Group Title: Official newsletter of the Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Title: Official newsletter
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Title: Official newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Publisher: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Place of Publication: London, England
Publication Date: July/August 2008
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Volume ID: VID00033
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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The Antigua and Barbuda

High Commission

4ej' Official Newsletter Issue 128 -- July/August 2008

Antigua and Barbuda Makes Presence Felt at


Antigua and Barbuda's contingent to
the tenth edition of the Caribbean
Festival of Arts, CARIFESTA gave a
stunning and colourful presentation
during the much anticipated parade of
nations, held during the opening
ceremony on Friday 22nd August at
the National Stadium at Providence in

CARIFESTA is regarded as a festival
for and by Caribbean people to

express themselves in various forms
such as drama, cultural dances,
conferences, workshops and the
culinary arts. The Antigua and Barbuda
parade was led by patriotic national,
Hilson "Super Blue" Joseph (The Flag
Man), followed by the Community
Players and the Urlings Iron Band.

The rhythmic and cultural sounds of the
Urlings Iron Band penetrated the
environs of the National Stadium

~' 1 .

A smiling Prime Minister Hon. Baldwin Spencer talking with
officials on the fringes of a meeting of the G77 and China

causing applause and admiration from
the audience. Also included in the
parade were the National Dance
Theatre and the National Youth
Theatre among others. The country's
opening parade and concept was
planned by Rudolph Davis and
followed the theme "Masquerade". "I
think it came off quite well and
members of the contingent did a
wonderful job under the
circumstances", Mr. Davis said. Davis
is also a member of the local
organizing CARIFESTA Committee.

The highlight of the event was a full
length production of song and dance
called 'Celegacy' which means
celebrating our legacy. The
programme featured some 1000
children that depict areas of Guyanese
culture of folk music and dance.
CARIFESTA was declared officially
opened by President of the Republic of
Guyana, Bharat Jagdeo.

The Minister responsible for
CARIFESTA, Dr Frank Armstrong said
like CARIFESTA, Guyana had always
fulfilled a role in Caribbean integration
and he hoped that as they sought to
make the event more economically
viable, the spirit of togetherness will
never be lost.

During the period the visiting groups
travelled throughout Guyana giving
several presentations in song, dance,
concerts and other areas of performing
arts. Antigua's 125 strong delegation
was led by Gilbert Laudat, Acting
Director of Culture.

In This Issue
1. Carihhean facing grave challenges page 6
2. Carnival is a success page 10
3. Making waves in China page 19

- I 9A ImhhIIIamEPhmhfi 9flflA

I Work

SThis Newsletter begins a mini-
series focusing on the work of
CPTM, a little known
institution of the
Commonwealth which started
its official existence in 1995.

CPTM, short for the
Commonwealth Partnership
for Technology Management
Ltd., is a not-for-profit
company limited by guarantee,
and is a partnership between
Commonwealth Governments
and the Private Sector.

CPTM traditionally is an "extensive network of members who
provide their services free in a process called cooperative
resourcing". The company helps to develop and implement
country activities on behalf of its Commonwealth Government
members. "These activities generally aim [to enhance]
development through improved application of Technology

CPTM is also a leader in the smart Partnership Movement which
brings together Heads of Government, Senior Business and
Labour figures, as well as NGO's, in international Smart
Partnership Dialogues to achieve consensus on important
development issues". The dialogues are intended to enhance
Nation capabilities for the creation of and participation on global

As a registered company, CPTM is governed by a Board of
Directors and its CEO, Dr Michaela Smith. Several Companies
recognizedd for their major contribution to the resources and
work of CPTM and the Smart Partnership Movement over a
sustained period) and Fellows (bestowed upon by invitation of
the other fellows, any Head of Government or person of
eminence in Government or in Private or Public Sector
companies and organisation who actively support the concept
and practice of Smart Partnership) make up the resource pool
of the organisation.

Smart Dialogue brings together Heads of Government, Heads of
Public or Private Sector companies, NGO and other persons of
influence and interest to discuss and share experiences on
common issues and concerns.

Issues discussed in the past include "National Visions and
Traditions as a basis for Transforming Communities", "The Civil
Service and Realising National Visions" and "Growth
Areas/Economic Zones and Technology Parks".

In the first of several contributions, I shall share with readers the
reflections of one of the Companions of CPTM who for over 20
years has been a First Lady of Malaysia. I found the thoughts
and suggestions extremely useful and thought provoking. I have
no doubt you will also:

Excerpted from Mulungushi Smart Notes Lusaka 28th-31July'08

Let me say that nothing prepares you to be a First Lady you
are suddenly thrust onto the national and international stage with
no rehearsal whatsoever! It is only by experience and intuition
that you get by. You learn as you go along and you do not repeat
your mistake. I feel much of what I am about to say here is
applicable to the spouses of leaders in position of authority be
it in the government, the military or corporations.

The wife of a newly appointed Prime Minister or President
becomes a First Lady by association (if not by accident)! But the
making of a First Lady is not by sheer chance. Like the Head
of State or Government, she too has to work for it.

As her spouse has to endure the hurly burly of an elected political
life with all the bouquets and brickbats that come with it, she too
has to endure the same. And this is where the role of an
emerging First Lady is configured and set firmly in place overtime.

There are a few attributes which I see as critical as one journeys
along with the spouse, arriving at that role of national leadership.

The first attribute is that of a steadfast partner. The First Lady
has to provide strength when things do not go right, and through
that strength, she must nurture a caringly tough stance for him to
fall back on when he needs a truthful partner to confide in. In
truth, she has to be his best friend and, at the same time, his
most honest critic, as there will be moments in his political life
when the well-intentioned will gloss over the unpleasant and
naysayers will be unkind.

The second attribute is that of showing that you are a "thinking
citizen" who studies the issues from different perspectives.
While the President or Prime Minister is consumed with
addressing the hard facts of leadership in nation building and
economic direction, the First Lady could create a support
function in areas like Social Issues. With the Smart Partnership
Dialogues we Ladies have succeeded in bringing pertinent and
critical social challenges into the mainstream Dialogue agenda.
We have repeatedly emphasized the need to address education,
poverty and killer diseases in our social agenda. We have
shown that while we occasionally welcome social distractions,
we want to be included in the Smart Partnership Dialogue
process)! And this where we can provide a holistic perspective
to issues of national and global importance.

The third attribute is that of being congruent with yourself,
especially where your values are concerned. You need to
maintain (and protect) you own identity and not succumb to
the "fragmentation of self' common to public figures.

When Mrs Mathato Mosislili, First Lady of Lesotho, was in
Langkawi for the Smart Partnership Dialogue in 2002, she
provided the sad and commonplace scenario of child-headed
families products of a missing generation to HIV / AIDS. The
call for responsible parenthood, (in particular responsible
fatherhood) has never been more urgent, and parents have a
duty to protect themselves against AIDS. While children
belong to their families, they need to be acknowledged as
the responsibility of the state, civil society, and the
international community.

(continued on page 3)

~A)iAIIA AAA e~ACblllAA UiAk IAmmi..iAA



I 1 I ; 1i The CPTM and its "The Role of First Ladies

The Andoua and Roirbuda Hich Commission Issue 128 Julufluoust 2008

(continued from page 2)
I am sure that many of you here, have you own areas of concern
that you are passionate about and I hope that there will be time
for you to share you experiences during this dialogue.

Finally I should like to briefly share the "should nots"; and this is
derived from my own personal experiences.

Never forget that your role capability is defined by your
association with your spouse and that you are there to
maximize your opportunity to serve, and add value, rather than
become a "competing distraction". One red line that you
should never cross is that of sharing your spouse's official duties,
as he is the one who has been elected into office.

While your loyalty to your political party should not be
questioned, do avoid being at the forefront of partisan
politics. You need to tune in to the multifarious voices that cry to
be heard, and this is where you should allow your natural

maternal instincts to come to the fore, so that can be the "mother
of the nation".
While there may be many projects that compete for your
patronage, do not be seduced by trivial pursuits that do not
make a difference in the cause of national interests.

There are many examples of people at the top being "held
captive by an inner circle" who tell you what they think you
may want to hear, rather than what you should know. This could
be perilous and that is why many mere mortals at the very
'pinnacle' of power get disconnected with the reality on the ground.
They can easily be out of touch with the real world, cocooned by
their preferred coterie of advisors and supporters.

Finally, as a First Lady, never short-change your role as a
woman, wife and mother. You have to find the time to keep your
family intact and protect them from the glare of public scrutiny,
while being mindful that your family occupies a significant "public

Prime Minister

Spencer Receives

Cote d'lvoire Honour

At the National Day ceremony held in
Abijan, Cote d'lvoire on the 7th August
2008 to mark that country's 48th
anniversary of independence from France,
the President of the Republic of Cote
d'lvoire His Excellency Laurent Gbagbo
conferred his country's highest honour,
Commander of the National Order of
Cote d'lvoire, on Prime Minister the
Honourable Winston Baldwin Spencer in
recognition of his sterling leadership of the
Group of 77 & China at the ministerial level.

"Under the leadership of Prime Minister
Spencer my country has been able to play
a leading role within a resurgent Group of
77 & China and we are eternally grateful

for his personal efforts in ensuring that the
recent meeting of G77 & China Foreign
Ministers, IFCC XII, which was held in
Yamoussoukro, Cote d'lvoire, was a
complete success," President Gbagbo

Prime Minister Spencer who was unable to
attend the ceremony in person, conveyed
the following message to the President
through UN Ambassador Dr. John W. Ashe,
who accepted the award on his behalf:

"Let me at the outset thank you for the
personal interest and leadership you have
shown in the Group of 77 & China, which I
have the honour of chairing this year.
Without this and similar commitment by you
and other heads of State and government
we would not be this far along with the
Group's agenda at this point in time. And
let also thank you with deep humility for
this high honour you have bestowed on me."

C6te d'lvoire, which has a population of
approximately 17 million people, is located
in West Africa and is bordered by the North
Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and
Liberia, became independent from France
in 1940.

The development of cocoa production for
export, and foreign investment made C6te
d'lvoire one of the most prosperous of the
tropical African states, but did not protect it
from political turmoil.

This is the second honour Prime Minister
Spencer has received from Cote d'lvoire.
In June of this year he was made an
honorary hereditary "Chief" and was given
the title of Nanan Koussai II.

Later this month, a special emissary of
President Gbago, Ambassador Zakaria
Fellah, will visit Antigua to formally present
Prime Minister Spencer with his award.

Large Turn Out For PM's Visit

On 16th July there was a large turnout of the Antigua and Barbuda Diaspora
to meet, listen and pose questions to the Honourable Baldwin Spencer
Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda. The meeting was held on the
ground floor of the building, which houses the Antigua and Barbuda High

The Prime Minister had that very day concluded the UK-Caribbean Forum
which he co-chaired with the UK's Foreign Secretary David Milliband.

PM Spencer brought the Diaspora up to date on CARIFORUM's signing of
the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) and what it would mean for
Antigua and Barbuda; crime in Antigua and Barbuda and whale Ihe:
Government is doing to combat it; Holberton Hospital and the new Mount SI
John Medical Centre; government vehicles and the regulation of Ihe
system; unlicensed vehicles on the roads, among other things. Questions
posed to the Prime Minister surrounded the issues of buying land in Anligua
pensions and investment in Antigua and Barbuda

At the conclusion of the meeting, the audience gave the Prime Minisler al
resounding round of applause in appreciation for the vital information Ihal
he imparted to the Diaspora.


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 128 Julu/Auaur~2008

The Andoua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 128 Julufluoust 2008


PM: Time to Step Up to
the Plate

Prime Minister of Antigua and
Barbuda, the Hon. Baldwin Spencer
has declared his 'hand' and
suggested that the twin island state
should host Carifesta.

Prime Minister Spencer was at the
time speaking to local media during
the opening ceremony for the tenth
edition of CARIFESTA being held in
Guyana from 22nd to 31st August
under the theme "One Caribbean,
One Purpose Our Culture, Our

"I believe that Antigua and Barbuda
should put in a bid to host
CARIFESTA in the nearest possible
future. I think we now have an arena
where CARIFESTA can be hosted
and what we need to do is to plan
ahead of time ...and put our own
Antiguan and Barbudan touch to it.
I think the time has come when

Carol Hay, Antigua and Barbuda's Director
of Tourism for the UK & Europe, met with
senior hotel partners to chart the way
forward following the gun related incident
on 27 July, 2008, that took the lives of
British Citizens, Catherine and Benjamin
Mullany. During a recently held meeting
High Commissioner, Dr. Carl Roberts,
gave a welcoming address and thanked all
partners for their ongoing commitment and

Antigua and Barbuda should step up
and seek to host CARIFESTA", said
PM Spencer. He said that the
country has always supported the
event over the years and highlighted
the fact that for this year
Antigua/Barbuda has one of the
biggest delegations, which totals
125 individuals.

According to PM Spencer, the
development of the arts is critical to
the maturity of Caribbean societies
and believes that a society and the
arts must grow 'hand in hand'.

"You cannot say that you are a
society fully developed unless you
allow the cultural and artistic
expression to come to the fore in a
real way.

"It's a powerful tool for development
and for the economic returns that
could come and I believe it also has
very deep and physiological effects
on residents", said the Prime

arbitrary and isolated nature of this
incident, a detailed plan is being presented
to reassure the travel trade and the public
that Antigua and Barbuda remains a
desirable destination with a well deserved
reputation for warm and friendly hospitality.

Additional meetings with airline and trade
partners will take place this week and a
"Moving Forward" plan and budget will be
submitted to the Ministry shortly with a
clearly defined strategy, tactics and

Minister. PM Spencer, who is well
known for his support of the arts,
said that involving the youth in this
type of event, has many positive

"I think that from this (CARIFESTA)
will come some great artists and I
truly believe we are laying the
foundation for which we can build",
said PM Spencer.

He credits the local committee for
ensuring that a large majority of the
contingent is comprised of young

"I have always felt that it was
important to involve the young in
CARIFESTA activity. It is important
that we ensure that the young
people get involved in this event, as
it gives them the exposure, builds
character and self esteem and gives
them the feeling that they are
recognized at an early age", outlined
Prime Minister Spencer.

and reassure the British public that
Antigua and Barbuda is deserving of its
long held popularity.

She added "We are optimistic that with
unified support our Moving Forward action
plan will serve to instil reassurance and

Hay said :"Today's meeting was a great
While there was general consensus that step forward with overwhelming support
many media reports had presented a from our trade partners; it is clear we need
balanced perspective highlighting the to address visitor confidence to our Islands L

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 128-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 128 Julufluoust 2008

World Bank Scholar
Graduates with

lan Horsford, a recipient of the
2006 Joint Japan / World Bank
Graduate Scholarship, graduated
from the University of Portsmouth
in the United Kingdom with a
"Distinction" in MSc. Marine
Resource Economics.

Mr. Horsford is the son of
Christophine Horsford and the late
Ivan Horsford of Lower Gambles,
and a former science teacher of
the Antigua Grammar School.

Mr. Horsford is currently employed

with the Fisheries Division,
Ministry of Agriculture, and his
dissertation focused on conducting
a comprehensive economic
evaluation of the fisheries sector
as well as develop computer "risk
models" for investment.

This research is quite timely and
valuable, since models can be
used to assess the impact of
factors such as fuel prices on the
viability of investments, in addition
to providing investors, policy
analysts, fishery managers and
lending institutions with "tools" to
simulate the possible "outcomes"
associated with various
investment or management

Photo: Mr. Ian Horsford (left) and Mrs. Leontine
Manners President of the Antigua and Barbuda
National Association (London) (right).

Happy Graduation

Proud Parents and
Grandparents of Miss Caroline
George were on hand to see
her graduate from
Staffordshire University
recently with a 2-1 BA Honours
in English Literature.

Father and Mother Caudley
and Cosmin George with
Grandparents Mr David and
Jennifer White looked on in the
presence of other
distinguished guests including Miss C
Alan Johnston the BBC C
Journalist who was kidnapped
and held in Gaza for some four months
and on whom an Honorary Doctorate was

Caroline said "Staffordshire University
Class of 2008, 11th July 2008. This is a
date that shall forever be embellished

Antiguan Author

Gains Profile on


aroline George flanked by her father
ludley and mother Cosmin George

upon my memory, since it was the single
most proud day of my entire life. Why?
Because it was my graduation ceremony.

"But this ceremony was not only in honour
of my achievement, but also a mark of the
successful way in which both my parents
adventure for the whole family, and is
enjoying popularity on the local market.

According to a review from Amazon, his
novel "packs a wallop of a good time."

and grandparents nurtured, guided and
loved me from day one.

Looking above and beyond the sea of
scholarly hats which filled the room, I saw
the faces of my dedicated family: my
Jamaican Grandparents and Mother and
my Antiguan Father.

They looked proud and content, as though
their work had been done. One thing I did
not forget that day was that without the
unconditional love and support of my
family, I would not have the words BA
(Hons) added to the end of my name at

Thus I conclude that not only is my English
Literature Degree in which I achieved a
2:1 a mark of my dedication but it is
testament to the dedication and
commitment that my parents have showed
me for the past 21 years and I would like
to take this opportunity to thank both of

Buy X Get Y (BXGY) provides special
savings to customers who buy both
books together. Collis's novel is also
available at the Best of Books Store in
downtown St. John's.

Author Rachel Collis is gaining
additional exposure for her work from
the Amazon Book Publsihing Company.

In a unique promotional programme
which pairs newly published books with
a top-selling title, BookSurge, the self-
publishing arm of Amazon Book
Publishing Company, is jointly offering
Collis' recently-published first novel,
Emerald Isle of Adventure, with A
Thousand Splendid Suns, a novel
written by Khaled Hosseini.

Collis' novel, according to a press
release, is a lively action-packed tale of

Hosseini's 'A Thousand Splendid Suns'
deals with women in Afghanistan who
have to endure the hardships of life, the
slights of men, and the disdain of society.

It features the lives of two women, one
of whom falls victim to the Taliban, while
the other escapes to a brand new life.
His first novel, The Kite Runner, was a
popular bestseller.

Both books are offered at,
a retail channel which has more than 55
million active customers.

The promotional programme, called


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 128-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 128 Julufluoust 2008

Caribbean Facing Grave


Prime Minister, Hon. Baldwin Spencer has said that
Caribbean continues to face many challenges including
globalisation and climate change. The nation's leader
made this statement at the recently
held UK-Caribbean Forum. This
Forum took place against the
background of a number of changes
since the last UK-Caribbean Forum
which was held in April 2006 in
Barbados under the theme,
"Partnerships for Promoting and
Sustaining Caribbean Development:
Strategies for the Medium and Long

Spencersaid the region is "confronted
with unprecedented challenges, many
of them not spawned by the fifteen
small, vulnerable but indomitable
states that form our membership, but
all of them direct threats to our very

"I speak of climate change, of security challenges, of rising
energy and food prices, and of the socio-economic
imbalances and instability that these threats engender.

"Even as we meet on this British summer evening, the
Caribbean is on guard- hurricane poised. This is not new.
It is and always has been our lot by virtue of ourgeography

and our size. Our seascapes and landscapes and our
populations know hurricanes."

"We accept and know our seas to be blue, and for some of
us, our rivers to be brown, our vegetation lush, and our
years divided into dry and rainy seasons even as we
accept and know the seas to be stormy and our vegetation
dry and our years to be divided between floods and

"Whal is new to us is the
unprecedented frequency and
intensity of these natural disasters.
What is new is how man's activity is
now altering and pushing to
extremes hitherto unknown, the
natural phenomena we were once
familiar with."

SHe also added "Hurricanes and
floods now constitute more an
a irreverent act of man than an act of
God. Everything is affected,
potentially or in actuality. Climate
Change is only too real to us though
we contribute little to the

"And then there are the other challenges, the ones we
succeed in overcoming only to find ourselves
compromised by our efforts to achieve the millennium
development goals by finding ourselves disqualified from
access to concessionary financing and development
assistance, which are vital to implementation, because we
are now deemed to be middle income rather than poor

Jamaica Celebrates 46 Years of Independence
The Jamaica High Commission in London
held their Thanksgiving Service to
celebrate 46 years of Independence at ,
St-Martin-in-the-Fields, London.

In attendance -along with the large
number of Jamaican Diaspora attendees-
were Commonwealth High
Commissioners and other dignitaries
including Her Excellency Dame Louise
Lake-Tack, Antigua and Barbuda's
Governor-General, as a special guest.

The High Commissioner, The Hon
Burchell Whiteman also hosted a special
Independence Day reception at the (Left to Right) H.E. The Hon Burchell Whiteman, High
Jamaican High Commission in London on Commissioner of Jamaica; H.E. Dr Carl Roberts, High
Commissioner of Antigua and Barbuda; H.E. Dame Louise Lake-
August 6, to mark the country's Tack, Governor-General for Antigua and Barbuda and Mrs
anniversary of Independence. Pauline Roberts. A step behind is H.E. Mr Joseph Charter, High
Commissioner for Grenada

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua I28-Julu/Auaurt 2008

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 128 Julufl-uoust 2008

Antigua and Barbuda
Wins Top Award

nulln. U. i.UlUIIUIu IVIcdlaUUI u illy
congratulated by the Chief Executive Officer
of the Commonwealth Telecommunications
Organisation, Dr. Ekwow Spio-Garbrah

Antigua and Barbuda has won a top
regional ICT award for its cutting edge
national information technology
project, the Connect Antigua &
Barbuda Initiative.

The Caribbean Association of National
Telecommunication Organisations
(CANTO) on Monday evening
Youth Minister Discusses
Youth Policy

Antigua and Barbuda's National Youtl
Policy has won the admiration of a larg
group of young people around the world.

Minister of State responsible for Youtl
and Sports in the Ministry of Educatior
Winston Williams, had the occasion tc
discuss the document as he spoke to 10!
young global entrepreneurs from fifth
countries recently.

Williams was invited to sit on a panel o
eminent individuals at the prestigious
Global Village at Lehigh University ir
Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.

Minister Williams, who was specifically!
identified on account of the progress
made on the National Youth Policy o
Antigua and Barbuda, joined othe
panellists that included Mark Gumz, CEC
of Olympus Camera, Frank ZeniE
Professor at the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology (MIT) and Dennis Cheel
Vice President of Kauffmann Foundatior
a premier philanthropic organisation in the
United States.

awarded Minister of State in the Office "The Connect Antigua and Barbuda

of the Prime Minister, Dr. the Hon.
Edmond A. Mansoor with the first ever
CANTO Connect the Caribbean (CTC)
prize at the CANTO 24th Annual
Conference and Trade Exhibition
being held in Nassau, Bahamas.

Speaking from Paradise Island in the
Bahamas, where he is heading
Antigua and Barbuda's delegation at
the CANTO Annual Conference,
Minister Mansoor said that the
presentation by his team on the Mobile
IT Classroom component of the
Connect Antigua and Barbuda
Initiative not only received very highly
favourable reviews from the eminent
panel of judges but stunned the
adjudicators by its technical scope
and the extent of its community

"The Connect Antigua and Barbuda
Initiative has several distinct
components which are integral to the
IT revolution that is currently
underway in Antigua. It is an integral
component of the Government's
overall development agenda and is a
hallmark and superior response to the
International Telecommunications
Union"s Connect the World
Programme, Minister Mansoor

During his presentation, Williams focus
on the entrepreneurial dimensions of tt
youth policy.

h His motivational speech was well receive
e by the young leaders who later turned o
to attend his seminar.

h Minister Williams also used his trip to tt
n, United States to hold high lev
3 discussions with officials at Lock Havw
5 University and Stevens Institute
y Technology where he held advance
discussions in such areas as athlel
exchanges, coach training, internship
f technical assistance and youth innovate
s initiatives.



Initiative is a comprehensive blueprint
for the rapid deployment and
utilization of ICTs throughout the state.
The Mobile IT Classroom component
was overwhelmingly endorsed by the
panel of judges and is indicative of the
depth of work provided to this project
by my support team in the Ministry.

We could not have done this without
the unswerving support of the Antigua
Computer Technology (ACT) Limited,
and I want to thank ACT and the
dozens of support people who have
been involved in this project", Minister
Mansoor added.

Also attending the CANTO meeting in
the Bahamas were the Acting Director
of the Community Technology
Programme, Beverly Laviscount, and
e-Commerce Development
Coordinator in the Ministry of
Information, Broadcasting and
Telecommunications, Terry Ephraim.

Government has opened over a dozen
Community Computer Access Centres
island wide and has deployed a fleet
of five mobile IT classrooms to serve
all public primary schools as well as
select private primary schools as well
as non-governmental organizations,
community based organizations and
faith-based organizations.

In summing up the results of the trip
Williams said that he was extremely
pleased with the enthusiasm he
encountered from the universities their
willingness to collaborate with Antigua A
and Barbuda. He said Antigua and
Barbuda stands to benefit, in among other
ways, such as the strengthening of sports
administration, the fostering of youth
empowering programmes and the
empowering programmes and theMinister Williams is passionate
building of human ability. about youth development
I bu Iot eeomn

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 128-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

Jolly Beach Hotel .X Nov. 7-9, 2008

VictoriaRowell SELECTED 2008 PARTICIPANTS JunotDiaz
Kwame Alexander -- Poet, publisher and author of "Do the Write Thing: 7 Steps to Publishing
Success," as well as producer of the Capital BookFest in Washington, D.C.
Tina McElroy Ansa novelist, publisher, filmmaker, teacher and journalist, organizer of the Sea
Island Writers Retreat, and author of the new novel "Taking After Mudear"
Junot Diaz -named by NewYorker Magazineas one of the top 20 writers for the 21t century and
author of "The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao," selected by Time as the best novel of
Marie-Elena Eric Jerome Dickey author of 17 novels, many of which have appeared on the New York E
John Times and other best-selling lists. In 2006 he was selected Male Author of the Year at The
2nd Annual African-American Literary Award Show Dickey
Ramabai Espinet -Trinidadian novelist, poet and author of children's books, as well as
professor at Seneca College and the University of Toronto
Lorna Goodison -Jamaican poet and recipient of the Musgrave Gold Medal as well as
professor at the University of Michigan
Marie-ElenaJohn Antiguan author whose 2006 debut novel, "Unburnable," was short-listed
for the 2007 Hurston-Wright Legacy Awards in the Debut Fiction Category
L MondellaJones Literary agent, president of MJLA Media, and former senior editor of Black
Victoria Issues Book Review
E. Ethelbert Miller Literary activist and award-winning poet/author of 10 books, including Kwame
Christopher How We Sleep On Nights We Don't Make Love." Since 1974, he has been the director of the
Murray African American Resource Center at Howard University. Alexander
Stacey Evans Morgan -Screenwriter and writer/producer of UPN's hit show The Parlersand
the NAACP Image Awards Show
Mary B. Morrison -Novelist, poet and non-fiction author who conducts workshops on self-
publishing. Author of the best seller "Sweeter Than Honey"
Victoria Christopher Murray -Christian-centered novelist and author of an inspirational
teen fiction series
Elizabeth N unez -Trinidadian-born novelist and winner of the 2001 American Book Award
as well as chair of the English department at Medgar Evers College
Roscoe Roscoe Orman -television and film actor who played "Gordon" for 30 years on PBS' acclaimed
Orman Sesame Streetas well as a poet and author of a memoir about the show and a children's book
Esther Phillips -Poet who won the Alfred Boas Poetry Prize of the Academy of American Elizabeth
Poets in 1999. She is founder of Writers Ink Barbados and an educator at Barbados Commu- Nunez
nity College.
Althea Prince -Antiguan-Canadian novelist, essayist and children's author who received the
first Antigua & Barbuda Literary Prize in 2007.
Arnold Rampersad -Trinidadian-born biographer and literary critic whose first book, "The
Life of Langston Hughes," was a Pulitzer Prize finalist. His recent book, a biography of Ralph
Ellison, has met with considerable critical praise.
Victoria Rowell distinguished, versatile actress (TheCosly Show, TheYoungandtheRestless) as
Esme a well as author and filmmaker who is an international advocate for foster children
Esmeralda Santiago Puerto Rican-born author of memoirs, novels, essays and opinion pieces
Santiago as well as a producer and writer of documentary and educational films Arnold
Frances Anne Solomon director and producer of Canadiansitcoms and documentaries as Rampersad
well as head of her own production companies, one of which is a non-profit company for
multimedia products aimed at the educational market
Delilah Winder -celebrity chef, restaurant owner and cookbook author who has appeared on
various Food Network shows. Winner of Oprah's "Favorite Mac-n-Cheese" competition
Malik Yoba and Akoshia Yoba authors of a non-fiction book on relationships. Malik is an
actor known for his roles on NewYorkUndercoverand FX Network's Thief. Akoshia is a poet
and novelist.

MalikYola For updates, please go to DelilahWinder

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 128-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

Know Your Rights:

Renting in Antigua

and Barbuda

If you are thinking about moving back to Antigua or
Barbuda, deciding where to live may be of the the biggest
challenges you face especially if you are looking for a
house to rent.

Before venturing out to find a place to call home, you
should familiarise yourself with some basic regulations
governing your relationship with your landlord.

You should bear in mind that there are two common
forms of tenancies: Periodic and Fixed-Term Tenancies.
Photo courtesty

Periodic Tenancy runs from period to period, month to month or week to week. It can only end when a valid 'notice to
quit' is served.


When starting a tenancy the landlord or agent must provide tenants with:
A copy of the lease within 14 days after signing.
Statement of their rights and duties.
SThe landlord's full name and address or agent.
Secure, lockable premise (house) that is vacant, clean and in good condition.

SMust keep premises (house) in reasonable clean and tidy condition, must notify landlord or agent of any
damage as soon as possible.
Must not be nuisance to others or use premise (house) for illegal activities.
Must get the landlords permission before making any alterations to the premises, sub-let or allow others to
take lease.
Must immediately give key to landlord if locks were change. Must avoid damaging the premises (house).

Must maintain premises (house) in good conditions must not interfere with tenant's privacy and use the premises.
Landlord / agent can only enter premises when tenant agrees, or by giving 24 hours notice, stating time between 8:00
am and 6:00 pm, on one of the following reasons:
To show the house to prospective tenants or buyers.
To value the premises.
To carry out obligation under law. (For example repairs).
SWhere the landlord/ agents have reasonable suspicion that tenant has not complied with the lease and in case
of an emergency.
For further information on other consumer-related matters, contact the Prices & Consumer Affairs Division,

Redcliffe Street & Corn Alley

Telephone 1268-462- 4347 or 1268-562-2732/3.

The Antigua and Barbuda Association's Independence Service

will be held on

27th October 2008
St Marks Rise Church at 3:00 p.m.

His Excellency Dr. Carl Roberts, High Commissioner will be the feature speaker at this event.

The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Commirrion

Irrua 128-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 128 Julufl-uoust 2008

Carnival is Resounding Success

Chairman of the 2008 Carnival Development Committee (CDC), Marion Rawlins, is
pleased with this year's festival, labelling it a resounding success. A post-mortem
press conference at which Rawlins delivered his chairman's report.

Rawlins said he used a score where his main focus was aimed at the spectators'
experience, attendance to the shows, the level of sponsorship, operations with
regards to security and the experiences of the participants in the various competi-

Rawlins said this year, the marketing and branding of the festival was done in such
a way, that the public came out excited about the shows. He made special mention
of the level of sponsorship, which he said was record-breaking this year. With the
exception of one show, all others had title sponsors.

Rawlins continued to say that he was pleased with the level of security that was pro-
vided. He said participants were able to grow significantly as a result of being in-
volved in the various shows.

Also on the list of his committee's accomplishments were the timely start of all the
shows, with the exception of two, the smooth flow at the entrances and ticketing
booths, the new initiatives the committee undertook and the level of media exposure
they were able to provide to the festival.

The new computerised ticketing system allowed for shorter lines and this was highly
favoured by the public. Three new initiatives were started this year; Carnival Village,
LIAT Caribbean Melting Pot and a compilation CD, Sound, Sea and Sand; Road
March Kings Volume 1. Rawlins said he was pleased with their end results.

The TEMPO network also covered this year's Carnival and will do a broadcast of it
in the form of a half an hour promotional video. The Ministry of Information was able
to get three shows broadcast to 22 Caribbean countries, the United States of Ameri-
ca (USA) and Canada, via arrangements with Caribbean Media Corporation and

Wanda Clark, chairman of the Judges' Sub-committee, spoke about the new compu-
terised judging system that was adopted this year. According to Clark, the system
was well received by the contestants and judges. She described it as super efficient
as final results were available within minutes. She continued to say that the system
was here to stay and all necessary changes will be made.

"The people were pleased overall" Everton Barnes said, with reference to the
troupes and groups in the final parades. He added that they moved off on time and
troupe leaders were very co-operative. Financial Consultant to the CDC, Richard
Apparicio, also commended the ticketing system. He said it offered much assistance
with the tracking of monies received and planning. Apparicio added that all bills
were being paid and a draft of the financial statements should be available by the
end of August.

Overall, the CDC is satisfied with the outcome of Carnival 2008 and is looking for-
ward to bigger and better things for the future. (Source: Antigua Sun)

SKing -Young Destroyer
2008 Calypso King Young Destroyer
r- ---

teel bar


I A section of the j'ouvert crowd

The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 128-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

bi irI,,i'l

The Andouc and Rorbudo Hich Commission Issue I128 JululRuoiust 2008


..savour the exotic flavours, sounds and colours of the Commonwealth

Hornton Street
London W8 7NX

Friday, 7 November 2008
6.30 pm 9.00 pm

Ticket: 20 per person

Saturday, 3.45 pm

Saturday, 8 November 2008
10.30 am 4.30 pm

Ticket: 5.00 per adult
3.00 per child below 16

Advance Family Ticket: 10.00
(admits 2 adults and 2 children)

Advance Adult Ticket: 8.00
(admits 2 adults)

Jania 0207 2229342
Sui Chin 0207 6028966
website uk

Proceeds of the Fair support The Commonwealth Countries League Education Fund (Registered Charity
No, 1048908) which sponsors the secondary education of disadvantaged girls in Commonwealth countries.


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 128-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 127 Julufluoust 2008

Task Force To
Assess Hotel Properties

All forty-five registered hotel properties
in Antigua and Barbuda will be subject
to a safety and security assessment,
as early as next month.

This development comes as a result of
a decision by the Ministry of Tourism
to form a top-level Security and Safety
Task Force to conduct an audit on all
existing tourism accommodations in
Antigua and Barbuda, after a recent
security breach at one of the island's
hotel properties.

The forty-five properties will be
inspected based on a comprehensive
safety and security checklist. The
checklist has been created with inputs
from the task force, chaired by Director
General of Tourism Corthwright
Marshall and consisting of members
from the Antigua and Barbuda
Defence Force, the Fire Department,

Tourism Gets q

Anligua and Barbuda's tourism S
industry will gel a boost with Ihe a
introduction of a American Airline f
non-stop service from Miami. c

the National Office of Disaster
Services, Central Board of Health,
Office of National Drug Control Policy,
EMS, the Development Control
Authority, the Antigua Hotel and
Tourist Association and the Ministry of

"Following the review of the hotel
accommodations, the task force will
make specific recommendations to the
individual properties and call for
certain actions that hotels can take to
improve on the general safety and
security of their guests", said the
Director General of Tourism.

"Minimum guidelines, by which future
hotel developments will be required to
adhere to before operation, will also be

Completion of the audit is of priority to
the Ministry of Tourism and to ensure
the timely finish of the audit, the island
has been divided into three zones with

Caribbean and Latin America is

luoled as saying.

three teams designated to visit the
hotels within those zones.

The audit is being supervised by
Captain Pennyfeather of the Antigua
and Barbuda Defence force.

Upon completion of the security audit
at these hotels an audit of other
properties frequented by visitors such
as guest houses and condos will be

ABSSB Introduces
ts New Social Security

-le added "It's Ihe perfect place for a Cards
elaxing getaway. And now, it's just a
:onvenienl nonstop flight away from The Antigua and Barbuda Social Security
-oulh Florida on American AirlinesBoard has begun issuing its new
is well as a convenient connecting regisIration cards in the former World Cup
light from dozens of other building.
lestinalions via our Miami hub."

The new Social Security card has the
A press release noted "Antigua entices visitors additional feature of the contributor's
"American will# wilh wonderful pholo and is equipped with special
begin flying the scenery, beautiful security features that will make duplication
Miami-Antigua beaches, almost impossible.
route on Nov. numerous
20. 2008 activities. and This comes at a time when security
using Boeing warm, friendly concerns make photo identification critical
737-800 people," said when conducting business. The new
aircraft the Hon.Social Security card will be issued in
configured Harold Lovell.phases and at present only first time
with 16 seats in Anligua's regishrants are being processed.
Firsl Class and Minisler of
132 seals in Ihe Tourism and Civil Anliguans by birth require a passport or a
Main Cabin. Aviation. birh certificate with a photo I.D. for
regisliation. Nationals by naturalization
The new service from Miami "We look forward to the slar of require a valid passport. Non-nationals
complements existing flights to American's nonstop service from require a valid passport and a valid work
Antigua from San Juan, Puemro Rico, Miami and the opportunity iI offers to permeil.
offered by American and ils regional showcase the many Ihings that make
affiliate. American Eagle." Antigua such a special place for In addition to these documents persons
residents and visitors alike. are asked to present their marriage or
"We are very excited Io add Anligua divorce certificate where applicable.
to American Airlines extensive lisI of We are confident thal once visitors
destinations served nonstop from experience Antigua. they will wanl o10 Persons who are already in possession of
Miami," Peter J. Dolara, American's return again and again." a Social Security card will be advised at a
Senior Vice PresidenI -- Miami, laler date when new cards will be issued.

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 127-Julu/Auaur~ 2008


The Antioua and Barbuda Hinh Commission Issue 1 28 Julufiuaust 2008

Mangoes Galore

Mango Festival is a juicy hit once
again for all attending, but the scenery
of Christian Valley could not be
overlooked either.

"Very idyllic, peaceful, very nice and
fruitful too," were Marva Christian's
words to describe the mountains
encircling the orchards of Christian

She also enjoyed the variety of
mangos and the innovative products
made from the fruit.

It was Christian's third year attending
the annual festival and she said every
year there is something new and
exciting that's offered.

"Each year it gets better and each year
somebody comes

up with something new. I just
hopes it gets better and better
every year. It is a good idea,'
she said.

While people were walking
around the grounds with bags
full of mangos, Robby Breadner
could be found sitting under a
tree escaping the sun's heat,
while his five-year-old son Che,
was eager to taste mango ice

For Breadner, the festival is a
time to meet new people and spend
quality time with his family.

"So far it's been terrific. There's a lot of
munchies, drinks and mango. This
year we're going to do some things
with the kids and it should be lots of
fun," he said.

For the second year attendee, his
favourite aspect of the Mango Festival
is test tasting the vast variety of
mango dishes and beverages. "Trying
different things made of mango, but
really it's about relaxing and usually
we bump into people we know and
we've already made a few new friends

His little boy, Che says the mango ice
cream is his favourable attraction of
the festival, but it has to be in a cone.
"I like mangofest because I like
mangos and they're so yummy and I
like to eat mango ice cream. I like to
eat it in cones too because I never eat

ice cream in cone," the five-year-old
said with his dad chuckling in the

With all the attendees eager to sink
their teeth into the juicy mangos and
filling their bags full of the fruit, there
wasn't a shortage of the mouth
watering mango at Christian Valley
said Jim McComas chairman of the
Friends of Christian Valley.

"It's been a great year for mangos,
we've got plenty of mangos for
everybody," he said.

McComas' said the idea to start the
Mango Festival came into fruition
when a decision was concluded that
everyone would benefit and enjoy a
day of relaxation while enjoying some

"This is an asset that all Antiguans
should enjoy and have as apart of their
lives. What we've been trying to do
each year with Mango Festival is to
get people to be able to see what we
have up here...the beautiful fruit trees
and mango trees and get more
awareness of the fact that this is
something that is owned by the
Antiguans and is something special."

This was the third annual Mango
Festival. It started on August 16 and
ended on August 17.

(Source: Antigua Observer)



W0eetminIter lbbey to celebrate ~ntigua ano *arbuba'o 3noepenoence

On friay 31 et October 2008

W0eetminoter %bbey will 6oelcate


4:45 pm

in Celebration of the 27tb lnniverearr


%nntigua ano 1arbuoa'e 3n6epenoence

'ationale an6 frien6s of lntigua ano6 arbuoa are invite

to attend the service

Thg Antiaua and Barbuda Hiah Cammissian

Issug 128 -Julu/Auaust 2008

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 128 Julufluoust 2008

New Industry
Provides Jobs

Plans are well advanced for the next
stage of the development of Antigua
and Barbuda's newest industry,
Medical Transcription. Medical
transcription is the process through
which the voice dictation of a medical
professional is converted to an
electronic text format.

According to Senator Lenworth
Johnson, Chairman of Antigua and
Barbuda Investment Authority, the
next stage are two job fairs or
informational to recruit persons for

The first of these will be in Barbuda at
the Mc Chesney George High School
on August 18, followed by a similar

event at the Multipurpose Conference
Centre on August 19th and 20th.

The event in Barbuda starts at 9:00
a.m. and includes an opening
ceremony to be followed by an
informational/job fair which provides
information about job opportunities,
the training and the next steps.

An important feature will be an
address by a recent graduate in
Medical Transcription from Barbados.
Later in the day a team from Antigua
and Barbuda Investment Authority will
conduct screening tests and interview
persons who are interested in
pursuing a Medical Transcription

Antigua will host its job
fairs/informational on August 19.

This includes three informational
sessions at 10:00 a.m., 2:30 p.m. and
5:30 p.m. The next day, applicants will
be evaluated using an online
screening solution and interviews.

Senator Johnson noted that multiple
sessions are being held in Antigua to
ensure access to a wide cross section
of people including those currently
employed and considering a career
change or a second job.

It is also a great career, good pay and
you also acquire a skill in great

The ABIA has indicated it intends to
recruit about 150 persons for the first
year of Medical Transcription training.
This includes 120 full time students
and at least 30 online students.

Window Replacement
Project at Museum
Near Completion

The window replacement project being
undertaken by the Museum of Antigua
and Barbuda's board of directors has
now entered its final stages.

Speaking with Agnes Meeker, member
of the museum's board and the person
spearheading the project, the Antigua
Sun learned that all of the upstairs
windows had already been replaced
and that the downstairs would be
completed shortly after the shipment of
windows arrive from St. Kitts.

According to Meeker, there was a two-
week delay, due to what appears to be
a slight miscalculation in the number of
windows that had to be made.

Originally the board had put out an
order for 54 windows, each of which is
larger than a standard home's front
door, however, when reviewing the
building once more, another window
was discovered and so the order had to
be increased.

Still, Meeker said that the project
should be finished sometime in the
near future.

There is, however, one other hindrance
to the project; the board is between
$30,000 and $40,000 short on funding.
Fortunately, the funds are supposedly
secure and the board is hoping for the

individuals that pledged money to the
project to deliver on their promises.
They are also hoping for the
government to provide some

The remaining funds are important to
the venture because the board has put
down a 50 per cent deposit on the
downstairs windows and the rest of the
money is due once they arrive in

Meeker also said that throughout the
course of the endeavour, the public had
been very supportive. In fact, she said
the whole effort was made possible
through public contributions. This
generosity enabled the board to raise
$220,000 in a very short space of time.

When asked about the reason behind
the undertaking, Meeker told the SUN
that the project was taken up due to
concerns about the age of the windows,
general safety and, even more so,
hurricane safety.

Since the building itself was
constructed centuries ago and the
windows, while not quite as old as that,
were rotting to the point that glass
panes were beginning to fall out, the
board felt it was time to replace them.
Should a hurricane strike, the old
windows to the east and north of the
building would probably have been
blown in.

As a result, the exhibits would have
been more vulnerable to damage from

N national Museum I

wind, water and any debris that may
happen to find its way inside.

The cost for repairs to the building and
exhibits would then have been added
expenses, as new windows would then
have to be purchased.

Meeker projects the new windows
should be good for at least another 20
years, but she also expressed hopes
for them to last for 50 years or longer.

The project is being undertaken and
managed by the museum's board of
directors. (source: Antigua Sun)


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 128-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

The Andaua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 127 Julufluoust 2008


Friends of Antigua and Barbuda, Lord
and Lady Tunnicliffe, recently celebrated
their Ruby Wedding Anniversary (40
years). His Excellency and Mrs Roberts
attended the couple's anniversary luncheon.

Lady Tunnicliffe has assisted schools in Antigua and Barbuda
with books and other educational materials. She has given her
time and energy to source suitable books and equipment,
particularly for those students with an aptitude for science. Most
commendable is her recent acquisition of books for the men and
women at Her Majesty's prison.

During her long association with the pupils and teachers in
Antigua and Barbuda, she has positively influenced many young
people, with her motivational talks throughout the schools.

Williams Attends Talks in China

Sports and Youth Affairs Minister Winston Williams
participated in the Fourth meeting of Commonwealth Sport
Ministers held in China.

Williams and his counterparts discussed matters which will
influence the future development of sport across the
Commonwealth, and maintain the framework of support and
cooperation which has developed between the 53 countries
and 18 territories of the Commonwealth.

- --
(Pictured left to right) Mrs Pauline Roberts,
Lord and Lady Tunnicliffe
and H.E. Dr Carl Roberts

--Youth policies should provide sport activity guidelines for
community providers, including sports federations, so that
they can complement and supplement provision in schools.
--Youth policies should be founded on research to determine
the most important factors influencing participation of youth
with special needs, and they should develop customized
national strategies and programmes to address these issues.

--Youth policies should include specific provisions to prevent
the physical, psychological and sexual exploitation of young
people participating in sport.

According to a press release, the ministers:

--Supported more Youth engagement
and involvement with the work of
CABOS and sport in general.
Noted the progress on the
hosting of the Commonwealth
Youth Games (CYG) in Pune,
India from 12th to 18th
October 2008, and the
Commonwealth Games in
Delhi, India from 1st to 14th
October 2010.

--Acknowledged, and agreed to
consider, the following policy
recommendations adopted by
Commonwealth Youth Ministers in
Colombo in April 2008.

--Youth policies should include universal
access to sport education in schools, in
curricular and extra curricular time. This
should include the necessary knowledge to
ensure that young people understand the
need for an active and healthy lifestyle.

The Government i
Committed to
Revitalising Sport

--Youth policies should ensure that young
people have a voice in shaping youth
sport strategies, and that they are
meaningfully involved in the
implementation of any action

--Youth policies should
include provision for
community play
environments that are safe,
clean, accessible, and that
encourage enjoyable
physical activity. Moreover,
they should promote sport
which is affordable needing
less infrastructure and more
community participation. They
should also promote sport as an
investment in national development, using
sport exchange programmes at local and
regional levels to engage young people in
team building, leadership and healthy
living, thus fostering tolerance,
understanding and cooperation.

--Youth sports policies should recognize the power of sport for
development and should target pro s

--Youth policies should ensure that all teachers and coaches that can most benefit from intervention, and which are least
are supported with professional development opportunities to likely to have access to other opportunities.
ensure that they are equipped to deliver high quality
programmes that provide a positive experience for young --Youth policies should draw together key departments at
people. national and local level education, health, sport, gender,
culture, law and order, social inclusion to ensure an
integrated youth sport strategy.

Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 127-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

The Andaua and Roirbuda Hich Commission Issue 128 Julufluoust 2008

Newcomers must earn
the right to stay in the UK

Foreign nationals wishing to become
British citizens will have to earn the right to
stay, the Government announced.

The tough new approach will require all
migrants to speak English and obey the
law if they want to gain citizenship and stay
permanently in Britain, while speeding up
the path to citizenship for those who
contribute to the community.

The reforms are at the centre of a
sweeping overhaul of all immigration laws
dating back to 1971 and confirm new
modern laws reserving full access to
benefits and social housing will be
reserved for citizens and permanent

Foreign nationals who commit serious
offences will face automatic consideration
for deportation and even minor offences
will delay access to citizenship by up to
three years.

Public support for the proposals was
confirmed by new Home Office polling
released today. A Mori poll carried out for
the Home Office revealed that:
70 per cent of the public think
that newcomers should earn the
right to stay in Britain;
83 per cent think that immigrants
in Britain should be made to learn
English; and
69 per cent agree that
newcomers should be penalised
on the path to citizenship if they
don't obey Britain's laws.

Home Secretary Jacqui Smith said:
"In recent months we have
listened to people across Britain
and the message is clear they
want those who want to make
Britain their home to speak
English, to work hard, and to earn
the right to stay here.

An Old WTO for a New

By Aileen Kwa

The Doha Round negotiations at the
World Trade Organisation (WTO)
collapsed unceremoniously on Tuesday
29th July, on the 9th day of the mini-

Commercial Interests Versus
Livelihood Concerns

The issue that led to the breakdown of
talks the Special Safeguard
Mechanism (SSM) has to do with

"We are making the biggest
changes to our immigration
system for a generation, and part
of that is making sure those who
stay in the UK make a positive
impact on their local community."
The draft Immigration and Citizenship Bill
published today replaces ten Acts of
Parliament and enshrines into law the
Government's biggest ever shake-up of
the immigration system. The key measures
Strong borders
1. new powers for frontline UKBA officers
at foreign ports and airports to cancel visas.
2. bringing customs and immigration
powers at the border into the 21st century,
consolidating and strengthening civil
penalties for bringing passengers without
the right papers and clandestine entrants
to the UK.
Selective migration
3. the Bill proposes a clear legal duty on
migrants to ensure they have permission
to be in the UK, for example under our new
points system.
4. the Bill introduces a single, streamlined
power of expulsion for those without
Earning the right to stay
5. migrants will now have to earn their right
to stay in the UK.
6. automatic bans on returns with new
powers to exclude offenders and powers to
require those who are expelled to repay
costs to taxpayers if we allow them to
come back.
Playing by the rules
7. the Bill gives a new power to require
large 'bail bonds' for those awaiting
decisions or expulsion, part of a tough
menu of conditions for "Immigration bail"
as an alternative to detention.
8. confirming tough measures to prevent
organised illegal immigration by attacking
illegal working with civil penalties for
employers who do not make the necessary

small farmers' livelihoods in the
developing world. However, it should be
noted that there were gaping differences
on a whole host of other issues that
were yet to be discussed in detail, such
as cotton and US' subsidies in that
sector, as well as several issues in the
industrial tariffs negotiations.

The difference in views on the SSM was
not only between the US versus India
and China. In fact, a hundred developing
countries did not accept the figures
which WTO's Director General Pascal
Lamy had produced on the 5th day of
the negotiations. These countries the
G33 coalition of 46 countries; the African,
Caribbean and Pacific (ACP); the

9. simplifying our appeals system to cut
red-tape; ensuring that the system is
properly sensitive to the needs of
vulnerable groups: honouring our
international obligations to refugees and
ensuring the UKBA safeguards and
promotes the welfare of children.
Managing any local impacts
10. full access to benefits for citizens and
permanent residents, with migrants
contributing a little extra to the cost of local

The Home Office confirmed that
newcomers will have to pay a little extra
before they become citizens to create a
fund of tens of millions of pounds a year to
help police, schools, councils and local
health services to use the money to deal
with the short-term pressures of migration
in their areas.

Border and Immigration Minister Liam
Byrne said:
"Britain is not anti-foreigner, we're
a welcoming, tolerant place. But
we do expect newcomers to sign
up to a deal if they want to stay
and build a life in Britain.
"The public overwhelmingly
supports the idea of newcomers
earning their right to stay. Today
we show how we'll make these
ideas law, hand in hand with our
new points system for selective
migration, like the one that's
worked so well in Australia."
These changes are part of the biggest
shake-up to the immigration system for a
generation, and to make sure these
changes stick today's Bill will see the
currently complex immigration laws
replaced by one simplified piece of
legislation. By updating the law, and
getting rid of any room for misinterpretation,
the UK Border Agency can cut red tape
and accelerate the speed of its work.


African Group; and the Small and
Vulnerable Economies (SVEs),
produced an alternative set of numbers
on Sunday the 27th.

The wrangle between the US and India /
China was highlighted simply because
the negotiations were taking place
mainly only amongst 7 players (US, EC,
Japan, Australia, India, Brazil and China
or the G7). The other selected Ministers
who had been invited to Geneva were
excluded from those negotiations and
were waiting in the corridors. Hence, it
appeared that India and China were
alone disagreeing with the US.

Continue on page 17


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

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The Andoua and Rorbuda Hich Commission Issue 128 Julufluoust 2008

Continued from page 16 Doha Collapse No Loss for the Poor

The Special Safeguard Mechanism is Will the poor suffer from the collapse of
meant to address agricultural import the Doha talks? The collapse was in fact
surges. In order to protect the domestic a victory for the poor. That key
sector from injury, a country would be developing countries were able to stand
able to implement an additional tariff to by their principles and the interests of
stem the import surge. the poor in their countries (in this case,
arguing for an effective SSM) and not be
Amongst several problematic constraints bullied into submission, was an act of
in the Lamy figures for the hundred courage.
developing countries was the suggested
trigger of 140% i.e. a country must have A replay of the Uruguay Round was also
a 40% increase in imports compared to avoided. In the Uruguay Round, it was
a preceding three-year period before the only after signing on the dotted line that
SSM can be invoked. Developing developing countries, after the
countries were asking for a 5 or at most establishment of the WTO, started to
10% import increase. A 40% import question the fundamental imbalances
increase before action can be taken is that are central to those agreements. If
likely to be too late. The import surge the Doha package had been agreed to,
could already have wiped out the these imbalances would have been
country's producers. However, the US, locked in and deepened, not eliminated
plus a few other countries with or even reduced.
agricultural exporting interests, were
immovable. At the heart of this Doha collapse is the
differing opinion on liberalization and its
On the last two days of the talks, other relation to development. Developed
possible options were proposed in the countries say that liberalization will bring
G7 which India accepted, but the US did about development, hence the collapse
not. US wanted a weak SSM to ensure of the Round is a blow for the poor.
that the Round would provide Never mind that their own policies -
them access to developing countries' such as their fifty year protection of
agricultural markets. agriculture and textiles have differed
from what they preach. In contrast, the
The battle was thus between the fight over the SSM illustrates a more
commercial interests in agricultural nuanced approach taken by most
exporting countries, and the livelihoods developing countries. India, Indonesia,
of subsistence farmers in India, China, China and African countries were saying
Africa, Asia and elsewhere. that markets and trade need to be
carefully regulated. A flexible approach
What happened in the area of the SSM, to trade policy is critical in order to
however, was echoed in several other respond to the development challenges
issues also. The commercial interests of of the day.
some were seen as more pressing than
the measures developing countries The world is at a very different place it
wanted in order to minimize the threats used to be when the WTO was formed
of unemployment and in 1995. Then, the Washington
deindustrialisastion. If talks had not Consensus was still at an all-time high.
collapsed over the SSM, there was a It has fallen several times from its
real chance they would have done so in pedestal since. Many African countries,
the area of the non-agricultural market for instance, despite implementing
access (NAMA) negotiations, or in structural adjustment policies to the
cotton, where consensus was not even letter, have deindustrialised in the last
on the horizon, twenty years. The Doha collapse is
another blow to the crumbling
In sum, when developing countries Consensus from Washington.
asked for their development concerns to
be taken on board, their requests were The WTO, with liberalization at its core,
frustrated at every turn. Conversely, the is at cross roads. It can attempt to amble
package on the table would have offered on its way, paying no heed to the
the US and EU special treatment. They experiential realities of the majority of its
would have been able to retain all of members, or it can take this opportunity
their agricultural subsidies, only shifting to acknowledge that the dynamic
them to different subsidy categories, and journey of development requires a
they would also have cut industrial tariffs system that allows for diversity, flexibility
by a smaller percentage about 30%, and change. Binding a country's trade
whilst developing countries were to cut policy, and liberalizing according to a
tariffs by about 58%. standard formula, cannot provide for this

dynamism. In fact, liberalization as an
end in itself need not and should not be
at the centre. When it is of benefit,
countries can always liberalise their

What requires regulation at the
multilateral level is countries'
responsibility for their actions on people
outside their borders. This is where
there is a huge gap in terms of global
governance. Elections are nationally-
based. However, countries' actions can
destroy other countries' industries,
create unemployment and poverty.
Some call this regulation of countries'
extra-territorial responsibility, or in plain
words, doing no harm to others. An
example of this would be a system that
disallows countries to export directly or
indirectly subsidized agricultural
products. The current WTO fails
miserably in this regard. Internally,
countries should be allowed to explore a
diversity of trade policies in as far as
they are not harmful to others outside.

The WTO has also not been faithful to its
own mandate, which says that parties to
the agreement recognize that their
relations in the field of trade and
economic endeavour should be
conducted with a view to raising
standards of living, ensuring full
employment and a large and steadily
growing volume of real income and
effective demand...".

Rather than the liberalization of trade,
the WTO should have as its bottom-line
the attainment of the above benchmarks.
To crown it all, we are being challenged
by climate change, high oil and food
prices, and increasing water stress. Our
adaptation and mitigation strategies will
have far-reaching implications on how
we produce food, organize our industries
and economies, and how, as well as
how much we trade internationally. Our
sights should be on having low carbon
economies and adjusting our production
and trade accordingly.

Our new world is already asserting itself.
We are moving rapidly away from a
unipolar or bipolar world, towards one
with multiple centers of economic and
political powers, again with implications
for our production and trade. Can the
WTO respond effectively, and if not,
might it then fade into the shadows?

Aileen Kwa is the Coordinator of the
Trade for Development Programme at
the South Centre.
She can be contacted at:


Tha Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 128-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 128 Julufluoust 2008

New Format For
Sailing Week 2009

The Stanford Antigua Sailing Week
continues to attract the top racing
boats from around the world to the
Caribbean to compete for the
prestigious Lord Nelson's Trophy.
Following on from a successful 2008
edition a new Race Committee was
appointed to review the event and
chart the way forward.

The outcome is an exciting new format
for 2009 that should appeal to all
competitors of the Stanford Antigua
Sailing Week from the bareboat
charterer to the maxi yacht skipper.

The 2009 edition will sail off a day
earlier for the racing and cruising
fleets on Saturday April 25th rather
than the traditional Sunday start.
There will then follow full 5 days of
racing to culminate on Thursday April

The bareboat fleet will start their
regatta on Sunday finishing on Friday.

Both divisions will race 6 days rather
than the previous 5 days.
The regatta for the racing boats will
comprise a challenging combination of
short inshore and longer off shore
races giving all a chance to excel. The
traditional Round the Island Race for
the "Yachting World Trophy" will now
be completed in one day rather than
the traditional two.

Redonda an island dependency of
Antigua and Barbuda situated 40 miles
offshore will once again see racing
boats encircling its rocky coast line as
the "Round Redonda Race" is
reintroduced after many many years.
With three distance races, the
prologue "Guadeloupe to Antigua
Race", the "Round the Island Race
and the "Round Redonda Race", the
organizers will be creating a regatta
within the regatta with the "Antigua
Ocean Series".

Special prizes and records will be
established for each of these three
races and an overall prize. Larger
yachts not wanting to compete in the
shorter inshore races will be allowed

to enter the Ocean Series and
compete for these prestigious trophies.

Antigua is throwing out a challenge to
the world's top maxis to be the first to
establish records for these two new

Both the racing Division A and the
Cruising/bareboats Division B will race
on new in shore courses around the
southern and western coastlines of the
picturesque island of Antigua.

The constant trade winds and the
turquoise seas of the Caribbean
guarantee some of the best sailing
conditions in the world.

Strict new rules for
foreign students
The British Government has
announced that foreign students
hoping to come to the UK to study will
have to meet strict new criteria,

The Home Office has published
proposals for much tighter rules for
foreign students and the universities
and colleges hosting them under the
student tier of its new Points Based

All colleges and universities that want
to recruit foreign students will now
need a licence to do so and will have
to take greater responsibility for their
international students, helping
Government crack down on bogus
colleges who abuse the system.

For the first time education providers
face a ban on bringing over
international students if they fail to
follow strict new rules including
alerting the UK Border Agency (UKBA)
if students fail to enrol.

Students will also face stringent new
criteria if they want to study in the UK,
ensuring only those who benefit Britain

can come. Before they can study here, course that meets a minimum level of
foreign students must: qualification.

be sponsored by a UKBA- They must also be able to demonstrate
licensed education institution; they can financially support
prove that they have the themselves and any of their
means to support themselves dependants.
and their families while
studying here; and Students on courses for longerthan 12
supply their fingerprints. months will have to show they have
sufficient funds to pay their first year of
Stricter rules on work placements for fees, plus 9,600 to cover their first
students will also ensure that the UK's year in the UK.
labour market is protected.
Students wishing to bring their
Border and Immigration Minister Liam dependants with them will need to
Byrne said ""All those who come to show they have a further 535 per
Britain must play by the rules. It is right month for each person they bring.
that foreign students wanting to take
advantage of our world-class In recognition of the many economic
universities and colleges must meet and cultural benefits that these
strict criteria." students bring to the UK, earlier this
year the Government announced a
"By locking people to one identity with special visa category allowing
ID cards, alongside a tough new successful international students who
sponsorship system, we will know have graduated from a British
exactly who is coming here to study university to work in the UK for up to
and crack down on bogus colleges," two years.
he added.

Visas will only be granted to students
who show a proven track record in
education and are applying for a (Source:


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 128-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

The Andaua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 128 Julufluoust 2008

Making Waves In China

Beijing Kareem Valentine has quite a
reputation among the 2,000 inhabitants of
the Antiguan village of Seaview Farm in
St George's Parish.

And it is more than likely that come August
19, when the 15-year- old returns to his
Caribbean paradise, his reputation will
have grown even more.

After all, not many people get to swim
against the likes of world record holder
Eamon Sullivan and Olympic 100m
freestyle champion Alain Bernard and
return to Antigua as an Olympian.

Well, if truth be told, Valentine did not
exactly swim against Sullivan and Bernard,
but he did participate in the same event as
the two.

The one-man Antiguan swimming team at
the Beijing Olympics entered the 50m
freestyle on a wild card system, which
allows developing countries that have no
expensive training facilities to compete at
the Olympics.

And if there is a country for which the
wildcard system was made, it is Antigua
and Barbuda.

The country has no public swimming pool,
let alone an Olympic-size pool and
Valentine trains in the Atlantic ocean. In
fact, swimming in the 50m freestyle on
Thursday was the first time-ever that he
participated in a swimming competition in
a proper pool.

He was more than happy with his
performance, even though his time of
31.23 seconds was nearly ten seconds
behind the fastest time in the heats posted
by Amaury Leveaux, who swam an
Olympic record in 21.46.

Valentine's time saw him finish 96 out of 97,
he did, however, manage to beat Stany
Kempompo Ngangola from the Democratic
Republic of Congo, who was swimming in
his heat.

'I feel really excited, I achieved my goal. I
used to do a 34, now I managed a 32, so I
am really happy. I believe I could do a lot
better. I would like to do a 22 at some
stage,' he said.

Back in his village, his achievements have
left not only his parents very happy, the
entire village is proud that they have an
Olympian in their midst.

'I feel really happy to be an Olympian,' he
said proudly after his swim.

The teenager, who started swimming aged
eight and who was also a promising tennis
player, but gave that up to concentrate on
swimming, dismisses those who say that
the Olympics should only be open for
those who succeed in achieving the
qualifying times.

'There will always be people who want to
try their best at the Olympics and there
should be space for them. I will now try to
make it in four years again and then have
a faster time.'

His manager and coach Bruce Williamson

said that he had been able to swim in a few
pools before coming to Beijing.
'Some of the hotels on the island have
pools and we beg them to let us use them.
At times they do and at least he had a few
chances to swim in a proper pool. The
problem is they have no starting blocks, so
he is not used to jumping in from such a

Neto Baptiste, who is a sports writer for the
Antigua Sun, said that Valentine's Olympic
swim had caused quite a sensation not
only in Seaview Farm, but also throughout
the country.

'It was shown live on TV and you could say
that it caused quite a ripple. For somebody
to come from such a small village and then
become an Olympian, that is something
special,' he said by telephone from the
Antiguan capital of St John's.

South African Roeland Schoeman, who
won bronze in the 50m freestyle in Athens
in comfortably won his heat in a time of
21.76, said he believed it was a good idea
to have the likes of Valentine competing.

'I think the Olympic ideals are fostered on
their ability to compete, irrespective of
where you are from and I think that spirit is

'It is amazing to see their faces and to see
them in the warm up. They have a chance
to compete against the best in the world
and be amongst the best in the world and
they will certainly take something from this.
'Probably this will live longer in their hearts
than it will in ours.

This could be a story in their village or their
city for years and years to come and in this
regard it is cool to see.'

Valentine would certainly agree and the
next time he goes to the beach at Long
Bay and goes through his paces possibly
training for London 2012 it is likely that
even more people will stand and watch
their own Olympian and his reputation will
grow even more. (Source:


The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 128-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

The Andoua and Rorlbuda Hich Commission Issue 128 Julufluoust 2008


Betty's Hope was Antigua's
pioneer sugar plantation,
founded about 1650. It is now in
ruin, as so many other West
Indian sugar estates.

The founder of Betty's Hope was
Governor Keynell, whose widow
inherited the estate upon his
death in 1663, but was forced to
flee Antigua during the French
occupation in 1666.

When Antigua was reoccupied
by the British, Parliament ,
annulled all land claims of those
who had fled or been disloyal to
the Crown prior to the French
occupation. Instead, in 1674,
Betty's Hope was granted to the
Codrington family, then residing in

Under the Codrington ownership,
lasting until 1944, Betty's Hope was
soon transformed into one of the most
efficient large-scale sugar estates in
Antigua. From 1689 to 1704, two
successive Christopher Codringtons
served as Governors General of the
Leeward Islands, and later heirs
continued to be among the most
influential and prosperous planters
throughout the colonial era.

Like other large plantations, Betty's
Hope was an agricultural as well as an
industrial enterprise, and home to a
large number of people. Supervised
by a handful of European managers,
hundreds of Africans lived out their
lives on this and similar plantations,
first as slaves, then as labourers after
emancipation in 1834.

Enduring the hardship of cultivating
and processing the sugar under
exhausting conditions, they developed
great skills as craftsmen, boilers and
distillers which gave Betty's Hope its
reputation for excellence lasting to this

The twin windmills at Betty's Hope
worked together to crush the large
volume of sugar cane grown.

The Twin Windmill Towers

The windmills of the early eighteenth
century, used three vertical iron
rollers; an inefficient system that
required two men to feed the machine.
Each cane stalk had to be crushed
twice to extract as much juice as
possible. At best, this system
extracted only 60% of the juice.

By the early 1800s, a new system that
employed three horizontally
positioned rollers was introduced. This
mechanism was more efficient,
required only one cane feeder, and
extracted about 80% of the juice from
the cane. The machine installed in this
mill dates to the mid-1850s and is
similar to the earlier models.

With a steady wind, working from
sunrise until well into the night, each
mill could crush 60-70 cartloads of
cane, or about 2 acres per day.

The juice dripped into a tank beneath
the mill and was later then piped
through an underground conduit to the
boiling house. The pressed stalks,
called "bagasse" were tossed out into
the mill yard to dry before being used
as fuel in the boiling and distilling

The tall, narrow opening, or "exchange
slit" on the north side of the mill was
needed for changing the central drive

A lantern was kept in the small
fireplace for use when milling at
night. The Restored Mill bears
the original date of 1737 on a
plaque above the main
Entrance. It also denotes that
the mill was built by Richard

With an average trade wind,
such a mill could grind about
200 tons of cane to produce
5,500 gallons of syrup in a
week. This would have given
about 12 tons of sugar crystals.
The sails would have revolved
four times a minute or six to
seven in a stiff breeze while
driving the crushing rollers.

Canes were brought in through the
main entrance and the squeezed pulp
(begasse, used as fuel) was tossed
out through the other opening to the
right. There is a fireplace high up
inside. This gave light and warmth
during night shifts. The "bosun" was in
charge of the mill and the orders for
starting and stopping the mill were
"Turn her out" & "Turn her in!"
(Source: Antigua and Barbuda Museum)

The Restored Mill

For more information on Antigua and Barbuda's history, be sure to
check out the Antigua and Barbuda Museum at

The Anb'aua anJ BarbuJa Hiah Cammirrian

Irrua 128-Julu/Auaur~ 2008

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