Group Title: Official newsletter of the Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Title: Official newsletter
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 Material Information
Title: Official newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Publisher: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Place of Publication: London, England
Publication Date: July/August 2009
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Bibliographic ID: UF00099220
Volume ID: VID00040
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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The Antigua and Barbuda

High Commission

Official Newsletter Issue 135 -- July/August 2009

This is Carnival!
Andrea Thomas

The lead up to Antigua's Carnival
2009 was jam packed with all
different events, the most
popular being the Joe Mikes
Jam session every Thursday

since the beginning of June. This
well attended event previewed
the new and upcoming Antiguan
artists to the eager crowds that
gathered. This gave them a taste

of what they could expect to hear,
and see, over the carnival

Continue on pages 19,20

Queen of Carnival (Shelana George) and her runners-up

This Issue
Prime Minister's Emancipation Day Message (pages 3 & 7)
Antigua and Barbuda receives US$50 Million from Venezuela (page 12)
Educational Past (page 18)
Carnival 2009 highlights (pages 1,19 & 20)





A few weeks ago I was listening to the
news from home and heard a report
which provided details of a march
organised by the Antigua Labour
Party. The "White March" which took
place on the 13th August is reputed to
have gathered around 10,000
supporters. Listening to the call-in
programme on Observer Radio in the
days after, I gathered that during the
march many persons carried flags of
other nations in the Caribbean. That
is when I began thinking. Would this
have happened in any other island
and what really was the objective of
the march?

When I read of the statements of the
some of the speakers this was indeed
a march against the perceived
discrepancies in the last elections
and the state of the economy. One
may grudgingly accept arguments for

F a march on this basis. It may
even be said that it is a
citizen's constitutional right to
demonstrate to its
government how he/she feels
about prevailing issues in the
country. However, I was very
surprised to hear of the
presence of so many foreign
flags being waved by
marchers. This really set me
thinking about our
nationalism and the evidence
or lack thereof being
demonstrated at important
events in our nation's recent

Where do we as Antiguans
and Barbudans stand on this
issue? What is nationalism
and how do we see it being
displayed in our everyday
lives. Nationalism, according
to the Stanford
Encyclopaedia of Psychology
"is generally used to
describe two phenomena:
(1) the attitude that the members of
a nation have when they care
about their national identity and (2)
the actions that the members of a
nation take when seeking to
achieve (or sustain) self-
determination. (1) raises questions
about the concept of nation (or
national identity), which is often
defined in terms of common origin,
ethnicity, or cultural ties, and while
an individual's membership in a
nation is often regarded as
involuntary, it is sometimes
regarded as voluntary. (2) raises
questions about whether self-
determination must be understood
as involving having full statehood
with complete authority over
domestic and international affairs,
or whether something less is

It is always with much admiration that
I observe the Jamaicans, Barbadians
and Americans stand for the singing
of their national anthems or swell with

pride when one of their fellow citizens
does well at an international event
(for example Usain Bolt at the
recently concluded 12th IAAF World
Championship in Germany). Let me
quickly add, in case someone readily
reminds me, that our own Daniel
Bailey performed exceptionally well. I
know, I saw it and there I was
beaming with so much pride as an
Antiguans and Barbudans.

But does it have to take something
like this to show to the world that we
Antiguans and Barbudans are a proud
of our country? How are we seen
when, after the news of the latest
negative incident concerning our
nation, when we run to the nearest
closet to hide (metaphorically
speaking of course)?

Let me ask my readers a few
questions at this point:
Do you stand whenever the
National Anthem of Antigua
and Barbuda is played?

Do you stand and
acknowledge whenever the


of Senior

Representatives of our nation
(example the Governor
General, the Prime Minister,
Members of Parliament, and
Members of our Diplomatic
Corps etc) arrive at a

* Do we interrupt what we are
doing out of respect for the
representative's presence?

SDo we do our best to ensure
that we carry the crest or flag
of our nation with dignity and

SWhen we go to an
international event, do we
immediately look to see if our
National Flag is flying

Continue on page 19

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The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufluoust 2009

Address to the Nation by
Hon. Baldwin Spencer
Prime Minister of
Antigua and Barbuda
on Emancipation Day
August 1, 2009
Building a good citizenry

Fellow citizens of Antigua and
Barbuda today August 1st 2009,
represents the 175th anniversary of
the emancipation of former British
Colonies in 1834 from the horrible and
dehumanizing system of slavery.

As we come together to celebrate and
commemorate this important
anniversary let us recommit ourselves
to ensure that this crime against
humanity will not be allowed to ever
happen again.

As declared in the declaration coming
out of a 2001 conference on anti-
racism held in Durban South Africa
"slavery and the slave trade were
appalling tragedies...a crime against
humanity, and should always have
been so...".

Therefore celebrating our
Emancipation should inspire us to
unite as citizens of the Caribbean to
ensure that we never allow ourselves
to be subjected to any form of slavery.

The theme for this 175th
commemorative celebration and
reflection is "Emancipation People" a
reminder that we as Africans in the
Diaspora are intrinsically linked as a
people with a common ancestry and

Africa, the mother land of humanity is
historically the first continent to initiate
the process of human progress. Our
ancestors have developed and
mastered the art of agriculture and the
use of tools making it the birth place
and source of civilization.

This is evident by the development
and flourishing of African agriculture
basins, the first religions and
marvelous rock art and sculptures.

Through Egypt, at the dawn of
'Antiquity' Africa remained the leading
instructor of the entire world with its art
of writing and architectural
monuments such as pyramids.

Therefore we are a proud people with
a history that started long before our
arrival as slaves in the Caribbean.

Antigua and Barbuda shares the
vision of the African Union of 'an
accelerated socio-economic
integration of the African continent
which will lead to greater unity and
solidarity between African countries
and peoples.'

This unity and solidarity we see as
important if we are to identify and
advance common positions about our
existence and future as African people
and African descendants.

We are keen to engage with the
African Union and as the only
CARICOM country with observer
status to the AU we are in the
forefront of regional attempts to
deepen social and economic ties with
continental Africa.

The OECS is presently involved in
promoting formal relationships with a
number of African countries and
Antigua and Barbuda has presented
itself as very prepared to enter and
explore new relationships with non-
traditional partners.

We think that the time has come for us
to promote and defend development
goals for our countries not only in the
region but throughout the Diaspora.

We have much to learn from each
other and much to teach each other
about the struggle against slavery and
colonialism; about our struggles to
maintain political independence;
about our present harsh engagement
with globalization and the transitions
in capitalism a system of economic
governance that has its roots deep in
the torture and traffic and trade of and
in African people.

As Africans in the Diaspora it is
necessary for us to take a proactive
role in helping to build bridges and

Honourable Baldwin Spencer
Prime Minister of Antigua and
shape the growth and development of
the 'Global African Family'.

In this regard we will become actively
involved in the Pan-African Parliament
which is designed to ensure the full
participation of African peoples in
governance, development and
economic integration of the Continent.
Additionally, Antigua and Barbuda in
the future will also participate in the
African Union Economic, Social, and
Cultural Council.

Citizens and residents of Antigua and
Barbuda as we commemorate and
reflect on Emancipation 175, be not
afraid to promote and teach our
children about the rich and varied
history of this magnificent Continent,
we call Africa.

Equally important is the need for us to
foster a deeper knowledge of our
Story, as people of the Caribbean who
were bounded by the chains of slavery
and freed through the determination of
freedom fighters like king
Court(Prince Klass), a Coromantee
from Africa, Tomboy, a Carpenter,
Hercules, Jack, Ned, Fortune, Tony,
Secundi and Jacko, all principal slave
leaders in the 1736 slave plot in
Antigua. This act of liberation was

Continue on page 7

The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua I35-Julu/Auaurt 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufluoust 2009

Mango Fest hailed as
another success
Afeefah Beharry

The annual Mango Fest, which was
held at Christian Valley, wrapped
up on the 16th August after several
days of fun activities that
surrounded the annual festival.

There were several mango
competitions and other activities,
which helped to bring life to the
festival, besides the usual harvest
of sweet Antiguan mangoes.

Junior Minister of Agriculture
Chanlah Codrington said he was
extremely delighted to see the
continuing support from people
and he hopes that this trend
continues in years to come.

mention for the work they did in
executing the festival.

"We have stepped up to the plate,"There was great support from the
especially where our agro- people on both days," Campbell
processors are concerned to said.
market their products locally,
regionally and internationally," Some of the competitions that were
Codrington proudly commented. held around the display and sale of



mangos included the mango eating
competition, the ringside game,

Officer within the ministry Onika ice-cream making, tug-o-war and
Campbell stated the Mango Fest explore the mango trail.
committee must be given special

This year, the organizers of Mango
Fest were hoping to promote it as
an opportunity for the hotels to do
business with the farmers.

Mango Fest promotes the
advantages of utilising as much
local produce as is available from
farmers by the hotels and

It also serves to further highlight
the move towards furthering the
linkages between tourism and

Some mango facts and myths
The mango is known as the 'king of fruit' throughout the world.
The name 'mango' is derived from the Tamil word 'mangkay' or 'man-gay'. When the Portuguese traders settled in
Western India they adopted the name as 'manga'.
Mangos originated in East India, Burma and the Andaman Islands bordering the Bay of Bengal. Around the 5th century
B.C., Buddhist monks are believed to have introduced the mango to Malaysia and eastern Asia legend has it that
Buddha found tranquility and repose in a mango grove. Persian traders took the mango into the middle east and Africa,
from there the Portuguese brought it to Brazil and the West Indies. Mango cultivars arrived in Florida in the 1830's and in
California in the 1880's.
The Mango tree plays a sacred role in India; it is a symbol of love and some believe that the Mango tree can grant
Mangos are bursting with protective nutrients. The vitamin content depends upon the variety and maturity of the fruit,
when the mango is green the amount of vitamin C is higher, as it ripens the amount of beta carotene (vitamin A)

There are over 20 million metric tons of mangos grown throughout the tropical and sub-tropical world. The leading mango
producer is India, with very little export as most are consumed within the country. Mexico and China compete for second
place, followed by Pakistan and Indonesia. Thailand, Nigeria, Brazil, Philippines and Haiti follow in order.

Source: antiguamangofestcom

A variety of mangoes were on display at Mango Fest

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua I35-Julu/Auaurt 2009

The Andoua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufl-uoust 2009

Friends of Fiennes

Institute (FOFI)

FOFI was established to support the
Fiennes Institute by assisting with
the provision of goods and services,
In order to make life better for those
who are residents and those who
care for them.

The Fiennes Institute

The Fiennes Institute which for
many years was known as the Poor
House was established in 1929 by
the then Governor of the Leeward
Islands, Sir Eustace Fiennes.

It was established at the time solely
to provide a home for the aged and
destitute who were unable to provide
or care for themselves. Over the
years the focus has changed
significantly and continues to do so,
to the extent that the aim now is to
provide an upgraded, modern facility
which meets the needs of the elderly
both for residential and day care

Over the past few years there has
been some significant changes to
the management structure.
Recently a new Director was
appointed and together with the
matron and Deputy Matron (a
formidable woman who gets things
done) changes have begun to take
place. Already there has been a
marked improvement in the physical
appearance the general ambience
- and the operational efficiency of the
establishment. Staff and residents
appear to be much more settled and
there is a general feeling that things
can only get better.

The Management's vision is to bring
the Institution's standards to that of
a modern geriatric facility,
embracing a holistic approach to the
provision of care for the elderly by
the development of such

programmes that may be
appropriate, improving the working
environment, the quality of care and
training and development of the staff.

Earlier this year, in April, the Fiennes
Institute held its 80th Anniversary
Celebration. During the week's
celebration the Prime Minister, the
Hon Baldwin Spencer, Minister of
Health the Hon. Wilmoth Daniel and
other notable dignitaries attended
some of the celebrations. Also at
that time a National Conference on
Caring for the Elderly was convened
and attended by delegates from the
public as well as from the private
sector and from other non-
governmental organizations from
other Caribbean countries. It is
hoped that from the conference will
come a document which will be
adopted by the government of
Antigua and Barbuda as its policy on
the provision of care, both residential
and day care, for the elderly in our
twin island state.

Currently, however, the Government
has promised to do all it can to
support the Fiennes, but has
recognized that Government will not
be able, on its own, to meet all the
needs of the Institute, due to its
financial constraints. It was thus
decided to formally establish a
support group Friends of Fiennes
(FOFI) to assist in the provision of
items that are needed over and
above what Government is able to
provide. Although over the years a
number of us here in the UK, in the
USA and Canada and of course
back home in Antigua, have been
'doing our bit' our efforts have not
been co-ordinated. In establishing
FOFI it is hoped that this will change
and that we will be better able to
assist the Fiennes by providing as
much as possible of what is needed
and when it is requested. Of course,
it does not mean that people cannot
continue to liaise and contribute
direct to the Fiennes, if they wish to
continue doing so. FOFI is however
offering the opportunity for

involvement in
supportive body.

an organised

Since FOFI was set up in May 2009,
I have sent out a number of 'begging
letters' to my family and friends.
They have almost all responded and
generously and we have been able
to send to the Fiennes so far, a
quantity of bedding equipment and a
couple of wheelchairs. We plan to
send much more and, where it would
be more cost effective to purchase
some items in Antigua.

FOFI will be applying for Charitable
Status as we plan to expand our
area of search for funds, both
nationally and internationally. Our
intentions are to establish a Day
Care facility at the Fiennes where
non-residents can be cared for
during the weekdays, as well as
improving the present facilities for

We have a Working Committee,
proper accounting procedures are in
place and we have the support of Sir
Ranulph Fiennes The Grandson of
the founder of the Institute and who
visited the Fiennes in December

Please help us to help others and
make the Fiennes a place we can all
be proud of as Antiguans and
Barbudans. If you require further
information or want to discuss any
issue in relation to the Fiennes,
please give me a ring or send me an

In the meantime if you would like to
make a donation please make a
cheque (for any amount) payable to
'Friends of Fiennes Institute' and
send to the address as shown below:

Cliff Walker
Chair FOFI
1 Apple Tree Close
Peterborough PE7 3JY

Telephone: 01733 242748
Email: walker.cliff(


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 135-Julu/Auaur~ 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufluoust 2009

The Hon. Minister of
Finance, Economy
and Public
Harold Lovell
7th August, 2009

As the world continues to grapple with
the effects of this economic and
financial crisis there is yet another
emerging challenge that confronts us.

There has been an upward surge in
the price of oil over the past three

The price for a barrel of oil rose from
US $44.00 per barrel at the beginning
of the year to US $69.00 per barrel in
June 2009. And, notwithstanding the
increases recorded for the year so far,
the forecast is that the price of oil may
increase further as we approach the
active part of the hurricane season or
with geopolitical developments in
some of the major oil producing

As was the case with the high prices
experienced during 2008, Antigua and
Barbuda remains vulnerable to the
effects associated with persistent and
sustained increases in the
international price of oil. The
Government is placed in a precarious

position trying to strike a balance
between maintaining fiscal discipline
in the current global environment,
while at the same time mitigating the
effects of rising oil prices on the

In 2008 for example, the Government
subsidized the retail price of gasoline,
diesel and liquefied propane gas
(LPG) (cooking gas) by approximately

With respect to retail prices, the cost
(cif) for a gallon of gasoline increased
by 57.0 per cent and the cost (cif) for
a gallon of diesel grew by 43.7 per
cent since the retail price of both
commodities was reduced to $9.50 in
February of this year.

At the current retail price of $9.50 the
Government is subsidizing the price of
gasoline by $2.00 per gallon and the
price of diesel by $1. 37 per gallon.
The respective prices of the 201b and
the 1001b cylinders of LPG, have
remained unchanged for more than 15

At the current prices of $20.95 and
$108.00 for the 201b and 1001b
cylinders respectively, the
Government is subsidizing the price of
a 201b cylinder by $5.79 and the price
of a 1001b cylinder by $29.41. In each
case, the current price of LPG is less
than the total cost of the product. The
current cost to safely deliver a 201b
cylinder of LPG to the consumer is
$27.00 while the cost of the 1001b
cylinder of LPG is $138.00.

The Honourable Harold Lovell
Minister of Finance, Economy and
Public Administration

As a part of our commitment at the
level of the Monetary Council of the
Eastern Caribbean Central Bank and
more recently, as a part of the National
Economic and Social Transformation
(NEST) Plan, the Government is
committed to adopting a flexible price
mechanism for gasoline and diesel.

Under this framework the retail price of
gasoline and diesel will adjust with
every shipment based on the average

Continue on page 8

Signing Ceremony at
New York
Headquarters of AUA
paves the way for
Veterinary School in

Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer and
Minister of Education, Dr. Jacqui
Quinn-Leandro returned to the
country on Wednesday 19th August
from New York City where they
attended the official signing
ceremony for a new Veterinary

School at the American University of

The Memorandum of Understanding
was signed at the AUA
Headquarters between President of
AUA, Neil Simon, Dean of Virginia-
Maryland Regional College of
Veterinary Medicine, Gerhardt
Schurig and Prime Minister Spencer.

"The American
has already

University of Antigua
made significant
to the islands of

Antigua and Barbuda since opening
its doors in January 2004," said
Prime Minister Spencer. "This new
school and its relationship with
Virginia Tech elevate Antigua as a
premier provider of healthcare
education for the Caribbean and the

Prime Minister Spencer in his
remarks welcomed Virginia Tech to Presenting on behalf of the Ministry
the shores of Antigua and Barbuda of Education, Minister of Education
and hailed the new partnership with Dr. Jacqui Quinn-Leandro
AUA as a great step in the expressed the Ministry's enthusiasm
globalization of education. at this new venture stating: "For a
Continue on page 11


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua I35-Julu/Auaurt 2009

The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufl-uoust 2009

Mount Pleasant Post

Office showcases

Cultural Diversity

Antiguan and Barbudan members of
staff at the Mount Pleasant Post Office
joined other members of staff in
putting on a cultural diversity exhibition

The idea was to showcase the diverse
cultures and ethnic groups currently
employed at the post office. Each
group presented a stall with their
various dishes, costumes, provisions,

drinks and anything
they believe
represented their I

The Antigua black
pineapple was flown .
in direct from home
along with sweet "'.
potatoes, sweet
corn, ginger and
kidney mangoes.
Black pudding,
doucouna and
saltfish with chap-up,
bakes, ginger beer
and a special cake
decorated in
the colours of
the national
flag were used to represent the
twin island state.

Mrs Avenella Hasewood proudly
wore her national dress.

Special thanks to the staff of the
High Commission of Antigua and
Barbuda and also to Sandra Dyer
of Stoke Newington Travel for
their invaluable assistance.

The team consisted of Roland Mayers,
Steven Farquhar, Janet Rose,
Avenella Hasewood and Hugh Smith.

Pictures display the
Diaspora's pride in the cultural
heritage of Antigua and
Submitted by
Hugh Smith (Smithy)

Continued from page 3

characterized by historians as a lesson in
solidarity and collaboration.

It is for this reason that as an emancipated
people we need to continue the process of
creating social, economic and political
mechanisms that will further our regional
development agenda.

As we celebrate 175 years from social and
political emancipation, let us heed the
words of Bob Marley, who constantly
remind us to 'Emancipate ourselves from
mental slavery, none but ourselves can
free our minds.'

The need for'personal emancipation' from
the negatives values and counter
productive habits is a prerequisite in
molding responsible citizens.

Therefore we should strive to emancipate
ourselves from the shackles of violence,
irresponsible behaviour, selfishness,
greed and crime.

I do believe that all citizens and residents
alike should seek to promote good civic

values and develop systems that will protection of the rights of individuals and
promote good citizenship. promotion of the common good.

At the time of Emancipation it was believed
that the people from the plantations would
automatically convert to free and
responsible citizens.

However, the European formula that
assumed the provision of work, the
acquisition of property, support for family
and the provision of education would
automatically give rise to a good
government and good citizenry proved to
be incorrect.

The existing plantation society did not
permit the conditions for this formula to
work for most people.

It is for this reason that my Government in
the future will look seriously at developing
mechanisms and promoting initiatives that
will seek to cultivate and nurture good

Emancipation from mental slavery will
further our efforts as a developing society
to nurture a citizenry responsible for the

Emancipation from mental slavery calls for
a citizenry that has moral responsibility,
self-discipline, respect for individual worth
and human dignity, respect for law and
order, civic mindedness and patriotism.

I therefore want to encourage all
Antiguans and Barbudans to seek peace
and harmony as we continue the
celebration of our emancipation through
the creative energies of Carnival.

Let us celebrate as people full of pride for
country and a commitment to uphold the
values and principles enshrined in our

Special word of gratitude to the Committee
for its efforts to bring new meaning and
increased significance to the struggles of
our fore-parents that led to Emancipation
on 1st August 1834 one hundred and
seventy five years ago.

Thank you and may God continue to bless
our nation on this Emancipation Day.


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 135-Julu/Auaur~ 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufluoust 2009

Government Moves to Mr. Cleveland Seaforth, Managing
Partner of KPMG Eastern Caribbean
Protect Policy- has been appointed as Judicial
holders nv store Manager of the Antigua Branch
holders, Investors operations of British American and
and Workers of has accordingly taken over
management of the Branch with
British American immediate effect.
Insurance Company These actions are part of a regional
Limited commitment of the OECS
governments to manage the risk
posed to the OECS and its residents
In response to widespread public by the financial challenges being
concern regarding the financial experienced by British American. In
stability and viability of British similar actions judicial managers have
American Insurance Company Limited, also been appointed in other OECS
the Government of Antigua and States while applications remain
Barbuda, in conjunction with other pending in still other States. It is
OECS governments, continues to take anticipated that over the next several
decisive action with a view to weeks the judicial managers from
protecting the economies of the across the region will act both
Eastern Caribbean and the interests of individually and collectively to confirm
the company's policy-holders and and flesh-out an OECS plan that wo
investors generally. As the first step in uld be most advantageous to the
a plan to craft solutions for the ailing general interests of policy-holders and
company, on 30 June, 2009 the Acting investors.
Superintendent of Insurance in
Antigua and Barbuda, Mr. Trevor The Government of Antigua and
Mathurin, under the direction of the Barbuda reaffirms its commitment to
Financial Services Regulatory putting people first as it works with its
Commission, officially intervened into OECS partners and other
the operations of British American's governments within the Caribbean to
branch operations in Antigua. Further find ways to protect the interests of
British American policy holders around
on Friday, 31st July, 2009 a Court t region. Though British American
Order was sought and obtained by the i a rite ompan, it plays a
Superintendent to place the Branch
uerdicial anaeetsignificant role in the economies of the
Eastern Caribbean by virtue of the

size and extent of local and regional
investments in the company. For
these reasons the Government of
Antigua and Barbuda is satisfied that
judicial management of British
American is the best approach that will
pave the way for a new entity as
envisioned by the OECS to manage
the Eastern Caribbean operations of
the company.

This bold and innovative regional
initiative is in no small part the result of
diligent efforts by technicians within
the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of
Legal Affairs and the Financial
Services Regulatory Commission in
effective collaboration with their
regional counterparts. Moreover,
such action is made possible by the
planning and vision of the Government
of Antigua and Barbuda in passing the
Insurance Act, 2007 which, through its
judicial management provisions,
provides new and advanced options
for reorganization of insurance
companies in crisis.

While there remains a great deal of
work to be done, the Government of
Antigua and Barbuda wishes to assure
the public that it will continue to
diligently apply its most capable and
creative resources to bring this
regional initiative to satisfactory
culmination, while at all times keeping
the interests of Antigua and Barbuda
as its foremost priority.

Continued from page 6

cost (cif) of the three most recent

The Government will also be adjusting
the price of LPG to ensure that the
price of the product is at least
equivalent to the cost of delivering the
product to consumers. As we seek to
maintain job levels in the public sector
and meet our commitments, we must
adopt a more responsible approach to
tax administration and tax collection
as well as how subsidies are
distributed to the population.

Subsidies are necessary but must be
distributed to ensure the greatest good
to the greatest number and targeted

towards educating our youth, caring
for the elderly, stimulating the
productive sectors of our economy
and providing relief for the most
vulnerable groups in society. To this
end, the Government cannot continue
to use revenue collected from other
taxes to subsidize the retail price of
petroleum products.

It is against this backdrop that the
Government will increase the price of
gasoline to $11.50 per gallon and the
price of diesel to $10.90 per gallon.
The price of the LPG will also be
increased to $32.00 and $155.00 for
the 201b and 1001b cylinder
respectively. These price adjustments
will take effect on Friday August 7th,

With respect of LPG, the Government
will receive revenue of $5.00 from the
sale of a 201b cylinder and $17.00 from
the sale of a 1001b cylinder. At the
current consumption levels this will
result in total revenue of $2.0m per
year from the sale of LPG.

The Government however, will
continue to monitor the changes in the
price of petroleum products in Antigua
and Barbuda and will seek to conduct
the necessary means testing and to
implement policy measures where
possible, to reduce the effects of high
fuel prices on the most vulnerable
groups in society.


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 135-Julu/Auaur~ 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufluoust 2009

Dwight Gardiner
takes the helm as
Chairman of
regional Maritime

Mr. Dwight C.R. Gardiner of Antigua
and Barbuda was elected Chairman of
the Caribbean Port State Control
Committee at the organization's 14th
annual meeting in St. John's, Antigua
on July 22, 2009. The Caribbean Port
State Control Committee is an
organization established pursuant to
the Caribbean Memorandum of
Understanding (CMOU) on Port State

Mr. Gardiner has been involved in the
maritime sector for over 25 years and
is the Director and Registrar General
of the Antigua and Barbuda
Department of Marine Services and
Merchant Shipping and the Antigua
and Barbuda International Shipping
Register. He previously held the
positions of Vice Chairman of the
CMOU on Port State Control from
2003-2008 and Interim Chairman from

The Caribbean Memorandum of
Understanding (CMOU) on Port State
Control is an agreement between 13
Caribbean States to achieve
uniformity with respect to rules and
standards relating to maritime safety

(r to I) Honourable John Maginley, Minister of Tourism, Culture and
Environment Mr Dwight Gardiner, Chairman of the Caribbean Port State
Control Committee and Jodie Barrow, Secretary of the Organization

and security and the prevention of
maritime pollution by ships. The
primary means of enforcing these
rules and standards is by the
inspection of foreign ships in national
ports in order to verify that the
condition of the ship and its equipment
meet the national, regional and
international maritime requirements.
This process of inspecting foreign
ships is known as "Port State Control."

The Caribbean Port State Control
Committee consists of 13 members
States; Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba,
Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Cayman
Islands, Cuba, Grenada, Guyana,
Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles,

Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago.
In addition to the member states there
are six Observer States; Anguilla,
Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St.
Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines,
Turks and Caicos Islands. The
Secretariat of the organization based
in Jamaica and its information centre
known as the Caribbean Maritime
Information Centre (CMIC) is located
in Suriname.

There are some nine established
regional port State control
organizations and Memoranda of
Understanding on port State control
covering most of the world's oceans.

6th AnnualDejam D.J estivaC

in Antigua and Barbuda

23rdto 29th September 2009


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 135-Julu/Auaur~ 2009

The Andoua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufl-uoust 2009

Six Key Issues in the UN Conference on Economic Crisis

Editorial Note: The South Centre in its many activities during the UN
conference on the global economic crisis put forward proposals on six key
issues for the conference to resolve. The following is a brief paper that was
used by the Centre's Executive Director Martin Khor, as the basis for the
Centre's press conference and for his presentation at the Conference's panel
on mitigation of the crisis.

Many around the world look to the UN
conference on the global financial and
economic crisis with great expectations, as
it should be the start of a process that
could bring the UN into the forefront of
tackling the greatest economic crisis in half
a century.

The epi-centre of the crisis is in Wall Street,
a few blocks from the UN headquarters.
But the developing countries that have no
role in causing the crisis have suffered the
most severe "collateral damage", with a
loss of 6 percentage points of gross
national income, as their economic growth
is expected to fall from 8.3% in 2007 to
1.6% in 2009 on average. Moreover, this
average figure hides the fact that many of
them are already in severe recession.

There has been some international action
on the crisis, but much of it has been by the
G7 developed countries or the G20, which
is an exclusive grouping. The UN
conference on 24-26 June is thus the first
time all the countries have gathered to
decide what to do about the crisis. It is
especially important for developing
countries which have no other forum than
the UN to mitigate the effects of the crisis
and ensure it does not happen again.

The Conference is discussing two main
actions -- how to help developing
countries cope with the crisis, and reform
of the international financial system. The
focus should be on taking international
initiatives and reforming the global system
to meet the needs and interests of
developing countries.

There are six key issues for the Conference.
First is the foreign exchange shortfall
facing developing countries, which could
range from up to $1 trillion (World Bank
estimate) to $2 trillion (UNCTAD estimate).
Besides falling exports and capital outflows,
many countries are also facing increasing
difficulties in obtaining fresh credit, all of
which affect their foreign reserves position.
The efforts so far to help developing
countries are not enough. They need
greater amounts of quick-disbursing,
unconditional external financing.
Furthermore, they should not be burdened
with additional debt in order to respond to

fallouts from a crisis they cannot be held
responsible for. These objectives can best
be achieved by a special and sizeable
SDR allocation.

The agreement reached in the G20 summit
on SDR allocation brings no more than $20
billion to low-income countries, but they
need several times more. Since many of
these countries are on the verge of falling
into an unsustainable debt trap, this should
be provided through a no-cost special SDR

The additional financing needed by middle-
income countries reaches several hundred
millions of dollars. This should be provided
through a reversible SDR allocation, to be
repurchased when the crisis is over. Thus,
it will not generate inflationary pressures
now or in the future.

Second is the need for developing
counties to avoid a new debt crisis. The
World Bank and IMF have estimated that
close to 40 developing countries are
vulnerable to difficulties in having enough
foreign exchange to service their loans or
to pay for essential imports. The list can be
expected to grow.

For countries facing debt servicing
difficulties, there should be a moratorium
on their official debt, including deferral of
principal and interest payments with no
additional cost. This is an established
practice, used in the past in response to
disasters such as the Asian Tsunami of

Countries experiencing large and
sustained capital outflows should have the
right to exercise temporary debt standstills
and exchange controls, and should be
granted statutory protection in the form of
stay on litigation.

An international debt court should be
established within the UN system in order
to settle sovereign debt disputes with
private creditors. Under this system of
debt arbitration, a country should be able
to declare a debt standstill, and be granted
immunity from litigation, while the court
arranges for debt arbitration and
restructuring with the creditors, and the

road is open for new credit to the country.
This system had been proposed by
UNCTAD a decade ago and by the IMF
secretariat in the early 2000s. It should
now be discussed again.

The international community has been
muddling through the official debt of low-
income countries for a decade and a half
without being able to bring a lasting
solution. The current crisis is adding to the
debt overhang, making the existing
approach even less tenable. The time has
come to look for a new strategy. Debt
assessment and sustainability analyses
should be done independently from the
IMF and entrusted to an independent body
which is itself not a creditor, with the
agreement of both creditors and debtors to
implement its recommendations.

Third, developing countries should be
given the "policy space" to enable them
to take policy measures to address the
crisis. For many countries, this space has
been blocked by conditions attached to
loans from international financial
institutions that usually impose pro-cyclical
policies (fiscal austerity and tight monetary
policy) that worsen the recession; forbid
controls over capital outflows and debt
standstill; and impose low tariffs (with often
devastating effects on local production).
Some free trade agreements also have
clauses that hinder some required policies.

These policy conditionalities should be
quickly reviewed and changed. The right
of developing countries to take counter-
cyclical macroeconomic policies, and if
necessary capital controls and temporary
debt standstills to deal with the crisis,
should be recognized and barriers to
exercising their rights removed.

Fourth are the reforms needed to the
global financial and economic systems.
Developing countries at the moment have
little say over the decision-making process
but suffer the ill effects when the systems
malfunction. The required changes

The governance, policies
and roles of the IMF and
World Bank,


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 135-Julu/Auaur~ 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufl-uoust 2009

Regulation of finar
markets and capit
Strengthening int
surveillance of
countries' policies
Creation of

On this last point, the present int
reserves system based on
currencies is known to be
unstable, susceptible to g
unsustainable payments posit
exchange rate gyrations in
enjoying reserve-currency static
essential to look into possil
establishing an international
system not based on national
and the role that a redefi
broadened SDR could play in th<

Fifth is the need to address th
a proper system or mecha
global economic governance,
developing countries have

This crisis has shown once a
nlobnhlisation has resulted in

ncial technology and property rights. At the
al flows, global level these issues are addressed by
ernational specialized institutions established by
developed intergovernmental agreements. This
creates systemic incoherence because
a new there can be trade-offs among the
reserves objectives pursued by different agencies,
and failure in certain areas of global policy
has broader implications for the
ernational multilateral system as a whole.
inherently Efforts to improve coherence of policies in
generating such diverse but interrelated areas remain
ions and sporadic and ineffectual in large part
countries because they rely on ad hoc cooperation
us. It is among specialized agencies. There is thus
abilities of the need to establish a mechanism such
reserves as a global economic council to secure
currencies, policy coherence and coordination. This
ned and task falls on the United Nations as the only
at respect. universal and democratic forum with an
explicit mandate and purpose to resolve
ie lack of "international problems of an economic,
nism for social, cultural and humanitarian character."
in which
a fair Sixth, there is the need for the
Conference to set up a clear follow-up
mechanism to take forward the decisions,
gain that proposals and issues arising from the
nrowinn Conference and translate them into action.

interdependence not only among countries,
but also among various issues of concern The issues the conference will discuss are
to the international community including many and complex. There were only less
development, trade, investment, than three months between establishing
employment, money, finance, climate, modalities of the conference to the actual

conference, not enough time to come to an
understanding of the actions needed. The
conference itself would be a success if it
defined the issues arising from the crisis
and gave directions on the way forward in
mitigation its effects and in working out
broadly the reforms needed to the system,
but it will not be able to make concrete
decisions on many points.

The Conference should thus set up a
working group under the General
Assembly itself, to further elaborate the
issues and measures, the discussion on
which the Conference started but
understandably could not conclude. The
working group could then work out in
greater detail the actions needed and
report back to the General Assembly for
the decisions to be taken.

It is imperative that the Conference does
not become a one-time event with little
effect. For the developing countries that
do not have any other international venue
for discussion and action on this crisis, this
would be a disaster. Whether to have a
strong follow-up mechanism is thus
perhaps the most important decision that
the conference participants will take.

Reprinted from South Bulletin
Reflections and Foresights
7 July 2009, Issue 38

6td Anniual Sizzling Sands

Beaec VoCCey Ba0e Tournament

25th to 27tA SepteOer 2009

Continued from page 6

small island developing state like
Antigua and Barbuda with a relatively
small population in an idyllic
geographical location, the prospect of
opening up our shores to hundreds of
educational tourists seeking to pursue
higher degrees is a significant feat for
our small twin island state." Dean of
Virginia-Maryland Regional College of
Veterinary Medicine, Gerhardt Schurig
in his response stated "In five short

years, AUA has proven its ability to
educate both medical doctors and
nurses. Its desire to expand into
preparing future veterinarians for their
clinical phase at Virginia-Maryland
Regional College of Veterinary
Medicine creates another avenue for
us to attract qualified students and we
welcome it."

New students in Veterinary Science
will begin their degrees in Antigua at
the AUA campus from January 2010.


Tha 999999 anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua I35-Julu/Auaurt 2009

The Anbaua and Barbuda Hiah Commission

Issue I 35 Julu/lAuoust 2009

Prime Minister The
Honourable W. Baldwin
Address to the Nation
on the receipt of
US$50 Million from the
Bolivarian Republic of
13th AUGUST, 2009

Citizens and Residents, the task of
governing a country is challenging in the
best of times. Recently, the extent of the
challenge has been exacerbated by a
number of developments which include
the global financial crisis, the Stanford
debacle, the CLICO/British American
dilemma, a general decline in the
construction sector and the increase in
unemployment resulting from these and
other developments. While some within
our society have sought to capitalize on
these extrinsic factors by using them as a
means of gaining cheap political mileage,
those of us entrusted with the governance
of this country do not have the time or the
inclination to trivialize matters of such
grave national and regional importance.

You may be aware that the economy of
Antigua and Barbuda accounts for 25% of
the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union.
When our economy is strong as it was
under the stewardship of the United
Progressive Party until the global financial
crisis all the OECS territories realized
spin-off benefits. Now that we are being
challenged by the largely extrinsic shocks
to our economy, our OECS neighbours
have rallied around us in support. The
support which my administration enjoys
comes not just from our Caribbean
neighbours but also from our brothers and
sisters in ALBA.&nbs p; In particular, I wish
to single out the Bolivarian Republic of

Approximately four weeks ago, I
approached the Minister of Foreign Affairs
of Venezuela with a request to discuss the
possibility of getting assistance with
Antigua and Barbuda fiscal problem. The
initial response was favourable. Last week,
officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
and the Ministry of Finance travelled to
Caracas where they engaged in intense
negotiations with their Venezuelan
counterparts. Following those discussions
my Government submitted an official
request for an immediate injection of
US$50 million. Today, I am pleased to
advise the nation that at one o'clock this
morning President Hugo Chavez signed
the necessary paperwork to approve the

immediate transfer of the full amount of
US$50 million to the Government's call
account at the Eastern Caribbean Central

This immediate and unconditional support
from Venezuela can be attributed to the
principles which underpin ALBA i.e.
complementarity as an alternative to
competition; solidarity as opposed to
domination; cooperation as a
replacement for exploitation; and respect
for sovereignty rather than corporate
rule. It was my government's firm belief in
these principles which led Antigua &
Barbuda to join ALBA in June this year.
Less than two months after becoming
official members of ALBA, Antigua &
Barbuda has received this most tangible
benefit from the alternative development
model which it promotes.

Citizens and Residents, as your Chief
Servant and one who is fully committed to
safeguarding the quality of life for all
Antiguans and Barbudans, I want to assure
you that this significant financial support
provided by the friendly nation of
Venezuela is completely without
precondition. Based on the urgent nature
of our request and the terms proposed by
the Ministry of Finance, President Chavez
has issued instructions for the transfer of
funds to be initiated immediately.

While I will leave it to the Minister of
Finance to present the details of the
precise use to which the US$50 million will
be put, I assure each and every Antiguan
and Barbudan that every penny of this
amount will be dedicated to improving the
quality of life in our country. To civil
servants who have been anxious about
making preparations for the new school
year at a time when salaries are late, I say
that you can expect a reprieve; to the
unemployed construction workers, I
assure you that these funds will help to
create new jobs for you; to the local
merchants who have been providing the
government with goods and services, you
can expect payment on your accounts. In
general all citizens and residents are
expected to benefit from the injection of
this US$50 million into the economy.

Citizens and Residents, even as we
express our appreciation for the support
receive d from Venezuela, it is important to
acknowledge that we are not out of the
woods. We must continue to be prudent
and to make the necessary adjustments in
keeping with the harsh realities that will
continue to confront us as the financial
crisis continues to play out on the world
stage. This race is certainly one that will
not be won by the swift or by those who

worship at the altar of political expediency
but rather by those who persevere to the

My Government has already engaged the
citizenry on the creation of the National
Economic and Social Transformation Plan.
We will continue to fine tune and implement
that plan. We will continue our quest to
identify and implement improvements to
our revenue collection while applying the
same level of diligence to the task of
curtailing government spending. However,
I assure you that at all time your
government will ensure that the social
safety net is preserved. All practicable
steps will be taken to cushion the most
vulnerable in society from increasing
prices and other challenges. Therefore,
while it was absolutely necessary to
increase the price of LPG, my Government
wishes to announce that instructions have
been issued to PDV Caribe Antigua &
Barbuda Ltd. (the company set up to
operationalize the PetroCaribe Initiative)to
identify a mechanism for providing a
targeted subsidy to those households
which simply cannot afford to sustain the
price increases.

I hasten to point out that, despite the plan
to introduce a targeted LPG subsidy, none
among us should proceed with the naive
expectation that it can be business as
usual in this environment. Changes must
be made if we are to survive and thrive in
this new environment. The Chinese
symbol for crisis is a combination of two
symbols i.e. danger and opportunity. I
call on all Antiguans and Barbudans to
prove to the world that, as a nation, we
have the ability to seize the opportunity
that can be found amidst the danger; to
show that our love for country far exceeds
partisan politics; that patriotism is not just
an outer garment which we put on when it
is fashionable to do so, but rather th at it is
like the blood that courses through our
veins fundamental to our life.

In closing, I take the opportunity to thank
God for his continued guidance and
blessing; to thank the Government and
People of Venezuela for their generosity;
to thank civil servants and suppliers who
have had to endure the hardship of late
payments; and finally to thank the staff in
the Ministries of Finance and Foreign
Affairs who worked diligently to make
today's announcement possible.

May God continue to bless Antigua and
Barbuda and all who truly love her!

The Rndoua and Bafbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 5 ~~--~- Juluffluoust 2009


The Andoua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufl-uoust 2009

Hon. Harold Lovell
Minister of Finance, the
Economy and Public
On Receipt of US$50 Million
from the Bolivarian Republic
of Venezuela

The Government of Antigua and
Barbuda is indeed very grateful for this
generous and timely financial support
from the Government and People of
the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
Like many developing countries,
including our Caribbean counterparts,
Antigua and Barbuda has been facing
considerable fiscal pressures as a
result of the global economic and
financial crisis, which has reduced
economic activity and led to a
substantial decline in the level of
Government revenues. The past few
months have been extremely
challenging for the Government and
people of Antigua and Barbuda. In
response to these challenges, this
Government, under the unswerving
leadership of Prime Minister Baldwin
Spencer, has been exploring a
number of options in an effort to
ensure that Antigua and Barbuda can
effectively manoeuvre these difficult
economic times. As indicated by the
Honourable Prime Minister, we
presented a proposal for assistance to
the Government of the Bolivarian
Republic of Venezuela on Thursday
6th August 2009 and were heartened
to receive a positive response within
seven days.

This injection of funds will be
extremely instrumental in allowing the
Government to close the fiscal gap in
2009. In particular, the resources will
be utilized in a manner that will help
the Government to meet its recurrent
obligations and to undertake a number
of activities that would provide some
economic stimulus, enhance revenue
administration and collection, improve
expenditure management, and
provide some social protection for the
poor and unemployed.

The purposes for which the
Government intends to utilize the
US$50 million include:

1. US$35 million will be used as
budgetary support and will allow the
Government to meet basic financial
obligations such as payment of wages
and salaries, and other payments that
will allow the Government to function
on a day to day basis.

2. US$7 million will be used for
economic stimulus. Specifically, this
will involve construction projects with
particular emphasis on renovation and
refurbishment of Government
buildings. This will create immediate
jobs for many Antiguans and
Barbudans and, upon completion of
these renovation and refurbishment
projects, the Government would be
better positioned to reduce
expenditure on rental payments for
office spaces through the utilization of
its newly renovated properties. The
resources saved in this regard will
then be channeled into other areas.

3. US$6.5 million will be used for
enhancing revenue administration and
expenditure management this will
entail the acquisition of property to
house the Inland Revenue
Department (IRD). The IRD is
currently facing significant challenges
with effective tax administration due to
severe limitations in respect of its
operating environment. It is expected
that with a new base of operations and
a comprehensive reorganization and
institutional strengthening exercise,
the Inland Revenue Department will
be able to boost its level of revenue
collection by at least 2 percentage
points of GDP. The Government
intends to complete the relocation and
reorganization of the Inland Revenue
Department by October 2009.

Further, the resources allocated for
this purpose would be utilized to
finance the implementation of a
financial management system across
all Government Ministries. The
Integrated Financial Management
System will afford the Ministry of
Finance greater control over
expenditure by line ministries and
thereby allow for better management
of fiscal accounts.

The remaining US$1.5 million will be
used to fund activities and
programmes that provide social

protection for

the poor and

It should be noted that while this
injection of US$50 million will be of
enormous benefit to the Government
and People of Antigua and Barbuda,
there still remain significant
challenges that must be addressed
over the coming months. As a nation,
we will need to make some sacrifices
in order to overcome these difficulties
and emerge a stronger, more
prosperous nation.

In this regard, the Government is
about to finalize the elements of its
longer term strategy to restructure its
debt and undertake some key fiscal
reforms that are essential to ensuring
the long term fiscal and economic
sustainability of Antigua and Barbuda.
The implementation of this strategy
will require considerable technical and
financial resources. As such, the
Government has engaged partners in
discussions at the bilateral, regional
and international levels in an effort to
secure the requisite technical and
financial support.

On behalf of the People and
Government of Antigua and Barbuda,
I wish to thank the Government and
People of the Bolivarian Republic of
Venezuela for this unambiguous
expression of goodwill and solidarity.
There can be no question that the
provision of this support is
demonstrative of an innovative
approach to social and economic
partnership a partnership that is
clearly premised on the principle of
shared development. We look
forward to finalizing the terms of this
arrangement, which will involve some
grant element and a loan on very
concessionary terms.

Once again, I wish to say thank you to
the Government of Venezuela. Also,
I wish to extend this Government's
appreciation to the people of Antigua
and Barbuda for their patience and
continued support. By working
together with the shared purpose of
creating a better nation, we will not
only overcome these trying times but
will secure a bright future for Antigua
and Barbuda.


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 135-Julu/Auaur~ 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufluoust 2009

Antigua and Barbuda

hosts South African

mission to study

remote gaming


The Antigua and Barbuda Financial
Services Regulatory Commission
(FSRC), the Division of Gaming for
a week ending August 14, 2009 were
hosts to the National Gambling Board
of South Africa (NGB), who were on a
fact finding mission.

The NGB is the regulatory body within
South Africa responsible for national
policy and development for land
based gaming and will also be
responsible for the supervision of
interactive gaming and interactive

It is a first visit of this nature by the
NGB to Antigua and Barbuda and it is
in an effort towards strengthening their
ties with gaming regulators worldwide.

South Africa in July 2008 enacted
remote legislation and is now in the
process of developing the supportive
regulations. The jurisdiction of Antigua
and Barbuda is one of three
jurisdictions selected by the NGB to
assist in the development of their
licensing and regulatory regime.

The NGB Deputy Chairman and
Acting CEO, Mmathebe (Thebi) Moja
stated, "The NGB as a member of the
International Association of Gaming
Regulators recognizes the FSRC,
Division of Gaming of Antigua and
Barbuda as a leader in remote gaming
regulation, and therefore NGB has

National Gambling Board (NGB) Delegation and Financial Services
Regulatory Authority

chosen to understudy their detailed
policy and regulatory framework to
strengthen before implementation of
our legislation that sees to legalise
and regulate online gambling."

Ms. Mojo extended her appreciation
for the gracious hospitality provided
during this fact finding mission.

The FSRC Chairperson, Althea Crick
expressed her pleasure in receiving
the NGB, and stated, "I am particularly
heartened by the selection of the
jurisdiction by the NGB as it
underscores the confidence placed by
the international community on our
regulatory and supervisory machinery,
it also is a demonstration of the inter-
connectivity of the global regulatory
regime, sharing and working together
to achieve and sustain international
best practices."

The delegation was exposed to a
series of presentations covering a
broad range of regulatory, licencing
and supervisory policies, inclusive of
meetings with the Minister of Finance,
the Economy and Public

Administration, Harold Lovell, the
FSRC Board of Directors, key
government agencies, officials and
gaming operators.

At the culmination of the exercise the
NGB received an understanding of the
issues surrounding interactive gaming
and interactive wagering as they
intend to license operators in the
future, adding to the already existing
services within South Africa such as
land based casino, pari-mutuel
wagering on horse racing, bingo and
payout slot machines.

Kaye McDonald, Director of Gaming
commented that she was pleased that
the jurisdiction was selected with other
internationally recognized jurisdictions
like the United Kingdom and Alderney
involved in licencing and regulating
remote gaming.

The Director of Gaming views this
initiative as undoubtedly an
opportunity to advance the profile of
Antigua and Barbuda internationally as
a highly regarded and well regulated
remote gaming jurisdiction.

11ri/age (NaAf/tna Dre'ss) Day

31st' Ocerof 2009

The aiy before Indpendance Day on ist Novemer, YVationalDress Day if te
offcia~faunc/i ay oft Ie ndaeenadnce celkrations. Sc/hoo, isinesses and-
government ofSces arefestoonedawit /i.r (tly colured'corations.

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 135-Julu/Auaur~ 2009

The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufluoust 2009

1 Dearest Florence

You are gone, but never to be forgotten. Tributes were given, songs
were sung and prayers said. Tears were shed, but smiles were seen as
we remembered you fondly. Your lifelong friends spoke glowingly of you.
Oh what a pleasure it was when you visited your former colleagues a
mere two and a half weeks before you were no longer.

Goodbye friend, colleague ... No more sorrow, no more pain.
"The Master is come and calleth for thee." John 11. Verse 28

Mrs Florence Louise Cash (nee Crump), former Tourism Officer,
passed away on 27th July 2009.

Unemployment benefit
programme to be

Minister of Finance, Harold Lovell
says the program will commence
shortly and will be funded through a
US$50 million bail out from

The Social Security Board will manage
the Unemployment Assistance Fund
on behalf of the government.

All applications for benefits should be
sent in to the Social Security Board for
review. To qualify, an applicant must
be a citizen, temporary resident, or

Antigua Dance

Academy Tours

Observer Entertainment News -

A contingent of 23 artistes from The
Antigua Dance Academy took part in
the Billingham International Folklore
Festival one of international dance
and song with lots of colour. This
event runs from August 1 to 8 each
year, and features Folk dance and
traditions from the Cook Islands to
Poland alongside an international
craft fair.

legal resident residing in the twin-
island state for no less than three

The applicant must have contributed
for one year prior to the
commencement of unemployment to
the Education Levy, Social Security
and Medical Benefits Scheme and
made all relevant personal income tax
payments for a minimum of 12 months.
Other stipulations: candidates must
be out of work for at least four weeks,
candidates cannot be of pensionable
age, and they have been employed by
a company that downsized due to the
ongoing economic crisis or after
October 1, 2008. Applicants are
required to provide proof of lay-off,
citizenship, temporary residency or

It was the first stop of a near month-
long tour of Europe for the Antiguan
performers ranging in age from 10 up.

The group, who joins dancers from
Poland, Peru, Thailand and several
English counties, seem to be hitting it
off very well with the event's
organizers as Choreographer
Veronica Yearwood says her dancers
are getting a lot of work.

"We are the group with the youngest
dancers and they're so impressed
with the fact that we have such young
children that they've been using us
every day," she said, backstage
between performances.

legal residency and registration at the
Labour Department. Unemployment
assistance payments will range from
$300 weekly or $1,200 monthly for the
period of unemployment, up to a
maximum of 13 weeks for any 52-
week period.

Minister Lovell says the Government
will still formally approach the
International Monetary Fund for
assistance. The Minister noted that
the recent US$50 million cash
injection will help solve short-term
economic problems but the
Government will still have to seek
options for the long-term. The
Government is open to pursuing all
available avenues.

The Antigua Dance Academy's next
stop after Billingham is France for
another international folk dance

"A lot of these European countries
have these festivals so we seize the
opportunity to participate," Ms.
Yearwood said.

The Antigua Dance Academy
specialises in Caribbean folk dance
performed not with recorded music
but accompanied by percussionists
and singers.

The contingent returned to Antigua
and Barbuda on August 22.


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 135-Julu/Auaur~ 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufluoust 2009

The facts of the Case
Attorney-General and
National Parks Authority
vs Gaston Browne and
Vere Bird Jr.

High Court Claim
No. 0351/2005
Attorney General and National
Parks Authority
Gaston Browne and Vere C Bird Jr.

Gaston Browne had purchased 3
acres of Crown lands at English
Harbourwithin the Nelson's Dockyard
National Park at the Cabinet-
established concessionary price of
EC$25,000 an acre. He paid for the
lands on February 12, 2004, six days
before the Cabinet decision to sell
him the lands on February 18, 2004.
No valuation of the land was done
before the sale, and in 2006, it was
assessed at a value of EC$1.4M in
2004, the year of purchase.

The lands were subject to the
National Parks Act but no approval
had been requested or obtained from
the National Parks Authority as
required by section 22(1) of the Act;
additionally, although section 24(2)
required the Crown to consult with the
Authority before disposing of the
lands, there was no record of any
such consultations taking place
although the evidence indicated that
some of the members of the Board
had been told by the Chairman who
was aware of Mr. Browne's interest in
purchasing the lands.

The Court found that there was no
evidence of misfeasance in public
office against either defendant given
the fact that the sale was in
accordance with an established and
previously followed Cabinet policy,
and that any issue with the policy
would have to be brought against the
entire Cabinet, and not just two
members, one of whom had benefited
from the approved transaction. The
Court however found that neither
consultation with or approval by the
National Parks Authority had been
obtained for the subdivision of the

lands and the subsequent sale to
Gaston Browne of the subdivided
parcel, and therefore both the
subdivision and the sale had been
bad in law and that Mr. Browne's
registration as owner would have to
be cancelled. However, the Court
held that the approval to sell having
been given by Cabinet, the
sale/purchase agreement subsists,
subject to the required approval from
and consultation with the National
Parks Authority being sought.

The case was heard in June 2008,
and decision delivered on July 31
2009. For the reasons given in the
judgment, the High Court ordered as

1. That the subject parcel of land
falls under the National Parks Act,
cap. 290 and forms part of the
Nelson's Dockyard National Park;

2. Consultation with the Parks
Authority is required in the
circumstances of this case, under
section 24(2) of the Act;

3. Prior written approval by the
Parks Authority is required in the
circumstances of this case under
section 22(1) of the Act;

4. No adequate or sufficient
consultation in respect of dealings
with the subject parcel of land took
place on the facts of this case to
satisfy the provisions of the National
Parks Act and more specifically
section 24(2) of the Act;

5. There was no prior written
approval or other adequate or
sufficient approval by the 2nd named
Claimant in respect of the subject
parcel of land to satisfy the
requirements of section 22(1) of the

6. No case of misfeasance in public
office or any other case having been
made out against the 2nd Defendant,
the case against him is hereby
dismissed with costs, pursuant to the
CPR 2000;
7. No case of misfeasance in public
office having been made out against
the 1st Defendant, the case against
him for misfeasance in public office

only is hereby
judgment for the
issue in the claim;

dismissed with
Claimants on this

8. Judgment for the Claimant
against the 1st defendant on the claim
that the subdivision, sale, transfer
and registration of the parcel of land
was in contravention of the National
Parks Act;

9. The sale, subdivision, transfer
and registration of the land, to wit,
parcel 404 of Block: 35 2580A in
Registration Section: English Harbour
to Gaston Browne was effected
without prior written approval or
consultation with the National Parks
Authority, contrary to section 20(1)
and 24(2) respectively of the National
Parks Act; Therefore:

(i) the transfer of the parcel of
land is void ab initio;
(ii) the registration of the said
parcel in the name of Gaston Browne
is null and void ab initio;
(iii) the subdivision of the said
parcel of land is null and void ab initio;
(iv) as a result of the above
declarations and findings, Gaston
Browne is to deliver up the land
certificate in respect of the said parcel
of land to the Registrar to be dealt
with in accordance with the law;
(v) the Cabinet decision and the
Government's agreement for the sale
of the said parcel of land to Gaston
Browne is valid and still subsists,
subject to the National Parks Act and
the law;
(vi) that Gaston Browne be at
liberty to cause compliance with the
National Parks Act. The Court
expresses no opinion on the process
or its outcome; and
(vii) that success in the matter
being evenly balanced, each party to
bear its own costs.

Senior Counsel Anthony Astaphan
represented Gaston Browne and
Kelvin John represented Vere Bird jr.

Representing the Attorney General
and the National Parks Authority, who
brought the action, was the Attorney
General himself and with him Crown
Counsel Ms. Alicia Aska.


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua I35-Julu/Auaurt 2009

The Anbaua and Barbuda Hiah Commission

Issue 135 Julu/lAuoust 2009

* I

The Rndoua and Bafbuda Hich Commission Issue 135 Julu/Ruoust 2009--~` ---


The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufl-uoust 2009

Educational Past -

Mico College

by E.T. Henry

At the time of emancipation in Antigua
on the 1st of August 1834 some 23,350
men and women passed from slavery
into freedom. A freedom which was by
far more beneficial to their owners
than it was to the slaves themselves.

The Sugar Planters received from the
British Treasury by way of
compensation for the slaves they lost,
four hundred and fifteen thousand
seven hundred pounds sterling. In
addition they received a large and
captive workforce who had no choice
other than to accept the poor wages
paid to them. The erstwhile slaves,
received no restitution for the ills done
to them, yet all was not lost. Even
notional freedom was more
acceptable than the brutal captivity in
which they were held by the
plantocrats. In spite of repressive laws
cleverly designed to keep them as
captive labour for the sugar
plantations, many of them were armed
with the ability to read and write and
were considered to be far better
educated than their counterparts on
other islands.

This happy circumstance came about
as a result of the dedicated and
arduous effects of he Moravians, the
Methodist, and to a lesser extent the
Anglicans who for decades preceding
emancipation had worked among the
slaves, in the face of serious odds.
They managed to maintain schools
and provide adults as well as children
with secular and religious education.
In 1836 there were small schools all
over the island and a grant from the
British Government the year before
had to some extent eased the
pressure placed on the religious bodies.

In the 1840's a fortuitous event took
place in the educational systems of the
colonies when Mico colleges were
established in the region. The funds
for the Mico Trust were derived from
the will of a certain Lady Mico, an
Englishwoman. In 1666 she
bequeathed a sum of money and

property to her nephew Samuel on
condition that he married one of her
nieces. If the marriage did not take
place, the money was to be used to
help free Englishmen enslaved by the
pirates off the coast of North Africa.
Samuel did not marry any of his
cousins and the money remained
untouched for over a century and a
half. When Lady Mico's will was
examined it was discovered that the
estate had grown to the value of one
hundred and twenty thousand pounds
sterling. By this time there were no
more victims of the Barbary coast
raids to be freed and the authorities of
the Mico Trust were persuaded to put
the money to the education of the
ex-slaves in the West Indies.

1840, the Mico Charity was operating
196 schools in most of the islands,
with colleges for the training of
teachers in some of them. There can
be no doubt that the Mico institution in
Antigua played an important role and
provided a service of the highest
quality in its educational establishment
during these early years. A Reverend
John Horsford writing in St Vincent in
1856 had this to say, "Education is still
in some places a work of the future,
but the Mico institution in Antigua
furnished an admirable academy for
the training of youth." Mico continued
its service to the islands contributing to
the education of teachers and religious
leaders. Many a teacher in St Kitts,
Barbados, Trinidad, Tobago,
Windward Islands owed his
outstanding performance in his
profession to the education he
received at the Mico Training College
in Antigua.

In 1886, the 50th anniversary of the
establishment of the Trust, the
Secretary of the Mico Charity, the
Reverend I. W. Gedge M.A., paid a
visit to the West Indies and on his
return prepared a very favourable
report on the Antigua institution.
However, all good things will come to
an end oft times seemingly too soon.

The end of the century saw the end of
the Mico Charity in Antigua. The
foundation for a solid education future
had been laid down. In 1899 the
property was put up for sale and was
bought by the Moravians who on the

29th March 1900 established there the
Theological Seminary known as
Buxton Grove. Later these buildings
would be occupied by the Antigua
Girls High School.

1835 After emancipation, Mico
funds of the 17th century used for
education of slave children.

1838 A Mico formal school
established which continued until 1899.

1839 Mico Charity sponsored 8
primary schools with 635 students.

1839 A Mico school opened in
Bermuda Valley. Another plantation

1839 Mico school opened on Union
Estate 50 enrolled, only 5 schooled

1839 Mico Charity infant school
opened at Tomlinson for under 8 years.

1850 In schools of the established
church there were 1,850 children,
Moravian: 994 Methodist: 537 Mico:

1856 The Mico institution was at
Buxton Grove.

1876 Mico Model School ranked
best primary school by Horsford's

1891 The Mico School turned out a
supply of teachers.

1899 1890's average attendance at
the Mico Training College was 20 and
at Spring Gardens 13.

1900 29th Mico property was bought
by the Moravians, established the
Theological Seminary known as the
Buxton Grove.

1902 The Moravian Mico school
was the headquarters of a Debating

Reprinted from
The Historical & Archaeological
Society Newsletter No. 106
Museum of Antigua and Barbuda


Tha Anb'aua crnJ BcrrbuJcr Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 135-Julu/Auaur~ 2009

The Rndoua and Bafrbuda Hoch Commission Issue I135 Julufl~ugust 2009

Continued from page 2

[I always maintain that we
have the best designed
national flag in the world

If the answer to all of these is an
unconditional "yes", then the green
shoots of nationalism are showing.
But I can sadly state that on a number
of occasions I have observed the
converse. Not too long ago, I was at a
national event when our national
anthem was played. Barely half of
those present bothered to move.
Some of those present were only
prompted into action when their
neighbours acted. I also noticed on
another occasion how reluctantly
some persons stirred when the

Continued from page 1

Carnival officially started on the 25th July
under the theme of "It's yours, It's mine"
with the usual parade around town. The
procession was then led into the
Antigua Recreation Ground where soca
artists and calypsonians performed to
the crowds. Many people attended the
show and it left them anticipating the
rest of the music and pageantry events.

The first music show was the children's
carnival, which saw lots of people come
out to support the young children
involved. The Queen of Carnival as
usual, was a successful event, but due
to bad weather, on the night, the
Costume segment was not judged. This
was due to the first delegate being
knocked to the ground by the strong
winds which caught the large carnival
costume she wore and pulled her down.
Other than this mishap, the show was
well staged and very entertaining. The
Teen Splash pageant followed in suit of
the Queen Show and showed promising
performances from students from
different schools in Antigua and Barbuda.

Wednesday was the night when the
grounds of Carnival City were truly
packed with soca lovers. The crowds
flocked to see regional stars Kevin
Lyttle, Shurwayne Winchester and Iwer
George amongst other Antiguan Artists
at the Melting Pot extravaganza. Even

Governor General entered a particular

As a trained member of the Junior
Chamber International Senate Body
(some of you may remember this
organisation as the "Jaycees", I have
always heard of the axiom, show
respect for the office even though you
are at variance with the person who
holds that office for the moment.

What else can we do to nurture these
green shoots of nationalism? I offer
just a few of my thoughts:
Ensure that Antigua and
Barbuda is recognized for
good things

Ensure that our Parliamentary
System is grounded on
Honour and Good

the rain that fell in the early hours of the
morning did not deter the attendees
who swayed and jumped-up to the soca
beats. Melting Pot was followed by
Panorama which crowned LIME
Hellsgate Steel Orchestra, captained by
Marion Dyer, the winners of the pan
competition. The show, as usual,
involved different renditions of popular
songs and also some original pieces.

The final pageantry show was Jaycees
Caribbean Queen Show which brought
all the regional queens together. There
were singing, dancing and other
wonderful talents which made the show
a spectacular event. The winner of the
show was Antiguan Queen, 21 year-old
Shelana George. George had had only
4 days to prepare for Jaycees after
winning the Queen of Carnival on
Monday night.

With popular artists, Tizzy and Claudette
"CP" Peters not participating in the much
anticipated Party Monarch show,
spectators didn't know what to expect.
But with both the jumpy and groovy
category of the show jam packed it was
no surprise that it was a great,

Governance, made up of
transparency, accountability
and integrity

Offer support for other
Antiguans and Barbudans in
all laudable undertakings

SRally fellow Antiguans and
Barbudans wherever they are
into potential influencing
groups for the furtherance of
our national objectives

If each of us attempt to be guided by
these ideas and to offer our full
support, whether financial or
otherwise then the green shoots of
nationalism will indeed blossom into a
fully grown tree of National Pride. Let
us therefore work together for the
common good and this strong ideal.

title of calypso monarch. Runners up
were Ivena and De Bear who both gave
strong and entertaining performances.

It was now time for the parading and
judging of the troupes, which those of all
ages look forward to. To kick off the
parades was of course, J'ouvert
morning, which had returned to the
original route around town but ended
earlier than usual much to the dismay of
the revelers. However there was still
plenty of music playing, whether from a
hi-fi, a live band or an iron band and
people jammed right through. Of course
the jamming continued right through
Monday and Tuesday as mas players
took over the streets of St. John's in
their flamboyant and colourful costumes.
Locals and tourists alike flocked to the
side streets to show their appreciation
and admire the lovely costume parade.
The winners of the different sections
were awarded on Tuesday evening in
the Antigua Recreation Ground before
the crowds returned to the streets for
the traditional Last Lap. At midnight the
sound systems were cut off and the
jamming came to a halt which signified
the end of Antigua Carnival 2009.

entertaining evening for all that came
along. The popular 24-year-old, Tian With little trouble but lots of
Winter, was reigned winner of both the entertainment over the two weeks of
categories. Carnival, it was a great success and left
people thinking and feeling positively of
The final show was the Calypso the Carnival season. It was mine, it was
Monarch Competition and well known yours, it was Antigua Carnival 2009.
Calypsonian King Zacari was given the

The Anb'crucr crnJ BcrrbuJcr Hicrh (ommirrion

Irrus 135 Julv/Aucrurt 2009

The Andoua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 3 35 Julufluoust 2009

Scenes of Antigua Carnival 2009

Pictures above of Jouvert morning revellers and below -
Troupes and Groups

Above Carnival revellers and below Queen of Carnival receiving prizes

The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 135-Julu/Auaur~ 2009

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