Title: Zeledonia
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Title: Zeledonia
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
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Creator: Asociacion Ornitologica de Costa Rica
Publisher: Asociacion Ornitologica de Costa Rica
Place of Publication: San Jose, Costa Rica
Publication Date: August Boletín Especial, 2002
Copyright Date: 2010
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OFFICIAL LIST OF THE BIRDS OF COSTA RICA:
COMMENTARIES ON CONSERVE TION STATUS


LISTA OFFICIAL DE LAS A VES DE COSTA RICA:
COMENTARIOS SOBRE SU ESTADO DE CONSERVACIN





ZELEDONIA








BOLETN ESPECIAL
DE LA ASOCIACIN ORNITOLGICA DE COSTA RICA


AGOSTO 2002









OFFICIAL LIST OF THE BIRDS OF COSTA RICA:
COMMENTARIES ON CONSERVATION STATUS


LISTA OFFICIAL DE LAS AVES DE COSTA RICA:
COMENTARIOS SOBRE SU ESTADO DE CONSERVACIN


Gilbert Barrantes', Johel Chaves-Campos2, and Julio E. Snchez3





1 Museo de Zoologa, Escuela de Biologa, Universidad de Costa Rica
gbarrantes59@yahoo.com
2 Programa de Educacin en el Extranjero, Universidad de California
jchavesc@costarricense.cr
3 Asociacin Ornitolgica de Costa Rica
jesornis@racsa.co.cr










PREFACE
The increasing destruction of natural environments in Costa Rica threatens the
biological richness of the country. Logging activities, drainage of natural aquatic
environments and lack of policies that promote an adequate land use are the major causes of
destruction of natural habitats and loss of biodiversity.
Considering that a large proportion of the natural environments have disappeared in
recent decades, we were expecting a decreasing on the number of bird species present in
Costa Rica. Contrary to our expectations, recent publications indicated that the number of
species had increased in the country. For this reason we decided to assess the impact of
destruction of natural environments on Costa Rica avifauna.
The evaluation conducted indicated that, unfortunately, a group of species are likely
extinct and others are close to disappearing if destruction of forests and other natural
environments continues. We also confirmed that the inclusion of some species in a previous
list of birds of Costa Rica was based on doubtful information. Therefore, these species should
not be included as part of Costa Rican avifauna until reliable information exists.

PREFACIO
El aumento en la destruccin de los ambientes naturales en Costa Rica amenaza la
riqueza biolgica del pas. La deforestacin, el drenado de los ambientes acuticos naturales y
la falta de polticas que promuevan un adecuado uso de la tierra son las mayores causes de la
destruccin de los ambientes naturales y la prdida de biodiversidad.
Considerando que una gran proporcin de los ambientes naturales ha desaparecido en
las ltimas dcadas, esperbamos una disminucin en el nmero de species de aves presents
en Costa Rica. Contrario a nuestras expectativas, publicaciones recientes indicaron que el
nmero de species haba aumentado en el pas. Por esta razn, decidimos evaluar el impact
de la destruccin de los habitats naturales en la avifauna de Costa Rica.
La evaluacin conducida indica que desgraciadamente un grupo de species se
encuentra probablemente extinto y otras species estn cercanas a la desaparicin si la
destruccin del bosque y otros ambientes naturales contina. Adems confirmamos que la
inclusion de algunas species en una lista previa de las aves de Costa Rica estuvo basada en
informacin dudosa. Por lo tanto, estas species no deben ser incluidas como parte de la
avifauna de Costa Rica mientras no exista informacin confiable.










ON THE CURRENT STATUS OF COSTA RICAN BIRDS
Pollution and destruction of natural habitats have modified enormously the landscape
in last decades (Mayers 1986, Ehrlich 1988). In turn, these changes in natural environments
have largely increased the rate of extinction of birds (Wilson 1988, Johnson & Statterfield
1990, Steadman 1997) by making them more sensitive to catastrophes, or genetic and
demographic random variations (Lande 1993).
Extinction is often a process that begins with the extirpation of species from particular
localities or regions exposed to human activities. In Costa Rica, agriculture, cattle raising, and
especially logging activities have eliminated large extensions of forest (Sader & Joyce 1988,
Maldonado & Rodrguez 1997, Barrantes et al. 1999). The destruction and fragmentation of
natural habitats have resulted in the decline of populations and local extinction for numerous
species that require large tracts of intact forest (Stiles 1985, Bierregaard & Stouffer 1997). It
is our goal herein to evaluate the present status (i.e., local extinction and drastic population
decline) of resident and migratory Costa Rican birds. We also assess the information of
several species incorporated recently into the list of Costa Rican birds (Asociacin
Ornitolgica de Costa Rica 1998).
We used the checklist of Costa Rican birds (LCRB), published by the Asociacin
Ornitolgica de Costa Rica (1998), as the primary source of information to evaluate the status
of the birds of this country. This list includes 877 species, all of them considered to be present
in the country as either visitors, migrants, or residents. This publication adds three well
confirmed species (Snchez et al. 1998) to A guide of the birds of Costa Rica (Stiles & Skutch
1989). Other species, which we consider misidentified, were also included. Similarly, some
birds that Stiles and Skutch (1989) regarded as expected in the country in a near future by
expansion of their geographical range were also included without any evidence that confirm
their presence in Costa Rica.
Based on the current information of the Costa Rican avifauna (published and
unpublished data of the authors), we separated the 877 species into seven categories:
Doubtful, Expected, Absent, Extinct, Escaped, Probably extinct, and Without voucher (see
Table 1 for definitions). In addition, we included 10 species, most of them expected, from A
guide to the bird of Costa Rica that were omitted in the LCRB; and two new recently
discovered species in the country: Psarocolius decumanus and Lonchura malaca (Jim Zook









pers. comm.) as well as Phaetusa simplex, confirmed only in 2003 (Julio Snchez, pers.
comm.). Finally, we present the official list of birds of Costa Rica, which includes those
species that occur with certainty in the country. This official list contains 857 species; 22
species were eliminated from the list of birds published by the Asociacin Ornitolgica de
Costa Rica (1998). Some of these species were of doubtful identification, expected, or
escaped (Table 1), but unfortunately others should be considered extinct since no reliable
registers have been obtained during (at least) the last 20 years.
We did not follow the criteria of BirdLife International (2000) and IUCN (2000) to
assign species into the categories Absent, Extinct, and Probably extinct. Because these criteria
consider the global status of the species (e.g., abundance, population decline), they do not
necessarily reflect the condition of these species in each country. Consequently, many species
that are considered as vulnerable or endangered may be abundant in some countries. The
opposite is also true; some species that are not included in the lists of endangered or
vulnerable by BirdLife Interational (2000) and IUCN (2000) are extinct or nearly extinct in
some countries. These antagonistic criteria are the result of differences in land use,
conservation policies, population size, and other factors specific to each country.

ESTADO ACTUAL DE LAS AVES DE COSTA RICA
La contaminacin y destruccin de los habitats naturales han modificado
enormemente los paisajes en las ltimas dcadas (Mayers 1986, Ehrlich 1988). A su vez,
estos cambios en los ambientes naturales han incrementado en gran media la extincin de las
aves (Wilson 1988, Johnson y Sttaterfield 1990, Steadman 1997) al hacerlas ms sensibles a
catstrofes o a los efectos azarosos del aislamiento gentico y demogrfico (Lande 1993).
La extincin es usualmente un process que inicia con la extirpacin de species en
localidades especficas o regions expuestas a las actividades humans. En Costa Rica, la
agriculture, ganadera y especialmente la tala indiscriminada han eliminado grandes
extensions de bosque (Sader y Joyce 1988, Maldonado y Rodrguez 1997, Barrantes et al.
1999). La destruccin y fragmentacin de los habitats naturales ha resultado en la
disminucin de las poblaciones y en la extincin local de numerosas species dependientes de
fragments extensos de bosque intacto (Stiles 1985, Bierregaard y Stouffer 1997). Nuestra
meta es evaluar el estado actual (i.e., extinciones locales y disminuciones drsticas de
poblaciones) de las aves residents y migratorias de Costa Rica. Adems evaluamos la










informacin de varias species recientemente incorporadas a las lista de las aves de Costa
Rica (Asociacin Ornitolgica de Costa Rica 1998).
Utilizamos la lista de aves de Costa Rica (LCRB), publicada por la Asociacin
Ornitolgica de Costa Rica (1998), como la fuente primaria de informacin para evaluar el
estado de las aves de este pas. Esta lista incluye 877 species, todas ellas consideradas
presents en el pas ya sea como visitantes, migratorias o residents. Esta publicacin agrega
tres species bien confirmadas (Snchez et al. 1998) a la lista del libro A guide to the birds of
Costa Rica (Stiles y Skutch 1989). Otras species que creemos errneamente identificadas
fueron tambin incluidas. En forma similar, algunas de las aves que Stiles y Skutch (1989)
consideraban como esperadas para el pas en un future cercano por expansion de su rango
geogrfico fueron tambin incluidas sin evidencia que confirmara su presencia en Costa Rica.
Basndonos en la informacin actual de la avifauna de Costa Rica (datos publicados y
no publicados de los autores), separamos las 877 species en siete categoras: Dudosas,
Esperadas, Ausentes, Extintas, Probablemente extintas, Escapadas y Sin comprobante (ver
Cuadro 1 para definiciones). Adems incluimos 10 species, la mayora de ellas consideradas
esperadas en A guide to the birds of Costa Rica que fueron omitidas en la LCRB; y dos
nuevas species recientemente descubiertas en el pas: Psarocolius decumanus y Lonchura
malaca (Jim Zook com. pers.) igualmente como Phaetusa simplex, confirmado en 2003 (Julio
Snchez, com. pers.). Finalmente presentamos la lista official de las aves de Costa Rica, que
incluye aquellas species que existen con certeza en el pas. Esta lista official contiene 857
species; 22 species fueron eliminadas de la lista de aves publicada por la Asociacin
Ornitolgica de Costa Rica (1998). Algunas de estas species fueron de dudosa identificacin,
esperadas o escapadas (Cuadro 1), pero desafortunadamente otras deben ser consideradas
extintas pues no hay registros confiables durante (al menos) los ltimos 20 aos.
No seguimos el criterio de BirdLife International (2000) y IUCN (2000) para asignar
species a las categoras Ausentes, Extintas, Probablemente extintas. La razn es que este
criterio consider el estado global de las species (e.g., abundancia, disminucin de
poblaciones), lo cual no necesariamente refleja la condicin de esas species en cada pas.
Consecuentemente, muchas species que son consideradas como vulnerable o en peligro
pueden ser abundantes en algunos pases. Lo opuesto es tambin cierto, algunas species que
no estn incluidas en la lista de species en peligro o vulnerable por BirdLife International










(2000) y IUCN (2000) estn extintas o cercanas a la extincin en algunos pases. Estos

criterios antagonistas son el resultado de diferencias en el uso de la tierra, polticas de

conservacin, tamao de la poblacin y otros factors propios de cada pas.

Table 1. Definitions of the different categories in which the species of birds of Costa Rica
were divided. Species listed follow AOU (1998).


Category
1. Doubtful

2. Expected

3. Absent

4. Extinct

5. Probably extinct


6. Escaped


7. Without voucher



8. Official list


Definition
The presence ofthese species is unconfirmed, or no reliable evidence of
their presence is available.
Species in this list are expected by Stiles and Skutch (1989) to extend
their distribution into Costa Rica, but have not yet been recorded.
These are latitudinal migratory species that have not been sighted or
heard in the country for at least 20 years.
This list contains resident and formerly rare or uncommon species that
have not been observed or heard for at least 20 years.
These are resident and formerly widespread species which populations
have been drastically reduced. Some of these species have recent
unconfirmed records (within the last 20 years).
This list includes escaped birds that have been introduced as caged
birds in Costa Rica. These species do not have reproductive populations
in the country.
This list contains species, some of them common, without official
register: museum specimen (deposited in national museums), song
record, or photo. (Some of the species included in this list may have
specimens deposited in museums of other countries).
This list includes species that have specimens in national museums;
records of their songs, photos, and species included in lists 5 and 7.










Cuadro 1. Definiciones de las diferentes categoras en las cuales las species de aves de Costa
Rica fueron divididas. Lista de species segn AOU (1998).


Categora
1. Dudosas

2. Esperadas


3. Ausentes

4. Extintas

5. Probablemente
extintas

6. Escapadas


7. Sin comprobante



8. Lista official


Definicin
La presencia de estas species no est confirmada, o no hay evidencia
confiable disponible sobre su presencia.
Especies en esta lista son esperadas por Stiles y Skutch (1989) por
extension de su distribucin hacia Costa Rica, pero todava no han sido
registradas.
Estas son species migratorias latitudinales que no han sido vistas o
escuchadas en el pas por al menos 20 aos.
Esta lista incluye species residents inicialmente raras o poco comunes
que no han sido observadas o escuchadas por al menos 20 aos.
Estas son species residents e inicialmente con amplia distribucin cuyas
poblaciones se han reducido drsticamente. Algunas de estas species con
registros no confirmados en los ltimos 20 aos.
Esta lista incluye species que han sido introducidas en Costa Rica como
aves de jaula. Estas species no tienen poblaciones reproductivas en el
pas.
Esta lista incluye species confirmadas, algunas de ellas comunes, sin un
registro official: espcimen de museo (depositado en un museo national),
grabacin de canto o fotografa. (Algunas de las species incluidas en esta
lista pueden tener especimenes depositados en museos de otros pases).
Esta lista incluye las species que tienen especimenes en museos
nacionales, registros de sus cantos, fotografias y las species incluidas en
las listas 5 v 7.










FINAL CONSIDERATIONS
The number of birds included in the lists of extinct and probably extinct species alert
us about the risk of extinction that threatens our avifauna. The destruction and fragmentation
of natural habitats (e.g., forests and aquatic environments) occurs, not only in Costa Rica, but
throughout the whole continent (Sader and Joyce 1988, Roca et al. 1996). Hence, if the
destruction of natural bird habitats persists, the recolonization of species that are locally
extirpated is nearly impossible and will seriously jeopardize the survival of many other
species that inhabit undisturbed forests and other pristine environments.
We also want to encourage any ornithologist or birdwatcher to send us any reliable
information (e.g., photos, song records, information from other museums) on those species
included in the lists 1 through 7. With your cooperation will be possible for us to have the
most recent information on the status of the Costa Rican Avifauna.

CONSIDERACIONES FINALES
La cantidad de aves incluidas en la lista de species extintas y probablemente extintas
nos alertan acerca del riesgo de extincin que amenaza nuestra avifauna. La destruccin y
fragmentacin de los habitats naturales (e. g. bosques y ambientes acuticos) ocurre, no solo
en Costa Rica, sino a travs de todo el continent (Sader y Joyce 1988, Roca et al. 1996). Por
lo tanto, si la destruccin de los habitats naturales que utilizan las aves persiste, la
recolonizacin de species que han sido extirpadas actualmente est cerca de ser impossible y
amenazar seriamente la sobrevivencia de muchas species que habitan bosques inalterados y
otros ambientes vrgenes.
Finalmente queremos alentar a los ornitlogos y observadores de aves para que nos
enven cualquier informacin confiable (e.g. fotografias, grabaciones de cantos,
informaciones de otros museos) de aquellas species incluidas desde la lista 1 hasta la 7. Con
su cooperacin ser possible para nosotros contar con la informacin ms reciente sobre el
estado de la Avifauna de Costa Rica.










REFERENCES / REFERENCIAS

American Omithologists' Union (1998). Checklist ofNorth American birds, 7th edition. Allen Press,
Inc., Kansas.
Asociacion Oritologica de Costa Rica (1998). Lista de aves de Costa Rica. San Jose, Costa Rica.
Barrantes, G., Q. Jimnez, J. Lobo, T. Maldonado, M. Quesada & R. Quesada (1999). Evaluacin de
los planes de manejo forestal autorizados en el period 1997-1999 en la Pennsula de Osa.
Cumplimiento de normas tcnicas, ambientales e impact del bosque natural. Fundacin
Cecropia, Golfito, Costa Rica.
Bierregaard, Jr., R. O. & P. C. Stouffer (1997). Understory birds and dynamic habitat mosaics in
Amazonian rainforests. Pp. 138-155. In, W. F. Laurance, & R. O. Bierregaard, Jr. (eds.).
Tropical forest remnants. Ecology, management, and conservation of fragmented
communities. University of Chicago Press, Illinois.
BirdLife Interational. (2000). Threatened Birds of the World. Spain and Cambridge: Lynx Edicions
and BirdLife Interational, Barcelona.
Ehrlich P. R. (1988). The loss of diversity: causes and consequences. Pp. 21-27. In, E. O. Wilson (ed.).
Biodiversity. National Academy Press, Washington D. C.
IUCN. (2000). The 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.redlist.org
Johnson, T. H. & A. J. Stattersfield (1990). A global review of islands endemic birds. Ibis 132:167-
180.
Lande, R. (1993). Risks of population extinction from demographic and environmental stochasticity,
and random catastrophes. American Naturalist 142:911-927.
Maldonado-U., T. & C. Rodrguez (1997). Estudio, anlisis y cartografia de la capacidad de uso de la
tierra en las classes forestales, Costa Rica. Fundacin Neotrpica, San Jos, Costa Rica.
Myers, N (1986). Tropical deforestation and a mega-extinction spasm. Pp. 394-409. In, M. E. Soul
(ed.). Conservation biology. The science of scarcity and diversity. Sinauer Associates Inc.,
Massachusetts.
Roca, R., L. Adkins, M. C. Wurschy & K. L. Skerl (1996). Wings from afar. An ecological approach
to conservation of neotropical migratory birds in South America. The Nature Conservancy,
Virginia.
Sader, S. A. & A. T. Joyce (1988). Deforestation rates and trends in Costa Rica, 1940 to 1983.
Biotropica 20:11-19.
Snchez, J. E., K. Naoki & J. Zook (1998). New information about Costa Rican birds. Oritologa
Neotropical 9:99-102.
Steadman, D. W. (1997). Human-caused extinction of birds. Pp. 139-161. In, M. L. Reaka-Kudla, D.
E. Wilson & E. O. Wilson (eds.). Biodiversity II. Joseph Henry Press, Washington D. C.
Stiles, F. G. & A. F. Skutch (1989). A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Comell University Press, New
York.
Stiles, F. G. (1985). Conservation of forest birds in Costa Rica: problems and perspectives. Pp. 141-
168. In, A. W. Diamond & T. E. Lovejoy (eds.). Conservation of tropical forest birds.
International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge.
Wilson, E. O. (1988). The current state of biological diversity. In, E. O. Wilson (ed.). Biodiversity.
National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.











DOUBTFUL / DUDOSAS (16 SPECIES / SPECIES)


Family / Familia
Podicipedidae
Procellariidae
Anatidae
Falconidae
Laridae
Laridae
Nyctibiidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Tamnophilidae
Hirundinidae
Troglodytidae
Motacillidae
Thraupidae


Scientific name / Nombre Cientfico
Podiceps nigricollis
Puffinus gravis
Oxyurajamaicensis
Falco deiroleucus
Larusfuscus
Larus occidentalis
Nyctibius jamaicensis
Anthracothorax veraguensis
Damophilajulie
Lepidopyga coeruleogularis
Amazilia cyanifrons
Myrmornis torquata
Petrochelidon fulva
Campylorhynchus albobrunneus
Anthus lutescens
Tersina viridis


English name
Eared Grebe
Greater Shearwater
Ruddy Duck
Orange-breasted Falcon
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Western Gull
Northern Potoo
Veraguan Mango
Violet-bellied Hummingbird
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird
Indigo-capped Hummingbird
Wing-banded Antbird
Cave Swallow
White-headed Wren
Yellowish Pipit
Swallow Tanager


EXPECTED / ESPERADAS (8)

Family / Familia Scientific name / Nombre Cientfico English name
Procellariidae Pterodroma externa Juan Fernndez Petrel
Procellariidae Purittinu. carneipes Flesh-footed Shearwater
Procellariidae Puffinus auricularis Townsend's Shearwater
Procellariidae Puffinus opisthomelas Black-vented Shearwater
Hydrobatidae Oceanites gracilis White-vented Storm-Petrel
Hydrobatidae Oceanodroma homochroa Ashy Storm-Petrel
Phaethontidae Phaethon lepturus White-tailed Tropicbird
Accipitridae Buteogallus meridionalis Savanna Hawk


ABSENT / AUSENTES (5)

Family / Familia Scientific name / Nombre Cientfico English name
Strigidae Athene cunicularia Burrowing Owl
Strigidae Asioflammeus Short-eared Owl
Tyrannidae Ayiarchus cinerascens Ash-throated Flycatcher
Emberizidae Spizella passerina Chipping Sparrow
Emberizidae Passerculus sandwichensis Savannah Sparrow


EXTINCT / EXTINTAS (2)

Family / Familia Scientific name / Nombre Cientfico English name
Ardeidae Botaurus ,., i,,iiii.ii American Bittern
Threskiornithidae Plegadis chihi White-faced Ibis











PROBABLY EXTINCT / PROBABLEMENTE EXTINTAS (3)

Family / Familia Scientific name / Nombre Cientfico English name
Anatidae Dendrocygna viduata White-faced Whistling-Duck
Rallidae Laterallus ruber Ruddy Crake
Trochilidae Lophornis delattrei Rufous-crested Coquette


ESCAPED / ESCAPADAS (1)

Family / Familia Scientific name / Nombre Cientfico English name
Thraupidae Thraupis abbas Yellow-winged Tanager


WITHOUT VOUCHER / SIN COMPROBANTE (50)

Family / Familia Scientific name / Nombre Cientfico English name


Procellariidae
Procellariidae
Procellariidae
Procellariidae
Procellariidae
Hydrobatidae
Hydrobatidae
Hydrobatidae
Hydrobatidae
Hydrobatidae
Ardeidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Falconidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Columbidae
Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgidae
Apodidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
INCERTAE SEDIS


Pterodroma hasitata
Pterodroma phaeopygia
Procellaria parkinsoni
Pulttimu.i creatopus
Putinu.i lherminieri
Oceanites oceanicus
Pelagodroma marina
Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Oceanodroma castro
Oceanodroma markhami
Butorides striatus
Anas cyanoptera
Aythya collaris
Aythya marila
Buteogallus anthracinus
Harpyhaliaetus solitarius
Morphnus guianensis
Falco femoralis
Micropygia schomburgkii
Laterallusjamaicensis
Aramides axillaris
Limosa haemastica
Philomachus pugnax
Catharacta maccormicki
Larus philadelphia
Larus heermanni
Larus modestus
Sterna paradise
Columba leucocephala
Caprimulgus rufus
Caprimulgus cayennensis
Panyptila sanctihieronymi
Myiobius atricaudus
Tyrannus verticalis
Pachyramphus albogriseus


Black-capped Petrel
Dark-rumped Petrel
Parkinson's Petrel
Pink-footed Shearwater
Audubon's Shearwater
Wilson's Storm-Petrel
White-faced Storm-Petrel
Leach's Storm-Petrel
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel
Markham's Storm-Petrel
Striated Heron
Cinnamon Teal
Ring-necked Duck
Greater Scaup
Common Black-Hawk
Solitary Eagle
Crested Eagle
Aplomado Falcon
Ocellated Crake
Black Rail
Rufous-necked Wood-Rail
Hudsonian Godwit
Ruff
South Polar Skua
Bonaparte's Gull
Heermann's Gull
Gray Gull
Artic Ter
White-crowned Pigeon
Rufous Nightjar
White-tailed Nightjar
Great Swallow-tailed Swift
Black-tailed Flycatcher
Wester Kingbird
Black-and-white Becard











Vireonidae
Hirundinidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Cardinalidae
Icteridae
Passeridae


Hylophilus flavipes
Progne tapera
Vermivora celata
Parula americana
Dendroica tigrina
Dendroica townsendi
Dendroica occidentalis
Dendroica dominica
Dendroica pinus
Oporornis agilis
Sicalis luteola
Aimophila rufescens
Pheucticus melanocephalus
Psarocolius decumanus
Lonchura malacca


OFFICIAL LIST / LISTA OFFICIAL (857)


Family / Familia
Tinamidae
Tinamidae
Tinamidae
Tinamidae
Tinamidae
Podicipedidae
Podicipedidae
Procellariidae
Procellariidae
Procellariidae
Procellariidae
Procellariidae
Procellariidae
Procellariidae
Procellariidae
Hydrobatidae
Hydrobatidae
Hydrobatidae
Hydrobatidae
Hydrobatidae
Hydrobatidae
Hydrobatidae
Hydrobatidae
Phaethontidae
Sulidae
Sulidae
Sulidae
Sulidae
Pelecanidae
Pelecanidae
Phalacrocoracidae
Anhingidae
Fregatidae


Scientific name / Nombre Cientfico
Tinamus major
Nothocercus bonapartei
Crypturellus soui
Crypturellus cinnamomeus
Crypturellus boucardi
Tachybaptus dominicus
Podilymbus podiceps
Pterodroma hasitata
Pterodroma phaeopygia
Procellaria parkinsoni
[Pulttinu. creatopus
Putrlitnu. pacificus
Putrinu.s griseus
Putittiu. tenuirostris
Puttinu.s Iherminieri
Oceanites oceanicus
Pelagodroma marina
Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Oceanodroma castro
Oceanodroma tethys
Oceanodroma melania
Oceanodroma markhami
Oceanodroma microsoma
Phaethon aethereus
Sula dactylatra
Sula nebouxii
Sula leucogaster
Sula sula
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
Pelecanus occidentalis
Phalacrocorax brasilianus
Anhinga anhinga
Fregata ;,iii.-,i;,fi.... i


English name
Great Tinamou
Highland Tinamou
Little Tinamou
Thicket Tinamou
Slaty-breasted Tinamou
Least Grebe
Pied-billed Grebe
Black-capped Petrel
Galapagos Petrel
Parkinson's Petrel
Pink-footed Shearwater
Wedge-tailed Shearwater
Sooty Shearwater
Short-tailed Shearwater
Audubon's Shearwater
Wilson's Storm-Petrel
White-faced Storm-Petrel
Leach's Storm-Petrel
Band-rumped Storm-Petrel
Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel
Black Storm-Petrel
Markham's Storm-Petrel
Least Storm-Petrel
Red-billed Tropicbird
Masked Booby
Blue-footed Booby
Brown Booby
Red-footed Booby
American White Pelican
Brown Pelican
Neotropic Cormorant
Anhinga
Magnificent Frigatebird


Scrub Greenlet
Brown-chested Martin
Orange-crowned Warbler
Northern Parula
Cape May Warbler
Townsend's Warbler
Hermit Warbler
Yellow-throated Warbler
Pine Warbler
Connecticut Warbler
Grassland Yellow-Finch
Rusty Sparrow
Black-headed Grosbeak
Crested Oropendola
Black-headed Munia











Fregatidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Ardeidae
Threskiomithidae
Threskiomithidae
Threskiomithidae
Threskiomithidae
Ciconiidae
Ciconiidae
Cathartidae
Cathartidae
Cathartidae
Cathartidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Anatidae
Pandionidae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae


Fregata minor
Botaurus pinnatus
Ixobrychus exilis
Tigrisoma lineatum
Tigrisoma fasciatum
Tigrisoma mexicanum
Ardea herodias
Ardea alba
Egretta thula
Egretta caerulea
Egretta tricolor
Egretta rufescens
Bubulcus ibis
Butorides virescens
Butorides striatus
Agamia agami
Nycticorax nycticorax
Nyctanassa violacea
Cochlearius cochlearius
Eudocimus albus
Plegadis falcinellus
Mesembrinibis cayennensis
Platalea ajaja
Jabiru mycteria
Mycteria americana
Coragyps atratus
Cathartes aura
Cathartes burrovianus
Sarcoramphus papa
Dendrocygna viduata
Dendrocygna autumnalis
Dendrocygna bicolor
Cairina moschata
Anas americana
Anas platyrhynchos
Anas discors
Anas cyanoptera
Anas clypeata
Anas acuta
Anas crecca
Aythya collaris
Aythya marila
Aythya allini.
Nomonyx dominicus
Pandion haliaetus
Leptodon cayanensis
Chondrohierax uncinatus
Elanoides forficatus
Gampsonyx swainsoni
Elanus leucurus
Rostrhamus sociabilis
Harpagus bidentatus
Ictinia mississippiensis


Great Frigatebird
Pinnated Bittem
Least Bittem
Rufescent Tiger-Heron
Fasciated Tiger-Heron
Bare-throated Tiger-Heron
Great Blue Heron
Great Egret
Snowy Egret
Little Blue Heron
Tricolored Heron
Reddish Egret
Cattle Egret
Green Heron
Striated Heron
Agami Heron
Black-crowned Night-Heron
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron
Boat-billed Heron
White Ibis
Glossy Ibis
Green Ibis
Roseate Spoonbill
Jabiru
Wood Stork
Black Vulture
Turkey Vulture
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture
King Vulture
White-faced Whistling-Duck
Black-bellied Whistling-Duck
Fulvous Whistling-Duck
Muscovy Duck
American Wigeon
Mallard
Blue-winged Teal
Cinnamon Teal
Northem Shoveler
Northem Pintail
Green-winged Teal
Ring-necked Duck
Greater Scaup
Lesser Scaup
Masked Duck
Osprey
Gray-headed Kite
Hook-billed Kite
Swallow-tailed Kite
Pearl Kite
White-tailed Kite
Snail Kite
Double-toothed Kite
Mississippi Kite











Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Accipitridae
Falconidae
Falconidae
Falconidae
Falconidae
Falconidae
Falconidae
Falconidae
Falconidae
Falconidae
Falconidae
Falconidae
Falconidae
Cracidae
Cracidae
Cracidae
Cracidae
Cracidae
Odontophoridae
Odontophoridae
Odontophoridae
Odontophoridae
Odontophoridae
Odontophoridae
Odontophoridae


Ictinia plumbea
Busarellus nigricollis
Circus cyaneus
Accipiter supercilious
Accipiter striatus
Accipiter cooperii
Accipiter bicolor
Geranospiza caerulescens
Leucopternis princeps
Leucopternis semiplumbea
Leucopternis albicollis
Asturina nitida
Buteogallus anthracinus
Buteogallus subtilis
Buteogallus il,;.,ri,
Parabuteo unicinctus
Harpyhaliaetus solitarius
Buteo magnirostris
Buteo platypterus
Buteo brachyurus
Buteo swainsoni
Buteo albicaudatus
Buteo albonotatus
Buteojamaicensis
Morphnus guianensis
Harpia harpyja
Spizastur melanoleucus
Spizaetus tyrannus
Spizaetus ornatus
Micrastur ruficollis
Micrastur mirandollei
Micrastur semitorquatus
Ibycter americanus
Caracara cheriway
Milvago chimachima
Herpetotheres cachinnans
Falco sparverius
Falco columbarius
Falco femoralis
Falco rufigularis
Falco peregrinus
Ortalis vetula
Ortalis cinereiceps
Penelope purpurascens
( li,, ,,n,. t, i,, unicolor
Crax rubra
Dendrortyx leucophrys
Colinus leucopogon
Colinus cristatus
Odontophorus gujanensis
Odontophorus melanotis
Odontophorus leucolaemus
Odontophorus guttatus


Plumbeous Kite
Black-collared Hawk
Northern Harrier
Tiny Hawk
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Cooper's Hawk
Bicolored Hawk
Crane Hawk
Barred Hawk
Semiplumbeous Hawk
White Hawk
Gray Hawk
Common Black-Hawk
Mangrove Black-Hawk
Great Black-Hawk
Harris's Hawk
Solitary Eagle
Roadside Hawk
Broad-winged Hawk
Short-tailed Hawk
Swainson's Hawk
White-tailed Hawk
Zone-tailed Hawk
Red-tailed Hawk
Crested Eagle
Harpy Eagle
Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle
Black Hawk-Eagle
Ornate Hawk-Eagle
Barred Forest-Falcon
Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon
Collared Forest-Falcon
Red-throated Caracara
Crested Caracara
Yellow-headed Caracara
Laughing Falcon
American Kestrel
Merlin
Aplomado Falcon
Bat Falcon
Peregrine Falcon
Plain Chachalaca
Gray-headed Chachalaca
Crested Guan
Black Guan
Great Curassow
Buffy-crowned Wood-Partridge
Spot-bellied Bobwhite
Crested Bobwhite
Marbled Wood-Quail
Black-eared Wood-Quail
Black-breasted Wood-Quail
Spotted Wood-Quail











Odontophordae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Rallidae
Heliomithidae
Eurypygidae
Aramidae
Burhinidae
Charadriidae
Charadriidae
Charadriidae
Charadriidae
Charadriidae
Charadriidae
Charadriidae
Charadriidae
Haematopodidae
Recurvirostridae
Recurvirostridae
Jacanidae
Jacanidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae


Rhynchortyx cinctus
Micropygia schomburgkii
Laterallus rubber
Laterallus albigularis
Laterallus exilis
Laterallus jamaicensis
Aramides axillaris
Aramides cajanea
Amaurolimnas concolor
Porzana carolina
Porzana flaviventer
Neocrex erythrops
Pardirallus maculatus
Porphyrio martinica
Gallinula chloropus
Fulica americana
Heliornis fulica
Eurypyga helias
Aramus guarauna
Burhinus bistriatus
Vanellus chilensis
Pluvialis squatarola
Pluvialis dominica
Charadrius collaris
Charadrius alexandrinus
Charadrius wilsonia
Charadrius semipalmatus
Charadrius vociferus
Haematopus palliatus
Himantopus mexicanus
Recurvirostra americana
Jacana spinosa
Jacana jacana
Tringa melanoleuca
Tringaflavipes
Tringa solitaria
Catoptrophorus semipalmatus
Heteroscelus incanus
Actitis macularia
Bartramia longicauda
Numenius phaeopus
Numenius americanus
Limosa haemastica
Limosafedoa
Arenaria interpres
Aphriza virgata
Calidris canutus
Calidris alba
Calidris pusilla
Calidris mauri
Calidris minutilla
Calidris fuscicollis
Calidris bairdii


Tawny-faced Quail
Ocellated Crake
Ruddy Crake
White-throated Crake
Gray-breasted Crake
Black Rail
Rufous-necked Wood-Rail
Gray-necked Wood-Rail
Uniform Crake
Sora
Yellow-breasted Crake
Paint-billed Crake
Spotted Rail
Purple Gallinule
Common Moorhen
American Coot
Sungrebe
Sunbittem
Limpkin
Double-striped Thick-Knee
Southem Lapwing
Black-bellied Plover
American Golden-Plover
Collared Plover
Snowy Plover
Wilson's Plover
Semipalmated Plover
Killdeer
American Oystercatcher
Black-necked Stilt
American Avocet
Northem Jacana
Wattled Jacana
Greater Yellowlegs
Lesser Yellowlegs
Solitary Sandpiper
Willet
Wandering Tattler
Spotted Sandpiper
Upland Sandpiper
Whimbrel
Long-billed Curlew
Hudsonian Godwit
Marbled Godwit
Ruddy Turnstone
Surfbird
Red Knot
Sanderling
Semipalmated Sandpiper
Westem Sandpiper
Least Sandpiper
White-rumped Sandpiper
Baird's Sandpiper











Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Scolopacidae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Laridae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae


Calidris melanotos
Calidris alpina
Calidris ferruginea
Calidris himantopus
Tryngites subruficollis
Philomachus pugnax
Limnodromus griseus
Limnodromus scolopaceus
Gallinago gallinago
Phalaropus tricolor
Phalaropus lobatus
Phalaropus fulicarius
Stercorarius maccormicki
Stercorarius pomarinus
Stercorarius parasiticus
Stercorarius longicaudus
Larus atricilla
Larus pipixcan
Larus philadelphia
Larus heermanni
Larus modestus
Larus delawarensis
Larus argentatus
Xema sabini
Sterna nilotica
Sterna caspia
Sterna maxima
Sterna elegans
Sterna sandvicensis
Sterna hirundo
Sterna paradise
Sterna forsteri
Sterna antillarum
Sterna anaethetus
Sternafuscata
Chlidonias niger
Anous stolidus
Anous minutes
Gygis alba
Rynchops niger
Columba livia
Columba cayennensis
Columba speciosa
Columba leucocephala
Columbaflavirostris
Columbafasciata
Columba subvinacea
Columba nigrirostris
Zenaida asiatica
Zenaida macroura
Columbina inca
Columbina passerina
Columbina minute


Pectoral Sandpiper
Dunlin
Curlew Sandpiper
Stilt Sandpiper
Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Ruff
Short-billed Dowitcher
Long-billed Dowitcher
Common Snipe
Wilson's Phalarope
Red-necked Phalarope
Red Phalarope
South Polar Skua
Pomarine Jaeger
Parasitic Jaeger
Long-tailed Jaeger
Laughing Gull
Franklin's Gull
Bonaparte's Gull
Heermann's Gull
Gray Gull
Ring-billed Gull
Herring Gull
Sabine's Gull
Gull-billed Tem
Caspian Tem
Royal Tem
Elegant Tem
Sandwich Tem
Common Tem
Artic Tem
Forster's Tem
Least Tem
Bridled Tem
Sooty Tem
Black Tem
Brown Noddy
Black Noddy
White-Tem
Black Skimmer
Rock Dove
Pale-vented Pigeon
Scaled Pigeon
White-crowned Pigeon
Red-billed Pigeon
Band-tailed Pigeon
Ruddy Pigeon
Short-billed Pigeon
White-winged Dove
Mouming Dove
Inca Dove
Common Ground-Dove
Plain-breasted Ground-Dove











Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Columbidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Psittacidae
Cuculidae
Cuculidae
Cuculidae
Cuculidae
Cuculidae
Cuculidae
Cuculidae
Cuculidae
Cuculidae
Cuculidae
Cuculidae
Tytonidae
Strigidae
Strigidae
Strigidae
Strigidae
Strigidae
Strigidae
Strigidae
Strigidae
Strigidae
Strigidae
Strigidae
Strigidae


Columbina talpacoti
Claravis pretiosa
Claravis mondetoura
Leptotila verreauxi
Leptotila rufaxilla
Leptotila cassinii
Geotrygon veraguensis
Geotrygon chiriquensis
Geotrygon lawrencii
Geotrygon costaricensis
Geotrygon violacea
Geotrygon montana
Pyrrhura hlifni nni
S, ,t ,, finschi
Sii ,dt, a nana
S1 it,i, canicularis
1 i', ,01-I pertinax
Ara ambigua
Ara macao
Bolborhynchus lineola
Brotogeris jugularis
Touit costaricensis
Pionopsitta haematotis
Pionus menstruus
Pionus senilis
Amazona albifrons
Amazona autumnalis
Amazona farinosa
Amazona auropalliata
Coccyzus erythropthalmus
Coccyzus americanus
Coccyzus minor
Coccyzus ferrugineus
Piaya cayana
Tapera naevia
Dromococcyx phasianellus
Morococcyx i,.1 ih,. y.' .- ,,,
Neomorphus geoffroyi
Crotophaga ani
Crotophaga sulcirostris
Tyto alba
Otus cooper
Otus choliba
Otus guatemalae
Otus clarkii
Lophostrix cristata
Pulsatrix perspicillata
Bubo virginianus
Glaucidium costaricanum
Glaucidium griseiceps
Glaucidium brasilianum
Ciccaba virgata
Ciccaba nigrolineata


Ruddy Ground-Dove
Blue Ground-Dove
Maroon-chested Ground-Dove
White-tipped Dove
Gray-fronted Dove
Gray-chested Dove
Olive-backed Quail-Dove
Chiriqu Quail-Dove
Purplish-backed Quail-Dove
Buff-fronted Quail-Dove
Violaceous Quail-Dove
Ruddy Quail-Dove
Sulfur-winged Parakeet
Crimson-fronted Parakeet
Olive-throated Parakeet
Orange-fronted Parakeet
Brown-throated Parakeet
Great Green Macaw
Scarlet Macaw
Barred Parakeet
Orange-chinned Parakeet
Red-fronted Parrotlet
Brown-hooded Parrot
Blue-headed Parrot
White-crowned Parrot
White-fronted Parrot
Red-lored Parrot
Mealy Parrot
Yellow-naped Parrot
Black-billed Cuckoo
Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Mangrove Cuckoo
Cocos Cuckoo
Squirrel Cuckoo
Striped Cuckoo
Pheasant Cuckoo
Lesser Ground-Cuckoo
Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo
Smooth-billed Ani
Groove-billed Ani
Bam-Owl
Pacific Screech-Owl
Tropical Screech-Owl
Vermiculated Screech-Owl
Bare-shanked Screech-Owl
Crested Owl
Spectacled Owl
Great Hored Owl
Costa Rican Pygmy-Owl
Central American Pygmy-Owl
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl
Mottled Owl
Black-and-white Owl











Stngidae
Strigidae
Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgidae
Nyctibiidae
Nyctibiidae
Steatornithidae
Apodidae
Apodidae
Apodidae
Apodidae
Apodidae
Apodidae
Apodidae
Apodidae
Apodidae
Apodidae
Apodidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae


Pseudoscops clamator
Aegolius ridgwayi
Lurocalis semitorquatus
( I.. ,i. ,. acutipennis
( i.. k/,.. minor
Nyctidromus albicollis
Nyctiphrynus ocellatus
Caprimulgus carolinensis
Caprimulgus rufus
Caprimulgus vociferus
Caprimulgus saturatus
Caprimulgus cayennensis
Nyctibius grandis
Nyctibius griseus
Steatornis caripensis
Cypseloides niger
Cypseloides cryptus
Cypseloides cherriei
Streptoprocne rutila
Streptoprocne zonaris
Chaetura pelagica
Chaetura vauxi
Chaetura fumosa
Chaetura cinereiventris
Panyptila cayennensis
Panyptila sanctihieronymi
Glaucis aenea
Threnetes ruckeri
Phaethornis guy
Phaethornis supercilious
Phaethornis longuemareus
Eutoxeres aquila
Doryfera ludoviciae
Phaeochroa cuvierii
Campylopterus hemileucurus
Florisuga mellivora
Colibri delphinae
Colibri thalassinus
Anthracothorax prevostii
Klais piii,. ii
Lophornis delattrei
Lophornis adorabilis
Lophornis helenae
Discosura conversii
Chlorostilbon canivetii
Chlorostilbon assimilis
Thalurania colombica
Panterpe insignis
Hylocharis eliciae
Amazilia candida
Amazilia amabilis
Amazilia decora
Amazilia boucardi


Striped Owl
Unspotted Saw-whet Owl
Short-tailed Nighthawk
Lesser Nighthawk
Common Nighthawk
Common Pauraque
Ocellated Poorwill
Chuck-will's-widow
Rufous Nightjar
Whip-poor-will
Dusky Nightjar
White-tailed Nightjar
Great Potoo
Common Potoo
Oilbird
Black Swift
White-chinned Swift
Spot-fronted Swift
Chestnut-collared Swift
White-collared Swift
Chimney Swift
Vaux's Swift
Costa Rican Swift
Gray-rumped Swift
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift
Great Swallow-tailed Swift
Bronzy Hermit
Band-tailed Barbthroat
Green Hermit
Long-tailed Hermit
Little Hermit
White-tipped Sicklebill
Green-fronted Lancebill
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird
Violet Sabrewing
White-necked Jacobin
Brown Violet-ear
Green Violet-ear
Green-breasted Mango
Violet-headed Hummingbird
Rufous-crested Coquette
White-crested Coquette
Black-crested Coquette
Green Thorntail
Canivet's Emerald
Garden Emerald
Violet-crowned Woodnymph
Fiery-throated Hummingbird
Blue-throated Goldentail
White-bellied Emerald
Blue-chested Hummingbird
Charming Hummingbird
Mangrove Hummingbird











Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trochilidae
Trogonidae
Trogonidae
Trogonidae
Trogonidae
Trogonidae
Trogonidae
Trogonidae
Trogonidae
Trogonidae
Trogonidae
Momotidae
Momotidae
Momotidae
Momotidae
Momotidae
Momotidae
Alcedinidae
Alcedinidae
Alcedinidae
Alcedinidae
Alcedinidae
Alcedinidae
Bucconidae
Bucconidae
Bucconidae
Bucconidae
Bucconidae
Galbulidae
Galbulidae
Ramphastidae


Amazilia cyanura
Amazilia saucerrottei
Amazilia edward
Amazilia tzacatl
Amazilia rutila
Eupherusa eximia
Eupherusa nigriventris
Elvira chionura
Elvira cupreiceps
Microchera albocoronata
Chalybura urochrysia
Lampornis hemileucus
Lampornis calolaema
Lampornis castaneoventris
Heliodoxajacula
Eugenes fulgens
Heliothryx barroti
Heliomaster longirostris
Heliomaster constantii
Calliphlox bryantae
Archilochus colubris
Selasphorus flammula
Selasphorus scintilla
Trogon melanocephalus
Trogon bairdii
Trogon violaceus
Trogon elegans
Trogon collaris
Trogon aurantiiventris
Trogon rufus
Trogon massena
Trogon clathratus
Pharomachrus mocinno
Hylomanes momotula
Momotus momota
.', t i-l.h,. i p-t, m artii
Electron carinatum
Electron platyrhynchum
Eumomota superciliosa
Ceryle torquata
Ceryle alcyon
Chloroceryle amazona
Chloroceryle americana
Chloroceryle inda
Chloroceryle aenea
Notharchus macrorhynchos
Notharchus tectus
Malacoptila panamensis
Micromonacha lanceolata
Monasa morphoeus
Galbula ruficauda
Jacamerops aereus
Eubucco bourcierii


Blue-tailed Hummingbird
Steely-vented Hummingbird
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Cinnamon Hummingbird
Stripe-tailed Hummingbird
Black-bellied Hummingbird
White-tailed Emerald
Coppery-headed Emerald
Snowcap
Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer
White-bellied Mountain-gem
Purple-throated Mountain-gem
White-throated Mountain-gem
Green-crowned Brilliant
Magnificent Hummingbird
Purple-crowned Fairy
Long-billed Starthroat
Plain-capped Starthroat
Magenta-throated Woodstar
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Volcano Hummingbird
Scintillant Hummingbird
Black-headed Trogon
Baird's Trogon
Violaceous Trogon
Elegant Trogon
Collared Trogon
Orange-bellied Trogon
Black-throated Trogon
Slaty-tailed Trogon
Lattice-tailed Trogon
Resplendent Quetzal
Tody Motmot
Blue-crowned Motmot
Rufous Motmot
Keel-billed Motmot
Broad-billed Motmot
Turquoise-browed Motmot
Ringed Kingfisher
Belted Kingfisher
Amazon Kingfisher
Green Kingfisher
Green-and-rufous Kingfisher
American Pygmy Kingfisher
White-necked Puffbird
Pied Puffbird
White-whiskered Puffbird
Lanceolated Monklet
White-fronted Nunbird
Rufous-tailed Jacamar
Great Jacamar
Red-headed Barbet











Ramphastidae
Ramphastidae
Ramphastidae
Ramphastidae
Ramphastidae
Ramphastidae
Ramphastidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Picidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Fumariidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae


Semnornis frantzii
Aulacorhynchus prasinus
Pteroglossus torquatus
Pteroglossus frantzii
Selenidera spectabilis
Ramphastos sulfuratus
Ramphastos swainsonii
Picumnus olivaceus
Melanerpes formicivorus
Melanerpes chrysauchen
Melanerpes pucherani
Melanerpes rubricapillus
Melanerpes hoffinannii
Sphyrapicus various
Picoides villosus
Veniliornis fumigatus
Veniliornis kirkii
Piculus simplex
Piculus rubiginosus
Celeus loricatus
Celeus castaneus
Dryocopus lineatus
Campephilus guatemalensis
Synallaxis albescens
Synallaxis brachyura
Cranioleuca erythrops
Premnoplex brunnescens
Margarornis rubiginosus
Pseudocolaptes lawrencii
Hyloctistes subulatus
Syndactyla subalaris
Anabacerthia ..... 1 l i,
Philydor rufus
Automolus ochrolaemus
Automolus rubiginosus
Thripadectes rufobrunneus
Xenops minutus
Xenops rutilans
Sclerurus mexicanus
Sclerurus albigularis
Sclerurus guatemalensis
Dendrocinclafuliginosa
Dendrocincla anabatina
Dendrocincla homochroa
Sittasomus griseicapillus
Deconychura longicauda
Glyphorhynchus spirurus
Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae
Dendrocolaptes picumnus
Xiphorhynchus susurrans
Xiphorhynchus flavigaster
Xiphorhynchus lachrymosus


Prong-billed Barbet
Emerald Toucanet
Collared Aracari
Fiery-billed Aracari
Yellow-eared Toucanet
Keel-billed Toucan
Chestnut-mandibled Toucan
Olivaceous Piculet
Acom Woodpecker
Golden-naped Woodpecker
Black-cheeked Woodpecker
Red-crowned Woodpecker
Hoffmann's Woodpecker
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Hairy Woodpecker
Smoky-brown Woodpecker
Red-rumped Woodpecker
Rufous-winged Woodpecker
Golden-olive Woodpecker
Cinnamon Woodpecker
Chestnut-colored Woodpecker
Lineated Woodpecker
Pale-billed Woodpecker
Pale-breasted Spinetail
Slaty Spinetail
Red-faced Spinetail
Spotted Barbtail
Ruddy Treerunner
Buffy Tuftedcheek
Striped Woodhunter
Lineated Foliage-gleaner
Scaly-throated Foliage-gleaner
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner
Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner
Ruddy Foliage-gleaner
Streak-breasted Treehunter
Plain Xenops
Streaked Xenops
Tawny-throated Leaftosser
Gray-throated Leaftosser
Scaly-throated Leaftosser
Plain-brown Woodcreeper
Tawny-winged Woodcreeper
Ruddy Woodcreeper
Olivaceous Woodcreeper
Long-tailed Woodcreeper
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper
Strong-billed Woodcreeper
Northem-barred Woodcreeper
Black-banded Woodcreeper
Cocoa Woodcreeper
Ivory-billed Woodcreeper
Black-striped Woodcreeper











Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Dendrocolaptidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Tamnophilidae
Formicariidae
Formicariidae
Formicariidae
Formicariidae
Formicariidae
Formicariidae
Formicariidae
Formicariidae
Rhinocryptidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae


Xiphorhynchus 1.,. di,. y-i '" o
Lepidocolaptes souleyetii
Lepidocolaptes affinis
Campylorhamphus pusillus
Cymbilaimus lineatus
Taraba major
Thamnophilus doliatus
Thamnophilus bridges
Thamnophilus atrinucha
Thamnistes anabatinus
Dysithamnus mentalis
Dysithamnus striaticeps
Dysithamnus puncticeps
Myrmotherula fulviventris
Myrmotherula axillaris
Myrmotherula schisticolor
Microrhopias quixensis
Terenura callinota
Cercomacra tyrannina
Gymnocichla nudiceps
Myrmeciza exsul
Myrmeciza laemosticta
Myrmeciza immaculate
Hylophylax naevioides
Gymnopithys leucaspis
Phaenostictus mcleannani
Formicarius analis
Formicarius nigricapillus
Formicarius rufipectus
Pittasoma michleri
Grallaria guatimalensis
Hylopezus perspicillatus
Hylopezus dives
Grallaricula flavirostris
Scytalopus ,, ..-. ,i, ti 1,
Ornithion ...iiill1,i\ 1,11
Ornithion brunneicapillum
Camptostoma imberbe
Camptostoma obsoletum
Phaeomyias murina
Nesotriccus ridgwayi
Capsiempis flaveola
Tyrannulus elatus
Myiopagis viridicata
Elaenia flavogaster
Elaenia chiriquensis
Elaenia frantzii
Serpophaga cinerea
Mionectes olivaceus
Mionectes oleagineus
Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Leptopogon superciliaris
Phylloscartes superciliaris


Spotted Woodcreeper
Streak-headed Woodcreeper
Spot-crowned Woodcreeper
Brown-billed Scythebill
Fasciated Antshrike
Great Antshrike
Barred Antshrike
Black-hooded Antshrike
Westem-slaty Antshrike
Russet Antshrike
Plain Antvireo
Streak-crowned Antvireo
Spot-crowned Antvireo
Checker-throated Antwren
White-flanked Antwren
Slaty Antwren
Dot-winged Antwren
Rufous-rumped Antwren
Dusky Antbird
Bare-crowned Antbird
Chestnut-backed Antbird
Dull-mantled Antbird
Immaculate Antbird
Spotted Antbird
Bicolored Antbird
Ocellated Antbird
Black-faced Antthrush
Black-headed Antthrush
Rufous-breasted Antthrush
Black-crowned Antpitta
Scaled Antpitta
Streak-chested Antpitta
Thicket Antpitta
Ochre-breasted Antpitta
Silvery-fronted Tapaculo
Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet
Brown-capped Tyrannulet
Northem Beardless-Tyrannulet
Southem Beardless-Tyrannulet
Mouse-colored Tyrannulet
Cocos Flycatcher
Yellow Tyrannulet
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet
Greenish Elaenia
Yellow-bellied Elaenia
Lesser Elaenia
Mountain Elaenia
Torrent Tyrannulet
Olive-striped Flycatcher
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher
Sepia-capped Flycatcher
Slaty-capped Flycatcher
Rufous-browed Tyrannulet











Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae


Phyllomyias burmeisteri
Zimmerius vilissimus
Sublegatus arenarum
Myiornis atricapillus
Lophotriccus pileatus
Oncostoma cinereigulare
Poecilotriccus sylvia
Todirostrum cinereum
Todirostrum nigriceps
Rhynchocyclus brevirostris
Tolmomyias sulphurescens
Tolmomyias assimilis
Platyrinchus cancrominus
Platyrinchus mystaceus
Platyrinchus coronatus
Onychorhynchus coronatus
Terenotriccus erythrurus
Myiobius sulphureipygius
Myiobius atricaudus
Myiophobus fasciatus
Aphanotriccus capitalis
Mitrephanes phaeocercus
Contopus cooper
Contopus lugubris
Contopus ochraceus
Contopus sordidulus
Contopus virens
Contopus cinereus
Empidonaxflaviventris
Empidonax virescens
Empidonax alnorum
Empidonax traillii
Empidonax albigularis
Empidonax minimus
Empidonaxflavescens
Empidonax atriceps
Sayornis nigricans
Colonia colonus
Attila spadiceus
Rhytipterna holerythra
Myiarchus tuberculifer
Myiarchus panamensis
Myiarchus ,iiiii ,
Myiarchus crinitus
Myiarchus tyrannulus
Pitangus sulphuratus
Megarhynchus pitangua
Myiozeetetes similis
Myiozeetetes granadensis
Conopias albovittata
Myiodynastes hemichrysus
Myiodynastes maculatus
Myiodynastes luteiventris


Rough-legged Tyrannulet
Paltry Tyrannulet
Northem Scrub-Flycatcher
Black-capped Pygmy-Tyrant
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant
Northem Bentbill
Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher
Common Tody-Flycatcher
Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher
Eye-ringed Flatbill
Yellow-olive Flycatcher
Yellow-margined Flycatcher
Stub-tailed Spadebill
White-throated Spadebill
Golden-crowned Spadebill
Royal Flycatcher
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher
Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher
Black-tailed Flycatcher
Bran-colored Flycatcher
Tawny-chested Flycatcher
Tufted Flycatcher
Olive-sided Flycatcher
Dark Pewee
Ochraceous Pewee
Westem Wood-Pewee
Eastem Wood-Pewee
Tropical Pewee
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
Acadian Flycatcher
Alder Flycatcher
Willow Flycatcher
White-throated Flycatcher
Least Flycatcher
Yellowish Flycatcher
Black-capped Flycatcher
Black Phoebe
Long-tailed Tyrant
Bright-rumped Attila
Rufous Moumer
Dusky-capped Flycatcher
Panama Flycatcher
Nutting's Flycatcher
Great Crested Flycatcher
Brown-crested Flycatcher
Great Kiskadee
Boat-billed Flycatcher
Social Flycatcher
Gray-capped Flycatcher
White-ringed Flycatcher
Golden-bellied Flycatcher
Streaked Flycatcher
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher











Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
Tyrannidae
INCERTAE SEDIS
INCERTAE SEDIS
INCERTAE SEDIS
INCERTAE SEDIS
INCERTAE SEDIS
INCERTAE SEDIS
INCERTAE SEDIS
INCERTAE SEDIS
INCERTAE SEDIS
INCERTAE SEDIS
INCERTAE SEDIS
Cotingidae
Cotingidae
Cotingidae
Cotingidae
Cotingidae
Cotingidae
Cotingidae
Pipridae
Pipridae
Pipridae
Pipridae
Pipridae
Pipridae
Pipridae
Pipridae
Oxyruncidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Vireonidae
Corvidae
Corvidae
Corvidae


Legatus leucophaius
Tyrannus melancholicus
Tyrannus verticalis
Tyrannus tyrannus
Tyrannus dominicensis
Tyrannus forficatus
Tyrannus savana
Schiffornis turdinus
Piprites griseiceps
Lipaugus unirufus
Laniocera rufescens
Pachyramphus versicolor
Pachyramphus cinnamomeus
Pachyramphus polychopterus
Pachyramphus albogriseus
Pachyramphus aglaiae
Tityra semifasciata
Tityra inquisitor
C. r,, ig, amabilis
C. ,igi, ridgwayi
Carpodectes antoniae
Carpodectes nitidus
Querula purpurata
Cephalopterus glabricollis
Procnias tricarunculata
Manacus candei
Manacus aurantiacus
Corapipo altera
Chiroxiphia lanceolata
Chiroxiphia linearis
Pipra pipra
Pipra coronata
Pipra mentalis
Oxyruncus cristatus
Vireo griseus
Vireo pallens
Vireo flavifrons
Vireo solitarius
Vireo carmioli
Vireo gilvus
Vireo leucophrys
Vireo philadelphicus
Vireo olivaceus
Vireoflavoviridis
Vireo altiloquus
Hylophilus flavipes
Hylophilus ochraceiceps
Hylophilus decurtatus
Vireolanius pulchellus
Cyclarhis gujanensis
Calocittaformosa
Cyanocorax atinti.\
Cyanocorax morio


Piratic Flycatcher
Tropical Kingbird
Westem Kingbird
Eastem Kingbird
Gray Kingbird
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
Fork-tailed Flycatcher
Thrush-like Schiffomis
Gray-headed Piprites
Rufous Piha
Speckled Moumer
Barred Becard
Cinnamon Becard
White-winged Becard
Black-and-white Becard
Rose-throated Becard
Masked Tityra
Black-crowned Tityra
Lovely Cotinga
Turquoise Cotinga
Yellow-billed Cotinga
Snowy Cotinga
Purple-throated Fruitcrow
Bare-necked Umbrellabird
Three-wattled Bellbird
White-collared Manakin
Orange-collared Manakin
White-ruffed Manakin
Lance-tailed Manakin
Long-tailed Manakin
White-crowned Manakin
Blue-crowned Manakin
Red-capped Manakin
Sharpbill
White-eyed Vireo
Mangrove Vireo
Yellow-throated Vireo
Blue-headed Vireo
Yellow-winged Vireo
Warbling Vireo
Brown-capped Vireo
Philadelphia Vireo
Red-eyed Vireo
Yellow-green Vireo
Black-whiskered Vireo
Scrub Greenlet
Tawny-crowned Greenlet
Lesser Greenlet
Green Shrike-Vireo
Rufous-browed Peppershrike
White-throated Magpie-Jay
Black-chested Jay
Brown Jay











Corvidae
Corvidae
Hirundinidae
Hirundinidae
Hirundinidae
Hirundinidae
Hirundinidae
Hirundinidae
Hirundinidae
Hirundinidae
Hirundinidae
Hirundinidae
Hirundinidae
Hirundinidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Troglodytidae
Cinclidae
Sylviidae
Sylviidae
Sylviidae
Sylviidae
Turdidae
Turdidae
Turdidae
Turdidae
Turdidae
Turdidae
Turdidae
Turdidae
Turdidae
Turdidae
Turdidae
Turdidae


Cyanolyca cucullata
Cyanolyca <,, ii ,l
Progne subis
Progne chalybea
Progne tapera
Tachycineta bicolor
Tachycineta albilinea
Tachycineta thalassina
Pygochelidon cyanoleuca
Stelgidopteryx serripennis
Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
Riparia riparia
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Hirundo rustica
Campylorhynchus zonatus
Campylorhynchus rufinucha
Salpinctes obsoletus
Thryothorus atrogularis
Thryothorus fasciatoventris
Thryothorus nigricapillus
Thryothorus semibadius
Thryothorus thoracicus
Thryothorus rutilus
Thryothorus maculipectus
Thryothorus rufalbus
Thryothorus pleurostictus
Thryothorus modestus
Troglodytes aedon
Troglodytes ochraceus
Cistothorus platensis
Thryorchilus brown
Henicorhina leucosticta
Henicorhina leucophrys
Microcerculus philomela
Microcerculus marginatus
Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus
Cinclus mexicanus
Microbates cinereiventris
Ramphocaenus melanurus
Polioptila albiloris
Polioptila plumbea
Myadestes melanops
Catharus gracilirostris
Catharus aurantiirostris
Catharus fuscater
Catharus frantzii
Catharus mexicanus
Catharus fuscescens
Catharus minimus
Catharus ustulatus
Hylocichla mustelina
Turdus nigrescens
Turdus plebejus


Azure-hooded Jay
Silvery-throated Jay
Purple Martin
Gray-breasted Martin
Brown-chested Martin
Tree Swallow
Mangrove Swallow
Violet-green Swallow
Blue-and-white Swallow
Northem Rough-winged Swallow
Southem Rough-winged Swallow
Bank Swallow
Cliff Swallow
Bam Swallow
Band-backed Wren
Rufous-naped Wren
Rock Wren
Black-throated Wren
Black-bellied Wren
Bay Wren
Riverside Wren
Stripe-breasted Wren
Rufous-breasted Wren
Spot-breasted Wren
Rufous-and-white Wren
Banded Wren
Plain Wren
House Wren
Ochraceous Wren
Sedge Wren
Timberline Wren
White-breasted Wood-Wren
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren
Nightingale Wren
Scaly-breasted Wren
Song Wren
American Dipper
Tawny-faced Gnatwren
Long-billed Gnatwren
White-lored Gnatcatcher
Tropical Gnatcather
Black-faced Solitaire
Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush
Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush
Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush
Ruddy-capped Nightingale-Thrush
Black-headed Nightingale-Thrush
Veery
Gray-cheeked Thrush
Swainson's Thrush
Wood Thrush
Sooty Robin
Mountain Robin











Turdidae
Turdidae
Turdidae
Mimidae
Mimidae
Bombycillidae
Ptilogonatidae
Ptilogonatidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae


Turdus obsoletus
Turdus grayi
Turdus assimilis
Dumetella carolinensis
Mimus gilvus
Bombycilla cedrorum
Phainoptila melanoxantha
Ptilogonys caudatus
Vermivora pinus
Vermivora chrysoptera
Vermivora peregrina
Vermivora celata
Vermivora ruficapilla
Parula gutturalis
Parula americana
Parula pitiayumi
Dendroica petechia
Dendroica p. erithachorides
Dendroica pensylvanica
Dendroica magnolia
Dendroica tigrina
Dendroica caerulescens
Dendroica coronata
Dendroica virens
Dendroica townsendi
Dendroica occidentalis
Dendroicafusca
Dendroica dominica
Dendroica pinus
Dendroica discolor
Dendroica palmarum
Dendroica castanea
Dendroica striata
Dendroica cerulea
Mniotilta varia
Setophaga ruticilla
Protonotaria citrea
Helmitheros vermivorus
Seiurus aurocapillus
Seiurus noveboracensis
Seiurus motacilla
Oporornis formosus
Oporornis agilis
Oporornis philadelphia
Oporornis tolmiei
Geothlypis trichas
Geothlypis .. m iiil,i ,
Geothlypis aequinoctialis
Geothlypis poliocephala
Wilsonia citrina
Wilsonia pusilla
Wilsonia canadensis
Myioborus miniatus


Pale-vented Robin
Clay-colored Robin
White-throated Robin
Gray Catbird
Tropical Mockingbird
Cedar Waxwing
Black-and-yellow Silky-Flycatcher
Long-tailed Silky-Flycatcher
Blue-winged Warbler
Golden-winged Warbler
Tennessee Warbler
Orange-crowned Warbler
Nashville Warbler
Flame-throated Warbler
Northern Parula
Tropical Parula
Yellow Warbler
Mangrove Warbler
Chestnut-sided Warbler
Magnolia Warbler
Cape May Warbler
Black-throated Blue Warbler
Yellow-rumped Warbler
Black-throated Green Warbler
Townsend's Warbler
Hermit Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler
Yellow-throated Warbler
Pine Warbler
Prairie Warbler
Palm Warbler
Bay-breasted Warbler
Blackpoll Warbler
Cerulean Warbler
Black-and-white Warbler
American Redstart
Prothonotary Warbler
Worm-eating Warbler
Ovenbird
Northern Waterthrush
Louisiana Waterthrush
Kentucky Warbler
Connecticut Warbler
Mourning Warbler
MacGillivray's Warbler
Common Yellowthroat
Olive-crowned Yellowthroat
Masked Yellowthroat
Gray-crowned Yellowthroat
Hooded Warbler
Wilson's Warbler
Canada Warbler
Slate-throated Redstart











Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Parulidae
Coerebidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae


Myioborus torquatus
Basileuterus culicivorus
Basileuterus rufifrons
Basileuterus melanogenys
Basileuterus tristriatus
Phaeothlypis fulvicauda
Zeledonia coronata
Icteria virens
Coerebaflaveola
C( t i .... "i i,"** ophthalmicus
( 1l. *i. '.y1. ip, pileatus
C lil/ i,,, i. isit canigularis
(C i/, r// ili-, chrysomelaena
Rhodinocichla rose
Mitrospingus cassinii
( li. .'ii tjI'- carmioli
Eucometis penicillata
Lanio leucothorax
Heterospingus rubrifrons
Tachyphonus luctuosus
Tachyphonus delattrii
Tachyphonus rufus
Habia rubica
Habia fuscicauda
Habia atrimaxillaris
Piranga flava
Piranga rubra
Piranga olivacea
Piranga ludoviciana
Piranga bidentata
Piranga leucoptera
Ramphocelus sanguinolentus
Ramphocelus passerinii
Ramphocelus costaricensis
Thraupis episcopus
Thraupis palmarum
Bangsia arcaei
Euphonia affinis
Euphonia luteicapilla
Euphonia laniirostris
Euphonia hirundinacea
Euphonia l./,..,, ... u,
Euphonia imitans
Euphonia gouldi
Euphonia minute
Euphonia anneae
Chlorophonia callophrys
Tangara inornata
Tangara florida
Tangara icterocephala
Tangara guttata
Tangara gyrola
Tangara lavinia


Collared Redstart
Golden-crowned Warbler
Rufous-capped Warbler
Black-cheeked Warbler
Three-striped Warbler
Buff-rumped Warbler
Wrenthrush
Yellow-breasted Chat
Bananaquit
Common Bush-Tanager
Sooty-capped Bush-Tanager
Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager
Black-and-yellow Tanager
Rosy Thrush-Tanager
Dusky-faced Tanager
Olive Tanager
Gray-headed Tanager
White-throated Shrike-Tanager
Sulphur-rumped Tanager
White-shouldered Tanager
Tawny-crested Tanager
White-lined Tanager
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager
Red-throated Ant-Tanager
Black-cheeked Ant-Tanager
Hepatic Tanager
Summer Tanager
Scarlet Tanager
Western Tanager
Flame-colored Tanager
White-winged Tanager
Crimson-collared Tanager
Passerini's Tanager
Cherries's Tanager
Blue-gray Tanager
Palm Tanager
Blue-and-gold Tanager
Scrub Euphonia
Yellow-crowned Euphonia
Thick-billed Euphonia
Yellow-throated Euphonia
Elegant Euphonia
Spot-crowned Euphonia
Olive-backed Euphonia
White-vented Euphonia
Tawny-capped Euphonia
Golden-browed Chlorophonia
Plain-colored Tanager
Emerald Tanager
Silver-throated Tanager
Speckled Tanager
Bay-headed Tanager
Rufous-winged Tanager











Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Thraupidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Emberizidae
Cardinalidae
Cardinalidae
Cardinalidae
Cardinalidae
Cardinalidae
Cardinalidae
Cardinalidae
Cardinalidae
Cardinalidae
Cardinalidae
Cardinalidae


Tangara larvata
Tangara dowii
Dacnis venusta
Dacnis cayana
Chlorophanes spiza
Cyanerpes lucidus
Cyanerpes cyaneus
Volatiniajacarina
Sporophila schistacea
Sporophila americana
Sporophila torqueola
Sporophila nigricollis
Sporophila minute
Oryzoborus ii, i, ,
Oryzoborus funereus
Amaurospiza concolor
Tiaris olivacea
Pinaroloxias inornata
Haplospiza rustica
Acanthidops bairdii
Diglossa plumbea
Sicalis luteola
Emberizoides herbicola
Lysurus crassirostris
Pselliophorus tibialis
Pezopetes capitalis
Atlapetes albinucha
Buarremon brunneinucha
Buarremon torquatus
Arremon aurantiirostris
Arremonops rufivirgatus
Arremonops conirostris
Melozone biarcuatum
Melozone leucotis
Aimophila ruficauda
Aimophila botterii
Aimophila rufescens
Chondestes grammacus
Ammodramus savannarum
Melospiza lincolnii
Zonotrichia capensis
Junco vulcani
Saltator striatipectus
Saltator coerulescens
Saltator maximus
Saltator atriceps
Saltator grossus
Caryothraustes poliogaster
Pheucticus tibialis
Pheucticus ludovicianus
Pheucticus melanocephalus
Cyanocompsa cyanoides
Passerina caerulea


Golden-hooded Tanager
Spangle-cheeked Tanager
Scarlet-thighed Dacnis
Blue Dacnis
Green Honeycreeper
Shining Honeycreeper
Red-legged Honeycreeper
Blue-black Grassquit
Slate-colored Seedeater
Variable Seedeater
White-collared Seedeater
Yellow-bellied Seedeater
Ruddy-breasted Seedeater
Nicaraguan Seed-Finch
Thick-billed Seed-Finch
Blue Seedeater
Yellow-faced Grassquit
Cocos Finch
Slaty Finch
Peg-billed Finch
Slaty Flowerpiercer
Grassland Yellow-Finch
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch
Sooty-faced Finch
Yellow-thighed Finch
Large-footed Finch
White-naped Brush-Finch
Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch
Stripe-headed Brush-Finch
Orange-billed Sparrow
Olive Sparrow
Black-striped Sparrow
Prevost's Ground-Sparrow
White-eared Ground-Sparrow
Stripe-headed Sparrow
Botteri's Sparrow
Rusty Sparrow
Lark Sparrow
Grasshopper Sparrow
Lincoln's Sparrow
Rufous-collared Sparrow
Volcano Junco
Streaked Saltator
Grayish Saltator
Buff-throated Saltator
Black-headed Saltator
Slate-colored Grosbeak
Black-faced Grosbeak
Black-thighed Grosbeak
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Black-headed Grosbeak
Blue-black Grosbeak
Blue Grosbeak











Cardinalidae
Cardinalidae
Cardinalidae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Icteridae
Fringillidae
Fringillidae
Passeridae
Passeridae


Passerina cyanea
Passerina ciris
Spiza americana
Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Agelaius phoeniceus
Sturnella militaris
Sturnella magna
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Dives dives
Quiscalus mexicanus
Quiscalus nicaraguensis
Molothrus aeneus
Molothrus oryzivorus
Icterus dominicensis
Icterus spurius
Icterus mesomelas
Icterus pustulatus
Icterus bullockii
Icterus pectoralis
Icterus galbula
Amblycercus holosericeus
Cacicus uropygialis
Psarocolius decumanus
Psarocolius wagleri
Psarocolius montezuma
Carduelis .\.. iihll-. ,, .1,
Carduelis psaltria
Passer domesticus
Lonchura malaca


Indigo Bunting
Painted Bunting
Dickcissel
Bobolink
Red-winged Blackbird
Red-breasted Blackbird
Eastem Meadowlark
Yellow-headed Blackbird
Melodious Blackbird
Great-tailed Grackle
Nicaraguan Grackle
Bronzed Cowbird
Giant Cowbird
Greater Antillean Oriole
Orchard Oriole
Yellow-tailed Oriole
Streak-backed Oriole
Bullock's Oriole
Spot-breasted Oriole
Baltimore Oriole
Yellow-billed Cacique
Scarlet-rumped Cacique
Crested Oropendola
Chestnut-headed Oropendola
Montezuma Oropendola
Yellow-bellied Siskin
Lesser Goldfinch
House Sparrow
Black-headed Munia




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