The Kings Bay periscope

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
The Kings Bay periscope
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 40 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Naval Submarine Base (Kings Bay, Ga.)
Publisher:
Ultra Type Inc.
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Jacksonville, Fla
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Navy-yards and naval stations -- Periodicals -- Georgia -- Kings Bay   ( lcsh )
Genre:
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States of America -- Georgia -- Camden -- Kings Bay
United States of America -- Florida -- Jacksonville

Notes

Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1, no. 1 (June 15, 1979).
Issuing Body:
Published for the Naval Submarine Support Base, Kings Bay, Ga.
General Note:
Description based on: Mar. 14, 1997; title from caption.
General Note:
Earlier issues published: Kings Bay, Ga. : Naval Submarine Support Base. Jacksonville, Fla. : Ultra Type Inc. <1997->
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Jan. 30, 1998.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 57252699
lccn - 2004233881
Classification:
lcc - VA70.G4 K56
System ID:
UF00098617:00329


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Navy helps celebrate annual migration at Jacksonville festival e Navy helped celebrate the annual return of the right whale to its calving grounds in Florida and Georgia waters at the Right Whale Festival Nov. 23 at the Pavilion in Jacksonville Beach. Rob Kalin, an operations environmental coordinator for U.S. Fleet Forces Command, said the festival has grown every year. Its a great way to engage kids and parents in a dialogue, and to show them what we do, he said. We do a lot! e Navy is the largest sponsor of marine mammal research in the world. Georgiana Herzberg lives in the Mandarin neighborhood of Jacksonville and said this is the rst time she has been to the Right Whale Festival. I think its important to be aware of the world and our impact on it, Herzberg said. Im concerned about the Navys impact on marine species. Herzberg was impressed with the research the University of North Florida is doing. e UNF booth taught me a lot, and I think the Navy should link up with UNF for research, she said. I know the Navy does research out in California, but linking up with other people is good. Nancy Allen, a marine research specialist for Naval Facilities Engineering Command Southeast, said the Navy has been at the festival every year since it started. Allen and Steve Biemiller, a NAVFAC SE biologist, are regulars at the festival, as is Kalin. Up Periscope Our favorite Christmas movies and shows Page 9 Group 10 Kings Bay submarines get new commander Pages 4, 5 Check us out Online! kingsbayperiscope.com Five of seven out-of-action battleships would be back at sea over next six monthsBefore dawn on Dec. 7, 1941, the American strategic center of gravity in the Pacific reposed in the seven battleships, then moored along Battleship Row, the six pairs of interrupted quays located along Ford Islands eastern side in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Quay F-2, the southernmost, which usually hosted an aircraft carrier, was empty. Northeastward, Battle Force agship California was next, moored at F-3. en came two pairs, moored side by side: Maryland with Oklahoma outboard, and Tennessee with West Virginia outboard. Astern of Tennessee lay Arizona, which had the repair ship Vestal alongside. Last in line was USS Nevada, by itself at quay F-8. ese seven battleships, ranging in age from 18 to 25 years, represented all but two of those available to the Pacic Fleet. e Fleet agship, Pennsylvania, was also in Pearl Harbor, drydocked at the nearby Navy Yard. e ninth, USS Colorado, was undergoing overhaul on the West Coast. Together, these ships were one short of equalling Japans active battleeet. Clearly a worrisome threat to Japanese plans for Pacic Ocean dominance, they were the Japanese raiders priority target. Twenty-four of the 40 Japanese torpedo planes were assigned to attack Battleship Row, and ve more diverted to that side of Ford Island when they found no battleships in their intended target areas. Of these planes 29 Type 91 aerial torpedoes each with a warhead of some 450 pounds of high explosive up to 21 found their targets: two hit California, one exploded against Nevada and as many as nine each struck Oklahoma and West Virginia. e latter two ships sank within minutes of receiving this torpedo damage. Horizontal bombers, armed with heavy armor-piercing bombs, arrived just as the last torpedo planes nished their attacks, and other horizontal and dive bombers came in later. Together, these planes scored many hits or damaging near-misses on the Battleship Row ships: two on California, Maryland and Tennessee; a few on West Virginia. Group 10 hails McNeill Region Sailors uniteCoalition of Sailors Against Destructive Decisions growinge concept of Sailors helping Sailors has been the underlying philosophy of the Coalition of Sailors Against Destructive Decisions since the programs beginnings at Navy Region MidAtlantic in 2010. Since its inception, 300 chapters and thousands of Sailors Navy-wide have joined the coalition to promote good decision-making among peers. Navy Region Southeast accounts for 42 CSADD chapters with more than 800 active participants and that number continues to grow as Sailors throughout the region unite under the coalition. CSADD is a great program that gives junior Sailors a chance to have a positive inuence on their fellow shipmates, said Rear Adm. Rick Williamson, commander, Navy Region Southeast. I think its important for them to have a program like CSADD that oers opportunities for leadership and a system of support. I encourage Sailors throughout the region to get involved and do their part to better themselves and better their shipmates. CSADD is a peer-to-peer Local community leader receives honorary awardDuring the Submarine Group 10 Change of Command ceremony Nov. 22, Sheila McNeill received a huge surprise from outgoing commander Rear Adm. Joseph Tofalo. McNeill, a former national Navy League president and current president of the Camden Partnership, was appointed the title of honorary Submarine Group 10 Commander for her tireless eorts in supporting the Kings Bay military community. In his remarks, Tofalo expressed gratitude to the civilian community surrounding the Kings Bay base. ere are few civilian communities that are as supportive as ours, and its one of those things that just makes you feel great about being an American and living here Southeast Georgia and Northeast Florida, Tofalo said. From the Navy League to the Camden County Partnership, to our congressman, mayors, county ofcials, school districts and rst responders, we are so blessed to have the outstanding community support that we have. Tofalo pressed on the theme of community Whales return to local waters Claus capers Park appearance, breakfast set Page 12

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2 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013 e United States Naval Academy Mathematics Department is honored to receive personal papers including books, photographs and other memorabilia of one of the USNAs most successful Trident Scholars, Navy four-star Adm. Donald Lee Pilling. e items were donated by his widow, Dr. Barbara Orbon Pilling, in a dedication ceremony held recently in Chauvenet Hall, USNA in Annapolis, Maryland. e Naval Academy established the Trident Scholar Program in 1963 to provide an exciting opportunity to a select number of exceptional midshipmen to pursue independent study and research during their senior year. is year marks the 50th anniversary of this elite program. e program pairs each Trident Scholar with an assigned faculty adviser and other area specialists to coordinate and supervise a research project. At the end of the academic year, the Trident Scholars present their ndings at a research lecture hosted at the Naval Academy. e most outstanding research project is awarded the Oce of Naval Intelligence Harry E. Ward Trident Scholar prize. Pilling graduated fourth in his 1965 Naval Academy Class with a Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics and was one of the schools rst Trident Scholars. His Trident Scholar project, Distributivity and Completeness in Implication Algebra, involved the study of partially ordered systems. Under the direction of his adviser, the late Dr. James C. Abbott, Naval Academy Mathematics Department, Pilling won the Harry E. Ward Trident Scholar prize. Pilling went on to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics from the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom in 1970 with a dissertation, e Algebra of Operators for Regular Events under Dr. John H. Conway, University of Cambridge. His clarity of critical thinking and demonstration of excellence was clearly evident in his early years. He published articles in mathematical and professional journals and was the author of a 1989 Brookings Institution monograph, Com petition in Defense Procurement. Pilling enjoyed a distinguished naval career culminating with a tour as the Navys 30th Vice Chief of Naval Operations in November 1997. He retired as a four-star admiral in October 2000. Adm. Pilling passed away on May 26, 2008 and rests on top of a hill at the Naval Academy Cemetery, overlooking the scenic Annapolis Harbor in Annapolis, Maryland. Admiral Pilling is survived by his wife of 42 years, Dr. Barbara Pilling whose generosity of providing his works is gratefully acknowledged. ey have two daughters, Kathleen Pilling Posivak and Jennifer Pilling Stopkey. e Mathematics Department is truly excited to add this collection of Pillings personal papers to the librarys holdings of materials that continue to motivate, inspire and guide midshipmen. e papers will be immensely valuable to contemporary scholars including faculty, sta and midshipmen, who will have the opportunity to study these documents and use them to supplement their studies of defense acquisition, national security issues, and foreign policy implications for future naval forces. Readers will gain an insight into Admiral Pillings decision making, logical reasoning, and methodical thinking process as well as his legendary intelligence and enduring wit. Book a room at a Navy Lodge for extra holiday guests this year. Guests of the Navy Lodge save 45 percent compared to other hotels and there are no extra person charges. Navy Lodges are the perfect place for guests of military members to stay during the holidays, said Navy Lodge Kings Bay General Manager, Linda Bird. Navy Lodges offer a great value considering all the space, kitchen and other amenities we oer our guests. Guests will also enjoy a free breakfast in the morning along with free Internet access, in-room coee and newspaper. Every Navy Lodge guest room is oversized with queen-sized beds, cable TV with premium channels, a DVD/CD player, direct-dial telephone service, Internet access and a kitchenette complete with microwave, refrigerator and utensils. Navy Lodges also oer housekeeping service, vending machines, convenient on-base parking, video rental service and guest laundry facilities as well as handicapped accessible and all non-smoking rooms. Navy Lodges are conveniently located near other on base amenities, such as the gym, pool, restaurants and Navy Exchange. As an added convenience, select Navy Lodges allow dogs and cats up to 50 pounds in weight to stay when traveling with their owners. Check with the Navy Lodge for more details. To make a reservation at any one of the 41 Navy Lodges around the world, call toll free at (800) 6289466 or you can log onto www.navylodge.com. For other military lodging options, go to www.dodlodging.com. THEKINGS BA Y, GEORGIA Local news and views Naval Submarine Base, Kings Bay, Ga. During a security upgrade at Stimson Gate, on Friday, Dec. 6, all outbound lanes will be se cured 7 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. and all inbound lanes will remain open. At 2:30 p.m., all inbound lanes at Stimson Gate will be secured and all outbound lanes will be open until 6:30 p.m. and remain secured over the weekend. Stimson will re-open at 5 a.m., Dec 9. roughout Dec. 9 to 13, the Stimson Gate outbound inside lane will be closed for short periods to accommodate construction. e Franklin and Madison gates remain open Dec. 9 to 13. In additiion, approximately 200 feet before the entry to the Stimson Gate, the two inside lanes, inbound and outbound, will be secured to accommodate road construction in the median. Lane clo sures will be in eect through Dec. 23 or until construction is complete. Both inside lanes will be coned and/or barreled o and the speed limited reduced in the construction zone for the safety and protection of the workers. During peak trac hours backups will occur. Proceed with caution, be alert for construction workers and slow your speeds in this area.Naval Submarine Base Kings Bays Trident Lakes Golf Clubs Golf Tournament sponsored by the Combined Federal Campaign is Friday, Dec. 13, with shotgun starts at 8:30 a.m. and 1 p.m. e event is open to all hands. Format is 4-person Captains Choice. Entry is $35, which includes lunch, green fees and cart. Call (912) 573-8475 for reservations.Naval Submarine Base Kings Bays Commissary will be open 9 a.m. to 3 p.m., Christmas Eve, Dec. 24, and 9 to 6 p.m., New Years Eve, Dec. 31, and is closed Christmas, Dec. 25 and New Years Day, Jan. 1.Kingslands Christmas Tree Lighting will be 5 to 8 p.m., ursday, Dec. 5 at the Kingsland Depot. Pictures with Santa and Mrs. Claus, Christmas caroling, hot coco and cookies, plus snow will be featured.Cookies with Santa is 10 a.m. to noon, Saturday Dec. 7 at the Dolphin Store in Building 1066, 918 James Madison Road, on Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay. e store is open 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. Mondays through Fridays and the the rst and third Saturday of each month, but closed Dec. 22 to Jan. 5. Volunteers are needed. For more information, e-mail kbdolphinstore@hotmail.com.e St. Marys Christmas Tour of Homes is 5:30 to 9 p.m., Saturday, Dec. 14. Tickets are $15 in advance and $20 the day of the event and can be purchased at the St. Marys Welcome Center or the Kingsland Welcome Center. Other holiday events include Christmas in the Park and the Santa Express Train Rides Dec. 7, an original musical Forever Christmas at eatre by the Trax Dec. 13, 14 and 15 and Cumberland Islands Plum Orchard Christmas Tour Dec. 15. Reservations are limited and should be made in advance. Call (912) 882-4335 for regular 9 a.m. or 11:45 a.m. ferry reservations and pay an additional $6 fee to be included in the Plum Orchard Christmas Tour. For more information, contact the St. Marys Welcome Center at (912) 882-4000 or visit info@stmaryswelcome.com.During the holidays and due to on-base part ner schools being between terms, the base li brary will have adjusted hours as provided: Open: 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Dec. 9 to 12, 16 to 19; and 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Dec. 6, 10, 20.Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay Safety and Cape Fox will be conducting a Teen Driver Improvement class Dec. 27. Class, from 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. at Fluckey Hall, Bldg. 1063, Room 127, is limited to 30; is open to dependents of active duty/reserve/retirees, as well as DOD civilians. Due to the high demand if your signed-up teen driver cannot attend, call to cancel so another future driver can be signed up. Teen drivers/ future drivers need to have either their license or permit and something to write with. is class does not fulll any of the State of Georgia requirements for teen drivers but may help with insurance depending on your insurance provider. To sign up, call Dean Merrill or Russ Prothero at (912) 573-2525 or (912) 573-0414. Now hear this! Navy Lodge oers holiday values Navy Lodge Admirals papers going to Academy Naval Academy Navy Recruiting District Jacksonville Navy Recruiting District Jacksonville hosted a Physician Assistant recruiting event Nov. 7. Dozens of students from Nova Southeastern University, with an interest in pursuing a career in Navy Medicine, attended. e event oered students the opportunity to learn about a career in Navy medicine as a commissioned ocer in the Medical Service Corps as a Physician Assistant. ey were invited by the Ocer Programs Health Care Recruiter and presented the many career options for Physician Assistant and Health Services Collegiate Program. Under the PA program, candidates are potentially eligible to receive tuition assistance through HSCP or possibly bonus funds to repay graduate school loans through the Health Professions Loan Repayment Program. HSCP provides nancial incentives for college students in designated health care professions to complete degree and certication requirements and obtain a commission in the Medical Corps, Dental Corps, or Medical Service Corps. e recruiting event was very informative, said Amanda Flynn, a student at NSU. Im still very open to serving in the military. I have to nish my clinical rotations before making a nal decision. If applying as a new graduate, qualifying candidates are then commissioned as a lieutenant junior grade in the Navys Medical Service Corps. e U.S. Navy is a wide open organization, said Lt. Cmdr. Kenneth Meehan, Orthopedic Physician Assistant, Naval Hospital Jacksonville. ere are tons of opportunities to succeed in this organization regardless of race, religion or gender. According to Meehan, the goal is to give college students more information so they can decide for the right reasons why service in the Navy is a great potential career path for them. Lt. Rick Baer, Navy Nurse Corps Ocer Healthcare Recruiter, noted that there was no pressure for the students to make the decision to commission into the military immediately. Time is of the essence and anything we can do to help people with a timely decision is crucial as these very competitive programs ll quickly, said Baer. Meehan spoke at length to students of NSU on his 32-year career and how service has given him personal fulllment. e honor of serving and being a part of something bigger than myself, Meehan said. I have the honor of serving heroes. Meehan wanted potential candidates to understand they will be a part of a brotherhood of Navy medicine. Members of Navy Medical Service Corps, care for Sailors, Marines and their families. ey also assist in U.S. Navy medical emergency and disaster relief missions worldwide. ere is friendship and loyalty in the military that you wont nd anywhere else. said Meehan. Nationally, only 17 people will qualify for HSCP this scal year and only ve people will qualify as new graduates or practicing professionals. Ryan Winkgco is the son of a former military service member. Winkgco voiced his interest in physical therapy and wanted more information on the fellowship aspects of the presentation. Im very interested in serving in the military, Winkgco said. Once selected for the program, candidates will be enlisted by their recruiting district and assigned to the nearest Navy Recruiting District, and placed on an active duty status as an E-6, Ocer Candidate First Class. For more information on ocer healthcare recruitment programs contact Lt. Rick Baer at (904) 3473320 ext. 312 or e-mail fredrick. baer@navy.mil.Physician assistants being recruited Jacksonville Recruiting

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support, specically recognizing McNeills dedication to local military initiatives. Whether its Camden Partnership activities, Georgia Military Aairs Council advocacy, pulling together state and local leaders and educators to help me address our aging TRF demographic, or awlessly executing the extremely successful recent Triad Council, Sheila gives her heart and soul to the advancement of Kings Bay, he said. McNeill was presented with a specially monogramed hat and certicate as a token of appreciation in addition to her honorary title.McNeill e sta of the Naval History and Heritage Commands Navy Department Library continued the renovation of its rare book room, Nov. 26, in order to better conserve the rare and unique documents preserved and stored in the room at the Washington Navy Yard. As part of an ongoing overhaul of various NHHC headquarters, the room is receiving a new re suppression system, the FM200 made by DuPont. e FM-200 uses a gas that will extinguish re without damaging irreplaceable items, replacing a primary system of re sprinklers that would have released damaging water onto priceless documents and artifacts. e overhaul highlights NHHCs persistent commitment to professionalize the Navys museums and curatorial rooms, bringing them level with the best of Americas museums. Water on these documents would practically be as bad as re, said Glenn Helm, Director of the Navy Department Library. ey would be ruined. It would stop the re, but you would lose everything. e objective is to have a gas re suppression system as the primary system. It will permeate everything but it wont damage the books. Instead of water it discharges Heptaouropropane, a colorless, odorless gaseous halocarbon that is non-toxic, said Igor Boras, senior construction manager for Public Works Department Naval Support Activity Washington, about the new system. According to the manufacturer, the gas provides for rapid re extinguishing by a series of chemical and physical mechanisms and yet is so safe the gas is used by pharmaceutical companies as a propellant in asthma inhalers. While the gas is the primary system to put out res, the room still retains a water system as a secondary measure. According to a re protection engineer for Naval Facilities Engineering Command there is a good reason to keep the water system as well. According to the engineer, although water is very damaging to documents, actual re incident history has shown that the dam age from an unchecked re is much greater than the damage from a re that is controlled by sprinklers, even accounting for water damage. NAVFAC provided the gaseous suppression system to reduce the likelihood of water discharge, but also maintains the sprinkler system to provide a fail-safe in the event the gaseous system is overwhelmed or impaired. An added bonus is that the system is smaller than comparable systems so it will not take up as much space in the rare book room, where space is at a premium. e cylinders used to dispense the gas are smaller, Boras said. So the system itself is smaller. NHHCs Navy Department Library rare book room, a climate-controlled vault, features documents both unique and rare. e room even boasts a whole shelf of books written before 1600. During the renovation process, the rare books have been put into a partitioned part of the room to keep these incredibly rare volumes and documents safe. It houses our oldest and most valuable material, both books and manuscripts, James Allen Knechtmann, the librarys head of reference, explained about the room. is is the holy of holies of Navy history. We have Nimitzs commissioning certicates, a certicate naming him an honorary Knight Commander of the Bath with King George VIs signature on it, a menu from USS Kearsarge signed by Kaiser Wilhelm II in 1903, a log from a Royal Navy warship captured during the American Revolution; there is a lot of rare material, much of it absolutely irreplaceable. Its literally a treasure house of the Navy. John Paul Jones calling card collection from when he was with the Russian navy, documents captured on U-505 when Daniel Gallery boarded the sub its this fabulous selection of incredibly rare items. One can spend a day describing treasures in here, Helm added. e books in the rare book room have proven invaluable to writers and researchers, including some who went on to fame for the works they wrote based on the rare book rooms collection. One of the researchers that used the room was Rick Atkinson, Helm said. He wrote a trilogy, one of the volumes of which is called An Army at Dawn, about the invasion of North Africa in 1942. He received a Pulitzer Prize for that book. My name is in the acknowledgements to it, because I helped him when he was here. [Knechtmann] and most of the sta can say similar things. e work on the room is expected to be nished sometime in January. We hope by the end of January we are in the position to be putting the books back, as well as [wall] hangings and decorations and having a perfect new room, Helm said. e system, the rst of its kind to be installed anywhere at NHHC, is a way of making sure in the future that Navy Department Library rare documents and artifacts have a better chance of surviving a catastrophe such as a re and bringing the rooms safeguards in line with other major institutions. Its a job that Helm and Knechtmann both take very seriously. Its a job, but it is also an honor and privilege to work with this material, to try to protect it and shepherd it into the future, Helm said. As a professional it doesnt get any better. Navy carefully preserves historic treasures THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013 3

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4 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013 Submarine Group 10 Change of Command Nov. 22, 2013 at NSB Kings Bay

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THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013 5 Navy photos by MC2 Cory Rose and MC3 Ashley Hedrick

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Most spectacular of the bombers victims was Arizona, which was struck many times. One bomb penetrated to the vicinity of her forward magazines, which detonated with a massive blast, immediately sinking the ship. Nevada, which got underway during the latter part of the attack, attracted many dive bombers, was hit repeatedly as she steamed slowly between Ford Island and the Navy Yard, and, sinking and ablaze, had to be run ashore. e Japanese had thus put out of action all seven battleships present on Battleship Row. During the weeks following the Japanese raid, a great deal of repair work was done by the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard, assisted by tenders and ships crewmen. ese eorts, lasting into February 1942, put the battleships Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Tennessee; cruisers Honolulu, Helena, and Raleigh; destroyers Helm and Shaw, seaplane tender Curtiss, repair ship Vestal and the oating drydock YFD2 back into service, or at least got them ready to steam to the mainland for nal repairs. e most seriously damaged of these ships, Raleigh and Shaw, were returned to active duty by mid-1942. Five more battleships, two destroyers, a target ship and a minelayer were sunk, or so severely damaged as to represent nearly total losses. ese required much more extensive work just to get them to a point where repairs could begin. Starting in December 1941 and continuing into February 1942, the Navy Yard stripped the destroyers Cassin and Downes of servicible weapons, machinery and equipment. is materiel was sent to California, where it was installed in new hulls. ese two ships came back into the eet in late 1943 and early 1944. To work on the remaining seven ships, all of them sunk, a salvage organization was formally established a week after the raid to begin what would clearly be a huge job. Commanded from early January 1942 by Captain Homer N. Wallin, previously a member of the Battle Force Sta, this Salvage Division labored hard and productively for more than two years to reoat ve ships and remove weapons and equipment from the other two. Among its accomplishments were the reoating of the battle ships Nevada in February 1942, California in March, and West Vir ginia in June, plus the minelayer Oglala during April-July 1942. After extensive shipyard repairs, these four ships were placed back in the active eet in time to help defeat Japan. e Salvage Division also righted and reoated the capsized battleship Oklahoma, partially righted the capsized target ship Utah and recovered materiel from the wreck of the battleship Arizona. However, these three ships were not returned to service, and the hulls of the last two remain in Pearl Harbor to this day. All this represented one of historys greatest salvage jobs. Seeing it to completion required that Navy and civilian divers spend about 20,000 hours underwater in about 5,000 dives. Long and exhausting eorts were expended in recovering human remains, documents, ammunition and other items from the oil-fouled interiors of ships that had been under water for months. Uncounted hours went into cleaning the ships and otherwise getting them ready for shipyard repair. Much of this work had to be carried out in gas masks, to guard against the ever-present risk of toxic gasses, and nearly all of it was extremely dirty. Pearl mentorship program geared toward Sailors aged 18 to 25. e program not only deters Sailors from making destructive decisions, but it also helps build leadership and organizational skills, said Chief Aviation Maintenance Administrationman Scott Battle, Navy Region Southeast CSADD coordinator. e programs primary goal is obviously to help prevent Sailors from making decisions that put them in bad situations, but it also serves as a forum for junior Sailors to develop skills that will help them for the rest of their careers, Battle said. e activities that chapters typically engage in require initiative, teamwork and coordination to make them happen and the Sailors who have the motivation to involve themselves in that process are denitely benetting. CSADD chapters typically sponsor a variety of social and volunteer events as an alternative to riskier activities, such as parties or the bar scene. Events typically include comedy nights, talent shows and game nights, as well as numerous volunteer opportunities. In addition, each chapter holds monthly training meetings. Monthly training topics are the same for each chapter Navy-wide, Battle said. Its a good opportunity for chapters to focus on Navy programs and policies, such as SAPR (Sexual Assault Prevention and Response) and suicide awareness. Air-Trac Controller 3rd Class Alexis Ray, president of the Naval Air Station Jacksonville CSADD chapter, said the program oers something for everyone. I think its a good opportunity to help our fellow shipmates and to give back to the local community, Ray said. I want to help Sailors maintain the best career path without getting into any kind of trouble or ending up at captains mast. e NAS Jacksonville chapter was only formed three months ago, but is already having an impact on the base and in the community. e chapter participated in the 26.2 with Donna breast cancer awareness marathon Nov. 22, as well as the Run or Dye 5K run later last month. In addition, members also vol unteer at Mandarin Food Bank and the Clara White Mission, which provides meals and job training pro grams for the homeless. We want to volunteer as much as possible, Ray said. Any time there is a volunteer opportunity here in Jacksonville, our goal is to be involved. I feel like the community does a lot of things to support us, so they should know that we appreciate them as much as they appreciate us. One of the tools many chapters use to strengthen cohesion between their members, as well as other chapters, is social media. e NAS Jacksonville chapter uses Facebook to reinforce monthly training topics and advertise social and volunteer events. Social media is very important to our cause, Ray said. You can communicate through e-mail, but it just doesnt have the same reach as social media. When we started our Facebook page, not only did our members start following the page, but so did their friends and families. I think its awesome that families across the country are able to keep up with our page and see how we are trying to give back. She said social media is one of the main reasons the chapter has been so successful. Her chapter is up to 15 members its Facebook likes are up more than 70 percent in the past two months. Ray said she expects those numbers to continue to grow. Battle said he also expects growth, not only at the NAS Jacksonville chapter, but at chapters throughout the region. e CSADD program has been a great success to this point because of the quality Sailors that have been involved and the hard work they have put in, Battle said. I think thats the real reason CSADD has come this far, and thats why I expect this program to continue to grow and evolve. e festival is sponsored by the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration and the Sea and Shore Alliance. It celebrates the return to Florida and Georgia waters of the right whale to its annual calving grounds. Many people are unaware that the Navy, along with the Army Corps of Engineers and the Coast Guard, pays for aerial right whale surveys and sight ings, Allen said. We also like to explain the mitiga tion measures the Navy has in place to prevent ship strikes, which are major cause of whale fatalities. e Navy is a leader in whale protection, Allen said. We care about our whales and other marine species, absolutely he said. Biemiller said, Its good to let people know what the Navy is doing and to show them the environmental side of the Navy. Kalin has been at the Right Whale Festival for the last four years, to let people know what the Navy is doing. I enjoy it, Kalin said. Its a great opportunity to meet people who dont know what we do. We show them we have a plan in place, and that we work closely with other agencies to help ensure that the right whale will be around for generations to come.CSADD Whales 6 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013

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Former Heisman Trophy winner and NFL Superstar Herschel Walker visited Naval Hospital Camp Lejeune to share his personal story with Sailors, Marines, Wounded Warriors, family members and base personnel during a two-day visit to the Camp Lejeune area beginning Nov. 26. During his time at the hospital, Walker spoke to hundreds of Marines and Sailors as well as hospital sta, patients, and visitors. He also signed autographs, posed for photos, toured the hospital and interacted with hospital sta and patients. We wanted to host this event again because many of our Sailors and wounded warriors can personally relate to his story, said Capt. David Lane, commanding ocer, NHCL. Herschel was a big hit during previous visits. We are very pleased that his schedule allowed him to visit us again. Walkers personal story is compelling and he talked openly about having been diagnosed with Dissociative Identity Disorder. DID is commonly referred to as multiple personality disorder. Walker also talked about how he was bullied as a child and what he did to help himself overcome the challenges his disorder caused. e main point of his message was that its OK to seek treatment. Walker is a three-time All-American college football player for the University of Georgia and a Heisman Trophy winner. After college, Walker played for the New Jersey Generals of the United States Football League. He later joined the National Football League where he played for the Dallas Cowboys, Minnesota Vikings, Philadelphia Eagles and New York Giants. After his initial meeting with the commanding ofcer, Walker visited the mental health village on the hospital compound to meet the mental health sta and patients. Following the meeting, he spoke to several hundred Marines, Sailors, hospital sta, patients, and visitors at the hospital quarterdeck and signed autographs and took photos. On the second day he visited with NHCLs mental health inpatients at Brynn Marr Hospital. NHCL partners with the Brynn Marr Hospital to provide behavioral health services to children, adolescents and adults. Walker speaks of disorder Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said the notyet-launched Zumwaltclass destroyer he toured recently represents the cutting edge of our naval capabilities. e ship, now known as the Pre-Commissioning Unit, or PCU, Zumwalt, will become the USS Zumwalt, named for former Navy Adm. Elmo Zumwalt. Ocials said the ship is about a year away from joining the eet. Now littered with large protective crates storing systems not yet installed, the ship is being tted with new automated systems. e Zumwalt, Navy ocials explained, has highly accurate long-range weapons, an impressive power generation capability and a design emphasizing stealthy radardefeating materials and shapes. Hagel thanked General Dynamics and its work force at Bath Iron Works, which will produce all three of the Zumwalt-class ships planned for production. Sharon E. Burke, assistant secretary of defense for operational energy plans and programs, said that the ships power generation capacity 78 megawatts, impressed her. One megawatt of power can power about 1,000 American homes. Ocials said the guided missile destroyer is the rst Navy ship to be fully electrical, and it was designed to use automated systems as much as possible to decrease the number of sailors needed as crew. For example, ocials said, automatic systems route, store and load the 300 rounds of 24-pound ammunition each of the ships two 155mm guns can re. e guns have, in testing, successfully red at a rate of 10 rounds a minute and with 20to 40-inch accuracy at a range of more than 60 nautical miles, ofcials noted. Hagel visits PCS Zumwalt THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013 7

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8 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013

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Up eriscope with Bill Wesselho Last year, A Christmas Story mopped up as the answer to this question. This year, weve got a lot of great choices. Ill take one thats not here, A Christmas Carol, whether Scrooge is played by Reginald Owen, George C. Scott, Patrick Stewart or even Mr. Magoo. Its a classic that reminds me not to become the crabby, old grouch that I am becoming and to keep the true spirit of Christmas in your heart every day, which for me usually lasts until about a week into the new year.Our best-loved Christmas shows, moviesConnor Phillips Family member Brunswick, Ga. Jack Frost. Its just a really nice, familyoriented movie. Wendy Patrick Family member Miami A Christmas Story. I like that little boy who keeps getting told hell shoot his eye out. ETCS Dan Furlan USS Georgia Gold Charleston, S.C. I like all the classics, Frosty the Snowman, Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer. I look foward to watching them with the kids. LSC Vincent Witherspoon Submarine Group 10 Laurel, Miss. This Christmas, with Chris Brown and Idris Elba. Its about a family coming together. Teah Bowen Family member Moutrie, Ga. Frosty The Snowmans my favorite. Its got that big, old, scarey abominable snowman thing. Its a sweet, classic story. Corey Jenkins Family member Bremerton, Wash. Christmas Shoes. Its about a boy whose mother is dying, and he gets her a present before she passes. e eects of climate change are already evident at Defense Department installations in the United States and overseas, and DOD expects climate change to challenge its ability to fulll its mission in the future, according to the rst DOD Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap. John Conger, the acting deputy undersecretary of defense for installations and environment told American Forces Press Service the roadmap was completed in 2012 and published early this year. e document had us do a variety of things, Conger said. But the piece that I think is the crux of the report is, rather than creating a stovepipe within the DOD organizational structure to deal with climate change, [the document says] we are going to integrate climate change considerations into the normal processes, the day-to-day jobs of everybody. Such language is going to be integrated into various guidance documents, he said, and weve already started doing that. e departments action is part of a federal government eort to address the global challenge. In June, President Barack Obama launched a Climate Action Plan to cut carbon pollution, prepare communities for climate change impacts and lead similar international efforts. Across the United States, local communities and cities are updating building codes, adjusting the way they manage natural resources, investing in more resilient infrastructure and planning for rapid recovery from damage that could occur due to climate change. And on Nov. 1, the DOD eyes climate change THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013 9

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10 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013 Navy College information Pirates Cove Galley menus president issued an executive order on climate preparedness directing federal agencies to modernize programs to support climate-resilient investments, manage lands and waters for climate change preparedness and resilience, and plan for climate-change-related risk, among other things. e order also forms an interagency council on climate preparedness and resilience, chaired by the White House and composed of more than 25 agencies, including the Defense Department. As the acting deputy undersecretary of defense for installations and environment, Conger also is the departments senior climate ocial, and his rst job is to manage the installations and environment portfolio. at includes over 500 bases and 300,000 buildings and 2.2 billion square feet of space, he said. e infrastructure has a plant replacement value on the order of $850 billion. eres a lot of stu out there that is all going to be impacted by changes in the climate. Conger said the department has to plan for the contingencies that climate change poses just as it would plan for any other contingency, driven by any other force in the world. As I look at managing the infrastructure, I have to think about risk as well in that context, he said. What is climate change likely to do? What are the major changes that will occur that will aect that $850 billion real property portfolio? e obvious threats are things like a rise in sea-levels, storm surges and storm intensity, but theres also drought and thawing permafrost that aects bases in Alaska, the deputy undersecretary added. Similarly, on our installations we have over 400 endangered species, he said. We manage those species through documents called integrated natural resources management plans and we manage [them] not through some degree of altruism but the fact is that if we dont manage those species eectively and they do appear more threatened, then other regulatory agencies will put limits on what we can do on our property and that will impact training.Climate

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Around 1 a.m. on Feb. 3, 1943, German submarine U-223 torpedoed the U.S. Army Transport Dorchester, which carried more than 900 troops, civilian contractors and crew, o the coast of Green land. Coast Guard Cut ter Co man che was one of the escorts for Dorchester and its crew began to search for survivors.e temperature was below freezing, with sea spray icing Comanches decks and superstructure. Many of the survivors who were in the water were already lifeless, but lookouts spotted lifeboats full of survivors. One of the men who volunteered to dive into the treacherous, North Atlantic waters was Stewards-Mate 1st Class Charles David Jr. David was hypothermic from his heroic eorts to save Dorchesters survivors. Tragically, he contracted pneumonia and succumbed to his illness. A crewmember aboard the Comanche, later described David as a tower of strength for his actions that day. It was a natural way to describe David, who was over six-feet tall and 220 pounds. But it wasnt his height being alluded to; it was his strength of character. is force of strength will live on in the Coast Guards newest ship, Coast Guard Cutter Charles David Jr. e newly commissioned cutter is the services seventh fast response cutter and rst to be homeported in Key West, Fla. Cutter named for David U.S., China conduct drill Soldiers from U.S. Army Pacic, the Hawaii Army National Guard and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers along with representatives from the Federal Emergency Management Agency participated with members of Chinas Peoples Liberation Army in a disaster management exchange, Nov. 12 to 14 at Marine Corps Training Area-Bellows. e 2013 DME is a subject matter expert exchange focused on an international humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operation. e highlight of the DME was a practical eld exchange that occurred Nov. 14. e participants also held expert academic discussions, based on an international humanitarian and disaster relief scenario calling for U.S. and Chinese military cooperation to provide assistance in a ctional third country. e expert academic discussions allowed USARPAC, the PLA and others to work through a common HA/DR scenario to share best practices, lessons-learned and strategy for support to a third nation, USARPAC geographer Jason Pummell said. We are headed in a positive direction for future collaboration, which will increase eectiveness and eciency. e U.S.-China exercise included our rst practical, hands-on eld event on a mock-up rubble pile to practice saving lives in a collapsed building, said Army Gen. Vincent K. Brooks, commander of U.S. Army Pacic. I am very pleased with the momentum that is being gained in our U.S.-China military-to-military relations, especially around the framework of disaster response, Brooks said. We want to show that we can work together and cooperate on something important to all of us here in the Pacic disaster management, said Army Col. John Lee, the strategy and plans ocer for USARPACs security, cooperation and policy directorate. HA/DR exchange symbolizes a new phase of cooperation between the two militaries and it is of great signicance in bolstering our pragmatic cooperation in nontraditional security areas, fostering our common aspirations and capabilities to cooperate together, said Peoples Republic of China Minister of National Defense For eign Aairs Oce, Rear Adm. Li Ji. is event represents a key component to U.S.-China relations. e United States remains steadfastly committed to partnering with China and other AsiaPacic nations for disaster preparedness, response and recovery because it essentially saves lives, said USARPAC Deputy Commanding General for the Army National Guard Maj. Gen. Gary M. Hara. e DME is one of the key security cooperation events the United States conducts with the PLA each year. e DME has evolved from basic visits and briefings into an exchange that employs an academic exchange to focus and facilitate cooperation and interaction between the U.S. Army and the PLA. THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013 11

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Tis the Season! Yes, you guessed it, its that time of year and Morale, Welfare and Recreation has the jolly ole elf lined up to show himself on Saturday, Dec. 7 at 6 p.m. sharp at the Under the Pines Park. An inatable race track with giant trikes, a train, crafts, a photo booth, foam machine, monkey motion bungee, glitter tattoos, a snowman, Rudolph, a Christmas tree, penguins, Buddy the Elf and a Stocking Walk with music, cookies and cocoa for all. Fun is from 4 to 8 p.m. with an outdoor movie starting at 7 p.m. We will be showing Ar thur Christmas. For more information, call (912) 573-4564. Breakfast with Santa Its Saturday, Dec. 14 at the Kings Bay Conference Center. Breakfast will be served 8 to 10 a.m. and Santa will be there from 9 to 10:30 a.m. Photo ops with your camera will be available. Advanced tickets may be purchased at Information, Tickets and Travel and the Navy Exchange Customer Service Counter. Tickets are $5 for over 12 years old, $3 per child 3 to 12 years old. Children 2 and under are free with paying adult. Tickets will not be sold at the door. Breakfast includes pancakes, eggs, sausage, biscuits with gravy, assorted fruit, milk, orange juice, coffee and water. A holiday movie, holiday characters and story times with Mrs. Claus are 8:30 to 10 a.m. For more information call (912) 573-4564. Free Movies for the Kids Weekend and more The movie at 1 p.m. is Polar Express Dec. 7 and 8, Arthur Christmas Dec. 14 and 15, Planes Dec. 21 and 22 and Despicable Me 2 Dec. 28 and 29. There also will be movies showing daily during Camden Countys schools winter break, from Dec. 23 to Jan. 10. The movie schedule is listed in Facebook under the events tab on mwrkingsbay page. All youth under 18 years of age must be accompanied by a par ent or adult. Snacks foods and beverages are available for pur chase. If 15 minutes after the scheduled start time no one comes in, the movie area will be available for open viewing. For the latest information, call (912) 573-4548. Winter Break 2013 at the Youth Center Camp runs Dec. 23 to Jan. 10, but is closed Christmas Day and New Years Day, for kindergarteners to 12 years old. SAC patrons, single/ dual military, wounded/fallen warriors, and IAs registration begins Dec. 2. Active duty with working or student spouse and DoD employees, registration begins Dec. 9 and DoD contrac tors and all others will start on Dec. 16. Register 8 a.m. to noon and 1 to 5:30 p.m. Monday to Friday, except holidays. Cost is based on total family income. Most recent LES/pay stub for sponsor and spouse or student letter of enrollment must be provided. Birth certificate must be available for confirmation of age. IAs must provide orders. Single/Dual Military must pro vide dependent care form at time of registration. Breakfast, lunch and snacks will be provided. No outside food allowed. For more information, call (912) 573-2380. Navy Child & Youth programs welcome children of all abilities. The Combined Federal Campaign season has started Kings Bays Child and Youth Program team are two of the organizations you can support with your giving. e num bers are Youth Center School Age Care #37328 and Child Development Center #47018. Morale, Welfare and Recreation happenings Dodgeball, hoops coming Just for kids Santas here Dec. 7 and 14 Intramural Sports Dodgeball and 3-versus-3 Basketball Tournaments are coming your way. Registration is now through Dec. 5 for both. Team fee for Dodgeball is $30 with a format of 5v5, double elimination. Team fee for Basketball is $50 with champions receiving team trophy and $150 cash. Format is a four-game guarantee. For more information, call IM Sports at (912) 409-1611. Ten Dollar Tuesday at Rack-N-Roll Lanes Its 5 to 9 p.m., Tuesday nights. $10 will get you shoes and all the bowling you can handle. Holiday Pajama Fun Run Kicking the Tis The Season events into high gear is a family friendly fun run designed for all family members to walk, run or jog at 4 p.m., Saturday, Dec. 7 at Under the Pines. Wear your craziest pjs and there will be prizes for the best. For more information, call Navy Adventures Unleashed at (912) 573-8972. Magnolias of Kings Bay Beautiful and spacious rooms are available to make your next event perfect. Its never too early to plan your event, wedding or holiday party. Stop by and check it out. Someone always is ready to assist you with your special occasion. Contact Magnolias at (912) 573-4559. Tae Kwon Do Its at the Fitness Complex Tuesdays and Thursdays, 5:15 to 6:15 p.m. for 7 year olds and under, 6:15 to 7:15 p.m. for 8 to 12 and 7:15 to 8:30 p.m. 13 to adult. For more information, call (912) 573-3990. Dominos Like Kings Bay Dominos on Facebook to receive code phrases, daily specials, upcoming events and corporate promos. (912) 5105400. www.facebook.com/ kingsbaydominos. Liberty call Expectant Families can receive training on second Wednesday of every other month to ease the adjustment to a newborn baby. Information will be provided about WIC, Navy Marine Corps Relief Society and various other benefits and services available to expectant parents, along with answers to your questions. Frequent breaks offered for the comfort of expectant moms. The next class is 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m., Dec. 12. Registration is required. Call 573-4512.Are you frustrated with your children? Would you like suggestions on how to stop temper tantrums or how to get your teen to complete chores without asking them 14 times? We believe parents are the experts on their children. But, children dont come with a manual! So, sometimes you need help to figure out what to do with them. Meet with the parenting class from 9 to 11:30 a.m. on Mondays, Dec. 9, 16, 23, and 30. Enrollment in this six-week class is ongoing. Attendees must complete all six weeks in order to receive a certificate. A minimum of six participants is needed in order for a new class to start. Registration required at 573-4512.A New Moms and Dads Support Group will meet every Tuesday at the Fleet and Family Support Center throughout the month. These workshops are scheduled for 10 a.m. to noon, Dec. 10 and 17. This workshop is an opportunity to share experiences, meet and gain support from others, and exchange new ideas. To register, call 573-4512.This workshop addresses the challenges of deployment and offers tools and techniques to managing the cycle of deployment those challenges. It also prepares family members for reunion so that problems will be minimized and the positive aspects of reunion can be maximized. Topics include expectations, communication and financial awareness, and hints for a happy homecoming. The class is 10 a.m. to noon, Dec. 11. For more information or to register, call 573-4513.Events, schedules, daily pressure and many other items can cause undo stress in your life. Stress may or may not be good for your health depending on how you manage that stress. This workshop is slated for 1 to 4 p.m., Dec. 19. Pre-registration is required. Call 573-4512 for details.Anger is not an effective method for getting what you want and is often a smoke screen for other emotions. This workshop is slated for 8:30 a.m. to noon, Dec. 18. It can help you focus on identifying the feelings anger hides and explore behaviors helpful in resolving primary issues. Pre-registration is required. Call 573-4512 for details.The command Sexual Assault Prevention and Response point of contact is responsible for coordinating mandated, annual awareness training, maintaining and providing current information on and referral to base and community programs for victims and ensuring the mandated collection and maintenance of sexual assault data per OPNAVINST 1752.1B. Individuals attending the training are appointed by their command and will represent the command in all sexual assault cases. This training is 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Dec. 16 to 20. Registration is required by calling 573-4512.The survivor Benefit Plan is a program that provides basic information on the key provisions of the Survivor Benefit Plan. This information will assist service members and their spouses in making informed decisions about SBPs role in their retirement plan. This workshop is scheduled for 2 to 4 p.m., Dec. 11. Registration is required. For more information call 573-4513.Transition GPS is a seminar for those separating, retiring or contemplating leaving the military. The five day seminar provides information on benefits, job search skills, employment resources, resume writing, interviewing and other skills. Spouses are encouraged to attend. Separation Transition GPS is 7:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Dec. 9 to 13. You must be registered by Command Career Counselor. For more information, call 573-4513.Smooth Move Workshops are designed to help personnel with military relocations and transfers. Areas covered include transportation, travel pay, allowances, and important forms and documents, housing referral office and relocation services. All service members and their spouses are encouraged to attend six months before their transfer date. Due to limited seating, please do not bring children. The workshop will be 2 to 4 p.m., Oct. 15. For more information, call 573-4513. FFSC will take most of its regular workshops on the road if a unit can furnish a conference room or classroom and guarantee a minimum of ve participants. Additionally, personnel will tailor presentations to cover a units General Military Training requirements when those requirements deal with human resources and social issues. Counselors also can create a presentation in response to a units area of special concerns. Personnel are available to participate within areas of expertise in the indoctrination of newly assigned personnel and family members of active duty personnel. All classes listed here are held at the Fleet and Family Support Center, unless otherwise noted. Hours are 8 a.m.to 4:30 p.m., Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays and 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., ursdays.A job search workshop will be 1 to 3 p.m., Dec. 9. It provides an overview of local and national employment Fleet & Family Support Center workshops 12 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013

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Editors note: is is the second in a two-part series on torpedo failures in World War II Unlike the Germans, the Americans lacked combat experience with torpedoes. By the time America entered World War I, the primary naval mission was protecting Allied shipping from German torpedoes. Only 11 U.S. torpedoes were red in anger, all of which either missed or were aimed at phantom targets. Still, American submariners had condence in their torpedoes. e Navys World War I-era S-boats used the Mark 10 steam torpedo, an impact weapon of proven reliability. For the more modern boats that eventually followed, the Torpedo Station at Newport, R.I., developed the much more capable Mark 14 steam torpedo, which could use either an impact detonator or the new, top-secret Mark 6 magnetic inuence detonator. However, funding was very scarce during the 1920s and 1930s, so the Mark 14 and the Mark 6 detonator were developed and tested on a shoestring budget. e Torpedo Station conducted only one test using live warheads, with hand-built Mark 6 detona tor prototypes installed in old Mark 10 torpedoes. In two shots on the Newport test range using a decommissioned submarine as the target, one torpedo passed beneath without exploding, apparently run ning too deep, but the oth er exploded below the keel, quickly sinking the sub. Subsequent tests at sea near the equator seemed to demonstrate that the detonator performed as designed regardless of variations in the earths magnetic eld. However, the cruiser used as a target was an operational warship, so the test torpedoes carried only exercise heads. Instead of an explosion, a photoelectric sensor called an electric eye activated a lm camera to record the shadow of the targets hull as the torpedo passed beneath, and the detonator ignited a small amount of guncotton to show it was activated by the ships magnetic eld. e inuence detonator went into production with no additional testing. To ensure that it remained a closely guarded secret, the Mark 14 torpedo entered service with only the impact detonator installed. Not until the summer of 1941 were the rst eet boat crews introduced to the Mark 6 detonator and told that it would enable them to sink a ship with a single torpedo. Ignoring the failures Once hostilities began, American submarine commanders encountered the same problems as the Germans: premature detonation, failure to detonate, and running too deep. Some skippers took great pains and incurred great risks to investigate and document these problems during war patrols, to no avail. Unlike the German submarine leadership, American shorebased commanders had no combat experience and felt little solidarity with their embattled skippers. Before the war, the American submarine service had demanded excessive caution from its skippers. As a result, higher-level commanders had to weed out timid, unproductive skippers in the early days of the war. Driving their sea-going subordinates to achieve results, shore-based commanders persistently dismissed complaints about malfunctioning torpedoes and blamed skippers and their crews for failing to get hits. Occasionally, someone might refer a complaint to the Bureau of Ordnance and the Torpedo Station, but these organizations invariably concurred with the operational leadership in blaming the failures on poor shipboard maintenance or faulty combat procedure. Correcting the depth problem e rst problem to get addressed was excessive depth. Pre-war tests at the Torpedo Station indicated the Mark 10 and Mark 14 both ran 4 feet too deep because of calibrating with exercise heads, but submariners in the Far East were not informed until nearly a month after Pearl Harbor. After assuming command of U.S. submarines based in Fremantle, Australia, in May 1942, Rear Adm. Charles Lockwood, decided to conduct his own tests. A series of realistic trials in June and July revealed that the Mark 14 ran an average of 11 feet below the depth setting. e Torpedo Station not only failed to account for the dierent buoyancies of exercise heads and warheads, it also neglected to simulate combat launch conditions or allow for the deterioration of depth control apparatus over time. It even failed to check torpedo performance against an absolute standard, relying instead on test sensors installed in the torpedoes themselves, which merely echoed the incorrect readings of the weapons own depth and roll sensors. Not until August 1942, eight months after Pearl Harbor, did BUORD determine that the torpedoes were running about 10 feet too deep and issue instructions to solve the problem. Meanwhile, the rst defect of the impact detonator was detected and resolved in the spring of 1942. To prevent the explosion of one torpedo in a spread from prematurely detonating another, the detonator included a diaphragm that, when subjected to the pressure of a shock wave, drove a small pin into the ring mechanism, blocking detonation. But the diaphragm was far too sensitive, so even normal water pressure at periscope depth could drive in the pin. e solution was simply to disconnect the pressure override. Eliminating the magnetic inuence detonator By February 1943, when Rear Adm. Lockwood took command of the Hawaiibased submarines under Pacic Fleet Commander-in-Chief Adm. Chester Nimitz, complaints about the Mark 6 inuence detonator had become so strident that even BUORD was having second thoughts. However, the Bureau incorrectly concluded that the malfunctions were caused by variations in the earths magnetic eld, so its recommendations, issued May 7, proved ineffective. Frustrated by clear evidence of Mark 6 malfunctions in decoded Japanese communications, Lockwood took the bull by the horns and persuaded Nimitz to order the Mark 6 disconnected for good. Nimitzs order, however, did not apply to the submarines based in Australia, which were part of the Seventh Fleet, reporting to Gen. Douglas MacArthur. e commander of those submarines, Rear Adm. Ralph Christie, was an MIT-trained engineer who had been personally involved in developing the Mark 6. Christie continued to insist that his boats use the awed detonator right up to the end of 1943, when a new Seventh Fleet commander nally ordered it deactivated. e last problem Elimination of the inuence detonator exposed grave defects in the impact detonator. On July 24, 1943, yet another skipper went to great lengths to document torpedo failures, systematically ring torpedo after torpedo at the same tanker under near-perfect conditions until he had recorded 11 hits with no eect. Lockwood then authorized the experimental ring of impact torpedoes against a Hawaiian cli face, which began on Aug. 11. Examination of the rst failed torpedo revealed that the fragile detonator mechanism, distorted by the impact, prevented the ring pin from striking with sucient force to initiate an explosion. Subsequent drop tests on land with dummy warheads showed that a perfect hit at 90 degrees crushed the detonator and prevented it from working, whereas a glancing blow at 45 degrees left it suciently intact to set o an explosion. Twenty-one months after Pearl Harbor, the last major torpedo malfunction was nally identied. While the eet made interim xes, the Torpedo Station conducted followup tests and ordered a redesign. Remembering the lessons Amer ica and Germany learned the hard way that torpedoes are nicky weapons that cannot tolerate shortcuts. e most complex naval weapons of World War II, they demanded meticulous design, rigorous testing and intensive maintenance, not to mention exacting targeting and launch procedures. Lack of rigor at any stage from initial design to the torpedos use in combat could result in failure, and the many opportunities for mistakes made it hard to tell where the fault lay, even after the weapons poor performance became obvious. Seen in this light, German and American torpedo failures are quite understandable. Only in hindsight is it apparent that the more complicated torpedoes developed for World War II demanded an unprecedented level of technical and operational evaluation. And even Germanys veteran submarine leaders never thought to second-guess their Torpedo Directorate until the problems became obvious. Germany xed most of its torpedo problems in less than half the time it took the United States because its submarine leadership was more experienced and because submarines were the mainstay of her navy. Doenitz and his sta knew from the start how to establish a trusting relationship with U-boat skippers and how to evaluate their reports. Senior American submariners had to learn those skills on the job. Uboats took the lead in Germanys naval war, while American submarines played second ddle to battleships before Pearl Harbor and to aircraft carriers afterwards. If U.S. carriers had lost the Battle of Midway because their bombs failed to explode, its safe to say the problem would have gotten a lot more attention than torpedo failures did. Fortunately, American submariners and their technical establishment took the torpedo failures very much to heart. e rigorous testing program established after the war continues to ensure the reliability and eectiveness of U.S. torpedoes to this day. e need for excellence in all aspects of torpedo development and handling, above all in technical and operational evaluation, has never been greater than it is now, and as budget constraints loom once more, the need to bear in mind the bitter lessons of World War II has never been clearer. John Patrick is Undersea Warfare magazines senior editorWorld War II torpedos frustrating to x THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013 13

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14 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013 We are about to go into a ght against overwhelming odds from which survival cannot be expected, announced Lt. Cmdr. Robert W. Copeland, commanding ocer of the John C. Butler-class destroyer escort USS Samuel B. Roberts (DE 413), over the 1MC on Oct. 25, 1944. On that day, USS Samuel B. Roberts and Allied ships came under attack from the Imperial Japanese Navy in the Leyte Gulf. Largely outmatched in number, armament and armor by Japanese ships, one of the largest battles in naval history occurred, the Battle o Samar. Copeland proceeded to do the unthinkable, and charged head-on into the attacking battleships, cruisers and destroyers. Samuel B. Roberts was able to inict damage to enemy ships with her torpedoes and 5-inch guns, but was outmatched by the larger ships. By zigzagging we were able to keep from being hit by enemy torpedoes, wrote Archie Killoughs in personal journal, a Sailor aboard Samuel B. Roberts. Finally their shells found their mark. First, gun 2 aft was hit, killing all but three of a crew of twenty-seven. After a courageous bout, Samuel B. Roberts was dead in the water, but not all was lost, the crew abandoned ship. Chief Torpedoman Rudy Skau managed to retrieve the ships battle ensign and hold onto it for nearly three days as the crew oated awaiting rescue. During this time many of the survivors passed away due to their wounds and shark attacks. After spending fty-two hours in the water we were rescued by PC623, wrote Killough. We were about dead when they picked us up. Copeland, who went on to make Rear Admiral, received the second highest military decoration for valor, the Navy Cross, for his actions in the Battle o Samar. e seventh Oliver Hazard Perry Class frigate was eventually named for Copeland. Copeland was born in Tacoma, Wash., and was a graduate of the University of Washingtons Naval Reserve Ocer Training Corps in 1935. Years later the battle ensign that Skau recovered in the water made its way into the hands of James Massick. Massick was a graduate of the UW NROTC program in 1954. Earlier this year after reading a past issue of the Husky Navy News, Massick saw a request for memorabilia related to former members of the unit to be used in the rededication of the NRTOCs Clark Hall at UW. Massick donated the ag, folded neatly in a box, along with a letter describing the story behind it to the Naval History and Heritage Command through the UW NROTC unit. e reaction when I got the ag from the Samuel B. Roberts in March of this year ... it sent chills down my spine when I saw the ag and read Mr. Massicks letter, said Capt. David Melin, UW NROTC unit commanding ocer. It exudes naval history, and we love to teach our midshipmen about naval history so they have some role models for what they want to become. NHHC framed the ag using materials that would allow it to maintain its integrity over time and sent it back to UW NROTC. ey beautifully framed it in such a way that it will maintain its condition, said Melin. e ag is now on ofcial loan to the UW NROTC unit and hangs in Clark Hall next to the new NROTC Alumni Wall of Fame. Copeland was among the rst ve inductees to be listed on the wall of fame. Its important for us to learn from our past, and there are some good lessons in leadership, particularly on the Samuel B. Roberts, as commanded by Copeland at the time, that are immediately applicable to our midshipman today, said Melin. Its a tangible reminder of what our alumni, in this particular case Copeland did in his service to the country, and I think it serves as an inspiration to the current crop of midshipmen and battalion midshipmen on what theyre capable of becoming as leaders. trends and recommends strategies to expand your job search network. Open to active duty, retired, reserve and separating military and family members of relocating civil service personnel. Registration is required, call 573-4513.A Department of Veterans Affairs representative for Kings Bay is in the office from 8:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. Mondays, Wednesdays and Thursdays. Appointments are required. Service members wishing to participate in the Benefits Delivery at Discharge program should be within 60 to 180 days of discharge or retirement and be available for an exam by the VA. To set up an appoint ment, call Katherine Fernandez at 573-4506.FFSC Historic battle ag nds home with NROTC

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16 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, December 5, 2013