Title: Florida Entomologist
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 Material Information
Title: Florida Entomologist
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Florida Entomological Society
Publisher: Florida Entomological Society
Place of Publication: Winter Haven, Fla.
Publication Date: 1943
Copyright Date: 1917
 Subjects
Subject: Florida Entomological Society
Entomology -- Periodicals
Insects -- Florida
Insects -- Florida -- Periodicals
Insects -- Periodicals
 Notes
General Note: Eigenfactor: Florida Entomologist: http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1653/024.092.0401
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Bibliographic ID: UF00098813
Volume ID: VID00257
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: Open Access

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Florida Entomologist
Official Organ of the Florida Entomological Society
VOL. XXV JANUARY, 1943 No. 4

LET'S GET CLOSER TO THE FARMER
K. E. BRAGDON
In order to form a background for the plea embodied in the
subject of this paper a brief description of conditions existing
in a certain area, where the speaker has been working in close
contact with farmers during the past sixteen months, will be
given.
In the area referred to there are about four hundred farmers.
Approximately two-thirds of them are tenants. A majority of
these tenants operate on a share-cropping arrangement whereby
the land owners furnish land-sometimes stumped, but more
often not-fencing, seed, fertilizer and only fair to miserable
living quarters: while the tenants supply draft animals and labor.
At the end of the harvest season the amounts of cash coming to
the tenants for their half of the crops, after all living expenses,
advances, etc., have been met, are generally very small or prac-
tically non-existant. Dissatisfaction with their lot naturally
arises, with consequent migrations from one farm to another
where there may seem to be better prospects: or some quit farm-
ing altogether and seek other kinds of work, particularly in war
industries. In addition to tenants many owners of small farms
find themselves unable to make ends meet, and they too give up
farming. This all contributes to the shortage of farm labor and
the ever-growing certainty of a future food shortage in this na-
tion as a whole. The problem is intensified by the fact that, un-
der the conditions described, the most intelligent farmers are
the most likely to quit and take up industrial work.
One very important cause of these farm failures is the pres-
ence of hordes of devastating insects attacking crops and gar-
dens. Cotton boll wevils, plant bugs, Mexican bean beetles, blis-
ter beetles, Colorado potato beetles, army worms and many others
1 Presidential address delivered before the Florida Entomological So-
ciety at their annual meeting December 11, 1942.









THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST


take their heavy toll. While in this particular area the white-
fringed beetles play havoc with crops on some of the farms, over
the same district as a whole the common plant bugs alone prob-
ably do more actual damage than the much more publicised in-
sects. Plant bugs not only attack a wide variety of growing
plants and fruits, but even enter peanut stacks in the field and
suck juices from the nuts while they are curing, thus reducing
the oil content. Graders at warehouses have stated that many
tons of peanuts have been so reduced in grade by the work of
these pilfering fifth columnists that the farmers have suffered
very severe losses. So has the nation. The cotton boll weevil has
been present for many years, but their toll has been taken largely
unhindered by any systematic attempts to administer poisons:
and the result is a very low average production per acre. Snap
beans and butter beans are in many instances wiped out by Mexi-
can bean beetles, while the Colorado potato beetles play havoc
with Irish potatoes: and the pumpkin bugs join the last two, and
many others, in completing the wreck of many vegetables in the
home gardens so badly needed to supplement the diet of families
who, at best, do not enjoy a very high standard of living.
A large number of the farmers lack the knowledge and edu-
cation to take full advantage of the present facilities available
for their assistance. Many of them read no newspapers or farm
journals. County agents are so swamped with problems piled
upon them by various governmental agencies during the last dec-
ade, that any great number of personal contacts with the farmers
in their fields has become almost impossible. Some excellent
bulletins have been published by state and Federal departments,
but surprisingly few of them reach the hands of those needing
them; and even when they do many of the farmers cannot under-
stand them. If one finally digs out the information as to the
material to be used for a certain pest on a particular host plant,
he will often fail to find the article for sale in his locality. The
manufacturers of insecticides add further confusion by putting
too much emphasis on pet trade names rather than making clear
just what the contents of the packages really are. It is true that
most states require the analyses of contents to be printed on the
labels, but the type is usually very small and the names of the in-
gredients are often not understood by the purchasers or by the
clerks making the sales. Frequently prepared insecticides are
combinations of two or more substances; and when only one is









VOL. XXV-No. 4


actually needed the others dilute the material wanted and add to
the cost.
While the conditions mentioned have been observed over a
strictly limited area in this state, no doubt they will apply in a
general way to a considerable part of Florida, as well as to large
portions of neighboring states.
It seems to the speaker that the problems of general farmers
have not received as much attention from entomologists as has
been given to those of others engaged in more specialized forms
of agriculture. This is due in part, no doubt, to the fact that the
former are largely unorganized, and do not have any pressure
groups to lobby in legislative halls, or to drum up sentiment in
their behalf. It is high time that they be taken into considera-
tion and be given some help, even though they may be too in-
articulate to ask for it.
The question naturally arises as to what can be done about
these conditions. In order to answer this question someone, to
use an inelegant but expresive phrase, will have to "stick his
neck out" and make a few suggestions, even though they may be
shot to pieces before they can be carried out; so the speaker will
now place himself in that position.
First: The information that is now available should be
printed in simple language in a number of small bulletins. Each
bulletin should be confined to one insect only, with drawings or
even colored pictures, if possible, describing the insect so that the
farmer can identify it in its different stages. All drawings or
pictures should be actual life size. Hosts of this particular pest
should be listed, and the materials to be used in its control should
be placed in a parallel column, making it plain as to which prod-
uct should be used on different host plants to avoid injurious
effects. The bulletins should be placed in the hands of every
farmer needing them regardless of lack of any requests for the
same. This is war, and information must be liberally dissemi-
nated to get the best results. Mailing lists of nearly all farmers
are available in the offices of the county agents, and they should
be used. The expenses of printing and distribution could be met
by federal and state agencies combining in a concerted effort.
Is there any reason why commercial firms could not apply a part
of their advertising funds in an effort to get such information
into the hands of their customers, prospects and dealers?
Second: Manufacturers should simplify labels and apply more
emphasis on the contents of packages than on fanciful trade









THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST


names. They should also change some products in the same way
that simplification of bulletins has ben suggested, by putting only
one material in each package, instead of trying to make up "shot
gun" mixtures that often miss the mark and are too expensive.
Third: Every entomologist that can find spare time from his
regular duties should drop all side issues or hobbies and take up
one or more of these common pests to see what he can do toward
better control. For the duration of the war at least all regular
work on insects that may not be considered of economic impor-
tance should be dropped entirely, even though such work may be
of great value for scientific purposes of a general nature. This
is time for specific and immediate results, and research of a
general or merely interesting kind should be suspended until
peace is restored. The pumpkin bug alone offers a challenge to
every student of entomology. No practical method of control of
this insect on general crops has yet been developed. In view of
the number of years during which this insect has been recognized
as destructive, is it not somewhat of a reflection upon all ento-
mologists that more progress toward its control has not been
made? If a dozen or more should go after this single pest some-
thing definite might be accomplished. It is a common enemy.
No fear of losing credit by exchanging ideas should even be con-
sidered, and if teamwork were ever needed it is certainly in line
now. Perhaps a free interchange of information scattered
through numbers of personal files would yield a composite pic-
ture that would aid in finding an avenue of attack which might
quickly result in a means of control. Housewives and children
have teamed up in a campaign to collect scrap metal towards
solving one of this war's problems; and millions of men have
dropped everything to team up against those human pests that
now infest the world. Surely entomologists can easily scrap all
personal hobbies, differences of opinions, rules of precedence, etc.,
and team up to solve the problem represented by some of our most
common, but none-the-less dangerous insects.
Fourth: Let this Society become the leader of such a move-
ment; use its publication, The Florida Entomologist, as a vehicle
for the exchange of ideas and suggestions that may be brought
up by the members and associates; and devote at least a portion
of its pages exclusively to papers reporting progress made in
such a campaign that, to your retiring president, at least, seems
vital and patriotic.










ihe
FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST
Official Organ of the Florida Entomological Society
Gainesville, Florida

VOL. XXV JANUARY, 1943 No. 4

J. R. WATSON, Gainesville--..----.............. ....... ...........--. Editor
E. W. BERGER, Gainesville -------.. --.. ......... ...... Associate Editor
C. B. WISECUP, Box 309, Plant City ---..-----....Business Manager
Issued once every three months. Free to all members of the
Society.
Subscription price to non-members is $1.00 per year in ad-
vance; 35 cents per copy.


WAR AND ITS EFFECT ON THE INSECTICIDE INDUSTRY

R. L. MILLER

Since the insecticide and fungicide industry must share chem-
icals with the all-out war effort, the future as to the supply of
such chemicals is not readily predictable. Comparatively large
supplies of most of the necessary chemicals are either available
in the United States or available to the United States; but since
we have no idea as to the length of the war, we have no idea as
to the chemical supplies necessary for carrying on the war to a
successful conclusion.
In April 1942, Dr. R. C. Roark, of the Department of Chem-
istry, United States Department of Agriculture, published in the
Journal of Economic Entomology an estimated list of the major
chemicals consumed annually as insecticides and fungicides. This
was as follows:

Lead Arsenate --............-.... ......... 50,000,000 pounds
Calcium Arsenate................................... 35,000,000 pounds
Paris Green...............- -----.... ...... ... 2,000,000 pounds
Nicotine Sulphate............................. 2,500,000 pounds
Rotenone containing root.................... 6,500,000 pounds
Pyrethrum.......-.....-- ................. 12,000,000 pounds
Sulphur ...-..-.. ---..... -. ...--........ ... 100,000,000 pounds
Copper Sulphate..-.......-....- ..... ....... 70,000,000 pounds

One can readily see that, although supplies in the quantities
mentioned above are available, the problem of containers and









THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST


transportation for such supplies is a considerable one, since these
supplies must compete also with the war effort.
It is necessary to prepare for any eventuality and it behooves
all users of insecticide and fungicide chemicals to be as conserva-
tive as possible; and all manufacturers and distributors, as well
as all research workers to find, test, prepare, and distribute sub-
stitute chemical insecticides and fungicides that can be used in
the event the well-established chemical disappears from the
market.
The available supply of chemicals is probably the most sig-
nificant; and a listing of the major items will be given, with a
short explanation of the probable supply of each. It should be
understood, however, that no individual is in a position to tell
definitely just what may happen to the insecticide and fungicide
supply.
ANTIMONY, the toxic ingredient of Tartar Emetic, which
has come into prominent use in some insecticide fields during the
past years, is and probably will be scarce. The major world pro-
duction of Antimony comes from China; a considerably smaller
amount from Mexico; and a small amount from Bolivia.
A very interesting development regarding the use of Anti-
mony as an insecticide has been reported from California re-
cently. The apparent resistance to Tartar Emetic of the Citrus
Thrips there and its ineffectiveness against that pest has greatly
reduced the amount necessary for that purpose in California.
This has made available considerably larger supplies for insecti-
cide purposes in other places, so for the time being, at least, there
should be plenty of Tartar Emetic.
ARSENICAL COMPOUNDS, which are by far the most gen-
ally used inseticides for controlling chewing insects and probably
the most widely used poison in the world, will doubtless be scarce
during some period of the year; but since the major demand for
arsenical chemicals, both Lead and Calcium, in northern United
States occurs in summer and our major demand occurs usually
in the winter, it is quite likely that supplies will be available for
use in Florida during the next season.
About half of the arsenic used in this country comes, in nor-
mal times, from abroad-mainly from Sweden, Belgium, and
Japan. These sources are lost for the present.
At the same time other industries are demanding larger
shares of the arsenic still available. Great quantities are needed
for the manufacture of khaki cloth, blankets, etc. It is demanded









VOL. XXV-No. 4


in increased quantities for glass making. And it is also needed
for the production of chemical weed killers to replace chlorine
now absorbed by the powder mills.
Many compounds have been suggested as arsenical substitutes
and among these are Phenothiazine, Genicide, Dinitrocresol,
Phthalonitrile, Basic Copper Arsenate, Tetra Methyl Thiuram
Disulphide. Most of these compounds are comparatively new
and have been tested very little. Some of them have specific
toxicity for some insects and are not very toxic to others. All of
these points must be investigated thoroughly before recommen-
dations can be made as to their use.
BORAX is supplied largely from domestic sources and will
probably be available, with the usual limited supply of containers
and transportation as a handicap.
COPPER COMPOUNDS of various kinds are used extensive-
ly in the war effort but, fortunately, over fifty per cent of the
supplies of copper in 1937 came from the United States; and
Chile and Canada produced one third as much as the United
States. Several forms of copper are necessary in agriculture
but by far that most commonly used is copper sulphate or blue-
stone. Recently, however, many combinations of copper com-
pounds have been used instead of bluestone as fungicides. Al-
though there have been temporary shortages of copper com-
pounds in a few instances, it is not likely that the supply will
be cut off.
It would not be possible to substitute any other compound for
copper as a nutritional material although many substitutes have
been mentioned as a fungicide instead of copper compounds.
Among these are several silver compounds, sulphur and lime sul-
phur, spergon, and ferric dimythyl dithic carbamate. One in-
stance of a successful substitution of lime sulphur for copper
compounds is that of dormant spraying for Citrus Scab. A com-
paratively good control can be obtained by fairly high concentra-
tions of lime sulphur solution.
Since copper sprays are known to be effective for nutritional
purposes and smaller amounts are needed for such applications
than for soil application, it is most likely that there will be less
used in soil and more used for nutritional sprays for our con-
servation effort.
Although several substitutes for copper compounds were men-
tioned, none are very well established and all should be tested
considerably more before recommendations can be made.









THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST


FLUORINE COMPOUNDS, although common in the insecti-
cide field for many years, have never been extensively used for
agricultural purposes. It is possible, however, to use these com-
pounds instead of arsenicals in some instances. A considerable
quantity of these materials has been thrown away in phosphate
manufacture and it may be desirable and necessary now to re-
cover these.
Changes made in the normal shipping lanes have apparently
made available more space for importing natural Greenland
Cryolite so larger quantities of this product are now available in
the United States than it was possible to get before the war
started. This is at least one bright spot when material shortages
are discussed.
MANGANESE COMPOUNDS have come into general use,
both as sprays and for soil application. Of all the metallic ele-
ments, American supplies or American production during the
past few years have been smallest on this item. Only 1.3 per
cent of the world's supply was produced in the United States in
1937, while Russia produced 60 per cent. Cuba at the same time
produced 3 per cent. It will, apparently, be necessary for us to
develop some of the lower grade ore. which has not been worked
in the United States and at the same time conserve manganese
as much as possible. Nutritional sprays of this material are
effective and should probably be used more generally in view of
the scarcity of this product.
PETROLEUM OILS, while very plentiful in the United
States, particularly in the Texas area, are restricted considerably
in their movement because of limited transportation facilities.
All of the handicaps to which the movement of gasoline and fuel
oil are subjected apply on spray oil stocks also. Although consid-
erable quantity of petroleum oil is available, it will most likely
be necessary to distribute the shipping or selling season over a
longer period, in order to get enough transportation and contain-
ers. We are in a fortunate position, however, in that the greatest
demand for oil spray products occurs during the summer or early
fall when the demands for fuel oil are least.
A most desirable chemical would be a substitute for oil sprays
for scale control. Such a product is available for Purple Mite
control at present. Very spectacular kills can be obtained by
the dinitro compound on mites and spiders, but it is still neces-
sary to use oil sprays for the control of scale insects and white
flies. (To be continued)









VOL. XXV-No. 4


PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE
FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY

Orlando, Florida, December 11-12, 1942

Because of the large number of entomologists located in the
vicinity of Orlando, and in consideration of the restrictions on
travel, the 1942 annual meeting of the Society was transferred
from Gainesville to Orlando. The meeting was held in the San
Juan Hotel with President K. E. Bragdon presiding. The reg-
ister of attendance showed that nineteen members were present
and it also included the names of twenty-five visitors.
President Bragdon chose as the theme of his address, "Let's
Get Closer to the Farmer." He urged entomologists to devote
as much time and effort as possible to insect control problems
as an aid to the war effort of the Nation. Other papers read at
the meeting were: Recent Developments in Mole Cricket In-
vestigations by C. B. Wisecup and Norman C. Hayslip; Some
Notes on Thysanoptera, and Natural Control of Nematodes by
J. R. Watson; Investigations of the Green Scale, Coccus viridis
(Green) in Southern Florida, by John M. Frederick; Injury and
Control of Purple Mites on Citrus, by W. L. Thompson; Side-
lights of Collecting in Florida, by Dean F. Berry; The White-
Fringed Beetles, by Hiram C. Young; War and Its Effects on
the Insecticide Industry, by R. L. Miller; Some Notes and Ob-
servations on the Natural Reduction of Anopheles Mosquito
Larvae in Certain Environments, by Homer Hixson; and History
of the Mexican Bean Beetle in Florida, by A. N. Tissot.
On Friday afternoon the members of the Society visited the
U.S.D.A. Laboratories where Dr. E. F. Knipling and members
of his staff showed and explained the methods employed in in-
vestigations of the various projects.
A most enjoyable event of Friday evening was the Annual
Banquet and Get Together of the Society. Held in the Masonic
Temple, this function was enjoyed by about fifty members and
guests. Mr. W. W. Others very capably served as toastmaster
and introduced the speakers. Dr. E. F. Knipling gave the
message of welcome which was responded to by Professor J. R.
Watson. The toastmaster paid tribute to two venerable and
esteemed members, Doctors Herbert Osborn and H. T. Fernald
who still take a keen interest in the affairs of the Society and
serve as an inspiration to their younger associates. The princi-
pal speaker was Major J. Q. A. Daniels, Surgeon at the Army










THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST


Air School at Orlando. 'Major Daniels spoke of the important
role played by entomology in helping to maintain the health and
well-being of the men in the armed services and mentioned some
of the difficulties encountered in trying to make the findings of
workers in the laboratories available to the men in the ranks.
The sincere appreciation of the Society is due all Orlando
entomologists, whose enthusiastic interest and untiring effort
did so much to make the meeting a success. Special mention
must be made of the staff of the U.S.D.A. Laboratory who
arranged for the musical entertainment during the banquet; of
Mr. A. H. Madden and Dr. B. V. Travis who were responsible
for many of the local arrangements; to Mr. Dean F. Berry for
his display of Lepidoptera; and to the management of the San
Juan Hotel, where the meetings were held.

BUSINESS MEETING
The business meeting of the Society was held Saturday morn-
ing, December 12, 1942, at the close of the paper reading session.

REPORT OF THE SECRETARY
The report of the Secretary was read and approved as read.

REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
A number of the members of the Society have entered the
armed services, resulting in temporary vacancies in some offices
and standing committees. The Executive Committee named
C. B. Wisecup to fill the position of Treasurer-Business Manager
temporarily vacated by J. W. Wilson. President Bragdon ap-
pointed Mr. Wisecup as Chairman of the Membership Committee
left vacant by J. W. Wilson, and W. L. Thompson was named
to fill the vacancy in the Committee, caused by the departure
of Herbert Spencer.

REPORT OF THE TREASURER-BUSINESS MANAGER
For the year ending November 30, 1942.
Receipts:
Balance on Hand, November 30, 1941....................... $121.80
From Dues of Members and Subscriptions to the
Florida Entomologist ......................... ...... .. 118.63
From Advertising in Florida Entomologist ............ 70.00
From Sale of Back Numbers ................................. 21.00
Total ....... ......... ... .. .......................... $331.43










VOL. XXV-No. 4 59

Expenditures:
Pepper Printing Company, printing Florida Ento-
mologist and Supplies ----............... .................. $209.01
Notices, postage, miscellaneous ................................ 33.25
W.P.A. (for employing a worker on insect list)...... 15.00
Incidentals, 1941 Annual Dinner ...........---.......----........... 3.00
Exchange on checks at Bank ...........----....... .......... 3.56
Total Expenditures -..... ---................. .............. 263.82
Balance on Hand, November 30, 1942----...........-........ $ 67.61
Assets Not Shown Above:
Due from Members for Etchings, Exerpts, etc. ........ $28.95
Due from Members for Back Dues .........................---...... 64.00

$92.95
Liabilities:
Pepper Printing Co., for printing Vol. 25, No. 3 ........$32.72
Respectfully submitted,
C. B. WISECUP,
Acting Treasurer-
Business Manager
On motion the report of the Treasurer-Business Manager was
accepted, subject to approval of the Auditing Committee.

REPORT OF THE AUDITING COMMITTEE
I wish to report that I have examined the books of the Treasurer-
Business Manager and have found the accounts accurate and in order.
Respectfully submitted,
A. H. MADDEN
On motion the report of the Auditing Committee was ac-
cepted.
REPORT OF THE MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE
The Membership Committee recommend that the following associate
members be raised to the rank of active membership: M. L. Anderson; J. G.
Brunton; P. W. Calhoun; J. C. Crawford; W. E. Dove; A. B. Gurney;
Aurthur M. Hill, Jr.; R. F. Joyce; C. F. Ladeburg; M. D. Leonard; J. W.
McGough; A. M. Phillips, and M. C. Van Horn. The recommendation was
also made that the following be elected to associate membership: Robert
Burrell; O. W. Calkins; George Culpepper; C. C. Deonier; Paul M. Eide;
John M. Frederick; J. B. Gahan; Philip Granett; Mrs. H. Hainlin; E. G.
Kelsheimer; E. F. Knipling; A. W. Lindquist; L. C. McAlister; W. C.
McDuffie; J. C. Russell; H. 0. Schroeder, and Mike Wright.
Respectfully submitted,
C. B. WISECUP, Chairman,
A. H. MADDEN,
RALPH L. MILLER,
W. L. THOMPSON.

On motion this report was approved and placed on file.









THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST


OLD BUSINESS

Due notice having been given in regard to proposed changes
in the By-Laws, (published in THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST,
Vol. 24: 61-62, Dec., 1941) these were presented to the Society
for final action.
On motion these changes and additions were approved and
incorporated in the By-Laws of the Society.

NEW BUSINESS

Because no provision is made for dealing with members de-
linquent in their dues, the Membership Committee proposed the
following change in the By-Laws: Insert under Article IV:
"Section 3.-Any member who shall become delinquent of two
years' dues, and after due notice shall fail to pay at least one
year's dues, shall be dropped from the membership roll."
On motion this proposal was accepted subject to final ap-
proval at the next meeting of the Society.
About twenty-five members of the Society now are in the
armed services in various parts of this country and in foreign
lands. Because they are unable to enjoy all the privileges of
membserhip and in view of the fact that their copies of THE
FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST often become lost and fail to reach
them, the Executive Committee made the following proposal:
For the duration of the war members of the Society in the armed
services shall be given an inactive status, their dues shall be
suspended, and their names removed from the mailing list of
THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST. Any eligible member not wishing
to avail himself of this privilege may retain his present status
by paying dues and notifying the Secretary to retain his name
on the mailing list for THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST. A sufficient
number of copies of THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGIST shall be set
aside so that any member who so desires can complete his files
after returning from the service.
It was further proposed that a committee to be named by
the President shall prepare a resolution and greeting to be sent
to each member of the Society in the armed services, together
with notice of the above proposal.
On motion this proposal was approved and President Brag-
don named Mr. W. W. Others as a committee of one to prepare
the resolution and greeting to be sent to all members concerned.










VOL. XXV-No. 4


REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON GREETINGS
THE FLORIDA ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY
EXTENDS GREETING
To ALL ITS MEMBERS IN THE ARMED FORCES OF OUR COUNTRY
The Society has many members in the Armed Forces. Some of these
are in Foreign Countries fighting the battles of a free people. Others soon
will follow. Others are fighting insects and insect borne diseases. This is
the first time in the history of man that Entomologists have ever received
any recognition in the Armed Forces of a Nation.
To those Entomologists who have temporarily discontinued their scien-
tific careers, we extend our profound gratitude and we pledge our support to
assist them to regain their former Status, when Peace comes.
To those Entomological Pioneers who are fighting their Countries'
battles with the Science of Insects, we extend Greetings and trust their work
will mark an Epoch in the Annals of Science.
To Each and All of you, We wish a speedy return to the Paths of Peace.
Respectfully submitted,
W. W. YOTHERS, Committee.

REPORT OF THE NOMINATING COMMITTEE

Your committee wishes to nominate the following members to fill the
designated offices and positions for the year 1943:
President-T. H. Hubbell
Vice-President-A. H. Madden
Secretary-A. N. Tissot
Editor of the Florida Entomologist-J. R. Watson
Associate Editor-E. W. Berger
Members of Executive Committee-
Ralph L. Miller (for 2 years)
John D. Haynie (for 1 year)
Note-Mr. Haynie is named to fill the temporary
vacancy left by L. S. Maxwell.
Respectfully submitted,
B. V. TRAVIS
HOMER HIXON

On motion the Report of the Nominating Committee was
accepted and the President was instructed to cast a ballot for
the election of the persons nominated. This being done they
were declared elected.
Following the transaction of the above business, the meeting
adjourned.
Mr. Dean F. Berry, Orlando, Florida, exhibited in the meet-
ing place of the Society, an excellent display of Florida Hes-
peridae.
Respectfully submitted,
A. N. TISSOT, Secretary











5he


Florida Entomologist

Official Organ of the Florida Entomological Society

VOL. XXV CONTENTS AND INDEX


TABLE OF CONTENTS, VOLUME XXV, 1942
Berger, E. W., Some Unusual Hosts of Cottony-Cushion Scale ........... 46-47
Berger, E. W., Status of the Friendly Fungus Parasites of Armored
Scale-Insects .--- -----........... --- ............. ...........--....... 26-29
Bragdon, K. E., Presidential Address, 1942 Annual Meeting, Let's
Get Closer to the Farmer ---------..........-. .................... 49-52
Florida Entomological Society, Proceedings of 1942 Annual Meeting 57-61
Littig, Kent S., External Anatomy of the Florida Walking Stick
Anisomorpha buprestoides Stoll ....................------ ..............-......... 33-41
Merrill, G. B., Thomas H. Jones, Obituary ......................-.................... 13-14
Miller, R. L., Insecticidal Problems of Entomological Service............ 1-5
Miller, R. L., War and Its Effects on the Insecticide Industry (in part) 53-56
Murrill, W. A., Spiders of Alachua County, Florida ......----..................... 7-9
Osborn, Herbert, Early Work and Workers in Southern
Entomology ....--.......----- ............... ................- 29-31, 41-42
Watson, J. R., A New Frankliniella from Florida ..--------................... 17-18
Watson, J. R., Effect of Cold Weather Upon Insects in Their Wild
Habitats .......... -.. ....---------...--------. ..... 14-15
Watson, J. R., Insect Enemies of Chufas ..-......... ----........... -.... .. .... 6
Watson, J. R., Sarcophaga bullata Parker as a Cause of Intestinal
Myiasis .... ..----- ............ -----....- ------............ 5-6
Watson, J. R., Some Florida Lepidoptera Records (continued) .-.- 10-12
Watson, J. R., The Spread of the Mexican Bean Beetle ......................-----.. 25
Watson, J. R., Two New Frankliniellas from Mexico (Thysanoptera) 43-46
Wilson, J. W., Correlation of Sugar Yields with the Percent of Joints
Bored by Diatraea saccharalis (F) ......-------........... ..-......-...... 19-24









VOL. XXV-No. 4


INDEX OF VOLUME XXV, 1942


Aegerita webberi, Brown whitefly-
fungus, 28
Alabama argillacea (Hubner), 12
Anisomorpha buprestoides Stoll., 33
A. ferruginea, 33
Anticarsia Lgemmatillis L(Hubner),
12, 15
Aspidiotus obscurus Comst., 26
Catocala amica Hubner, 12
Cecyonis alope, 10
Chrysomphalus obscurus (Comst.),
26
Citheronia regalis Fab., 12
Cottony-cushion scale, 46
Diatraea saccharalis (F.), 19
Dione vanilla L., 10
Entomology, Southern Workers in,
29
Epilachna varivestris (Muls.), 25
Erynnis horatius (Scud. and Burg.),
11
Eudamus proteus (L.), 15
Euptychia phocion (Fab.), 10
E. sosybia (Fab.), 10
Florida Walking Stick, External
Anatomy, 33
Frankliniella bratleyi Watson, n. sp.,
17
F. deserti-leonidum Watson, sp. n.,
F. tolucensis Watson, sp .n., 43
Heliconius charithonius (L.), 10, 15
Hesperia montivaga (Reak.), 11, 15
Hylephila phylaeus (Drury), 15


Insecticides, effects of war upon, 53
Insects of chufas, 6
Jones, Thomas H., Obituary, 13
Libythea bachmanni (Kirk.), 10
Lycaena hanno (Stoll), 11
Mexican bean beetle, 25
Minois alope (Fab.), 10
Myriongium duriaei Mont., Black
scale-fungus, 28
Nectria diploa, Pink scale-fungus, 26
Panoquina ocola (Edw.), 11
Polka-dot wasp-moth, 14
Pyrgus communis (Grote), 11
Sarcophaga bullata Parker, 5
Sphaerostilbe aurantiicola, 26
S. cocophila, Red-headed scale-fun-
gus, 26
Spider of Alachua County, 7
Strymon cecrops (Fab.), 11
S. favonius (Abb. and Sm.), 11
S. melinus (Hubner), 11, 15
S. wittfeldi (Ed. W.), 10
Thecla favius (Sm. and Abb.), 15
Urbanus proteus (L.), 11
Utetheisa bella L., 12
Vanessa atalanta L., 10
Weather, effect upon insects, 14


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