Group Title: Haitian Studies Course Materials for HAI 3564
Title: Final Exam Study Guide
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Title: Final Exam Study Guide
Physical Description: Archival
Language: Haitian Creole (Kréole; Kreyòl ayisyen)
Creator: Hebblethwaite, Benjamin
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Haitian Culture and Society, HAT 3564
Fall 2006


Name:


Final Exam

I. Short answers. Provide a short answer to these questions in complete sentences [4 pts each; 16 pts].

1. What are the consequences of the lump-sum fee system in the Haitian music business?




2. What is noirisme? What are the good and bad things people say about it?




3. Where are Haitian immigrants going to? Why are they going? What happened to Haitian immigrants
in the Dominican Republic in the 1930s? How many Haitian immigrants are in the Bahamas?




4. What was the dechoukaj? What different forms could it take?




II. Essay. Write a short essay about Dr. Paul Farmer's work on the issue of AIDS and Haiti. Address
the following concepts [20 pts]:
CDC; biosocial research; epidemiologic and ethnographic data; U.S. versus Haitian origins of epidemic; Bisexual
origins; sex-workers; Spread of AIDS to heterosexual population and rural Haiti; portrayal of Haiti in gay U.S.
culture; effects in Haiti and US









Essay cont...


III. Give a short definition of the following people, places and ideas. Do 5 out of 6; do all 6 and the
6th is extra credit [2 pts each; 10 pts].

1. Neocolonial patterns

2. Afro-Haitian patterns

3. Jean-Bertrand Aristide

4. Carnival

5. Murdo's view of
Soulouque
6. Rara

IV. Give a short explanation of these concepts in the Haitian context. Chose 7 out of 9; ifyou do 9
out of 9, the 8th and 9th answers are extra credit [2 pts each; 14 pts].

1. kleptocracy

2. Caste society

3. veve

4. chromo-lithographs

5. Women in Haiti

6. Of men and gods

7. Jan Rabel

8. Jean-Claude Duvalier

9. Makandal









V. SCANTRON: Matching. Match the names on the left with the concepts and definitions on the
right. [2 pts each; 68 points]

1. Elie Lescot (a) murdered during Haiti's recent military rule (1991-1995)
2. Tonton Makout (b) populist singer
3. Marc Bazin (c) champagne anti-superstitieuse (anti-Vodou campaign)
4. Antoine Izmery (d) militia established by Francois Duvalier
5. Ti Manno (e) former finance minister for "Baby Doc"; presidential candidate

VI. SCANTRON: Multiple choice, true false [2 pts each; 58 pts].

6. According to Averill, Haiti has what kind of habitus:
(a) unity (b) divisiveness (c) materialism
7. Who are the lumpen proletariat?
(a) middleclass urban dwellers (b) impoverished rural dwellers
(c) impoverished urban dwellers (d) middleclass rural dwellers
8. An internecine struggle is:
(a) destroys one party (b) mutually destructive (c) mutually beneficial
9. What does the concept of phenotype refer to?
(a) social class (b) language typology (c) race
10. When a country is called diglossic this refers refers to what aspect of the country?
(a) unequal status of at 2 languages (b) unequal status of 2 races
(c) unequal status of imports and exports
11. What is a koudyay?
(a) a Vodou ceremony (b) a political block party to drum up support
(c) a kanaval party (d) a dance country folk do
12. "Stateless citizens" refers to:
(a) Haitians born in Haiti (b) Haitians born in the Bahamas (c) Haitians born in the U.S.A.
13. The majority of Haitian music in circulation is pirated.
(a) true (b) false
14. Jean Price-Mars' book La Vocation de l'elite was critical of the elite
(a) in general (b) during the U.S. occupation (c) under Duvalier
15. C6dras, Biamby and Francois were:
(a) soldiers who ousted Estim6 (b) soldiers who ousted Magloire
(c) soldiers who ousted Aristide (d) soldiers who attacked the Dominican Republic
16. What impacted the grip of Jean-Claude Duvalier's totalitarianism in Haiti?
(a) Haitian Diaspora (b) Haitian revolutionaries (c) Haitian unions
17. The concept of mawonaj refers to:
(a) conservative behavior (b) subversive behavior (c) conformist behavior
18. Bishop Voegli of the Episcopal Church is remembered for:
(a) fiery sermons (b) inclusion of Haitian art in his church (c) collaboration with army
19. In the 1980s Jean-Claude Duvalier tried to
(a) distance himself from the bourgeoisie (b) destroy the bourgeoisie
(c) build bridges to the bourgeoisie
20. It is fair to consider the Haitian music industry as "transnational."
(a) true (b) false
21. The novelist Jacques Roumain founded this political party in Haiti:
(a) the Christian Democratic Party (b) the communist party (c) the makout party








22. Which Haitian president was unfair to Middle Eastern merchants in his "Haitianization" campaign?
(a) President Magloire (b) President Vincent (c) President Duvalier
23. What does the word kamoken refer to?
(a) mini-invasion of 1963 (b) chain gangs (c) new konpa style
24. Antihegemonic narratives that burst onto the scene in the late 1980s refer to:
(a) new Protestant subculture (b) new Vodou subculture (c) new Catholic subculture
25. By its proponents in the Haitian intelligentsia, Vodou was linked to what concept?
(a) inauthenticity (b) authenticity (c) financial gain
26. In the 1960s many frustrated Haitians went to which African nation to work for the U.N.?
(a) Nigeria (b) Zaire (c) South Africa (d) Mali
27. What does the Dizyem Depatman ("the tenth department") refer to?
(a) F. Duvalier's secret police (b) the Diaspora (c) A new state/department in Haiti
28. Which of the following actions did Aristide's government succeed in obtaining?
(a) reparations paid by France (b) constitutional recognition of Vodou
(c) end to cocaine trafficking
29. Langston Hughes and Marcus Garvey were influencial in the development of what movement?
(a) indigene movement (b) Catholic popular movement (c) Duvalierist movement
30. This is an exuberant type of 'body slamming' that males engage in at kanaval celebrations:
(a) kraze brize (b) goumen (c) lesefrape (d)fout nan djol
31. 2005 was the 50th anniversary of which phenomenon?
(a) Haitian radio (b) Haitian jazz (c) Haitian konpa (d) Duvalier's presidency
32. If one counts all national groups separately in Miami, Haitians are in position.
(a) first (b) second (c) third (d) fourth
33. Revolutionary hero Toussaint Louverture was a practitioner of this religion.
(a) Protestantism (b) Vodou (c) Catholicism (d) Islam
34. The restavek is a
(a) a live-in servant (b) a factory worker (c) an orphan (d) a street child

VII. Matching. Match the names on the left with the concepts and definitions on the right. [2 pts each;
10 points]

35. Toussaint Louverture (a) founder of konpa
36. Miami Detention center that holds Haitians (b) Herbalist
37. Jean du Sable (c) Krome
39. Dokte fby (d) "Skinny stick"
40. Nemours Jean-Baptiste (e) founder of Chicago (Haitian-bom)





L 'Unionfait laforce /Men anpil, chaypa lou / Unity is strength








35. The maxim L 'Union fait laforce / Men anpil, chaypa lou / Unity is strength refers to:
(a) Unity of rich and poor (b) Unity of men and women (c) Unity of dark and light-skinned Haitians

. President's Estim6's hoped the 1949 international exposition in Haiti would increase:
(a) induction effects (b) addition effects (c) multiplier effects

Haitian Culture and Society
Ben Hebblethwaite
Study Guide for Final Exam, Fall, 2006
habitus
class in Haiti: elite; bourgeoisie, proletariat (lumpen versus rural)
phenotype in Haiti
internecine struggle
Haiti as a diglossic country
neocolonial patterns
Afro-Haitian patterns
kleptocracy zandolit o!
koudyay
ochan songs
teneb
the concept autochthonous
chan pwen
African "retentions" (read survivalss")
"excorporations"
songs as repositories of cultural meaning
lesefrape in kanava Rezistans, the movie: the role of the CIA and C6dras
culture industry on the periphery Antoine Izmery
consequences of lump-sum fee system
the pirate industry
transnational aspect of the Haitian music industry
U.S. hidden agenda in occupation of Haiti
Place of Langston Hughes, Marcus Garvey in the development of the indigene movement; the indigene
movement
twoubadou
Jean Price-Mars: La Vocation de l'elite; Ainsiparla l'oncle movementt folklorique)
mawonaj
President Vincent: "Haitianization," treatment of Middle Eastern merchants
noiristes/noirisme
Jacques Roumain
Elie Lescot, champagne anti-superstitieuse; dates... global significance
Haitian "authenticity" and the link to Vodou
Competition in Haitian music
neotraditionalist trend in Haitian music
rara; vaksin
Estim6; 1949 international exposition; the concept of "multiplier effects"
Bishop Voegli of the Episcopal church
Paul Magloire's ascent to power in 1950; six ans de kermesse; politique de doublure








Dr. Francois Duvalier; koudyay politics; "paranoid totalitarianism"; recruitment of Vodou priests;
tonton makout; (from a transnational point of view, are U.S. presidents any less violent than this man
was?)

Averill's understanding of Duvalierism; noirisme and volkgeist. Averill contends that Duvalierism is
similar to European fascism. Is this really true? Is it possible that black essentialism is a necessary
reaction to post-colonial racism and Nazi German racism and genocide? What is the place of black
essentialism in human history?

Nemours Jean-Baptiste; konpa-direk; dyadic competitions
Bawon Samdi and the Gedes
The use of color in konpa
kamoken invasion of 1963
The Creole culture movement of the late 1960s: Duvalier's reaction
Rock n' Roll: Duvalierist reaction (Anti-Americanism)
Essays topics:
The U.S. occupation
Aspects of kanaval: political, cultural, role of rara, critical dimension, sexual dimension, bands, floats,
masks
French-speaking Africa; Zaire
doudouisme; pastoral mode; apolitical music
Jean-Claude Duvalier: liberalization; rapprochement with the bourgeoisie
Haitian diaspora and Haitian totalitarianism
Boat people in late 70s and early 80s
Developments in Haitian music in the early 80s: jazz... the dance floor
Ti Manno
Sanba; new Vodou subculture; antihegemonic narratives; Boukman Eksperyans
1981 interdiction treaty
Dystopian strain of immigrant experience in the U.S.
Jean-Claude's family: mother and wife
dechouke; dechoukaj
zonbi as a metaphor; what really is a zombie?
Liberation Theology (who, why, when, where... impact on Haitian politics)
Vodou syncretism: veve on Aristide's vestments; "ayibobo to God"
zenglendo
Jan Rabel
Marc Bazin; Leslie Manigat
The rise of rasin; nouveljenerasyon
The rooster
Dizybm Depatman; the Haitian Diaspora (Diaspora lecture notes)
C6dras, Biamby, Francois; gouvenman defakto

Paul Farmer
CDC; biosocial research as combining epidemiologic and ethnographic data
How does Farmer disprove the CDC?
U.S. versus Haitian origins of epidemic
Spread of AIDS to heterosexual population and rural Haiti; portrayal of Haiti in gay U.S. culture








Jenny Smith
Problems with family planning in Haiti: condoms, the pill, etc.
Smith p. 3 = vital data on Haiti
Traditional health care providers
Reasons for large families





Haitian Culture and Society, Fall 2005 What's you're name?

A gouvenman defakto is considered
(a) legitimate (b) illegitimate


Ainsiparla 'oncle movementt folklorique)

songs as repositories of cultural meaning
Place of, Marcus Garvey in the development of the indigene movement; the indigene movement
twoubadou
Elie Lescot, champagne anti-superstitieuse
Competition in Haitian music
neotraditionalist trend in Haitian music
Paul Magloire's ascent to power in 1950; six ans de kermesse; politique de doublure
Dr. Francois Duvalier; koudyay politics; paranoid totalitarianism; recruitment of Vodou priests; tonton
makout;
Averill's understanding of Duvalierism; noirisme and volkgeist
Nemours Jean-Baptiste; konpa-direk; dyadic competitions
Bawon Samdi and the Gedes
Color in konpa
The Creole culture movement of the late 1960s: Duvalier's reaction
Essays topics:
The U.S. occupation
Aspects of kanaval: political, cultural, role of rara, critical dimension, sexual dimension, bands, floats,
masks
Boat people in late 70s and early 80s
Developments in Haitian music in the early 80s: jazz... the dance floor
1981 interdiction treaty
strain of immigrant experience in the U.S.
Jean-Claude's family: mother and wife
dechouke; dechoukaj
Liberation Theology: its advocates
zenglendo

Elie Lescot champagne anti-superstitieuse
Paul Magloire's six ans de kermesse
Marc Bazin former finance minister for Jean-Claude
Leslie Manigat exiled by General Namphy








Ti Manno populist singer


The rise of rasin; nouveljenerasyon
The rooster



Jenny Smith
Problems with family planning in Haiti: condoms, the pill, etc.
Smith p. 3 = vital data on Haiti
Traditional health care providers
Reasons for large families

The dyadic competition in konpa is described as:
(a) mutually beneficial (b) painfully divisive (c) a business failure

In the early 1980s, various Haitian artists wanted to show that konpa was:
(a) primarily dance music (b) not totally tied to the dance floor
(c) capable of rock style (d) becoming bluesy




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