Title: Florida Entomologist
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098813/00338
 Material Information
Title: Florida Entomologist
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Florida Entomological Society
Publisher: Florida Entomological Society
Place of Publication: Winter Haven, Fla.
Publication Date: 1921
Copyright Date: 1917
Subject: Florida Entomological Society
Entomology -- Periodicals
Insects -- Florida
Insects -- Florida -- Periodicals
Insects -- Periodicals
General Note: Eigenfactor: Florida Entomologist: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1653/024.092.0401
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00098813
Volume ID: VID00338
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: Open Access

Full Text

Florida Entomologist
(Formerly The Florida Buggist)
Official Organ of the Florida Entomological Society

MARCH, 1921


Leptoypha mcateei n. sp.
Form oblong, the elytra distinctly constricted a little beyond the middle.
Antennae more slender and a little longer than in L. binotata Champion;
first segment slightly longer than the second, the latter obconical; third
segment a little more than three and a half times the length of the fourth,
the fourth slightly longer than the first and second conjoined. Elytra ex-
tending a little beyond the tip of the abdomen; costal area extremely nar-
row, with a single row of tiny areolae; subcostal area with three to four
rows of areolae, the areolae very slightly smaller than those of discoidal
area; sutural area broad, the areolae becoming larger towards the apex.
Median pronotal carina quite distinct, the lateral ones traceable on the
posterior extension. Spines on vertex of head short, decumbent, converging
at the apex; lateral spines rather long, decumbent, extending a little beyond
the posterior margins of the eyes. Pronotum coarsely punctured. Length,
2.89 mm.; width 1.14 mm.
General color light reddish brown, with fuscous markings. A transverse
spot on each side behind the collar, one on each side near the lateral carinae,
discoidal area and a broad transverse band about the middle of costal area,
and part of the veinlets of sutural area dark fuscous. Antennae and legs
reddish brown. Bucculae, rostral sulcus and spines on head yellowish
Two specimens, taken on wild olive, Osmanthus americanus,
August 13, 1916, Gainesville, Fla. Numerous nymphs and adults
were observed feeding on the underside of the leaves by Mr.

*Contribution from the Department of Entomology, the New York State
College of Forestry, Syracuse, N. Y.

We recommend the goods advertised in The Florida Ento-
mologist. Please mention Entomologist when you write our


Dozier. I am indebted to Dr. Champion for comparing the type
of this insect with the type of L. binotata Champ. in the British
Museum. The species is named in honor of Mr. W. L. McAtee,
who has taken a very active interest in the genus. Types in my
Corythaica smith n. sp. (Plate I; Figs. a and a').
Allied to C. monacncha Stal., but very distinct and readily
separated from it by the rounded lateral margins of the para-
nota, the more evenly arched median carina, and the more de-
flected hood in front. Length, 3.1 mm.; width 1.4 mm.
Pronotum coarsely punctate, with distinct cells on the posterior projec-
tion. Paranota broad, quite evenly rounded, with mostly three (some places
four) rows of areolae. Median carina strongly raised, about equal to crest
of hood in height, quite evenly rounded above, with two rows of areolae at
middle. Lateral carinae uniseriate, the areolae large, slightly constricted
at the middle. Hood a little larger and projecting a little farther in front
of the head than in C. monancha, quite evenly narrowed in front, the median
nervure distinctly raised, four rows of areolae at base (for three cells) and
then with two roof-like rows extending anteriorly. Wings a little longer
than abdomen. Elytra extending considerably beyond the apex of the abdo-
men, slightly constricted a little beyond the middle; tumid elevation mod-
erately large and occupying greater part of subcostal and discoidal areas;
costal area with two rows of large areolae (three or four additional small
cells on each side); subcostal area wide with five rows of areolae, the areolae
becoming distinctly smaller towards the costal area. Discoidal area bounded
by a strongly raised nervure, four rows of areolae at widest part, the tumid
elevation occupying the great part, all save inner row of cells, of this area.
Sutural area broad, the areolae becoming larger posteriorly. Areolae trans-
lucent. Antennae slender. Rostrum reaching to meso-metathoracic suture.
General color yellowish brown, with fuscous markings. Hood with the
nervures above pale brown, the cells whitish and opaque. A spot on median
carina and one on each paranota fuscous. Costal area with broad cross
band a little in front of the middle, one or two spots between the band and
dark apical portion, part of discoidal area, sutural area,and most of apical
portion of elytra fuscous. Body dark reddish brown beneath. Antennae
and legs light brown, the apical segment of the former dusky.
Two specimens, male and female, from Bonda, a village on
Manzanares river, seven miles east of Santa Marta, Colombia,
S. A., collected by H. H. Smith, after whom the insect is named.
Type in Carnegie Museum. This species may be separated at
once from any of the known species with rounded margins of
paranota, by its much wider paranota. The female is a little
larger than the male. The male is figured.
Corythucha mcelfreshi n. sp. (Plate I; Figs. b and b').
Somewhat allied to C. unifasciata Champion, but very distinct


and readily separated from it by its much smaller size, the
broader bulbous portion of the hood, the differently formed car-
inae, and the elytra are without distinct fasciae. Length 3.54
mm.; width, 2.3 mm.
Lateral margins of elytra and paranota with numerous short spines, some
places with double rows (extra submarginal row). Nervures with very few
erect spines. Tumid elevation of elytra moderately large, costal area tri-
seriate. Paranota with areolae smaller than those of hood. Hood mod-
erately elevated, broad, abruptly constricted a little in front of the middle;
posterior portion large, broad, sub-globose (a little longer than broad and
broader than high); median carina slightly arched, shorter and about half
as high. as crest of hood. Lateral carinae not widely separated from hood,
with four moderately large cells, raised anteriorly. Height of hood about
three-fifths of its length.
General color yellowish white. A few nervelets on the paranota, a spot
on each tumid elevation, and a few cross-nervures (perhaps indicating
transverse fasciae on elytra) brown. Areolae hyaline, the areolae of tumid
elevation partly embrowned. Body black.
One example from Mexico in the late Frank M. McElfresh
collection. The species is so very distinct that I feel safe in
describing the insect from a single specimen. Type in my col-
Corythucha morrilli Osborn and Drake.
Numerous specimens, including type, paratypes, and many
other specimens fully convince me that it is impossible to sepa-
rate this insect from paratypes of C. mexicana Gibson. Morrilli
O. & D. is somewhat variable in size and color; the hood also
shows some variation in size and height. In this respect it is
much like its congener, C. marmorata Uhler. Morrilli is a com-
mon species in Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, California and
Mexico. It feeds and breeds commonly on sunflowers, Helianthus
spp. Other specimens at hand bear the food plant labels ebony,
beans, and desert plant.
Corythucha contract Osborn and Drake.
This is a common insect in Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. I have
numerous specimens from Jefferson (collected by Sim), Colum-
bus, Delaware, Malta and Rockbridge, Ohio. It is also found
throughout the eastern and northeastern part of the United
States. C. parshleyi Gibson is identical and a synonym of con-
tracta O. & D. It has been found feeding and breeding on bass-
wood, walnut, butternut and pecan.
Corythucha seguyi n. sp. (Plate I; Figs. c and c').
Closely allied to C. unifasciata Champion, but distinguished
from it by its larger size, the elytra broader apically, and the



Drawn by MR. W. P. OSBORN.
PLATE I. Fig. a, Corythacia smith n. sp.
Fig. a', Side view of hood and carinae of Corythacia smith n. sp.
Fig. b, Corythucha seguyi n. sp.
Fig. b', Side view of hood and median carina of C. seguyi n. sp.
Fig. c, Corythucha mcelfreshi n. sp.
S Fig. c', Side view of hood and,median carina of C. mcelfreshi n. sp.




distinct cross band near the apex of the elytra. Length, 4.52
mm.; width 3 mm.'
Hood moderately large, constricted slightly back of the middle, not so
strongly deflected as in unifasciata Champ., slightly broader than high,
its length about one and a half times its height. Median carina moderately
arched, with single row of areolae (two or three extra cells at middle),
about one-half as high as hood. Lateral carinae with five or six small cells,
rather widely separated from hood. Costal area with three quite regular
rows of large areolae. Bulbous elevations of elytra moderately large.
Outer margins of elytra and paranota armed with'numerous short spines.
Nervures of elytra, hood and paranota with few spines.
General color above yellowish brown. Areolae mostly hyaline. Two spots
on the paranota, a rather large spot on median carina, part of crest of
hood, most of tumid elevation, and more or less of sutural area brown.
Elytra with a transverse band near the base and another near the tip
brown. Spines with black tips. Body black.
Four specimens, Cochabamba, Bolivia, S. A. Names in honor
of Mr. E. Seguy, who kindly sent the material to me for study.
Types in Paris Museum. Paratypes in my collection. The type
is figured. More specimens may make this species a variety of
C. unifasciata, but at present it seems best to consider it a dis-
tinct species.
Corythucha salicata Gibson.
In a long series of specimens from Oregon, Washington and
Manitoba it is impossible to separate C. drakei Gib. from C.
salicata Gib.; the latter name has priority. The insect feeds on
willow, poplar, apple and alder.
Corythucha mollicula Osborn and Drake,
Numerous specimens at hand from Wisconsin, Michigan and
New York positively connect up C. salicis O. & D. with C. molli-
cula 0. & D. The species is quite variable in color and size; the
hood is also somewhat variable in size and height. Mollicula
and salicis represent the two most extreme forms before me, but
as there are so many intermediate forms, it seems best not to
consider the latter as a variety. The insects breed on various
species of willows and poplars. It has been collected on culti-
vated currants in Montana by Cooley. There are two genera-
tions a year on willow and poplar in the Adirondack Mts., New
York. Winter is spent in the mature state among the leaves and
rubbish on the ground. The insect is a transcontinental species,
extending throughout the northern part of the United States
and southern part of Canada and south along the Atlantic states
to South Carolina (fide Drake) and Florida (fide Osborn).


Parshley has made C. canadensis Parsh. a. synonym of this
Corythucha arcuata var. mali Gibson.
Paratypes and other specimens in the collection of Mr. H. G.
Barber and numerous specimens in my collection indicate C. mali
Gibson to be a good color variety of typical C. arcuata Say. In
the typical form as well as the variety, the size of the insect and
the height of the hood is somewhat variable. The species breeds
on various species of oaks, apple and occasionally on hard and
soft maple.
Corythucha associate Osborn and Drake.
Numerous specimens from Ohio, Tennessee, New York, Mary-
land, New Jersey and Washington, D. C., make C. spinulosa Gib-
son a synonym of this species. The hood is slightly variable in
size and color, but there seems to be no forms indicating good
varieties. Associate 0. & D. is slightly larger and has a more
elevated hood than C. aesculi O. & D. This species and C. pruni
O. & D. have been confused in literature by Gibson with C. fus-
comaculata Stal. The latter has not been taken in eastern United
States, but specimens are at hand from Arizona, Mexico and
Central America. C. fuscomaculata is a very variable species
in size, but structure and color pattern remain almost constant.

The subject of a presidential address is one to which your
retiring president has given much thought and consideration.
Many subjects have presented themselves as being of adequate
potential importance but have for one reason or another been
discarded. The outcome is a very short paper on a topic which,
it seems to me, is very important and of timely interest.
I readily assure you that I appreciate the size of the subject,
and have no other idea in mind than that of presenting for your
consideration my own views and then only for what they may be
If, in the course of this discussion, any of you should gain the
impression that my remarks are tainted with ambiguity or
unjust criticism it will be deeply regretted. Ambiguity or un-
just criticism is very remote from my thoughts. I may criticise,

*Address of the Retiring President, Geo. B. Merrill.


but it will be only for a constructive purpose and the criticism
is justified by the fact, which is deplorable but nevertheless true,
that entomological teaching at the University of Florida has
been conspicuous more by reason of its absence than by its exist-
ence. By entomological training I do not mean hitting a few
high places alone with bare essentials and leaving out the funda-
mentals necessary thereto.
In comparison with modern standards the University of Flor-
ida has, at this time, only an elementary course in Entomology
for the students who attend the Agricultural College. It is not
now for us to consider the reasons for this condition. Suffice it
to say that the greatest cause has been the lack of funds, which
is a common trouble and one for which those in charge of the
University cannot be held responsible. Rather it is for us to
consider what should be done in the matter of encouraging any
plans which might be devised for the extension of the teaching
of entomology in the institution.
Again it will be well to point out that Entomology holds a
major position in the zoological and scientific world and that the
close affiliation or relationship which this great branch of
science holds to the whole field of agriculture and horticulture
is of the greatest importance.
Pray tell me, of what value is it to the farmer to know how
to build up his soil or how to grow large crops, if he does not
know how to guard these crops or how to identify and deal with
the insect in question? If this is of importance to the farmer
himself, how much more so must it be to the man from whom
the farmer seeks advice, namely, the County Agent? Certainly
this adviser should possess something more than a mere super-
ficial acquaintance with insects. To be really successful he must
be "put through the mill" and made to know insects in a very
intimate way.
Where is the County Agent to obtain this knowledge? No-
where but in an Agricultural College where he can have the best
of instruction, adequate laboratory equipment and good natural
surroundings for extensive field work and experiments.
The necessity for a thorough working knowledge of Ento-
mology is by no means restricted to the two above mentioned
groups, i. e. the farmer and his local adviser. There are many
fields of opportunity open to graduates in Entomology. Varied
investigational and teaching problems seek men and few there
(Continued on page 58)

Official Organ of The Florida Entomological Society, Gainesville,

PROFESSOR J. R. WATSON -......-...-...-..---...--............................Editor
DR. WILMON NEWELL ....--...... --.....--........ -----------Associate Editor
DR. E. W. BERGE-----........--....-........-------...-...Business Manager
Issued once every three months. Free to all members of the
Subscription price to non-members is $1.00 per year in ad-
vance; 25 cents per copy.

Honeybees, like everything else, have their troubles. Some-
times it is a lack of care on the part of their owners, but more
frequently there are pests and enemies such as bee diseases,
moths or wax worms, wild animals and ants, which make raids
upon the colonies from time to time.
One of the most serious pests, especially in tropical and sub-
tropical countries, are ants. The small black fire ant, the giant
red ant and the wood ant frequently attack colonies of bees and
sometimes destroy them entirely before the beekeeper discovers
A very striking incident of this nature was brought to the
writer's attention several months ago when a large apiary on
Biscayne Key, in Dade County, was attacked and seriously rav-
aged by the large red ant (Camponotus abdominalis, Fab.).
On this key or island, lying four or five miles off the mainland
and across Biscayne Bay from Miami, ,Mr. C. E. Bartholomew
was engaged in beekeeping and was operating some eight or
nine hundred colonies of bees. The honey plants on this par-
ticular key are varied and many; shrubs and other plants such
as mangrove, sumac, palms of many kinds, especially the scrub
palmetto, are found in abundance. In and around the base of
the scrub palmettoes many colonies of these red ants had made
their homes, evidently attracted by the nectar produced by the
blossoms of the palmetto and by the trash and litter commonly
found around these plants.
These ants very soon discovered the whereabouts of the apiary
and began to make nightly raids upon different colonies of bees.


Mr. Bartholomew at once began to combat these ants by the
use of all methods known. For instance, the hives were placed
on stands several inches above the ground and the legs or sup-
ports of these stands placed in cans containing water and oil.
However, this procedure did not prove successful, for the ants
would carry small particles of trash and sand and would bridge
across the water in the cans and thereby gain entrance to the
hives, where they would not only carry away the honey stored
by the bees but would kill and feed upon the bee larvae. They
would then back up into the empty cells of the honey comb with
their heads at the entrances and bite off the legs and wings of
the bees as they passed over, and otherwise worried and annoyed
the bees until they left the hive. During one night these red
ants completely cleaned out and destroyed as many as thirty-
seven colonies, and during a period of a few weeks something
over two hundred colonies of bees were destroyed.
An attempt was made to hunt up the nests of the ants and
to destroy them with gasoline, but there were too many so that
this remedy was impracticable. "Tanglefoot" was placed around
the legs of the stands, but this three inch band of "tanglefoot"
was successful only for a short time as the ants soon learned to
cross over it.
Corrosive sublimate, mixed with axle grease and painted on
the legs of the stands, was tried. This method was at first suc-
cessful, for the ants would approach, examine it and then scam-
per off back to the scrub palmettoes; they would not linger a
moment. But in about two weeks they became used to it and
would wade right across it, wet or dry, paying no attention what-
ever to it. However, this method may be quite successful where
the ants in the surrounding neighborhood are less plentiful.
Pans were then filled with oil distillatee) and the legs of the
stands placed in the pans. This was satisfactory in so far as
the pans and oil were concerned, as no ants succeeded in crossing,
but they required constant attention to see that there was always
oil in the pans and that no weeds or grass grew against the
stands to serve as bridges for the ants. Seven colonies were lost
where a single blade of grass came in contact with the stands
so as to bridge the pans.
So it seemed that no means could be provided to control the
ants as every method used by beekeepers elsewhere had been
tried out and failed.
It became apparent that some other scheme must be tried in


order to save the apiary. Luckily, on this island, it is possible
to get tide-water at a depth of about three feet, so a moat about
two feet wide and four feet deep was dug all around the apiary,
and when this ditch was kept clean from trash it gave perfect
protection. The ditching, however, did not prove entirely infal-
lible, for four colonies were lost on account of a bridge across
the moat made by a sweet-brier vine.

(Continued from page 55)
are who are competent to respond to these calls. Federal and
state governments offer work of a more or less attractive nature,
especially in plant quarantine departments, and those available
for this class of work are fewer than the demand. Right here
in Florida, for example, the State Plant Board and other agri-
cultural agencies find much difficulty in maintaining a high
degree of efficiency in their personnel, and if there is to be any
great expansion we will have to go outside of the State to replen-
ish our forces instead of being able to secure good material from
our own state. This is not as it should be and reflects upon us.
The University of Florida should be turning out men fit to
successfully cope with graduates of other institutions of like
nature in their chosen entomological profession, whether it be
for agricultural or horticultural work, teaching, advising, po-
licing or any of the related commercial lines. It impresses me
that this applies more particularly to those men leaving the
College of Agriculture than to any of the other colleges for,
after all, Florida is essentially an agricultural and horticultural
state. The College of Agriculture should rank favorably with
or exceed the great institutions of similar nature in other states.
Its entomological work should be materially strengthened. There
are vast opportunities here for the development of a Department
of Entomology which are almost unparalleled in these United
States. Our State College of Agriculture should not only be a
Mecca for young students just beginning collegiate work but for
advanced students as well. I am only too well aware that to
accomplish such a great project will require time, patience and
last, but not least, money. However, this is no reason why we
should not look to the future, make suitable plans and then try
to accomplish them, even though the beginnings be small.
The speaker has been informed that the budget which has


been prepared outlining the desired activities of the College of
Agriculture for the coming two years supports an item providing
for the expansion of entomological teaching. Let us all hope
that these plans will mature. But-and this is the great point
I wish to make-even though the sought-for appropriations are
not made, that is no reason why the College of Agriculture
should not undertake 'to give more concentrated attention and
more courses in entomology than has been the case in the past.
I would not wish to be understood as meaning that these appro-
priations are not needed. The appropriations should be made
and pressure brought to bear if the College of Agriculture wishes
to develop and maintain its prestige among those of other states.
Just above I spoke of small beginnings, and I wish now to cite
such an example which started with a mere active interest on the
part of a few individuals and developed into such magnitude that
the whole University and others on the campus are proud of it.
I refer to the course in beekeeping given to the vocational stu-
dents. There is one thing lacking, however, in this course, and
that was brought rather acutely to the foreground recently,
when, in conjunction with the beekeeping course, a noted edu-
cator desired that the vocational students should have a course
in Entomology. Some of you know the circumstances of this
and realize what it means to the growth of the College of Agri-
There is no desire to minimize the great necessity for the
appropriation as provided for in this budget. Indeed, it is, at
the least, very modest when considered in connection with the
provisions made in other states for like purposes and where less
need for it exists. Assuming that the appropriation is made, it
must be apparent that the course can be greatly strengthened
and expanded if judicious use is made of the entomological
"talent" already on the campus. It may be surprising to know
that there are eight or nine entomologically trained men from
as many universities or colleges of the country working on the
campus. These men are not primarily engaged in teaching but
the majority, nevertheless, are. competent to teach the subject
and give the College of Agriculture the prestige it needs to com-
pete entomologically with other states.
It will be unfortunate if the appropriation is not made and it
will be more so if we do not all try to do something more than
to sit down and leave the responsibility upon the other fellow.
Let us get together and do our little bit toward putting the


budget over, thus securing for the University and especially for
the College of Agriculture ample funds with which to carry for-
ward and upward the expansion necessary for the benefit of the
agricultural and horticultural interests of the State and Nation.


Jan. 24. Meeting called to order at 4:30 in Language Hall,
President Merrill in the chair. New members elected were
A. H. Beyer of the Experiment Station, S. H. Roundtree, Bu-
reau of Entomology, U. S. D. A., Macclenny, Fla., and J. L.
Lazonby, of the State Plant Board, Gainesville.
Professor Herbert Osborn was elected an honorary member
of the Society.
This being the annual meeting for the election of officers the
following were elected: President, Prof. J. R. Watson; Vice-
President, P. W. Fattig; Secretary, Jeff Chaffin; Treasurer,
E. W. Berger; Member of the Executive Committee, 0. F.
Burger. The staff of the Florida Entomologist was re-elected.
It was moved and passed that the President appoint a commit-
tee of three, he to act as one, to solicit new members and assist
the Treasurer in collecting dues. Messrs. F. M. O'Byrne and
Frank Stirling were appointed. Under "Timely Notes" Mr.
Stirling reported the recent destruction of over two hundred
colonies of honey bees on Biscayne Key by ants (Camponotus
abdominalis floridanus), thirty-seven colonies being destroyed
in one night.

Feb. 28. Meeting called to order in the usual place and hour
by President Watson. Members present: Newell, Berger,
O'Byrne, Montgomery, Burger, Stirling, Merrill, Reese, Beyer,
Lazonby, and Chaffin. It was moved and passed that the Presi-
dent increase the committee on membership from three to five.
Messrs. B. F. Floyd and W. W. Others, of Orlando, were
The paper of the evening was the address of the retiring
president, Geo. B. Merrill, on the "Needs of Entomological
Instruction at the University of Florida." The address was
heartily endorsed by the Society and it was moved and passed
that it be published in the next issue of the FLORIDA ENTOMOLO-


GIST. It was moved and passed that the Society endorse the
proposed budget for the University of Florida.

March 28. Society called to.order at 4:30 P. M., President
Watson in the chair. The paper of the evening was "Bumble
Bees" by Prof. P. W. Fattig. His talk was very interesting
and highly appreciated by the Society. Professor Fattig also
showed a lot of insects that mimic bumble bees in their appear-
ance. How nearly certain robber-flies look like bumble bees
was certainly a surprise. Under "Timely Notes" Prof. Watson
exhibited some specimens of a large black thrips, Idolothrips
fuscipes, recently captured near Gainesville. This is the third
record of the capture of this insect, always on dry leaves.
J. CHAFFIN, Secretary.

On the evening of January 17, the Society held a smoker in
honor of Professor Herbert Osborn, who is spending the win-
ter in Florida. The smoker was held in the office of the
Nursery Inspector in Language Hall, with upwards of forty
members and invited guests present. Dean Wilmon Newell
acted as toastmaster and a very enjoyable evening was spent.

Among those present at the meeting of the Farm Bureau in
Gainesville on March 11 and 12 were Mr. DeBusk of Tavares,
C. D. Kime of Orlando, and Frank Merrim of Dade City.
News has just reached us of the marriage last May of Mr.
Eli K. Bynum, now inspector of the State Plant Board of Mis-
sissippi, located at Ocean Springs, Miss.
County Agents DeBusk of Lake County, Alfred Warren of
St. Lucie, and K. E. Bragdon of Brevard are cooperating with
the Department of Entomology of the Experiment Station in
experiments in spraying for the control of thrips on citrus.
Arthur C. Mason of the U. S. Ent. Laboratory at Orlando,
who recently underwent an operation for appendicitis, has re-
turned to the laboratory.
On the evening of March 18, Dr. Davis addressed the
Athenaeum Club at the University on the "Resources of Florida
Mr. J. C. Hamlin, who is employed by the Prickley Pear
Board of the Commonwealth of Ausralia to collect for export


to Australia insects and fungus diseases which give promise of
being of value in their fight against this great cactus pest of
Australia, has been searching for such material about Gaines-
ville and Miami.
Mr. U. C. Loftin has resigned from the Bureau of Entomology
to accept a very attractive offer as entomologist to a cotton
growing company operating in the Laguna district of Mexico.
A course in Bee Keeping is being given by Mr. Frank Stir-
ling to the vocational students in agriculture. Sixty students
are now enrolled.
Mr. J. E. Graf is now in charge of the field work for the
Bureau of Entomology on the Mexican Bean Weevil. In Special
Report No. 3 (March 22) it is stated that at Birmingham, Ala.,
at least 20 per cent of the beetles have successfully passed thru
hibernation, indicating a heavy infestation for the coming year
and a widespread extension of the range which may reach well
into Georgia and Tennessee.

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