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Title: Neotropical primates
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 Material Information
Title: Neotropical primates a newsletter of the Neotropical Section of the IUCNSSC Primate Specialist Group
Abbreviated Title: Neotrop. primates
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group -- Neotropical Section
IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group -- Neotropical Section
Conservation International
Center for Applied Biodiversity Science
Donor: unknown ( endowment )
Publisher: Conservation International
Place of Publication: Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais Brazil
Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais Brazil
Publication Date: March 1993
Copyright Date: 1993
Frequency: quarterly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Primates -- Periodicals -- Latin America   ( lcsh )
Primates -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Wildlife conservation -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: review   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Brazil
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Language: English, Portuguese, and Spanish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Mar. 1993)-
Issuing Body: Issued jointly with Center for Applied Biodiversity Science, <Dec. 2004->
General Note: Published in Washington, D.C., Dec. 1999-Apr. 2005 , Arlington, VA, Aug. 2005-
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Vol. 13, no. 1 (Apr. 2005).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00098814
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 28561619
lccn - 96648813
issn - 1413-4705

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    Back Cover
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Full Text




NEOTROPICAL
VOLUME 1, NUMBER 1
PRIMATESMARCH, 1993
A Newsletter of the Neotropical Section of the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group
Editors: Anthony B. Rylands and Ernesto Rodriguez Luna
PSG Chairman: Russell A. Mittermeier
PSG Deputy Chairman: William R. Konstant


CONSERVATION
INTERNATIONAL


SPECIES SURVIVAL
COMMISSION


FUNDAQAO
BIODIVERSITAS






EDITORIAL


Neotropical Primates

The first newsletter of the Primate Specialist Group, produced in collaboration with the World Wildlife
Fund-US Primate Program, appeared just over 10 years ago in October 1981. Reflecting its success, the
IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group Newsletter changed its name, after the fourth issue in 1984 to
Primate Conservation, with the fifth issue having 115 pages and the telling subtitle of "The Newsletter
and Journal of the IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group". While still maintaining its news, Primate
Conservation had matured to a full scale journal, providing a vehicle for publication of the activities of
an ever increasing number of field workers, conservationists and non-governmental organizations
concerned with the demise of some 114 species of primates, nearly 50% of the living non-human
primates worldwide. 60 species are now considered endangered.

In the following issues it became evident that the dual role of Journal and Newsletter was becoming
complicated due to the numbers of full articles submitted and the extraordinary increase in activities and
events concerned with primate conservation that required a more agile journalism than was possible
with issues reaching over 200 pages.

The increase in PSG membership, now totalling nearly 200 worldwide, reflecting the remarkable
increase in the numbers of people working for the conservation of non-human primates and their
ecosystems and concurrent with the opening up of new fronts for action and an overwhelming increase
in the spectrum of problems and issues involved, has also argued for what might be termed a
regionalization and decentralization of PSG's activities. A PSG meeting held during the XIVth
Congress of the International Primatological Society in Strasbourg in August 1992, decided to elect co-
chairpersons for the principal regions containing wild primate populations the Neotropics (87
species), Africa (65 species), S.E.Asia and India (60 species), and Madagascar (30 species). Ernesto
Rodrfguez Luna of the Universidad Veracruzana, Mexico, and Anthony B.Rylands of the Universidade
Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil, were chosen Co-Vice Chairman for the Neotropics.

The tasks of the SSC, now composed of more than 100 Specialist Groups, include the provision of
essential information on the status of species, and the elaboration of Action Plans for the conservation
of species, ecosystems or specific regions around the world. Essential to this is an information network
and, with a wide circulation, Neotropical Primates will hopefully provide a forum for those working
for the conservation of New World monkeys and their varied habitats. Its success will, of course,
depend not only on the editors, but on the willingness of Neotropical primatologists, primatological
societies and conservationists to inform us of their activities, opinions, projects, and of events relating
to the conservation of the 16 platyrrhine genera.

I would also like to take this opportunity to inform you that we are currently preparing three action
plans for the Neotropical region, one for Mesoamerica to be coordinated by Ernesto Rodriguez Luna,
and two others for the Atlantic region of eastern Brazil and adjacent regions, and for the greater
Amazon, both coordinated by Anthony Rylands. We welcome your input on these, including
suggestions for possible projects, which may be sent to Ernesto, Anthony or myself.




Russell A.Mittermeier
Chairman IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group
President Conservation International, Washington DC.



Cover photograph: Rio Mau6s marmoset, Callithrix mauesi, see page 6.
Photograph by Russell A. Mittermeier.




Neotropical Primates, 1(1), March, 1993


Articles


LA PRIMATOLOGIA EN COLOMBIA

Colombia por su ubicaci6n
geogrAfica, posee una diversidad
faunistica, floristica y fisiogrifica de
las mis ricas del neotr6pico. Fa
Considerando una revision mais
reciente, que incluye nuevas species
encontradas y adiciona las
observaciones hechas en zonas
fronterizas, se reportan para el pais
12 generos con 28 species de
primatas no humanos distribuidos
por families asi: Familia
Callitrichidae dos generos con siete Fa
species; Familia Callimiconidae -
una especie; y Familia Cebidae -
nueve g6neros con 20 species. S6lo Fa
Brasil, con 16 g6neros, 68 species y
una area territorial 6,5 veces mayor, 1
es el fnico pais neotropical que nos
supera en espdcies de primatas. 1
1
El studio de la primatologia en
Colombia se remonta al siglo XVIII, 1
con las descripciones hechas por 1
Linnaeus en 1758, de los Cebus
capucinus, Simia oedipus (hoy, 1
Saguinus oedipus) y Simia seniculus
(hoy, Alouatta seniculus), todo ello


basado en
referencias que
autores, entire e
Nikolaus Joseph
1882, Humboldt
species junto
frances Aimee
principios del


observaciones y
realizaran otros
llos el botinico
von Jacquin. En
descubri6 algunas
con el botinico
Bonpland. A
siglo, se iniciaron


.. ., I


Relaci6n de las
primates de I

milia Callitrict
1. Cebuella pyg
2. Saguinus nig
3. Saguinusfus
4. Saguinus inu
5. Saguinus geo
6. Saguinus oed
7. Saguinus leu

nilia Callimico
8. Callimico go

nilia Cebidae
9. Alouatta pall
0. Alouatta sen
1. Aotus brumb
2. Aotus lemuri
3. Aotus trivirg
4. Aotus vocifer
5. Ateles belzeb
6. Atelesfuscic
7. Ateles panisc
8. Ateles geoffr
9. Cacajao mel
0. Cacajao caA
1. Callicebus c
2. Callicebus to
3. Cebus albifrn
4. Cebus apella
5. Cebus capuc
6. Lagothrix lag
7. Pithecia mon
8. Saimiri sciur


2
2
2
2.
2
2
2
2
2


expioraciones mastozooiogicos mas
sistemiticas en el pais, con las
colecciones realizadas por William Batty en el
Valle del Cauca en 1904, por expediciones hechas
entire 1912 a 1915 por el American Museum of
Natural History y desde 1942 a 1944 y de 1951 a
1952 por el Dr. Philip Hershkovitz. A todo ello
deben afiadirse las colecciones del Museo del
Institute de la Salle (destruido en 1948), y las del
Institute de Ciencias Naturales y del Museo de
Historia Natural de la Universidad de BogotA,
iniciadas en 1950.

Las primeras investigaciones biom6dicas hechas


con primates no humans, se relacionaron con la
fiebre amarilla selvatica en 1935, por los Institutos
"Carlos Finlay" y "Roberto Franco", con la
colaboraci6n de la Fundaci6n Rockefeller. A partir
de 1969, el INDERENA (Instituto Nacional de


Recursos N sturales )


lnicini un


s species de inventario de la fauna silvestre
Colombia. national, incluidos los primates y
ello cont6 con el suspicion de la
lidae National Science Foundation,
maea Universidad de Harvard,
ricollis Universidad de Georgia,
cicollis Universidad de California,
stus Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana y
ffroyi los Cuerpos de Paz, entire otros.
Uipus Investigadores extranjeros, como
copus William Mason (Universidad de
California), R. W. Thorington Jr.
nidae (Smithsonian Tropical Research
eldii Institute) y personal del Japan
Monkey Center y Universidad de
Kyoto, han realizado trabajos de
iata taxonomia, distribuci6n, ecologia
iculus y comportamiento de primates no
acki humans. El descrubimento del
nus virus Herpes oncogdnicos en
atus monos colombianos, hecho en
rans 1965, ha incrementado su
uth demand para investigaciones
eps biom6dicas; tambidn la
cus suceptibilidad del Aotus
oyi trivirgatus (mono nocturno), a la
anocephalus infecci6n por Plasmodium,
,us propici6 el desarrollo del
upreus Programa Nacional de
'rquatus Primatologia en 1972, auspiciado
ons por la OPS y que inici6 labores en
abril de 1977 bajo convenio entire
inus el Ministerio de Salud, OPS y
gotricha INDERENA, que comenz6 con la
achus recolecci6n de informaci6n
eus etoecol6gica de dichos primates,
en las poblaciones de los
departamentos del norte del pais,
bajo la direcci6n del Dr. Carlos Mejia;
posteriormente, el Dr. Thomas Defler se incorpor6
al program y realize la investigaci6n etoecol6gica
de los primates en el territorio del Tuparro,
Comisaria del Vichada.

Cabe afiadir que, la informaci6n sobre el estado de
las poblaciones silvestres, es aimi fragmentaria y
que la caza indiscriminada y la destrucci6n de los
habitats naturales han propiciado el hallazgo de
nuevas species.


Page 2




Neotropical Primates, 1(1), March, 1993


Algunos programs recientes o en curso

En seguida se lista una descripci6n breve de
algunos proyectos primatol6gicos realizados en
Colombia: en algunos casos, los nombres de los
proyectos son aproximaciones al trabajo realizado.
* Proyecto Primates, INDERENA. E.Guerrero.
Realizado en Coloso, Sucre, alli hay 10 species
en cautiverio y 5 silvestres en los alrrededores, 2
en semicautiverio.
* Program Desarrollo Vacuna AntimalArica.
Manuel E. Patarroyo, R. Rodriguez, R. Amador,
Institute Inmunologia Hospital San Juan de Dios,
Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Colonia en
Leticia.
* Centro Experimental de Primatologia. S.
Herrera, J. Gardeacabal. Investigaciones
Biom6dicas, Cali.
* Colonia de Primates. Investigaciones
biom6dicas y anAlisis citogeneticos, BogotA.
* Establecimiento de zoocriaderos de primates de
los g6neros Aotus, Saimiri e otros. Jaime Umafia,
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, BogotA.
* Estudios Comparativos en Ecologia y Estructura
Social de los Monos del Nuevo Mundo en La
Macarena. Convenio Universidad de Los Andes y
Universidad de Miyagi, Jap6n. Este proyecto
comenz6 en 1986, con studios etol6gicos de
primates para ser luego extendido al studio de la
biologia del bosque hfimedo tropical. Para lograr
su conservaci6n se han trabajado seis de las siete
species de primates presents en el Area,
incluyendo distribuci6n, ecologia y etologia.
* Research on New World Monkeys. Convenio
Universidad de Kyoto, INGEOMINAS (Instituto
Nacional de Investigaciones Geol6gico-Mineras).
Se ha estudiado la ecologia y morfologia de los
micos de Sur America y la recolecci6n de f6siles
mamiferos de la era Terciaria; para ello, se han
evaluado seis g6neros de primates: Aotus, Saimiri,
Callicebus, Alouatta, Saguinus y Cebus.
* Ecologia y Etologia del Lagothrix lagotricha y
Cacajao melanocephalus. Thomas Defler,
Estaci6n Capar6 en el rio Apaporis, Amazonas.
* Gendtica y Conservaci6n en Primates:
Variaciones Gen6ticas de Cebus capucinus en
Poblaciones Continentales y en la Isla de Gorgona.
A. Espinel, Universidad de Los Andes, D.Sicard,
N. Valenzuela. Cuenta con el apoyo del Fondo
para la Conservaci6n de la Naturaleza, Jos6
Celestino Mutis y el Comit6 de Investigaciones de
la Universidad de Los Andes. Este studio
compare y cuantifica la variaci6n genitica en
cuanto a grupos sanguineos, electroforesis de


proteinas y polimorfismos cromos6micos.
* Comparaciones cariotipicas en el g6nero Cebus.
0. M. Torres, C. Ramirez, E. Yuniz, Universidad
Nacional. Analisis citogendtico de Bandas Q y G
para tres species, asi como para dos hibridos
naturales del C.capucinus y C.albifrons.
* Sociedad Colombiana de Primatologia. Creada
en abril de 1990. Tiene a su cargo coordenar y
asesorar las diversas actividades en el Area de
primatologia. President actual: Jaime Umafia
Amaya. Proyecta cursos regulars sobre
conservaci6n y manejo de species de primates no
humans.

Jaime A. Umafia Amaya, Presidente de la
Sociedad Colombiana de Primatologia,
Departamento de Patologia, Facultad de Medicina
Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Nacional de
Colombia, Apartado A6reo 053103, BogotA D.E.,
Colombia.

Referencias

Colombia, INDERENA. 1980. Proyecto de
Primatologia: Programaci6n 1981. Institute
Nacional de Recursos Naturales Renovables
(INDERENA), Bogota.
Cuervo, A., Hernindez-Camacho, J. y Cadena, A.
1986. Lista actualizada de los mamiferos de
Colombia: anotaciones sobre su distribuci6n.
Caldasia, 15:485-487.
Defler, T.R. 1981. The density of Alouatta
seniculus in the eastern Ilanos of Colombia.
Primates, 22:564-569.
Defler, T.R. 1989. Recorrido y uso del espacio en
un grupo de Lagothrix lagothricha (Primates:
Cebidae) mono lanudo, churuco en la Amazonia
colombiana. Trianea (Act.Cient.Tecn.,
INDERENA), 3:183-205.
HernAndez-Camacho J. y Cooper, R.W. 1975.
The nonhuman primates of Colombia. En:
Neotropical Primates: Field Studies and
Conservation, R.W.Thorington Jr y P.G.Heltne
(eds.), pp.35-69. National Academy of Sciences,
Washington, D.C.
Hernindez-Camacho, J. y Defler, T.R. 1985.
Some aspects of the conservation of non-human
primates in Colombia. Primate Conservation,
(6):42-50.
Hernundez-Camacho, J. y Defler, T.R. 1989.
Algunos aspects de la conservaci6n de primates
no humans en Colombia. En: La Primatologia
en Latinoambrica, C. J. Saavedra,
R.A.Mittermeier y I.B.Santos (eds.), pp.67-100.
World Wildlife Fund, Washington, D.C.


Page 3






Neotropical Primates 1(1), Marc/i, 1993 Page 4


Japan Colombia Cooperative Study of Primates.
1988-1991. Field Studies of New World
Monkeys La Macarena Colombia, Vols. 1-5,
K.Izawa y C.Mejia (eds.). Miyagi University of
Education, Japan, y Universidad de Los Andes,
Colombia.
Japan, Kyoto University Primate Research
Institute. 1979-1990. Kyoto University
Overseas Research Reports of New World
Monkeys, Vols. 1-7. Kyoto University Primate
Research Institute, Japan.
Klein, L.L. y Klein, D.J. 1976. Neotropical
primates: aspects of habitat usage, population
density and regional distribution in La
Macarena, Colombia. En: Neotropical
Primates: Field Studies and Conservation,
R.W.Thorington Jr y P.G.Heltne (eds.), pp.70-
78. National Academy of Sciences, Washington,
D.C.
Umafia, J.A., Ramirez, J., Espinal, C.A., Sabogal,
E. 1984. Primates no humans para
investigaci6n biom6dica, establecimiento,
adaptaci6n y mantenimiento de Aotus lemurinus
griseimembra. Boletin de la Oficina Sanitaria
Panamericana, 97:44-53, y PAHO Bulletin,
18:221-229, 1984 (English version).



A CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR THE
YELLOW-BREASTED CAPUCHIN, CEBUS
APELLA XANTHOSTERNOS

The yellow-breasted capuchin is one of the four
currently recognized subspecies of the tufted, or
brown, capuchin monkeys which occur in central,
northeastern and southeastern Brazil. It is a
phenotypically and genetically distinct animal
(Seuinez et al.,1986; Matayoshi et al.,1987) and,
depending on a taxonomic revision of the genus,
may well be considered a valid species. It quite
evidently had a widespread distribution in the
past, east and south of the Rio Sao Francisco, east
as far as the coastal forests in the state of Bahia.
Today it is limited mainly to the coastal region of
southern Bahia in Brazil, although evidence is
coming to light that some populations may remain
further inland in regions devastated in the distant
past and now comprising mainly dry desert thorn
scrub (caatinga). Populations inland are extremely
rare, and have disappeared over enormous areas.
They are evidently declining drastically
throughout their range, not only because of forest
destruction, which has accelerated dramatically
over the last two decades, but also because of
hunting (Mittermeier et al., 1982, 1989; Coimbra-


Filho, 1986; Santos et al., 1987; Oliver and
Santos, 1991).

In the early 1980's, individuals maintained as pets
were acquired for a breeding program at the Rio
de Janeiro Primate Center (CPRJ-FEEMA, Rio de
Janeiro State Environmental Agency), directed by
Adelmar Coimbra-Filho and Alcides Pissinatti.
Between 1980 and 1983, nine (5.4) animals were
acquired by CPRJ. However, due to problems of
accommodation, four (3.1) were subsequently sent
to the Natural History Museum in Belo Horizonte,
Minas Gerais. One female died in 1986, four
months after giving birth, and the founding
population at CPRJ in 1987 was, therefore, based
on only two breeding pairs, with five births (3.2)
between October 1984 and January 1987 (one
male died at one day old) (Coimbra-Filho et al.,
1992).

As a result of the field surveys carried out by
William Oliver and Ilmar Santos in 1986/1987
(financed by the Jersey Wildlife Preservation
Trust, Wildlife Preservation Trust International,
The Program for Studies in Tropical Conservation
of the University of Florida, Gainesville, World
Wildlife Fund-US, and the Department of Zoology
of the Federal University of Minas Gerais),
recommendations were made for the expansion of
the captive breeding program, not only at CPRJ,
but also in additional zoos and breeding centers
(Oliver and Santos, 1991). This resulted in the
preparation in 1990 of an "International
Cooperative Breeding Program", with the
participation of the Mulhouse Zoo, France
(Lernould and Thouvenin, 1992), The North of
England Zoological Society (based at Chester Zoo)
and Zurich Zoo, Switzerland (Santos and Oliver,
1991). Under the terms of the agreement, any
participating/signatory institutions receiving
animals on breeding loan should not only manage
them under the conditions stipulated by the
Agreement, but also contribute to other measures
designed to enhance the protection of wild
populations, and provide financial support for any
relevant management, research, conservation
education and training programs in the future. In
1989 a further two animals (1.1) were acquired by
CPRJ, and in 1990, two pairs (captive born) were
sent to the Mulhouse Zoo. The Mulhouse Zoo and
the North of England Zoological Society financed
the construction of cages for the breeding program
at CPRJ. These were completed in late 1992. In
October 1991, Santos and Oliver carried out a
field expedition in order to acquire additional


Page 4


Neotropical Primates I(l), March, 1993




Neotropical Primates, 1(1), March, 1993


founders for the program. They located 37 animals
kept as pets (23 animals, 10 females and five
unsexed) in 14 different localities, all in southern
Bahia. Ten of these (6.4) were considered suitable
for the breeding program and sent to the Rio de
Janeiro Primate Center (CPRJ). With three
animals now on loan to the Rio de Janeiro Zoo
(1.2), in March 1992, CPRJ housed a colony of 20
animals (10.10), 12 wildborn (7.5) and eight
captive born (3.5).

In 1992, the Brazilian Institute of the
Environment and Renewable Natural Resources
(Ibama) established an international committee for
the captive breeding program and conservation of
C.a.xanthosternos and C.a.robustus (Edict N.
ll1/ 16 October 1992). Ilmar Santos and Jean-
Marc Lernould, both PSG members, were
designated Chairperson and Vice-chairperson,
respectively. C.a.robustus, which occurs south of
the Rio Jequitinhonha and north of the Rio Doce
in southern Bahia and northern Espirito Santo,
was included as a result of the findings of Oliver
and Santos that it is heavily hunted, that its range
is seriously reduced, and that there is also an
urgent need for a structured breeding program
(Santos and Oliver, 1991). The role of the
committee and its objectives are those which have
been established for similar committees for the
four lion tamarin species, Leontopithecus (see
Mallinson, 1986), and involve the establishment
of a viable captive breeding population and
studbook, the promotion of field projects, and
advice on conservation issues which directly or
indirectly affect the two tufted capuchin monkey
subspecies.

Ilmar B. Santos, Fundagio Biodiversitas, Rua
Maria Vaz de Melo 71, Dona Clara, Belo
Horizonte 31260, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Jean-Marc Lernould, Parc Zoologique et
Botanique, Ville de Mulhouse, B. P.3089, 6806
Mulhouse, France.

References

Coimbra-Filho, A.F., Rocha e Silva, R. da and
Pissinati, A. 1991. In: A primatologia no Brasil
3, A.B.Rylands and A.T.Bernardes (eds.), pp.
215-224. Fundagio Biodiversitas and Sociedade
Brasileira de Primatologia, Belo Horizonte.
Coimbra-Filho. A.F., Rocha e Silva, R. da and
Pissinatti, A. 1992. In: Topics in primatology,
volume 3, evolutionary biology, reproductive
endocrinology and virology, S.Matano,


R.H.Tuttle, H.Ishida and M.Goodman (eds.), pp.
459-466. University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo.
Lernould, J.M. and Thouvenin, C. 1992. Folia
primatol., 58:171-172. (Abstract).
Mallinson, J.J.C. 1986. Dodo, J. Jersey Wildl.
Preserve. Trust, 23:6-18.
Matayoshi, T., Seuwnez, H.N., Nasazzi, N.,
Nagle, C.; Armada, J.L., Freitas, L., Alves, G.,
Barroso, C.M. and E. Howlin. 1987. Cytogenet.
Cell Genet., 44:158-162.
Mittermeier, R. A., Coimbra-Filho, A. F.,
Constable, I. D., Rylands, A.B. and C. Valle.
1982. Int. Zoo Yearb., 22:2-17.
Mittermeier, R.A., Kinzey, W.G. and Mast, R.B.
1989. J. Hum. Evol., 18:597-610.
Oliver, W. L. R. and Santos, I. B.. 1991. Wildl.
Preserve. Trust, Special Scientific Report, (4): 1-
26.
Santos, I.B. and Oliver, W.L.R. 1991.
International cooperative breeding programme
for the yellow-breasted capuchin monkey, Cebus
apella xanthosternos the acquisition of
additional founders and preliminary
recommendations for the future development of
the programme. A report on the field project in
S.E. Bahia in October 1991. Unpublished report
to Institute Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos
Recursos Naturais RenovAveis (Ibama), Brazil,
Parc Zoologique et Botanique de la Ville de
Mulhouse, France, Zoologischer Garten Zuirich,
Switzerland, The North of England Zoological
Society, United Kingdom, Centro de
Primatologia do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and
Fundacqo Biodiversitas, Brazil. 25pp.
Santos, I.B., Mittermeier, R.A., Rylands, A.B. and
Valle, C.M. de C. 1987. Primate Conservation,
8:126-142.
Seuanez, H.N., Armada, J.L., Freitas, L., Rocha e
Silva, R. da, Pissinatti, A. and Coimbra-Filho.
A.F. 1986. Am. J. Primatol., 10:237-247.


SPECIES DE PRIMATES PRESENTS EN
GUATEMALA Y LA SITUATION DE SUS
POBLACIONES SILVESTRES

En Guatemala habitan tres species de primates de
la Familia Cebidae: Alouatta palliata, Alouatta
pigra y Ateles geoffroyi con tres subespecies
A.g.pan, A.g.yucatanensis, y A.g. vellerosus.

Ateles geoffroyi es, de las tres species, la que se
encuentra mAs ampliamente distribuida; es
ademns, al igual que en todos los lugares, de
distribuci6n arboricola con un rango altitudinal


Page 5




Neotropical Primates, 1(1), March, 1993


amplio. Se le encuentra al norte de los
Departamentos del Pet6n, Izabal, Alta Verapaz y
Quiche. En la region Sur y Centro Occidental se
le ha encontrado antiguamente; sin embargo, el
iltimo report es de 1990, en donde un finguero
report haberlo visto en Quetzaltenango en el Sur
Occidente del pais (L6pez, com pers.). Aunque no
hay nada documentado, la region Centro y Sur
Occidental de Guatemala es la que en los ultimos
50 anos ha perdido en forma mAs acelerada su
cobertura boscosa. Ateles geoffroyi yucatanensis
es el que se ubica mAs al Norte del pais, cercano a
la Peninsula de YucatAn, en el Departamento del
Pet6n, junto con A.g.vellerosus que tambidn se
localiza en el Noreste del pais: A.g.pan, o mono
arafia guatemalteco, aparentemente se encuentra
en la Meseta Central; sin embargo, atn es dudosa
su existencia.

Tradicionalmente, los zool6gicos en Guatemala,
asi como en el resto do mundo, han considerado al
mono arafia como una especie comin y
reemplazable, no prioritaria; por lo tanto muy
poca atenci6n se ha puesto a aspects de su
taxonomia, comportamiento y manejo. Como
resultado se ha producido una hibridaci6n
inadvertida en colonies cautivas de Ateles,
reduciendo su valor gendtico para su conservaci6n.

Alouatta palliata es quizis la especie mis
amenazada, enlistAndose en el Apendice I del
CITES. Su distribuci6n esta mas restringida,
encontrAndosele en la region Norte de los
Departamentos de Izabal y Alta Verapaz.
Alouatta pigra habitat solamente en la region
Norte y su distribuci6n estA restringida a Mexico y
Guatemala, estando incluida dentro del Ap6ndice
II del CITES.

Pueden existir poblaciones simpAtricas de las tres
species, pero se separan por hibitos alimenticios
y el dosel del bosque en que habitan. Es
interesante hacer notar que aunque han existido
algunos reports informales sobre la presencia de
Cebus capucinus en Guatemala, este dato no ha
podido ser confirmado.

Lamentablemente, no se han realizado censos
recientes de poblaci6n que nos indiquen la
situaci6n actual de los primates guatemaltecos.
Sin embargo, podemos decir que la conservaci6n
de las tres species es prioritaria en el pais.

Desgraciadamente, la amenaza para los primates,
al igual que para toda la fauna guatemalteca, es


permanent y constant. La presi6n por la tala
inmoderada para uso de lefia o para fines de
cultivo y la caceria illegal es considerable. No se
cuenta con datos precisos, pero en la actualidad la
tasa de deforestaci6n annual poderia sobrepasar el
7%. Un dato que puede darnos una idea sobre el
trafico illegal de primatas es el hecho de que, en 6
meses se recibieron 5 monos saraguatos o aullador
(Alouatta pigra) en el Zool6gico Nacional "La
Aurora", todos provenientes de contrabando de
fauna; no sabemos cuAntos mis salieron de la
selva sin que nadie se diese cuenta.

El sistema de legislaci6n ambiental y de fauna
silvestre en Guatemala es joven y aun se esti
encausando. Una esperanza la represent las dos
reserves de la bi6sfera recientemente declaradas,
en donde habitan los primates guatemaltecos: La
Reserva de la Bi6sfera Maya y La Reserva de la
Bi6sfera de Las Minas. Del buen manejo que se
les de a estas reserves depend en gran part el
future de nuestras species.

Asimismo, es necesario estabelecer programs de
investigaci6n para establecer la situaci6n actual de
nuestros primates, y para poder implementar
programs efectivos de reproducci6n y
conservaci6n. Son muy pocas las personas que
hacen investigaci6n primatol6gica en Guatemala:
Wildlife Preservation Trust International
inici6 una investigaci6n tendiente a separar las
distintas subespecies de Ateles geoffroyi existentes
en Centro America, con el fin de crear colonies
puras de valor gen6tico para la reproducci6n y
conservaci6n;
El Zool6gico Nacional "La Aurora" tiene
studios de conduct en cautiverio y programs de
enriquecimiento del comportamiento de Ateles e
Alouatta.

Johanna Motta Gill, Sociedad Guatemalteca de
Primatologia, Instituto T6cnico de Capacitaci6n y
Productividad, Departamento Pecuario, Calle
Mateo Flores 7-51, Zona 5, Guatemala,
Guatemala.



News


TWO NEW MARMOSETS
BRAZILIAN AMAZON


FROM THE


1992 saw the description of two new species of
marmosets, Callithrix nigriceps Ferrari and


Page 6




Neotropical Primates 1(1), March, 1993


Lopes, and Callithrix mauesi Mittermeier,
Schwarz and Ayres, both in the Emilio Goeldi
Museum monograph series Goeldiana.

C. nigriceps, given the common name of "sagiii-
de-cabeca-preta" or the black-headed marmoset,
was found at the Lago dos Reis (70 31'S, 620
52'W, = Lago Paraiso), 17 km east of HumaitA,
Amazonas, Brazil, on the Trans-Amazon highway
BR-230 (right or east bank of the Madeira river)
in the state of Rondonia in south-western
Amazonia. Ferrari and Lopes align this marmoset
with the bare-eared "argentata" group, but they
describe it as a full species following the
taxonomy of Mario de Vivo (1991, Taxonomia
de Callithrix Erxleben, 1977 (Callitrichidae,
Primates), Fundagqo Biodiversitas, Belo
Horizonte). It is darker than the form emiliae,
described by Vivo in 1985 (Papdis Avulsos Zool.,
Sao Paulo, 36(11), 103-10) from adjacent
Rond6nia, and differs in the pigmentation of the
face and ears, pheomelanization of the forelimbs,
mantle and ventrum, a brown rather than gray
dorsum, an orange/russet coloration of the
posterior limb, and pale hips and upper thighs.
Although known from only two localities
separated by little more than 50 km, the paratype
locality being Calami, (8 03'S, 620 53'W),
Rond6nia, Brazil, (right or east bank of Madeira
river), east of the Jiparand river, this marmoset is
believed to occur between the Rio dos Marmelos
in the north and east, the Rio Madeira in the west
and the Rio Jiparand in the south, in the state of
Rond6nia, Brazil. Ferrari and Lopes argued that is
unlikely to extend further west than the Roosevelt.
The southeastern limits are defined by an area of
savanna vegetation at the headwaters of the Rio
dos Marmelos and along the middle Rio JiparanA.
Endemic to Brazil, Ferrari and Lopes indicated
that its natural range is little more than 10,000
km2, one of the smallest of any Amazonian
primate species, and potentially one of the most
precarious. The area is currently undergoing rapid
colonization, with access by asphaulted highway
from Rond6nia, and is traversed by the Trans-
Amazon. Principle threats include widespread
logging, gold mining and cattle ranching. The
authors pointed out that while marmosets are able
to adapt to habitat disturbance in the short term,
continued deforestation will eventually have
deleterious effects on the population as a whole.

Mittermeier, Schwarz and Ayres suggested a
common name of the "Rio Mauds marmoset" for
C. mauesi, due to its type locality on the west bank


of the Rio Mauds-Aqu ("large Mau6s" in Tupi-
guarani), a southern tributary of the Rio
Amazonas, between the Rios Madeira and
Tapaj6s. It was discovered by Marco Schwarz in
April 1985. The known and supposed range of
this marmoset is very small, extending from the
west bank of the Rio Mau6s/Mau6s-Aqu from
above the mouth of the Rio Urarid, east of the Rio
Urarid and Abacaxis. It is sandwiched between the
distributions of the tassel-eared marmosets. C.
chrysoleuca to the west and C. humeralifera to the
east, with which it is most closely related. It is,
however, quite distinct, being darker than either
and is easily distinguishable by both the form of
the ear-tufts (upward pointing and with a "neatly
trimmed" appearance) and its coloration. The back
and shoulders lack the distinct whitish mantle
characteristic of C. humeralifera, but like this
species it has a light silvery hip patch.

The authors point out that the formal description
of this marmoset, together with those of C
nigriceps and the also recently described black-
headed lion tamarin, Leontopithecus caissara
Lorini and Persson, 1990 (Bol. Museu Nacional
(Zoologia), Rio de Janeiro, 138:1-14) raises the
number of Brazilian primate species to 68 in 16
genera, representing more than one-quarter of all
primate species, and more than three-quarters of
all Neotropical primates species. Like Ferrari and
Lopes, Mittermeier, Schwarz and Ayres follow the
taxonomy proposed by Mario de Vivo (cited
above), although they also recognize C. kuhli from
the Atlantic forest of southern Bahia as a distinct
form. With 15 species, it is temporarily the largest
of the Neotropical genera, although the number
will probably be exceeded following future
revision of such as the tamarins (Saguinus), night
monkeys (Aotus), and titi monkeys (Callicebus).

The final word of Mittermeier, Schwarz, and
Ayres is given over to emphasizing that the
discovery of C. nigriceps and C. mauesi
demonstrates how little we still know of the vast
Amazon region, and the need for more basic
research and exploration.

Ferrari, S. F., Lopes, M.A. 1992. A new species of
marmoset, genus Callithrix Erxleben, 1777
(Callitrichidae, Primates), from western
Brazilian Amazonia. Goeldiana, Zoologia,
(12):1-13.

Mittermeier, R. A., Schwarz, M., and Ayres, J. M.
1992. A new species of marmoset, genus


Page 7




Neotropical Primates 1(1), March, 1993


Callithrix Erxleben, 1777 (Callitrichidae,
Primates), from the Rio Mauds region, state of
Amazonas, central Brazilian Amazonia.
Goeldiana, Zoologia, (14):1-17.


BLACK-HEADED LION TAMARIN ADDED
TO BRAZILIAN THREATENED SPECIES
LIST

The black-headed lion tamarin, Leontopithecus
caissara, was first described in 1990 by
M.L.Lorini and V.G Persson (Bol.Museu
Nacional (Zoologia), Rio de Janeiro, (338):1-14).
It is restricted to coastal lowland forests in the
northeast of the state of Parand, and parts of the
adjacent state of Sao Paulo. In April 1992 (Edict
N.045/92-N/ 27 April 1992), it was included on
the Brazilian Official List of Fauna Threatened
with Extinction (Edict No.1522/19 December
1989) of the Brazilian Institute for the
Environment and Renewable Natural Resources
(Ibama).

The addition of L.caissara brings the number of
primate species included on the list to 25. They
are as follows: Alouatta belzebul belzebul,
Alouatta fusca (2 ssp.), Ateles belzebuth (2 ssp.),
Ateles paniscus (2 ssp.), Brachyteles arachnoides
(2 ssp.), Cacajao calvus (4 ssp.), Cacajao
melanocephalus (2 ssp.), Callicebus personatus (4
ssp.), Callimico goeldii, Callithrix argentata
leucippe, Callithrix aurita, Callithrix flaviceps,
Callithrix humeralifer (3 ssp.), Cebus apella
xanthosternos, Chiropotes albinasus, Chiropotes
satanas utahicki, Chiropotes satanas satanas,
Lagothrix lagotricha (3 ssp.), Leontopithecus
chrysomelas, Leontopithecus chrysopygus,
Leontopithecus rosalia, Leontopithecus caissara,
Pithecia albicans, Saguinus bicolor (3 ssp.),
Saguinus imperator (2 ssp.), and Saimiri
vanzolinii.

Bernardes, A.T., Machado, A.B.M. and Rylands,
A.B. 1990. Fauna Brasileira Ameagada de
Extingao. FundacAo Biodiversitas, Belo Horizonte,
65pp. Text in English and Portuguese.


ACHADO DE BRACHYTELES DO
PLEISTOCENO FINAL

Na gruta da Boa Vista, no Municipio de Campo
Formoso, estado da Bahia, Brasil, foram


encontrados dois esqueletos bastante completes, de
Brachyteles, com os respectivos crAnios e
denticao, muito bem preservados. 0 material esta
em fase de preparaglo, tendo-se iniciado seu
estudo. 0 local do achado situa-se a 70 km do Rio
Sio Francisco (Petrolina), e estA inserido em
ecossistema atual de caatinga.

Pode-se adiantar que pertenceram os esqueletos a
um macho e uma femea, sendo em volta de 20%
mais avantajados do que os individuos atuais de B.
arachnoides. Ao que parece, 6 a mesma esp6cie
descoberta por Peter Lund na primeira metade do
s6culo, em grutas da Lagoa Santa, estado de
Minas Gerais, e denominada B. brasiliensis. Al6m
do tamanho mais avantajado, caracteres cranianos
diferenciam a espicie extinta da atual, o que
levaria a concluir pela validade da esp6cie de
Lund. E de se notar que a localidade do achado
dista da costa AtlAntica mais de 400 km, at6 onde
teria penetrado a Mata AtlAntica.

Castor Cartelle, Instituto de Geociencias,
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo
Horizonte, Minas Gerais 31270, Brasil.



PSG MEMBER AWARDED WWF GOLD
MEDAL

The 1992 WWF Gold Medal was awarded to Jose
Marcio Ayres, member of the SSC Primate
Specialist Group. MArcio Ayres started his career
in 1976 at the National Institute for Amazon
Research (INPA). There he carried out pioneer
studies of the bearded sakis, Chiropotes albinasus
(northern Mato Grosso), and C.satanas (central
Amazonia and the state of ParA). Part of this work
was carried out in the "Minimal Critical Size of
Ecosystems Project" of WWF and INPA, just
north of the Manaus (now called the "Biological
Dynamics of Forest Fragments Project', and
administered by the Smithsonian Institution and
INPA). His studies of the conservation and status
of the black saki, C.s.satanas, in the south of Pari,
resulted in its inclusion in the IUCN Red Data
Book, and the recognition that it is probably one
of the most endangered of the Brazilian
Amazonian primates. He later extended his
research on pitheciines to a major study of the
ecology and behavior of the white saki, Cacajao
calvus calvus, at Mamiraua on the Rio JapurA; the
subject of his doctoral thesis for the Sub-
Department of Veterinary Anatoimy at the
University of Cambridge, supervised by Dr. 'David


Page 8




Neotropical Primates 1(1), March, 1993


Chivers. Through Mircio's efforts, the entire
region, one of the most important areas of
inundated forest in the Brazilian Amazon,
achieved protected status, being decreed, in 1990,
the State Ecological Station of Mamiraud, with an
area of 1,124,000 ha. During this time Mircio
transferred to the Zoology Department of the
Museu Goeldi, Beldm. Ongoing studies of the
ecology and wildlife of Mamiraui, are being
financed by WWF, the British Overseas
Development Organization (ODA), the Brazilian
Science Council (CNPq), and also Wildlife
Conservation International (WCI); New York. At
present MArcio Ayres is affiliated as a Research
Fellow to the New York Zoological Society. The
WWF award recognizes his remarkable
contribution to the conservation of Amazonian
wildlife and ecosystems, and primates in
particular.


PRIMATE TAGs

Primate TAGs are Regional Primate Taxon
Advisory Groups. Their aim is not just to put
identification tags on primates in zoo collections.
The key word is advisory.

A South American Primate Taxon Advisory
Group was established in the US in order to
facilitate the development of a long range
comprehensive program for breeding primates in
captivity a joint effort of the IUCN/SSC Captive
Breeding Specialist Group CBSG (chaired by
Ulysses S.Seal; Executive Officer, Thomas Foose)
and the American Association of Zoological Parks
and Aquaria (AAZPA). The reason for the
establishment of the TAGs, and the South
American Primates TAG in particular, was to
provide formal channels for the exchange of
information between the captive breeding
community and captive and field researchers. The
goals of the South American Primates TAG were
established at its first meeting in September 1990.
They are as follows:
1) to assess the current and future captive
habitat in North America for Neotropical
primates;
2) working in conjunction with the Primate
Group of CBSG, to establish guidelines for
identifying those taxa critically in need of captive
breeding efforts;.
3) working in conjunction with CBSG and the
IUCN Primate Specialist Group (PSG), to develop
management strategies, including estimates of


minimum viable population size, and encourage
international efforts on behalf of specific taxa,
including the recruitment of studbook keepers and
species coordinators for the taxa identified; and
4) to develop a management strategy for those
species presently in captivity for which specific
captive breeding efforts are not recommended.
Assignments were made to provide preliminary
evaluations of the captive populations with respect
to demographics and genetics. They were as
follows: Aotus and pitheciines Tony Vecchio and
Anne Savage (Roger Williams Zoo); Callicebus -
Ken Kaemmerer (Dallas Zoo); Alouatta Barbara
Baker (Pittsburgh Zoo); Cebus Lee Nesler
(Pittsburgh Zoo); Saimiri Alan Shoemaker
(Riverbanks Zoo); Ateles Anne Baker
(Brookfield Zoo) and Ken Kaemmerer (Dallas
Zoo); Lagothrix Mary Jo Sterns (Fossil Rim);
Callimico Anne Baker (Brookfield Zoo);
Callithrix Beth Bahner and Dan Maloney
(Philadelphia Zoo); Saguinus oedipus Suzette
Tardif (University of Tennessee, Knoxville);
Saguinus imperator Lee Nesler (Pittsburgh Zoo);
remaining Saguinus spp. Alan Sironen
(Cleveland Zoo); and Cebuella Anne Savage
(Roger Williams Zoo). Other members of this
South American Primate TAG include: Russell
Mittermeier (Conservation International and State
University of New York, Stony Brook) as general
advisor; Bob Lacy (Brookfield Zoo) as genetics
advisor; and Sue Crissey (Brookfield Zoo) as
nutrition advisor. Anne Baker, Curator of
Primates, Brookfield Zoo, Brookfield, Illinois
60513, USA, is the coordinator of this TAG, and
Brint Spencer, Beardsley Zoological Gardens,
Noble Avenue, Bridgeport, Connecticut 06610,
USA, is the editor of a newsletter relating the
TAG's activities. (See Baker, A. 1991. TAGs:
Steering the Primate Ark. In: AAZPA Regional
Conference Proceedings (1991):502-504).

A similar Primate TAG has been developed by the
Joint Management of Species Committee (JMSC)
(chaired by Miranda Stevenson, Edinburgh Zoo),
a subcommittee of the Conservation and Animal
Management Committee (CAM) of the Federation
of Zoological Gardens of Great Britain and
Ireland. Again the various TAGs set up by the
JMSC work in close collaboration with the CBSG
and the respective IUCN/SSC specialist groups,
and their role is to select the species that are most
in need of captive programs or coordination
within the British Isles, as well as to organize the
development of species' studbooks and breeding
programs. The inaugural meeting of the Primate


Page 9




Neotropical Primates 1(1), March, 1993


TAG was held on the 26-27 March 1992 at
Banham Zoo, Norfolk. At this meeting Jo Gipps
(Director, Zoological Society of London, Regent's
Park, London NWI 4RY) and Neil Bemment
(Curator of Mammals, Paignton Zoological and
Botanical Gardens, Totnes Road, Paignton, Devon
TQ4 7EU) were elected joint chairman, and the
TAG was divided into subgroups as follows:
prosimians Stephen Standley (Cricket St.Thomas
Wildlife Park); Callitrichidae, including Callimico
- J.Bryan Carroll (Jersey Wildlife Preservation
Trust); Cebidae Roy Powell (Paignton Zoo);
Asian Cercopithecidae Hilary Keating (Bristol
Zoo) and Ernie Thetford (Howletts Zoo Park);
African Cercopithecidae Neil Bemment
(Paignton Zoo); Hylobatidae Sarah Christie
(Zoological Society of London); and Pongidae Jo
Gipps (Zoological Society of London).


IUCN/SSC PLAN DE ACTION PARA LOS
PRIMATES DE MESOAMERICA

En fecha reciefite se distribuy6 un cuestionario a
persons que desarrollan trabajo de campo sobre
primates en Mesoamdrica, con el fin de elaborar
una base de datos para la realizaci6n de un primer
borrador del "Plan de Acci6n para los Primatas de
Mesoamerica". Mediante este cuestionario se
solicita informaci6n relative al estado de las
poblaciones silvestres de monos y de los factors
que estan determinado su situaci6n actual; asi
como en caso de necesitarlo, se solicita que se
propongan los studios y acciones que se deberin
hacer para lograr su conservaci6n. Quienes estdn
interesados en participar en la elaboraci6n de este
document, y no hayan recebido este cuestionario,
favor de hacer contact con: Ernesto Rodriguez
Luna, A.P.566, C.P.91000, Xalapa, Veracruz,
M6xico. Tel: (281) 877-30, Fax: (281) 863-52 and
(281) 765-39.


Primate Societies

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PRIMATOLdGY
(ASP) AWARDS

The American Society of Primatology is calling
for nominations for its three Conservation Awards
for 1993 (ASP Bulletin 17, No.I): Subscription
Award which provides a subscription to the
American Journal of Primatology to worthy
individuals in countries with a nonhuman primate


fauna (source countries); Conservation Award
(US$500) for students and young investigators
(not more than five years since they received a
higher degree) working on primate conservation
in source countries; and the Senior Biology and
Conservation Award (US$500 Honorarium) which
is one of ASP's highest honors and awarded to
individuals without advanced degrees who have
made a substantial contribution to conservation or
other aspects of primatology over long periods
(five years or more). In addition, ASP offers small
grants (US$500) for conservation projects in
source countries. The deadline for the submission
of award nominations (a letter of
recommendation) and grant proposals (not
exceeding 2000 words, typed and including
budget) is 30 June .1993. For further information
write to: Dr. Ramon Rhine, Psychology
Department, University of California, Riverside,
CA 92521, USA.


PRIMATOLOGICAL SOCIETIES IN THE
NEOTROPICS

Reflecting the extraordinary growth in
primatological studies in the neotropics since the
1970's, there are currently eight primatological
societies in Mexico and South. and Central
America, as well as four in the process of being
formed, in Argentina, Cuba, Guatemala, and
Paraguay. In addition there is the Latin American
Primatological Society (SLAP), at present led by
Ernesto Rodriguez Luna of the Universidad
Veracruzana, Mexico. Here we provide a list of
the current presidents, or those responsible, for
each, and encourage primatologists to get in touch
and affiliate themselves with their respective
societies, the activities of which will be reported in
future editions of the Newsletter.

SOCIEDAD LATINOAMERICANA DE
PRIMATOLOGIA
President: Ernesto Rodriguez Luna
Parque de la Flora y Fauna Silvestre Tropical
Universidad Veracruzana
Apartado Postal 566
Xalapa, Veracruz 91000, Mexico
Tel: (281) 8 77 30, Fax: (281) 8 77 30.

SOCIEDAD ARGENTINA DE PRIMATOLOGIA
President: Julio Cesar Ruiz
Centro Argentino de Primates (CAPRIM)
Casilla de Correos 145


Page 10




Neotropical Primates, 1(1), March, 1993


3400 Corrientes, Argentina
Tel: (783) 23156, Fax: (783) 27790.

SOCIEDADE BRASILEIRA DE
PRIMATOLOGIA
President: Horicio Schneider
Departamento de Gendtica
Centro de Ciencias Biol6gicas
Campus Universitario
Universidade Federal do Pard
66059 Beldm, Pard, Brasil
Tel: (091) 229-9785

SOCIEDAD COLOMBIANA DE
PRIMATOLOGIA
President: Jaime Umafia Amaya
Departamento de Patologia
Falcultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia
Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Apartado Aereo 053103
Bogota D.E., Colombia
Tel: (1) 269-6450

ASOCIACION PRIMATOLOGICA
COSTARRICENSE
President: Grace Wong Reyes
Program Regional en Manejo de Vida Silvestre
Universidad Nacional
Apartado 1350, Heredia
Heredia, Costa Rica

SOCIEDAD CUBANA DE PRIMATOLOGIA
Director: Fernando Gonzalez Bermudez
Centro Nacional para la Producci6n de Animales
de Laboratorio
Academia de Ciencias de Cuba
La Habana 2, Cuba
Tel: (5) 6834589

SOCIEDAD ECUATORIANA DE
PRIMATOLOGIA
c/o Felipe Campos
Universidad Catolica de Quito
Apartado 17-12-00576, Ecuador

SOCIEDAD GUATEMALTECA DE
PRIMATOLOGIA
c/o Johanna Motta Gill
Institute T6cnico de Capacitaci6n y Productividad
Departamento Pecuario
Calle Mateo Flores 7-51, zona 5
Guatemala, Guatemala.
Tel: 313342


ASOCIACION MEXICANA DE
PRIMATOLOGIA
President: Ernesto Rodriguez Luna
Parque de la Flora y Fauna Silvestre Tropical
Universidad Veracruzana
Apartado Postal 566
Xalapa, Veracruz 91000, Mexico
Tel: (281) 8 77 30, Fax: (281) 8 77 30.

PANAMA PRIMATE SOCIETY
c/o Felix Nufiez
Escuela de Biologia
Universidad de Panama
Panama City, Rep6blica de Panama

SOCIEDAD PERUANA DE PRIMATOLOGIA
President: Filomeno Encarnaci6n
Proyecto Peruano de Primatologia
Apartado 621 or 575
Iquitos, Loreto, Peru

SOCIEDAD PARAGUAYA DE PRIMATOLOGIA
Head: Maria Teresa Rovira
Proyecto Paraguayo de Primatologia (PPP)
Institute de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la
Salud
Universidad Nacional de Asunci6n
Rio de la Plata y la Gerenza
Casilla de Correo 2511
Asunci6n, Paraguay

SOCIEDAD VENEZOLANA DE
PRIMATOLOGIA
President: Roberta Bodini de Pepe
Institute de Zoologia Tropical
Falcultad de Ciencias
Universidad Central de Venezuela
Apartado 47058 Los Chaguaramos
Caracas 1041 A, Venezuela


SOCIEDAD LATINOAMERICANA DE
PRIMATOLOGIA (SLAP)
INTERNATIONAL PRIMATOLOGICAL
SOCIETY (IPS)

Con el prop6sito de integrar firmemente las
Sociedades Nacionales de Pfimatologia de la
Regi6n Latinoamericana, se solicita que las
directives de dichas Sociedades, envien sus actas
constitutivas y directorio actualizado de miembros
al President de la Sociedad Latinoamericana de


Page 11




Neotropical Primates, 1(1), March, 1993


Primatologia (SLAP), a fin de incorporar la
membresia latinoamericana dentro de la
International Primatological Society (IPS).
Asimismo, se invita a los primat6logos
latinoamericanos a ser miembros de sus
asociaciones nacionales primatol6gicas. Pagando
su cuota de afiliaci6n national, poderin ser
miembros de la Sociedad Latinoamericana de
Primatologia y al mismo tiempo de la
International Primatological Society. En caso de
no existir una Sociedad Nacional en su pais de
origen, favor de dirigirse a: Ernesto Rodriguez
Luna, Presidente de la Sociedad Latinoamericana
de Primatologia (SLAP).

Como un acuerdo de la nueva mesa directive
(1992-1996) de la IPS, el Presidente de la SLAP
pas6 a ocupar la posici6n de "Regional Secretary
for the Americas" dentro de la IPS. De esta
manera, se fortalecerd la presencia de la region
latinoamericana dentro de la IPS.

Hacemos una atenta invitaci6n a enviar
contribuiciones escritas para el Newsletter del IPS,
en el idioma de su preferencia. Las
contribuiciones poderan ser enviadas al Presidente
de la SLAP o directamente a: Dr Dorothy
Fragaszy, editor del Newsletter de IPS,
Department of Psychology, University of Georgia,
Athens, Georgia 30602, U.S.A.



Recent Publications

Cites: A conservation tool. Provides
information on the processes involved in including
species in the "endangered" category (restricted
trade). Available in English, Spanish and French
from: Roger E. McManus, Chairman IUCN/SSC
Trade Specialist Group, 1725 DeSales Street, NW,
Suite 500, Washington, D.C. 20036, USA. Tel:
(202) 429-5609. Fax: (202) 872-0619.

Taxonomia de Callithrix Erxleben, 1777
(Callitrichidae, Primates), by Mario de Vivo,
published by FundacAo Biodiversitas, Belo
Horizonte, 1991, 105pp. (In Portuguese). Price
US$15.00. The results of a doctoral thesis for the
University of Sgo Paulo, Ribeirdo Preto, the author
provides an analysis of the geographical
distributions and a revision of the taxonomic
status of the marmosets, Callithrix. The author
argues that all known forms should be considered
species rather than subspecies. Available from:


Dr. Russell A. Mittermeier, Conservation
International, 1015, 18th Street, NW., Suite 1000,
Washington, DC. 20036, USA, Tel: (202) 429-
9489, Fax:(202) 887-5188, or Fundacao
Biodiversitas, Rua Maria Vaz de Melo 71, Dona
Clara, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais 3120-110,
Brazil, Tel:(031) 443-2119, Fax: (031) 441-7037.

A Primatologia no Brasil 3, edited by A.B.
Rylands and A.T. Bernardes, published by
Fundaqgo Biodiversitas, Belo Horizonte, 1991,
459pp. Price US$20.00. 48 articles in Portuguese
and English. The proceedings of the III and IV
Brazilian Primatological Congress, held in 1987
(Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais) and 1989 (Jodo
Pessoa, Paraiba). Available from: Fundagio
Biodiversitas, Rua Maria Vaz de Melo 71, Dona
Clara, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais 31260-110,
Brazil, Tel: (031) 443-2119, Fax: (031) 441-7037.

Lemurs of Madagascar: An Action Plan
for their Conservation 1993-1999, compiled
by R.A. Mittermeier, W.R. Konstant, M.E. Nicol),
and 0. Langrand. IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist
Group, Gland, 1992, 58pp. Price US$15.00.
Available from Dr Russell A. Mittermeier,
Conservation International, 1015, 18th Street,
NW, Suite 1000, Washington, DC 20036, USA,
Tel: (202) 429-9489, Fax: (202) 887-5188.

Primates of the World, by Rod and Ken
Preston-Mafham. Facts on File, New York, 1992,
192pp. Price US$24.95 + shipping. Available
from: Zoo Book Sales, P.O.Box 349, Sanibel
Island, Florida 33957, USA, Tel: (813) 472-5490,
Fax: (813) 395-2727.

Marmosets and Tamarins: Systematics,
Behaviour and Ecology, edited by
A.B.Rylands, Oxford University Press, Oxford,
1993. This book is based on a symposium
"Adaptive Unity in the Callitrichidae: a
Systematic Comparison of Species Differences in
the Family", held during the XII Congress of the
International Primatological Society, Brasilia, July
1988. As the title suggests, it is divided into three
parts. The first contains three chapters reviewing:
the taxonomy, distributions and conservation
status of the callitrichids (A. B. Rylands, A. F.
Coimbra-Filho and R. A. Mittermeier);
phylogenetic considerations of species and generic
differences in vocalizations (C. T. Snowdon); and
captive and wild hybrids of Callithrix marmosets
(A. F. Coimbra-Filho et al.). The second provides


Page 12






Page 13 Neotropical Primates 1(1,), March, J*993


comparative reviews concerning reproduction (D.
Abbott et al., A. Dixson, S. Tardif et al.), scent-
marking (G.Epple et al.), ontogeny
(M.E.Yamamoto) and behavior in captivity (H.
Rothe and K. Darms, N. Caine), and the third
section discusses the ecology of each of the four
genera (P.Soini, P.A.Garber, A.B.Rylands, and D.
S. de Faria), with a review of ecological
differentiation in the Callitrichidae (S. F. Ferrari).
Available from: Oxford University Press, Order
Department, 2001 Evans Road, Cary, North
Carolina 27513, USA, or Oxford University Press,
Science Publications, Walton Street, Oxford OX2
6DP, England, Tel: (0865) 56767, Fax: (0865)
56646.

Faces in the Forest: The Endangered
Muriqui Monkeys of Brazil, by Karen B.
Strier, Oxford University Press, New York, 1992,
160pp. Price US$49.95. Karen Strier's field
studies on the ecology, behavior and demography
of Brachyteles arachnoides in the Fazenda
Montes Claros, Minas Gerais. Available from:
Oxford University Press, Order Department, 2001
Evans Road, Cary, North Carolina 27513, USA.

Applying Ecological Principles to Captive
Primate Environments: Needs and
Environmental Design for Colony
Management, by Bruce Clark, Animal Curator,
Jackson Zoo, published privately. 210pp. 880
citations. Price in USA, US$15.50 (includes
surface postage and handling), other countries
US$17.00, money order in US dollars only. A
manual for zoos and laboratories, topics cover non
human primate perception, communication,
sociality, reproduction and ecology as pertaining
to captive husbandry and cage design. Available
from: Bruce Clark, 111 Wildwood Lane, Brandon,
MS 39042-6646, USA.

Conservation of Marmosets, Tamarins,
and Callimico (Callitrichidae): a
Bibliography: 1980-1992, by Jean Balch
Williams, November 1992 (322 citations, species
and subject indexes). Price US$6.50. Available
from: Primate Information Center, SJ-50,
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
98195, USA. Tel: (206) 543-4376, Fax: (206)
685-0305.


IMeetings



1993

SYMPOSIUM ON THE PRIMATE FAMILY CEBIDAE,
2 May 1993, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia. Organized
by the New World Primate Taxon Advisory Group
(TAG). Contact: Ken Kaemmerer, Cebid
Symposium Coordinator, Dallas Zoo, 621 East
Clarendon Drive, Dallas, Texas 75203, USA.

BIODIVERSITY AND ENVIRONMENT: BRAZILIAN
THEMES FOR THE FUTURE, 6-7 May 1993, Royal
Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London
SW7 2AR. Organized by The Linnean Society of
London and the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.
Contact: The Executive Secretary, The Linnean
Society, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London,
W1V OLQ, England. Tel: (071)-434 4479, Fax:
(071) 287-9364.

IV SIMPOSIO DE LA ASOCIACION MEXICANA DE
PRIMATOLOGIA. 17-20 May 1993, Zoologico
Regional Miguel Alvarez del Toro, Tuxtla
Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico. The symposium will
include a meeting of the IUCN/SSC Primate
Specialist Group Section Mesoamerica, to
discuss the preparation of the Action Plan for
Mesoamerican Primates, and a workshop to
evaluate the status of captive populations in
Mexico, in collaboration with representatives from
Mexican zoos. Contact: Ernesto Rodriguez Luna,
A.P.566, C.P.91000, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico.
Tel: (281) 877-30, Fax: (281) 863-52 and (281)
765-39.

THIRTY YEARS OF TROPICAL BIOLOGY:
ORGANISMS TO GLOBAL CHANGE, 1-4 June 1993.
Annual Meeting of the Association for Tropical
Biology, El Convento Hotel, San Juan, Puerto
Rico. In collaboration with the Organization for
Tropical Studies, University of Puerto Rico,
USDA Forest Service, and the Puerto Rico Science
Teachers Association. Contact: Destinations Inc.,
P.O.Box 41272, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00940.
Tel: (809) 765-6051/6022, Fax: (809) 754-6714,
or Dr. James Ackerman/Dr. Linda Escobar,
Department of Biology, University of Puerto Rico,
P.O.Box 23360, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00931-
3360, Tel: (809) 764-0000 X 4887;2023, Fax:
(809) 764-2610 or (809) 751-5708.


Neotropical Primates Iffl, March, 1993


Page 13






Neotropical Primates 1(1). March, 1993 Page 14


16TII MEETING OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF
PRIMATOLOGISTS, 18-22 August 1993, New
England Regional Primate Research Center,
Sturbridge, Massachusetts. Contact: Andrew J.
Petto, New England Regional Primate Research
Center, Division of Behavioral Biology, P.O.Box
9102, Southborough, Massachusetts 01772-9102,
USA.

XXIII INTERNATIONAL ETHOLOGICAL
CONFERENCE, 1-9 September 1993,
Torremolinos, Spain. Contact: Secretaria de
Congressos Cordoba, C/Cano 3, 1-1, 14001
Cordoba, Spain. Tel:(9)57-480478, Fax:(9)57-
479651, or Ana Omedes, General Secretery,
Apartado 98033, Barcelona 08080, Spain.


1994

67TH MEETING OF THE SPECIES SURVIVAL
COMMISSION, 15-17 January 1994, Buenos Aires,
Argentina. Organizers: World Conservation
Union (IUCN). Contact: Coordinadora logistica de
la Asamblea General, IUCN, Rua Mauvernay 28,
CH-1196 Gland, Switzerland. Tel: 41 22 999
0001, Fax: 41 22 999 0020.

XIX SESSION OF THE IUCN GENERAL
ASSEMBLY, 18-26 January 1994, Buenos Aires,
Argentina. Organizers: World Conservation
Union (IUCN). Contact: Coordinadora logistica de
la Asamblea General, IUCN, Rua Mauvernay 28,
CH-1196 Gland, Switzerland. Tel: 41 22 999
0001, Fax: 41 22 999 0020.

XVTH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL
PRIMATOLOGICAL SOCIETY, 3-8 August 1994,
Bali, Indonesia. Organizers: Directorate General
of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation
(PHPA), the Indonesian Wildlife Society (IWS)
and the International Primatological Society (IPS).
Contacts: Secretariat, 15th IPS Congress, PT,
Bayu Buana Travel Service Ltd., Wisma Bank
Dharmala 19th Fl, Jend.Sudirman Kav. 28,
Jakarta 12910, Indonesia, or Dr Linda Prasetyo,
c/o Perth Zoo, 20 Labouchere Road, Western
Autralia 6151, Australia, Tel: 09 368-1916, Fax:
09 367-3921, or Dr Soegardjito, WWF/US Asia-
Pacific Program, 1250 Twenty-fourth Street,
N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037, USA, Tel: (202)
861-8300, Fax: (202) 223-6971.

VITH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF ECOLOGY:
ECOLOGICAL PROGRESS TO MEET THE


CHALLENGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, 20-
26 August 1994, University of Manchester,
England. Contact: The Secretary, VI International
Congress of Ecology, Department of
Environmental Biology, The University,
Manchester M13 9PL, England.

FOREST CANOPIES ECOLOGY, BIODIVERSITY
AND CONSERVATION, 10-13 November 1994,
Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, Sarasota, Florida,
USA. Contact: Dr. Meg Lowman, Director of
Research, Selby Botanical Gardens, 811 South
Palm Avenue, Sarasota, Florida 34236, USA.



Contributions

We would be most grateful if you could send us
information on projects, research groups, events
such as congresses and symposia, workshops,
recent publications, activities of primatological
societies and NGO's, news items or opinions of
recent events and suchlike, either in the form of
manuscripts or in diskettes using IBM-compatible
text editors. Manuscripts should be double-spaced.
Articles (not exceeding 6 pages) can include small
black and white photographs, figures, maps, tables
and references, but please keep them to a
minimum.

Please send contributions to the editors: Anthony
Rylands, Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de
Ciincias Biol6gicas, Universidade Federal de
Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte 31270-901, Minas
Gerais, Brazil, Fax: (031) 441-1412, or c/o
Conservation International, Rua Bueno Brandio
393, Belo Horizonte 31010-060, Minas Gerais,
Brazil, Fax: (031) 222-8429, or Ernesto
Rodriguez Luna, Parque de la Flora y Fauna
Silvestre Tropical, Universidad Veracruzana,
Apartado Postal 566, Xalapa, Veracruz 91000,
Mexico, Fax: (281) 8 77 30.



Neotropical Primates is produced in
collaboration with Conservation International,
1015 18th Street NW, Suite 1000, Washington
DC 20036, USA, and Fundaqao Biodiversitas,
Rua Maria Vaz de Melo 71, Dona Clara, Belo
Horizonte 31260-110, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Composition Yuri Leite and Ricardo Machado,
Biodiversity Conservation Data Center (CDCB),
Fundac~io Biodiversitas.


Neotropical Primates Iffl, March, 1993


Page 14






NEOTROPICAL PRIMA TES
Anthony Rylands/Ernesto Rodriguez Luna, Editors
Conservation International
Rua Bueno Brandao, 393
Belo Horizonte 31010-060
Minas Gerais, Brazil













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