Caribbean WaterWays = Vias Fluviales Caribenas
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098815/00022
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Title: Caribbean WaterWays = Vias Fluviales Caribenas
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Language: English
Publisher: GEF-IWCAM
Place of Publication: Castries, Saint Lucia
Publication Date: June 2011
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]9Qu SQ Caribbean WaterWays

. k.. l Newsletter of the GEF IWCAM Project

EH I Volume 5, Issue 2 June 2011

In this issue:

* Saint Kitts'
Basseterre Valley
Aquifer Designated
as a
National Park (pgs.
1,2 and 6)

* Assessing the State
of Our Watersheds-
the Trainers (pgs.1, 2
and 3)

* About the GEF-
IWCAM Project (pg.

* "Connecting the
Dots" - Regional
Sensitized to
Watershed and
Marine Conservation
Issues (pgs. 4 and 5)

* Caribbean
Technicians Trained
in Environmental
Impact Assessment
Review(pg. 7)

* The Bahamas' IWRM
Symposium (pg. 7)

* World Environment
Day 2011-Forests:
Nature At Your
Service (pg. 8)

Assessing the State of
Our Watersheds
- GEF-IWCAM Trains the Trainers

Community involvement is essential to sus-
tainable development. One of the ways to encour-
age this involvement is through empowerment.
The GEF-IWCAM Project has encouraged em-
powerment through the development of its Com-
munity-Based Resource Assessment (CBRA) Tool
(see December 2010 Newsletter, Volume 4, Issue

Water is known to be abundant in nature
but we cannot take it for granted that water will
always be available to support our existence. We
are challenged worldwide as we seek to meet
growing demands for this scarce natural resource.
This challenge is being faced daily by both devel-
oped and developing countries, including those in
the Caribbean, as evidenced by the drought of
late 2009 to early 2010 and the hurricanes of

Community Tools for managing
Land and Water resources in the Caribbean

(Continued on page 2)

Saint Kitts'

Basseterre Valley Aquifer

Designated as a National Park!

On Friday, June 24, 2011, the Government of
St. Kitts and Nevis and its partners celebrated the
achievements of the GEF-IWCAM Demonstration Pro-
ject as it officially closed. The Prime Minister of St.
Kitts-Nevis, the Hon. Dr. Denzil Douglas, GEF-IWCAM
Regional Project Coordinator, Vincent Sweeney and
other senior members of government gathered at the
ceremony to mark the official designation of a National
Park as a means of protecting the precious resource
of the Basseterre Valley Aquifer for generations to

View of the Basseterre Valley

Three years of hard work as part of the GEF-
IWCAM Demonstration Project resulted in the sensi-
tive well-field area being officially designated as the
St. Kitts National Capitol Park under the National Con-
servation and Environmental Protection Act (1987).
Notice of the designation of the National Park was
published in the Official Gazette of the government of
St. Kitts-Nevis on April 21, 2011.

(Continued on page 2)


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Continued from page 1)

L. to r.: Halla Sahely, GEF-IWCAM Demo Project Manager; Hon.
Denzil Douglas, Prime Minister of Saint Kitts & Nevis; Vincent
Sweeney, Regional Project Coordinator, GEF-IWCAM; Cromwell
Williams, Manager/Water Engineer, Water Services Department, after
the Ceremony.

The vision for the National Park is to be an icon of national
pride for all and an attraction for visitors to St. Kitts-Nevis.
Towards that end, the management goals for the Park are to:

* Protect the water aquifer in the Basseterre Valley;
* Restore and maintain native flora species for education
and recreation purposes;
* Provide open space in an increasingly urban setting;
* Provide active and passive outdoor recreation opportuni-
* Serve as a high-valued tourist attraction;
* Contribute to economic welfare and development;
* Serve as an outdoor classroom and laboratory.
(Continued on page 6)


The Global Environment Facility-funded Integrating Watershed and Coastal
Areas Management in Caribbean Small Island Developing States (GEF-
IWCAM) Project was approved by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in
May 2004. Implementing agencies are the United Nations Environment
Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Development Programme
(UNDP). Executing agencies are the Secretariat of the
Cartagena Convention (UNEP-CAR/RCU), the Caribbean Environmental
Health Institute (CEHI) and the UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS).
The thirteen participating SIDS are: Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas,
Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica,
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and
Trinidad and Tobago. The Project commenced in the second quarter of 2005
and is due to end in December 2011. The Project Coordinating Unit is lo-
cated at the CEHI, as agreed by the Implementing and Executing Agencies
and the
participating countries.

(Continued from page 1)

But who should be responsible for taking up this chal-
lenge? Public participation is essential in grappling with the
important issues related to water management. We must not
believe that water management is the responsibility of oth-
ers. The management of water is everybody's responsibility.
In the Caribbean context, farmers are good examples of re-
source managers. Their farming practices (such as slash
and burn or overuse of pesticides), in the upper reaches of
watersheds, unless properly managed (by these same farm-
ers), can compromise the quality and quantity of water. They
are however only one of the many groups who could be con-
sidered resource users, and by extension, resource manag-
ers. Tourist operators, industries, and individuals all have
roles to play. But how?
The CBRA Manual

Traditional solutions propose funding, at the level of
governments. Beyond funding, however, empowerment of
individuals is key. The interest of individuals in Union Island,
St. Vincent & the Grenadines in becoming more empowered
with respect to monitoring of their water resources was, in
fact, the catalyst for preparation of the GEF-IWCAM's Com-
munity-Based Resource Assessment (CBRA) Toolkit. It in-
cludes a series of tools, which can be used to empower
groups and communities to take matters into their own
hands, in relation to water management. The publication has
been designed to be highly interactive, taking advantage of
the latest technology and recognizing that today's youth
need a different type of stimulation, if they are to show inter-
est in environmental education.

, ige3)


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Continued from page 2)
The CBRA Toolkit is engaging, visual, and informative.
It encourages and facilitates group activities and sharing of
ideas, towards identifying solutions to common water re-
source management problems of SIDS. It is however not an
academic textbook. Nor is it designed for technocrats. It fo-
cuses primarily on communities and schools and seeks to
make science "fun". It also uses real-life examples from the
Caribbean region to bring the topics "down- to-earth". This
guideline document, although prepared with the Caribbean in
mind, can be used in other SIDS regions, as a reference
document when engaging groups in discussions on water


11 iOrkng (;roup I

In April 2011, the GEF-IWCAM Project organized a re-
gional train-the-trainers Workshop for the CBRA Toolkit,
which was conducted by Sustainability Managers, consult-
ants. The Workshop was held at the Fort Young Hotel in Ro-
seau, Dominica. The training objective was to enhance the
capacity of participants to effectively use the CBRA Toolkit to
train the communities in which they work to protect surround-
ing ecosystems and sustainably manage their natural re-
sources, particularly watersheds and coastal zones. Partici-
pants were drawn mainly from government organizations as
well as from local community groups in twelve participating

The workshop was designed as a model for what par-
ticipants themselves would do when they train members of
the community. The workshop demonstrated some of the fa-

cilitation tools and tips
that participants can use
to train community mem-
bers. It was designed to
be engaging, informative,
entertaining and visual.

Along with the
CBRA Toolkit, partici-
pants were introduced to
the CBRA Facilitators' "
Guide, which provides
greater details on the
process for setting up,
organizing and holding IIVar aliI, k'EI
an effective CBRA work-

Minchinton Burton, Director of the Forestry, Wildlife
and Parks Division of Dominica's Ministry of Agriculture,
Fisheries and Forestry welcomed participants. He described
Dominica's relatively pristine environment - beautiful forests
and rivers, and acknowledged that they are increasingly be-
ing subjected to different threats. He stressed the value of
a tool which can help communities better understand, moni-
tor and protect land and water resources.

Workshop participants visited Palm Grove in the Ro-
seau Watershed to put some of these approaches into prac-
tice. With the assistance of representatives of DOWASCO
and the Forestry Division, they identified examples of land
degradation and sustainable land practices and observed
use of a water quality testing kit.

The CBRA Manual and Facilitators Guide can be
found at:



IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

. .. ."Connecting the Dots!". . . .

Regional Journalists Sensitized to Watershed and Marine Conservation Issues

The GEF-
IWCAM Project col-
laborated with the
Caribbean Large
Marine Ecosystem
and Adjacent Re-
gions (CLME) Pro-
The ject and the Associa-
tion of Caribbean
M edia Workers
(ACM) in hosting a
training workshop for
journalists in Trinidad & Tobago from 17 - 19 May 2011. The
training focused on covering natural resources management
and conservation issues.

Twenty journalists from 16 Caribbean countries par-

The objectives of the Workshop were to:

* improve understanding amongst journalists of the issues
and challenges facing Caribbean people as they seek to
better manage freshwater and marine resources
* share knowledge on the condition of island watersheds
and shared Caribbean marine ecosystems
* stimulate interest in the work of the CLME and GEF-
IWCAM Projects, their approaches, results and recom-
* provide resources to enable improved coverage of these

The collaboration was designed to increase the ability
of regional journalists to more effectively cover issues related
to Caribbean watersheds and coastal areas and shared ma-
rine ecosystems.

Opening the workshop, Minister Roodal Moonilal,
Minister with responsibility for the Environment in Trinidad &
Tobago, noted that in Small Island Developing States (SIDS),
problems of high population densities, population growth, ur-
banisation and increased residential and tourist resort devel-
opments have led to contamination of aquifers and surface
water and deterioration of coastal water quality. This has
made the GEF-IWCAM Project a critical initiative in the region
as the SIDS strengthen their resolve to implement an inte-
grated approach to management of watersheds and coastal


According to Vincent Sweeney, Regional Project
Coordinator of the GEF-IWCAM Project, "this workshop is
critical in supporting the objectives of GEF-IWCAM, which
include to share lessons and disseminate good practices
which have been proven in the Caribbean region. We have
excellent examples from Bahamas to Tobago which deserve
worldwide attention. The work in Tobago will be of particular
interest to journalists and will hopefully encourage replication
in other Caribbean islands".

Maria Elvira Talero, Stakeholder and Public Partici-
pation Expert of the CLME, said, "The workshop represented
a crucial milestone for the Caribbean Large Marine Ecosys-
tems project, given the fundamental role journalists can play
in raising public awareness of the need for sustainable use
of the Caribbean shared marine resources."

Mitchell Lay, Head,
Antigua & Barbuda Fisheries
Alliance and Chair of the
Caribbean Network of Fisher-
folk Organisations dealt with
governance and the need to
meet societal objectives for
present and future benefits
and added that good govern-
ance brought positive and
long term results. He dis-
closed that there are as
many as 400,000 fishers in -
the Caribbean contributing as .ih,
much as 6%-8% of regional

Head of ACM, Wesley Gibbings, speaking about the
challenges which face media coverage of water resource
issues enunciated the need for greater education in so far as
watershed management was concerned. He felt that the
more journalists knew about the issue the easier it would be
for them to deal with the reporting on same.

Workshop activities included panel discussions, in-
teractive workshop sessions involving subject experts and
senior journalists, and, brainstorming of story concepts and

(Continued on page 5)


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Continued from page 4)
Participants were given a first-hand view of critical watershed, coastal and marine issues and responses through a
visit to the Courland Watershed and Buccoo Reef in Tobago, site of the GEF-IWCAM Trinidad and Tobago Demonstration
Project, which was implemented by the Buccoo Reef Trust (BRT). This was introduced through an excellent and compre-
hensive presentation on the value of coral reefs by Barry Lovelace, Environmental Education Associate with the BRT.

A review of the field trip included observations of the participants. The journalists were particularly appreciative of the
field trip which they felt had been well-organized. First-hand experience of both the watershed and the reef- seeing the
effects of unsustainable land activities on the watershed and coastal ecosystems - was very vivid. Byron Buckley of the Ja-
maica Gleaner, remarked that it "helped them to connect the dots!"

Draft guidelines, meant to assist journalists in their coverage of watershed, coastal and marine issues, were consid-
ered and discussed at length. They will be published in the coming months.

Journalists "'mal/ the walk'"..

Identifying coral from glass-
hottomed boat

"Hard news" vs. "Soft news"?
A roundtable discussion comprising a panel of
journalists was moderated by Wesley Gibbings and in-
cluded Enrico Woolford and Anika Kentish. The topic was
what was being defined as "hard news" versus "soft news"
relative to environmental stories. The session was domi-
nated by discussions of the difference between "hard" and
"soft" news and the importance of such stories in the daily
news agenda. Consensus was that too often environ-
mental stories were relegated to the back burner because
news editors and editors felt those stories weren't impor-
tant enough to warrant valuable news space. Sensitiza-
tion of the media, therefore, is all the more important.

The Buccoo Reef Trust

Barry Lovelace, Environmental Educa-
tion Associate with the Buccoo Reef Trust, gave
participants an excellent introduction to coral
reefs , their importance and the threats that they
face. See "The Plight of Coral Reefs in Trini-
dad and Tobago: What are we Doing?" at the
following link:


For more information contact Barry at:


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Continued from page 2) This article was submitted by Dr. Halla Sahely,
GEF-IWCAM SKNDemo Project Manager

A comprehensive plan was devised following thor-
ough stakeholder consultations for the Park. As such, the
work of the Project has provided a clear roadmap for mov-
ing forward as the government and surrounding communi-
ties continue to strive towards making the vision of a thriving
National Park in the middle of Basseterre a reality.

Together with the designation of the protected area as a
means of reducing stress on the aquifer, the Demonstration
Project also had among its goals to demonstrate best prac-
tices for improved water resources management and mitiga-
tion of threats from pollution.

The Project began with a comprehensive hydro-
geological survey of the Basseterre Valley Aquifer. This
survey has been critical for formulating a strategic plan for
the integrated management of the aquifer. As a result, the
Water Services Department is now better able to make ra-
tional and informed decisions over both the short and long
terms. In addition to this work, various other surveys were
conducted including an assessment of land use and zoning,
threats from pollution and a review of the legal enabling en-
vironment. These studies set the stage for crafting of vari-
ous on-the-ground activities to address some of the critical
issues identified.

In terms of improving water management, this Project
enabled the purchase and installation of critical equipment
to help prevent unnecessary water losses in the distribution
system. The Water Services Department (WSD) has in-
stalled automated tank level controls at two locations within
the Basseterre Valley to prevent storage reservoirs from
overflowing. As a result, hundreds of thousands of gallons
of water have been saved over the last year. In addition,
bulk water meters were procured and will be installed in
strategic locations throughout the distribution system so that
water losses can be quantified, and leaky pipes located and
repaired quickly.

In terms of _hi
mitigating threats -
from pollution, the
project sought to
address two areas
of concern. It col-
laborated with the
St. Kitts Electricity -
Department to
install an oil / wa-
ter separator at
the Needsmust ntrea hu on I Orld If atler Dar
Power Plant. This
activity has reduced the threat to the aquifer and the adja-
cent coastal area by intercepting oily waste before it is dis-
charged outside the boundaries of the plant. Over 600 gal-
lons of oily waste have been intercepted and pumped from
the separator for safe disposal since March 2011.
Another one of the identified threats to the Basseterre Valley
Aquifer is pollution from the inappropriate disposal of domes-
tic wastewater. A 5-day training workshop in best practices
related to the design, construction, inspection, operations
and maintenance of septic tanks and other on-site wastewa-
ter treatment technologies was conducted in February 2011.
Over 30 persons participated including environmental health
officers, building inspectors, architects, engineers, plumbers
and contractors from both St. Kitts and Nevis.

Other on-going capacity building and institutional
strengthening activities include a series of seminars to sensi-
tize various government departments to the outcomes of the
Project and the management plan for the aquifer. Also, a
new Water Resources Management Act has been drafted to
address gaps in the current legislation and to truly enable
integrated water resources management in St. Kitts.

The project has also enabled numerous activities to
engage the public through education and outreach. These
include several town-hall style meetings, a live TV panel dis-
cussion, public service announcements and a jingle promot-
ing the project, newspaper articles, visits to schools and site
visits to wells within the Valley to engage children and teach
them about integrated water resources management.


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Caribbean Technicians Trained in Environmental Impact
Assessment Review

Excellent. Enlightening. Absolutely essential. Practical. Refreshing. Relevant. These
were some of the phrases used by participants to describe the recent GEF-IWCAM Environmental
Impact Assessment (EIA) Review Workshop. The workshop, which included representatives from
12 participating countries, was held in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines from June 7-9, 2011. It
sought to train participants in all aspects of the EIA process, including scoping of terms of refer-
ence, preparation and design of review templates, the EIA process and its role in decision-making.
Participants also evaluated the EIA process in their home countries, shared experiences of good /
practices, and learnt of ways that it could be improved.
The workshop was facilitated by Dr. Janice Cumberbatch, a Caribbean consultant and i . ri ,rl'i ww'
lecturer at the University of the West Indies Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies (UWI/CERMES), who has significant experi-
ence in both conducting and reviewing EIAs throughout the region and training in the subject. Workshop participants not only benefited from the exper-
tise of Dr. Cumberbatch, but also from the collective experience and knowledge of the group. They have plans to continue supporting each other
through an informal list-serve and discussion group.


The success of the workshop underscored the importance of skilled reviewers of
EIAs in order to promote sustainable development throughout the region.

The workshop resources are available at:

The Bahamas' IWRM Stakeholders Symposium
The GEF-IWCAM Regional Project Coordinator (RPC) participated in an Integrated Water & Wastewater
(IWRM) Stakeholders Symposium, convened on June 21 and 22, 2011 in Nassau, the Bahamas. The symposium was spon-
sored by GEF-IWCAM, CEHI, the CWWA, the Water & Sewerage Corporation, the BEST Commission and the Department
of Environmental Health of the Bahamas.

The Symposium's main aim was to advance development of B"-tt l
an IWRM Plan for the Bahamas. In addition to representatives of the
sponsoring agencies, it was attended by representatives from New .e p
Providence and the Family Islands. The Minister of State in the Min- '
istry of Environment, Honourable Phenton Neymour, and the Director
of the BEST Commission, Philip Weech, were both present at the
Opening and other sessions.

Sessions provided an opportunity to inform on progress made
with the Demo projects in the Bahamas (Andros and Exuma) and of
broader successes in IWCAM project implementation. Local repre-
sentatives presented in relation to amendments to the Water & Sew-
erage Act; Forestry & Water; Agriculture &Water; Tourism & Water;
Coastal Zone Management; and on the Exuma IWCAM Demo.

The second day of the Symposium featured focus group sessions with Bottled Water suppliers, Engineers, and Con-
tractors. In addition Working sessions looked at a Report to Develop an IWRM Plan for the Bahamas, prepared in 2006. Two
working groups discussed topics of relevance to the IWRM Plan, reviewed policy objectives and activities suggested, identi-
fied gaps, prioritized activities and made recommendations for additional activities.



- - --------o f -.. ..- -y -.._-.

IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

World Environment Day 2011:


Forests: Nature at Your Service
In support of the UN International Year of Forests
L - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Excerpts from Caribbean WaterWays, June/September 2009 feature article :
"Conserving Forests for Better Water", very relevant to this year's WED theme:

Forests : Nature at Your Service

"Forests are an integral part of the water cycle. They intercept rainfall,
evaporate moisture from vegetative surfaces, transpire soil moisture and maintain
soil infiltration, thereby influencing the amount and quality of water available. As
water passes through a forest ecosystem the soil traps sediment and filters out
pesticides and other pollutants from upslope land uses and activities. Forests sta-
bilize the soils by helping to prevent erosion as ground vegetation, litter and plant
roots protect the soil during periods of heavy rainfall, reducing the impairment of
water quality due to sedimentation. As rainfall is intercepted, rapid runoff and
flooding is also reduced.

Most importantly perhaps, forests play a role in recharging and maintain-
ing the quality of groundwater. Water utilities know well that changes in land use
can affect the quality of water at intakes, often leading to greater treatment costs.

Yet, even as the demand for water grows, Caribbean forests are declining in both
size and quality.

Looking around at the green hillsides of the Carib-
bean, we might be tempted to think that our water supplies
are guaranteed for many years to come. However forests face
numerous threats, among them: conversion for agriculture or
for development (residential, industrial and commercial uses,
roads, paved areas etc.); wildfires; insect outbreaks; and har-
vesting for timber.

"Forests feed our rivers and are essential to supplying the
water for nearly 50% of our largest cities. They create
and maintain soil fertility; they help to regulate the often
devastating impact of storms, floods and fires."
- UNEP, 2011

Managing primary forest and expanding the forest reserves in each watershed is important if we are to have sus-
tainable water supplies in the future. Better communication and cooperation between different sectors is needed. The devel-
opment and implementation of good management practices is important to ensure that existing forests protect and enhance
the freshwater environment which ultimately also affects coastal water quality as well. Better integration of forest and water
policy, plans and measures is vital to sustainable management of water resources."



Participating Country Focal Points, Demonstration Projects and others are invited to submit articles. Please contact
Donna Spencer at dspencer@cehi.org.lc
Contact Information:
GEF-IWCAM Project Coordination Unit
P.O. Box 1111, The Morne, Castries, Saint Lucia
Tel: (758)-452-2501/1412; Fax: (758)-453-2721
E-mail: dspencer@cehi.org.lc