Title: Whiting tower
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098619/00048
 Material Information
Title: Whiting tower
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 35-58 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Naval Auxilary Air Station Whiting Field (Fla.)
Naval Auxilary Air Station Whiting Field (Fla.)
Publisher: Naval Auxilary Air Station Whiting Field
Place of Publication: Milton Fla
Milton Fla
Publication Date: December 9, 2009
Copyright Date: 2009
Frequency: weekly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Newspapers -- Naval Auxiliary Air Station Whiting Field (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Milton (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Santa Rosa County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Santa Rosa -- Milton -- Naval Air Station Whiting Field
Coordinates: 30.7125 x -87.018333 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1944?
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 2, no. 24 (19 May 1945).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00098619
Volume ID: VID00048
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 43064065
lccn - sn 99027006

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Vol. 65 No. 49 Wednesday, December 9, 2009

Frost Assumes Command of HT-28 from Stackhouse
By Jay Cope, NAS
Whiting Field Pub- ..
lic Affairs
Amidst the tra-
ditional pomp and
circumstance of a
military ceremony,
Lt. Col. Clay Stack-
house turned over
Lt. Col. Clay Cmdr. Mathew
Stackhouse command ofHelicop- Frost
ter Training Squadron
TWENTY-EIGHT (HT-28) to Cmdr. Mathew Frost Friday,
Dec. 4 at 1 p.m. in the Naval Air Station Whiting Field Atri-
um building.
Passing the command from a Marine to a Navy of-
ficer is uncommon in military commands, but is the stan-
dard for HT-28 and Frost will turn over command to Lt. Col. Senior Chief Naval Air Crewman Brian Bennefeld presents th
Mark Thompson following his tour as commanding officer squadron's colors to Lt. Col Clay Stackhouse so that he may in turn
of the squadron. present them to Cmdr. Mathew Frost signifying the passing of com-
Col. Scott Walsh served as the guest speaker and mand. U.S. Navy photo by Jay Cope.
presiding officer for the ceremony, and praised Stackhouse's operated. Up until the change of command ceremony, he
sn awas also the longest serving member of the squadron.
tour as one of "great character." Stackhouse was the first was also the longest serving member of the squadron.
"I congratulate you on instilling a tradition of char-
executive officer for the squadron, helping to establish many
of the guidelines and procedures with which the Hellions (Cont. on Page 5)

Dilbert Dunker Inventor Visits NAS Whitini Field
By Ens. Joanna Clark, NAS Whiting io during World War II did not survive. Capt. Pete Hall and ecutive Officer
Field Public Affairs "The Army Colonel said somebody has Cmdr. Lynne Chapman. More than
With an unsavory reputation got to teach them what it is like to be 8,000 aviators have trained on the Dil-
for discomfort and the look of a middle- drowning," Kaneb recollected. "It took bert Dunker.
ages torture device, the Dilbert Dunker us between six months to a year to de- "We have a little bit of our his-
might not be the first choice for a happy sign and build it." tory in here," Chapman said. "I mean, I
look down memory lane. However, the Kaneb visited Naval Air Sta- rode in here."
device is credited with possibly sav- tion Whiting Field Thursday, Dec. 3 to Hall added, referring to the
ing thousands of aviators' lives and the see one of only four Dunkers created. Dilbert Dunker, "If you think of all
inventor of the training contraption is On display at the base's atrium with the people who have gone through this
justifiably proud of his progeny. other pieces of naval aviation history, one, all the astronauts, the people who
Wilfred Kaneb, who currently this "Dilbert Dunker" was used for wa- went to the moon... They all had to go
resides in Ontario, Canada, began de- ter survival training at both Naval Air through Pensacola, through this one,"
signing and building the dunker in Station Pensacola and NAS Whidbey Four of these devices surfaced
1943. He was tasked with the duty of Island. in the Fleet, all hand made and tested
creating a mechanism to simulate en- The dunker is a piece of histo- by Kaneb and a small team of engi-
gine failure at takeoff from a carrier, as ry to many of aviators at NAS Whiting neers. Because there was no assembly
many pilots who crashed in this scenar- Field, including Commanding Officer, (Cont. on Page 2)







Jenkins Named Top Sailor for Regional Med Clinics
By Rod Duren, Naval Hospital Pensacola Public Affairs
Sailors from Naval Air Station Whiting Field (NAS-
WF) Naval Branch Health Clinic (NBHC) and Naval Hospi-
tal Pensacola (NHP) swept the Navy medical facility's four
top Regional Sailors of the Year (SoY) awards in a ceremony
Nov. 18.
HM1 Pamela Jenkins ofNBHC (NAS) Whiting Field
was selected the region's Senior Sailor of the Year award.
NH Pensacola's Sailors took the other three regional awards
with HM2 Sally Griffin earning the Sailor of the Year award;
HM3 James Aldridge was the Junior SoY; and HN Jevelle
Moore claimed the Bluejacket of the Year prize.
"It wasn't a surprise to us she won," said Whiting
Field clinic's HMCM David Acuff. "She knows how to lead
Sailors ... at exciting Whiting."
Jenkins, a Putnam, Conn., native, will compete as
NH Pensacola's representative at Navy Medicine East's Se-
nior Sailor of the Year award competition this month in Mil-
lington, Tenn.
"She's a leader," said Whiting clinic's officer in
charge, Capt. Jeff Plummer. "When she turns around there HM1 Pamela Jenkins is congratulated for earning the Naval Hospital
are people following her." Pensacola Regional Senior Sailor of the Year award. Jenkins was
Eighteen Sailors from the hospital command, which selected from Sailors stationed at Naval Hospital Pensacola, Branch
Health Clinics Meridian and Millington, and Naval Ambulatory Care
also includes branch clinics across five states, were among Center New Orleans. U.S. Navy photo by Rod Duren.
the nominees in the four categories.

Dilbert Dunker
(Cont. from Page 1)
line to build these machines, they had to be indi-
vidually tested, and they didn't always work on the
first try.
Testing these devices could not have been
pleasant, as many would gather from the dunker's
film debut in "Officer and a Gentleman." The flight
candidate would be strapped into a mock cockpit,
place his hands on the throttle and stick, and be
lifted in a cart a few meters out of the water. The
cart would then come crashing into the water, flip
up-side-down, and the candidate would then (with
water in every sinus") have to orient himself and
escape from the pilot seat.
"We tested a lot of airplanes [Dilbert Dunk-
ers]," Kaneb said. "I liked it, though, because it
was worth it."
Many will tell you that, although it was not
a pleasant experience to traverse the path of this
mechanism in action, if they were to go down in an
aircraft they would be grateful they had the train-
Naval Air Station Whiting Field Commanding Officer Capt. Pete Hall and Wil- ing.
fred Kaneb share a few comments over a few of the photos he brought with him Capt. Hall stated, reminiscing his water sur-
of the early days of the dunker. Kaneb invented the Dilbert Dunker in 1943. U.S. vival training, "I know it gave me the confidence
Navy photo Ens. Robert Hooper. to get out of the water."
to get out of the water."







News and Notes
Branch Health Clinic Upcoming Closings -The follow-
ing clinic closures will be observed during the rest of this week and
the holiday season for the Naval Air Station Whiting Field Branch
Health Clinic Thursday & Friday, Dec. 24 & 25 and Dec. 31 &
Jan. 1 for Holiday/base closures
Golf Lessons A.C. Read golf Club is offerring free golf les-
sons to authorized military dependents between the ages of 8 and
13. Registration is being held at the youth center, Bldg. 3690.
Lessons will be provided between Nov. 3 and Dec. 19 on the fol-
lowing schedule. Ages 10 & 11 Tuesdays 3 to 4:30 p.m.; Ages 8
& 9 Thursdays 3 to 4:30 p.m.; and Ages 12 & 13 Saturdays 10
to 11:30 a.m.. Call 452-2417 for more information.
Christmas Productions The Panhandle Community The-
atre will present two Christmas plays Dec. 11-13 at the Woodbine
Storefront Playhouse in Pace. "The Gift of the Magi" and "Angels
and All That Stuff' will be performed at 7:30 p.m. on Fridays and
Saturdays and at 2:30 p.m. on Sundays. Tickets are $12. Call 450-
2566 for reservations.
Polar Bear Run Naval Air Station Whiting Field Morale
Welfare and Recreation is sponsoring a Polar Bear 5K Fun Run/
Walk Saturday, Dec. 12. Runners/walkers should meet at the
sports complex pavillion at 6:30 a.m. for instructions, with the run
beginning at 7 a.m. The event is free and open to all authorized
patrons. Pre-registration by Friday, Dec. 11 To register or for ad-
ditional information call 665-6102.
Santa Claws Photo Shoot The Pet Nation at 1890 Andorra
St. Navarre will take holiday photos of furry friends with Santa
Claus Dec. 12 from 1 to 3:45 p.m. The cost is $5 per photo which
will benefit the Hungry Hounds/Famished Felines holiday food
drive. Call 936-8201 for additional information.
Christmas Boat Parade Watch decorated vessels parade on

TRICARE Notes

SNEEZING? YOU MAY HAVE ALLERGIES
People can be allergic to many things dust mites,
mold, pets, foods, plants, insect bites and even latex. For-
tunately, there are some precautions you can take to keep
allergies in check.
ALLERGY TRIGGERS
-Close home and car windows and use the air con-
ditioner
-Stay indoors when pollen levels are highest usu-
ally in the morning
-Shower and change your clothes frequently after
spending time outside
-Dry your clothes in a dryer
-Avoid tobacco smoke
-Avoid mowing the lawn or wear a filter mask
Allergy Treatments include Antihistamines and
-Decongestant

TRICARE covers most services required in the
diagnosis and treatment of allergies. Contact Humana
Military at 1-800-444-5445 to verify which allergy tests or
treatments are approved.


getting In mte aplrlt oI mte season
The Naval Air Station Whiting Field/Training Air Wing FIVE floa
travels down Stewart Street toward downtown Milton during the
town's annual Christmas parade. Members of the First Class Petty
Officer's Association updated the decorations for a slightly different
look this year. U.S. Navy photo by Ens. Joanna Clark.
the water atainst a dark sky Dec. 11 at 7 p.m. The boats will trave
from the Pensacola Beach Marina to the boardwalk. The flotilla
will officially deliver Santa Claus to the island where he will listen
to children's holiday wishes. For more details call 932-1500.
Zoo Lights on Display Throughout the month of Decem-
ber, Pensacola Beach will display holiday lights from the Zoo of
Northwest Florida. More than three dozen displays are included.
Come between 5 and 9 p.m. for the free event. Call 932-1500 for
more information.
Embry Riddle Registrations The Pensacola Campus of
Embry Riddle Aeronautical University is holding registration for
the January Term from December 1- January 17, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Monday through Thursday and 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. Fridays in Bldg.
634, Suite 033, 250 Chambers Avenue, NAS Pensacola and on
Mondays and Wednesdays, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. in Bldg, 1417, Room
163 on NAS Whiting Field. Add and drop for a full refund will be
held January 11-17, 2010. New Student Orientation will be held
Saturday, January 9, 8 a.m. to noon in Bldg. 634, Suite 033. Ev-
eryone is encouraged to register early. All ERAU offices will be
closed from Dec. 23 until Jan. 3.
Lacrosse in the South The City of Gulf Breeze Sports As-
sociation is looking for lacrosse coaches for the upcoming Spring
lacrosse season and any interested youth players (NO EXPERI-
ENCE REQUIRED). We should have enough participants to field
3 boys teams (Ull, U15, High School JV) and 2 girls teams (U11,
U15). Signups are currently underway and practices will begin the
first week of January. Please see the following website for further
information or contact LCDR Joe Costello
(VT-3) at (850) 281-7158.
Rudolph's Holiday Stroll Let Rudolph the Red-Nosed
Reindeer guide you through the Seville neighborhood on a brisk
evening stroll 5:30 to 7:30 p.m. Saturday, Dec. 11 and Dec. 18
through 20. Neighbors compete to decorate their houses for the
season, and you'll meet many holiday characters. The one-hour
walking tour begins at the courthouse and is a great way to see the
neighborhood up close with a tour guide, songs and stories. Dogs
on leashes are welcome. Cost: $10.50 for adults; $6.50 for kids.












Fleet and Family Support Center Classes
Ten Steps to a Federal Job Monday, December 14, 1000 1200
"Is it worth your while to invest your time and effort in searching and applying for a Federal Job?" You will learn how to read an an-
nouncement, analyze core competencies for language, analyze vacancy listings for keywords, and how to apply for jobs. Class will be
held at the FFSC conference room. For more information, contact a Work and Family Life Specialist at 623-7177.
Anger Management Wednesday, December 16, 1300 1400
Is anger affecting your health, your relationships or your work performance? Learn to understand the causes and effects of unhealthy
anger and how to express and release that anger in a healthy way! Class will be held at the FFSC conference room. For more informa-
tion, contact a Work and Family Life Specialist at 623-7177.
Couple's Communication Wednesday, December 16, 1800 2000
Are you newly married? Are you in a serious relationship? Have you been married a long time? If yes, then this workshop is for you.
During this class, we will discuss the "Speaker/Listener Technique", a structured way to communicate effectively. This technique
helps couples to talk about tough issues without resorting to fighting. Class will be held at the FFSC conference room. Participants
must register in advance for all EVENING classes by calling the FFSC before noon on the day the class is being held. If the date and
times listed are not convenient for you, you may call to schedule a time that fits better with your schedule. For more information,
contact a Work and Family Life Specialist at 623-7177.
VA Representative (Call for Appointment) Friday, December 18, 0800 1200


BBB Cautions Residents About Census Scams
Over the next 18 months, 1.4 million The BBB and local media have got-
U.S. Census workers will be surveying the ten calls from citizens who have been ap-
population of the country to gather demo- proached by census workers, but are uncer-
graphic information about everyone living tain about giving out personal information.
here. Some consumers report they received The BBB has been in contact with local cen-
a lengthy document labeled, "The American sus officials, who have urged Central Flori-
Community Survey." As the 2010 census pro- da residents to call the US Census Bureau at
cess begins, the Better Business Bureau (BBB) (800) 923-8282 if they have concerns.
Serving Central Florida advises citizens to co- B The BBB offers the following advice to
operate carefully in order to avoid becoming aB B B help distinguish between bona fide Census
victim of census-related scams. Sdr i 'fh ui workers and con artists:


Citizens are required by law to respond
to the U.S. Census Bureau's requests for infor-
mation. Census data will be used in allocation of more
than $300 billion in federal funds as well as in deter-
mining the number of Congressional representatives
that each state is allowed.
"Most people are understandably cautious about
giving out personal information to unsolicited phone
callers or visitors, but the Census is an exception to the
rule," said Judy Pepper, President/CEO of the Central
Florida BBB. "Scammers know that the public is more
willing to share personal data when participating in the
Census, so they take advantage of this opportunity by
posing as government workers to get access to personal
financial information."


-U.S. Census workers will have identi-
fication, a handheld device and a confiden-
tiality notice. Caution: never invite strangers into your
home.
-U.S. Census workers will not ask for your So-
cial Security number or any information about bank or
credit card accounts.
-U.S. Census workers will not ask you for mon-
ey or say that you owe money.
-U.S. Census workers will not harass or intimi-
date you.
U.S. Census workers will not contact you by email -
only by phone, by mail or in person.
For more information regarding the 2010 Census, visit
the U.S. Census Bureau online at www.census.gov.







Change of Command
(Cont. from Page 1)
acter and judgment that will continue long beyond your tour," Walsh said. "It is a tradition of excellence that will ensure the wings
of gold will continue to be recognized around the world."
During Stackhouse's 31-month tenure as executive officer and then commanding officer, the Hellions flew nearly 50,000
flight hours, more than 27,000 training evolutions and winged 321 Navy, Marine Corps, Coast Guard and allied aviators. While
he served as commanding officer of the squadron, the unit earned a grade of "Outstanding" on two separate training inspections.
Walsh presented him with the Meritorious Service Medal during the ceremony for his accomplishments.
"As Helicopter Training Squadron TWENTY-EIGHT's second commanding officer, he led the squadron to achieve full
operational capability status, attaining FY-09 pilot production goals. His selfless dedication to the local community was evident
through the squadron's 900 hours of community service," read a portion of the award citation.
Stackhouse said there were a lot of good things about being a nearly 20-year aviator and he has experienced many of them. Since
graduating from the Naval Academy in 1990, Stackhouse completed Basic and Advanced Flight Training; served with Marine
helicopter squadrons HMT-204 and HMM-261; and flew 24 missions with President William Clinton and three with President
George W Bush as a pilot with HMX-1. He also flew casualty evacuation missions in Iraq as the executive officer of Marine
Wing Support Group 37. Stackhouse has accumulated more than 3,400 total flight hours and has flown nine different type/model/
series of aircraft to include the CH-46E, CH-53E, UH-1N, AH-1W, VH-60N, and VH-3D.
Taking the microphone, Stackhouse spoke briefly to express his appreciation for the people who helped to make his tour
successful. During the life of the squadron to date,
not one of the Hellion pilots transferred to other
squadrons has failed to complete follow on training.
He attributed that success to a combination of a sim-
ple philosophy and a talented team. The philosophy
was for the pilots and students to be professionals,
fly safely, and have fun.
"Guys, you have made my eyes water. I
never imagined the response you have achieved. I
am uniquely proud of you and it has been a distinct
honor to have been your commanding officer."
Shortly after his remarks, Stackhouse was presented
the squadron flag by the unit's senior enlisted, Se-
nior Chief Aircrewman Brian Bennefeld. He then
presented the colors to Frost, symbolically handing
him command of the unit.
Frost takes command of the squadron after
serving as the executive officer. This is his third
term of duty at NAS Whiting Field have earned his
wings at the base in 1993 and also serving as an in-
structor with Helicopter Training Squadron EIGHT
where he earned the 2000 Instructor of the Year
Award for Training Air Wing FIVE. He has also .sp ,la 1 in..
completed tours with Helicopter Combat Support
Squadrons THREE and ELEVEN in California; umpia smahi Sliced Weat rays
served as the Assistant Air Officer onboard USS
NASSAU (LHA 4), and been part of U.S. Central C en n rs Bacon ,,,rapped Sca lops
Command Headquarters in MacDill AFB in Tampa,
Fla. Frost has flown more than 4,000 hours in vari- d many other items ...
ous aircraft throughout his 18-year career.
Frost praised Stackhouse's leadership and
mentorship before thanking the squadron instruc-
tors and students for their efforts.
"It has been one heck of a ride. There
was never a dull moment while he was running the
helm," Frost said. "To the Hellions, I want you to
know we are a great squadron, and we will work to
be even better in the future."








Morale, Welfare & Recreation



NAS Holiday Hours 2009
NAS Whiting Field


FITNESS CENTER
Nov 26 0600-1400
Nov 27-29 1030-1800
Dec 21-23 1030-1800
Dec 24 1200-1800
Dec 25 CLOSED
Dec 26-31 1030-1800
Jan 1 CLOSED
Jan 2-3 1030-1800

LIBERTY CENTER
Nov 26 CLOSED
Nov 27-29 1200-2000
Dec 21 1100-1900


0900-1900
1100-1900
0900-1700
CLOSED
1200-2000
CLOSED
1200-2000


WINGS CLUB
Nov 26-29 CLOSED
Dec 21-23 06oo-15oo*
Dec 24-27 CLOSED
Dec 28-30 06oo-15oo*
Dec 31 CLOSED
Jan 1-3 CLOSED
* (breakfast sandwiches available until
looo; lunch menu service 1000-1500)

COFFEE SHOP
Nov 26-29 CLOSED
Dec 21-Jan 3 CLOSED

INFORMATION TICKETS & TOURS
Nov 26-27 CLOSED


0900-1700
CLOSED
0900-1700


WHITING PARK RECREATION AREA
Nov 26 CLOSED
Nov 27 0630-1700
Dec 21-22 0630-1700
Dec 23-25 CLOSED
Dec 26-29 0630-1700
Dec 30 CLOSED
Dec 31 0630-1700
Jan 1 CLOSED
Jan 2-3 0630-1700


GOLF COURSE
Nov 26 CLOSED
Nov 27 0630-1700
(Snack bar 0630-1400)
Dec 21 0630-1700
(Snack bar closed)
Dec 22-23 0630-1700
(Snack bar 0630-1400)
Dec 25 CLOSED
Dec 26 0630-1700
(Snack bar closed)
Dec 27-Jan 3 0630-1700
(Snack bar 0630-1400)

BOWLING CENTER
Nov 26-27 CLOSED
Dec 21 CLOSED
Dec 22-23 1500-2300
(Snack bar 1500-2130)
Dec 24-28 CLOSED
Dec 29-30 1500-2300
(Snack bar 1500-2130)
Dec 31 CLOSED
Jan 1 CLOSED
Jan 2 1500-2300
(Snack bar 1500-2130)
Jan 3 CLOSED


Happy Hotidayvs


Dec 22
Dec 23
Dec 24
Dec 25
Dec 26-31
Jan 1
Jan 2-3


Dec 21-23
Dec 24-27
Dec 28-30


l







Congratulations TRAWING-5 Wingers and Scholars


Back Row: Cmdr. Mark Murray, USN, CO HT-18; Lt. Col. Clay Stackhouse, USMC, CO HT-28; Lt.j.g. Brian Berumen, USN; Lt.j.g.
Jameson Saviano, USCG; 1st Lt. Jonathan Chunn, USMC; Lt.j.g. Roger Dmochowski, USN; Ens. Jason Stalter, USN; Cmdr. Sean Butcher,
USN, CO HSC-84
Front Row: Cmdr. Hans Sholley, USN, XO HT-8; Lt. Joseph Semke, USCG; Lt.j.g. Marco Acosta, USN; 1st Lt. Adamo Manfra, USMC;
Lt.j.g. Daniel Lavinder, USCG; Lt.j.g. Erin Hittle, USN; Capt. James Vandiver, USN, Deputy Commodore TW-5






















Left Photo The photo in the Nov 25 Whiting Tower incorrectly had the Nov. 20 award presentations labeled as Nov. 6. Here is the
Nov. 6 awardees receiving their academic awards. From left to right are: Lt. j.g. Adam W. Broos, USN; Ens. Robert U. Tuohy IV,
USN; 1st Lt. Wooten, USMC; Ens. Brian L. Miller, USN; and 2nd Lt. Michael D. Litynski, USMC.
Right Photo: The Dec. 4 Academic Achievement recipients are: 1st Lt. Michael D. Stremer, USMC; 2nd Lt. Christopher M. Beckett,
USAF; Ens. Matthew E. Peden, USN; 2nd Lt. Matthew R. Tiemann, USMC; 2nd Lt. Eric A. Scheibe, USMC; Lt. j.g. Davide E. Tam-
borini, Italian Navy; Lt. j.g. Andrea Mazzi, Italian Navy; Ens. Ryan A. Ross, USN; and Ens. Christopher A. Breuer, USN.







NASWF Hosts American Indian Heritage Event
By Jay Cope, NAS Whiting Field Public Af- He attributed a loss of the Creek Indian
fairs culture to a desire for safety, but also to a de-
For more than 90 years, the United sire to "fit in." Bringing back some of that
States has been observing Native American culture is an effort that he continues to pursue
and Alaskan Native contributions to our so- today.
ciety through proclamations, special days and "When a language dies, a people dies. It's
heritage month celebrations, and Naval Air the mission of our tribe to bring heritage back
Station Whiting Field continued that proud i so that it isn't lost."
tradition with their own heritage month event Ensuring a respect for the American Indian
Nov. 23 at the Wings Club ballroom. and Alaskan native culture is a key message
The luncheon featured Chief Thomas for the Navy to its service members. That
"Blue Eyes" Nichols, a past president of the is only fitting given the extraordinary service
Creek Confederation of Florida and current provided by service members of that ances-
resident of Santa Rosa County. He also try.


started the first American Indian run business
in Santa Rosa County. Nichols reminded the CI
audience of the hardships Indians faced during Thomas "Blu
our country's history.
"In the past, Indians could not marry, own lands, and
had no civil rights," he said. "My great grandfather and my
grandfather only talked about it behind closed doors."


More than 15,000 active duty, reserve and
chief civilian members of the Navy's Total force de-
yes" Nichols clare themselves American Indian or Alaskan
Native. Additionally, more than 12,000 served during World
War I and 44,000 during World War II. Seventeen earned the
Medal of Honor.




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