Group Title: Official newsletter of the Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Title: Official newsletter
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Title: Official newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Publisher: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Place of Publication: London, England
Publication Date: March/April 2009
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The Antigua and Barbuda

High Commission
WjOi ?Official Newsletter Issue 132 -- March/April 2009

Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer takes
Oaths of Secrecy, Office and
Allegiance administered by Governor-
General Dame Louise Lake-Tack

The United Progressive Party (UPP) was successful at the polls on the
12th March 2009 winning 10 of the 17 seats.
See pages 2 and 3
In This Issue
1. UPPretainspower (page 2)
2. The Music Society ofAntigua and Barbuda (page 5)
3. Tributes to the late Dr Ivor Heath and Senator the Honourable Lion Gomes (page 13)
4. Statement by the Honourable Minister of Finance (page 16)
4. Statement by the I-onourable Minister of Finance (page 16)



The 2009 Elections in
Antigua and Barbuda
(Part 1)

Upon my return to the United
Kingdom since the 12th March
election in Antigua and Barbuda, I
have been asked on many occasions
"how did the elections go back home".
I have attempted to explain, not just
the results but also why this election,
unlike that of 2004 has evoked so
much adverse reactions among the
citizens and residents of the country.
I therefore have decided to make this
the subject of my message in the
High Commission's Newsletter for
March/April 2009.

The elections of 2004 were pivotal in
the history of the nation of Antigua
and Barbuda for it removed from
office a party which had ruled the
State for over forty (40) years (except
for the period of 1971 to 1976). In fact,

S the Antigua Labour Party has
held the reins of government
for the last twenty-eight (28)
years. The change in 2004
was therefore met with much
rejoicing, a desire for change
and a release of much built-
up expectation on the part of
many of the inhabitants of the

The elections of 2009 were
quite different. There has
been much discussion in the
media about the results; what
they mean and what may
have gone wrong. There
have been too many
accusations flying left to right
and back to front
accompanied by a
resurgence of animosities at
a time when unity and co-
operation are most needed.

There were many observer
missions present over the
period of the elections.
Among them were the Organisation of
American States (OAS) team of 31
members, the Commonwealth
Secretariat Expert Team (CET) of 6
members, the Caricom Observer
Team and the United Group of
Church Leaders. Unfortunately I
could only get my hands on the report
which was released by the
Commonwealth Secretariat earlier
this month. The CET was in Antigua
and Barbuda from the 6th to 16th
March 2009. I will therefore use this
public document to ground my own

Since 2004 over nine thousand, eight
hundred and twenty (9825 to be
exact) first-time registrants were
added to the voters list. This took
place between the 1st January 2004
and the 31st December 2008. These
additions increased the electoral list
to fifty-two thousand, one hundred
and seventy-three (52,173). To put
this figure into perspective, one would
have to relate it to the total population
figure normally used to determine

population density and GDP per

In recent times figures seen in
publications have ranged from
80,000 to 90,000 and sometimes
even higher. I honestly believe that it
is high time that we are able to say,
with much more certainty, what the
population of our nation really is. For
this presentation I will use the
average of the above two figures or
85,000. This would mean that
approximately 61% of the population
were registered to vote. From the
results released by the Antigua and
Barbuda Electoral Commission a
total of 41,676 voters actually
exercised this right yielding a voter
turn out percentage of 80%. The
comparative figure for 2004 is 91%
and shows an overall decline of 11%.
This may or may not be material but it
clearly shows that a significant
percentage of the voters were able to

The CET which comprised of three
staffers from the Commonwealth
Secretariat, was chaired by the
Honourable Christine Stewart
(Former Secretary of State for
Foreign Affairs, Canada), and
included Ms Ruth Arleen Meighan
(Chief Elections Officer, Elections
and Boundaries Department, Belize)
and Mr David Yhann (former Project
Director, Elections Monitoring Project,
Electoral Assistance Bureau,

The elections passed peacefully. The
results were somewhat of a surprise
to many persons especially the failure
of Dr. Errol Cort to retain his seat and
the return of Former Prime Minister
Lester Bird and Molwyn Joseph.
Even more surprising was the defeat
of Winston Williams by a relative new-
comerto politics, Eustace Lake. What
were some of the factors which
contributed to this and what was the
response of the general population?
In part II, I will continue my analysis of
the elections and the CET report.
H.E. Dr Carl Roberts

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I(clla 133 M~rrlr/~~ril3nnO

UPP Retains Power

Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda the Hon. W. Baldwin Spencer, after winning the General Elections on
12th March, has named the members of his Cabinet. The Cabinet members took their Oath of Office at
Government House. The members of the Cabinet are as follows:

1. The Honourable W. Baldwin Spencer, Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs

2. The Honourable Justin Simon Q.C., Attorney General and Minister of Legal Affairs

3. The Honourable Willmoth Daniel, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Health,
Social Transformation and Consumer Affairs

4. The Honourable Harold Lovell, Minister of Finance, The Economy and Public Administration

5. Senator The Honourable Dr. L. Errol Cort, Minister of National Security

6. The Honourable Hilson Baptiste, Minister of Agriculture, Lands, Housing and the Environment

7. Dr. The Honourable Jacqui Quinn-Leandro, Minister of Education, Sports, Youth and Gender Affairs

8. The Honourable John Herbert Maginley, Minister of Tourism, Civil Aviation and Culture

9. The Honourable Trevor Myke Walker, Minister of Works and Transport

Additional members of the Prime Minister's Government include:

Ministers of State

Honourable Chanlah Codrington Minister of State'
attached to the Ministry of Agriculture, Lands,
Housing and the Environment with responsibility
for Marine Resources including Fisheries, Agro
Industries, Environment, Development Control
Authority (DCA)

Honourable Eleston Montgomery Adams Minister of
State attached to the Ministry of Tourism, Civil
Aviation and Culture with responsibility for Culture,
Independence, National Parks/Heritage Sites,
Festivals including Carnival

Senator the Honourable. Dr. Edmond Mansoor Minister
of State attached to the Office of The Prime
Minister with responsibility for Information,
Broadcasting, Telecommunications, Science &
Technology, Special Projects Prime Minister, Attorney General and some
Members of the Senate
Senator the Honourable Winston Vincent Williams -
Minister of State attached to the Ministry of
Education, Sports and Youth Affairs with Responsibility for Sports, Local Government,
Boys Training School, Special Projects including School Meals Project

Senator the Honourable Joanne Maureen Massiah Minister of State attached to the Ministry of Legal
Affairs with responsibility for Magistrates Court, High Court, Court of Appeal, Industrial Court,
Registrar & Provost Marshall, Legal Aid Advice Centre

Senator the Honourable Elmore Charles- Minister of State attached to the Ministry of Works and
Transport with responsibility for Transport Board, Procurement, Stores, Vehicular Control

The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

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The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 132 MarchlRadi 2009

Seminar on Youth
Crime Prevention

The Ministry of Justice and Public
Safety co-sponsored a one day
seminar on youth crime prevention last
Friday March 20th 2009. The seminar
entitled "Shared Experiences" from the
juvenile justice program in Florida was
coordinated jointly with the United
States Agency for International
Development (USAID)'s Barbados
office, and the Office of the US Military
Southern Command.

The event, funded through the Florida
National Guard's State Partnership

Program (SPP), featured
presentations from the Florida Youth
Challenge Academy, the Seminole
County Sheriffs Office, the
Jacksonville Police Athletic League,
and the State Attorney's Office in

At the conclusion of the seminar, the
Barbados' office USAID made
sizeable educational and sports-
related equipment donations to the
following institutions: The Ministry of
Education, Sports, Youth and Gender
Affairs; The Boy's Training School
Correctional Facility; Her Majesty's
Prison; the Sunshine Home for Girls;
and the Ministry of Sports. Those
included: 1 digital camera; 2 printers;

2 flip charts; 1 projector and screen; 2
easels; 24 dictionaries; 12 calculators;
2 desktop computers; 2 laptops; 3
cases exercise books; 5 netballs and
net; 7 basketballs and 2 nets; 4 sets
cricket gloves; 4 wicketkeeper gloves;
and 4 sets cricket pads.

Senior personnel from the Ministry of
Justice received the gifts on behalf
of the above-mentioned youth
organizations; then thanked
representatives from USAID, and the
Florida National Guard, who travelled
to Antigua and Barbuda forthe seminar.

The Ministry of Justice and Public
Safety is now under the umbrella of
the Ministry of National Security.

43rd Antiqua and Bar64da Sports

Fishing Tournament Catamaran -

Falmout4 Harbour

29th May to 1st June

Prime Minister

Spencer secures
more Scholarships
for Antiguans and

On the 6th March Prime Minister the
Hon. W. Baldwin Spencer signed a
Memorandum of Understanding with
Grambling State University to bring
into effect the granting of fifty partial
scholarships and five full scholarships
to qualified Antiguans and Barbudans.

Prime Minister Spencer outlined that
he signed the MOU with the Associate
Vice President and Executive Director
for the Centre for International Affairs
and Programmes Dr. Mahmoud
Lamadanie who was visiting Antigua
and Barbuda to hold discussions with
Ministry of Education officials and
prospective students.

"This is another demonstration of the
United Progressive Party
administration that we are committed
to ensuring that the majority of young
Antiguans and Barbudans are given
the opportunity to advance themselves
by pursuing degree studies in some of
the finest universities around the
world," said Prime Minister Spencer.

The agreement with Grambling State
University in the United States also
facilitates the exchange of faculty for
the purposes of research, service,
consulting and teaching.

During his visit to Antigua Dr.
Mahmoud Lamadanie paid a courtesy
call on Her Excellency Dame Louise
Lake Tack, Governor General of
Antigua and Barbuda and held
discussions with the then Education
Minister Bertrand Joseph and Chief
Education Officer Mrs. Jacintha

A constituent member of the University
of Louisiana System, Grambling State
University is fully accredited by the
Southern Association of Colleges and
Schools (SACS ). Its instructional
programs are delivered through a
School of Graduate Studies and
Research and four undergraduate
colleges: Arts and Sciences, Business,
Education and Professional Studies.

The university offers 64 programmes,
leading to certification, associate's,
bachelor's, master's and doctoral
degrees. The university also offers the
only doctorate in developmental
education in the United States.


The Anb'aua and BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

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The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 132 MamrhlRad 2009

The Music Society of
Antigua and Barbuda

On 18th November 2007 the Music
Society of Antigua and Barbuda came
into being when a small group of 8
persons all having an interest in the
love of music met to try to fill the need
for an organisation which could
promote music of all genres locally.
An interim Executive Committee
comprised of 8 members was duly

The objectives of the Society as stated
in its Constitution are as follows:

(1) to give support to Music
Education and developing musicians;
(2) to become supporting
partners with philanthropist and donor
agencies through which funding may
be directed;
(3) to provide musicians with
performing experience especially
young musicians;
(4) to assist in projects such as
the buildinQ of a Music Resource

Centre, the main purpose for which is
to provide a permanent home for the
Antigua and Barbuda Symphony
Orchestra, and which will include an
auditorium for performances of all the
arts and management of the Centre.

With regard to the last objective, the
Society has been extremely fortunate
in that we already have a benefactor
who will provide it with funds for the
construction of the Centre. The
Government is considering a parcel of
land to be donated for this purpose.

The first fundraising recital was held
on February 8th 2008 at the St John's
Cathedral. A flautist from the United
Kingdom Gabrielle Byam-Grounds,
Director of English Serenata, and a
young professional pianist from St
Vincent, Sean Sutherland performed
works by Bach, Faur6, Liszt, Elgar and
others. Since then, the Society has
held two other recitals; one in
September 2008 by a visiting
American pianist Roman Rudnytsky,
and the most recent held on March
22nd, by two Antiguan musicians-

Gordon Edwards pianist, and
organist/accompanist Veronica Dyde
together with a Guyanese baritone,
Paul Cort, who is currently living and
teaching in Antigua.. It also held a
Panel Discussion at the Museum, the
topic for discussion being "The Role
of Music in a Developing Society."

The Society now has as one of its
priorities, the widening of its
membership in Antigua and abroad,
and to this end anyone interested in
becoming a member should complete
the enclosed application form and
forward it together with a
cheque/postal order to:
The Music Society of Antigua and
c/o Antigua and Barbuda High
2nd Floor, 45 Crawford Place,
London W1H 4LP

The annual membership subscription
is as follows:
Students under the age of 18 7.00
Adults 14.00

Early Childhood
Associate's Degree
Being Formulated for
Antiguan and Barbudan

Discussions aimed at developing early
childhood education through teacher
training have begun in the Ministry of

Local education officials and
representatives of the Joint Board of
Teacher Education of Jamaica, along
with Shortwood Teachers' College are
meeting in Antigua this week,
engaging in dialogue that will lead to
the development of an Associate's
Degree for Antiguan and Barbudan
teachers, desirous of specializing in
early childhood education.

Drs. Rose Davies, Marcia Stewart and
Christopher Clarke held three days of
meetings, with Ministry of Education
personnel, discussing the feasibility of
the degree, examining critical
components of an Early Childhood
teacher programme, developing an
associate degree in Early Childhood

Education, using the critical important
ornamental model, and a model for
establishing and monitoring of the
programme. The development of the
early childhood associate degree
programme has been fully endorsed
by education minister Dr. the Hon.
Jacqui Quinn-Leandro.

"What it is going to do is to continue
strengthening the foundation, on
which our children and young people
will build their education. We have a
passion in this ministry for the early
childhood programme. We want to
build it as one of the foundations for
higher quality education in Antigua
and Barbuda," Dr. Leandro stated.
Chief Education Officer Jacintha
Pringle, while sanctioning the Early
Childhood degree, commented "if
persons were going to respect
teachers, they must be qualified."

She said presently, primary and
secondary school teachers are trained
via the joint board of teacher education
eastern zone (UWI Cave Hill), but
provisions were never made for
teachers of pre-school, kindergarten
and grades one to two. However, that
is about to change.

"What we want to do is to find a way
to train our early childhood teachers. It
is important we do that, so that the
teaching population is properly

"Early childhood is very important and
is also the most important area in the
entire life of a child. Once you have
formed that solid foundation, then
everyone after will be able to build on
it," Mrs. Pringle noted.

The programme will be introduced in a
pilot phase, and will be taught during
evening classes for three years.

Earla Esdaille, education officer in
charge of early childhood education,
says the degree courses will be
administered jointly by Shortwood
Teachers' Training College, UWI Mona
and Cave Hill campuses, through the
Antigua State College.

Esdaille, while admitting that
completing the initial phase will be
challenging, is predicting that
discussions will conclude in time for
the launch of the degree in September,


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

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Prime Minister

The Hon. W. Baldwin Spencer

Address To The Nation

Sunday March 22, 2009

Fellow Citizens and Residents of
Antigua and Barbuda:

I consider it my duty to speak candidly
with you about issues which are of
concern to a majority of the viewers
and listeners to this broadcast.

In discharge of the new mandate
which the Antiguan and Barbudan
people gave to the United Progressive
Party ten days ago, I have
restructured the Government of
Antigua and Barbuda to ensure
maximum optimization of the
resources available to the Government.
I now lead a Cabinet which I have
reduced to Nine Ministers; the Prime
Minister and the Attorney General,

Had the UPP won more seats in the
General Election, I would also have
opted for a reduction to a nine-
member Cabinet.

This reduced Cabinet signals
recognition of the need for belt-
tightening at the highest executive

Current and foreseeable national and
international economic imperatives
dictate new frugality, new austerity in
the governments of nations large as
well as small; industrialized as well as
emerging economies.

The reduction in the size of the
Cabinet will make for timelier decision
making and implementation in the
delivery of the greatest good to the
greatest number of the Antiguan and
Barbudan people.

Ministers of State who are attached to
certain Ministries, may, from time to
time, be invited to be in attendance at
Cabinet for discussions on specific
matters for which they have assigned

Every Minister in my nine-member
Cabinet, and the majority of the
Ministers of State assigned to various
Ministries, has five solid years of
government experience.

That experience includes central
involvement in the transformation from
a failed state to five years of unbroken
economic growth since 2004.

The experience I have mobilised in the
new UPP administration includes
leadership in the transformation from
decades of fiefdom to a new culture of
governance, which, for the first time,
holds elected officials to legally
defined codes of transparency,
accountability, morality and integrity in
public affairs.

Fellow Citizens and Residents of
Antigua and Barbuda:

Though we are fortunate in having
continuity in government, I again
stress that it will not be business as

This has application in the composition
of state boards and statutory

I do not expect that directors of state
boards and commissioners of
statutory authorities to ignore the
convention which dictates that they
should voluntarily offer their
resignations so that the Cabinet and
Ministers with new portfolios will have
all options open for reconstituting the
state entities.

In a wrenchingly changing world,
business as usual is simply not an

This was tellingly demonstrated in my
Administration's involvement in
formulating and implementing the
strategy for the protection of
depositors in the Bank of Antigua and
its employees.

This was also tellingly demonstrated in
our bold and swift action in
reconvening parliament after its
dissolution, in order to secure a
resolution authorising the Government
of Antigua and Barbuda to acquire
hundreds of acres of prime lands
which the previous administration had
transferred to Alan Stanford for next to

As the country, the region and the
world is facing a sustained economic
crisis that has triggered the wholesale
collapse of businesses, job losses in
the millions and bleak forecasts of
negative growth, business as usual is
not an option.
It is our good fortune that over the past
five years, the Government of Antigua
and Barbuda has won the respect of
the international investment
community and donor countries and

We have developed alliances with
strong nations which have contributed
significantly to our country's social and
economic development.

Under my administration, Antigua and
Barbuda has earned the trust and
goodwill of countries which are willing
to assist in the continuing
development of our nation.

In this context, I know you will be
pleased to learn that my
Administration already has a firm
commitment for the funding of the
University of Antigua and Barbuda.

I expect that in very short order, we will
formalise the necessary arrangements
for the commencement of work on the
University of Antigua and Barbuda.

The establishment of the University of
Antigua and Barbuda will be a giant
step on the path to my vision of
universal free tertiary education for
young Antiguans and Barbudans.


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

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Fellow Citizens and Residents of
Antigua and Barbuda:

As the United Progressive Party
Administration proceeds with its
mandate to move the nation forward,
members of the rejected regime that
held a stranglehold on power in this
country for decades appear bent on
inciting anarchy.

On this point, I reaffirm that my
Administration stands firm in our
pledged determination to defend the
nation against external forces which
threaten our economy and the integrity
of our financial system.

I strongly reaffirm that the UPP also
stands firm in defending the nation
against those internal forces whose
patent agenda is to destroy that which
they cannot control.

These concerns are of sharp
relevance following the recent threat of
blood on the streets from an ALP MP.

They are of direct relevance following
other inflammatory utterances from
ALP spokespersons during the
election campaign and since.

The many disturbing developments
involving the leadership and
candidates of the defeated Antigua
Labour Party paint a profoundly
ominous portrait of a group with an
unconcealed agenda for anarchy.

The ALP agenda is manifestly bent on
making Antigua and Barbuda
ungovernable, following the
Opposition party's repeat rejection by
the majority of the Antiguan and
Barbudan electorate.

You might already be aware of some of
those developments.

Last Thursday night, an ALP
spokesperson leveled the most
outrageous, dangerous and utterly
baseless allegations of electoral
improprieties against the Prime

There was not a shred of truth to those
scurrilous allegations.

who sought to link the UPP with fires
at two ALP constituency offices during
the campaign.

Over the last few days, a defeated
ALP election candidate was true to the
character of his party's leadership in
falsely accusing the UPP of setting fire
to two of his motor vehicles.

The matter involving a break-in at the
home of the defeated ALP candidate
for St. John's Rural North is very

That incident, too, was falsely imputed
to the UPP.

Lo and behold, when effective police
investigation led to the apprehension
of the guilty party, the rejected ALP
candidate promptly intervened to
interrupt the course of justice.

His stated position was, inter alia, that
he did not want to press charges
against the burglar, with whom his
family was acquainted.

You might wish to ponder upon that.

The nation is left to wonder what
response is to be expected from other
purported ALP victims of highly
publicized fires if increasingly potent
police investigative skills should lead
to the arrest of perpetrators of other
unlawful incidents in which ALP
activists have been cast as victims.

Fellow Citizens and Residents of
Antigua and Barbuda:

The untoward incidents in which ALP
operatives have been involved are not
They faithfully reflect the flawed
collective character of the current ALP
leadership and must be viewed in the
context of the ALP Leader's fearful
declaration, "If we lose this election,
Crapaud smoke our pipe."

That declaration, as is widely known
was in acknowledgment of the
implications of the documentation of
the misdeeds of the entire ALP
frontline leadership while holding high
public office.

That was also the case with Since losing the Election, the ALP has
accusations from ALP spokespersons embarked on a campaign to discredit

the election results and to challenge
the legitimacy of the Government.

Fellow Citizens and Residents of
Antigua and Barbuda:

Underlining the hypocrisy of their
challenge to the legitimacy of the
Government, it is widely reported that
immediately after polling day,
members of the leadership of the ALP
began offering staggering sums of
money to a number of United
Progressive Party Members of
Parliament as inducement for them to
withdraw support from the UPP

In one case, members of the ALP
leadership presented a UPP MP with
a substantial offer of money; together
with a written declaration signed by the
ALP members of Parliament, in which
they pledged their support for him to
become Prime Minister.

Having sold out the government, the
people's patrimony, and the nation's
sovereignty for next to nothing when
they were in government, the same
ALP frontline players are now
attempting to bribe their way to
another chance at government.

I am proud to say that that every
candidate of the UPP whom the
Antiguan and Barbudan people
elected to the House of Parliament told
the ALP leaders "Get thee, hence!"

Not for one moment did any of the
UPP MPs who were importuned by the
ALP give any thought to betraying the
trust of the people who voted for the
UPP ticket.

It is inherent to their involvement in
politics through the United Progressive
Party that our MPs are steadfast in
their pledge to put the people and our
country first.

Those who have been offering large
sums of money as inducements for
elected UPP parliamentarians to
betray their party and the people are
guilty of serious crimes.

That level of venality is without
precedent and without parallel in our


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

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The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue I132 MamrhlRad 2009

They have shamed our nation.

They continue to bring our country into
international disrepute with a flood of
fictions in the regional media and on
the Internet, such as the prevarication
that voter turnout in the St. John's
Rural West constituency was in
excess of 98 percent.

Fellow Citizens and Residents of
Antigua and Barbuda:

I expect that the Ministry of National
Security will consider the ongoing
impact of incitements on Hate Radio
and other ALP political platforms
which may have the effect of creating
public mischief, and which may incite
civil disorder.

The need for and the duty of
Defending the Nation, the
Government's dominant campaign
theme and the title of the UPP's
Agenda for the Second Term, is
crystalised and given focused effect in
the newly created Ministry of National

The essential functions of the Ministry
of National Security are not unlike
those of the Department of Homeland
Security in the United States, which
was established after the 9/11 attacks
on the World Trade Centre and the

The Ministry of National Security has
responsibility for public peace and
safety; protecting property, preventing,
investigating and prosecuting crime,
including narcotics and money

laundering; citizenship; immigration;
work permits; and maintaining the
security of our borders.

I expect the relevant agencies of the
government to investigate the matters
I have raised with you this evening,
and to bring to justice those who are
attempting to undermine the will of the
voters and subvert our parliamentary
system, which is the bedrock of our

To defend and strengthen our
country's institutions of

To respect the law and to
work to ensure equal justice
for all.

We pledged to work to make Antigua
and Barbuda a land blessed with
peace and security;

Fellow Citizens and Residents of With prosperity and opportunity for all;
Antigua and Barbuda: A land where there are no second
class citizens;

I think it is fitting to conclude with the
pledges sworn by the candidates of
the United Progressive Party when we
began the year with the Big Blue Wave
on Nevis Street on Sunday January 4th.

Where all Antigua and Barbuda's sons
and daughters, native born and
immigrant, embrace one another as
One Family.

Sixteen strong and united in voice and The General Election might have
in purpose we pledged, and I quote: temporarily rent that family asunder.

* To be the servants of the
people, always putting the
people first;

* To

so conscientiously

manage the resources of our
nation, that we will leave no
one behind;

* To give all citizens a voice in
shaping decisions that will
affect their lives;

It is time for all of Antigua and
Barbuda's sons and daughters to
become involved in bringing the nation
together again as one family.

We must not let the self-serving
agendas of a few destroy our nation.

May God bring us together and keep
us together as one family.

May God bless Antigua and Barbuda.

Thank you

* To hold transparency,
accountability and integrity as
our watchwords;

Antigua and Barbuda
Romantic Rhythms Music
Festival postponed
until 2010

On the 14th April 2009 the Hon. Eleston
Adams, Minister of State in The Ministry of
Tourism, Civil Aviation and Culture today
announced the postponement of The
Second Annual Antigua and Barbuda
Romantic Rhythms International Music
Festival 2009.

The rescheduling of the event has been
attributed to the worsening global economic

Last year, the event was held from June 12 -
15 at The Sir Vivian Richards Stadium,
where the stadium was transformed into a

haven of romance with world renowned
international artistes performing to capacity
crowds. Breathtaking performances by
Lionel Richie, Kenny Rogers, Brian
McKnight, and Keyshia Cole alongside other
first class regional and local artistes set the
benchmark for future festivals.

The festival received extensive coverage via
a range of international and regional media

Minister Adams indicated that many options
were considered prior to taking the final
decision to postpone the festival.

Scaling back the number of artists, reducing
the number of days, using only regional
performers were some of the options put on
the table for consideration. Ultimately, it was
decided that to alter the standard would only
serve to damage the Romantic Rhythms

"It was a very difficult decision to postpone
Romantic Rhythms 2009 but given the
current economic crisis we feel it is the
prudent thing to do. We set a very high
standard for our first year. Significant
resources were put into marketing the event
and establishing the Romantic Rhythms
brand. Since we do not have the resources
this year to match or better that standard set
in 2008, we feel that the event should be
postponed. This will allow us to maintain the
brand equity that was built last year and give
us an opportunity to focus our resources on
planning for an even more spectacular event
in 2010," said Adams.

Negotiations are already in progress to
secure the best international perform-
ers for 2010. The new dates and
line-up will be announced in the near


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 132-march/Asn'l 2009

.The ndou and .... ...bud. Hich Commission Issue 1.. .. .32 .- Mch .Rdi 2009





Lighthouse Bay Resort, an
exclusive private island getaway in
Barbuda, just a 15-minute flight from
Antigua, provides its guests with an up
close and personal encounter with the
world's largest frigate bird sanctuary.
Reachable only by boat and just 15
minutes from Lighthouse Bay, the
nesting grounds are home to more
than 5,000 frigate birds and 170 other
bird species. The one-hour excursion
is priced at $54 for two people and $10
for each additional person.

In mating season, from
September to April, the male frigate
bird displays a huge red breast to
attract a female mate. They lay on
one egg on a nest built precariously in
the mangroves. Frigate birds cannot
walk or swim. They soar high in the
clouds, live solely on fish and often
steal fish from other birds.

Lighthouse Bay Resort
features nine luxuriously-appointed
ocean-front guest rooms and suites
with private balconies, highly
personalized service from a staff of 25,
resident gourmet chef and masseuse,
24-hour concierge, roof-top restaurant
with 360-degree ocean views and 14
miles of pristine white and pink sand

All elegant and spacious guest
rooms and suites include lavish
leather and mahogany furnishings, flat
screen TV with satellite reception,
iPod compatible surround-sound
stereo, wireless Internet and in-room
laptop, personal safe, bathrobes,
illuminated make-up mirror, hair dryer,
original watercolour paintings from
local artist Stephen Murphy, daily
housekeeping and evening turn-down

Guests dine on locally
prepared dishes using fresh
Caribbean produce and catches from
the sea. Three meals, plus snacks,
and drinks are all included. The resort
was recently recognized by Islands
Magazine as among The Top Seven
Spots That Promise A True Escape
From Everything and by The New
York Times as Number 3 of 39
Reasons To Go To the Caribbean in

Lighthouse Bay Resort is
base camp to explore Barbuda's
tranquility and signature activities of
sailing, diving, snorkeling, kayaking,
lobster fishing, exploring hidden caves
and bays, shell hunting and horseback
riding. Tours are available to the world
renowned Frigate Bird Sanctuary,
Spanish Point, Two Foot Bay and
Darby Caves.


Barbuda's Pink Sand ite

Beach rated one of ,,e
the Best Remote ind
Beaches in the Aut
World rec
Our sister isle, Barbuda, has once
again been recognized for its
spectacular un-spoilt beaches.
According to travel website, bee, Pink Beach, located pro
in Barbuda, is considered one of the sel
"Best Remote Beaches Around The vac
World". ma
The website's feature on hidden has
beaches in warm weather destinations this
had this to say: "Essentially one huge tha
sandbar, this flamingo-hued swath anc
extends eight miles from Palmetto Ba
Point towards Spanish Point, at the s
southern end. About the only people
who stroll Pink Beach are guests from wM

handful of small hotels that sit on for every
array of f,
the need,
are quite pleased to receive this country is
ustry recognition," said CEO of the world as
igua and Barbuda Tourism destination
hority, Colin C. James, who also
ed that this particular beach had
eived numerous commendations in
past, such as placing
ongst Cond6 Nast Traveler's listing
he World's Best Beaches.

proves beyond a doubt that our
aches are the unique selling
position that attract visitors to
ect Antigua and Barbuda as their
cation destination. Our job is to
ke sure that everyone knows about
breathtaking beauty that nature
Sblest us with and that we combine
Gift with unsurpassed hospitality .
t will make our visitors return time :.:::
J time again."
rbuda was the only Caribbean
nd named, amongst the 12 other
rldwide destination. Antigua and
rbuda boasts of 365 beaches, one

day of the year, with a wide
facilities and activities to suit
3 of any beach-goer. The
recognized throughout the
one of the best beach

" .I, ,iidiiiil'i ::: ......iiiiii......... ..l....
,.. .. ...
... ...- ...



Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 132-march/Asn'l 2009

The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue I132 MarchlRadi 2009



A Message from Her Majesty The Queen,
Head of the Commonwealth

This year the Commonwealth commemorates its foundation sixty years ago. The London
Declaration of 1949 was the start of a new era in which our member countries committed
themselves to work together, in partnership and as equals, towards a shared future.

We can rightly celebrate the fact that the founding members' vision of the future has become a reality.
The Commonwealth has evolved out of all recognition from its beginning. It has helped give birth to
modern nations, and the eight original countries have become fifty-three. We are now home to
nearly two billion people: a third of the world's population. Across continents and oceans, we have
come to represent all the rich diversity of humankind.

Yet despite its size and scale, the Commonwealth to me has been sustained during all this change
by the continuity of our mutual values and goals. Our beliefs in freedom, democracy and human
rights; equality and equity; development and prosperity mean as much today as they did more than
half a century ago.

These values come from a common responsibility exercised by our governments and peoples. It is
this which makes the Commonwealth a family of nations and peoples, at ease with being together.
As a result, I believe we are inspired to do our best to meet people's most pressing needs, and to
develop a truly global perspective. That is why the modern Commonwealth has stood the test of

But as we reflect upon our long association, we should recognize the challenges that lie ahead.
Nearly one billion people of today's Commonwealth are under 25 years of age. These are the people
that this association must continue to serve in the future. It is they who can help shape the
Commonwealth of today, and whose children will inherit the Commonwealth of tomorrow. To help
them make the best of their opportunities, our young men and women therefore need the
opportunity to become active and responsible members of the communities in which they live. I am
pleased that the Commonwealth recognizes this, and is determined to continue to put young people
at its centre.

The call that brought the Commonwealth together in 1949 remains the same today. Then we joined
together in a collective spirit built on lasting principles, wisdom, energy and creativity to meet the
great tasks of our times. As the Commonwealth celebrates its sixtieth birthday, its governments,
communities and we as individuals should welcome that achievement. Together, we should
continue to work hard to deal with today's challenges so that the young people of today's
Commonwealth can realize their aspirations. In that way, we can look to the future with confidence.

9 March 2009


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 132-march/Asn'l 2009

The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue I132 MarchlRadi 2009



A Message from Commonwealth Secretary-
General Kamalesh Sharma

In 2009, we celebrate the fact that the modern Commonwealth is 60 years old. Its antecedence is
much longer, stretching back to the 1870s. Its future can be longer still, if it is true to its theme for
2009: thecommonwealth@60 serving a new generation.

The Commonwealth has stood the test of time. It stands tall as an organisation of shared values,
dedicated to protecting and advancing its principles. It has been flexible and dynamic in meeting the
changing challenges of its times, and sensitive to the needs of its smaller and weaker members. It
has always been a part of the wider global community. As a champion of democracy, development
and diversity, the Commonwealth has a powerful story to tell. It is bonded together as a community
both of governments and of peoples.

The London Declaration of 1949, which brought us into being, saw the far-sightedness of eight
countries constituting themselves anew. In so doing, they made the Commonwealth the first real
example of an international community representing a collective, consultative, mutually respectful
approach to international relations. Nehru put it this way: 'if you approach another country in a
friendly way, with goodwill and generosity, you will be paid back in the same coin, and probably in
even larger measure'. Of such vision was the Commonwealth born.

Yet our greater task this year is to look straight ahead and ask how we can continue serving a new
generation in 2009 and beyond.

What sort of 21st Century will our young people inherit? Will they know greater peace and prosperity
than their parents? Will they exercise their most basic entitlements to food and education, health-
care, a vote?

The Commonwealth has always had an eye on the people and the tasks of tomorrow. Now, it must
be prescient again in safeguarding and promoting the guarantors of the best hopes for its future: its
young people.

At the international level, the Commonwealth can argue that young people be both seen and heard
at the global decision-making table, and that the planet itself must be preserved for their use. At the
national level, the views of young people must be heard and acted upon in every corner of public
life, and the contributions of the young should be embraced. At the community level, we should
continue to instil in young people a sense of shared responsibility. At the level of individual young
people, we must continue to build both skills and a sense of self-belief. These pressing tasks share
the urgency of the times.

The Commonwealth's diamond anniversary year is about celebrating, reflecting and serving a new


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 132-march/Asn'l 2009

Antigua and Barbuda Tourism Authority appoints

Hilary Modeste as new Director of Tourism

The Antigua and Barbuda Tourism
Authority has appointed Peter Hilary
Modeste as the new Director of
Tourism for the UK & Europe. He will
be taking over from Carol Hay who will
be joining the Caribbean Tourism
Organisation as European Marketing
Director. Modeste is highly qualified
for the position with fifteen years
experience in the tourism industry
having most recently worked as
Director of Marketing Worldwide for
Jolly Beach Resort & Spa in Antigua.

After serving as the Executive Vice
President of the St. Lucia Hotel and
Tourism Association, Modeste joined
the St. Lucia Tourist Board as Director
of Tourism for St Lucia, working for
over nine years, making him the
longest serving Director for the island.

Modeste assumes his responsibilities
on 1 April 2009 and brings extensive
marketing experience and business
acumen to the role.

His key responsibilities will be to
develop and implement all marketing,
advertising and public relations
strategies in order to strengthen
Antigua and Barbuda's position and
brand in the UK and Europe. In

Antigua and

Barbuda Tourism

Authority appoints

new Tourism

Officer for the UK

The Antigua and Barbuda Tourism
Authority has announced the
appointment of Mr. Joel Henry as
Tourism Officer for the UK.

Henry previously worked as
Administration Assistant for the
Stanford Development Company
where he developed strong
administration skills, alongside

for UK and Europe
addition, he will maintain effective
relationships with airlines, tour
operators, travel agents and
stakeholders, organise and participate
in trade and consumer events
throughout the UK and Europe plus
coordinate familiarisation tours and
press trips to Antigua and Barbuda,
whilst leading a dynamic team of
professional staff.

Peter Hilary Modeste's distinguished
career also includes roles as
Executive Producer of St. Lucia Jazz.
While serving as Executive Vice
President of the St. Lucia Hotel and
Tourism Association, he was elected
Chairperson of the Caribbean Hotel
Association Executives for the
Caribbean Hotel Association (CHA).
Modeste has also held many positions
within the St. Lucia Government
throughout his established career
including Director of the St. Lucia
Marketing Board and President of the
St. Lucia Teachers Union.

Modeste comments; "I am looking
forward to this new position with the
Antigua and Barbuda Tourism
Authority, and to working closely with
the UK and European partners,
including the airlines, tour operators

accountancy and organisational

Previous roles include Flight
Operations Officer for Caribbean
Star Airlines, where he coordinated
flight plans as well as serving as a
Customer Service Agent at the
same organisation.

Henry upholds a high standard of
customer service, having received
extensive airline training which he
can bring to his new role at the
Antigua and Barbuda Tourism
Authority in the UK.

As a Tourism
assist both

Officer, Henry will
the Marketing &
Manager, Miss

and hoteliers, in order to promote
Antigua and Barbuda. I am confident
that with their support and together
with various new initiatives, Antigua
and Barbuda will remain one of the top
Caribbean destinations for UK and
European visitors."

Modeste will report directly to the CEO
of the Antigua and Barbuda Tourism
Authority, Mr. Colin C. James, who
adds, "Mr. Modeste brings a unique
wealth of experience in Caribbean
tourism marketing, and a wide network
of industry contacts, which are vital
ingredients to the Antigua and
Barbuda's efforts to effectively combat
the difficulties that we now face in the
industry. He has a strong track- record
of delivering quick results which is
exactly what is required right now. I
also look forward to working with
Hilary to build the capacity of our UK &
European offices which is necessary
to take the marketing and promotion of
Antigua and Barbuda to the next level."

Modeste holds an Honours Degree in
Economics from the University of
Wales, Cardiff.

Cherrie Osborne and Antigua and
Barbuda's Director of Tourism for
UK & Europe, Hilary Modeste.

Colin C. James, Chief Executive
Officer of the new Antigua and
Barbuda Tourism Authority,
commented on the appointments: "I
am extremely pleased with the
appointment of Joel Henry who will
undoubtedly add tremendous value
to the operations of the UK office. It
demonstrates that the new Tourism
Authority is serious about providing
the resources required to effectively
market and promote our twin island
destination. I wish Joel every
success in his new role."


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 132-march/Asn'l 2009

The Andtgua and Barbuda High Commission Issue 132 march/Rpdl 2009

Tributes to the late Dr. Ivor Heath
Senator the Hon. Lionel Gomes
The Hon. W. Baldwin Spencer
Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda

"On behalf of the Government and
People of Antigua and Barbuda and on
the behalf of my wife Jackie and
myself, I extend deep sympathies to
the families of the late Dr. Keithley Ivor
MacDonald Heath and Senator the
Hon. Lionel Gomes.

Both distinguished sons of the soil
have demonstrated throughout their
lifetime an unwavering desire to build
a solid foundation for the young nation
of Antigua and Barbuda.

On Tuesday 14th April, the Nation of
Antigua and Barbuda accorded these
men the honour they deserve in two
separate Official Funerals at the
Cathedral of St. John the Divine and
the Spring Gardens Moravian Church.

Dr. Keithley Ivor MacDonald Heath
has served the nation of Antigua and
Barbuda for over thirty years in the
medical profession and later the
political movement in Antigua and
Barbuda. His contributions to the
nation in advocating the rights of
women through the planned
parenthood movement, is also

Dr. Ivor Heath's service in the medical
profession, serving as Chief Surgeon

at Holberton Hospital, founder of the
Adelin Clinic and President and
Medical Director of the Antigua
Planned Parenthood Association,
contributed significantly to the
development of health care in Antigua
and Barbuda and the nation as a

His love and passion for the nation
were highly demonstrated in his
private, political and medical life. As a
politician and founding member of the
UNDP of which I was also part, Dr.
Heath was always dedicated to
serving his fellow Antiguans and
Barbudans. He has always
demonstrated a strong commitment to
the cause of putting the people's
interest first.

He will always remain one of Antigua
and Barbuda's brightest and patriotic

Senator the Hon. Lionel Gomes was
always a tower of strength within the
political movement of Antigua and

His days within the trade union
movement and later in the political
arena are highlighted by a sense of
love of country and others before self.

His work can be characterized as one
based on trustworthiness, respect,
responsibility, fairness, courage,
caring and citizenship, founded deeply
in the principle that God must be
central to one's actions.

Because of his tireless efforts, the
Antigua and Barbuda Workers Union,
the United Progressive Party and our
nation are all the better today.

The phrase "Wicked Set of People"
which originated with Senator Gomes,
was not just a catch phrase for him, it
was what he truly believed and
travelled the length and breath of this
country to making sure that it was
heard and understood by all.

He believed firmly that wrongs
committed on a nation and its people
must be depicted as evil acts, hence
his constant refrain of wicked set of

Our nation has lost a dedicated and
honest son Senator Lionel Gomes
will surely be missed.

May the souls of our departed brothers
Dr. Ivor Heath and Senator the Hon.
Lionel Gomes rest in eternal peace."


Due to circumstances beyond our control the Antigua and Barbuda

High Commission will not participate at the International Social

Services Fair (ISS) on the 12th and 13th May 2009. See you at the

Commonwealth Countries League (CCL) Fair on the 17th October

2009 at the Kensington Town Hall.


The Andaua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 132 MarchlRadi 2009

Panel Discussions on
The Reform of
International Institutions

Ladies and gentlemen, today's topic is
one which is of tremendous interest to
each citizen of the developing world,
more so the "Bottom Billion". There are
events which are happening over which
the citizens of Small Developing States
have little chance to influence but whose
impact can wipe out many decades of
development and improvements in our
standard of living.

The world today is a very different place
to five years ago. Nonetheless many of
the International Institutions have
structures and policies whose
framework relate to a timeframe beyond
that period. Four institutions should
come under the spotlight during any
review. These are the United Nations
(UN), the International Monetary Fund
(IMF), the World Bank (WB) and the
World Trade Organisation (WTO).

In the short time allowed, I would not be
able to spend as much time as I would
have liked on each institution
individually. Let me before reviewing
each of the above institution, however,
make several observations which can
and should be used to determine the
effectiveness and fit for purpose of each
of these bodies.

The world has become a tightly linked
eco-system. Each component of this
network being affected and at the same
time influencing its surrounding linked
parts. The interdependence of the
respective components is clearly
demonstrated in the speed by which the
current financial crisis spread within
each region and across the world.

The campaign for change in any one of
these institutions is not to discard the
fact that some organizations have
adjusted over the years. In fact at the
UN, there have been over twenty (20)
attempts at reforming the workings of
various aspects of the UN operations
over the last sixteen years. In the 1992-
94 period, the Blue-Ribbon Commission
on Global Governance reflected a
concern "that the major institutions (and
especially the UN) must be
strengthened". I ask strengthened to
achieve what?

When we talk of reform, what really are
our intentions? Are we requesting an

examination of the
management of that
institution? There is
clear evidence that
much concern exist
about the cost, staffing,
selection of key
personnel and other
resource factors. Why
then, we ask, should
the Head of the IMF or
WB be restricted to the
citizen of a select group
of member territories?
Are we being guided by
the oft invisibly
inscribed tenet that he
who pays the lion share HE Dr Carl Rob
can demand the greater by the Comm
pound of flesh?

The attack in Iraq in defiance of the
Security Council raises many questions
of the mandate of the UN as a safeguard
of the fundamental rights of the
sovereignty of nations, and the
institution to which any member state
can make its appeal if aggrieved. There
that member must be assured of a fair
hearing and a speedy resolution of its
grievance with its neighbour. To whom
do the citizens of the world appeal when
their rights and even their lives are
trampled upon by leaders who ignore
fundamental principles of good
governance? Why do these institutions
appear powerless to enforce fairness
and safe-guard basic human rights?

In some of these institutions, the debate
focuses on who should be in the inner
circle and who should be on the
periphery. Any reform should therefore
result in the creation of new rules of
engagement developed in an
atmosphere of open and inclusive

The critical test of any modern
international institution should include
the following:
How it improves the quality of life of
the people of the world
How it guarantees security, health
and education for all
How it reduces poverty and
increase self-esteem among all classes
of people
How it is funded and governed
How to keep fundamental human
rights at the heart of its raison d'6tre
How it ensures the protection of the
environment and finally
How relevant and current is that
institution. (By this I mean how fairly

ierts at the Panel Discussions organised
onwealth Policy Studies Union (CPSU)

does it reflect the make-up of today's

Let me now set the framework through
which I will deal with the topic before me.
I will be forced to use the term small
states and developing states or
countries interchangeably.

Small Developing States today
participate in many fora. They are
members of the G77, the
Commonwealth, as well as integral
members of many regional grouping of
sovereign states. The islands in the
Caribbean Sea form two groupings, the
smaller being the Organisation of
eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and
its larger grouping the Caribbean
Community (Caricom). The population
of these states range from 45,000 for St.
Kitts and Nevis to 2.2 million for Jamaica,
with my own country of Antigua and
Barbuda having a population of just

The principal reason for coming together
to form larger blocs is inherent with the
desire to survive in the wider arena. The
old saying hold true here as well as
anywhere else: "there is strength in
numbers". It is really sad to realise that
in spite of this coming together, the
ability to influence the global paradigm is
not assured.

President Olusegun Obasanjo of the
Republic of Nigeria had this to say about
the G77 "The formation of this Group
was in response to the challenges of
poverty, underdevelopment, poor
coordination among developing
countries in the face of the general trend
to be excluded from the march of
progress as primarily determined by the
more affluent nations of the North, all

Continue on page 17

Tha Anb'aua crnJ BcrrbuJcr Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 132-march/Asn'l 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 132 MaiichlRadi 2009

Stanford International
Bank Limited placed
into Liquidation

Nigel Hamilton-Smith and Peter
Wastell, Client Partners at Vantis
Business Recovery Services, a
division of Vantis, the UK accounting,
tax and business advisory group, were
appointed as joint liquidators for
Stanford International Bank Limited
(SIB or 'the Bank') on 15 April 2009 by
an Order of the High Court of Antigua
and Barbuda. Stanford Trust
Company Limited remains in
receivership and the receiver's
continue with their investigations.

The liquidation proceedings have
commenced following the receivership

UWI Officials Pay

Courtesy Call On

Education Minister

On Wednesday 151h April. Iwo officials
from Ihe Universily of Ihe West Indies
School of Conlinuing Educalion paid a
courtesy call on Education Minister Dr.

(I to r) Education Minister Dr. the Hon.
Jacqui Quinn-Leandro, Mr. lan Benn
Head of UWI EMD Antigua and
Programme Officer Allison Hull of UWI

the Hon. Jacqui Quinn-Leandro. Head
of the University Centre Antigua lan
Benn and Programme Officer for UWI
Open Campus Allison Hull, updated Dr.
Leandro on the current work of the
open campus, their plans for the
upcoming academic year, and the
challenges they encounter. There was

of SIB, during which time the receivers
concluded that it had become clear
that the Bank's assets were
significantly less than its liabilities.
Commenting, Nigel Hamilton-Smith
said: "It quickly became apparent that
there were a large number of investors
seeking to withdraw funds and the
Bank's cash reserves were wholly
inadequate. It is also now apparent,
that the assets of SIB are insufficient
to meet the level of liabilities."

At this time the liquidators are unable
to forecast the extent of the deficiency,
but it is likely to be substantial. The
liquidator's role is to continue to
identify and realise the assets of SIB,
agree the claims of the creditors and
investors and, in due course, effect a
distribution of realized assets.

also discussion on
plans for Ihe
university lo play a
more prominent role
in campus education
services in Ihe region.

Dr. Leandro said
government's vision
for Ihe establishment
of the University of
Antigua and
Barbuda will be
shared with UWI's
Vice Chancellor
Professor E. Nigel
Harris, when he Education Mir
visits sometime in of the
the future.

The University of Antigua and
Barbuda is a campaign promise by
the UPP administration, as outlined in
the "Defending the Nation" manifesto.
It will be established in collaboration
with the University of the West Indies,
with existing tertiary-level institutions
providing the initial platform.

The Education Minister noted that as a
member of the Alumni of the University
of the West Indies, she is more than
happy to assist in whatever way she
can in her capacity as Education
Minister to advance the cause of the

Hamilton-Smith continues: "We
appreciate this is a difficult time for SIB
investors. Unfortunately, to ensure the
fair distribution of assets, it is crucial all
SIB accounts remain frozen while we
continue in our efforts to locate and
realise the assets of SIB, which are
held in numerous jurisdictions
worldwide. This is an extremely
complex task and we regret that it is
very unlikely that any distribution of
SIB assets will be made in the
determinable future."

Further communications will be issued
when practicable.

For further information investors and
creditors should visit or email

sister accepts gift from Mr. lan Benn
UWI Extra Mural Department

She pointed out that building the
country's human resource capacity is
of paramount importance, hence the
need to improve the level of service
offered by the university to the public.

The meeting was described as
successful, as Dr. Leandro continues
to familiarize herself with the workings
in the education system.



Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 132-march/Asn'l 2009

The Andaua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 132 amochlRadi 2009

Statement by
Honourable Harold
Minister of Finance, the
Economy and Public

April 23, 2009....... Upon assuming
the reins of Government in March
2004, the United Progressive Party
Administration was cognizant of the
fact that the fiscal situation was dire
and unsustainable. Consequently a
process of fiscal transformation was
instituted, commencing with Revenue
Reform which included a reform of our
tax structure and of our revenue

We have, for the most part, completed
our tax reforms with the re-introduction
of the Personal Income Tax, the
introduction of the Antigua and
Barbuda Sales Tax, and a
reformulation of the Property Tax.
Institutional strengthening initiatives
with respect to our Revenue
Administration agencies remain

It was the intention of the UPP
administration that its next five years in
office would be dedicated to reform on
the expenditure side of the fiscal
equation; however, given the global
economic crisis and the attendant
effect on our fiscal situation, it has
become imperative that we move with
purpose and with urgency to effect the
necessary reforms and adjustments
that are required at this time, in order
to return us to a sustainable path.

These are indeed unprecedented
times. The global recession is severely
affecting our major trading partners,
the United States of America, the
United Kingdom, Continental Europe
and our CARICOM Countries, with a
harsh and relentless impact on our
economy and by extension the
revenue streams derived from our
major earner, Tourism. In combating
this very hostile economic
environment, the options available at
this time to Antigua and Barbuda are
limited. In this regard, we are unable to
rely on the good will and generosity of

friendly countries, who themselves are
undergoing severe fiscal challenges
and constraints. In addition, financial
institutions that, in the past, have been
a source of financing for the
Government are themselves
experiencing liquidity issues.

It was in this context that, under my
directive, and with full authority under
the Finance Administration Act, the
Financial Secretary issued a Circular
to Permanent Secretaries and Heads
of Departments, outlining a number of
critical measures that must be
implemented without delay. The
implementation of the measures
outlined has received the full blessing
of the Cabinet of Antigua and Barbuda
and is an initial step in the
development of a fiscal consolidation
programme. The Ministry of Finance
presented a menu of options that
would form part of the fiscal
consolidation programme for the
consideration of Cabinet. These
include measures to address
procurement practices, the
management of government vehicles,
the utility of rental quarters and the
consumption of energy. Over the
medium term the process of Public
Sector Transformation will have to be
embarked upon with the aim of having
in place an efficient, cost-effective,
client-oriented Public Service.
However, at this point, the
Government is not contemplating any
reduction in the public sector except
for the normal attrition. It is our
expectation that the fiscal
consolidation measures will lead to
some level of stability towards the end
of 2009 and going into 2010 as long as
the global situation does not
deteriorate further.

The Government intends to unfold for
consultation a broader plan to be
called the National Economic and
Social Transformation (NEST) Plan.
The four major components of this plan
are the fiscal consolidation
programme, an economic stimulus
package, financial sector stability, and
a comprehensive social safety net.

The objective of the NEST Plan would
be to strategically address our fiscal
and socio-economic concerns, fully

Honourable Harold Lovell
Minister of Finance, the Economy and
Public Administration
cognizant that we, as a small and open
economy, have limited policy options.

In this connection, the NEST Plan will
be refined through widespread
consultation with the general public,
including Non-governmental
organizations, Community based
organizations, Private Sector
organizations, and with Regional and
Sub-regional partners, as well as with
bi-lateral and multilateral stakeholders.
At this moment, the Cabinet of Antigua
and Barbuda is putting the necessary
mechanisms in place in order to
facilitate the development and
implementation of the NEST Plan
once we would have completed

The economic conundrum that
confronts us requires that the solution
be grounded in a national response.
There are those who will view the
current circumstances simply as an
opportunity for political posturing and
partisanship, rather than an occasion
for accord and consensus. The
Government however, shall remain
focused and committed to the goal of
national economic, social and fiscal
transformation, and in this regard, and
with the constructive assistance of all
stakeholders, shall lead the effort in
achieving this goal.


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

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lr" A


The Andaua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 132 MafchlRoril 2009

Continued from page 14
within an environment devastated by the
Cold War and confrontation between the
two Blocs, as they were. It is a sad
reflection indeed that the challenges
then remain by and large the same
challenges of today, albeit in an
environment without Cold War but one
with proliferation of inter- and intra-state
conflicts and engulfed in a globalization
process that is marginalizing the South."

I will first focus on the UN for a short
while. The UN today comprises some
192 member states with most of them
achieving member status on attaining
independence or shortly thereafter.
Antigua and Barbuda joined the UN on
the 11th November 1981 shortly after
achieving full independence on the 1st
November 1981.

Small Developing States look to the UN
and attach significant priority and
importance to the following:-
To solve the developmental
objectives of developing countries
To promote international
cooperation for economic and social
To the General Assembly to provide
leadership to ensure fulfilment of social
and economic goals enunciated in the
Charter of the UN
For transparency and democracy in
the relations between the nations of the
To protect human rights and the
dignity of mankind
Areas of suggested reform include:
1. Human Rights Council
2. Peacebuilding Commission
3. Secretariat/Management reform
4. Development/ECOSOC reform
5. Security Council Reform
6. System-Wide Coherence
7. General Assembly Revitalization
9. UN Democracy Fund
10. Central Emergency Response Fund

The Human Rights Council was
revamped in March of 2006 and the
Peacebuilding Commission in
December 2005.

The Secretary-General of the UN sums
up the desire of many citizens of the
world in his statement of UN reform:
"Every day we are reminded of the need
for a strengthened United Nations, as
we face a growing array of new
challenges, including humanitarian
crises, human rights violations, armed
conflicts and important health and

environmental concerns. Seldom has
the United Nations been called upon to
do so much for so many. I am
determined to breathe new life and inject
renewed confidence into a strengthened
United Nations firmly anchored in the
twenty-first century, and which is
effective, efficient, coherent and
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

We all should fully accept this statement
and ask the questions what changes
should we expect, how will they be
implemented and when will we see the
requisite changes. For the longer this is
in coming, the more disastrous will be
the consequence for many of the
peoples of this world. I am fully aware
that progress is being made for earlier
this year, the Secretary-General signed
performance pacts with his chief
operating officers to improve
transparency and accountability. This is
happening while efforts continue to
make the institution more cost effective.

The World Bank is one of the vital
sources of financial and technical
assistance to developing countries.
According to the details on its website its
mission is to help developing countries
and their people reach the development
goals by working with its partners to
alleviate poverty. It addresses global
challenges in ways that advance an
inclusive and sustainable
globalization-that overcome poverty,
enhance growth with care for the
environment, and create individual
opportunity and hope.

The three institutions of the World Bank
that Small States become members of
are the International Bank for
Reconstruction and Development
(IBRD) with 185 members, the
International Finance Corporation (IFC)
with 181 members and the Multilateral
Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA)
with 173. Most Caribbean states joined
the IBRD after independence with
Jamaica being the first in 1963 having
obtained independence in 1962 and
finally St. Kitts and Nevis in 1984.
Antigua and Barbuda joined the IBRD in
1983, the IFC in 1987 and the MIGA in
2005. Each of the countries in the
Caribbean region except Guyana was
deemed a middle-income state and did
not qualify for assistance with debt relief.

The Challenge which is faced by the WB
is that Middle-income countries are still
home to most of the world's poor people,
often with a heavy concentration in

specific regions or ethnic groups. These
countries are generally creditworthy and
have some access to financial markets,
but they face constraints in mobilizing
the funds they need to invest in
infrastructure and essential services.
They also need help to reform policies
and institutions in ways that improve the
investment climate.

The World Bank Group claims that it is
working to meet middle-income
countries' specific needs with tailored
assistance that draws on an array of
competitive financial products and
knowledge and learning services. These
countries are also increasingly important
partners in its work to address critical
cross-border and global issues, such as
clean energy, trade integration,
environmental protection, international
financial stability, and the fight against
infectious diseases.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF)
is an organization of 185 countries,
working to foster global monetary
cooperation, secure financial stability,
facilitate international trade, promote
high employment and sustainable
economic growth, and reduce poverty
around the world. The IMF's
fundamental mission is to help ensure
stability in the international system. It
does so in three ways: keeping track of
the global economy and the economies
of member countries; lending to
countries with balance of payments
difficulties; and giving practical help to

To assist mainly low- and middle-income
countries in effectively managing their
economies, the IMF provides practical
guidance and training on how to
upgrade institutions, and design
appropriate macroeconomic, financial,
and structural policies.

The concerted opinion of the G77 is that
the way in which "the WB and the IMF
are managed is also inimical to bringing
about productive change (i.e. reform).
Rarely does management in the IMF
and WB aim at achieving a genuine and
effective service orientation on the part
of staff towards their clients and
shareholders. Their performance is
measured by effort rather than outcome.
When the outcomes are opposite to
those expected, that is invariably the
fault of incompetent, insincere,
unprincipled and politically supine
governments; never the fault of the IFIs
in designing and advocating the
wrong (occasionally lethal) prescriptions.

Continue on page 19

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 132 march/A6ril 2009

The Andoua and Rolbuda Hich Commission Issue 1 32 MarchlRadl 2009

PM Spencer Meets
with Integration
Project Team

In pursuit of their mandate to develop a
comprehensive report on the project on
the establishment of a single economy
and appropriate political integration
between Trinidad and Tobago and
Eastern Caribbean States, the
integration project team led by Dr
Vaughan Lewis arrived in Antigua
yesterday for consultations with the
Prime Minister and other senior officials.

The project team assigned to Antigua
and Barbuda comprised Ambassador
Cuthbert Joseph of Trinidad and
Tobago and Ambassador Earl Huntley
of St Lucia, apart from Dr Lewis himself.
The full project team also included Dr
Wayne Sandiford, Dr Velma Newton,
and Dr Carl Mitchell.

Dr Lewis explained that his team had
come to examine the prospects and
constraints on the development of a
single economy between the countries
of the eastern Caribbean, including
appropriate arrangements for the
metropolitan overseas territories in the
single space such as Guadeloupe and
Martinique. In his presentation Dr
Lewis emphasized that the integration
project was intended to work in tandem
with current arrangements, including
CSME, OECS economic union and
CARIFORUM obligations.

The team is expected to look at issues
relating to monetary cooperation;
current migration patterns; human
resource requirements; social security
viability; air and maritime transportation,
including utilization of maritime spaces
for fisheries, energy and environmental
uses; as well as the security, political,
constitutional and international


Dn Wednesday April 22nd Dr. Errol
Cort, UPP's candidate for St. John's
Rural East, delivered on one more
of his promises to assist the Clare
Hall Clinic with a fully loaded
computer for their record-keeping
department. Dr. Cort also used the
occasion to inform the staff that he

Prime Minister Spencer and the Integration Team at the
Office of the Prime Minister
Digital photo compliments Ambassador Colin Murdoch

relations configurations necessary for

Prime Minister Spencer welcomed
such a distinguished team to Antigua
and Barbuda and recalled the public
service given by the team members in
various capacities in the past. He
stated that while Antigua and Barbuda
endorsed the concept of the regional
integration project, he cautioned the
team that particular attention had to be
paid to the current global economic
crisis and its effects on the region in
order to truly assess the project's

Mr Spencer spoke of the OECS
economic union project, which has
been launched already in several of the
OECS member states. He confirmed
that there was much work to be done
under that project with the current
deadline of December 2009. In addition,
the Prime Minister drew attention to the
fact that many aspects of the CSME

commitments remained still to be
implemented, and that completing all
the legal, administrative and financial
actions required was proving a
challenge, especially for some of the
smaller administrations in the grouping.

The meeting engaged in a wide-ranging
discussion which addressed the
challenges of the current OECS and
CSME arrangements especially the
regional institutions.

The meeting was also attended by
Ambassadors Colin Murdoch and
Clarence Henry of the Ministry of

After the engaging exchanges, Dr
Lewis committed to returning with his
team to Antigua and Barbuda soon in
order to advance the consultations
even further.

has already sourced an ambulance
(in keeping with his promise to
keep upgrading the facility so that
the elderly can get to and from the
clinic and/or Mt. St. John's Hospital
quickly) in the event of any

Dr. Maria Pereira accepted the
computer on behalf of the clinic and
thanked Dr. Cort for his tireless
contributions to the community.

Senator the
Dr Errol L.
Minister of


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 132-march/Asn'l 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 132 MallrchlRadi 2009

Continued from page 17 IMF during its period of difficulties in the
This attitude is not difficult to 1970s.
understand when the IFIs have fallen
into the unfortunate habit of acting as a The WTO began life on 1 January 1995,
higher tier of supra-national discipline but its trading system is half a century
with the power of sanctions over the older. Since 1948, the General
governments to which they lend and Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
whose performance they monitor. (GATT) had provided the rules for the
system. (The second WTO ministerial
The nature of these barriers to reform meeting, held in Geneva in May 1998,
makes it difficult to challenge the included a celebration of the 50th
presumption of reform being essential. anniversary of the system.)
To the contrary they make a powerful
case for how urgently it is needed. No The last and largest GATT round, was
one seems to be arguing these days the Uruguay Round which lasted from
that the IFIs do NOT need reforming. 1986 to 1994 and led to the WTO's
Yet, though the need for reform is creation. Whereas GATT had mainly
widely acknowledged, the case for dealt with trade in goods, the WTO and
reform is more muddled. Precisely its agreements now cover trade in
what such reforms should embrace, services, and in traded inventions,
and how they should be brought about, creations and designs (intellectual
still eludes adequate definition, leave property).
alone commanding wide consensus.
Often talked about, whether Antigua and Barbuda has been a
grandiosely or incrementally, the shape member of this institution of 153
of IFI reform is still perceived in a members since the 1st January 1995.
vague, ephemeral silhouette. It is Since the operation of this institution
discussed in generalities without hinges on negotiation, in its current
concrete shape or form. format size and economic influence
matter significantly. Though there are
More often than not, whenever calls for provisions for developing and least-
reform -- of the IFIs, or the functioning developing member states, the
of the international financial system, or process of participation is costly and at
of its architecture -- are made, the case times very demanding. If unable to
is ineptly argued; even by the so-called resolve differences through
experts. There is as yet no solid negotiations, members resort to
theoretical underpinning, political or dispute resolution procedures. Here as
economic, which is rigorously argued we in Antigua and Barbuda have found
to provide an acceptable intellectual out, getting a judgement in one's favour
basis for significant reform. There has and changing the behaviour of the
been no unifying theme behind the other party in the trade dispute is not so
calls for reform which have been made easily achieved.
recently, except that the world is now
facing a series of financial crises with There are four principles which in the
contagion effects which we do not eyes of developing countries are tenets
seem to be able to anticipate or cope of the operations of the WTO. They can
with properly. And, therefore, the IMF be listed as follows:-
and WB must be reformed to do One-member one-vote
something about it." Consensus based voting
Member-driver character
There is much support for many of the The prevalence of informal
above positions by members of the processes
Caribbean Community. Often the
statement is made that in our region The application of these four tenets
the example of overreaching pressures calls for a certain mode of behaviour
by the above institutions and failures to between members. If a particular
realise the negative social impact of the trading benefit is offered to one
consequences of their member then it is also available to all
recommendations can be seen in other WTO members. There are a few
Jamaica and Guyana. It is also felt that exceptions to this principle but these

According to the South Centre
speaking on behalf of G77 the
application of these four tenets is
fraught with problems for developing
countries. The principle of one-
member-one vote may allow a
theoretical equality to developing
countries with their more developed
counterparts, but the consensus-based
method of decision-making assumes
the informed presence of developing
countries in all meetings.

Many developing countries find that
they are unable to fulfil this requirement
and find themselves considerably
disadvantaged in comparison to the
developed countries that have large
and well-prepared delegations. The
member-driven character of the WTO
means that the Secretariat is neither
mandated to nor capable of giving
developing countries the
representation and assistance they
need to be on par with the developed
countries. As a result, the power
asymmetries outside the institution
also get translated into the decision-
making processes of the WTO. The
importance of informal processes in
building consensus among over 140
members offers some important
advantages, but also produces
additional costs for developing
countries. These costs include lack of
transparency in extending invitations to
small group meetings, certain protocols
of interaction that have led delegates to
speak of the 'English Club atmosphere'
of the WTO, excessive reliance on the
chairpersons as mediator and
facilitator of the negotiations in the
absence of rules and so forth. Finally,
procedural issues, such as the timing
and venue of the Ministerials, the
nature of technical assistance, and
problems of both omission and
commission that derive from the nature
of the WTO Secretariat also affect the
participation of developing countries in
an adverse way.1

The pictures I have painted appear very
bleak for the involvement of small
states in any international institution.
There is one other institution which has
taken up the fight on behalf of several
small developing states and which
represents a unique grouping of 53
countries of the world. The

Jamaica has never recovered from fully are only allowed under very strict 1 "South CentreWTO Decision-Making and
adopting the recommendations of the conditions. Developing Countries"

Continue on page 20

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The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 132 MarchlRadi 2009

Continued from page 19
Commonwealth is a very special
grouping of rich and poor nations,
developed and developing, a
population size of around 1 billion
people and a common principle of
consulting and co-operating in the
common interests of their peoples
and in the promotion of international

The modern Commonwealth is sixty
(60) years old this year and has in its
lifetime magnified the voice of the
under-privileged few. It was
instrumental in the fight against
apartheid, the restoration the rule of
democracy in several member states
and has now joined the cry for reform of
the international institutions. In its
Marlborough House Statement issued
in London on the 10th June 2008 the
Commonwealth Secretariat released
the following action points:
We intend to accelerate UN
reforms and their effective
implementation, as a matter of urgency,
through lobbying and advocacy in the
UN itself as well as other international
for a
We intend to pursue the redefining
of the purposes and governance of the
Bretton Woods Institutions, including
working towards a Commonwealth
consensus and wider international
support for an international conference
to achieve these goals.
We intend to pursue the possibility
of an international conference to
achieve improved global environmental
governance, including the possibility of
a new international organisation or
reform of existing arrangements, again
working on the basis of a
Commonwealth consensus and wider
international support.
We intend, individually and
collectively, to carry forward our reform
agenda to relevant international for a.
We will seek to enlarge the breath of
international commitment to our
Commonwealth reform agenda, and
call on others to join us in this
I believe it their sixtieth year of
existence, the Commonwealth is at the
threshold of a new representational

paradigm which will result in a fairer
world and a more participatory mode of
organisational dynamics.

Let me finish by recapping just a few
brief remarks on the four selected

1. The IMF and WB were formed to
bring stability to a world in the 1940s
that is very different to the interlinked
globalised world of today. Though the
objectives and ideals were, and still
may be, deemed laudable, the level of
discontent about many of the IMF and
WB's projects has reached a
resounding wail. For every instance
where there is a case of success, critics
point to at least one case where these
institutions have caused tremendous
dislocation and social disorder. Here
are just a few areas where there could
be reform:-
a. The institutions need to be less
b. There should be a widening of the
criteria used to measure success
c. There should be more recognition
of the social impact of policy
implementation and assistance offered.

2. The UN needs to restore its
credibility. Once again this institution
has done much good work, but it is
constantly being challenged to put
down criticism of its effectiveness in
addressing some of the world's current
crises. Its officers are sometimes
accused of corruption and other
humanitarian abuses all of which take
away from its acceptance. Here then
are a few suggested areas of reform :
a. Widen the representation on the
Security Council especially the
permanent members (currently 5) and
the non-permanent members (currently
b. Limit the application of veto power
by the permanent members to very
specific cases.
c. Improve the performance and
effectiveness of its many subsidiaries
d. Reduce waste and corruption

3. The WTO is the only international
institution dealing with the global rules
of trade between nations. It attempts to

ensure the smooth flow of trade
between trading partners, to reduce
protectionism and safeguard the rights
of all parties to the transaction. Here
too are a few areas where reform is
a. Reduce all attempts to use size to
circumvent natural justice and
decisions of the dispute settlement
b. Avoid at all cost attempt to form
exclusive mini-groups.
Let me end by leaving you with this

'History has shown that the greatest
dangers to international stability often
arise from those nations whose real
power is inadequately reflected in the
relevant sets of international
arrangements and symbols of status
therein. Such nations can challenge the
legitimacy of the system with actions as
well as rhetoric. Much of the current
call for a new international economic
order flows directly from such concerns,
and a major need in the current phase
of institution-building is to bring
developing countries into effective
participation in the international system.

First, serious and sustained attention
must be paid to their substantive
concerns. In terms of broad objectives,
this requires the international economic
system to attach priority to issues of
income and wealth distribution as well
as the more traditional goals of
efficiency and growth. A second
essential step is to provide major
developing countries with a role in the
international decision-making process
which corresponds to their sharply
increased importance to the system. A
third step is to go still further and bring
selected "newcomers" into the inner
circles of international decision-making.'
Quoted from: The Trilateral
Commission ( 1976)

HE Dr Carl Roberts
High Commissioner
Antigua and Barbuda
Presented Monday 9th March, 2009

52nd A4ntigua CarnivalCelebration

July 23rd to

Afugust 4t, 2009


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 132-march/Asn'l 2009

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