Group Title: Official newsletter of the Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Title: Official newsletter
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Title: Official newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Publisher: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Place of Publication: London, England
Publication Date: September/October 2009
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Volume ID: VID00041
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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SThe Antigua and Barbuda

High Commission

SOfficial Nei% sleller Issule 136 -- Seplelnber 'Oclober 2009

High Commissioner Dr Carl Roberts and

Mrs Roberts attend the launch at Buckingham

Palace of the Queen's Baton Relay for the 2010


Commonwealth Games

(below) Young Indian
athlete carries the baton
on the first leg of its epic

(above) The Queen
inserts her message
into the baton

President of the Commonwealth
Games Federation (Mr Michael Fennell,
OJ CD), H.E. Smt. Pratibha Devisingh
Patil (Hon. President of India), Mr
Suresh Kalmadi (MP GOI) participated
in the Launch of the Queen's Baton
Relay 2010 Delhi at Buckingham
Palace on Thursday, 29 October 2009.

The Queen's Baton Relay is one of the
great traditions of the Commonwealth
Games. It symbolises the gathering of
people from across the Commonwealth
at a four yearly festival of sport and
culture. Queen's Baton Relays have
been the curtain raiser to every games
since Cardiff Wales, in 1958.

The Baton will traverse the length and
breadth of the Commonwealth for 240
days, visiting all of the other 70 nations.
The Baton will arrive in Antigua and
Barbuda on Friday 12 March

In This Issue
1. Minister Lovell heads delegation to IMF/World Bank meetings in Turkey (pages 4 and 9)
2. Prime Minister's 28th Anniversary of Independence message(pages 14 to 16 and 20)
3. World Bank visit bears fruit (page 20)

2nd Floor, 45 Crawford Place
London W1H 4LP
TeL: 020 7258 0070 Fax.: 020 7258 7486



our Nation's "Celebration of
Nationhood" or "Coming of
Age". In the United Kingdom
there are two events which
occupy the calendar. These
* The Evensong
Service at Westminster

Abbey on the

The Celebration of

In my last message I spoke about the
"Green Shoots of Nationalism" and left
in the minds of my many readers
several searching questions on which
to ponder.

As I write this message the
celebration of the 28th anniversary of
independence for the nation of
Antigua and Barbuda is just around
the corner. The celebrations will
begin on the 25th October at home
with the traditional National Church
Service at Spring Gardens Moravian
Church and culminate on the 2nd
November with the National Day
Parade at the Antigua Recreation
Ground, this to be followed by the
traditional Food Fair on
Independence Avenue.

Many of us will not be present at
these events, so how do we join in

30th October

The Antigua and
Barbuda National
Association 28th Anniversary
of Independence Church
Service at St. Matthias
Church, Wordsworth Road,
Stoke Newington

These are annual events in
London and yet many
Antiguans and Barbudans
living in this area never
bother to attend. Is it out of
lack of interest or lack of
awareness? I have asked
myself every time I notice the low
numbers of citizens and friends of
Antigua and Barbuda who take the
time to attend. The church should be
filled to capacity with the more of the
ten thousand citizens and well
wishers in the UK who love Antigua
and Barbuda. Are you doing your
own celebrations elsewhere alone or
with others? Do you sing our national
and patriotic songs so that our
younger generations will recognize
and remember them in time to come?
We would like to be a part of your
celebration of Nationhood if possible.
Please do let us know what you are
doing in your areas.

A few days ago I had an enlightened
discussion with a bright young
Antiguan and Barbudan. He
bemoaned the lack of National Pride
among the citizens of our country
who reside in this part of the world
and the apathy or apprehension in
getting together to identify as such.
He wondered what we can do to

change all this. He claimed that the
young people do not feel connected
with many of the events and even to
the homeland. This left me with a
very sad feeling. These are the
persons we expect to carry the torch
of our nation's pride and joy in the
future. We must change this situation.

I know that in more recent times we
have been forced to recoil from yet
another negative and damaging
headliner about our country. We
shudder when someone in passing
utterthat demeaning old phrase "only
in Antigua". It is time that we
dismantle these pedestals and build
new solid pillars on which we can
build the shining platform to celebrate
our resurging nationhood. Shed the
cloak of shame, acknowledge where
we have faltered and seek the firmer
ground of uprightness that God alone
can help us reach.

Let us and our leaders turn to him for
guidance and blessing at this
juncture in our history and let us yield
our will to his directions. We know
that he stands ready with open arms
to receive us. Let us therefore set
aside that which divides us and
march boldly as one nation under
God's tender protection to reposition
our Nation in the eyes of the World
and more so in proud minds of our
fellow citizens. Let us celebrate our
nationhood as one who has just been
rescued and has received the
forgiveness deserving of a new start -
a new life dedicated to service to
others and to country. Let the words
of our national anthem be our motto
and let us route out "fear, hate and
poverty" so that each endeavouring,
all will achieve in this nation of ours.
Then the theme of this year's
"Celebration of Nationhood" which is
"One Family ----Reviving Our National
Pride" will be brought to fruition now
and in the years ahead.

H.E. Dr Carl Roberts
High Commissioner

~nCi~ll~ ~nrl R~rkllrl~ Wi~lr C~mmicti~n

I(clla 13A -la~C/brC3nnO

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Seat/Oct 2009

Presentation at the
Twenty-Sixth Induction

8 11 September 2009

H.E. Dr. Carl B. Roberts

"The Commonwealth: Main Facts
and a Critical Viewpoint"

Ladies and Gentlemen, the
Commonwealth as we know it today
is celebrating its 60th anniversary.
However the initial concept of the
"Commonwealth of Nations" first
emerged in 1884 when Lord
Rosebury, a British politician, used
the phrase to describe the growing
family of "Dominions" during his visit
to Australia.

Formative Years

The formation of the modern
Commonwealth required perhaps a
different understanding of the
Commonwealth of Nations to that
which was first articulated by Lord
Rosebury. Though many of the early
members of this new group were
once dependents of Britain, this
unique association called for all
member countries to be "freely and
equally associated". This concept
was readily accepted by the
Commonwealth Prime Ministers
when they met in London in 1949 and
adopted as the "London Declaration".
That then was the beginnings of the
reconstituted Modern Commonwealth.

As the membership of the
Commonwealth continued to
increase, several countries joined
without any historical or
administrative association with the
British Empire. This required all
members to acknowledge the British
Monarch as Head of the
Commonwealth even though the
member state maybe a republic. With
the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II
in 1953, HRH was immediately
recognized and acknowledged its
Chief Patron or Head.

The modern Commonwealth is a
voluntary association of 53 countries
that support each other and work
together towards shared goals in
democracy and political and
economic development. The world's
largest, smallest, richest and poorest
countries make up the
Commonwealth which is home to two
billion citizens of all faiths and
ethnicities (about 30% of the world's
population) over half of whom are
25 or under. Member countries span
six continents and oceans from Africa
(18) to Asia (8), the Americas (2), the
Caribbean (12), Europe (3) and the
South Pacific (10).
Beyond the ties of history, language
and institutions, it is the association's
values which unite its members:
democracy, freedom, peace, the rule
of law and the importance of
providing an opportunity for all. These
values were agreed and set down by
all Commonwealth Heads of
Government at two of their biennial
meetings (known as CHOGMs) in
Singapore in 1971 and reaffirmed
twenty years later in Harare (1991).
At government level, the shared
values are protected by the
Commonwealth Ministerial Action
Group (CMAG), a rotating group of
nine Foreign Ministers, which
assesses the nature of any
infringement and recommends
measures for collective action from
member countries. It has the
authority to suspend or even
recommend to Heads of Government
that a member country be expelled.
When member countries have been
suspended the Commonwealth
continues to do everything possible to
bring them back into the fold. While
CMAG represents one aspect of the
Commonwealth's commitment to
democratic principles, many more
discreet interventions are made
through 'good offices' work, where
specially appointed representatives
conduct quiet diplomacy as part of
efforts to prevent or resolve conflicts
and build dialogue and democratic
As well as Heads of Government,
ministers responsible for education,
environment, civil society, finance,
foreign affairs, gender affairs, health
law, tourism and youth also meet

regularly. This ensures that
Commonwealth policies and
programmes represent views of the
members and gives governments a
better understanding of each other's
goals in an increasingly globalised
Constituent Parts
There are three intergovernmental
organizations in the association: the
Commonwealth Secretariat (which
executes plans agreed by
Commonwealth Heads of
Government through technical
assistance, advice and policy
development); the Commonwealth
Foundation (which helps civil society
organizations promote democracy,
development and cultural
understanding) and the
Commonwealth of Learning (which
encourages the development and
sharing of open learning and distance
education). Her Majesty Queen
Elizabeth II is still the Head of the
Commonwealth and His Excellency
Mr. Kamalesh Sharma, current
Secretary-General, is the principal
global advocate for the
Commonwealth and Chief Executive
of the Secretariat.
Citizen-to-citizen links are as
important to the Commonwealth as
the contacts between member
governments. Its worldwide network
of around 90 professional and
advocacy organizations, most of
which bear its name, continues to
grow with a third of these based
outside the UK. They work at local,
national, regional or international
levels and play crucial roles in policy,
political or social aspects of
Commonwealth life. One such
organisation is the Commonwealth
Games Federation, which manages
the four-yearly multi-sport event.
Commonwealth countries work
together in a spirit of co-operation,
partnership and understanding. This
openness and flexibility are integral to
the Commonwealth's effectiveness.
Emphasis on equality has helped it
play leading roles in decolonisation,
combating racism and advancing
sustainable development in poorer
This support network of countries and
organizations is involved in a diverse

Continue on page 8

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The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Seat/Oct 2009

Minister Lovell heads
delegation to
IMF/World Bank

Minister of Finance and the Economy, the
Honourable Harold Lovell, attended the
annual general meetings of the
International Monetary Fund and the
World Bank in Istanbul, Turkey from 4th to
7th October, 2009.

Among the issues discussed at the
meetings were poverty reduction and
economic management, and post-crisis
growth in developing countries.

The IMF/World Bank annual meetings
provide a forum for the 186-member
grouping, comprising both developing and
developed countries, to address social
and economic issues that affect their
populations. Also participating in these
meetings were various donor agencies
and private sector organizations that took
the opportunity to interact with delegations
from the various member countries.

The team held bilateral meetings with the
senior management of the IMF, including
the Deputy Managing Director, Mr. Murilo
Portugal and officials from the Western
Hemisphere Department.

Minister Lovell along with his Caribbean
counterparts also met the First Deputy
Managing Director of the International
Monetary Fund and President Robert
Zoellick of the World Bank.

The Antigua and Barbuda delegation
continued a full day of meetings on
Monday 5th October with the Caribbean
Country Director of the World Bank, Ms.
Yvonne Tsikata. During this meeting,
Minister Lovell and his delegation
discussed the areas in which the World
Bank may provide assistance to Antigua
and Barbuda as it seeks to respond to the

challenges of the global economic crisis.
Minister Lovell indicated that of particular
importance to Antigua and Barbuda would
be assistance in the area of public sector
transformation and social protection and
social safety nets. Ms. Tsikata pointed out
that it was critical to adjust to ensure
economic stability in order to encourage
investment inflows and growth. Both
parties agreed that while adjustment is
essential; there must be some mechanism
for providing the appropriate social
protection and economic stimulus. The
World Bank official said the International
Finance Corporation (IFC), one of the
Bank's member agencies, is working on
identifying ways to assist the tourism
sector in the Caribbean region.

Ms. Tsikata indicated that the World Bank
would be pleased to provide whatever
assistance it could to Antigua and
Barbuda. In this regard, she advised that
a team from the Bank would be visiting
Antigua and Barbuda during the week of
October 19th to commence discussions
on how that institution could help with
public sector transformation and social

On the afternoon of Monday 5th October,
Minister Lovell and his team attended the
annual meeting of the Canada, Ireland
and Caribbean Constituency. The focus
of discussions at this meeting was the
increased presence of the IFC in the
Caribbean region and the work being
done by the Corporation to finalize and
identify resources for the implementation
of a Caribbean Tourism Crisis Facility
(CTCF). The IFC has already approached
donors such as the European Union and
Canada to provide financial support for
this initiative and continues to seek
financial support in conjunction with the
Caribbean Development Bank. The
objective of the Facility will be to provide
investment and advisory support for
tourism properties. The CTCF is intended
to address the immediate challenges
caused by the global economic crisis by
providing resources to recapitalise and

The Honourable Harold Lovell
Minister of Finance and the Economy

restructure viable tourism properties. The
intent of this is to ensure the continued
operation of these properties and to avoid
further unemployment and possible
negative effects on the financial systems
in the region.

The CTCF will also address the
development and sustainability
challenges that face the tourism sector in
the Caribbean. The focus in this area will
be on increasing competitiveness in the
region, improving management and
marketing, enhancing training in the
sector, and strengthening small and
medium properties. A critical issue for the
sustainability of the sector is the degree to
which linkages can be made between
tourism and other sectors of the economy.
The CTCF will therefore focus on creating
and/or strengthening linkages between
tourism and other sectors such as
agriculture and local manufacturers.

Continue on page 9

48s thAntrgua Charter

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to 12th PDecember 2o00


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 136-Sas~/6c~ 2009

The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Sea t/Oct 2009

Association for Science
Technology And
Mathematics Education

Initiatives for Commonwealth Year of
Science and Technology

Scholarships for taught
Masters in CASTME subjects
for a member of the
2. CEY Project
3. Electronic newsletter
4. Yearbook
5. Generators for teachers

CASTME Scholarship

The CASTME Scholarship is an annual
award to study a Masters degree at the
University of Westminster in London

The scholarship is competitive and we
anticipate high numbers of applications.

The scholarship consists of payment of
Tuition fees at the University of
Westminster, accommodation, flights, visa
costs, an arrivals allowance, (for suitable
clothing) a book allowance and a living
allowance of 400 per month, consisting

of 250 cash and 150 food allowance, the University of
The value of this award is c. 25,000.

The successful candidate will need to
demonstrate how the skills and knowledge
they will gain from the course will further
CASTME's aims ( ) and
the millennium development
goals http://www.un.ori/millenniummoals/

In particular the candidates will need to
show how this award will enable them to
enhance the teaching of Science,
Technology or Mathematics in their home

Candidates must be nationals of a
developing commonwealth country.

The successful candidate will be required
to return home immediately on completion
of their degree. They will be expected to
be active members of CASTME in their
home country.

Further criteria for the award are,
academic excellence (candidates should
hold a minimum of an upper second class
honours degree, or equivalent) and
financial need. Your referee for the
application should be a person of standing
who is able to comment on your financial

All applicants for this award must first be
holding the offer of a place (conditional or
unconditional) on a Masters programme at


The deadline for applications to be
received is 1st July of the year in which
you wish to study.

The decision of the awarding panel is final
and no correspondence will be entered
into with unsuccessful candidates.

Attempts to lobby CASTME or the
University of Westminster will render your
application invalid.

CASTME Scholarship
established in Antigua and
Mauritius and the above one for
the whole Commonwealth.



The CEY project (CASTME Early Years is
an initiative developed by Dr (Lady) Sue
Dale Tunnicliffe, of CASTME, which is the
Commonwealth Association of Science
Technology and Mathematics Educators,
one of the affiliates of the Commonwealth
Foundation. It is one of the initiatives to
mark the Commonwealth Year of Science
and Technology 2010.


Fair 2009
The Commonwealth Countries
League (CCL) in Celebrating the
60th Anniversary of the
Commonwealth held the annual
Commonwealth Fair on Saturday
17th October 2009 at the
Kensington Town Hall in London.

Exotic Food from the
Commonwealth Antigua included,
handicrafts, music and dancing
was the order of the day.

The Antigua and Barbuda High
Commission, as usual, took part
with the assistance of the women
of the Antigua and Barbuda
Association who prepared tasty
Antiguan food.

Susie's Hot Sauce
was the main feature
of the day as Rosie
McMaster was on
hand at the stall to
help with the
promotion of her
product. We also
sold Antigua Rum,
sugar cakes, peanut
sugar cakes, fudge
and guava cheese,
among other things.

Mrs Pauline Roberts u.J
would like to thank
all those who Mrs Pauline Roberts, wife of High Commissioner
participated in the Dr Carl Roberts
fair including Mrs
Manners and her team, Mrs Molly helped to make the Antigua and
Richards and the Antiguans and Barbuda stall a success.
Barbudans who bought goods, all


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 136-Sast/6ct 2009

The Andouc and Rorbudo Hich Commission Issue 136 Seat/Oct 2009


1fime :Mlii.A ter Constituency Grap Itf Mi! Road Website: oetrSf-yrpi ('.wt.Uc
St, Jtohn 's ~rt igK
Tel4shprie #562-766

9' cpLernbcr, 2009

Re: Grays GrCJn Oulrea-:h Comm:riiit Center

To IwhliTI iLi av concern:

I Jnder the auspiocs of the HoNourable Prinim, Baldwin Spencer, thr Grfiay.s (wee
Outreacl Conunittoc rpresented by Senator ith H M~h. Auncrtc CGr ~nHMway is spearlicading a massive liad raising drive.

Thc obj ct ol ihis project is to raI is $80,()0.00 in order to prruhhwe a piece of land which
haIs lr-.Hdy heen identified as availaible aid su[rable for OUTr lpuri se to cci t a cornmuliLy
vccnler and library for the youLh in tie arca. We i n-zriil I. complete tlis Land ptrchwsi by
the end of this year.

It is in the spiril i'par'iodism and iirnmirnity-ininjdiJn.s:' tha we lhereby solicit your
assistant by y y of donation to help us raise the albov mentioned amount, We lake thiF
oppo-tlaliy to thank you for p lt u sistance and tTdliL illt L tyou will continue L1o help us in
4all our efotrt to upliif our community. ThI k 'IL in advance for your rerwerons

Seatolr The I Ion. llazlyn Muxin-Flrancis MBE.
Ms. Annette (ircaCaway
Tke 1 Ion, Baldwin Spmen-erj. Primc Minister

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 136-Sas~/6c~ 2009

The Andaua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Sea t/Oct 2009

Andrew Thomas

Esq Becomes

Justice of the

Peace (Magistrate)

Andrew Thomas Esq JP became a
Magistrate on Thursday 24
September 2009 at Snaresbrook
Crown Court. He was 'Sworn In' as a
Justice of the Peace for Redbridge
having been appointed by the Right
Honourable Lord High Chancellor of
Great Britain, Jack Straw MP.

Andrew has lived in Wanstead for 14
years. He is very happily married to
Dawn, also of Antiguan parentage for
19 years, who is the strength and
soul of the family. They have two
wonderful children Justin 22 and
Andrea 17. Andrew's parents David
and Keturah are from the villages of
Urlings and Bolans in Antigua.

Andrew was a firefighter for 18 years
at Homerton Fire Station in Hackney
where he learnt his trade enjoying
working and serving the community,
however as the children got older and
not as demanding he listened to his
wife's advice to follow his aspirations
to pursue his career as an officer

within the fire service.
Subsequently, after
much studying and
training courses he
rose to a Watch
Manager serving over
22 years. He is
currently on the
Command and
Control Unit at
Edmonton Fire Station.

As a Justice of the
Peace (Magistrate)
Andrew will be dealing
with many of the
crimes that affect our
Magistrates play a
very important part of
the judicial system
making decisions
which have a direct
impact on the
accused appearing in
court and by
extension their
families and victims of
the offences that they
have committed and

Andrew Thomas JP with Lord Radcliffe

the wider to find the accused guilty or not of the
alleged crime.

This is a very daunting prospect so
thankfully he will sit with two other
Justices of the Peace and together
they will decide in each case whether

As Justices of the Peace find an
offender to be guilty, (or if the
offender has already pleaded guilty),
they are also responsible for deciding
what sentence to impose. This can
be anything from a fine or community
order to a custodial sentence of up to
two years.
Andrew applied to become a Justice
of the Peace because he wanted to
be part of a system that administers
justice fairly and without impartiality
and which provides, what he think is
a great service to the community.
Also, Andrew feels as a person of
colour with an opportunity to be a
role model for people in the black
community. He may be able to make
a difference to the lives of young
people coming before the courts
before it is too late to prevent them
graduating into more serious crime.
It is also his vision to encourage
more people from minority groups to
become part of the magistracy where
we are still very much under-
(See page 18)

Andrew Thomas JP and family


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The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Seat/Oct 2009

Continued from page 3

range of work, from helping trade
negotiations, building the small
business sector and encouraging
women entrepreneurs to supporting
the quality and quantity of teachers,
and increasing an understanding of
As well as working with each other,
member countries and organizations
have also built alliances outside the
Commonwealth. Commonwealth
ideas have been taken up by the
World Bank on Small States, by the
World Health Organization on the
migration of doctors and nurses, by
the International Labour Organization
on the migration of teachers. Its
support and expertise have been
enlisted by the European Union (EU)
and the African Union on building
governance in Africa, and by the EU
and the Pacific Islands Forum on
building governance in the Pacific.
Description of Structure
The Commonwealth Secretariat is
headed by the Commonwealth
Secretary-General who is
appointed by Heads of Government
for a maximum of two four-year
terms. The two Deputy Secretaries-
General who serve for a maximum of
two three-year terms support the
Secretary-General in the
management and executive direction
of the Secretariat.
The Secretariat has 12 divisions and
units which carry out programmes of
work based on mandates set by
Commonwealth Heads of
Government at their biennial summit.
The responsibility for delivering these
programmes rests with specific
divisions and units. The Secretariat
currently employs around 275 full time
staff from around three quarters of its
53 member states.
The Commonwealth Foundation is
an intergovernmental organisation
headquartered in Marlborough House,
which is resource by and reports to
Commonwealth governments, and
also guided by Commonwealth values
and priorities. Its mandate is to
strengthen civil society in the
achievement of Commonwealth
priorities democracy and good
governance, respect for human rights
and gender equality, poverty
eradication and sustainable, people-

centred development, and to promote
arts and culture.
The Commonwealth Foundation was
established by Heads of
Governments in 1965 with
membership being open to all
members of the Commonwealth and
currently stands at 46 governments.
Associate Membership, which is open
to associated states or overseas
territories of member governments,
has been granted to Gibraltar. 2005
saw celebrations for the Foundation's
40th Anniversary.
The Commonwealth Fund for
Technical Co-operation (CFTC) was
established in 1971, and is the
principal means for providing
technical assistance to
Commonwealth countries. It is a
mutual and voluntary fund and
members contribute resources
according to their ability and draw
on them according to their needs.
We have all heard of the well accepted
statement that it takes money to make
things happen. Indeed it takes
contributions from each member state
to enable the Commonwealth
organizations to deliver on their plans
and objectives.

The Commonwealth
funding from three

derives its
sources of

There is the assessed scale
of contribution which
determines what a member
state contributes towards the
annual budget for the
Commonwealth Secretariat.
There are voluntary
donations to the
Commonwealth Fund for
Technical Co-operation.
Separate contributions to the
Commonwealth Foundation
and the Commonwealth
Youth Programme.

The assessed scale for contributions
to the Commonwealth Secretariat first
appeared in 1965. The scale was
revised in 1989 and at that time
several intermediate rates of
contribution (caps, ceiling and floor)
were introduced. These have made
the model very inflexible and distorted
and not easily adjusted to the current
member ranking in the UN rate of

contribution. The failure to adjust the
assessed rate of contribution since
1989 means that the assessed
contribution scale, no longer
appropriately reflects members'
economic ranking in today's world.

What I have just described above,
paints the picture of the
Commonwealth which anyone can
see through the various sources on
the internet, in printed publications
and government files. Unfortunately
the challenges facing us today are
putting pressure on the concept of
shared values and testing the
effectiveness of this unique institution.
Critics have now begun to question
the role of the Commonwealth and its
ability to respond to the varied global
challenges. Is the Commonwealth
really "unique" and perhaps better
suited to addressing some of the
world's challenges than other
organizations out there? Has it
outlived its usefulness? Is it trying to
do too much? Is it doing more that it
was originally conceived to do? Are
the member states still passionate
about the original values today as the
founders were back in 1949?

In response let me quote from the
review of the "Commonwealth roles in
Global Challenges":

"The Commonwealth
transcends races, cultures
and differing levels of
economic development, to
encompass member states
from every continent... That
flexibility has been continually
undervalued.... We should be
exploring ways in which it can
be revitalized. The
Commonwealth is unique. It
is time for a period of renewal
that makes it great as well" Sir
Malcolm Rifkind
"The challenge is to find a
global grouping that shares
values, instincts and
institutions. In this regards,
the Commonwealth is a
forgotten treasure".

As a member of the Commonwealth
since 1981, Antiguan and Barbudan
citizens looked to that organisation for
the fulfilment of a promise of free and
fair elections. We had heard of the
role that the organisation played
Continue on page 11


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

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The Andoua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Seat/Oct 2009

Continued from page 4
In addition to its efforts in relation to the
tourism sectors, the IFC will also seek to
increase the number of projects and
interventions in the Caribbean in areas
such as the financial sector and
infrastructure development. The IFC
representative informed participants that
the institution had provided about US$1.5

National child
protection policy for
Antigua and Barbuda
A consultancy team from the
Children's Legal Centre of London,
recently visited Antigua and Barbuda
to assist with a project that will see
the development of a National Child
Protection Policy for Antigua and
The Citizen Welfare Division (CWD)
within the Ministry of Social
Transformation, along with the
United Nations Children Fund
(UNICEF) spearheaded the initiative..
Chief Welfare Officer at the CWD
Faustina Jarvis said UNICEF is
providing technical and financial

billion in funding for more than 74
investment and technical assistance
projects in the Caribbean between 2000
and 2009. Among these projects is a
US$30 million Offshore Education
Financing project with the American
University of Antigua.
Minister Lovell views this initiative by the
IFC as timely and necessary, and

support for the project.
Whilst on the island the consultancy
team carried out a series of interviews
and obtained reports from key

anticipates that Antigua and Barbuda and
the rest of the region have an opportunity
to benefit from this facility and the
increased presence ofthe IFC in the region.
The other members of the delegation were
Financial Secretary, Whitfield Harris Jr.
and Policy Co-Coordinator, Rasona Davis.

The group also met the National
Child Protection Reform Committee
(CRC) which advocates for
systematic reform.
"The role of this multidisciplinary
committee (CRC) is to drive the
process of formulation, of a
comprehensive policy and legislation,
relative to child rights and protection,
which is guaranteed by the CRC."
Jarvis said.
The consultancy team also paid a
courtesy call on state officials
including Prime Minister Baldwin

Theme for this year's Independence:

"Antigua andBarbuda One FamiCy,
Reviving our National Pride"

ist November 2009

CeCebrating Antigua and



Anniversary of



The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah C9mmirrian

Irrua 136-Sas~/6c~ 2009

The Andoua and Roirbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Sea t/Oct 2009

PM Spencer Expresses Sadness on the Passing of
Sir Sydney Leopold Sylvanus Walling K.C.N., M.B.E., O.B.E., O.M.

Prime Minister of Antigua and
Barbuda the Hon. W. Baldwin
Spencer has expressed sadness at
the passing of Sir Sydney L. S.
Walling K.C.N., M.B.E.. O.B.E., O.M.,
at the age of 102.

Prime Minisler Spencer in a
statement noled Ihal Sir Sydney's
over fifty years in the field of cricket,
music and the public service
contributed greatly to the
development of spoils in Antigua and
Barbuda. "Sir Sydney stands out as
an exemplar of what the public
service can produce. He was a true
champion of his time and will always
be remembered as an honourable
man dedicated to service to his fellow
men and his country Antigua and

"Sir Sydney's work over the years has
positively shaped the lives of many
Antiguans and Barbudans. He will
always remain as an inspiration to
those who want to give service to their
country. To his family, please accept
my sympathies and that of my family
and be comfolred that Sir Sydney
lived a full and noble life touching the

lives of many in a positive manner.
He will be missed dearly.

Fuirher, upon the Prime Minister's
recommendation the Cabinet of
Antigua and Barbuda has accorded
Sir Sydney an Official Funeral in
honour of his contributions to Anligua
and Barbuda.

Over the past years, the Government
of Antigua and Barbuda has
honoured Sir Sydney by awarding
him a knighthood, the naming of a
prominent road in our country to his
honour and the establishment of a
stand al the Anligua Recrealion
Ground (ARG) (the West Indies
Crickel Board Sland) all attributed to
his invaluable contribution to the

Dollar Barrel Season Is Here
Despite the country's economic woes, the annual relief of the importation of a barrel worth
of goods for $1 will be continued.

News from the Ministry of Finance indicate that the Dollar Barrel Initiative, now in its sixth
year, will run as usual, from November 15 to the end of the year.

Meantime, Port Manager Agatha Dublin said arrangements for the anticipated influx of
barrels is the same as in previous years.

An information board will be placed outside the gate, indicating which vessels will be
off-loading on relevant days.

This, Dublin said, is to avoid long queues.

Similarly to last year, as well, senior citizens, 60 years and over, will get a "fast pass." Two
pieces of government- issued identification are required to enter the facility.

However, in response to heightened security measures, several new protocols will be in
place, the port manager said.

"If persons are in possession of high visibility clothing, it is recommended that these be
worn when visiting the port."

Additionally, users of the facility are being reminded that certain dangerous goods, to
include guns and knives, are not permitted and "we have enforced random security
inspection at the gate for persons entering the facility."

"We encourage everyone to read the port's publication, How to Clear Your Goods posted at
Gates 1 and 2," Dublin said.
By Observer News

The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

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The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 6 Seat/Oct 2009

Continue from page 8

in monitoring elections around the
world and yearned for similar efforts in
our country. To us the Commonwealth
represented the best grouping of
states of like minded citizens for
countries within the G8, the G77,
developed and developing states,
from among the rich and poorest and
hence an institution to which we felt
somewhat more comfortable to which
to turn in our time of need.

We therefore looked to the
Commonwealth to stand out and
speak up for small and vulnerable
states in this world of new economic
liberalisation based on supposed
market forces in which the voices of
the underprivileged seems so easily
ignored. We also hoped that it would
use its unique composition to prevent
the diminished opportunities for
meaningful participation for LDC's
and SIDS's in international trade so
that we all can become less
dependent on handouts and aid.

In the area of good governance, we
see the Commonwealth, not as a
supranational police organisation but
as a "Older and more experienced
Brother" in the family providing
appropriate guidance without
trampling on the indigenous rights of
the local people, helping to increase
the involvement of civil society in the
development and growth of our
country, helping us to build the
necessary capacity to sustain the
development so that eventually we
would be able to stand on our own two

Ms. Chalene Roberts
completes Post-graduate
diploma with First Class

Congralulalions are in order for Ms
Chalene Robeds, daughter of Ihe
High Commissioner of Anligua and
Barbuda H.E. Dr. Carl Robeds and
his wife Mrs. Pauline Robeds, for
completing a Posl-graduale diploma
in Accounting with First Class
Honours from the Dublin Institute of
Technology in the Republic of Ireland.
Ms. Roberts has also commenced
employment as an Associate within
the Asset Management department of

feet, helping us to draft the right laws
and regulations to better sustain the
rights of our people and the
involvement of all citizens irrespective
of colour, gender or religion.

In this we are reminded of three
clauses in the documentation of the
Commonwealth. When I repeat them,
you may be able to call them to mind:

"The special strength of the
Commonwealth lies in the
combination of the diversity of its
members with their shared
inheritance in language, culture
and the rule of law".

"We Pledge the Commonwealth and
our countries to work with renewed
vigour, concentrating especially
A stable international economic
framework within which growth
can be achieved'.
Both of these you would, I dare say,
recognize as coming from the Harare
Declaration 1995.

The third:
"We fully commit ourselves to an
effective, equitable, rules-based
multilateral trading system,
developed under the auspices of
the World Trade Organisation, to
support pro-poor development and

Yes, the Commonwealth is unique
and the world requires models like this
organisation to increase "human
happiness and decrease human
misery". Stakeholders within the
Commonwealth family extend down to
the grassroots and the active
involvement of Civil Society
Organizations enable solutions that
spring from shared basic principles
and problem-specific strategies of
"ground-level directness and

To many of the smaller nations of the
world, the Commonwealth is still a
valuable organisation. An organ that
amplifies our whisper into the vibrant
shout that seems to be needed in this
world to gain the necessary attention.
The Commonwealth therefore still has
tremendous influence which can be
drawn on in many areas. It needs
proper funding and more focus. But
that is a subject of another talk.

We are therefore calling on the
Commonwealth to remove any
residual vestiges of colonial
association and stand up as a proud
modern organisation looking to
advance the development of a family
of growing states in this rapidly
changing world. Our voice can be as
strong as the combined voices of the
entire family. Let us shout so that we
may be all heard.

Thank you.

This came from the Abuja H.E Dr Carl B. Roberts
Communique, December 2003. High Commissioner

Price Walerhouse Coopers. Ihe
largest inlernalional professional
services firm, and will continue to
pursue Ihe ACA accounting
qualification wilh Ihe Inslilule of
Chadered Accounlants in Ireland. "II
is an exciting lime for me, having
slalled work only a week ago and wilh
my graduation being on my 261h
biihday. II makes for a wonderful
biihday present. Bul I could nol have
done it alone, so I just wanl to lake
Ihis opportunily to say Ihank you to
my parents, brothers, friends and
family for all the support they've given
me during the journey to my chosen

Ivis. unalene KoDeris


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 136-Sast/6ct 2009

The Andaua and Roirlbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Seat/Oct 2009

Susie's Hot Sauce on
show in Puerto Rico
Antigua's hot sauce maven, Rosie
McMaster represented at the recent
Expo Caguas in Puerto Rico, which ran
from September 30 to October 2. This
came on the heels of her September
showing at the Hot and Spicy Food
Festival in Toronto.
McMaster, who recently made the
Queen's Birthday Honours list, reported,
"I presented our sauce to the Honourable
Dr Denzil Douglas, Prime Minister of St
Kitts-Nevis ... as well as the Deputy
Mayor of Caguas, Puerto Rico. I will
continue my journey with the help of my
heavenly father."
Caguas, according to its website,
typically attracts in excess of 100
exhibitors from Puerto Rico, South and

Central America, and the
Caribbean. It's an opportunity to
promote trade between the
regions mentioned. The
programme of conferences,
workshops, and all-day
exhibitions was held at the
Caguas Fine Arts Centre in
Puerto Rico.
Dr Douglas was there, according
to the schedule, as the keynote
speaker at the opening night
dinner, his presentation followed
a presentation near the end of Dr D
the day on business Kitts/N
opportunities in the Eastern
Caribbean. Other sessions
looked at telecommunications, green
technologies, and challenges and
opportunities in the construction industry.
Susie's, representing Antigua at this
event, is the country's premier hot sauce.

enzil Douglas, Prime Minister of St
tvis receives Susies Pepper Sauce from
Mrs Rosie McMaster

The soon to be 50-year-old award
winning brand started by McMaster's
mom, Susannah Tonge, includes a
range of products from the President
Obama edition to Burning Desire.

Mrs Rosie McMaster was recently in
London, England to receive her MBE
from Her Majesty The Queen. During
her brief stay she attended the
Commonwealth Fair on Saturday 17th
October where Susie's Hot Sauce was
on display. Justin Thomas, a recent
addition to the staff of the High
Commission interviewed her for a
short history of the persons behind
Susie's Hot sauce:-

Mrs Susannah R Tonge
Sunrise May 21st 1917
Sunset December 1st 1990
Upper North Street, St Johns,

As a child, Susannah Samuel attended
Sweetes Primary School (Cana) and
then proceeded to become a teacher at
Sweetes Public School. After leaving the
teaching profession, Susannah trained
and became a nurse.

Taking her skills with her, Susannah then
opened her own boarding house at her
home. The boarding house was for
students of her friends but mainly for the
Royal Antigua and Barbuda police force
personnel. At times Susie's boarding
house would have police officers from
neighboring island visit, but no matter
how near or far her visitors came from,
she was referred to as Aunt Susie.

Susie provided 3 meals per day for a fee
of 270EC$ per month; a bargain
compared to 10EC$ per meal elsewhere.

1. What was it like as a child
growing up in a house of
Seeing my mother doing multiple
activities was stimulating. Sometimes
there were 30 people eating at once,
early mornings and late nights, always
delivered with the highest standards.
However, my mother never complained
about tiredness. Watching my mother
work made me want to become a
professional, efficient achiever that could
be responsible and independent from an
early age. She stressed a deliverance of
a joyful service which included qualities
of efficiency, honesty and courtesy, and
to smile naturally from the heart.
2. Were your parents keen on
Yes, I spent most of my school days on
the gallery in the books without parties
and picnics. I was alone! My mother was
very strict and made sure I read my Bible,
which later helped me dramatically in my
life. Because my mother was a teacher,
she made it imperative that I was well
educated and I do believe it led to me
writing good poetry and being successful.
3. What was the inspiration behind
the sauce?
My mother was the main provider for the
family and had to work hard. She had a
thirst to excel even though the boarding
house was doing well. She told me that it
was whilst she was rolling flour in the
back yard that she asked God how to
make extra money to ease her financial
situation. In response she heard a voice
telling her to make pepper sauce.
4. Why is the sauce called Susie's?

The pepper sauce is named after
Susannah Tonge, my mother.
The first bottle was made from her
kitchen in the summer of 1960.
5. Was it your choice to continue
the name
Not originally. When I was young I
wanted to become a lawyer, but my
mother deterred me when she said
"lawyers pickney nuh come out good!"
This saying stuck with me and so I went
into the travel industry after I graduated
from school in 1965. My first job was at
Bryson's Travel Agency until 1971,
where I took a break and then returned in
1974 until 1982.
Due to the fire in our house in 1972, my
mother went to America to work. I was
required to keep the Hot Sauce going
until she returned in 1978.
6. Have you always been a fan of
From as far back as I can remember I
was around pepper. My mother is
responsible for my tolerance to pepper
as she would always ask me to taste her
food to see if it tasted good. This led to
me acquiring a taste for pepper and I
soon got used to the heat.
7. How did you become national
and then global?
When we first started in 1960, the most
popular pepper sauce in Antigua was
Moore's. But shortly after our
introduction, Susie's became a favourite
and took over Mr Moore's market share.
Tourists come to Antigua and take
Susie's Pepper Sauce back with them to
their countries. Soon after their supply is
finished they will write to us asking for
more. Countries include Italy, India,

Continue on page 17


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The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Seat/Oct 2009

AOSIS Leaders declare
'Island survival' the
benchmark for a new
climate deal

Leaders of the world's island
states have demanded that the
new post-2012 international
climate agreement guarantee their
countries' livelihood and survival
by ensuring that global warming be
kept well below 1.5 degrees
Celsius (oC).

In a Declaration adopted on 21
September 2009 in New York at
the 'Alliance of Small Island States
(AOSIS) Summit on Climate
Change', leaders and ministers of
the 42-member negotiating group
expressed grave concern that
climate poses the most serious
threat to our survival and viability,
and disappointment at the current
slow pace and lack of resolve in
international climate talks.

AOSIS Leaders heard that current
targets from industrialized
countries add up to emission cuts
of only 11 to 18 per cent below
1990 levels by 2020, which would
put the world on a path to 30C or
more in temperature rise. Current
targets are about one third of the
45% cuts by 2020 required to keep
global warming and associated
losses and damage already
estimated at $125 billion annually -
under control.

Recent science indicates that 3C
of warming will result in substantial
loss of the Greenland and West
Antarctic ice sheets, resulting in
one or even two metres of sea-
level rise by the end of the century.
The UN's High Commissioner for
Refugees has already warned that
some particularly low-lying island
states are 'very likely to become
entirely uninhabitable'.
Prime Minister Tillman Thomas of
Grenada, the Caribbean island
state which currently holds the

AOSIS Chairmanship, called the
current targets "unacceptable",
adding that no state or group of
states has the right to condemn
another to the tragedy of

"Our people are already suffering
devastating impacts and losses at
the current 0.8 degrees Celsius
(C) of warming coastal erosion,
coral bleaching, salty drinking
water, flooding, and more intense
cyclones and hurricanes," said
President Nasheed of the
Maldives. "Should we, leaders of
the most vulnerable and exposed
countries, be asking our people to
sign onto significantly greater
degrees of misery and livelihood
insecurity, essentially becoming
climate change guinea pigs? The
limit must be 1.50C to stay alive!"

Today's 'AOSIS Declaration on
Climate Change' calls on the
international community to ensure
that the Copenhagen climate
agreement peak global emissions
by 2015, with a subsequent fall to
85 per cent below 1990 levels by

The AOSIS 1.50C target and
associated goal of stabilising
atmospheric greenhouse gas
concentrations at 350 parts per
million is supported by the Group
of Least Developed Countries
(LDCs), a total of about 80
countries that represent more than
40% of the U.N. membership. The
targets are below the 20C and
450ppm promoted by many
industrialized countries and some
developing countries, which are
based on now-outdated science.
Recent economic studies show the
tighter targets are feasible,
requiring investments of less than
2% of global GDP by 2010. Tighter
targets would also send a positive
carbon price signal to the markets
to drive the development of clean
energy technologies needed for

the transition

to low-carbon

Speaking at a press conference
following adoption of the
Declaration, Prime Minister
Marcus Stephens of Nauru took a
swipe at recent suggestions that
talks on a new post-climate deal
should be allowed to drag into next
year. "Seventeen years after
signing the Framework
Convention on Climate Change,
we are still waiting for emissions to
peak. We cannot allow domestic
politics and self-interest to delay
what we already know to be
essential. Further delayed action
will escalate the cost of adaptation
well beyond our economic
capacity", said Prime Minister

AOSIS leaders also stressed that
the provision of finance for
adaptation by small island states
and other vulnerable countries
'must be an urgent and immediate
global priority', and that the new
global deal must include a
comprehensive insurance facility
to address the now-inevitable loss
and damage to fall on vulnerable
countries as a result of climate.
"Climate change is already
delivering damage not of our
making. Our countries need
adaptation funding urgently not
in 2020, not in 2030, but now", said
President Nasheed.

"The Secretary-General's Climate
Change Summit tomorrow is a
unique opportunity to up the tempo
and head towards Copenhagen
with a true sense of urgency and
purpose," said Prime Minister
Thomas of Grenada. "World
leaders must mandate their
negotiators to deliver a deal in
December, full of the ambition and
scale of commitment necessary to
address the challenge of our


Tha Anb'aucr crnJ BcrrbuJcr Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 136-Sas~/6c~ 2009

The Andaua and Roirlbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 5 Seat/Oct 2009


Fellow Antiguans and Barbudans;
Residents and Visitors:

I greet you with warm wishes as we
celebrate the 28th Anniversary of Antigua
and Barbuda's Independence.

I also greet you in the name of the One
who showers us daily with His Blessings
and gives us strength, enriches us with
faith and empowers us with loyalty.

Today we must give thanks to our Creator
for his faithful love and His wonderful
deeds to Antigua and Barbuda.

It is my hope that today, everyday and
always, that as a nation we remember to
sing songs of Thanksgiving to our God for
His Grace and Mercy.

Our celebration of Independence gives
us the opportunity to reflect on our history
as a people. To reflect on where we have
come from as a nation and the struggles
of those who have gone on before us,
with their work paving the way for us to
aspire and achieve great things as a
people and as a nation.

Today we acknowledge with gratitude
those who are being honoured this
Independence for their outstanding
contributions to the building of this nation
of Antigua and Barbuda. On behalf of the
Government and people of this great
country, I congratulate all of our
honourees and wish God's continued
blessing on each one.

As we celebrate under the theme,
"Antigua and Barbuda One Family
Reviving our National Pride," let us all
realize that national pride is not a mere
emotion; it is a call to action; a call to
national service. Like faith, a profession
of national pride which is not
accompanied by tangible action is dead -
it is nothing more than platitude and
rhetoric. May the shining examples set
by the honourees past and present
motivate all of us to strive to be better
citizens and true patriots.

My Fellow Antiguans and Barbudans;
Residents and Friends of Antigua and

As we celebrate our nation's 28th
Anniversary of Political Independence,
our nation is being tested by the worst

economic crisis since the Great
Depression. In the face of these
unprecedented challenges, the words of
our national anthem ring true. It is indeed
imperative that we all gird our loins and
join the battle.

Steering the ship of state through these
turbulent waters is not for the faint of
heart; all hands are required on deck;
there is no room for spectators. In fact, I
challenge all citizens and residents to
take to heart the words of author John
Renesch who boldly stated
"Democracy is a team sport; it is not
like going to a ballgame where you sit
passively and decide if you like the
players and evaluate their abilities
after watching the game. We are the
players, we are the team, in a
democratic nation or a democratic

You might hasten to state that these
problems are the responsibility of your
government to solve. Indeed, you have
elected us to serve and to take
responsibility for the stewardship of this
blessed country. However, each and
every Antiguan and Barbudan and all
those who have chosen to call this land
their home whether on a permanent or
temporary basis must join forces to
address the challenges that come in the
form of this global economic crisis that
has thrust itself upon our pristine shores
and is threatening to reek untold damage
on our economy if we do not act and act

Citizens and Residents:

One of the quintessential elements of
independence is the willingness and
ability to make difficult decisions provided
that such decisions are in the best
interests of the country. As a responsible
and independent government, having
fully assessed the challenges presented
by the global economic crisis and the
debt burden and having engaged in
widespread consultations, we have
decided to present a fiscal consolidation
programme to the IMF in an effort to
secure technical and financial assistance
in implementing the policies and
measures identified in our National
Economic and Social Transformation

I wish to say to you the citizens and
residents of this nation, that the
programme we will embark upon with the

assistance of the IMF is not an IMF
dictated programme. It is our programme.
It is a programme conceptualized by an
independent and responsible Antigua
and Barbuda.

A few weeks ago, IMF representatives
visited Antigua and we have agreed in
principle on the parameters of the Fiscal
Consolidation Programme, however
there is still the need for some fine-tuning
so that the targets presented by the
government and endorsed by the Fund
are manageable and attainable. The IMF
will therefore return shortly to conclude

As we move forward as a nation, we will
encounter many challenges. That is an
inevitable element in any process of
growth and development. As parents we
have seen our children struggle to
overcome increasingly difficult
challenges. However, we know that we
cannot and should not shield them
from these challenges. We know that in
overcoming life's challenges, they grow
stronger; they become more
independent. The growth of our nation is
no different. Therefore, as your Chief
Servant, I call on each and every citizen
and resident to renew your commitment
to this fair land; to renew your national
pride; to renew your commitment to
becoming a part of the solution.

Citizens and Residents, Brothers and

Prepare yourself to answer the call to
action! Your government will present in
further detail the contents of the country's
Fiscal Consolidation Programme during
the new parliamentary session on
November 30th when the Budget Speech
will be presented.

Our nation has survived serious crises
and we have overcome momentous
challenges. Whatever the challenges
ahead, we shall overcome. Your
government is fully prepared to face the
challenges. We face them with a positive
outlook and with the determination to
overcome them. If we work as a family -
it can be achieved.

My Fellow Antiguans and Barbudans;
Residents and Friends of Antigua and

Of recent times, Antigua and Barbuda

Continue on page 15


Tha Anb'aua crnJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 135-Sas~/6c~ 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufluoust 2009

Minister Lovell attends the
African Banker Awards
held in Istanbul, Turkey

Honourable Minister of Finance,
Harold Lovell attended the African
Banker awards ceremony and gala
dinner at the swanky Four Seasons
Hotel on the Bosporus in Istanbul, on
6th October.

Minister Lovell and delegation were
invited by Lorraine Samuel, an
Antiguan national resident in the UK
who is the Senior Client Services
Manager with BusinessinAfrica
Events, the founding partners and

Lorraine presenting the award for Best
Investment Banker Best Private Equity
Fund to Citadel

organizers of the awards
with I C Events.
Africa's top bankers,
Ministers of Finance,
Governors of Central
Banks and Industry
leaders came together on
the final evening of the
IMF/WB meetings to
recognize and celebrate
the continent's successes
in banking Bankers from
Nigeria, Morocco, Kenya,
Angola, South Africa, Togo,
Ghana, Mali and Chad,
representing North, South,
East, West and Central
Africa, were amongst the
nominees of this



Banker Awards Minister Ha
making this truly a
gathering of champions.

Keynote speeches at the
awards were delivered by Oby
Ezekwesili: Vice President,
World Bank Africa Region, Dr
Ngozi Okonjo-lweala, MD,
World Bank and Tim Turner,
Director: Private Sector, African
Development Bank.

Dr Youssef Boutros-Ghali of
Egypt was awarded Best
Finance Minister of the year.

Lorraine, who served as a
banker for 16 years with

rold Lovell chats with Lorraine Samuel
at the Awards Dinner

Barclays Bank in Antigua and London,
presented the award for Best
Investment Bank, Best Private Equity
fund to Citadel.
Lorraine then arranged for Minister
Lovell to be interviewed by Reuters,
who were onsite as media partners for
the Awards.

In addition to the African Banker
Awards and attending the IMF/WB
meetings, whilst in Istanbul,
BusinessinAfrica Events and IC
Publications launched the African
Development Banks Global Trade
Liquidity Program's First transaction
with Standard Bank, South Africa.

Continued from page 14

has been gripped by a spate of unsolved
crimes. With these developments and
with security being uppermost in our
minds, your Government will redouble its
efforts to strengthen law enforcement and
enhance security in our state.

The law officials in partnership with the
Antigua and Barbuda Defence Force will
step up the frequency and intensity of
street patrols, stop and search and the
removal of illegal tint from motor vehicles.

I wish to commend those officers who are
working diligently to ensure that there is a
reduction in crime in our state. I urge all
officers to go the extra mile in their call of

My government at the same time
recognizes that we, the members of the

various communities, can do much more
in addressing this unwelcome
development. We call on citizens and
residents to become our brother's keeper;
to recreate the community spirit which
was a feature of village life in decades
gone by. Look out for your neighbour and
report to the authorities each and every
unusual occurrence within your
communities. If we work as one, we will
certainly record a marked decrease in the
incidence of crime.

My Fellow Antiguans and Barbudans;
Residents and Friends of Antigua and

Our celebration of Independence is
equally twinned with securing a bright
future for our nation's young people.
Your government, now more than ever,
remains committed to the welfare of every
child in this nation. It is my government's

intention to remain focused in ensuring
that all citizens of this nation have access
to the necessary educational
opportunities to enable them to realize
their full potential and to become
functional and contributing members of

The quality of the education that is
obtained and each student's commitment
to diligently pursue such opportunities will
determine the measure of their
contribution and ultimately, the amount of
economic development that will take
place in this country.

We also remain committed to ensuring
that the Early Childhood sector is fully
developed. Much time and effort are
spent in ensuring that the education
received by our children is one of quality.
With the assistance of UNICEF Antigua
and Barbuda has been able to publish our

Continue on page 16

The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua I35-Julu/Auaurt 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Seat/Oct 2009

Promoting women's

roles in the sciences

Promoting women's role in the
sciences cannot be separated from
the global challenges of increasing
access to education and gender

This was the argument advanced by
the Secretariat's Social
Transformation Programmes Division
(STPD) Director, Dr Caroline
Pontefract, as she addressed science
experts on the theme 'Addressing the
challenges: a global gender
perspective on the role of education in
science' at the Institute of Physics
(loP) on September 22.

Speaking at the third Elizabeth
Johnson Memorial lecture, Dr
Pontefract highlighted that science is
about everyone and the world they
live in and should be a tool for
empowering individuals and nations.
In today's global climate, education
and the equal participation of women
and men in the sciences are key to
achieving equitable, socio-economic

Dr Pontefract stressed some of the
major issues affecting female
participation in the sciences and
education across the Commonwealth
including: socio-cultural attitudes,
access to schools, poverty,
government policies and financial

She was joined by University of
London Institute of Education Science
Education tutor and Trustee of the

Continued from page 15

been granted this privilege.

Already, the Antigua State College
delivers courses for the 1st and 2nd year
Bachelor degree programme for the
University of the West Indies. Efforts can
be made to have the final year courses
taught here. Even if the University of the
West Indies remains the degree granting
institution, citizens of Antigua and
Barbuda will be able to remain at home
and earn a degree. The same can be
done for the degree in Nursing.

Commonwealth Association for
Science, Technology and Maths
Educators (CASTME), Dr Sue Dale
Tunnicliffe (The Lady Tunnicliffe), who
advocated early year and lifelong
learning and everyday science.

The Lady Tunnicliffe shared positive
initiatives from across Commonwealth
countries on engaging communities,
in particular women, with science:
from empowering mothers to teach

biological and features of this such
as rocks, plans, water courses may
be observed. Additionally the culture
and particular uses of science and
technology by the community with
whom eh children live are evident and

Lady Tunnicliffe talked about Holy
Trinity School Barbuda as an example
of how teachers use what the children
see everyday to open up their

pre-school children about science, to learning about science ad technology.

how science can provide solutions in
everyday life such as filtering water
using saris.

She told the audience that the starting
point for the learning of science and
engineering is at this early age and
occurs in the immediate environment
of the child with the people with whom
s/he spend their time. These places
are where they live and the immediate
environment outside. In these
locations children witness everyday
activities such as cooking, cleaning,
washing, various activities with
materials such as textiles, wood, clay,
as well as identifying and being
involved with basic life processes
such as moving, breaching, eating
excreting and the human activities
associated with the life processes and
beyond. Children are immersed in
their environment, built, human
constructed or natural such as their
village or neighboring biological
phenomena which all; contain various
amounts of technology and bio-
diversity from a simple cooking vessel
being used on an open fire to mobile
phones; from natural vegetation to
manicured garden. Moreover, the
natural environment is of comprised
from physical, geological and

Efforts such as these are what make a
country and its people great. It gives us
reason to be proud to be an Antiguan and

My Fellow Antiguans and Barbudans;
Residents and Friends of Antigua and

Our relationship with the outside world
must be one that will be of benefit to our
nation's development.

With this in mind, my government's foreign
policy has always been and will continue
to be about meeting long-term challenges
and dealing with the unexpected.

The Elizabeth Johnson Memorial
lecture is held every two years in
honour of Betty Johnson (1936- 2003),
the highly respected physicist who
worked to encourage women into
science. She was instrumental in
establishing the Daphne Jackson
Trust in 1992, which implements a
fellowship scheme for women who
want to return to a career in science
or engineering.

Participants at the lecture included
the sister of Elizabeth Johnson, Ruth
Adatia, members of the loP and the
Institute of Education, representatives
from Commonwealth Associations,
academia and organizations
promoting women in science and the
High Commissioners from Antigua
and Barbuda.

STPD leads and implements the
Secretariat's Human Development
agenda, working with governments
and other stakeholders to address
issues and challenges in education
and health for a world where women
and men are equal partners, with
equal opportunities and equality of

This is particularly true at this time when
the international community is faced with
various crises, growing insecurity and
tangible threats at the global level,
thereby putting my government's foreign
policy to a very severe test.

Ever mindful that this generation of
Antiguans and Barbudans is living through
the fastest ever period of change in our
twin-island history, my government has
sought to ensure that the consistent
objective of our foreign policy was and
remains better lives and livelihoods for our
people and rapid and inclusive economic
development of the nation.

Continue on page 20



Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 136-Sas~/6c~ 2009

The Alndaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Seat/Oct 2009

Continued from page 12

Japan, and Australia, Switzerland, to
name a few.
8. How many different varieties
are there?
We have 5 spicy flavours and 5 fruity
flavours in our collection. We also have
Pepper Jellies which are spicy sweets
made from the islands fruits and a new
Herring Relish.
9. Which is your favourite of the
They are all fantastic, but if I have to

Antigua and Barbuda's stall at the
Commonwealth Fair

choose one, it has to be the original.
Another favourite is The Calypso, which
was the first Pepper Sauce that was
made after my mother passed.
10. What new products are in the
My smoked herring, which will be
marketed in a conservative way. We also
have juices, cakes, and other sauces
expected to reach the market soon, but I


think the Salsa will be the next
thing to take large popularity.
11. What should we look::
out for?
We have recently had .3
business plan drawn Lup t,:,
construct a Susie's Comple.
We want it to have a Pepper
Park that will resemb-e .a
tropical garden, a deli, gif. sn:op
and villas. The complex will also
be the location where the
manufacturing will take place.
Tours will be available in and
around both the complex and
my home. We are also trying Mrs Ros
to launch Susie's Pepper Skin, Roberts
which is our clothing design. Rot
12. You have done well
enough for your activities to be
honoured by the queen. How
did you feel when you heard of
Well you have to recommended by
someone in your home country so that
you can be put forward for an award.
Governor General Dame Louise Tack
highlighted what I had done and called
me to see if I wanted to be put forward.
I was delighted and overwhelmed.

I am a motivational speaker to help
children in school before they leave,
teaching them to help the elderly so that
they have help when they are older
themselves. I launched the Obama
Sauce in respect to him and his
achievements of becoming president.
These are some of the things that led to
my recognition.
13. How do you feel about the
honour you are receiving?
I have won many awards in my career for
tourism, but Susie's has given me
international recognition. I receive this
honour in my mothers name and only
wish she could be here to see it, but
deep down I believe she will be watching
in spirit. The night before I came to
England I went to my mothers grave to
tell her about the award I was going to
stakeholder consultation that enough
was not being done to trim government

Minister of Finance, the Economy and Minister Lovell explained that the
Public Administration, the Honourable administration was working within a

Harold Lovell, has assured
stakeholders in the tourism industry
that while the results might not be
visible to the onlooker, the government
has in fact already reduced expenditure
by 19 percent.

The minister was responding to
concerns expressed at today's

three year timeframe during which
public sector reform, including
rationalisation of ministries, would be

The mainly tour operators and airline
representatives attending the meeting
were also perturbed about the low
levels of ABST compliance and the

;ie McMaster (right)with Mrs Pauline
,wife of High Commissioner Dr Carl
berts at the Commonwealth Fair

receive, and that Susie's was
representing Antigua and Barbuda.
14. As a successful entrepreneur,
what do you think was your key
I love my country and want to see good
15. What is your message to young
Antiguans for future?
Go out for excellence.
Live your dreams, aim beyond the skies
and achieve good goals.
Live a good life and good will always
come back to you.
16. Is there anybody or any
company that you would like to
work with in the future?
I cannot think of a particular company,
but I wish to make alliances with partners
and investors to take Susie's to the next
level and supply the world. I hate to see
poverty and believe that I would be able
to provide employment and become an
angel of light.
17. Who has been your role model
and what is your inspiration?
My mother. She had many sayings when
I grew up but one that I live by up to this
present day is "the world owes every
man a living".

government's apparent unwillingness
to prosecute those who collected the
ABST and failed to pay the revenues
over to the Inland Revenue Department.

They also expressed concern that many
businesses are operating in Antigua
and Barbuda and are not captured in
the tax net. Minister Lovell advised the
participants that revenue reform
measures, including the option of
prosecuting offenders who withhold
ABST revenue, would be implemented
under the Fiscal Consolidation


'260 Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 136 Sa6t/6ct 2009

The Andaua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Seat/Oct 2009

New Deputy


Ms. Tracy Samuel has been
appointed as the new Deputy
Registrar of the High Court of Justice
which falls underthe Ministry of Legal
Affairs. Samuel's tenure became
effective on 01st September, 2009.

Ms. Samuel, who is of Antiguan
parentage, was born in England but
grew up in Antigua. She attended the
Foundation Mixed School (1974-
1981), the Antigua Girls High School
(1982-1987), and the Antigua State
College (1987-1989).

Upon her completion of studies
locally, Ms. Samuel attended the UWI
Mona Campus (Jamaica) from 1989-
1992 where she obtained the degree
of BA in Library Studies. From Cave
Hill Campus (Barbados) she obtained
a BA in Law after completing studies
from 1996-1999, then spent two

years at Norman Manley Law
School from 1999-2001,
completing those studies with a
Certificate in Legal Education.

Ms. Samuel obtained a Masters in
LLM Venture Capital (2003-2005).
She was also admitted to the Role
of Solicitors in the UK Law Society

Ms. Samuel was admitted to the
Bar in Antigua in November, 2007.

Ms. Samuel's duties will include
supervising the Registry in
absence of the Registrar and any
other related duties assigned by
the Registrar from time to time;
process probates, letters of
administration, small estates,
unrepresented estates; the
supervision of births, deaths and
marriages (including amendments,
places of public worship, trade unions,
newspapers, marriage officers,
medical practitioners); and assisting

Ms. Tracy Samuel
Deputy Registrar

the Registrar in managing the
operations of the Division of the High
Court of Justice.

Changing Peoples'

Simon Woolley of Operation Black Vote
(OBV) is delighted to hear about a
graduate from the magistrates scheme,
Andrew Thomas making it to the bench

"I've said this before and no doubt I'll say
it again; sometimes fighting for race
equality can, at times, seem like a
thankless task.

And then, when you least expect it, you
get fantastically surprised. Take this
morning. I'm taking my son to school.
It's his first few weeks at 'the big school'
and today he is having his photo taken.
So we don't want to be late.

But neither do the other 100 or so
parents, so it's kind of stressful. Then I
get a tap on the shoulder outside the
school gates. "Simon, how you doing?
I'm going to attend some of your Black
History month events next week. Oh,
and by the way, did your colleague
Merlene tell you the good news?"

man from. "Well, last week, thanks to
your team at OBV, I was sworn in as
one of Her Majesty's Magistrates".

I looked at the young man, and then it
all come in to place... Andrew! He was
on one of our schemes in 2008, and has
gotten through. "Andrew", I said,
wanting to hug him my son looking at
me with that look ("Dad I thought we
were late) "this has completely made
my day. It's great news".

I'm pleased for Andrew Thomas in so
many ways. A young Black man sitting
on Her Majesty's benches dispensing
justice brings so much more assurance,
particularly to the Black community, that
justice is seen to be more equitably

For his family it is a moment of great
pride that their son is to play such an
important civic role. And for the young
man himself the confidence that this
brings is perhaps immeasurable.
Andrew said, "I am floating on cloud 9!
I still can't believe that I have achieved
becoming a Magistrate; it means the
world to me. It's an honour and I hope

I'd like to pay tribute to Andrew, and his
Magistrate mentor, Mrs Francis Niman
JP and the many other BME men and
women on the schemes who are
literally changing the face of our
criminal justice system.

I'd also like to pay tribute to Merlene
Carrington herself a Magistrate, an
OBV alumni and Project Coordinator for
the Magistrates Shadowing Scheme -
and Francine Fernandes who heads up
OBV's Shadowing Schemes.

It is these small success stories that
often make the biggest impact in our
communities and wider society.

Well done Andrew, we're very proud of
By Simon Woolley
The Antigua and Barbuda
High Commission would
also like to congratulate Mr
Thomas on his appointment.

"What good news?" I reply, racking my to be a great role model for others in my We wish him continued
brains as to where I know this young community. success

The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 136-Sas~/6c~ 2009

The Rndcua and Brbuda Hoch Commission Issue 136 Sect/Oct 2009

World Bank visit
bears fruit

In the wake of three days of meetings
recently with government officials and
other stakeholders, the World Bank
will prepare a grant proposal reflecting
the government's priorities in
transforming the public sector. The
intent is for the Government to access
grant funding from the institutional
development fund (IDF) and other

Part of a potential technical
assistance grant with the Bank
includes a comprehensive human
resource audit to uncover the current
numbers, qualifications and
remuneration levels of established,
non-established and statutory bodies'
personnel. The Bank will also assist

the Government in undertaking
functional reviews and identifying
measures that can increase efficiency
across the administration. Particular
emphasis will be placed on
reclassifying the established
personnel and developing an action
plan for rationalizing allowances and
salaries for non established personnel.

Training and capacity building will also
be a central component of any
arrangement between the Bank and
the Government. These and other
interventions through the World Bank
IDF are intended to achieve the
overall objective of a sustainable
wage bill and a more streamlined and
productive public sector that delivers
quality service to the population.

The Government will have the
opportunity to review the Bank's draft

proposal in the coming weeks to
ensure that the document includes the
most urgent priorities for Antigua and
Barbuda. During the grant preparation
and approval process, the Bank's
team will continue to provide feedback
and technical assistance to the
Government from Washington
through video conferences and
conference calls. In this regard,
several experts from the Bank
engaged in discussions with a number
of Government officials on
Wednesday 28th October via video
conference. The purpose of these
discussions is to identify areas in
which the Bank can assist the
Government in strengthening social
protection systems in Antigua and

Antigua's Hell's Gate in the Spotlight
2009 Panorama Champions
Hell's Gate Steel Orchestra,
The Steel Pan came to Antigua by Antiguans who travelled to and from Trinidad in the early
years. In 1946, the transformation of the Oil Drum to the Steel pan was done locally.

Experiments were carried out at Townsend's Blacksmith Shop and the burning of the pans
was done at the Dung Heap, where fire was always available.

The name Hell's Gate was given to the band by the people of the Point Area, and chosen
mainly because of the local noise and variety of rhythmic beats produced by the then
instruments used.

The official naming of the band was adopted in 1947.

The first captain of the band was Eugene Weston and the first manager was Ivan Edwards.
Mr. Eustace (Manning) Henry, a pioneer member, former captain, builder and tuner, along
with his son, Veron Henry, the vice-captain, are presently the builders and tuners of Hell's
Gate Steel Orchestra.

During the late 1940s, the steel band movement was strongly opposed by most of the
aristocrats on the island of Antigua; they even went as far as to send petitions to the then
Governor Lord Baldwin to outlaw steel bands in the colony.

Were it not for Governor Baldwin, who himself was a steel band enthusiast and a friend of
the Grass Root People, together with the Antigua Trades and Labour Union, then headed
by the Hon. Vere Cornwall Bird Sr., the steel band may have long been extinct in Antigua.

The Anb'crucr crnJ BcrrbuJcr Hicrh (ommirrion

Irrus 136 feet/Oct 2009

The Andaua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 136 Seat/Oct 2009

Continued from page 16

This single-minded focus on economic
development becomes all the more
important in these exceedingly difficult
times, when the international economy is
taking a merciless beating from the global
financial crisis, causing great difficulties to
growing numbers of People around the

In particular, our relationships with the
Peoples Republic of China, the Republic
of Cuba and the Bolivarian Republic of
Venezuela have proven to be beneficial to
the development of our nation. Antigua
and Barbuda cherishes the relationship
that currently exists between us and these

We will continue to promote partnerships
with these and other countries in support
of our development on principles of
respect for sovereignty, equality and a
genuine desire to effect social and
economic development of all.

My Fellow Antiguans and Barbudans;
Residents and Friends of Antigua and

Today as we celebrate, we are also being
called upon to be patriotic. We are called
upon to put our nation First after God.

Our patriotism must be pronounced. It
must be as pronounced as the words from
the Song "Antigua Land" by Edna
Bridgewater, which proclaims that our
country is a jewel within the Caribbean.
That all of its sons and daughters should
always rejoice in that which makes us
great. Our patriotism must rise in honour
of, and in service to our native land -
Antigua and Barbuda.

Your Government today, on this
Independence Day, renews its
commitment to continue with an agenda
that will continue to make our land and
people proud. An agenda that will ensure
that the interest of our people remains first
in every thing that we do.

Your government renews its commitment
to building a more economically vibrant
and socially cohesive nation.

We can do it only with your help.

Let us move forward together to achieve
a better future for all of Antigua and

May we all answer this call.

May we all continue to be proud
Antiguans and Barbudans.

May God continue to bless you and your

May God continue to bless our beloved
Antigua and Barbuda.

A Happy 28th Anniversary of
Independence to you all.

Thank You.

Continued from page 5


There is relatively little research on very
young children and how they experience
science and technology (engineering)
phenomena which are features of their
early play or everyday tasks and actions.

Is there a critical period for development
of such concepts? Children are intuitive
scientists (Gopnik, 2009).

The starting point for the learning of
science and engineering is at this early
age and occurs in the immediate
environment of the child with the people
with whom s/he spend their time. These
places are where they live and the
immediate environment outside. In these
locations children witness everyday
activities such as cooking, cleaning,
washing, various activities with materials
such as textiles, wood, clay, as well as
identifying and being involved with basic
life processes such as moving, breathing,
eating, excreting and the human activities
associated with the life processes and
beyond. Children are immersed in their
environment, built, human constructed or
natural such as their village or
neighboring biological phenomena
which all; contain various amounts of
technology and bio-diversity from a
simple cooking vessel being used on an
open fire to mobile phones; from natural
degradation to manicured garden.
Moreover, the natural eminent is
comprised of physical, geological and
biological and features of this such as

rocks, plants, water courses may be
observed. Additionally, the culture and
particular uses of science and technology
by the community with whom the children
live are evident and noticed.

The starting point for science is
observation. We aim to encourage their
carer to share the observations and talk
about such and increase their own self
esteem and literacy..

"Children, we now
know, need to talk,
and to experience
a rich diet of
spoken language
in order to think
and learn.
Reading, writing
and number may
be acknowledged
as curriculum
'basics' but talk is
the true
foundation for
(Alexander, page

Furthermore. It is now accepted that there
is an intimate link between language and
thought and thus the cognitive
development of a child is affected to a
considerable extent by the nature, context
and forms of language, which s/he hears
and uses (Halliday, 1993)

As children acquire early language they
begin to label phenomena. This naming is

an inherent human need (Bruner,
Goodnow and Austin 1956; Markman.
1989). Additionally. Young children ask
questions incessantly when given an
opportunity (Tough, 1977), a behaviour
which often disappears in the formal
educating environment where classic
triadic dialogue takes over. However,
there is a move towards developing
dialogue talking in classrooms (Alexander,

The CEY project seeks to encourage the
parents and other careers, mostly women,
and many deemed illiterate because they
do not read or write or have very limited
skills in these two strands of the four
aspects of literacy, the others being
listening and speaking. These women
can listen and they can speak. They
furthermore know and are familiar with
the science and engineering phenomena
in their lives. By helping them talk about
these and identify the phenomena,
actions and artefacts, and then to tell the
children we maintain that we can develop
science and engineering literacy in both
adults and children.

A number of people and organizations
have committed to develop this talking
science and engineering approach
through everyday life and where possible
science language through play, including
the Sheriff of Mumbai, Sreepur Children's
Village, Bangladesh, Early Years in
Mauritius, Kincaid College in Islamabad,
and several schools with Foundation
children and mothers with younger
children at home, in England.

by The Lady Tunnicliffe


'6110 Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 136-Sas~/6c~ 2009

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