The Kings Bay periscope


Material Information

The Kings Bay periscope
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 40 cm.
Naval Submarine Base (Kings Bay, Ga.)
Ultra Type Inc.
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville Fla
Jacksonville, Fla
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Navy-yards and naval stations -- Periodicals -- Georgia -- Kings Bay   ( lcsh )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:
United States of America -- Georgia -- Camden -- Kings Bay
United States of America -- Florida -- Jacksonville


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1, no. 1 (June 15, 1979).
Issuing Body:
Published for the Naval Submarine Support Base, Kings Bay, Ga.
General Note:
Description based on: Mar. 14, 1997; title from caption.
General Note:
Earlier issues published: Kings Bay, Ga. : Naval Submarine Support Base. Jacksonville, Fla. : Ultra Type Inc. <1997->
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Jan. 30, 1998.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 57252699
lccn - 2004233881
lcc - VA70.G4 K56
System ID:

This item is only available as the following downloads:

Full Text


CSG Ten Rear Adm. Tofalo scheduled speaker on terror attack anniversaryCommander, Submarine Group Ten, Rear Adm. Joseph Tofalo, was to honor the First Responders who sacriced themselves to save others 12 years ago at a 9/11 memorial at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay, Sept. 11. Tofalo was to personally thank the Camden County, St. Marys, Kingsland and base re departments, police and Emergency Medical Services for their continued service and sacrice. Kings Bay Sailors, Marines and Coast Guardians were to stand at attention in honor of the 412 New York City and Washington D.C. remen, police ocers and paramedics whose sacrices compare to the servicemembers in battle who selessly put their lives on the line to save others. Tofalo was to reect upon his experience that fateful day. /11 is one of those moments in life, because they are so transcendent, so life altering, because the entire world is dierent after it, that we tend to remember exactly where we were, and what we were doing, his speech said. I was Commanding Ocer of USS Maine, stationed right here in Kings Bay. Although I had just turned over the ship to the opposite crew, my crew assisted their counterparts in rapidly getting under way, as all the Trident submarines that could, emergency sortied that day. Heck, we even went into the Captains safe and opened the special war procedures thats how scary and unknown things were. But the professionalism displayed by all the ocers and crews was second to none, as they safely got their ships underway, leaving their families behind on extremely short notice and for an unknown amount of time. Team Kings Bay showed its mettle and solidarity that day. On 9/11, 2,977 Americans lost their lives, 125 of which, perished in the PenFast, convenient new feature available on MyPay websitee annual Combined Federal Campaign adds a new feature for donors this year: an online pledge option available through the Defense Finance and Accounting Services MyPay website, which most service members and civilians already use to view their leave and earnings statements. Anthony DeCristofaro is assistant director of the DoD Voluntary Campaign Management Oce, which is within the Washington Headquarters Services human resources directorate. He told American Forces Press Service during a telephone interview that the online pledge option oers several advantages over paper pledge forms: Its available all the time, from any computer; Its more condential and secure, as no paper forms pass from hand to hand; and Its less prone to error. He explained that donors directly enter their input online only once, while the information on paper pledge forms is typed and retyped into the system oering more chances for mistakes to creep in and also consuming thousands of total work hours in processing. He said ease of use is potentially much greater, since donors using the online pledge option can search local, national or international charities. Here in Washington, we have 4,500 charities, he noted. But nationwide, there are about 20,000 dierent charities in this campaign. DeCristofaro added Up Periscope Outragious predictions about football 2013! Page 9 NJROTC Camden High Wildcats visit Kings Bay Page 5 Vietnam Navy in the Cold War series continues Page 6 Check us out Online! 9/11 memorialized during ceremony Highly trained technicians mentally, physically toughDisarming explosive devices ... parachuting out of aircraft ... executing underwater mine countermeasure operations. Its all just another day in the life of an Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technician. EOD Techs provide highly trained, mission ready and mobile Explosive Ordnance Disposal support to safely eliminate explosive hazards to personnel and property, on land and underwater, said Lt. Stanley Allen, Ocer in Charge of Kings Bay EOD Detachment. In fact, Navy EOD Technicians are the only service component that conducts missions in the underwater environment. We perform our jobs across a wide spectrum of environments around the world and commonly operate in joint environments supporting geographic combatant commanders. We are the Navys Bomb Squad. Preceding the challenges an EOD Technician may face comes grueling training. Sailors who wish to join the elite group face ve challenges: EOD course instruction, diver training, basic EOD school, basic parachuting training, tactical training and advanced training. Train ing is long and reward ing, Allen said. In addition to being physically tested you are mentally required to learn large amounts of information during short periods of time, retain it and continue learning at a very fast pace. If you commit the time and eort to being the best EOD tech you can be, everything falls into place. Whether deployed to other countries, or stationed in the states, the mission is the same. e duties remain the same too. No matter where EOD Technicians are deployed, they protect personnel and property from explosive hazards. Here at Kings Bay, our duties are ordnance and explosive response on base and the immediate surrounding areas including waterways, Allen said. We also maintain the demolition range for disposal operations. Only a few can say they have what it takes to do this job. It not only requires steady hands and steady nerves, but also bravery EOD protects Kings Bay assets We perform our jobs across a wide spectrum of environments around the world... Lt. Stanley Allen Kings Bay EOD Detachment e business of submarinesSeveral of you probably attended one of the two changes of command for Submarine Squadron 16 and USS Florida (Gold) in the last few months. There were many aha moments during remarks at each ceremony, which dealt with the U.S Navy submarine force. I thought an update on our local submarine community might be in order. Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay is homeport for six SSBNs: USS Alaska, USS Tennessee, USS Maryland, USS West Virginia, USS Rhode Island and USS Wyoming, plus two SSGNs, USS Florida and USS Georgia. Congratulations to USS Alaskas crews on their selection as the Omaha Trophy winner by U.S Strategic Command. e crews received this award in August at Kings Bay. e U.S. Submarine Force comprises approximately 7 percent of the Navys total personnel and more than 25 percent of its ships, yet roughly only 10 percent of the Navys budget. Our submarines bring incredible value to our country. ere are a total of 71 submarines. e largest numbers, 51, are SSNs, otherwise known as fast attack submarines. ey are located in Groton, Conn., Norfolk, Va., San Diego, Hawaii and Guam. ere are 14 SSBNs (Submarine Ballistic Missile, Nuclear), and they are located at Kings Bay and Bangor, Wash. ere are four SSGNs (Submarine Guided Missile, Nuclear), two at Kings Bay and two at Bangor. When SSBN/GNs are away from Kings Bay on patrol, they are providing capabilities for Strategic Deterrence, Anti-Submarine and Anti-Surface Warfare, Special Operations Forces, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance war ghting readiness, Counter Drug Operations, Mine Warfare and Strike. e deployed submarines can patrol an area as big as a state and no one knows where they are. e inherent stealth and endurance makes them a valuable tool for any eet commander. ey provide a clandestine and non-proactive presence that can e Camden Partnership By Shelia McNeill CFC adds online option for donors


2 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013 e most common car purchase issue reported to legal assistance providers by Sailors and dependents is the spot delivery or yo-yo car sale. Typical complaints include but are not limited to violations of State Unfair and Deceptive Trade Practice Acts and Federal consumer law violations under the Truth in Lending Act and the Federal Odometer Act. In a spot delivery or yo-yo car sale, a Sailor/Marine agrees to buy a new or used vehicle. ey sign a purchase contract and a retail installment sales contract and the dealer lets them leave the car lot with the vehicle before the RISC is actually approved and purchased by a bank. e Sailor/Marine mistakenly believes that they already own the vehicle, despite the fact that in many states the sale is not complete until the bank approves the vehicle loan. Some Sailors/Marines, once informed that their loan has not been approved and they do not own the vehicle, sadly opt to sign a costly and dealer-friendly new RISC with higher interest rates and higher monthly payments. e dealer and the nancing company benet from the servicemembers aection for the new car and calculate the Sailor/ Marine wont balk at paying more than they bargained for to keep it. So how can you avoid the trap of spot delivery or yo-yo car sales? Do your homework. Fully research the vehicle you want and make sure it meets your needs. Avoid any impulse buying, and arrive at the car lot youve selected with condence in the car you want and what you think you should pay. Web-based resources exist to give you a good idea how much you should pay for any car and accompanying options and how many dealers in your area have the car. Negotiate with them, and be prepared to walk away for a better deal. Understand your credit. Unless you are able to pay for your car outright, you will need somebody to nance a loan. at might be a bank, credit union or the dealer. You should be particularly careful when the dealer is the nancier. It is recommended you seek nancing from a bank or credit union independent of the dealer, if possible. ey generally oer better, more reliable terms for your loan. is does not mean a dealer will never oer you a competitive rate. It means that you must shop multiple nancing sources to ensure you get the best deal. e terms of the loan oered to you by the bank or credit union will be based on your credit history and ability to pay. is is another reason a good credit history of not assuming too much debt and always paying your bills on time pays o. Many banks and credit unions will even pre-approve you for a car loan, making your negotiations with the car dealer that much easier. Do not reveal the maximum amount of nancing for which you have been pre-approved because that would reveal to the dealer how much they can charge you, and it hurts your bargaining position. Discuss your car-buying strategy with your bank or credit union lender or military legal assistance attorney for tips on negotiating with dealers. If for any reason you are unable to secure a bank or credit union loan, you should still be aware of the gener al interest rates they charge for loans in your area. You should use these rates as your basis for any negotiation with a dealer nancier and be wary of paying rates in excess of typical bank rates. Todays rates are at historic lows, and even Sailors/Marines with poor credit history should be able to avoid excessive interest rates. Bring a copy of your RISC to base legal for review before you sign it. As an adult, you are generally liable for any contact you sign. Any honest car dealer should have no problem with providing you a copy of your RISC for review by Navy Legal. Take advantage of this free service, make an appoint ment, and talk to a Navy lawyer before you sign on the dotted line. Navy law yers and your local Fleet and Family Service Center also can provide guid ance regarding measures to improve your personal nances and perhaps a better deal, for a better car, sometime down the road. Finally, be wary of additional scams attempted by unscrupulous car dealers: If youve provided a trade-in as part of your deal, a questionable dealer might advise you need to sign a new RISC at a higher interest rate because your trade-in has been sold but your loan wont be approved without that higher rate. Now you have no car and have to sign? Not true. Most states outlaw the transfer of ownership of your trade-in until the financing on your new car has been approved. If a dealer makes such a claim, ask them to put it in writing and immediately contact a Navy lawyer Some dealers also may claim, and even write in their contracts, that if your nancing isnt approved by a lender and you must return your car, you will owe them a rental fee for the time you drove it. is is not true, and do not agree to this provision. e bottom line is nobody can force you to sign a contract and with some eort you can set yourself for success with a fair deal for a vehicle you want. For further assistance on legal issues involving car purchases and other consumer issues, consult your local legal assistance oce. e Southeast Region Legal Service Oce has legal assistance ofces at Jacksonville (904)-542-2565 ext. 3006, Mayport (904)-270-5445 ext. 3017), and Kings Bay (912)573-3935). To nd the nearest U.S. Navy legal assistance oce closest to you, access the Navy JAG Web site at nlso_map_global.htm For all other services, access the Armed Forces Legal Assistance Locator at php. is general article was drafted by Tom Wallace, of Region Legal Service Oce Southeast for general informational purposes only. is article is not a substitute for individual legal advice, and readers are advised that they should consult a lawyer to obtain proper advice for any legal issue. THEKINGS BA Y, GEORGIA Local news and views Naval Submarine Base, Kings Bay, Ga. NSB pet clinic vaccines Oct. 5e Kings Bay Veterinary Treatment Facility introduce new Army veterinarian, Capt. Lauren Seal, to its sta. Seal nished the Army Internship Program at Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington State and was stationed here in August, joined by her husband, Matt, and daughter, Cara. With an additional doctor, the Veterinary Treatment Facilitys goal of supporting Sailors and their families, including the four-legged family members, and to. try oering a vaccine clinic on certain Saturdays. e rst Saturday clinic will be 9 a.m. to 1 p.m., Oct. 5. You can make an appointment for a healthy pet needing either vaccines (Rabies, $10; Distemper, Leptospirosis, $15; Kennel Cough, Feline Leukemia, $18) or heartworm testing ($25) by calling the clinic at (912) 573-0755. e pet needs to be registered with the clinic prior to the day of the appointment, and registration must be done in person. e animal must be a pet of an active duty service member, retired service member or dependent. Feel free to call with any questions. Offutt speaker at Navy Leaguee Camden-Kings Bay Council of the Navy League of the United States will host James H. Outt, national president of the Navy League, at its next meeting and dinner, starting at 6 p.m., ursday, Sept. 12, at the Magnolia Conference Center on Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay. e public is invited. All attendees must send advance dinner payment of $25 per person to Cheryl Aston, 103 Hallowes Drive S., St. Marys, GA 31558. e deadline to receive reservations is Monday, Sept. 9. Make checks payable to Camden Kings Bay Navy League. e names of all attendees should be sent in order to coordinate base access. Additional information is on the council Web site at speaker at MOAA Sept. 17Camden County Sheriff Jim Proctor is guest speaker at the Sept. 17 meeting of the Military Officers of America Association Kings Bay Chapter. The dinner meeting begins at 5:30 p.m. at Osprey Coves Morgans Grill, St. Marys Road. Dinner cost is $20. RSVP with Capt. Oreen Crouch USN (Ret.) at (912) 729-2389 or orren.crouch at by Sept. 13.Jax Tri-Base Job Fair Sept. 25The Fleet and Family Support Centers of Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay, Naval Station Mayport and Naval Air Station Jacksonville are hosting the bi-annual Tri-Base Job Fair 9 a.m. to 2 p.m., Sept. 25, at the Jacksonville Morocco Shrine Center. The Tri-Base areas reputation for business expansion creates tremendous competition for skilled workers. In Camden County and Jacksonville, employers can acquire skilled, experienced personnel with the latest training in their field. In addition to service members, there are opportunities for military family members, reservists and retirees with skills at the fair. If you have any questions regarding the Tri-base Job Fair, contact The Fleet and Family Support Center at (912) 573-4513.St. Marys Rock Shrimp Fest Oct. 5The 41st annual Rock Shrimp Festival is Saturday, Oct. 5, in St. Marys. The festival is full day of events including a 5K and 10K races, 1-mile Kids Fun Run, a parade, entertain ment, demonstrations, arts and crafts vendors and food concessionaires, plus dinners that include fresh rock shrimp. For information or questions contact the St. Marys Convention & Visitors Bureau at (912) 882-4000 visit www. build poker run Nov. 16The Habitat Ride to Build Poker Run, benefitting Habitat for Humanity of Camden County, will be Nov. 16. The ride begins and ends at VFW of Kingsland. Cost is $20 for rider and one passenger, one poker hand, cookout, music. For more information, contact Haylinder at (912) 552-4563.Student rewards back at NEXIn the Navy Exchanges A-OK Student Reward Program qualied students participate quarterly drawings for monetary awards for college. Any eligible full-time student that has a B-grade point average equivalent or better may enter. To enter, stop by any NEX with a current report card and have a NEX associate verify the minimum grade average. Fill out an entry card and obtain an A-OK ID, which entitles the student to discount coupons for NEX products and services. Now hear this! Daring to care is vitally important Let Legal help with car purchases Navy Legal assistance Forming a sense of connection is imperative for building the strength and the resilience of each member of a community. Within the military, our people are our greatest resource, and our community is where we feel comfortable, understood and most protected. It is imperative for military and their family members to be aware when someone is distancing themselves from their peer group, loved ones, command, community or when their behavior becomes a sense of concern. Knowing the resources available to support and aid someone in need is paramount to their well-being. Being a rst responder can make all the dierence in the world. Remembering to Ask, Care and Treat (A.C.T.), its what can truly impact an individual in need. Ask if they need help. Be sure to actively listen to their response and acknowledge their feelings. Second, let them know you care and that this is important. Finally, treat by oering a way to get the help they need, and dont leave them alone. e resources below can be benecial avenues to support someone in these situations: Call 911 Go to the closest emergency room 24-hour Military Crisis Line is (800) 273-8255 Fleet and Family Support Center is at (912) 573-4512 Chaplain support is at (912) 674-6825 Online resources are: www.veteranscrisisline. net/ Facebook Twitter navstress Wordpress www. Additional items of interest throughout September: 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., Sept. 13, Couples Workshop Reconnect at FFSC 9 to 10 a.m., Sept.18, Suicide Prevention Awareness Workshop at FFSC 1 to 4 p.m., Sept. 19, Stress Management Workshop at FFSC 8:30 a.m. to noon, Sept. 25, Anger Management Workshop at FFSC To register for the listed classes, call 573-4513. Suicide Prevention that donors also are encouraged to use local CFC websites and other resources to research chari ties before giving DFAS their nal instructions. I made my gift on Tues day, [and] I was easily matched to my local cam paign, he said. DeCristo faro said the process took him 10 minutes, and the next morning he had an email conrming his dona tion and start date. e service is open to employees in 90 of the 160 local CFC areas. Ocials said more areas may be added in the future. Donors are asked to use pa per pledge forms in areas where the MyPay option is not available this year. DeCristofaro said use of the system, like participa tion in CFC, is strictly vol untary. Many employees have asked for and will likely prefer electronic options, he said, although anyone who wants to make a onetime gift or use a paper CFC pledge form still can do so. e new option is an example of a collaborative eort that went into in creasing our eciency, he added. e new option will be available to eligible donors outside of the Defense De partment, he noted, as the departments of Health and Human Services, Veterans Aairs and Energy, along with the Environmental Protection Agency, also are DFAS clients.CFC


On Sept. 16, the Military Ocers Assocation of America and Syracuse Universitys Institute for Veterans and Military Families will launch e Military Spouse Employment Survey. is anonymous survey provides a platform for all military spouses to share their challenges of employment while on active duty. Its results will enable MOAA and the IVMF to better understand military spouse unemployment and underemployment. e survey, which is voluntary, will take approximately 30 minutes to complete and will be available through Oct. 16. To access the survey and for additional information go to is study will focus on the employment pattern of all military spouses, especially related to their long-term career trajectories. All active duty, National Guard and Reserve, veteran, and surviving spouses who are 18 years and older are encouraged to participate by sharing their stories, experiences and lessons learned. According to the 2010 Department of Defense Manpower Data Center, there are 725,877 spouses of active duty servicemembers and 413,295 spouses of Reserve and Guard members. In addition, an estimated 15 million veterans spouses and more than 5.8 million surviving spouses live in the U.S. MOAA has been a leader in identifying and addressing issues related to spouse employment and this effort will allow us to further our work in this area, MOAA president Vice Adm. Norb Ryan said. We believe the data from this survey will shed light upon challenges spouses face with their employment goals so we can better address their issues. We believe this research will provide insight into both employment and career barriers and opportunities for military spouses, including career progression, said Mike Haynie, IMVF executive director. Further understanding of these issues will also contribute to our ability to provide support as military families transition to being veteran families. We look forward to working with MOAA to identify important policy issues and practices related to military spouse employment that will impact both the military and veterans communities. To encourage as much participation as possible, please share the MilSpouseSurvey with other military spouse communities. Survey results will be released in the spring of 2014. give real-time warning to U.S. leadership. e boats are the survivable leg of the strategic triad. It stays busy on the waterfront. On average, every two or three weeks (!) the collective Kings Bay machine, made up of Trident Ret Facility, Trident Training Facility, Strategic Weapons Facility, Atlantic, Kings Bay Submarine Base, Naval Submarine Support Center, Squadrons 16 and 20, Group Ten, the Marine Corps and the Coast Guard work awlessly together as one complete working unit, performing seamless results. ese submarines are very complex machines that take skilled craftsmen and unbelievably dedicated personnel to run them. Trident Ret Facility has a great reputation for costs and eciencies. e boats are constantly being upgraded. Most everyone has heard of the extraordinary mission of USS Florida when, in 2011 in an operation named Operation Odyssey Dawn the following was reported: On March 19, 2011 Florida, along with four other ships, red 221 Tomahawks on Libyan targets. e fact that 45 percent of the Tomahawks, close to 100 missiles red, came from the USS Florida is amazing, and this happened 15 months after Florida left homeport. Its an example of the level of readiness all Group Ten boats have to maintain. eres a lot of planning, talent, training and hard work going on at Kings Bay in order to make that happen. Let me give you a little background on the SSGN evolution. In 1994 the Nuclear Posture Review determined this country did not need the number of strategic weapons we had. e decision was made to destroy the four oldest boats Ohio, Michigan, Georgia and Florida. Our community representatives later made a trip to Washington D.C. to lobby for the conversion of these four boats that were about to be destroyed. Save Our Subs, we said. Dont destroy them. Spend a relatively small amount to remove the capacity for strategic weapons, add conventional weapons and a platform for special operations. is would enable a submarine to go to any country, let diplomacy take its course and, if diplomacy didnt work and, if directed, use the available repower equivalent of some battle groups. e rest of the story is SSGNs are now a reality. e aforementioned mission of the USS Florida is an example of that reality. Between deployments, each SSBN/GN is in homeport where crew changes take place and the submarine receives a stem-to-stern check of all systems to assure its ready for the next deployment. Because the submarine is so complex and technical, the people who work on it have to be skilled craftsmen, and those who run them have to be unbelievably dedicated. ey prepare the boats and our submariners to leave our small community and do the job they are trained to do. At the same time, our Trident Training Facility is providing training to the submariners so they remain up-to-date with existing and new equipment. ere are more than 40 countries with operational submarines. ey include Algeria, Colombia, Egypt, Germany, Israel, Japan, North Korea, Pakistan, China, Russia, South Africa and the United Kingdom, to name a few. We have a unique agreement with the United Kingdom for its submarine force. It is a real partnership with the loading of weapons and minor maintenance done for Royal Navy submarines at Kings Bay. e next generation SSBNs for both countries will be the SSBN(X) or Ohio Replacement. e plan is to have a common missile compartment for the U.K. and the U.S. boats, thereby saving both countries needed dollars by sharing the design concept and weapons systems. All the shore base commands and support units have a hand in the eort to get these boats out to sea. ey work awlessly together as one unit. ey are the Kings Bay machine. Sheila McNeill is president of e Camden Partnership and past national president of the Navy League of the United States.SubmarineMilitary spouse survey oered tagon, including 55 uniformed military personnel. But that did not breach our spirit, Tofalos speech continued. Where an enemy sought to tear us down, we were steadfast. Amidst the smoke, dust and chaos, First Responders charged into the burning, unstable buildings in an attempt to save those they could. 311 First Responders, almost six times the number of uniformed military I just mentioned, paid the ultimate price that day. And if you were to ask them why, they would give you that same simple answer that you get from the armed forces service member, its my job. 9/11s fallen were to be honored with a 21-gun salute. At the conclusion of the ceremony, Sailors, Marines and Coast Guardians in attendance were to break ranks, and each personally was to shake the hand of and thank a local First Responder.9/11 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013 3


4 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013 Bomb Squad! EOD Mobile Unit 6 Det. Kings Bay Navy photos by MC3 Ashley Hedrick and the perseverance to push on in what can be the most dire situations. I am extremely passionate about my job, and I feel that becoming an EOD Technician was the best career choice I ever made, Allen said. I love the camaraderie that I nd myself a part of. I love the fact that I get to dive, jump, shoot, perform demolitions and actively be involved with eorts that change and save peoples lives. Most importantly, EOD Technicians do what many people never do in a lifetime, by carrying out dangerous and dicult missions and risking their lives to protect others while making the world a safer place.EOD


THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013 5 visits Branch Health Clinic Kings Bay The Wildcat Navy Navy photos by MC3 Ashley Hedrick


Navy carries ght to North Vietnamese As the air war in Vietnam went on, year after year, the naval command adopted dierent tactics to improve the eectiveness of the carrier strikes, while minimizing losses of men and planes. One approach was the use of two or single-aircraft strikes. One such operation involved the all-weather, day-night A-6 Intruder attack plane crewed by Lt. Cmdr. Charles B. Hunter and his bombadier/navigator, Lt. Lyle F. Bull. ey volunteered to carry out an extremely risky night attack on a railroad ferry slip in Hanoi, which was ringed with a lethal array of surface-to-air missile batteries, antiaircraft artillery sites, and MiG bases. On Oct. 30, 1967, the Intruder launched from Constellation in the Gulf of Tonkin, ew fast and low through the mountain valleys of northeast North Vietnam, and got to within 18 miles of the target before the enemy discovered its presence. en, the on board electronics intercept equipment indicated that Communist radar had detected them. Hunter ew the plane close to the treetops and jinked to left and right to avoid the SA-2 ying telephone pole surface-to-air missile that soon lit up the night as it streaked at and then past them. In the glow of antiaircraft re and searchlights crisscrossing the sky, the intrepid aviators pressed home their attack dropping eighteen 500-pound bombs on the railroad ferry slip. e pair saw the ordnance obliterate the target as they banked and escaped into the night. During this period, the Navys carrier squadrons were destroying two enemy ghters for every one they lost; an unacceptable win-to-loss ratio. As a result of intensive air-to-air combat training at Californias Miramar Naval Air Station, the Top Gun School, the ratio improved to 12-to-1 during air operations in 1972 and early 1973. Lt. Randy Cunningham and Lt. Willie Driscoll, graduates of the Top Gun School, demonstrated that they had paid attention in class. During the early days of the Linebacker Campaign, the F-4J Phantom crewmen shot down two MiGs. en, on one momentous day, May 10, 1972, these men of Constellations Fighter Squadron 96 bagged three bandits. Surface ship Sailors also helped reduce the enemys eet of MiG interceptors. From the rst year of the war to the last, the Navy positioned a cruiser equipped with advanced radars and communications between the enemy coast and Task Force 77. e warship, with the call sign Red Crown, was responsible for keeping track of aircraft, friend or foe, ying over eastern North Vietnam and the Gulf of Tonkin. The ship often warned U.S. strike aircraft of approach ing MiGs and directed escorting ghters toward the threat. In August 1972, guided missile cruiser USS Chicago (CG-11)s Senior Chief Radarman Larry Nowell was awarded the Navy Distinguished Service Medal for helping American air units destroy 12 North Vietnamese MiGs. Despite the earnest efforts of American aviators and eet Sailors, the multi-year Rolling under, Linebacker and other major air operations did not achieve their objective of cutting Communist supply lines. Moreover, the campaign resulted in the death or capture of 881 Navy pilots and other aircrew and the loss of 900 aircraft. But, the campaigns inicted substantially higher personnel losses on the enemy, destroyed an enormous amount of war material, and delayed and weakened Communist ground oensives throughout Indochina. Carrier-based planes also provided essential close air support to U.S. and allied ground forces ghting North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong forces in South Vietnam. Helicopters and xedwing aircraft operating from Seventh Fleet destroyers and carriers executed search and rescue missions that saved hundreds of U.S. aviators whose aircraft went down in North Vietnam and Laos or at sea. As in Korea and World War II, Navy warships were on hand in the Vietnam War to project their repower ashore. Battleship USS New Jersey (BB-62), 8-inch and 6-inch gun cruisers, and destroyers poured a deluge of re on bridges, radar sites, rail lines, and coastal artillery positions in North Vietnam. e enemys coastal batter ies fought back, hitting a number of U.S. ships and killing and wounding Sailors. The North Vietnamese, however, failed to sink even one U.S. combatant. Joined by Vietnam Navy, Royal Australian Navy and U.S. amphibious and patrol vessels, the Seventh Fleets major warships also ranged along the 1,200-mile coast of South Vietnam to strike Viet Cong troop concentrations, supply caches and fortications. During the enemys Easter Oensive of 1972, the eets bombardment force took a huge toll of North Vietnamese tanks and troops advancing south on the coast against the city of Hue. Naval amphibious forces exploited the sea to hit the enemy at different locations along the length of the coast of South Vietnam, from the Demilitarized Zone in the north to the Gulf of Siam in the south. ese landings included large-scale assaults involving many ships, aircraft and troops; combat raids; and intelligence-gathering missions. In Operation Starlite during August 1965, the wars most successful amphibious assault, Navy amphibious vessels deployed Marine units ashore which then linked up with Army of Vietnam forces to encircle and destroy the 1st Viet Cong Regiment. Afterward, large enemy units avoided the coastal areas and employed only booby traps and snipers to oppose allied amphibious operations. e naval command then used the Navy-Marine Corps Amphibious Ready Group/Special Landing Force as a oating reserve, especially during the climactic ground battles along the DMZ in 1967 and 1968. Rested, rearmed, and resupplied Marines could be quickly deployed ashore to reinforce their Army launches 50th Nam commemoratione afternoon in the Pentagon auditorium on Aug. 28 was a time for reection on a war that spanned 10 years and cost the country the lives of more than 58,000 young men and women. It was also an occasion to honor and thank nine Vietnam War veterans whod served a total of 14 tours in-country and 225 years in uniform. Kicking o the Pentagons rst event commemorating the 50th anniversary of the conict, Army Lt. Gen. Raymond V. Mason, deputy chief of sta for logistics, opened the ceremony recalling personal memories as well as his broader experiences as a young American citizen. I was a young Army brat and it was dicult for me to watch my dad come back after his third tour in Vietnam and not get treated appropriately, at least in my mind, Mason said. I was just a pretty young guy at that time, but I could feel that it wasnt right. It struck me, and I knew if I ever had the opportunity to make that right I would do the best I could. Today, we are recognizing nine of our patriots and their families who stood up to the test of their generation and their decade, he continued. I think its well overdue. Nothing is more important than The NavyIn the Cold WarFifth in a series 6 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013


Swing into a great deal at Trident Lakes Golf Club. From now through Sept. 30, Trident Lakes is oering a great round of golf for $20 per round, per person, week days, and $25 per round, per per son on weekends and holidays. is oer is valid for all custom ers. Trident Lakes is open to the public. Call to get your favorite tee time at (912) 573-8475. NFL Sunday Kick-Off is coming Morale, Welfare and Recreation will be offering it in The Big EZ Sports Zone. Doors open at 12:30 p.m. with first game kickoff at 1 p.m. Snacks, door prizes and trivia games will be offered throughout event, with a $5 buffet starting at 6 p.m., which will include variety of bratwurst, knockwurst, cheddarwurst with side options and fixings. Call The Big EZ for more details and game schedules at (912) 573-4564. Steak Night KB Finnegans Irish Pub is hosting a Steak Night 5 to 10 p.m., Friday, Sept. 20 with live entertainment by Pepper & the Shakers, plus drink specials, door prizes and best of all rib eye steaks grilled your way. Cost per plate is $15 wich includes a 9-ounce steak, baked potato, other sides and fixings. For more information, call (912) 573-9492. Movie Under the Stars The fall is here and so are Movies Under the Stars! At dusk, about 7:30 p.m., Saturday, Sept. 21 at Youth Center ballfields with free admission will be Monsters University (PG). Bring your own lawn chairs, blankets and snacks. Mark your calendar for Octobers movie on Oct. 19, Epic For more information about the movie call, (912) 573-4564 MWR is stretching your dollars Every Friday continu ing through Sept. 27, Outdoor Adventures has free Kayak Rentals. Pick it up on Friday and return it Monday by noon. Every day is a free day at the Big EZ. ey show free kids weekend movies at 1 p.m. with all other movies available for 18 years and up the rest of the time its open. Free billiard tables, shuffleboard, foosball, ping pong and more every day for patrons, 18 years and up. For more details, contact (912) 5734564 for more details. Shiver Me Timbers Bowling Night at Rack-N-Roll Lanes Its 9 p.m. to 2 a.m., Saturday, Sept. 14. Extreme Bowling will end at 8:30 p.m. is event is for adults, 18 years and older. Cost is $30 per person and includes all-u-can bowl, shoes, music/ karaoke, extreme lights, drink specials including pirates punch, a costume contest, prizes and snacks. Designated driver sodas complimentary. Rack-N-Roll Lanes & KB Finnegans would like you to have fun, but remem ber to drink responsibly. Must pre-register by Sept. 13. Call (912) 573-9492 for more details. Magnolias of Kings Bay Beautiful and spacious rooms are available to make your next event perfect. Its never too early to plan your event, wedding or holiday party. Stop by and check it out. Someone always is ready to assist you with your special occasion. Book with them before Sept. 30 and receive $50 o your room rental by mention ing Magnolias 50 o. Contact Magnolias at (912) 573-4559. Tae Kwon Do Its at the Fitness Complex Tuesdays and Thursdays, 5:15 to 6:15 p.m. for 7 year olds and under, 6:15 to 7:15 p.m. for 8 to 12 and 7:15 to 8:30 p.m. 13 to adult. For more information, call (912) 573-3990. Dominos Like Kings Bay Dominos on Facebook to receive special code phrases, daily specials, upcoming events and corporate promotions. (912) 510-5400. www.facebook. com/kingsbaydominos. Morale, Welfare and Recreation happenings e NSB Kings Bay Youth Center is taking registration for Before and After School Care. Cost is based on total family income. You must supply most recent LES/pay stub for sponsor and spouse or student letter of enrollment, birth certicate of children must be available for conrmation of age. Single/ Dual military must provide dependent care form at time of registration, IAs must provide orders. Transportation is provided for Mary Lee Clark, Sugar Mill, Crooked River and Matilda Harris districts. A parent may choose to provide transportation if their child does not attend these schools. Navy Child & Youth Programs welcomes children of all abilities. For more information, call Youth Center at (912) 573-2380. Free movies for kids Septembers free mov ies for kids are Saturdays and Sundays at 1 p.m. with The Croods Sept. 14 and 15, Monsters Inc. Sept. 21 and 22 and Monsters University Sept 28 and 29. Youths under 18 years of age must be accompanied by a parent or adult. Snacks and beverages are available for purchase. If 15 minutes after the scheduled start time no one comes in to watch the movie, the area will be available for open viewing. For the latest information, call (912) 573-4548. Officials are needed The upcoming Youth Sports Soccer season runs September through October and if you are 14 years or older and interested in earn ing a little extra money, you are needed, certified or uncertified. A training date is to be announced. Basic knowledge of sports is required. For more information, contact Youth Sports at (912) 573-8202.Child care signup going Just for kids Trident Lakes oers golf deal Liberty call MWR Sports Making sure people know where to turn for help during a time of crisis is the continuing goal of the Defense Departments suicide prevention program, the Pentagon ofcial in charge of the eort said in Washington D.C. Aug. 30. In an interview with American Forces Press Service and the Pentagon Channel, Jacqueline Garrick said DOD has a plethora of resources that are specic to service members and their families who have thoughts of suicide. And while numbers are pending, Garrick said, DOD is seeing a decrease in the number of suicides in the department overall. Senior Pentagon leaders have worked diligently for several years to erase the stigma of seeking help for mental health issues, and it appears to be paying o, she added. Were seeing more people access help through the Military Crisis Line, and an increase in users for mental health [help] across the department, she said. ose are good signs that DODs messages are reaching the people who need help, she added, and that theyre taking advantage of the resources the department oers. e message that seeking help is a sign of strength has resonated from the top down throughout the Defense Department, Garrick said, noting that Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel and Army Gen. Martin E. Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Sta, have sent that message repeatedly. President Barack Obama also made that point at Fort Hood, Texas, last year when he announced an executive order to improve access to mental health care for service members, veterans and military families, Garrick said. So that message is resonating throughout the services, in our civilian and military forces, she added. September is National Suicide Prevention Month, Garrick said. In keeping with the theme, Its Your Call, Garrick emphasized that all service members, their families and friends should be aware of the Military Crisis Line, an immediate source of help thats condential and anonymous. Trained counselors are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week at 1-800-273-8255. In addition to the crisis phone line, she said, help also is available through the Military Crisis Lines website at http://www., with access to counselors in person and through online chats and text messaging, she said. In addition, DODs suicide outreach Web site at www.suicideoutreach. org/ has a family guide that oers steps to take when someone is in crisis. It also lists at-risk behaviors and other symptoms of a person who is potentially suicidal, Garrick said. Family members also can use these resources to nd help for themselves if they feel theyre feeling suicidal, Garrick said. Family members often dont think those resources are there for their needs, so we want to encourage them [to use the resources that are available], Garrick said. If Ocial notes progress in suicide prevention Each year Americas Armed Forces recognize September as Suicide Prevention Month. For 2013, Navy is focusing on the importance of community and self-purpose when dealing with adversity, ocials announced in NAVADMIN 212/13. e theme of this years Navy Suicide Prevention Month is rive in Your Community encouraging Sailors to work together as commands, units, installations or other groups to contribute to a project of their choice that benets others. Participation is not mandatory and there is no minimum for engagement. Sailors can work together to do something positive for their commands or installations, or get involved in their local communities. Family and civilian engagement is encouraged. While we dont often think of it this way, suicide prevention actually happens every day at the deckplate, in our neighborhoods, even in our own homes, said Capt. Kurt Scott, Navy Resilience chief. When we do small things that make a dierence to those around us, we may not realize the eect were having on others lives-or our own. Navy seeks to promote unity and cohesion in this context to emphasize the positive impacts of seek-Navy has theme for prevention THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013 7


comrades. Navy chaplains, doctors, and hospital corpsmen served in every large Marine unit, both aoat and ashore. ey shared the dangers of an infantrymans life in the hot, overgrown jungle, in the shellpocked hills along the demilitarized zone and in the lethal streets of Hue during the Tet Oensive of 1968. Casualties were especially high among hospital corpsmen. As one of many examples of courage and self-sacrice, on March 19, 1969 Hospital Corpsman Second Class David R. Ray was serving with a Marine artillery battery near the town of An Hoa. Before dawn the enemy launched a rocket, mortar, and ground attack on the American position, immediately wounding many Marines. Petty Ocer Ray moved from position to position giving medical help and in the process was hit by enemy re. He continued moving about assisting his comrades. Despite his serious wounds, Ray then killed an attacker and wounded another while continuing to bandage downed Marines. When the Sailor ran out of ammunition, the Communists wounded him again and threw a grenade into the position. Before he died, Ray threw his body across that of a wounded Marine, saving the mans life. Petty Ocer Ray was awarded the Medal of Honor. Such courage was not uncommon among the Sailors who served ashore in Vietnam. e U.S. Navy was also charged with establishing and then maintaining control of the sea o Vietnam and the air above it. e North Vietnamese operated close to 100 combat aircraft and 40 motor gunboats and fast attack craft, but only on a few occasions did they challenge the American eet in the Gulf of Tonkin. In August 1964 and July 1966, the Communists dispatched P-4 torpedo boats against the Seventh Fleet. e attackers were either sunk or forced to beat a hasty retreat back to North Vietnam. As they had in Korea, Chinese volunteers entered the combat arena to ght alongside their Communist allies. At various times, 50,000 Chinese soldiers operated antiaircraft guns, built coastal fortications, or repaired damaged bridges, railroads, and roads. Because of the U.S. power at sea, however, the Chinese did not interfere with naval operations. In Operation Market Time, the U.S. Navy, Vietnam Navy and U.S. Coast Guard largely shut down the seaborne inltration eort started by the Communists during the early 1960s. Destroyers, mine warfare ships, Coast Guard cutters, gunboats, patrol craft, shore-based patrol planes and high-powered coastal radars made it almost impossible for the North Vietnamese to slip one of their munitions-laden, 100-ton supply ships past the Market Time patrol. Allied naval forces destroyed or forced back to North Vietnam all but two of the 50 steel-hulled trawlers that tried to run the blockade between 1965 and 1972. Hanoi did manage to get supplies through to its forces ghting in South Vietnam, via the port of Sihanoukville in neutral Cambodia and the Ho Chi Minh Trail, but it took much longer and cost the Communists untold lives and military resources. While denying the enemy free use of the sea, the U.S. Navy exploited its control of the vast Pacic Ocean to maintain an expeditionary force of a half-million men and women on the Asian continent, far from the sources of supply in the United States. Military Sealift Command ships transported 95 percent of the ammunition, fuel, vehicles, supplies, and other war materials that reached U.S. forces in South Vietnam. Navy Seabee construction units built thousands of bridges, fortications, and encampments, paved thousands of miles of road, and developed the huge NavyMarine Corps logistics bases at Danang and Saigon. Next: e Vietnam War ends Cold War pausing and reecting on the sacrices of what these great men and women did and those who gave their last full measure. On March 8, 1965, Americas ground war in Vietnam began when 3,500 Marines were deployed with the American publics support. By Christmas, nearly 200,000 soldiers, Marines, airmen and sail ors were in the country. At wars end on April 30, 1975, nearly 3 million Americans had been on the ground, in the air and on rivers of Vietnam. More than 58,000 Americans lost their lives. While the ocial 50th anniversary of the Vietnam War will be in 2015, the president and Congress requested the secretary of Defense to begin planning the Vietnam War commemoration in 2007. e goal is to get more than 10,000 corporations, civic groups as well as government and community organizations to join as partners and help sponsor hometown events to honor Vietnam veterans, their families and those who were prisoners of war and missing in action. To date, 4,921 commemorative partners have signed on, including Army logistics, or G-4, which became the rst. Following Masons remarks, Army Vice Chief of Sta Gen. John F. Campbell thanked him and his team for leading the way to celebrate the contributions of Vietnam veterans. e son of an Air Force senior master sergeant, Campbell told of his years growing up on military bases around the world before attending West Point, and then recalled his rst interaction with Vietnam veterans while a lieutenant in Germany. Both the battalion commanders were Vietnam veterans ... all the platoon sergeants, all the rst sergeants, all the company commanders were Vietnam veterans, Campbell said. e vets, he said, instilled in him their hard-fought lessonslearned from Vietnam and wanted to make sure the young lieutenants and soldiers wouldnt make the same mistakes they had. Retired Army Lt. Gen. Claude Mick Kicklighter serves as director of the U.S. Vietnam War Commemoration. During the Pentagon event he previewed the timeline of plans for honoring Vietnam veterans across the country over the next few years. Veterans of Valor, a 30-minute documentary with the nine honorees recalling humorous and somber anecdotes of their war experiences and interspersed with still photographs of themselves in Vietnam was also premiered.50th family members are depressed, stressed or feeling suicidal, we want them to get help for themselves, as well as for their loved ones. Research shows that treatment is successful when its given a chance, Garrick said. It does make a dierence, and the resources are designed specically to support service members who are deployed, those who have not deployed, those with [post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury], depression, substance abuse, nancial problems and relationship problems, she said. If you dont get help, problems get worse, which can impact your career and your life overall. Its better to get help early and identify problems that are small, rather than wait until they get bigger, and then have things blow up and become more unmanageable. People with suicidal tendencies might need a break to recap and recoup their personal resilience and return to their regular schedules when they are more mentally, physically, emotionally and spiritually t to be more successful, Garrick said. And fostering service members sense of personal resilience is paramount to DOD senior leaders and to those throughout the chain of command, she added. Resources for help dont end with DOD and the services, Garrick said, noting that the Veterans Aairs Department also oers help. Our service members dont stay with us forever, she noted, adding that Pentagon ocials want them to have a successful transfer to VA as they leave the military and become veterans. We want them to embrace their veteran status and get the help they need, she said. ing help. Sailors that are willing to help others may be more willing to receive it when needed. roughout the month, resources will be released on Suicide Prevention Month to guide discussion on stress navigation, comprehensive wellness, and a sense of community-all protective factors against suicide. e Web site also houses ideas and guidance for rive in Your Community engagement for any command environment. Command Suicide Prevention Coordinators will also be available to help organize local eorts. Sailors are encouraged to send details and/or photos of their September events to suicideprevention@ to be shared with the eet on the Suicide Prevention Month Web site and Navy Operational Stress Control social media. Navys eorts to help Sailors better navigate their stress are an all hands evolution, all of the time. ese initiatives extend far beyond September and serve as a launch pad for year-long local eorts to build resilience and unit cohesion, promoting a Navywide culture supportive of seeking help, Scott said. Suicide Navy National Security Advisor Susan E. Rice Monday explained the objectives of punitive military strikes under consideration in response to the use of chemical weapons by the Bashar Assad regime against Syrian civilians. In a speech at the New America Foundation, Rice said President Barack Obamas administration has collaborated with the United Nations, Congress and other allies to isolate the Assad regime, deny its resources, bolster civilian and military opposition and secure diplomatic agreement with other key countries. We can and we will stand up for certain principals in this pivotal region, Rice said. We seek a Middle East where citizens can enjoy their universal rights, live in dignity, freedom and prosperity, choose their own leaders and determine their own future, free from fear, violence and intimidation. e military action, Rice said, is by no means the sum total of the U.S. policy toward Syria. Our overarching goal is to end the underlying conict through a negotiated political transition in which Assad leaves power, she said. But to this end, the national security advisor said, all parties must be willing to negotiate to avoid more direct action in the region. Only after pursuing a wide range of nonmilitary measures to prevent and halt chemical weapons use did President Obama conclude that a limited military strike is the right way to deter Assad from continuing to employ chemical weapons like any conventional weapon of war, she said. Rice said the lack of a response to the Syrian regimes use of chemical weapons would present several risks. Failing to respond means more and more Syrians will die from Assads poisonous stockpiles, she said. Failing to respond makes our allies and partners in the region tempting targets of Assads future attacks. Risks also include opening the door to other weapons of mass destruction and emboldening those would use them, she said. We cannot allow terrorists bent on destruction, or a nuclear North Korea, or an aspiring nuclear Iran to believe for one minute that we are shying away from our determination to back up our long-standing warnings, Rice said. e sarin gas used in the Syrian regimes Aug. 21 chemical attack is an odorless and colorless poison undetectable to its victims until its too late, Rice said, and which targets the bodys central nervous system, making every breath a struggle and causing nausea and uncontrollable convulsions. e death of any innocent in Syria or around the world is a tragedy, whether by bullet or landmine or poisonous gas, the national security advisor said. But chemical weapons are dierent they are wholly indiscriminate. Gas plumes shift and spread without warning. Chemical weapons kill on a scope and scale that is entirely dierent from conventional weapons, Rice said, adding that their eect is immense and the torturous death they bring is unconscionable. e Syrian regime has one of the largest stockpiles of chemical weapons in the world, and Assad, Rice said, has been struggling to clear neighborhoods in Damascus and drive out the opposition amid an ever-waning conventional arsenal. Assad is lowering his threshold for use while increasing exponentially the lethality of his attacks, Rice said. Unaddressed, she said, the unrest cre ates even greater refugee ows and rais es the risk that deadly chemicals would spill across borders into neighboring Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq, as well as the closest U.S. ally, Israel. Every time chemicals weapons are moved, unloaded and used on the battleeld, it raises the likelihood that these weapons will fall into the hands of terrorists active in Syria, including Assads ally Hezbollah and al-Qaida aliates, Rice said. at prospect puts Americans at risk of chemical attacks, targeted at our soldiers and diplomats in the region and even potentially our citizens at home. NSAs Rice makes case for action against Syria 8 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013


Up eriscope with Bill Wesselho Two weeks ago, we talked BCS Champion. Last week, Super Bowl winner. This week, I sought out outrageous predictions for football this year. I thought I was being outrageous when I predicted Tim Tebow will end up as quarterback of the Raiders this season. But Ive been told thats not so far fetched. How about this? Northern Illinois University quarterback Jordan Lynch will win the Heisman Trophy! Just remember, you heard it here first. Heres what others said:Charmain Napper Family member Washington, D.C. The Redskins are going to the Super Bowl. RG3 (Robert Griffin III) is going to take them there. Cpt. Bret Oliver Security Force Battalion Brooklyn, N.Y. Its going to be a big season for the Chiefs. They were 2-14 last year, but will be 10-6 this year. CSSN John Orr USS Florida Gold Huntington, Pa. Ben Roethlisberger will lead the NFL in passing. He waits and reads his options. He doesnt throw the ball away. MASN Cory Morgan Security Force Battalion Charlotte, N.C. The Ravens arent going back to the Super Bowl because 80 percent of their defense is gone. Thats outra geous, because theyre going back to the Super Bowl! STC (Sel) Danny Crumpton NSB Lan Mobile Hastings, Fla. My Jaguars will go 11-5. Im a huge Jaguar fan and I believe in the Paws. Pvt. Trevor Knowlton Security Force Battalion Monroeville, Ala. LSU is going to beat Alabama this year. Alabama has what LSU used to have, and were going to take it back. Helping out Master Commandant Oliver Hazard Perry was undermanned and pitted against what was once known as the greatest naval force on earth, in a naval battle where the British Empire expected victory. During no other naval battle during the War of 1812 were the Americans so unprepared for action. During no other battle were the navies so evenly matched, as Lake Erie. Perry had little time and even less manpower to build ships of war. e fate of the new nation of the United States depended on the battles outcome. Perrys naval career began when he was 13 years old as a midshipman in his fathers a captain during the Quasi-War ship; he had a taste for both maritime life and command. By 1812, the 26-year-old Perry, now a lieutenant, had served in two wars, though he had no actual experience of ghting an enemy under re. ough an ocer of promise, his record was blemished by the sinking and loss of his rst command, the schooner Revenge. ough exonerated at a court of inquiry, this incident resulted in Perry taking a leave of absence and likely inuenced the Navy Departments decision to ignore his requests for a blue-water command at the start of the war. ere were many reasons that the U.S. and Britain were at war in 1812, but Naval History and Heritage Command historian Charles Brodine points out two reasons close to the Sailors hearts. e maritime issues were the Royal Navys forcible seizure of American Sailors from U. S. merchant vessels to serve in British warships, known as impressment and their interference with our neutral trade, Brodine, a part of NHHCs Histories and Archive Branch said. Estimates of Sailors impressed by the British prior to the American declaration of war range from 6,000-10,000. On 1 June of 1812, in a message to Congress, President Madison cited these two issuesimpressment and the violation of American neutral rights on the high seas-as evidence that Great Britain was already engaging in de-facto warfare against the United States. Seventeen days later, a divided Congress passed and the president signed a formal declaration of war. According to Brodine, the central strategic objective of the Madison administration was to invade and occupy Canada, which former President omas Jeerson boasted could be accomplished by the mere matter of marching U.S. troops across the Canadian border. What the Madison Administration learned fairly quickly was that you cant invade Canada you cant support land operations unless you control the Northern lakes separating the U.S.-Canadian border, Brodine explained. Because of the nature of the Fortune favored the bold THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013 9


10 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013 e U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced that they will be reclassifying the two plants from endangered to threatened under the Endangered Species Act. e San Clemente Island lotus and the SCI paintbrush are two names that you nearly never heard again, unless you were talking about dinosaurs and dodo birds. e lotus and paint brush were placed on the endangered list in 1977 due to ravenous goats that were left behind by travelling ranchers on the Island. Due to the tens of thousands of feral goats that ate and crushed the ora, 61 plants on the island are included in the California Native Plant Society Inventory of Rare, reatened, and Endangered Plants of California. In 1934 the U.S. Navy ac quired the land and began removing the untamed animals. By the end, the Navy transferred more than 29,000 goats o the island. e U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced that they will be reclassifying the two plants from endangered to threatened under the Endangered Species Act. Both the lotus and the paintbrush have expanded their range on the island, and ongoing management by the Navy is reducing threats to the plants. Im very proud of the Navys commitment to the environment and esNavy College information CNO details FY14 budgetEven without the uncertainty caused by budget negotiations, it will take years for the Navy to recover from the eects of sequestration, the chief of naval operations told an audience at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington Sept 5. Sequestration and the eects of the continuing budget resolution damaged readiness, Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan W. Greenert said. e Navys budget reduction was $11 billion, the admiral said. e service cancelled ve ship deployments, and the reduction cut into the services surge capacity, he added. Usually, we have three carrier strike groups and three amphibious ready groups able to respond within a week, Greenert said. We have one now, and thats going to be the story in scal 2014. e reduction in scal 2014 is $14 billion. e service exempted military manpower from the cuts, and this would mean 14 percent reductions for all other accounts, the admiral said. Barring help from Congress in the next budget, he told the audience, the Navy will have to cancel half of its ship availability. We will cancel a lot of aircraft availabilities, he added. If we restored the budget after [scal 2014] and said, You have a full-up operations and maintenance budget, itll take about ve years to get that backlog in aircraft maintenance down. Navywide, the service will reduce training for those not deploying, Greenert said. Some air wings will y and aircrews will receive training, he said, but ofcials are uncomfortable with the amount of ight hours. Shipbuilding will drop in scal 2014 also. I would see the loss of a littoral combat ship, an aoat-forward staging base and advanced procurement for a Virginia-class submarine and a carrier overhaul, Greenert said. We might lose two more a submarine and a destroyer if we are unable to reprogram and move money into those accounts. e Navy will lose about 25 aircraft, from helicopters to P-8s to F-35s, the admiral said. We need about a billion dollars to get into the operations and maintenance account and a billion into the procurement accounts so we can get it into shipbuilding, which will be my No. 1 priority in the Navy, he said. Beyond scal 2014, Greenert said, the bywords will be forward presence, readiness of deployed forces, developing and stressing asymmetric capabilities and new technologies, and cyber capabilities. We will reduce force structure in this plan, but we have to do it while preserving the right capacity to do one [major combat operation] in the future, he added. It was 1942 during the Allied assault on French Morocco. Fireman 1st Class Paul Leaman Clark was a landing boat engineer attached to the USS Joseph T. Dickman supervising the unloading of soldiers and supplies from the transports on the beach. Early into the assault, Clark was unloading a transport when his boat was battered with machinegun re. e bowman was mortally wounded, and the coxswain was severely injured. Despite the perilous conditions, Clark took control of the boat and withdrew from the beach with the injured crew mem ber aboard. Clark was one of six Coast Guardsman awarded the Navy Cross for actions during WWII, and his bravery and legacy will live on with the services newest fast response cutter, Coast Guard Cutter Paul Clark. Lt. W. W. Lloyd Belcher is the ships commanding ocer and reected on the importance of honoring the memory of those who served, including his own grandfather, William Lloyd, who served on B-24 Liberators. Belcher recalls his grandfather spoke little of his experiences during the war, other than to comment on the camaraderie of his fellow soldiers and the dedication they had to each other. Like all of my shipmates, we are humbled daily when we think of the sacrices made by the long blue line of Coasties and other veterans who have served, particularly those citizen-heroes from WWII, Belcher said. While it is a heavy burden to carry on such an incredible legacy, this crew is more than willing to shoulder it and do our part. Part of carrying on Clarks legacy is recognizing how truly heroic his actions were in taking the helm after his coxswain was injured, despite his training as an engineer. e fact that he was an engineer demonstrates that we are more than just our rating. Engineers have always been key players in Coast Guard missions, even outside of the engine room, said Petty Ocer 1st Class Luis Rivera, an electricians mate aboard Cutter Paul Clark. His example gives us a legacy to be proud of. Clarks heroism is also a point of inspiration for the cutters junior plankowners. Petty Ocer 3rd Class Darian Suprun, a machinery technician, didnt know much about Clark when she rst received orders to the fast response cutter. After some research, she was amazed at what he had accomplished. e fact that he was just a reman, and probably had even less experience in small boats than I do, its just impressive, said Suprun. It reminds us all to step up and look to do more, no matter how junior we may be. Itll be a team eort as Cutter Paul Clarks crew sets out on their rst operational missions; missions that include port, waterways and coastal security; shery patrols; search and rescue; and national defense. Cutter Paul Clark also has fully interoperable command and control systems with Homeland Security and Department of Defense assets. e capabilities and eciencies built into the fast response cutters are going to be game changers here in the 7th District, said Belcher. Were nally getting the tools we need to succeed without having to worry about spending all that time on maintenance and repair that the old ships required, added Chief Petty Ocer Brian Berryhill who previously served on buoy tenders built in the 1940s and medium endurance cutters built in the 1960s. But its not just about the newest technology; its about the crew who will embody Clarks spirit of getting the mission done. As a plankowner, you really have the chance to set a high standard from the very beginning, one that all the future crews will follow, said Petty Ofcer 2nd Class George Corriere. As the rst gunners mate on the ship, I dont have any previous example to follow. Its all on us to make sure we do it right the rst time. New cutter commissioned Plants saved from extinction


Veterans Affairs rep visits Kings BayA Department of Veterans Affairs representative for Kings Bay is in the office from 8:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. Mondays, Wednesdays and Thursdays. Appointments are required. Service members wishing to par ticipate in the Benefits Delivery at Discharge program should be within 60 to 180 days of discharge or retirement and be available for an exam by the VA. To set up an appointment, call Katherine Fernandez at 573-4506.Fleet and Family offers classes on siteFFSC will take most of its regu lar workshops on the road if a unit can furnish a conference room or classroom and guarantee a minimum of ve partici pants. Additionally, person nel will tailor presentations to cover a units General Military Training requirements when those requirements deal with human resources and social is sues. Counselors also can create a presentation in response to a units area of special concerns. Personnel are available to par ticipate within areas of expertise in the indoctrination of newly assigned personnel and family members of active duty person nel. All classes listed here are held at the Fleet and Family Support Center, unless otherwise noted. Hours are 8 4:30 p.m., Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays and 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., ursdays.Anger management seminar Sept. 25Anger is not an effective method for getting what you want and is often a smoke screen for other emotions. This workshop is slated for 8:30 a.m. to noon, Sept. 25. It can help you focus on identifying the feel ings anger hides and explore behaviors helpful in resolving primary issues. Pre-registration is required. Call 573-4512 for details.Stress management covered at workshopEvents, schedules, daily pressure and many other items can cause undo stress in your life. Stress may or may not be good for your health depending on how you manage that stress. This workshop is slated for 1 to 4 p.m., Sept. 19. Pre-registration is required. Call 573-4512 for details.Parenting classes offered on MondaysAre you frustrated with your children? Would you like suggestions on how to stop temper tantrums or how to get your teen to complete chores without asking them 14 times? We believe parents are the experts on their children. But, children dont come with a manual! So, sometimes you need help to figure out what to do with them. Meet with the parenting class from 9 to 11:30 a.m. on Mondays, Sept. 16, 23 and 30. Enrollment in this six-week class is ongoing. Attendees must complete all six weeks in order to receive a certificate. A minimum of six participants is needed in order for a new class to start. Registration required at 573-4512.Transition GPS class upcomingTransition GPS is a seminar for those separating, retiring or contemplating leaving the mili tary. The five day seminar pro vides information on benefits, job search skills, employment resources, resume writing, inter viewing and other skills. Spouses are encouraged to attend. Separation Transition GPS is 7:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Sept. 16 to 20. You must be registered by Command Career Counselor. For more infor mation, call 573-4513.Smooth Move Workshop CONUS/OCONUS soonSmooth Move Workshops are designed to help person nel with military relocations and transfers. Areas covered include transportation, travel pay, allowances, and important forms and documents, housing referral office and relocation services. All service members and their spouses are encouraged to attend six months before their transfer date. Due to limited seating, please do not bring children. The workshop will be for OCONUS moves 2 to 4 p.m., Sept. 24. For more information, call 573-4513. New Moms and Dads Support Group to meetA New Moms and Dads Support Group will meet every Tuesday at the Fleet and Family Support Center throughout the month. This workshop is scheduled for 10 a.m. to noon, Sept. 17. The fourth group visit of the month will be 10 a.m. to noon, Wednesday, Sept. 25. This workshop is an opportunity to share experiences, meet and gain support from others, and exchange new ideas. To register, call 5734512.Job Fair preparation workshop offeredOK the job fair is next week What do I bring, how do I know who to talk to, what should I wear, what time should I arrive, what should my portfolio contain, who should I speak to first? These and many other ques tions will be discussed along with a brief question-andanswer period for those who are still unsure on how to shop a job fair. The workshop is scheduled at the Fleet and Family Support Center 1 to 3 p.m., Sept. 18. Registration is required as class is limited to 20 seats. For more information call 573-4513.SAPR advocate initial training classes setThe command Sexual Assault Prevention and Response point of contact is responsible for coordinating mandated, annual awareness training, main taining and providing current information on and referral to base and community pro grams for victims and ensuring the mandated collection and maintenance of sexual assault data per OPNAVINST 1752.1B. Individuals attending the training are appointed by their command and will represent the command in all sexual assault cases. This training is 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Sept. 23 to 27. Registration is required by calling 573-4512.Savings and investing examined Sept. 30This six-session class series was developed as a resource for beginning investors with small dollar amounts to invest at any one time. It assumes that par ticipants are investing for the first time and/or selecting investment products that they have not pur chased previously. This workshop will be every Monday until completed. This training is scheduled 2 to 4 p.m., Feb. 12. Registration is recommended. For more infor mation call 573-9783.Ten Steps to a Federal job examinedGain information on the federal employment process, salaries and benefits. Learn how to interpret job announcements and determine whether you are eligible to apply. Attendees will be provided guidelines, informa tion, samples and tips on com pleting the electronic Federal resume. This class is from 1 to 4 p.m., Sept. 23. Registration required by calling 573-4513.Couples Money Management upcomingThis workshop provides cou ples money management skills, understanding budget conflicts and creating a foundation for productive financial communication. It requires both spouses to attend. This training will be held 2 to 4 p.m. Sept. 19. Registration is required, call 573-4513. Fleet & Family Support Center workshops Tri-base graduates Survivors support group starting Audra is a group for active duty females who have been sexually assaulted as adults. is group will oer active duty female survivors of sexual assault as an adult a safe, open atmosphere for discussion and activities to facilitate the healing process. Audra means nobility and strength in French. For more information, contact Jennice Jent at (912) 573-4479 or leslie. pecially our Naval Base Coronado environmental team, said Capt. Gary Mayes, commanding ofcer NBC. e fact that these two plant species were brought back from the edge of extinction demonstrates that a balance can be found between being good stewards of the environment and operational training. Being the sole steward for 15 plants that are only found on SCI, the Navy continues to conduct rare plant surveys, genetic studies, re-vegetation of natives, weed eradication, and erosion control. I think it is very interesting that the Navy, whose mission is not to recover species, has done such a remarkable job at recovering these species, said Bryan Munson, NBC Botany Program Manager. e success story on SCI is better than just about any success story out there and the fact that the Navy is doing it is pretty remarkable. Even though two plants and a night lizard that is indigenous to SCI are coming o the list at once, Brunson said that getting a plant downlisted is still very rare. It might seem somewhat common because we have these three species getting o the endangered list, but I think that is a testament to the Navys sound management rather than the general trend for species, said Brunson. Brunson added that it takes most species 25 to 100 years to transfer from endangered to threatened depending on a species surroundings. Although some military training activities, along with erosion, non-native plants, and re still poses a threat to these plants, the imminence, intensity and magnitude of these threats has been reduced and the plants are no longer in danger of extinction, said Jane Hendron, Public Aairs Division Chief, Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Oce. e downlisting of the lotus and paintbrush was rst recommended in 5-year reviews prepared by the FWS in 2007. In 2010, using information contained in those 5-year reviews, the Pacic Legal Foundation petitioned the FWS to downlist the lotus and paintbrush. In the 12-month nding on the petition, published on May 16, 2012, the lotus and paintbrush were proposed for downlisting. e nal rule was ocially published in the Federal Register on July 26, 2013.Plants THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013 11


12 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013 CNO stresses three tenets Carrier strike groups continue to be a primary representation of Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan Greenerts key tenets when he released his Navigation Plan for the Navy for 2014 to 2018 the week of Aug. 16. e CNOs three tenets Warghting First, Be Ready and Operate Forward originated from his Sailing Directions, which provide the overall vision to guide the Navy. According to Greenert, Warghting First means that our rst consideration is the ability to ght and win today, while building the ability to win tomorrow: it is why we have a Navy. CSGs are formed and disestablished on an asneeded basis to support our nations warghting ability. ey are composed of a variety of platforms capable of performing various missions. Strike groups are generally made up of one aircraft carrier with an embarked carrier air wing which usually encompasses nine squadrons comprised of approximately 65 aircraft. e aircraft carrier serves not only as a agship, but also maintains, arms, launches and recovers aircraft, enabling them to provide combat air support to warghters ashore, perform search and rescue missions, make early warning detections, assist in vertical-at-sea-replenishments, guard ships and combat targets on land, in the air, at sea and also provide anti-submarine capabilities. Also included is at least one Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser, which supports the CSG with multi-mission capabilities. Cruisers are procient in air warfare, surface warfare, undersea warfare and naval surface re support. A destroyer squadron consisting of at least two Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyers and/or Oliver Hazard Perry-class guided-missile frigates plays a key role in providing anti-air warfare, anti-surface warfare and anti-submarine warfare capabilities. e Harry S. Truman Carrier Strike Group, con sisting of more than 5,000 Sailors and Marines, is a cohesive, ready force that is certied to operate eec tively and safely to accom plish all assigned missions. HST CSG consists of the aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) along with embarked Carrier Air Wing 3 and its squadrons: Strike Fighter Squadron 32 Swordsmen; VFA-37 Ragin Bulls; and VFA105 Gunslingers; Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 312 Checkerboards; Airborne Early Warning Squadron 126 Seahawks; Electronic Attack Squadron 130 Zappers; Helicopter Sea Combat Squadron 7 Dusty Dogs; Helicopter Maritime Strike Squadron 74 Swamp Foxes; the embarked stas of Carrier Strike Group 10 and 1st Combined Destroyer Squadron; guidedmissile cruisers USS San Jacinto (CG 56) and USS Gettysburg (CG 64); and guided-missile destroyers USS Bulkeley (DDG 84) and USS Mason (DDG 87). CNOs second tenet, Be Ready, means to harness the teamwork, talent and imagination of our diverse force to be ready to ght and responsibly employ our resources. ese resources that comprise the HST CSG started visibly forming shortly after Harry S. Trumans completion of its 17-month long docking planned incremental availability in July 2012. In October 2012, CVW-3 embarked aboard Harry S. Truman for the rst time in two years to complete a 24-day reintegration period underway. A few months later in January 2013, HST CSG completed a composite training unit exercise designed to certify the strike group as a deploymentready ghting force. HST CSG further sharpened its warghting prociencies through a sustainment exercise in June. Lastly, elements of the strike group participated in Fleet Synthetic Training-Joint, which was a simulated exercise facilitating U.S. and coalition forces ability to work together and prepare for theater operations. Months of preparation culminated with the HST CSG deploying July 22 and exemplied the CNOs third and nal tenet Operate Forward. HST CSG is operating in the U.S. 5th Fleet area of responsibility as our nations away team, forward deployed and ready to respond where it matters, when it matters. From maritime security operations to theater security cooperation, our nation has a reliable force that can go to the ght, deter aggression and win. is is why were here. is is what its all about. Although were still in the early stage s of our deployment just slightly more than a month we can look forward to plenty of challenges as well as opportunities. Nonetheless, whatever comes our way, the men and women of HST CSG will remain ready and be at the front line of our nations eorts. Gunny reects on 30 Aboard the USS Blue Ridge at sea, Marines are working hard during exercise Ulchi Freedom Guardian 2013. Among them stands a Marine with many years of experience behind him, with the keen eye of a senior leader, and who is a mentor, teacher and a father gure to those around him. Master Gunnery Sgt. Lars M. Luther, 47-yearsold, of Templeton, Calif., has almost 30 years of accumulated service with the Marine Corps, and will be retiring in a few short months. He is currently on the USS Blue Ridge as the operations chief, a position which requires much experience in order to manage the many moving parts of the exercise. Luther joined the Marine Corps on Feb. 13, 1984, entering recruit training in San Diego, Calif., when he was just 17-years-old. e best thing about the Marine Corps is that you serve your country and the Corps, but you ght for your brothers and sisters standing next to you, Luther said. at camaraderie that you build you will never nd in the civilian world, or anywhere else. e Marine bond is a bond that you will never experience outside of the Corps. His years of service are mostly with the Marine Corps Reserve and he has served on many missions throughout the years. He was called up for three tours of combat service in Iraq between 2002 and 2007. At the time Luther enlisted, the uniform he was issued was the heavy cotton tricolor pattern, and each Marine had to iron their own eagle, globe and anchor emblems onto the left breast pocket of their blouses. Marines also spent hours each evening starching and ironing their uniforms to a razorsharp crisp edge. Back in my day, you had to learn the hard way, Luther said. Now we are very reliant on technology. Although technology enables us, it also distracts us from the basics. You can do the same thing with a ruler, a compass and a radio. And if you have to do it that way, it builds your condence that you can really do it yourself. e boots Marines wore at that time were of heavy, black leather, which each Marine had to shine, many using spit and polish, usually every day, unless they were in the eld. I like things as simple as morning formations, which you dont see much any more, Luther said. I look to my left and right, those are the men and women in my platoon. at personal interaction is what we are losing through relying on email. e personal interaction makes us what we are, and the only way you will learn about your fellow Marines is to physically and verbally interact with them. You can see the true character of the Marine when you interact that way. You cant see that in an e-mail. Luther joined the Corps when C-rations in metal cans were being used, instead of the modern day Meal Ready-to-Eat. When the rst MREs were passed out, he remembers, they appeared in dark brown bags with only 6 types of meals, including popular hotdogs, known as the four ngers of death, and the unpopular egg omelets. Marines are odd animals; we dont t into any category, said Luther. You dont join this organization, it is a calling. We are tough on each other, and we shouldnt try to be perfect. You know what civilians want us to be? ey want us to be tough, mean, obnoxious sonsof-guns who can get the job done. When America says that they are sending in the Marines, it must be a rough situation, and the enemy must psychologically bolster themselves for encountering us. Luther was assigned an artillery military occupational specialty out of boot camp. He worked with early versions of Marine Corps indirect re assets such as the M114 short tube, and the M110A2 and M109A3 self-propelled howitzers, which have long been phased-out. e most challenging part of the Marine Corps for me was my rst livere artillery mission, said Luther. After all the exercises and practice, I had to make the call to send the re mission, knowing that your brother and sisters are also nearby. If you are wrong with your calculations, they die. You have to have your stu wired, if not, people die. Doing that for the rst time it is a heavy responsibility, but it is what we are trained to do. He served in Egypt during Exercise Bright Star with (at the time) Brig. Gen. James N. Mattis, a venerable gure in the Corps, following 9-11. You must take care of each other as Marines, without the Marine, you dont have a mission, Luther said. Even when they make a mistake, the Marine must know that they are still be supported by their fellow Marines. We are so worried about what everyone else thinks of us, and being politically correct, we have forgotten what it means to be a Marine. He has also served as a Marine advisor to the Navy, was a member of I MEF sta, and participated in many exercises across the Pacic. We cant let our Marines quit because we must see something in them, said Luther. ey need motivation and acceptance, and at the same time need boundaries as well. And if the Marine messes up, is disciplined, but then they are accepted again, they are even more a part of the team. With the current form of paper discipline, we lose some of that. We have lost bringing our Marines back into the fold. No Marine should ever feel alone, our team is our strength. Build your Marines condence by letting them do their job, Luther advises. ey must feel as if they are contributing and part of the team. And we must allow them to fail sometimes. EvaluSecretary of the Navy Ray Mabus directed the oce of the Deputy Under Secretary of the Navy/ Deputy Chief Management Ocer to begin a comprehensive assessment of the business challenges facing the Navy and Marine Corps. He also instructed the oces of the DUSN/ DCMO to begin developing a plan to address the multiple budgetary and resource challenges currently facing the Department of the Navy. is is about bringing real change to our department, said Mabus. is will ensure that the Navy and Marine Corps team remains the most eective and ecient expeditionary ghting force the world has ever known. Weve faced these challenges in the past, said newly-appointed DUSN/ DCMO Tom Hicks, former Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy. But, to me, whats dierent now is that the scale is dierent and the stakes are higher. As the Navy and Marine Corps continue to adapt to an evolving scal and global environment after more than a decade of sustained conict, they face a series of new challenges. We dont have a choice, Hicks said. We have to be out in front on this. e scal resources are very constrained and thats not something thats going to end anytime soon. It is, however, something that comes with the opportunity to really think, strategically, about how we conduct the business of the Department of the Navy in a way that maintains and protects the mission. Whats paramount, Hicks said, is being able to accomplish the mission and being able to do so in a way that responds to the realities of the resources we have. Hicks, and those working in the oce of the DUSN/DCMO, were selected to address possible areas of improvement in the business practices of the Department of the Navy due to a proven ability to drive change and the oces position within the departments organization. His (Hickss) leadership as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy and his entire career have proven Mr. Hickss innovative vision and capacity to drive organizational change, exactly the credentials and mission for the DUSN/DCMO, said Mabus. Hicks looks forward to the task ahead. We need to look at this as an opportunity to become the most ecient organization we can be in order to accomplish the mission when were called upon, Hicks said. Fiscal challenges put a strain on, for example, how, where and when we train. ats something we have to make sure doesnt happen again and, through this eort, I think we can ensure that it doesnt, Hicks said. What this means for Sailors and Marines is that they will be able to do more of what weve actually asked them to do. Mabus directed the DUSN/DCMO to focus on the Secretary of the Navy priorities of people, platforms, power and partnerships in accomplishing several specic tasks including: Developing and implementing a vision for large-scale Department of the Navy transformation to include clear goals and performance assessments. Resolving the Department of the Navys most pressing and complex business challenges. Identifying opportunities to shape and position the Department of the Navy to meet future budget and resource challenges. An initial business transformation plan, an assessment of the Departments biggest challenges, and a plan of action and milestones to include a plan for reshaping the Department of the Navy as part of a 20-percent headquarters manpower reduction are due to the Secretary of the Navy within 90 days. Secretary to assess business challenges


Statue of Nimitz unveiled A nine-foot bronze statue on a black granite pedestal honoring Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, who directed the War of the Pacic, was unveiled at its permanent installation next to the battleship USS Missouri Mighty Mo (BB-63) Memorial Sept. 2 on Ford Island, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam. e statue unveiling was part of the End of World War II commemoration ceremony that marked the 68th anniversary of the signing of the Instruments of Surrender. e statue depicts Nimitz as he appeared at the battle of the Marshall Islands in 1944; Nimitz at that time commanded the largest ocean area and most ships of any single commander in history. Despite the inevitable force reduction that follows every major conict, he made sure that the Navy he led maintained a continuous presence in the Pacic in order to promote security and stability in the region, keynote speaker Adm. Cecil Haney, commander, U.S. Pacic Fleet, said of Nimitz, who became chief of naval operations following the war. is may be his most enduring legacy. Our presence in the West Pacic since the 1940s has helped most of these nations grow and their economies thrive. e ceremony onboard the Missouri 68 years ago was as much about ending the war as starting a new and lasting spirit of friendship between Japan and the U.S. that continues today, said Michael Carr, president of the Battleship Missouri Memo rial. e roots for our enduring friendship began that day. e Nimitz statue is perma nently installed facing toward the USS Arizona Memorial, which together with the Battleship Mis souri Memorial represent the be ginning and end of U.S. involve ment in World War II. We are struck by the symbolism of it being next to the Arizona, said retired U.S. Navy Capt. Michael Lilly. Wars endwars beginning, with hoards of history between the two, its so appropriate that its the only place. Several hundred attendees at the event included service members from all branches of service, civilians and veterans. Some of the attendees included relatives of Fleet Adm. Nimitz. is is the anniversary of the signing of the surrender of Ja pan, Sept. 2, 1945 and here on the battleship Missouri, said Chester Nimitz Lay, grandson of Fleet Adm. Nimitz. I think were honoring not just our grandfather but all the veterans who fought and died in World War II. It was a very emotional day for everybody of course and Im very privileged and honored to be here amongst the World War II veterans and Pearl Harbor survivors, said Rear Adm. Rick Williams, commander, Navy Region Hawaii and Naval Surface Group Middle Pacic. ey are the living monuments that we get to be around and its a rare privilege for everybody to be gathered in one setting like this with the mighty Missouri behind us and now the fantastic statue of Chester Nimitz that Mr. Rick Caswell so beautifully built for us, this is a great honor. Sculptor Rip Caswell was on hand with his son who together conducted the ocial unveiling. Im really thankful for the U.S. Naval Order to have been chosen to do this project and the opportunity to give back to those who have served our country, said Caswell. In my small way that I could serve and give back with my talents and passion. ate what the eects will be, and if you can, let them go down that road toward failure. Everyone has to experience failure to really learn. e greatest reection on your leadership is evaluating if your Marines are becoming more procient. It might not have been pretty, but if they learned and built condence, you have succeeded. Back at home in California, Luther serves as a deputy sheri for the San Luis Obispo County Police Department. He has been at every position in the division, and carries his Marine Corps work ethic into his civilian job. No matter our challenges, the Corps is an organization that you will never experience again, said Luther. Our esprit de corps and our pride as service members are rare in the civilian world. e civilian world is all about making money, but true pride comes from being part of a team. If someone joins the Marine Corps for a paycheck, they are a fool. You dont come here for money. You enter the Marine Corps because you want to be part of something that is beyond most peoples imagination. Married since 1991, and with one daughter, his family has been very supportive of his career with the Marine Corps. I grew up and matured in the Marines, and now I am looking at retirement, said Luther. at thought of the unknown, not having the regular contact with Marines, it is dicult. It is the fear of the unknown now, but the Marine Corps will always be a part of me. On the USS Blue Ridge, with only a few months of service left, he is still a mentor. He often brings Marines around him together for impromptu lessons. Now Marines, there are only a few colors on these maps, do you know what they represent? he asked. Have you ever tried to read a map using a red-lens light? e 19-year-old Marines admit to him that they do not know the colors of the map, nor have they ever used a red-lens light to read a map. With the patience of a father, Luther begins to teach them. Now when I was a Lance Corporal, back before you were bornGunny THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013 13


14 THE PERISCOPE, NSB KINGS BAY, Thursday, September 12, 2013 terrain and the extreme distances over which the rival armies had to contend, naval support was essential to support the logistics of land-based operations. Hence there was an eort to build ships on the Ontario and Erie. In late September of 1812, Daniel Dobbins, a salt merchant and a ships captain from Pennsylvania, who had been captured by the British twice since the beginning of the declared war, came to Washington to speak with the Secretary of the Navy and the President. When he went to Washington, he was actually bringing intelligence. ey warranted him a Sailing Master and provided him money to go back to Erie, Pennsylvania and begin work on gunboats that would form an important part of Perrys squadron on the southeast shore of Lake Erie, Brodine said. Dobbins received permission from President James Madison and $2,000 from Secretary of the Navy Paul Hamilton to build four gunboats to help defend the U.S. settlements bordering Lake Erie. To command the planned naval forces on Lakes Ontario and Erie, Secretary of the Navy Paul Hamilton selected Captain Isaac Chauncey, the commandant of the New York Navy Yard and an ocer with combat experience, and more importantly, experience in directing ship building, Brodine explained. Chauncey was given the choice of making his headquarters on Erie or Ontario. He chose to hoist his ag at Sackets Harbor on that latter lake, although he retained administrative and operational direction over U.S. naval forces on both lakes. Sackets Harbor, on the shores of Lake Ontario, would remain a hotbed of activity between the British and the U.S. for the rest of the war. Anxious to join the ght against Great Britain in an active capacity, Perry solicited and received departmental permission to serve under Isaac Chauncey on the Northern Lakes. Commodore Chauncey eagerly welcomed the energetic Perry to his undermanned corps of ocers. In February 1813, Perry, now promoted to master commandant (todays equivalent of commander), received Chaunceys orders to go to Erie and oversee the construction of the naval force being built there.was given orders to move to the 17-year-old settlement of Erie. e hamlet consisted of approximately 500 people in dierent occupations mostly revolving around the booming salt trade, 49 clapboard (like a log cabin) houses, one tannery and one blacksmith. Eries ship construction was to be assisted by the booming city of Pittsburgh with its populace 6,000, 130 miles to the south. Dobbins, who had started building two shipyards in the bay, encountered many problems. He had a lack of trained craftsmen, little accommodation for workers and a lack of materials, especially iron for nails and the making of adzes, axes, and chippers. Every detail of the Erie ships had to be made by hand. ere was not a gallon of paint, or oil, or a single pound of iron or copper within a hundred miles. All guns, sails, rope, cannon, cannon balls, and powder could only be moved to Erie primitive roadways. On March 26, 1813, Perry and a skeleton crew of trained men arrived in Putin-Bay and he swiftly recognized the magnitude of his task. Five months earlier, Dobbins had started the construction of four gunboats, but, with the lack of supplies and manpower, little was accomplished. e town was defenseless against a British force and the Canadian side of Lake Erie was lled with British sympathizers. Perry used his ocial powers to summon able Sailors from the Black Rock Naval Station in New York. He also went to Pittsburgh to make contracts for the needed supplies to outt ships. He then gave an order for 65 cannons sent from Washington D.C. and Sackets Harbor. Finally, with the help of Gen. William Harrison, commander of the Army of the Northwest, he fortied the settlement and gained soldiers to defend his shipyards from the British. It seems that Perry had brought luck with him. ere are a number of examples where he enjoyed good luck, Brodine said. By April 1813, Perrys Fleet in the Wilderness had begun to take shape with two gun boats, Porcupine and Tigress.. In May, 150 carpenters and ship builders arrived in Erie, joined by sail-makers and riggers and block-makers from Philadelphia. ree months later two brigs, Niagara and Lawrence, weighing 480 tons each as well as two more 80-110 ton ships, Ariel and Scorpion had been launched. Lawrence, taken as Perrys command ship, was named after his friend James Lawrence who was killed on the USS Chesapeake a few months before. In nine short months Perrys eet went from being trees standing in the Pennsylvania wilderness to Navy ships ready for war. Perry himself evaded death, as more than a 100 men there had died from typhoid. During that time, Chauncy, his commander of Naval Lake Forces, had encountered many setbacks on Lake Ontario. e commander had originally planned to take over the eet at Erie but with so many problems cropping up from British attacks, Chauncy was forced to leave the defense of the lake to Perry. In July, U.S forces took the British at Fort George leading the British oering Perry the chance to add to his eet by using converted merchant vessels held at Black Rock, New York on the Niagara River. Perrys luck saved him. During the movement of the ships down-river onto Lake Erie, ponderously slow due to them being hauled upstream with oxen, he went unnoticed by the British Squadron operating nearby. On September 10, Perry set out with his six constructed ships and three converted merchantmen to face the British squadron in what might be the turning point of the war. Both Americans and the British Sailors valiantly sought to build, equip and man their ships as a result, there were more ships on the American side and more trained sailors on the British side. Perrys own command ship, USS Lawrence, sailed while ying the famous battle ag emblazoned with Dont Give Up e Ship!, attributed to his friend James Lawrences mortallywounded battle cry while leading his frigate, the USS Chesapeake, in battle against HMS Shannon. In a letter to the secretary of the Navy on September 13. Perry recounted the battle, At 15 minutes before twelve, the enemy commenced ring; at ve minutes before twelve, the action commenced on our part. Finding their re very destructive, owing to their long guns, and its being mostly directed at the Lawrence, I made sail, and directed the other vessels to follow, for the purpose of closing with the enemy. Every brace and bowline being soon shot away, she became unmanageable, notwithstanding the great exertions of the sailing master. In this situation, she sustained the action upwards of two hours, within canister distance, until every gun was rendered useless, and the greater part of her crew either killed or wounded. Finding she could no longer annoy the enemy, I left her [the ship] in charge of Lt. Yarnall, who, I was convinced, from the bravery already displayed by him, would do what would comport with the honor of the ag. With many of his men dead or wounded and the Lawrence severely damaged, Perry had boarded one of the few rowboats that was still aoat. With a few of his surviving men as crew, Perry hauled down his battle ag Dont Give up e Ship, and they rowed for a half mile, amidst a hail of cannon and shrapnel toward the Niagara without being killed. He continues, At half past two, the wind springing up, Captain Elliott was enabled to bring his vessel, the Niagara, gallantly into close action. I immediately went on board of her, when he anticipated my wishes, by volunteering to bring the schooners, which had been kept astern by the lightness of the wind, into closer action. It was with unspeakable pain that I saw, soon after I got on board the Niagara, the ag of the Lawrence come down; although was perfectly sensible that she had been defended to the last, and that, to have continued to make a show of resistance would have been a wanton sacrice of the remains of her brave crew. But the enemy was not able to take possession of her, and circumstances soon permitted her ag again to be hoisted. At forty-ve minutes past two the signal was made for closer action. e Niagara being very little injured, I determined to pass through the enemys line; bore up, and passed ahead of their two ships and a brig, saving a raking re to them, from the starboard guns, and to a large schooner and sloop from the larboard side, at half pistol shot distance. e smaller vessels, at this time, having got within grape and canister distance, under the direction of Captain Elliott, and keeping up a welldirected re, the two ships, a brig, and schooner, surrendered, a schooner and sloop making a vain attempt to escape. It was a stroke of luck that Perry hadnt perished as Lawrence took a beating by the British cannons. When you think about the devastation on the Lawrence, its amazing Perry escaped the carnage unscathed, Brodine said. In a battle that saw Perry change command from the nearly destroyed Lawrence to the Niagara and the deaths and wounding of 25 and 75 American Sailors respectively, he earned victory and accepted the surrender of the Commander of the British Naval Squadron. It was after his victory that he hastily sent the famous note to Harrison. We have met the enemy and they are ours: Two ships, two brigs, one schooner and one sloop. Yours, with great respect and esteem, O.H. Perry. ough he had won a complete victory for his country that day, Perry was impressed with the British Sailors valiant eorts and they won his respect. He even went as far as returning the surrendered sword to the British squadron commander and conducting a side-by-side funeral service for the dead of both sides. e battle would prove to solidify Americas control of the Northeast. Because of that battle, the United States was able to gain control of Lake Erie as part of a larger strategic vision to invade Canada, Brodine said, America would occupy it temporarily and then use it as a bargaining chip, to gain concessions from England regarding violations of neutral trade. e Battle of Lake Erie put the Northwest largely back in the control of the United States. While the battle was not a turning point in the war, it did help America in several ways: First, the victory on Erie, along with other naval triumphs on Lake Champlain and on the high seas, gained the United States Navy much acclaim from the American government and people. Two, it gave the Sailors who took part in these naval actions important warfare experience. More than 20 years later, these veterans would be in senior command positions when the Mexican American W ar began. irdly, and perhaps most importantly, it proved the mettle of America and its Sailors to the British Empire, demonstrating that Americans were capable of overcoming any obstacle to protect the ideals they held dear, and their young country. Perry


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