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Title: Revolt in Grenada
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Table of Contents
    Dedication
        Page 1
    Main
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    Appendix
        Page 135
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Full Text

D F. D 1 CA TION.


TO the Friends and Relatives of
the Britilh Inhabitants of GtE-
NADA, who perihicd in the horrid
and unnatural Rebellion in that
Ifland, the following Narrative is
refpcclfully dedicated by

THE AUTHOR,
.EDINBURIC, I
9)th Nov. 1795.J






REVOLT IN GRENADA.


INTRODUCTION.

A PAMPULET has been publiflied in
Grenada, entitled, A Review of die
" Events which have happened in that
" Ifland 'to the (it day of May laI." It
is evidently the proldulion of a fnfible
and humane writer; but, beLides its being
in few hands in this country, it has been
thought iim (bine particulars very rdefetlive,
and in others, perhanps,unncccliurily di lIft.
The author of the iolluwing fimple Nar-
rative, will not prelinme to tay thar it is
altogether free from the tirtI obje&ion;
but he has endeavoured to avoid the laft,
by frequently leaving it to the reader to
make fich comments, or to deduce fuch
inferences, as might b), fhppofed to arite
A naturally




4 REVOLT IN GRENADA.

naturally out of die relation of the fitla
tIl'iiiIvecu. Thefe are all fuch as either
IWll within his own knowledge, or ftich
as arc given to the public on the teill-
monyv of others, who were A io prefent on
thile lpo, and had the beft opportunities
of gaining the moll authentic and clearest
information. Belides the obligations lie
owes to chefe friends, he has to acknow-
ledge, that fcvcral of the letters and other
docuint'.-its which wrrv thought necelhry
to tlicidtltc tlih Narrarive, Wnd therefore
L'ltd i. an AplIudlix, aire takcngfiolm
the lanilellht abovc lielliiuncd.
Th'!i uit'lour ik noi wichihut tlbme apprc-
llnclliois, lhal i lby cndckivouiring to avoid
ldi ctharige of prolixity, lie may have run
into another error, the want of hflufcient
per-p'icuity ; but he found thait he was
(junte unecqial to the talk of giving a mi-
nute detail of military operations, his pro-
filion nor being dhat of arms; and nei-
ther his leisure nor his abilities would
fcrve him to do juffice to the zeal, acti-
vity and gallant conduct: of many indi-
virlunls, both in the regular troops and
militia,




IREVOL" G ~ J:NADA.


miimiia, who highly dliitlgui{lihd them-
kelves on fcvcer:a -alitios, atnd especially
in JIm,_lie linrmihIc \l'it the enemy, tde
partit:ulr circlwmillalnrci of wlich it was
impollible for him to be fully acquainted.
with.
Some of the dreadfitl events which are
recorded in the following page., will pro-
bably be torturing to humanity. From
iich iliocuing t':ene,;, which appear to the
writer, on looking back, like a niumultu-
otis and frightful dream, the mind turns
for relief to the moft dif ftrous revolutions
in Europe, occadioned by the fame malig-
uant firit of Anarchy The troubles in
Grenada, in conIequence of its capture
in the laft war, when considered compar-
arively with the horrid enormities and de-
liberate murders whicl have heen com-
mitted by thet barbarous infirgents in
that island, were mildncfl, gc'ntlcniic, and
peace! But the dire 'cCks of a Ifytem
to remove alt dittin&hons, and to break
all tie human and divirie, have not been
confined to thhi onice flourithing and va-
htable colony. nlu t Viaceat, the Car-
raibs'




" Rl,](.V.I.T IN &RENADA.

i.iilb were alfn incited to revolt, by the
inlligations of the cmilliries of the infa-
mous Vict'or Hugue6, the chief Commif-
lioncr of the French Republic at Guada-
lupec. But the eflufion of much blood
v.as undoubtedly prevented, by Gover-
nor Scrou's having received intelligence of
whit had happened' in Grenada, fome
days before the revolt of the Carraibs
broke out. This intrefhing and alarm-
ing account gave time for preparation,
amd er lirmed the too well-grounded
ftlrilfcim enttntanned of there treacherous
l.tv.qe. Happily, the flaveq in general
in St Vilwerut were not attached to French
1t olbi', ;tiintl mnuierrs, like chofe in Cre-
n.iida, .iul, ignorant itf the lainguagr, could
not the'irere be I caeily fedurud by ihe
'miiirir' atilove Lul C'inlcr1ioel firo their duty
iinl ,iltl.' inX e. 'l'Th y' poI't.ll'd a kind ofI
ioclttl ti iliolily to tlic (iarrn.ilN, w lilll
1'0', Craiiltlri'ufd ras i'ivd ll I con(Ilntr-1 r
r ht0 lGh ,id le.s i;s theiir -arrdclnri piodlI m1I,
itnil j ia rati o i t il ,111 it--
ii ,' r,ia i k ol l 'IbuM ,. It w %'.5 III i n i lb 1 I giI,
it 1ll0 .il li.4 i ( hi1 L JIJc l.tliihii .l iti hAiiillv




tEVOLT IN GRENADA.


auxiliaries, than to the fpirited exertions
of the militia and military, that the ene-
my was dekfated in alinmof every engage-
ent that took place in Sr Vincent. It is
greatly to !e lamented, howe' 4-, that fe-
veral of its bravell alndl moll valued inxha-
biitants have fallen. It Lsjull neceflary to
add, that froim the evacuation of St Lucia
b)y iN Ma.jcly's trroops, an event as mn-
Cxplc&d as perhaps it w.as tmavoidable,
the Brigaiids, it is to be apprehended,
would he enabled to fend frefh reinforce-
mLents from time to time to their new allies,
the Cau'raibs, who would otherwifi have
been fbon totally {Ilbdued.
lhi Domnihca, a considerable party of
the Brigands of Guadaloupe having efe&a-
cd a landing, on a part where they were
fortunately lhemmed in both by fea and
land, were forced ro lay down their arms,
after a few had been killed by our troops.
Too much praise cannot be given to the
Commander in Chief, and the inhabitants,
as well as the regular troops, for their
brave and judicious cunducdt on that oc-
cafioiL
But




ItKlVOI.T IN GRENADA.

iurt notr being competent to treat of
nmattcrs which relate more immncdiately to
other iflands, it is time for the author to
proceed to thofe of Grenada. In this u1n-
fbirt0nntc ,;'olony, many untoward and un-
fi'tcklcn accidents have happened, to im-
pede the fuccefs of our arms, and to pre-
vent the execution of the very spirited and
well concerted plans of the Prcfident (Mr
Mihckenti:) on whoin the command de-
volved, after the unfortunate capture of
L(icutenatit-Covernor Home.
lBefore prtxctcling to the narrative of
piarrictlar cvcntb, it may not be improper
to inluire into the more remote, as well
Wa i InmMdiate ctaukls which pr lucedtliem.
In aiidIeavouiring to trace dais horrid re-
hlicllin to its iburce, the mind is loft i.
alntmitlunmcnt and doubt. We contemplate,
with equal indignation and furprife, the
conduct of fitch of the new fudjel: (as the
irencrh iiIabltluita of Grenada were de-
nominattd) who poieffed valuable pro-
perty iii the island, and, compared with
tl hr ;It Iluded countrymen under die new-
I ".dIll.d over'ncunt of France, might he
itid




REVOLT IN GRENADA. 9

ftid to enjoy ra: and pcrfeci freedom ;-
yet joined, (ir d %wttcd, a Ialli of tihe vileft
inif-rcants, ill the perpetration of the
blackell. crhim thereby fort'iting all the
lIcflinIg-i which they had experienced for
Slengrlth of time under a mild and well-
pimfi-id connituinon, in counmon within s
Majltly' Bricilh-born lixbje&s.
Ihit we can more readily account for
the dcffclion of thole ofldeifprate fortunes,
or of turbulent and malignant difljofitions,
differing only in colour from the banditti
with whom they enlisted themlilves, un-
der the banecr of rapine, treaibn and mur-
der. Among thciec, there were fevce al
cinlrai-ies of the French republic, who
had, in the commencement of the trou-
Ibles in the Frcncih illnnds, emigrated from
thcnci to Grenada, where, under the
tluak of loyalty, and of fuIid1ring for its
itke, they too cafily ftuncd an afylum, and
wec'c reccivcd withi that gencroiw cowmpaf-
lion which i the particular charaderiffic
of the Britifh rution. But at length thofe
dangerous gucft: were jullly hluipeed by
ur late wortiy Licutenant-Governor, of
propagating




1 1 LVtOLT IN GRENADA.

l"p': igating doLarinesinimical to the peace
( ic kry'; and, in conformity to an ad of
t;z> ia(!Lnd againlf vagabonds, were by him
Ior :J d:ip;rt in a certain limited time.
' i, (nl, wIv..'cr, firne of them con-
FriV it rt)o lude, Iby the aid of the profi-
I ytc.w whom they had gained, and remain-.
:1d con:calcd till the breaking out of the
Yrvolt.
Tliv gv.nertl ijfourrTion of the flaves
hiali fix)on ibllowedl, waw undoubtedly
tl4, work t4 te lamc i:tidious infltru-
micnlf, liploy i fprupacling die flame
?:' rcbdhuoni diflneminating dili-ord, con-
fui'-t 1111 atii r hIsV, ill tile minds of ,all
Slt were 'lil:cepiible of receiving the im-
1 vrlion. Vnfomntcmely for the ltluid of
( .r'nada, there were but too many of
tlh., deilbription uaong the negroes ; and
tiL Frlench language bring the prevailing
one with dthem, contributed greatly to dthe
filducdion and ruin of by far the greaip;ft
part. The fyftem of tberty and equality,
r -culated ad captantdrn vulgus, was mollt
e\u.llcantly adapted to the capacities of
Sl( 1, pie,'o ple uiindolbtedly. Many among
them,




"REVOLT IN (iR ENADA. II

them, however, helitatzd in the beginning
of the infiuiretfinn to take any ;acivc parr;
but molt were .af'trwards induced to join
in it,, by the tempting bait held out to
them, of tharing in the plunder of the
proliery of their mallers, as well as obtain-
ing emancipation from their izrvice.
It is worthy oCf remark in this place,
that the fnvourit; ldom;eftlics, driver's, tradeC-
men, and other principal flavcs on celates;
in fort, thole who had been moft tn&led,
and beft treated, both men and women,
were die firft to join, and the moft alive
in the infurrcLion. This mufl certainly
appear extraordinary ro Ibme of the good
people in this country, who conceive that
the tyramnny of the Weft India planters to
their slaves is the caufe of all infirre'eUons.
Uut this ungrateful derclihion of the bigh-
er order of dhe nigr'oes inuft ie attribuhred
in a great menifurL, to the conlnc\ion which
filfifled bctweent thilmiil and the fIre o-
loured people. The icld nlegor -, or thofe
cmil)oy'ed in the culture (of tde ground,
and particularly the .Ilfrican negrocs who
had not been long in the island, and
B whole




1. REVOLT IN GRENADA.


lhoLfe mindrls had not yet imbibed thd
hal-cfil principles of the ffflem already
mentioned, were the laft to afficiate
with the infi:rgents. Indeed, many of
lthicl poor people remained faithful to their
duIty; at le'flt they took no a5Ltive part aor
rhe fide of the enemy, concealing them-
Iclvcs, after their houses were burnt, bi
the skirts of the woods, or in their own
adjaccnt ga t-iens. From thcir lurking-
pliacrt they vcnturcr to cnme down to the
poll which u tir troops afterward etla-
lliched omn the fwca cwaM ; and on bfame -
lat.i iiarn to ilif r pifls thly had' renew-
,d their ultfal oicuiitions. Hut, without
hfic ;llw;iince of prtvillfns as had been
dcielt out to them before the troubles be-
gin, k ctuinot be expected that they will
continue to work, even in rebuilding their
own houses, or in the cultivation of their
own grounds. Here, it may not be im-
proper to observe, that there objeas ought
to tlie the firft care of the Planters, as Loon
as tranquillity fall be restored to the ct-
lony ; and the ufual qumitities of provi-
lioins, negro-clodhing, and plantatioi-uten-
fi1.s




REVOLT IN GILtNADA. 5

lls, ought to be fi.nt from this. country
wts fipedily asi p|oflble, Jor very obvious
rceaiOis. It will undoubtedly require the
moit poruihmt iuml!,grivienr, ;und the moft
ihumnlIi but, at the fime time, Ready
titl determined conduCt and resolution,
on the part of thivd who Ilual be entraftid
with the dirtlion (of oftates in GTenada,
.s% the long habits of idlenefs and plunder-
ing, and the licnce of ro:uningabout from
place to place, have almoft ruined many
'if the flt.wcs for every good and uinful
pjtrpo(I
With relijpc to the more remote cafes
of the revolt, it may he fiulicient to re-
smark, that its principal iburce was moft
nldubtihbly in the great number of French
tiIhialbitaniI (f (e very Ydefription, who were
.*hnitted, Iirl as capitultIs,, or afterwards
0on varimut other prcrences, to fettle in
< ;rcuda. ''hat ill-fitted illand may be
lkt. go.have t hlerilheid a viper in her be..
16i1n, that la, at lengtli (Lthug her to the
heart. Buh though in general the French
;aiimbitant: entertained Icntiments aind
pr'iniples. inimical to d h government, it
were




14 REVOLT TN GRENADA,

were uijutil and uncharitable to impure
an equal degree of guilt or trealbn to alL
Suspicion, however, will in fiuire bu at-
tached to almoil everyV Frenchmain ; arnd
none l ut tloIfc" wlho have given tdie mufl
iiunequivoc'al proofs of their loyalry, ought
ever to be permitted to refide inder the
ritilli Flag, either in Britain, or in any
of her coloiiecs.-But it is time to proceed
to the narrative. (On rthe prefnt occrafion,
tlit Author lihls the lohkr'vition of an hi-
,,niaii!t,, writer to be very jull.,' That a real
' t'oniern iN not only a hinrmtnce to fpeak-
Sinig, but to writing tno.' The fkiible
alllitinu lie fCt s flr th, events which he
attempts to defiribe, for uibortunes ill
v.hid lie has lh;lred, and, above all, for
the u'rcparnble locs or fiends whom he
much valued, is tdie beft apology he can
make for the imperfections in point of
compofiaon which may be found in this
little work.


COM-




REVOLT IN GRENADA.


COMMENCEMENT OF THE REVOLT.

I-r was probably owing to the fuccefi
f thie Republican arms in Guadaloupe,
that the free colovrid peoph', and other
inaklontcint: in Urenadat conceived the de-
fign of fhubverting the government, and
murdcri ig all the Britilh inhabitants.
The plantation called Belvidere, belong-
ing to a mulatto named fu1licu Fedon, in
the very centre of dithe island, was the
place wherc thde confpirators met; and
fioinm the inaccellible nature of the ground,
was thought the maft eligible for forming
a ca-3ip. Fedon, though of mean abili-
ftic., h;ad influence enough to be chofen
tl.ir thief; and two of the band were
difpiatclhcd to (.uada.0 loupel to concert mea-
ihrei.s with Ilugue:, and the other Repub-.
lican cotlinillionc.rs in thalt iflant. Thefe
intcllri-ingc, Charl/c Nogurs, and Jseau
P'irirr la 'ah/rac, hoth of very dqepraved
chara.crs, returned a iLw days before
dt,; uIurrccUion broke our, and landed at
Charlotte




10 REVOLT IN GRENADA.

Chi arltte Town, commonly called Goy'avre,
with ibme arms and ammunition, liberty
caps, (bonnet rouge) and national cockalles.
They broughtwiith tdemadlag too,on which
tihe words' LibdrtIsEfaIi, iou la Mori,' were
inikribed in large characters. Thcy were
f'urtaified with commiflions lfigned thugue:,
Gyrantd, and Le Bas, appointing fuline
Fedot Connandaunt General, Sttanifaus Bef-
fn (a mulatto filver-finith in Grcnville)
Licond in coinumtind, antd dthemi:lves cap-
r.thtu in the Flrvt h republican ITrvicc.
T''c cOuMifiifTern lit (Ituadaloupe Ihad al-
lb promilfld tlhm thle innif fpeedy and ef-
fccl.ual liiplurt, and fent with them the
declaration which arcco'mpliatie that o(f
Fedon by the firitl tlg of truce, as will
prcfently be Ihewn,
It does not appear that they had form-
cd any design of attacking the forts or the
town of St George; for, though the numn-
her of troops in the forts was but fmall,
the infurgents could not flatter themselves
with any profped of fucceeding in the at-
r.Inpt, as the militia in thetown had been
%rnilflu'd with au-ms out of die arleL! but
a




RrVOLT IN (.RUNADA. 17

a few days before, by order of Lieute-
nant-Governor I lmoie; who, it is ccr-
a;iin, h.id received t6nic intimation of an
intended invwdion by the republican forces
at Guadaloupe, but no notice whatever of
any plot on the part of the French inhabi-
cants, as has benii crroncoufly fuggefted
by ionmc |povplc. That he expeCled an in-
vAdion, or tltat he wdihed to be prepared
for fitch an event, may be concluded from
his having lint orders, about ten days
previous to the event which took place,
tou the commanding officers of thdie diffe-
rent regiments of militia, to require the
captains under them to hold themselves
in readincis to march with dieir rejfpe&ive
otmpnianics at a moment's warning.
The Inighlt of the sd of March was ap-
p)oijnted ftr tIh execution of the plot.
The lin:all (owin oft Grenville and Char-
lottce own, on diflcrent fides of the
island, were taken polliflion of nearly ac
the fine lhur, in the middle of the night%
by differcrtt parties. We hall begin with
the relation of what happlnedc at Gren-
ville, coinuonly called La Baye. About
onq




9C ET.VOLT IN GRENAblA,

one hundred of the Brigands, or colr ur-
ed free people, chiefly inhabitants of the
parilices of St Andrew and St l'atrick,
molly armed with mufkcts, surrounded
dihe town, and about one hour after mid-
night began to break open the doors of
the dwelling-houTcs and flores. On fbme
of the aftonifhled inhabitants looking out
at the windows, they were immediately
fired upon ; and in this way Mr Ferror,
a merchant in the town, was mortally
wounded. They then entered into die
chamnbern t f dth devoted vidlims, and,
dragging them outt into the 1frcets, fet
them up as marks to be fhot :at. Aftcr
they fell, their ,bodies were shockingly
niangled by the moll inhuman of dithe
banditti, .who were armed with cutlafles.
Thus fell the much lamented Captain
Blair of the Home, then lying in Gren-
ville Bay. He happened to fleep on fliore
that night, and, on the frlt alarm, came
out of his own room into that of Mr
Murray, at whofl houfe he lodged, when,
looking out of the window, he called to
the people on board his fhip, and the Fly-
ing




REVOLT IN GRENADA. 19

ing Fihh, anlot her arm:d vertcl to fire.
Thi" order w;ah pIerhalip not dilinliy
heard, at lead it w.Is not complied which ;
and it is matter of r tgrct th;u w\;i no t1r
tis it light halv prcvctIred the compltcdun
of the work uf l/arr!,f which followed.
Out of liftreen E.nglith inhabitants then in
rhe town, eleven were butchered! McefiNs
Smith and lurll, ma;vl'rNs tf vcllds lying
in the harbour, ell'apcd the milhacre by
fvinmming on board, but were both badly
wounded. They afterwards recovered.
'They had lpen at the houfe of the pilot,
Mr M'Dowal, on the hill, which wa.s broke
into by a party of dithe inrgents, who
fcized the pilot, his affifbmt, and a white
boy. Mrs M'Dowal efcaped into the
cane-field contiguous to the hoafe. Her:
huf)aInd was carried to the rebels' camp ;:
but the alifIlanit pilot and the boy were
murdered in the way to it, becauuf they
could nor march quickly. The work of
pluntleriig the flores followed that of
blood. In this they were joined by many
of the llavvs of the ettltes in the neigh-
bourhood, who marched off towards thw
C mouutai ns




o REVOLT IN GRENADA.

TI1,LIItAins with the murderers, as foon as
ilh y began to appear, loaded with booty.
This fniguinary band was headed by
Fedion liinlltf accompanied by Bellon.
L;n Valcite conmIn.idelt a party that had
ma;rclked from Str I'rick's, commonly cal-
k:d Saiu urx, to join that of Fcdon. It is
probabll, that Fedon acted in this bar-
I'aroutis manner, prevent his aflociates
from detlrrinrg him, as they could have
Iti hoiw of p.taim )) y the r'lennrment
vlhi'lch thei cllildin of blood would natu-
rally triit in thc mndid pf every Britifh
inlhalitn. lie vwilIcd too, perhaps, to
pire cl tti ror over all dit-firiptions of men;
and unhlappily it had all the celiA that he
cokld have vwithied The imprcflion was
general; ;nd ite minds of many, who
have fince given the moft incontefLible
pronf! of the greateft courage and refolu-
tion, wcre filled with conllernation, on
hearing the dreadful report of the maffa-
cre. It was quickly carried to St George's,
and to every quarter of dfi ifland, with
the ai;hlitioral fabricated intelligence, that
fnme bthoufads of the French had l/ndea.




RILVOLT IN GRENADA,


In marching up to the camp at Belvi-
dere, Fedon was joined by many of the
negroes;, and by fIme of the French white
inllhaiitants. The main body of the in-
liirgcnts made no halt till they got to the
ticate of M, de Poulain, called Bakhazar ;
but parties were lint everywhere, to fnm-
mon, or to bring in the iithabitants to die
t amp. One of there particA went to the
houl of Mr Rofi, who being an active
andl upright magifrate, was therefore,
perhaps, a marked object of their recent.
iment. But whether it was by the order
of Fedouii or owing to a remnant of hu-
mianity in the leader of this detachment,
no murder was committed on this occa-
lion. On the firt alarm, two fillers of
Mrf Rf'd, who happened to be there on
a viir, licized with the mull dreadful ap-
iprCehenint, riin out, of their own room
into that of their liter, whom, they found
in a late of terror and dith'eiiT not to be
dhti ribed, clinging to her hubiiancl, and
embracing her child by turns, till the in-
furgents broke into the apartment, and
tore Mr Role from her arms. The ladies,
however




REVOLT ItN GRENADA.

Ihkwever, were not infuked ; and this
Iart y confined their depredations in the
hnuft to thie taking away Mrs Rote's watch,
;Rn! t0me aruclics of plate. Mr Rofe was
thcl put up11on a horfe (being only in his
jliirt), and conducted to Balthazar, about
two miles difUnt. At this plantation,
FLuon's party, now become formidable in
iinTubers, were fiupplied with fugar and
iruin by the manager, one Cbarpentier,
vwhlo, there is frilicient reafoi to believe,
wait% privy to the inhitrredion previous to
4% breaking out. This execrable traitor
imnicdiately joined the inturgents. The
AbW' Pdrffnier, who relided here as the
atrorntiy or rcprcftntative of Mr de Pou-
lanii, then abfint in F.ngland, profefied
contrary ,rinciples to thof{ of Charpen-
ticr, aind rhicrefcrce was put to death by
I a Vc:lcte. The reaibit given by the vil-
lain for tlits ack of wanton barbarity was,
dite Abb's being an arif/lcrat, which, he
fkki, mult be inferred from that good
mian's having hiumanely farnifhed Mr
Rofe with a great coat :ind a pair of trow-
Irvs. ronn Baldiazar they marched to
Belvidere,




REVOLT IN GRENADA. 2j

Ldlv'idcrc, by the coflcc ellates of Renaud,
Du I '.qucr, amd Vli liiir ; and that day,
01r tle noX4 almoll every Frencihnan in
th.t part of the itlaucl obeyed the lihn-
m11 nis of .Fcdon, and allowedd him to his

1l tre, it may i1t? Ibw uninterefifing to
give line guunt of Mr Murray's won-
derful kiapc umu of the ctlamin r, from
whitli thei ;illilhi.s rook tlhe unfortu-
a.te Captain iBlair, ias has been beforc-no-
tired. Mr Murray, on hearing them a-
kcend the (lair, went behind the curtain
of hIis bed'; uaid the infurgents imagining,
picrhaps, that it wai Captain Blair's bed-
chaminber, did not make any further fc;rch.
As loon tas they had left the room, lie made
lio way through a window into an adjoin-
ing lthclihoulf; fi-om thence in a little
time he ventured to tally out, and, leap-
ing over a palitaded fence, got into a
Iwianp on the back or weft part of the
Iown. lit this fivamp, Mr Murray re-
naliined for eighteen hours in Iis flirt, im-
mirtcd rto the middle in mud and water.
Vt ten o'( lock the next night, (3d March)
the




RI.VOLT IN C RENA.DA.


the muon fhining bright, he explored his
i% ay to the road which led to St George's
by die mountains, ffll imagining the in-
iirgents had poffeflion of Grenville; and
:iLtcer a moft fitriguing march, party by
by-pathis to avoid an enemy, he arrived
at day-break near the houle of a Mr Noi-
fietc, within three miles of St George's,
This gendelnan was up, and perceiving a
firanger t'ravelling in fuch a miferablec
plight, (Mr Murray's fhirt having been by
thli tinw 61 much torn by brambles and
buflic), tic very humanely fent his fot to
ollir him fme inmore decent covering, and
likewiK lbnic refrelluient, which Mr Mur-
ray, ahnoll quite cxhalitlecd, dumkfully ac-
.rerted, and altcrwards paurled his jour-
ney to St Gcorge'.i, which he reached a-
bout cight o'clock in the morning of the
4th *.-Mr Irchlid, a clerk in the fine
houfe

The reader will lie rnrpifad to be informed, that thi
ilt Nvfrrttr, who could this etcrif the Vi vitus of chlaity
ald lupitulity to a traigcr, did actually join the infurgcnt4
the fmnc day I But ofr him, and of fume othcra even a-
nwr'g the l'rrmicl, nal ill ai ruait of nurUwn unhappy coin.
trytmcn, it may Ie faid-dtvy knrw not wat thbry did.




REVOLT IN GRENADA. aj

lhoi n with Mr Murray, efRaped, by con-
,:enfi;g himself under a mattrefi, which
he had thrown between the roofs of two
.ul pining houles. But the fate of a young
giinlemarn, Mr Lindfey, a clerk to Mr
Fcrror, is molt affecting. Having made
lhi! ctape into an, adjacent fickd of cai es
he rtmnainwd thete, without any other
immtriflhtntlet than the rnies, for more than
a month He was then forced to quit
thel pl:wc of his concealment, by the canes
Iwinig fir on fire, and was taken by the
'cnvltiariet, and caniced to Fedon's camp
in ma mnll delplorble condition. His life
v.W--;' ired ,n that ocrIfon, at the intercef-
ltiii fi" ldhtmnuie, o'ne of the revolted liib-
y. 1 lately At ('hatrlttvc Town, the fieps of the in-
Iiim, cti w n%!t ,ir.u'led with blood, like
l, i o il he ithr .a r ar ( ;renville. The
-(adlcth. oit tlh' .St ,^/n,,' gang, compoied
* hicily ut thtt fi c t )ltiiund people of that
I' irith, were iamed 'l ttfienne I'entonr, and
'fn hNim Phi!ip. Thct- men contented
ilit itlclvr* wivih wliot iing the inhabitants,
vr'hzm tili) 6rpuriticd h their beds, to be
conducted




21 REVOLT IN GRENADA.

concluded on foot under a fIrong guard
to the c:unp at Belvidere. The wives and
children ot the prifobners were permitted
to remain at ;an fate, about one mile a-
bovL he town. Mr Wilibn and Dr Muir
V :r thie only Englifh inhabitants there
wlho) dc apcd being taken. The infiargents
k,.Lir polieflion of Charlotte Town, after
jilinudering it; and, next day, a molf un-
-ortcuatc event added greatly to the dark-
nic't of Ilti cloud that liung over every
g l d iihbjecl. 'I'he Lieutenant-Covernor
;.nid Mr A. Ctiupbell, had come fi-om St
(;Corge' to I'ar.Lcltc (within tlhrcC miles
oi' Gt envillc) the day I)efore. On the
inortning of the 3d, hearing A very con-
tail Ctmipbll miountcd his horfe, and came
to Paradil cllatc, where he found federal
of the militia already aflemnblcd (uLmong
whom was the writer of thefe pages) with
whom lie entered the town, and thtre be-
lild a Iccue, over which the author muft
lie pIrmitted to draw a veil, in order to
(iariv hidtli the reader and hinfelf the pain-
ful dc ri option. Mr Campbell immediately
returned




IR VOLT I:, t:1.i'i, AlA. 27

,ti1, cld tlo Pi4. lret, .itKid with e (:-
vrirnAir i.t amt fur St ( to ge' by t.l way
j *St PnttricVi".' 'hiry i, ilIk a Mr Fir-
tpquah' 'id lhulind t lyn in; in the
bhiy, conXMivdlt ,.i'l cl'iltI- to go by
Ili *ItSr' rwe',, A .rJinly, r, lAi
thrta J lsniesi, wcoml.nnil hby Mr A.
F,Ctif t,( hc1y,,qbatn d Lu the
l fitW irmtt"Iiy 'fiyr hail. On corn-.
ing nof Churlonte T'nwn, thly were firc4e
Atr from the forr ; a;d a vellel, which they
lok fbr a French iprivatccr, appearing at
d thlinw inltant to be making tow.rds.
them, vvcry pjrlun on board, except the
nihtler, lclltatccd, whether they Ihould
rldeavuur to efciape, by making the
Nit of their way in die floop to St
(;corte'A, or go ailiore in the boar, and
trill to the mercy whom, If they mid flc& t 6txr a nop-
metst, dity wouldd xped nane. This 1.4
rit IAlu4a 44 uuitappfyl3" d'
Sirn-y Wim aaftore 'the ol aqrr l*a,
rctm.i.ed at lxhard, an (l laying hitfelf
dIiwn (l lol t the 0la1in, (.lecid hi9 little
vcfliA! out of thc reach of the guns, and
D brought




aS 3 REVOLT IN GRENADA.

it Itfi-ly tu St George's. The firtt cerrait
information refpccihng the fate of the
Lieucnreu~t-Governor and his fellow-fiuf
.frers, was brought by this man, who
hewed the gcatltl pri-dence of mind on
this occaflou, and, it is fliid, remonfirat-
cd rgailnti the mcif'ure of milting dithem-
frlvesi on Ihore. But, alas there are
tiums whein the firmeft mind lores all its
'utitude-w-hin its itculties are deprived
of1 all tu'i tctwrVry, and bect'ome as i were
nivcttcd, ;ani iap.bilc of action. The
lit hav;iur' o h,,ie rcip.jwclable charalers,
Vi,'o tIhn: C'11 litO tILhe limi o(f utvnage
b.ahari:.;s, adl wvtr. direLly condutMid
to the t;imp ol Itcir cxilting chieL, affbrds
am nl' ro m tor fit'lit i unplealing reflecdions.
ThliL flinY e intitiactiton, or, it may be called,
fatality, appLars to have achuated the con-
ndclt of .fLYveral other worthy and deferv-
hig clhradcrs jn that part of the ifland,
wlholf namess appear among thofe who
figue&d the letter lint by dthe second flag of
itzrcc'. Having fled from their houses on
tii:e i:t rumuitir of the maflcre at Gren-
vilc, ;Mad, as it wan. I itd, of French troops
having




REVOLT IN ORENADA. 29

1hvinlg humdcd, diiy endeavoured to reach
St Plii'lck't, wlref th" militia might be
hLIpp)(Iid t o, manke 1 flanul ; but as the
wiViuIr counw y I'tind tihlct was in polfct-
flIt of he larmy, rthy ;tliw no profp)el
oi Clks.$i and rherire'' threw rhcm-
Iclea an ebc~hoci uy of one, who had

owi spifpi ), an was. muich re-
(j dcd by them, but had now fbllowcd
thle c:ample of h1M relative Cl/:ier Dar-
,i'd, and every Frenchman in that quar-
cLr, and ahettecd the infurgents. By the
icil fiatimn of 'CIzicr St Mark, they ac-
i, iiip.atiid him to lllviderc, where they
%rc' innedliarely confined in the fatfie
liuikling with all thnfe who liul been ta-
,>, piilnirm's. It ought to be mentioned
hwir, thli tihe initiigeni. h:ld made priiba-
irs Ifvt$ i'.i ,4agrf- ilul overlicert of plan-
I ,itfi iin tihc isyighlt urli)h' l (of Charlotce
I "w*, asul Cranilf them 1 rthcir carSp,
-Il'ig with thnicL they had tAkci hi'ch
i v, n Invfit




RILVOL.T IN ORENADA.



STr GEORG E'S.

ON the fitrl rumour which reached this
placL ,Ablnt i o 'cluck in the morning of
tl-2 A\ of' March, by a ltilor who had
beI-'n travclling acrofi the country, that
lTihe Frcn, It had larded at La Baye and
were marcliitig towards St George's,'-
thc whole town became a fecne of tumult,
?verror and conifulini. A lOjrd of his Ma-
jefly' (lum'nil w.ma inmtdiatcly called by
the Inoiourable Mr Mackenzie, as the fe-
i)or relidenr member, oand the land was
put undcr martial law. A letter was
brouglih bliforc nuon to Mr Byles, from
I.ietenniut-Covcrnior Home, by a mef-
lengir wlhom he had cldifpatchcd from Pa-
raclcte varly in the morning, containing
the fnime imperfed report of what had
happened at Gre'nville.
The Prefident, with the advice of the
Council, immediately fent intelligence by
exprdet-boats to the Commanders in Chief
oulf is Majely's huid anid lea fo rcLs, the
Governor




fEVOrT IN GRENADA. 31

Governor of' St Vin wcnt, mid the Captains
of any of hlii Maje'lly', tfhipr cthef& boats
ni6it till in with. The following letter
I.V- diijtchedl to hii, Excellcncy Dom
t'a.e, governor (to 'Trinuidad, by Jolfph
I A, A, 'Sctary, lby order of the

*' Jf'i, Creada, 3d' March 1795-
- 8eai,
1 AM very lorry to acquaint your Ec-
icllci'y, that we have jullt received intel-
ligte c of a French force having landed
to vrwidw.ar of this ikuid hill night, hav-
ing taken the town of La Baye, and miaf
iu retd many iiluhabitants. The danger of
their being joined by fine of our own
i'publlicMI lF'rench libjeas, induces us
ct) make Appliction for every adlillance ;
and, iorn 11w i inImliatc vicinity of your
(,vernuient, we trull you may be eon-
hlil tu allbrd iu ibnlm; The whole xpe-
dIdasl ctonfiuting y nof privatecrza'naval
trite if it confiltid only of a frigate or
IM611 of war, fmt inll.itly, might fave
the itlltid. Thec ailliancc between our re-
f'petive




3l RI:VOLT IN GRENADA.

fipcd iv C(ourts, added to our perfect know'.
lc,4gc of your Excellency's private charac-
t.-r, induces us to depend upon every ex-
crtion in a moment pregnant with Co much
danger, as well to the Spaniih as the Bri-
til colonies.
I lave the honour to be," &c.

Another letter from Governor Home to
his Secretary, Mr Byles, was brought foot
afler, written at La Fortune clatc, near St
IPatrick'.%, at half prt eight o'clock, A. M.
of which the following is an extra.
" No FrencI have landed at La Baye ;
but the ficc people have rifin againll the
whites. CaMptin lilaiir, and fiveral. are
killed. I (hall he in town as foon as potC
lile.. Order an alarm to be fired ; and I
tliink the coloured people ought not to
have their arms, or, at left, none except
(Iptain Grtn-ade's company. L go from
hence by water."
On the fame day while the Council was
fit ing, the naffter of die floop in which
tihe (ovrnior, Mnd the other gendtlmien
alrhcadVy n cIntioIncd,had embarked, brought
the




REVOLT TN GRENADA. 33

lic account of their unfortunate capture.
On receiving this information, it became
i unimbient on his Hlonour the Prelident
to .illine the command; a talk that, at
Lucih a critical period, required judgment,
rdr'lurion and abilities equal to his. The
I)lltowing pr-r laiatiolt wia immediately

kG ^dD A.
By the KING.
A PROCLAMATION,
" A. F. Mackensie.
WNVI: R1;? an infirrccaion has broke
1mt in this our colony of Grenada, which
Iha.. dilliinguiled itfiif in its commence-
n1111 by the moll horrid adts of favage
t.irbity ; and whereas there is lirong
il.;1 to bliv l ,ir that it has been excited
by the tmma hinati;mini of at very few indi-
vi6lual., joillu'd, ill it moment of dekufion,
by othirti oft difl.krent defliription, who
ire interth-dil in the welfare of a colony,
tmnitr wwldi' mild gwovcrnmmnt tud laws,
i'dti ngil riqual ptorcftion to every indi-
vida;l, thcy havc long enjoyed every com-
fort;




4 R1I;VOI.T IN GRENADA,

fo" and who, feeing hqw much they
)i been milled, may be, upon mature
,olidrAi'tii, anxious to return to their
iniytV: Ititcluctcd by fich confiderations
in .Jotivc.s of humanity, WVe L dthcre-
tr.- tho .,glt lit, by arnd with the confent
ot }.4 I lonour Kqciieirh Francis Mackenzie,
I i juire, Prlidleut, and the Members of Our
C:outicil For the '-id iiland, to publish this
Our royal prohclanuatiou, declaring a ge-
neral pardon and mnefly to all perfons
(fMIcraId in the ticd iinfirredion, upon
their furrendering dihemfcives, excepting
only to thure individuals who have com-
mitted the cruel and unmanly murders
tl,:, have tb dilraccfully (haradterized
ti,' co'nuhtCd of Lami of the fid infur,
gLmIi : And We do hereby further declare,
that unhl.kh dtivry accept this offered cle-
itcm-y, the uioft rigorous mcafures (hall
be inflantly purfued against them; and
we do hereby ofehr a reward of twenty
jliannes's to any person bringing in any
oie' the fd insurgents either dead or
Gilivc.
Givert




RtVOLT IN GREN AA. jj

" Given at St: Ucorge's, this fourth day
of MNu'ch, in the year (if our Lord
One thouthnd fevcn hundred and
nincry*five, miud in the thirty-fiftf
year of Our reign.
it GOD SAVE THE KING

,IiXk^onowr' command,
4 MAT'rrI. BYLES."

Next day (the 4th), about ten o'clock
A. M. the rwo mulattoes, Charles Nogues
anl j.uIhirm Philip, came in with a flag of
ru, e, kild (cre condnacd to the Council,
then hitting. Theicy brought a declaration
lifrom lFcdon, of which diLe following i' a
IrAknlation.
1)FI-(I.ARATION
" Of Jliic ftl'cd,, (cniral oF the French
R-pu!bhli.ta IF icet, aind the Otficers
.t prI:rlcnlt il il, Survhie,
To the C(ommndulr 6tr ihe timneb;tg
f'th 'e Fort, and [Imild of Grenada, or
oihIt o, haiviti' crinmmand af the Tfhme.
W\r,'ilaow ecti': 1g into aniy dct-ail of
'I'ur liilti, v.wc liinmuin a ou, and all the
i, ini-.bitanl$.




PRLOLT IN (;,LNADA.


iI Lbiiants, of every denomiinaion, in this
i< lony, to furrender, within the fpacc of
Iwo hbOnr. to the republican forces under
our coinmiand. We warrant the fafcey of
your lives and property; but, refpec'ling
the 1;t1, IrlelTing it to what may be more
tilly declared by die. Commillioners dile-
ga;r.d by the N;Lional Convention in the
Wiiwhvard lliands. And we give you
notice, that in c;alc of your not fubmit-
litn, as you are eijoined, you fall be
lilalc to all lthe fcourges of a dilitflrous
war i; ll that all pvcrfa n wvhominbver
that hall be uken in arms, or who hall
nor have joined the National Flag in fuch
time as we Olhall judgc fit (but without
the fmallell dclay,), ihall be punillied with
death, and their cliatcs burnt, and the
lahind confificatcd to dihe ufe of die Republic.
We further give you notice, that by the
ficccf which has already attended our
arms in this colony, die tyrant lHome,
hitty Governor of die island, Alexander
(Campbell, aud a great number of the
IEnglUh, having been made our prifoncrs,
thait their heads, and the heads .of adl
others,




REVOI.T IN GRLNADA. 7

tllrn,111, ll1ll mLtwCr lCr the fonldud of
thll' i ;uthtriry, .and thi6. without dc-
Il.v, 111 4 r @of( rrffillr t Irrrndir or int .n ltblve.i-infintind Proniii( in 'ro,,
tclin to otir b/,', ,/j//'/ndI, wlt
(hall bIbehlt A I ,hey ,uli'ht to do ilon this
itXioniim. Amd we aMlfo ilcare, that if
a y i4i bwrutl I or ftwJnds hallI
ItwumIiniw wwt*n, or receive any Mit
tlrittimVI.t fl tht pI.irt '"i the F.Inglih, that
fiu I ill trcatn,.ent h1 lll l retaliated doubly
ipon tmuch prilbner, and death by that of
two Inlithimen, as it is announced in
thel I)tlar.tuon hereunto joined, by the
National Comnniiflioncri to dte Command-
tr iii Chif fof the lritilh forces, to which
we hlirdcr rtfer you.
t" ihw tt our C0mpO th~ fourth of
March, in tie L4 ycar of the
Frypwh Rrpublic, one and ndivie.

JBt as, .oof/

Republic, apf'Oited
at Guadtaloupe."


P.S.




it5 KVsOLTr IN o'RENADA.
r_ J- ----
P. S. This will be delivered to you
by Citizen Charles Nogues, my aid-
de-camp."

The Di(chlr;i3t'o1i which accompanied
the aliove was in ingiglith, as follows.

"DECLARATION
" Of the Commiflioners delegated by rhoe
National Convention of France, to the
Oimiui.indLers in Chiicf of the Britifl
I:,rt C, Vautil;lhan, (.:aliwell, Thomp-.
oni, >Stewiar, iand Lindlhy.

Ti 'ME, and the df.art of the Engliftl
forrcni at (Guadaliupe, had weakened thd
yemnembr:ane ol1 the heinous crimes by
which the vile Ihtcllites of George had
fullied the \Vindwarud Ifl.ands.
It might reabinably have been ex-
peted, dtat the sudden recal of the iinfa-
mous Grey and jerviA, should have made
their fiuccetfors aware of fucli cruelties,
and engaged them to keep a conduct
quite the rcverfi : but we have been mif-

They




REVOfIT IN GRENADA.


'" They pr'nv to) lie as barbarous as
h(Iolc .Il)ov. naitiled I .inuiials. They have
l.n> ly ord'eredI tI b puir to d1atih Jinmc fbl-
(dii.I. f thr R.piliblic, i'ri ilers in St Lucia.
(;Crrltief like ihefir cill forcibly upon us
to i'lng our Inotherr.', and to make ufc
of reprilt'.hl.
Iat c'ionfitqenrc of which, we do here-
by give bolemn ntrice to the commanders
in chidf of tlh lritill Ib()rcc. in the Wind-
ward iI1l.s, tliat, from and after the date
of thi oumr ollicial declaration, the afhfil-
n0t1on ,of coach ;and every individual Re-
4mbliauti (iff whatever colour he is, and in
what.vcr island it may happen) hall be
expiated by the death of two Englifh of-
lirvri, our prilOners. The guillotine hall,
.it the l i tt notice thereof, perform this
aclIt i jullice.
We dt further dechlre, That any
Irrnchman, whn, at the moment of the
blinding of an army of the Republic, com-
ma4nded by one of us, or by any of our
JihIlitut i, hall north join agaift our com-
1iin CtlrYiv, isN iuitlawed, and his proper-
1y orl'cited to the Republic.
All




,' .ELVOLT IN GRENADA.

All thofe Frenchmen arc declared
trairors to their country, who have accept-
ed of any employment under the Englilh
government. The law having already
pronounced againllt thofe who emigrated
before the capture of the colonies, as well
as auinf thdie wretches who delivered them
up, and who are in the fame predicament
with thole that fold Toulon and the island
of CorCca, where the Punic fiLith of the
Flnglifl lltine in its full luffre ; and this
law, which infichi the pain of dcath, lthall
here continue in full force.
We do tur:her fignify to all the com-
mainders and ugcuts of the Britith Govern-
incnt, that Citizen Marinier, commander
;t St Lucia, in an ollcer in the French
flrvice, and that the Citizens Mafadi,
Lieutenant in the Navy, and Luambert,
1ar' our delegates in that island, and in-
velled with tour power.
S\VWe have ordered this our present de-
claration to he fent by a flag of truce to
the above mentioned commanders of the
Dhiillh io"rrcs, and to be tranflared into
E1nglfl,




RFVO.LT IN rR.ENADA. 41

'lngflilh, andl dilhihutr'd in all the colo-

" i'rn of Liberty, ,i-r 3d day of Vcn-
0(k, (the i1ll of 1chuaary, (lyle of
the flavtsf) in the third year of the
French rcpuilic, one and inlivifible.
VicTOR Hluh us.
GOYRAND, et
Ll B.as."

To the Iuinmnins of Fedon and BefTon,
the lollowing Anfiver was given, and their
rulrardfinary :incifngers were blindfolded
&tnd riudu4lcd to fime diltlmcc from the
t4Jwit by a party of the militia troop of
light ca, val;try.

I lip honiouir the Prefident, and Coun-
ail ,i' G;rvl.jtd., having received a paper
i) IMd .k Declairation, figncd Julien Fedon
411nd 1 llun, puirporting to be a fiunmops
to de Ctammnanding Oticer of the i. and
-d1 unmada, to fiarremder the fune to the
.Al 1IM of the Frcntch republic, .re induced,
by (nJiifidvrationl. (if humanity, and feel-
ing for the blinducJl and delusions of
finnc Brit.lih luialbjel, who have been mif-
led




| IflVOLT IN GRENADA,

I Iy ltie artifices of a few evil-minded
i ,.1i,; on the one part, and by a jull at-
i-nsiai on to the situation of a number of in-
divinli.A; who have unfortunately- fallen
into rdiir hailds, on die other-to late as

Tlh:t a number of unhappy fubjedts
ift hi:; Britannic Majefly, ha-viing been de-
Indc I I)y h nme evil-muinded perfbns as be-
forc nicutioned, the Prlidentr and Coun-,
(il [.Al thi, inutde of warning them to re-
1iiti to thtir duity,vvilatcd in every degree,
.MA paiti uil.irly, by retajzing in their
lia.nl, tiIo ltwful tuovernor of the illand-
ant lI 4i, dlliring thdim, thlit they will re-
t it,: the punilhmlient of thcir crimes, as
.tv trded by tlie juti lIwrA of their country,
il aw'y fail in fl doing ; and further, that,
if thly thImild be Cb far blinded to their
Iy.talty and duty, as in any degree to in-
juti t xvhi whom dchuxce Ihias unfor ate-
ly tOhiown into dihir hands, or to defiroy
any property upon the island, they will
only h.avc. themfelvcs to blame for that
1 'v-riry .ind rigour which moRl aflihrcdly
will




REVOLT IN C"RENADA. 43

will be ntc ctinlbtiii:ntc ul any fiuch pro-
I C4 ilIg.
JUMs I'll |iT'.', Sccretary.
liy ufimund of hii I l',nour the l're-
ftildnt, and Council."

The ganiifun' at Richmond Hill confifl-
ed of m nrntsdeud and niinty men, and
Ihe intltiin at St (corge's, of two hundred
r.nd eighty ramik and file, fit tfor dury. The
I'rdlcent, very proiirly conceiving tlht an
attenipt it dilj'erke the infurgents before
they Ithould gathcr that fhrength and con-
tiden it wlic h delay would undoubtedly
give thhe'u, wvas of the grcateft importance,
decttinmincd thercforc, by the advice of the
( Iolun il, 4and uftetr conlilting Captain San-
I ma.tn if' the jlth, who then commanded
lII. M1,p f ly'n trpiN) in g,.rrifon, to order
.111 .ii. k to bl madtl on thlir camp on tlte
l.. *i'( tlouy.ivc, and on that of 't Anr
vI#,'. kit the fWmn monmentu. For this pur-
j *i-, 'lW hundred and fifty men, of whom
ti. tw cre regular tip.qw, under die codn-
.iAi.ti, If Ca ptain (.;irdon of the 3 8di, em-
b. '.-d in thi.dl vcel"sl at day-break on the




4I.; REVOLT IN GRTNADA.


rlth of Mru'ch, and proceeded under irh
c!iort of an armed brig to Champion's
Bliy (within two miles of Chairlotte Town)
where they landed about noon. They then
m.Irchcd by the clatcs of Palmifte and
Dotugaldflon, avoiding the high road by
the fea, and entered the town about 4 o'-
clock, P. M. But dithe enemy had eva-
cuat'd it in the morning, carrying with
thliut to the mountains two fix pounders
from the battery.
(0iptaiil (i'elmon hadl been ordered to
narch that night as near as poflible to the
cRamp at Delvidcre, to whiwi he was to
have been guided by Dr Muir, who was
well acquainted with the ground and at
day-break next morning to make his at-
tack. In their infirutions given to him, he
was all informed, that the militia oa
the fide of St Andrew's and St trick'sks
were ordered to co-operate at the f vme
moment, and the united endeavourl' of a1
the dftfichnmicnts were to be exerted to rv
dlur the enemy, and liberate the rri;pn-
A, ^." (Cptiin Cu-ti 'l rca.,!' r not

1 I")/ Ai, pcitkir , ;N. I.




REVOLT iN GRENADA. 45

t.rrying bhis part of this well-intended plan
tno execution, hall be given in his own
words, taken from a letter he wrote 1nme
rthic afterwards to the Prefident: After
I had( taken the town of Gouyave on the
evening of the ,th March, it was my in-
teirtion to have onrmed the enemy's camp
at day-brAk nct t'orning ; but on vifit-
ing Ihi party unldr my command, 1 found
them too much fatigued by their march,
as I w;as forced to go nrund by the moun-
iitWti, to avoid two fix pounders which I
wa% itntfirmned were placed in a narrow de-
file I mult' have pafltd." This ftigtuing
march had been performnned, however, in
the ipare of four hours, and the party had
Mt'i with 1no enemy. Ir will not appear,
If is hllpd, invidious or improper to ob-
tv%, thai t he iiun portion of time might
have lircbn 'ttllih ic, Imth Ibr refrelinlent
111td I'll. l1t it hiippniCine(ld that Captain
I trtmitl wva. It,1 g'ratly cenilfllre for liny
li lty on this lijt'tililnI, ;as the oilfters com-
,inltintg ithe iiilhiia ,of St Andrew's and
St I'.rit k'"I WtIL', tr ai lnimilar error on
thl'ii pa;irt ithiogh it is well known by
thitlt




.i'0 REVOLT IN CR-NADA.

thiof- who were on the fpot at Grcnvilfe-4
hiatl they had a better cxcufe, and thr more
weighty rcafbns for not marching, than
what have been given in the above extract
from Captain Gurdon's own letter. In
him, it was deemed but a pardonable
omij/ion ; in them, unpardonable dit bcdi-
ence of orders, notwithflanding the impof-
libility of carrying thofe orders into exe-
cution, which the author will endeavour
prefently to ihew. It was fortunate for
Captain ( ;riidon, that the news of his re-
nmining all night at Charlotte Town, was
actcomipanicd by the account of his very
gallaur biehaviour in repelling the enemy,
who had the tcm crity to attack his party.
[Its apparent mitonindtud in one instance,
was forgotten in the liicccs which attend-
ed his brave exertions in the other. The
particulars of dithe action are briefly thele :
Captain Gurdon took every precaution,
in the difpofition of his men, to guard a-
gainft a fmrprife, by placing piquets and
centinels at proper pofts. At four o'clock
in the morning of the 6th, the piquer,
polttd at dithe dwclling-houfe on Gouyave
ellate,




r.voLT IN CG READf. 47
I -J -_J--
efitte, confifling of thirty men, was at-
tacked by the infIurgcnis, who came down
in considerable lbrce from ai hill above the
huufe. As lbon as the centincl had chal-
lenged, and difcithargetd his mulket, our
men were under arms, and a hinart fire
immediately began (on both -fides. C p-
tain GCurdon, and Captain Park, who com-
manded the St George's militia, with the
greatetR expedition fornmcd thcLir troops,
and marched to support thle puijuet. In
pafling the works, to afrend die hill near
the dwelling-houfe, they were fired on by
a large party of the enemy, which obliged
them to halt and return the fire; and after
a few rounds the infurgents retreated.
The light company of the St George's re-
giment, under Captain Park, then joined
the pitiuctr-guird, who defended them-
f:lvex with great tLeadineic and rcfilution.
In a Ihort time the ecimy lied in great
conf'ufion, leaving twelve dc:ad on the
ftpott; and it wai alterward-i ltid, that
twice that number were wounded. On
our lide, three of the regulars were killed,
and one was wounded ; together with
t%,V)




48 REVOLT IN GRENADA.

two of the militia, one of whom, Mr
Barry, lbon after died. Both regulars and
militia (except a few who had got drunk),
behaved with great intrepidity on this oc-
caiion; and, for a. ffl efrjay, the St George's
regiment may be laid to have performed
wonders! They were indeed moltly pick-
ed men, and had come forth voluntarily
on this flrvicce, very firmly attached to,
and having the moll entire confidence in
their leader, Captain Park.
To return to trenville.-The reader
has already l)een inrforned, that a finally
party of the militia of St Aldrew's march-
ed into the rownA on the morning of the
3d, where they were Ipectators of a ftene
too horrid to relate Colonel Horsford,
who commanded die St Andrew's regi-
ment, immediately ordered the alarm to
be fired. The infurgents had not fpiked
the gun on Pilot Hill; anid the union flag
had efcaped their notice, by being thrown
into fome corner of the hokfe. It was in-
thantly hoilled. Trulty meffengers were
tenrt to ilmmon the militia who refid-
ed ;it a dil ance. Efcorts werc lfnt to
conduct




1LEVOLT IN CGRENADA.


conduct the families of the inhabirant
into the town, wiho were put on board
the vefels in the lh'rbour, which lcrved,
in this moment of imminent danger, as
an afylun for the fick, and for the women
and children. About noon, fifty men
were collected, twelve of whom were of
the troop of light cavalry. Piqucts were
polled at each end of the town, and the
befl diipofition of our little foree wa13
made, under the direction of Caprtain
M'Cafkill, an excellent officer, who had
long been in his Majefty's service. Lient.-
Col. M'Donald, and Major Ilardic, and
indeed every ollicer prcfL.nt, gallantly ex-
erted themselves on this alarming occasion.
The provisions, and whatever elfe could
be ferviceable, which the infuirgets had
left in thie I1irts, were put on board ; and
what amonnitiou was known to be upon
the citLare; in the neighbourhood, was
bIrought in andi dp1olt0cd4 oI bo'd thdie
.iirmd vcklitl. ue ithofe o)bjdis did i0ot
hinder the mournful liarivo. frIom pay-
ing the 1.ft duties to their murdered
friend's. All the b,,dii.: w\ivch were found,
)Vv rv







S> P rLVOLT IN GRENADA.

were decendy interred. In the evening
it was thought proper, considering our
fhiall number, and ignorant of the ilrength
or numbers of the inuhrgents, to go on
board. But the thips were fo moorecL as
to be able to annoy the enemy, and to
prevent the town from being fet on fire;
in which Captain M'Nab (a gentleman
who had come on a vifit to a friend in
this quarter) rendered very important
services.
Next daty, the 4th, the St Andrew's mi-
litia were joined by the St Patrick's regi-
ment, confiuling of about forty ,j'keiv.
men, udecr the comm-and of Major Stew-
art. They had 1 aiam!bled, on the lufir re-
1jIt of the inl'urrection, at the town of
St 'Patrick:':;, land from thence marched to
take poll at Marli Plantation ; but after-
wards judged it more adlviilec to join
their force to that of Sr Andrew's, which
divided could effed nothing, but collect-
ively might perhaps be enabled to akt
with energy againit the enemy. It was
ILtL in tle evening of the 3d when they
reu',chl1 the cLte if' Lower Simon: they
th,.rcforc




REVOLT IN GRENADA. $1

therefore took poll there for the night,
and early in the morning marched into
Grenville. It was now taken into confi-
ILriatHtn hy the officers of both regiments,
whether a poll should be occupied on Pilot
H ill or 1'lcfcoope Point. But it was at laft
determined to remuin on (hore in the day-
tlme only, ald to go on board the flhips
at night, lfveral of the men being unfit
for dutty. The bufmef6 of cmlbarking pro-
vilioni, &c. was continued, and detach-
mcnint were fint into thdie country to fearch
I'ir rinms and ammunition, and to endea-
viur to) bring back the negroes to a pro-.
pTr iftni[ of their duty,; for they were
now beginning to be very difbrderly, and
it I'lifd to work on Tfvcra] cflates in the
ii,.l:mborhlnrd. The gun on Pilot Hill,
;till I tv( nill po|i(.ulldt-'s o)n oTOclifcope Point,
wre-c rcfndtr-e ttiltrvIl-.ialek', to prevent
thli: f'ljil.: iuto ltli h.idsi of the enmcnmy.
It .dll t1lhei oieti:i'hun, M1ajor tLan'drith, lii
.;t iv r goodl ,li'er, c\srtrd him illf highly.
.On thi r 11, ;>t o1ne o'lotuk P. M. the let-
tr; h vlih lhlull pretcnrly he laid before
thle reader, were brought to the Cotxnmand-
U ing




Sa REVOLT IN GRENADA.

Ing Oicers of die St Andrew's and Stc Ph
crick's regiments, by Captain Ker, with a
detachmnct of fixteca of the militia light
cavalry. The officers of both the regi-
ments havil g been l)C lled together, and the
orders which thofl Ictterscontainedhaving
been omnmunicated to dithem, were unani-
mnwg'ly of opinion, that they ought to be
carried into immediate execution, ap not a
moments thiue weI to bI/lft. This opinion
was givun, on the iuppnlirion that thu de-
t achu ent of ithe light cavalry under Cap-
tai4 Ker, was. intended as a reinforcemcnt
t1 otur little army ; for, finll as it vwa, it
int'lircd confidence and hope. 1icntienlant-
(lonmt'l MIPonald, and Mr Janmet C;amp-
bell, o(i:rild theml't lvcie fir the lbrvice of
colldcling thle rr ifly negroca from the e-
(lates of iMr A. Campbell; ;ind Major
Hardic and Mr Hughces willingly went oi
the fame firvice to the elthitc in the neigh-
bourhood, of which they had the dire4lion.
Batgage muks, and wl-htever elf mil"ht
he wanted fbr the intended march tfl
.e!v6i1g1, were ordered wt be jrocured
i i- .ro which (;p:' K,.r 1i:4 he.
had




REVOLT IN EGRENADAi 53

had received from the Prefident, to re-
turn with his detachment as foon as pof-
ilble," changed the fkae of affairs en-
tirely.
It wai now thought necefary to confult
Mr Smith, an experienced lhrveyor, who
wa;s well acquainted with the ground
through whirh we mill march, and bet-
rer qualified perhaps than any other to
decide on the poffibility of fulfilling the
orders of his Honour the Prefident; chat
k. to A y, to arrive in the vicinity of Fe-
doiu'a camp before day-break. Such, it will
le kecn, wetc the riders. Mr Smith gave
it as his decided opinion, that it was im-
pjjfibl/l This opinion of Mr Smith, ought
to have been let Forth in the anfwer which
wasr I'c1tr Lnd to his Honour the Prdfiden.
In that cafe, it can hardly be fiuppofed,
tliat the letter v:hi Ih he lent next day,
*.'li dh Ihull all be laid before the reader,
v.,iuilI lUidve Iflbtf uin(lhied in fiCh larlh.
ti i in, ol crifinrc aitid re)tioti h. Trhis laift
letter w.& undou:t,.dly written in the mo-
0rent of j,;'inI\il (*liueteL and dithppoint-
tinot. Th. l'refidnt's wcl-concerted plan-
(for




34 REVOLT TV GRENADA,

(for fuch they certainly were, as far as his
information refpeaing the diftance and
nature of the ground and other circum-
itances went) had unexpeaedly failed in
the very outlet. When the letter of the
6th is reviewed in this light, it is to be
hoped that the cenfure contained in it will
make no very unfavorable impreflions
in the mind of the reader refpeting the
(onduat of the gentlemen to whom it was
aildi'-llid. The rorrelpondcnce on that
utplcalinit o i.t'ilint was as tolilows:

St GCorge's, ;th March 1795.

The unfllornate catltre of the Lieu-
ti-:uxt-( ;ovcrr by the infurgeiits, hav-
ing rciulered it niceiitry for me to afl-ume
the command fir the .prclenrt, I have the
honour to acquaint ymo rhcrewlth, and to
Trequctil 'u would immediately affemble
all tihe whire men whio can poffibly be
fpivred from lthe neceflarv dcfence'of your
qilirtvr, and iroceed with them to-night
tow.irdl'i tln tiltre of Julien Feddon, which
tI. thil prclittt healc;-quartcrs of the i 'hr-
*rs,




REVOLT IN GRENADA. fS

gents, fo as to take poft as near as poflible
to them an hour before day-break. At
day-break I have ordered an attack to be
made on die fide of Gouyave by a party
of military and militia, and, on the fide
of Saint Patrick's, by a party of militia
fi-om that quarter. With thefe you are
to co-operate to the utinoft of your power,
it being of the lait importance imme-
diately to reduce a band of rebels, who
may otherwise dcentially endanger the
general fafety of the island, and the life
and property of every white individual in
it. The' parole is Wolfe, and the coun-
terfign Howe.
I have the honour to be, &c.
K. F. M'KENZIE,"
Cofoel IHorsford."

Si R,
"The neceflity of making a very vigo-
rous cMlort for the immediate redliidion of
the rebels in arms at the estate of Julien
Fcdon, and the finiillnd1; of the whole
force with which you will bi able to ac.
ofln.fively from your quarter, induces me
to




51) RLVOLT IN GRENADAs

to fitggcftll a proposal to you, on which
)y,,i will acd or not, as your better know-
ledge of local circumstances liall direct
you. T'his proposal is to arm a number
of able trufty negroes, from die eflates of
Mr Alexander Campbell, and from fuch
of the other eftates in your quarter, as
yon can place good dependence upon, and
take them with your party, to affift in the
attack ordered for to-morrow morning.
The circ umilance, of. th Lieutenant-Go-
vernor awl Mr C(mpbell being in the
handle of the rebels at Fedon's, will in all
protmbility producc vigorous cflbrts on
the part of the negroes comncclcd with
them.
I have the holnour to be, &c.
KL F. M'KsNwzI."
" Colonel Horsford."

Similar letters to the above were addref-
fed to Major Stewart.

The following is the anfwer which was
returned by Captain Ker.
Si R,




REVOLT IN GRENADA. 57

I SI R
A council of war of all the officers of
the two regiments being called, took into
consideration the following circundilices;
Ftrft, the impradticability, or even prifibi
lily, of co-operating with the party of the
St George's regiment, from the late pe-
riod at which they received his Honour
the Prefident's orders ; and, in the ncxt
plaqe, the eligibility of the measure ulti-.
mately, from the holdile dilpolition of al,
moflt all the gangs of negroes, not to. iy
the fime of many whites in this quarter:
-And they are unanimoufly of opinion,
that the ti4ety of this part of the island
depends on their maintaining our ficua-
tion on board the Ihipping in the harbour.
hisi farther to be observed, that rout ofeighty
vflhidtive privates, not above /wo-:burds are
pritprly arnnd andl acctoutrfd. Still, how-
ever, we wutdd hare made the attempt, lhad
Capttin IKcr with his party agreed to join
*. \VW hav die thtijInour to be, &t.
JiAAc lIoon nn, Col. St An 4rcw's Rcgt.
JouN Sw','tw-, Major. Cmn. St Patrick's.
GnDos TeIS.':sut, Lieut. of dte Troop.
l: If-n:s:r tP f.!14."




58 REVOLT IN GRENADA.

On the night of the 5th, federal fires
were perceived from the fhipping, in the
dirctlionr of the Upper Pearl and Carriere,
which proved to be the trafh-houfes or
bIildinigs ior prcf'erving the cane-fuel on
thiolc cliatcs stand fiame others. The houfe
dof Mr Stuart, near De Glapion, was alfo
oblilrved to be on fire. As two of the
troop patrolled, in the day-time, every
hour towards this houfc, which com-
manded the road leading to the moun-
tains, it is probable that Fedon imagined
a polt war icit Idcd to be ellablithed there,
and to prevent our doing fo, ordered it to
be ft on fire. This was the beginning
of( : contllagration which was lighted up
very night by the negroes in different
parts, alnd in the end deflated the whole
iflanld.
On the 6th, the letter from the Pre-
fJient, already mentioned, was brought
by the detachment of the troop under
L.ieutenant-Colonel Keith, and is as ful-

Saint




REVOLT IN GRENADA. 59

St Geopgc's, 6th March 1795.
1 GENTLEMEN,
I have received your letter of yefter-
day afternoon. The critical fituation of
this island required your infant obedience
to my orders, and not your debates on
the eligibility of them, which I had de-
termined upon. The iancd" to be faved
by your united exertions a i. the ene-
my, and not by hiding your regiments
on board fhips at La Baye ; nor can I con-
ceive how you can think of fecuring the
fid.ety of your quarter, by defeating the
common caufi of a general attack on the
head-quarters of the rebels. The fitua-
tion of the Lieutenant-Governor and Mr
Campbell, ought of itself to have produced
a very different conduct. A party of a-
bout one hunLdred and fixty regulars and
militia have taken Gouvave, and are pro-
ceeding to attack the tanlip at Julien Fe-
don's, in which they are to be Iiipported
by one hundred veterans of the Quebec
frigate, which is now under weigh for
Gouyave. 1 therefore repeat to you both,
my pofitivc order, that you immediately
H form




'REVOT.T IN GRENADA.

imi in as ftrong a detachtnent as pollible of
,li, dTcctivcs of the two regimnuts, and
of truty armed negroes from the eftates,
inml pr-QcCcId witliout the linalleft delay for
ili .i;np at Fedon's, there to (ipport the.
;LtIcral ;i ttik, by 'altig vigorously against
the enemy as occaflon may require : And
I hold vo uwerable for every ill conie-
tpi encc w1h may attend your further
dillbedilnce, A vcltlr will proceed in-
Ilantly with a supply of arms and accou-
itemcnts ; but you are not to wait her
Arrival. lProccd immediately with what
you have. I am, &c.
K. F. M'KELNIE."
" CIimnd lZbr'JrTd.
It Aj'lt ,r Sh wart."

The reader, being already acquainted
with the delay which happened on the
part of Captain.G urdon, has probably an-
ticipated the author in the observation,
that, whether the oficerr& commanding die
St Andrew's and St Patrick's militia were
blhueabic, or not, in not having marched
to attack lecdon's camp, it was fortunate
that




REVOLT IN GRE:NADA, I1

that they did not make lhi attempt. The
fame realon3 liill p1rcv.iiil[d for nut march-
ing directly up to tIl, mouniitain, but i
was determined to for-m a juiOi.on with
the troops at Gouyave, if pollible, in time
to fipport the attack which it was flip-
pofed would be made next morning. By
rhis mcadlre there would be a certainty
of acting together, which otherwili was
at leaRt doubtful. The aifwcr to the
Prcfident's letter fent by Colonel Keith,
who returned to St George's that evening,
was a verbal one-" That the militia, at
leafi as many of them as were fit for duty,
would march immediately from their pre-
fent pofl; and die orders of his Honour
should be obeyed, ax far as pofible."
A principal reafbn for wilhing to main-
tain die poll at Grenville was, the daily
expectation (f the arrival of that part of
the London fleet belonging to the Ilar-
bour, that would, 1)) abandoning it, iihe-
vitably tall into the hands of the enemy.
On this ihbjed it is but icrAlhry to add,
that if a single company, or fifty regular
troops, could have been feared to join the
militia




6. REVOLT IN GRENADA.

1i[iuIi.L at Grenville, a poft might have
liben eflablifhed on Ihore, which would
not only have protected the town and
shipping, but alfo the eitates in the neigh-
baourhood. UnIbrtunately, the fall force
On Richmond Hill would nor admit of
any diminution.
At fiur o'clock P. M. on the 6th of
Marnh, eighty men of the St Andrew's
and St Patrick's rc.ginwmI including the
flnall i.artiy of the trouip, and a frew of the
St John't rcgi-nent, who had found means
to Jiin, efl't the Imvto of Grenville. A-
bIout twenty menl, ulndiir the command of
Captniin Yeam;nIs Ihornlftrd, were left an
board the shipping. Tlhe route which it
was thought lprper to take,, was by the
middle road leading to St Patrick's, thro'
Ti voli, Montrroe, and Mome Fenddle. The
decu:hmnint of light cavalry led, being
guided by Mr Alexander Brander, a gen-
tleman who had narrowly escaped from
the infurgents, after having been carried
near to their camp. He undertook to
t nduWt the party by the heights of Du-
qucfle anr. Grand Pauvre, to fall out on
Plaifhnce




REVOLT IN GRENADA. 63

Plaifance efiate, formerly Dc Suze's, very
near the enemy's head quarters ; but af-
ter paffing the town of St Patrick's, which
was found abandoned, it was thought pro-
per to march by the road through the
town of St Mark, commonly called Grand
Pauvre, and flo on by the fia-cotlL. The
little town of St Mark had been albfo aban-
doned. At the loufe of Clozier St Marie,
near this place, a finally advanced party of
the cavalry, that had been dispatched to
fearch for St Marie himfelf, found only
two mulatto men, who were carried for-
ward to Charlotte Town, where the whole
party arrived at four o'clock in the morn-
ing of the 7th, after having marched
twelve hours without halting, except for
about ten minutes at Mount Alexander.
Here they found the party under Captain
Gurdon had not moved, otherwisee the
intention of Colonel lorsford and Major
Stewart was to have followed, notwith-
flanding the fatigued (late of the men, as
there was ltill time to have gained the
height near Belvidere bcfirc day-break.
The




4. REVOLT IN GRENADA,

The account of what happened after
this ri iuforcement joined, hall be given
in Captain Gurdon's own words. In
(coni'. ,.Imc-': of the intelligence I received,"
Lhe y's, in the letrcr to the Prefident al-
rc.uly quoted, I thought it more pru-
dent to put oif my attack until I should
rn':t'ive a reinforcement, which I did onr
the arrival of the Quebec frigate *. After
which, 1 deternmincd to march out of the
town, t( pr rvcit d li'ine of drunkennefs
which wa; too prrvnlent, and which, from
the few officer., who were with me, I found
it hnpolfTifle to prevent'while I flaid there,
a;s all the florc.s had blcn broke open, and
were full of ruin, winc and porter. But,
contrary to my cxpcdittinu, I found that
the negroes brought run to The mcen from
every houft or hut that I paled. Never-
thlcefs I hoped, from the accounts I re-
Ceived, to be able to carry the encmy by
florm,
Thim rcinforccment confined of' &ifty marine handed by
ITh! br.c jvII att ivc Captzin Roger ; of tlikfe, only Iw eiim-
r'it lumrclttL. It k flmnewhat (liange, thiat Captain Gnr.
don tnLks no nuticc of the reiIf2irccmant of eg/,t imn from
Cn Mil,




REVOLT IN GRENADA. &6

form, which was my reason for advanc-
ing dole to their camp ; but upon halting
my party, and going on to reconnoitre the
enemy, I found them potted on fitch ad-
vantageous ground, with two fix pounders
which rhey had carried from the town of
Gouyave *, that I thought it impoffible
to carry the place unless properly invefled.
I alib perceived their numbers were great-
er than I had realoii to expect, as plain-
ly faw a houle and chapel filled with
men ], from which two places (even if I
had fihccecded in driving them from their
guns), they could have picked off all my
men, as I liad nothing with me to make a
breach in fuch fitong buildings; and as
my orders from the Council were perfect-
ly difcrctionury, I thought it would be
more for the good of his Majelly's f:rvice
to return to Gouy ave, (as there was no
height on which I could encamp with
fidity),
S'lhere gptu had beln thigh Captainl Gurlorn could not Inow.
t What Cnpt u Gurdon call ii rhkipel, was a houfe for
drying coffee, (IoArtn) with :a lll belfry at one cud. Thii
was the poll uf La. Crcf4j.', or Munut St John, which Ge.
neral Lindfay tujk, fricqucutly called Ch:dau's.




0i RLVOLT IN ORENAIDA.

hiLry), until 1 could receive a reinforce-
mInLt and two howitzers, which I fent a
vcl[l exprefs for as Coon as I reached the
town."
Soon after the party reached Gouyave
on the 8di, a spirit bordering on mutiny
broke out among the militia of St George's,
which greatly tarnifaed the glory which
they had acquired in the a6ion of the 6th.
Hut the reader hall have the relation in
Cuprain ( urdon's own words. About
anl hour after the vOiT:c was gone, I was
allnilhcd when ibme officers of the mili-
tia caUme and informed me, that their men
were almnot in a flate of mutiny, flying,
that they would inflantly return to St
Gcorge's, ;.i- ticir property was there, and
it was that they meant to protect I iam-
mediately went to find out the truth of
the report, when a party of die militia
came to me and told me, they muft return
to St George's that evening, as theyheard
the enemy were within four or five miles
of that town, and that it was ufelefs to
Ilby and protect empty houfes. On my
telling them that I had fentfor a reinforce-
mc lt,




REVOLT IN ORENADA. 67

ment, and that I was aflonifled at their
proceedings ; they laid foin were already
gone, and that they would go, with or
without my leave. Seeing die fate of
the militia, and thinking that, in all proba-
bility, the enemy would come down and
attack me again in the night, I thought it
more prudent to embark the party, than
to hazard the lives of many, from the difi
affection of a few." It should be ohierved,
however, that hardly a man of the light
infantry company of the St George's
entered into this flameful deviation from
good order. Captain Park, and federal of
the other officers, did every thing in their
power to bring the delinquents back to
their duty; but not being able to fucceedj
they joined in opinion with Captain Gnur-
don, that it was the moft prudent mea-
lhre to embark and return to St George's.
The finally detachment of cavalry, on the
embarkation taking place, had permillion
from Captain Gurdon to march by land
to St George's, where they arrived at nine
o'clock at night, and brought the firlf cer-
I tain




ht RkVOLT IN' GHREN ILDA

tain intelligence of the failure of this firft
expedition against the enemy.
The Prefident now Thw, that nothing
could be done until a reinforcement Ihould
arrive ; and therefore he was obliged to
confine his mcaflres to putting the town
and forts in the moll fkcure IRare that was
poflible. In this, he was greatly aflilled
by Captain Rogers, of whole services the
inhabitants of Grenada mull long retain
tIle molt grateful rcincmbraitc. Fifty
mIarinfch were landed from the Quebec, and
pgltled ni l Ilolpitil 11ill. Forty Spanifh
Ifhliel's, wh tic h Don Chacon the Governor
of Trinidad ulfnt on the ioth to our aRift-
ancc, were Iltiioncd in I ort (;corge. Don
C(haron likewili lent tlirce armed veIfels
and in every reipea proved himself wor-
thy of die high character we had enter-
t gained of hisExcellency'a noble and friend-
ly diltofidon.
The whole ifland, except St George's
:ld nd the fortifications, and a few eflates near
tlie town, was now in poJfeflion of the in-
ltrgents. The infnrrccdion of the flaves
bc .une general; and the work of plunder,
and




REVOLT IN flRLNADA.


aid devaflation by fire, "vMnt on almolt
without interruprion, c 'cpt when the in-
cendiaries m dce tou tac;r alpproachrs to the
town. Thofl miscreants might truly be
thid to fcatter firebrands, as it were, in
fport. But the reader should be inform-
ed, that a few day~ before the arrival of
the Spanifh armed vefTelT;, that is to fhy
on the 6th, the rebel general had the in-
folence to fend another flag of truce by
De Suze Cadet and Pierre Alex.andre, (both
white men), who brought a letter, to which
the late Lieutenant-Governor, and forty-
three more of the unhappy prisoners
had been compelled to put their figna-
tures, dictated, it wats fid, by that arch-
traitor Olivier. This letter, with the names
which were aflixed. to it, will be given in
the Appendix *.
The following is the ;nfwvcr that was
lent back by drihel il-ng.er, who loth
were liable however to lhvi litibel hanged,
as having fortnnerly fiorni ;tllegia!ne to his
Majefly.
The Prefidcnt and Council of Grena-
da, acrd the officer conmunanding his Ma-

'ut Appedr.dix, N-. IL.




70 REVOLT IN ORENADA.

jefly's garrifon of Grenada, have received
a letter, signed by federal unfortunate gen-.
elemen in the camp of Belvidere, purport-
ing, That the iafljat an attack is i ,de
on tbc frfl where the pifrners now arc con-
fincd, that in/ant every one of the prisoners
fall be put to death." To a propofidion fo
horrid, it is difficult to conceive that any
wearing even die form and femblance of
human kind fthould have acceded, It re-
quires but one anlwivr-lThat we are all
equally willing to fill the lafl drop of our
blood, rather than difrace eternally our-,
tflves and our country, by a conceflion to
men capable of lhch l ropofition. We
difidain to avail ourfldve, of our power o-
ver the infignilicant indivklduals that have
borne this flag, but desire that no farther
communication of the fame nature may
be attempted.
JosrEPH BEETE, Scretary.
By command of his Honour the Prefi-
dent and Council, and Commandant
of his Majefly's troops in the island of
( renada,"
ARRIVAL




REVOLT IN GRENADA.


S
ARRIVAL OF GENERAL LINDSAY*.

On the i2th of March, Brigadier-Gene-
ral Lindfay arrived from Martinico to
take the command. The militia in St
George's were reviewed ol the fi'e day
by his lExcellency, who exprelled his 1atif-
faion at their appearance to Lieutenant-
Colonel Garraway, their commanding offi-
cer. The General had brought with him
a few artillery men; and on the i4tb,
50o troops arrived from Marrinico in his
Majefly's Ihip the Beaulieu. This rein-
forcement was not permitted to land at
St George's, but ordered immediately to
Gouyave. On the isth, at four o'clock in
the morning, the General marched at die
head of about 400 regulars and militia,
leaving 200, lealt able to bear fatigue, to
proceed

The rndecr, it ih hoped, will pardali the author for
omnpriliig the fepqel of thlii Nrrativc cveri in fmatller con-.
pafl thin lie ha done the frr;tjiiig pllt ; not only for the
reafuons given in the ;ritroduiH.iuin, but nlfo to hinder the
work from fwelling into a rize which lie did not wilh or id-
I'dJ, and which might be in many redlpcs inconvnient.




7- t REVOLT IN GRE'NADA.

giprotect the town and forts. About one,
o'clock P. M. the GcelCral arrived at Char-
lotte Town, and the troops were landed
from the Beaulicu on the time day. On
the i th, he marched to attack the cncnmy
with all tdie troops, except the St Andrew's
regiment, and the new ettablilhed corps
of Volunteer AfflbcLaed Cavalry, under
Lieutenant-Colonel Gahagan. Thefe were
Cft to defend Gouyavc, and to lecure a
retreat. The General thought proper to
rFiL the troops at Morne Felix, within a
mile of thie camp of the insurgents, from
ouc (when they got upon this ground) to
three o'clock P. M. This dclty of only
two hours was probably Laral to the expe-
dition, as it has been thought die General
would have got pulldlion of the camp at
lielvidere, if night liad- not come on too
Jbou. The General now advanced with,
a detachment of the 9th, under C.aptaia
Saoicmanan, under the fire of a large field-
piece, to the poll of La Croifade, men-
tionied in Captain Gurdon's letter, and
took lpoIlion of this place (by na-
ture strong), where, as foon as the reft of
tlc1




REVOLT IN GRENADA. 73

the troops came up, lie ordered fifty men,
with a howitzer, to remain. He then
marched quickly on, with the party of
die 9th, that fill led ; the troop of mini-
litia light cavalry, and the reft of the
force, following in the order the General
had pointed out. The field-piece, under
Captain Crcnmade (who behaved well on
this, as on every other occ;aion), was
brought on to a rifing ground, within
reach of the works at Belvidere, and was
well ferved. On approaching near there
works (where it was thought the unfortu-
nate prifdners were confined), one of die
guides perceived a party of the enemy on
the left, and pointed dithem out to the Ge-
neral. This party he undoubtedly ima-
gined to be in great force; and, lelt they
should fall upon thde rear of the troops, im-
mediately gave orders to charge, and, dath-
ing forward himfclf at the head of the van-
guard, the enemy, confillUilng of about ij o
of their belt men, were l n forced to re-
treat into a wood. It was now fix o'clock
in dthie evening. QCptain Sandieman had
been




74 f REVOLT IN GRENADA.

been severely wounded ; two privates had
been killed, and fixteen wounded, chiefly
of the 9th ; and the troops who came up
in time to be in the engagement were al-
mout exlaulted, at leall greatly fatigued.
For thcfb reatbns, but chiefly on account
of night's coming on, and the General's
being altogether unacquainted with the
ground, he ordered a retreat to the poft
which he had taken. His own letter,
as it is Ihurt, hall hbe given here.

" Pof lat rFdon's Iouf 8th March 1795-
SMY DEAlt SIR,
I have great pleafire in tcflifying to
you, that nothing could be better than the
behavior o the militiaL in yellerday's af-
fair, which did not coft any thing near
the number of men we expected to lofe.
They showed the beft countenance; and
every obldier in our regular troops .re-
marked, that nothing could be better.
Our whole lofs is one Captain wounded,
two rank and file killed, and fixteen
wounded,
SThc Crncial call it Fet.n's Haufi, probably becaufc
he was told it had bdlunged to a brother of Julicn Fedou.




REVOLT IN GRENADA. 73

wounded, chiefly of the 9th regiment,
who bore the brunt of the attack. We
hope to be in their camp co-moLTow.
I remain, Sir, your humble ifrvanr,
SCOLIN LNDSAY."
" Iis Honour the Prefident."

The enemy loll, as we afterwards learn-
ed, about twenty killed, and twice that
number wounded. In the beginning of
the engagement, it is tlid, Fcdon gave
orders to put the prisoners to death; but
on the representations made to him by
St Marie ind others, their lives were
pared on this occasion; but it was only
to make them fuffer a tho-'mKand indigni-
ties and hardihips worle than death. They
were carried up from the lower camp at
Belvidere to the highetil, called Caum de
la MIort, where Fedon had his quarters.
Here they were Ibrceld to ly upon thec
ground in the open air, expaoiid to every
inclemency of the weather, till a place
could be prepared for their reception. A
strong guard was it uver them, chiefly
compolcd of t'kcir 4w)n nlgr&nr !
K I,




-U RiVOiT tN CILL;NADA.


It certainly wai. ( inicral LindJly's do&
Lctlnrmiationi to ait k the enemy next
imlorniig ; but the night unfortunately
provuild | ni: wet, and unilvourable fyr
thei i-tcrprifl', whikh otherwise, under fo
J;Lil:Int a leader, would hardly have failed
to prove fuccefsful. The heavy rains
wvlhich alniolt iucefl'itly fell in the moun-
tains, from this dime to the fatal period
of his exiftence, rendered any movement
;hnpr1 licable. lie mull have liifTred
excc hlingly iii his mind by this delay;
and the taixiety aind impatience, which lihe
could nor help discovering, appear to havc
occaftoncd a temporary inianity. About
five o'clock in thie morning of the 22d,
he uinhappily pu)t an end to his life.
Some other ciru.nftances, besides the bad
weather, probably contributed to the de-
rangement of his mind, as appears by the
following letter.

"RPofl before Beividere, rfl March 1795-

l.pwards of one half of the militia
having left me, contrary to the moft po-
fitive




REVOLT IN G-RCXNADA,

fitive orders, I have been prevented I'Frn
'carrying my plans into executi:nl ; and
as I hall not be able to ad offlninvcy un-
til I have at leaft a number equal ro tohif
with which I fet out, I thought it .0dli-
able to give the part of the militia th:rt
remained behind, and who bore chieer-
fully much hardlhip froim the extreme
badnedcs of the weather, leave to return to
St George's to refreth themselves, under
the positive promife of returning in two
days; in which time, it is to be hoped
tlhat the weather may prove more fhvour-
able for 'acive operations. I rely upoo
-the navy, that they will prevent ftpplies
from getting to the enemy from Guada-
loupe or elsewhere. I beg leave to add,
that the utmoft exertion of every indivi-
dual will be neceflliry to follow up this
bufinefi ; andti it is with much regret I
hear, that there are many perlbas doing
no duty at St George's, that might be-of
great ult here; as I mull repeat, that if our
number should be reinforced to the num-
than adequate to die service. I mufl re-
quell.




7% RIRVOLT IN GRENADA.

quell a 1hpply of blankets and (hirts folt
my troops, as, when they laid down their
haverlhcks to engage the enemy, the ne-
groes f:ole then.
I" have the honour to be, &c.
COLIN LINDSAY."
SHis IHonroj u the Pr!dent,

'On the evening hfbrre CGeneral Lind-
nty's death, the author litd makC ;i rcpurt to 1ii. IF trncy relative
to lime druinkcn INhlitrA, who had itray-
ed beyond the line, ani were taken in
the ad of plunderiing, witch h:lad cen
prohibited. I le c ne iut of the midHr-
nhk liut lhe hid t holirn i r hi\ quarters,
whli( h did nwt defend him from the rain,
and artMndid to the report with great
coinmpolthre and complacence. He seemed
then to be pIertifly collected, and gave
his orders for the trial of the offenders, to
hi 'leld next day, with great calmnefs;
though ih was ohferved at times to be
rather warm and impetuous, both in his
lipeccdh .id :tilion. He attended to the
minurell wants of the private soldiers,
and




REVOLT IN CGR1NADA. 79

and he was therefore beloved as well
as feared by them; tlhey would have
followed mol willingly wliercver lie led.
He would not fuller them to remIain in-
active, where there was any poilibility of
exertion; and he was a great enemy to
drunkennelk, which he lItid proceeded
from a winit of natural courage, and a
desire to supply that want by artificial
means. hi a word, General Lindlty was
brave, affable, and humane.
By the death of General Lindfay, the
chief command again devolved on the
President. Licutenant-Colonel Schaw of
the 58th ljucceeded to the command of
the troops; and lie and the other officers
were of opinion, that the force then in the
island wais not futlicient for olTenfive ope-
rations. The Spaniilh troops had been
*withdrawn, as they were wanted by Don
Chacon for the defence of Tr'l'inidad, fome
figns of interiud commotions lhving been
diklovercd in dhat island. His Honour
the Preficdent was now reduced to the ne-
cefliry of acing Ion the defensive, till the
arrival of a reinfurcenient fi'om England,
U9




So j REVOLT IN GRENADA.

as no more troops could be (pared by the
G(nnmander in Chief fi'oni Martinico.
ArnmLd velfels were fitted out to cruize
rut-id the illind, to prevent any fuccours
tr4 rhVc iliu'gntrs from Guadaloupe. A
Ir ait vc;i f i oin dh at ifland-, with muifket-
aiil cair:ridges, was taken by his Majefty's
hipi Kcitu'rce, Captain Watkins, to whofe
vigilance the island is much indebted.
Soon aid.r, CapjtLin W\Vatkins brought in
;tmtithlr vcltd buundI to G(utiCaloaup, on
hoardl of which wi'o l'ierre Alexandre, the
wetc who, togetJhr with young De Suze,
brought iin thie cond flag of truce. This
man li.l liecin enrolled in the militia, and
hail tLaktin tlhe oatl of allegiance to his Ma-
jelly ; hie was thlereforu tried by a court-
mirtial, and onidcimned to be hanged'"
whiciih ntence was executed in the pubL
li int:irket-place of St George's on the zd
day of April.
lBu it IhGuld have been firft mention-
ed, that, on the 23d of March, Mr Luf-
ti n, a n:mrchlant of Couyave, arrived from
Triiniidad. fie was a material evidence a-
gaii Ilt Alxamdrce, Juiaving accompanied him
to




REVOLT IN GRENADA. 8t

to that island, where their bufinefs was to
purchase arms and ammunition for the
rebels, with bilk of cxchlange drawn by
D'Arcucil and St Marie. He clinic vo-
luntarily in a veflel, which, at his requcil,
had been provided by Don Chacon, in or-
der to give the Prclident every informa-
tion retiedling the infurreaion, that had
fallen within his knowledge.
Mr Lullan had been carried a prifoner
to the camp at Belvidere on the 3d of
March, where he remained till the 18th ;
but being a Frenchman, was employed as
a depute-eommillry to fkrve out the pro-
vifions ; and at one time lie fkid he ferved
upwards of even thomthnd rations to peo-
ple of every defcription. The cattle had
all been driven, by orders of Fedon, by
the negroes up towards the mountains,
and not lei than eight or ten were con-
fumed every day. Mr Luthn was ap-
plied to by one of De Suzc's Iuns for mo-
ney (pour aider Ia rtpub/ii/ur) to affift the
republic. On Lullinm replying that he
had nothing left to give, De Suze told
him, that a letter of credit on his friends




C: !REVOLT TN GRENADA.

iat T'idad, to purchase arms and anmiu-
nition, might cflintially ferve die caul,.
tL) which he imagined Luflan was as good
a friend as hihnfelf. To this proposal,
the obI)jettlon was, that Mr Place;, the in-
uiitate friend of Mr Lufa.n at Trinidad,
wvas dead ; but as he was a merchant, and
well known in that island, he might, if
lie was permitted to go there, be able to
procui.ir what was wanted on his own ac-
count. lie wias accordingly trufled with
hllN for thi puirpofl, and ordered to ac-
rompi-ny AleV.andrc on the expedition,
'ihtfy ailId in a Ihudll fishing boat from
Creinville lHiy, in company with two o-
ther wltite 'irc;ichimcn, I'orades aid Nico-
1.114, the 1tSitl abott Inoonl, uand arrived at
the Careiiag in Triridad on the gtth in
the evenWing. Alexandre having gone di.
rely to dite houTe of one Belcrau, a bro-
thier-in-law of Fedon, to furnifh him with
money to puirchafe the articles wanted *,
Mr Ludllui embraced the favourable mo-
mellnt,
'lt4 mntiwny had been given by fvcral in the relts
n, j.i.uri ithli ; ad a; vile priC i, i amU d Pd'iacl
rLu:rd furt jh1ranns'k,




REVOLT IN GRENADA. 8

iment, to get to Port I 'l'.lfpiagne, where, by
thdie affillance of 'Mlr lincit Dert, who lent
Him a canoe, lihe arrived next day early in
the morning. He inummnediately waited on
the Governor, Don Chacon, to whom he
communicated every circumlnbuce of the
bufinCfs, in which le had embarked mere-
ly to have dithe opportunity of making his
efcape.
On the ceffiniony of Mr Luillin, Ibme
circurmftanccs refpe6hing the prisoners in
the camp have already been given; but it
may not be improper to add one more,
which particularly relates to the late Lieu-.
tenant-Governor. When he and his fel-
low prisoners had been brought up and
lodged in die coffec-houie at Belvidere,
they were vilited fimn after by Fedon, at-
tended by Ohivicr aw an incerprttcr. Eb
bien, tqran H-niome xcd.imccl this wretch-
ed mif reanr, te vo ia fwn prioniicr-il
Jfut fare livrer h/c jir/s." All, tyrant
Home! you are now my prilbuncr-you
mutt caulc the forts ro he delivered up."
To whidi the unfortunate Governor re-
plied, 1 am a prilbner, and have no long-
L er




RFVrLT IN C7.EN.ADA.


:my pwer in the colony-I am refiga-
,1. to my fate, whatever you may make
it." H ird Ette! cruel reverf! tobe plung-
ed :,at ,:c from dignified nation, affluence,
:d c ip:.arati, h.ppinefs, into a gulph
eI'.trCme n:ilcry :and woe! But, per-
hap hii ::miahIbl good manl felt a pang
r:.'m.w! puinfully acute for the fate of his
i'fris Is and fcl low-fufferers in confinement,
tihn f,,: ins o,-v; and cfpecially for the
fl ilid 1 )1 his early ycars, his companion
ilIr.'r.h l'il, Mr Alexander Campbel.
'rhi gecnrtcinan was juft on the eve of his
dcp.nr-'ic Irioni the Weft Indies for this
lih;iply l.Lind of ruic and rational frieedoin,
wiikhici hbi!- iehid intended lbon to follow
16in;. lit on thil. lihjedt fhe author fias
1p. .-h.p: Lid too much. Itis time to 're-
turn to ilie tailc he has imposed on 1iih-
fllf, of relating every material occurrence
which fell out, in the fiveral attempt to
chcck this unnatural rebellion.
11Ti Honour the Prefident, not wishing
to lifrir the troops to remain altogether
in.iaive, determined, with the advice of
dle Council, to form a polt at Grenville
Bay.




REVOLT i !l. LADA. U;

Bay. The tfiipiing had this ia h !a r
on the i5th, and .al 1 fI'. lv iat SU
George's, cxcpU:' vaikl .td!d tl: llotmu
Emperor, which was ilranidc 1 ; rei f
near the tri-'ance uf lBay. The lown
was reduced to alheb on the iflch by th-
infargents. They lik',ik l iburj,:d the 'i-
lot's Houle on the hill, thoigli thliy Lthm'Ught
proper toon aftwi wa'dt: t cllablilh a pa1tt
upon it, and, by the allillance of nume-
rous gangs of negroes, brought up a iitne-
pounder, which had beca thrown into the
Bay, and mounted it *, inclofing the fum-
mit of tht hill with a kind of r;tmpiprt of
,boards.
Agreeable to the plans of operation which
vw ce.now resolved to be carried into exe-
cution, rhe Prufident difjiatched the fol-
lowing letter to Iicutenant-Coluncl S:uhaw.

GrefhIt, 24tl March, J 79 .
Sl R,
I have the hopour to acquaint you,
that it has this day been determined, in a
Council
The infurguts, aftcrwar'di mountc4 two fix-pouindcr
and a four-poundcr at thii polt. Thele they brought from
the different final polft oni tie windwlard tid: of the itWand.




?(1 REVOLT IN GRENADA.

Council of war, to maintain for the prc,
kmit the pof t you occupy, and to aa offcn-
fively from thence against the encmy, as
occasion may of?'r. A port is immediately
to be formed at Grenville 13ay for the pro-
tclirno of that iluIrtcr, confid(ing- of one
captain, two irbalterns, and fifty men,
from his Mijefly's troops, and the fimn
lLetachiiint froml the militia. The regular
troops arc to be drawn from your poft,
;md replaced by ;ii equal detachment of
mtilti.a. Major Stewart, who is well ac-
uli tinltd with the Cinaitry, will go round
wih rh- dc-tamenil, and giyc them every
alillunL' .anuld id vice, which his knowlcdgc
of lo tal Jin umtltamce3 can fuggefl. The
ntCcil'1'vry n-ders, for carrying this fer':ic
iito cr\ttlutionl, will be (brwarded imme-7
dihtcly.
I have the honour to be, &c.
K. F. MACKENZEE.
*' Lictlciant-d.o ond Scbaw."

The orders contained in die above let-
I cr were immediately begun to be put in
fIhrc. Fifry regulars, and the lame mun-
ber




REVOLT IN GRENADA. 2i7

ber of militia of the St Andrew's and St
David's regiments *, under the command
of Captain Gurdon, embarked in the
Flying Fifh and Pegafus, armed veliTel.
Fifty men of the St Patrick's regimrtnt,
and a detachment of the light cavalry,
marched fi-om Charlotte Town to the Ob-
fervatory, a commanding pofl within fix
miles of Grenville. This party was com-
manded by Captain Mackenzie of the St
Patrick's, and arrived at the Obifrvatory
in time to watch the debarkation of the
troops under Captain Gurdon at Gren-
ville Bay,' and to march thither to fup-
port them. But Captain unirdon not
thinking it adviktable to enter the har-
bour, the troops were landed at Levara,
about four miles to the north-eaft of the
Oblirvatory ; to which poll they direly
marched,
On the 2d of April, Captain Gurdon
marched from the Olfervarory towards
Grenvilg. .His letter to the lPrelident,
giving an account of that expedition, ifiall
here be laid before the reader, who may
be
The militia were commanded by Captain M'Calkill.




t 8 RtEVOLT IN GRENADA.

b tberchy better enabled to form hiii
Opinion; reifpecing the caufls of iti
L.dl are.

"O:,rvl2tHoty- Is, !FridiS April 3d 79g.

I proceeded ycldtrilay morning to at-
tack dti inthigents on Pilot lill, leaving
only a I.hf'Ecicnt trce here to proredb fame
fick men. \Whn I .tvanced near La Baye,
thcy firrl made a fland with about one
hundred menI at liridirc negro-houfeo,
fruin which they were diflodged, but itill
kept up a fire oin Captaii M'Calkill's cornm-
pany (which I had fntc to fcour to the
rightt, and wounded two of my men, but
-utL da;LgCroLIS. On my advancing with
th: main body along the road, they fired
a cannon at us, which, by the ball which
we got, appears to be a nine-pounder, and
ntwrtally womidud one of my greaadiers
to bad, that he died before he couid reach
this place. I then got y -ntider
cover of a hill, when they rfd &a second
ball, but it fell a little ihurt of us. I dhen
wcr:z with Major Stewart to fee their po-
fildon




E.VOLT IN GRENADA. 89

fiction and force from a hill called Teler-
cope-houfe, when, to our great fiirpri-e,
they manifestly, by the flieds on Pilot-
hill, had two pieces of cannon, and fill
two hundred men, and all the adjoining
heights covered with men, principally
armed with mnUkcts. In lihort, dthey ap-
peared flb strong, and lb well prepared for
us, that on my confflting Colonel M'Do-
nald and other gentlemen, they agreed
that I muff lofe at lcaft one, if notr two
thirds of my men, before I could gain
the hill, and that my force was fo finally,
that it would be impoflible to'keep poffeG-
Tiffion of it afterwards. They therefore,
as well as myfelf, thought it more pru-
dent and advifable to return and keep pol-
feflion of this hill, until I should inform
you of cOeir fllrngth and position. I con-
fequendy flnt the wounded men and am-
mnmition off immediately ; and, by re-
maining at Paradifi negro-lhoutes for a-
bout an hour or more with the troopers,
after I had lent the whole body away, I
effctecd a fkfI retreat for the whole ; and
was very happy in being able to bring
here




<0 REVOLT IN GRENADA.

here my grcnilAier, who died about half
an hour after he was thot, and the two
wounded men of the militia, who, I ami
happy to add, are both likely to do well.
Their names are Mr Boyd of Sauteur,
and Mr Powcl of Dunfernmline. While %
remained with the troopers at Paradifd
negro-houlcs, a brig hove in fight off
La Baye, evidently intended for that port
as fhli hnilld a fignl tfor a pilot, but was
floke by the Ilhip Flying Fiih and fchoon-
er I'gcy iiis, when 1he went oiL to leeward
with them, in conlequence, as I fuppofe,
of not being able to weather Telefcopc
Point; by which I am left here without
any provisions or bread, and there are
fiarce any plantins to be found. I alfo
havc no communication whatever by fea4
and am forced to fend this by land to
Couyave. I hope you will take all thefe
things into your consideration, and favour
me with your orders as fpeedily as pof-
filde, particularly as the fiirgeon Mr Dryf.
dalc Ihis juli reported to me, that there
a1rk aiine men very ill with fevers, two
woumUdd n11n:, and a confiderablc number
with




R')VOLT IN GRENADA. 91

with wbre leg;. By a woman, who has a
hainIbad in the enctny's camp, and was
brought in here lall night, I lind that,
the day before yeUterda;,, they tent a re-
inforcement to La BaY) fi'om lrIlvidere
camp, and ycllcrday morning early, an-
other [lill larger, 1i tliha they evidently
mutf have had ifatormation of the intend-
ed attack.
I remain, Sir, & c.
SPtI.ip 1B. GURIONw
Capt. 58th reg. Commandanim
" is HItonour the Prejident."

The author will not prefLume to niake
any comments on this letter. The con-
duat of Captain Gurdon (and the gentle-
men whom he lays he coniuked) Iha
been much censured by fiuni, and cudra-
voured to be julUilled by other. But all
joined in praising the behaviour of Cap-i
rain M'Caikill and the milithi, at tihe head
of 'whom he bravely advancicd to attack
thdie enemy, and had got almoftf within
mutket-lhot of thei hill, when, to his
great ftluprifc and diikppuintmcnrt, the re-
M treajf




:1; REVOLT IN GRENADA.

tra.r was bcat, The detaclnent of thc
troop under Lieutenant MWSween alib be-
haved well. It is to be bunented, that
the whoic o': dite troops did nor advance
to upponrt Capail M'Cafkiidll ; for it ap-
peared atcerwai-ds, by a letter from Ghrles
Nogues to Fedon, picked up at Belviderc,
.id brought rt die Preidernt, that there
wcrc but rw.' companies of the iainfrgents
armtcid wVi' tLni.iktts upon the hill, and
tld1i ilnv v' re yrc1ily in want of aiimu-
in, '. N,.guca commanded at this
I,,it. ie w11 iulbrnuinar4y foon aftet
litp'ld a it.\t anuminition, by a fdiooner
li'tn u.n, upit which clizapcd our
ciui/.ers, a;Tul got iUlut Mlarqtu& on the
8ifh. i~. tr uhir mentuio will be madc
of tii. velfl i-vfliently.
O(h dic (Lpp Acon that Grenville Bay
would be in pofliUon of Captain Gur-
dloni's plrry, the,: Prefident had difpatchgd
an expre-fi to meet the conummanding of-
6cer of the reinforcement that was mrn-
mently expeded, defiriug him to I:md his
ritou)P, itn three diviliQns, at Grenille Bay,
Charlotte
St .:'- A !p ;: .i, N,. lII




REVOLTT IT C:TCVR AA. 9j

Charlotte Town, an:d :'t C:.,Lr for die
purpoa f of making g- n-r i movement
towvards the enemyv't cm ,r d.il'ffent
places at the fame tinc. 'Thi c.'r's lt
the 2jth and 29th reg-imsu on lthei-r way
froni B3arbadoes, under the comnnmand of
Lieutencant-Colonel l(muipliell of the zgth,
to whom the l Pelidenr's dif latches were
delivered. Colonel C(unpbiell, however,
proceeded widi the 11ier to Ch(rlotte
Town, where rhe two regim.ntu were land-
ed from the tranfports on the i ft of April.
On die fame day, the Prefidenr had an in-
terview with him, in order to concerr tie
beft ineafares for employing his force.
A detachment of three hundred men wois
reatmbarked for St George's, under Major
Madlory Of the 29th ; and a detachmi:nt
of two hundred anil fifth rnen, undcr
Major Wright of the 25th, miniarhed- on
the 4ad with proper guid,-t through the
woods to *-fpporr the party at the Oh-
Ifrvatory.
On tde 4th, Major I,Ow!ory marched
with his dctachmvl:u f2,rn Sr George's,
intended to take jioll /ic ,:f a lill
about




REVOLT IN GRENADA.


about two miles beyond the grand etwdit
or great lake, on the St Andrew's fide,
which the Prefidentit, in his correfpondcnco
with Lieutenant-Colonel Elte, who luc-
cecded M%.jor Mallory in the command of
the party, appears to It ve conceived to be
a poll, the pofliTleona of which would cut
off the conunontcation between Grenville
Hay and the camp of the insurgents.
tlit their ul'ual coinmunication was by a
dilKrent road, crilliug the Grand Bras
iivcr Inlow IRonaud's, and through the
lainld of La lbMrce to Pefcliiers etlate,
where they had formed a kind of camp,
which cxrvctd as .1 place of fllcurity for
the wives and children of the insurgents,
as well as a dqcot lir" proviious a all
linds. Major Mallory, in proceeding up
by the road leading to.the Grand Ehang,
wrz fired upon by a itrry of the nilthrr
pents poiled at Macdame Adehei 4b t
four miles froUm St George's. The1 Cemy
were fbon driven from thence, and' our
tro'lV'i" hiaked there for the night. Nuxt
d..y, ,hior M.Nllory was flb nmuth indif-
1,'c by :.tj accid.:natt! wonld, that ih
court' -




REVOLT IN ORENADA. 95

could not proceed, and Lieutenant-Colonel
Efte was ordered fronni ClNuyv:;i by the
Prrficent to t'kc the cominmald. Matjor
Mallory was afterwards brought to town,
where he fell a vitiam to the contagious
fever. On the 6th, Colonel F'tL all4incd
the command of the party. For the rct-
lbns which prevented his thrther pfogrcTi,
the readdtf is referred to his letters to the
Prelidet !.
Major Wiight's joined Captain C urdon's
p:ruy at Mount Horne, after encountering
great hardfliips; and lofming twelve men,
who, it was feared, had fallen into die
hands of the barbarous enemy, as they
had,been incapable, from fatigue, of keep-
ing up with the reft in the march. Major
Wright had been annoyed by a party of
the inlbrgenrs at Mirebeau, whom they
ibon put to flight. Major Stewart reconm-
mendcdr Ghrand lira as a proper and com-
manding poll to be taken ; but asI Captain
(Gurdon had left fbmc fick trooIps and a
guard at the (blefrvatory, it was refolved
to
St-d Appridix, Nom. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.




RJVOI T IN ORiENADA.


to return t thl::t polL. Major Wrighr hIt-
ing vipplied for more iprvifions mid artil-
lery, they were immediately feat ; but
fthiugh his I'ce w:;s now four htmdred
ftrong, lie mnadc no movement; and rhe
infirgents rem;inecd in pteltTion of Gren-
vil!C Bay, and rontimlEd t'l rengthcn Pi-
lot-hill. 'Hie banditti now buned Mire-
healnt, Grand Bras, MmInc- Horme, and e-
vcry other place through which our troops
Ih.Al pajidI,; lIiioing their flqep with
drcadfiill deflationi.
To retrn tvt the et= np before Eflvid-tre,
which Colhncl C(mnpl,! h.ld rn.inforced
with vightr wndr ii icn imnirdiately af-
c.r land'.LLg at ;tnly:V v tIn the iIt o(t A-
pril. On the 3d, he pLaced a krong piqtut
of one hundred reguars, and fome of the
St (;corgc's militia -under Captain HIewani
at Chadau, properly lb called, which was
half a mile nearcr to the rebels camp dian
Lta Croilitde. ln the evening, as fome
movements of the enemy had beemroblrv-
ed on that hle, a reinforcement of fifty
men, wa;s nt to Captain Hewarn. At mid-
nighit lie was aLttac!'cd by thd ini.rgent.,
who,




REVOLT IN CRENXADA.


who, after keeping up a finart fire about
half al hour, thought ,prper to retreat.
Captain IILVw;ul ws mcort:1lly wounded,
and died in two hours a:tler the atotin woa
over. A Icrjeact and one private were llke-
wiie killed, and nine privates wounded.
On the 7th, his I lonour the Prcfidet,
in coniiqucncc of a letter he had received
from Licurenant-Colonel Campbell, defir-
ing to have a cornvcrlation on the fitbjc&l
of future operations, went to the ccamp
before Bclvidere. It was thought bcft to
mnakc a vigorous afitult upon the camp of
the infaurents, without lofs of cine. Cap-
rain WVatkins, of his Majefly's [hip Rc-
fource, gallantly offered his tirvices on
this occaflon; and, with the afliftance of
Captain Blackett, the mailer of a Ihip then
lying at Guuyvec, (whofi: Ipirited condud
.ild excrduon on this and I vcral other cO-
raiioiui entide hini to grcat praiUL-), on
liundrdi and fifty volunteer I'amen were
collk. ed to aflill Colonel ('Ct.npell in the
cnturprife-. Thecf bravc fi:llowvs marched
from Ch:irlotte Town in thl cvcning, and
reached our camp atbouu mhidight. Evcry
'11.




*9 REVOLT IN GRENADA.

thing was now prepared for the afihuir,
which was made on die morning of die
SdL. Our troops were led on by Licutc.
nant-Colonel Hope; and, on their ad-
vancing, the enemy abandoned the lower
polt at Belvidere, and retreated to the ridge
of the mountain, on which tcly had two
guins, but one much more advanced, that
is to lhy, lower down on the ridge than
the other. This was the firft object to
which thle nivements of a cminpany of
the y;h, under Caprain Stoptord, on one
lide, antt a ipart of the iuneLcn, led on by
Captain Watkins, on the other fide of the
ridge, were pointed. The firtt was fi)p-
ported by Licuten:it-Coloncl Hope, with
a party of the 29di h and '8hd ; and the
lalt, by ai detachmenc of the 25t d under
Lieutenant-Colonel Dickfon. Both co-
lumns preffed fi-rward with great ardour.
.Captain Stopford, notwidthtanding the cx-
treme difficulty of the afcent, had got
within twenty yards of the gun, when he
fIll. Mr William Park who had gal-
untly
T s gntlcmniean ii editor of the Grecaidl. Gajztie.
I ,' pJdrffirid nf ueicmmt in abilitC s, 1:. ; li d otk wa
gl'tuay atJ kcr.,ra ly lam ncted.




REVOLT IN ORENADA. 99

lantly engaged in t:,' entcrj'rize as a vo-
lunteer, fell ahnoilt .t the faine in!hmt.
The troops now being c suiI:l to :t heavy
and galling fire from the ene'vm, aind i(nd-
ing it impofflble to make their way through
:the fallen trees, were forced to rcrveat.m.)n
the other fide, Captain Watkins, with Cap-
tain Blackett and thirty-five brave taLiamn,
had actually got within a finw yards of rte
gun; but, obflrving that Colonel Hope
with his detachment was retreating, and
the reft of the fkamen not having come up,
they were alfo under the necetlityof retreat-
ing. AbOut one fourTh of the volunteers
who followed Captain Watkins were killed
and wounded; and, besides Captain Stop-
ford and Mr Park, Enfign Baillie of die
29th, two ferjcnrits, one drummer, and
fixteca rank and file, were killed -iecute-
nant Power of the 5tlh, lix rlricants, two
drharnm L, anid fotrty-thre rink and file,
were wounded. The rerre.ir of our troops
was well supported by Mai'jor PM'Lean,
with a parry of the 68th, otherwise a
great many more mlt lihave been loft in
this unfortunate attempt,
N Ti'




100 REVOLT IN GRENADA.

'I'lefitillrcof this eenterprize maybe attri-
buted co fcvcral caukls. The heavy rans
which had thllen, the inacceffibility of the
ground, and the trecs which had been caut
down,, rTentLcrcd it ahoftlhimroffibli for -the
niijtm:w' ih,orto t e i rl icr arms. Thefea-
men aad troops employed to bring forward
a fix-pnindIcr, had no thare in 1ta action;
aiul th'-* gun, (wing to ikr great difwace
froni tf:- ridgc, r Vi d ; of no Icrvice wvhatevcr.
To !thi iidirmoituiitail: di thiultcki', which
I' tir. 1J4 pT Iad t(o eCat o1iicr i )mlt thc nl.-
1iur "1' tilh grotutlt, it may bke added, diat
mlan> of thoft whn wLre newly arrived,
wc:rc raw anld id(Jikipliucd young nmen.
(.Col'.'l (C'u plIll, in his part, had made
itihe mn)l judidou;s trangcmunt for orinm-
nlg the Hill at day-break ; but the ob-
tlriut-)ions above menaioned retarded the
marcL." alaioft an hour beyond that time;
and the enemy had notice of tflh rachi
,of ou- troops fooio enough to every
advantage of their fituation, amL to gall
the I dvi:uced party of the gti exceedingly.
'Ihl number that U`ll on the fide of the
infurgents




REVOLT IN GRENADA. 101

imfurgents could not be :iil'rtain-:dC; but,
considered comparittively with the lof our
troops fiflained, they iliTerclVd but little.
Among dth iniilngcnti; kitHled, was a bro-
ther of Fudoun, who fell earlv in the en-
gage-ment. It has bIeen lhiid, thit Fedou's
houfes on the plain of lklvidtre, com-
monly called the Lower (Aump, (by them
Camp lie la Libcrrl), were evacuated by die
enemy, anmd might have been catily burnt;
which would have ditrelIed thecm extremnc-
ly, as they had a great part of their pro-
viflons in rhofe houses. This was effedted,
however,) without any lofs on our fide, by
a party of the regulars and militia, ihit
by Major M'Lean a few nights after-
wards *.
The fehoqoner, which has already been
noticed, arrived at Marquis on the day
of the attack. Witli tie ari'ma and am-
munition- which cr.ue in rids velrel, dir
Frencl Cotuillionerh lurtr< one Le Gra1 nge
a mulatto, as thclr c rigat', to tdirec& the
future operations oi thlL inii1rgints jointly
with F12tidiM, l-lFTin, .Li] N)oAIgues. An of-




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