund and the World Bank,
which ended on Sunday 10th October.

The Washington meetings failed to
reach compromise on governance
reforms that would give emerging
economies such as China, Brazil and
India more voting power. However,
IMF managing director Dominique
Strauss-Kahn told reporters that an
agreement for re-balancing countries'
say in the day to day operations of the
Fund was not far off.

Antigua and Barbuda supports the
proposals for reform, which would
allow for a more appropriate
alignment of the representation while
protecting the voting power of the
Fund's poorest and smallest members.

While in Washington, the finance and
economy minister also attended the
annual meeting of Commonwealth
finance ministers, which was chaired
by Canada's finance minister, James

Antigua and Barbuda and the other
members of the Eastern Caribbean
Currency Union present at that
meeting supported an Automatic

Shock Facility for debt sustainability. Caribbean country that is a member
of the Fund.

Such a facility would provide a
cushion for small and vulnerable
economies that are ranked as middle
income and therefore unable to access
many forms of overseas development
assistance. The meeting urged the
Commonwealth Secretariat to work
closely with multilateral financial
institutions to develop effective crisis
response facilities for vulnerable
countries and explore appropriate
debt relief proposals.

Among the several institutions with
which the Antigua and Barbuda
delegation held bilateral meetings
were the World Bank, the
International Finance Corporation,
and the IMF's Office of Technical
Management, which provides
assistance through the Caribbean
Regional Technical Assistance centre.

These meetings generally updated
officials on the Fiscal Consolidation
Programme and the National
Economic and Social Transformation
Plan, and explored further avenues
for cooperation and assistance.

Economic recovery rests
with tourism, says IMF

Antigua and Barbuda can expect
tourism to drive its economy recovery
in the second half of next year, the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) is
predicting, but the country is being
advised to boost productivity in that
vital sector.

But Chief of the World Economic
Studies Division, Ptya Koe Brooks,
told the Daily OBSERVER following
the launch of the publication that the
prospects will be better in the latter
part of 2011.

"For Antigua and Barbuda this year,
we actually see a very sharp
contraction still of 4 per cent, but
next year growth is expected to
bounce back to 3.1 per cent," she said.

The country's major foreign exchange
earner, tourism, will be the driving



I lr -A
"In Antigua, as in a lot of the other
Caribbean economies, we actually
have seen a small recovery in tourist
arrivals. Not so much tourism from
Europe, but from the US and Canada.
That is also especially related to the

fairly good employment numbers in
The projections were made in the Canada," Koeva Brooks said.
Fund's latest World Economic
Outlook which was released on the 6th "Of course, when people have jobs and
October in Washington DC ahead of they have money to spend they would
the IMF/World Bank annual meetings. like to go to the Caribbean, which is
The report points to a sharp basically what we're seeing, so
contraction in the Antigua and prospects will be better in the latter
Barbuda economy for 2010 that will part of 2011.
be worst than any other Eastern

Tha Anb'aua anJ BcrrbuJcr Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 14 1 Sa6~ambar/bc~abar/navambar 2010

The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 141I leatembeflOctoberllovembef 20 10

Antiguan and Barbudan
students gain access to
funding for tertiary

WASHINGTON, D.C. October 9,
2010...Antiguan and Barbudan
students will now be able to gain
access to another source of funding for
their tertiary education in the United
States of America. This is the result of
an historic partnership between the
Antigua and Barbuda Development
Bank (ABDB) and the Leo Rowe
Fund of the Organization of American

This agreement was launched on
October 7th 2010, at the OAS
Headquarters, by Donald Charles,
General Manager of the ABDB and
the current Chairperson of the Leo
Rowe Fund, Ambassador Deborah-
Mae Lovell, who is Antigua's

Ambassador to the United States as
well as its Permanent Representative
to the OAS in Washington D.C.

Currently, applicants are required to
have at least one guarantor residing in
the United States in order to secure a
loan from the Leo Rowe Fund. This
stipulation placed many Antiguan and
Barbudan students at a disadvantage
because oftentimes such a guarantor
was not readily found. In fact, only
five Antiguan and Barbudan students
had gained access to this loan facility
in the past fifteen years.

To rectify this, Ambassador Lovell
approached the General Manager of
the ABDB to partner with the Leo
Rowe Fund and to serve as the needed
guarantor. Mr. Charles willingly
embraced the opportunity, and
because of this, students can now
access up to U.S. $15,000 in interest
free loans for any discipline, during

their final two years of study.

In his presentation, Mr. Charles
indicated that he was honoured to
partner with the premier organization
in the hemisphere so as to provide
access to educational opportunities for
Antiguan and Barbudan students.
Further, he looked forward to having
this model serve as a template for
other countries in our region.

Assistant Secretary General of the
OAS, Ambassador Albert Ramdin,
who attended the function, also
thanked Ambassador Lovell for her
vision and for her advocacy of youth
empowerment through education.

Further information concerning the
Leo Rowe Fund, can be obtained from
the OAS website,

Thank you for your Contributions
High Commissioner

In our Newsletter Issue No. 139 March/April/May 2010 we solicited donations for the Tudway of Wells Papers. "The
Tudway Papers are the most complete surviving private records pertaining to an Antiguan Sugar Plantation. The
Tudway plantation was called Parham, situated on flat land and relatively stone-free soil in St Peter's Parish in the
eastern part of the island".

Although the number of persons making donations was small and the amount totalled just about 450 we were fortunate
to find an Antiguan Businessman who agreed to make a substantial donation. Mr. Everod Roberts of Roberts
Construction made the donation on behalf of the Roberts family especially his mother who will celebrate her 90th
birthday in 2011.

According to the producers of the papers and the microfilms: "This edition of 30 microfilm reels represent a significant
addition to the primary material available for reconstructing the social and economic history of the British Caribbean,
as well as furnishing information relevant to the study of the West India Interest".

The opportunity was taken to also purchase the Samuel Martin Papers which detail the commercial, political and
personal lives of the Martin family of Antigua and County Berkshire from the mid eighteenth through the nineteenth
centuries, and comprise volumes 41346 through 41475 of Additional Manuscripts collections of the British Library,
London. The volumes included in this microfilm are the letter books of Samuel Martin (1694/5 1776), planter of
Antigua and, related documents.

These will be presented to the Antigua and Barbuda Museum later this year and will form an integral part of our nation's
archives to facilitate research and education. We take this opportunity to thank all those persons who made this project
a success.
HE Dr. Carl Roberts
High Commissioner

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 14 1 Sa6~ambar/bc~abar/navambar 2010

The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 141 leatembeflOctoberlovembef 20 10

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Presentation of Credentials of H.E.
Mr. Stefan Schlueter
Ambassador of the Federal
Republic of Germany to Antigua
and Barbuda

German Ambassador, H.E. Mr.
Stefan Schlueter, meets Prime
Minister Baldwin Spencer.

ST. JOHN'S, Antigua 19th
October, 2010

Antigua and Barbuda sought to
strengthen bilateral cooperation with
Germany as both countries held
discussions on the occasion of
Ambassador Stefan Schlueter's
presentation of credentials on Monday,
October 18, 2010.

Prime Minister Spencer expressed his

desire to further strengthen
cooperative ties with Germany in the
areas of sports, education and tourism.

Ambassador Schlueter, welcomed
Antigua and Barbuda's desire to
enhance relationships and stated that
he will do all that is possible to
continue the good collaboration
between both countries.

In this regard Prime Minister Spencer,
made the request for Germany to
consider supporting the establishment
of a soccer academy designed to
improve the standard of the sports in
Antigua and Barbuda and wider OECS

He also took the opportunity to raise
concerns about the challenges the
Caribbean region will face during the
implementation of the Economic

Partnership Agreement (EPA) and the
need for Germany and other members
of the European Union to recognize
the importance of collaboration with
the region in building capacity in areas
of institutional building and human
resource development.

He also registered Antigua and
Barbuda's disagreement regarding the
implementation of the Air Passenger
Duty (APD) by United Kingdom and
the possibility that other European
countries could do the same.

Ambassador Schlueter thanked the
Prime Minister for the opportunity to
share and dialogue about matters of
mutual interest and look forward to
more collaborative actions in the

Dear Ardent Supporters,

Many Thanks for your support, in
attending The CCL Fair on Saturday
13th November and purchasing our
displayed items no matter how small.
By so doing Antigua and Barbuda was
able to make a worthy contribution to
the CCL Education Fund for needy
girls in the Commonwealth.

We look forward to your continued
support as we try to maintain a
presence at the annual fair.

Mrs. Pauline Roberts.

At Christmas lunch

We thank you, Father God, for the love that binds us, for

the food that nourishes us, and for your giving of your Son

into our world to save us. Amen.


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 14 1 Sa6~ambar/bc~abar/navambar 2010

Isata Megan Kanneh-Mason ,q, T.,

The Choir of St Mary's

tIh Re-storc11k101
Directed by
John Keys

Isata Kannle-Mason is 14 years old and was born
in N,rtingha m. She began playing the piano at the
a;1g of six. She is a scholarship student at The Royal
Academy of Music in London. She is a principal
study pianist with Patsy Toh and studies viola with
Julia Jasinski. She also studies composition and plays
the violin. She attended Trinity Comprehensive
Schooll, Nottilnghalm, until last term. Isata has been
awarded a scholarship at Purcell Music School under
the Government's Music and Dance Scheme where
she started in September 2010. She is also sponsored
by the Soroptimist Society, Nottingham.
At the age of 10 and 11, she achieved the highest mark in the UK for her Grade 7 and
Grade 8 piano exams, gai ilnii two Gold Awards from the Associated Board.

At age 11, Isata became the youngest ever finalist and then winner of Nottingham
You~ni Muicianll of the Year. A month later, she became the winner of Clement
Pianos Nottinghamshire Young Pianist, winning the 1st prize of a Kawai piano, as
well as two pianos for her school.

In 2007, Isata won a Highly Commended Award at the Manchester International
Piano Concerto Competition. In 2008, she was a prizewinner at the Jaques Samuel
piano festival and performed in a concert at The Wigmore Hall in London. At
,age 12 and 13 Isata won first prize in the Royal Academy of Music Iris Dyer Piano
C competition and was Very I lighly Commended.

Isata has performed piano concertos with Nottingham Djanogly Orchestra,
Nottingham Chambnher Orchestra, O)rchctra of the Restoration and The English
Pro Musica Orchestra. She has performed recitals in Nottingham, Southwell, Bath,
Uppi nlha ln, Oxford, Man chester, Lceic cest r, South Wales and London.


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 14 1 Sa6~ambar/bc~abar/navambar 2010

The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 141 leatemberlOctobelflovembef 20 10

Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer

The Eastern Court of
Appeal ruling

After months of uncertainty, the
United Progressive Party remains
the sitting government of Antigua
and Barbuda. The Eastern
Caribbean Court of Appeal has ruled
that the three seats in question, St
John's Rural West, St Georges, and
Rural North were validly elected,
since despite late starts in the
constituencies in question there
were an overwhelming number of
votes in favour of the UPP

Shortly after the decision was
handed down, Prime Minister Hon
Dr. Baldwin Spencer stated that he
is pleased with the decision, and
urged the nation to come together as
a people.

Minister of Parliament for Rural
North John Maginley stated that he
is looking forward to working
towards the development of the
nation, while Minister of Parliament
for St Georges, Hon. Dr. Jacqui
Quinn Leandro, thanked her
constituents for their continued
support throughout the ordeal.
Meanwhile, the mood was very
somber in the Antigua Labour Party
(ALP) camp and officials within the
ALP also declined to comment on
the matter when a reaction was
The Eastern Caribbean Court of
Appeal's ruling is final and the UPP
administration can now continue its
second term of office without

Mechanism in place for
measuring ICT development

GEORGETOWN, Guyana -- Work
is moving apace in the Caribbean
Community (CARICOM) to
sustain a mechanism that would
facilitate the compilation of
relevant and harmonised
information and communication
technology (ICT) statistics to
measure ICT for development
(ICT4D) in the region.

An ICT statistics sub-committee of
the regional ICT steering
committee forms the basis of this
mechanism. The ICT statistics sub-
committee was established in 2007
and, over the past three years, it
worked on developing a focused
and structured arrangement for
establishing a framework for
measuring ICT4D in the region.

The work of the ICT statistics sub-
committee is coordinated by the
CARICOM Secretariat, under the

guidance of Dr Philomen Harrison,
director of the regional statistics

At the fifth meeting of the ICT
steering committee in Barbados
last week, Tashema Bholnath,
research officer, Statistics-ICT4D,
CARICOM Secretariat, elaborated
on the international and regional
contexts under which the ICT
statistics sub-committee operates.
These include millennium
development goals (MDGs), the
world summit on the information
society (WSIS) and the draft
regional ICT strategy.

The latter promotes and emphasizes
the need for ICT statistics. It
identifies advantages for
CARICOM member states that
have mechanisms for collecting
data on ICT. The advantages
include the use of ICT statistics to
assess its impact on member states'

According to the strategy, member
states will be in a better position to
benchmark their economic and

social situations; identify the type
of human resources needed to
advance their country's
information economy; and
calculate the investments needed to
provide businesses and the people
with access to different ICTs.

The draft regional ICT strategy
identifies ICT statistics as a tool to
harmonize regional data
measurement, collection, and
classification systems to assist in
monitoring ICT4D in the

For this goal to be realized, the ICT
statistics sub-committee recognizes
the need for a concerted effort in
the region to strengthen the
collection and dissemination of
relevant data. Efforts also must be
made to incorporate ICT
measurement in national statistics
offices' work programmes; and to
link ICT indicators to policy
implementation both at national
and regional levels.

Continue on page 11


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Irrua 141 Sa6~ambar/bcbbar/navambar 2010

The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 141 leatemberlOctobelflnovembef 2010

Is That Plastic Container Safe?
By Diane Blahut, Woman's Day
Thu, Sep 02, 2010

More from Woman's Day
10 Alternative Household
How to Recycle Unusual
Household Items
Our homes are full of plastic, and the
kitchen is no exception. The problem:
Chemicals in plastic containers and
other kitchenware may leach into the
foods or drinks that they're holding.
Scientific evidence suggests that some
of these chemicals may be harmful to
people, especially infants and children.
The two best-studied offenders are bis-
phenol A (BPA) and phthalates. BPA
mimics estrogen and has been shown
to disrupt hormone and reproductive
system function in animals. Research
by the National Toxicology Program
found a moderate level of concern
about its "effects on the brain, behav-
ior and prostate gland in fetuses, in-
fants and children." Phthalates have
been shown to disrupt the endocrine
system and have led to malformations
in the male reproductive system in
animals. Studies in humans have
found associations between high
phthalate exposure and a variety of
health concerns including low sperm
quality, high waist circumference and
insulin resistance.
Researchers are still debating whether
phthalates and BPA actually cause
these health problems and, if so, how
much exposure is necessary to trigger
them. While these issues are being
figured out, some experts recommend

taking a preventive approach:
"Minimize contact of food with prob-
lematic plastics as a precautionary
measure to protect your health," sug-
gests Rolf Halden, PhD, adjunct asso-
ciate professor of environmental
health sciences at the Johns Hopkins
Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Here are six simple tips for reducing
your exposure to the potentially harm-
ful chemicals in plastics.
1. Know the code. Look on the bot-
tom of your plastic to find the recy-
cling symbol (a number between 1 and
7 enclosed in a triangle of arrows). The
code indicates the type of plastic you
are using and can give you important
clues about safety. "We generally say
1, 2, 4 and 5 are considered to be the
safest," says Sonya Lunder, senior ana-
lyst at the Environmental Working
Group. Try to avoid using plastics
with 3 or 6, as these leach chemicals
that may be harmful. Number 7 is an
"other" category that includes BPA-con-
taining plastics called polycarbonates.
These plastics, which you should avoid,
will have the letters PC printed under-
neath the 7.
2. Reconsider the microwave. Heat
can increase the rate at which chemi-
cals like BPA leach from plastic. Con-
tainers labeled "microwave safe" have
been tested by the Food and Drug Ad-
ministration (FDA) and found to leach
extremely small amounts, which the
FDA has determined to be safe. How-
ever, some experts advise people to
keep plastic out of the microwave alto-
gether. "I don't microwave anything in
plastic," says Lunder. "It's really easy
and fast to put my food into a ceramic
or glass container and heat it that way."

And never put plastic wrap on top of
your food in the microwave, since it
can melt. Use wax paper or a paper
towel instead.
3. Use it for its intended purpose.
Plastics that are designed for single
use should only be used once. "Plastic
breaks down over time," Lunder ex-
plains. "Some aren't designed to with-
stand heating and cooling." Most
plastics with recycling code number 1
are intended for single use, such as
disposable water bottles. And that take-
out container from six months ago?
Toss it. In general they're fine for re-
frigerating leftovers, but aren't de-
signed for heat exposure or long-term
4. Wash by hand. Only put plastics
into the dishwasher if they have a dish-
washer safe label. If you want to be
extra-cautious, wash all plastics by
hand or use only glass and ceramic
plates and dishes. In the dishwasher,
plastics are exposed to detergents and
heat, which may accelerate the leach-
ing of BPA from food containers.
5. Do not freeze. Only put plastics in
the freezer if they have a freezer-safe
label. Freezer temperatures can cause
plastics to deteriorate, which increases
the leaching of chemicals into the food
when you take containers out of the
freezer to thaw or reheat.
6. Don't panic. Cutting down on expo-
sure to potentially harmful chemicals
in plastics can benefit your health. But
as Dr. Halden reminds us, "Many
things in your life pose a much higher
risk than exposure to plastics, such as
smoking, poor diet and even driving a

Oprah Picks Antigua
Antigua is Oprah Winfrey's pick for the number one playground for billionaires. The renowned media mogul has a home
on the island, and according to the list compiled by, "When she wants crystal-clear Caribbean water and per-
fect palm trees, she returns to her playground on Antigua".

Winfrey also owns a 60-acre home in Maui and a 42-acre estate in Montecito, California. The list was also featured on the
Yahoo! homepage.

The Antigua and Barbuda Tourism Authority is quite pleased with the recognition. Marketing Manager Kimberley Bowers
said, "It is fantastic that Antigua can get this kind of endorsement by a celebrity of Oprah Winfrey's standing. Her recom-
mendations are taken very seriously by her numerous fans all over the world. This is great for Antigua's tourism and we
must capitalize on it whenever possible."

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 141 Sa6~ambar/bcbbar/navambar 2010

The Andouc and Rorbudo Hich Commission Issue 141 eotemberlOctobelflouember 20 10

UK Tourist Office holds Winter
Fam Trips

By Maria Blackman
Marketing and Communications
(September 30, 2010)
United Kingdom

With the winter season
approaching, the Antigua and Barbuda
Tourism Authority's UK Office, has
organised a series of familiarisation
trips to ensure that as many UK travel
agents as possible receive the product
knowledge needed to help them sell
the destination ahead of the busy
winter travel period.

Sixty travel agents, representing
top sellers in the luxury and wedding
and honeymoons market, will be
hosted by the Antigua and Barbuda
Tourism Authority and the Ministry of
Tourism, during October and
November as the UK office seeks to

actively promote Antigua and Barbuda
in these key markets. The
familiarisation trips (FAMS) were
organised to reward the top sellers for
their Antigua bookings as well as to
stimulate greater interest in the
destination and its accommodation
product. Each FAM is being heavily
supported by the Antigua Hotel and
Tourist Association and its hotel

Itineraries have been drafted to
ensure the agents experience the very
best of what Antigua and Barbuda has
to offer, making it easier for the agents
to confidently sell the product to their
clients in the UK.

The groups will embark on site
inspections at most of the properties in
Antigua, enjoy meals in local homes
and restaurants, visit attractions and
participate in exciting tours on the
island. Additionally, they will journey

to Barbuda to spend the day exploring
the sister island.
Director of Tourism for the UK
and Europe, Hilary Modeste said:
"Building stronger relationships with
our travel partners is key to increasing
tourist arrivals from the UK.
Traditionally, the weddings and
honeymoon market and the luxury
market are our stronghold markets.
We are therefore extremely pleased
that we will be able to bring some of
our travel partners from these markets
to Antigua and Barbuda, so that they
can experience the destination for

The first group of top sellers
arrived in Antigua on October 2. The
agents represent Travel Counsellors,
one of the UK's top travel agencies.
Travel Counsellors are completely
independent agents with an average of
19 years experience in the travel
industry. They are specialists in
honeymoons and luxury holidays.

Marine species threatened
by pollution, climate

UNITED NATIONS -- Pollution, over-
fishing and climate change are having
an increasingly damaging impact on the
world's oceans, threatening a growing
extinction of native marine species
across all regions, a new United Nations
report warned on Tuesday 19th October

Productivity, and with it fish catches, is
projected to decrease in nearly all areas
by 2050 and worldwide, fisheries will
be heavily dominated by smaller species
lower down the food chain, according to
the UN Environment Programme
(UNEP) report Marine Biodiversity
Assessment and Outlook: Global

Climate change, if unchecked, could see
surface sea temperatures rise by 2100
with important implications for coral
reefs and other temperature-sensitive
marine organisms, while other predicted
changes include a continued and
widespread increase in nitrogen levels

due to discharges of waste-waters and
agricultural run-off from land and
emissions from vehicles and shipping.
Nitrogen can trigger algal blooms which
in turn can poison fish and other marine
creatures as well as contribute to the
development of so-called dead zones -
areas of sea with low oxygen

"This is nowhere more starkly
spotlighted than in the current and
future health of the world's sea and
oceans. Multi-trillion dollar services,
including fisheries, climate-control and
ones underpinning industries such as
tourism are at risk if impacts on the
marine environment continue
unchecked and unabated.

The report also flags concerns over the "Governments are rising to the challenge

rise in marine invasive species,
transported to regions from elsewhere,
often in ballast water of ships or
attached to its hull, highlighting that the
cumulative impacts of all of these
factors will have serious consequences
in the rise of extinctions of native
marine species across all regions.

The continuing decline in marine bio-
diversity will compromise the resilience
of marine and coastal ecosystems to the
impacts of climate change, as well as
their ability to mitigate the effects of
climate change, the report said.

"Decoupling growth from rising levels of
pollution is the number one challenge
facing this generation," UNEP
Executive Director Achim Steiner said.

through actions under the Regional Seas
Conventions and Action Plans. This
global report, based on 18 regional
reports, underlines that ambition and
actions now need to match the scale and
the urgency of the challenge."

Given that the nature and dynamics of
oceans are transboundary, actions must
be taken by all regions, with countries
working together to find solutions, and
must include cross-sectoral approaches
such as ecosystem-based management
to address activities affecting marine
ecosystems, since the combination of
increasing human uses and the expected
effects of rising temperatures and sea
acidification threaten marine
biodiversity and human activities that
depend upon it.


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Caribbean tourism
stakeholders advised to
deliver world-class level

Newly-elected chairman of the
Caribbean Tourism Organisation
(CTO) and St Kitts-Nevis Minister
of Tourism, Sen. Richard "Ricky'
Skerritt said recently that while the
Caribbean brand is well known
throughout the world for pristine
beaches, wonderful weather and a
welcoming people, world-class
level service must be delivered if
the region is to compete effectively
world-wide destinations.

In his inaugural address during the
opening ceremony of the first CTO
Leadership Strategy Conference in
Barbados, Skerritt said it was no
secret that the world has changed
significantly over the past 2 years
as a result of global economic

He pointed out that while
Caribbean stakeholders have
proven in the past that its tourism is
resilient and can rise to meet the
challenges, the region continues to
be one of the world's leading
tourism areas.

According to the new CTO
Chairman it will take a well
thought strategy to regain and
surpass the arrival levels that
Caribbean tourism attracted in
2007 and 2008.

"The good news is that stopover
travel is beginning to rebound in
our region, albeit more slowly than
predicted from some markets. And
fortunately for many of our
destinations, cruise lines have
continued to arrive at our shores
with full cabins even at the height

of the economic recession," he said.

Skerritt told stakeholders which
included regional ministers of
tourism, directors of tourism, and
permanent secretaries in the
ministries of tourism across the
region that it is a different visitor
who is arriving in the Caribbean
now than in the past. "This visitor
is more demanding, expecting
maximum value for money, and is
more discerning, seeking a more
spiritually fulfilling vacation
experience that includes more
interaction with local people and a
deeper connection with our land
and culture. Our visitor also has
access to many more warm weather
vacation options than ever before,
said the CTO chairman.

He pointed out that to be successful
and competitive in this "new
normal" environment requires a
captivating and safe destination
experience, convenient and
affordable airlift, a more
sophisticated tourism infrastructure,
and a marketing strategy that is
carefully targeted, cost-effective,
and closely aligned with the
authentic product offerings of each
of our individual destinations.

Skerritt said that the leadership
conference will provide
stakeholders with access to some of
the top tourism industry's thought
leaders who will share their
insights on the key issues and their
ideas of how to adapt change and
grow the Caribbean tourism

"We especially look forward to the
keynote address from our special
guest, BA CEO Willie Walsh, who
has been a great supporter of our
region since joining BA five years

ago. I believe that it is not by
accident that Willie carries the title
of a former much loved great West
Indies fast bowler, Courtney Walsh,
who throughout his career was
known for his exceptionally big
heart and his unique blend of
strategic cunningness and
perseverance in the face of
adversity. Perhaps one of
Courtney's ancestors was named
Willie, hailed from Ireland, and was
a great lover of Guinness," said

"As the new chairman of the
Caribbean Tourism Organization, I
pledge to learn from the best, and to
do my best to help our organization
'lead our tourism industry and the
Caribbean brand confidently
forward to achieve the best tourism
results for our region," said Skerritt

Discussion at the leadership is
focusing on a number of areas
including airline networking and
planning, attracting air carriers
from the right gateways, targeting
China's new millionaires and
upscale travellers, and border
control within the region.

Sunset in Antigua


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Rich countries must live up
to pledge to help developing
world on climate change,
says UN

Nations officials have called on
industrialized countries to live up to
their multi-billion dollar pledges to
help the developing world adapt to
climate change at a week-long
meeting of several hundred African
experts, including Government
ministers, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
"At Copenhagen, the centrality of
financing to underpin effective
adaptation and mitigation action was
recognized," Executive Secretary of
the UN Economic Commission for
Africa (ECA) Abdoulie Janneh told
the Seventh African Development
Forum today, referring to last
December's conference on climate

"Industrialized countries then pledged
fast track funding of up to $30 billion
between 2010 and 2012 and agreed to
reach the goal of mobilizing $100
billion a year by 2020 for developing
countries to implement balanced
climate change adaptation and
mitigation actions. It is therefore
imperative that decisive actions are
made to deliver commitments
promised at Copenhagen."

Such actions will send a strong signal
that the industrialized countries are
committed implementing balanced
adaptation and mitigation
programmes by Africa and other
developing countries and to
cultivating a strong spirit of trust,
compromise and enhanced collective
action, he added, calling for broad-
ranging discussions on all dimensions
of climate change including the
required leadership response.

Speaking on behalf of the youth,
African Regional Coordinator Esther
Agbarakwe of the UN Commission on
Sustainable Development (UNCSD)
Tuesday emphasized the need for
advocacy, behaviour change and
cultural transformation to enable a
shift towards a more sustainable world.

"Climate change is not a localized
problem; it transcends national
borders, hence the need for co-
operation of intergovernmental
agencies but also to include those
young and vulnerable people," she

The forum, with a strong focus on
adaptation strategies through effective
action on policies, strategies,
programmes and practices, is being
co-organized ECA, the African
Development Bank and the African
Union Commission.

Continued from page 7

At its first meeting in October 2007,
the ICT sub-committee developed an
action plan to facilitate the
development of ICT statistics in the
region. The plan was drawn up against
the background of the importance of
ICT statistics in monitoring the digital
divide; in assessing the impact of ICT
on growth and development; in
improving transparency and
accountability in policy-making and
in evaluating policy performance in
the region.

Through collaboration with the ICT
statistics sub-committee, the
information and communication
technology for development (ICT4D)
and the regional statistics programmes
of the CARICOM Secretariat,
progress was made in defining the
scope and definition of the ICT sector
of the region; and in identifying a list
of Caribbean-specific Indicators.

The indicators, identified under
themes including health,
culture/creative industry, education
and e-commerce will measure, for
example, the percentage of health care
institutions with Internet access; the

number of local businesses in creative
industry with web presence; the
number of schoolchildren per
computer and the number of teachers
using ICTs; and the number of
businesses with a website and the
number of businesses using the
Internet to sell their (local) products.

The ICT statistics sub-committee also
coordinated an analysis of data on
trade in ICT goods as well as the
development of a mechanism for data
collation and analysis of ICT data of
other data sources. In that regard there
was a desk analysis of the ICT
questions in the 2010 round of
population and housing census to
determine the effectiveness of this
activity's questions on ICT to procure
relevant data.

While the ICT statistics sub-
committee identified inconsistencies
in the census questions among
member states, it determined that the
census data was a useful source of key
baseline information with regard to

ICT statistics will
increasingly relevant in
pronouncements on the


attainment of specific international
ICT targets ranging from connecting
villages, educational and research
institutions, information resource
establishments, health-related and
governmental agencies with ICT, to
developing content, and providing
ICT services to people.

Within the regional context, the draft
regional ICT4D strategy outlines a
number of goals to be achieved by
2015, which include "an overall
growth rate of not less than twenty
percent towards ubiquitous access and
understanding of digital technologies."

In addition, the strategy recommends
as a target to measure the impact of
ICT on the region a "thirty percent
increase in the use of ICT, and cultural
content and images to create
information in an acceptable format
and manner, to lead to tangible
benefits for education, work and
everyday life."

Mechanisms in place for measuring
ICT4D in CARICOM will be critical
in measuring the tangible outcomes of
these goals.



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Antigua and Barbuda High
2nd Floor, 45 Crawford Place,
London W1H 4LP
Telephone: 020 7258 0070
Facsimile: 020 7258 0822
Internet web site:

High Commissioner's
Independence Address to the

Councillor Linda Kelly, Deputy Speak-
er of Hackney, Dr. Revd. Eugene Ed-
wards, Mr. Everton George, President
of the Antigua and Barbuda National
Association of London, Rev. Ronald
Farley and members of the Clergy,
other distinguished guests, friends and
fellow Antiguans and Barbudans I
am deeply honoured and proud to
present to you today my address for
the 29th Celebration of the Independ-
ence of our beloved nation. Our cele-
brations this year will be under the

This year's week long activities
commenced on 23rd October with the
Independence Thanksgiving Service at
the Holy Family Cathedral and
included a variety of events such as the
Festival of Choirs, the usual Senior
Citizens Programme, Schools
Steelband Competition, the annual
exhibition of local arts and crafts, a
Homecoming Queen Show and the
Independence Homecoming Banquet.
These events will climax as always
with the traditional parade at the
Recreation Grounds on Monday, the
1st November followed by the Food

The last 19 months have been a period
of tremendous uncertainty for the
citizens and residents of our homeland.

Following the elections on March 12th
2009, a legal challenge was mounted
by the opposition party regarding the
outcome of four constituencies. The
hearings on the challenges began in
the High Court on the 18th November
under Justice Louise Blenman. The
decision of Justice Blenman was
delivered on 31st March 2010 and an
appeal was lodged by the United
Progressive Party. The Appeal Court
under the chairmanship of Chief
Justice Rawlins began its sitting on 1st
July 2010 and after several months the
decision of the Justices of the Appeal
Court was handed down on 27th

In reacting to the decision, several
remarks were made by members of the
duly elected government including our
Prime Minister the Hon. Dr W.
Baldwin Spencer whom I quote now
especially for those who might not be

"The UPP-led Government
remains committed to the
democratic principles we
have inherited, to the rule of
law, and to good governance.
During our years in office,
we have passed more laws to
safeguard these democratic
principles than any other
Government in the history
of our twin-island nation.

The underlying reasons,
such as deficiencies in the
electoral process, which
gave rise to the legal
challenge, should never be
allowed to happen again.

In this regard the
Government has already
taken some bold steps to
address policy and
operational weaknesses at
the Electoral Commission.
We are committed to seeing
these reforms and
improvements through to
the end. This is being done

in the interest of building a
modern, efficient electoral
system, the integrity of
which is beyond

While we awaited the
decision of the Appeal Court,
the Government continued
to carry out the mandate
given to us by you the people
of Antigua and Barbuda, to
implement policies and
programmes to improve
your quality of life.

We remain committed to
continuing the
improvements to the
economy within the context
of the Standby Arrangement
we signed with the
International Monetary

Our social programmes to
help the young, the old and
other vulnerable groups, are
continuing. We are
undertaking necessary road
repairs and other
infrastructure work across
the country.

The first phase of the most
massive street lighting
programme ever
undertaken in Antigua and
Barbuda has been
completed. I have already
given instructions for
negotiations with our
partner, the Government of
the People's Republic of
China, to start as soon as
possible for phase two of
that project.

Our young people are
receiving more university
scholarships than at any
other time in our history.
High speed internet access is
being expanded into the
homes of Antiguans and
Barbudans. Government's
community access centres


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are bringing useful
technology to the people.

At the same time
construction is proceeding
well on the Gray's Hill
Reservoir. That water
project will serve the people
of Gray's Hill, Green Bay
and St. John's and its

Construction on the Barbu-
da Community Centre is al-
so progressing very well and
we expect to complete that
facility for the people of our
Sister Isle early next year.

Another very important
project that is being under-
taken jointly with the
People's Republic of China
is the 30 megawatt power
plant which is slated for com-
pletion in February next

Your UPP-led Government
will continue to serve you
with energy, vision, humility,
transparency and integrity."

We pray that the Lord will guide our
leaders and strengthen their resolve to
live up to these commitments. I am
extremely happy to see this matter
behind us at last and as Prime Minister
Spencer said "the [2009] elections are
now for all intents and purposes
completely over".

Many of you will be aware of the
efforts of the Government in
addressing the most severe fiscal crisis
facing our country. Since 2008,
Antigua and Barbuda has seen a
decrease in its revenues, rendering it
near impossible for the government to
properly meet its financial
commitments.It is easy to forget that a
similar situation is currently being
faced by many economies of other
developing and developed countries. If
nothing else we have become glaringly

aware that we

are living in a linked, Information and Communication
connected global Technology (ICT) and infrastructure.
Our government cannot do it alone.

The Government has been forced to
approach the International Monetary
Fund (IMF) to seek support in the
form of a Special Standby
Arrangement in the amount of 81
million SDR (approximately US
$127,000,000). With the agreed plan
of assistance and guidance on the
overall economic recovery programme,
Antigua and Barbuda should see a
small positive growth in 2011
followed by growth of 2.5% in 2012.
The situation calls for decisive public
financial management and the
strengthening of our capabilities in the
area of revenue collection. It also
requires the review and restructuring
of the public sector to improve its
effectiveness and efficiency as well as
a renegotiation of both domestic and
external debt obligations.
Over the next twelve months we must
put plans in place to celebrate in a
proper and appropriate manner our
30th anniversary of nationhood. We
should transform our structures to
better provide the services demanded
by government, and more effectively
manage the servicing and reduction of
our national debt. In other words we
must begin to live within our means.
I am therefore quite pleased to hear of
the government's plans to improve the
electricity systems in Antigua and Bar-
buda and to upgrade the infrastructure
of the country. The Mount St. John
Hospital is operating very well and
offers a much improved environment
when compared to the old Holberton
Hospital. Over the last four years,
many more of our young citizens have
received scholarships to study abroad
with the hope to returning to improve
the capacity of our nation.
However much work still needs to be
done. We therefore call into action our
citizens and friends from across the
world especially those here within the
UK. We need participation in other
areas of economic activities in
agriculture, telecommunications,

The government has taken decisive
action to address the fiscal crisis and
set the stage for a sustained recovery.
We need now to play our part.
As reported in our local press on
Wednesday 27th October, hundreds of
students turned out to the 2010
Independence Youth Rally, held under
the theme "Our Year; Our Voice." The
rally was held at the Sir Vivian
Richards Cricket Stadium where many
representatives of schools and youth
organizations rendered their
performances to the audience. The
event had generated much interest
over the past few weeks due to a
controversial change from the
traditional Antigua Recreation Ground
(ARG) venue to the Sir Vivian
Richards Cricket Stadium.
I hope that everyone here will join
with me in acknowledging the honour
bestowed on one of our National
Heroes, Sir Vivian Richards in being
included in the ESPN-Cricinfo's all-
time Test World XI alongside the likes
of Sachin Tendulkar, Sir Garfield
Sobers, Adam Gilchrist and Malcolm
Marshall. The humility of 'Sir Viv'
shines out in his response to the
occasion, when he said that "I am
deeply honoured and privileged to be
coming from a small country like
Antigua and Barbuda". We might be
from a small island but we must never
limit our achievements to the
boundaries of our twin-island nation.
Ladies and gentlemen, brothers and
sisters, citizens and friends of Antigua
and Barbuda the road ahead will not be
smooth. There will be many
challenges. Let us therefore put aside
politicking until the next round of
elections, let us debate the "How" that
is how best to implement the plans for
the strategic growth and development
of our beautiful, unspoilt nation. Let us
pledge to join together for the common
good for we are far too few in
numbers, our resources are too limited
and our economy too fragile to be


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effective if we do not stand together.
Neither can we be wasteful in time or
For as we look around us in this big
global village, we notice that those
who are unable to chart an effective
path to progress will simply see the
poor getting poorer, the rich of the
world getting richer and developing
countries like ourselves becoming
more marginalised because the skills
and resources necessary to
appropriately engage the new
paradigm are in short supply or have
migrated elsewhere.
Let us therefore agree to act wisely,
avoid short-termism and plan
strategically for a better quality of life

for all who chose to call Antigua and
Barbuda their home in this
dynamically changing world. Let us
all as one united country rise to the
challenge. Let us move forward as one
people, committed to the interest of
our beloved nation Antigua and
In closing, let me on behalf of my wife
and family, wish each of you happy
celebrations, good health and the
abiding presence of the Almighty in
your lives till we meet again next year
if his plans so allow.

God Bless

I thank you all.

Delivered by H. E Dr. Carl B Roberts,
High Commissioner

on 31th October 2010 at the Antigua
and Barbuda Association's
Anniversary of Independence Service
at St Mark's Church, London

(above) The ABNA Choir performed at The 5th. Black Heritage Service of Praise and Thanksgiving, on Sunday
17th October 2010, at All Saints Church, Church Street, Stratford London. Under the direction of Vicar The Revd.
Stennett Kirby a native Antiguan. The service was well attended by many first and second generation citizens of
Antigua and Barbuda living in and around London.

High Commissioner and Mrs Roberts were among the specially invited guests.

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One of the Caribbean's largest
fixed WiMAX installations
created in Antigua

TORONTO, Canada Antigua
Computer Technologies (ACT)
Networks has completed the
installation of a Redline
Communications-based fixed WiMAX
network island-wide to bring last-mile
Internet connectivity to remote and
challenging bay station locations.

With 72 base station sectors, installed
in 33 tower locations, and more than
1.3 Gigabits of data capacity, the ACT
WiMAX network is one of the largest in
the Caribbean. The ACT network
offers a low-cost user-installed indoor
radio for residential subscribers, and a
wall-mounted outdoor antenna for
business subscribers providing
connectivity service of up to 20 Mbps.

ACT has also connected local schools,
libraries, and other public buildings to

their wireless network as a service to
the community.

The project was implemented and
managed by Future Technologies,
which performed the network planning,
staging, and project management for
the duration of the roll-out.

formed by volcanic activity, it is very
hilly and uneven. This topology is very
difficult for any wireless technology, but
even more when the goal is affordable
high-speed broadband Internet
services. Redline delivered what was
needed high-performance, cost-
effective and long-range connectivity
to these hard-to-reach locations."

"Our business goal was to offer reliable
broadband wireless, but we also had a "As they look ahead to growing their

strong social agenda to bring
connectivity to schools and other
public offices which require
tremendous amounts of data
throughput," said Salomon Doumith,
CEO of ACT Networks. "Redline's high
capacity base stations gave us
enough capacity to service our
customers and offer broadband to the

"We faced some unique challenges
when it came to extending the ACT
network throughout the island," said
Nino Canu, CEO of Future
Technologies. "Because Antigua was

business over the long-term, network
operators and carriers need versatile,
reliable solutions that will perform
under the most remote and
challenging environments," said
Lynda Partner, Redline's VP
Marketing. "We're delighted that ACT
has leveraged our broadband wireless
products to interconnect its non-line-
of-site networks and provide high-
performance access at a very
competitive price. We are also proud
to have skilled partners like Future
Technologies supporting us in these
challenging projects."

Market Stall Lady


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The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 141I leatembeflOctoberllovembef 20 10

The Cotonou agreement

.Second revision of Cotonou
Overview of agreement
Historical background and
Second revision of Cotonou
Negotiations were concluded on
Official signature ceremony took
place in Ouagadougou,
Burkina Faso, on 23/06/2010.
Revised Cotonou agreement will
be applicable on a provisional
basis from 01/11/2010.
The Cotonou Agreement is the most
comprehensive partnership agreement
between developing countries and the
EU. Since 2000, it has been the
framework for the EU's relations with
79 countries from Africa, the
Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP) The
first revision took place in 2005 and
prepared the ground for the 2007-2013
financial framework of development

The second revision
ond revision cotonou agreement
21n( l311 ndfrlf/rlpplnmpnt/lientprlr

epository/second revision cotonou
agreement 20100311.pdfadapts the
partnership to changes which have
taken place over the last decade, in
The growing importance of
regional integration in ACP
countries and in ACP-EU
cooperation is reflected. Its
role in fostering cooperation
and peace and security, in
promoting growth and in
tackling cross-border
challenges is emphasized. In
Africa, the continental
dimension is also recognized,
and the African Union
becomes a partner of the EU-
ACP relationship.

Security and fragility : no
development can take place
without a secure environment.
The new agreement highlights
the interdependence between
security and development and
tackles security threats jointly.
Attention is paid to peace
building and conflict
prevention. A comprehensive
approach combining
diplomacy, security and
development cooperation is
developed for situations of
State fragility.
Our ACP partners face major
challenges if they are to meet
the Millennium Development
Goals food security, HIV-
AIDS and sustainability of
fisheries. The importance of
each of these areas for
sustainable development,
growth and poverty reduction
is underlined, and joint
approaches for our
cooperation are now agreed.
For the first time, the EU and the
ACP recognize the global
challenge of climate change
as a major subject for their
partnership. The parties
commit to raising the profile
of climate change in their
development cooperation, and
to support ACP efforts in
mitigating and adapting to the
effects of climate change.
The trade chapter of the
Agreement reflects the new
trade relationship and the
expiry of preferences at the
end of 2007. It reaffirms the
role of the Economic
Partnership A2reements to
boost economic development
and integration into the world
economy. The revised
Agreement highlights the
challenges ACP countries are
facing to integrate better into
the world economy, in
particular the effects of
preference erosion. It

therefore underlines the
importance of trade adaptation
strategies and aid for trade .
More actors in the partnership : the
EU has been promoting a
broad and inclusive
partnership with ACP partners.
The new agreement clearly
recognizes the role of national
parliaments, local authorities,
civil society and private
More impact, more value for
money : This second revision
is instrumental in putting in
practice the internationally
agreed aid effectiveness
principles, in particular donor
coordination. It will also untie
EU aid to the ACP countries
to reduce transaction costs.
For the first time, the role of
other EU policies for the
development of ACP
countries is recognized and
the EU commits to enhance
the coherence of those
policies to this end.

Overview of ACP-EC-Partnership
Agreement ("The Cotonou
The "Partnership Agreement between
the members of the African, Caribbean
and Pacific Group of States of the one
part and the European Community and
its Member States of the other part"
was signed on 23 June 2000 in
Cotonou, Benin hence the name "
ACP-EC Partnership Agreement" or
'Cotonou Agreement". It was
concluded for a twenty-year period
from March 2000 to February 2020,
and entered into force in April 2003. It
was for the first time revised in June
2005, with the revision entering into
force on 1 July 2008.
The Cotonou Agreement is a global
agreement, introducing important
changes and ambitious objectives
while preserving the 'acquis' of 25
years of ACP-EC cooperation.


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Ecuador's Yasuni Initiative
Leaving Oil In The Ground To
Fight Climate Change

A new initiative to fight climate
change and conserve forests by
leaving oil in the ground has taken
off in Ecuador, and it is hoped that
other countries will contribute to a
fund and share the costs of forgoing
oil revenues.

What would a country's leaders do if
oil reserves were discovered beneath
the tropical rain forests of that nation's
premier national park?

The government would naturally be in
a dilemma. If the forests are destroyed
to extract the oil, the country and the
world would lose the national park and
its biodiversity-rich forest.

Moreover, the extraction and use of
the oil would release a lot of carbon
dioxide into the atmosphere,
contributing to climate change.

But if oil were to be left in the ground
in order to protect the forests and
avoid emissions, the country would
lose a lot of export earnings and state
revenues that could be used for
development. Economists call this an
opportunity cost.

Given the dominant priorities and
values of the modem world, in which
economics and business are put above
the environment, most countries
would chop the forests, destroy the
park and extract the oil.
Ecuador is a developing country
facing this very dilemma and putting
up an alternative approach to resolving

Ecuador is a South American country
with a small population of 13 million
that has been blessed by nature.

It has four major ecological regions --
the coast facing the Pacific Ocean, a
set of islands in that ocean, the Andes
mountains in which its capital city

Quito resides, and the Amazonian

In Quito, at the Ministry of Patrimony
(which is in charge of the country's
environment), Professor Carlos Larrea
Maldonado explained to me Ecuador's
unique initiative to leave the large oil
reserves in the ground at the country's
Yasuni National Park in return for
international funds.

The funds, which are partly to make up
for the loss of oil revenue, would be
used by the country to conserve its
forests, develop renewable energy,
and promote social development.

The government plans to leave the oil
in the ground, and continue to
conserve the Park. This would also
avoid an estimated 407 million tonnes
of carbon dioxide emissions that
would have been generated by burning
the ITT oil.

The 407 million tonnes may be valued
at US$8.07 billion, according to the
current prices of carbon dioxide traded
in the European carbon market
(US$19.81 per tonne of carbon
Under the Yasuni-ITT initiative,
Ecuador proposes that the
international community contributes at

least US$3.6 billion into a trust fund
Dr. Maldonado is a professor of social administered by the United Nations
and global studies at the Simon Development Programme.
Bolivar University, and was asked by
the government to develop the Yasuni- Thus, of the US$7.25 billion of oil
ITT initiative. revenue foregone, the government
would bear half the cost while an

The country's President, Rafael Correa,
announced at the United Nations that
Ecuador had decided to maintain the
crude oil (discovered in the ITT
(Ishpingo-Tambococha-Tiputini) field
located in the Yasuni National Park)
indefinitely underground.
This was in order to put social and
environmental values first, while other
ways would be found to obtain
economic benefits for the country.

In the initiative, the international
community would contribute at least
half the revenue that the State would
have received by extracting the oil,
while the government would assume
up to half of the opportunity cost of
keeping the oil in the ground.

The Yasuni Park is one of the most
important and diverse biological
reserves in the world. It covers about a
million hectares, and the ITT field is
about 20% of the total park area.

There are 846 million barrels of
recoverable oil reserves found in the
ITT field, which are estimated to yield
revenues of US$7.25 billion (at
present value) to the state.

international fund contributed by
foreign governments and private
donations would bear the other half.

The fund's capital will be invested in
renewable energy (hydroelectric,
geothermal, wind and solar) projects
in order to overcome Ecuador's
dependence on fossil fuels that cause
climate change.

The interest earned from the fund
would be used to conserve forests in
44 protected areas, help small farmers
reforest and manage a million hectares
of forests, promote energy efficiency
and social development.

The UN is supporting the project, with
the UNDP already establishing the
trust fund. Last week the first
contribution of US$200,000 was made
by Chile. Ecuador hopes that many
European countries as well as the US
will contribute significant amounts.

Ecuador hopes that this initiative will
be a "pilot project" that could be
recognized by the UN Climate
Convention as an example of "avoided


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So far, the UNFCCC has recognized
the avoidance of deforestation as
contributing to the mitigation of
climate change, and developing
countries can apply for funds under its
system to conserve the forest and for

Ecuador hopes that the UNFCCC will
also recognize "keeping oil in the
ground" as another method to avoid
emissions and which can provide
funds for developing countries.

It is proposing, with the Yasuni-ITT
initiative as a first example, that a new
mechanism be set up to fund
developing countries that leave fossil
fuel reserves located in

environmentally or culturally fragile
areas underground indefinitely.

According to criteria worked out by
Prof. Maldonado and his team, the
countries that fulfill the conditions,
besides Ecuador, include Malaysia,
Indonesia, the Philippines, India,
Papua New Guinea, Brazil, Colombia,
Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru, Costa Rica,
Democratic Republic of Congo and

The Yasuni initiative has received
support from many famous individuals
including Nobel Prize winners (such
as Desmund Tutu and Rigoberta
Menchi), former political leaders
(Mikhail Gorbachev of Russia and

Femardo Cardoso of Brazil and Felipe
Gonzales of Spain), Prince Charles,
and many international organizations
such as UNASUR (South American
Union of Nations), the Organisation of
American States and environmental
and indigenous peoples' NGOs.
It will be interesting to see how far the
message of the Yasuni Initiative
eventually travels, and whether more
such initiatives are taken by other
countries in a move to conserve forests,
leave oil or coal in the ground, and
fight climate change, with the
countries concerned and the
international community sharing the
costs and benefits.


(September 27, 2010) This November
marks four years since the hardworking
West Indian American Congresswoman
Yvette Clarke was elected to represent
the l1th Congressional District in
Brooklyn with its Caribbean-American
and other diverse constituents.

Caribbean people at home and abroad
often forget the accomplishments of its
nationals in faraway lands, but this West
Indian-American not only champions
the cause of those who she represents in
the hallowed halls of the US Congress
but she also gives voice to the interests
and concerns of America's "Third
Border" from the US capital.

Yvette Clarke, born of Jamaican parents,
has continued the district's legacy of
excellence set by the late Shirley
Chisholm, the first Black woman and
Caribbean-American elected to
Congress. As an activist, a community
organizer and as a legislator,
Congresswoman Clarke's boldness,
compassion and love for humanity have
allowed her to become an effective
leader and an outspoken advocate of
numerous issues of great importance to
her constituents.

Congresswoman Clarke was elected to

Congress in November 2006 and
represents residents of Brownsville,
Crown Heights, East Flatbush, Flatbush,
Windsor Terrace, Brooklyn Heights,
Sunset Park, Carroll Gardens,
Kensington, Park Slope, Prospect
Heights, Prospect-Lefferts Gardens and
Prospect Park. Prior to her election to
the US House of Representatives, she
served on the New York City Council
representing the 40th District in

daughter succession in the history of the

For delivering time upon time for her
community, this forthright and authentic
voice of Brooklyn and the Caribbean,
has earned the recognition of "West
Indian of the Week."

"West Indian of the Week" is produced
by Marketplace Excellence, a full
service, integrated marketing agency
committed to excellence in the fields of

She succeeded her pioneering mother, public relations, marketing and media
former City Council Member Una coaching.
Clarke, making them the first mother-


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His Excellency Dr Carl Roberts signs Revised Cotonou Agreement

Compared to preceding agreements
and conventions shaping EC's
development cooperation, the
Cotonou Agreement represents further
progress in a number of aspects. It is
designed to establish a comprehensive
partnership, based on three
complementary pillars:
development cooperation,
economic and trade cooperation,
the political dimension.
The objectives of the Cotonou
The partnership is centred on the
objective of reducing and
eventually eradicating poverty
consistent with the objectives of
sustainable development and the
gradual integration of the ACP
countries into the world economy (Art.
1 of Cotonou Agreement).
. The fundamental principles of the
Cotonou Agreement
equality of the partners and
ownership of the development
participation (central governments
as the main partners,

partnership open to different
kinds of other actors)
pivotal role of dialogue and the
fulfilment of mutual
differentiation and regionalisation
The actors of the Cotonou
The actors of cooperation are:
States (authorities and/or
organizations of states at local,
national and regional level);
Non-state actors (private sector;
economic and social partners,
including trade union
organizations, civil society in
all its forms according to
national characteristics).
The implementation of the Cotonou
The European Development Fund
(EDF) is the main instrument for
providing Community assistance for
development cooperation under the
Cotonou Agreement. The EDF is
funded by the EU Member State on the
basis of specific contribution keys.
Each EDF is concluded for a multi-
annual period.

The 10t EDF covers the
period from 2008 to 2013 and
has been allocated 22.7
billion; it was established
between the EU Member
States by Internal Agreement.
In comparison to the 9th EDF
which covered the period 2000
to 2007, the initial amount
available has increased by
almost 65 % (the 9th EDF was
initially allocated 13.8 billion
for 2000-2007).
The cooperation with the ACP
States funded from the EDF is
complemented by
development cooperation
funded from the EC budget,
through budgetary
instruments the
Development Cooperation
Instrument, the Instrument for
Stability, the European
Instrument for Democracy and
Human Rights and the European
Humanitarian Aid Instrument.
Revision clause:
The Cotonou Agreement provides for
a revision clause which foresees that
the agreement is adapted every five
years till 2020.
In accordance with Article 95 Cotonou
Agreement, the main reasons for the
Second Revision of the Cotonou
Agreement are:
to preserve the relevance and the
outstanding character of the
Partnership between ACP and
EU countries;
to adapt the Agreement to recent
major changes in international
and ACP-EC relations;
to further develop several themes
that are essential for both
the political dimension,
institutional issues
and sector specific
policy issues;
economic cooperation,
regional integration
and trade;


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humanitarian and
emergency assistance
and new development
advances in aid
programming and

The contracting parties and the
"ACP Group of States"
The Cotonou Agreement established a
unique partnership between the ACP
States on the one hand, and the
European Community and its
Member States on the other hand.
The notion of "ACP States" goes back
to the "ACP Group of States",
formally established in 1975 with the
Georgetown Agreement which was
initially signed by 46 African,
Caribbean and Pacific states. Today,
the ACP Group of States counts 79
countries 78 of them signatories of
the Cotonou-Agreement (with Cuba
being the exception). South Africa is a
contracting party of the Cotonou
Agreement, but not all the provisions
apply to the cooperation between
South Africa and the EC (see protocol
3 of the Cotonou Agreement).
The ACP Group of States has its own
institutions and decision making
processes. It relates with the European
Community through the joint
institutions of the Cotonou Agreement.
Historical background and revisions
Relations between the European
Community (EC) and the African,
Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) States
are a particularly important aspect of
the EC development cooperation
policy and, more widely, of its
external action.
The Community support to Sub-
Saharan Africa received a more
structured approach through the
successive Yaound6 Conventions
(1963 1975). The accession of the
UK to the European Communities
broadened the geographic scope of the
partnership to African, Caribbean and
Pacific Commonwealth countries. The

finance "ACP Group of States" was founded by
the Georgetown Agreement in 1975.


starts gies:

From 1975 until 2000 the ACP-EC
relations were governed by the
regularly adapted and updated Lome
Conventions (Lom6 I Lom6 IV bis).
However, important developments on
the international stage, and socio-
economic and political changes in the
ACP countries highlighted the need for
a re-thinking of ACP-EC cooperation.
A green paper on the relations between
the EC and the ACP countries was
launched in 1996 (COM(96)570 final
of 20 November 1996).
Against a background of an intensive
public debate, negotiations started in
September 1998 for a comprehensive
revision of the ACP-EC relations.
These negotiations were successfully
concluded in early February 2000 and
led to the conclusion of the Cotonou
The first revision to the ACP-EC
Partnership Agreement
In accordance with the revision clause,
negotiations to revise the agreement
for the first time were launched in May
2004 and concluded in February 2005.
The overriding objective of revision
process was to enhance the
effectiveness and quality of the ACP-
EU partnership. The revised
Agreement entered into force on 01
July 2008.
The revision in 2005 focused on the
following aspects and amendments:
Political dimension: strengthening
the political dimension by
placing greater emphasis on
effective dialogue and results
(Art. 8, 9, 96, 97, Annex VII);
inclusion of a provision on the
International Criminal
Court,of a reference to
cooperation in countering
proliferation of weapons of
mass destruction,of a clause
which confirms partners'
international cooperation in
the fight against terrorism, and
of provision relating to the
prevention of mercenary

Betty's Hope


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amendments relating to
sectoral strategies; a reference
to the promotion of the fight
against poverty-related
diseases and protection of
sexual and reproductive health
and rights of women; insertion
of provisions to facilitate non-
state actor access to indicative
programme resources;
facilitation of cooperation
between ACP States and other
developing countries
(regional cooperation);
promotion of traditional
knowledge as part of sectoral
economic development;
strengthening of existing
provisions on island ACP
A more flexible and more effective
implementation of the
investment facility, which is
managed by the European
Investment Bank.
Implementation and management
procedures: the first revision
provided, among others,
greater flexibility in the allocation
of resources; possibility to use
resources for policies to
promote peace and to manage
and settle conflicts, including
post-conflict support;
reformulation of the
responsibilities of managing
and executing agents.

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