STATE PLANT BOARD
Official Organ of the Florida Entomological Society
VOL. V WINTER NUMBER No. 3
ON SOME NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICAN TINGIDAE
By CARL J. DRAKE
Corythucha baccharidis n. sp.
Antennae clothed with a few long hairs. Rostrum reaching almost to the
end of the rostral sulcus. Pronotum with the lateral carinae short, curved,
strongly raised, each composed of two cells and terminating about equi-
distant from the hood and median carina; median carina strongly elevated
anteriorly, rather short, not quite half as long as the hood, its height a
little more than half its length, composed of five or six cells (two rows
anteriorly). Paranota with the reticulations smaller than those of the
hood, the outer margins armed with a double row of spines (extra sub-
marginal row as in C. mcelfreshi). Hood prominent, broad, moderately
elevated, slightly constricted at the middle, not strongly narrowed ante-
riorly, slightly broader than high, the width about seven-tenths of the
length. Costal margins of the elytra slightly incurved or nearly straight,
the spines moderately long and extending to the basal third. Tumid eleva-
tions of elytra large and rounded; costal area largely triseriate (two to
three rows of areolae). Length (male), 4.1 mm.; width, 2.8 mm. The
female is a little larger and broader than the male.
General color yellowish white, the fuscous markings more prominent than
in C. mcelfreshi. Most of the nervelets of the hood, save sides of anterior
portion, a large spot on median carina, a spot on the tumid elevation, part
of sutural area, and the basal and apical cross-bands of elytra fuscous. The
apical band has a rather broad hyaline streak and forms almost a double
cross-band. Areolae hyaline, partly clouded in the fuscous areas. Body
beneath dark reddish brown or black.
Several specimens, collected on Baccharis sp. at Paradise Keys,
Fla., Feb., by Dr. E. A. Schwarz; one specimen, Miami, Fla.,
Aug. 2, 1902, by Mr. Russell. Type (male, Nat. Mus., No.
25,183), Paradise Keys, Feb. 19, E. A. Schwarz. The paratypes
*Contributions from the Department of Entomology, New York State
College of Forestry, Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y., No. 37.
We recommend the goods advertised in The Florida Ento-
mologist. Please mention Entomologist when you write our
38 THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST
show considerable variation in color. In general appearance
and color, the species closely resembles C. mcelfreshi Drake
(type and 3 other specimens before me), but readily separated
from it by the much shorter lateral carinae, less constricted hood,
larger tumid elevation of the elytra, shorter median carina and
triangular process of pronotum, and the more prominent color
Leptostyla malpigheae n. sp.
Akin to L. tumida Champion, but easily distinguished by its
much smaller and less elevated hood and the median carina.
Length, 3.91 mm.; width, 1.85 mm.
Antennae long and slender; first segment a little longer than the fourth
and almost three and a half times the length of the second; third segment
long, three and two-thirds times the length of the fourth. Head with five
rather long slender spines, the anterior spines (especially median) usually
longer than the latero-posterior ones. Rostrum reaching almost to the end
of rostral sulcus, the rostral laminae strongly elevated. Hood moderately
large, very much smaller than in tumida; the anterior margin of head, the
tips of the spines and the entire triangular portion of pronotum not con-
cealed by the hood; the length almost three times its height. Median carina
slightly shorter than hood and almost as highly elevated, the length a little
greater than its height, strongly and angularly raised slightly in front of
the middle (two to three rows of cells). Lateral carinae very short, each
composed of a long triangular cell. Paranota greatly dilated, recurved and
rounded, with four rows of areolae at widest part; the areolae large. Elytra
moderately elongate, narrow at the base, widening distally, very similar to
tumida; costal area with one row of areolae at the base, increasing to three
or four at the middle, the areolae large; subcostal area mostly biseriate,
usually one row at the base, discoidal area short, rather broad, with three
rows of areolae, the anterior side more strongly raised.
General color testaceous, the areolae iridescent and hyaline. Median
spine on the head, a spot on median carina, and an oblique fascia, slightly
rounded and occupying two depressed rows of areolae on elytra, fuscous.
Marginal nervures of paranota and some of the nervelets along the margin
of costal area fuscous. -Legs and antennae testaceous, the tips of tarsi and
(usually) inner side of first antennal segment infuscated.
Many nymphs and several adults, taken on Malpigea urens
Linn. at San Diego de los Bano, Pinar del Rio, Cuba, by John-
ston Ballon, March 27, 1921. Type (male) No. 25,184 U. S.
N. M. This insect is also somewhat allied to L. mcelfreshi Drake
from Hayti, but the latter is much larger, and differs greatly in
the structure of the hood, paranota, carinae and elytra.
Megalocysta champion n. sp.
.Readily separated from M. pellucida Champion by its much
smaller, less elevated hood (not covering any part of triangular
process), broader paranota and well developed carinae. Length,
6.57 mm.; width, 3.7 mm.
Antennae rather long, the third segment three and a half times the
length of the fourth. Pronotum tricarinate, the lateral and median carinae
well developed, the former diverging posteriorly. Paranota moderately wide,
rounded, biseriate, the areolae rather large. Bucculae not contiguous in
front. Hood moderately large, not covering the anterior portion of the
head nor any part of the triangular process of pronotum, the length about
twice its height, the areolae very large and irregular. Elytra faintly con-
stricted a little beyond the middle, broadly rounded at the tips; costal area
from three to four seriate at the widest part, the areolae large and irregu-
larly arranged; subcostal area mostly triseriate, the discoidal area raised,
with four rows of areolae at widest part, the areolae about equal in size to
those of subcostal area. The nervures of hood, paranota and elytra are
large and much coarser than in pellucida.
General color yellowish brown, with a few fuscous markings. Areolae
of hood fuscous, non-transparent. Legs and antennae yellowish brown, the
tips of tarsi and apical segments of the latter dark fuscous. Paranota and
elytra with the areolae mostly hyaline (a few cells near the apex of the
elytra partly clouded), some of the nervelets partly fuscous. Body beneath
dark yellowish brown.
One specimen, a female, from Brazil. Type in my collection.
This species somewhat modifies the generic description of Mega-
locysta Champion, the bucculae being either closed (pellucida)
or open championni. The lateral carina, omitted in the original
description, are only slightly developed and are entirely covered
by the hood. Specimens of pellucida from Panama (collected
by Dr. E. A. Schwarz) differ from the original description, and
a cotype before me, in having the paranota partly biseriate and
lateral carinae slightly more developed. Named in honor of Dr.
G. C. Champion, who founded the genus.
Galeatus schwarzi n. sp. (Fig. 1)
Very distinct and readily separated from G. peckhami Ashm.
by its much smaller size, the much larger hood and more strongly
inflated posterior triangular portion of pronotum and differently
formed paranota. Length, 2.95 mm.; width, 1.22 mm.
Head armed with long, rather stout, blunt spines; two anterior spines,
one on each side of median line porrect or with the tips more or less con-
verging; median and latero-posterior spines appressed closely to the head.
Antennae slender, rather long, the first segment about twice the length of
the second; third segment slightly curved, one and a half times the length
of fourth, the latter clothed with numerous fine hairs. Rostrum reaching
to the end of rostral sulcus. Pronotum smooth, slightly shining, not very
closely punctured, tricarinate; lateral carinae very short, each composed
of a single, flap-like cell; median carina very strongly foliaceous, short,
about half as long as the head, connected with the median nervure of the
THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST
latter near the middle and extending upward to join the median nervure
of the inflated posterior portion of pronotum near the crest, composed of
two long cells, the anterior cell very narrow. Hood large, the greatest
height, length and width about equal, extending a little in front of, the
head, with a distinctly impressed area in front, the areolae large and mi-
nutely sculptured. Inflated posterior portion of pronotum large, about as
high as the hood, the areolae large and minutely sculptured. Paranota
strongly reflexed, short, its height noticeably less than that of the hood,
composed of four very wide and short areolae and one long narrow areola
in front of the others. Elytra much longer than the pronotum, slightly
constricted beyond the middle, the areolae very large; costal area uniseri-
ate, with an extra triangular cell at the constriction, subcostal area uni-
seriate. Wing considerably longer than the abdomen.
Fig. 1-Galeatus Schwarzi Drake.
General color fuscous-brown. Nervures of lacy portions brown and
somewhat infuscated, some of the areolae slightly smoky and cloudy. Legs
and antennae lighter, the tip of the latter fuscous.
Two females and a male, collected at Paraiso, Canal Zone,
Panama, Jan. 21, 22 and 23, 1911, by Dr. E. A. Schwarz. The
specimens are all macropterous; type (female, Jan. 23) No.
25,151 U. S. N. M. This species has the general appearance of
Dicysta Champ. but the very large cell readily distinguishes it
from the members of that genus.
Gargaphia mexicana n. sp.
Differing from G. amorphae Walsh and G. tiliae Walsh in the
angularly expanded paranota, the somewhat cone-shaped hood
and the more strongly raised point (occupying two cells a little
in front of the middle) of the median carina. Length, 4.15 mm.;
width, 2 mm.
Antennae long, clothed with numerous long hairs; first segment two and
a half times as long as the second; third segment very slender, two and
a third times as long as the fourth, the latter a little longer than the first.
and second conjoined. Rostrum reaching almost to the end of rostral sulcus,
the rostral laminae strongly elevated. Paranota angularly expanded, with
four rows of areolae at its widest part. Hood somewhat conical, moderately
elevated. Carinae rather strongly elevated, each composed of a single row
of rather large areolae; median carina with a strongly raised arched place
a little in front of the middle (much more so than in tiliae or amorphae).
Costal area of the elytra with four rows of areolae at the widest place;
subcostal area biseriate; discoidal area with four rows of areolae at widest
part, not quite so broadly expanded at the apex as in amorphae. Paranota,
carinae, pronotum moderately hairy. Basal portion of elytra sparsely hairy.
Antennae and legs brownish, the tarsi and fourth antennal segments
black. Head and eyes black, the spines brown or testaceous. Thorax be-
neath black, the rostral laminae and bucculae yellovyish brown. Abdomen
beneath reddish brown to nearly black. Hood, carinae and elytra testa-
ceous, four or five oblique nervures of the latter and a small spical spot
in discoidal area brown or fuscous. Pronotum blackish.
One female and three male specimens, taken at Tampico
(xii-5) and Tamos (xii-7-09) Mexico, by F. C. Bishop. Type
No. 25,187 U. S. N. M. (female) from Tampico, Mexico.
Gargaphia tiliae Walsh
This species is identical with G. fasciata Stal from Illinois.
Gibson, Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc., XLV, 1919, p. 191,196, has
erroneously treated fasciata Stal (specimens from Alabama det.
fasciata by Champion) and the latter cannot be given specific
rank. Tiliae is a rather variable species in size, length of spines
on the head and color of elytra. In many specimens there is no
darkening of the nervures (forming a transverse fascia) of the
elytra. The costal and subcostal areas are variable in size and
number of rows of areolae.
Gargaphia munda Stal
This is a common and widely distributed species in South
America. Leptostyla lineifera Walker (fide Blair of British
Museum) is a synonym of munda. G. magna Gibson is a very
closely related species.
Gargaphia condensa Gibson
G. condensa Gibson and G. carinata Gibson are identical and
were described from the same series of specimens from Santa
Rita Mountains, Arizona. Condensa is very closely related to
G. iridenscens Champion.
THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST
Acanthocheila kahavalu Kirkaldy
In the Kirkaldy Collection, National Museum, Washington,
D. C., there is one example of this insect from Challanga, Peru,
labeled "type" and I designate this specimen as the type (Nat.
Mus. No. 25,152) of the species. I have also examined the fol-
lowing specimens from Bolivia; two from Cochabamba, one from
Marcapata and three from Pachitea.
Leptodictya leinahoni Kirkaldy
The genus Hanuala of Kirkaldy, Bull. Soc. Ent., France, 1905,
p. 216, is identical with the genus Leptodictya of Stal and, as
the latter has priority, leinahoni should be transferred to this
genus. In the Kirkaldy Collection (Nat. Mus.) there is a single
specimen from Mapiri, Bolivia, labeled "type", which I designate
as the type (No. 25,062 U. S. N. M.) of the species. I have also
examined specimens from Peru (Cozoo, Coll. Gay) and Bolivia
(two from Mapiri, one from Lopax (Yungas), and ten from
Acvsta brasiliensis n. sp.
Very distinct and distinguished at once from the known spe-
cies of the genus by the biseriate costal area and the very narrow
carina-like paranota. The head is armed with five spines, the
antero-lateral ones short and projecting forward. Length, 4.3
mm.; width, 2.1 mm.
Antennae slender, rather long, the third segment two and a half times
the length of the fourth. Rostrum reaching to the meso-metasternal su-
ture. Head short, very sparsely pubescent. Pronotum coarsely punctured,
narrowed anteriorly, moderately clothed with rather long, fine pubescence,
tricarinate, the lateral carinae present only on the posterior portion of the
pronotum, the median carina very distinct and prominent. Paranota very
narrow, extending along the entire margin of pronotum, composed of a
single row of very tiny areolae, the posterior two or three cells a little
larger than the others. Elytra very sparsely and finely pubescent, consid-
erably longer than the abdomen, each elytron with two raised prominent
laterally compressed, point-like structures; costal area uniformly biseriate,
the areolae rather large and mostly pentagonal; subcostal area with four
rows of areolae; discoidal area very distinct, with four to five rows of
areolae at its widest part, and areolae of discoidal and subcostal areas small
and subequal in size; sutural area broad, the areolae becoming larger
distally. Wings a little longer than the abdomen. Male claspers large and
Color: Head black, the spines testaceous. Eyes reddish or black. An-
tennae testaceous, the spical segment fuscous. Pronotum dark brown, the
paranota, collum and posterior portion of triangular process, and the
median carina, except central portion, testaceous. Elytra testaceous, the
four prominent raised point-like structures brown with fuscous tips, a large
spot in discoidal area, and a slightly smaller one (just opposite) in subcostal
area, brown. These two spots, formed by embrowned nervures, form an
irregular transverse fascia, extending from the costal area to the inner
margin of discoidal area thru the raised point-like protuberance. Body
beneath dark brown or blackish, the abdomen more or less tinged with red.
Type (female) No. 25,185 U. S. N. M. from Para, Brazil, col-
lected by C. F. Baker. Some of the paratypes have the paranota,
lateral carinae and most of the median carinae dark brown like
the pronotum. One specimen has the subcostal area composed
largely of four rows of areolae instead of three.
Leptoypha morrisoni n. sp.
Somewhat akin to L. binotata Champ., but readily separated
from it and from allied forms occurring in the United States
by the narrow, uniseriate subcostal area; the costal area is ex-
tremely narrow and strongly reflexed, carina-like, the areolae
very tiny and mostly indistinct.
Elongate and narrow. Head smooth, somewhat shining, the latero-pos-
terior spines short and the three anterior spines wanting. Rostrum reach-
ing a little beyond the meso-metasternal suture. Antennae rather long,
moderately stout; first segment a little shorter and slightly thicker than the
second, the latter slightly enlarged towards the tip; third segment slightly
curved, almost two and one-third times as long as the fourth, the latter
slightly more than twice as long as the first and second conjoined. Pro-
notum rather coarsely punctured, the lateral carinae wanting, the median
carina distinct but only faintly raised. Elytra elongate, widest at a little
beyond the base, faintly constricted beyond the middle; discoidal area broad,
with about eight or nine rows of areolae at its widest part, the areolae of
subcostal and discoidal areas about equal in size; sutural area broad, the
areolae becoming larger distally. The pronotum (except disc), especially
the posterior triangular portion, moderately and finely pubescent, the pu-
bescence on the elytra rather sparse.
General color brownish. Antennae brown, the first, second and distal
two-thirds of fourth segments infuscated. Pronotum reddish brown, the
collum and apex of triangular process lighter, the deeply impressed calli
black. Elytra brown or yellowish brown, with numerous veins in sutural
area, and usually a large spot near the middle and another smaller one near
the apex of discoidal area fuscous. Eyes reddish or black. Body beneath
dark brown or blackish, sometimes slightly tinged with red.
Length (male) 3.11 mm.; width 1.05 mm. The female is more
robust, larger, and the fuscous markings are not as prominent.
Described from 3 males and one female, the latter with the head
San Pedro de Macoris, Rep. Dom., W. I., collected July 15, 1917,
by Mr. Harold Morrison. Type (male) No. 25,150 U. S. N. M.
This species is named in honor of Mr. Harold Morrison, who has
(Continued on page 48)
Official Organ of The Florida Entomological Society, Gainesville,
PROFESSOR J. R. WATSON ---........-- ............................................ Editor
DR. WILMON NEWELL..---.........---......--.--.--.....-...--Associate Editor
DR. E. W. BERGER.--....--...........--.......................Business Manager
Issued once every three months. Free to all members of the
Subscription price to non-members is $1.00 per year in ad-
vance; 25 cents per copy.
"LITTLE GATEWAYS TO SCIENCE."-We trust that all who
have received the previous issue of the Entomologist have or-
dered copies of "Hexapod Stories" and "Bird Stories," published
by the Atlantic Monthly Press, Boston, Mass. The author of
these two books, Miss Edith M. Patch, is one of only a few lady
entomologists in America and we are glad to advertise her books.
We hope that the membership of the Florida Entomological
Society and subscribers to the Entomologist will respond hear-
tily. Prices, postpaid, are 90 cents and $1.00, respectively.
THE TORONTO MEETING.-The editor has just returned from
the meeting of the Am. Ass. for the Advancement of Science at
Toronto. Meeting with the Association, as usual, were the
American Entomological Society and the Am. Association of
Economic Entomologists. Some papers on entomological sub-
jects were read at the meetings of the Ecological Society of
America which also held one joint meeting with the entomolo-
gists as did also the phytopathologists. The meeting was quite
successful, over 1800 being in attendance, and favored with very
mild weather. Other members of our Society in attendance were
Prof. Herbert Osborn, H. L. Dozier of Ohio State and Dr. Carl J.
Drake of Syracuse, N. Y., and Mr. C. S. Weigel of U. S. Bureau
of Ent. Another former Floridian met was Dr. Sherbakoff of
the Tennessee station.
The Entomologists' dinner on Friday evening was a particu-
larly enjoyable affair. As Toronto was the birthplace and 1921
the 32d anniversary of the formation of the Association of Eco-
nomic Entomologists the addresses were largely of a reminiscent
nature. The circumstances of the founding of the Association
were recounted by some of the "old imagoes" for the benefit of
the "second instar nymphs." A "nymph," a lepidopterist, was
heard to observe that some of the imagoess" seemed to be badly
As retiring president of the A. A. A. S. Dr. Howard on
Tuesday evening gave a stimulating address on the "War
Against Insects." His theme was that insects were struggling
with man for the mastery of the earth and that it behooved man
to be on the alert lest the issue of the war be against him. His
address has been printed in Science. Prof. Wm. Bateson of
England lectured to the Association on Wednesday evening. He
took the position that while the principle of evolution was thoroly
established there was still much doubt as to the factors respon-
sible for the origin of species and that Darwin's theory of the
origin of species thru natural selection of small fluctuating vari-
ations had not been proven. Along this same line the zoologists
had much to say about orthogenesis.
The address of the retiring president of the Economic ento-
mologist, Prof. Geo. A. Dean, was on the subject of cooperation.
Prof. Sanders of Pa. was elected president for the Boston meet-
ing next year. It was voted to hold the 1923 meeting in Cincin-
nati and the 1924 meeting in Washington. For the 1925 meeting
a western city, "perhaps Kansas City," was suggested. Space
forbids our noting the many interesting and valuable papers pre-
sented. One was a highly amusing moving picture of the life
history of the ox warbles. This film is owned by the U. S. D. A.
and perhaps could be secured by our county agents.
DUSTING GROVES AT THE RATE OF SIX ACRES PER
Houser Outflies County Agent Briggs
A very interesting and suggestive illustrated paper was given
at the Toronto meeting by Prof. Houser of the Ohio station on
the successful dusting with lead arsenate from an aeroplane of
a grove of catalpa trees infested with the catalpa sphynx. It
was Prof. Houser's contention that, considering the rapidity of
the work, dusting tall trees from an aeroplane might under some
circumstances prove to be the cheapest method in spite of the
high cost of aeroplanes.
How about dusting groves of seedling orange trees for rust
mites? One plane might take care of most of the groves of the
Citrus Exchange for instance. One member remarked that ento-
mologists must now substitute for their timt-honored slogan
adopted from the ministry "Let us spray," one adopted from the
housewife, "Get up and dust."
THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST
MYCODIPLOSIS MOZNETTEI n. sp.
By E. P: Felt, Albany, N. Y.
The small midges described below were received from Mr.
G. F. Moznette of the Federal Bureau of Entomology accom-
panied by the statement that they were reared from the pyriform
scale, Pulvinaria pyriformis Ckll., as many as three individuals
being reared from one scale insect. The larvae devour the eggs
of the female scale and when full grown construct small cocoons
underneath the scale of the host. One slide containing a number
of females was labelled Miami, Fla., November 26, 1921, G. F.
Moznette, Avocado. The other slide bears the date of Decem-
ber 2, 1921, and similar information.
The species appears to be closely related to three other pre-
daceous forms in this genus, namely, M. acarivora Felt, M. cocci-
divora Felt and M. pulvinariae Felt, from all of which it is eas-
ily separated by the distinctly shorter stems of the male flagellate
Male: Length 1.25 mm. Antennae a little longer than the
body, thickly haired, probably yellowish brown, 14 segments,
the fifth with the stems each with a length one half greater than
the diameter, terminal segment, basal enlargement roundly disk.
shape, the basal portion of the stem short, the distal enlarge-
ment broad, broadly rounded, obtuse apically: Palpi, first seg-
ment subquadrate, the second with a length about twice its di-
ameter, the third more slender; body and halteres probably pale
yellowish; legs probably pale straw; Genitalia, basal clasp seg-
ment moderately stout; terminal clasp segment about one half
the length of the basal clasp segment, moderately stout, dorsal
plate longer, deeply and narrowly emarginate, the lobes broadly
rounded; the ventral plate long, broadly rounded apically.
Female: Length 2 mm. Antennae about three fourths the
length of the body; sparsely haired, probably pale straw, four-
teen sub-sessile segments, the fifth with a stem one fourth the
length of the cylindric basal enlargement which latter has a
length two and a half times its diameter; terminal segment with
a length three times its diameter and apically a short, obtuse
process; palpi nearly as in the male; body "pinkish"; halteres
presumably pale yellowish; the legs probably pale straw; ovi-
postor about one fourth the length of the abdomen, stout, the
lobes broadly rounded apically.
Type Cecid. A. 3217, N. Y. State Museum.
FLORIDA LOSES DR. DAVIS
Dr. H. S. Davis, Professor of Zoology, including entomology,,
at the University and a charter member of our society, has.
resigned to accept a position with the Bureau of Fisheries. Dr..
Davis is an authority on the protozoan diseases of fishes and has;
been spending his summer vacations with the Bureau for many
Dr. Davis is a fine teacher and the University and our Society
will miss him greatly. He will reside in Washington. His place
will be taken by Dr. J. S. Rogers, a graduate of the University
of Michigan, now teaching in Grinnell, Ia.
Science Hall, Nov. 28, 1921.
The regular monthly meeting of the Florida Entomological
Society was called to order at 4:30 P. M., President Watson in
the chair. Members present: Lord, Cody, Newell, O'Byrne,
Montgomery, Burger, Merrill, Goodwin, Lazonby, Stirling,
Beyer, Davis and Chaffin.
SApplication of Miss Miller of Eustis for membership was:
received and she was duly elected.
It was moved and passed that a Committee of three be ap-
pointed to confer with a similar committee of the Horticultural
Seminar, as to the advisability of a fusion of the two societies.
or an arrangement for joint meetings. Dr. J. H. Montgomery,
Dr. O. F. Burger and Dr. E. W. Berger were appointed on the
committee. The committee was instructed to report at next reg-
It was moved and passed that the society give Dr. H. S.
Reed of California a smoker when he visits Gainesville next
month, and that this smoker take the place of the regular De-
cember meeting of the society.
The paper of the evening was: "Bean Jassids and Their Con-
trol" by A. H. Beyer. Mr. Beyer illustrated his talk with stere-
opticon views and it was both valuable and interesting, showing
the results of a great deal of careful work, and illustrating the
value of spraying for this insect. He also showed the spraying
attachment that he invented which will thoroughly wet both
sides of the leaves.
There being no further business the society adjourned.
J. CHAFFIN, Secretary.
THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST
SMOKER FOR DR. REED
Dr. H. S. Reed, physiologist of the Citrus Experiment Sta-
tion of California, located at Riverside, California, passed
through Gainesville and was entertained at a joint meeting of
the Entomological Soeiety and the Horticultural Seminar on
Dec. 13. Dr. Reed is spending a part of his sabbatical leave
studying citrus conditions in both North and Central America
and perhaps part of South America. Dr. Reed came to Florida
from Mexico, where he spent four weeks in going over the most
highly developed citrus regions in that country.
Dr. Reed spoke to the two societies on the results of his
experimental work at Riverside, going deeply into the causes of
the development or inertia of buds, a problem which strikes at
the very fundamentals of pruning practice.
While Dr. Reed was in Florida it was made possible for him
through the courtesy of the State Plant Board to visit the dif-
ferent citrus sections of our State, going down the ridge to the
East Coast. He spent a part of his time through the northern
part of the district and a few days in the Pinellas Peninsula.
Before he left the State a letter was received in which he ex-
pressed his appreciation of the kindness shown him while in
the State and also giving his impressions of our citrus section.
There were two things that impressed him very much; first, the
great amount of new groves planted in the last five years, and
secondly, the amount of disease present in all old groves. In
fact, it was his impression that the life of an orange tree in
Florida was limited by disease. Two diseases which he spoke
of as being of the greatest importance in the State were Melan-
ose-Stem-end Rot and Dieback.
Dr. Reed's work in California is studying the effects of prun-
ing on both citrus and deciduous fruit trees. He is making a
quantitative study in groves, and the effects that pruning may
have on the tree if practiced at various seasons throughout the
year. 0. F. BURGER.
ON SOME NORTH AND SOUTH AMERICAN TINGIDAE
(Continued from page 43)
collected many Tingidae and other Hemptera in the West Indies.
Hesperotingis (Melanorophala) duryi confusa new variety.
Differs from M. duryi 0. & D. in having the third antennal segment
strongly swollen towards the apex and the pronotal carinae slightly more
elevated. General color and other characters as in duryi.' Only brachyp-
terous specimens of duryi and var. confusa known. The principal nervures
of the elytra strongly costate and the reticulations extremely irregular in
the variety as well as in the typical form. The third antennal segment in
duryi only very slightly swollen towards the apex. Described from six
specimens (short-winged females), collected at Marfa and Chisos Mts.,
Texas, by Mitchell and Cushman. Type, No. 25,186 U. S. N. M., taken at
Marfa, Texas, June 5, 1908.
This new variety somewhat confuses our conception of the
genera Melanorophala of Stal and Hesperotingis of Parshley.
The tips of the elytra in the brachypterous forms of Stal's species
of Melanorophala-clavata, lurida (obscura Parshley), and uni-
formis-are distinctly divaricate at the apex. If the above spe-
cies were named correctly by Osborn and Drake, it seems quite
probable that lurida may not be more than a variety of clavata,
and uniforms perhaps a synonym of lurida. However, it is
probably best to consider Stal's species distinct until the types
are examined. The short-winged form of M. infuscata Parsh-
ley and the long-winged form of duryi are unknown to the writer.
In short-winged specimens of all the species belonging to the
genus Hesperotingis (specimens' of every described species be-
fore me), as in M. duryi, the elytra are non-divaricate at the
tips. The elytra in the macropterous form of H. illinoiensis
Drake are more broadly rounded at the tips than in similar
specimens of Melanorophala. Thus, the shape of the third seg-
ment of the antennae makes duryi fall in the genus Melano-
rophala and the var. confuse is the genus Hesperotingis. On
account of the non-divaricate wings of M. duryi it is perhaps
advisable to transfer this species to the genus Hesperotingis and
to treat the two genera as distinct until more specimens of duryi
and var. confuse, including the males and long-winged forms, are
secured. The long-winged form of H. antennata Parsh. has been
described by Parshley.
Hesperotingis occidentalis n. sp.
This species is very similar and closely allied to H. illinoiensis
Drake, but easily distinguished from it by the slightly shorter
antennae, the smaller spines on the head, and costal area contains
only one complete and partial series of areolae. Length, 5.1 mm.;
width, 2.23 mm.
Brachypterous form: Third segment of the antennae slightly curved
and a little thicker and more abruptly swollen towards the apex than in
illinoiensis. Paranota parallel, each composed of a single row of small
areolae. Rostrum reaching to the meso-metasternal suture. Costal area
composed of one complete and a partial row of areolae (two rows near the
THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST
base and towards the apex and one row along the middle (greater portion).
Other characters very much like those in illinoiensis.
General color above yellowish brown. Body beneath and legs dark red-
dish brown. Antennae reddish brown, the fourth and almost distal half
of the third segment blackish.
Two specimens. Type (female) from Colorado in my collec-
tion. Paratype (female) labeled "N. W., Uhler Coll." in the
National Museum. The latter specimen has the right antenna
broken. The number of rows of areolae in the costal area will
at once distinguish H. occidentalis from H. infuscata Parshley
from Colorado, also from H. antennata Parshley or H. illinoiensis
Drake., More specimens may make occidentalis a variety of illi-
noiensis, but on account of the slightly more elevated carinae
and the marked difference in costal area it seems best to consider
them as distinct species.
Teleonemia (Cantacader) chiliensis Reed
I have examined specimens of this insect determined by the
late Dr. Carlos E. Reed of Chile and the species belongs to the
group of Teleonemia having the broad costal area. I also have a
specimen from Ocampa, near Santa Fe, Argentine.
Coleopterodes liliputianum Signoret.
The genus Solenostoma of Signoret, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. Ser.
4, 111, 1863, p. 575, erected for S. liliputianum Sign. (1. c., p.
575, pl. XIII, fig. 27), is preoccupied by a genus of fishes-Ra-
finesque, Analyse de la Nature ou Tableau de l'Universe et des
Corps Organises, 1815, p. 90. Hence, the genus Coleopterodes
of Philippi, Stetten. Ent. Zeit., XXV, 1864, p. 306, founded for
C. fuscenscens Phil. (S. liliputianum Sign.) becomes the valid
name for the genus. It is also interesting to note that Latreille,
*1802, used Solenostoma for an order of Acarina and then many
years later Brady and Robertson, 1873, for a genus of Copepoda.
Brady, 1880, substituted Acontiophorus for Solenostoma in the
copepods. As the genus Fistularia of Linnaeus, 1758, has pri-
ority over Solenostoma in the Fishes, the latter has lost out en-
tirely and cannot be made a valid generic name.
FIG. 1. Galeatus schwarzi n. sp.; a, dorsal aspect; b, lateral aspect of
hood and pronotum. Drawn by Mr. W. P. Osborn.
AN APPRECIATIVE NURSERYMAN
On July 20th the Nursery Inspector sent a circular letter to
all the nurserymen in the state, from which we quote the fol-
"Nurserymen in one or two sections of the State have been