Title: Caribbean WaterWays = Vias Fluviales Caribenas
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098815/00020
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean WaterWays = Vias Fluviales Caribenas
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: GEF-IWCAM
Place of Publication: Castries, Saint Lucia
Publication Date: December 2010
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00098815
Volume ID: VID00020
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

SCaribbean WaterWays

-ol. Newsletter of the GEF IWCAM Project

EH Volume 4, Issue 4 December 2010

In this issue:

* Building Capacity for
IWCAM (pgs. 1,2,3,
and 6)

* End of Year Message
from the Regional
Project Coordinator

* Background on the

* Challenges and New
Directions- Work-
shop on Coastal
Aquifer Management
in Caribbean SIDS
(pg. 4)

* Caribbean Youth
Motivated to Act for
the Environment (pg.

* GEF-IWCAM Project
develops Community
Tools for Managing
Land and Water Re-
sources in the Carib-
bean (pg. 5)

* Fifth Project Steering
Committee Meeting
Looks at Next Steps
for IWCAM (pg. 5)

* Water Ministers Meet
to Discuss IWRM (pg.

* Rainwater Harvest-
ing-A Natural Way
of Augmenting Water
Supplies (pg. 8)

End of Year Message
from the Regional Project Coordinator

Dear Colleagues and Partners,

It is that time of year again when we reflect on
the past twelve months and consider how successful we
have been in the implementation of the GEF-IWCAM
Project Such reflection is even more critical now, as we
prepare to enter our final year the "Home Stretch". 2011
is to bring the formal end to the project, with all that pro-
ject closure entails. Naturally, it will involve completion of
all demonstration and pilot activities. It will necessitate
winding down of all outreach and capacity-building and
will see the Terminal Review of our collective work.

However, 2011 will not only be the ending of
the GEF-IWCAM, but, looking forward, will be a year in
which we consider more carefully, what has worked and
what should be continued in 2012 and beyond. It will be a
year when we identify any future initiatives which will be
needed to support what has already been built, and which
can build upon the foundation established during our GEF
-IWCAM Project. In this regard, there are many ideas to
consider. Perhaps most importantly, the coming into force
of the Land-Based Sources (of marine pollution) Protocol
(to the Cartagena Convention) means that many coun-
tries will be looking towards implementation of its provi-
sions, inclusive of reducing pollution of our coastal areas
from activities on land. Complementary to the pollution
reduction measures, will be efforts to improve water re-
sources management and direct implementation of Inte-
grated Water Resources Management (IWRM) Plans and
Road Maps, prepared during the GEF-IWCAM Project.
(Continued on page 2)

Building Capacity for


An important aspect of increasing human capacity
for better management of watershed and coastal areas is
the provision of tools and training in the skills needed.
Activities designed to increase and enhance the capacity
of stakeholders for IWCAM through training and/or equip-
ment, or through introduction to new technology or meth-
ods, have been at the forefront of the GEF-IWCAM Pro-
ject's approach.

Even as the documentation of lessons learned
and good practices continues, the Project is increasingly
being asked to share its experiences towards mainstream-
ing. While the exercise is not yet complete, in this article
we focus upon capacity building as it relates to main-
streaming of the IWCAM approach.

Laboratory Strengthening

The GEF-IWCAM Project, through the Caribbean
Environmental Health Institute (CEHI), has been undertak-
ing a laboratory strengthening exercise, which includes
assessments of laboratories in Participating Countries and
provision of needed equipment. The objective of these
activities is to build capacity for environmental surveillance
and monitoring to support the adoption of IWCAM as a
management approach. The goals are:

* The enhancement of the capability of national labora-
tories to perform basic analytical techniques related to
the attainment of IWCAM objectives
* The development of capacity for national IWCAM-
related envi-
ronmental sur-
veillance and
* Enhancement
of collabora-
tion and coop-
amongst i_ .4
relevant De,, iirl'iil i iliirriig Prati lic I it.'er PUDtilitl
national i Ilhplp. Ipril'd .il


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Continuedfrom page 1)

Efforts will be made to replicate the many good practices and pilot-
scale activities implemented during the past 4 years, like rain-water harvest-
ing, wetland wastewater treatment, and livelihood enhancement. Naturally,
these good practices will be documented extensively, using formats such as
documentaries, radio clips, public service announcements, manuals, bro-
chures, experience notes, and case studies. As such, in 2011 the public will
be hearing even more about the very good work done across Caribbean
SIDS in relation to improved watershed and coastal area management.

As we end the year, I am pleased to report that in 2010 Participat-
ing Countries received further training, exposure for their work (such as
through regional and international conferences), equipment and technical
support. Training was conducted in Proposal Writing, Coastal Aquifers Man-
agement, Harbour Management, and Bio-indicators of Pollution. Technical
support was provided for IWRM policy development and planning, with
some on-the-ground interventions executed within communities in participat-
ing countries. The Project supported regional and global activities of other
agencies, organizations and associations, such as the Caribbean Environ-
mental Forum (CEF-5), the High-Level Session of Water Ministers at the
CWWA Conference, and the Global SIDS Methodology for IWRM.

Outreach also included regular production of the 'Caribbean Wa-
terWays' Newsletter, exhibiting at the CEF-5 and convening or attending
workshops across participating countries.

We recognize that 2011 will require much effort in order to ensure
a highly satisfactory completion of the project. There is still much to achieve
but we remain optimistic that we will have another productive year. On be-
half of the GEF-IWCAM Project Coordinating Unit, I wish to thank all part-
ners, especially our counterparts in Participating Countries and our Execut-
ing and Implementing Agencies, for their hard work and continued support.
May you all have a blessed holiday season and a productive 2011.

Vincent Sweeney


The Global Environment Facility-funded Integrating Watershed and Coastal Areas
Management in Caribbean Small Island Developing States (GEF-IWCAM) Project
was approved by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in May 2004. Implementing
agencies are the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United
Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Executing agencies are the Secretariat
of the
Cartagena Convention (UNEP-CAR/RCU), the Caribbean Environmental Health
Institute (CEHI) and the UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS). The thirteen par-
ticipating SIDS are: Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada,
Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago. The length of the Pro-
ject is 5 years and commenced in the second quarter of 2005. The Project Coordi-
nating Unit is located at the CEHI, as agreed by the Implementing and Executing
Agencies and the participating countries.

(Continuedfrom page 1)
laboratories in the 13 participating SIDS countries,
thereby facilitating greater information exchanges be-
tween laboratories
* Increasing the awareness of SIDS stakeholders about
regional and national laboratory services available and
how these services can be accessed
* Compliance with the obligations of the Cartagena Con-
vention and the LBS Protocol.

A four-day regional training workshop on Laboratory
Quality Assurance and Method Quality Control was held in
May 2009 in St. Lucia. Participants attended from the follow-
ing laboratories:

Antigua & Barbuda: Antigua Public Utilities Authority
(Antigua); Department of Analytical Services
Bahamas: Environmental Monitoring and Risk As-
sessment Division (Freeport); Environmental Moni-
toring and Risk Assessment Division (Nassau)
Barbados: Government Analytical Services; Public
Health Laboratory
Dominica: Water and Sewerage Company; Water
Quality Laboratory; Environmental Health Depart-
Grenada: National Water and Sewerage Authority;
Produce Chemist Laboratory
Jamaica: Environmental Health Laboratory; National
Environment & Planning Agency
St. Kitts & Nevis: Community Based Health Services
(St. Kitts); Water Services Department (St. Kitts)
St. Lucia: Gros-lslet Polyclinic, Ministry of Health;
Water and Sewerage Company Ltd.
St. Vincent & the Grenadines: Bureau of Standards
(St. Vincent)
Trinidad & Tobaao: DeDartment of Natural Re-

Participants Workshop on Laboratory Quality Assurance

(Continued on page 3)


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Continuedfrom page 2)
sources and the Environment (Tobago); Water and
Sewerage Authority (Tobago).

The workshop focused on meeting the requirements
of the standard ISO/IEC 17025 General Requirements of
the Competence of Testing and Calibration Laboratories and
development, implementation and documentation of a labora-
tory quality management system. It was aimed at laboratory
managers. and aualitv assurance and laboratory personnel

Building Capacity for IWCAM cont'd:
Teaching Good Practices

Sustainable agriculture was promoted through a se-
ries of training sessions. These included: agro-forestry, soil
conservation and composting. A series of farmers' training
days in East Portland, Jamaica (left, below) and farmers'
workshops in Cienfuegos, Cuba (right, below) were held, as
well as technical exchanges between projects.

involved in laboratory analysis.

In April 2010, another workshop was held at the CEHI
laboratory. This four-day workshop was intended to enhance
the practical aspects of water quality monitoring and interpre-
tation of results with a special focus on microbiological analy-
ses by membrane filtration, and physico-chemical analyses.

A comprehensive assessment of laboratories in the following countries was conducted by CEH in 2008 and 2009. The listed lab oratories were
selected for support as a result:


ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA Department of Analytical Services (training and equipment) and Antigua Public Utilities Author-
ity laboratory (training).
BAHAMAS Water and Sewerage Corporation Laboratory, Nassau, and the Environmental Monitoring and
Risk Assessment Laboratory, Freeport (training and equipment).

BARBADOS The Public Health Laboratory (equipment and training) and the Government Analytical Services
Laboratory (training).
CUBA UEB Analysis y Servicios Tecnicos, Centro Provincial de Hygiene y Epidiologia y Microbiologia
(training and equipment).
DOMINICA The Dominica Water and Sewerage Company Laboratory and the Dominica Water Quality Labo-
ratory of the Environmental Health Department (training and equipment)

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC Laboratorios Instituto de Innovacion en Biotecnologia e Industria, Instituto de Qumica, Instituto
de Microbiologa y Parasitologa and Laboratorio de Servicios Ambientes de la Secretaria de Me-
dio Ambiente (training and equipment).

GRENADA The Grenada Produce Chemist Laboratory and National Water and Sewerage Authority Lab
(equipment and training).
JAMAICA Environmental Health Department (training and equipment); National Environment & Planning
Agency (training).

ST. VINCENT AND THE The St. Vincent and the Grenadines Bureau of Standards (equipment and training) and the Cen-
GRENADINES tral Water and Sewerage Authority Laboratory (training).

ST. LUCIA Gros Islet Polyclinic laboratory (equipment and training) and Water and Sewerage Company Ltd.
Laboratory (training).
ST. KITTS AND NEVIS The Water Quality Laboratory of the Environmental Health Department in St. Kitts and the Nevis
Water Department Laboratory, Water Services Department (training and equipment).

TRINIDAD AND The Department of Natural Resources and the Environment and the Water and Sewerage Author-
TOBAGO ity Laboratory in Tobago (equipment and training).


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

54 I 1D United Natios Intem ional
SEducational Scentic and Hydroogical
Sl EH Cuturai Organizalon Programme

Challenges and New Directions -
Workshop on Coastal Aquifer
Management in Caribbean SIDS

Natural hazards, unplanned construction, unregulated
pesticide use, and climate change these were all themes
that were discussed at a recent workshop in Saint Kitts and
Nevis focusing on the management of coastal aquifers in Car-
ibbean small island developing states. The workshop,
Coastal Aquifer Management in Small Island Developing
States of the Caribbean: Challenges and New Directions (11-
12 October 2010) was co-sponsored by the Food and Agricul-
ture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), the United Na-
tions Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO), and the GEF-IWCAM Project.

The meeting brought together town and country plan-
ners and hydrologists to explore approaches for sustainable
management of coastal aquifers. Their expertise was en-
hanced by the participation of technical experts in aquifer
management from UNESCO and the United Nations Univer-
sity. These experts shared global lessons learned in areas
such as mapping of aquifers and emergency use of ground-
water for human security. The meeting also benefited from
Caribbean experts, who presented on climate change, map-
ping aquifers, and managing extraction.

GEF-IWCAM Demonstration Projects in Andros (the
Bahamas) and the Bassetterre Valley (Saint Kitts and Nevis)
were presented to the meeting participants as examples for
replication. The meeting report and annexes are available at
www.iwcam.orq. See http://iwcam.orq/documents/meetinq-

Caribbean Youth Motivated to Act
for the Environment

Every two years the Caribbean Youth Environmental
Network (CYEN) hosts the Caribbean Youth Environment and
Development Congress, a gathering of youth environmental-
ists in the Caribbean which aims to provide young leaders
with training and a forum for discussion of issues critical to the
region's environment. It also allows them to develop action
plans designed to engage and motivate the youth in the re-
gion to take action on environment and sustainable develop-
ment matters.

The 8th Caribbean Youth Environment and Develop-
ment Congress and Youth Environment Summit took place on
28 October- 1 November 2010 in Kingstown, St. Vincent &
the Grenadines. Donna Spencer participated in the first day of
the Congress, which focused upon Integrated Water Re-
source Management, on behalf
of the Project.

ject was particularly pleased to
receive an excellent proposal for
funding support for the meeting
and related activities from
Renee Boyce-Drakes, Regional
Chairperson of CYEN and one
of the persons who had in April
2010 attended GEF-IWCAM's
Proposal Writing workshop in IR A
Barbados. C ,,,, remulr .

As a result the Project was able to provide funding
support for the Congress and Summit. CYEN's plans for the
design and conduct of a baseline Knowledge, Attitudes and
Practices Survey (KAPS) for Youth on IWRM in the Caribbean
is of particular interest. This activity is in keeping with GEF-
IWCAM objectives as well as CEHI's work in IWRM. The
knowledge gained would inform the design of public education
and awareness messages, materials and activities for youth,
a target group which is increasingly recognized as being ex-
tremely significant.

Congratulations to --
Renee and her
colleagues at
CYEN for the ini-
tiative which they
are taking towards
a better Carib-
bean Environ-

IV il~Iuppullp uI b Iii L, 4 o//,- 4quifer urea


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Managing Land 8 tper Resources in thewCriOUean:
S"Protecting 0 'Watersheds II U
and Coa til oo.roeour Nacuraes


In early-2011 Ihe GEF-IWCAM Projecl
will launch ils Communily Based Resource As-
sessmeni lool-an engaging, visual and informa-
live publication which aims lo encourage and
facililale group aclivilies and Ihe sharing of ideas,
lowards indenlifying solulions lo common waler
resource management problems of SIDS.


Look oul for ii online!

Fifth Project Steering Committee Meeting looks at Next Steps
Twelve of the GEF-IWCAM Pro-
ject's thirteen Participating Countries, as well as
both of the Project's Implementing agencies (UNEP
and UNDP) and two of its Executing Agencies
(UNEP CAR/RCU and CEHI) were represented at
the Fifth Project Steering Committee Meeting which
took place on 1 th November 2010 in Port of Spain,
Trinidad & Tobago.

Among items considered were
status reports, the Work Plan and Budget for 2011,
the final year of the Project, and ways to promote
replication and sustainability of the IWCAM ap-
proach. 2011 promises to be a very busy year!




1' ___


-~Li~ II C I"

5""L --ii-ii
--- -rl--
:- ~"' -~ ""' '"


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

(Continuedfrom page 3)
Building Capacity for IWCAM cont'd:
Regional Training courses

These included indicator development, Geographic Informa-
tion Systems, project proposal writing, sewage treatment,
water quality testing and project management.

Support for IWRM MSc and diploma courses,

The Demonstration Project collaborated with the Centre for
Environmental Studies (CEAC) to develop post-graduate
Masters of Science and Diploma programmes in IWRM.

Proud part1 alnt I c r lle tihel. dhplomas


R.,oral ,GIfS 11 ;r Io l,%l piurc ipruanIt, L tenfuegos, Cuba

Training for Communities

Community groups in several islands received training in
different areas, among them land and water assessment,
water quality monitoring.

Ltuid and wa- g1 imu
Island, SVG

Introduction of alternative technological solu-
tions and training in construction and mainte-

This included rainwater harvesting and wetlands wastewater
technology and reforestation techniques.

R WH in practice
(with old storage
tanks alongside),
FondD'or Water-
shed, St. Lucia

r~.*L uiiiiiig ni imuh'i* i,l irey, S liailoriu. .Iuhoum 'u
1 alley, St. Lulcia

Construction of a
wetland wastewater
treatment unit


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Water Ministers Meet to Discuss IWRM

The 6th High-Level Session (HLS) Ministerial
Forum was convened on October 3-4, 2010 in St.
George's, Grenada, just prior to the 19th Annual Carib-
bean Water & Wastewater Association (CWWA) Confer-
poo- urepdWatu
ence & Exhibition. The HLS was convened by CWWA, in .
collaboration with the Global Water Partnership Carib- ,
bean (GWP-C), and hosted by the Government of Gre- i Cag in

High-level representation included the Ministers
with responsibility for Public UtilitiesN/ after in Barbados,
the Bahamas, Nevis and Grenada and other senior gov-
ernment officials (such as Permanent Secretaries) and
water managers from the region. The GEF-IWCAM Pro-
ject sponsored all overseas Ministers to the HLS, as well a ias
representatives for Ministers (in the cases of Antigua/
Barbuda, Dominica and St. Lucia). The GEF-IWCAM
Regional Project Coordinator (RPC) also participated in
the HLS, along with representatives from regional and in-
ternational bodies such as CEHI, the CARICOM Secre-
tariat, the Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the
Caribbean Development Bank (CDB), the Caribbean In-
stitute for Meteorology & Hydrology (CIMH), and the
Global Water Partnership (GWP). The Chairperson of the
Technical Advisory Committee for the Antigua GEF-IWCAM Demonstration Project, Ivan Rodrigues, as well as the GEF-IWCAM NFP for
Barbados, Dr. John Mwansa were also present.

The HLS heard from Ministers and other Keynote speakers, including the Honourable Joseph Gilbert of Grenada, and was in-
formed of relevant developments within the region, the drought situation which the region had been facing, and IWRMApproaches to Man-
aging Water Crises. Senior officials representing water utilities in Antigua/Barbuda, Barbados, Grenada, Jamaica and Trinidad & Tobago
provided national perspectives on drought management in the Caribbean. They highlighted challenges, actions taken, lessons learnt and
proposed future plans.

A Panel Discussion, chaired by the GEF-IWCAM RPC, was convened on "lImpacts of Water Crises and Climate Change in the
Developmental Agendas of the Caribbean". The HLS heard brief presentations from CEHI, CDB, FAO, the University of Florida and the
Association of Small Island States (AOSIS), where panelists brought their various perspectives to bear on the issues in a hig hly interactive
discussion. The meeting was also apprised of the work and plans of the CARICOM Consortium on Water.

The HLS therefore served to raise the profile of water within the political sphere in the region and supported the efforts made by
GEF-IWCAM and others related to partnership building among agencies.

w, 4,Pir, ti'& a #t50P


IWCAM Caribbean WaterWays Newsletter

Rainwater Harvesting
- a Natural Way of Augmenting
Water Supplies

ou havejust entered the
Fond D'Or Watershed
This s a
Rainwaier Harveintg Demonstrtlon Are

onstration Project in Saint Lucia
launched a Rainwater Harvest-
ing (RWH) activity in 2007 to
address chronic water scarcity
in the Fond D'or Watershed,
particularly during the dry sea-
son and periods of induced and
natural drought. This initiative

aimed to demonstrate RWH as a simple and low-cost wa-
ter supply technology which can provide water at an ac-
ceptable quality standard. While RWH has been practiced
historically in some communities and continues to be a
major source of water in some of the drier islands of the
Caribbean, its use had drastically declined in many is-
lands, including St. Lucia.

Low-cost, simple rainwater harvesting systems
were designed for installation in households and public
institutions. All systems were designed so that the water is
safe for use.

The selection of the sites where units would be
installed was the responsibility of the Demonstration Pro-
ject's Watershed Management Committee (WMC), com-
posed of representatives of the community and relevant
agencies. Selection criteria used included: that demon-
stration sites selected would be visible; persons using the
systems should be able to educate the rest of the commu-
nity about the systems and co-operate with the project on
household impact studies.

Following site selection and development of appro-

private designs, contractors were trained in construction of
the systems. By mid-May 2008, a total of 31 systems had
been installed, among them 21 households and 10 public
facilities, including 7 schools and 2 health centres.

Community education was extensive. Surveys of
water supply impacts (quantity, quality, preferences) and
economic benefits were undertaken for further evaluation.
Cooperation agreements were signed between the Ministry
of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) and the

Following Hurricane
based upon the performance
of the RWH systems in-
stalled at the health centres
in the St. Lucia Demo, the
Ministry of Health took a de-
cision to have RWH systems
installed at all health centres,
with funding support from the
Pan American Health Or-
ganization (PAHO). More
significantly, the country's
Development Control Author-
ity has recently announced
that inclusion of a RWH sys-
tem in new building plans
(both household and institu-
tional) will shortly be a condi-
tion for the granting of per-
mits. Replication of RWH is

Tomas in October 2010,

j Handbook
for the

Prpd b,
The C -ibb-, En-ronnentaI
Health Institute
d.d by
The United Nations Emimnnment


CEHIproduced a RWHbooklet in October 2009 with supportfrom
UNEP. It is available at:
http://cehi.org.lc/rwhindex files/RWH%20handbook.pdf

Donna Spencer at dspencer@cehi.org.lc
Contact Information:
GEF-IWCAM Project Coordination Unit
P.O. Box 1111, The Morne, Castries, Saint Lucia
Tel: (758)-452-250111412; Fax: (758)-453-2721
E-mail: dspencer@cehi.org.lc


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