Title: Coastal courier
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 Material Information
Title: Coastal courier
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Naval Support Activity, Public Affairs Office
Place of Publication: Panama City, FL
Publication Date: October 26, 2009
 Subjects
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Bay -- Panama City
Coordinates: 30.174444 x -85.664444 ( Place of Publication )
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Bibliographic ID: UF00098613
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Page 1


On the Inside

Top Story

Navy goes
green: Putting
the Pieces
Together

USS Makin
Island brings
energy
conservation to
the Fleet, page 2


Navy looks for
new energy
in the water,
page 3


Navy Ball, a
photo recap,
page 4 and 5


Education
survey for the
future, page 6

Enhance your
education,
page 6


AMVETS offer to
military, page 7


Navy going green


u.. i'dVy rI-IULU uy IV-IL, IaVIulIuIeI
Utilities and Energy Manager Wells Parker talks with building energy monitors from around the
base about the future energy conservation projects and ideas on October 21. The Navy has an
ongoing agenda to reduce its energy consumption by 3% each year.


From the bridge





CMDR. JESSICA M. PFEFFERKORN
COMMANDING OFFICER, NSA PC
The Department of the
Navy is participating
in Energy Awareness
Month in October. Throughout
the Navy and here at NSAPC,
we're focusing our attention
on this event as Energy Action
Month.
DoN is aligning its energy
awareness theme with the De-
partment of Energy: A Sustain-


able Energy Future-We're
PuttingAll the Pieces Together.
This theme encourages individu-
als to make energy conscious
decisions, in the workplace and
at home, to help solve the Navy's
energy challenges.
The Navy's emerging energy
strategy is centered on energy
security, energy efficiency and
environmental stewardship that
together will enable us to remain
the world's preeminent maritime
power.
Energy security is critical to
mission success. Energy security
safeguards our energy infra-
structure and shields Navy and
Marine Corps from volatility in
the energy market.


Energy efficiency, being en-
ergy-smart in the little things
we do every day, gives us im-
mediate payback and allows for
investing in the future. Powering
down your workstation at the
end of the day can amount to
huge savings when multiplied
by more than 2000 computers
on base.
Investing in environmentally-
responsible technologies afloat
and ashore will not only save
money but will reduce green-
house gas emissions and cut our
dependence on fossil fuels.
Navy personnel are all respon-
sible for energy efficiency and
GOING GREEN cont pg.7





Page 2


'Green Ship'

Makin Island to

be commissioned
STORY BY SURFACE FORCES
PUBLIC AFFAIRS
USS Makin Island
(LHD 8) will be for-
mally commissioned
in a ceremony on Naval Air Sta-
tion North Island Oct. 24.
The ship, which has been
dubbed the "Prius of Navy war-
ships," arrived in San Diego
in mid-September, three years
after her christening. The ship
brought over 1,000 Sailors and
their families to the San Diego
community.
"I am eager for Makin Island
to finally join the fleet," said
Vice Adm. D.C. Curtis, Com-
mander, Naval Surface Forces.
"The Sailors of this crew exem-
plify the best this nation has to
offer. They represent America's
Navy with pride and distinction
and proudly serve as part of a
global force for good."
Makin Island is the final am-
phibious assault ship built in
the LHD-1 Wasp-class, but is
the first of the class built with
gas turbine engines and electric
drive.
The Navy projects that this
advance will save nearly $250
million in fuel costs over the
ship's lifetime. The development
is already paying off during the
ships transit from Pascagoula,
Miss., to San Diego, Makin
Island consumed over 900,000
gallons less fuel than a steam


rnoio Dy Iviass oommunicalion speclaliis zna lass Jon nusman
The amphibious assault ship Pre-Commissioning Unit Makin Island (LHD 8) pulls into her
homeport of San Diego. Makin Island is the final amphibious assault ship built in the Wasp-class,
but the first of the class built with gas turbine engines and an electric drive.


ship completing the same transit,
saving more than $2 million in
fuel costs.
Other environmentally-friend-
ly initiatives include the use of
an electric plant to power aux-
iliaries, meaning no steam or
associated chemicals; and the
use of reverse osmosis water pu-
rification systems that negate the
need for chemicals like bromine
or chlorine.
"The USS Makin Island repre-
sents the centerpiece and future
of naval expeditionary warfare


and will significantly enhance
our ability to rapidly respond
to emergent tasking around the
world," said Rear Adm. Earl
Gay, commander, Expeditionary
Strike Group 3. "Her commis-
sioning is a watershed moment
for our Navy-Marine Corps
team, and I am honored to have
her in the fleet."
According to Capt. Bob Ko-
pas, commanding officer, the
true strength of Makin Island
rests in her crew.
"This crew brings a 'gung


ho' attitude of teamwork and
determined enthusiasm to the
fleet, in the tradition of Carlson's
Raiders, who originated the term
'gung ho'," said Kopas. "The
dedication they have shown over
the past four years has brought
the ship to life and lays the
foundation for Makin Island to
face the challenges of the next
40-plus years of supporting the
needs of our nation and Navy."


Navy sets ambitious energy goals


STORY BY KATHERINE
MCINTIRE PETERS
GOVERNMENT EXECUTIVE.COM
Navy Secretary Ray
Mabus on Wednesday
outlined five ambi-
tious goals for decreasing reli-
ance on petroleum and curbing
greenhouse gas emissions.
"Energy reform is a strategic
initiative and the stakes are very
high," Mabus told Navy and Ma-
rine Corps officials and defense
contractors attending the Naval
Energy Forum in Northern


Virginia. "We simply rely too
much on a declining stock of
fossil fuels that most likely will
continue to rise in cost over the
next decade."
In an effort to shift that reli-
ance on fossil fuel, Mabus said
he will direct the Navy and
Marine Corps to begin weighing
the life-cycle energy costs asso-
ciated with all acquisitions when
making contract awards.
"The lifetime energy costs of
building a system and the fully
burdened cost of fuel of empow-
ering those [weapons systems]


will be a mandatory evalua-
tion factor used in awarding
contracts," Mabus said. "We're
going to hold industry contrac-
tually accountable for meeting
energy targets and system ef-
ficiency requirements."
The department also will con-
sider contractors' overall energy
efficiency as a factor in making
acquisition decisions. "We want
industry to take steps to not just
provide us with energy-efficient
products, but to produce those
products in energy efficient
ways," he said.


In addition to adjusting its ap-
proach to acquisition, the Navy
by 2012 will establish a "green
strike group" of fuel-efficient
ships, with some running on
biofuels. By 2016, that strike
group will deploy as a "green
fleet composed of nuclear-pow-
ered ships, surface combatants
equipped with hybrid-electric
alternative power systems run-
ning biofuel and aircraft flying
only biofuels," he said.
Other goals outlined by the
secretary include:
ENERGY cont pg. 8





Page 3

Naval Research Lab looks to sea, sun


for energy solutions


By BOB FREEMAN, AMERICAN
FORCES PRESS SERVICE
The services could more
effectively power un-
manned vehicles, un-
derwater monitoring sensors,
ships and aircraft if Naval Re-
search Laboratory scientists
achieve their goals of harnessing
solar and sea power to fuel the
military for years to come, a top
NRL scientist said.
"A worldwide peak of fuel
production is expected in five to
15 years, and increased demand
will likely create large swings
in price and availability," Barry
Spargo, head of NRL's chemi-
cal dynamics and diagnostics
branch, said in an Oct. 14 inter-
view on Pentagon Web Radio's
audio webcast "Armed with Sci-
ence: Research and Applications
for the Modem Military."
"The bottom line is that we
need to develop alternative
power and energy because con-
servation and efficiency alone


will fall short of meeting future
needs," he explained.
The quest for alternative fuel
technologies is a top priority for
the Navy, Spargo said, adding
that energy research at NRL
is diverse, allowing them to
bring together a wide array of
disciplines to address unique
problems confronting alternate
energy research.
"We're conducting research in
a number of areas that look re-
ally promising; however it's un-
likely that a single research area
will solve the energy problems
that we are facing," Spargo said.
"NRL is currently investing in
synthetic fuel production at sea,
enhancing fuel energy density,
exploration of methane hydrates
in the ocean, energy harvesting
from the sea, fuel cells and bat-
teries, power electronics and
superconductors, and inertial
fusion.
"Each of these research areas
has significant challenges," he
added, "but certainly promising


potential to help solve some of
the Navy and [Defense Depart-
ment's] future power and energy
needs for force mobility."
One area of research that
NRL is pursuing is the feasibil-
ity of sea-based production of
hydrocarbon fuels. According
to Spargo, the goal is to produce
fuel inthe same locationwhere it
is being consumed, specifically
to support surface ships and
aircraft operations from carri-
ers at sea.
"This would give battle
groups independence from fleet
oilers which provide refueling
needs," Spargo explained. It also
would cushion naval forces from
future fuel shortfalls, he added,
providing energy independence
to the Navy.
Fuel synthesis would be ac-
complished by a catalytic con-
version of hydrogen produced
directly from sea water by the
electrolysis of water and carbon
dioxide. "It's a complex process,
but we believe that emerging


Photo by John F. Williams
John Bigus, left, a fuels engineer assigned to Naval Air Warfare Center-Aircraft Division in
Patuxent River, Md., explains the greening of Navy Fuels at the first Naval Energy Forum hosted
by the Office of Naval Research and Task Force Energy. Bigus stands in front of a display of
camelina and algae fuels and processes for the production of renewable fuels to be tested in
Navy ship and aircraft.


scientific technology supports
the development of synthetic
logistic fuels," he noted.
"There are significant research
and technological challenges,
but the potential payoff is really
high," he added.
Spargo noted that producing
energy from sea water would
be carbon dioxide neutral, thus
not adding to the world's car-
bon footprint. "This technology
would be a great candidate for
dual use in the civilian sector
if it actually comes to fruition,"
he said.
Spargo described another
promising avenue of research
that is investigating the potential
for tapping the thermal energy
stored in tropical waters.
"The energy stored in tropical
waters is 300 times that of the
world energy consumption. This
makes the ocean the largest solar
collector on Earth," he noted.
Ocean thermal energy con-
version is a potentially efficient
method to convert the energy
stored in tropical oceans into
electricity.
"You take the surface wa-
ter, which is about 80 degrees
Fahrenheit, and [use it to] heat
a working liquid, something
like propylene, which has a
vapor point below 80 degrees,"
Spargo explained. "That con-
verts the propylene liquid into a
gas which drives a turbine that
produces electricity. We then
bring cold water up from about
3,000 feet below the surface,
cool that vapor back into liquid
and essentially create a cyclic
process."
Taking a more direct approach
to harnessing the energy of the
sun, the lab is working on flex-
ible photovoltaic panels about
four times as efficient as cur-
rent solar panels. According to
Spargo, the panels can be easily
folded and transported, or even
integrated into materials like
tents and uniform covers to pro-
vide a local power source in sup-
port of expeditionary forces.
SOLUTIONS cont. pg. 7





Page 4



Navy birthday ball


Naval Support Activity Panama City color guard presents the colors at the
annual Panama City Navy Ball held at the Boardwalk Beach Resort Oct. 3.


U.S. Navy Photo by MC2 David Didier
Cmdr. Timothy Richardt, the oldest
sailor, cuts the Navy birthday cake with
Seaman James Groom and Seaman Ross
Wrinker, the youngest sailors.


Left. Capt. Heide Marie
Stefanyshyn-Piper presents
a photo to Cmdr. Jessica
Pfefferkorn commanding
officer NSA PC at this year's
Navy Ball.





Right. Capt. Heide Marie
Stefanyshyn-Piper speaks
to everyone at the Navy
Ball about the importance
of the core values of Honor,
Courage and Commitment
in the Navy and at NASA.


Navy Ball guests stand during the traditional two-bell ceremony given in
remembrance of all service members who are prisoners of war or missing in
action.





Page 5


Capt. (Ret.) Fred and Cindy Shutt pose for a
picture with Richard "Cav" Cavanaugh during
the annual Panama City Navy Ball.


U.s. Navy nPoto Dy Mu2 Davia Dialer
Master-at-Arms 2nd Class Scott
McKenzie and his girlfriend Dina
Lago dance together at the Panama
City Navy Ball.


U.S. Navy Photo by MC2 David Didier
Above: Lt.Cmdr. Robert
Porter and wife Kim
dance at the annual
Panama City Navy Ball
held at the Boardwalk
Beach Resort Oct. 3.

Left: Head members of
NSA PC give a toast at
the annual Panama City
Navy Ball.
Below: Guests dance Photo by Steve Applegate
the electric slide at the Guests danced to the sounds of the
annual Panama City RhythmAII-Stars after the formal Navy Ball
Navy Ball. ceremony.





Page 6


Survey aids local school funding


STORY BY LYNDA KENT NSA
PC SCHOOL LIAISON OFFICER
ll NSAPC and Tenant
Command civilian
employees, contrac-
tors, and military who are par-
ents or guardians of school-
age children should be on the
lookout for the Federal Impact
Aid survey cards which will be
distributed toward the end of Oc-
tober. These cards will either be
mailed to you or sent home from
school with your children.
Data received from the Fed-
eral Impact Aid survey cards is
a source of desperately needed
funding for our local schools.
For our schools to be awarded
the maximum amount of fund-
ing available, all you have to do
is fill out the card and return it
to your child's school. Cards


must be returned for the data to
be collected that will qualify our
local schools for the additional
funding that is offered under the
Federal Impact Aid program.
All military dependent and
"federally connected" students
in grades K-12 are eligible.
"Federally connected" children
include those whose parents or
guardians are federal civilian
employees or contractors. The
children of civilian employees
and contractors who work at
NSAPC qualify as federally
connected.
Federal Impact Aid surveys
are conducted annually in the
month of October. The data re-
ceived determines the amount of
additional funding local schools
are allocated to help off-set the
tax revenue that is lost due to the


tax exempt status of the Federal
property located in the school
district.
Simply equated, the more
military dependent and feder-
ally connected students living in
and reported by a school district
the more funding the district
receives.
Unfortunately, Bay District
Schools report that they currently
receive no funding for students
who are "federally connected".
According to the guidelines,
10% of the student population
must have parents or guardians
who work as federal employees
or contractors to qualify for the
federally connected funds. As
previously stated, the students
of employees and contractors
at NSAPC qualify under this
category. Given the current


total student population of ap-
proximately 25,000 students,
the District needs to identify
approximately 2,500 students
to qualify for the extra federally
connected funding.
It is important to note that the
personal data a person supplies
on the survey cards is protected
under the Privacy Law that is
granted to the school district.
So, heads up! Be on the look-
out for the coming Impact Aid
cards. With the severe budget
cuts that have come to the Dis-
trict Schools, Impact Aid is a
source of needed funds. When
you receive your cards, please
be diligent to fill them out and
get them back to the schools.
If for some reason you do not
receive a card, contact your
child's school.


Studying at local campus


provides career boost


STORY BY DR. DAVID SKINNER
FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY
PANAMA CITY
Looking for a way to give
your career a boost?
For some local Navy
enlisted personnel the answer
has been engineering education.
Twelve of the top 15 highest-
paid undergraduate degrees
are in engineering, according
to CNN. The fact is America is
desperately in need of engineers.
A growing number of local
Air Force and Navy personnel
have taken advantage of the
engineering program at Florida
State University Panama City.
Industry is interested in the
leadership experience gained in
the services to enhance their post
service careers.
Many of you may remember
Senior Chief Eric Haberle, who
retired from the base in 2006.
What is the Senior Chief doing
now? After graduating from
FSU PC with a degree in electri-
cal engineering, he became the


proverbial "rocket scientist"
and went to work for a NASA
contractor and then NASA. He
is currently the ARES I-Y Up-
per Stage Test Integration Lead,
long title, but he is responsible
for the Upper Stage of the first


Crc neiuerse
test vehicle to fly at Kennedy
Space Center. The Program re-
places the Space Shuttle and will
eventually take astronauts to the
moon and Mars. Eric has stated
numerous times that without a
plan that included a bachelor's


degree, and the benefit of FSU-
PC being located so close to the
base, he would have never been
able to retire when he did. Eric
said "when you look at what is
available at FSU-PC, the class
size and the enhanced learning
environment it is an unbeatable
situation." Whenyou look at all
of the benefits with the new GI
Bill, you really can't afford not
to go college during your shore
duty. The current economic cli-
mate amplifies the need to attend
college, especially engineering
school. If you look at the top
paying and most needed fields
almost all require engineering
degrees.
Closer to home, NSWC PC
Division just hired Chief Navy
Diver (Ret.) Tim Nehring into
the Expeditionary Warfare De-
partment. Tim, who recently re-
tired from the Navy Experimen-
tal Diving Unit (NEDU) after a
career as a Navy Diver, is now
an engineer doing development
EDUCATION cont pg. 8


Length of

service

recognition

for November

15 years David Hutcherson

25 years Tracy L. Nye

30 years Gloria Bond
Jack E. Wooden
Robert K. Davis
Matthew L. Ziegler

35 years Joel L. Teague

Thanks for all

the hard work!







Going Green
(cont. from pg. 1)


promoting a healthy environ-
ment for a sustainable future.
So what are we doing locally
to help reach Navy and DOD
energy goals? According to Pub-
lic Works "Energy Czar" Wells
Parker, a whole lot!
Energy projects currently
underway will lower our total
energy and water use by about
5% each per year annually. Our
2009 base-wide Energy Conser-


vation Project, representing a
$1.7 million investment across
an aggregate of over 70 build-
ings, pays for itself three times
over during the 30-year lifespan
of the assets.
Across NSA Panama City, we
have replaced over 20,000 lights
with premium efficiency lights
in the last 3 years, slashing light-
ing power use in our buildings
by up to two-thirds. Our MWR
basketball gym is a shining ex-
ample, wherein new premium
150 watt light fixtures actually
produce more light than the old
400 watt lamps they replaced.


Starting in 2010, one of the
training pools at the Naval Div-
ing and Salvage Training Center
will be heated by solar energy.
You may have noticed we've
already gone solar with street
lights at the north end of the
NDSTC parking lot, the NDSTC
jogging path on Sandpiper, and
by the Osprey Lane path bridge.
These initiatives are phase 1 of
a multi-year shift toward energy
independence.
Efforts like these have re-
sulted in Naval Surface Warfare
Center Panama City Division's
recognition by Federal Energy


Page 7
Management Program and
NSA PC achieving back-to-
back SECNAV Gold awards for
2008 and 2009.
A big round of thanks for our
success is due to the diligence
of command and department
energy monitors around the
base. But these achievements
are made possible only through
good energy stewardship by
each one of us, every day. Keep
up the good work!


AMVETS

AMERICAN VETERANS


Active duty Servicemembers are welcome at all
times in AMVETS post #47 in Panama City Beach.
Most importantly, AMVETS post #47 will sponsor
active duty members for their first year membership
(i.e. "it's free"). Membership benefits include a
membership card which will allow your entry into
any AMVETS post in the USA, a door keycard, and
participation in many "members only" post events.
Americans who have served in the military at any
time can obtain their membership by presenting
their DD214 plus a $30.00 annual fee.

At AMVETS post #47 we try to keep the atmosphere
light and the mood happy. We have many events
including kareoke or live bands every Friday, plus
games, shuffleboard, pool and darts with other
special events happening all the time!
AMVETS is the only veterans' organization that
accepts all honorably discharged veterans,
including the national guard and reserves, no matter
where they served.


COME IN AND ENJOY THE

CAMARADERIE!

AMVETS POST #47 is located in Promenade mall at:
8317 Front Beach Road, suite #14
Panama City Beach, fl 32407-4867
(We're right across the street from the Old Ocean Opry)


Solutions (cont.

from pg. 3)

"Additionally, NRL has pro-
totyped a photovoltaic coating
that can be sprayed on surfaces,
like a rock, to create on-the-
fly energy sources," he said.
"You can imagine a small force
spraying a rock and using it to
generate electricity to power
some device that they are using
in the field."
A more unusual approach to
energy production is the use of
certain marine microorganisms
that consume carbon dioxide in
the ocean and convert it into en-
ergy that can be harvested. "As
part of their biochemistry, these
organisms produce electricity,"
he explained.
NRL has developed a number
of devices that use microorgan-
isms to power small sensors,
like bottom-moored acoustic
hydrophones for monitoring
ship traffic, Spargo said.
"If we can produce enough
energy with these devices, they
could also power unmanned
underwater vehicles, or at least
provide a docking station where
they could regenerate their bat-
teries using electricity produced
by these microbes," he said.
The lab has expended con-
siderable research and develop-
ment into developing hydrogen
fuel cells as an energy source,
Spargo said. "Fuel cells are used
to create electricity, and they
do this by converting hydrogen
and oxygen into water," he
explained.
Hydrogen fuel cells can de-


liver about twice the efficiency
of a conventional combustion
engine and when used to fuel
unmanned aerial vehicles, or
UAVs, they can support heavier
payloads than the earlier battery-
powered models.
A recent test of the prototype
Ion Tiger UAV, powered exclu-
sively by a hydrogen fuel cell,
sustained continuous flight for
23 hours and 17 minutes.
"Also, they can operate in
stealth because they're not a
combustion engine, which has
a considerable heat signature,
as well as a noise signature,"
he said.
Spargo also described efforts
to harvest methane hydrates
from the sea floor. "They have
the potential of being double
the amount of recoverable and
nonrecoverable fossil fuels,"
he said.
Spargo admitted that there are
many challenges to harvesting
methane hydrates, including lo-
cating them and accessing them
at such great depths, but it would
be worth the effort.
"If we're able to actually
extract these from the ocean
floor, there's a potential to meet
our national natural gas needs
for about a hundred years," he
said.
"Energy research is a key pri-
ority for the Navy and, for that
matter, all of us," Spargo said.
"I'm certain that there many
exciting discoveries ahead that
will help us achieve this goal of
energy independence, as well
as being good stewards of the
environment as we operate and
live in it," he said.





Page 8


Education (cont.
from pg. 6)

and life-cycle maintenance for
the Landing Craft Air Cushion
(LCAC) software suites. Tim
turned his education, and the
exposure to industry provided
by his FSU PC senior design
project, into an engineering po-
sition with the LCAC software
development team. He is now
happily engaged in the tailoring
of Windows Embedded Operat-
ing Systems for the latest LCAC
control processors.
Tim entered the Navy to be
an Electronics Technician and
spent a year and a half in Great
Lakes and Norfolk, training to
be a satellite communications
technician. Tim learned to
program computers in Costa
Rica and took advantage of
the Navy's Tuition Assistance
to get an Associate of Science
Degree while stationed in Kings
Bay, GA. Unfortunately, there
were no upper-level engineer-
ing degree programs available
in the Kings Bay area and his
pursuit of a higher education
was put on hold. He later realize
that his true career desires and
abilities lay in another direction,


The Coastal Courier
Naval Support Activity
Panama City

Public Affairs Office
101 Vernon Drive
Panama City, Fla.
32407-7018
(850) 234-4803
DSN: 436-4803


NSA PC Commanding Officer
Cmdr. Jessica M. Pfefferkorn


NSA PC Public Affairs Officer
Steven Applegate

Coastal Courier Editor
MC2 David Didier

PAO Administrative Assistant
Teresa Myers


while stationed right across the
bridge from FSU PC. After ap-
plying to the University, he was
subsequently accepted into the
Electrical Engineering program
and began reaching for a differ-
ent brass ring. He retired from
active duty after 22 years of ser-
vice, and used the GI bill in or-
der to earn a Bachelor of Science
degree in Electrical Engineering.
FSU PC offered an ideal venue
for Tim with small classes, flex-
ible professors and close Navy
ties. Tim excelled in his studies
with a near-4.0 GPA. During his
final two semesters Tim was part
of a four-student team project to
prototype an automated ballast-
ing system for the Navy LCACs
using the transfer of onboard
fuel stores. His involvement
in the project brought him to
the attention of Naval Surface
Warfare Center personnel and,
ultimately, resulted in an offer
to join the LCAC team.
Chief Haberle completed his
degree while on active duty
while Chief Nehring took ad-
vantage of the new GI Bill to
complete his program. The new
GI Bill greatly expands the post-
service educational opportuni-
ties. A degree may open the door
to a future career for you.


Military

Sportbike

Rider Course

Scheduled for
November 12.
Register via ESAMS
or call Shannon at
ext. 6116

Energy (cont. form
pg. 2)
By 2015, the Navy will cut in
half the petroleum consumption
of its 50,000-vehicle fleet. As
vehicles go out of service, they
will be replaced with flex-fuel,
hybrid and electric vehicles.
"Moving to biofuels and electric
vehicles will benefit the local
communities where bases are lo-
cated and will spur the adoption


The Combined Federal
Campaign,
you have the opportunity to
contribute through November 13


Contact your departmental Key
worker today.


This year's goal for NSA PC is







$113,000




Help support those in need.


of similar vehicles [locally],"
Mabus said.
By 2020, the Navy will
produce at least half of its shore-
based energy from alternative
sources, with the goal of return-
ing power to the electric grid
wherever possible.
By 2020, the Navy will
ensure that 50 percent of the
total energy consumed by ships,
aircraft, vehicles and shore
facilities is supplied through al-


temative and renewable sources.
Today that figure is 17 percent.
None of the goals will require
legislative action, Mabus said.
He cited advances in biofuels
and recent improvements in
engine efficiency for both ships
and aircraft as evidence they are
reachable.
"No one has ever gotten any-
thing big done by being timid,"
he said.




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