VoL. IIL .
S. No. f i;'
N~Lrl~s' A~~Tu~ 1~RARZIN IRABA MAOISTI. Hr
From S~AtTAYJA'V'A, N'o*Emoit 2S, t4 SAT'U`1DAY,' DCimsBER 2, 1786.
tRAs8A4U,: Printed l,,y JOHN WILL$, at the Printing-Office on. the BAY.
A.!frwr to the BAznos bk TiTT, ty afad m of
Mr. BRUCE, the ledbralld Trav dIer.
IF it be doubted, whether Mr. Bruce hath
visited every fourcc of the lNile, I answer,
that perhaps no Englilhmnan iatl taken thistrou.
ble with regard to the forces of the Thamic,
which like inoft other rivers, is probably derived
from many springs and rills in different dire*
The other objetioin which I have often heard,
is, that Mr. Bruce hath mentioned in converfa*
ti6o, that the Abyffirians cut a flice from the
lking ox, dteeinig it one of their greatest
'Thi;s lort of dainty indeed is not fo considered
in uther parts of the globe; but every nation
ahlio" hath its peculiarities in the choice of their
D), not we cat raw o)ftrrs within a fccond of
tini b ing feparated from the fli!!? And do not
%, s.,all both them and luhticra whilll alive, the
b.L iy 4f which piacticc feems to equal that
o! f!, Abfliniains ? Do not cooks lkin eels
vhllt alivr ? And do not epicures crimp fifti for
t, ,ratik'icatioui ofltheir a3p1 titcs ?
Tha' t the Abyllinians Lat betf in a raw Rfate,
is agrced by I-oth Lobo and Puncet ; and the
firmti lays rocking from the beat. Mr. Ants,
IATio Usoe v.a S rlu by a raneilnan iol wonK
% i'nt ith the caravan from Abyffinia to Cairi,"
tht lie was witnif of an ox being killed, and
immediately devoured by the band oftravdlleCs.
One reafon, pcihaps, for this ufage may be
the great heat of the climate, which will not
p i ruit meat to be kipt a fufficient time to make
it t.nil-r (as with us;) and it is generally al-
i.l.;llld, is in better order for eating, than if it
iL I..cpt four and twenty hours.
It is th.rtfiore extraordinary that an Ab) f-
fiuian episuic may really find (or perhaps fancy)
thit a piece cut from the biall whillt alive, may
I, in.,re tender, or have a better relish than if it
i, pi rioufly killed Jby the butcher To this I
iullt add, that according to the information
u hiJi I have received on this head, Mr. Bruce'ls
a, tount of this practice is much mifreprefented
hv the ob lcltors, who fuppofed that the ox
Iif s a confidcrable time atter thefe pieces are
cut from it. When ticfe dainty bits, however
h:,,, been fint to tie griat man'is table, (and
which are probably taken floam the flechy parts)
the hall fiun afterwards cxpies,, when the firlt
artery is cut, in providing slices for the nume-
Ilpin the hliole, the not giving credit to a
tla cllcr, behuafc lie mentions an ufage which is
stry different from ours, (and is undoubtedly
viry barbarous) fecms rather to argue ignorance,
'l'his hi ings to my rccollcQion the incredulity
vhlich was flscwn to another diftinguilled travel.
ler, Dr. Shlaw, who having mentioned,, in an
Oxford common room, that fume of the Alge-.
rines were fond of lion's fleth, never could ob.'
tain any credit t afterwards from his brother-
'Tetpif .s -I ,..thr e.l, *y w*shi Iawel
L,, t fiiW i oY.th, s b, t. s b.bst &D / u h
tf,.., Mo, a, i. :d ih .w t
. hi,,& ./4 Jba. ,,, t iilt, Il wi Ifib, my
fellows of the fame college, though many of
khem were learned men.
It is well known, however, though Dr.
,Shaw Rates thi circvmftance in tld publication
of his Travels, and that he is cited lft the great-
ft approbation in alnoift every pat of Europe.
SThe natural cafe and progref qf the incre-
dulity which a traveller generally experiences,
'feems to be the following :
' When he returns from a diaupt, and little
frequented country, every one is Impatient to
hear his narrative, from which, ofcourfe, he
felefts the more friking parts $, sad particular-
ly the ufages which differ moft foin our own.
Souie of the audience dilbelieving'what the tra-
veller had mentioned, put queltien to him
which flew their diflruft. The traveller by this
'treatment becomes irritated, and anfvwers fome
of them peevifhly , others ironically, of which
,the interrogators afterwards take advantage to
I have been at the trouble of colleing thefe
fafs, and which I have endeavoured to enforce
by fuch ohfervations as occurred,, from being
truly doirous of feeing Mr. Brucc's account of
Ab) flinia, who s certainly no common traveller,
inor can the publication be a fupcrtlfial one, as
Ihe elided there to long.
'lThat Mr. Bruce hath great talents for the
:sntormation os n5 rescOi. t t, ".. differ.-
tation on the Theban harp# II which Dr. Vi'-
,ney hath infcrted in the frlt volume of his Hif-
'tory of Mufic, and in which Mr. Bruce alfo
.mentions federal of the Abyflinian infiruments.
Mr. Bruce moreover is faid to have a great faci-
lity in warning languages, and talents for
*drawing, ** nor perhaps was any other travel-
'ler furniflhed with fo large and Iientific ani
apparatus of iniruments. This I will add, that
;Mr. Bruce's spirit and enterprise will not be cafi-
SSuanto ill"' ita, ar'r attrlI
* L, f .
ir, tIr.t, r -sl, fi'w "a )"7., A pA ,'.d y iU
,r, ,. ,f Ibis sxtrlardin;ry *ir.u ats iA as 5 /
tA, ,bl, .,.lfar arfl ,f /i s hoi, .
5 N itb.g it more irritilsi, .g i i'" tsf., Ito,.
i.f.d bi, er art ., i 1 i.. c,'s, -.. .-
i'.ed .uil Atto st .oiti f bel ,,/w .'.l ..
* Sll fif mAf l1d tr lIkr, wb iat,4 I m ,e;"A
T HE Count de Vergenstes, formerly known
by the name of Chevalier de Vergennes,
whilf he was mbafdour at Conflantinope, is
the ytug'ef fon of a prefidest in the parlia-
meont f oDiio (which Piace anfwers to the
rankof a judge in this country). ie family name
.is Gravier, and his anUeors, ir federal genera-
tions, have racked in the province amongit the
noblyefe tde robe(gentlenie hvlit e law). HiU
eldeft brother, who ah at.dy een promote to
the rank of an ba r to Swits er ad, Wul
Tion Wave a."ned itheov ad A Aik moire-is a
thed .jiransfaniu' ld&t Sixrlnw
himself president of the fame court, till the
promotion of his brother to the ministry of fo.
Mr. de Vergennes received the firi rudiments
in politics from Mr. de Chavigni, his uncle, a
man known in the beginning of this century as
the firl politician in Europe.-After having
been employed in federal embalffies, Mr. de
Chavigni was consulted by the French minifiry
in every occurrence where experience and know.
ledge were requifite. Mr. de Vergennes was
brought up under the tuition of that celebrated
negotiator, who died a few years ago, at the age
of 96. His nephew, Count de Vergennes, is
now about 65 years old.
Count de Maurepas, who has lately been above
ten years, the firft miuiider of France, after ha-
ving been twenty-five years in exile, and before
that twenty years a minifter, was the bofomp
friend of Mr. de Chavigni. He appointed
Count de Vergennes to the refidence of Treves
(Triers), which was his firft appointment; then
to the diet of Ratiibon ; from whence he was
recalled after his patron's difmillion, but foon
afterwards appointed to the embalfy of Conftan.
tinople. Sunk in a kind of oblivion in the Tur.
kiflt empire, Mr le Compte de Vergennes em.
played the time he paffed there in ftudy, and has
been often heard to declare, that he is indebted
to that kind of confinement for al his political
The war between the Rufflians and the Turks
being of great confequence to France, whenever
there is any difpute on the Continent, Mr. le
Compte de Vergennes, at the breaking out of
the ate German war, embroiled fo well the
Divan and the Cabinet of Peteriburgh, and has
left fo good inftrufaiohs to his fucceffors, that.
ever fince that time, the Divan has been entire-
ly,fubfervient to the views of France, whenever
flie has had occasion to prevent the joint efforts
of the Northern Confederacy against her allies.
Three fuccefsful attempts of Mr. de Vergennes
have flamped his plans with the adshiration,.if
not the approbation of all the world.
During his residence at Conftantinople, Mr.
de Vergennes was united to a Grecian lady of
great beauty and talents, by whom he has hadl
two fonts, who arc both in the military line.
At the end of fourteen years, whilft Mr. de
Choifeul was the firit minister of France, the
Count de Vergennes was recalled from Conflan.
tinople at his own desire, and foon after chofesa
by that Minilter, who knew the extent ofconfi.
dence that could be repofed in him, to go to
Stockholm, to detach certain men, by hij
political influence, from the interest of Ruffia.
This negotiation fucceeded fo well, that the
molt extraordinary revolution in the government
of that country which we have witneffed, was
effe&ed by that able negotiator's dire&ion.
At the -death -of L is XV. the Cont de
Maurepas, who was'taled by the prefent king
to alift him in the government of his kingdom.
ferin he could not supportt ong his nephew,
the Duke d'AiguilIwl, amianifer of foreign
affairs, thought of punt de Vergennes to fuc-
ceed to his departs t, and pointed him out to
his fovereign as e propereftman to fill that
high mnploymeas The French Monarch ha.
ving an unbounded confidence .in Count de
Maurepas, though he had the firmnefa to reje&
the Duke 4'Aiguilloui, the Count's ncphcyq
far whs~a' IT h at personal difike, .eued a European IAftelligence.
letter to be written to the Count de Vergennes,
then at Stockholm, that he was appointed a 4 ,'.t .. 7 1 i
Miniler, and Scctetary of State for for4ega L D" DO N, Aue'usr 9. "
lffairs L. < Cdsf~atmraal afta nller frimss" agdmalta is
.All the world has witteffed, finm the promo. ra- tw i', to frimau i Ln d, dstieda 7,
tlon of Count Vergennes to the Miniftry, the 5, 786.
levw,al negotiations which he has undertaken, 6" 5r5p7f6 uly political intelligence that has
and in which he has but too well fucceeded for J e t aI long time attraa d any attention
ishi c"ciitry. The unfortunate revolution of here, is the positive refufal of the Court of Bri.
Vamlurica, and the difmcmbering of our empire, tain to delvie the Weftern forts to the officers
the detaching Holland from our alliance, and of Congrefs, What are the refulutions of the
effceling an union of the States General with United Sta"t, remain till unknown; but we
France, Ihew Count dc Vergcincs's qualifica- are certain they have no power to take them,
tions ;atd talents for the high employment he and fee that negotiation has already proved in.
fill in his country. eff tual.-Nothing appears equal to satisfy the
We need not remind our readers that, by his rapacity of the people in this country but the
being intirumental in the peace concluded be- conqurit of New Spain ; and to men who have
tweac the Emperor and the King of Pruflia, before their eyes princely fortunes, which may
Count de Vergeunes rendered thofe fovereigns be inllantancoufly and (as they fuppofe) cafily
nitul!al f1,ctators of our unfortunate contest acquired, no patriotic inducements can be pre-
with America ; that, by his exertions tile Tur- rented sufficiently Ilrong to mak# them under-
kil Empire and Ruffia have bten twice prevent- take .mnnpaiga in the woods of Canada, for
i from ;oiniin to war within thefe few years ; the benefits df a nation that has fo ill repaid
thit the Anmd Neutral ty was planned by that ihem for the cltaiblifhment of their idol, indc-
.MiilLnr, and their commerce greatly protected pcendence."
Ly it during the war. The extent of the com- Extraa of a liter from Pari,. .rdujl 9.
narcial concerns of France lince Count de Ver- We have accounts from Spain, that hisi
ite,'s acceffion to the Miniltry, is a farther Catholic Majefty has ordered agenetal reconiuge
roof of his great abilities: his pacific difpofi- of all the gold coin in his dominions, lihich is
tions, and his talents for inifpiring with the fame to lofe 6, per mark. Our fprculators, that
.ifIpotitions thofe he negociates with, aire pecn- they may not fuflfr by this operation, take the
liu;ly remarkable. Spaniih money only by weight.
Retired in a fimall but neat hotife near Ver- The allowingg' is the Hbitancee of the an-
f.illes, Mr. de Vergennes is constantly occupied fewer given by his Majefly to the Parliament of
in the duties of his office, and every hday is in liiurdeaux :
I, nfeince with ca:hi of the firl cicliks in th,, That whatever has been hitherto doieu
f,'veral dep-ittments cntniruld t. hi. (care. Iun- with regard to the Al]uvions, Ihall be looked
.lived .y intigue, he lotks ni fart lir th:m the upon as null and void that the Comm.lln
ine ,,f hit duty toremasin in pl.tct; and ith all given to the Chevalier Pcitel wat nuill, and that
i's titrrugth, a renowned party at tlec F.,ilch the faid Chevalier is reprehenfible for having cx-
court ha, not Iben able to llfren him ia thie c.( ded his powers. Confcquently every thing
opinion of his fvereirn. rehtive to this affTir is cancelled.-New letter,
It has been oblervtl, that Mr. lie Vergenuis patent are iffucd with certain modifications, in
is rather flow in burfifls; but when it i. cin- which a proper mdiiim is observed between the
idlcreid that that flownefs is perhaps the eau.f ,,f ipcaitive rights uf the Sovereign and fibjects.
his conll-.itly keepting to b.ilncs, anti th;a his, Il coifequence of this it is faid, that durinir
pe fpis city to judge is the rehfit of mature de- .1 i,. ing va.' i nioi toi ie wll be a meeting
S as .. of l) tpties from all the Pailiaments, who, in
quahficatitn in a placeofthat coenfetiuetice. concert vwith his Majefvly' Miniflers, tall firm
I healthy, strong in confittution, ceeedingly a new law to fervc as a principle and bals on
temperatte, Mr. le Cimtede Vergentie. rides and which all future decitonu hall be built. The
w.'ks cery day for alove two hours, andde- new atents are already delivered to the fi i
vot-s all th. rcll of his time ti htifinefs, or to the Prefident, who fet out on his return to lioui-
private enjoynitits of domellic life. His cir- deaux on the ll of this nionth, and they will
cle of acquaintance, which might be the moll he regiflered on the 22d. The Parliament was
extu live in the kingdom, is exceedingly circum- treated with the greater diflietion by his Ma-
fcribed by his own cl:oice ; and that indefatiga. jelly, who caufed fevesal of the Members to fit
ble nuan is feldom to be fern any were but at his dowttn in his presence, and fignilied his intention
own houife, or office. The Miniller with whom that thv should be rtiniburfed for the expenses
he is upon the motll intimate footing isthe of their'journey, which might be done by a
Minifter of Finance (Mr. de Calonne) brIng flight tax levied oi the province of Guienne.
himfelf the Superintendant of thle Counfel of his offer, however, thefe Magifirates gene-
that department. With the other minifers, rounly refnfcd, aHedging that they were fatisfied
Melfrs. de Cafll its and de Bretruil, he is upon v ith having contributed to the public good, and
a very good footing. It may even be faid, that. that they would accept of no reimbursement
in refpea to the lall, their dilpofitions are, in which ,, )aid reproduced by a fubfidy extracted
fome degrees, hollile ; the Baron, on account of from thi fweat of their fellow citizens."
the neutral part Mr. dc Vergennes took in Car- We learn from Amfterdam that a meeting
dinal de Rohan"' affair, having been exceedingly I was held there, composed of eighty magiftrates
.offended. But Mr. de Vergennes fears no cune- of the cities anid Rates of the Seven United
my, and his Royal Matter liflens to no reports i Provinces. The domestic affairs of the republic
either again him or against Marefehal de Caf-. have been the important object of their delibe.
tries, looking upon them both as the mol honellt artions. Thefe truly patriotic regents have
men he could put at the head of hid councils. drawn np a conrs of affociation, which may
This discrimination of the French Monarch is he julily called The A& of Patriotic Confe-
equally honourable to his Majefty and the two deration." The fathers of the people have
Minifters who have tie confidence of their Sove- bound themselves publicly and foiemnly to en-
reign. deavour, at the expense of their fortune, if that
48- should become neceffary, to obtain the redrefs
f 0 BE OL D, of the abuses that have crept into the conflitu-
.. T v T ution, to the p* dice of civil liberty. They
By JOHN C R I T I E ; even pledge their lives in the purfuit of it, if
INDIAN Corn, Ship Bread, cafe, Potatoes, Onions, that becomes neceffary. The foundation of this
I Albany Boardl, Two-inch nk, Tuipeutine, Bar falutaty reform refis upon four principal points :
Iron|i &c. -firft, the deftrudlion of an absolute arifllocra-
L w t W I cy ; second, to eiablish checks to a licentious
A few Field NE G R0 8, democracy; third, the maintenance and pro-
Property warranted. tedion of the Stadtholdership, but according to
A Nfs, N.ewaskr s4, 716. the principle of th coaitution f ouith, ihe
uprenfiaef o N rtformed shigion, It nt
the religion of the ftlae, which hasu arght by
this title to caqIall the privileget -rto it;
nevertheless without encrctiling upk the a-.
t l prief f dfisen pffefling difreat
,eligrin. i, h interesting piece IS = alyat
prees, in the Dutch language. Seven authentic
copies are to be fent to each province to be pre.
fented to llU the Magiftrates, who have concur.
red in drawing it. tup, "nd who have' pledged
themselves to fign it ; declaring that their federal
signatures put to thefe fe vce. feparate copida will
have the fame force as if they had been put to
one single inifrument.
Extra of a letter from Niaple, Jsly 13.
The King has given orders for the fleet of
men of war to fail immediately to join the Por,
teguefe and the other confederate powers, which
are to aft against the Algerines. The nations
which form the general confederacy are the
Portuguefc, Maltefe, Genoefe, Venetians, and
Leghorners; they will alfo be joined by fome
frigates from the Ecclefialtic States, which,
when together, will make a formidable arma.
Extrad of a kleer from Utrecht, fguf i o0.
The City iof Rotterdam has it is faid agreed
to the prolpof.d of that of Amlicrdam, to abo-
lish and fiipprcfs all the free corps of the pro.
vince of Holland.
In 17R4, the town of Hariiingen delibe.
rating upon the quellion," whether the Burghers
" should be armed, and whether they should
" permit the ercaion of Volunteer Corps," one
of the members of the Magiftracy, named J.
Norrel, caused his opinion to be infected in the
minutes of the meeting in favour of the ella-
blishment of thr above corps; upon which eight
Ilurgomalhlrs brought an action againft him,
which however, Mr. Norrel has gained by a
enitence of the Court of Friclland, dated the
#5th of July, which has call his antagonists
Extrala vf a letter from Utrecat, dugfiqt I .
The general affembly of all the free corps
of the republic now holding at Utrecht have
fent a commiflion to Wvk to examine the forti-
tications, and all that relates to the defence of
that place ; the commnillioirs after having in.
fpected every thing returned, and made their
report to tih affembly.
The deputed Counfellors of ITtrecht gave
ordersto the commandant of the cavalry to pulit
their troops under anns upon the 7th nf this
month, but that officer excufed hliimfelf. The
ilifniiled Magiltracy, it is faid, intended to affenim-
ble on that day, but they did not, which is
attributed to the refufal of the commandant of
thn' cavalry, as thofe regents did not nnill likely
choofe to expofe themselves without any ddefen.
ders to the infidts of the burghers."
The mtifunderllanding between the king of
France and the parliament of Bourdeaux, does
not feem calculated to reflect new lutlre upon
the monarch. The oppofitioen of the parliament
has been directed againrf the letters patent of
the king, granting certain lands as vacant, which
it feems, have been already appropriated, and
affiduoufly cultivated. 'Ple difpnte is of a long
landing as the year 1781. Besides this, a
fecond controversy is faid to have taken place
between the king and the parliament of Dijon.
In this country it is impoffible we fliould not en-
tertain fume veneration of the very name of a
parliament. Whatever remains of this venerable
institution are to be found upon the continent,
whatever relics of privikge and liBerty have ef-
caped the infatiable defpotifm of Louis the XIth,
and the cardinal Richlieu, cannot but command
our fincereft good wishes and fympathy. The
character and government of Louis the XVIth
had gained a degree of refpedability and honour
that had long been flrangers in that country.
They were distinguished for moderation, huma-
nity, and justice. We are forry to fee this
prince departing, in any degree, from the ref-
pedable maxims that had gained him fo much
applause, and treading in the ftlps Aga govern-
ment, that will long be a blot in lhi Galic hif.
tory, tha of Louis the XVth. *
gifters and Other p s ibe h I orderetibe'
brought to me. bnot '.hid with fa'.
prize and' difr t ntk, tat- tryliament of
Bourdaux, Ihould havct ddlkdiffairs which,
are foreign to it 'ind that it ha allowed lkfelf
the liberty to pas refolutions, contradicting
what I have ordered, aJ Ihal made know
to them my intentions intie moft folean man.
ner. I am going to *reafmt your regifers,
what is contrary, to that remet which my Par-
liament Ihould hilt hive operated it be dore.
I alfo intend to let youtitnw my will upon the
bufinefi for whiclil have commanded your at-
tendance here." -. .
Hisi Majefty's Speech at the conclusion of their
attkndane, on the a9th ult.
You have heard my-will. I rely that my
Prliatnent will'conform exactly to what I have
lM'l down, with that fidelity and rdfpjl which
it owes me. The Domaine is one of the moft
infhierent patrimonies of the Crown. I muft
watch attentively to the prefervation of its
rights; but I never will permit that the claims
of it should go fo far as to deprive lawful rf ef-
fors oftlicr properties. My Parliament knows
the love I have for my fubjeca, and the dire
I hive to fee juftice done to them. I have per-
mitted my Courts of Juftice, to make reprefcn-
tal ions to me relative to what conccr. tie wel-
fare of my fiithjcs ; but I never will fulTer that
they should prefuine to forbid what I hav. or-
diained. It does not Il/o lfo ygo to .'h in the
cale fjjtl.ice my right: and thof of mw'yfu/rle. I
am the fote, fupremc guardian of the Interefts
of my people; interefts which cannot be fepa-
rated frm mnic. Tour arsv adiurrfolutions ran
anver ripe %ou a title to refijl iny authority. It is
front that your hold the honours, the duties of
which you till. You on.ot overtok itr witi.
out weakening the portion I have cofirldedto
Return to your duty, Never lofe fight of
yctir lit'l ohjea, which it to distribute impar-
tial julliec to my fubjedls. I know that there
is a coufiderable quantity ofbufrncft retarded. I
vr 'cr you to take measures to accelcrat its con-
chfuion. Let your zeal for ay' service put an
end to divisions amoungt you, au it ia prejudicial
to that good order which it is my will to main-
tain. Such are my intentions. I rely that you
will conform to them, and by fodoing, you will
merit my confidence and protection. I com-
mand you all to meet at Bourdeaux, on the 21 it
of next month."
Extrad of a letter from VFnict, Juy 1 5.
By the lati letters received from the Le-
vant, a rupture between ftome European Poyrers
and the Ottoman Porte is more and more appre.
ihcded. The Turks do not look with a favour-
able eye upon the aggrandizement of the Ruffian
Empire, and the continual encroachments of
that power upon the territory formerly under
the Ottoman dominion. This makes the Divan
apprehend it to be absolutely necelfary for them
to fliUport the rich Tartars of the Cuban, who,
to efcape from the yoke of the Czarina, were
obligiul to leave their country, and abandon all
their pofutfions to the conqueror.
We arc at- a lots to know why the Divan
endeavours to difturb the tranquillity of our re-
public, whofc wish it is to live in peace fcth all
its neighbours; and that they do diftlub sr
peace in certain, from their connivance at the
depredations of the Pacha of Scutari ; and we
sre further aftlred, that the incurfions of the
Turks ftill continue, and that the Ottoman Go-
vernour do not egl & any opportunity of do-
ing harm to the abjefta of thiu republic. This
conduct mae prifla eceary, which it its
much to may lead to serious holtilitie.
We haw of fevetral irnmihes between
the iTurk 4 Venetingp, pWicuhrly es in
the Divan is much emberraffed tintera al tro
bless. Thofe in Egypt inereaday and we
have accounts, that Kuchuk 41yfBey of Ba-
jas, who was thought to be r d, and not in
a fate to make any furt er iiAusm, Uas fu d
deily reapprenrd'wwith rongh c than'er,e
and has given proofs ohis Niorit by rout-
ing a party of ihe troops, of Govenour of
Alepo' ir 1 M .. '
We eta&&mrc the ipplic, tb lad expref6 that
arrived from Mr, Eden. at (wh was
immediately ,orwardedto the allngt Windlor)
contains a fu agreeent e thewo Court
of every article rating thecommercial trea-
ty, a cirnmhanuac big with the greatest confe-
quence to both kingdoms.
A congratulatory letter (witen by the King
of France's owj hand) in a ioft affectionate
manner, addreffed to our Soyhrign, has been
ailfo received, refpeling his l, happy escape.
Exira3 of a tler/rom .Alkin, p t
The two negocTators womt ae here, from
the United States of Amica, tr eat about a
pease with our Regency, have not met with any
fucccfs. When they arrived, about the latter
cud of March, they took up their lodging at the
houfe of the French Conful: Two days after,
they had an audience of the Dry: He received
them, indeed, with affability, but would hear
nothliing about peace, saying, That he could
not enter into any amicable connections with the
Anmrican Congrcfa, until the latter (hall have
agreed about that affair with the Grand Seig.
liior." Neverthelefs, he added, that they
might redeem their nineteen countrymen that
were in &avery. ,here, on pying the fun of
a28,00ooo padres, besides the charge*." The
two deputies not prefuoning to take upon'them-
fclves the' payment of to large a fum, to deliver
thofe unfortunate men from captivity, one of
them Is fct out od board of a Spanilh brigantine
to get freih.inftructions."
On MONDAY thq Iant-,
WILL BE BOLD, W8 A ,
o Boei, SP.NISH SUGAR. .
o Coalk. Hgh Proof JAMAIC SPIRITS,
New RICE In Tiercut,
PEASE, POTA'rOE, OMIO,
London BoItled PORTi |
A few Cae. PICKI,. -
A Quantity of ALIY 8AN0 *,
AL 8 O,
A P3W'ln the South Edt Alla of Chria Church,
The HULL t of athee
now leu ,nnisp ~ wjf
MASSAU. fiessrast i.
HIVRBDAY t being the Fetlval of
- A S. Aa" SL 11 t bf v od here by'
"ann of thea ie So ,aQfe
their friend, with gitafftity aIed
The Ketch Liberty, and 4Slop Hor
-Wild Daun, with their a= iadditt&
Grand Caic e, by the VIgiat Cutam-houfa
Tender, in Odtober laA, are condemned inthe
Court ofVice-Admiialty for breach of the lawd
A Cotton Gin on a conftiruion entirely new.
made by Mr. Eves, of Cat-Iland, wai lately
brought to town, and may be viewed at work
in the course of next wteel.S ouo4 it, janiwee
the expectations formed of it, and there is every
appearance of their -being ply gratified, we
undertand that the Cotton nt intend to,
reward the ingenuity of the inventor with a
handfoime premsum. .
Thi afternoon arrived here from Turkm
flands, the loop America, Bacy, an Ate.-
rican veffel, feized there by Mr. ryfdale, in
the Vigilant Cuftom-houfe tender, for breach of
the laws of trade.
Lately died in Pennfylvania, whither he had
gone for the recovery of his health, Mr. JonKs
WanD, of Exuma.
r Te BrigTanti ELIZABETH, JonHi
INOLII. Malter, wi/fiilfor London on Wednef-
day next, the 6th of December, 4dindand woatjne
pursattig.-Her LE7TER r G i up at the
BAHAMA ISLANDS, I
Nw.-PsovitBNea. S' I
By Uir Honour JOHN B N, E.uire,
aol CIeset,,Via is sd ev, tei<
Bham -lfland Ciedhr/, V"loairetl, an 0,4d.
seery iskjas, W5t. Wte
A PROCLAIM AT I.
W HEREAS the Geneq Affembly ot
thefe 0lands flo prod ed to Monday,
the 4th day of Decent iniant : Aul
WetaAa it thought ieadient, tIt the fCld Go-
aerl Almrhy heI,, tbe hthr pr _p-d: I eve
vigtross TruomBsr rlr, by said *i the advice
ind colat, of his MafSy's Honiour, Co'acil, t
UIN this my Prodmmat, 1roniguig,|und I do here-
by pves the f(od Goee.l Affcmbly Monday the
th day oa Jsanum aeat.
irVEN Yadir n Hanl t-, d St t h
fdIi IA*S&,u at thua, Ol % ifad Mr
kidAly rear tr-
Hlsov Yoaca, SOeritIrN.
GOD SAVE THE SINI .
On MONDAY the 4 i41bat,
As Ar .0o0W i. doh if.
Will be Sold at Pu1ei, SAL befeoe dh
S The KETCH IERTT,
And her CAirGO, of IND9.
00 CHINA. UEP rs TEETH,
s UOAR, COFFEE, j COPPER,
DELP WARE, blme rlpod BAne S
3 ARCHIES,. Ac. emned i' the
of Vica-Adllodlt .
I, ROERT HUNT, Collter.e
nm'r a, I 76.
l a gtheada, hlayi, f s l5l to
;Addef s, to JOHN H 0 R r*.
F Or ucae the hu"A'd fesran apny,
S Whetn eulolial temPeO rail"
The Cape' fulrrmundlng wave I
Sheui heasi dg o'er the reef he hae
'lie crackin nmant, ed aesa or earh,
Beneath, his wtly green.
For eaon the flow Me.ra.ies. poll
And hardier Bi eantic toils,
While bath the irfe t foreEo
a.. tr care, which neither tIld ca bar,
"" r tol, nor gems, wiA ofaft bdi*
The covor'd heart. below.
Tor neither teld nir ga me csmhin'd
Can heal the foul or fufferiaf mind.
L I where their own he I:
SPerh'J on his ranch tdilleniper breather,
"Ad ecre, like fmokie, iu turbid'wreatha
Round the gay ceiling flies.
we who enjoys, nor coveta more,
The land. his father held before.
Is of true blUfpoffefs'd
let but his mind unfcttca'd tread
far as the aths of knowledge lead,
And wile, well as blellt.
No rfers his peace of mind annoys
L ie price lie his fainte deAroy,
Which latour'd years have wi,
Nor ack'd committees break hsuet,
Nor avarice t-ods him forth in quell
Of climes be Ith the fun.
Short i our fpant t.en why eg0gae
In fchemes for w.h mno's trsnfieat age
Wa i'der by ,e e lifn'ld ?
Why flight the ts of Nature' .hand ?
N% hat wanderer im ihi native land
'er left him bchitd
The reftlef. tAto t and wayward will,
And difcontert titend him dill,
Nor quit him while he lives i
Atr (a, care follows in the wind;
At land, it nlotti' the pad bchliud,
Or with the poal-boy drives.
lie who woult happy live today,
tluft lin1h til prc ent illi awAy,
Nor think woues to rome;
For come thejwill, or foon or lt,
tince ni;'d at belt is Bi>n' tielte,
By HIeavO' eternal doom.
To ripcn'Jd 4e Clie liv'd renowned,
With lacks enriched, with honounrtcrowl'd,
His valour's well-carn'd rcecd.
Too long. alas! he liv'd to hate
Hi.enved lot, and dled too late.,
From lire's opprcflion freed.
An early death was Elliott'," dooms
I faw his opening vit es bloom,
And many fctfe unfold,
T efoon to fade. I bed the fnie'
Recnrd his anite, 'midft hordes anknown,
Uakporwlng what it told.
To thee, ftsph the Pates may give,
I will they ny, in health to live.
Herd., 1lo14, And fruitful fields;
Thy vacant h asr in mirth to iune;
'VWih thefe, 4e muse already iline,
Her prrcfe tin yields.
For me, 0 ore, onl claim,
To merit, nto feok for fme,
The good jft topltte;
A Bate iabovesthe fear of went,
Dome.tic love, avten's choice,, grant,
Health, leifaure, peace and eafe.
isM^ lllivet, (tb* Reveller of Si, Gilkae XflieMn)
is Maier 1?773. Is bit way to N-arpoe, The esupsltat
Air. Bar~5iE' dmaaleat, hsi I &PaOM .o woesA4
oat A Oe s4 tonar Astral -d C"Astyl A
uoas.,.t Was deet~d to Me Misery ON she/d wbobrt be wet
Asari~jeid #be xWh~strffse bow Jase Sail a lowu. Siltre,
whiab I,,U celoswZibu Geoge, ar saiseS's Towe..
'; [CeUIraMa rUeM *a LaST.]
HRfw ; =oq*$4 r6, 1786.
tY K. Z _lxe _Counfel fo Mr. Aylett) in
eaL very rTech, contended, that hit
client w leg Ytstled to a writ of error, in
cofquence of tihaon-certftird of the a rand
jurs' name, which was the principal point on
which he and MraWood rented their arguments.
Mr. Bearcro/flt'fted, that it was not fuffi-
cient ground to rverfi the judgment, and that
fuch omilion waacsqftomary, and of course not
without prefcription, which he confirmed from
unanmitrable authorities within the Jafl fifty
Lord Bathurh, after hearing the arguments
on both fides, demed it eligible to refer it im-
mediately to the eci ion of the Judge (five of
whom were pref*a).
Judge Gould retapitulated the whole in a very
clear and comprehensive manner; at the fame
time adding his own opinion, art the judgment
might be confirmed, which which was unanimoufly
agreed to. Adjourned.
On the third reading of the bill for appoint-
ing commiffloane to enquite into the Rpate of
the Crown land, &c.
Lord Loughborough was much aflonifhed at
the introduction of this bill at fo late a period of
the felion. 1c exprelfed his aftonilbhment more
particularly, that a very important part of the
bill wet omitted t be mentioned in the pream-
ble or title. The bill was deceptions. It had
the appearance of a bill of enquiry, but it was
in fas a granting the commiflioncrs a power to
difpofe of the whole lands belonging to the
Crown. It was an eflahlifhed regulation, that
no part of the Crown lands Ihould be difpofed of
without firft obtaining his Majefly's permiffion;
and that not even a difcuflion Ihould take place
without the like authority. There waa indeed
an aftent to the enquiry, hut none either implied
or affected to the fale. There were federal other
very obvi.ou o* bjciA CU hs~.h chdlled f.. the im-
mediate fupprellon nf the law. He, recurred to
the days of Charles If. when it was thought
necelrary to levy a certain fum by the difpofi of
part of the Crown lands. At that time, the
Commons appeared fcrupulous in the extreme,
when requested to aftent to the proposition for
the fale. He was very diffufe in his obfcrvatious
on the times alluded to; and remarked, that
it was then known that tenants holding of the
Crown lands, were in many rzfpects in a better
fituatio than th fe who held of an inferior lord.
In the prefent jItl, however, all thele particu-
lars were totally of regarded.-The King fuf-
fered an injury Mecaufe his royal privileges were
consigned int the hands of cormmiffliner with-
out any exception I besides, her Majelty, the
Prince of Wale, and the Royal Progeny, were
equally injured; because a fyflem had been
formed fur the difpofl of the Crown lands, which
were certainly part of their royalties, without
ever havingbeen confulted on the fubje&.
S a Balurft left.the'woolfmok, and poke
" i in fipport' f the bill. His Ma-
jen Ionf( having been Implied in the meffage
wae certainly fufficient; but if that was rec-
koned infufficient, the royal afent was neceffary
before the palirng of the lw.-With regard to
the authority with with which the commiffioners were
about to be invested, itwas no more than that
granted in the days of Charles II.
Lord Loughborough recapitulated his argu-
iwnts, by inning that the royal affent was
neceflary to the extent of the law before it was
introduced into prlia ment.
Lord Carlide supported the noble Lord gai'ift
Lord Hawke' fpoke flor a few minutes in fa-
vgIr of it.
The queflion was thea put, and a divifion en-
AsH. when the asinhe, wer---Conotents 14,
ProxIe s4 4-s8.--.o conteat 11, PWtie
r- s--Majority go.
hfto e tt tds um*a.te i...
B- cufie the proio. athe Ibsm 7e
tended to an obj not dfdo%4 ia thw is end
the on ptpofe fet forth in tl mind .m
yet the bill pr t e oflpbi z
fel toa An *
tie land revenue belonging to the Crown, wh
a neither eCofreimabe to the ufual couafe opar.
liamentary proceeding, nor coaAent with the
.refpec due to the ioanediate poteffione of the
II. Becaufe the 6al diseedby the bill I
injurious to the Crown, without ticing beneficid
to the fublef I it is not refiraeed to the rents
remaining unfold (if there be cny fuch) under
the direction of' the Gal 3id and1 -d ofi
Charles II. But theife&as are by th'biex.
prrely repealed, i new power is created for the
ale of Crown rents under the survey of the Ex-
chequer, without any exception of rents within
the principality of Walce, or thole paid in the
name oftithe by ecclefiaftical perfonis ; of thofe
charged with the fipportoffihools, hofpitals,
bridges; of thofe paid by freehold orcopyhold
tenants of manors belungtng to the Crown; uei.
other is there any faving of the tight of the
Q even's Majefly, nor any protection of the fub.
je againlrf the claim of rents not put in charge
within 40 years; all which exceptions and refer-
vations were infected in the acs now repealed.
III. Because the powers of furvey given to
the Commiffloners are dangerous to the quiet of
the fubjet, and derogatory to the honour of the
Crown. Commiflions of inquiry are directed to
be ifuied by the Court of Exchequer on the
mere motion of the Commifllonere, without any
other form of judicial proceedings, or any at-
tention to the ancient Court of the Exchequer,
whereby all eflates contiguous to any foretl or
lands belonging to the Crown, arc fubjeat, at
their pleafure, to an inquisition into ancient
boundaries, fuppofed incroachments, and con.
cealed titles. By the powers of inf pe6io and
control, which, on a itippofition of abufe not
fRated, are given to thef' Commiffionert, the
tenants of the Crown may be refrained from
their accustomed privileges, in the occupation
and renewal of their cftates; and the manage.
ment of the Crown lands, which, with a juft and
becoming confident, is in the molt ample term
referved to his iajefty, by the firf ad of his
reign, in the 9th and loth ferfions, is fubmit-
ted to the cenfure of the Commififoners, not
appointed or removable by the Crown.
IV. Because every juf purpofe which the
appointment of Commhlsonei can reach, might,
without expense to the public, have been attain-
ed, by calling for the reports of the officers of
his Majel9y'& land revenue, to whofe lfill, dili-
g-nce, and integrity, no exception has been
Chr. BRISTOL. *
By virtue of a commifflion from his MajeIty,
the royal affent was given to the following bills.
The Swvets duty bill. The Stamp duty bill.
Salt duty bill. Britiith fihery bill. The bill to
render more efedual the transfer duty bill. The
bill for appointing Commiffioners to enqa re in-
to the lole* of thofe perfons who suffered in the
ceffion f Eat-Florida. The bill for incorpo-
rationg ie Britilf Society for extending the
filherieuo Scotland. And to four other blb.
TEN DOLLARS REWARD.
T'HE Subleriber's Bay S a, owM the
& nifhtofthe 1yth hInant, tbI in tel thigh by
e ildar. d prM asdhal Wik wod.
The Above 3 will be to who wIll
airwl bel the ftedA so eMs
*V^i v J~- 7- '