Group Title: Official newsletter of the Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Title: Official newsletter
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 Material Information
Title: Official newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Publisher: Antigua and Barbuda High Commission
Place of Publication: London, England
Publication Date: May/June 2008
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Bibliographic ID: UF00099220
Volume ID: VID00032
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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The Antigua and Barbuda

High Commission

Official Newsletter Issue 127 -- May/June 2008
v "i*_^ -- "- ^'.''

Time is Ripe!

PM calls for more investment

Prime Minister Hon. Baldwin Spencer has called for more investment from the US. The nation's leader made this call while
addressing participants of New York Conference of the Caribbean. The conference was geared towards strengthening relations with
the Diaspora and exploring investment opportunities in the US.
The Prime Minister said "The moment is opportune for us as a region to engage in this interface with existing and prospective
investment and trade partners. CARICOM is undergoing significant development and transformation. The positive developments in
our investment environment will provide an attractive climate and framework for fruitful discussions."
He also told the gathering "I am pleased that many of the region's trade, investment and financial experts and practitioners have
been able to join us and will have an opportunity during the Conference to engage in discussions with some of New York's leading
investors, stockbrokers, economists and
other representatives of the financial
"These sessions, we anticipate, will open
up the doors for further dialogue and
concrete initiatives to spur economic
growth in the Caribbean Community
through collaboration in trade and
Education was also an issue down for
discussion during the Conference. In
recognizing the importance of education to
the economic growth and development of
the region, the Prime Minister said "It is no
secret that many of our best and brightest
leave our shores a significant number of
them are here in the US, many of them are
in New York, and I dare say, a number of
them are right here in this room!

"It is therefore imperative that the
A Proud Antiguan Painter Caribbean strengthens its education
institutions in order to provide for regional
Antiguan painter Glory Charles (pictured right) explains the meaning behind his paintings as well as international demand in critical
to H.E Dr. Carl Roberts (pictured left) at a recent art exhibition sponsored by the Antigua areas".
and Barbuda High Commission (see story on page 3)

In This Issue...
3 On the road to success ... Glory's Art
7 Romantic rhythms
12 New information on UK Immigration rules
19 Diaspora gives back

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How Fair is Fair Trade
through the WTO System and
other Global Systems?
H.E. Dr Carl Roberts

In talks at the WTO over the last few
months, much effort has been exerted as
a last ditch attempt to broker a deal
which rescues the Doha Round. Several
comments however should be of
significant concern to developing
member states especially the small
Islands and sometimes the forgotten
ones. One particular comment caught
my attention: "All nations must meet the
basic and primary goal of a global trade
round, which is to achieve significant
commercial gain for all WTO members in
all markets through meaningful reduction
of tariffs." This was the view of a group
of major businesses from the United
States, Europe, China, Japan, South
Korea, Canada, Australia and New

The second comment from the same
group: "Our support is conditional on the

basis of an outcome that provides
commercially meaningful new market
access for industrial goods by reducing
substantially or eliminating tariffs."

The intent of the larger and more
industrious members of this
International Trading Organisation is
crystal clear. They need to grow their
markets and that growth is expected to
be in the nascent markets of the
developing countries.

It has for sometime now been argued
that the present round being negotiated
should be a development round. We
might ask development for whom!

For a number of years developing
countries in the Africa, Pacific and
Caribbean regions have seen the
overseas markets for their agricultural
products contract under new rules at
the WTO. Sugar production has
virtually disappeared in the Caribbean.
The banana industry is on its knees. We
have no big muscles to flex, and no
money to subsidise our farmers against
these life-altering aspects of existing in
global economy.

In the paraphrased words of the
Australian Minister of Trade "a
successful outcome to the Doha Round
would mean more jobs for Australia's
agriculture industries, manufacturing
and our fast-growing services export
sector." *1

This is the view of the Caribbean
members of WTO but the reality on the
ground is quite the opposite. If we look
at the consequences of the Caribbean's
participation in global trade over the last
15 years, we see more negative effects
on the livelihood of the citizens than

I will focus on two industries (1) the
sugar and (2) the banana then make a
few comments on the automotive

First, let me take a look at sugar. In the
18th and 19th centuries, plantations in the
Caribbean produced over 80% of the
sugar consumed in Western Europe.

The Sugar Industry enabled the
economies of many of these colonies of
Britain to deliver enhanced profits, a
better quality of life and prospects for
development to many of those owners of
the land in the colonies. The sugar
factory in Antigua and Barbuda was
constructed early 1900s and
decommissioned in 1970s.

In St Kitts and Nevis, the government
closed the sugar factory in 2005 after
incurring huge losses over the last 5 to
10 years of production. The entire
production of the CARICOM region
pales in comparison to that of the main
producers of Latin America, India and
China. The demise has been brought
about by many factors including falling
prices on the world market, a shift to beet
sugar and the age and poor performance
of many of the factories across the

But could it have been different. With
our climates suitable for sugar cane
growth and sugar production could not
this economic activity be brought into the
modern world, assistance given to
modernise planting, cutting sugar canes
and the production of quality sugar.

In St Kitts and Nevis as well as Antigua
and Barbuda, many acres still lie fallow.
There is neither the money nor human
resources to shift into alternate crops.
The Caribbean appears to have shifted
from being producers of something,
which flourished within its boundaries to
importers at the whims of the global

I would now take a brief glimpse of the
banana industry. The benefits of this
industry to the Caribbean, especially the
Windward Islands cannot be glossed
over. Banana production grew from 68
thousand tonnes in 1980 to 131
thousand by 1999.*2 By 1998 there were

Continued on page 9
Source: WTO World Trade News, 27th June 2008
Source: 1 WTO World Trade News, 27th June 2007
Source: *2

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I (Left) Nick Gammage accepts plague from H.E Dr Carl Roberts and Mrs Pauline Roberts, (Centre) Scouts listen attentively to
I H.E Dr. Roberts (Right) The Scouts cycled in from Amersham

Scouts Given

'Warm' Sendoff

A contingent of 25 Explorer Scouts
from the Amersham Common Group
planning an educational trip to Antigua
has gotten a taste of the country's

The group who will be touching down
in the Gem of the Caribbean this
summer to undertake conservation
work, were hosted by the Antigua and
Barbuda High Commission in London
on Sunday 11 May, 2008.

The group rode in from Amersham on
their bicycles as part of a fundraising
drive. The Scouts are aiming to raise

Lovell: World is Too
Dependent on Oil

Environment Minister the Hon. Harold
Lovell said the increasing dependence
on oil needs to addressed, if the
international community is to tackle
global warming.

The minister made this statement to
commemorate World Environment
Day on June 5th.

According to the Minister "In Antigua
and Barbuda, like the rest of the world,
we are suffering from quite possibly
the worst addiction in human
existence; the uncontrolled
dependence on fossil fuels. We turn
on the radio and we hear it; we switch
on the television and we see it; we
open a newspaper and we read it."

He added "So why should we
in Antigua and Barbuda pay attention
to this issue. Our small size and state
ofdevelopment has already determined

25, 000 for the trip to Antigua in July. year.

Antigua and Barbuda's High "They were honoured that Dr Roberts
Commissioner H.E Dr. Carl Roberts had made time to meet them, and his
was happy to give the Scouts a brief kind words gave them a great taste of
talk about what could be expected the hospitality that awaits them on
during their trip in Antigua. Dr. theirjourney to Antigua and Barbuda."
Roberts also presented the delegation
with several information packets and a During their stay in Antigua the Scouts
plaque. "will be planting sapling from a
Government nursery in areas where

Nick Gammage one of the organizers
of the fundraising drive was full of
praise for the staff of the High
Commission for hosting the group.

He said "The Explorer Scouts will
never forget the warm welcome which
Dr Roberts and his staff had arranged
for them at the end of a gruelling 35
mile cycle ride on the hottest day of the

that the green house gas emissions
that we give off are so insignificant that
they have little or no impact in the
achievement of any global target.

"This is a scientifically correct
statement but in reality our impact as
a nation and a people is far more than
our contributions to the global
emissions count. "

The Minister also stated that Climate
change is a global problem caused by
everyday living habits and thus
requires a 'global' solution.

He said "Solving the problems caused
by global climate change will require
every person on this planet making the
necessary choices and taking the right
steps to reduce each of our carbon

The minister also stated that the
Baldwin Spencer administration has
been putting policies in place to tackle
some of the causes of global warming,

planting is badly needed; for example
the site of coastal erosion, mangroves
or areas which have suffered severe
hurricane damage," Gammage said.

"The project is designed to be of
significant benefit to the island as well
as an excellent self-development
project for the Scouts," he added.

He said "As a government we have
been taking part in important
negotiations in setting global targets
and in identifying global actions to
effectively address climate change.

"Our commitment to the principles of
energy efficiency is evident in the
efforts to explore various renewable
energy options for Antigua and

Lovell: 'Dependence on fossil fuels is worst
addiction in human existence'

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On the Road to

With the background rhythmic music
of the steel band, Antiguan painter
GloryCharles beamed with confidence
as artlovers and critics admired the
paintings exhibited during his first
major solo show.

The exhibition was sponsored by the
Antigua and Barbuda High Com-

Entitled 'Radiant View' the selection
included an eclectic mix of colour,
subject and imagination that
showcased the young artist's diverse

Glory Charles was born in Antigua in
1984 and at the age of two, moved to

His career began in 1999 when he
attended the City College of Art in
London. From there he went on to the
Slade School of Art where he won a
scholarship Award in Fine Art. In 2003
he joined Middlesex University in
London and graduated with a First B.A.
Honours in Fine Art.
Over the last four years, he has
exhibited his work at over a dozen
leading shows in London and Austria.
Highlighting Glory Charles' work as
extraordinarily talented, His
Excellency Dr. Carl Roberts paid
tribute to the artist's hard work, saying
"Glory's solo showing here tonight is a
celebration of this young man's
dedication to his craft and of the
growing talent of artists from Antigua
and Barbuda. He is a rising star and
we are proud of his success."
Many well wishers including new
Commonwealth Secretary General
Kamalesh Sharma, and Glory's family

were on hand to share in Glory's

Glory was full of praise for the staff of
the High Commission for assisting in
putting on the exhibition.

He added "It was well attended. The
atmosphere was good and there were
people from different walks of life."

The artist said "I was proud when I
heard the High Commissioner's
speech. My mum was also there and
that also made me proud. It was the
proudest moment of my life."

He was also grateful for the assistance
of Dr. Helga Fox, his mentor.

After having his first major art
exhibition, Glory now has his eyes set
on participating in some of the major
art shows in the world including an
upcoming event in Abu Dhabi.

(Top Left) Glory's pictured with H.E Dr. Carl Roberts (left) and the Commonwealth Secretary General (right) (Top Right)
Glory chats with his mentor, Dr Fox (left) and HE Dr Roberts (centre) (Bottom Left) A proud Glory looks on as his
paintings are being admired by guests (Centre Left) Many well wishers turned out to see Glory's work (Centre Right) Glory
greets HE Mr Paul Farguarson, H.C for Bahamas (Bottom) Glory chats with well wishers

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Scholarship Fund
for Students

Education is central plank of government's agenda

Education Minister the Hon. Bertrand
Joseph has commended the
government for launching the National
Student Loan Fund (NSLF), which he
said will assist "young people in
realizing their dream of tertiary

The NSLF, which was announced
during the 2008 budget presentation,
was launched in June with 2 million
EC dollars initially injected into the

continues to pose a challenge to a
number of people, due to lack of
finance, but the launching of the
student loan fund will now make it a bit
easier for individuals wishing to further
their studies

The Minister said "I think this is a vision,
which will ensure we create an
intelligent nation and a knowledge
based society, which we spoke about
so eloquently some five years ago.
Students whose families are not able
to finance their education, will now be
able to do so, compliments the
government of Antigua and Barbuda."

He added "I know that in the recent
past, a number of families who have
not had the opportunity to educate
their children at the tertiary level have
been able to do so through the
expanded scholarship opportunities
through Cuba, through our deepening
relationship with China, Turkey,
Greece, Malaysia, and institutions
such as the Polytechnic Institute in
New York.

fund, and will give prospective "We are now providing this additional
students and current students an opportunity so that our children in
opportunity to apply for scholarships Antigua and Barbuda can become
through low interest loans, competitive, nationally, regionally and
globally, which the global community
Speaking at the launch, Minister now demand from all of its citizens
Joseph said tertiary education that they be competitive."

Williams:Climate economies,
spell trouble
Changed Action Needed agriculture,

Amidst dire warnings that climate
change poses "a clear and present
danger to every country of this
hemisphere," Antigua and Barbuda's
Sports and Youth Affairs Minister,
Winston Williams, argued at the
Organization of American States
(OAS) General Assembly in Medellin,
Colombia-for urgent and strong
collective action to cut green house
gas emissions in the atmosphere.

Addressing the fourth plenary session
on the final day of the 38th General
Assembly on June 3rd, the Antigua
and Barbuda minister further
underscored a "quite grim" outlook for
the Caribbean region, failing urgent
steps to address "the seemingly
irreversible upward trend of global

"The region could see extensive
droughts that could affect the
agricultural base of Caribbean

and water shortage could
for the region's tourism,
infrastructure and
he warned.

"Inaction is no longer an option,"
Williams declared to the annual
meeting of the hemisphere's foreign
ministers, convened by the OAS and
chaired this year by Colombia's
foreign minister, Fernando Araujo.

Calling for technologies that allow
emission of clean air into the
atmosphere, he made the case for
widespread use of renewable energy
sources, adding that additional
resources must be made available to
help poorer countries address poverty
and those environmental challenges
that drive disasters.

"We, collectively, can determine our
future and we owe future generations
the opportunity to experience all that
earth's bounty hath in store," the
Antigua and Barbuda Minister told the
OAS General Assembly.
Source: Organisation of American States


I ....- 14 nnna


The Antigua and Barbuda
Development Bank will be responsible
for administering the loans, while a
student loan advisory committee to be
named shortly, will review and
approve applications only from
citizens of Antigua and Barbuda 18
years and older, wishing to pursue
undergraduate studies, graduate
studies, and post secondary/technical
and vocational education. $50,000 will
be the maximum loan amount to any
applicant, at an interest rate of 3%.

The loans will be repaid in monthly
instalments over a period of not more
than ten years. There are flexible
repayment options, which include:the
student making interest and principal
payments while studying, interest
payments only while studying or
deferring payment of interest and
principal until after completion of
his/her studies.

Applications for the NSLF is now
available and can be obtained from
the government's website at, the Ministries of
Education, Finance and Labour.

Forms must be completed and submitted
no later than July 15th. According to
Finance and Economy Minister Dr. The
Hon. Errol Cort, the 2 million dollars is just
for the initial start of the student loan fund,
and will be increased from next year.

We want to hear

from you!

Maybe you are an Antiguan or
Barbudan living in the UK with
an interesting story to tell

Or perhaps you want to share
your opinion on some of the most
important issues facing your

Do not be shy. We are always happy
to take Newsletter submissions
from the Diaspora.

So take out the pen or
computer, and let your fingers
get to work!

Painting for


I U"or is giving DaCK to socieCy uy raising lunlus
through his art.

Antiguan and Barbudan artist Glory
Charles has been using his skills to
raise money for teenagers living with

The 23 year old agreed to paint a pair

of trainers that are being auctioned on It was a late diagnosis. It came out of
Ebay. nowhere." he said.

Glory was one of many artists who
participated in Teenage Kicks 2008 a
live charity event featuring live bands,
painters and other artists.

The painter said "I am concerned
about children's cancer. I was
approached to participate and I was
happy to do so."

Glory painted two fish on the sides of
the trainers.

"The two fish are old Christian sign of
health. They symbolise people in need
of help," he added.

Glory said his interest in helping
people with cancer is partly due to
death of a family member who was
diagnosed with cancer

"My uncle Felix died of cancer 6 years
ago ...he was in and out of hospital.

Glory said that he wants to help raise
funds for other charities by donating

"I've approached many charities,
hopefully as time goes by we'll see. I
am awaiting response from some of
these charities," he said

The organizers are hoping to raise funds by selling
donated 'designed' shoes on Ebay

US$20, 000 Up

for Grabs

Antiguan born Rosemarie V. McMaster
is in the running for a top Poelry award.
She has been nominated for the Poet
of the Year Award by the International
Society of Poets.

A letter from the Society said I would
like to inform you of your nomination...
and to personally invite you to

Read your poetry at the single largest
gathering of poets in history, where
you will be formally inducted as an
International Poet of Merit and
Honoured Member of our Society for

Her induction is slated to take place
in Las Vegas during the 2008
International Society of Poets Summer
Convention and Symposium in July.

The Society has also informed
McMasters that "First, to honour and

commemorate your poetic
accomplishments, after you read your
poetry in front of fellow poets from
over 50 nations around the world, you
will be presented with your very own
International Outstanding Achieve-
ment in Poetry Crystal Award Trophy.

If McMaster wins the competition, she
will receive a US$20,000.00 and a
$10,000.00 book publishing

v Birthday Molly

Mrs Molly Richards (above) celebrated her birthday on 5th June Mrs Roberts and the High Commission staff at the ISS Fair
Molly contributes Antiguan sugar cakes, fudge etc. to the fairs. held at the Kensington Town Hall on 13th May 2008.

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A rapturous audience at the Sir Vivian Richards Stadium

The inaugural Romantic Rhythms
Music Festival in Antigua and Barbuda,
held June 13 -15, proved to be a huge
success and a highlight of the Eastern
Caribbean calendar with over 5,000
attending the three day event. Visitors
and locals sang along with El A Kru and
the classic ballads from headline acts,
Lionel Richie, Kenny Rogers and Brian
McKnight; they danced the night away
with Tizzy and Destra Garcia and were
united in their delight of Damian

Marley, Bob Marley's equally talented
son. Set in the dramatic Sir Vivian
Richards Stadium under starry skies,
the audience was treated to a feast of
musical talent that exemplified all that
the islands of Antigua and Barbuda
represent: romance, soul, beauty and

The Honourable Harold Lovell, Minister
of Tourism for Antigua and Barbuda
summed up the event by saying,

"We've been delighted with the
response; from the artistes wanting to
perform, from the support of the local
community and from our visitors, both
new and repeat guests. Everyone had
a great time and the event's success
has set the stage for repeat Festivals in
the years ahead and is indicative of
what we've always said, The Beach Is
Just The Beginning!"

UK Cruise Convention

Joyce Fyfe, Tourism Officer at the Antigua
and Barbuda Tourist Office in London
attended the UK Cruise Convention held
in Southampton from 19th to 21st May,
co-sharing with Esther Smith of ANTOR
(Association of National Tourist Office

Attendance was extremely high 25 cruise
partners, 28 participating cruise lines and
around 400 travel agents present. Antigua
and Barbuda Tourist Office sponsored
the Goody Bags which contained a copy
of the Antiguan and a destination DVD.
We also supplied two other prizes of a
bottle of English Harbour Rum and an I-pod

Along with other events, each day there
was allotted time for a trade show. Travel
agents came to our stand to gather
information on the availability of activities
for passengers when passing through on

a between the old and the new; the
Independence ofthe Seas being the newest
and biggest cruise ship in the world this
was simply breath-taking.

There were lots of
opportunities for
networking as other
functions included a Sail
Away Party, Gala Dinner
and lunches on board both
cruise ships.

cruise for a day, to After the closing
general holiday ceremony everydelegate
enquiries. was presented with a
Goody Bag which
There were many Joyce Fyfe (centre) with her colleagues at ensured that our
interesting the UK Cruise Convention promotional material was
presentations and given to everyone.
ships visits during the Convention. The
sponsors got the opportunity to visit both This was a very worthwhile venture for
the Queen Victoria and the Independence Antigua and Barbuda's Cruise Tourism as
of the Seas in order to see the contrast there was such a great opportunity to

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I "m11y Ulay of
I Giving Back" I

The unexpected tackle!

The excruciating pain!

The stretcher rushed onto the field,
with a sense of urgency!

Over 20 years ago Stephen
Browne's leg was broken during a
match. It was an injury that would
change his life forever.

"We were playing a cup game. I
remember it very well. It was the last
minute of game. I was tackled and
my leg was broken in 2 places and I
had dislocation of my ankle," he

This young Antiguan was on his way
to playing professional football in the
UK. But the injury ended those
dreams "I was 24 at the time. I was
out of football for some time. After
being out for 9 months, it took me
about 9 months to get back to a
proper fitness, level. By that time I
was 26 and it was too late to get into
professional league."

The leg is healed and this 48 year
old no longer limps. After spending
the last 20 years in non-league and
coaching, he is almost ready to
return to the place he calls home.

Besides drinking coconut water on
the sundrenched beaches, Stephen
has another idea in mind; he wants
to establish a football academy, to
nurture the young. The idea of him
supporting local football has been on
his mind since he met football
officials during a recent trip to

"When I was out there I spoke to
them about development the football
skills of the kids, in terms of skills in
training and coaching and passing
on advice. I have been having
discussions with Colin Kazim (an
Antiguan professional footballer,
who plays for Turkey's
national side) set up our
own coaching school."

Stephen may live in a
different time zone and is
thousands of miles away
from Antigua. But that has
not stopped him from
lending a hand. He has
been busy, helping to find
Antiguans in UK to play for
the Antiguan and
Barbuda's national squad. Stephe
Through his efforts, the
national squad this year
had the benefit of using the
skills and expertise of at
least one Antiguan football
player living in the UK, as
the team prepared for
World Cup Qualifiers.

In recent times Stephen has
managed a number of
football teams including
Potters Bar FC. This job has
allowed him to nurture
young potential. And he is Eager f
desperately hoping that the
skills and experiences
gained can be transferred to his

The dream of playing in the premier
league may not have materialised,
but his injury taught him one
important lesson: the importance of

"It's important for footballers to have
something to fall back on. Too many
footballers put their eggs in on
basket. When I left .there was
nothing there for me. My dad was
keen on education. I always saw
myself as being a footballer...but on
education side. I let myself down on
the education side.

"I regret that I did not fulfil my real
potential. What 'I've tried to do is to
look back, and see how I can help
others where I went wrong, I have
been helping others to stay on right

It may be several years before he
returns to Antigua with wife Sonia


n Browne spends a lot of time coaching
Potters Bar FC

football supporters of Stephen Browne's
Potters Bar FC

and his children, but he knows he will
get there some day. "I miss the
freshness I miss the natural beauty.
I feel more relaxed when I'm there.
The pressures of living here is not



I ..... 1 < n nas

Visit to Hackney Caribbean Elderly Organisation

His Excellency Dr Carl Roberts
visited the Hackney Caribbean
Elderly Organisation (HCEO) on
the 24th June 2008, where he gave
an address to the elderly, some of
whom were Antiguans and
Barbudans. Following is a thank
you letter from the Centre Manager
of the HCEO:

"I write on behalf of all members,
staff and volunteers here at HCEO.
Your visit to our centre for lunch on
Tuesday 24th June was a very
enjoyable occasion. Everybody
involved has asked me to express
their gratitude for you taking the
time to visit us.

We enjoyed listening to you after
lunch and many members said
they felt lifted by your spiritual
message. Please pass on our
thanks to the members of your
team that made this possible. We

would like to extend
an open invitation
to you to come and
see us again
whenever you are in
the area. I shall also
keep you informed
of any events we
are holding that
may be of particular

Photographs shown
on the right are of His
Excellency with
members, staff and
volunteers of the
Hackney Elderly
Organisation (HCEO)
on Tuesday 24th June

Continued from page 2
thousand acres of productive
agricultural land. Because of the high
cost of production per tonne of banana,
US$500 in the Windward Islands
compared to $179 in Costa Rica, and
$162 in Ecuador* 3 the industry needed
some level of "protection and

This level of assistance ran afoul of the
rules of global trade. I cannot hide the
fact that other issues of quality or high
logistics cost made the problems for this
industry more acute. My focus here is
the tremendous impact on the quality of
life of many of the citizens of these
islands brought about by the demise of
the banana industry. Surely, some
special concessions could or should
have been extended to these citizens
and owners of the family farms. What of
the other jobs lost, the live wrecked and
the economic crises which resulted from
the absence of the major contribution
which the banana industry had been
making. Examples of this contribution
for Dominica range from $3m in 1980 to

some $15.3m in 1997. Wasn't this a
unique opportunity of assured
developmental assistance: jobs for
Dominicans and the ability of
government to provide many services
with such a level of contribution. How
much current day aid would have to be
given to achieve the same result!

The last area to be examined within the
scope of this article relates to the
importation of vehicles and the handling
of waste disposal. One of the factors
being discussed within the arena of the
WTO is the reduction of import
duties/tariffs. One likely consequence of
the move is an increase in the import of
automobiles (I hasten to add that the
same analysis and critique can be done
for several other manufactures).

The concern discussed here relates to
the increased requirement for more fuel,
the resulting increase in emitted carbon
gases and the added increase in the
number of discarded vehicles which
seem to fill our land spaces. Even
though there are a number of initiatives

in developed countries, which tackle
these issues, the problem is not being
fully addressed in many developing
countries. Should free trade and fairer
trading impose some of the
responsibilities in handling these
problems on the big manufacturers of
vehicles? There can only be so many
artificial reefs create but are we
ensuring that the cost of other
environmental issues associated with
this trade in vehicles are borne by the
right entities.

It would appearthat being small is really
dangerous in this world of mega blocs.
Even if all the OECS stay together as a
region, their population counts a mere
550,000. For CARICOM the figure is on
6 million. Yet the impact of global trade
rules creates a burden in some cases
much more than the average citizen in
any of my opening paragraph. Is this
fair? Are we to fold our arms in
readiness for the demise of the next
industry? Could it be Services or

Source: JR Mandle, June 22, 1999 "The Crisis in and Future of the Windward Island Banana Industry"

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Commentary: Solidarity in combating the global food crisis

The global food crisis precipitated by the
steep rise in food prices and consequent
inaccessibility of food, which has led to
explosions of violence in over 30
countries, some of them in our Region,
poses a threat to the progress in health,
as well as in environmental protection
and poverty reduction, achieved within
the framework of the Millennium
Development Goals.

This crisis is occurring at a critical time in
Latin America and the Caribbean, when
efforts are concentrating on eradicating
malnutrition and developing strategies to
combat both the causes and the most
visible effects of this chronic problem that
undermines the populations' potential for
current and future development.

Food assistance is urgent, as Secretary-
General of the United Nations Ban Ki-
moon has stated. At the same time,
however, we must take care to ensure
that the response to the emergency does
not undo the efforts of governments, civil
society, and communities to consolidate
their organizational and logistical
capabilities, local development strategies
based on primary health care, and the
intersectoral activities that impact health
determinants and promote synergies with
the education, water and sanitation, labor,
agriculture, and production sectors.

The structural factors responsible for the
nutrition and development problem in the
Region amplify this crisis. Thus, the
United Nations agencies in the Region
have formed the Pan American Alliance
for Nutrition and Development to

coordinate and integrate activities and
guarantee that investments have a
greater impact.

I call upon our partners in the
international community, financial
institutions, religious groups, business
and civil society organizations, NGOs,
and international agencies to:

Swiftly allocate assistance
commensurate with the complexity and
magnitude of the problem and facilitate
the creation of mechanisms for its timely

Also, in each specific place, tend to the IGovernments concerned about rising food prices

indispensable complementary needs in
nutrition, such as safe drinking water, fuel,
local infrastructure, basic health services,
and education, since only the synergy
among them guarantees adequate

Respect the social and institutional
capital that has arduously been
constructed over decades, so that the
assistance provided during the crisis
strengthens, rather than weakens, the
countries' own capacity to overcome
historical obstacles; and guarantees
definitively that the scourge of chronic
malnutrition in Latin America and the
Caribbean will be eliminated.

It is also necessary for the countries of
the Region to: Show their solidarity by
reconsidering their policies on
humanitarian assistance and the export
of food staples, especially in countries
suffering from greater inflationary

pressures, promoting extraordinary
cooperation mechanisms among the
countries that will contribute to self-
production of food and food sovereignty.
Improve surveillance, down to the local
level, of social and nutritional aspects,
with active participation by the health and
social services, to ensure the early
detection of inequities or acute shortages
that can be relieved.

Protect populations, especially the most
vulnerable, and address their legitimate
concerns, guaranteeing attention to the
problem and equitably allocating the
resources mobilized.

All of this will enable us to turn this crisis
into an opportunity to speed up progress
in improving the health and integrated
development of our peoples.
By Dr, Mirta Roses Periago, Director
Pan American Health Organisation

Food Crisis Solutions

states to prioritise where having home gardens put in place
they spend money, said Ramdin. to supply personal food needs.

Assistant Secretary-General of
the Organization of American States
(OAS) Ambassador Albert Ramdin
said the Caribbean can safeguard
itself from food security threats by
establishing an internal supply net
on the back ofalready established
political and community relations.

Ramdin spoke to the media following the
opening of the 11th meeting of the
CARICOM Council for Foreign and
Community Relations (COFCOR) last
week Wednesday.

As it stands, Ramdin said the Caribbean
imports nearly US$3 billion of food
supplies, which when looked at in the
context of increased prices, can be
considered a burden to national budgets.

Such spending would require member

"I think CARICOM nations need to work
in three areas at the same time," he said.
He said as a short term solution, it will be
important to put mechanisms in place,
whether that is subsidies, fixing prices at
certain levels or tax exemptions on
certain products to bridge this period of
increasing prices.

The government of Antigua and Barbuda
has implemented many measures to
curtail the rising cost of food and the
resultant effects on the costs of living
over the past months. At the same time,
he said the populations need to be
taught how to prioritise and budget in
times of crises.

He said that there are a lot of countries
where money is spent on non-food
issues telephone bills, cars, vehicles,
electronic etc. He suggested even

The last method is a structural approach,
which is developing the agricultural
sector in the Caribbean to provide food
security. He said the Caribbean, in light
of CARICOM and the Caribbean Single
Market, already has a mechanism in
place to facilitate the process of internal

He said there are member states such
as Suriname, Guyana and Belize that
have an agricultural tradition, which
could be utilised to supply the region's

"I am convinced that if we have a plan,
which can be implemented with
investments from the Caribbean private
sector in those countries a lot of the
supply that is now being imported can
be provided through these means," he

(Reprinted from Antiqua Sun)

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The Rntiqua and Barbuda High Co-mmittion

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Information on New UK
Immigration Rules
for Family and Friends
visiting from Antigua
and Barbuda

There are three main agencies in the
UK, which deal with migration to the
United Kingdom: UK Visa (overseas
arm part of the Foreign and
Commonwealth Office), the Home
Office and the Border and Immigration
Agency. The main objective of these
agencies is to ensure that the majority
of people who visit Britain are bona
fide visitors.

With the introduction of the
New Points Based System, the British
have renewed their energies to curtail
illegal travellers to the UK. In general,
the aim of the new Points Based
System is to allow entry only to those
visitors who will boost the economy
and contribute to the growth and
productivity of the United Kingdom.
The Points Based System consists of
five tiers of people: highly skilled
workers, persons who can fill skill
gaps in the labour force, persons who
fill specific temporary labour
shortages (low skilled workers),
students and the visitors coming to
the UK for non-economic reasons.

It means that, for passport
holders/nationals of Antigua and
Barbuda who, to date, do not require
a visa for entry into the United
Kingdom while holidaying, a series of
rigorous questions at the ports of
entry will be asked. These questions
are devised to establish the reasons
for the visit to the UK, to determine
whether the above criteria have been
satisfied and whether the purpose of
the visit is true. Further, visitors will

have to demonstrate that they have
the financial means to maintain
themselves while visiting the UK. It is
also essential that the reasons stated
for visiting, are genuine and
supported by appropriate
documentation (e.g. letter of invitation
from the UK sponsor i.e. family or
friend). Nationals who wish to stay
longer than six months (for whatever
reasons) will need to apply for the
appropriate entry clearance/visa prior
to travelling to the UK.
Visitors must also prove to UK
Immigration that there are strong
reasons to return to Antigua and
Barbuda. For example, if in
employment at home, a letter from the
employer stating that leave has bean
granted and a specific date to report
to work, family in Antigua (e.g.
husband, children), financial
statements, a home etc. In essence,
visitors must demonstrate to UK
Immigration that the visit is for no
more than six months, intend to leave
the UK at the end of the visit, and
have enough money to stay in the UK
without working or needing any help
from public funds.
Any visitors who attempt to
visit the UK without the appropriate
entry clearance and financial
means to support themselves for
the duration of their stay are likely
to be returned immediately to
Antigua. In some cases, if there is no
flight to Antigua on that day, the
person is held in a Detention Centre
until the next available flight. That
could be two days later.

In the last six months, the
High Commission received reports of
six nationals who were returned to
Antigua. The reasons stated for them
being denied entry were, what UK
Immigration termed as a 'credibility'
issue, that is, our national did not tell

the truth about the purpose of the visit.
One national came on holiday and
brought certificates of school/college
qualifications and therefore UK
Immigration felt that he came either
seek employment or to study (he did
not have a student visa or work
permit). In fact, he was denied a
students' visa two months earlier.
Another national came to England
stating that she will be staying six
months with family but did not have
sufficient funds (under 500) to cover
the six-month period. Another national
came to visit his girlfriend whom he
stated he knew for one year. When
questioned by Immigration he only
knew her for seven months, was
visiting for three weeks, had under
US$200 and no more funds to access
in Antigua even though he originally
said that he did and he had no job. He
was returned to Antigua on the same
day based on a 'credibility' issue (he
lied) insufficient funds and in addition,
Immigration felt that he would stay in
the UK to work since he had no family
or a job in Antigua to which to return.
The above cases have been 'single'
males and 'single' females (travelled
on their own not married).

Finally remember to check
the appropriate authorities of the
country to obtain information on
entry/visa requirements before
travelling. There is a British
Representative (limited services and
mainly for UK nationals) based in
Antigua, Telephone (268) 462 0008,
British High Commission (full
representational services for Eastern
Caribbean countries) based in
Barbados, Telephone, (246) 430





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OECS Secretariat Launches OECS TV Online

The OECS Secretariat has launched
OECS TV Online as part of efforts to
share images of OECS events
throughout the region and the
international community.

OECS TV On Line reaches the global
internet community via the popular
YouTube site, putting the OECS
Secretariat in the company of other
major institutions including the World
Bank and the Commonwealth
Secretariat, and several well known
international political figures.

The TV Service provides viewers with
a series of five and ten minute
Features on the work of the
Secretariat on behalf of the OECS
member countries. New features are
added to the site each week.

The Features currently on site focus on
the recent launch of a regional public
awareness exercise on OECS
Economic Union held in Dominica; a
preview of an OECS Conference on

the regional Film and Music industries;
and a review of an earlier conference
on a new development paradigm for
the OECS.

The OECS TV On-line is a joint effort
of the Secretariat's Communications
and IT Departments. It can be
accessed via the OECS website at or at

The OECS Member countries are
Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica,
Grenada, Montserrat, St. Kitts and
Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the
Grenadines, Anguilla and the British
Virgin Islands.

Caribbean High Commissioners visit

Caribbean High Commissioners to the
UK paid a historic visit to Scotland on
June 12 and 13. They were invited by
Lord Foulkes MSP, who sits in the UK
Parliament. Lord Foulkes is the
President of the Caribbean-Britain
Business Council and is well known for
championing Caribbean interests in
said Parliament.

Dean of the Caribbean
Diplomatic Corps, High Commissioner
for Guyana, Laleshwar Singh,
speaking on behalf of the visiting
diplomats said: "We believe this visit
marks an important step towards
closer relations between the
Caribbean and Scotland and we would
like to thank the First Minister and the
Scottish Parliament for the warm
welcome which they have given us.

"The visit has been very fruitful
and has given rise to discussion about
a number of possible means to
increase future cooperation including
the creation of a Cross Party Group on
the Caribbean in the Scottish
Parliament. We also discussed the
possible appointment of Caribbean
honorary consuls in Edinburgh to
better represent the Caribbean, and a
regular annual meeting between the
Caribbean High Commissioners and
the members of the Scottish

Scottish Parliament
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Caribbean High Commissioners and their wives on their historic
visit to Scotland

Parliament. "We were delighted during
our visit to meet Alex Salmond MSP,
the First Minister, Linda Fabiani MSP,
Minister of Europe and External Affairs
and to learn more from
Parliamentarians and officials about
the work and role of the Scottish

Lord Foulkes said: "The Caribbean is
one of the regions in the world with
which the UK shares the closest of
historical ties, and I am delighted that
the High Commissioners have been
able to visit Scotland and the Scottish
Parliament to strengthen the links we
already have."


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US Government Hands Over New Disaster Management facility to Government
The National Office of Disaster Eastern Caribbean when they need
Services now has a new facility from them most."
where disasters can be managed,

thanks to the US Government.

The official opening of the centre was
held several weeks ago and Prime
Minister Hon. Baldwin Spencer and US
Ambassador. Her Excellency Mary
Ourisman cut the ribbon to declare the
building officially open.

In addressing the gathering,
Ambassador Ourisman said, "The
United States has built six of these
seven facilities, at a cost of over USD
$6.5 million dollars.

This centre, costing USD $1.2 million.
completes our programme in the region,
ensuring that the emergency services
are available to the citizens of the

Technology Access
for Physically and

Physically and visually and challenged
individuals are set to receive direct
benefits from the deployment of new
technologies in a number of schools
and institutions.

The announcement came from the
Hon. Dr. Edmond Mansoor, Minister of
State in the Office of the Prime Minister
with responsibility for Information
Technology, Broadcasting and

Minister Mansoor says that the
Government recognizes the special
requirements of persons with

Education Officials Hopeful
Exam Results

The Education Officer responsible for
Measurements and Evaluation within
the Ministry of Education is hoping for
an improvement in the results of this
year's Common Entrance and Junior
Secondary examinations, when
compared to previous years.

Mrs. Patricia Collins was at the time
giving an update on preparations for
both examinations.

Asked about her expectations this time
around, she said: "I'm hoping we'll see

The new facility will not only serve
Antigua and Barbuda, but will also be
used to provide coordination in
response to natural disasters cross the
northern islands of the Eastern

According to the US Ambassador.,
"The United States is dedicated to
sharing our resources with our
partners in the Eastern Caribbean to
ensure this region is prepared to help
its citizens in the event of natural

The facility contains two major
conference rooms, kitchen,storeroom,
communication room and office space

'Persons with disabilities will not be left
behind in the ICT revolution currently
underway. As Antigua and Barbuda
observes this day on Thursday under
the theme: "Connecting Persons with
Disabilities: ICT Opportunities", the
Ministry is ensuring that everyone has
the opportunity to participate in the
digital age. No one should be denied
the potential benefits of new
technologies," Minister Mansoor

Under the Connect Antigua and
Barbuda Initiative, a multi-
component programme that
represents Government's commitment
to making substantial investments in
equipping citizens and residents with
ICT skills, schools and facilities that
provide services to persons with
disabilities will be equipped with high
speed computers and printers, access

some sort of improvement in the
overall passes this year, and I think
come next year, having done the
grade four assessment in November of
2007 with the students of grade five,
we think that with them being in grade
six come September, we should have
better results."

One of the major findings of last year's
assessment was that some students
were experiencing great difficulties
reading, but Collins is optimistic that
since the problem has been identified,
key players are working out corrective
measures to deal with the situation.

"Teachers and Principals are aware

PM Spencer. HE Mary Ourisman and staff of
Disaster Preparedness
and was built to withstand the highest
category of hurricane.

Ambassador Ourisman said that the
United States has been there for
Caribbean nations throughout history
and the new facility is further
demonstration and proof of their
commitment to their Caribbean partners.
to broadband technology as well as
specialized software.

The Adele School as well as the
Centre for the Visually Challenged at
the T N Kirnon School have begun
receiving new technologies under the
"Technology for the Physically
a n d Visually Challenged"
component of the Connect Antigua
and Barbuda Initiative.

According to Minister Mansoor, the
School for the Blind, the School forthe
Hearing Impaired as well as the
Antigua and Barbuda Association of
Persons with Disabilities will benefit
from this initiative.

Over $150,000 has been earmarked
for the deployment of new
technologies in these and similar

that some of the students have a
serious reading problem, and I think
principals and zone officers are
making an attempt to remedy the
situation, and we're just hoping for
the best because we can only get
better from hereon."

Results for both Common Entrance
and Post Primary examinations will be
available by the end of July.

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The Rnigu and Barbuda Highrl Committion Im.e. 197 may/June 900nnR

Christian Valley Mango Festival 2008 Christian Valley Agricultural Station
Jennings Village, Ma /]
Antigua and Barbuda

August 16 & 17, 2008 9:00 AM 5:00 PM

Christian Valley

For further Information please contact: Caudley George Ministry of Tourism 268 462 0028/9


The Annual mango festival for this year was officially launched on the 22nd May at the Heritage
Hotel in St Johns.

The Opening ceremony was attended by the Governor General, Her Excellency Dame Louise
Lake-Tack, patron of the Christian Valley Mango Festival, and to signify the importance of this
annual event, which has now become part of the National calendar of events, members of the
Government including the Prime Minister, Minister of Tourism and Minister of Agriculture and other
officials also attended the launch. Mangofest will serve to highlight the move towards furthering the
linkages between Tourism and Agriculture.

Professional chefs and bartenders from all the hotels and restaurants will be invited to compete with
each other for 1st 2nd and 3rd prize and a special prize for the most innovative dish or drink. The
Competition will form part of the Mangofest programme entitled Magic Mango Menu 2008 and will
take place on the 26th July .It is envisaged that the various chefs in Antigua and Barbuda will create
appealing dishes with an emphasis on locally produced fruits and vegetables, thereby increasing
the production of our farmers and making a significant contribution to the National economy

Manager of the Christian Valley Agricultural Station Mr Dandridge Joseph says that the expected
mango crop this year will be significant. According to indications an abundance of mango will be
available and we have to find creative ways of utilising them.

The Festival will take place over a two day period starting Saturday 16 August and concluding on
Sunday 17th August.

The Event will be a fun filled family affair. Many plants will be on sale and there will be a grand
cultural extravaganza. We look forward to seeing everyone there.

In nngu nroL nign Polince Appeal for /n
Police Appeal for

Crime Fighting Toc
The Royal Police Force of Antigua and class came up with the idea after the
Barbuda has taken its plea for need for adequate tools was highlighted.

assistance online, with the launch of a
Web site which highlights the areas
where they most need support. The
was set up to inform the public about the
equipment needed by the police force
and provide those interested in helping
with a way to donate the equipment.

Police Commissioner Gary Nelson
recently revealed that the force needs
hundreds of guns and bullet proof vests,
among other equipment, to properly
carry out its duties.

Senior Sergeant William Holder, the
police public relations officer, explained
that the online initiative sprung from a
recent workshop on international media
relations, facilitated by media relations
expert Chris Ryan. Ryan funded the
Web site for a year.

"We felt that one of the ways that we
could assist is by asking the public to
help us as we seek to protect them,
because of the fact that we do not have
the necessary tools to do the job that
they expect," he said.

Holder indicated the current effort is
meant to supplement the official
supplies provided by the government.
"We recognize that government has a
responsibility to provide, but we also
look at the bureaucracy and the time it
takes for us to get what we need," the
police spokesman said. "We're seeing
an escalation in crime on a daily bases
and gun related crime. I don't think the
public expects us to go out there
unprepared. They want us to catch the
perpetrators; we want to do it also, but
we are limited with equipment."

Holder, who took part in the training The Web site contains a list of
programme, said the officers in one equipment needed by the police,

In an effort to stimulate your 'Carnival Mind,' in the last
edition of the Newsletter, we posed a few questions
relating to Carnival that should have helped to get you in
the mood for this year's festivities. The questions and
answers are below.
1. When was the 50th anniversary of Carnival
Answer: 2007

2. Who is the only calypsonian to have won the
crown 4 times in a row?
Answer: King Onyan

3. What was the name of the Road March hit in
Answer: Sweet Song by Burning Flames

including guns, holsters, body armour,
handcuffs and tasers. For the Fire
Department, donors can supply fire
gear, including boots, helmets and fire
resistant suits.

With the Web site in its early stages of
development, those interested in making
donations are directed to contact police
via email addresses or by phone. Holder
said, however, that in the future police
want to give donors the option of
purchasing the needed equipment
online, with the distributors shipping
directly to the police.

The PRO made it clear that police do not
want individuals buying sensitive
equipment like guns or handcuffs
directly, since these should not be in the
possession of unauthorised people. In
other cases, such as where a person or
company wants to donate a vehicle or
fire equipment, the option of making the
purchase remains open.

(Reprinted from the Antigua Sun)

4. King Progress won his only calypso title in what
Answer: 1984

5. What was theme of 2007 Carnival competition?
Answer: "Music, Mas, Fantasy: Come Celebrate
Our Golden Jubilee"

6. Who won Miss Teenage in 1993?
Answer: Keisha Browne

7. Which calypso monarchs are undefeated?
Answer: King Onyan and King Obstinate

8. Who won the steel band competition in 1968?
Answer: Harmonites

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CARICOM Heads Meeting Opens in

Antigua and Barbuda

The Opening Ceremony of Twenty-
ninth meeting of the Conference of
Heads of Government was held at the
historic Dickensonbay where 43 years
ago the Caribbean Free Trade
Agreement (CARIFTA), the forerunner
of the Caribbean Community and
Common Market in 1973 and its
resultant CARICOM Single Market and
Economy was signed. The return to
this venue is a fitting prelude to the
impending celebrations of the Thirty-
fifth Anniversary of the Signing of the
Treaty of Chaguaramas, which
established the Caribbean Community.

The Honourable Baldwin Spencer,
Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda
and incoming Chairman of the
Conference of Heads of Government
of CARICOM in his opening address
extended a special welcome to
Awardees for the Order of the
Caribbean Community and the
CARICOM Triennial Award for
Women. He said, "As we honour the
OCC Awardees today, I want to make
bold and suggest two persons who, in
my view, are eminently deserving of
the Order of the Caribbean

"I speak of the Right Honourable
Percival Patterson, former Prime
Minister of Jamaica; and the former
President of the Republic of Cuba, His
Excellency Dr Fidel Castro-Ruiz.

"Both these leaders have made great
contributions to the cause of
Caribbean development and their
recognition will light the path for others
to follow."

After forty-three years some are
questioning the relevance of
CARICOM to which the Prime Minister
said, "there is manifest need for deep
introspection on the issue of
reengineering CARICOM.

"Within this framework we must move
immediately to engage the Bureau
Heads in the vital function of driving
the implementation of key decisions
between regular meetings and Inter-

"Now more than ever CARICOM is
required to act as one. There is no

doubt that the external world
treats us as one", the Prime
Minister said after describing the
challenging conditions that the
region and the world is
undergoing at this time, such as
high energy prices, rising food
prices, rampant crime and
violence, the horrors of drug
use, human trafficking and a
host of tribulations confronting
all of us on this planet.

On the history of our integration
he said, "We are just a stone's
throw away from the historic
Dickenson Bay, where the initial
steps in the formation of
CARICOM were taken forty-
three years ago, with the
Agreement establishing the
Caribbean Free Trade
Association, CARIFTA.

"Not far from this spot, Antigua's
V.C. Bird, Guyana's Forbes
Burnham and Barbados' Errol
Barrow signed the Dickenson
Bay Agreement.

"The mid sixties were not the best
times for the regional integration

"The ten member West Indi(
Federation had collapsed in 1962 aft
Jamaica voted by referendum to pi
out rather than pay federal tax.

"This prompted the memorab
equation from the then Trinidad ar
Tobago Premier, Dr. Eric William
that one from ten left nought.

"Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobac
lost no time in moving on to Indepen

"The remaining eight territory
attempted to hold it together for a whi
with a new federal structure, but th
effort of the 'Little 8' was abandoned
1965, and Barbados proceeded
independence the following year
did Guyana.

"Fortunately, for all of us, for th
region, and for world history, th
Caribbean then, as now, was blessed
with visionary leaders who believed

Honourable Baldwin Spencer
Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda

the dream of West Indian unity beyond
the boundaries of cricket.
)n "The vision and boldness of Antigua's
V.C. Bird, Guyana's Forbes Burnham
and Barbados' Errol Barrow led to the
es establishment of CARIFTA in 1968,
er with Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados,
ull Guyana, and Trinidad and Tobago the
founding members.

le "CARIFTA evolved into the Caribbean
id Community, which was established by
s, the Treaty of Chaguaramas, which
was signed on July 4th 1973.

jo "By July 1974 all the member states of
d- CARIFTA had signed the Treaty to
become full members of CARICOM.

es "At the completion of CARICOM's first
le thirty five years, we can count many
ie blessings.
to "CARICOM has delivered distinct ben-
as efits to the Caribbean people.

If CARICOM did not exist we would
ie have had to invent it."
ed (For the full text of Prime Minister's speech
:_ please go to

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I..... 10 ~ M,..II.., OVCE'IO

The Road to England and Back

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(Left) Triumphant Antigua and Barbuda team (Right) Team gets half time pep talk
Goals and near misses!Tackles! Loud cheers! The medic back, so we like to knock the ball around ...and if we
running on field to attend to the unexpected tackled football get up front we may score a goal ... but we don't
victim! These are the scenes from one of the most exciting really play defence this system get up ...and
sports in the world. you got to get back running all the while...

And when the Antigua and Barbuda football team took The road to England
on Ipswich Wanders in June, these scenes were ever was not a smooth one

present. In preparation for their world Cup qualifiers
the national squad embarked on an England tour, to
sharpen up their skills ahead of crucial world cup qualifiers
against Cuba.

The home side got off to a rough start, going down 4-2 and
5-4 to other local clubs. But in the final match a persistent
and organised team national squad, beat Ipwich
Wanderers 2-0.

Forward Kerry Skepple and midfielder Justin Cochrane,
who plays for Millwall in English League One, scored for
the home side.

If the national squad thought the warm Caribbean weather
was going to be replicated in Great Britain they were wrong.
The warm weather that greeted them on their arrival,
quickly turned cold.

"It's been a good experience. However the ..climate change
was a challenge.. It was the first time guys are playing
in these conditions.," recounted Head Coach Derrick

He added "Back home it's hot. Here it's at least three
different climates. In the morning you get up its nice ...By
12 it changes, and in the evening it changes again... We
talk to the players about toughening it out. You always have
to be prepared mentally and physically."

And the harsh weather conditions, according to Captain
Garfield Gonsalves hampered the players on the field.
However, he says the experience was invaluable.
"Its been a good experience ...apart from the weather.. And
that's what we're here for. And to play against a team like
Cuba you need to be at top level," he said

"The style of play here is different.. the English system is
very different the Caribbean we are very much laid

however. According
to the Head
funding was a

an issue over the .
years ...over the --
years we never got -
to go on tour. You ,
have to talk about
finance, one of the
in sport. (Also) the
guys have to work.
It takes a lot from
the Guys. The
L-R Captain Garfield Gonsavles and Head Coach
employers are Der-rick Edwards talk about the team's upcoming
gracious for giving World Cup qualifiers
the guys time off. I
am hoping they can give them more time off in the future."

Apart from winning their final match, the national squad
has secured a relationship with the Ipswich Wanderers
Football Club.

Chairman of the Club Ed Nicholls said "We've really
enjoyed it's been a pleasure to help you with your
preparations ...I believe it's the first international side
we've hosted. I would really love to strengthen this

He added "we've got very strong Caribbean connection.

The Antiguans conducted themselves credibly. They are
very friendly people. Hopefully we can do something in
the future again."

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National Football Squad
gets Support
The Antigua and Barbuda National Football squad is
getting a donation of tracksuits compliments Antiguans
living in the UK.

The donation is being made by Colin Kazim Richards, a 21
year old professional football playerwho plays for Turkey's
national side.

Stephen Browne an Antiguan who is living in London had
been instrumental in securing the assistance from Richards.

According to Browne "Colin is making a contribution of 27
track suits and 20 football bags. The items were delivered
to the players during their tour of England."

Browne said the donation is timely as the national squad is
playing a number of World Cup qualifiers in the coming

The football manager says he has also been in talks with
national squad PeterAbrahams relating to getting Antiguan
players in the UK to play for the national squad

He added "We've been in dialogue about some players
being involved in national side. I am really just trying to help
them get the best players available. Actually my nephew
had flown out today. I have recommended one or two
others; one has been recommended to play with under 20s.
One did not make the trip because of injury.

He added "I had an email (from the national squad
management) and they were pleased.

He noted "there is a lot of skill and talent available in the
UK that the national squad can tap into ... there are
fewplayers here we can tap into squad. Some are
professional and some are semi-professional.

Antigua and Barbuda Hopes Shattered

Antigua and Barbuda's hopes of
advancing to the group stage of the
2010 World Cup Qualifiers were
dashed on Sunday (22nd June) after
they were defeated 4-0 by Cuba
when they played the return leg of
their CONCACAF zone at the Pedro
Marrero Stadium.

The Antiguans, who lost 4-3 on home
turf in the opening leg at the Sir
Vivian Richards Cricket Ground,
were two-nil down by the end of the
first half following a double strike
from Robert Linares who hit the back
of the net in the 10th and 47th
minutes. Linares added a third strike
in the 53rd minute before Jeniel
Marquez rounded off the scoring in
the 69th minute.

The results would mean that Cuba
will now advance to the three-group
CONCACAF semi-final round of
qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup

Finals in South Africa 8-3 on

Reports also indicate that one
member of the Antigua and Barbuda
coaching staff, Derrick "Pretty Boy"
Edwards, was evicted from the
match after lashing out at match
officials who allowed a
"questionable" goal to stand. It is
alleged that after receiving a free-
kick in their half of the field that
defender Marc Joseph attempted to
make a quick pass to one of his team
mates but had his pass blocked by a
Cuban player who was standing
directly over the ball.

It is alleged that that player, who did
not move off the ball for the required
10 yards, stuck his foot out and
allowed the ball to rebound to his
striker who went on to net for Cuba -
the goal was then allowed by the
match referee.

Antigua and Barbuda needed to win
by two clear goals if they were to
make it into the third phase of the
qualifiers for the first time but failed to
even find the back of the net
throughout the contest.

Many Antiguans would have hoped
that, for the first time, Antigua and
Barbuda would have made it into the
group stage of the encounter but
would still be somewhat proud of the
team's efforts to get past the
favoured Cubans.

Antigua and Barbuda will now turn
their attention to the under-17 and
under-19 national teams who will be
playing in their respective youth
World Cup Qualifiers. The under-17s
will play their opening match in late
July while the under-19 contest will
start at the end of June.

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English Harbour is the most historic
part of Antigua. Time should be taken
when visiting Nelson's Dockyard, to
follow the path to Fort Berkeley. It is
only a ten-minute stroll each way and
the unfolding views of the harbour are

The fort is placed on the peninsula
forming the west entrance to English
Harbour. It was started in 1704, or 21
years before the Dockyard was built. Its
defences were later extended in the
1740's. In this strategic position, the fort
commanded the entrance to the
anchorage, where naval captains
careened their ships and sheltered
from hurricanes.

On approaching the battlements from
a footpath starting at the Dockyard
dinghy wharf, a stone quarry may be
seen on the right.

It was here that the building material
for the fort was taken. The fortified line,
once known as the "Charles Line", is
further to the right. It was named after

Commodore Charles Knowles, who
once commanded at the Dockyard.

He added this line of battlements in
1745, when the fort was extended. On
the left is a bombproof powder
magazine, built in 1811 to hold three
hundred barrels of gunpowder.

Inside the entrance is a cooperage and
shifting room for packing explosives.
The next building was the guardhouse,
for which there is an amusing 18th
century reference to this building:

"The Guard is in great distress,
the allowance of 9 pence a day
not being sufficient at such a cold
post to buy more than warm

In 1989, the building was re-roofed by
the National Park as a pilot restoration-
training project funded by Canada. The
restoration is accurate to the point that
the stonework shows smaller stones
were used to extend the wall height.
In 1751, the roof had been blown off
by a hurricane. Therefore added height
to the walls was needed to accommodate
extra beams to strengthen the roof
against future hurricanes.

The restored mechanics of the inside
structure demonstrates great strength,
and it certainly survived the great
hurricane 'Luis', experienced in 1995.
At the end of the peninsula is the site of
the first 1704 battery.

Peeping out of the battlements
towards Guadeloupe is a twenty-four
pound cannon, cast in Scotland during
the reign of George III of England in

top of the cannon and the date will also
be seen. The calibre of the gun is 5.5
inches and it weighs twenty-five tons,
taking eleven men to handle it. Its
range was one and a half miles with an
eight pound charge of gunpowder.

Over the wall at the extreme end, is
an upturned cannon cemented in the
rock. A chain was once attached and
extended across the harbour entrance
forming a boom to discourage the
entry of attacking ships. The chain was
lashed to old condemned masts,
preventing it from sinking to the bottom
of the harbour.

With this gun in the round bastion in
which you are now standing, and
extending along the lines, were twenty
other guns. Fortunately, English
Harbour was not attacked so the fort
was never used in earnest, though it
must have been a deterrent against

On the east side of the Harbour above
the 'Pillars of Hercules' (q.v. under
Natural Sites) it is just possible to see
the walls of a half moon shaped
battlement. This is the only remnant of
Fort Charlotte built at the same time as
Shirley Heights military complex visible
high up overlooking English Harbour.

From this walk along the peninsula
protecting the western side of English
Harbour we can understand how well
English Harbour with its vital naval
dockyard was defended against attack,
an attack that never happened as it
was deemed too strong militarily.

(Source: Museum of Antigua and

Did You Know ?
All Saints Four years after emancipation, in 1839, a chapel was built on Osborne's pasture. This chapel was named "All
Saints", as it was built near the border of several parishes bearing the names of saints. Soon afterwards, as sugar workers
began to leave the estates, houses began to appear near the chapel and All Saints village was born.

Bendals This village is named after an estate owner. Bendals appears to have owned an estate in the 18th century. By 1750,
Richard Oliver owned the estate. At the time of emancipation, it was in the possession of Messrs Hyndman, but it was not yet a village
though since 1823 there had been a Moravian settlement on the estate. The village was properly settled as the ex-slaves gradually

Bethesda A shipwright at the Dockyard, Charles Thwaites, was often invited to attend Wesleyan services at Lyon's estate. One
Sunday he noticed an old black man by the name of Henry Cochrane, preaching and teaching to slave children. This gave
Mr.Thwaites the idea of building a schoolroom halfway between Lyon's and English harbourwhere he lived. Charles Thwaites chose
the site on some gentle rising ground with green smooth grass open to the gentle breezes of Willoughby Bay. Vigo Blake the headman
at Blake's with his fellow slaves built the schoolroom on this peaceful spot in 1813. It became the first schoolroom for slaves built in
the West Indies. Soon houses began to be built around this school, so this is how Bethesda, "a place of mercy" came to be born.
(Source: Museum of Antigua and Barbuda)

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