Group Title: Official newsletter of the Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Title: Official newsletter
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Title: Official newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Publisher: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Place of Publication: London, England
Publication Date: January/February 2009
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Volume ID: VID00036
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The Antigua and Barbuda

High Commission

O JOfficial Newsletter Issue 131 -- January/February 2009

Prime Minister Spencer Completes

Successful Tenure as Chair of UN

Developing Countries Group

Prime Minister the Honourable Winston Baldwin Spencer has completed his one-year tenure as chairman of the most
influential group of developing countries within the United Nations, the 130 member Group of 77 (G77) and China, and
handed over the post to his successor during the Group's annual hand over ceremony on the 26th January 2009.
In his farewell speech to the Group, delivered in his absence by Ambassador Dr. John W. Ashe, Antigua and Barbuda's
Ambassador to the United Nations, Prime Minister Spencer recalled that:
"A year ago, Antigua and Barbuda had the honour and the privilege of taking over the Chairmanship of the Group of 77
for 2008. We accepted this enormous responsibility with pride and conviction, aware of the challenges and obstacles
that developing countries face in their struggle to advance social and economic progress and justice for their populations
in a manner consistent with
sustainable development. We
were buoyed and embolden by
your many pledges of support,
cooperation and solidarity."
The Prime Minister applauded the
members of the group for their
Solidarity in the face of adversity
and noted that the Group of 77
and China developed and
maintained coordinated positions
which advanced substantially the
interests of developing countries
in all the various processes.
Speaker after speaker praised the
leadership of the Prime Minister
and his UN delegation and lauded
their accomplishments during
what is widely regarded as one of
most successful tenure in the
The New Mount St John's Medical Centre forty-five year history of the group.
See pages 6,16 Continues on Page 3

In This Issue
1. Antigua and Barbuda wins Bronze Award on page 4
2. Prime Minister's feature address at the opening of Mount St John's Medical Centre on pages 6, 16
3. Government recoups US$12 million on pages 10 and 11
4. Election Day March 12, 2009. Read Prime Minister announcement on pages 12 and 13
5. H.C. Dr Carl Roberts addresses Antigua and Barbuda National Association (London) on pages 18, 19 and 20



Reform of International

The world today is a very different
place to five years ago. Nonetheless
many of the International Institutions
have structures and policies whose
framework relate to a timeframe
beyond that period. Four institutions
should come under the spotlight
during any review. These are the
United Nations (UN), the International
Monetary Fund (IMF), the World
Bank (WB) and the World Trade
Organisation (WTO).

In the short time allowed, I would not
be able to deal in depth with each
institution individually. Let me,
however, make several observations
which can and should be used to
determine the effectiveness and fit for
purpose of each of these bodies.

The world has become a tightly linked
eco-system. Each component of this
network being affected and at the
same time influencing its surrounding

linked parts. The
interdependence of the
respective components is
clearly demonstrated in the
speed by which the current
financial crisis spread within
each region and across the

The campaign for change is
not to discard the fact that
some organizations have
adjusted over the years. In
fact at the UN, there has
been over twenty (20)
attempts at reforming the
workings of various aspects
of the UN operations over the
last sixteen years. In the
1992-94 period, the Blue-
Ribbon Commission on
Global Governance reflected
a concern "that the major
institutions (and especially
the UN) must be

When we talk of reform, what
really are our intentions? Are we
requesting an examination of the
management of that institution?
There is clear evidence that much
concern exist about the cost, staffing,
selection of key personnel and other
resource factors. Why then, we ask,
should the Head of the IMF orWB be
restricted to the citizen of a select
group of member territories? Are we
being guided by the oft invisibly
inscribed tenet that he who pays the
lion share can demand the greater
pound of flesh?

The attack in Iraq in defiance of the
Security Council raises many
question of the mandate of the UN as
a safeguard of the fundamental rights
of the sovereignty of nations, and the
institution to which any member state
can make its appeal if aggrieved.
There that member can be assured of
a fair hearing and a speedy resolution
of its grievance with its neighbour. In
some of these institutions, the debate
focuses on who should be in the inner
circle and who should be on the

periphery. Any reform should result in
the creation of new rules of
engagement developed in an
atmosphere of open and inclusive

The critical test of any modern
international institution should include
the following:
How it improves the quality of
life of the people of the world

How it guarantees security,
health and education for all

How it reduces poverty and
increase self-esteem among
all classes of people

How it is funded

How to keep fundamental
human rights at the heart of
its raison d'6tre

How it ensures the protection
of the environment and finally

How relevant and current is
that institution. (By this I
mean how fairly does it
reflect the make-up of today's

Let me finish by making just a few
brief remarks on the four selected
1. The IMF and WB were
formed to bring stability to a
world in the 1940s that is very
different to the interlinked
globalised world of today.
Though the objectives and
ideals were, and still may be,
deemed laudable, the level
of discontent about many of
the IMF and WB's projects
has reached a resounding
wail. For every instance
where there is a case of
success, critics point to at

Continue on page 8

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The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 1 ianuarlFelbfuar 2009

Continued from page 1

Among the accomplishments cited
were (a) the launching of the first ever
"Development Platform for the South";
(b) further enhancement of the
Group's flagship "Programme of
South-South Cooperation," which was
first agreed in Havana, Cuba in 2000;
(c) finalization of the Agreement on the
Establishment of the South Fund for
Development and Humanitarian
Assistance; (d) strengthening of the
relationships among various
institutions supporting the countries of
the South including the coordination
between the Non-aligned Movement
and the Group of 77 and China
through the Joint Coordinating
Committee (JCC) for the formulation
and promotion of common strategies
on relevant issues in particular the
reform of the UN system; and (e)
forging of a strong partnership
involving in particular the Group of 77
and China, the Group of 24 and the
South Centre especially in respect of
international financial and economic
issues; and also with the other
Chapters of the G77, with research
institutions of the South and with
Southern NGOs.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
praised the chairmanship of Antigua
and Barbuda and noted that
"...Antigua and Barbuda [had]...
steadfastly guided the Group through
a challenging year of multiple crises -
from food security to energy to global

He thanked Ambassador Ashe, whom
he said "has earned profound respect
for his exemplary service to the Group.
It has been a pleasure to work with him."
President of the UN General Assembly
Father Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann of
Nicaragua said that "under Antigua
and Barbuda's Chairmanship, the
Group of 77 has worked hard, with
calm and wisdom during critical
junctures, to develop unified positions
on a number of complex global
challenges and aspects of United
Nations reform."

UNDP Administrator Kemal Dervis
praised the 'vigorous chairmanship of
the Group of 77 and China for 2008"
demonstrated by Antigua and Barbuda.
But it was perhaps the representative
of Grenada, speaking on behalf of the
CARICOM UN Caucus, who summed
it up best when he observed that:

"We are immensely proud of the
effective and proficient leadership that
[Antigua and Barbuda] demonstrated
throughout the many difficult
circumstances of the past year. The
unprecedented decline in the world
financial sector, dire food shortages,
the ongoing challenge of climate
change and countless natural
disasters, were among the plethora of
turbulent issues and concerns which
arose that Antigua and Barbuda were
able to address, and articulate with a
lucid and ardent voice on behalf of the
member states of the Groups of 77
and China."

The Group of 77 is the largest
intergovernmental organization of
developing states in the United
Nations and provides the means for
the countries of the South to articulate
and promote their collective economic
interests and enhance their joint
negotiating capacity on all major
international economic issues within
the United Nations system, and
promote South-South cooperation for
development. It was established in
1964 by seventy-seven developing
countries that were signatories of the
"Joint Declaration of the Seventy-
Seven Countries" issued at the end of
the first session of the United Nations
Conference on Trade and
Development (UNCTAD) in Geneva.
Although the members of the G-77
have increased to 130 countries, the
original name was retained because of
its historic significance.

The chairmanship of the Group of 77 is
rotated on an annual basis between
the three (3) developing country
regions, namely Africa, Asia and Latin
America and the Caribbean, that make
up the Group. In 2009, the delegation
of the Republic of Sudan from the
African region will serve as chair of the

Antigua and Barbuda will continue to
participate in the overall management
structure throughout 2009 due to the
fact that it will serve in the Group's
'troika" as the outgoing chair.



Marlborough House, Pall Mall was the venue for the
reception sponsored by the Commonwealth Countries
League (CCL) to say a hearty 'Thank You' to the
Commonwealth High Commissioners' wives, Committee
members, Organizers and helpers.

2008 Commonwealth Fair was deemed a success by all
who participated. Exotic foods of the Commonwealth
were well displayed and consumed after the speeches.

Preparations have begun for the 2009 Commonwealth
Pictured left to right at the reception Chalene Roberts,
Mrs Pauline Roberts, wife of Antigua and Barbuda's High
Commissioner; Curlis Bart, Antigua and Barbuda High
Commission and Mrs Sharon Farquharson, wife of the
High Commissioner for The Bahamas

The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 13 1 JanuanrlFabruanr 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 1 ianuanlFebfuaru 2009

Antigua and Barbuda

wins Bronze Award

Antigua and Barbuda has won the
Virgin Atlantic Bronze Award, for Best
Destination Partnership in 2008.

The Award which was presented to the
destination during World Travel
Market in November was recently
handed over to Minister of Tourism
Harold Lovell.

"We are delighted to have received this
award from our UK Partners", said
Carol Hay Director of Tourism for the

"It shows that Virgin has recognized the
efforts we have taken towards
ensuring that our partnership is a
mutually beneficial one."

During 2009, Antigua and Barbuda
plans to establish a number of new
initiatives with Virgin Atlantic and

New Tourism

Programme to offer


Stakeholders within the tourism sector
are poised to benefit from a new
programme geared towards
sharpening their skills as the
government seeks to tackle the global
economic crisis currently affecting the

The programme is expected to target
owners, managers and other

According to Minister of Tourism
Harold Lovell, the initiative's main
objective is to capitalize and
strengthen the sustainability of small
and micro tourism enterprises which
will improve the tourism sector and
provide an excellent opportunity to
retain a recognized international

Pictured left to right Cherrie Osborne, Marketing and Administration Manager, Tourist
Office, UK Mrs Sharon Peters, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Tourism Honourable
Harold Lovell, Minister of Tourism and Carol Hay, Marketing Director -
UK and Europe

Virgin Holidays.

One such initiative which is currently
being run features Antigua and

The programme is being executed in
conjunction with the Organization of
American States (OAS), which has
expressed its intention to provide
financial support.

Minister Lovell said the first training
session, scheduled to take place in the
first week of February, will provide
training in hotel business operations
and management. The training series
continues with a second programme
scheduled for February 16-20. This
will target food and beverage (F&B)
supervisors, prospective supervisors
and line staff in the F&B department.

Participants who register to sit the
examination will be certified in the
Hospitality Department Training
(CHDT) designation, which will be
awarded by the American Hotel &
Learning Education Institute.

The first two days of the five-day
session will focus on restaurant
service skills, and is therefore
recommended for F&B line staff also.

Barbuda and Virgin working along with
Tesco Supermarket (UK) on an in-
store promotion to encourage travel to
the destination.

Within the third and fourth day they will
specifically target F&B supervisors
and prospective supervisors and those
who would have received approval to
sit the Certified Hospitality Department
Training (CHDT) examination.

Participants who register to sit the
examination will have the opportunity
to earn the Certified Hospitality
Department Training (CHDT)
designation awarded by the American
Hotel & Learning Education Institute.

According to Cynthia Simon, manager
for tourism education, training and
awareness in the Ministry of Tourism,
"the ministry considers ongoing
investment in skills training and
education a pragmatic action to
ensure that employer and employee
continue to give the best possible
experience to our visiting guests and
that we prepare ourselves for the
economic recovery phase and beyond."


Saling CWee4 27t Aprie to 2nd May 2009

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The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 1 ianuarlFelbfuar 2009

Dr. the Hon. L. Errol Cort
Minister of Finance and the Economy
Antigua and Barbuda

12th February, 2009

Finance Minister Clarifies Government's Position
on Fuel Prices in Antigua and Barbuda

The international price of oil has
declined steadily over the past 7
months moving from a high of
US$147.00 per barrel in July 2008 to
just under US$40.00 per barrel at
present. Although prices have
generally been trending downwards
there have been some fluctuations in
the price of oil in recent weeks. The
recent fluctuations notwithstanding,
the general downward trend in prices
has indeed been a welcomed
development. In direct response to
this, the Government has made
several adjustments to the retail price
of gasoline and diesel over the past
several months. At present, the retail
price for a gallon of gasoline is $9.95
and diesel is 10.95.

Over the past two weeks it has been
suggested by the Antigua Labour
Party in the media and elsewhere that
the recent declines in the price of
gasoline is not sufficient to reflect the
downward trend internationally.
Further, it was suggested that the
price of gasoline is lower in other
OECS countries, namely Dominica
and St. Kitts and Nevis, and therefore
this Government is placing undue
hardship on the citizens of Antigua
and Barbuda. It is against this
backdrop that I would like to briefly
look at price adjustments in Antigua
and Barbuda as compared to other
OECS countries from December 2006
to present.

In December 2006, the price for a
barrel of oil on the international market
was approximately US$61.00. In the
same month, the retail price of
gasoline in Antigua and Barbuda
decreased by $0.50 to $11.49 and the
price of diesel fell by $0.45 to $9.99.
These prices remained unchanged
until April 2008 when the price of
gasoline was increased to $12.95 and

diesel rose to $11.95. At this point the
average price for a barrel of oil rose by
almost 80.0 percent to US$109.00. In
the other OECS countries the average
price for a gallon of gasoline and
diesel was $13.68 and $13.57
respectively. In particular, the price of
gasoline and diesel in Dominica was
$13.71 and $14.14 respectively. In St
Kitts and Nevis, where there are three
different entities that retail petroleum
products, the price of gasoline
averaged $13.95 and ranged from
$13.70 at Delta Service Stations to
$14.12 at Shell Service Stations, while
diesel was retailed for $14.41.

The next price change in Antigua and
Barbuda took effect in the month of
May 2008. During the month of May
2008 the average price for a barrel of
crude oil increased to US$122.75 and
the retail price of gasoline and diesel
in Antigua and Barbuda was increased
to $13.95 per gallon. At this price level
the Government was subsidising the
price of gasoline and diesel by about
$3.8 million per month. In the other
OECS countries the average retail
price of gasoline and diesel was
$14.29 and $13.98 respectively. In
Dominica, the price of gasoline was
$14.61 and the price of Diesel was
$14.78. In St Kitts and Nevis the
average price of gasoline was $15.71
and the price of diesel was $12.75

Over the next two months (June and
July) the international price of oil
continued to grow at a rapid pace
reaching record levels on a daily basis
and peaking at US$147.00 in July
2008. OECS countries continued to
import fuel at these high prices until
August 2008. During this period the
retail price of gasoline and diesel
remained fixed at $13.95 i n Antigua
and Barbuda while a number of the
other OECS counties continued to

increase prices on a weekly basis in
some cases. In Antigua and Barbuda,
the Government continued to
subsidise the retail prices of both
commodities by more than $4.5 million
per month. During the month of July
for example the average retail price of
gasoline and diesel in the other OECS
countries was $15.24 and $14.89
respectively. In Dominica, the price of
gasoline was $15.69 and the price of
diesel was $15.97. In St Kitts and
Nevis, the average price of gasoline
was $17.17, with prices ranging from
$16.18 at Texaco Service Stations to
$18.59 at Delta Service Stations, while
the price of diesel was $14.55

In October 2008, with the international
price of oil declining but not yet
reflected in the imported prices of
petrol as a result of the time lag
associated with the refining process,
the Government of Antigua and
Barbuda began to reduce the retail
price of gasoline and diesel. In
October 2008, the retail price of
gasoline and diesel was reduced to
$13.65. The price of both 20
commodities remained significantly
above $13.65 in a number of OECS
countries. In Dominica and St Kitts
and Nevis in particular, gasoline was
retailed for more than $14.00 per
gallon, and at Delta Service Stations in
St Kitts the price of gasoline was

In a number of OECS countries the
price of gasoline and diesel has
declined significantly between
October 2008 and January 2008. At
present the average price for gasoline
and diesel in OECS countries is $9.81
and 10.82 respectively. In Dominica,
the retail price of gasoline is $9.09 and
the price of Diesel is $10.04. In St
Kitts and Nevis, the average price of
gasoline is $9.19 with prices ranging

Continue on page 9

The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 13 1 JanuanrlFabruanr 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 1 ianuarlFelbfuar 2009

Hon. W. Baldwin Spencer

Feature Address

Opening of Mount St. John's Medical Centre

16th February 2009

Today is a proud and historic day for
the Antiguan and Barbudan people.
The completion and commissioning of
the Mount St. John's Medical Centre
is a goal that has been long deferred.
Following, today's activity, the Mount
St. John's Medical Centre medical
staff will begin to welcome patients
who will be transferred from Holberton

This will be a quantum leap in the
quality of health services in Antigua
and Barbuda.

The transfer of patients from Holberton
to Mount St. John's Medical Centre
will commence this week from
Saturday, the 21st February.

This Centre, Ladies and Gentlemen,
has been planned, constructed and
outfitted for sustainable service
excellence for generations to come.

Today is very special as we gather
here to witness and to celebrate the
result of a successful collaborative
effort between Complant, the
Chinese contractors; the Government
of Antigua and Barbuda, through the
Ministries of Health, Finance and
Public Works; the Medical Benefits
Scheme a Statutory Corporation
through which the finances of the
people have been channelled in
support of this project; and the
American Hospital Management
Company, our hospital consultants
who have been working with and
under the guidance of our local Board
of Directors; as well as all of the
professional and technical
stakeholders at Holberton Hospital.

The completion of the Mount St. John's
Medical Centre is in delivery of what I
see as the Government's obligation to
improve the quality of healthcare, and
access to such health care as
fundamentals for social and economic
development in Antigua and Barbuda.
This purpose-built facility, as you are
aware, replaces a cluster of old

Her Excellency the Governor-General Dame Louise Lake-Tack GCMG, DST.J,
flanked on the right by Honourable Baldwin Spencer, Prime Minister of Antigua
and Barbuda and on the left by the Honourable John Maginley, Minister of
Health as they prepare for the cut ting of the ribbon to open the
Mount St John's Medical Centre

buildings which simply grew in an
unplanned way and long ago became
inadequate to the needs of the society.
The potential value of the on-site
helicopter service for Barbuda, and
other islands of the region, will not be
lost on you.

For most of us here this morning this
will be a once-in-a-lifetime experience
- the opening of a healthcare facility of
this standard and dimension.

It is accepted that a hospital
incorporates within its functional and
structural arrangements:
An office building
An eating establishment
A medical care agency and
A major educational and social
service institution.

Most of all, the hospital is an
instrument of community health and a
vital part of the total public health and
medical care spectrum.

This encompasses prevention,
diagnosis, rehabilitation, education
and research; and all of this must
revolve around the patient who must
always come first.

Ladies and Gentlemen, we are acutely
aware of the fiercely competing
demands between what we want in
terms of healthcare for example,
state of the art care and the cost of
delivering that care.

Indeed it is a universal truism that the
demand for services will always
outstrip our capacity to supply those

As a result, we will always be
challenged to develop strategies and
to find innovative ways in which we
can meet the burgeoning demands.
In this regard we need to utilise all the
services available to us to help to meet
this demand.

For instance, Mount St. John's
Medical Centre proposes to develop a

Continue on page 16

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 13 1 JanuanrlFabruanr 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbudla Hich Commission Issue 13 1 ianuarlFelbnfuar 2009

aware o
Antigua and toensuri

Barbuda markets.

participates in Investm
major Gaming "ourfocu
and su
Expo hosting
the cur
This year, the Caribbean jurisdiction of climate,
Antigua and Barbuda made its first operator
appearance at one of the gaming company
industry's events International grow the
Gaming Expo at Earls Court, in or all of
London from January 27-29. The reputable
Financial Services Regulatory jurisdicti
Commission, Antigua and Barbuda diversify
Investment Authority, LIME Antigua range o1
and ACT were at the Antigua and needed
Barbuda stand inviting delegates to These in
discover why some of the industry's nature ai
premier brands have made this island tourism".
paradise their home base. The
delegation was led by Trevor Mathurin LIME
- Deputy CEO of the Financial Services prominel
Regulatory Commission who works informati
closely with the Banking and country's
Insurance departments along with infra
Kaye McDonald on all matters relating infrastru
to gaming. redundai
"We are extremely proud to have a services
presence at ICEi in London this year," to GigE.
said Director of Gaming Ms Kaye
McDonald. "We have invested in Aside fro
building a highly reputable jurisdiction climate,
and will be leveraging our competitive infrastru
advantage as one of the few UK white offers m
listed jurisdictions. The industry is any othe

f our unswerving commitment
ng they have access to global

int Promotion Director of ABIA
ice Christian remarked that
will be on gaming companies
pporting services such as
and payment processing. In
rent challenging economic
Antigua offers gaming
s and support service
es a unique opportunity to
ir business by locating some
their operations in our highly
e business friendly
on. Additionally, we need to
our economy by bringing a
f industries to provide much
employment for our people.
dustries are less seasonal in
nd so cushion the shocks from

nd ACT are playing a
nt role at the IGE by providing
on on the capability of the
Modern telecommunications
structure. The current
cture provides a high level of
ncy with its two cable systems.
d broadband internet
are available that support up

m its economic and political
modern telecommunication
cture Antigua and Barbuda
ore experience than almost
r in the world:


Ms Kaye McDonald and Mr Trevor
Mathurin talking with Investors

Extensive expertise in call centre
services, financial services and e-
Services provide an out-of-the-box

Antigua and Barbuda was one of the
first countries to licence, regulate and
build an international remote gaming
industry with tax incentives offering
the most attractive business
opportunities of all the jurisdictions for
operators around the globe.

A/ I. T
\1' ,

Space rented by the Antiguan and Barbudan delegation for display of products,
interviews and discussions during the International Gaming Expo held in London

His Excellency Dr Carl Roberts took
time out of his busy schedule to attend
the Exhibition pictured above with
Erica Lake, Investment Promotion
Officer of the Antigua and Barbuda
Investment Authority


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 13 1 JanuanrlFabnruanr 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 1 ianuarlFelbfuar 2009

Continued from page 2

least one case where these
institutions have caused tremendous
dislocation and social disorder. Here
are just a few areas where there could
be reform:-
a. The institutions need
to be less intrusive

b. There should be a
widening of the
criteria used to
measure success

c. There should be more
recognition of the
social impact of policy
implementation and
assistance offered.

2. The UN needs to restore its
credibility. Once again this
institution has done much
good work, but it is constantly

3. The WTO is the only
international institution
dealing with the global rules of
trade between nations. It
attempts to ensure the
smooth flow of trade between
trading partners, to reduce
protectionism and safeguard
the rights of all parties to the
transaction. Here too are a
few areas where reform is

a. Reduce all attempts
to use size to
circumvent natural
justice and decisions
of the dispute
settlement tribunals.

b. Avoid at all cost
attempt to form
exclusive mini-groups.

being challenged to put down Let me end by leaving you with this
criticism of its effectiveness in quotation:
addressing some of the 'History has shown that the greatest
rld's crre rses. is dangers to international stability often
arise from those nations whose real
officers are sometimes power is inadequately reflected in the
accused of corruption and relevant sets of international
other humanitarian abuses all arrangements and symbols of status
of which take away from its therein. Such nations can challenge
acceptance. Here then are a the legitimacy of the system with
actions as well as rhetoric. Much of
ew ee e the current call for a new international
reform: .economic order flows directly from
such concerns, and a major need in
a. Widen the representa- the current phase of institution-
tion on the Security building is to bring developing
Council especially the countries into effective participation in
permanent members the international system. First, serious
(currently 5) and the and sustained attention must be paid
non-permanent mem- to their substantive concerns. In terms
of broad objectives, this requires the
bers (currently 10). international economic system to
Sapplic n attach priority to issues of income and
b. Limit the application wealth distribution as well as the more
of veto power by the traditional goals of efficiency and
permanent members growth. A second essential step is to
to very specific cases. provide major developing countries
with a role in the international
c. Improve the perform- decision-making process which
ance and effective- corresponds to their sharply increased
ness of its many importance to the system. A third step
susidiais is to go still further and bring selected
"newcomers" into the inner circles of
international decision-making.'
d. Reduce waste and Quoted from: The Trilateral
corruption Commission ( 1976)




Dr. the Hon. L Errol

Cort Minister of

Finance and the


Over the past several days, the
resilience of the domestic banking
sector as well as the strength of the
regulatory framework that governs the
financial system of the Eastern
Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU)
area was put to the test. Following
swiftly on the heels of an
announcement that the United States
Securities and Exchange Commission
(SEC) had filed a civil complaint
against R. Allen Stanford and the
Stanford International Bank,
individuals who held deposits with the
Bank of Antigua sought to withdraw
their funds from this institution.

This move by depositors caused
significant liquidity problems for the
Bank that, if not addressed
immediately, could have resulted in
serious consequences for the
domestic banking sector and for the
ECCU financial system as a whole.
The situation clearly demanded
prompt and decisive action in order to
reassure citizens and residents who
were customers of the Bank of
Antigua that their deposits and other
financial interests in respect of the
Bank remained secure.

The first step towards developing
and implementing a plan of action was
a meeting between the Government of
Antigua and Barbuda, the Eastern
Caribbean Central Bank (ECCB) and
representatives of all banks operating
in Antigua and Barbuda.

In addition, the Monetary Council
of the ECCB convened a special
meeting to address the matter,
consider a number of options and to
agree on a plan of action that would
further assure depositors that their
financial interests in the institution
were protected and that the regulatory

Continue on page 11

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The Andoua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 1 ianuarulFebfuaru 2009

Antiguan graduates However, their celebrations
were inevitably tinged with
with Ph.D in regret that Charlesworth, a
lifelong advocate for
Education and education, had not lived to
,Theology see this day. 5
Theology WM.A

Whilst the eyes of the world were
focused on Washington as Barack
Obama was inaugurated as
America's 44th President, there was
another ceremony taking place in
another capital city. Antiguan,
Calvin Samuel, joined luminaries
and Nobel Laureates such as former
Archbishop Desmond Tutu in
becoming a graduate of King's
College London, England's fourth
oldest university and one of the top
25 in the world.

Having already achieved BA and
MBA degrees Dr Samuel graduated
on inauguration day with a Ph.D in
Theology and Education in a
ceremony held at the Royal Festival
Hall on the south bank of the river

Dr Samuel, son of the late
Charlesworth Samuel, Antigua's
former Minister of Agriculture, was
joined by family members in
celebrating his success, pictured
here with his wife Ramona and
children Tiana (10) and Fletcher (8).

Continued from page 5

from $8.33 at Texaco Service Stations
to $12.24 at Delta service Station. The
current price of diesel in St Kitts and
Nevis is $14.10.

With respect to Liquid Petroleum Gas
(LPG) the price of this product
remained unchanged in Antigua and
Barbuda over the past five years and
throughout the oil crisis. At $20.95
and $108.00 for the 201b and 1001b
cylinders respectively, Antigua and
Barbuda has the lowest prices in the
OECS for this commodity. At present,
the average price for the 201b and
1001b cylinders of LPG in the other

It was in 1993 that Dr
Samuel left Antigua and a
career in banking to
undertake ministerial
training at the Nazarene
Theological College in
Manchester, expecting to
return to Antigua after four
years to take up a
ministerial appointment in
the Wesleyan Holiness

However, upon completing
his undergraduate study in
1997 he was offered a
scholarship at Manchester
Business School to pursue Dr Calvi
an MBA degree, which he Lo
completed in 2000. During
this period he was also employed,
for two years at Manchester
University and then for a year at
London Business School, as a
Research Manager. Upon
completion of MBA studies he was
appointed the minister for Mitcham &
St Helier Methodist churches in
South London and was ordained the
following year, 2001.

OECS countries is $35.86 and
$172.57 respectively.

In the month of July when the
international price for oil peaked at
US$147.00 the average price for a
201b cylinder of LPG in the other
OECS countries was $40.27 with
prices ranging from $30.00 in St Kitts
and Nevis to $59.00 in Anguilla. In
Dominica, the price for the 201b
cylinder was $44.10. During the same
month the average price for the 1001b
cylinder in the other OECS countries
was $192.89, with prices ranging from
$175.00 in St Kitts and Nevis to
$220.00 in Anguilla. The price for the
1001b cylinder was $215.50 in

n Samuel and family at King's College,
ndon where he attained his Ph.D

Later that same year he began PhD
studies, submitting his thesis in
January 2008, only 10 days prior to
the death of his father.

Since 2005 Dr Samuel has been
New Testament Tutor at Spurgeon's
College and Chaplain to Farringtons
School, a Methodist independent
school in South London.

Price changes for gasoline and diesel
in Antigua and Barbuda is partly
correlated to the timing of purchase
and shipment. Thus, price difference
may exist between OECS countries
because of differences in timing with
respect to when stock becomes
exhausted and new shipments are
received. The Government will
continue to monitor international
prices and adjust the retail price of
gasoline and diesel accordingly to
ensure that the residents of Antigua
and Barbuda continue to benefit from
the price reduction on the international
market. In addition, we will continue to
heavily subsidise the price of LPG as
a part of the Government overall social


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

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The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 1 ianuarlFelbfuar 2009


recoups US$12


The Government of Antigua and
Barbuda today announced that it has
recoup US$12 million dollars through
an agreement reached with one of the
defendants in a case filed in respect of
IHI matter for special damages in the
sum of US14, 414, 904 plus interest as
well as general damages and
exemplary damages for fraudulent
misrepresentation and misfeasance in
public office.

The substantive defendants in the
claim are: Lester Bryant Bird Former
Prime Minister, Asot Michael MP,
Bellwood Services S.A. a Panamanian
company, Patrick A. Michael Co. Ltd.
an Antigua and Barbuda company,
Bruce Rappaport, IHI Debt Settlement
Company Ltd., a Hong Kong company,
and Debt Settlement Administrators
LLC of Florida.

On the 10th February 2009 Attorney
General Justin Simon QC announced
that based on information provided by
an investigation carried out by Robert
Lindquist, Mr. Rappaport, through his
lawyers, agreed to settle the claim
against himself and his company by
paying the government the sum of
US$12,000,000 in respect of the
government's civil claim.

The Attorney General also announced
that he will be handing over the
Lindquist Report into the IHI Matter to
the police for them to take the
necessary steps to file criminal
charges against the individuals named
in the report.

We present in full the statement as
issued by the Hon. Attorney General:

"Ladies and Gentlemen of the Press.
Citizens and Residents of Antigua and

Shortly after this Administration took
office, I informed you by way of a
Press Statement that the government
had commissioned a financial forensic
investigation and had secured the

services of Mr. Robert
Lindquist who had himself
led like-investigations in
Trinidad and Tobago
where over Seven Million
US Dollars of illegal
payments to public | "
officials had been
recovered, and that he
was instrumental in the
arrests and prosecutions
of persons involved in the
Piarco International
Airport scandal in Trinidad.

It has been long in coming,
but I can now advise you,
the patient citizens and
residents, that I now have
in hand Mr. Lindquist's
complete and
comprehensive report on Hon. Attorn
the IHI Debt Repayment
Scheme. The Report
traces the payment by government
from December 1996 of the monthly
sum of US$403,334 out of the
consumption tax revenue paid by
West Indies Oil Company to the
various persons in receipt of these
monies, with details of the companies
through which the monies were sent,
to what bank accounts, in which
countries and how these monies were
finally disbursed. These monthly sums
were paid out of government funds
pursuant to an irrevocable letter of
instructions right up until February
2006, when I obtained an Injunction
from the High Court in Antigua and
Barbuda stopping the continuance of
the payments, and freezing the bank
account here in Antigua of an
associated Florida company called
Debt Settlement Administrators LLC.

It was a gigantic conspiracy
engineered and effected by persons in
high places to rob this country of
millions of dollars right up to the year
2021, a burden that would be carried
by your children and your children's
children. Consider this. These
monthly payments were, by an
Agreement dated September 11 1997,
to be made over a period of 25 years
beginning December 31 1996
(retrospectively nine (9) months
before the Agreement was signed)
and would have amounted to an
aggregate payment of
US$121,000,200. Out of that monthly

ey general ana iviinister OT Legal ATTairs
Justin Simon QC I

sum of US$403,334 coming out of the
Government Treasury, only
US$199,740.25 would be legitimately
paid to IHI Japan amounting to an
aggregate sum of US$59,922,075
over the 25 years. In simple
arithmetical terms, US$61,078,125 in
excess of the total sum due IHI Japan
would have been misappropriated out
of the Treasury and gone 'ahgwasa'
over that 25 year period.

You will recall that in March 2006 I had
advised by way of Press Statement
that as Attorney General I had, on
behalf of the Government, filed in the
High Court of Antigua and Barbuda a
civil claim in respect of the IHI matter
for special damages in the sum of
US$14,414,904 plus interest as well
as general damages and exemplary
damages for fraudulent
misrepresentation and misfeasance in
public office. The substantive
Defendants in the claim are: Lester
Bryant Bird, Asot Michael MP,
Bellwood Services S.A. a Panamanian
company, Patrick A. Michael Co. Ltd.
an Antigua and Barbuda company,
Bruce Rappaport, IHI Debt Settlement
Company Ltd. a Hong Kong company,
and Debt Settlement Administrators
LLC of Florida.

This morning I have caused to be
served on all the defendants, through
their respective local Counsel, a
Notice of Discontinuance which will be


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filed in the High Court in respect of two
of the defendants: Bruce Rappaport
and his Hong Kong company IHI Debt
Settlement Company Ltd. The effect of
this notice is to inform the court and
seek the court's permission to
discontinue the civil claim against
these two defendants only; the claim
will continue to proceed against the
other six substantial defendants and
we expect that process to move
speedily towards a hearing date from
here on.

The reason for discontinuing the civil
action against Bruce Rappaport and
his company IHI Debt Settlement
Company Ltd. is simply this: after
months of hard negotiations based on
the information provided by Mr.
Lindquist in his report, Mr. Rappaport,
through his lawyers, has agreed to
settle the claim against himself and his
company by paying to the government
the sum of US$12,000,000 in respect
of our civil claim. I am pleased to
advise that the government is in
receipt of the payment. I will be
advising our Counsel in Miami to take
similar steps in respect of the pending
Miami case whose status, as you
know from my recent Statement to
Parliament, is due for review in late
May 2009.

You will no doubt recognize the
importance and significance of this
recent development as this
Administration seeks to recover
through a number of civil actions the
various monies and parcels of land
which we allege were fraudulently
appropriated by certain members of
the former administration for their own
personal gain and enrichment and to
the detriment and financial pain of the
people of this country.

Continued from page 8

framework within the ECCU was more
than capable of meeting the challenge
that was precipitated by the civil suit
against the sole shareholder of the Bank.

These steps have ultimately led to
this moment where the efforts of all
parties have culminated in the creation of
this new entity the Eastern Caribbean
Amalgamated Investment Company
Limited (ECAIC). The ECAIC will take
control of the operations of the Bank so
that despite the ongoing issues in respect
of the United States Securities and
Exchange Commission (SEC), the

institution will continue to function
normally and engage with its customers
in a manner to which they are accustomed.

As indicated by Governor Venner,
the ECAIC is an amalgamation of
indigenous banks within the ECCU
together with participation from the
Government of Antigua and Barbuda.
This means that the Government of
Antigua and Barbuda, the Antigua
Commercial Bank Ltd, the East
Caribbean Financial Holding Company
Limited, the National Commercial Bank
(SVG) Limited, the National Bank of
Dominica Ltd and the St Kitts Nevis
Anguilla National Bank Limited are the
new shareholders of the ECAIC.

The formation of this new corporation
was the outcome of long and in-depth
consultations among the stakeholders
over the weekend and is indeed
testament to the ingenuity and creativity
of our people. The delegation
representing Antigua and Barbuda during
these consultations secured a forty
percent interest in the new entity fifteen
percent of which is allocated to the ACB
and the remaining twenty-five percent
allocated to the Government of Antigua
and Barbuda.

Given the urgency with which action was
required, we were not in a position initially
to afford members of the Antigua and
Barbuda public the opportunity to acquire
a share in this new entity. However, this
Government is determined to give the
public a chance to own a stake in this
company and will therefore divest a
portion of its twenty-five percent
shareholding to the public of Antigua and

What we as a Government, the ECCB
and the various indigenous banks have
been able to achieve over the past few
days is an incredible feat. In essence, we
were able to successfully avert a disaster
and save the deposits and interests of the
customers of the Bank. There are over
$400 million in deposits at the Bank of
Antigua with nearly eighty percent
representing the deposits of the citizens
and residents of Antigua and Barbuda.

The Government of Antigua and
Barbuda is very grateful to the Governor
of the ECCB for providing the necessary
liquidity to the Bank to allow it to continue
functioning and meeting the demands of
its customers. Further, we are grateful for
the instrumental role played by the ECCB
in identifying these strong indigenous
banks in the Organization of Eastern
Caribbean States (OECS) region that will
inject the necessary capital to allow for
the continued viability of this institution.

Before closing, it must be stated that this
joint effort on the part of the Government,
the ECCB and the indigenous banks
across the region is a remarkable
reflection of OECS unity and is a practical
demonstration of the integration

On behalf of the Government and
people of Antigua and Barbuda, I wish to
thank our brothers and sisters of the
OECS region for their invaluable
contribution towards securing the stability
of our financial space. This new entity
sets the stage for the creation of a strong,
indigenous, OECS bank which is rooted
in several indigenous national banks
across the region that, on their own, are
financially sound and resilient.

The Government of Antigua and
Barbuda, under the leadership of Prime
Minister the Honourable Baldwin Spencer,
wishes to thank the EXXB, and, in
particular, its Governor, Sir K. Dwight
Venner, for its unwavering assistance and
for supporting our efforts to assure the
general public and, in particular, the
customers of the Bank of Antigua Limited,
that their deposits with the institution
remain secure.

The Government also wishes to
thank the Prime Minister and Minister of
finance of St Vincent and the Grenadines,
Dr. the Honourable Ralph Gonsalves and
the other members of the Monetary
Council for their support.

Further, I wish to thank the Antigua
and Barbuda delegation, headed by the
Financial Secretary Mr. Whitfield Harris
Jr. -who participated in the consultations
that facilitated the formulation of this new
institution. The delegation also
comprised the Deputy Solicitor-General,
Mrs Karen Defreitas Rait; Treasury
Consultant, Dr. Cleopatra Gittens; and
Macroeconomic Advisor in the Ministry of
Finance and the Economy, Mr Kevin
Silston. Also forming an integral part of
the delegation were the Chairman,
Directors of the Board and Management
of the Antigua Commercial Bank and
representatives from KPMG Eastern
Caribbean, including the Managing

Finally, the Government of Antigua
and Barbuda wishes to reiterate its
unwavering commitment to preserving
the stability of the domestic banking
sector, maintaining confidence in the
ECCU financial system, protecting the
interests of all who operate legitimately
within our financial space, and, above all,
safeguarding the deposits of the people
of Antigua and Barbuda.

0 1

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

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The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 1 ianuanlFebfuar 2009

National Broadcast
Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda
Hon. W. Baldwin Spencer
February 17, 2009

Fellow Citizens and Residents:

The General Election in Antigua and
Barbuda is taking place in a global
environment of unprecedented
financial turbulence; and universal

As we pursue our varying paths to
political office in this election season,
it is possible for some to forget that
Antigua and Barbuda is connected to,
and interdependent with, nations of
the world, and the region, where the
global financial meltdown is hitting

An early turnaround in these
circumstances appears remote.

The California state government in the
USA, with a bigger budget and a
bigger economy than most of the
nations of the world, is facing

20,000 government workers in
California are on the job loss list.

The failure of Trinidad and Tobago's
far-flung CLICO-CL Financial
conglomerate is a piercing wake-up
call for our country; as it is for other
countries of the Caribbean.

Breaking developments in the United
States involving the Stanford Group
have profound serious implications for
Antigua and Barbuda.

By no stretch of political partisanship
should this be seen as a matter for
political exploitation.

This is not a looming crisis.

The fallout threatens catastrophic and
immediate consequences.

The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
is in touch with the Bank of Antigua
and the government and is currently
putting in place a contingency plan.
Therefore there is no need for panic. If
ever there was a reason, and a time

for the Antiguan and Barbudan people
to pull together in solidarity, that time
is now.

Regrettably, immediately following the
news, today, of the US Securities and
Exchange Commission's move
against Mr. Allen Stanford and his
associates, the ALP candidates on the
party's Hate Radio Station plunged
recklessly and foolishly into attempts
to make the Stanford matter a partisan
political cause.

It is imperative that all political
aspirants and activists recognize that
continuing excesses at this time can
cause untold damage to our country's
threatened economic prospects.

This is quite apart from the wrongs that
may be inflicted on victims of political
malice such as vandalism, slander,
violence and arson.

This current scenario is particularly
troubling because arson in a pre-
election period is not new to this

A few months before the 1999 General
Election, Antigua was struck by a
series of fires.

The premises of Tim Hector's Outlet
newspaper were torched after the
paper reported that the then
government had secretly imported a
shipment of grenades, launchers,
ammunition, pistols, tear-gas guns,
gas masks and other riot equipment.

Just days after that, a fire broke out at
the Ministry of Finance. Around the
same time, arsonists set fire to a stage
erected for a UPP rally. Two months
before the 1999 elections, fire
destroyed the prison in St. John's. We
can take no comfort in any of this.
Precisely because of the disposition to
arson that has marked previous
elections, the calls from the Antigua
Christian Council and the Police High
Command for a violence free election
are quite timely, and quite important.

Honourable Baldwin Spencer
Prime Minister of Antigua and

It is regrettable that in a statement
broadcast on Sunday, the leader of the
Opposition party categorically rejected
the Christian Council's call for all
election candidates to sign a pledge
embodying a code of conduct for the

The UPP candidates have no
hesitation in committing to the
Christian Council's Code of Conduct.

I consider it critical that all public
figures, and all others who have our
country at heart, should readily
endorse any initiative that can reduce
tensions and disruptions in the
election campaign.

In this context, the Government of
Antigua and Barbuda has been
fortunate in arranging a visit to Antigua
this week by the venerable American
civil rights activist, Rev. Dr. Joseph

Reverend Lowery will take part in a
National Interfaith Service at the
Precision Centre on Sunday, February


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The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 131 flovemberlDecembef 2009

22, at 4:00 p.m. I invite all to be in the
congregation at Sunday's National
Interfaith service.

Coming the month after the
memorable benediction he delivered
at President Barack Obama's
Inauguration, Dr. Lowery's visit can
propel spiritual upliftment in our
country; and foster harmony in our
society in this divisive election period.
Ladies and Gentlemen:

Fellow Antiguans and Barbudans and

It is fitting to recall that the creation of
a new register of voters, and the
introduction of voter identification
cards, came only after the
Commonwealth Secretariat's call for
electoral reform after the 1999
General Election.

To pre-empt the use of fear and acts of
political malice in the election, and to

assist in ensuring that our General
Election will faithfully reflect the will of
the Antiguan and Barbudan people, I
long ago invited election observer
teams from CARICOM, from the
Commonwealth Secretariat, and from
the Organisation of American States to
be early on the ground for the run up
to the elections. Related to this, the
Deputy Secretary General of the OAS
has already visited Antigua. I am
confident that despite existing
tensions, the General Election will
proceed peacefully.

I am confident that the Royal Antigua
Police Force will protect and serve us
better than adequately.

I appeal to all in the society to
participate fully and peacefully in the
electoral process.

Whatever happens on Election Day,
we will all have to live, pray and work

together to overcome the daunting
challenges facing our beloved country.
The future of our country and the future
of generations yet unborn are in our

We have no option but to put aside
political differences and to cast aside
political extremists.

This is the framework in which we must
elect our next government.

In this regard, I have advised Her
Excellency, the Governor General, to
issue the Writ for a General Election to
be held in Antigua and Barbuda on
Thursday March 12th 2009.

Nomination Day will be February 25,

May God guide us.

May God defend Antigua and Barbuda
in the face of all adversities.

Eighth Meeting of

the High-Level

Group on

Education for All

Oslo, Norway

The High-Level Group meeting is an
annual event that brings together top-
level representatives from
government, development agencies,
UN agencies, civil society and the
private sector. Its role is to reinforce
political will in order to accelerate
progress towards Education for All,
strengthen partnerships, identify
priorities and mobilize more resources.

Against the backdrop of the financial
crisis, participants in this year's Eighth
High-Level Group meeting (Oslo,
Norway, 16 to 18 December) will put
forth concrete recommendations that
focus on four broad themes: the role of
education in meeting global
challenges; equity and governance;
teachers and financing education.

This High-Level Group meeting is
hosted by UNESCO and the
Government of Norway, and is the first
time that the meeting takes place in a
donor country, sending a powerful
signal to the international community

on the urgent need for more sustained
and effective support to basic

According to the EFA Global
Monitoring Report 2009 that will
inform the meeting, persistent
inequalities based on income and
gender must urgently be addressed in
order to achieve EFA. Improved
governance, higher national spending
and increased international support to
basic education are keys to reaching
the most disadvantaged.



1. We, Ministers, leading officials of
multilateral and bilateral agencies,
senior representatives of civil society
and private sector organizations,
gathered at the invitation of the
Director-General of UNESCO and of
the Minister of Environment and
International Development of Norway,
in Oslo from 16 to 17 December, for
the Eighth Education for All (EFA)
High-Level Group Meeting. We are
deeply grateful for the warm
hospitality offered by the Norwegian

2. This Eighth High-Level Group
meeting takes place in the context of
a global economic slowdown spurred

by a financial crisis unprecedented
since the 1930s. It will be imperative to
protect and insulate the world's
poorest children, youth and adults
from the worst effects of the crisis, as
they carry the least responsibility for
these events. The crisis should not
serve as justification for any reduction
in national spending and international
aid to education. Instead, steadfast
support for achieving the
internationally agreed development
goals, including the EFA and
Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs), is more vital than it was
before the crisis.

Reaffirming the centrality of
education for development

3. In this context, we reaffirm that
education is a fundamental human
right, to be respected at all times. It is
one of the most effective tools for
achieving inclusive and sustainable
economic growth and recovery,
reducing poverty, hunger and child
labour, improving health, incomes and
livelihoods, for promoting peace,
democracy and environmental
awareness. Education empowers
individuals with the knowledge, values
and skills they need to make choices
and shape their future. Universal
access to quality basic education and
better learning outcomes are the
drivers to achieve the internationally

Continue on page 14

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Continued from page 13

agreed development goals, including
the MDGs. As reaffirmed at the
September 2008 UN High-Level Event
on the MDGs, sustained investment in
education and health is essential for
reaching the MDGs.

4. We therefore agree to better plan
and coordinate global advocacy efforts
for all six EFA goals. We task the EFA
convening agencies and interested
EFA partners to further develop a joint
EFA advocacy plan of action and
present its first results to the next
meeting. We shall, for that purpose,
welcome and work with all existing
initiatives, including the broad alliance
of the "Class of 2015".

5. Educational strategies need to be
integrated within broader anti-poverty
and national development policy
frameworks. The fact that child
malnutrition and ill health remain a
major obstacle to educational access
and achievement for the poor
highlights the intricate connections
among education, health and social
conditions. It underscores the need for
stronger inter-sectoral policy

6. We accordingly request the EFA
convening agencies, to engage with
relevant UN agencies such as the
WHO and the WFP as well as
interested EFA partners in order to
better coordinate education, health
and nutrition initiatives in integrated
programmes, targeting young children
in poor communities in countries far
from EFA. We commit to support such
initiatives that should be country
driven and backed by development

Making equity a priority in
education: why governance matters

7. Since the World Education Forum in
2000, many countries, including some
of the poorest, have taken bold and
courageous actions, often supported
by the development partners, to
improve access to education.
However, on present trends, 29 million
children will still have no access to
primary schooling in 2015. We

held in November 2008 in Geneva that
inclusive quality education is
fundamental to achieving human,
social and economic development.
Policies must therefore focus on
reducing disparities based on gender,
wealth, rural/urban and other
differences. To achieve greater equity,
national governments and their
partners must expand early childhood
care and basic education; ensure
affordable learning opportunities at
post-primary levels and address adult
literacy needs.

8. Gender disparities are still deeply
entrenched in many countries and
affect both boys and girls. They are
often magnified by poverty and other
forms of social disadvantage. Girls
and women are disproportionately
affected by malnutrition, health
hazards and by gender-based
violence including sexual harassment.
Girls are especially disadvantaged in
countries experiencing conditions of
fragility and during emergencies.
Special measures are required to
reach them and to promote an
enabling learning environment.

9. Improving learning outcomes for all
students is an imperative. To this end
interested national governments must
be supported to develop indicators
and contextualized instruments and
standards of quality for assessment
and monitoring and invest in quality
inputs and processes.

10. Governance reforms in favour of
decentralization and the introduction
of greater choice and competition in
educational provision must carry
appropriate safeguards against
possible inequitable effects on the
poor and excluded.

11. Capacity concerns are acute in
countries experiencing conditions of
fragility. In such circumstances the
development of individual,
organizational and institutional
capacities is of utmost importance for
strengthening weak government
structures and state legitimacy.
Development partners should use
more flexible, timely and innovative
mechanisms such as the proposed
EFA-Fast Track Initiative (FTI)

subscribe to the conclusion of the "Education Transition Fund" to respond
International Conference on Education

to high-risk situations, in line with
country-led approaches.

12. We call upon EFA partners to
support national commitments to
educational equity, both with regards
to access, attendance and to learning
processes and outcomes. This should
include the development of well-
defined and gender-sensitive targets
to measure equity, as well as
indicators and monitoring tools to this
end. Joint knowledge and data sharing
on equity in education should be
supported by the EFA partners, led by
the convening agencies, to help
ensure capacity building and improved
policy development, planning and

Increasing financing and targeting
the most in need

13. In a majority of countries, progress
towards EFA since 2000 has benefited
from a commendable effort to increase
both national public funding and aid to
basic education. However the recent
stagnation in aid commitments and the
cut in the share of national income
devoted to education in some
countries are causes for serious
concern. The global economic
slowdown could aggravate this trend.
If development partners were simply to
fulfil their previous pledges, it would
lead to a sharp increase in financing
for developing countries, which would
in turn mitigate the impact of the global
financial crisis.

14. National governments and
development partners must increase
financing of policies and programmes
that promote the inclusion of all
children and improve learning
outcomes for all. To this end, fee-free
primary schooling should be
implemented as a basic right. In line
with the Accra Agenda for Action's call
for aid effectiveness, national
governments and development
partners should allocate educational
funding where it is most needed and
ensure that it is more efficiently and
effectively used. Development aid
should be targeted at countries
furthest from the EFA goals and in
particular to those experiencing
conditions of fragility or receiving
limited external support. Furthermore,
funds should reach the most

Continue on page 15

The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 13 1 JanuanrlFabruanr 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 1 ianuanlFebrua 2009

Government Receives
CARICOM Guidelines
on Early Childhood

On the 11th February 2009 the
Ministry of Education received from
CARICOM the regional guidelines for
developing policy, regulation and
standards in early childhood
development services.

The guidelines in booklet form, is the
first of its kind created by the
CARICOM Secretariat, and seek to
align and standardize early childhood
development services throughout the

During a brief presentation ceremony
CARICOM's representative Patricia

McPherson said the guidelines were
developed in Antigua in 2006, and is
an attempt to bring harmonization in
the early childhood sector in the region.

With the free movement of people
being promoted, the guidelines are
critical so as to prevent a compromise
in education she noted, adding that the
guidelines, which will be used to shape
the national policy in individual
countries, are not an imposition, but
were compiled to help build capacity.
Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of
Education Eden Weston accepted the
booklets on behalf of the government.

In his remarks, he said the guidelines
come at an opportune time when early
childhood is being mainstreamed, and
minimum standards as they relate to
early childhood education are being

Chief Education Officer Jacintha
Pringle told representatives of the

World Bank, UNESCO, and UNICEF
present at the handing over ceremony
that compiling the guidelines was a
major undertaking, but noted that with
this latest addition to the process of
advancing early childhood
development, "quality" all the way will
be the watch word.

The publication is supported by
UNICEF and UNESCO, and includes
management and administrative
requirements for early childhood,
developing the policy framework, and
elements of the policy framework
among other topics.

CARICOM's Director of Human
Development Myrna Bernard says
future guidelines to be developed by
the CARICOM Secretariat will address
key areas of implementation of
national standards, governance and
investment in the development of ECD

Continued from page 14

disadvantaged groups within these
countries. We accordingly take note of
the December 2008 Statement from
the High-Level Event on Financing
Education in Conflict Affected Areas
held in Doha, Qatar, calling for priority
to be placed on providing and
protecting education in these
circumstances. To target those in
greatest need, existing financing
mechanisms and other innovative
approaches should be tapped drawing
on civil society and the private sector.

15. We urgently call on national
governments to allocate adequate
domestic resources (4-6% of GNP /
15-20% of public expenditure) to
education, on development partners to
increase official development
assistance in accordance with the
Doha declaration and on all EFA
partners to prioritise investment in
basic education within a balanced
approach to the whole sector. We
further urge the development partners
to deliver on past commitments and
ensure the timely flow of adequate
resources through various bilateral
and multilateral aid channels including
FTI Trust Funds, through which they
assist the most EFA challenged
countries. In countries making

progress towards EFA we call on
governments and the development
partners to better target those still
excluded from education.
Recruiting, training, deploying and
retaining teachers

16. Without adequate numbers of
professionally qualified teachers,
including female teachers, who are
deployed in the right places, well-
remunerated and motivated,
adequately supported, and proficient
in local languages, we cannot offerthe
world's children quality education.

17. Globally 18 million new primary
teachers will be needed in the next 7
years just to achieve universal primary
education. National governments
must strike a balance between the
short-term need to get teachers into
classrooms and the longer term goal
of building up a high-quality
professional teaching force.

Addressing the teacher gap requires
country driven long-term strategies
and firm commitments. Policies must
encompass attention to professional
development opportunities, adequate
employment and teaching conditions
and greater participation of teachers in
decision-making via social dialogue.

18. We urge national governments,
with appropriate technical support to
map out their short and medium-term
needs for recruitment, deployment,
training and retention of teachers. We
call upon development partners to
support national efforts in this area,
working with governments, regional
bodies, civil society and teacher
organizations, to identify and meet the
needs specified, and provide
predictable support to cover the
associated costs.

19. We endorse the creation of an
international Task Force on 'Teachers
for EFA'; a voluntary global alliance of
EFA partners working together to
address the 'teacher gap'. We invite
the Task Force to further develop the
proposals contained in its Action Plan,
based on the principles of national
ownership, and to report to the next
High-Level Group meeting. To that
end, it shall explore the possibilities for
South-South and North-South-South
cooperation in relation to teachers,
including the E-9 Bali declaration.
Moreover, the Task Force shall focus
particularly on those countries furthest
away from reaching the EFA goals
and those with the largest teacher
gaps. We agree to set up a secretariat,
supported by willing partners, to assist
the Task Force.


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 13 1 JanuanrlFabruanr 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 1 ianuanilanuaru 2009

Continued from page 6

referral system between primary
health care and specialist care to
encourage appropriate and timely care
and to reduce unnecessary queuing
for specialist care at the hospital.

Again, by establishing a common
electronic health record system, this
would greatly enhance medical
records storage, health care quality
and continuity of care across multi-
disciplinary healthcare providers.

This would also assist continuous
monitoring of epidemiological changes
in disease patterns and healthcare

Further, this would allow for better
planning for future healthcare
resources and facilities.

In essence, we contend that where
there is a single hospital in a small
community such as ours, that hospital
must work cooperatively with other
health institutions through forward and
backward linkages, to bring the best in
knowledge and care to the people.

And we hope to do this by bringing all
hands on board; the doctors, the
administrators, the nurses, and the
ancillary staff; even as we solicit the
goodwill of the population in this quest.
Ladies and gentlemen, the Mount St.
John's Medical Centre will be guided
by certain core values of dedication,
integrity, excellence, health and
vitality, wisdom and success.

Our caregivers are deeply conscious
that these values can only be achieved
by unwavering devotion to the needs
of our population, by nurturing trust
and respect, by enhancing teamwork
and communication, by ensuring equal
opportunity and by transparency and

The core functions will be the
delivery of quality secondary and
tertiary services optimally configured
to provide equitable access to efficient,
high quality and cost effective care in
an affordable and efficient manner,
and to provide a training platform for
all of its health professionals.

commissioning of the hospital a
number of benefits, real and potential
will flow. A number of these readily
come to mind.

The brain drain from Antigua,
especially of some of our well trained
and qualified nurses is likely to

The reason usually given for such
migration is the issue of pay. However,
research suggests that working
conditions is a more important factor
than pay; and in many cases, is an
even more critical reason for
leaving. We are therefore of the view
that the very excellent conditions I
anticipate at MSJMC may well
dampen the desire to leave Antigua for
less welcoming climes.

It is reasonable to assume that we will,
over time, see an improvement in the
level of service with the acquisition of
more diagnostic equipment and the
assistance of IT applications in
everyday caring procedures.

A number of highly trained Antiguan
professionals living and practising
abroad, as well as other accomplished
Caribbean nationals, have expressed
interest joining Mt. St. John's

Indeed MSJMC has already been able
to recruit a number of nationals who
have demonstrated excellence in their
practices in hospitals in the USA and
in the UK.

These additions to the existing
professional teams, together with
modern diagnostic and treatment tools
and modalities, will reduce the need
for Antiguans and Barbudans to seek
medical treatment abroad.

With the introduction of effective and
efficient forward and backward
linkages between the levels of patient
care, primary, secondary, and tertiary,
it is anticipated that the overall
resources (much of which are housed
at the hospital level) will be better
managed and utilised.

In this way, the new MSJMC will be
used to its fullest as it seeks to support
community units, nationwide.

said before, is due to a fine
collaborative effort by all stakeholders.
But pulling all of this together,
providing timely advice where needed,
and keeping track of commitments and
deadlines and critical paths to
completion, have been members of
the MSJMC Board of Directors under
the Chairmanship of Mr. Cottrille
George. Accordingly I would like to
thank Mr. George and all the members
of the Board for their leadership, hard
work and dedication.

I would also like to thank the Staff of
the American Hospital Management
Company (AHMC) and their local
administrative staff who have
maintained their professionalism and
commitment to service during these
changing times.

Of equal importance, I would like to
express my appreciation to the
Doctors, Administrators, Nurses,
Allied Professionals and other staff at
Holberton who have demonstrated
their goodwill in fostering a
harmonious atmosphere even in the
face of understandable apprehension
that inevitably accompanies change. It
would be an injustice if the contribution
of Minister of Health John Maginley in
bringing this project to fruition was not
placed on public record.

This Minister deserves much credit for
the successful completion of Mt. St.
John's Medical Centre.

Ladies and Gentlemen;

In concluding, I challenge the Board
and the professional staff of Mt. St.
John's Medical Centre to add to their
obligations a responsibility for public
education programmes promoting
healthy lifestyles and vigilance in
protecting their health.

With this, and with the efficacy of care
that this institution will deliver, local
demand will be contained, and aimed
at reducing the need local demand,
and Mt. St. John Medical Centre can
then become the hospital of the
Eastern Caribbean countries.

I pray God's blessings on all who work
and are given care here.

It will not be lost on you, Ladies and Ladies and Gentlemen, that we have
Gentlemen, that upon the come this far at this time, as I have

May God Bless our nation.


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 13 1 -JanuanrlJanuanr 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 131 ianuarlFelbfuar 2009

Draft organizational

structure for Ministry

of Education

examined at retreat

A two-day management retreat was
convened on 19th January at the
Hospitality and Training Institute to
review the draft organizational
structure of the Ministry of Education.

Facilitated by management consultant
Dr. Aubrey Armstrong, the retreat
brought together senior educators and
planners who discussed the proposed
structure, which was drafted to
position the Ministry to deal with the
rapidly changing global environment.

to meet the demands of things taking
place in the environment, adding that
there are new areas being
emphasized within the document, one
being information technology.

"We are discussing how information
and communication technology could
be used to enhance education in the
region. Also, we're looking at how
students can make maximum use of
the new tool, and so we'll be
expanding the structure with respect to
the information and communication
technology and knowledge
management elements."

Another critical element Dr. Aubrey
Armstrong pointed out was support
and guidance to students, outlining
that "we have to remove the class
basis of the educational system, and

make sure it is not about where we are
Among the objectives of the retreat from, but rather where we are going."
was to:

-Re-examine the changing
environment in which the Ministry

Review and finalize the agreed
organization structure, and ensure key
-Understand their respective
roles and

Agree on the finalized structure.

Dr. Armstrong said a proper structure
is crucial if the Ministry of Education is

"Students who are being stressed at
home need to be given support, so the
counselling and mentoring aspects of
the support system must be examined

The next phase of the organizational
structure is its implementation, which
Education Minister Bertrand Joseph
said should be ready sometime in 2010.

"I believe we will see a
recommendation this year. What will
happen is it will have to go to Cabinet
for ratification once we have made a

decision on it. I expect it will go to
Cabinet during the course of this year
so it can be incorporated into the
budgetary proposals for 2010. I
suspect we will have a full
implementation by 2010" he added.

Minister Joseph pointed out that the
review of the organizational structure
is just part of the basic education
project dealing with educational
services. He revealed that the new
organizational structure will be a
manifestation of what is happening at
the local, regional and global levels,
especially in the transformation of the
information age.

A new unit will be created within the
Ministry of Education, the knowledge
management unit. The unit will
incorporate technology into the
planning structure of the Ministry.
Education Management Information
System (EMIS) and the Education
Media Unit (EMU) will also be included.

Research along with testing and
measurements will also be
strengthened to boost the new
management structure.

"One of the key elements in the delivery
of educational services is the overall
management structure, ensuring there
is a cadre of workers within the
Ministry of Education who are properly
trained and strategically placed" the
Minister said.


Young man

arrested and

charged in



On 30 January, 2009, a 21 year
resident of Potters, Sylvester Lindsey
(Born 18th September 1987) was
arrested and charged for the murder
of Drew Joseph Gollan of Australia

which occurred in English Harbour on
the 22nd January, 2009. The individual
has been brought before the Court on
for the homicide. A pistol has been
seized which is believed was involved
in the offence.

Three other persons were detained in
relation to the murder. Investigation is
continuing and we will further advise if
more charges are to be laid.

The success of the investigation was
due to a team effort between the
Police and Public. The Homicide and
Intelligence Units of the Royal Police

Force of Antigua and Barbuda with the
assistance of Crime Stoppers, the
media and the general public pulled
together to help solve the case.

Numerous tips were received from
members of the public to assist the
police. It demonstrates that the level of
cooperation between the police and
public is increasing.

The Royal Police Force of Antigua and
Barbuda, thanked all who assisted in
solving this crime.


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 13IJanuanrlFabruanr 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 131 ianuarlFelbfuar 2009

Pre nation t th United Progressive Party
Presentation to the and the Ministry of Social

Antigua and Barbuda

National Association


8th February 2009

H. E Dr Carl B Roberts
High Commissioner

A very good evening to one and all on
this special day of our Lord and Saviour,
Jesus Christ. Greetings from my wife
and family and from the general citizens
of our beloved homeland. I have been
asked to address you this evening on
several areas of concern by members of
this association and I trust you will also
allow me to raise some concerns that I

Let me, in addressing a few of your
concerns in the time allowed to me;
provide some information about the
situation in Antigua and Barbuda which
some of you, but not all, might have
been made aware of through your
various channels.

The 2009 New Year brought into focus
the dire state of the world's economy
with devastating news bites being aired
almost on a daily basis. Economies
around the world are in a tail spin. Many
of you will have been following the loss
of jobs in the UK, the failure of several of
the country's long standing business and
financial institutions. The names of these
failed or failing institutions, which were
once viewed as solid pillars of this
economy, will numb our minds and bring
shudders to our bodies. This
phenomenon is not limited to the UK.
Similar events are happening in the USA,
Japan, and many other developed
countries around the world.

The situation in Antigua and Barbuda is
not as dire as might have been expected,
but that is no consolation. It could just be
an issue of timing. The Government has
however begun a programme of
strategic and tailored activities to
prevent the worst effects from impacting
our economy. Some hotels have been
forced to reduce costs either by
introducing reduced hours working for
staff or even laying off staff. Minister of
Tourism and Aviation, the Hon. Harold
Lovell is reported as saying that the

Transformation, under
the Hon. Hilson Baptiste
would be putting a
number of initiatives in
place to ensure that food
i kept on the tables of the

Among these initiatives
would be a programme .-
where individuals who
had lost their jobs within
the tourism industry
would receive a stipend
among other provisions. His Excellency
Although the funds were Executive of th
not allocated in the 2009 Lo
budget for the
Unemployment Benefit Programme,
Minister of Finance Dr Errol Cort says
that the $81 million loan that was
acquired to buffer the budget could be
used to carry out such programmes.

The government must be complimented
for its efforts to maintain the social
transformation and development
programmes it had in the pipe line. Chief
amongst these is the continued
programme of enhancing the healthcare
service being provided to the citizens of
the country. At the opening and
dedication of the latest Health Centre at
Five Island, the Prime Minister had this
to say: "..My Government is committed
to providing the best possible healthcare
to the citizens of this country. Not only
are we ensuring that we have an
adequate community healthcare delivery
system, but we have moved to complete
the Mount St. John Medical Centre to
provide healthcare of an international
standard to our citizens."

The PM went on the say that ".. in just
under four years, [we] have taken the
Mount St. John Medical Centre from an
empty shell that the Antigua Labour
Party Government had left and
converted it into a modern facility with
185 beds that will provide full inpatient,
diagnostic and physician services.." The
Medical Centre is expected to be
opened shortly.

The spotlight of development has not
only been focused on Antigua. In
Barbuda much work continues to be
done. Earlier in the New Year, the
Central Government of Antigua and
Barbuda and Japan signed off on a
historic agreement to construct a new
Fisheries Complex on Barbuda to the

SDr Carl Roberts seated with members of the
e Antigua and Barbuda National Association -
ndon as he addresses members

tune of US $5 million. The project is
being funded under the Japanese Grant
Aid Scheme, which provides a recipient
country with non-reimbursable funds to
procure the facilities, equipment and
services for economic and social
development. MP Trevor Walker said it
all with this statement; "...Barbudans are
looking forward to the project, as it will
benefit them all greatly; at present, they
do not have any proper facility on the
sister isle for fishermen to carry out their
daily work..." The Barbuda road
programme should have re-started and
significant work has also been done on
the water and electricity services.

Two years ago, the Antigua and Barbuda
Investment Authority was established
through legislation. They have been very
active in supporting the concept of "One-
stop" assistance. Investors from the UK
and elsewhere are invited to review the
website which provided details of the
incentives and other benefits offered by
Government to those willing to do
business in our homeland. The High
Commission in the UK continues to
promote Antigua and Barbuda as a
promising investment destination and
has held discussions with several
potential partners who have taken up
this offer. Unfortunately a Trade and
Investment Seminar which was planned
for 2008 had to be postponed and is due
to be held later this year.

Unfortunately many social problems
accompany a downturn in an economy
and governments take actions which
have far reaching consequences not
only locally but across the waters of the
oceans. Here I refer to the repatriation of
several Caribbean Nationals who,
having learnt a reputation for criminal


Tha Anb'aucr crnJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 13 1 JanuanrlFabruanr 2009

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 13 1 ianuanlFebruaru 2009

activities, carry these acquired skills to
our shores. The upsurge in violent
crimes, and murder at home, is a very
serious matter and a issue of great
concern. The impact of the recent
murders last year and this year, has
been somewhat limited by the action of
a re-invigorated and re-equipped
Antigua and Barbuda Police Force.
Having cleared off long outstanding debt
to many institutions, the force in now
able to call upon and benefit from the
assistance of such partners as Interpol.
Within a short period suspects have
been caught and are now going through
the legal system for each of the crimes
committed this year. The new radio
system and other resources are paying

Let me now turn my attention to the UK
and the activities of the High
Commission. Over the last twelve
months a number of our nationals have
been denied entry into this country. We
ran an article in the May/June issue of
our Newsletter (#127) which provided
details of the new immigration guideline
of the UK Government. This was thought
necessary since quite recently several of
our nationals have been turned back at
the borders and denied entry into the
United Kingdom.

The new Points Based System (PBS) is
the most radical rework of the British
immigration system in a long time,
actually for 45 years. To quote from
information provided to the High
Commission, this revision "revises
around 80 previous entry routes to the
United Kingdom into a five-tier structure.
It is also stated that "for all those using
the system, the PBS is fairer and simpler
to use than the routes it replaces".

The five tiers are as follows:
Tier 1 highly skilled workers,
for example scientists and

Tier 2 skilled workers with a
job offer, for example teachers
and nurses;

Tier 3 low skilled workers
filling specific temporary labour
shortages, for example
construction workers for a
particular project;

Tier 4 students;

Tier 5 youth mobility and
temporary workers, for example
musicians coming to play in a

Tiers 1, 2 and 5 are now open and have
been since 2008. Tier 3 is currently
suspended and tier 4 is being
implemented in a phased manner. [T1 -
29/02/08, T2 27/11/08, T5 27/11/08].
There is ongoing consultation with
education institutions on T4 and we are
awaiting further policy information on this.

Under this new arrangement citizens of
Antigua and Barbuda who desire to visit
the UK are classified into one of several
categories. This does not apply to those
of you who have applied for and being
granted citizenship in this country when
it was offered some time ago. The
categories are:-
1. General visitor

2. Child visitor

3. Business and special visitor

4. Private Medical treatment

5. Studying in the UK

6. Working in the UK

7. Transiting the UK

As Antigua and Barbuda is a non-visa
country, our citizens can visit the UK for
a period of up to six months. They
however must provide clear indication of
several details relevant to their stay in
the country. Apart from the information
required to complete the landing card,
each visitor must clearly show that
he/she will return to their homeland, that
there is enough money to cover their
stay in the country and a clear
unambiguous address where they will be
To come to the United Kingdom as a
general visitor you must be able to show
that you:

only want to visit the United
Kingdom for up to six months;

plan to leave the United
Kingdom at the end of your visit;

have enough money to support
and accommodate yourself
without working, help from
public funds or you will be

supported and accommodated
by relatives or friends;

do not

of the

to charge
public for
or goods

do not intend to study; and

can meet the cost of the return
or onward journey.
do not intend to carry out
business, sport or entertainer
visitor activities;

do not intend to marry or form a
civil partnership or give notice of
marriage or civil partnership;

do not intend to receive private
medical treatment during your
visit and

are not in-transit to a country
outside the Common Travel
If you want to do business during your
visit you also have to show that you:

normally live and work abroad
and you have no plans to base
yourself in the United Kingdom;

do not plan to work, produce
goods or provide services in the
United Kingdom.
Let me now touch on something
which may affect those of you who
have been resident here for
sometime without taking up the
citizenship offer. You may be
considered a resident. A resident is
anyone who has been given
permission to stay in the United
Kingdom without time limit. A
returning resident is one who left the
United Kingdom and wants to come
back to live here again. This could
be accommodated under the
following conditions:-

If you were settled in the United
Kingdom when you last left, you
have not been away for more
than two years, and are
returning to live here
permanently, you may return as
a resident unless you were
given public funds to pay the
costs of leaving the United

If you have been away for more
than two years, you may still
qualify to return to live in the

Continue on page 20

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 13 1 JanuanrlFabruanr 2009

The Andaua and Rolbuda Hich Commission Issue 11 3 I anuarulFebruaru 2009

United Kingdom if, for example,
you have strong family ties here
or have lived here most of your

If you have been away for more
than two years, you must apply
for permission to return, known
as entry clearance. You should
do this at the British diplomatic
post in the country where you
live now. The entry clearance
will be in the form of a visa or
entry clearance certificate. For


unearth remains of

the 'Great House' at

Betty's Hope

The 'great house' at Antigua's first and
largest sugar plantation, Betty's Hope,
continues to be unearthed, as
archaeologists from the United States of
America, over the past month, have
been excavating some of the building's
derelict foundations.

The project's director, Dr Georgia Fox
from the Department of Anthropology at
California State University, Chico, along
with 16 students, have been excavating
the building's foundation, which,
according to Dr Reginald Murphy, head
of Antigua's Archaeological and
Historical Society, are at least 60 feet
long and 30 feet wide.

Governor Christopher Keynell, whose
widow inherited the estate upon his
death in 1663, founded Betty's Hope
Plantation in 1651. His widow, however,
was forced to flee Antigua during the
French occupation in 1666.

When the British reoccupied Antigua,
Parliament annulled all land claims of
those who had fled or been disloyal to
the Crown prior to the French occupation
and in 1674 Betty's Hope was granted to
the Codrington family, then residing in

The estate remained under the
ownership of the Codrington family until
1944, when the family sold Betty's Hope
to Antigua Sugar Estates Ltd. While no
one is sure as to what actually happened
to the 'great house', there is talk that a
fire destroyed it. Dr Murphy also said,
there is talk that the house was

information about visas, see the
visa services website.
I have given you much information on a
wide set of issues. I have no doubt that
the most prominent issue on your minds
is the upcoming elections in Antigua and
Barbuda. That is also the case for me. I
can advise you of one crystal clear fact,
that is the date of the next election has
not been released by the Prime Minister
as of this time of speaking. He intends to
do so shortly and as soon as he does,
we will all be guided by the subsequent
events. I trust that the period of

bulldozed during the Second World
War in order to use materials for other
things, such as the rectory in New
Winthropes, which is made from
Betty's Hope stone. Dr Murphy said
the building's foundation was first
discovered last year, "We went to
see what was left of it because we
were always led to believe that it was
bulldozed. Last year we found that
the cobbled-stone courtyard was
more or less still there, and we went
further in the bush and found a part
with a section of the wall. We
realized there was something there,
"Dr Murphy said. "This year they are
expanding inwards into the house to
see what's left of the actual house." A
According to the archaeologists, it
seems like the whole ground floor is
still there.

So far an array of artefacts have also
been found at the site, including musket
balls, pieces of ceramic, buttons made
from bone and shell, a thimble, hardware,
broken glass and bottles, animal bone,
and children's toys. "We found the
interior floor of a room, but we don't
know what the rooms' function was,
because it's underneath the dirt and we
won't be able to start excavating it until
next year," Dr Fox said. Speaking of one
of their most exciting finds, he said, "It's
all floor tiles, red clay tiles."

The archaeological team, which has
been there since June 21, wraps up this
week and will resume excavations next
year. Dr Fox pointed out there are a
number of reasons for excavating the
site, the first being they know so little
about it. Secondly, the plantation which
operated continuously for almost 300
years, pre-and post-emancipation, has a
large paper trail, "so that makes it a good
case study." She added: "It was also
the seat of government for two years for
the British and (we're) looking at the

campaigning leading up to the election
will be free from violence and that the
election process will be free and fair.

Mr. Chairman, I believe that I have
spoken for long enough. I want to leave
some time for questions so that where
possible answers can be provided. I take
this opportunity to wish each and
everyone here present, God's Blessing
and safety in their homes. I wish the best
for our beloved nation as it rides out this
crisis and pray for continued good
fortune on all its citizens and residences.

plantation from the point of view of how
it operated on all different technological
and economic levels, the daily lives of
the people that lived here, the plantation
owners and everybody in between. "The
bottom line, most archaeologists are
anthropologists and what we are
interested in is human dynamics and the
heart of it all, what were people doing in
their daily lives, and also to contribute to
helping understand the history," Dr Fox

The project director said in the future
they would really like to build "a much
more fully developed museum. There is
much potential here, and you know in
the Caribbean tourism play a very big
role in the economy. Cultural tourism is
definitely very popular now," Dr Fox said.

Betty's Hope is considered by the United
Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) as a
World Heritage Site.

(Source: Museum of Antigua and Barbuda -
Newsletter # 103)


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 13 1 JanuanrlFabruanr 2009

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