Front Cover
 Back Cover

Title: Neotropical primates
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098814/00003
 Material Information
Title: Neotropical primates a newsletter of the Neotropical Section of the IUCNSSC Primate Specialist Group
Abbreviated Title: Neotrop. primates
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group -- Neotropical Section
IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group -- Neotropical Section
Conservation International
Center for Applied Biodiversity Science
Publisher: Conservation International
Place of Publication: Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais Brazil
Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais Brazil
Publication Date: September 1993
Frequency: quarterly
Subject: Primates -- Periodicals -- Latin America   ( lcsh )
Primates -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Wildlife conservation -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: review   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Brazil
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Language: English, Portuguese, and Spanish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Mar. 1993)-
Issuing Body: Issued jointly with Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, <Dec. 2004->
General Note: Published in Washington, D.C., Dec. 1999-Apr. 2005 , Arlington, VA, Aug. 2005-
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Vol. 13, no. 1 (Apr. 2005).
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Bibliographic ID: UF00098814
Volume ID: VID00003
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 28561619
lccn - 96648813
issn - 1413-4705


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Table of Contents
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    Back Cover
        Back Cover
Full Text

A Newsletter of the Neotropical Section of the IUCN/SSC Pnimate Specialist Group
Editors: Anthony B. Rylands and Ernesto Rodriguez Luna
PSG Chairman: Russell A. Mittermeier
PSG Deputy Chairman: William R. Konstant




Page 1 Neoropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

No dia 03 de agosto, os eminentes bi6logos
Theodore A.Parker III e Alwyn Gentry faleceram
num trdgico acidente a6reo, durante trabalhos de
campo no Equador, quando sobrevoavam uma
porio do territ6rio costeiro a 560 km de Quito.
Neste acidente, faleceram tombem o Sr. Eduardo
Aspiazuo, president da mais important
organizadlo ndo-governamental daquele pals, a
Fundaqdo Natura, corn sede em Guayaquil, al6m
do piloto do avido, Sr. Roaul Mortensen.
Felizmente, sobreviveram Carmen Bonifoz
(Universidade de Guayaquil), Alfredo Luna
(FEDIMA), e Jacqueline Goereck, essa ujltima de
nacionalidade brasileira, que tombem
participavam do expedicao.

Ted Parker, 40 anos, dirigio a equipe cientifica do
RAP (Programa de Levantamentos Rdpidos) do
Conservation International. Parker, profundo
conhecedor do avifauna Neotropical, era
considered o ornit6logo de maior
reconhecimento a nivel mundial.

Al Gentry, 48 anos, Botdnico curador do Jordim
Botdnico de Missouri, era igualmente reconhecido
por suas importantissimas contribuiq6es aos
estudos do flora do America do Sul. 0
conhecimento cientifico de Al Gentry sobre a flora
sul-americana, especialmente do ColOmbia, Peru,
Equador, Bolivia e Paraguai, era incomensurdvel.

'Ted e Al dominovam dois terqos do conhecimento
cientifico aindo nao publicado sobre a
biodiversidade do regido Neotropical" ofirma
Russell Mittermeier, Presidente do Conservation
International, que os conhecia hd mais de 20
anos. "Sofremos uma perda irrepardvel de amigos
e colegas. Ted e Al conheciam no prdtica o que so
dominamos no teoria".

Registramos aqui nossa profunda tristeza.



Mendes and Chiarello's valuable review
(Neotropical Primates, 1(2):2-3) of the current
population status of muriquis (Brachyteles
arachnoides) in Espirito Santo refers to the species'
presence in small private forests, and proposes a
management plan involving confirmation of the
size and composition of these populations and their
translocation to larger, protected forests. The
authors acknowledge the technical difficulties and
potential risks of translocations, but argue that
such a plan is urgently needed to ensure the
continued survival of muriquis in the state.

They may be correct about the need for active
intervention on behalf of muriquis in Espirito
Santo, but the opportunity to learn from the
proposed translocations should not be missed. For
example, while preliminary data indicate
substantial inter-population variability in muriqui
parasite infections (Stuart et al., 1993), the
biological impact of mixing infected and
uninfected individuals is not yet known. Similarly,
evidence that muriquis occur at lower densities in
-large primary forests, such as the Augusto Ruschi
Biological Reserve (Pinto et al., 1991, in press),
than in smaller disturbed forests may indicate
differences in the carrying capacities of the
habitats. The effects of importing muriquis to such
forests are still unknown.

Answers to these questions will remain highly
speculative without detailed comparative data on
muriqui behavioral ecology and biology. Any
pioneering management plan that entails
translocations should, therefore, include systematic
studies of the populations involved both before and
after translocations are implemented. These
studies should encompass a minimum of three
years, or one muriqui interbirth interval (Strier,
1991), so that annual fluctuations in food
availability and reproductive parameters can be

This suggested amplification of Mendes and
Chiarello's proposal would delay the initiation of

Cover photograph by Andre Alves: Geoffroy's marmoset (Callithrix geoffroyi), see page 6

Neoropical Primates ](3), September 1993

Page 1

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

translocations, and would obviously increase the
cost and duration of the project. Nonetheless, the
knowledge obtained from such studies would
permit a more informed evaluation of the
consequences of translocations than would be
possible otherwise. Such knowledge will be critical
to the development of effective conservation
management plans for this highly endangered
species throughout its distribution.

Karen B. Strier, Department of Anthropology,
University of Wisconsin Madison, 1180
Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA.


Pinto, L.P.S., Costa, C.M.R., Strier, K.B. and
Fonseca, G.A.B. 1991. Censo de primatas da
Reserva Biol6gica Augusto Ruschi, Santa Teresa,
E.S. In: Resumos. XVIII Congresso Brasileiro de
Zoologia, p.394. Universidade Federal da Bahia,
Salvador, Bahia. (Abstract).
Pinto, L.P.S., Costa, C.M.R., Strier, K.B. and
Fonseca, G.A.B. In press. Censo de primatas da
Reserva Biol6gica Augusto Ruschi, Santa Teresa,
E.S. In: A Primatologia no Brasil 4,
M.E.Yamamoto and M.B.C.da Sousa (eds.).
Sociedade Brasileira de Primatologia, Natal.
Strier, K.B. 1991. Demography and conservation
of an endangered primate, Brachyteles
arachnoides. Conservation Biology, 5:214-218.
Stuart, M.D., Strier, K.B. and Pierberg, S.M.
1993. A coprological survey of parasites of wild
woolly spider monkeys, Brachyteles arachnoides,
and brown howling monkeys, Alouatta fusca.
J.Helminth.Soc., 60:111-115.


First described at the turn of the century, the buffy-
headed marmoset, Callithrixflaviceps, remained in
almost total obscurity until the 1980's, by which
time it was already listed as endangered. It was
only at the beginning of that decade, in fact, that
this endemic brazilian primate was found to occur
in the state of Minas Gerais (Mittermeier et al.,
1980)., having been previously restricted to the
neighboring state of Espirito Santo (Hershkovitz,
1977). Despite this discovery, the natural range of
C.flaviceps is one of the smallest of the
platyrrhines and has, like the rest of Brazil's
Atlantic forest, suffered extensive deforestation and
habitat fragmentation (Mittermeier et al., 1982).

Initial estimates of the numbers of C.flaviceps
remaining in the wild were far from encouraging,
although the species is now known to survive in
nine municipalities of Espirito Santo and Minas
Gerais (Ferrari and Mendes, 1991; Mendes in
press), with at least five populations occurring in
officially protected areas. In addition to these
reserves, privately-owned forest remnants may be
fundamentally important for the species survival
over the long term (Ferrari and Mendes, 1991).

During a recent study supported by the Brazil
Science Council (CNPq) and the Brazil Program of
Conservation International, Washington, D.C.,
sixteen of these remnants, varying in size between
14 and 216 ha, were surveyed in eastern Minas
Gerais (see Diego et al., in press). The presence of
C.flaviceps was either reported by local residents
and/or confirmed by direct observation at 10 of
these sites, including the smallest. From these
results, we have estimated that at least three
hundred forest fragments within the known range
of C.flaviceps probably support marmoset
populations of some kind. Assuming an arbitrary
minimum of value of 10 individuals per site, the
total C.flaviceps population would be at least
3,000. Both these estimates are highly
conservative, however, and a more realistic, but
nonetheless cautious figure would exceed 10,000.
In theory, a population this size would probably be
viable over the long term (see MacKinnon et al.,
1986), although in practice its fragmentation into a
large number of relatively small, isolated
subpopulations is a major potential problem. In
the short term, at least, this marmoset's survival is
favoured by two factors: its ability to inhabit
marginal and disturbed habitats (Ferrari and
Mendes, 1991), and the positive attitude of most
local landowners towards the preservation of
remaining forest (Diego et al., in press). Its small
size also minimises hunting pressure.

At the present time, then, a captive breeding
program would not appear to be a priority for the
conservation of C.flaviceps, although the reserve
network will need to be enlarged and consolidated,
and a carefully planned programme of
translocations will almost certainly be necessary to
avoid inbreeding depression and related problems
(Konstant and Mittermeier, 1982; see also Karen
Strier's considerations on page 1). One problem
resulting from habitat fragmentation at some sites,
for example, is the loss of taxon integrity. Ferrari
and Mendes (1991) and Mendes (in press) have
reported hybridisation of C.flaviceps with

Page 2

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

Callithrix geoffroyi at a number of locations in
Espirito Santo, and with Callithrix aurita in Minas
Gerais (see Coimbra-Filho et al., 1993).

In addition to the management of wild populations,
then, an effective conservation programme will
ultimately depend on the definition of the
taxonomic status of the flaviceps form (Templeton,
1986). In contrast with its original classification,
flaviceps has in recent years been identified as a
subspecies of both Callithrix jacchus (v.
Hershkovitz, 1977) and C.aurita (v.Coimbra-Filho,
1990). The most recent and comprehensive review
of marmoset taxonomy, that of de Vivo (1991),
nevertheless argues for its status as a full species.
None of these viewpoints can yet be considered
definitive, however, without more conclusive
evidence, in particular from morphological,
ecological, behavioral, and genetic variables.

Stephen F. Ferrari, Departamento de Gendtica,
Universidade Federal do Para, Caixa Postal 8607,
66075-150 Bel6m, Para, Brazil. Vania H. Diego,
Departamento de Zoologia, Museu Paraense Emilio
Goeldi, Caixa Postal 399, 66040-970 Beldm, Para,


Coimbra-Filho, A.F. 1990. Sistemitica,
distribuiqAo geografica e situaqio atual dos
simios brasileiros (Platyrrhini Primates).
Rev.Brasil.Biol., 50:1063-1079.
Coimbra-Filho, A.F., Pissinatti, A. and Rylands,
A.B. 1993. Experimental multiple hybridism
and natural hybrids among Callithrix species
from eastern Brazil. In: Marmosets and
tamarins: systematics, behaviour, and ecology,
A.B.Rylands (ed.), pp.95-120. Oxford Science
Publications, Oxford.
Diego, V.H., Ferrari, S.F. and Mendes, F.D.C. In
press. Conservagao do sagiii-da-serra (Callithrix
flaviceps): o papel de matas particulares. In: A
Primatologia no Brasil 4, M.E.Yamamoto and
M.B.C.da Sousa (eds.). Sociedade Brasileira de
Primatologia, Natal.
Ferrari, S.F. and Mendes, S.L. 1991. Buffy-
headed marmosets ten years on. Oryx, 25:105-
Hershkovitz, P. 1977. Living New World Monkeys
(Platyrrhini), with an Introduction to Primates.
Vol.1. Chicago University Press, Chicago.
Konstant, W.R. and Mittermeier, R.A. 1982.
Introduction, reintroduction and translocation of
Neotropical primates: past experiences and future

possibilities. Int.Zoo. Yearb., 22:69-77.
MacKinnon, J., MacKinnon, K., Child, G. and
Thornsell, J. 1986. Managing Protected Areas in
the Tropics. International Union for the
Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Gland.
Mendes, S.L. In press. Distribuicao geogrifica e
estado de conservaqio de Callithrix flaviceps
(Primates, Callitrichidae). In: A Primatologia no
Brasil 4, M.E.Yamamoto and M.B.C.da Sousa
(eds.). Sociedade Brasileira de Primatologia,
Mittermeier, R.A., Coimbra-Filho, A.F. and
Constable I.D. 1980. Range extension for an
endangered marmoset. Oryx, 15:380-383.
Mittermeier, R.A., Coimbra-Filho, A.F.,
Constable, I.D., Rylands, A.B. and Valle, C.M.C.
1982. Conservation of primates in the Atlantic
coastal forest of eastern Brazil. Int.Zoo Yearb.,
Templeton, A.R. 1986. Coadaptation and
outbreeding depression. In: Conservation
Biology: the Science of Scarcity and Diversity,
M.E.Soul6 (ed.), pp.105-116. Sinauer Associates
Inc., Sunderland, Mass.
de Vivo, M. 1991. Taxonomia de Callithrix
Erxleben, 1777 (Callitrichidae, Primates).
FundaqAo Biodiversitas, Belo Horizonte.


The Australasian Regional Primate Taxon
Advisory Group, started in 1989 for zoos in
Australia and New Zealand, operates under the
auspices of the Australasian Species Management
Program (ASMP) of the Australasian Regional
Association of Zoological Parks and Aquaria
(ARAZPA). The objectives include coordination
amongst zoos to determine the priority species for
captive breeding. The TAGs are divided into two
groups: those for species which naturally occur in
Australia and New Zealand, and those for species
which do not. The Primate TAG falls into the
latter category and currently counts on eight
institutions as active members, with an additional
six zoos participating in species management
programs. The Primate TAG hopes to focus its
conservation efforts on species from South-east
Asia species currently held include orang-utan,
white-cheeked gibbon, silvery gibbon, white-
handed gibbon, siamang, Celebes macaque, pig-
tailed macaque, Javan black langur, and slow loris.
Several collaborative programs have also been

Page 3

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

initiated in the south-east Asian region with
respect to developing captive-breeding programs
and in situ conservation of endangered primates by
the zoos within the region. The foundation for
international communication was largely created
by the various species' coordinators (already
working prior to the creation of the Primate TAG),
dealing with species which have international
studbooks, for example David Langdon, Adelaide
Zoo, who is regional coordinator for lion tamarins
and the lion-tailed macaque. Coordinators dealing
with species for which there is no international
program face the daunting prospect of establishing
stocks available beyond the region.

The objectives of the ASMP
Advisory Group largely coincide
with those of the IUCN/SSC
Captive Breeding Specialist
Group (CBSG). A CBSG
discussion paper on primates
highlighted the need for "field
and captive communities to
continue to work together in
good faith toward a common
goal of contributing to survival
or restoration of viable
populations of primates in the
wild". Locally we are
endeavoring to manage captive
populations of endangered
species with a view to ultimate
in situ conservation, and where
possible in collaboration with
the relevant wildlife agencies of
the country of origin of the
species concerned.

Primate Taxon

Captive populations play an important role in
conservation strategies, as genetic and
demographic reservoirs, scientific resources, and
living ambassadors for public education at all
levels that can generate funds for in situ
conservation. As such, the objectives of the ASMP
Primate Taxon Advisory Group have been
developed following the recommendations of the
SSC/CBSG/PSG Global Captive Action Plan for
Primates (Stevenson and Foose, 1991), as the
following examples show:
Any and all taxa that are maintained in
captivity should be managed as populations.
Therefore there should be studbooks, coordinators,
masterplans and or taxon advisory groups for
these taxa. Moreover, primate spaces as well as
the animals should be managed The Australasian

Page 4

Primate TAG is striving for coordinated and
cooperative management of primates held,
promoting regional management instead of
institutions working independently. Where
possible, regional populations are being managed
as a subset of global populations in collaboration
with international programs. Furthermore,
effective use of space is considered a primary
objective. To this end we are reviewing stocking
policies in order to best use the resources available
to us. There are rather few major zoos in Australia
(Adelaide, Melbourne, Perth, Taronga 21
Zoological Parks and Aquaria listed in the 1993
Global Zoo Directory) and New Zealand
(Auckland, Orana Park, Wellington eight
Zoological Parks and Aquaria listed in the 1993
Global Zoo Directory), and
NALSTUDBOOKS exchanges between the two
D PRIMATES countries require the same
nanda S.Embury, amount of paperwork as
urne Zoological exchanges between the region
74, Parkville, and any other country.
lia. Consequently, the number of
David Langdon, populations available for the
Gardens, Frome development of management
south Australia, plans, and the number of
people available to act as
ffroyi Steven species' coordinators, are
yal Melbourne limited; thus emphasizing the
POBox 74 need to prioritise species to
52, Australia. ensure effective use of
erosus Mandy resources. Major zoos have
Wildlife Trust stated which species they
ui New Zealand.' would like to keep, and
preferred stocking levels,
which gives an indication of
what facilities are, or will be, available. Emphasis
is given to maintaining self-sustaining populations
of primate species, although this means managing
populations so that there is minimal need for
import and export and, given available resources,
this will not be entirely possible, nor is this
relevant to global management.
Captive programs should maintain
maximal discrimination of described subspecies as
long as possible while taxonomic clarification is
pursued. Every attempt is being made within the
region to accurately assign specimens to subspecies
level where appropriate and to determine the
provenance of stock. Attempt are being made to
avoid pollution of populations with animals of
mixed subspecies. Where possible spaces are being
created for those species given high priority by the
CBSG. Hybrids are being phased out by controlling
reproduction, and the number of species held by

Saguinus oedipus An
The Royal Melbo
Gardens, P.O.Box
Victoria 3052, Austra
Leontopithecus spp. -
Adelaide Zoological
Road, Adelaide, S
Ateles geoffroyi geo
Wilson, The Ro
Zoological Gardens
Parkville, Victoria 30
Ateles geoffroyi velh
Howie, Orana Park
P.O.Box 5130, Papan

Page 5 Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

the region is being reduced so that population sizes
for those considered priority can be increased.
Considerable emphasis is being placed on the need
to accurately identify subspecies adopting the
attitude of 'splitter' rather than 'lumper'. Efforts
are being made, for example, to determine what
species of black-and-white colobus, spider monkey,
and squirrel monkey are being held in the region.
Collaboration with local universities has allowed
the group to capitalise on expertise available -
DNA analysis using the polymerase chain reaction
technique is being used to examine the region's
squirrel monkey population.
Since there is need for strategic program
development and resource allocation on a global
basis, formation of more regional multi-taxa
coordination groups on other continents like the
Taxon Advisory Groups in North America are
encouraged The ASMP Primate TAG strives to
meet these goals, communicating with the PSG and
with groups in North America, Europe, Japan, and
the South-east Asian region. In attempts to
determine which species the region should work
with, advice has been sought from the PSG, and
from those working in the field with threatened
species. No additional species will be imported
unless the acquisition of such animals will support
either in situ or ex situ conservation programs.

Amanda S. Embury, Convener, ASMP Primate
Taxon Advisory Group, Royal Melbourne
Zoological Gardens, PO Box 74, Parkville,
Victoria 3052, Australia. Tel: 61 (03) 285-9300,
Fax: (03) 285-9360.


Embury, A.S. 1991. Report of the Primate Taxon
Advisory Group Workshop October 1991.
Australasian Species Management Plan.
Embury, A.S. 1993. The Australasian Regional
Primate Taxon Advisory Group. Int.Zoo News,
Swengel, F.B. (ed.) 1993. 1993 Global Zoo
Directory, Captive Breeding Specialist Group
(CBSG), International Species Information
System (ISIS), International Zoo Yearbook,
Apple Valley, MN.
Stevenson. M. and Foose, T.J. 1991. Global
Captive Action Plan for Primates. 1st edition, 15
September 1991. Species Survival Commission
(SSC), Captive Breeding Specialist Group
(CBSG), Primate Specialist Group (PSG).


The species listed in the box are on the official
Peruvian list of Threatened and Endangered fauna,
according to the Ministerial Resolution No.1082-
90-AG/15 September 1990 of the Ministry of


Family Callimiconidae
Callimico goeldii Rare
Family Callitrichidae
Cebuella pygmaea Vulnerable
Saguinusfuscicollis Vulnerable
Saguinus imperator Vulnerable
Saguinus labiatus Vulnerable
Saguinus mystax Vulnerable
Saguinus nigricollis Vulnerable
Family Cebidae
A louatta palliata Endangered
A louatta seniculus Vulnerable
Aotus spp. Vulnerable
Ateles belzebuth Endangered
Ateles paniscus Endangered
Cebus albifrons Vulnerable
Cebus apella Vulnerable
Cacajao calvus Endangered
Callicebus spp. Vulnerable
Lagothrix flavicauda Endangered
Lagothrix lagotricha Endangered
Pithecia spp. Vulnerable
Saimiri boliviensis Vulnerable
Saimiri sciureus Vulnerable

This list is comprehensive, although it does not
discriminate any subspecies, nor in the case of
Aotus, Pithecia and Callicebus, species, and is
therefore not very informative. Following current
taxonomic classifications, there are 32 species of
12 genera of primates in Peru (Encarnaci6n et al.,
1993; Moya et al., 1993). This Resolution lists 31
species, including five species of Aotus
(A.nancymai, A.miconax, A.vociferans.
A.nigriceps, and A.azarae), five species of
Callicebus (C.torquatus, C.cupreus, C.caligatus,
C.brunneus, and C.oenanthe), and three species of
Pithecia (P.aequatorialis, P.monachus, and
P.irrorata). Saguinus tripartitus is not included as
such (v. Thorington, 1988), but is if one maintains
the classification of Hershkovitz (1977), placing it
as a subspecies of S.fuscicollis. Effectively,

Page 5

Neotropical Primates ](3), September 1993

Neofropical Primates 1(3), September 1993 Page 6

therefore, all primates in Peru are protected by the
legislation accompanying this Resolution. A
detailed classification of the Peruvian primates,
including their status (common, indeterminate,
rare, vulnerable or endangered) is given by Moya
et al. (1993; see also Encarnaci6n et al., 1993;
Aquino and Encarnacion, in press), and a proposal
for modifications to the IUCN List of Threatened
Animals, particularly concerning Peruvian
endemics, will be submitted to IUCN for the 1993
version of this list in preparation for the 1996
revision which will take into account the new
category system, at present under discussion and
based on the proposal of Mace and Lande (1991;
Mace et al., 1992).

Filomeno Encarnaci6n and Rolando Aquino,
Sociedade Peruana de Primatologia and Centro de
Reproducci6n y Conservaci6n de Primates,
Apartado 621, Iquitos, Peru. Fax: 61-94-232951.


Aquino, R. and Encarnaci6n, F. 1993. Primates of
Peru. Primate Report, 38. In press.
Encarnaci6n, F., Moya, L.Aquino, R.,Tapia, J. and
Soini, P. 1993. Situaci6n y estado actual de las
species de primatas no humans en el Peri. In:
Estutdios Primatol6gicos en el Mexico, Vol. 1,
A.Estrada, E. Rodriguez Luna, R. Lopez-Wilchis
and R. Coates-Estrada (eds.), pp.331-343.
Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa.
Hershkovitz, P. 1977. Living New World Monkeys
(Platyrrhini) with an Introduction to Primates,
Vol.1. Chicago University Press, Chicago.
Mace, G.M. and Lande, R. 1991. Assessing
extinction threats: toward a re-evaluation of
IUCN threatened species categories.
Conservation Biology, 5:148-157.
Mace, G.M., Collar, N., Cooke, J, Gaston, K.,
Ginsberg, J., Leader-Williams, N., Maunder, M.
and Milner-Gulland, E.J. 1992. The development
of new criteria for listing species on the IUCN
Red List. Species, (19): 16-22.
Moya, L., Encarnaci6n, F., Aquino, R., Tapia, J.,
Ique, C. and Puertas, P. 1993. The status of the
natural populations of primates and the benefits
of sustained croppings. In: Primates of the
Americas: Strategies for Conservation and
Sustained Use in Biomedical Research,
P.Arambulo III, F.Encarnaci6n, J.Estupifian,
H.Samam6, C.R.Watson and R.E.Weller (eds.),
pp.29-50. Batelle Press, Columbus.
Thorington, R.W., Jr. 1988. Taxonomic status of
Saguinus tripartitus (Milne-Edwards, 1878). Am.

J. Primatol, 15:367-371.





The Museu de Biologia Mello Leitao (MBML) at
Santa Teresa, Aracruz Celulose S.A. (ARCEL a
privately-owned cellulose company), both in the
state of Espirito Santo, southeastern Brazil, and the
Centro de Primatologia do Rio de Janeiro (CPRJ),
are working together on a reintroduction program
for Geoffroy's marmoset, Callithrix geoffroyi. This
species originally occurred throughout the Atlantic
forest of southern Bahia, Espirito Santo, and
adjacent Minas Gerais, but it is today restricted to
small forest fragments because of habitat
destruction, and absent from many because of
hunting for the pet trade. The program has two
main objectives: 1) to reintroduce groups of mostly
captive-born animals (mainly from CPRJ), and 2)
to educate local communities of the necessity and
importance of the species' conservation. The
collaboration agreement between the institutions
was signed in April 1992, but the program was
initiated in August 1991, with a team of
researchers, students, and technicians working
under the supervision of Sergio L.Mendes,
primatologist at MBML (currently completing a
doctoral thesis on marmoset vocalizations, at the

Neotropical Primates ](3), September 1993

Page 6

Page 7 Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

State University of Campinas, Sto Paulo).

The formation of the groups is being carried out in
cages at MBML. Those which show signs of being
well established are transferred to cages located in
forest fragments isolated by Eucalyptus plantations
owned by ARCEL. After two to three weeks for
acclimatization, the groups are released, and
monitored using radio-telemetry. Systematic
studies are providing data on the group's diet,
ranging, activity pattern and social behavior to
allow for an evaluation of their stability and
independence of provisioned food.

Some interesting data have been obtained, such as
the finding that the reintroduced groups are very
vulnerable to predation, especially from small
felids (Felis spp.). These fragments provide
refuges for the native fauna, and it is becoming
evident that there are high densities of small cats.
The disbanding of groups following release, and
starvation despite provisioning, are other factors
which must be overcome. However, much has
been, and is being, learnt regarding the best
procedures for reintroduction for this species.
Future releases will benefit from a better
understanding of the species' behaviour and
ecology through a study of wild groups, initiated in
January 1993 and providing the first information
on its behaviour and habitat preferences in the

Adriano G. Chiarello and Marcelo Passamanil,
Museu de Biologia Mello Leitio, Av.Jos6 Ruschi
04, Santa Teresa, Espirito Santo 29650-000,
Brazil, and 1Postgraduate Course in Ecology,
Conservation, and Wildlife Management, Instituto
de Ci6ncias Biol6gicas, Universidade Federal de
Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, Minas
Gerais, Brazil.


An international emperor tamarin studbook
dealing with the two known subspecies, Saguinus
imperator imperator and S.i.subgrisescens which
occur in northwestern Bolivia, northwestern Brazil
(state of Acre), and southeastern Peru, was recently
published by the Pittsburgh Zoo, Pennsylvania.
This, the first studbook printed for the species, was
set up using SPARKS, and documents the history
of the emperor tamarin in captivity from 1963 to

1991, with historical listings for each subspecies,
as well as the records for the institutions holding
them in 1991. The large majority of emperor
tamarins in captivity belong to the subspecies
S.i.subgrisescens. In 1991, 10 institutions held 30
(21.8.1) S.i. imperator, and 37 institutions held 177
(83.81.13) S.i.subgrisescens. Age pyramids and
analyses of fecundity and mortality in different age
classes are provided for each subspecies, along
with a bibliography covering such aspects as
taxonomy, geographical distribution, anatomy, and

The author is grateful to all who collaborated in
setting up the studbook, and appeals to institutions
who maintain this species to supply the necessary
records so as to maintain an accurate and complete
picture of its status in captivity. Likewise, it would
be most valuable to receive bibliographical
references or copies of any publications,
particularly those with a limited distribution,
which provide information on emperor tamarins in
captivity and in the wild.

Lee Nesler, General Curator, Pittsburgh Zoo,
P.O.Box. 5250, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15206,
USA. Fax: (412) 665-3661.


Nesler, L. 1993. 1991 International Emperor
Tamarin Studbook Saguinus imperator
imperator, Saguinus imperator subgrisescens.
Pittsburgh Zoo, Pennsylvania.


The Una Biological Reserve is an isolated patch of
Atlantic coastal forest in southern Bahia, Brazil.
Following the recommendations of Adelmar
Coimbra-Filho (1970, 1984), it was decreed in
December 1980 (Decree No.85.463/10th December
1980), officially with an area of 11,400, but in
reality comprising just two, barely connected,
forest blocks, Maruim and Piedade, totalling 5,342
ha. The Reserve was created with the specific aim
of protecting populations of the golden-headed lion
tamarin, Leontopithecus chrysomelas, but
fortuitously also contains the yellow-breasted
capuchin, Cebus apella xanthosternos, Wied's
black-tufted-ear marmoset, Callithrix kuhli, and

Page 7

Aleotropical Primates ](3), September 1993

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993


0 1 2 3km

Decreed limits (11,400 ha)
Reserve boundary until 1989 (5,342 ha)
Area purchased 1990/1991 and 1993 (1,717 ha)

the Bahian masked titi, Callicebus personatus
melanochir, as well as other endangered species
such as the maned sloth, Bradypus torquatus, and
the thin-spined porcupine, Chaetomys subspinosus.
Until 1982 the Reserve remained without any
protection or management and suffered severe
problems of squatters (see Coimbra-Filho, 1984).
Due to the remarkable efforts of the Reserve
Director, Saturnino de Sousa, and in collaboration
with World Wildlife Fund US as well as
Conservation International, the number of
squatters was reduced from 100 families in 1985 to
28 families in 1993, eight of which will be
removed in the near future. A serious problem,
however, was the narrowness (approximately 20
m) of the corridor between the two forest blocks.
In 1989, the Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust
carried out a fund raising campaign specifically for
the purpose of buying adjacent forest (within the
decreed area) to widen the corridor (Mallinson,
1989). Funds were also contributed by World
Wildlife Fund US and Conservation
International. The land was purchased by the
Fundaqao Biodiversitas in three stages (243 ha in
March 1990, 200 ha in December 1990, and 216
ha in January 1991). The funds were administered
by World Wildlife Fund-US, and Conservation
International provided the financing to carry out

the purchase. The land,
comprising 659 ha of forest,
was donated to Ibama in a
ceremony in March 1991,
graced by H.R.H.Prince
Philip The Duke of
Edinburgh, President of the
World Wide Fund for

Despite this remarkable
achievement, it was evident
that such a step was still
insufficient for the
consolidation of the reserve,
and further investigations
were made concerning the
possibilities of acquiring
other contiguous forests. In
1992, the Fazenda Eldorado
abutting the northern limits
of the eastern Maruim block,

was put up for sale, and the
International Committee for
the Recovery and
Management of L.
chrysomelas (see Mallinson,
1989) recognized immediately the urgency of
responding to this unique opportunity. Thanks to
the collaboration among Brazilian and
International non governmental organizations
and with the help of the Brazilian Institute for the
Environment and Renewable Natural Resources
(Ibama), the Una Biological Reserve has been
increased in size by 18% through the purchase of
1,058 ha: the Reserve currently has an area of
7,059 ha. The purchase was made possible by the
collaboration of Ibama and the Fundacao
Biodiversitas, with funds contributed by Robert and
Birgit Bateman through Wildlife Preservation
Trust Canada; World Wide Fund for Nature; Jersey
Wildlife Preservation Trust; Brookfield Zoo; the
Chicago Rainforest Action Group; the Mill Pond
Press; Conservation International; and World Wide
Fund for Nature Canada. The international
fundraising effort was coordinated by WWF-US.
The purchase was completed on June 17 in Una,
Bahia, by the Fundacgo Biodiversitas, and the title
of the land was immediately transferred to Ibama.
At least 1,000 ha must still be added to establish a
viable minimum protected area for conservation
purposes, and efforts will continue to find ways to
purchase remaining contiguous forest in the

Page 8

N /

Page 9

A very large number of Brazilian protected areas
suffer from serious problems regarding land
ownership, and we stress that such a unique
opportunity as the purchase of the forested part of
the Eldorado Ranch would have been lost if this
course of action had not been taken. We sincerely
thank all those involved for their prompt and
magnanimous response to the call for the means to
secure a significant part of the last remnants of the
Bahian rain forest, and the only natural refuge for
the golden-headed lion tamarin.

Adelmar F. Coimbra-Filho, Centro de Primatolo-
gia do Rio de Janeiro (CPRJ), FundaQao Estadual
de Engenharia e do Meio Ambiente (FEEMA), Rua
Fonseca Teles 121, Caixa Postal 23011, Sao
Crist6vao, 20940 Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil. Lou Ann Dietz, World Wildlife Fund, 1250
Twenty-Fourth St., N.W. Washington, D.C. 20037-
1175, USA. Jeremy J. C. Mallinson, Jersey
Wildlife Preservation Trust, Les Augres Manor,
Trinity, Jersey JE3 5BF, Channel Islands, GB.
Ilmar B. Santos, Fundagqo Biodiversitas, Rua
Maria Vaz de Melo 71, Dona Clara, 31250 Belo
Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.


Coimbra-Filho, A.F. 1970. Consideracqes gerais e
situaqAo atual dos micos-le6es escuros,
Leontideus chrysomelas (Kuhl, 1820) e
Leontideus chrysopygus (Mikan, 1823)
(Callithricidae, Primates). Rev.Brasil.Biol.,
Coimbra-Filho, A.F. 1984. Situacao atual dos
calitriquideos que ocorrem no Brasil
(Callitrichidae-Primates). In: A Primatologia no
Brasil, M.T.de Mello (ed.), pp.15-33. Sociedade
Brasileira de Primatologia, Brasilia.
Mallinson, J.J.C. 1986. The Wildlife Preservation
Trusts' (J.W.P.T./W.P.T.I.) support for the
conservation of the genus Leontopithecus. Dodo,
J.Jersey Wildl.Preserv. Trust, 23:6-18.
Mallinson, J.J.C. 1989. A summary of the work of
the International Recovery and Management
Committee for Golden-headed Lion Tamarin
Leontopithecus chrysomelas 1985-1990. Dodo,
JJersey Wildl.Preserv. Trust, 26:77-86.


Fernando de Camargo Passos recently completed a

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

study of the feeding behavior of the black lion
tamarin, Leontopithecus chrysopygus, a Master's
thesis presented to the State University of
Campinas (Unicamp), Sao Paulo, supervised by Dr
Cory T.de Carvalho (Passos, 1992). The study was
carried out in the Caetetus State Reserve (2,178
ha), municipality of GAlia, from January to June
1989, and March 1990 to March 1991. The major
components of the diet were found to be fruits,
plant exudates and animal prey, the importance of
which varied seasonally, with fruits being
predominant in the wet season, and a surprisingly
high consumption of plant exudates in the dry
season. Passos will be continuing his research on
the behavior and feeding of this species for a
doctoral thesis at the Federal University of Sao
Carlos, Sao Paulo, under the supervision of Dr
Cleber J.R.Alho. This second phase of the project,
a two-year study starting in August/September
1993, will examine particularly the seasonal
variation in the behavior and feeding ecology of the
species, with data collected in such a way as to be
directly comparable with the studies of
L.chrysomelas in the Una Biological Reserve,
southern Bahia, by James Dietz (University of
Maryland), L.rosalia in the Poqo das Antas
Biological Reserve, Rio de Janeiro, by Andrew
Baker (Philadelphia Zoo), and of L.chrysopygus in
the Morro do Diabo State Park, Sao Paulo, by
ClAudio PAdua (The Nature Conservancy). The
project was discussed and approved by the
International Recovery and Management
Committee for L.chrysopygus in May 1993, and
will be financed by the World Wide Fund for
Nature (WWF), and the BoticArio Foundation for
Nature Protection, Brazil.

Fernando C. de Passos, Programa de P6s-
graduaqAo em Ecologia e Recursos Naturais,
Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, Caixa Postal
676, Sao Carlos, 13565-905 Sao Paulo, Brazil.


Passos, F.de C. 1991. Leontopithecus
chrysopygus (Primates) como dispersor de
sementes. An.Sem.Reg.Ecol., Sao Carlos, SP,
Passos, F.de C. 1992. HAbito alimentar do mico-
leao-preto Leontopithecus chrysopygus (Mikan,
1823) (Callithricidae, Primates) na Estaqao
Ecol6gica dos Caetetus, Municipio de GAlia, SP.
Unpublished Master's thesis, State University of
Campinas, SAo Paulo.
Passos, F.de C. 1992. Associaqao entire o primata

Nec tropical Primates 1(3), September 1993 Page 10

Leontopithecus chrysopygus (Callithricidae) e a
ave Sittasomus griseicapillus (Dendrocolaptidae).
In: Resumos. VII Seminario Regional de
Ecologia, Sao Carlos, Sio Paulo, p.72.
Passos, F.de C. 1992. Ecologia do mico-leao-
preto, Leontopithecus chrysopygus
(Callithricidae, Primates). In: Resumos. VII
Semin6rio Regional de Ecologia, Sao Carlos, Sao
Paulo, p.73. (Abstract).
Passos, F.de C. 1993. Atividades diArias do mico-
leio-preto, Leontopithecus chrysopygus, na
Estacqo Ecol6gica dos Caetetus (Mammalia,
Callitrichidae). In: Resumos. III Encontro de
P6s-Graduagdo em CiOncias Biol6gicas,
Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Sao Paulo,
p.63. (Abstract).
Passos, F.de C. and Carvalho, C.T.de 1991.
Importincia de exsudatos na alimentacqo do
mico-leao-preto, Leontopithecus chrysopygus
(Callithricidae, Primates). In: Resumos. XVIII
Congress Brasileiro de Zoologia, p.392.
Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador.


An emergency action plan for the conservation of
the newly discovered black-faced lion tamarin,
Leontopithecus caissara, in the states of Sao Paulo
and Parand, Brazil, was drawn up and approved
during a meeting of the international committee for
the conservation of the species, held in Casimiro de
Abreu, Rio de Janeiro, on the 20th May of this year
(reported in Neotropical Primates 1(2), 1993). The
International Committee, a consultative committee
for the Brazilian Institute for the Environment and
Renewable Natural Resource (Ibama), created by
Edict No.106/92-N of 30 September 1992, is
comprised of the following members: Alcides
Pissinatti (Rio de Janeiro Primate Center),
Anthony B.Rylands (Federal University of Minas
Gerais), Dante M.Teixeira (National Museum, Rio
de Janeiro), Ibsen de Gusmao Cdmara (Brazilian
Society for Environmental Protection SOBRAPA,
co-chairman), Jeremy J.C.Mallinson (Jersey
Wildlife Preservation Trust, co-chairman), Jordan
P.Wallauer (Ibama), Maria lolita Bampi (Ibama),
Maria L.Lorini ("CapAo da Imbuia" Natural
History Museum, Curitiba), Paulo Nogueira Neto
(University of Sao Paulo), Russell A. Mittermeier
(Conservation International), and Vanessa

G.Persson (National Museum, Rio de Janeiro).
The Plan was presented to the President of Ibama
in June 1993.

While recognizing that our knowledge of the
species is still insufficient for the elaboration of a
comprehensive and long-term action plan, it was
argued that a number of aspects currently affecting
the wild populations require immediate action.
The plan summarizes the data available on the
species' distribution and population size, and
provides a listing of 15 specific aspects identified
as threats, besides the intrinsic problems of small
population size and a very limited geographic
distribution. In summary, they include: geographic
separation of two distinct subpopulations; lack of
an effective protection for the Superagui National
Park and the Jacupiranga State Park where they
occur; problems of urbanisation and development
of tourism in key areas in the vicinity of these
protected areas; irregular and illegal land
occupation and deforestation in key areas,
especially within its distribution in the state of Sto
Paulo; cattle farming (including buffalo) in the
vicinity of or within the protected areas;
extractivist activities; the slow recovery
characteristic of the resting vegetation; pet trade
and the notoriety of the species; possible
competition with introduced Callithrix jacchus;
highway construction; and the lack of a captive
breeding program. Aspects requiring immediate
action are identified, and include the creation of
further protected areas and redefinition of the
limits and management categories of the existing
areas, measures for improving the protection of
these areas, continued and intensified research on
the distribution and size of existing populations,
environmental education programs, genetic
research with a view to examining the possibilities
of translocation, the establishment of at least two
captive colonies, and the elaboration of a
management plan for the Superagui National Park,
especially taking into account the current
expansion of increasingly damaging tourist
activities on the island. The Plan suggests priority
for research on the demography and distribution of
the species, and gives guidelines for the financing
of these activities. Problems arising from the
socioeconomic development of this increasingly
populous region are dealt with in part by these
emergency recommendations but will require more
substantiated and long-term action, the possibilities
for which will arise with a better understanding of
the distribution and status and in conjunction with
an increased awareness of the problems and their

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

Page 10

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

solutions in collaboration with regional politicians
and decision-makers.

Ibsen de Gusmio Camara, Sociedade Brasileira
de Protegqo Ambiental (SOBRAPA), Av.das
Am6ricas 2300 C40, 22460 Rio de Janeiro, Rio
de Janeiro, Brazil.


Lorini, V.G. and Persson, M.L. 1990. Uma nova
esp6cie de Leontopithecus Lesson, 1840, do sul
do Brasil (Primates, Callitrichidae). Bol. Mus.
Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, nova sir. Zoologia,
Martuscelli, P. and Rodrigues, M.G. 1992. Novas
populag6es do mico-leao caiqara, Leontopithecus
caissara (Lorini & Persson, 1990) no sudeste do
Brasil (Primates-Callitrichidae). Rev.Inst.Flor.,
Sao Paulo, 4:920-924.
Persson, V.G. and Lorini, M.L. In press. Notas
sobre o mico-leao-de-cara-preta, Leontopithecus
caissara Lorini and Persson, 1990, no sul do
Brasil (Primates, Callitrichidae). In: Resumos.
XVII Congresso Brasileiro de Zoologia, p.385.
Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador. 24
February-1 March 1991. (Abstract).
Persson, V.G. and Lorini, M.L. In press. Notas
sobre o mico-leao-de-cara-preta, Leontopithecus
caissara Lorini and Persson, 1990, no sul do
Brasil (Primates, Callitrichidae). In: A
Primatologia no Brasil 4, M.E.Yamamoto and
M.B.da Sousa (eds.). Sociedade Brasileira de
Primatologia, Natal.



A new IUCN/SSC Specialist Group was recently
created which deals with South American
amphibians and reptiles. Similar groups have
already been established for Africa, Australasia,
China, Europe, the Indian subcontinent and
Madagascar. The Co-chairpersons are: Aline
Tristio Bernardes, Fundagqo Biodiversitas, Rua
Maria Vaz de Melo 71, Dona Clara, 31260-110
Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Fax: 55 (31)
411-7037; and Jorge Williams, Facultad de
Ciencias Naturales y Museo, Paseo del Bosque s/n,
1900 La Plata, Argentina, Fax: 54 (21) 53-01-89.
The Group will work in close collaboration with
Jaime Pefauer, Universidad de Los Andes,
Venezuela, member representing South America

for the SSC Task Force on Declining Amphibian


A fin de elaborar el primer borrador del Plan de
Acci6n para los Primates Mesoamericanos,
representantes de los paises comprendidos en esta
region (Johanna Motta Gill Guatemala, Eduardo
Carrillo y Yolanda Matamoros Costa Rica, F61ix
Nufiez Panama, Alejandro Hernandez YAfiez,
Carlos A.G.Guichard, Domingo Canales Espinosa,
Ernesto Rodriguez Luna y Liliana Cortes Ortiz -
M6xico) se reunieron en Tuxtla Gutidrrez,
Chiapas, M6xico, en el marco del IV Simposio de
la Asociaci6n Mexicana de Primatologia. En esta
reuni6n participaron otros primat6logos
mexicanos, quienes tambi6n hicieron
contribuciones durante el anAlisis y discusi6n del
document de trabajo que se elabor6 para esta

Los objetivos de este Plan son los siguientes:
i) presentar lista de primates mesoamericanos;
ii) estimar el grado de amenaza para cada una de
las species, asi como distinguir las subespecies
y poblaciones marginales bajo amenaza;
iii) revisar la distribuci6n de las comunidades de
primates mesoamericanos en relaci6n a las
provincias biogeogrificas, destacando las
comunidades con altos niveles de diversidad y
endemismo de species;
iv) listar los proyectos necesarios para la
conservaci6n de las species y comunidades
amenazadas, con una estimaci6n de costs;
v) establecer prioridades entire esos proyectos,
basadas en el nuimero de species involucradas,
su unicidad taxon6mica y el grado en que se
encuentran amenazadas.

La reuni6n se inici6 con el anAlisis de los objetivos
que cumple la Comisi6n para la Supervivencia de
las Especies, y en pArticular el Grupo Especialista
en Primates, de la IUCN. Posteriormente, se
revisaron los lineamientos para la elaboraci6n de
los Planes de Acci6n que formula los Grupos
Especialistas. En um primer punto, se habl6 de la
gran diversidad de ecosistemas presents en la
region mesoamericana, de la falta de conocimiento
sobre la riqueza biol6gica que aqui se present y de
la reducci6n progresiva de estos ecosistemas debido

Page 11

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

a diversos factors; la mayoria de los cuales son
combines para todos los paises que conforman la

La alteraci6n del hAbitat nuevamente se asumi6
como el factor mas delet6reo para las poblaciones
de primates y se indic6 que, indudablamente,
dentro de los agents perturbadores de los bosques
tropicales, hay various que podrian ser controlados
por el hombre mediante tActicas y estrategias
conservacionistas. Sin embargo, para cada pais,
para cada zona geogiafica y political, el problema
adquiere condiciones particulares, requeri6ndose
tratamientos distintos en la mayoria de los casos.

Posteriormente, se hizo una breve revision de la
situation de las species de monos por pais. Las

species y subespecies

. A louatta palliata
A.p. aequatorialis
A.p. mexicana
SA louatta pigra
. Alouatta coibensis
A. c. coibensis
. Aotus lemurinus
A.. lemurinus
A. .griseimembra
. A telesfuscicepes
A.f robustus
SA teles geoffroyi
A.g. azuerensis

consideradas fueron las

A .g.grisescens
Cebus capucinus
C.c. imitator
C. c.imitaneus
.Saguinus geoffroyi
Saimiri oerstedi
S.o. citrinellus

De manera general, se concluy6 que la mayoria de
las Areas de distribuci6n propuestas para los
primates de la region, contienen informaci6n
err6nea y no relfejan con precision la ubicaci6n de
cada especie. Esto hace necesaria la elaboraci6n de
mapas con informaci6n original para varias
species de la region.

Debido a que uno de los pontos mAs importantes en
los Planes de Acci6n es asignar a las species
rangos de prioridad para su conservaci6n, fue
necesario reconocer los criterios que se han
utilizado para evaluar el estado de las species. A
este respect, se coment6 que la categorizaci6n
hecha por la IUCN en sus Libros Rojos, en muchas
ocasiones no se corresponde con la situaci6n real
de las species, ya que se utilizan criterios muy
subjetivos para calificarlas. Sin embargo, el nuevo

criterio para reevaluar estas categories, propuesto
por Mace y Lande (1991), en este moment no es
aplicable para la mayoria de nuestras species,
pues no se cuenta con informaci6n suficiente para
desarrollar esa metodologia, basada principalmente
en datos demograficos. De esta manera, aunque
actualmente no se encuentra disponible esa
informaci6n, el nuevo criterio, que promote una
evaluaci6n mas objetiva debe servir como aliciente
para futures studios de campo, porque estA
exigiendo un determinado tipo de datos que no se
han colectado. Esta deficiencia de informaci6n, no
se restringe a Mesoamdrica, mas bien, es la
situaci6n general de las species de primates a
nivel mundial, slavo algunas excepciones.

Sin embargo, para los fines que persigue este Plan
de Acci6n, se consider convenient adoptar un
criterio formulado ya en el Plan de Acci6n para los
Lemures de Madagascar (Mittermeier et al.,
1992), el cual nos permit determinar prioridades
para acci6n conservacionista, utilizando
informaci6n de fAcil acceso. Este criterio se basa
en tres factors: el grado de amenaza medido em
t6rminos del tamafio de la poblaci6n total; la
unicidad taxon6mica; y el nivel de protecci6n en
las Areas donde se presentan las poblaciones. No
obstante, se hicieron recomendaciones, resaltando
la necesidad de tomar otros factors como
determinantes de la situaci6n de las species y de la
asignaci6n de prioridades. Algunos de estos
factors son los siguientes:
- La fragmentaci6n del habitat. Aun cuando se
tuviera un nimero poblacional significativo, podria
estar distribuido en pequefios fragments que no
permitiriAn intercambio gen6tico, lo que a median
y largo plazo provocaria el detrimento de las
- El nivel de protecci6n efectiva dentro de las
6reas protegidas. No es suficiente que una
poblaci6n se encuentra en un lugar decretado como
Area natural protegido, para decir que
efectivamente esta protegida; ya que en la mayoria
de los paises mesoamericanos, no en todas las Areas
decretadas existe protecci6n real o suficiente.
- Habilidad de las species para adaptar-se a los
cambios en el habitat.
- Extension del drea de distribuci6n de las
- Protecci6n legal en los paises donde se
distribuye (por ejemplo leyes de caza, ley forestal,
- El grado de conocimiento de esa especie en
condiciones naturales.

Page 12

Page 13

Se espera presentar la version definitive de este
Plan durante la 67ava. Reuni6n de la Comisi6n de
Supervivencia de Especies de la IUCN, que se
celebrara del 15 al 17 de enero de 1994, en Buenos
Aires, Argentina.

Ernesto Rodriguez Luna, Parque de la Flora y
Fauna Silvestre Tropical, Universidad
Veracruzana, Apartado Postal 566, Xalapa,
Veracruz 91000, Mdxico.


Mace, G.M. and Lande, R. 1991. Assessing
extinction threats: toward a re-evaluation of
IUCN threatened species categories.
Conservation Biology, 5:148-157.
Mittermeier, R.A., Konstant, W.R., Nicoll, M.E.
and Langrand, 0. 1992. Lemurs of Madagascar:
An Action Plan for Their Conservation 1993-
1999. IUCN, Gland.


The American Society of Primatology (ASP)
awarded a two-year subscription of the American
Journal of Primatology their 1993 Journal
Subscription Award to Eduardo Marcelino
V.Veado, Director of the Caratinga Biological
Station, Minas Gerais, Brazil. According to Dr
Ramon Rhine, Chairman of the ASP Conservation
Committee, competition for the Conservation
Award (for students and young investigators
working on primate conservation in source
countries) was even tougher than for the Journal
Award, but the conclusion was reached that

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

Eduardo Veado, nominated by Dr. Karen Strier,
University of Wisconsin, was also the most worthy
candidate an unprecedented decision by ASP to
give the two awards to the same person. The
Caratinga Biological Station is a small but highly
significant area of well-preserved Atlantic forest,
in the Fazenda Montes Claros of Feliciano
Abdalla, near Caratinga in the Rio Doce valley of
eastern Minas Gerais. It is today administered by
the FundaqAo Biodiversitas, Belo Horizonte, and is
home to muriquis, Brachyteles arachnoides, brown
howling monkeys, Alouatta fusca, tufted
capuchins, Cebus apella, and buffy-headed
marmosets, Callithrix flaviceps. Eduardo Veado,
who graduated in Zoology from the Federal
University of Minas Gerais in 1988, participated as
a field assistant in the early days (1983) of Karen
Strier's ongoing study of the muriquis, and in 1985
was asked by Cl1io Valle, then Professor of
Zoology at the University, to assume the
Directorship of the Station. Karen Strier's
recommendation documented Eduardo's
remarkable achievements in running the Station,
being host to numerous field researchers, tourists
and journalists, and yet at the same time carrying
out improvements to the facilities (including the
construction of a visitor's center named after Cl1io
Valle and inaugurated in 1992), raising money for
the maintenance of the area, and also, with his wife
Simone, carrying out a long-term and highly
successful campaign of environmental education in
the region, involving not only local communities
and schools, but also businesses and politicians in
the nearby town of Caratinga. He has provided
vital support for numerous and important studies of
the Station's fauna and flora, examples including
Karen Strier's study of the muriquis, Sergio
Mendes' pioneer work on howling monkeys, and
the most important field research of a marmoset yet
achieved that of Stephen Ferrari. The editors
extend their most sincere congratulations to
Eduardo Veado on receiving these awards and to
the ASP Conservation Committee for choosing
such a deserving candidate.


Ferrari, S.F. 1988. The behaviour and ecology of
the buffy-headed marmoset, Callithrix flaviceps
(O.Thomas. 1903). Ph.D.thesis, University
College, London.
Mendes, S.L. 1989. Estudo ecol6gico de Alouatta
fusca (Primates: Cebidae) na Estacgo Biol6gica
de Caratinga, MG. Rev.Nordestina Biol.,

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993 Page 14

Strier, K.B. 1992. Faces in the Forest: The
Endangered Muriqui Monkeys of Brazil. Oxford
University Press, Oxford.
Valle, C., Caimara, I.de G., Mittermeier, R.A.
1982. Campaign to save the highly endangered
muriqui now underway in Brazil. IUCN/SSC
Primate Specialist Group Newsletter, (2): 14-15.
Valle, C., Camara, I.de G., Mitfermeier, R.A.
1983. More on the muriqui campaign in
southeastern Brazil. IUCN/SSC Primate
Specialist Group Newsletter, (3): 16-18.


The Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center
(WRPRC), Madison, has just published the third
edition of Audiovisual Resources in Primatology, a
catalog to the audiovisual collection of the Center's
library. It contains an annotated list of audiotapes,
videotapes, slide sets, and films, as well as the
number of slides held for each species. Indexes are
provided for species and titles. Introductory
material in the catalog explains procedures for
borrowing and contributing materials. The catalog
sells for US$10.00 in the U.S., and US$18.00
outside of the U.S. The newsletter Primate Library
Report: Audio-Visual Acquisitions, issued
periodically, covers the period between editions of
the catalog. Each issue lists 30-40 new items
added to the collection. Complimentary
subscriptions to this newsletter are available on
request. People may also request a comprehensive
search of audiovisual materials on a particular
topic or species. This comprehensive database
contains not only records of AV items held by the
WRPRC Library, but also information on other

Through a grant for the Center for Biology
Education at the University of Wisconsin-Madison,
we have just completed a three part slide set, "The
Primates". These new slide sets (each of 72 slides,
with accompanying annotated script) introduce the
topics of primate behavior, conservation and
taxonomy, and are intended for use by teachers in
their classrooms. All three slide sets have been
tested in schools and incorporate teachers'
suggestions. They can be borrowed for 14 days at
no cost for teachers who pick them up in person, or
mailed for a US$10.00 service fee. For more
information contact Ray Hamel, Special
Collections Librarian, WRPRC.

The WRPRC library publishes the International
Directory of Primatology. The purpose of the
Directory is to enhance communication among the
many organizations and individuals involved in
primate research, conservation, and education. It
can be used by primatologists as a desk-top
working tool or by educators, librarians, students
and the general public as a guide to primate
programs and information resources. The
directory is divided into five organizational
sections and four indexes. The organizational
sections cover (1) geographically arranged entries
for major primate centers, laboratories, educational
programs, foundations, conservation organizations
and sanctuaries, (2) current field sites with
program and contact information, (3) members of
groups involved with non-human primate
population management, (4) professional primate
societies, and (5) major information sources in the
field. Access to this information is supported by
organizational, species, subject and name indexes.
Copies of the 1992 International Directory of
Primatology (225pp. spiral bound) are available in
the USA for $10 (includes surface postage and
handling). To offset mailing costs, the price to
other countries is US$18.00. Electronic mail and
phone orders are welcome (see below). Checks
payable to Wisconsin Regional Primate Research

The Library also coordinates an Internet Gopher
server call PRIMATE INFO NET (PIN), for people
with an interest in the field of primatology.
Among the resources accessible in PIN are: a
taxonomy of the primates; Laboratory Primate
Newsletter (LPN) (current issue); a list of topical
bibliographies from the Primate Information
Center (PIC), University of Washington, Seattle;
Primate Library Report: Audiovisual Acquisitions
(current issue); information on ordering WRPRC
audiovisual materials; current pricing for PIC
database searches; the Primate-Talk Directory;
information on accessing archives of Primate-Talk
and LPN; information on the Primate Supply
Clearing House; a gateway to Envirolink; Animal
Welfare Act and Amendments; gorilla ethograms;
other information pertinent to the field. Gopher is a
menu-based system for using Internet resources.
PIN is just one of many resources available through
Internet Gopher. You can search phone books of
the world, go to library catalogs, get travel
advisories, recipes etc. It is international in scope
and can be thought of as a switching point to an
extraordinary mine of information. We welcome

Neotropical Primates ](3), September 1993

Page 14

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

suggestions for improvement to existing menu
items on PIN, as well as ideas for new files. Note
that we are interested in other resources in
primatology which would enhance this server, such
as bibliographies, data files, and directories. We
would also welcome ideas about connections to
other servers, such as Envirolink, which have
related materials. Please contact us, or write to
Internet Gopher Developers, 100 Union
ST.SE#190, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
(e-mail: gopher@boombox.micro.umn.edu), for
information on how to access Internet Gopher.

The electronic mail listserver PRIMATE-TALK,
an open forum for the discussion of primatology
and related subjects, was reported in the June 1993
issue of Neotropical Primates. It currently has
over 300 members from 15 countries. Subject
matters include, but are not limited to: news items,
meetings announcements, research issues,
information requests, veterinary/husbandry topics,
job notices, animal exchange information, and
book reviews. People with Internet, BITNET, or
UUCP can communicate with PRIMATE-TALK.
Users of other networks should contact WRPRC. If
you are interested in joining, send a message to
EDU stating that you would like to sign on.
Messages are sent to PRIMATE-TALK@

Finally, an appeal we would be most grateful if
primatologists could send us copies of their recent
articles, most especially if they are published in
journals which have a restricted distribution.

Larry Jacobsen, Head of Library Services,
Primate Center Library, Wisconsin Regional
Primate Research Center, 1220 Capitol Court,
Madison, WI 53715-1299, USA. Tel: 1 (608) 263-
3512. Fax: 1 (608) 263-4031. E-mail: library@


A "Symposium onr the
Primate Family Cebidae" was
held on May 2, 1993 in
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and
hosted by the New World
Primate Taxon Advisory
Group and the Zoological
Society of Pittsburgh. Purina

Mills, Inc. sponsored the symposium. Over 60
people attended, including representatives from
zoos, laboratories, animal organizations, animal
food manufacturers, and private owners. Money
raised from the registration fees will go to primate
conservation efforts in Brazil and Colombia.

The papers and posters included:,.
. Are we killing our captive primates with
kindness? Applying field research to captive
nutrition. K.E.Glander, Duke University,
Contrasting life modes in Cebidae: titis
(Callicebus) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri).
W.A.Mason and S.P.Mendoza, California
Regional Primate Research Center, Davis.
Estimation of long-term group dynamics for
female-bonded primates using an object-oriented
model. K.Snyder, Texas A&M University.
Exhibit use and behavior of captive titi monkeys
(Callicebus donacophilus) after transfer to a
naturalistic exhibit. A.M.Stevens, Dallas Zoo,
Techniques for studying the reproductive biology
of the white-faced saki (Pithecia pithecia) in
captivity. A.Savage, Roger Williams Park Zoo,
Providence; S.E.Shideler; E.A.Moorman;
A.Ortuno; and B.L.Lasley, University of
California, Davis.
An investigation of the prehensile tail.
D.Bergeson, Washington University, St.Louis.
Aggression, affiliation, and food stealing among
captive female squirrel monkeys. T.L.Guy,
Bucknell University, Lewisburg, and NIH
Animal Center, Poolesville; and N.G.Caine,
California State University, San Marcos.
Management of a breeding colony of white-
throated capuchins (Cebus c.capucinus) on an
outdoor island habitat. R.Rooney and
K.Krickbaum, Dreher Park Zoo, West Palm
The work of the New World Primate Taxon
Advisory Group: captive cebid populations -
managing species and spaces. A.Baker, Burnet
Park Zoo, Syracuse.
Management of woolly monkeys (Lagothrix
lagotricha) at the Louisville Zoo. S.Logsdon,
Louisville Zoo, Louisville.
Mating patterns and sexual competition in brown
capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). K.A.Phillips,
University of Georgia, Athens.
. Experimental approaches to the study of tool-use
by captive capuchin monkeys. G.C.Westergaard,
NIH Animal Center, Poolesville.
. Phylogeny and conservation genetics of howler

Page 15

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993 Page 16

monkeys (genus Alouatta). R.A.James, Kean
College, Union; R.H.Horwich, Howlers Forever
Inc., Gay Mills; and S.A.Karl, Rutgers
University, New Bnmswick.
. Differences between firstborn and later-born
Cebus apella infants' interactions with mothers.
G.Byrne, NIH Animal Center, Poolesville.
. Introduction of howler monkeys:a four-year
record E.Rodriguez-Luna; F.Garcia-Orduna;
D.Canales Espinosa; and J.C.Serio-Silva,
Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa.
. Feeding habits and daily activity patterns of
howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata) in a forest
fragment in Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, Mexico.
J.C.Serio-Silva, Universidad Veracruzana,
. Reproductive parameters and sexual behavior of
the howler monkey (Alouatta palliata mexicana).
L.Cortes-Ortiz; E.Rodriguez-Luna; and J.C.
Serio-Silva, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa.
. The challenge of cebid contraception. C.Asa,
St.Louis Zoological Park, St.Louis; A.Baker,
Burnet Park Zoo, Syracuse; B.Hornbeck, St.Louis
Zoological Park, St.Louis; E.Plotka, Marshfield
Medical Foundation, Marshfield; and I.Porton,
St.Louis Zoological Park, St.Louis.
. The handrearing, development, and
reintroduction of a black-handed spider monkey
(Ateles geoffroyi). V.Sodaro, Chicago Zoological
Park, Brookfield.

The papers and posters presented will be published
in the 1993 Regional Proceedings of the American
Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums.

Ken Kaemmerer, Dallas Zoo, 621 East Clarendon
Drive, Dallas, Texas 75293, USA.



In July 1993, Maria Iracilda da Cunha Sampaio
defended her doctoral thesis for the postgraduate
course in Biological Sciences (Specialization:
Genetics and Molecular Biology) of the Biological
Sciences Center, Federal University of Para, and
the Emilio Goeldi Museum, Bel6m, Para,
supervised by Dr Horicio Schneider. The following
is the English abstract of the thesis:

Genomic DNA sequences encompassing the whole
epsilon gene of the beta-globin cluster and the

Intron 1 of the IRBP gene (about 3600 base pairs)
were obtained in order to investigate the
phylogenetic relationships among seven New
World monkey genera belonging to the subfamilies
Atelinae, Alouattinae and Pitheciinae. The
sequences were analyzed using maximum
parsimony and distance matrix methods. The
cladistic arrangement produced by these analyses
suggests a close relationship between the
alouattines (Alouatta) and atelines (Ateles,
Brachyteles, Lagothrix). The monophyletic
character of the pitheciines (Pithecia, Chiropotes,
Cacajao) and the close relationship between Cebus
and Saguinus (used in this study as outgroups)
were also clearly demonstrated. Estimates of
divergence time suggest that the first platyrrhine
radiation occurred around 24-21 million years ago
(Ma), giving rise to the ancestors of the cebids and
atelids. The emergence of Alouatta was estimated
at around 14 Ma, while the ateline radiation seems
to have occurred at about 11-9 Ma. Conversely,
the emergence of the pitheciines was estimated at 7
Ma (origin of Pithecia) and 6-5 Ma (splitting of
Chiropotes and Cacajao). The taxonomic
arrangement obtained by this molecular approach
corresponds almost exactly with that suggested by
Rosenberger (1981) for the family Atelidae:
Subfamily Atelinae, with two Tribes Alouattini
(Alouatta) and Atelini (Ateles, Lagothrix,
Brachyteles); Subfamily Pitheciinae with two
Tribes Callicebini (Callicebus, Aotus) and
Pitheciini, the latter divided into Subtribes
Pitheciina (Pithecia) and Chiropotina (Chiropotes,

Maria Iracilda da C. Sampaio and Horicio
Schneider, Departamento de Gen6tica,
Universidade Federal do Para. Caixa Postal 8607,
66075-150 Bel6m, Para, Brasil. Tel/Fax: (091)


Rosenberger, A.L. 1981. Systematics: the higher
taxa. In: Ecology and Behavior of Neotropical
Primates, Vol.1, A.F.Coimbra-Filho and
R.A.Mittermeier (eds.), pp.9-27. Academia
Brasileira de Ci6ncias, Rio de Janeiro.
Sampaio, M.I.da C. 1993. Filogenia molecular
das subfamilias Alouattinae, Atelinae e
Pitheciinae (Platyrrhini, Primates). Tese de
Doutorado, Centro de Ciencias Biol6gicas,
Universidade Federal do ParA, e Museu Paraense
Emilio Goeldi, Bel6m, Pari.

Iveotropical Primates l(3),,5eptember 1993

Page 16

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993


The Faculty of Exact, Physical and Natural
Sciences of the Universidad Nacional, Cordoba,
Argentina, has established a master's course in
wildlife management, in collaboration with the
Institute Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria,
and sponsored by the World Wildlife Fund US
and U.S.Fish and Wildlife Service. The first
selection of students will be carried out this year.
For more information write to: Dr Enrique Bucher,
Program Manejo de Vida Silvestre, Centro de
Zoologia Aplicada, Casilla de Correo 122, (5000)
Cordoba, Argentina. Tel: (051) 235264, Fax: 00 54
(51) 244092.


Volunteer field assistants needed to assist an on-
going field study of red howler monkey (Alouatta
seniculus) demography and social behavior in
Venezuela. Requirements: good physical condition,
interest to watch monkeys, ability to work long
hours in harsh field conditions, working
knowledge of spanish, able to drive 4WD jeep and
previous field experience a plus. Must pay their
own air travel expenses but living expenses may be
provided depending on the availability of funds.
Send letter of interest, CV, and names of three
references with fax numbers to: Dr. G.
Agoramoorthy, Wildlife Laboratory, Institute of
Biology, National Taiwan Normal University, 88
Sec. 5, Roosvelt Road, Taipei 11718, Taiwan,
R.O.C. Fax: 886-2-9346443.


On 22 September 1993, the Brazil Office of
Conservation International moved to the following

Av. Ant6nio Abrahao Caram 820/302, Pampulha
31275-000 Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Tel: (031)441-1795, Fax: (031)441-2582.

The Director of the Brazil Program is Dr. Gustavo
A.B.da Fonseca of the Zoology Department,
Federal University of Minas Gerais.

Primate Societies


A Sociedade, juntamente corn o PRIMATAM
(Banco de Dados sobre Primatas da Amaz6nia,
sediado no Museu Goeldi, Belem) esta promovendo
um levantamento, a nivel national, das pesquisas
em andamento sobre primatas. Pretende-se, como
resultado dessas informaq6es, divulgi-las atravis
de uma publicaoo, que propicie um maior
intercimbio entire os pesquisadores, aldm de
viabilizar um acompanhamento da produiio
cientifica na Area de Primatologia.

Por favor entire em contato corn o Dr. Horicio
Schneider (Presidente da SBPr) ou Aline Da Rin
P.Azevedo (Coordenadora PRIMATAM), para
solicitar um formulArio (curto e simples) e registrar
seu projeto.

Horicio Schneider, Departamento de Gendtica,
Universidade Federal do Park, Caixa Postal 8607,
66075-150 Beldm, Pard, Brasil. Tel/Fax: (091)
229-9785. Aline Da Rin P.de Azevedo,
Departamento de Zoologia-PRIMATAM, Museu
Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Caixa Postal 399, 66040
Bel6m, Pari, Brasil. Fax: (091) 241-7384, 226-


A Diretoria da SBPr esta organizando o VI
Congress de Primatologia que farA parte das
atividades do XX Congresso Brasileiro de
Zoologia, de 24-29 de julho de 1994, na
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de
Janeiro. Stephen Ferrari, Vice-Presidente da SBPr,
estA elaborando um program de simp6sios, mini-
cursos, e mesas redondas. As primeiras sugest6es
incluem: T6cnicas para estudos de campo (mini-
curso), Gen6tica molecular (mini-curso), e os
seguintes simp6sios/mesas-redondas Especies
novas e conservaqao (Ferrari), SistemAtica e
filogenia dos primatas neotropicais (Schneider),
Reprodugio de primatas da Mata Atlintica
(sugerido por Karen Strier, da Universidade de
Wisconsin-Madison), "0 genero Alouatta no

Page 17

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993 Page 18

Brasil" (Queiroz), e pesquisa/conservaqAo sobre
certos grupos taxon6micos, como por exemplo,
Brachyteles, Pitheciinae. Helder Queiroz (Projeto
Mamiraud) estA coordenando o simp6sio sobre
Alouatta, que tem o objetivo de "reunir estudiosos
da ec.ologia de todas as esp6cies do genero
existentes no Brasil, para discutir aspects comuns
da ecologia destes animals, normatizar nossas
respectivas apresentaq6es e, por fim, produzir um
volume que retuna os resultados de todos n6s".
Sugest6es sobre a participagco, contetdo, e
programagAo deste simp6sio, devem ser enviadas
ao Sr. Queiroz preferencialmente at6 o dia 30 de
novembro. Informaqges sobre o XX Congresso
Brasileiro de Zoologia: Secretaria do XX CBZ,
Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal
do Rio de Janeiro, Ilha do Fundao, 21949-900 Rio
de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Stephen F. Ferrari e Horicio Schneider,
Departamento de Genetica, Universidade Federal
do Para, Caixa Postal 8607, 66075-150 Bel6m,
Para, Brasil. Fax: (091) 229-9785. Helder L.
Queiroz, Projeto Mamiraud, C.P. 38, 69470-000
Tef6, Amazonas, Brasil. Fax: (092) 743-2309,


Del 17 al 20 de mayo del aflo en curso, se realize el
IV Simposio de la Asociaci6n Mexicana de
Primatologia en la cuidad de Tuxtla Gutierrez,
Chiapas, Mexico. En esta reuni6n se conto con la
asistencia de 82 personas; lo cual constitute el
mayor numero de assistentes de todos los Simposia
Nacionales que se han realizado sobre este tema.
Inicialmente, se celebr6 una session de trabajos
libres, en donde se expusieron 25 trabajos sobre
diversos t6picos. Asimismo, se realize un taller
para evaluar el estado de las poblaciones cautivas
de primates en Mexico, en la cual participaron
varias personas que trabajan en Zool6gicos, tanto
de Mexico como de Centroamdrica, asi como en
instituciones de investigaci6n. De los resultados
obtenidos en este taller se elaborara un libro para el
manejo en cautiverio de primates en Mexico, en
conjuncion con la Asociaci6n de Zool6gicos.

Ernesto Rodriguez Luna, Presidente Asociaci6n
Mexicana de Primatologia, Parque de La Flora y
Fauna Silvestre Tropical, Universidad




.7, .-17 A; 20.Lk AY, A~1


TEU. (281) 877-30

Afeotropical Primates ](3),.5eptember 1993

Page 18

Page 19 Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

Veracruzana, Apartado Postal 566, Xalapa,
Veracruz 91000, M6xico.




El 20 de mayo de 1993, en el marco del IV
Simposio de la Asociaci6n Mexicana de
Prmatologia, se realize la reuni6n de Is miembros
de dicha asociaci6n, para la elecci6n de la mesa
directive que fungiri durante el period 1993-
1995. Los miembros decidieron por unanimidad
que, dado que las actividades dirigidas por el
president saliente habian tomado un impulso
favorable para la Asociaci6n, nuevamente deberia
ocupar esa posici6n. Esta solicitud fue aceptada
por el Presidente y posteriormente, se eligieron a
los demAs miembros de la mesa directive,
quedando de la siguiente manera: PRESIDENTE:
Ernesto Rodriguez Luna; SECRETARIO: Domingo
Canales Espinosa; TESORERA: Liliana Cort6s Ortiz;
1er. VOCAL: Ricardo Mondrag6n Ceballos; 20.
VOCAL: Alejandro HernAndez YAfiez; 3er. VOCAL:
Frank Carlos Camacho; 40. VOCAL: Olvido
Gonzalez Castro. La sede de la Asociaci6n,
nuevamente qued6 en la Universidad Veracruzana.
La direcci6n postal es: Asociacion Mexicana de
Primatologia, A.C., Apartado Postal 566,
C.P.91000, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico, Tel: (28)
18-77-30, Fax: (28) 18-63-52 y 17-65-39.
Finalmente, se decidi6 que la pr6xima reuni6n
national de la Asociaci6n, se llevarA a cabo
durante el mes de Mayo de 1995, en las
instalaciones de African Safari, en Valesquillo,
Puebla, Mexico.




Estudios Primatol6gicos en Mexico, Vol.1, editado
por A.Estrada, E.Rodriguez-Luna, R.Lopes-
Wilchis y R.Coates-Estrada, Biblioteca
Universidad Veracuzana, Mexico, 1993. Este libro
constiuye una recopilaci6n de los trabajos que se
presentaron on el II Simposio Nacional de
Primatologia, A.C., en la region de Los Tuxtlas,
Veracruz, M6xico. De manera general, consta de
las siguientes secciones: Desarrollos Recientes;
Estudios de campo: de Aprovechamiento de

Primates e Hist6ricos; Estudios Etol6gicos;
Estudios sobre Aspectos Evolutivos; Aspectos
Tecnicos y Estudios Conservacionistas en otros
paises. En total consta de 25 aportaciones y 372pp.
El costo de este libro es de US$15.00 mis gastos de
envio, y esta disponible en: Asociaci6n Mexicana
de Primatologia, A.C., A.P.566, C.P.91000,
Xalapa, Veracruz, M6xico. Tel: (281) 8-77-30.
Fax: (281) 8-63-52 y 7-65-39.

Recent Publications


The official journal of the International
Primatological Society has increased the number of
pages for each issue by 50%. The journal comes
out every two months, and publishes peer-reviewed
papers on anatomy, anthropology, ethology,
paleontology, psychology, sociology, and zoology
of primates, as well as various aspects of the
conservation of primates and their habitats.
Subscription: Volume 14, 1993 (6 issues);
Institutional US$275.00 (in US), US$320.00
(elsewhere); Personal US$49.00 (in US), US$57.00
elsewhere. Contact: Plenum Publishing
Corporation, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY
10013-1578. USA. Plenum offer a free sample


Neste ano, sera relangada a revista trilingue Vida
Silvestre Neotropical. A iniciativa 6 do Programa
Regional em Manejo de Vida Silvestre para
Mesoamerica e o Caribe (PRMVS), da
Universidade Nacional da Costa Rica, Heredia.
Michael McCoy e Christopher Vaughan sao os
editors. Isto foi possivel graqas a doaq6es do
World Wildlife Fund-US, US Fish and Wildlife
Service e NYZS The Wildlife Conservation
Society. Esta revista vem tender A necessidade de
uma revista international em publicar novas
informaq6es sobre manejo e conservaqao da vida
silvestre e areas silvestres neotropicais.
Geograficamente, a revista inclui o Mexico,
Amdrica Central, Am6rica do Sul e o Caribe. Os
artigos podem ser escritos em espanhol, portugues
ou ingles. Os temas incluem: manejo para uso
sustentivel da vida silvestre; manejo de bosques

Neotropical Primates ](3), September 1993

Page 19

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

naturais, conservaqio de esp6cies ou ecossistemas
ameagados de extingqo; manuteng~o da diversidade
bi6tica; uso native da vida silvestre; inventArios
biol6gicos corn implicaq6es especificas ou gerais;
novas tecnicas de pesquisa e manejo; bases
biol6gicas para planejar sistemas de areas
protegidas; control de pragas e pesquisa sobre
ecologia ou biologia de fauna silvestre. Conteudo:
editorials; ensaios; artigos principals; notas;
an6ncios e propaganda.

Para receber o Volume 3 de Vida Silvestre
Neotropical (dois n6meros) em 1993, escreva para:
Vida Silvestre Neotropical, Programa Regional en
Manejo de Vida Silvestre, Dept.No.278, P.O.Box
025216, Miami, FL 33102, USA. Na Costa Rica
escreva para: Vida Silvestre Neotropical, Programa
Regional en Manejo de Vida Silvestre, Universidad
Nacional, Apartado 1350-3000, Heredia, Costa
Rica, Tel: 506-37-70-39, Fax: 506-37-70-36.
Assinatura: Estudantes Am6rica Latina US$8,00,
outros US$15,00; Profissionais Am6rica Latina
US$12,00, outros US$24,00; Instituiq6es Am6rica
Latina US$15,00, outros US$30,00.




The first part of Volume 3 of the Boletim
Primatologico Latinoamericano was published
recently (November 1992, 68pp). This journal is
produced by the "Grupo Argentino de Especialistas
en Primates (GADEP)", and is supported by the
World Wildlife Fund-US and the Fundaci6n
ECORED. The editor is Gabriel E.Zunino, Museo
Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bemadino
Rivadavia", who is supported by an Editorial
Committee: Alejandro D.Brown (Universidad
Nacional de Tucuman); Marta Mudry (Universidad
de Buenos Aires); Damian I.Rumiz (University of
Florida, Gainesville); and Sandra I.Arditi
(Universidad Nacional de Tucumin). Number 1 of
Volume 3 includes the following articles and
communications: M.D.Mudry et al. Cariotipo,
fenotipo y caracteristicas poblacionales del mono
aullador negro (Alouatta caraya) de la Argentina;
S.Arditi -Variaciones estacionales en la actividad y
dieta de Aotus azarae y Alouatta caraya en
Formosa, Argentina; M.A.Delprat et al. -
"Fingerprint" en humans y primates del nuevo
mundo; H.Groot de R. et al. Cariotipos con banda
G del genero Cebus: H.Groot de R. et al. -
Frecuencia de intercambios de cromitides
hermanas en el g6nero Cebus (communication);

Page 20

A.Parera and A.Bosso Presencia actual del mono
aullador Alouatta caraya en el extreme norte de la
provincia de Misiones, Argentina

Gabriel E. Zunino, Museo
Naturales "Bernadino
Mastozoologia, Av.Angel
Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Argentino de Ciencias
Rivadavia", Div.
Gallardo 470, 1405


Creative Conservation: Interactive
Management of Wild and Captive Animals,
edited by P.J.OIney, G.Mace, and A.Feistner,
Chapman and Hall, London, November 1993,
400pp. Hdbk c. 45.00 + postage 3.50 in UK
and surface mail overseas, air mail 9.50. The
relationship between breeding endangered species
in captivity and the support needed to ensure the
survival of the species in the wild is crucial to the
long term success of conservation programs. This
book discusses how the captive breeding
community relates to work in the field, what is
being done to help species and their habitats
survive, and how to contribute in the future. The
book is the result of the deliberations and
presentations of the 6th World Conference on
Breeding Endangered Species in Captivity: The
Role of Zoos in Global Conservation, hosted by the
Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust, Jersey, in May
1992, and presents a full review of the biological,
logistical, political and economic concerns that
affect all efforts to manage populations. Future
objectives are presented, and pertinent case studies
illustrate the successes and frustrations
encountered a major contribution to the debate on
the interactive management of threatened species.
In five parts: 1) Introduction. Past progress and
future challenges R.J.Wheater; 2) General Issues;
3) Reintroduction and Captive Breeding; 4)
Species Examples; 5) Regional Approaches and; 6)
Concluding Remarks G.Rabb. Available from:
Antonia Sharpe, Chapman and Hall, 2-6 Boundary
Row, London SE1 8HN, UK. Fax: (071) 522-

1993 Global Zoo Directory, edited by
Frederick B.Swengel, published by the Captive
Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG) in collaboration
with the International Species Information System
(ISIS) and International Zoo Yearbook, 1993. A
remarkable and valuable compendium featuring:

Page 21 Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

Directory of Zoos of the World (mailing and
telephone information for about 1,800 zoos),
Regional Conservation Coordinators, International
Studbook listing, Regional Studbook listing,
Species Programs, Taxon Advisory Groups,
Conservation Assessment and Management Plans
(CAMPs), SSC Specialist Groups, SSC Action
Plans, SSC Specialist Group addresses, and CBSG
member addresses (more than 575 people in 57
countries). Price US$35.00, postage paid. Contact:
Global Zoo Directory, c/o CBSG, 12101 Johnny
Cake Ridge Road, Apple Valley, MN 55124, USA.

Species, Species Concepts, and Primate
Evolution, edited by William H.Kimbel and
Lawrence Martin, Plenum Publishing Corporation,
New York, 1993, 553pp. Price US$115,00 (US
and Canada), US$138,00 elsewhere. Part of the
series Advances in Primatology, edited by John
G.Fleagle and R.D.E.MacPhee. Twenty-one state
of the art contributions, the book is organized into
four parts and a summary highlighting different
theoretical perspectives and methodological
approaches used by primate evolutionary biologists
and paleontologists. Includes: Ontological issues
and the role of species in systematics and
evolutionary theory; species and speciation among
living primates, emphasizing the detection and
interpretation of taxonomic diversity; interface of
evolutionary theory and species recognition from
the perspective of the primate fossil record; species
and hominid systematics and; an assessment of the
various conceptual viewpoints and their relevance
for primate evolutionary studies. Contact: Plenum
Publishing Corporation, 233 Spring Street, New
York, NY 10013-1578, USA.

A Primate Model for the Study of Colitis
and Colonic Carcinoma: the Cotton-top
Tamarin (Saguinus oedipus), edited by Neal
K.Clapp, Director of the Marmoset Research
Center, Oak Ridge, Tenessee, CRC Press Inc.,
Boca Raton, Florida, 1993. ISBN 0-8493-5363-7.
The first chapter provides an excellent and
exhaustive review of the taxonomy, natural history,
status, habitat and distribution, and conservation of
S.oedipus, as well as a comprehensive listing of
other Colombian primates. The chapter, entitled
"The Colombian cotton-top tamarin in the wild",
was written by Roderic B.Mast. Jose Vicente
Rodriguez, and Russell A.Mittermeier (pp.3-43).
Available from: CRC Press Inc., 2000 Corporate
Blvd., N.W., Boca Raton, Florida 33431, USA.

Female Choices: Sexual Behavior of
Female Primates, by Meredith F.Small, Cornell
University Press, Ithaca, New York, 1993, xi,
245pp. Price US$26.95. Available from: Cornell
University Press Services, P.O.Box 6525, Ithaca,
NY 14850, USA.

Biology, Rearing, and Care of Young
Primates, by James K.Kirkwood, Senior
Veterinary Officer, Institute of Zoology, Zoological
Society of London, published by Oxford University
Press, Oxford, July 1992, 162pp. ISBN 0-19-
854733-1. Hdbk 40.00. The propagation of wild
animals in captivity is playing an increasingly
important role in the conservation of species. This
is particularly true of primates, many of which are
threatened or endangered in their natural habitat.
Unfortunately, mortality during the neonatal period
is often high in captivity, frequently because
of suboptimal management. Significant
improvements in infant survival can be made with
a better knowledge of neonatal biology and rearing
procedures. The aim of this book is to provide a
reference text on the normal growth of 18 primate
species commonly held in captivity for propagation
or research, and on the housing, feeding,
management, and preventative medicine
techniques that enable this normal growth. It
contains up-to-date information scattered widely
through the scientific literature, presented in an
easily accessible form for those involved in rearing
primates in captivity. Contents: Ruffed lemur;
lesser mouse lemur; Senegal or lesser bush baby;
Bosman's potto; Horsfield's or western tarsier;
common marmoset; cotton-top tamarin; golden
lion tamarin; night monkey; squirrel monkey;
vervet monkey; rhesus macaque; stump-tailed
macaque; common baboon; proboscis monkey;
western black-and-white colobus; lar gibbon;
chimpanzee; list of products and; index. Available
from: Oxford University Press, Walton Street,
Oxford OX2 6DP, England, U.K., or Oxford
University Press, Order Department, 2001 Evans
Road, Cary, North Carolina 27513, USA.

Juvenile Primates: Life History,
Development and Behavior, edited by Michael
E.Pereira (Duke University Primate Center) and
Lynn A.Fairbanks (University of California at Los
Angeles), Oxford University Press, Oxford, August
1993, 480pp. ISBN 0-19-507206-5, Hdbk 50.00.
This volume brings together an outstanding group
of scientists studying the behavioral development

Page 21

Neotropical Primates ](3), September 1993

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

of primates between weaning and adulthood. It
begins by examining the nature of the juvenile
period, continues with presentation of new data on
the behavior and social relationships of juvenile
primates across a broad range of species, and
concludes with the application of concepts in
socioecology to research on children. Contents:
What are juvenile primates all about? -
M.E.Pereira & L.A.Fairbanks; Juvenility in
animals M.E.Pereira; Evolution of the juvenile
period in mammals M.D.Pagel & P.H.Harvey; On
the evolution of juvenile lifestyles in mammals -
D.I.Rubinstein; Ecological risk aversion in juvenile
primates: slow and steady wins the race -
C.H.Janson & C.P.van Schaik; Spatial position and
behavioral sex differences in juvenile long-tailed
macaques M.A.van Noordwijk et al.; Juvenile
male emigration from natal one-male troops in
hanuman langurs L.S.Rajpurohit & V.Sommer;
Consequences of sex differences in dispersal for
juvenile red howler monkeys C.M.Crockett &
T.R.Pope; Juveniles in non-gregarious primates -
L.T.Nash; Growing up in a patrifocal society; sex
differences in the spatial relations of immature
muriquis K.B.Strier; Behavior of juvenile and
adolescent great apes D.P.Watts & A.Pusey; Diet
and social organization of a free-ranging spider
monkey population: the development of species-
typical behavior in the absence of adults -
K.Milton; Primate juveniles and primate play -
R.Fagen; Stability of social relationships in female
wedge-capped capuchin monkeys T.G.O'Brien &
J.G.Robinson; Juvenile vervet monkeys:
establishing relationships and practicing skills for
the future L.A.Fairbanks; Interactions between
juveniles and adult males in vervets: implications
for adult male turnover J.A.Horrocks & W.Hunte;
Early agonistic experience and the onset of
matrilineal rank acquisition in japanese macaques -
B.Chapais & C.Gauthier; Codevelopment of
dominance relations and affiliative bonds in rhesus
monkeys F.B.M.de Waal; Patterns of
reconciliation among juvenile long-tailed
macaques M.Cords & F.Aureli; Agonistic
interaction, dominance relations, and ontogenetic
trajectories in ring-tailed lemurs M.E.Pereira;
The lives of hunter-gatherer children; effects of
parental behavior and parental reproductive
strategy N.Blurton-Jones; Behavioral sex
differences in children of diverse cultures: the case
of nurturance to infants C.P.Edwards; Biocultural
interactions in human development -
C.M.Worthman; Juvenile primates: dimensions for
further research L.A.Fairbanks & M.E.Pereira.
Available from: Oxford University Press, Walton

Page 22

Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, England, U.K., or
Oxford University Press, Order Department, 2001
Evans Road, Cary, North Carolina 27513, USA.

Mammal Phylogeny: Placentals, edited by
F.S.Szalay, M.J.Novacek, and M.C.McKenna,
Springer Verlag, 1993, 321pp. Price Hdbk 87.50.
A review of recent research in all aspects of the
evolutionary history of the placental mammals,
including evolutionary morphology of hard and soft
tissues, and molecular phylogeny. Both fossil and
living groups are examined. Available from:
Natural History Book Service Ltd., 2-3 Wills Road,
Totnes, Devon TQ9 5XN, UK. Fax; 44-803-

Mammal Species of the World: A
Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd
edition, edited by Don E.Wilson and DeeAnn
M.Reeder, Smithsonian Institution Press,
Washington, D.C., 1993, 1226pp. Hdbk 63.50.
A revised edition of Honacki's work, first published
in 1982. It provides the definitive source for
names, ranges, and synonyms for each of the
world's 4,500+ mammal species. The new edition
includes 126 new species described since the 1982
edition. Available from: Natural History Book
Service Ltd., 2-3 Wills Road, Totnes, Devon TQ9
5XN, UK. Fax: 44-803-865280.

Situaci6n General de la Conservaci6n de
la Biodiversidad en la Region Amaz6nica:
Evaluaci6n de las Areas Protegidas
Propuestas y Estrategias, elaborado por
Carlos Castaflo Uribe, Coordinador Regional de la
Red de Areas Protegidas de la Cuenca Amazonica
(SURAPA), Consultor del Proyecto
FAO/TCP/RLA/0160, mayo 1993, Illpp. La
elaboraci6n e publicaci6n de este document fue
financiada por el Gobierno del Reino de los Paises
Bajos y ejecutada por la Organizaci6n de los
Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la
Alimentaci6n (FAO), a trav6s de los proyectos
TCP/RLA/0160 y del GCP/RLA/485/NET. Para la
publicaci6n se cont6 tambi6n con la colaboraci6n
de la Comunidad Econ6mica Europea (CEE) y de
la Uni6n Internacional para la Conservaci6n de la
Naturaleza (UICN). Este document ha sido
preparado a solicitud de la Secretaria Pro Tempore
del Tratado de Cooperaci6n Amaz6nica (TCA) con
el fin de tener una vision general sobre la gesti6n
de la conservaci6n en la Cuenca Amaz6nica.
Indice: Consideraciones geopoliticas generals

Page 23 Neotropical Primates J('3~), September 1993

sobre la conservaci6n y el medio ambiente en la
region Amaz6nica a trav6s del TCA; Significancia
de la Cuenca Amaz6nica; Uso, producci6n,
transformaci6n e impacts sobre los recursos
naturales renovables en la region Amaz6nica; La
conservaci6n de recursos naturales renovables y del
medio ambiente en la Cuenca Amaz6nica;
Definici6n de estrategias especificas para. las Areas
protegidas. Contacto: Uni6n Mundial para la
Naturaleza (UICN), Oficina Regional para Sud
America, Av.Atahualpa 955 y Republica,
Edif.Digicom, 40 Piso, Apartado 17-17726, Quito,
Ecuador. Tel: (++593-2) 466622/23. Fax: (++593-
2) 466624.

Cartografia de Ecosistemas Naturales en
America Latina; Cartografia de
Ecosistemas Naturales para Comunidades
Sustenables, edited by Adrian Carr and Richard
McDermott, Western Canada Wilderness
Committee (WCWC), Vancouver, 1993, 48pp. +
Appendices El Sistema Cartografico del Proyecto
Wild, y Manual de T6cnicas Cartograficas. Edition
limited: 600 copies. A project supported by the
Canadian Agency for International Development.
En mayo de 1991, S.O.S.Mata Atlantica (Brasil),
Fundaci6n Neotr6pica (Costa Rica), y WCWC
(Canada) montaron una conferencia de trabajo em
Picinguaba, Brasil, Conferencia Regional
Cartografica WILD para Latinoamdrica y el
Caribe, a la que asistieron 75 experts y entendidos
de 14 paises de Latinoamerica. La Confer6ncia
proporcion6 una avenida para que la gente
desarrolle habilidades y comparta informaciones y
perspectives sobre problems similares y probables
soluciones. Los participants Ilegaron a consenso
general sobre metodologias cartograficas que
puedan superar diferencias limite/internacionales y
proveer mapas sumamente 6itiles para el
movimiento de conservaci6n. Los mapas incluen
aspects de biogeografia, Areas silvestres, Areas
protegidas, cultures tradicionales, y amenazas, de
Argentina, Belice, Brasil, Chile, Col6mbia, Costa
Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua, Peri, y Venezuela.
Informaci6n: Western Canada Wilderness
Committee WILD Campaign, 20 Water Street,
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6B 1A4.
Tel: (604) 683-8220, (604) 669-9453. Fax: (604)
683-8229, (604) 669-9455.

II Semindrio Nacional da Reserva da
Biosfera da Mata Atldntica, edited and
published by the Fundacgo Estadual do Meio
Ambiente (FEAM), Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais,

1993, 56pp. Proceedings of the 2nd National
Seminar on the Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve,
held in Belo Horizonte, 15-18 December 1992.
Information: Departamento de Publicaqces,
Fundaqao Estadual do Meio Ambiente (FEAM),
Av.Prudente de Morais 1671, 30380-000 Belo
Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

UICN Union Mundial para la Naturaleza -
III Reunion de Miembros Suramericanos:
Memorias, edited by Jesus M.Delgado, Jos6
Pedro de Oliveira Costa, and Hernan Verscheure,
1992, 83pp. Proceedings, deliberations, and
resolutions of 10 plenary sessions and eight
working groups of the 3rd Meeting of the South
American IUCN Members, held in Paraty, Rio de
Janeiro, Brazil, 13-18 September 1992. Subjects
discussed included the Rio-92 Conference,
National and Regional Committees, three-year
regional working programs, environmental
education, environmental legislation, protected
areas, Biosphere Reserves, wetlands (RAMSAR),
species survival (a discussion of the document
"Diversidad Biol6gica en America del Sur"), forest
conservation, ecodevelopment, and preparations for
the 19th General Assembly of IUCN, to be held in
Buenos Aires in 1994. Contact: Jesus M.Delgado,
Sociedade Educativa Gaia, Rua Joaquim da Silva
Martha 13-27, 17040-000 Bauru, SAo Paulo,

Biodiversidad Suramericana, by Jorge
HernAndez-Camacho, Scientific Director, Unidad
Cientifica INDERENA, Col6mbia, 1993, 20pp,
published by the Brazilian Committee of IUCN
Members. The text of a speech presented at the
2nd Meeting of South American IUCN Members,
held in Santa Marta, Colombia in 1991. Contacts:
Jos6 Pedro de Oliveira Costa, Coordinator
Brazilian IUCN Committee, Rua Conselheiro
Carrao 640, 01328 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil, or
Elza Matilde Escobar, Comit6 Colombiano UICN,
Carrera 12 #70-96, 30 Piso, BogotA, Colombia.



PRIMATOLOGIE, 29 September-1 October 1993,
Zoological Institute, University of Tubingen,
Germany. Contact: Prof. Carsten Niemitz, FU

Page 23

Neotropical Primates ](3), September 1993

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993 Page 24

Berlin, Anthropologie und Humanbiologie,
Fabeckstrasse 15, D-W-1000 Berlin 33 (FRG).

1993, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Campus de
Bauru, Bauru, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Program includes
sessions on "Territory and Space", "Aggression",
and "Paradigms for the Study of Human Behavior",
and symposia on Invertebrate Social Behavior and
Vertebrate Behavior. Talks of particular interest
for primatologists include: Cesar Ades and Jos;
Rimoli (Universidade de Sao Paulo) "Territory:
Physical Space of Animals"; Dyonisio Cardoso
Mendes (Universidade de Sio Paulo) -Vocal
communication in the muriqui and; Eleonore Setz
(Universidade Estadual de Campinas) and Jader
Marinho Filho (Universidade de Brasilia) Field
techniques for the study of mammal behavior.
Rimoli (feeding strategies) and Mendes (vocal
communication) have both carried out field
research on Brachyteles arachnoides at the
Caratinga Biological Station, Minas Gerais, under
the supervision of Cesar Ades, and Eleonore Setz
has recently completed her doctoral thesis on the
ecology of Pithecia pithecia north of Manaus,
Amazonas. Contact: Secretaria da Pos Graduacao
do FAAC, UNESP Campus de Bauru,
Av.Engenheiro Luiz Edmundo Correjo Coube s/n,
17033-360 Bauru, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Tel: (0142)

October 1993, Federal University of Rio Grande do
Norte, Natal, Brazil. Includes conferences,
workshops and roundtables on such themes as: Rio
92 One year later; the northeastern section of the
Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve; technological
alternatives for the semi-arid ecosystems of the
northeast; the World Bank and environmental
policy; protected areas and ecotourism; urban
development; perspectives for tourism in the north-
east. Contact: Secretaria, V Congresso Nordestino
de Ecologia, Rua Apodi 562, Tirol, Natal, 59020-
130 Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Tel: (084) 221-
3120, 221-2599, Fax: (084) 222-7038.

PRIMATOLOGIE, 14-15 October 1993, Station
Biologique de Paimpont, Plelan-le-Grand, France.
Contact: Bertrand L. Deputte, Station Biologique
de Paimpont, F-35380 Plelan-le-Grand, France.
Fax: (33) 99 07 87 61.

1993, London, UK. Contact: The Scientific

Meetings Secretary, The Royal Society, 6 Carlton
House, London SW1Y 5AG, UK.

1993, Gran Hotel Puc6n, Puc6n, Chile. Simposios
y talleres: V Simposio de Manejo de Vida
Silvestre; III Simposio de Desarrollo Sustentable;
III Simposio lberoamericano de Educaci6n
Ambiental. Informaciones: III CIGRN, Cassilla
1705, Temuco, Chile. Tel: (045) 210773, Fax:
(045) 234126.

1-4 December 1993, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
Organized by: Federal University of Minas Gerais;
University of Florida, Gainesville; Conservation
International (CI); Population, Biodiversity and
Economy PADCT; and the Latin American
Studies Association (LASA). This international
conference will a provide a forum for scholars from
the US and Latin America to discuss the
integration of natural and social science
perspectives on land use dynamics and biodiversity
conservation in the Neotropics. It will combine
plenary overview papers to address key conceptual
and methodological issues; case study analysis of
specific land use systems in forested and semi-arid
regions: and workshop discussions to develop
comparative insights and to address cross-cutting
research and policy issues. Contact: Conservation
International, Avenida Ant6nio Abrahao Caram
820/302, Pampulha, 31275-000 Belo Horizonte,
Minas Gerais, Brazil, Tel: (031)441-1795, Fax:

NORDESTE BRASILEIRO, 9-10 December 1993,
Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. The Seminar, which
will discuss biological and socionomic aspects of
the Brazilian north-east, will be preceded by a
closed workshop "Prioridades para a ConservaqAo
da Mata Atldntica do Nordeste", 6-8 December
1993. Organisers: Conservation International
(Brazil Program, Belo Horizonte), Sociedade
Nordestina de Ecologia (Recife), and Funda9qo
Biodiversitas (Belo Horizonte). Objectives call
attention to and examine the current state of
knowledge of the high biodiversity characteristic of
the Atlantic coastal forest of the Brazilian north-
east, and identify and provide guidelines for the
conservation of priority areas, including humid

Page 24

Areotropical Primates 1(3),&ptember 1993

Page 25

forests, upland forest islands (brejos), mangroves,
and coastal forest and scrub restingg) from the
state of Ceara to the north of the state of Espirito
Santo (north from the Rio Doce). Contact:
Conservation International Programa do Brasil,
Avenida Ant6nio Abrahao Caram 820/302,
Pampulha, 31275-000 Belo Horizonte, Minas
Gerais, Brazil, Fax: (031)441-2582

PRIMATE SOCIETY, 10-12 December 1993,
Adelaide Zoo, Adelaide, Australia. One of the
themes of the Conference will be "Zoo involvement
in Overseas Projects". Registration and keynote
speaker on 10 December. Abstracts to be
submitted by 15 October 1993. Registration fee -
$Aus20.00. Information circular in prep. Contact:
Graeme A.Crook, Conference Organising
Committee Chairman, CSIRO Div.of Human
Nutrition, Majors Road, O'Halloran Hill, South
Australia 5158, Australia. Fax: 61 08 377-0004.

PRIMATES, Primate Society of Great Britain -
Winter Meeting, 1 December 1993, Zoological
Society of London, London. Organised by Robin
Dunbar and Robert Barton. Contact: Robert
Barton, Department of Anthropology, University of
Durham, 43 Old Evet, Durham DHI 3HN,


COMMISSION, 15-17 January 1994, Buenos Aires,
Argentina. Organizers: World Conservation Union
(IUCN). Contact: Coordinadora logistica de la
Asemblea General, IUCN, Rue Mauvernay 28, CH-
1196 Gland, Switzerland. Tel: 41 22 999 0001,
Fax: 41 22 999 0020.

18-26 January 1994, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Organizers: World Conservation Union (IUCN).
Contact: Coordinadora logistica de la Asemblea
General, IUCN, Rue Mauvernay 28, CH-1196
Gland, Switzerland. Tel: 41 22 999 0001, Fax: 41
22 999 0020.

Society of Great Britain, Spring Meeting, 8 April
1994, Cambridge, UK. Information: Marta Lahr &
Kate Robson-Brown, Departament of Biological
Anthropology, university of Cambridge, Downing

Neotropical Primates 1(3), September 1993

Street, Cambridge CB2 3DZ, UK. Fax: 0223-

PRIMATOLOGISTS (APS), ABS 23-28 July 1994,
ASP 27-30 July 1994, Regional Primate Research
Center, University of Washington, Seattle. Contact:
.EDU), Primate Center SJ-50, University of
Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. Tel: (206)

29 de julho de 1994, Universidade Federal do Rio
de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro. A temfitica a ser
abordada esti baseada na questAo: "Os Rumos da
Zoologia". Neste context serAo abordados os
aspects referentes a Sistematica, pesquisa bAsica e
aplicada, filosofia e hist6ria de zoologia, colleges,
publicaq6es e a 6tica na zoologia. As political
referentes As legislaq6es ambientais, Areas de
proteggo e espdcies ameaqadas de extinqAo, terio
espagos em mesas redondas e/ou confer8ncias. 0
Comit8 Organizador aguarda sugest6es de todos os
zo6logos no desenvolvimento de outros subtemas
que poderao ser encaminhados atd 30 outubro de
1993. Envio de resumes ate 30 de novembro de
1993. Informag6es: Secretaria do XX CBZ,
Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal
do Rio de Janeiro, Ilha do Fundao, 21949-900 Rio
de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Tel: (021) 280-
7993, 590-9522 r.343 ou 340, Fax: (021) 280-

24-29 de julho de 1994, Universidade Federal do
Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro. SerA realizado como
parte das atividades do XX Congresso Brasileiro de
Zoologia. ProgramagAo: HorAcio Schneider/
Stephen F.Ferrari, Departamento de Gendtica,
Universidade Federal do Para, Caixa Postal 8607,
66075-150 Beldm, Para, Brasil. Fax: (091) 229-
9785. Outras informag6es: Secretaria do XX CBZ,
Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal
do Rio de Janeiro, Ilha do Fundao, 21949-900 Rio
de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Veja "Primate

MORPHOLOGY, 31 July-4 August 1994, Chicago.
Contact: Dr Susan Herring, Chair. ICVM
Organizing Committee, Department of
Orthodontics SM-46, University of Washington,

Page 26

Seattle, Washington 98195, USA, Tel: (206) 543-
3203, Fax: (206) 685-8163.

Bali, Indonesia. Organizers: Directorate General of
Forest Protection and Nature Conservation
(PHPA), the Indonesian Wildlife Society (IWS)
and the International Primatological Society (IPS).
Contacts: Secretariat, 15th IPS Congress, PT, Bayu
Buana Travel Service Ltd., Wisma Bank Dharmala
19th Fl, Jend.Sudirman Kav. 28, Jakarta 12910,
Indonesia, or Dr Linda Prasetyo, c/o Perth Zoo, 20
Labouchere Road, Western Australia 6151,
Australia, Tel: 09 368-1916, Fax: 09 367-3921, or
Dr Soegardjito WWF/US Asia-Pacific Program,
1250 Twenty-fourth Street, N.W., Washington,
D.C. 20037, USA, Tel: (202) 861-8300, Fax: (202)

CONGRESS, 14-20 August 1994, University of
Nottingham, England. Contact: ISBE 1994,
Conference Nottingham, The Business Information
Centre, 309 Haydn Road, Nottingham NG5 IDG,

August 1994, University of Manchester, England.
Thematic symposia include: Learning from the
Past (org. A.G.Hildrew, R.M.May); Predicting
Outside our Experience (org. J.Grace, R.M.May);
Managing Change and Uncertainty (org.
M.V.Angel, P.J.Grubb). Symposia together with
related poster sessions will be organized around the
following titles: General Ecology; Applied
Ecology; Geographical Regions and Ecosystems;
Ecological Affairs. Deadline for abstracts: 15
September 1993. Registration deadline: 1 May
1994. Contact: The Secretary, VI International
Congress of Ecology, The Manchester Conference
Centre, U.M.I.S.T., P.O.Box 88, Manchester M60
1QD, England.

3-7 October 1994, Niter6i, Brazil. Contact:
Roberto Pereira da Cunha, INPE, Caixa Postal
12201, Sio Jose dos Campos, Sto Paulo, Brazil.

AND CONSERVATION, 10-13 November 1994,
Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota, Florida,
USA. Contact: Dr Meg Lowman, Director of

Research, Selby Botanical Gardens, 811 South
Palm Avenue, Sarasota, Florida 34236, USA.

December 1994, Londrina State University,
Parand, Brazil. Contact: Dr Nl1io Roberto dos
Reis, Coordenador Cientifico do II CBE,
Departamento de Biologia Animal e Vegetal,
Centro de Ciencias Biol6gicas, Campus
UniversitArio, Universidade Estadual de Londrina,
Caixa Postal 6001, Londrina 86051, Parand,
Brazil, Tel: (0432) 21-2000, Fax: (0432) 27-6932.


We would be most grateful if you could send us
information on projects, research groups, events
(congresses, symposia, and workshops), recent
publications, activities of primatological societies
and NGOs, news items or opinions of recent events
and suchlike, either in the form of manuscripts
(double-spaced) or in diskettes for PC compatible
text-editors (MS-Word, Wordperfect, Wordstar).
Articles, not exceeding six pages, can include
small black-and-white photographs, figures, maps,
tables and references, but please keep them to a

Please send contributions to the editors: Anthony
Rylands, Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de
Ciencias Biol6gicas, Universidade Federal de
Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, Brazil,
Fax: (031) 441-1412, or c/o Conservation
International, Avenida Antonio Abrahio Caram
820/302, Pampulha, 31275-000 Belo Horizonte,
Minas Gerais, Brazil, Fax: (031)441-2582 or
Ernesto Rodriguez Luna, Parque de La Flora y
Fauna Silvestre Tropical, Universidad
Veracruzana, Apartado Postal 566, Xalapa,
Veracruz 91000, M6xico, Fax: (281) 8-77-30.

collaboration with Conservation International,
1015 18th Street NW, Suite 1000, Washington DC
20036, USA, and Fundacio Biodiversitas, Rua
Maria Vaz de Melo 71, Dona Clara, Belo
Horizonte 31260-110, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Design and Composition YURI L. R. LEITE and
RICARDO B. MACHADO, Biodiversity Conservation
Data Center (CDCB), Fundacqo Biodiversitas.

yeotropical Primates ](3), September 1993


Anthony Rylands/Emesto Luna, Editors
Conservation International
Avenida Antonio Abrahao Caram 820/302
31275-000, Belo Horizonte
Minas Gerais, Brazil


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