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Lankesteriana

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Title:
Lankesteriana la revista científica del Jardín Botánico Lankester, Universidad de Costa Rica
Physical Description:
v. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Jardín Botánico Lankester
Publisher:
Jardi´n Bota´nico Lankester, Universidad de Costa Rica
Jardín Botánico Lankester, Universidad de Costa Rica
Place of Publication:
Cartago Costa Rica
Cartago, Costa Rica
Publication Date:
Frequency:
three times a year[2002-]
irregular[ former 2001]
three times a year
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Botany -- Periodicals -- Costa Rica   ( lcsh )
Epiphytes -- Periodicals -- Costa Rica   ( lcsh )
Orchids -- Periodicals -- Costa Rica   ( lcsh )
Plantkunde   ( gtt )
Botanische tuinen   ( gtt )
Genre:
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Costa Rica

Notes

Language:
In English and Spanish.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
No. 1 (mayo 2001)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issues for May 2001-Oct. 2003 designated no.1-8; issues for Apr. 2004- designated vol. 4, no. 1-
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 4, no. 1 (abr. 2004).
General Note:
International journal on orchidology.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 48491453
lccn - 2001240973
issn - 1409-3871
System ID:
UF00098723:00026

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Lankesteriana la revista científica del Jardín Botánico Lankester, Universidad de Costa Rica
Physical Description:
v. : ill. (some col.) ; 25 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Jardín Botánico Lankester
Publisher:
Jardi´n Bota´nico Lankester, Universidad de Costa Rica
Jardín Botánico Lankester, Universidad de Costa Rica
Place of Publication:
Cartago Costa Rica
Cartago, Costa Rica
Publication Date:
Frequency:
three times a year[2002-]
irregular[ former 2001]
three times a year
regular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Botany -- Periodicals -- Costa Rica   ( lcsh )
Epiphytes -- Periodicals -- Costa Rica   ( lcsh )
Orchids -- Periodicals -- Costa Rica   ( lcsh )
Plantkunde   ( gtt )
Botanische tuinen   ( gtt )
Genre:
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
Costa Rica

Notes

Language:
In English and Spanish.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
No. 1 (mayo 2001)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Issues for May 2001-Oct. 2003 designated no.1-8; issues for Apr. 2004- designated vol. 4, no. 1-
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 4, no. 1 (abr. 2004).
General Note:
International journal on orchidology.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 48491453
lccn - 2001240973
issn - 1409-3871
System ID:
UF00098723:00026


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Vol 10, No. 2-3 December 2010ISSN 1409-3871VOL. 10, No. 2-3 DECEMBER 2010 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON ORCHIDOLOGY INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON ORCHIDOLOGY The orchid collections and illustrations of Consul Friederich C. Lehmann PHILLIP CRIBBCRIBB The orchid collections and illustrations of Consul Friederich C. Lehmann Lanksteriana 10(1) PORTADA.indd 1 10/29/10 13:08 PM

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON ORCHIDOLOGYISSN 1409-3871VOL. 10, No. 2-3 DECEMBER 2010The orchid collections and illustrations of Consul Friederich C. Lehmann PHILLIP CRIBB LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3) part 1.indd 3 10/29/10 13:08 PM

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LANKESTERIANAINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON ORCHIDOLOGY Copyright 2010 Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica Phillip Cribb and The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Effective publication date: December 12, 2010 Layout: Jardn Botnico Lankester. Cover: Maxillaria augustae-victoriae F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. Painting of the type by F. C.Lehmann. Printer: Litografa Ediciones Sanabria S.A. Printed copies: 500 Printed in Costa Rica / Impreso en Costa RicaR Lankesterian a / International Journal on Orchidology No. 1 (2001)-. -San Jos, Costa Rica: Editorial Universidad de Costa Rica, 2001-v. ISSN-1409-3871 1. Botnica Publicaciones peridicas, 2. Publicaciones peridicas costarricenses

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TALBLE OF CONTENTS Foreword, by Calaway Dodson I Acknowledgements 1 Preface 1 Vegetation and orchid diversity 5 The life and travels of Friederich Carl Lehmann 9 Lehmann itineraries and collection numbers 31 Lehmanns illustrations 53 Species accounts 143 Bibliography 181 Biographies 183 Index of names 207

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ANDEAN VEGETATION AND ORCHID DIVERSITY The majority of Lehmanns active plant hunting took place in the northern Andes of Colombia and Ecuador. The account of the region, its vegetation and orchid diversity that follows sets the scene for the account of his life that follows. Geography Colombia is the fourth largest country in South America with a land surface of about 1,138, 600 km, whereas Ecuador, straddling the Equator, is much smaller at about 238, 500 km. Despite their disparity in size, they have much in common. Each has a distinct lowland western region, an Andean region of Cordilleras dissected by deep inter-Andean valleys, and an eastern lowland region. I will consider each in turn. The majority of the population, in both countries, lives in the mountains, and the lowlands are relatively less populated. The western lowlands A coastal plain runs more or less all the way from Ecuadors southern border with Peru to the north-western border of Colombia. It is variable in width, and its soils are partly alluvial and partly volcanic. In Ecuador, the region is called the Costa and runs for 685 km north to south and up to 100km in width between the sea and the western Cordillera. This area of 263,000 km is immensely bio-diverse with an estimated 5,100 species growing Current that keeps most of coastal Peru arid. The vegetation in the drier areas comprises tropical thorn scrub and even desert. Rainfall rises to 8,800 mm on the Colombian border and, in the wetter areas, the forest cover changes from tropical dry forest to tropical moist forest north of Quevedo. Unfortunately, only a single national park has been gazetted in this region. It is, nowadays, intensively cultivated and very little of the original vegetation remains outside this protected area (Dodson and Escobar 1993). The western lowlands of Colombia are more extensive and in a better state of preservation. For 320 km north of the Ecuadorian border the lowlands are wide, marshy and sparsely inhabited. Lehmann collected extensively untimely end while trying to cross the latter. The Serrania de Baud runs along the coast north of Buenaventura. by the Rio San Juan and north into the Caribbean by the Rio Atrato. The climate is hot and rainfall high with torrential daily rain so that lowland forests are well developed there. A narrow strip of perhumid cloud-forest clothes the lower Andean slopes of Ecuador between 300 and 900 m elevation, merging into the Choco forests of Colombia where the forests are more extensive. The sierras Above 900m elevation, extensive areas of montane habitat exist in both Ecuador and Colombia forming a mountainous backbone to both countries. In Ecuador, two ranges of mountains, cordilleras, run north to south, separated by a broad, dry central valley. Both ranges boast high volcanoes: Chimborazo at 6310 m is the highest but several others, including Cayembe, Illiniza, Altar, Cotopaxi, Tunguragua, Antisana and Sangay, top 5000 m. Tunguragua (5016 m), overshadowing the town of Baos, and Sangay (5230 m) are currently extremely active. The western slopes are somewhat drier than the eastern ones and have suffered almost as much deforestation protected by a number of national parks and reserves. Lehmann traversed the Ecuadorian cordilleras many times while collecting. The mountains around Quito, Baos and Loja proved to be especially rich and rewarding for masdevallias and odontoglossums. Ecuadors inter-Andean valleys, ten basins in all, lie between 2100 and 2750 m elevation, often lie in the rain-shadow of the cordilleras, suffering periodic droughts. Grassy pramo vegetation covers extensive areas but In Colombia, the two Ecuadorian ranges persist into the southern part of the country, and the valley between LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann5

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.6 LANKESTERIANA black-soil valley that runs northwards to Cali and Cartago, draining to the north by the Cauca River. Many of his collections came from the mountains and riverine forests of the region. A low pass west of Cali crosses the western cordillera and links it to Buenaventura on the coast. Lehmann traversed it many times, often en route to peaks are 4000 m or more high, and none reaches 5000m. At Cartago, the two cordilleras approach each other and form a steep gorge that runs all the way north to the Caribbean lowlands. In the Central Cordillera, Medellin, the capital of Antioquia, lies at an elevation of 1540 m and is the centre of coffee production. North of Medellin, it splits into three branches separated by rivers that all run into the Caribbean. This region, in the state of Antioquia, proved to be a fertile collecting ground for Lehmann and The Eastern Cordillera arises some 2 N of the Ecuadorian border and moves north, bifurcating at 7 N into two branches, one becoming the western rim of the Maracaibo basin, the other running north-east into Venezuela. The Magdalena River separates the Eastern from the Central Cordillera and runs north into the Caribbean at Barranquilla. Some of the peaks of the Sierra Nevada de Cocuy in the Eastern Cordillera rise to over 5200m, Ritacuba Blanca being 5493 m high. Bogota, the capital, lies in a high fertile basin of the Eastern Cordillera at more or less the same latitude as Cartago. The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta lies isolated from the main Andean cordilleras and on the shores of the Caribbean. Its greatest peaks, the highest in Colombia, rise to 5800 m and are less than 50 km from the sea. The Eastern lowlands About a third of Ecuador and over half of Colombia lie to the east of the Andes. In both Ecuador and Colombia, the country drops abruptly east of the Eastern Cordillera to the lowlands of the Amazon and Orinoco basins. Most of these areas are very wet. The soils on the Andean slopes can be rich and in the high rainfall can Atlantic Ocean, while the Orinoco basin runs all the way to the Caribbean. Both regions are characterized by poor thin soils in the lowlands. Tall forests follow the meandering river margins and are interspersed with ox-bow lakes, seasonally wet grasslands and swamp forests. Rainfall is high, and temperatures are hot. Lehmann seems to have spent little time and effort collecting in these regions which are relatively poor in orchid diversity, although he did navigate the Orinoco to its mouth en route to the Caribbean, collecting plants (but few orchids) along the way Orchid diversity Colombia and Ecuador are undoubtedly amongst the most biodiverse countries in the world. They are also has alone already added 200 new species of Stelis. Colombia has currently fewer described species, but Dodson (1994) estimates that it will be as rich as, if not richer than, Ecuador. The orchids account for an estimated 10% Orchids are distributed in every habitat from the coast to the permanent snow-line on the highest mountains. Factors driving orchid evolution have been the tremendous variety of available habitats, the diverse topography and climate of the region, the unstable geology and the availability of pollinators, and mycorrhizal fungi. It seems Three Andean cordilleras in Colombia merge into two in Ecuador Andes. The precipitation varies greatly in each cordillera and in the inter-Andean valleys depending upon prevailing winds and the rain-shadow effect of neighbouring mountain ranges. Some orchids are widespread, especially lowland species but, in the Andean cordilleras, most are more

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restricted in their distribution and some are narrowly endemic. Dodson and Escobar (1993) have estimated that only about 8% of the orchids of Ecuador are found in the lowland forests below 300m whereas about 18% occur above the 3000m contour. Thus almost three-quarters of all the orchids are found between 300 and 3000 m in less than half the surface area of the country. The same would apply in Colombia. Endemism km. As Dodson and Escobar (1993) indicate, most Andean orchids are much more restricted in their distribution, many to less than 20,000 km and often occur in only one or two ecologically appropriate forest types. Both endemics have been described as new to science by authors such as Luer and Dodson and their collaborators in recent years. The recent discovery by Lou Jost (2004) of many new species of Teagueia, a genus previously Andes are particularly rich in endemics. Dodson (1994) gives a vivid example from the Centinela Ridge in western Ecuador where 10% of the plant species were endemic in an area 20km by 1 km in extent and ranging from 500 to 800m in elevation. The area is now deforested, and species extinctions have certainly occurred. Lehmanns main collecting areas Lehmann covered a remarkable area while collecting orchids in South America, from the Ecuadorian border using the extensive river network in the lowlands but mule or horse in the highlands. there between September and November 1884, returning from August to December 1891 and in November 1896. The region produced fabulous cattleyas, including C. aurea, C. trianaei and C. warscewiczii, and odontoglossums such as O. harryanum, O. lindleyanum, O. luteopurpureum and O. wallisii. Dracula chimaera, D. pholeodytes and D. velutina, Masdevallia bicolor, M. cucullata, M. torulosa, M. peristeria,M. ventricularia, M. molossus and M. platyglossa. Fine forms of Phragmipedium schlimii were also collected in the forests around Frontino and Medellin. Other notable discoveries in the region included Trichopilia rostrata, Rodriguezia lehmannii, Otoglossum coronarium, Anguloa ruckeri, Oerstedella wallisii, Oliveriana egregia, Cyrtochilum fallens and Stanhopea wardii Neomoorea wallisii was found on the Rio Nuz between Miltoniopsis vexillarius, the pansy orchid. Lehmann noted: This plant, distributed all over Antioquia, varies rather strongly in different localities. The growing around Ituango, on the Rio San Jorge, above San Andres, and around Briceno, have somewhat smaller coloured. The latter variety agrees almost completely with the variety rubellum from Cauca. draculas: including Masdevallia amanda,M. bicolor, M. stenantha, M. maculata,M. pachyantha,M. racemosa and M. pantherina, and Dracula chimaera and D. vespertilio. Other notable collections included Coryanthes mastersii, Pescatoria klabochorum and Cattleya chocoensis. The mountains around Cali produced Bollea coelestis, Ada chlorops and Dracula chimaera. But it was the Popayan highlands, his base from 1878 onwards, Odontoglossum pardinum, O. ramossisimum, O. angustatum and and Cyrtochilum undulatumLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann7

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.8 LANKESTERIANA Trevoria chloris, the type of a new genus exuberantly described by Lehmann in the Gardeners Chronicle of the following year. times subsequently, produced Odontoglossum angustatum and O. pardinum, Helcia sanguinolenta, Pescatoria lehmannii, Chondrorhyncha chestertonii and Phragmipedium caudatum. On his frequent visits to the western lowlands, especially en route to Buenaventura and to his mine on the Rio Timbiqui, he found Miltoniopsis roezlii, Huntleya citrina, Pescatoria klabochorum, Dracula inaequalis, Phragmipedium longifolium, Peristeria elata and Chondrorhyncha chestertonii. Some of Lehmanns earliest collections came from the area around Quito in the Ecuadorian Andes where Cyrtochilum genuiculatum, Cochlioda vulcanica and Maxillaria lehmannii. Farther south, the eastern slopes of the Andes between Sigsig and Cuenca were rich in masdevallias and other choice species, such as Odontoglossum cirrhosum, O. cruentum, O. angustatum, Maxillaria lehmannii and Cyrtochilum macranthum, from the Ecuadorian lowlands included lehmannii and Odontoglossum denticulatum. Lehmanns label notes of Cattleya maxima state The species occurs here [in north-western coastal Ecuador] on Rhizophora mangle, in brackish marshes. Further to the south, around Pichota and Jipijapa, the lowermost boundary begins only at 200-300m above the sea, and reaches up to1000m. To the south from Guayaquil it occurs only very seldom below 1000m. The so much sought-after variety Backhouseana grows around Zaruma in south-east Ecuador. The highlands of southern Ecuador were one of Lehmanns earliest and most productive hunting grounds around Loja and Zamora, a region which yielded many masdevallias and also Phragmipedium boissierianum, Phragmipedium wallisii, Cyrtochilum retusum and Cochlioda rosea March 1877, proved particularly rich in showy orchids with many species growing in abundance on the old lava Phragmipedium lindenii, Cyrtochilum macranthum, Brassia longicuspis, Cochlioda vulcanica, Odontoglossum cristatellum, Chrysocycnis lehmannii and Oncidium tunguraguense. Lehmann considered the beautiful Masdevallia rosea to be one of the most valuable and desirable plants Zamora and in the east Andes of Cuenca. LITERATURE CITED Dodson, C. and Escobar R., R. (1993). Vol. 1. Colina, Medellin, Colombia. 15: 1-84. Jost, L. 2004. Teagueia explosion: an unexpected orchid species radiation in the Andes of Ecuador. Orchid Digest 68: 8-13, 40. Selbyana 9: 2-22. Luer, C. 2003, 2004. Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXIV & XXV. Monographs in Systematic Botany, 24 & 25. Missouri Botanic Garden, St. Louis, Missouri.

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THE LIFE AND TRAVELS OF FRIEDRICH CARL LEHMANN Friedrich Carl Lehmann (1850-1903) (Figs. 1, 2) collected orchids and other plants in Colombia and Ecuador over a period of almost three decades from 1876 (Rolfe, 1904). He was by profession a commercial plant collector, and also eventually a land-owner, a mine-owner and German Consul in Colombia. His extensive preserved collections of herbarium specimens and illustrations of the plants that he collected form one of the and the most important collection of his preserved plants is now held in the Herbarium at the Royal Botanic The early years Lehmann was born in Platkow, Germany on 27th December 1850 in humble circumstances, the eldest son in a large family. He received elementary schooling before being apprenticed as a gardener in Germany. He arrived in the New World in 1876 to collect plants for the Low nursery of Upper Clapton, London, then the leading English nursery specializing in orchids and other tropical plants. published in Otia Botanica Hamburgensia of 1878: Stanhopea, Cycnoches and Catasetum, requiring a certain amount of heroism. as the discoverer of many species, whose collection may have been avoided by many of his predecessors, especially ordinates of localities. Given the hot competition in orchid collection it would lead to the destruction of many plants. We do not wish to support the vandalism with which some self-made collectors, following others, proceed to destroy geographical results. His earliest recorded collections of both living and dried specimens were made in Ecuador in 1876. Herbarium specimens of his collections were sent to H. G. Reichenbach, the eminent German orchid specialist in as his agent, selling plants to private growers in Europe. Ortgies offered some consignments of orchids for sale LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann9

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.10 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE Henry Oakeley.

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Establishment as a plant collector like a limpet to the brothers and to collect from their choice localities. Of course, they were aware of his strategy and motives but, in the small community of expatriot collectors, they were unable to keep their movements secret wrote: cirrhosum. th consignment of cirrhosum me. Lehmann also sought out their collectors and made better offers to them to secure choice plants:Can you imagine, today there arrived a man who usually collects (Odontoglossum) hallii and cirrhosum for us, and Lehmann found out about this in a strange way. He went to see him and told him that he would pay one dollar more than liar, that he had not discussed anything like this with him. He did not realise that this man can be a disadvantage for him cirrhosum, cirrhosum Onc. macranthum cirrhosum the whole room full of cirrhosum of him by 3,000. He had no idea. Franz left another 1,000 cirrhosum ahead of him by 500 hallii Mesospinidium sanguineum will probably be in our next consignment. Gardeners Chronicle intimating that Lehmann had offered plants for sale falsely under the name Odontoglossum cirrhosum considered the matter:LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann11

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ave received your letters dated 17th and 29th believe Lehmann does not have the courage to go to an unknown destination and Low does not have the courage to forever cling to me. He wants to know everything about localities of plants. Whenever he talks about a plant, he pulls He is also looking for Nanodes medusae, but that does not seem to be on his map. ends to go next, but God willing, his next journey will be to hospital. By now, it was clear that the Klabochs considered Lehmann a serious rival and kept close tabs on his You ask if Lehmann knows anything about the Odontoglossum Od. roseum Regarding the white Maxillaria Nanodes, they grow together with the Maxillaria. Lehmann has departed for Cauca, LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.12 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 2. Friedrich Lehmann, photograph published in the Gardeners Chronicle 1904. FIGURE

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann13probably to collect Bollea and Masdevallia chimaera..You ask for more Od. macranthum and Od. cirrhosum, However, it seems that the relationship between them was not entirely anatagonistic for, on 31 July 1877, Eduard Klaboch wrote: dysentery. together with the Odontoglossum karwinskii Selenipedium wallisii because Lehmann has indicated the location very precisely. Nevertheless, the relationship remained tense. Eduard wrote from Guayaquil on 14 October 1877 that: Lehm ann is going to Cauca and told me that he intends to go to Popayan where he will look for Oncidium superbiens. on his estate before.Only for him to add the following day in a postscript that:Lehmann has deceived us all, he did not want to admit that he was going to Colombia, but in the end he could no longer as present when he departed. worth all the effort and danger. Marriage and property held estates in and around Popayan, Cauca province, Colombia. From that time, he settled in Popayan, using it as a base from which to launch his subsequent explorations. His wife inherited property in Popayan and a country estate family soon afterwards (Kraenzlin, 1904). Lehmann consequently acquired considerable skills as a geologist and prospector. He certainly had long-standing interests in mining in Colombia. Documents in the possession of his family suggest that he was involved in the sale of a mine to a company based in New York but retained an interest Orchid business cultivation by royalty, the landed gentry and wealthy businessmen throughout Europe, but especially in England. Lehmann went to Germany and England, visiting botanists, nurserymen and private growers, making many new contacts.

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collection (Lehmann 9) was an un-named species growing on a mangrove and his second a Vanilla (Lehmann 10). his friend Polko. Now he is no longer so fond of Low, he has broken with Polko and he has nothing good to say about Ortgies. But he is not honest, for when he was travelling for Low, he sent things to Polko, and that made a bad impression on me, for he did this at the expense of Low, the journey to Barbacoas, where he found all the new things an exception with me. Of course, none of this is any of my business, but it annoys me when he is dishonest with me. Of course, Klaboch was no friend of Lehmann and certainly sought to harm any budding relationship that he Lehmann began to offer plants for sale directly through advertisements in the Gardeners Chronicle, a weekly as serious competition, undercutting his own business. Hard times Lehmann collected thereafter for his private clients and also for the Liverpool Horticultural Company, another Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach Lehmann relied upon taxonomic botanists to name and describe his collections, essential if he was to obtain botanical contacts were often as stormy as those he had with nurserymen. Undoubtedly, Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach (1824-1889) (Fig. 4), the acknowledged orchid authority of the who had known and collaborated with him. collection, that of Masdevallia lehmannii in the Gardeners Chronicle of 1878 (ii: 38), is accompanied by a paeon of praise and a dig at English orchid collectors: with English. Not because he sent a very beautiful collection of dried specimens specimens indeed, not scraps! of cetemps nest plus collecting specimens is no more LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.14 LANKESTERIANA

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the general custom of English collectors, as in the glorious days of both the Lobbs, Purdie, the Cunninghams, and the old general who declared a mantle was a very useful thing for a soldier, provided it was neatly rolled on his back. Lehmann for all such niceties by dedicating to him most thankfully this lovely Masdevallia FIGURE 4. Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach (1824-1889), German botanist and orchid authority, of Hamburg.LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann15

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Masdevallia triglochin, was described in the same volume, again with praise for Lehmann: Masdevallia very satisfactory set of dry specimens (not miserable scraps) in my herbarium, where the lovely genus Masdevallia is Orchideae F.C. Lehmannianae ecuadorenses (Reichenbach, 1878). Of these, 31 were new taxa (28 new species and three new varieties). Notable amongst them were new species of Cranichis, Odontoglossum, Maxillaria, Cycnoches, Aeranthes, Epidendrum and Masdevallia Pescatoria lehmannii in the Gardeners Chronicle, calling it: Lehmann, who does so much for the progress of botany and agriculture. No doubt the best wishes of all lovers of Orchids dangers. Lehmann must have swelled with pride to read such a glowing endorsement. He was undoubtedly proud of the connection, Reichenbach wrote succinctly: the orchids of F.C. Lehmann are close to my heart, the wonderful collection, full of new discoveries (letter of 30 January 1880). However, Reichenbach was a hard taskmaster, and a year later Lehmann wrote that: Has Prof. Reichenbach not yet published the Pescatoria trevoriana not yet written to me. He wanted me to stay in Europe and to give him my diary so that he could use it for the Plantae Lehmannianae Americae meridionalis which was the name of the work he was going to publish next spring. novelties until his death in 1889, mostly in the journals Linnaea and Flora. Reichenbachs poisoned legacy to whichever museum promised to keep it under lock and key for a period of 25 years after his death. growers and institutions had given Reichenbach free access to their collections for his studies over many LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.16 LANKESTERIANA

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Geneva over the succeeding 14 years. Pilumna possibly could be separated from Trichopilia How it is with Helcia Bollea, Pescatorea, Kefersteinia and all at once they go to Zygopetalum..But what is far more sad with Rchb. than all his changes, is that malevolent grudge not to let any man occupy himself with orchids which not led him to be untrue. was his P. andicola Rolfe fared little better in this exchange: to catch everything in moment and seeks others instead of letting him be caught.Henry Ridley and Robert Rolfe generally considered to be the founding father of the rubber industry in the region. However, he was fascinated by who have seen them, often said that they are unique as to quality and arrangements. On 7 February 1887 he explained his methodology for his collections and expanded his litany of praise for his collections in an attempt to get Ridley to identify and name them: distances, and moreover prove the geographical distribution of the species. 100 specimens mean specimens, not species including the varieties. leaves, fronds, wood, etc. and the elevation above the sea-level, in which the species grows, of the 6000 specimens differences of colour, variations etc. LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann17

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gratitude agreeing to dispatch forthwith a small number of specimens of novelties by the next mail and Utricularia jamesonii (Fig. 7), a member of a genus in which Ridley was amicable correspondence. LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.18 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE

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Robert Rolfe (Fig. 6) occasionally described new Lehmann species, Ada lehmannii in the Gardeners Chronicle (Rolfe, 1891) and Lueddemannia triloba and Scelochilus carinatus in the Kew Bulletin (1895), collections.LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann19 FIGURE

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.20 LANKESTERIANAFritz Krnzlin Orchidaceae Lehmannianae in Guatemala, Costarica [sic], Colombia et Ecuador collectae, quas determinavit et descripsit Epidendrum (40), Pleurothallis (18) and Masdevallia the genera, Neolehmannia and Pterostemma, were newly established by him. of it for Berlin (Kraenzlin, 1904). However, he had only lent the material to Berlin, and it duly came to Kew. Masdevallia and its allies in the Lehmann collection. He described a few species in 1921 and established the genus Lothiana collections were described in his monograph of Masdevallia The Marquis of Lothians The Genus Masdevallia MasdevalliaRepertorium of 1925: monographs and trained botanist happens to be of a different opinion regarding one or other species, this does not The Genus Masdevallia Friedrich Lehmann, who advertised his tempting wares in the pages of the weekly magazine The Gardeners Chronicle portraits, some 85 of which were of Masdevallia The Genus Masdevallia and 1880s. Lehmann was a major source of novelties and of spectacular species from Colombia and Ecuador. incomparable resource based on the extensive collection of John Lindley, the father of orchid taxonomy. Lindley

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann22 FIGURE FIGURE 8. Left, Masdevallia roseath Right., Masdevallia coccinea

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.22 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE Masdevallia ephippium. Bottom, Masdevallia xanthina

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novelties introduced by its collectors, especially the orchids that fascinated him most. He described nearly 2000 species and over 180 genera during his lifetime. Rolfe, after initially agreeing, apparently declined to write the sells at auction, when it rarely appears, for thousands of pounds. Woolward to Lehmann also survives in this collection:Belton, Grantham, Lincolnshire February 17th 1891 Dear Consul Lehmann, Masdevallia th and Feb. 2nd. M. guttulata Reichenbach in Linnaea of the same section as M. ephippiumth Rolfe described M. guttulata as a new species! having quite overlooked the fact that Professor Reichenbach described it in 1877. No locality or discoverer is given in the latter reference. M. picturata complete for printing. Florence H. Woolward Lehmann duly obliged, not once but many times. He also sent copies of his own drawings of Masdevallia M. ophioglossa and M. ventricularia, the respective herbarium specimens (Figs. 18, 19). His detailed descriptions of habitats were added for over half detailed description of the habitat of Masdevallia maculata is a good example: Pleurothallis, Lepanthes, Stelis, Restrepia, Masdevallia (the species: auropurpurea Rchb.f., maculata Klotzsch et Karst., ephippium Rchb.f., amanda Rchb.f.), Comparettia, Burlingtonia, Oncidium (the species obryzatum Rchb.f., panduratum H.B.Kth., globuliferum H.B.Kth.), Epidendrum, Sobralia, Evelyna and a few others. heavy electric discharges. During the rainy season it is highly interesting to observe these meterological [sic] LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann23

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Masdevallia maculata The Genus Masdevallia would have been a far poorer work but for the efforts of Lehmann. He contributed plants, watercolours and detailed habitat notes for the volume and surely deserved co-authorship. Woolward admits as much in the Foreword:Drawings also of numerous species entirely unknown in this country, or known only hitherto as dried specimens, are generously promised by Consul F.C. Lehmann, whose exceptional advantages as a skilled botanist collecting for many the authorities upon the genus. His drawings will be published in later parts of the works, with names and descriptions supplied by him, and with a chapter on the geographical distribution of the genus, accompanied by a map. For each species which he has himself collected, he contributes a note stating the temperature and elevation of the locality in which he has found the plant. of the work: of those lent to me by him for that purpose, although in themselves, were sent without dissections, names, notes, or descriptions, and were, therefore, useless for publication. Botanic Garden, of 6 matter of the monograph of the genus Masdevallia Masdevallia is completed it will not be short of 150 species. Nevertheless, The Genus Masdevallia exploration.Lehmann the botanist The Genus Masdevallia, he occasionally contributed descriptions of new taxa to the Gardeners Chronicle. His account of the discovery of the genera Trevoria (Fig. 10) and Gorgoglossum in that journal of 1897 is well worth quoting, illustrating his botanical knowledge and the extent and danger of his endeavours as a collector: Trevoria and my Gorgoglossum Gorgoglossum Reichenbachianum Gorgoglossum LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.24 LANKESTERIANA

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann25 FIGURE 10. Trevoria chloris seeds from the type specimen.

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Trevoria occurred in 1887. Only three specimens were seen, bearing thin, drooping a number of other botanical treasures. Nothing more was seen or heard of this plant, which, by-the-by, when during an perdure sempervirent as Chloris the goddess formally describe more of his discoveries. FIGURE LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.26 LANKESTERIANA

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Lehmanns Herbarium Lehmann after 1880, he collected almost 14,000 numbered collections and a large quantity of un-numbered ones as well. Not all were orchids but the orchid collections numbered in their thousands and formed the main thrust of his were of orchids, although occasionally he painted other plants, such as showy species of Pinguicula and Eucharis. herbarium collections, of which 3172 were orchids, and about 600 paintings and drawings of orchids and another Ada lehmannii, Catasetum lehmannii, Chrysocycnis lehmannii, Dichaea lehmannii, Dracula lehmannii, Lepanthes lehmannii, Masdevallia lehmannii, and Pescatoria lehmannii. He is also commemorated by the orchid genera Lehmannia and Neolehmannia. Lehmanns botanical illustrations Lehmann too when it proved to be of inferior quality. He was a competent artist, and the completed watercolour paintings are accurate and attractive representations of the orchids he saw and collected. Not all are complete, many being parta botanist uses to describe a plant as new to science and, as such, represents an essential standard for checking the application of a plant name by other botanists. Lehmann discovered many new orchid species on his expeditions. to orchid scientists apart from those who have been able to visit Kew and examine the original materials. Health, sickness and death Despite occasional sickness from dysentery and malaria, Lehmann lived a vigorous and healthy life and LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann27

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.28 LANKESTERIANA th century. He and his family were inevitably caught up in it, restricting their movement beyond Popayan and affecting their lives in We have been several times without any communication for several months. Even to send letters by post was so sure that they would get on board a mail steamer. Orchid collecting and travelling have been hampered during the time The legacy and the possibility that that others might take unfair advantage of him. Nevertheless, he produced an impressive list of achievements and ended his days as a respected mine-owner, plant collector, botanist and diplomat. His particularly in areas that have been deforested or currently inaccessible because of civil unrest, is invaluable to number of unnamed specimens shows that there is still considerable work to complete. Masdevallia, Dracula, Pleurothallis and their allies, genera that fascinated Lehmann and in which he made efforts to discover novelties to introduce into Dracula vampira, surely the most sinister of all in that genus. himself the rudiments of botany and became competent at identifying and describing orchids and other plants.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann29Undoubtedly, if he had survived longer his contribution would have been greater. Novelties will continue to be discovered in the Herbarium Lehmannianum accompanying illustrations have only been available for study after his premature death. His rich collections will prove a treasure-trove for future generations of botanists. REFERENCES Gardeners Chronicle 1904, 1: 106-107. Orquideologia 10: 190-192. Kraenzlin, F. 1904. Obituary. F.C. Lehmann. Gardeners Chronicle 1904, 1: 107. Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. 26, 99: 213228. Orchid Review 13: 45-46, 106-107. Maxillaria lehmannii and its namesake. Orchid Review 117: 200-205. Woolward, F. 1891-1896. The genus Masdevallia R.H. Porter, London.

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LANKESTERIANA LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.30 FIGURE

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Year Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers 1850 Platkow born 1876 May Ecuador Ebene, Guayaquil, Chimborazo, Corazon, Cuenca, Alausi, Yimborra, Quito I, 4301, 4330, 4457 June Guayaquil, Chimborazo, Rio de Chimbo, Puente de Chimbo, Molleturo, Huashihuaico, Cuenca, Sisne, Loja 4213, 4299, 4378, 4467 July Guayaquil, Loja 4335 Aug. Guayaquil, Chagal, Yuerba-buena, Cayandelea, Sibambe 4209, 4324, 4416-4418 17 Sept. Cuenca Sept. Prov. Azuay: Sayausi, Contrayerba, Huaihuaico, Molleturo, Llamacancha, Yerbabuena; Prov. Caar: Huairacaja, Chaning, Taday, Pindilic, Yuanguang; Prov. Azuay: Sigsig, Rio Minas; Interandine valley: Maravia, Tinajilas, Nabon, Oa; Prov. Loja: Zamora, Cerro San Francisco Oct. Guayaquil, Loja, Las Yuntas, Rio Dagua 4434, 4435 Nov. Loja Prov.: Zamora, Zaraguro, Ramos-urcu, Juntas, Loja 4432, 4433 1877 Feb. Ecuador Prov. Pichincha: Quito, Tulcan, Rio Puru, Tusa, Rio Chota, Niebli, Auque, Calacali, Guallabamba, Nanegal 321 March Quito, Tunguragua, Baos, E. & W Cordillera, Cotopaxi, Huminahui, Corazon, Nudo di Tiupullo, Rio Blanco, San Florencio, Colorados de Santo Domingo, Corazon, Chimborazo, Rio Pastaza XXIII, 32, 74, 4210, 4300, 4325, 4448, 4468 24 March W slopes of Pichincha 24 April Chimborazo, Tunguragua 4322 May Guaranda, Chimborazo 4436-4440, 4443-4447 June Quito, Tunguragua, Cuenca, Alausi, Puente de Chimbo, Banos, Rio Pastaza, Guaranda, Guayaquil, Loja 67, 74, 4311, 4334, 4351, 4368, 4376, 4394, 4459, 4460 July Tunguragua Aug. San Florencio, Colorados de Santo Domingo, Corazon, Rio Silande 32, 4323 24 Aug. Loja to Zamora s.n. Sept. Colombia W. Cordillera of Cali, Cordova, Playa-larga, Rio Dagua, Pichincha, Quebrada de Cuyambe, San Francisco, Cordillera de Tuquerres 23, 7653 Oct. Cali, Pureto, Juntas, Rio Dagua, Cordova, Buenaventura, Naranja, Dagua, Las Kavas 203, 4332, 4461, 4462, 4469 Nov. Buenaventura, Sucre, Las Juntas, Rio Dagua 4331, 7001 THE ITINERARIES OF F. C. LEHMANN IN COLOMBIA AND ECUADOR 1876-1899 COMPILED FROM F. C. LEHMANNS COLLECTING NOTES AND HERBARIUM COLLECTIONS CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann31LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.

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1878 April Colombia Popayan BT 177 May Popayan, San Antonio de Cali, Paramo de Moras, Paramo de Delicias, Paramo de Guanacas, Purace 966, 4233, 4453, 6746, 6750, 6751, HK 334, s.n. 28 May Popayan June Las Playas, Babahoyo 4321 Aug. Cerro Pulla, Ramao-urcu, Cerro Acacana, Zaraguro, Loja, Cuenca 8060 Sept. Colombia Quebrada de Cuyambe, San Francisco, W Andes of Tuquerres Oct. Col/ Ecu Popayan, Yuerbabuena, West Andes of Cuenca 4214, 7635 1879 July Col/ Ecu Tuquerres, Ricaurte, Quito, Cuenca, San Pablo, Pasto 146, 8288 March Ecuador Quito XXVI 25 July Ecuador San Pablo, Barbacoas to Pasto Aug. Tuquerres Sept. Ecuador Guayaquil 29 Sept. Montana de Chongon, Guayaquil 8179 Oct. Cuenca, Yerba-buena, El Cocite, Molleturo, Cuenca 4318, 8304 17 Oct. Puebla, Laguna, Pasto 18 Oct. Loja 4157 22 Oct. Pasto, Cocha 24 Oct. Las Cruzes Nov. Chacayacu, Cuenca 4381 1880 4 Jan. Ecuador Prov. Quito: Pirca, Peruchu, 422, 8180 24 Jan Pichincha, Quito 30 Jan. Quito Feb. Imbabura Prov., Paramo de Inza 4244, 7997 2 Feb. Prov. Tuchabuna, Tinajillas, El Puntal, Inza 479 8 Feb. Tulcan, Villa de Ibarra 479 11 Feb. Laguna, Pasto 522 March San Miguel, Pususquer, Tuquerres 8055 6 March Narino, San Pablo, Pususquer, W slopes of volcan Arzufral 146 25 April UK London 29 April France Paris 16 June UK Medway 20 June Jamaica St Andrews, Newcastle 1-3 29 June Colombia Buenaventura 4-10 3 July Tumaco, Rio Chahui 13, 14 4 July Tumaco, Barbacoas, Rio Patia 11, 12, 2232 LANKESTERIANAYear Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.

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1880 6 July Barbacoas, Rio Telembi, Tumaco, Altaquer, Cuaiquer, San Pablo, W Andes of Tuquerres 15, 21, 34 8 July Pilruan, Pipalte, above Barbaroas 44 10 July Pipalte, Pilruan, Barbaroas, Paloquemado, Palpis, Rio Cuaiquer, San Pablo, San Miguel de Churunes 16-20, 24, 27, 45, 46 11 July San Pablo, San Miguel de Churunes 47 12 July San Francisco, San Miguel de Churunes, W Andes of Tuquerres, Azurfral 29, 33 13 July Paramo de Frailejon, Tuquerres, Cumbal 28, 31, 32, 35, 38, 5355 14 July Rio Yascual, Samanego, Panga 37, 38 15 July Pasto prov., Samanego, Sotomayor 36, 40, 41 16 July Panga, W Andes of Pasto, Cerro Sotomayor 43, 56, 57, 73-75 19 July San Pablo, San Miguel de Churunes, W Andes of Tuquerres, Rio Imbi, Cuaiquer 26 20 July San Pablo 30 21 July Quebrada de Cuyambe, nr Altaquer 58 25 July Altaquer, Cuiaquer, W Andes of Tuquerres 39 26 July Altaquer, Pususquer 85-87 27 July Quebrada Imbi, Rio Cuiaquer, Altaquer, San Pablo 76-79, 84 2 Aug. Altaquer, W Andes of Tuquerres 80 3 Aug. El Paramo, Cuyambe, Altaquer, Pususquer, W Andes of Tuquerres, Buenavista 62-64, 81 4 Aug. Buenavista, Altaquer 61 5 Aug. Buenavista 60 6 Aug. Rio Telembi, Rio Huahui, Barbaroas 65, 66, 82, 88, 89 10 Aug. Rio Telembi, nr Barbaroas 51 11 Aug. Rastradero, Lagunas de Chimbusa 42, 68 12 Aug. Rastradero 90-92 14 Aug. Tumaco 50, 67, 83 16 Aug. Buenaventura 48, 49, 93 20 Aug. Panam 69-72 29 Oct. Buenaventura 94-98, HK 329 1 Nov. Tumaco 99 8 Nov. Ecuador Quito, Babahoya, Guayas, Naranjal, Sta Rosa 105, 106, 111, 116 9 Nov. Playas, Balsapampa, Hualashay, Cuesta de Chuchi, El Putzu, Tamboloma, Guaranda Prov. 110, 117, 119-121 10 Nov. Guaranda, Chimbo, Chapacoto, Ambato 107-109, 111 11 Nov. Chimborazo 113-115 12 Nov. Ambato, Tacunga 112LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.Year Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers 33 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann

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1880 14 Nov. Ruminahui, Iliniza, Corazon, La Tacunga, Ambato, Tumbaco, Guaranda, Machachi, Chimborazo, Pichincha, Quito 100-103 28 Nov. Calacali 322 29 Nov. Anque, Calacali, Pelagallo, W Andes of Calacali 123-126, 128-130, 132, 133 30 Nov. Calacali, W Andes of Calacali 127, 131 8 Dec. Quito 1881 5 Jan. Ecuador Pichincha, Quito 13 Jan. W slopes of Pichincha 310 14 Jan. Corazon, Rio Pilaton 227, 314 31 Jan. Fusagasuga 318 Jan Cotopaxi 4 Feb. Tulcan 257 20 Feb. Nario, Pasto 203 March Cumbal 5 July Jamaica 23 July Ecuador Quito Aug. Colombia Popayan, Parano de Guanacas 4229, 4430 13 Nov. Germany Gladbach 17 Nov. UK London 5 Dec. Jamaica 16 Dec. Costa Rica San Jos, above San Isidro 1073 28 Dec. Rio Buga 814 1882 5 Jan. Costa Rica Aguas Calientes 1076 26 Feb. Port Limon 16 March Port Limon March Guatem. 1141 23 April Guatem. Coban 30 May Guatem. Antigua, above Santa Cruz de Quich 5 Aug. Panama Panama City 28 Aug. Colombia Buenaventura Sept. Popayan. Paramo de Guanacas 4262 10 Sept. Cali Oct. Sucre, Pureto, Rio Sucre 29 Oct. Paramo de Moras 2062, 2098 Nov. Paramo de Guanacas, Popayan, Corrales, La Ceja, Inza 4264, 4287, 4308, 4383, 44134415, 4420-4422, 4425-4429, 4431, 4451, 4463 6 Nov. Popayan 8 Nov. Tatama 2204LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.34 LANKESTERIANAYear Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1882 10 Nov. La Ceja, Paramo de Guanacas, Cauca 4094 11 Nov. La Ceja, Popayan, Paramo de Guanancas 5096 16 Nov. Popayan 22 Nov. Popayan Dec. Popayan, Inza 4423 1883 9 Jan. Colombia Rio Cabrera 2334, 2335 10 Jan. Rio Cabrera 2344 13 Jan. Rio Cabrera 18 Jan. Bogota 21 Jan. Boqueron de San Francisco, nr. Bogota 2360, 2452 29 Jan. Sabano de Bogota 2639 Feb. Salto de Tequendama, E Andes of Bogota, Paisol, Tolima, Tena, Bogota, la Boca del Monte 4353, 4355 2 Feb. Paramo de Moras 2619, 2628 March San Antonio, Cali, Bogota, Rio Paez, La Topa, Patico, Inza, La Vibora, Tolima 4352, 4372, 4382, 4403, 4405, 4406, 4411, 4412, 3 March Paramo de Moras, Paramo de Guanacas 2700 5 March Santander de Quilichao, Rio Ambal, Popayan 2667 8 March Cali 10 March Tocota, Rio de Salado 2732 26 March Popayan 28 March Buenaventura 10 April Cali 26 April Popayan 3266 May Paisbamba, Popayan 4456 3 May San Antonio, Munchique, El Tambo 2787, 2976 8 May Popayan 12 May Cali 27 May Cali 30 May Las Pavas 2978 6 June Salado 12 June Cali 17 June La Vitrera, Palmira 2977 4 July Cali 13 July Buenaventura 14 July Juntas, Cordova, Dagua (Puretto) 2951, 2959, 2961, 2962 15 July San Antonio de Cali, Dagua, Naranjo 2964-2966 16 July San Antonio 296735 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.Year Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1883 20 July Quebrada del Alto de las Cruces, Cali, San Antonio de Cali 2968-2970 27 July Cali Aug. Rio Sucio, El Jardin 7318 2 Aug. San Antonio de Cali 3289 4 Aug. San Antonio de Cali 3288 5 Aug. San Antonio de Cali, Tocota 2940, 2960, 2989, 2990, 29952997 6 Aug. Salado, Dagua (Platanares), Cali, Queremal 2941, 2946, 2947, 2971, 2973, 2975, 2981-2984, 2987, 2988, 2991-2994, 3016-3020, 3031, 3264, 3287, 3290 7 Aug. Papagall, Pavas, Rio Bitaco, Las Pavas 2943, 2945, 2957, 2985, 2986 8 Aug. Las Pavas, San Antonio, Cristagallo 2939, 2943, 2944, 2956, 2958, 2972, 2974, 2979, 2980, 3268 12 Aug. Cali 14 Aug. San Antonio de Cali 3265 15 Aug. San Antonio, Tocota 2948, 2999-3001, 3004, 30213023, 3026 16 Aug. Tocota, above Cali, San Antonio de Cali 2949, 2950, 2952, 2954, 2955, 3002, 3303, 3005-3015, 3024, 3025, 3027-3030, 3033-3037 18 Aug. Cali, Cauca valley 3039 24 Aug. Palmira 3044 27 Aug. Buga 3049, 3050 28 Aug. Rio Buga, Magdalena, La Bolsa 3038, 3042-3043, 3045, 3048, 3051, 3059, 3110 30 Aug. Cauca, La Paila, Tulua 3046, 3047, 3058, 3060, 3065, 3066, 3072 31 Aug. Tulua, Cartago, Paila 3063, 3089, 3090, 3104 1 Sept. Cartago 3052, 3064 6 Sept. Cartago 3086 7 Sept. Santa Rosa de Cabal, Marmato 3053, 3055-3057 8 Sept. Cordillera de Dagua, San Antonio 958 10 Sept. Above Manizales, Rio Chinchina 3071, 3073, 3103 11 Sept Paramo de Ruiz, Termales, above Manizales 3054, 3062, 3063, 3067-3070, 3074-3078, 3080, 3081, 3087, 3088, 3091-3093, 3096-3102, 3105-3109, 3111-3113, 31443165, 3171-3173 14 Sept. Rio Guacaica, Manizales 3094, 3095, 3116 15 Sept. Aranzazu, Rio La Honda, Rio Pozo 3083, 3136, 3139, 3140, 3250LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.36 LANKESTERIANAYear Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1883 16 Sept. Rio San Lorenzo, nr Talamina 3082 17 Sept. Pacora, Aguadas 3079, 3115, 3117-3123, 3129, 3132, 3135, 3169, 3175, 3190, 3191, 3196, 3200, 3202, 3233, 3245, 3246 18 Sept. Aguadas 3189, 3212 19 Sept. Aguadas 3193 20 Sept. Abejoral, La Ceja, Rio Piedras, Rio Negro, Rio Buey, Sta Catalina 3084, 3085, 3114, 3124-3128, 3130, 3131, 3133, 3134, 3137, 3141-3143, 3168, 3170, 3174, 3176-3183, 3187, 3188, 3192, 3194, 3195, 3197-3199, 3201, 3203-3206, 3249 21 Sept. Rio Negro 3184-3186 28 Sept. Caldas, Amaga 3229-3232 29 Sept. Amaga 3242 2 Oct. Cerro Brava 3228 5 Oct. Passo de Carmanta, Fredonia 3223, 3225, 3227, 3234 6 Oct. Caramanta, Higuerones, Valparaiso, Salado 3208, 3218, 3222, 3224, 3235, 3236, 3262 7 Oct. Alto de Taiza (Louiza), Marmato 3207, 3209, 3210, 3237, 3240, 3241, 3244, 3251, 3252, 3306 10 Oct. Rio Sucio 3247, 3248 12 Oct. Rio Sucio, Cerro Batero 3307, 3308, 3310 13 Oct. Rio Quinchia 3243 15 Oct. Rio Opirama 3258 20 Oct. Arrayanal, Rio Risaralda, Risaralda, Chami 3211, 3213-3217, 3219, 3226, 3238, 3239, 3254-3257, 3259, 3260, 3263, 3267, 3271, 3273, 3277, 3278, 3284, 3296, 32983300, 3310-3328, 3361, 3362, 3376, 8038 24 Oct. Arrayanal 3282, 3359 26 Oct. Anserma Vieja, Guatica, Arrayanal 3272, 3274, 3276, 3373 27 Oct. Guatica, Rio Cauga, Sierrania de Belalcazar, Anserma Nueva 3261, 3270, 3275, 3280, 3281, 3297, 3302, 3344, 3360, 3363 28 Oct. Rio Belalcazar 3220, 3221, 3305, 3329, 3350, 3351, 3356, 3358 29 Oct. Canaverales, Rio Belalcazar 3291, 3349, 3357 31 Oct. Anserma 3286 1 Nov. Anserma 3279, 3336, 3337, 3341 2 Nov. Roble, Anserma Nueva 3285, 3304, 3330, 3331, 3342, 3343, 3385, 340637 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.Year Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1883 3 Nov. Cauca, Hatillo 3283, 3352 6 Nov. Roldanillo 3309 8 Nov. Cajamarca 3293 10 Nov. Cajamarca 3334 11 Nov. Cajamarca, Dobio 3301, 3338, 3339, 3346, 3348, 3353, 3354, 3370, 3381, 3383, 3388 12 Nov. Cajamarca, Rio Ojas, Las Tapias, Dobio 3332, 3340, 3347, 3355, 33643366, 3374, 3377, 3380 14 Nov. Cauca 3333 15 Nov. Riofrio, Cauca 3292, 3303, 3335, 3412 16 Nov. Cauca 3389 26 Nov. Cali 27 Nov. Belalcazar 3295 28 Nov. Sierrania de Belalcazar 3294 12 Dec. Cali 3387 15 Dec. Cali 3384, 3386 28 Dec. Cali 3407-3409, 3411, 3427, 3428 30 Dec. Tocota, San Antonio, Farallones de Cali 3390-3405, 3410, 3413-3426, 3429-3431, 3436, 3437-3440, 3443, 3344, 3346 31 Dec. San Antonio, Tocota 3432-3425, 3432-3435, 3441, 3442, 3445 1884 12 Jan. Cali 19 Jan. Quilichao, Cauca Valley, Corinto 3449, 3457, 3554 20 Jan. Rio Mandiva, Quilichao 3453-3456 21 Jan. Rio Ovejas, Pescador 3448 22 Jan. Popayan 4129, 3450, 3452, 7891 25 Jan. Popayan 3500, 4123 26 Jan. Popayan 3447, 3451, 3458 27 Jan. Popayan 3468-3471 28 Jan. Rio Molino 3489 29 Jan. Popayan 3491 31 Jan. Popayan 3459, 3477 Feb. Popayan 7935 1 Feb. San Antonio, Pueblo de Purace 3460, 3467, 3472, 3478, 34833486, 3503, 3504, 3510, 3511, 3517, 3571 3 Feb. Coconuco, Purace, Rio Grande, Popayan 3473, 3474, 3479-3481, 3487, 3488, 3493, 3494, 4124LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.38 LANKESTERIANAYear Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1884 4 Feb. Coconuro 3466, 3509, 3529-3531, 3541, 7899 5 Feb. Paletara, Coconuco, Rio Hondo, Popayan, 3461, 3472, 3476, 3482, 34963499, 3501, 3502, 3505, 3507, 3513, 3515, 3518, 3523, 35323534, 3537, 3568, 3570, 3578, 3579, 3619 6 Feb. Paletara, Coconuco 3506, 3508, 3519-3522, 3524, 3525, 3528, 3535, 3539, 3540, 3542, 3543, 3550, 3667, 3572, 3582 7 Feb. Paletara, Rio Cauca, Coconuco, Popayan 3462-3465, 3512, 3514, 3526, 3536, 3538, 3545, 3546 10 Feb. Popayan 3544, 3547-3549, 3551-3553, 4003, 4125-4128 15 Feb. Popayan, Cali 3555-3560, 3707, 3724, 4002 16 Feb. Popayan 3564-3566, 3569, 3573-3576 17 Feb. Popayan 3527, 3561, 3562, 3577, 3580, 3581, 3583, 3584 18 Feb. Popayan 3563 20 Feb. Rio Quilcase, Quilcase, Tambo, Alto de Marques, Dolores 3603, 3668-3671, 3677-3680, 3718, 3737, 3740 21 Feb. Alto de los Motilones, Sotara, Pitayo 3673-3676, 3681, 3684-3687, 3690-3706, 3719, 3720, 3738 22 Feb. W. Sotora, Paisbamba 3672, 3708-3714, 3716, 3717, 3736 23 Feb. Paisbamba, Popayan, Chiribio 3613, 3614, 3688, 3689, 3715 24 Feb. Paisbamba 3655 28 Feb. Popayan 29 Feb. Chapa, Popayan, Tambo 3585-3602 March Aganche, Hatico, Popayan 4129, 4370, 7850, 7903 1 March Popayan, Munchique 3611, 3635, 3664 2 March Bellavista, Sintura, La Cueva, W Munchique, 3621, 3622, 3627, 3630, 3650, 3666, 3667, 3683, 3723, 3741 3 March Bellavista, La Laguna, E Munchique 3604, 3605, 3607, 3608, 3620, 3628, 3629, 3632-3634, 3636, 3637, 3643-3646, 3657-3663, 3665, 3721, 3722, 3729, 3742 4 March Popayan, Poblazon, Munchique, Tambo, Chapa 3606, 3609, 3612, 3617, 3618, 3623, 3640, 3641, 3647-3649, 3653, 3654, 3656, 3725-3727, 3739 5 March Rio Hondo, Piagua 3610, 3638, 3639, 3642, 3651 8 March Munchique 3626, 363139 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.Year Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1884 10 March Coconuco 3615 11 March Poblazon, Popayan 3682, 3728, 3730-3735, 3743, 3744 15 March Penon de Pitayo 3759 16 March Pitayo, Kluckhuata 3746, 3748, 3750, 3752, 37553758, 3763-3765, 3768, 3761, 3783, 3788 17 March Pitayo, Horqueta de San Francisco, Ambalo 3775, 3776, 3779-3781, 3784, 3785 18 March Caloto 3747, 3749, 3772, 3774, 3787 20 March C Cordilleras of Popayan 3760 23 March Tocota, Cali, Juntas, Rio Dagua 3745, 3751, 3761, 3762, 3767, 3769, 3770, 3777, 3778, 4001 26 March Naranjo, Rio Dagua 3786 27 March Sucre 3782 2 April Panama Panama 3766 6 June Germany Lueben 18 June Berlin 15 July UK London 16 July London 4 Aug. Jamaica Bog Walk 3789-3791, 3794-3800, 3831, 3862 5 Aug. Kingston 3792 8 Aug. Colombia Cali 4101 10 Aug. Buenaventura, Las Juntas 3810, 3811, 3815-3821, 38233827 11 Aug. Cordova, Rio Dagua 3802, 3804, 3851 12 Aug. Las Juntas, Rio Dagua, Cordova 3854, 4110-4112 13 Aug. Las Juntas 3801, 3803, 3805, 3809, 3813, 3814 14 Aug. Naranjo, Rio Dagua 3806-3808, 3829, 3830, 3832 15 Aug. Cali 3822, 3831 16 Aug. Naranjo, Rio Dagua 4109 17 Aug. Cali 3844 18 Aug. Cali 4107 20 Aug. Carrito, Manta, Cauca 3855, 3856, 3864-3866 21 Aug. Caucana, Carrito 3867, 3871, 3880 23 Aug. Cali, Tulua, Paila, Zarzal 3793, 3861, 3874-3876 24 Aug. Cauca, Cordillera de Belalcazar 3857, 3859, 4144 25 Aug. Cartago 3863LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.40 LANKESTERIANAYear Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1884 27 Aug. Paso de la Virjinia 3837 28 Aug. Havana, Serrania de Belalcazar, Paso de la Virjinia 3836, 3845, 3858, 3869, 3870, 3873, 4140 29 Aug. Anserma Vieja, Belalca 3840, 3852, 3872 30 Aug. Anserma Vieja, Michmich, Guatica 3841, 3860, 3877 Sept. Colombia San Pedro, Entre-Rios, Antioquia Prov., Yolombo, Canca, Caramanta, Carolina 7789, 8146, 8182, 8183, 8213 2 Sept. Caramanta, Antioquia Prov., Alto del Poleal, San Miguel, Caldas 3833-3835, 3842, 3843, 3849, 3850, 4043, 4044, 7790 3 Sept. Paraiso, Atillo, Caramanta, Alto de Poleal, Fredonia 3838, 3846, 3847, 3878, 3879, 4045, 5003 5 Sept. Caldas 3848 22 Sept. 3881-3885 27 Sept. Carolina 4011 29 Sept. San Pedro 3852, 4013 30 Sept. Hato-viejo, Medellin, San Pedro 4019, 8240 Oct. San Jeronimo, Antioquia, Alto de Alegrias, Abriaquia 4029, 7955, 8155, 8166, 8184 1 Oct. Medellin 4012 2 Oct. Sta Elena, Medellin, 4015, 4017 5 Oct. Medellin 4031 6 Oct. Barbosa 4018 10 Oct. Antioquia, Abriaqui, Barbosa, San Jeronimo 4007, 4020, 4026, 4038, 4039, 8199 12 Oct. Cerro, Frontino, Antioquia 4036 14 Oct. W. Cordilleras of Antioquia 4042, 8189 15 Oct. Antioquia, Abriaqui 4034, 4037 16 Oct. Abriaqui, Frontino 4046 20 Oct. Frontino, Rio Sucio 4021, 4028, 4035 23 Oct. Frontino 4305, 4136 25 Oct. Canas Gordas, Antioquia 4024, 4025 26 Oct. Antioquia 4023 27 Oct. Medellin, Antioquia 30 Oct. Cerro, Frontino 4009, 4010, 4027, 8190 2 Nov. Antioquia, Rio Cauca, Rio Verde, Rio Sucio 4032, 4033, 4050, 7996 8 Nov. Frontino 4051 15 Nov. Jirardota, Barboza 4053, 4054 20 Nov. Sta Elena, Medellin, El Retiro 4308 Dec. Rio Nuz, Savaletas, Puerto Berrio, Barbosa 4360, 7758, 7909-7911, 8116, 8162, 818841 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.Year Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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10 Dec. Barboza 12 Dec. Savaletas 4041, 4104 13 Dec. Santo Domingo, Barboza 4016, 4040, 4047-4049, 4057 15 Dec. Santo Domingo 4006, 4008, 4014 16 Dec. Savalettas, Altogrande, Rio Nuz 4030, 4055, 4098-4100 17 Dec. Antioquia, Altogrande, Santo Domingo, Savaletas, Puerto Berrio to Rio Nus 4004, 4005, 4155 18 Dec. Savaletas, Puerto Berrio, Rio Nuz 4056, 4102 28 Dec. Bolivar State, Barranquilla 4058-4069, 4103 1885 Jan. Colombia Popayan 25 Jan. Bahia de Caraquez 26 Jan. Bahia de Caraquez, Manabi Prov. 7912, 7913 27 Jan. Bahia de Caraquez 7844 5 Feb. San Antonio, Cali 4079, 4080, 4159 10 Feb. Cali 4108, 4158, 4165 26 Feb. Bahia de Caraquez 4070, 4071, 4076-4078 27 Feb. Bahia de Caraquez 4072-4075 March Colombia Popayan, Chiribio, Paisbamba, Paniquita 4248, 4284, 4317, 4377, 4449, 4450, 7979, 8186 4 March Cauca, Popayan 4081, 4162 5 March Popayan 4121, 4163, 4167, 4170-4173 6 March Popayan 4113, 4114, 4118, 4176, 4177 10 March Chiribio, Paniquita, Presidente, Tambo, Popayan 4082-4084, 4105, 4115-4117, 4119, 4120, 4161, 4164, 4166, 4169, 4174, 4175, 4178-4180 15 March Popayan 4156 April San Gregorio, Aganche, Popayan, La Porquera 4388, 4390, 4408, 8111, 8115 3 April Popayan 4154 20 April Juntas, Rio Dagua 4085, 4086 25 April Juntas, Rio Dagua, Tocota, Popayan 4087-4093 26 April La Porquera, upper Rio Dagua 4136 10 May Rio Dagua, Cauca 4302 29 June Germany Platkow 25 Aug. Colombia Popayan 4153 20 Sept. Cali, Rio Ovejas, Rio Teta 4151 25 Sept. Cauca State Oct. Piendamo, Palace, Popayan, Cerro de la Teta, Aganche, El Tambo, Chapa, Tocota, W Andes of Cali, Rio Ortega 4206, 6749, 7880, 7897, 7933, 7982, 7993, 8098, 8165, 8239LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.42 LANKESTERIANAYear Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1885 2 Oct. La Porquera, upper Rio Dagua 4131 10 Oct. Rio Cofre, La Teta, Rio Ovejas, Popayan 4132, 4133, 4135, 4147, 4148, 4152 12 Oct. Rio Ovejas, Cali Popayan 4137, 4140-4142, 4149, 4150 15 Oct. Hatico, Popayan 4138, 4139 16 Oct. La Teta, Jelima 4143, 4144 20 Oct. Popayan 4134 5 Nov. Cauca State 10 Nov. Cauca State 15 Nov. Popayan 4130, 4146 20 Nov. Popayan 4145 Dec. Popayan 4207 15 Dec. Popayan 28-29 Dec. Popayan 1886 Jan. Colombia Upper Magdalena, Paicol, Rio Paez, Popayan, Dolores, Tolima, Yaguara, Prado, Neiva, Iquira, Tinajitas 4249, 4268-4272, 4302, 4315, 4316, 4326, 4359, 4402, 4441, 4442, 8000, 8141 2 Jan. Popayan 3 Jan. Popayan 4 Jan. Popayan 6 Jan. Popayan 8-11 Jan Paramo de Guanacas, Rio Paez 12 Jan. Caruicerias, Tolima, Paicol 20 Jan. La Union, Rio de Villavieja, Tolima, Neiva 24 Jan. Tinajitas, Dolores 25-27 Jan. Dolores, Tolima 28-29 Jan. Dolores, Tolima, Prado, Dolores Feb. Tolima, Dolores, Alpujarras, Popayan, Poblazon, Paisbamba, Paramo de Guanacas, Prado, Rio Paez, Rio Magdalena, Paicol 4217, 4218, 4386, 4387, 1 Feb. 2 Feb. Cundinamarca, Randavu 3 Feb. La Boca del Monte, Bogota, Cundinamarca 4 Feb. Cundinamarca, Tena, La Boca del Monte, Bogota 8 Feb. La Boca del Monte, Bogota 11 Feb. La Boca del Monte, Bogota 15 Feb. Hatico43 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. Year Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1886 20 Jan. Neiva, Carnicerias, Rio Paez 21 Feb. Tolima Prov., Neiva, Piacol, 23 Feb. Carnicerias, Tolima, La Plata 25 Feb. La Topa, El Patico, Rio Paez, Tolima, Rio Paez, La Plata 27 Feb. Cauca, La Ceja, Paramo de Guanacas, Inza, La Vibora 4095 28 Feb. La Ceja, Paramo de Guanacas, Cauca, Inza 4106, 7932 March Popayan, Inza, Chiribio, Paisbamba, Paniquita, Poblazon, Rio Paez, Tolima, Paramo de Guanacas, Cauca, San Antonio, Cali, La Vibora, Inza, Popayan, La Ceja 4243, 4250, 4261, 4273, 4275, 4288, 4293, 4332, 4384, 4392, 4395-4399, 4404, 4452, 4464, 7704, 7710, 7797, 7807, 102 1 March Paramo de Guanacas, Corrales 2 March Paramo de Guanacas, Sotara 5 March Paramo de Guanacas 8 March Popayan 10 March Popayan, Cauca 15 March Cali prov., La Teta, Buenos Aires April Popayan 4339, 7879 5 April San Antonio de Cali 10 April La Porquera, Cali High Cordillera, Rio Dagua, Las Juntas del Dagua 8224 May Popayan 4251, 4266, 4285 3 May Popayan 10 May Sucre, Purreto, Rio Dagua 8167 30 May Popayan June Popayan 1 June Cauca State 20 June Popayan 28 June Popayan July Ecuador Colombia Quito, Paramo de Mojanda, Huaca, Otavalo, Tulcan, Paramo de Barbillas, Popayan, Alamguer, Pansitara, Guachicono, Pansitara, San Antonio de Lulumba, Rio Chota, Huara, Tusa, Sotara, La Cruz, Alto de Achupallas, Alto de las Cebollas, Pasto 4236, 4297, 4409, 7779, 7867 3 July Colombia Sotara, Presidente, Paisbamba, Popayan 4 July Sotara, Chapa, Rio Blanco 5 July Pasto, Huila 6 July Guachicono, Pansitara, Almaquer, Pisatumba, Paramo de Barbillas, Paramo de las Tapas 8 July Almaguer, Rio Ruiz, Rio San Jorje, Almaguer, Pisatumba, SotoraLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.44 LANKESTERIANAYear Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1886 9 July Ecuador Pisatumba, El Divisio de la Mesa, Tajumbina, Sotora 10 July Almaguer, La Cruz, Paramo de las Achupallas, Rio Mayo 13 July Rio Zuanambu, Tablon, Toldapamba, Buesaco, La Cruz 14 July Pasto, Paramo de las Cebollas, Tablon, Tajumbi, Tablon 15 July Alto de Chollas, Pasto 20 July Pasto 25 July Pasto, Yacuanquer 27 July Huaca, Tusa 28 July Imbabura Prov., Huaca, Quito, Bodan, Rio Chota, Paramo de Boliche, Tulcan, Tusa, Paramo de Mojanda, Huaca 29 July Imbabura Prov., Imbabura, Mojanda, Rio Chota, San Antonio de Lulubamba, Calacali, Hatuntaqui, Gubirtan 30 July Imbabura, Paramo de Mojanda Aug. Calacali, Alausi, Puente de Chimbo, Rio Paez, Paramo de Guanacas, Corrales, Tusa 4230, 4310, 4319, 4320, 8094 1 Aug. Quito, Calacali 2 Aug. Quito, Cuenca, Calacali, Silante, Miligalle 3 Aug. Quito, Imbabura, Calacali, Paramo de Boliche, Pelagalla, Isobamba, Pishkubamba 4 Aug. Quito Prov., Calacali 5 Aug. Quito, Calacali 10 Aug. Quito 15 Aug. Pululagua 18 Aug. Calacali 19 Aug. Quito 21 Aug. Imbabura, Rio Chota, St Vicente de Chota 22 Aug. Imbabura, Paramo de Boliche, Tulcan, Inza, Otabalo 23 Aug. Ipiales 24 Aug. Ipiales, Yacuanquer, Pasto 28 Aug. Imbabura 30 Aug. Bernacos, Cauca Prov. Sept. Colombia Popayan, Paramo de Guanacas 4228 1 Sept. Cauca State, Patia 2 Sept. Rio Esmita, Guachicano, Falfan, Dolores 20 Sept. Popayan 28 Sept. La Porquera 29 Sept. Alto de Cebols, Pasto45 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. Year Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1886 Oct. Cali, Rio Dagua, Rio Cofre, Palace, Popayan Highlands, Las Pavas, Dapa 4283, 4313, 8036 1 Oct. Popayan 5 Oct. Popayan Nov. Popayan 4309, 8282 15 Nov. Popayan 20 Nov. Popayan 25 Nov. Cali, Topa, Cauca 1 Dec. Popayan 28 Dec. Cali 1887 2 Jan. Popayan Feb. Popayan 4401, 8028 March Colombia Ecuador Quito, Colorados de Santo Domingo, Gabriel Lopez, Paramo de Guanacas, La Vibora, La Plata, Inza 4374, 4385, 4389 30 March Colombia Popayan April Ecuador Yunguilla-huaico, Huasi-Huaico, Cuenca, Chagal, Yuerbabuenas, Molleturo 4286 2 April Sigsig, Churrucos, Chiguinda, Rio Tigripungo, Rio Blanco 5 April Chiguinda, Sigsig 8 April Cuenca, Sigsig, Chiguinda 9 April Cuenca 10 April Los Hornos, Rio Dagua 11 April Puretto, Sucre, Rio Dagua 12 April Cuenca, Pante 15 April Pindilio, Huarainac, Rio Paute 19 April Shoray, Yavilcay, Naranjal 20 April Chagal, Chacayacu, Entable, Huahindocal, Naranjal, Savanetas, Pisagnas, Tipijapa 21 April Molleturo, Therasi, Yunguilla-huaico, Huasi-huaico 22 April Huasi-huaico, Molleturo, Paramo del Cajas, Cuenca 25 April Cuenca, Zubones 28 April Sigsig, Cuenca, San Bartolo, Puente de Samar 30 April Sisig, Cuesta del Ducal May Sigsig, Paramo de Matanga, Chiguinda, Rio Sangurima, Popayan, Zurucucho, Quinua, Cuesta del Ducal, Gualaquiza, Huasi-huaico, Chimborazo 4247, 4256, 4453, 8003, 8010, 8164 1 May Chimborazo, Cuenca, Tigripungo, Rio Blanco, Chiguinda, RosarioLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.46 LANKESTERIANAYear Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1887 2 May Sigsig, Churrucos, Rio Tigripungo, Rio Blanco, Chiguinda, Gualaquiza, Cuchipamba 3 May Gualaquiza, Cuenca 4 May Gualaquiza 5 May Sigsig, Chiguinda, Cuchipamba, Cuenca 6 May Cuenca, Chiguinda 7 May Cuenca, Chiguinda 8 May Cuenca, Sigsig, Chiguinda 9 May Paramo de Matanga, Yavilcay, Rio Paute, Churrucos, Granadillas 12 May Cuenca, Paute, Rio Paute 14 May Rio Boclon, Rio paute, Huarainac 15 May Pindilic, Huarainac, Rio Paute 18 May Pindilic, Cerro de Pulpite, Rio Masar, Rio paute 19 May Shoray, Yavilcay, Cuenca, Paute, Azogues, Taday, Chanin, Huairacaja 20 May Shoray, Paute, Cuenca, Azogues, Rio Paute, Gualacco 25 May Cauca, Contra-yerba, Huaira-machai, Paramo del Cajas, Cuenca, Zurucucho, Quinua 4212 28 May Cuenca June Tunguragua, Riobamba, Puente de Chimbo, Banco, Colorados de Santo Domingo, Rio San Florencio, Banos, Cansacoto, Miligalle, Corazon, Ensilladas, Chimborazo, Tiupullo, Cotopaxi, Nudo de Tiupullo, Tortorillas, Arrenal, Chapacoto, Guaranda, Tunguragua, Pelileo, Patato, Ambato, Chuechi, Yerba-buenas, Molleturo, Alausi, Rio Badcun 4195, 4196, 4198-4201, 4203, 4204, 4211, 4226, 4227, 4245, 4246, 4252-4255, 4257-4259, 4274, 4282, 4283, 4303-4307, 4311, 4366, 4367, 4393, 7804, 7864, 8107, 8109 9 June Guayaquil, Puente de Chimbo, El Entable, Naranjal 10 June Puerte de Chimbo 8170 17 June Naranjal, Guayas 24 June Tunguragua 29 June Tunguragua July Quito, San Florencio, Paramo de Guanacas, Corrales, San Nicolas, Pasto, Rio Guaitara, Otabalo, Paramo de Mojanda 4260, 4292, 4356, 4358 5 July Guayaquil Aug. Colombia Popayan, Paramo de Guanacas, Rio Ullucos, Rio Paez, Tolima, Patico, Rio Paez, Inza, Patia, Corazon 4231, 4232, 4237-4242, 4265, 4267, 4278, 4280, 4289, 4290, 4294-4296, 4298, 4327, 4328, 4410, 4454, 7802, 7968, 7985, 798647 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. Year Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1887 Sept. Popayan, Corrales, Upper Magdalena, Paramo de Guanacas, Chagal, Huahuidocal 4281 October Cordova, Buenaventura, Popayan, Chacayacu, Sigsig 4197, 4202, 4365, 6561 Nov. Colombia Ecuador Juntas, Rio Dagua, Cali, Yerba-buena, Cuenca, Galal, Huahuidocal, Rio Paez, Inza, Guayas, Rio Naranjal, Chacayacu, Guayaquil 4205, 4215, 4216, 4263, 4291, 4354, 4357, 4364, 4458, 8014, 8157 1 Nov. Naranjal 2 Nov. Colombia Cali Dec. Cordova, Buenaventura, Cauca, Rio de la Teta, Buenos Aires, Cordova, Rio Dagua 4194, 4350, 8019 1888 Jan. Guaranda 2 Jan. Popayan Aug. Ecuador Yerba-buena, Molleturo 7316, 7317 Oct. Ramos-urcu, Zaraguro, Shoray, Yavilcay, Cuenca Prov. 8173, 8289 Nov. Zamora, Guaranda 8158, 8172 1890 March Colombia Patico, La Topa, Rio Paez, Popayan 7594-7599 July Cali, Tocota 8176 Aug. Montana de Caramanta 7205 Oct. Ecuador Hornillos, Loja Prov., Rio Luiz, Rio Amaryllo, Zaruma, Zamora, Naranjal, Cuenca 8181, 8286 Nov. El Entable, Naranjal 8191 Dec. Rio Calera, Zaruma, Zamora, Loja Prov., Sta Rosa 8178, 8187 1891 Jan. Colombia Zipaquira Feb. Zipaquira March Zipaquira July Cauca Prov., Montana de Caramanta, Rio Sucio, El Jardin, Cauca, Cartago, Tulua, Paso de la Virginia, Altos de Mismis, Montana del Oro, Cordillera de Belalcazar, Anserma-vieja, Cauca valley, Altos de Mismis, Montana de Caramanta, El Cerrito, Cordillera de Belalcazar, Las Juntas del Dagua, Supia 7215-7224, 7226, 7361, 7385, 7438, 7440, 7512, 7520, 7549, 7550, 7560, 7564, 7576, 7612, 8169, 8231, 8308 Aug. Montana de Caramanta, Rio Sucio, El Jardin, Alto de Toyo, Cuidad Antioquia, Pinguru, Toyo, Montana del Oro, Montana de Caramanta, Supia, Frontino, 7206, 7207, 7209-7214, 7225, 7227, 7228, 7230-7236, 7322, 7323, 7356, 7358, 7416, 7418, 7441-7443, 7515, 7534, 7539, 7548, 7559, 7606, 7627, 7633 5 Aug. Montana de Caramanta, Rio Sucio, El Jardin 7208 Sept. Antioquia Prov., Frontino 7237-7251, 7325, 7359, 7360, 7362, 7366, 7374-7376, 7382, 7388, 7405, 7406, 7413, 7419, 7435, 7504, 7517, 7518, 7525, 7528, 7534, 7553, 7569, 7584, 7620, 7624LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.48 LANKESTERIANAYear Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

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1891 Oct. Frontino, Dabeiba, Uramita, Cerro Plateado, Giraldo, El Roblarcito, Sonson 3538, 7252, 7266, 7354, 7367, 7368, 7377, 7386, 7387, 7398, 7419, 7444, 7459, 7472, 7500, 7503, 7532, 7578, 7607, 7621, 7625, 7626 Nov. El Palmichal, Malabrigo, Yarumal, Santa Rosa, Palmichal, Malabrigo, Manizales, Morro de Yarumal, La Bramadora, Briceo 7230, 7254,7255, 7256, 72587261, 7264, 7267, 7357, 7381, 7390-7392, 7395, 7396, 7409, 7411, 7412, 7415, 7435, 7446, 7447, 7460, 7463, 7478, 7488, 7505, 7507, 7513, 7521, 7535, 7542, 7546, 7535, 7542, 7551, 7570, 7631, 7640, 8238, 82918293, 8303, 8548 19 Nov. El Yarumal, Santa Rosa 7278 Dec. Santa Rosa de Osos, Savaneta, El Roblarcito, Sonson, Rio San Miguel, Mesopotamia, La Union, Antioquia, Paramo de Sonson, San Felis, San Gregorio, Rio Samana, Nario, Pensilvania, San Gregorio, Rio Palmas, Rio Dulce, Rio Dolores, Pensilvania, Angostura, Yarumal, Rio San Pedro, Envigao, San Gregorio, Santa Rosa 7033, 7039, 7268, 7269-7291, 7321, 7355, 7364, 7365, 7373, 7380, 7383, 7384, 7393, 7394, 7397, 7399, 7400, 7402, 7410, 7432-7434, 7448, 7452-7458, 7465, 7471, 7479, 7489, 7501, 7502, 7508-7510, 7523, 7540, 7541, 7547, 7554, 7571, 7574, 7575, 7582, 7586, 7587, 75897592, 7604, 7609, 7610, 7622, 7629, 7630, 7634, 8290, 8302, 8329 1892 Jan. Colombia Pacho, Cundinamarca, Zipaquira, Vergara 7292-7296, 7314, 7320, 7340, 7341, 7352, 7370, 7371, 7424, 7426, 7449, 7462, 7465, 7475, 7480-7482, 7492, 7494, 7496, 7514, 7519, 7522, 7524, 7529, 7530, 7538, 7561, 7565, 7567, 7568, 7579, 7580, 7588 Feb. Rio Tobia, Rio Pinsaima, Rio Negro, Cundinamarca, Veragua Grande, Bogota, Zipaquira 7297, 7301, 7353, 7470, 7477, 7552, 7573, 7615, 7616, 7628 March Pacho, Cundinamarca, Quyitasol, Boqueron, Rio Sumapaz, Sibate, Fusagasuga, Melgar, Dolores, Tolima Prov., Paramo de la Pradera 7299, 7300, 7302-7308, 7324, 7328, 7330, 7343, 7378, 74277429, 7431, 7461, 7466-7469, 7473, 7483, 7485-7487, 74977499, 7511, 7516, 7526, 7531, 7533, 7537, 7544, 7548, 7556, 7558, 7562, 7566, 7572, 7577, 7603, 7605, 7608, 7608, 76177619, 7632, 8331 April Dolores, Tolima Prov., Honda, Rio Guarino, La Yegua, Sibate, Melgar, El Carmen, Dolores 7309, 7311, 7327, 7331-7334, 7338, 7339, 7342, 7348-7351, 7430, 7545, 7563, 76`3, 761449 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. Year Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

PAGE 50

1892 May Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Riofrio, Minca, Fusagasuga 7312, 7313, 7315, 7335, 7336, 7344-7346, 7506 Sept. Ecuador Cajas de Cuenca, Shagal, Cuenca 7641 Oct. Shagal, Molleturo, El Entable, Naranjal, Loja, Cuenca 7642, 7883, 8175 Nov. Santa Rosa 7651 Dec. Santa Rosa, Guayaquil, Silante, Milifalli, El Cucho, Rio Pitapongo, Santa Rosa, Zamora, Loja Prov., Corazon 7646, 7649, 8185, 8192, 8225, 8229 1893 Jan. Ecuador Corazon 1894 Aug. Colombia Tuquerres, Guataquer, Cerro Gualcala 8345, HK 342 Aug. Ecuador Callo, Lacatunga Sept. E Andes of Sigsig, Cuchipamba, Chiguinda 8642 Oct. Oso-cocha, Gualaquiza, Sigisig, Chiguinda, Cuchipamba 8287 1895 June Colombia W Andes of Popayan, W Andes of Roldanillo, Cajamarca 8582, 8960 July W Andes of Popayan Aug. W. Andes of Roldanillo, Rio Garrapatas 1896 May Colombia Timbiqui 8640 Nov. El Yarumal, Antioquia Prov. 1897 8 July Colombia Boqueron de Chipaque, E Andes of Bogota 8772, 8812, 8867, 8868 9 July Chipaque, Caqueza 8764, 8854, 8859, 8860 10 July Quetame, Mesa-grande, Rio Negro, E Andes of Bogota, Quebrada Chirajara 8763, 8810, 8811, 8813, 8822, 8827-8829, 8842, 8843, 88568858, 8862-8864, 8866 11 July Piperal, Mesa-grande, E Andes of Bogota, Quetame, Buenavista, Quebrada Chirajara 8788, 8848 12 July Rio Caqueza, Chipaque, E Andes of Bogota, Villavicencio, Piperals, Buenavista, Rio Negro 8778, 8790, 8792, 8855, 8861 14 July Villavicencio, Llanos 8839, 884, 8850 15 July Villavicencio, Llanos 8845 16 July Barrancas, Rio Meta, Rio Guatiquia 8841 17 July Rio Gatiquia, Cabuyaro 8769, 8809 19 July Barrigon, Rio Gatiquia 8825 20 July Rio Gatiquia, Barrigon 8761, 8830, 8831 24 July Rio Meta, Orocne 8747-8753, 8781, 8782, 8797, 8819-8821, 8824, 8846, 8851, 8869 25 July Rio Meta, Orocne 8755, 8774-8777, 8789, 8791, 8796, 8807, 8808, 8814, 8815, 8844LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.50 LANKESTERIANAYear Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

PAGE 51

1897 26 July Rio Meta, Orocne 8762, 8766, 8784-8787, 88168818, 8837, 8853 28 July Rio Meta, Llanos, Rio Casanare 8757, 8795, 8849 30 July Venez. Orinoco, Rio Meta, Randal de Cariben, Caicara 8756, 8767, 8783, 8794, 8806, 8826 2 Aug. Rio Arauca 8865 3 Aug. Cuidad Bolivar, Rio Orinoco 8773, 8833, 8834 7 Aug. Trinidad Pitch Lake, La Brea 8754, 8765, 8768, 8770, 8771, 8793, 8823, 8836, 8847, 8852 9 Aug. Venez. Puerto Cabello 8759, 8760, 8779, 8780, 8798 15 Aug. Caracas 8805, 8832 17 Aug. Rio Guaire, Petare 8799, 8803, 8838 19 Aug. Puerto Cabello 8800-8802, 8804, 8835 Dec. Colombia Cali 8976 1898 Jan. Colombia Rio Timbiqui 8979 March Rio Timbiqui, Playas 9001 May Rio Palace, Rio Cofre, Popayan Highlands, Cali June Rio Dagua 8913, 8933, 8940 Aug. Rio Timbiqui, Buenaventura 8909, 8910, 8915 Nov. Timbiqui, Rio Timbiqui, Coteje, Guapi, Rio Cajambre, Buenaventura, Guapi, 8917, 8935, 8941, 8942, 8954, 8958, 8982, 8985, 9014, 9016, 9017, 9020, 9022, 9025, 9027, 9029, 9030 Dec. Buenaventura, Guapi, Rio Timbiqui, Coteje 8923, 8930, 8931, 8936, 8939, 8947, 8969, 8977, 8978, 8981, 8990, 9009, 9018, 9019 1899 Jan. Colombia Buenaventura, Rio Timbiqui, Coteje 8911, 8932, 8961, 8991, 8995, 9000 Feb. Rio Timbiqui, Coteje 8919, 8943, 8945, 8946, 8948, 8953, 8992, 9005, 9028 March Rio Timbiqui, Coteje, Playas, Micay, Naya 8916, 8918, 8920, 8924-8928, 8934, 8950, 8955-8957, 8986, 8987, 9004, 9006, 9007, 91009013, 9015, 9031, 9034, 9035, 9039 April Rio Timbiqui, Coteje 9002 May Rio Timbiqui 8988, 8989, 9003, 9037 June Rio Timbiqui 8914, 8984 May Rio Timbiqui Nov. Rio Timbiqui, Rio Micay, W Andes of Popayan 903351 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. Year Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers

PAGE 52

1899 Dec. W Andes of Popayan, Rio San Joaquin, Agua-clara, Rio Micay, Penol 8921, 8922, 8929, 8937, 8938, 8944, 8949, 9023, 9024 22 Dec. Penol, W Andes of Popayan 8884 1901 Oct. Highlands of Popayan BT184 Notes: The places and collection numbers cited above have been taken from Lehmanns collection notebooks at Kew, from letters sent by Lehmann to Frederick Sander and to Henry Ridley (both in the Archives at Kew), and from herbarium numbered specimens retrospectively, sometimes months or even years after they had been collected. The collection notes at Kew do not include the sequences 134-2618 or 9038 onwards. The former specimens were sent to Reichenbach in Hamburg (now in Vienna) and to Ridley at the Natural History Museum and British Museum (Natural History), in London, the latter are at Kew. He occasionally gave the same number to different species and this is particularly apparent in the 4000s. He frequently placed two or more collections from different localities under the same number. An example would be Lehmann 6749(K) of Dracula vespertilio where three collections can be found on the same sheet from respectively: Los Anayes and from Lehmann which were given numbers in the series HK (Herbarium Kewense) and BT. Several of these were used by Kraenzlin and Rolfe as types of Lehmann species. Some, at least, of the BT numbers appear to have been collected in 1901, shortly before his death. Year Date Country Place Lehmann Herbarium numbers LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.52 LANKESTERIANA

PAGE 53

THE ILLUSTRATIONS

PAGE 54

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 13. Acianthera casapensis FIGURE 14. Acianthera sicaria FIGURE 15. Acineta erythroxantha. FIGURE 16. Ada aurantiaca.55 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann

PAGE 55

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.56 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 17. Ada cf. chlorops. FIGURE 18. Anathallis angustilabia FIGURE 19. Anguloa virginalis var. turneri. FIGURE 20. Aspasia principissa.

PAGE 56

57 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 21. Anguloa clowesii

PAGE 57

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.58 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 22. Barbosella cucullata FIGURE 23. Barbosella prorepens. FIGURE 24. Barkeria specatbilis FIGURE 25. Bifrenaria coronaria.

PAGE 58

59 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 26. Benzingia cornuta

PAGE 59

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.60 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 27. Brachionidium sp. nov. FIGURE 28. Brachtia andina FIGURE 29. Bulbophyllum antioquiense FIGURE 30. Bulbophyllum lehmannianum

PAGE 60

61 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 31. Bulbophyllum pachyrhachis.

PAGE 61

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.62 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 32. Bulbophyllum popayanense

PAGE 62

63 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 33. Catasetum tabulare.

PAGE 63

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.64 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 34. Cattleya aurea.

PAGE 64

65 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 35. Cattleya trianaei.

PAGE 65

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.66 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 36. Catasetum maculatum. FIGURE 37. Cattleya quadricolor FIGURE 38. Caucaea radiata. FIGURE 39. Caucaea tunguraguensis.

PAGE 66

67 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 40. Caucaea nubigena

PAGE 67

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.68 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 41. Chondropscaphe chestertonii

PAGE 68

69 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 42.

PAGE 69

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.70 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 43. Chrysocycnis lehmannii FIGURE 44. Comparettia falcata FIGURE 45. Comparettia jamesonii FIGURE 46. Coryanthes elegantium

PAGE 70

71 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 47. Cryptarhena kegelii FIGURE 48. Cyrtidiorchis rhomboglossa. FIGURE 49. Cyrtochilum halteranum FIGURE 50. Cyrtochilum ventilabrum

PAGE 71

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.72 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 51. Dichaea morrisii.

PAGE 72

73 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 52. Dichaea cf. histrio. FIGURE 53. Dichaea richii FIGURE 54. Dracula chestertonii FIGURE 55. Dracula inaequalis.

PAGE 73

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.74 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 56. Dracula amaliae.

PAGE 74

75 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 57. Dracula chimaera.

PAGE 75

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.76 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 58. Dracula phoelodites. FIGURE 59. Dracula platycrater FIGURE 60. Dracula sodiroi FIGURE 61. Dracula vampira.

PAGE 76

77 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 62. Dracula mopsus.

PAGE 77

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.78 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 63. Dracula radiosa.

PAGE 78

79 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 64. Dracula velutina FIGURE 65. Dracula wallisii FIGURE 66. Dracula woolwardii. FIGURE 67. Dryadella hirtzii

PAGE 79

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.80 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 68. Dryadella simula. FIGURE 69. Dryadella simula. FIGURE 70. Epidendrum porpax. FIGURE 71. Eriopsis biloba.

PAGE 80

81 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 72. Euryblema andreae. FIGURE 73. Gongora cf. fulva. FIGURE 74. Helcia sanguinolenta. FIGURE 75. Houlletia odoratissima

PAGE 81

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.82 FIGURE 76. Huntleya citrina. FIGURE 77. Ixyophora viridisepala FIGURE 78. Jacquiniella teretifolia. FIGURE 79. Kefersteinia gemma

PAGE 82

83 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 80. Huntleya wallisii

PAGE 83

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.84 FIGURE 81. Kefersteinia lehmannii. FIGURE 82. Kefersteinia ocellata FIGURE 83. Koellensteinia graminea. FIGURE 84. Leochilus labiatus

PAGE 84

85 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 85. Leochilus scriprtus. FIGURE 86. Liparis nervosa. FIGURE 87. Lycaste cruenta. FIGURE 88. Malaxis sp.

PAGE 85

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.86 FIGURE 89. Lycaste ciliata

PAGE 86

87 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 90. Masdevallia amanda. FIGURE 91. Masdevallia anachaeta FIGURE 92. Masdevallia angulata. FIGURE 93. Masdevallia aphanes

PAGE 87

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.88 FIGURE 94. Masdevallia bicolor. FIGURE 95. Masdevallia bonplandii FIGURE 96. Masdevallia brachyura. FIGURE 97. Masdevallia campyloglossa .LANKESTERIANA

PAGE 88

89 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 98. Masdevallia campyloglossa. FIGURE 99. Masdevallia carruthersiana FIGURE 100. Masdevallia caudata. FIGURE 101. Masdevallia chimboensis

PAGE 89

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.90 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 102. Masdevallia chontalensis. FIGURE 103. Masdevallia corazonica. FIGURE 104. Masdevallia corazonica

PAGE 90

91 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 105. Masdevallia corderoana. FIGURE 106. Masdevallia crescenticola. FIGURE 107. Masdevallia dynastes. FIGURE 108. Masdevallia (Diodonopsis) erinacea.

PAGE 91

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.92 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 109. Masdevallia (Diodonopsis) erinacea. FIGURE 111. Masdevallia estradae. FIGURE 112. Masdevallia fasciata FIGURE 110. Masdevallia (Diodonopsis) erinacea.

PAGE 92

93 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 113. FIGURE 114. FIGURE 115. Masdevallia herradurae. FIGURE 116. Masdevallia impostor

PAGE 93

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.94 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 117. Masdevallia macropus. FIGURE 119. Masdevallia molossus. FIGURE 120. FIGURE 118. Masdevallia megalosoma.

PAGE 94

95 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 121. FIGURE 122. FIGURE 123.

PAGE 95

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.96 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 124. Masdevallia ophioglossa. FIGURE 126. Masdevallia pachyantha. FIGURE 127. Masdevallia peristeria FIGURE 125. Masdevallia pachyantha.

PAGE 96

97 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 130. Masdevallia picturata. FIGURE 128. Masdevallia picturata. FIGURE 129. Masdevallia picturata.

PAGE 97

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.98 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 131. Masdevallia platyglossa.

PAGE 98

99 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 132. Masdevallia polysticta. FIGURE 134. Masdevallia (Diodonopsis) pygmaea. FIGURE 135. Masdevallia racemosa. FIGURE 133. Masdevallia pterygiophora.

PAGE 99

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.100 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 136. Masdevallia reichenbachiana.

PAGE 100

101 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 137. Masdevallia saltatrix.

PAGE 101

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.102 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 138. Masdevallia saltatrix. FIGURE 140. Masdevallia strumifera. FIGURE 141. Masdevallia strumifera. FIGURE 139. Masdevallia schizopetala.

PAGE 102

103 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 142. Masdevallia trochilus. FIGURE 144. Masdevallia ustulata. FIGURE 145. Masdevallia ventricularia. FIGURE 143. Masdevallia tubulosa.

PAGE 103

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.104 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 146. Masdevallia wagneriana. FIGURE 148. Masdevallia xanthina. FIGURE 149. Masdevallia xanthina. FIGURE 147. Masdevallia xanthina.

PAGE 104

105 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 150. Masdevallia zahlbruckneri. FIGURE 152. Maxillaria aggregata. FIGURE 153. Maxillaria alpestris. FIGURE 151. Maxillaria cf. acuminata.

PAGE 105

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.106 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 154. Maxillaria augustevictoria.

PAGE 106

107 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 155. Maxillaria brunnea.

PAGE 107

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.108 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 156. Masdevallia callichroma. FIGURE 158. Maxillaria friedrichstalii. FIGURE 159. FIGURE 157. Maxillaria

PAGE 108

109 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 160. Maxillaria hastulata.

PAGE 109

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.110 FIGURE 163. Maxillaria lepidota. FIGURE 164. Maxillaria lepidota fma. lutea FIGURE 161. Maxillaria huebschii FIGURE 162. Maxillaria cf. lepidota

PAGE 110

111 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 165. Maxillaria longissima.

PAGE 111

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.112 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 167. Masdevallia parvibulbosa. FIGURE 169. Maxillaria ponerantha. FIGURE 168. Maxillaria cf. poicilotheca. FIGURE 166. Maxillaria luteoalba

PAGE 112

113 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 170. Maxillaria porrecta.

PAGE 113

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.114 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 171. Masdevallia procurrens. FIGURE 173. Maxillaria rufescens. FIGURE 174. Maxillaria sanderiana. FIGURE 172. Maxillaria ramosa.

PAGE 114

115 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 175. Maxillaria speciosa.

PAGE 115

LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.116 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 176. Meiracyllium trinasutum. FIGURE 178. Nidema boothii. FIGURE 179. Oerstedella endresii. FIGURE 177. Miltoniopsis vexillaria.

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117 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 182. Oncidium aspidorhinum. FIGURE 180. Oerstedella wallisii. FIGURE 181. Oliveriana egregia.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.118 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 183. Oncidium alexandrae. FIGURE 184. Oncidium alexandrae. FIGURE 185. Oncidium praestanoides.

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119 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 186. Oncidium cristatum. FIGURE 187. Oncidium cruentoides. FIGURE 188. Oncidium cuculligerum. FIGURE 189. Oncidium eliae.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.120 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 190. Oncidium harryanum. FIGURE 191. Oncidium lehmannii. FIGURE 192. Oncidium luteopurpureum.

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121 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 195. Oncidium mirandum. FIGURE 193. Oncidium luteopurpureum. FIGURE 194. Oncidium pictoides.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.122 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 198. Peristeria elata. FIGURE 196 Oncidium rhynchanthemum. FIGURE 197. Otoglossum globuliferum.

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123 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 202. Pescatoria lehmannii FIGURE 200. Pescatoria dayana. FIGURE 201. Pescatoria klabochorum FIGURE 199. Pescatoria coelestis.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.124 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 203. Phragmipedium boisserianum.

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125 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 204. Phragmipedium schlimii. FIGURE 206. Phragmipedium wallisii. FIGURE 207. Plectrophora alata. FIGURE 205. Phragmipedium wallisii.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.126 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 208. Pleurothallis ciliata. FIGURE 210. Pleurothallis scoparum. FIGURE 211. Pleurothallis truncata. FIGURE 209. Pleurothallis reginae.

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127 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 212. Pleurothallis talpinaria.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.128 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 215. Porroglossum mordax. FIGURE 216. Porroglossum muscosum. FIGURE 213. FIGURE 214. Ponthieva pseudoracemosa.

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129 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 219. Rodriguezia lehmannii. FIGURE 220. Sobralia dichotoma. FIGURE 217. Psygmorchis pumilio FIGURE 218. Restrepia antennifera.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.130 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 223. Stanhopea carchiensis. FIGURE 221. Sobralia violacea. FIGURE 222. Specklinia grobyi. FIGURE 224.

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131 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 227. Stellilabium andinum. FIGURE 228. Stellilabium astroglossum. FIGURE 226. Stanhopea jenischiana. FIGURE 225. Stanhopea frymirei.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.132 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 229. Stanhopea frymirei.

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133 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 230. Stellilabium ecuadorense. FIGURE 233. Tesucheria elegans. FIGURE 231. Telipogon nervosus. FIGURE 232. Telipogon obovatus.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.134 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 234. Ticoglossum krameri. FIGURE 235. Telipogon oerstedii. FIGURE 236. Trichocentrum longicalcaratum.

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135 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 237. Trevoria chloris.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.136 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 238. Trichocentrum tigrinum. FIGURE 239. Trichoceros antennifer. FIGURE 240. Trichopilia conceptionis.

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137 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 241. Trichopilia fragrans. FIGURE 244. Trichosalpinx multicuspidata. FIGURE 242. Trichopilia laxa. FIGURE 243. Trichopilia rostrata.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.138 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 245. Trigonidium insigne. FIGURE 246. Trisetella triglochin.

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139 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 247. Trisetella triaristella.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.140 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 248. Vanilla palmarum. FIGURE 250. Warscewiczella discolor. FIGURE 251. Warscewiczella ionoleuca. FIGURE 249. Warrea warreana.

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141 CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. LehmannLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. FIGURE 252. Warscewiczella amazonica.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.142 LANKESTERIANA FIGURE 253. Warscewiczella marginata. FIGURE 255. Xylobium corrugatum. FIGURE 256. Zootrophion dayanum. FIGURE 254. Xylobium colleyi.

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SPECIES ACCOUNTS Lehmann s orchid illustrations fall into three categories: fully coloured; part-coloured and black-and-white pencil drawings. They are arranged here alphabetically (with a few exceptions) by their currently accepted names. Icon. t.) are indicated where available. Some of the illustrations are also provided with a collection number that corresponds to one of his own herbarium collections. The majority of the herbarium specimens referred to are notes provided by Lehmann on the labels. new species is obvious because he used unpublished names many of which were never validated. Only in the case FIGURE 13. Acianthera casapensis Icon t. 159. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 345 as Pleurothallis chamensis 4509 as Pleurothallis chamensis. 7099 as Pleurothallis casapensis m. Flowers in February. 7100 as Pleurothallis casapensis BT 96 & 97 & HK 77. BT 344. BT 345. HK 95. HK 98. FIGURE 14. Acianthera sicaria BT 347 as Pleurothallis Icon. t. 482. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 1091 as Pleurothallis. Icon. t. 227; 7132 as Pleurothallis. green. Flowers pale yellow striped with red. FIGURE 15. Acineta erythroxantha Rchb.f. 3839. Icon. t. 650. FIGURE 16. Ada aurantiaca Lindl. 6906 as Ada lehmannii F.Lehm. LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB

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Icon. t.601. FIGURE Ada cf. chlorops 7714 as Brassia June-July. Icon. t. 405. FIGURE Anathallis angustilabia 9076 as Pleurothallis angustilabia Schltr. Icon. t. 165. Also HK 115 OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: BT 313 as Pleurothallis FIGURE Anguloa virginalis Lindl. var. turneri HK 718 FIGURE Aspasia principissa Rchb.f. HK 1031 Icon. t. 503. FIGURE Anguloa clowesii Lindl. HK 107 La Plata. Icon. t. 820. FIGURE Barbosella cucullata (Lindl. ) Schltr. 6883 R. antennifera var. angustifolia Kraenzl (type). to Aug. Icon. t. 137. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 286 466 2046 6885 s.n. & HK 313 s.n. s.n. FIGURE Barbosella prorepens (Rchb.f.) Schltr. Icon. t. 703. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 2379 3305 3610 8367 LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB FIGURE Barkeria spectabilis Lindl. 1505 Icon. t. 308. FIGURE Bifrenaria coronaria (Rchb.f.) Hoehne 3885 Icon. t. 604. FIGURE Benzingia cornuta 10026 as ChondrorhynchaIcon. t. 806. FIGURE Brachionidium sp. nov. FIGURE Brachtia andina Rchb.f. Icon. t. 318. Bonplandia collection as far as I have been able to determine. FIGURE Bulbophyllum antioquiense Kraenzl. (type) 7234 as Didactyle. stripes from the middle towards the base. Lip red or red-brown. Icon. t. 713. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 7311 as Didactyle. BT 59 HK 417 Tigante. FIGURE Bulbophyllum lehmannianum Kraenzl. (type) 8070 as Didactyle. Icon. t. 96. FIGURE Bulbophyllum pachyrhachis Icon. t. 243. Historia Fsica de Cuba account in the Flora of the British West Indies

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LANKESTERIANA FIGURE Bulbophyllum popayanense Kraenzl. (type) 6071 Icon. t. 406. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 8071 as Didactyle HK 411. FIGURE Catasetum tabulare Lindl. 6828 Icon. s.n. FIGURE Cattleya aurea Rchb.f. 4035, 8044 Icon. t. 615. FIGURE Cattleya trianaeipopayanensis 8355 as Cattleya trianaei var. albida. outspread and curly tip washed over at the margins with a delicate pink colour. Icon. t. 614. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 6012 6013 as Cattleya trianaei var. alba. Occurs in very isolated specimens together with the foregoing species; HK 600, 601, 601A BT 118, 119. BT 1300. FIGURE Catasetum maculatum Kunth. Icon. tt. 250 & 712. Synopsis Plantarum gives no indication of the provenance of his source materials. FIGURE Cattleya quadricolor Icon. s.n. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 1885 3064 3064 as C. chocoensis var. rosea. LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB 3138 as C. chocoensis var. alba. 8356 as Cattleya candida. HK 601B FIGURE Caucaea radiata (Lindl.) Schltr. HK 1330 as Abola. Icon. t. 491. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 3616 as Caucaea obscura Schltr. (type). 3541 as Leochilus lehmannianus Kraenzl. (syntype). 9997 FIGURE Caucaea tunguraguensis (Stacy) 8562 as Oncidium nubigenum var. tunguraguense Icon. tt. 478, 710. FIGURE Caucaea nubigena 5758 as Oncidium nubigenum Lindl. Icon. t. 478. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 6574 FIGURE Chondroscaphe chestertonii Icon. t. 836. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 1903 as Chondrorhyncha chestertonii Rchb.f. 8374 FIGURE 10024Icon. t. 134. FIGURE Chrysocycnis lehmannii Rolfe 8252

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANAappearing in groups of several o slightly sickleyellow-green striped with cinnamon-brown. Icon. t. 512. Also HK 920. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 8289 HK 805 FIGURE Comparettia falcata Poepp. & Endl. 8385 compressed. LeavesIcon. t. 411. FIGURE Comparettia jamesonii HK 1 122 as Scelochilus jamiesoniIcon. t. 502. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 8079 Scelochilus jamiesoni Lindl. & Paxt. cases up to June. striped with red. Icon. s.n. FIGURE Coryanthes elegantium Linden & Rchb.f. 6824 as F. Lehm. (type). Icon. t. 610. FIGURE Cryptarrhena kegelii Rchb.f. Icon. t. 257. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 8574. 8687. HK 1132. HK 1323. FIGURE Cyrtidiorchis rhomboglossa (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Rauschert (type) 8133 as Chrysocycnis rhomboglossa. Icon. t. 327. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: BT 232 HK 856 FIGURE Cyrtochilum halteratum Kraenzl. 3546 as Oncidium undulatum Icon. t. 292. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 6243 7205

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FIGURE Cyrtochilum ventilabrum (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. Icon. t. 636. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 8439 as Oncidium tenense FIGURE Dichaea morrisii Fawcett & Rendle Icon. t. 1001. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: HK 842 FIGURE Dichaea cf. histrio Rchb.f. Icon. t. 71 1. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 5333 7624 BT 219 FIGURE Dichaea richii Dodson Icon. t. 145. FIGURE Dracula chestertonii (Rchb.f.) Luer (as Masdevallia chestertonii) 3436 Icon. t. 310. FIGURE Dracula inaequalis (Rchb.f.) Luer & Escobar 7001 bottom of the dull orange-yellow tails. Petals yellow-white with orange coloured middle nerve and similar tip. Lip and column white. Icon t. 135. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 4302 as Masdevallia carderi. FIGURE Dracula amaliae Luer & Escobar Icon. t. 334 Orquideologia based on a collection by J. FIGURE Dracula chimaera (Rchb.f.) Luer 2970 Icon. t. 619. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 958 as Masdevallia chimaera. 2816 LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA 4136 7255 7271 10029 HK372 & BT176 s.n. s.n. var. similis. s.n. FIGURE Dracula pholeodytes Luer & Escobar Icon. t. 313. Selbyana in collection but it is certain that he discovered it almost a century before it was described. FIGURE Dracula platycrater (Rchb.f.) Luer 3340 (type) spotted with chocolate-brown. Icon. t. 313. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 7041 as Masdevallia trinema Icon. FIGURE Dracula sodiroi (Schltr.) Luer 34 as Masdevallia microstoma Lehm. ined. Icon t. 621. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 7043 brown. Petals light scarlet with yellow borders. Lip light yellow with somewhat raised scarlet zonal lines It is truly surprising that the distinctive Dracula sodiroi was not described by Lehmann or one of the botanists Lehmann Masdevallia sodiroi by Rudolf Schlechter in the

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journal Feddes Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilium Selbyana ern Ecuador where it is still locally common today. FIGURE Dracula vampira (Luer) Luer 7042 as Masdevallia lothiani Lehm. ined. brown. Petals yellowish white with a brown stripe in the middle and a similar papillary tip. Lip light pink; Icon t. 620. FIGURE Dracula mopsus (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Luer 7016 (type) Icon. t. 524. FIGURE Dracula radiosa (Rchb.f.) Luer 10029 Icon. t. 809. Masdevallia radiosa in the Gardeners Chronicle Selbyana. towards the end of his days. FIGURE Dracula velutina (Rchb.f.) Luer Icon. t. 31 1. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 3217. 7004 as Masdevallia houtteana. FIGURE Dracula wallisii (Rchb.f.) Luer 3607 as Masdevallia aff. chimaera Icon. t. 335. FIGURE Dracula woolwardiae (F. Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Luer 7003 as Masdevallia woolwardiae LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA at the base red and at the tip spotted with red. Lip reddish white. Icon. t. 525. FIGURE Dryadella hirtzii Luer 312 Icon. t. 216. FIGURES Dryadella simula (Rchb.f) Luer BT 333 Icon. t. 722 and 723. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 7044 s.n. FIGURE Epidendrum porpax Rchb.f. 8339 greenish tip. Icon. t. 46. FIGURE Eriopsis biloba Lindl. 8125 as Eriopsis rutidibulbon. Icon. t. 817. FIGURE Euryblema andreae 10025 as Chondrorhyncha. Icon. t. 805. FIGURE Gongora cf. fulva Lindl. 1090. Icon. t. 465. FIGURE Helcia sanguinolenta Lindl. 8569 Icon. t. 465. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: HK 1022 FIGURE Houlletia odoratissima Rchb.f. 8576Icon. t. 651. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: BT 80

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FIGURE Huntleya citrina Rolfe 96 Icon. 323. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: HK 633 as Batemannia. HK 634 as Huntleya. Icon. s.n.; HK 635 as Huntleya. in the dens FIGURE Ixyophora viridisepala s.n. as Warscewiczella ventricosa F.Lehm. Icon. t. 493. FIGURE Jacquiniella teretifolia Icon. t. 432. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 4408 type of Epidendrum aporoides Popayan; HK 436 FIGURE Kefersteinia gemma Rchb.f. 8602 Icon. t. 492. FIGURE Huntleya wallisii Lindl. 26 as Huntleya burtii var. wallisii. Icon. t. 617. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 6800 as Huntleya burtii var. ecuadorensis Lehm. ined. 6879 as Huntleya burtii var. wallisii. FIGURE Kefersteinia lehmannii P.Ortiz Icon. t. 172. FIGURE Kefersteinia ocellata 8602 Icon. t. 469. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: HK 681LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB

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FIGURE Koellensteinia graminea (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 8153 Icon. t. 407. FIGURE Leochilus labiatus (Sw.) O.Kuntze 1116 Icon. t. 247. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 8086 as Leochilus depauperatus Psidium guyava HK 1141 HK 1326. HK 1325. provenance. FIGURE Leochilus scriptus (Scheidw.) Rchb.f. 1096 Icon. t. 246. FIGURE Liparis nervosa (Thunb.) Lindl. Icon. t. 719. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 2246 2782 7620 8863 BT 61 BT 60 and 1309 FIGURE Lycaste cruenta (Lindl.) Lindl. s.n. Icon. t. 329. FIGURE Malaxis sp. Icon. t. 720. FIGURE Lycaste ciliata (Ruiz & Pavon) Rchb.f. 7250 Icon. t. 605. FIGURE Masdevallia amanda 3490 Icon. t. 217. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 2360 3123 4234 5003 Colombia, 7014 LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB 7020 s.n. (HK 368) FIGURE Masdevallia anachaeta Rchb.f. (type) M. nutans Icon t. 347. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 32 7025 as M. falcata F.Lehm. Icon. t. 312; s.n. as M. vulcanica (type) FIGURE Masdevallia angulata Rchb.f. 10028 Icon. t. 808. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 7013 Icon. tt. 519 & 113; s.n. FIGURE Masdevallia aphanes Koeniger 10016 as M. trifurcataIcon. t. 127. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 7015 as M. trifurcata F.Lehm. Icon. t. 128. into northern Ecuador. Lehmann drew it twice but the collection number on his earlier drawing is the same as that of a collection of Masdevallia peristeria and it is obvious that he muddled the numbers. The second drawing is one of late collections and no corresponding specimen has been located. FIGURE Masdevallia bicolor Poepp. & Endl. 6742 as M. aurorubra Icon. t. 337 OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 74 814 as M. auropurpurea. 3280 as M. auropurpurea. 4129 as M. subumbellata (type). 4303 as M. auropurpurea. FIGURE Masdevallia bonplandii Rchb.f. 6741 as M. endotrachys

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Icon. tt. 134 & 520. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 318 Also 479 FIGURE Masdevallia brachyura F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 6522 as M. chrysonota Occurs very rarely. Icon. t. 124. FIGURES Masdevallia campyloglossa Rchb.f. 3655 Icon. t. 340. 7037 as M. fertilis 8369 Icon. t. 531. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 3276 10041 as M. sarcophylla FIGURE Masdevallia carruthersiana F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 6530 (typ e) Icon. t. 442. FIGURE Masdevallia caudata Lindl. Icon. t. 21 1 OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS : 2639 as M. shuttleworthii. 7031 as M. caudata Lindl. var. xanthocorys. HK 341 as M. caudata var. xanthocorys. FIGURE Masdevallia chimboensis Kraenzl. (type) 6748 as M. daguensis LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA

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brown spots; dorsal sepal orange at the base. Petals yellow. Lip purple-brown. Icon. t. 129. Also Ecuador. FIGURE Masdevallia chontalensis Rchb.f. 1060 Icon. t. 206. FIGURES Masdevallia corazonica Schltr. 311 as M. anachaetaIcon. t. 346. 6744 as M. anachaeta (type of M. sphenopetala Kraenzl.). Icon. FIGURE Masdevallia corderoana F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. 6561 (type). Ecua Icon t. 440. FIGURE Masdevallia crescenticola F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. 230 Crescentia Icon. t. 84. FIGURE Masdevallia dynastes Luer 317 Icon. t. 275. FIGURES Masdevallia erinacea Rchb.f. 7002 as M. torulosa Lehm. LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB

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Icon. t. 111. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 23 as M. clavicaudata F.Lehm. ined. 2634 as M. heteromorpha. 4138 7049 7252 as M. antennifera Icon. t. 110; HK 329 & HK 347 Icon. t. 343; HK 331, 334 FIGURE Masdevallia estradae Rchb.f. 4020 over with lilac-violet. Tails yellow. Icon. t. 474. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 4131 7030 as Masdevallia ludibunda. in Oct. Icon. t. 121; Also HK 338 FIGURE Masdevallia fasciata Rchb.f. 4286 as M. palmensis Kraenzl. (type). Icon. t. 443. FIGURE Luer & Escobar 7032 as Masdevallia ventricularia veins of a faded yellow colour and with yellow tails. Icon. t. 203. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 2006 as Masdevallia ventricularia var. longicaudata. HK 328 as Masdevallia ventricularia var. Oct. FIGURE F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. 10020 Icon. s.n. FIGURE Masdevallia herradurae F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. (type) 4139 Icon. t. 184.LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA

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FIGURE Masdevallia impostor Luer & Escobar 6746 as Masdevallia maculata var. popayanensis. in the middle. Lateral sepals dark carmine-brown with yellow tails. Petals white-yellow. Lip purple-red. Icon. t. 338. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: s.n. BT 177 FIGURE Masdevallia macropus F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. 6562 thickly spotted transversely with dull brown. Petals white. Lip red-brown. Icon. t. 441. FIGURE Masdevallia megalosoma Lehm. ined. 6507 (Icon. t. 125). FIGURE Masdevallia molossus Rchb.f. 7227 as Masdevallia mucronata (type of M. antioquiensis F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.). brownish red with a yellow border and tails. Lip dark carmine. Icon. t. 107. FIGURES Rchb.f. 7028 which Reichenbach created the species. Icon. t. 204. OTHER LEHMANN Coll OLL ECTIo O NS: 24 131 314 Icon. t. 349; 322 3435 6743 as var. minuta 7027 Icon. t. 105; 7029 Icon. t. 104; HK 334 HK 343 Flowers in July; HK 346 LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB

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FIGURE Masdevallia ophioglossa Rchb.f. (type) 7026 border and yellow tails. Icon. t. 109. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 27 310 Icon. t. 348. FIGURES Masdevallia pachyantha Rchb.f. 6750 Icon. tt. 339, 473. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 2062 4126 4205 FIGURE Masdevallia peristeria Rchb.f. 150 Icon. t. 85. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 7015 dull reddish light yellow spotted with small spots of a somewhat deeper lilac-red colour. Petals yellowish margins. Icon. t. 479. FIGURES Masdevallia picturata Rchb.f. Icon. tt. 120, 210 & 205. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 1076 2344 2732 as Masdevallia picturata var. minor 2787 4309 HK 348 7011 BT 178, 179 belong here; 7024 FIGURE Masdevallia platyglossa Rchb.f. 7039 as Masdevallia macroglossa. LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA

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blackish dots. Petals yellow. Lip brownish. Icon. t. 102 & 316. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 2334 3761 as Lothiana bilabiata F. Lehm. (type). FIGURE Masdevallia polysticta Rchb.f. 7017 as M. spathulifolia red. Lip o Icon. t. 523. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 227 as Masdevallia spathulifolia 406 as Masdevallia spathulifolia. FIGURE Masdevallia pterygiophora F.Lehm. ex Luer & Escobar 7275 Flowers greenish yellow with three brown nerves in each one of the three sepals. Petals greenish yellow with Icon. t. 166. FIGURE Masdevallia pygmaea Kraenzl. Icon. t. 108. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 1073 2734 Masdevallia muriculata F.Lehm. (type). 4143 FIGURE Masdevallia racemosa Lindl. 6751 white. Icon. tt. 528 & 326. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 966 HK 319 & 320 may be same collection. 2098 BT 183 may be the same collection.LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA FIGURE Masdevallia reichenbachiana A. Endres ex Rchb.f. 1048 Icon. t. 208. FIGURES Masdevallia saltatrix Rchb.f. 4137 Icon. tt. 103 & 521. FIGURE Masdevallia schizopetala Kraenzl. (type) 3836 as Masdevallia onychosepala Lehm. ined. m. Icon. t. 101. FIGURES Masdevallia strumifera Rchb.f. 7034 as Masdevallia chrysochaete Icon. t. 114. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 3720 Icon. t. 342; 8868 as Masdevallia chrysochaete F.Lehm. FIGURE Masdevallia trochilus Rchb.f. 3889 as M. ephippiumIcon. t. 414. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 3538 as M. mosquerae. Flowers brown with orange-coloured tails. 6529 as M. ephippium var. acrochodonia. FIGURE Masdevallia tubulosa Lindl. 6740 as M. stenantha Icon. t. 115. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 7033 as M. cyphoselenium F.Lehm. ined. FIGURE Masdevallia ustulata Luer Icon. t. 183. This widespread and rather common orchid gets its name from the scorched appearance of its ustulata Phytologia based

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB Madevallia ustulata M. ensata. corresponding herbarium specimen has been located. FIGURE Masdevallia ventricularia Rchb.f. 231 Icon. t. 274. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 23 (type) FIGURE Masdevallia wageneriana Lindl. s.n. Icon. t. 263. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: s.n. MasdevalliaIcon. tt. 341 & 706. Flower Garden. FIGURES Masdevallia xanthina Rchb.f. 4287 Icon. t. 475. 6090 Icon. t. 122. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 422 4130 HK 342 FIGURE Masdevallia zahlbruckneri Kraenzl. 7022 as M. zamorensis F.Lehm. ined. Icon. t. 126. FIGURE Maxillaria cf. acuminata Lindl. 8134 as Maxillaria reptans F.Lehm. ined. yellow. Icon. t. 81. FIGURE Maxillaria aggregata (Kunth) Lindl. Icon. t. 579. Nova Genera et Species Plantarum Dendrobium aggregatum Maxillaria Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants in to trace any Lehmann herbarium collection but the illustration reproduced here appears to be of the above species.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA FIGURE Maxillaria alpestris Lindl. 6566 Icon. t. 420. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 3896 Plant from Porse. 8292 FIGURE Maxillaria augustae-victoriae F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 6500 ide. Icon. t. 606. FIGURE Maxillaria brunnea Linden & Rchb.f. 7194 Lip yellow with two red spots close under ythe lip on the outside. Icon. t. 546. FIGURE Maxillaria callichroma Rchb.f. 8274 as Maxillaria luteo-alba var. white with yellow margins and tips. Lip yellow spotted with dark carmine. Icon. t. 838. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 2249 yellow-green. FIGURE Rchb.f. 7192 spotted with dark red on both the outside and inside. Icon. t.644. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 9080 HK919 BT194

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB FIGURE Maxillaria friedrichsthallii Rchb.f. 1098 Icon. t. 253. 8107 8285 FIGURE (Kunth) Lindl. 8136 as Maxillaria carruthersiana F.Lehm. ined. inside. Icon. t. 641. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 3760 5189 June to Aug.; 6262 FIGURE Maxillaria hastulata Lindl. 6896 Plantae Hartwegianae Icon. t. 73 FIGURE Maxillaria huebschii Rchb.f. 6602 as Maxillaria pachyantha on peduncles somewhat shorter than the leaves. Sepals and petals white with reddish tips. Lip whitish yellow striped with brown. Icon. t. 642. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: HK 941 FIGURES Maxillaria lepidota Lindl. 4190 with brown. Icon. t. 330. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 4645 6894 Icon. t. 67; 6895 7189 8145 Icon.; 8146 BT 193

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA BT 198 HK 889 HK 906 6456 as Maxillaria lepidota var. albida. 7190 Maxillaria lepidota var. albida. 3841 as Maxillaria lepidota Lindl. var. lutea. yellow. Icon. t. 413. FIGURE Maxillaria longissima Lindl. 6029 light yellow punctuated with brown. Icon. t. 415. FIGURE Maxillaria luteo-alba Lindl. HK 928 Icon. t. 314. FIGURE Maxillaria parvibulbosa 3893. Icon. t. 416. The Lehmann drawing reproduced here agrees well with the type collection and description of this spcies described in the University Flora of Peru. He based it FIGURE Maxillaria cf. poicilothece Schltr. 8373 Icon. t. 558. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 7195 FIGURE Maxillaria ponerantha Rchb.f. 8372 Icon. t. 1005. FIGURE Maxillaria porrecta Lindl. 7254 nd amongst low scrub in the dense and very damp forests around Palmichal

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB the outside. Lip black-brown at the tip. Icon. t. 510. FIGURE Maxillaria procurrens Lindl. 8361 as Ornithidium brown. Icon. t. 559. FIGURE Maxillaria ramosa Ruiz & Pavon BT 230 Icon. t. 1005. FIGURE Maxillaria rufescens Lindl. 10005 Icon. t. 511. FIGURE Maxillaria sanderiana Rchb.f. 6900 FIGURE Maxillaria speciosa Rchb.f. 10023 as Maxillaria scurrilisIcon. t. 803. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: HK 909 as Maxillaria scurrilis F.Lehm. ined. FIGURE Meiracyllium trinasutum Rchb.f t. 206 as Meiracyllium. A Xenia Orchidacea. The type of the genus is M. trinasutum Rchb.f. which is indicated nor has one been traced. FIGURE Miltioniopsis vexillaria Icon. t. 19. OTHER LEHMANN Coll OLL ECTIo O NS: 4136 as Odontoglossum vexillarium var. rubellum. 4625 as Odontoglossum vexillarium. the northern 6524 as Odontoglossum vexillarium var. ecuadorense. Icon. FIGURE Nidema boothii (Lindl.) Schltr. 1119 as Epidendrum. Icon t. 240.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA FIGURE Oerstedella endresii (Rchb.f.) Hgsater 1141 as Epidendrum endresii. Icon. t.239 FIGURE Oerstedella wallisii (Rchb.f.) Hgsater Icon. t. 560. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 4027 as Epidendrum wallisii. Icon. t. 657. 7236 as Epidendrum wallisii 8190 as Epidendrum wallisii FIGURE Oliveriana egregia Rchb.f. Icon. t. 501. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 7280 as Chrysocycnis. BT 231 HK 807 HK 904. FIGURE Oncidium aspidorrhinum 10021 Odontoglossum aspidorrhinum OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 7267 as Odontoglossum aspidorrhinum F. Lehm. FIGURES Oncidium alexandrae HK 160. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 201 as Odontoglossum crispum Lindl. var. lehmannii 494 as Odontoglossum crispum Lindl. 2397 6004 lehmannii 8059 8552 HK 3 HK 4 BT 138, 139 FIGURE Oncidium praestanoides 10009. Icon. t. 633. FIGURE Oncidium cristatum HK 4 Icon. t. 1012. OTHER LEHMANN Coll OLL ECTIo O NS: 6263

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB chestnut brown with yellow base and tips. Petals yellow spotted with red-chestnut brown. Lip yellow with a brownish zone in front of the crests; 6270 as Odontoglossum denticulatum. zone in the middle. HK 21, 24 HK 25 FIGURE Oncidium cruentoides 6550 as Odontoglossum cruentum Rchb.f. and petals red-brown with yellow tips and base. Lip yellow with a red-brown zone in front of the crests. Icon. t. 629. FIGURE Oncidium cuculligerum Icon. t. Sigmatostalix. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 8074 FIGURE Oncidium eliae 6558 as Sigmatostalix eliae Icon. t. 169. OTHER LEHMANN Coll OLL ECTIo O N: HK 1123 Icon. t. 717. FIGURE Oncidium harryanum 7253 as Odontoglossum harryanum Rchb.f. Icon. t. 624. FIGURE Oncidium lehmannii ( 10005. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 282 as Odontoglossum cristatellum 491 s.n. Odontoglossum lehmannii (type).

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA FIGURES Oncidium luteopurpureum 6786 as Odontoglossum luteopurpureum var. sceptrum tips yellow. Petals of similar colour but somewhat more yellow at the tips and at the base. Lip yellowish white. Icon. t. 627. FIGURE Oncidium pictoides 8257 brownish. Lip brick-red with a yellow tip. Icon. t. 159. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 4337 as Sigmatostalix picta Rchb.f. FIGURE Oncidium mirandum 7208 Odontoglossum mirandum brown at the tip. Icon. t. 631. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: HK 18 as Odontoglossum mirandum. FIGURE Oncidium rhynchanthemum 8551 as Odontoglossum rhynchanthemum Rchb.f. Icon. t. 626. FIGURE Otoglossum globuliferum Icon. t. 261. 8561 as Oncidium globuliferum

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB FIGURE Peristeria elata Hook. 8152. Icon. t. 613. FIGURE Pescatoria coelestis 6878 as Bollea coelestis Rchb.f. Plants generally forming large and somewhat loose masses. Rhizome ly. Icon. t. 645. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 2849 2971 BT 103 FIGURE Pescatoria dayana Rchb.f. HK666 rovenance. Pescatoria spelling of the generic name is problematic. Reichenbach used Pescatoria treated that as an orthographic error and have corrected it to Pescatorea Pescatoria dayana in the Gardeners Chronicle collection (HK666) is unknown. Icon. t. 608. FIGURE Pescatoria klabochorum Rchb.f. 4085 as Pescatoria dayana. Icon. s.n. OTHER LEHMANN Coll OLL ECTIo O NS: 960 2986 6877 as Pescatoria dayana. Icon. 8039 HK659 FIGURE Pescatoria lehmannii Rchb.f. 25 Icon. t. 609. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 42 as Pescatoria lehmannii var. albida 8037

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA FIGURE Phragmipedium boissierianum (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 8045 as Selenipedium reticulatum. Icon. t. 660. FIGURE Phragmipedium schlimii (Linden & Rchb.f.) Rolfe (as Selenipedium schlimii) 8048 as var. album Icon. t. 658. OTHER LEHMANN Coll OLL ECTIo O NS: 7259 8047 as Selenipedium schlimii var. roseum FIGURE Phragmipedium wallisii 6868 as Selenipedium caudatum var. wallisii colour with carmine dots on the border. Icon. t. 659. 10027 Icon. t. 1007. FIGURE Plectrophora alata 8380 Icon. t. 163. FIGURE Pleurothallis ciliata 1120 as Pleurothallis. Icon. t. 229. FIGURE Pleurothallis reginae 7075 as Pleurothallis. Icon. t. 480 FIGURE Pleurothallis scoparum Rchb.f. 4513 as Pleurothallis.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB Icon. t. 450. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: s.n. as Pleurothallis FIGURE Pleurothallis truncata Lindl. Icon. t. 364. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 332 as Pleurothallis. FIGURE Pleurothallis talpinaria Rchb.f. Icon. t. 356. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 6920 7063 FIGURE Rchb.f. 5318 pinky white. PIcon. t. 452. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 7635 HK 1227 FIGURE Ponthieva pseudoracemosa Icon. t. 84. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 6455 7110 7130 FIGURE Porroglossum mordax (Rchb.f.) Sweet 3620 Icon. t. 350. FIGURE Porroglossum muscosum (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 2810 Icon. t. 351. FIGURE Psygmorchis pumilio Icon. t. 258. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: HK 1052 HK 1053 FIGURE Restrepia antennifera Icon. tt. 353, 354. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 6247 (in part)

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA6257 FIGURE Rodriguezia lehmannii Rchb.f. 3638 Icon. t. 409. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 4266 7251 Icon. t. 408; HK 1006 grows on trees in woods at La Tapa and Inza. FIGURE Sobralia dichotoma Ruiz & Pav. BT 50 as Sobralia mosquerae Lehm. ined. Icon. t. 839. OTHER LEHMANN Coll OLL ECTIo O NS: 8599 BT 1202 BT 1206 FIGURE Sobralia violacea Lindl. 6114 Icon. t. 454. FIGURE Specklinia grobyi 48 as Pleurothallis. red. Icon. t. 280, t. 295. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 4520 as Pleurothallis. Oct; BT 329 as Pleurothallis. HK 151 as Pleurothallis. FIGURE Stanhopea carchiensis Icon. t. 468. FIGURE Rchb.f. 6821 Icon. t. 655.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 6579 HK 786 FIGURE Stanhopea frymirei 8614 Icon. t. 467. FIGURE Stanhopea jenischiana F.Kramer ex Rchb.f. 6491 OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 3651 HK 784 HK 778, 785, 786, 792, 793 Popayan. FIGURE Stellilabium andinum ( 8358 as Trichoceros. Psidium guayava in the moderately dense and damp forests around Icon. t. 144. FIGURE Stellilabium astroglossum Schltr. 8357 as Trichoceros Psidium guyava Icon. t. 718. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 10012 Icon. t. 43. FIGURE Stanhopea pozoi Icon. t. 543. FIGURE Stellilabium ecuadorensecomb. nov. Sodir oella ecuadorensis A. Sodiro 8359 as Trichoceros. Psidium guayava tip. Icon. t. 145. FIGURE Telipogon nervosus 6874 longitudinally striped with thin brown-red stripes. Icon. t. 40. FIGURE Telipogon obovatus Lindl. 4566

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA Icon. t. 143. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON : HK 1175 FIGURE Teuscheria elegans 7244 as Maxillaria. Icon. t. 515. FIGURE Ticoglossum oerstedii (Rchb.f.) Halbinger 1056 as Odontoglossum. Icon. t. 202. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON : s.n. FIGURE Ticoglossum krameri (Rchb.f.) Halbinger Icon. t. 15 destroyed for coffee and sugar cane plantations so that this orchid is now largely confined to gallery forests. FIGURE Trichocentrum longicalcaratum Rolfe 3330 Icon. t. 312. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 8379 FIGURE Trevoria chloris F.Lehm. 10035 Type. Icon. 827. FIGURE Trichocentrum tigrinum Linden & Rchb.f. HK 1002 Icon. t. 504. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: HK 1001 FIGURE Trichoceros antennifer 6869 Ecuad n black-brown. Icon. t. 545. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: HK 1168

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB FIGURE Trichopilia conceptionis Kraenzl. Icon. t. 1011 Trichopilia concepcionis Notizblatt den Botanischer Garten Berlin-Dahlem department of Anti FIGURE Trichopilia fragrans (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 6794 scented. Sepals and petals greenish white with undulate-curly margins. Lip of a delicate white with an orangeyellow zone in the throat of the lip. Icon. t. 401. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 4018 6792 6795 6796 10030 Icon.; BT 90 & HK 1016 Piedra Aricha; BT 91 HK 1015 FIGURE Trichopilia laxa (Lindl.) Rchb.f. BT 92 Icon. t. 466. FIGURE Trichopilia rostrata Rchb.f. Icon. t. 402. Refugium Botanicum its provenance is unknown. FIGURE Trichosalpinx multicuspidata (Rchb.f.) Luer 2386 as Pleurothallis Icon. t. 283. FIGURE Trigonidium insigne BT 235 Icon. t. 1104. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: HK 806 HK 806 FIGURE Trisetella triaristella (Rchb.f.) Luer 7010.Icon. tt. 132 207.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. LANKESTERIANA FIGURE Trisetella tridactylites (Rchb.f.) Luer 1187 1980 FIGURE Vanilla palmarum Lindl. 8378 Icon. t. 555. FIGURE Warrea warreana 8610 Icon. t. 648. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 8611 s.n. Rio Orejas and Rio FIGURE Warczewizella discolor (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 8040 as Chondrorhyncha. Icon. t. 53. FIGURE Warczewiczella ionoleuca Rchb.f. Icon. t. 506. Zygopetalum ionoleucum Botanisches Zeitung Beihefte of Feddes Repertorium as Warscewiczella ionoleuca on his illustration reproduced here. FIGURE Warczewiczella amazonica Icon. t. 326. FIGURE Warczewiczella marginata Rchb.f. Icon. t. 325. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 3357 as Warscewiczella velata Rchb.f. 8600 as Warscewiczella velata HK 663 as Warscewiczella velata. HK 664 as Warscewiczella velata BT 1318 as Warscewiczella velata. Flowers from S FIGURE Xylobium colleyi 8440 lined with brown on the front. Icon. t. 561.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB FIGURE Xylobium corrugatum (Lindl.) Rolfe 4529 Icon. t. 484. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoONS: 4329 HK 692 as Xylobium FIGURE Zootrophion dayanum (Rchb.f.) Luer 6933, 6934 as Cryptophoranthus argus Icon. t. 301. OTHER LEHMANN CollOLLECTIoON: 7050

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.LANKESTERIANA

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CCRIBB BBIBlLIoOGRAPHY The titles below were used to help identify the Lehmann illustrations. The author takes full responsibility for the names provided, but would appreciate hearing from readers who question the identity of particular Bibliotheca Botanica Native Ecuadorian Orchids Native Ecuadorian Orchids Harvard University Press. Colombia Orchids Colombia Orchids Acostea, Condylago and Porroglossum. Icones Pleurothallidinarum Dracula. Icones Pleurothallidinarum Masdevallia Icones Pleurothallidinarum Masdevallia Icones Pleurothallidinarum Masdevallia Icones Pleurothallidinarum Masdevallia Icones Pleurothallidinarum Masdevallia Icones Pleurothallidinarum Lindleyana Genera Orchidacearum I. Oxford University Press. Genera Orchidacearum II. Oxford University Press. Genera Orchidacearum III. Oxford University Press. Genera Orchidacearum University Press. Genera Orchidacearum University Press.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.LANKESTERIANA

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BIOGRAPHIES ANDR Edouard Franois (1840 1911) Born in Bourges, Cher, France. Plant collector and landscape architect. Born July 17th 1840. Collected in Ecuador in 1870s with Benedict Roezl. Died at La Croix, near Blr in France. Herbarium specimens and some coloured drawings at Kew. BaARbBOSaA RRODRIGUES Joo (1842 1909) Born in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Botanist. his other main interest was palms. Later Director of the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden. Floods destroyed at Kew. Commemorated by the orchid genera Barbosa Becc., Barbosella Schltr. and Rodriguezia and Rodrigueziella O. Ktze. Major Publications: Genera et Species Orchidarum Novarum, 2 Vols. (1877-1882). BaA TEMaAN James (1811 1897) Born in Bury, Lancashire, England. Orchid grower and author. Biddulph Grange. He was a friend and patron of the leading orchid authorities. His monumental Orchidaceae of Mexico and Guatemala did much to popularise orchid growing as a hobby and introduced a large audience Commemorated in the genus Batemannia Lindl. and many orchid species. Herbarium specimens at Kew. Major Publications: Orchidaceae of Mexico and Guatemala (1837-43). Guide to Cool Orchid Growing (1964). Monograph of Odontoglossum (1864-74). Second Century of Orchidaceous Plants (1867). BENTHaAM George (1800 1884) LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann183

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Plant taxonomist. LLD Cantab 1874; Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) 1862; Fellow of the Linnean Society (FLS) 1826. He was the nephew of Jeremy Bentham and became one of the leading taxonomists of his day. He was Secretary Commemorated by orchid genera Benthamia Lindl., Neobenthamia Rolfe and others. Herbarium specimens at Kew. Major Publications:Genera Plantarum (1862-83). BLUNT Henry Born in Plant collector. BONPLaAND Aim-Jacques-Alexandre (1773 1858) Born in La Rochelle, France. Plant collector. Commemorated by the genera: BonplandiaBonplandia Herbarium specimens in Paris and Berlin (partly destroyed). BOXaALL William (1844 1910) Born in England. Plant collector. sent him to Burma to consolidate the collecting and successes of Parish and Benson. Dendrobium boxallii Cymbidium lowianum, Paphiopedilum boxallii, P. bellatulum and Vanda coerulescens boxallii. He Paphiopedilum ciliolare, Vanda amesiana, V. boxallii, Phalaenopsis amabilis, P. boxallii, P. stuartiana and P. schilleriana and Dracula bella collections. Commemorated by Dendrobium boxallii Rchb.f. and Paphiopedilum boxallii BRITTON Dr. Nathaniel Lord (1859 1934) Born in Botanist and geologist. LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.184 LANKESTERIANA

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann185 Major Publications: North American Flora (1905-1957). Co-author with C.F. Millspaugh of The Bahama Flora (1920). BROWN Robert (1773 1858) Born in Botanist. Linnaean Society. First Keeper of Botany at the British Museum (Natural History). He was President of the Royal Society (1849-53). He is generally accepted as the most accomplished botanist of his day. He London, England 10th June 1858. Commemorated by Brunonia Smith. Herbarium collections at Edinburgh and the British Museum (Natural History), London. Major Publications: Prodromus Flarae Novae Hollandiae (1810). BULL William (1828 1902) Born in Nurseryman. eded him. BURKE David (1854 1897) Born in Kent, England. Plant collector. Zygopetalum burkei to collect Phalaenopsis in Colombia where he collected Cattleya mendelii, C. schroederae, C. trianaei and Odontoglossum crispum. th Commemorated by Zygopetalum burkei. CaARDER John ( died 1908) Born in England. Plant collector and nurseryman.

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LANKESTERIANARoad, Chelsea. He then went into partnership with his fellow orchid collector Edward Shuttleworth and set up a nursery by Masdevallia (now Dracula) carderi Rchb.f. CaA TTLEY William (1788 1835) Born in Horticulturist and businessman. in Barnet, Middlesex to the north of London where he had his orchid collection. The Cattley family were Prescottia after Prescott, who was John Lindley and paid him a salary. Collectanea Botanica salary in 1821 and whilst the reasons were not explicitly stated in the letter to Lindley, it would seem that Commemorated by the genus Cattleya Lindl. CaA VENDISH William George Spencer, 6th Duke of Devonshire (1790 1858) Born in Paris, France. Notable amateur orchid grower. He became one of the greatest patrons of horticulture in his day and was President of the Horticultural Society Gardens at Kew as a national botanic garden. He employed Joseph Paxton to manage his celebrated garden Commemorated by the species Oncidium cavendishianum Batem., Stanhopea devoniensis Lindl. Cymbidium devonianum CHaARLESWORTH Joseph (1851 1920) Born in England. Nurseryman. Most noted for his famous orchid nursery which he set up with E. Shuttleworth at Haywards Heath, Sussex, England in 1908. He died at Haywards Heath 2nd Commemorated by the species Paphiopedilum charlesworthii CHESTERTON J. Henry (?-1883) Born in England. Plant collector. on January 26th 1883. Commemorated in Chondroscaphe chestertonii Dracula chestertonii (Rchb.f.) Luer.LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.186

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann187 CLOWES Reverend John (1777 1846) Born in Broughton Hall, nr. Manchester, Lancashire, England 1st May 1777 Notable amateur orchid grower generous to both his family and good causes. He became interested in botany and horticulture during the orchids in the County of Lancashire. He made many friends in the orchid world including Bateman, Sir part of the Royal collection at Kew. Commemorated by Clowesia Lindl., Anguloa clowesii Lindl., Brassia clowesii; Epidendrum clowesii; Odontoglossum clowesii. Major Publications: COGNIaAUX Clestin Alfred (1841 1916) Born in Robechies, south of Hinault, Belgium. Botanist. Flora Brasiliensis Commemorated by the genera Cogniauxiocharis and Neocogniauxia and numerous species. Major Publications: Flora Brasiliensis 3 Vols. (1893-1896). Symbolae Antillanae (1910). CUMING Hugh (1791 1865) Plant collector. zoological specimens. He returned to England in 1831 and then made a long expedition to the Philippines Dendrobium anosmum, Grammatophyllum scriptum Phalaenopsis aphrodite and many good condition. He died in London.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.188 LANKESTERIANACommemorated by many plants including the Philippine genus Cumingia Vidal in the Bombacaceae and Bulbophyllum cumingii and Coelogyne cumingii. Herbarium specimens at Kew, Oxford and the British Museum. DDaARWIN Charles (1809 1882) Born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England. Herbarium specimens at Cambridge. Major Publications: Origin of the Species (1859). DDaA VIS Walter (1847 1930) Born in Plant collector and gardener. Masdevallia barlaeana, Masdevallia davisii and Phragmipedium reticulatum, all drawn by Day. He wrote on plant propagation under the pseudonym of Charles Bennett. He was secretary to the Geological and Royal Geographic Societies. He died in Fulham, London. Commemorated by Masdevallia davisii Rchb.f. DDaA Y John (1824 1888) Born in City of London, England. Notable amateur orchid grower. He was born in the parish of St Dunstans in the East, City of London where his father was in business as a in the City of London where John Day followed his father into business. He was introduced to orchid growing by his father and this interest, along with his interest in ferns was to sustain him for the rest of his life. His orchid growing grew considerably after the death of his wife in 1857 when he sold the old family home in became an orchid grower of considerable repute and in 1881 his collection was sold for the princely sum

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Commemorated by the species Coelogyne dayana Rchb.f. Major Publications: DDOMINY John (1816 1891) Gardener and orchid hybridist. Calanthe subscription was made for him, to which John Day donated three guineas. He died at Chelsea. Commemorated by Phragmipedium Dominianum. DDON George (1798 1856) Plant collector and gardener. Kensington. Herbarium specimens at British Museum, Kew and Cambridge. DDRESSLER Robert Louis (b. 1927) Botanist. in the subtribe Stanhopeinae. Commemorated in the orchid genera Dressleria and Dresslerella. Major Publications: Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama (1991). D UNSTERVILLE Galfrid Clement Keyworth Stalky (1905 1988) Orchid grower and collector. Commemorated by the orchid genera Dunstervillea Garay and Stalkya Garay. LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann189

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.190 LANKESTERIANAMajor Publications: Field Guide to Orchids of Venezuela (1979). Orchids of Venezuela (1987). EEDWa ALL Gustaf (1862 1946) (1854-1918). EENGLER Heinrich Gustav Adolf (1844 1930) Born in Sagan, Lower Silesia, Germany Botanist and plant collector. Herbarium specimens at Berlin (partly destroyed). GGaARaA Y Leslie Andrew (b. 1924) Born in Hungary. Plant taxonomist. Oncidium, and a Commemorated by the orchid genera Garaya and Lesliea. Major Publications: Co-author (with Herman Sweet) Orchidaceae for the Flora of Ecuador Vol. 1 ( ? ). G aARDNER George (1812 1849) Born in Glasgow, Scotland. Taxonomist and plant collector. then in 1843, he assisted H.B. Fielding in arranging his herbarium and he wrote descriptions for Sertum Plantarum (1844-49). He was appointed Superintendent Botanic Gardens, Peradeniya, Ceylon in 1844 and he collected plants in Mauritius and Madras, on his way to Ceylon, during 1845. He spent the rest of his life in Ceylon where he died at Neura Ellia.

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Commemorated by the genus Neogardneria Schltr., Oncidium gardneri Lindl., Neogyna gardneriana Lindl. Herbarium specimens at British Museum (Natural History) and Kew. GGRIESEbacBACH August Heinrich Rudolf (1814 1879) Major Publications: HHaAENKE Thaddeus Peregrinus Xavierus (1761-1817) Born in Kreibitz, Bohemia. were described by C.B. Presl in Reliquiae Haenkeanae. His herbarium is in Prague. He died on October 31st HHaALL Colonel Francis British plant collector who collected plants in Central Ecuador in 1831 and 1832. HHaARRISON Henry, Richard and William British plant collectors. Richard commemorated by Oncidium harrisonianum and Cattleya harrisoniana. HHaARTWEG Carl Theodore (1812 71) Born in Karlsruhr, Germany 1854 collecting plants in Mexico, Guatemala, Ecuador, Jamaica, Madeira and Peru Commemorated by the genus Hartwegia Lindl. Herbarium specimens at Kew. HHOEHNE Frederico Carlos (1882 1959) Born in Juan de Flora, Minas Gerais State, Brazil Brazilian taxonomist at Rio de Janeiro Botanic Gardens (1907-1917) and Director of the Sao Paulo Botanical Herbarium specimens are in Sao Paulo. Major Publications: Flora Brasilica HHOOKER Sir Joseph Dalton (1817 1911) Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. He became the 2nd Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. He acted LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann191

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.192 LANKESTERIANA Flora of British India (1890-1). His friendship with Charles Darwin was critical for the completion and publication of The Origin of Species On the various contrivances by which British and Foreign orchids are fertilised (1862). John Day corresponded with both Sir Joseph and his father and gained permission from the former to draw unusual orchids in the Kew collection. Day drew about 70 orchids at Commemorated in the orchid genera Josephia and Sirhookera Herbarium is at Kew. Major Publications: Co-author (with George Bentham) Genera Plantarum Curtiss Botanical Magazine HHOOKER Sir William Jackson (1785 1865) Botanical Magazine of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, following the report written by John Lindley and Joseph Paxton that Botanical Magazine and was the author of A Century of Orchidaceous Plants Icones plantarum Herbarium specimens at Kew. Major Publications: H UMbBOLDT Friederich Heinrich Alexander von (1769-1859) Born in Berlin, Germany, September 14th 1769. described by Carl Kunth in Nova Genera et Species Plantarum. His herbarium is in Berlin. JacACQUIN Nicolaus Joseph von (1727 1817) Born in Leiden, Holland.

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published some of the earliest accounts of the orchids from the region. Major Publications: Enumeratio Systematica Plantarum (1760). Enumeratio Stirpium Plerarumque (1762) Selectarum Stirpium Americanarum Historia (1763). Icones Plantarum Rariorum (1981-1793). JaAMESON William (1796-1873) Born in Edinburgh, Scotland. Scelochilus jamiesoni Lindl. and Oncidium jamesoni Rchb.f. were named in his honour. KKLabABOcCH Eduard Born in Bohemia (now Czech Republic). while collecting. Commemorated by Odontoglossum edwardii and Pescatorea klabochorum. KKLabABOcCH Franz (-1879) Born in Bohemia (now Czech Republic). died in Colombia while collecting. Commemorated by Pescatorea klabochorum. KKRNZLIN Fritz Wilhelm Ludwig (1847 1934) Born in Magdeburg, Germany completed. Herbarium specimens at Hamburg and Berlin (now mostly destroyed). Major Publications: Orchidacearum Genera et Species Monographie der Gattungen Masdevallia (1925), incomplete. Monographie der Gattung Polystachya (1926), incomplete. KKUNTZE Carl Ernst Otto (1843 1907) Born in Leipzig, Germany LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann193

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Major Publications: Revisio Genera Plantarum LLaA LLLaA VE Pablo de (1773 1833) Mexican cleric and sometime Director of the Madrid Botanical Garden. He returned to Mexico in 1823 and Major Publications: Co-author (with Lexarza), Novorum vegetabilium descriptiones (1824-1825). LLaA WRENcCE Sir James John Trevor (1831 1913) Born in London, England. pp. 55, 57; 41, p. 87). He died at Burford. Commemorated by the genus Trevoria F.C. Lehmann; the species Bollea lawrenceana Rolfe, Cattleya lawrenceana Maxillaria lawrenceana Mormodes lawrenceana Rolfe Herbarium specimens at Kew. LLEXaARZaA DE MMaARTNEZ Juan Jos (1785 1824) Mexican physician and botanist. Major Publications:Novorum vegetabilium descriptiones (1824-1825). LLINDEN Jean Jules (1817 1898) Born in Luxemburg. and Venezuela where he collected Odontoglossum crispum Anguloa ruckeri and A. clowesii described in his honour including Odontoglossum lindenii, Phalaenopsis lindenii and Cattleyopsis lindenii. He and his son published LIllustration Horticole and the superb series LindeniaLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.194 LANKESTERIANA

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann195 Lindenia in his honour. Commemorated by many species and his herbarium specimens are at Brussels and Kew. Major Publications: Lindenia (1885-91). Pescatorea (1860). LLINDLEY John (1799 1865) Born in Catton, near Norwich, England. Collectanea Botanica orchids, including that of Cattleya labiata Illustrations of Orchidaceous Plants (with Francis Bauer). Lindley co-founded the Gardeners Chronicle in Botanical Register correspond. Lindley died at Turnham Green, Middlesex. Commemorated in many orchid names, e.g. Lindleyella, Neolindleya, Odontoglossum lindleyanum, Phragmipedium lindleyanum, and Barkeria lindleyana. Major Publications: Collectanea Botanica (1821). Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants (1830-1840). Sertum Orchidaceum (1837-42). Folia Orchidacea (1852-59). LLObbBB William (1809 64) Born in Perran-ar-worthal, Cornwall, England. at the recommendation of his brother Thomas, he was seen by James Veitch who was impressed with his Herbarium specimens at British Museum and Kew. LLODDIGES Conrad (1739 1826)

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orchids from collectors in British Guyana and employed Hugh Cuming to collect for them in the Philippines. Their introductions included many beautiful species such as Phalaenopsis aphrodite, Dendrobium loddigesii. Commemorated by Gongora loddigesii Lindl. Herbarium specimens at Kew. LLODDIGES Conrad (died 1865) Born in Germany. LLODDIGES George (1784 1846) 1849). They continued to buy tropical orchids from collectors in British Guyana and employed Hugh Cuming Botanical Cabinet which published their new introductions between 1817 and 1834. George was a good friend of John Plates at the British Museum (Natural History). Major Publications: Botanical Cabinet (1817-1834). LLOW Stuart Henry (1826 90) Born in Clapton, London, England. died at Clapton. Herbarium specimens at Kew and Vienna. M aA THEWS Andrew (died 1841) British plant collector to Chile and Peru. He died in Chachapoyas, Peru in 1841. Herbarium collections at Natural History Museum, London, Kew and Oxford. Epidendrum mathewsii Lindl., Maxillaria mathewsii Lindl. and Pleurothallis mathewsiii Lindl. are named in his honour.LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.196 LANKESTERIANA

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MMOcCIO Jose Mariano (1757 1820) Born in Temascaltepec, Mexico. to Spain. Major Publications: Co-author (with M. Sess) Plantae Novae Hispaniae (1787-90). Co-author (with M. Sess) Flora mexicana (1791-97). MMOORE Sir Frederick William (1857 1949) Holland. He became Curator of the Trinity College Botanical Garden (1877-79). He succeeded his eminent collection of neotropical orchids (1879-1922). He died in Dublin. Commemorated by the genus Neomoorea Rolfe and Coelogyne mooreana Rolfe. OORREILLY ? P abABST Guido Joo Frederico (1914 1980) th September 1914 Janeiro. Commemorated by Pabstia Garay (1973). Herbarium collections in Herbarium Bradeanum in Rio de Janeiro. Major Publications: Co-author (with Dungs) Orchidaceae Brasilienses 2 Vols. (1975-1977). PPaA VN Dr. Jos Antonio (1754 1844) Major Publications: Co-author (with H. Ruiz, J. Dombey) Prodromus Florae Peruvianae et Chilensis (1794). Co-author (with H. Ruiz, J. Dombey) Systema Vegetabilium Florae Peruvianae et Chilensis (1798-1802). Co-author (with H. Ruiz, J. Dombey) Flora Peruvianae et Chilensis (1778-1802). PPaAXTON Sir Joseph (1802 65) Born in Milton Bryant, Bedfordshire, England LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann197

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water-lily Victoria amazonica Magazine of Botany Flower Garden written with John Lindley and he was one of the founders of the Gardeners Chronicle in Commemorated by the genus Paxtonia Lindl. Herbarium specimens at Kew. Major Publications: Magazine of Botany (1834-53). Flower Garden (1850-53). P OEPPIG Eduard Friedrich (1798 1868) Born in Plauen, Saxony, Germany He collected plants, including many orchids, in Chile, Peru, Ecuador and Brazil (1827?). Co-author (with S.L. Endlicher) of Nova genera ac species plantarum ... (1833-35). Herbarium specimens at Vienna, St Petersburg, Berlin (destroyed) Leipzig, British Museum, Brussels, Goettingen. PPROTHEROE & MMORRIS Messrs th RREIcCHENbacBACH Heinrich Gustav (1823 1889) Born in Leipzig, Germany. The son of a famous father who was also a botanist. He succeeded John Lindley as being the foremost authority on orchids and amassed a large herbarium in Hamburg where he was Professor of Botany and such prized species as Cymbidium dayanum, Cypripedium (now Paphiopedilum) dayanum, Bulbophyllum dayanum Gardeners Chronicle, Botanisches Zeitung, Flora and Bonplandia Annales LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.198 LANKESTERIANA

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contemporary paintings of many of the new species that Reichenbach had described. Commemorated by the orchid genus Reichenbachanthus and in the species such as Kefersteinia reichenbachiana, Masdevallia reichenbachiana and Sievekingia reichenbachiana. Herbarium specimens in Vienna. RRIcCHaARD Achille (1794 1852) Professor of Botany in Paris. Herbarium in Paris. RRIDLEY Henry Nicholas (1855 1956) th December 1855 of the Singapore Botanic Garden (1888-1911). He is best remembered for helping to introduce rubber in before his 101st birthday. Peninsula (1886) and orchids for Flora of the Malay Peninsula (1924). Commemorated by the genera Ridleyella Schltr. and Ridleyinda O. Ktze. Herbarium specimens at Singapore, Kew and British Museum. RROEZL Benedict (1823 -1885) Born in Prague, Bohemia (now Czech Republic). Phragmipedium roezlii, Miltoniopsis roezlii, Masdevallia roezlii and Pescatorea roezlii. Much of his collecting was for was erected to him in Prague. Commemorated by Miltoniopsis roezlii (Rchb.f.) Godefroy, Masdevallia roezlii and Bletia roezlii. Herbarium specimens at Kew and Vienna. RROLFE Robert Allen (1855 1921) Born in Ruddington, Nottinghamshire, England. Flora Capensis and the Flora of Orchid Review He is commemorated by the Madagascan orchid genus Rolfeella. Herbarium specimens at Kew.LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann199

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R OLLISSON George (1799 1875) relationship existed between the two with regard to the management of the business The nursery supplied collection he bought from them which formed the nucleus of his orchid business. R OLLISSON William (1765 1842) R UcCKER Sigismund (c.1809 1875) e.g. a reputed 80 guineas on Barkeria spectabilis Venezuela in 1841. Anguloa ruckeri and Stanhopea ruckeri in his honour. On his death the Gardeners Chronicle RRUIZ LLPEZ, Hiplito (1754 1815) Spanish botanist and explorer who led the Spanish Expedition to Peru (1778-1788). They collected Prodromus Florae Peruvianae et Chilensis (1794) and Systema Vegetabilium Florae Peruvianae et Chilensis (1778-1802) S SaANDER Henry Federick Conrad (1847 1920) LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.200 LANKESTERIANA

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nursery there to cater for the growing demand on the Continent for his plants. Sander employed many famous Paphiopedilum sanderianum the stupendous Vanda sanderiana and the graceful Phalaenopsis sanderiana Cymbidium sanderae, C. insigne, Paphiopedilum gratrixianum and Dendrobium schroederianum. He was a Reichenbachia, a set of imperial-sized Herbarium specimens at Kew and Vienna. Major Publications: Reichenbachia (1886-94). S cCHLEcCHTER Friedrich Richard Rudolf (1872 1925) Born in Berlin, Germany. Repertorium Specierum Novarum. More than 300 papers came from his hand (1893-1925) and it is estimated that he proposed in excess of years. der Orchidaceen (1926) published posthumously. Commemorated by the genera Hoehne and Schlechterella SScCHOMbBURGK Sir Moritz Richard (1811 91) Born in Fribault, Saxony, Germany. Herbarium specimens at Kew.LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann201

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.202 LANKESTERIANA SScCHOMbBURGK Sir Robert Herman (1804 65) Born in Frieburg, Germany. Victoria amazonica, in British Guiana (Guyana). Siam (Thailand) collecting plants. Commemorated by the genus Schomburgkia Lindl. Herbarium specimens at British Museum and Kew. S cCHROEDER Baron Henry (1824 1910) Miltonia schroederiana, Cattleya schroederiana and Dendrobium schroederianum were SScCHWEINFURTH Charles (1890 1970) the Orchidaceae for the Flora of Peru SSESS Y LLacaACASTa A Martn de (? 1809) was Jose Mocio and they explored Mexico from 1787 until 1804. He then returned to Spain. Co-author (with J. Mocio) of Plantae Novae Hispaniae (1887-90) and Flora Mexicana (1891-97). SSHUTTLEWORTH Edward (1829 1909) specialising in imported orchids with his fellow collector John Carder in Clapham. John Day bought many Commemorated by Masdevallia shuttleworthii Rchb.f. SSKINNER George Ure (1804 67) Born in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann203 Commemorated by Odontoglossum uro-skinneri, Barkeria skinneri, Cattleya skinneri and many others. SSODIRO Fr. Luis (1836-1909) 1909. Commemorated by Dracula sodiroi. SSTEVENS Messrs and regular orchid sales throughout the second half of the 19th century. Many growers attended regularly and bought orchids there. SSWa ARTZ Olof (1760 1818) Born in N Prodromus descriptionem vegetabilium in Indiam occidentalem (1778), Nova genera et species plantarum (1788), Florae Indiae Occidentales (1797-1806), Genera et species orchidearum (1805). VVEITcCH James (1792 1863) VVEITcCH James (1815 1869) Born in Son of James Veitch (1792-1863) with whom he was in partnership from 1853 at the nursery bearing the all interest in the Exeter branch in 1864. He sent out many collectors to the tropics in search of orchids and

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.204 LANKESTERIANA VVEITcCH James Herbert (1868 1907) Born in Chelsea, London, England. uncle (Sir) Harry James Veitch (1840 1924). Shortly after the publication of Hortus Veitchii (1906), he th Herbarium specimens at Kew. VVEITcCH Sir Harry James (1840 1924) Born in Commemorated by Masdevallia harryana Rchb.f. VVELLOZO Jose de Mariano da Conceio (1742 1811) Flora (1790). Herbarium and types lost. WWaALLIS Gustave (1830 1878) Born in st May 1830 1856 he was engaged by a German company to start a horticultural business in Brazil but the company went Phalaenopsis

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann205in Cuenca, Ecuador and died on June 20th 1878. John Day bought many of his introductions at auction and Odontoglossum wallisii, Dracula (Masdevallia) wallisii, Epidendrum wallisii and Houlletia wallisii and many others. Herbarium specimens at Kew and Vienna. WWaARNER Robert (c.1814 96) orchid hybridisers, raising plants such as Cypripedium (now Paphiopedilum Cattleya warneri T. Moore. WWaARScCEWIcCZ Josef Ritter von RRaA WIcCZ (1812) Born in Cattleya dowiana the Cracow Botanic Garden, Poland. Commemorated by Warscewiczella Rchb.f. and many species of Miltonia, Sobralia, Brassia, Epidendrum, Mesospinidium, Oncidium and Stanhopea. Herbarium specimens at Kew and Vienna. His own herbarium at Berlin is now destroyed. WWILLIaAMS Benjamin Samuel (1824) Born in Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire, England. Orchid Growers Manual in Select Orchidaceous Plants Commemorated by Dendrobium williamsianum Rchb.f. WWOOLWa ARD Florence H. (1854) Born in Hammersmith, London, England.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.206 LANKESTERIANALincolnshire. She spent most of her life in Bilton and was a botanical illustrator at the British Museum Masdevallia th Thesaurus Woolwardiae in 1994. Commemorated by Dracula (Masdevallia) woolwardiae.

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INDEXESLANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann205

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LANKESTERIANA

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann207INDEX OF NAMESAmes, O. 202 Andr, E. 11, 16, 183 Barbosa Rodrigues, J., 183 Banks, Sir J. 185, 193, 195 Barker, G. 187 Bateman, J., 183, 187, 203 Bauer, F. 195 Bennett, C. 188 Benson, R. 184 Bentham, J., 183 Blunt, H. 178, 184 Boissier, E. 167 Bonpland, A. 146, 163, 184, 192 Boxall, W. 11, 184 Britton, N. 184 Brown, R. 185 Bull, W. 185, 200, 202 Bullen, R. 184 Burbidge, F. 204 Burke, C.C.D. 185, 204 Busch, J. 196 Carder, J. 11, 185, 202 Carlos III of Spain 202 Carter & Co., J. 200 Cattley, W. 186, 195 Cavendish, W.G.S. 186 Charlesworth, J. 186 Chesterton, J.H. 11, 186, 204 Clowes, J. 187, 200 Clowes, S. 187, 194 Cogniaux, C.A. 187 Colley, T. 183 Colman, Sir J. 188 Cuming, H. 187, 196 Curtis, C. 185 Darwin, C. 1, 188, 192 Davis, W. 188 Day, E. 188 Day, J. 171, 188, 189, 194, 195, 196, 198, 200, 201, 202, 204 Dodson, C.H. 6, 7 Dombey, J. 197 Dominy, J. 189 Don, D. 189 Don, G. 189 Dressler, R.L. 189 Dunsterville, E. 189 Dunsterville, G.C.K. 189 Durham, C. 188 Edwall, G. 190 Engler, H.G.A. 16, 190 Escobar, R. 7, 149, 150 Fielding, H.B. 190 Fitch, W.H. 192 Flinders, M. 185 Foerstermann, J. 201 Funk, N. 194 Gardner, G. 190 Garay, L. 189, 190, 197 Gentry, A. 7 Ghiesbrecht, A.B. 194 Griesebach, A.H.R. 191 Haenke, T.P.X. 191 Hall, F. 191 Hammond, W. 187 Hall, F. 191 Harrison, H. 191 Harrison, R. 191 Harrison, W. 191 Hartweg, C.T. 191 Hoehne, F.C. 191 Hooker, J.D. 183, 188, 191, 195 Hooker, W.J. 1, 187, 188, 190, 191, 195 Hubbard, F. T. 202 Humboldt, F.H.A. von 146, 163, 184, 192 Hurrell, H. 201 Jacquin, N.J. von. 192 Jameson, W. 193 Jost, L. 7 Kalbreyer, W. 176, 204 Klaboch, E. 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 193 Klaboch, F. 11, 12, 13, 193 Klug, G. 166 Kniger, W. 155 Krnzlin, F.W.L. 2, 16, 17, 20, 24, 27, 28, 176, 193, 198 Kunth, C. 146, 163 Kuntze, C.E.O. 193 Lager, J. 201 La LLave, P. de 194Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations.

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Lawrence, L. 194 Lawrence, Sir J.J.Trevor 24, 25, 25, 194 Lehmann de Sarra, A. 149 Lexarza de Martnez, J.J. Linden, J. J. 177, 187, 194 Linden, L. 195 Linden, Messrs. 163, 194 Lindley, J. 14, 165, 183, 186, 187, 188, 194, 195, 196, 198, 200, 201, 204 Livingstone, D. 1 Lobb, T. 195, 204 Lobb, W. 195, 204 Loddiges, C. 195 Loddiges, G. 187 Loddiges, J. 196 Loddiges, W. 196 Loddiges & Sons, Messrs., C, 187, 201 Lfgren, A. 190 Lothian, Marquis of 20, 21, 22, 24, 204 Lothian, Marquess of 20 Low, H. & Co., Messrs. 2, 9, 11, 13, 177, 178, 184, 196, 201 Low, S.H. 196 Luer, C.A. 6, 7, 28, 149, 150, 151, 162 Magor, J.P. 188 Mathews, A. 196 Mendonca, Luis de 197 Micholitz, W. 201 Miranda, J. 149 Mocio, J.M. 197, 202 Moon, H. 201 Moore, D. 197 Moore, F.W. 197 Morris, T. 198 Mosquera (de), M.J. 13 Mutis, C. 202 OReilly, ? 197 Ortgies, E. 9 Pabst, G.J.F. 197 Parish, E.C. 184 Pavn, J. 167, 197, 200 Paxton, J. 186, 187, 197, 198 Pearce, R. 204 Pescatore, M.V. 171 Pittier, H. 189 Poeppig, E.F. 198 Prescott, J. 186 Protherhoe & Morris, Messrs. 198 Reichenbach, H.G. 2, 9, 14, 15, 23, 27, 145, 151, 159, 167, 171, 178, 188, 193, 198 Richard, A. 145, 199 Ridley, H. 2, 17, 18, 18, 27, 52, 199 Robledo, M. 149 Robledo, O. 149 Roebeline, C. 201 Roezl, B. 11, 13, 16, 185, 193, 199, 200 Rolfe, R.A. 2, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 23, 27, 192, 193, 198, 199 Rollisson, G. 200 Rollisson, W. 200 Rucker, S. 187, 194, 200 Ruiz Lpez, H. 197, 200 Sander, H.F.C. 2, 9, 12, 11, 13, 14, 52, 186, 194, 198, 199, 200, 201 Schlechter, R. 150, 193, 198, 201 Schlim, L. 194 Schmidt-Mumm, H. 150 Schomburgk, M.R. 201 Schomburgk, R.H. 202 Schroeder, H. 202 Schweinfurth, C. 166, 190, 202 Sess y Lacasta, M. de 197, 202 Shuttleworth, E. 186, 202 Skinner, J. Ure 183, 202, 203 Sodiro, Fr. L. 150, 203 Spruce, R. 1, 16 Steven, Messrs. 203 Swartz, O. 203 Sylvester, J.B. 196 Thun, Count of 199 Underwood, L.M. 185 van Houtte, M. 197, 199 Veitch, H.J. 204 Veitch, J. (1752-1839) 203 Veitch, J. (1792-1863) 203 Veitch, J. (1815-1869) 203 Veitch, J.H. (1868-1907) 204 Veitch & Sons, Messrs. 151, 184, 186, 188, 189, 194, 195, 200, 201, 204 Velloz da Conceio J.M. 204 Wagener, H. 163 Wallace, A. 1 Wallis, G. 11, 16, 151, 171, 204 Weeks, J. 185 Wilson, E. 1 Winchester, Lady Herbert 188 Winchester, Marquis of 188 Wolstenholme, H. 188 Woolward, Rev. A.G. 204 Woolward, F. 20, 23, 24, 204 LANKESTERIANALANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.208

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann209 Abola 147 Acianthera casapensis 55, 143 Acianthera sicaria 55, 143 Acineta erythroxantha 55, 143 Ada aurantiaca 55, 143 Ada chlorops 7 Ada cf. chlorops 56, 144 Ada lehmannii 2, 19, 27, 143 Aeranthes sp. 16 Anathallis angustilabia 56, 144 Anguloa clowesii 57, 187, 194, 144 Anguloa ruckeri 7, 200, 194 Anguloa virginalis var. turneri 56, 144 Aristolochia sp. 27 Aspasia principissa 56, 144 Barbosa 183 Barbosella 183 Barbosella cucullata 58, 144 Barbosella prorepens 58, 144 Barkeria lindleyana 195 Barkeria skinneri 203 Barkeria specatbilis 58 145, 200 Batemannia 153, 183, 184 Benzingia cornuta 59, 145 Bifrenaria coronaria 58, 145 Bletia roezlii 199 Bollea 17 Bollea sp. 13 Bollea coelestis 7, 171 Bollea lawrenceana 194 Bonplandia 184 Brachionidium 60, 145 Brachtia andina 60, 145 Brassia 205 Brassia clowesii 187 Brassia longicuspis 8 Brunonia 185 Bulbophyllum antioquiense 60, 145 Bulbophyllum cumingii 188 Bulbophyllum dayanum 198 Bulbophyllum lehmannianum 60, 145 Bulbophyllum pachyrhachis 61, 145 Bulbophyllum popayanense 62, 146 Burlingtonia 23 Calanthe 189 Catasetum 9 Catasetum lehmannii 2, 27 Catasetum maculatum 66, 146 Catasetum tabulare 63, 146 Cattleya 186 Cattleya aurea 7, 64, 146 Cattleya candida 147 Cattleya chocoensis 7 Cattleya chocoensis var. alba 147 Cattleya chocoensis var. rosea 146 Cattleya dowiana 205 Cattleya harrisoniana 191 Cattleya labiata 195 Cattleya lawrenceana 194 Cattleya maxima 8 Cattleya maxima var. backhouseana 8 Cattleya mendelii 185 Cattleya quadricolor 66, 146 184 Cattleya schroederae 185 Cattleya schroederiana 202 Cattleya skinneri 203 Cattleya trianaei 7, 65, 146, 185 Cattleya trianaei var. alba 146 Cattleya trianaei var. albida 146 Cattleya trianaei var. popayanensis 146 Cattleya warneri 205 Cattleya warscewiczii 7 Cattleyopsis lindenii 194 Caucaea nubigena 67, 147 Caucaea obscura 147 Caucaea radiata 66, 147 Caucaea tunguraguensis 66, 147 Chondropscaphe chestertonii 68 Chondrorhyncha 145, 152, 178 Chondrorhyncha chestertonii 8, 147 Chondroscaphe chestertonii 147, 186 147 Chrysocycnis 168 Chrysocycnis lehmannii 2, 8, 27, 70, 147 Chrysocycnis rhomboglossa 148 Clowesia 187 Cochlioda rosea 8INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMESPage numbers in italics refer to illustrations.

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.210 LANKESTERIANA Cochlioda vulcanica 8 Coelogyne cumingii 188 Coelogyne dayana 189 Coelogyne mooreana 197 Cogniauxiocharis 187 Comparettia 23 Comparettia falcata 7, 70, 148 Comparettia jamesonii 70, 148 Coryanthes elegantium 70, 148 Coryanthes mastersii 7 8, 148 Cranichis sp. 16 Crescentia 157 Cryptarhena kegelii 71 148 Cryptophoranthus argus 179 Cumingia 188 Cycnoches 9 Cycnoches sp. 16 Cycnoches lehmannii 8 Cymbidium dayanum 198 Cymbidium devonianum 186 Cymbidium insigne 201 Cymbidium lowianum 184 Cymbidium sanderae 201 Cypripedium 205 Cypripedium dayanum 198 Cyrtidiorchis rhomboglossa 71, 148 Cyrtochilum fallens 7 Cyrtochilum genuiculatum 8 Cyrtochilum halteranum 71 148 Cyrtochilum macranthum 8 Cyrtochilum retusum 8 Cyrtochilum undulatum 7 Cyrtochilum ventilabrum 71 149 Dendrobium aggregatum 163 Dendrobium anosmum 187 Dendrobium boxallii 184 Dendrobium loddigesii 196 Dendrobium schroederianum 201, 202 Dendrobium williamsianum 205 Dichaea cf. histrio 73, 149 Dichaea lehmannii 2, 27 Dichaea morrisii 72, 149 Dichaea richii 73 149 Didactyle 145, 146 Diodonopsis erinacea 91, 92 Diodonopsis pygmaea 99 Dracula amaliae 74, 149 Dracula bella 184 Dracula carderi 186 Dracula chestertonii 73 149, 186 Dracula chimaera 7, 75, 149 Dracula chimaera var. similis 150 Dracula inaequalis 2, 8, 27, 73, 149 Dracula mopsus 77, 151 Dracula pholeodytes 7, 76, 150 Dracula platycrater 76, 150 Dracula radiosa 78, 151 Dracula sodiroi 76, 150, 203 Dracula vampira 28, 76, 151 Dracula velutina 7, 79, 151 Dracula vespertilio 7, 52 Dracula wallisii 79, 151, 205 Dracula woolwardiae 79, 151, 206 Dresslerella 189 Dressleria 189 Dryadella hirtzii 79, 152 Dryadella simula 80, 152 Dunstervillea 189 Epidendrum 20, 23, 167, 205 Epidendrum sp. 16 Epidendrum aporoides 153 Epidendrum clowesii 187 Epidendrum endresii 168 Epidendrum mathewsii 196 Epidendrum porpax 80, 152 Epidendrum wallisii 205 Eriopsis biloba 7, 80, 152 Eriopsis rutidibulbon 152 Eucharis sp. 2, 27 Euryblema andreae 81, 152 Evelyna 23 Garaya 190 Gardneria 191 Gongora cf. fulva 81, 152 Gongora loddigesii 196 Gorgoglossum 24 Gorgoglossum reichenbachianum 24 Grammatophyllum scriptum var. 187 Hartwegia 191 Helcia 17 Helcia sanguinolenta 8, 81, 152 Houlletia odoratissima 81, 152 Houlletia wallisii 205 Huntleya 153 Huntleya burtii var. ecuadorensis 153 Huntleya burtii var. wallisii 153 Huntleya citrina 8, 82, 153 Huntleya wallisii 8, 83, 153 Ixyophora viridisepala 82, 153 Jacquiniella teretifolia 82, 153 Josephia 192 Kefersteinia 17 Kefersteinia gemma 82, 153

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Kefersteinia lehmannii 84, 153 Kefersteinia ocellata 84, 153 Kefersteinia reichenbachiana 199 Koellensteinia graminea 84, 154 Lehmannia 2, 27 Leochilus depauperatus 154 Leochilus labiatus 84, 154 Leochilus lehmannianus 147 Leochilus scriptus 85, 154 Lepanthes 23 Lepanthes lehmannii 2, 27 Lesliea 190 Lindenia 195 Lindleyella 195 Liparis nervosa 85, 154 Lothiana 20 Lothiana bilabiata 161 Lueddemannia triloba 19 Lycaste ciliata 86, 154 Lycaste cruenta 85, 154 Malaxis sp. 85, 154 Masdevallia antennifera 158 Masdevallia clavicaudata 158 Masdevallia heteromorpha 158 Masdevallia palmensis 158 Masdevallia spathulifolia 161 Masdevallia trinasutum 167 Masdevallia 16, 20, 163, 192, 193, 206 Masdevallia megalosoma 159 Masdevallia erinacea 91 92 Masdevallia pygmaea 99 Masdevallia aff. chimaera 151 Masdevallia amanda 7, 23, 87, 154 Masdevallia anachaeta 87, 155, 157 Masdevallia angulata 87, 155 Masdevallia antioquiensis 159 Masdevallia aphanes 87, 155 Masdevallia auropurpurea 23, 155 Masdevallia aurorubra 155 Masdevallia barlaeana 188 Masdevallia bicolor 7, 88, 155 Masdevallia bonplandii 88, 155 Masdevallia brachyura 88, 156 Masdevallia callichroma 108 Masdevallia campyloglossa 88, 89, 156 Masdevallia carderi 149, 186 Masdevallia carruthersiana 89, 156 Masdevallia caudata 89, 156 Masdevallia caudata var. xanthocorys 156 Masdevallia chestertonii 149 Masdevallia chimaera 13, 149 Masdevallia chimboensis 89, 156 Masdevallia chontalensis 90, 157 Masdevallia chrysochaete 162 Masdevallia chrysonota 156 Masdevallia coccinea 21 Masdevallia corazonica 90, 157 Masdevallia corderoana 91, 157 Masdevallia crescenticola 91, 157 Masdevallia cucullata 7 Masdevallia cyphoselenium 162 Masdevallia daguensis 156 Masdevallia davisii 188 Masdevallia dynastes 91, 157 Masdevallia endotrachys 155 Masdevallia ensata 163 Masdevallia ephippium 22, 23, 162 Masdevallia ephippium var. acrochodonia 162 Masdevallia erinacea 157 Masdevallia estradae 92, 158 Masdevallia falcata 155 Masdevallia fasciata 92, 158 Masdevallia fertilis 156 93, 158 23, 93, 158 Masdevallia guttulata 23 Masdevallia harryana 204 Masdevallia herradurae 93, 158 Masdevallia houtteana 151 Masdevallia impostor 93, 159 Masdevallia lehmannii 2, 14, 27 Masdevallia lothiani 151 Masdevallia ludibunda 158 Masdevallia macroglossa 160 Masdevallia macropus 94, 159 Masdevallia maculata 7, 23, 24 Masdevallia maculata var. popayanensis 159 Masdevallia megalosoma 94 Masdevallia microstoma 150 Masdevallia molossus 7, 94, 159 Masdevallia mosquerae 162 Masdevallia mucronata 159 Masdevallia muriculata 161 94, 95, 159 var. minuta 159 Masdevallia nutans 155 Masdevallia onychosepala 162 Masdevallia ophioglossa 23, 96, 160 Masdevallia pachyantha 7, 96, 160 Masdevallia pantherina 7 Masdevallia parvibulbosa 112 Masdevallia peristeria 155, 160 Masdevallia peristeria 7, 96 Masdevallia picturata 23, 97, 160LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann211

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.212 LANKESTERIANA Masdevallia picturata var. minor 160 Masdevallia platyglossa 7, 98, 160 Masdevallia polysticta 99, 161 Masdevallia procurrens 114 Masdevallia pterygiophora 99, 161 Masdevallia pygmaea 161 Masdevallia racemosa 7, 99, 161 Masdevallia radiosa 151 Masdevallia reichenbachiana 100, 162, 199 Masdevallia roezlii 199 Masdevallia rosea 8, 21 Masdevallia saltatrix 101 102, 162 Masdevallia sarcophylla 156 Masdevallia schizopetala 102 162 Masdevallia shuttleworthii 156, 202 Masdevallia sodiroi 150 Masdevallia spathulifolia 161 Masdevallia stenantha 7, 162 Masdevallia strumifera 102 162 Masdevallia subumbellata 155 Masdevallia torulosa 7, 157 Masdevallia trifurcata 155 Masdevallia triglochin 16 Masdevallia trinema 150 Masdevallia trochilus 103, 162 Masdevallia tubulosa 103 162 Masdevallia ustulata 103 162, 163 Masdevallia ventricularia 7, 23, 103, 158, 163 Masdevallia ventricularia var. longicaudata 158 Masdevallia vulcanica 155 Masdevallia wageneriana 104, 163 Masdevallia wallisii 205 Masdevallia woolwardiae 151, 206 Masdevallia xanthina 22, 104 163 Masdevallia zahlbruckneri 105 163 Masdevallia zamorensis 163 Maxillaria 163, 176 Maxillaria sp. 12, 16 Maxillaria aggregata 105, 163 Maxillaria alpestris 105 164 Maxillaria augustae-victoriae 106, 164 Maxillaria brunnea 107 164 Maxillaria callichroma 164 Maxillaria carruthersiana 165 Maxillaria cf. acuminata 105, 163 Maxillaria cf. lepidota 110 Maxillaria cf. poicilotheca 112, 166 164 Maxillaria friedrichstalii 108 165 7, 108, 165 Maxillaria hastulata 109 165 Maxillaria huebschii 110, 165 Maxillaria lawrenceana 194 Maxillaria lehmannii 8 Maxillaria lepidota 7, 110 165 Maxillaria lepidota fma. lutea 110 Maxillaria lepidota var. lutea 166 Maxillaria lepidota var. albida 166 Maxillaria longissima 111, 166 Maxillaria luteo-alba 112, 166 Maxillaria luteo-alba var. 164 Maxillaria mathewsii 196 Maxillaria pachyantha 165 Maxillaria parvibulbosa 166 Maxillaria ponerantha 112, 166 Maxillaria porrecta 113, 166 Maxillaria procurrens 167 Maxillaria ramosa 114, 167 Maxillaria reptans 163, 114 Maxillaria rufescens 167 Maxillaria sanderiana 114, 167 Maxillaria scurrilis 167 Maxillaria speciosa 115, 167 Meiracyllium 167 Meiracyllium trinasutum 116, 167 Mesospinidium 205 Mesospinidium sanguineum 11 Miltioniopsis vexillaria 167 Miltonia 205 Miltonia schroederiana 202 Miltoniopsis roezlii 8, 199 Miltoniopsis vexillaria 116 Miltoniopsis vexillarius 7 Miltoniopsis vexillarius var. rubellum 7 Mormodes lawrenceana 194 Nanodes sp. 12 Nanodes medusae 12 Neobenthamia 184 Neocogniauxia 187 Neogardneria 191 Neogyna gardneriana 191 Neolehmannia 2, 20, 27 Neolindleya 195 Neomoorea 197 Neomoorea wallisii 7 Nidema boothii 116, 167 Odontoglossum 12, 176, 183 Odontoglossum sp. 16 Odontoglossum angustatum 7, 8 Odontoglossum aspidorrhinum 168 Odontoglossum cirrhosum 8, 11, 13 Odontoglossum clowesii 187 Odontoglossum crispum 168, 185, 194 Odontoglossum crispum var. lehmannii 168

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Odontoglossum cristatellum 8, 169 Odontoglossum cruentum 8, 169 Odontoglossum denticulatum 8, 169 Odontoglossum edwardii 192, 193 Odontoglossum hallii 11 Odontoglossum harryanum 7, 169 Odontoglossum karwinskii 13 Odontoglossum lehmannii 169 Odontoglossum lindenii 194 Odontoglossum lindleyanum 7, 195 Odontoglossum luteopurpureum 7 Odontoglossum luteopurpureum var. sceptrum 170 Odontoglossum macranthum 13, 170 Odontoglossum mirandum 170 Odontoglossum pardinum 7, 8 Odontoglossum ramossisimum 7 Odontoglossum rhynchanthemum 170 Odontoglossum roseum 12 Odontoglossum uro-skinneri 203 Odontoglossum vexillarium 167 Odontoglossum vexillarium var. ecuadorense Odontoglossum vexillarium var. rubellum 167 Odontoglossum wallisii 7, 205 Oerstedella endresii 116, 168 Oerstedella wallisii 7, 117 168 Oliveriana egregia 7, 117 168 Oncidium 190, 205 Oncidium alexandrae 118, 168 Oncidium aspidorhinum 117, 168 Oncidium cavendishianum 186 Oncidium cristatum 119, 168 Oncidium cruentoides 119, 169 Oncidium cuculligerum 119, 169 Oncidium eliae 119 Oncidium gardneri 191 Oncidium globuliferum 23, 170 Oncidium harrisonianum 191 Oncidium harryanum 120, 169 Oncidium jamesoni 192, 193 Oncidium lehmannii 120 169 Oncidium luteopurpureum 120, 121, 170 Oncidium macranthum 11 Oncidium mirandum 121, 170 Oncidium nubigenum 147 Oncidium nubigenum var. tunguraguense 147 Oncidium obryzatum 23 Oncidium panduratum 23 Oncidium pictoides 121 170 Oncidium praestanoides 118, 168 Oncidium rhynchanthemum 122, 170 Oncidium superbiens 13 Oncidium tenense 149 Oncidium tunguraguense 8 Oncidium undulatum 148 Ornithidium 167 Otoglossum coronarium 7 Otoglossum globuliferum 122, 170 Pabstia 197 Paphiopedilum 205 Paphiopedilum bellatulum 184 Paphiopedilum boxallii 184 Paphiopedilum charlesworthii 186 Paphiopedilum ciliolare 184 Paphiopedilum dayanum 198 Paphiopedilum gratrixianum 201 Paphiopedilum sanderianum 201 sp. 2, 27 Paxtonia 198 Peristeria elata 8, 122, 171 Pescatorea 17, 171 Pescatoria 171 Pescatoria coelestis 123 171 Pescatoria dayana 123 171 Pescatoria klabochorum 7, 8, 123, 171, 192, 193 Pescatoria lehmannii 2, 8, 27, 123, 171 Pescatoria lehmannii var. albida 171 Pescatoria roezlii 199 Pescatoria trevoriana 16 Phalaenopsis 204 Phalaenopsis sp. 185 Phalaenopsis amabilis 184 Phalaenopsis aphrodite 187, 196 Phalaenopsis boxallii 184 Phalaenopsis lindenii 194 Phalaenopsis sanderiana 201 Phalaenopsis schilleriana 184 Phalaenopsis stuartiana 184 Phragmipedium 189 Phragmipedium boisserianum 8, 124, 172 Phragmipedium caudatum 8 Phragmipedium lindenii 8 Phragmipedium lindleyanum 195 Phragmipedium longifolium 8 Phragmipedium reticulatum 188 Phragmipedium roezlii 199 Phragmipedium schlimii 7, 125, 172 Phragmipedium wallisii 8, 125, 172 Pilumna 17 Pinguicula sp. 2, 27 Plectrophora alata 125, 172 Pleurothallis 20, 23, 143, 144, 172, 173, 174, 177 Pleurothallis casapensis 143 Pleurothallis chamensis 143 Pleurothallis ciliata 126 172LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann213

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LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010.214 LANKESTERIANA Pleurothallis mathewsiii 196 Pleurothallis reginae 126 172 Pleurothallis scoparum 126, 172 Pleurothallis talpinaria 127 173 Pleurothallis truncata 126, 173 Polystachya 192,193 Ponthieva 17 Ponthieva andicola 17 173 Ponthieva pseudoracemosa 128 173 Porroglossum mordax 128, 173 Porroglossum muscosum 128 173 Prescottia 186 Psidium guayava 154, 175 Psygmorchis pumilio 129 173 Pterostemma 20 Reichenbachia 201 Restrepia 23 Restrepia antennifera 129 173 Restrepia. antennifera var. angustifolia 144 Rhizophora mangle 8 Ridleyella 199 Ridleyinda 199 Rodriguezia 183 Rodriguezia lehmannii 7, 129, 174 Rodrigueziella 183 Rolfeella 199 201 Scelochilus carinatus 19 Scelochilus jamiesoni 148, 192, 193 Schlechterella 201 Schomburgkia 202 Selenipedium caudatum var. wallisii 172 Selenipedium reticulatum 172 Selenipedium schlimii 172 Selenipedium schlimii var. album 172 Selenipedium schlimii var. roseum 172 Selenipedium wallisii 13 Sievekingia reichenbachiana 199 Sigmatostalix 169 Sigmatostalix eliae 169 Sigmatostalix picta 170 Sirhookera 192 Sobralia 23, 205 Sobralia dichotoma 129 174 Sobralia mosquerae 174 Sobralia violacea 130 174 Sodiroella ecuadorensis 175 Specklinia grobyi 130, 174 Stalkya 189 Stanhopea 9, 205 Stanhopea carchiensis 130, 174 Stanhopea devoniensis 186 174 Stanhopea frymirei 131, 132, 175 Stanhopea jenischiana 131 175 Stanhopea pozoi 175 Stanhopea ruckeri 200 Stanhopea tricornis 8 Stanhopea wardii 7 Stelis 23 Stelis sp. 6 Stellilabium andinum 131 175 Stellilabium astroglossum 131, 175 Stellilabium ecuadorense 133, 175 Teagueia 7 Telipogon nervosus 133, 175 Telipogon obovatus 133 175 Telipogon oerstedii 134 Tesucheria elegans 133 176 Ticoglossum krameri 134, 176 Ticoglossum oerstedii 176 Trevoria 24, 194 Trevoria chloris 8, 25, 135, 176 Trichocentrum longicalcaratum 134 176 Trichocentrum tigrinum 136 176 Trichoceros 175 Trichoceros antennifer 136 176 Trichopilia 17 Trichopilia concepcionis 177, 136 Trichopilia conceptionis 177, 137 Trichopilia fragrans 177, 137 Trichopilia laxa 177, 137 Trichopilia rostrata 7, 177 Trichosalpinx multicuspidata 137 177 Trigonidium insigne 138 177 Trisetella triaristella 139 178 Trisetella tridactylites 178, 138 Utricularia jamesonii 18 Vanda amesiana 184 Vanda boxallii 184 Vanda coerulescens var. boxallii 184 Vanda sanderiana 201 Vanilla 14 Vanilla sp. 2 Vanilla palmarum 140, 178 Victoria amazonica 202 Warczewiczella amazonica 178 Warczewiczella ionoleuca 178 Warczewiczella marginata 178 Warczewizella discolor 178 Warrea tricolor 7 Warrea warreana 140, 178 Warscewiczella 205

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Warscewiczella amazonica 141 Warscewiczella discolor 140 Warscewiczella ionoleuca 140 178 Warscewiczella marginata 142 Warscewiczella velata 178 Warscewiczella ventricosa 153 Xylobium 179 Xylobium colleyi 142 178 Xylobium corrugatum 142, 179 Zootrophion dayanum 142, 179 Zygopetalum 17 Zygopetalum burkei 185 Zygopetalum ionoleucum 178LANKESTERIANA 10(2-3), December 2010. Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010. CRIBB Orchid collections and illustrations of Friederich C. Lehmann215