• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 Preface
 Introduction
 Systematic index to the four...
 Catalogue of African fresh-water...
 Addenda Vol. I
 Addenda Vol. II
 Addenda Vol. III
 Addenda Vol IV
 Index to the four volumes
 Back Matter
 Back Cover






Title: Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa in the British museum (Natural history) ..
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098532/00001
 Material Information
Title: Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa in the British museum (Natural history) ..
Physical Description: 4 v. : illus. ; 29 cm.
Language: English
Creator: British Museum (Natural History) -- Dept. of Zoology
Boulenger, George Albert, 1858-1937
Publisher: Printed by order of the Trustees by Taylor and Francis
Place of Publication: London
Publication Date: 1916
Copyright Date: 1909
 Subjects
Subject: Fishes -- Africa   ( lcsh )
Freshwater animals -- Africa   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
General Note: Vol. 4 contains addenda to the four volumes (p. 149-336) and also systematic and alphabetical Indexes.
Statement of Responsibility: By George Albert Boulenger, F.R.S.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00098532
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01832997
lccn - 10006511

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
    Title Page
        Page i
        Page ii
    Preface
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Introduction
        Page v
        Page vi
    Systematic index to the four volumes
        Page vii
        Page viii
        Page ix
        Page x
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    Catalogue of African fresh-water fishes Vol IV
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    Addenda Vol. I
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    Addenda Vol. II
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    Addenda Vol. III
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    Addenda Vol IV
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    Index to the four volumes
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    Back Matter
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    Back Cover
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Full Text






CATA L 0 G U E



CF THE




IFRESII-WATER FISI iE'S OF AFllICA



I 1 *ll ':


BRITISH MUSEUM

(NATURAL HISTORY).



VOLUME IV.



PY


GEORGE ALBERT BOIULENGER,


F.R.S.


I.ON 1)ON:


PI-,I TID. I I.Y X. -& -!-. 1' K l" l VI NO.IW -..
*] I ri, l
I.,' N ';.11 \. ~'. r, l;E l.N A ,'... :;, i'. l l 1.1; ',T-, i l' i }*l .:
B. Q L'.RITCI 11 il R. [ 1 \ I'1: 1:1 NI.\\ I ,NI> -rIl:1-1 \ '. :
lit l. \U Cc.. L I.., .;: Ii -i L..t1 l.F. W .:
THIE lMIDL.L ND EDLO.TION.L C... I.TI... 41 4.> '.':)I:I-1 \ I| N "Ti.Fr .V. IL11INTn.ll .
\M*l sT TI
1;RI t ,II' M USEU N.1T.L' r AI. l i' N -Y; C io M N" .LL T L R \ 1 1,. V.
I '. l ..





































BIOLOGY
GEOLOGY
LIBRARY


PlI]NTI')ED TY TAYLORl AND FRANCIS,
1IED) Il.IU. CoiURT, ILEET STIRET1.














PR E F ACE.






THE scope of Volume IV. of the present Catalogue is in accordance
with the anticipation expressed in the Preface and introduction of its
predecessor. Three Suborders are first considered, namely: the Acan-
thopterygii, eight Families of which were dealt with in Volume III.;
the Opisthomi, represented by the Mastacembelidwe; and the Plecto-
gnathi, similarly including only one Family, the Tetrodontidte. The
subject is then continued by an account of addelna to the previous
volmins. The danger of overlooking these has been minimised by the
preparation of a general systematic index to the four volumes, in which
the author hns placed the new species in what he regards as their
proper position iln his system.

Mr. Boulenger's account of thel Fresh-water Fishes of Africa is thus
brought to a conclusion. While recognizing fully the value of the
services rendered by the collectors and donors of unique material
preserved in the +Museum, and particularly by those mentioned in the
Introduction, it is impossible to overlook the fact that the principal
stimulus leading to the acquisition of the collection has been tile
author's own enthusiasm and unrivalled knowledge of tlie subject of
this work.


SI1)NEY F. IIA.\I MER,
Keeper o/ Zooloyy.
HITrIsnI Mt'si:rXM (NXATr u. TTsroTY),
JaiarN' IIlN .
Ja,11iUar, I-AG


















I N TROD 0 1) CT I 0 N.




'T'iis fourth volume, which concludes the Catalogue of the Fresh-water
Fishes of Africa,' contains the last families of' Acanthopterygii and
the Opisthoini and Plectognathi (135 species, 1390 specimens), an
Appelndix dealing with the additions to the literature and the
collection since the publication of the preceding volumes (issued in
1909, 1911, and 1115, respectively), and Indexes to the whole work.
Thle collection, the arrangement of which is now completed, is
certainly the largest ever brought together and described from the
fresh waters of any part of the world, comprising as it does over
15,000 specimens, or more than one-half of the total number of dishes
in the British Museum at the conclusion of Dr. Giinther's Catalogue in
1870. At that date-a land-mark in the history of systematic Ichthy-
ology-very little was known of the fresh-water fishes of Africa, and
even ten years later, in his 'Study of Fishes,' Dr. Giinther assessed the
number of species then known at 255 only, intentionally omitting a
few forms such as occur also in the sea (the Angillide and Jlugilidw,
for instance). In a list compiled by me ten years ago, the number of
species was estimated at 974. 1425 are described in the present work.
In addition to the 15,000 specimens in tile Museum, it has been my
privilege to examine a nearly equal number, principally from the Nile
Survey, the Congo (Tervueren), Genoa, Paris, S. African, and Luxemburg
Museums, and the collections made by the late Dr. W. J. Ansorge,
who, up to the time of his death two years ago, had been most
energetic in exploring various rivers of West Africa, from Portuguese
Guinea to Angola, and who, within the last fifteen years, on his own
initiative, has done more than any other collector for the increase of
our knowledge of African Fishes. Next in importance, and in addition
to those mentioned in the Fishes of tile Nile and in tile Introduction








INI' R )IUCTI( N.


to the first volume of this Catalogue, are the collections made by
Mr. G. L. Bates (Cameroon), Dr. E. Bayon (Uganda), Major G. E.
Bruce (Transvaal and Lagos), Dr. C. Christy (Congo), Mr. '1'. Codrington
(Zambesi), Capt. R. . Gard'uer (Nigeria), Mr. S. L. Hinde (Kenya
district of E. Africa), Mr. W. P. Lowe (Liberia), M. E. Luja (Congo),
Mr. F. II. Melland (Lake Bang\veln), Mr. A. Blayney Percival (British
E. Africa), Capt. E. L. Rhoades (Lake Nyassa), Dr. II. G. F. Spurrell
(Gold Coast), Dr. L. Stappers (Lakes Tanganyika and Mwcru), Mr. N.
W. Thomas (Sierra Leone), and the late Mr. R. B. Woosnam (uiveicnzori
and Lake Ngami Basin).
Numerous new Cyprinids have recently been added to the fauna of
South Africa by Dr. J. D. F. Gilchrist and Mr. W. Wardlaw Thompson,
and most of the figures which accompany their descriptions in the
'Annals of the South African Museum' have been reproduced in the
Appendix to Vols. 1. and II., by the kind permission of the Director
of the South African Museum, Dr. L. P6ringuey.

G. A. BOULENGElR.
ZOOI.()OIcAL DEPARTMENT,
B1ii'rIisur McsiruM,
20th yoremher, 1)i 15.




















SYST'lEATIC INDEX

TO THE FOUR VOLUMES.


Subclass SELACHII.

Ord. 1. PLAGIOSTO'M1I.

Subord.. I. P EUR T RE I.

FIam. 1. CanIClAnIIIE.
Vultine I. IV.
Page Page
i. Carcharias, Cutr. ........ 2
1. zambcsenBis, Peters .. 2


Subord. 11. IIr Y oT n E I.

Fain. 1. PRlISTID.E.
1. Pristis, Lath ............. 3
1. perroteti, M.. J- 11... 3 149


Subclass TELEOSTOMI.

Ord. I. CROSSOPTERYGIL1.

Subord. 1. CLAD ITIA.

Fnam. 1. POLYPTEIID.E.
1. Polypterus, Geo'r. ...... 5
1. bichir, Geof'r......... 6
2. lapradii, Stdr. .... 7
2a. ansorgii, Blgr.........
3. congicus, BlUr....... 9
4. endlicheri, Ieck. .... 10
5. weeksii, Blgr......... 1
G. ornatipinnis, Blgr. . 12
7. delhezi, Blir. ........ 13
S. senegalus, Cu. ....... 14
U. palmai s, -l/r, s ........ 1


149
149
149

150




150
150


Volume I. IV.
I. Polypterus (con.). l Page Pago
9 a. Io\\ei, Bhlr......... .. 151
10. retropinnis, Taill .... 17
2. Calamiclhtilys. J. A. Smith. 17
1. calabaricus,J. A. Smith. 1S 151


Ord. II. D1PNEUSTI.


Fam. 1. LEPIDOSIRENID.E.
1. Protopterus, Owen ........ 19
1. annectens, Owen .... 20
2. ethiopieus, Heck. .... 21
3. dolloi, BlyJr. ........ 22

Ord. III. TELEOSTEI.

Subord. I. M ALACOPTERYGII.

Faw. 1. ELOPID.E.
1. Elops, L. .............. 25
1. saurus, L. .......... 25 1
2. lacerta, C. j- I. ...... 26
2. Megalops, Lacep. ........ 27
1. cyprinoides, Brouss. .. 28

Faul. 2. MounmitiiE.
1. Mormyrops, J. Mill ....... 30
1. delicious, Leach .... 32 1
I a. citernii, Vinciy. .... ... 1
2. anguilloides, L ....... 34
3. longiceps, Gthr. .... ..35
1. breliceps, Stdr. ....... 30 1
5. engystoma, Blr,. .... 36 1
;. parvus, BiUr. ......... 37









SYSTEMATIC INDEX.


1. -~1lorlnvlrop,; (co,,.). 1'
7. Imti.uian us, Blyir.. . ..
7 a. batesiaius, B /r. . .
8. sirenoides, lir. .. . .
i. zaiclirostris, Uthr. .. 4
10. boulengeri, I'lleyr.
11. curtul ., Blyr. ........
12. lineolatus, Bir. . . .
13. nigricans, Blgr. .. ....
14. mnierostoima, IM)lr. . .
15. maiit e, ,Schilllh. ......
16. atteniuItus, B/cr. .. ..
17. furcitdens, l'le.,,r. ... .
2. Petrocepllhlus, Mltrc'i. .
1. bane, Lacep' ........
2. sauvagii, r. . . .
3. Insorgii, Bl,. . ......
4. ballayi. 'Sa1 ,. .........
4 a. microplihthalihnus,
l' Ilei ...........
5. sim us, ,Saii,. ........
5( Cllllgallu B/Iir. . .
6. bovei, C. ......
7. keatizngii, lilY. .......
8. stutlilnaili, Bl /1. .
b r. lauillevillii, ilyr. . .
9. Catostoma, Gth.. .. ...
10. gliroides, I'ici. ..
11. tlegeni, 'I/yr. ........
3. IsiLhtl ys, Gill ...........
1. henry, Gill. .......
4. M3aruseniuis, (ill ...... .
1. nigripilnlis, Bl r. . ..
2. pulverulentut, Blir...
3. marchii, Samv. ......
4. kingsley;, uthr/ . . .
5'. Slphocodes, (amw. .. ..
5 a. pappeniheiii, BlIr. .
6. braciistius,. (ill ..
7. longianalis, Bl/r.. . .
,. 1hnysii, ,Std,. ........ .
S a. castelnani. BIqr. ....
b. brevis, Blqr. ......
9. adcpersus, Othrl. .....
: a. hutereaiii, ?il, .. ...
1''. 'eek-ii, 1 .........


1. I1 '.
a.ge l'.ge

. 153;
39!
I 1.514
10 1.34
41
42
43
44
14
4.3
46
47
IS 154
49 154
51 154
52 151


155
155
155



153
157






157






15S


15S
15S
159


1309



I (;1


\ ,. I ., 1 I "
4. Miarei'senius (c9n.). ., ., i'.,e
11. batesii, Blyr. .. 7.
12. ansorgii, B/lr. 7" 1i I
13. pa; ncir; di:tut s i, 7.3 1.1
14. nigricans, Blijr. -3 11.1
15. isidori, C. J- 1 . 7.3 Ini
15a. gaillardi, Pellt . I,.1
1]. castur, l1'pcnL/ ,7
17. harringtoni, Bi, 7
S1'. tuzi ifirons. Illyi. 7.
19. pltgiostoinus, l ;' ..'. -,
U2. discorliyncrhus, i' in I I 11.2
21. p)tthel rici, WI .. .-.' I2'
22. l)iulgetti, BlIjr. ;..
3.'" m l'rolS, B l. . ,' 1
2 1. psittaeusI, B/lr.
2.5. wilwelrthi, Bl/r
5. Stoinatorhinius, BlI, ,-
1. puncticulatuii, .' ,.. I
2. walk,,ri, Uthr .
3. humilior, Bl/r. 'j
4. cornedti, Blyr.




1. macrodon, Bl.,. '1:s
1 a. iacrops, Blb, . i,.
7. (inatlhoinemtils, Gill.. :I
1. moorii, u(tlhr.. : 1'.
2. lanmbouri, 'ellu,. :7
:). schiltl iuisia, B. :'.
4. p gtersii, thr. '.': 1'.
5. longibarbis, Ili!... I, I,;
6. niger, ithr. .... II I
7. leopoldlianus, 1', .. 1"2 I,;
1 friteli, I lBi/... . .i t
9. bentleyi, BIIr. .. I.I
10. h\vingstonii, B'-i, l)1
1 1. bruyerii, P'elleiiI |n5
12. nmonteiri, Othr. I'.i, | I
13. mento, Blyre.... . i 1;
13 a. thomasi, Blyj. II
14. stanloyanus, Bi'u l;7 ,*l
15. senegalensis, .,,.'r I,,: I,
16. angolensis, Bl .. I11!1 1,;
16 (. brucii, B1,r. .I. I;












Vulu eine I.
7. G nathloneinu, (con.). P.age
17. c.vlprinoidi ,-, L ...... 110
1 aicrolep;dulus, l',ters 1 12
I !. pictu l rrixs .... 112
20. gilli, lljr. .. ...... 114
21. liitiu ii i,, Bi r. .... 113
22. ius.heri, 'thr. ...... 116
2'3. grebholli, Nchilth .... 117
24. abadii, ]iis. .... 1 S
'.".. tama;nilu (;t/i, .... 11
26. miriu 1/r,. ......... 119
27. eI lpha; lii, ...... 1]20
2-. rhiillichophorui ljr. 1. 1L
29. ibi,, '; /, ........... 122
30. curvirostris, Bl/yr. .. 123
31. imiiLe ius, I l'/1... .... 124
S. (;enyu' n1 rus, Ilil.r. ....... 123
1. duo nyi, li'y)/ ...... 123
9 IMurmiyru,, AL .......... 126
1. halsselqlistii, C. 1' I". 12S
". anclhieta;. G(iii. .... 1129
2 a. ellenbergeri, l'cllr. .
:i. ilacroplhtha;llinis, Gth 130
a i. buimbanims, Lil'/.. ....
-1. ovi-, llU r. ........... 131]
5. c;ballus, Bir. ..... 1132
6. tapirus, 'Palpph. .. 133:
7. teniilrostris, Peters .. 134
8. kainnue, olrds. .... 134
9. casclhive, ........ .136
10. niloticus. Bl.-Schii .. 137
1I bo7.ni, I'elleir. .... 135
12. longirostris, tirs .. 139
13. rumin (. F'. ..... 140
14. probosciros.tris, /Y,'.. 141
10. Ilyperopisus, Gill ...... 112
1. bebe, Lacp. . . .. 142
1 a. tennieauda, l'llegr.. .
11. (iymniarchus, Co ...... 144
1. niloticus, C' ....... 144

Fain. 3. NOTOPTERlD.r.
1. Notopterns. Lacep. ....... 146
1. after, Gthl.. ........ 146
2. Xenominvtus, Gtr. ....... 147
1. iugri, Othr.. ........ 147


Volume 1. ]\.
I'nag I'Page
Famil. 4. OSTIoGI.o(ssin.E.
1. lleterotis, Elreb. ....... 149
1. niloticus, Ehrli b. 1-19 171

Fain.5. P.tl'roujo.vrinI).E.
1. I'nitodoin, l'ters ........ 151
1. buchholzi, il'ters .... 131 171

Fann. 6. CLUrIii.-.
1. C'lipea, L. ............ 133
1. linta, Cua ........ 134
2. 'Pellonula, GUt/i ........ 155
1. vorax, Uth,/......... 156 171
1 a. leonieisi, Jilr... . . 172
2. miodon, lilyr. ..... 157
3. obtusirostris, Blly.. 158
-1. acutirostris, llUIr. .. 15U
3. Olaxothrissa, Bilr....... 160
1. losernl, Bl;,1. ......... 160
I a. aun orgii, blil .... .. 172
4. 3Microllrissna, liy ....... 161
1. lro!:uxi, lil/r. ...... 161
5. llislh, Gra,' ............. 162
1. inllira, S a' i in"s....... 163
6;. Chanoii, Lacej. .......... 164
1. salluonllet u. Flrst... 16


FIn. 7. .SALMONID.E.
1. Sahno, Art. ............ 1 6
1. trutta, L .......... 166


Fan. S. PR.tA'roL. ti rE.
1. I'hractoeminis, Bqr. .... 168
1. ansorgii, Blyr. ...... 16


Fam. 9. KNERIUD.E.

17T1 1. Kneria, S dr. ..........
1. angolensis, Std.l .. ..
2. slelii, Glr.........
3. cameronensis, li/'. .
170 2. Xenopoinatichthys,, '1llecir.
1. auriculatus, Peller...
170 1 a. ansorgii, l r. ..


.111ATIC JN1)E1X.









SMST'EMATIC INI)EX.


V\uoill e 1. IV.
Page Page
Farn. 10. CRolio I11lD.E.
1. Croineria, lilyr .... ... 173
1. nilotica, i . . 1. 73 175


Subord. 11. Os'raiAorplYsi.


Fain. 1. CIIARACINID.E.
1. Sarcodaces, Uthr. ......... 177
1. odoi., B/. ......... 177
2. Ilydrocyon, Cu. ......... 179
1. forskalii, Cu. ....... 180
2. lineatus, B/kr). ...... 182
3. vittiger, Bli. ........ 184
4. goliath, Bly ...... 184
5. brevis, Uthr. ...... 180
3. Brycoumthliops, Gthr. .... 187
1. Iicrostolna, Gthr. .. 188
2. ysenxi, Big/r. ...... 1 9
4. Alestes, M. 4- T. ......... 190
1. dentex, L. ........ 193
2. baremose, Joa:n..... 195
3. lacrophthalinis,Gth/r. 197
3 a. ansorgii, Blr'. .....
4. liebreclitsii, Blgr. . 198
5. stulihtmanni, l'felf .. 199
G. sadleri, B/gr. ...... 200
7. tholloni, Peller. .... 201
7 a. te.ssimani, i'appejh. ..
8. interinedius, Blijr. .. 201
9. longipinnis, Uth'r.. 202
10. clalperi, Sau r....... 203
11. lateralis, BlI r. ...... 201
12. nurse, lidip ...... 205
13:. allinis, Gthr. ......... 208
13 a. jacksonii, Blr. . ....
14. inibcri, Peters ...... 20!)
15. liumilis, B/yir. ...... 211
IM;. hingsleyv:, Ut(hr. .... 212
16( rutilus, B/ir.. .. ..
17. biniaculatus, Bl/yr. 213
1s. trn'iurus, Gthir. .... .214
19. opisthotwiuia, BiUr... 215
20. poptte, I'dYle r....... 216
20 a. schoutedtni, Blir. ..
21. imacrolepidotus,C'. 1'. 217


\ olume 1. 11
4. \ lets (onl.). Page Page
22. rhodopleura, Blifr. .. 21 S
23. grandisqualnis, Blyr. 220
24. batesii, Blly./ . . 221 1 I1
25. brevis, ll,'.......... 222
5. I3icralostes, Bl9' ...... 223
1. acutidens, P terms. .... 24 1 1
2. stornsi, Bl'r. ..... 225
3. humilis, Bl r. ... 226 1' 1
4. holargyrens, GLth2. . 7 1 4
5. urotienia. r.B ir.. ..22
c. interrulptus, Bi. y. .. 229
7. altus, B/3.I ........ 230 1 l
6. Petersius, Ilil/. ......... 231
1. modestus, Bl,. .... 232
2. hilgeudorfi, B/l. .... 232 1 5
2a. ansorgii, Bigr. .... .. .
2b. ubalo, Bijr. ...... 1. 6
3. conserialis, Il/l. .... 233
4. tangeisis, Lnink. ... 234
5. leopoldialius, Blr. .. 235
6. brumpti, Iellegr. .. 235
7. caudalis, Bf/r....... 236
7 a. selptentrionalis, ,Ir. . 1 7
8. pulcler, Blr. .. .. ..237 1,,7
9. major, Blyr. ..... 237 1 7
10. spilopterus, Bl:r. .. 239 167
11. woosnami, Blir. ... 239
12. occidentalis, Gth' . 240
7. EIugiathichthys, BiUr. .... 241
1. cetvcldii, Bl.... ..... 241 18
2. imacroterolepis, Bllr. 243 1 ,S
8. 1'araplhago, BI'r. ........ 244
1. rostratus, Bjf:l. . 244
9. 31esolorui, P'elle/r. ...... .. 245
1. crocodiles, PIellegr... 245
I a. pellegriili, Bijr..... .. I. S
10. Ihago, Uthi. ........... 246
1. loricat us, (ti. ... . 247 1 ,9
2. internimedius, B/i/r. .. 247
3. boulcngeri, Schilth. .. 24 1 9
11. Neoborus, liyr. ........ 249
1. ornalus, /i:,. ....... 230 1 9
2. quadrilinei;tus. l'lle/g'. 251 1~9
12. Ichtlih oborus, (th,. .... 251
1. bc.,e Juoini. ....... 251 19









YST'I'M.V'I(' INI)EN.


\ ullllle I'V.
Page Page
13. Hemnistichodus;, Pellyr. . .. 53
1. vaillanti, 'elleJr. .... 253
14. Nanmiethiops, thr.. .... .254
1. unitaniatus, (lthr. .. 254 190
I a. trita'iiatus, liBlr. .. .. 190
1.5. Neolebias, Stdlr. ........ .. 25)
1. unifasciatus, ,td,. .. 256
2. trilineatus, PIlr. .... 257
2a. nusorgii, B,.;'.... .. 191
2 L. spilotania, B/,. . . 192
1;. I)istichodus, . .. 258
1. allinis, Gthr1.......... 2110 1 ,2
2. allus, B (/r. ........ 261 193
3. noboli, BliY......... 262
4. notospilus.. .thr.. .. 262 193
5. hypostomatus, I'ellerr. 264 193
6. Imaculatus, Bli.r... .. 24 193
7. petersii, '/'fe/. ..... '.205
8. antonii, ,'chith,. .... 266
'.. atiro entralis, i. B .. 26 7
10. miossambiciis. Peters.. 268 193
11. fasciolatus, /lgjr. . 270 l1 3l
12. cngvycplilnus, (;thr.. 271 193
31. brevipiinni,, Gthr. .. 272 193
1-I. niloticis, I......... '273
15. rostratus, (thr. .... . 27 194
1I. sexfascialtus, Blyr. .. 27;
17. nusosso, NShilt. .... 277 194-
17(a. ansorgii, l:,'r. ... . 194
17. Nannoehariax, Gthr. .... -27'
1. brevis, B!/i. ........ 2'")
2. parvus, Pelleyr. .... 2>1 19.
:3. fasciatus, GtJi. ..... 2S1 195
4-1. intermiediiius, ,/,.r.. 282 1095
5. niloticus, Joamnn .... 283
6. elongatus, Blgr.. .... Lb4
7. ocellicauda, lll r.. ... 2,',.
4. t:cnia, Bl'r. ........ 286 195
8 a. ansorgii, Blir. .... .. 195
d. dimidiatus, P'ellegr. 2. ;
9 a. ogoensis, lellelr. .. .. 1'0
18. Xenocharax, G(thr. ..... .287
1. spilirus, G .ib ...... 2L"7 197
2. crassus, Plcller. ... 2. 'S
19. (Cithairiium, t i lgr. . .. 2.'..


\ olune I.
1 1. ('ill ridiui m (con.). Paige
1. ansorgii, Bligr ... .
211. Cil harinus, Cur. .. ...... 290
1. citharus, UG'cf. .... 2)91
2. congicus, lib...... .2'
3. nacrolepis, Blilr. .... 294
4. latus, 31. j- .. . .
5. gibbosus, l l'r. .... 7


.Fain. 2. Cyru'INi).'.


1. Labeo, Cu .. ............
1. niloticus, Forsk. ....
2. horie, Jleck. ........
3. sencgaleusis, C. J' F.
4. altivelis, 1eters ......
5. wecksii, Blr .. ......
5 a. bouhnigeri, F'inciy.
6. lineatus, Blgr. ..
7. rosiw, Sbtd .. .... ...
b. inm sops, (lhr. ......
9. ruddi, Blyr. ........
9 u. stictolep 'i, I'ici.l.
10. velifer, Bllr. ......
I 1. longipilnis, Blr. ..
12. coubie, ltiipp,. ......
12 a(. mrubrop tuctatus,
Gilchr. J- Thompis. .
13. (onlgoro, 'Pters ......
14. ieumannli, lilyr. .
14 a. percivali, 11:r. ..
15. gregorii, Gi r,'. ...
16(i. darlingi, Rilkp. .....
17. victoriamus, ]llr,'. .
1 f'uellcbornii, Jlily. j'
J'appenh. ........
19. brachyponm, (thr. .
20. macrostoma, llr. ..
21. cyclorhynchus, Blir..
21 a. batesii, B/U.......
22. falcipinnis, B'I .. ...
23. kirkii, BlP .........
24. forskalii, Riiupp ..
24 a. rocadasi, Bllgr.
2 1 b. bottegi, Fircil .....
25. cylindricus, Pet'rs ..
2. iasu.0. iir ........


300
304
306
308 198
309 193
310 19S
.. 198
311 19S
312 199
313
314 191)
199
315
317 199
317 199









.SYTS'lM VTI' INDEI)X.


1 ,,flu .t, 1. IV.
1. Labeo (con.). Page Pge
27. greenii, Blyr. .. .. .. 3;31 2o5
2S. lukliil I lB/r .. ...... 1335 2' 05
2!. alnectons, Ill' . ::. 33 0; O
-"I a. ]Iar ulus, G(lilc'h ,'"
Thlomps. ........ .. 205
30.' chariensis, 'lleY/r. .. ;37 200
I31. pn:rvis, l Ijr. ...... 337;
32. oblurin, illtI/r . 33 207
32 a. gtnenisis, Bl/r. .. .. 2.. 7
;33,. umilratus, .1. Sixth. 339 208
33a. tcvnningi, G;ilchr. 4"
Thomps ........ .. 20 0
34. c:i)ensi, A. ,S' ith .. 340 2'99
34 a. rubromaculat ius,
Gilchr. Tl/omp.i. .. 209
:.5. ansurgii, Blyr. . .... 2341 2I
35 a. nigricans, B/. .. 210
36. barbat us, BIyr. .... 342
36 u. seeberi, Gilchr. "-
Th olps. ............ 211
2. Discognathuls, lleck .... 343
1. dembeensis, liipp. .. 345 212
2. johnstonii, B/' . . 3106
3. vincigiierre, Blyr. .. 347
4. nmkiensis, Bli,. .... : 31S
5. blai l'ordii, B /l r. .... 3 t1
6. hiidlii, Big .......... :3')' 212
7. quadrimaculatuis.
liiil). ........... 331
3. Varicorhinis, l'i.i . . 3.52 212
1. ausorgii, Bly/...... 353
2. brL cii. B/ig.. ...... 351 214
2a. ensifer, li/. ... . 214
2b. stcnostomia, Bk.lr. .... 215
2 c. varicostoma, Blyr.. . 216
3. tornieri. Stdr. . .... 355
;3 t. sandersi, Bljr. .... .. "217
3 6. steindachneri, 7l',.r. 21S
3 c. ruaindw, Pl'Jpenh. . .. .219
4. beyo, liilp. ......... 356
4 (. platystomna, I'apenh. 220
I /,. latirostris, Bllyr. . 220
*I c. neelspruitensis,
(;ilchr. Thomlj .... 221
1 '1. ruwenzorii, lJll/ r. 222


\1 luIme I.
3. Varicorlhinus (co'i.). Page
5. imaroccanus, UGt',. .357
6. t;Lganic e, Bli/ . . 35

Volume 11.
4. 13.irbus, C'ue. .......... I
1. troplidolepi<, B/r. .. 20
2. polylepis, BlI/r. .... 21
:. holubi, Stdr. .. . 22
-1. m1icroterolepis, Bl1r. 23
5. inacroniema, B'yr .21
i,. rueppc elli, B/r'. .... 25
7. bynni, lFors/.. ...... 21;
8. rusp)olii, I'inci. .... 2
b a. ensis, Blyr. ........
9. erlangeri, Blbr. .... 29
10. kassamensis, lByr. . 30
S11. dnche-ii, Blyr.. 31
11 a. rocadasi, Bl. ......
11 /. gulielmi, BIUjr. ....
12. occidentalih, B/lr. .. 32
13. lobogenys, Blyr..... .33
13 a. ki\ ueuI i-, I'al'ajpr, .. .
14. radclitBii, BI r. . . .
15. marequensis, A. ;mdith 36
15 ,. kimlberlcyeinis,
Giltch,. T7'hompls.
13 b. lentalis, Gilcher. 4
'Tholmps. ........
15 c. il'uounguoi, (ilchr. t"
Thomps ... ....
16. altianalis Bl/r. . .. :
17. gananeiiik, Fi:ert. 37
I s. orea: Bll,'. ........ 3'
19. marg:arit;. Blyr. .. .. 3)
20. g*ilariacus, Bklr. . 40
20 a. somereni, Blr. ......
21. menito, Blyr. ...... 411
22. reini;, hr. .......... 42
23. batesii, BlUr. ...... 43
24. emn.wstus, Bljyr. .... 44
25. gregorii, Blkr. ....... 5
2;. Iursensis, Bi', . . 40
27. aflinis, Ifiiplp. ....... 47
2"'. brevibarbis, l;,r. .. 49
2:). leptsoima. Ill i. .... .. 0










SYSTEM .ATi' I D1)EX.


\ 4. Ilarbus (con.). Page Page
:10. dekgeni, Blil,. . . )
:31. nedgai, lRiipp ....... . .
32. compinei, Smair. .... :1
3 i. li in lli, Liianb ... .. :1
33a. rai.se., I',app ... 23
34. krapti. /Il)' ........ 51 231
:3-1 hllm,.lli, L7 ;d, . . .. 231
:34 b. nir\\a biensis. 'tdr. .. 231
:34 c. c:ardozoi, lI/lv .... . 232
:I ,1 roylii, /./i r. ..... . 233


0. alticola, Bl 'r. .. ... 5.
37. hindii Blr. ... ... .. 234
38. lanensis, ('uth ... .
:03. fergassonii, Blyr...... 5
140. interinedins, iipp... .59
-41 bayoui, Blr. ..... .. 234
-1lh. girnrdi, Blyr. .. . . 234
41. hiarriingtonii. lIfP. . Il
42. jursinus, lil . . .. . 1;2 2:;
43. ilgi, I',ell ey ......... (;3
-14. edunardl.anus, f /ll p. .. I.
45. e *Nrystomus, Aeil/h. .. 14 2:H(
4(;. zuaicus, lilp'. . .... . 14
47. stirkis, liil)pp . .. . 65
4 iathloi:e, Illrp. . f. ;
49. Imeneliki, Pel'ler..... 6(7
5'). ? .ua mili ni, BlU '. .. (;7
S pligiostomus, 1'1/;'. . S
52. bingeri, I'elle/r. .. .
;52a. mirabilis, lip/penh. .. 23;(
3: otl llegi. ll r. . . . 7
5-1. perplexicans, Blir. .. 7 2:(i
5.5. pagepstechleri, J. 6'.
Flischr .......... 72
5i. rhoadesii, B1/'. .... ..7
57. )platystomuns, lI/r. .. 73
5<. zalphiri, Bligr. . . . 74
5l. gorguari, aiipp. ... 7.>
IGO. oxyrhynchuls, 'fefl. .. 7< '
(1. platyl rlinus, Blir'. .. 7(i
6i2. nyassar, Keilh ....... 77 23,
63. clephantis, Bh11r. .... 7s
I. sector, Bl . . . 7....
I.'. microneina. B/> r. .... 79!


4. Hirlmbus (cona.).
(15 a. grin eli, I'dllvr.. .. .
66. brucii, lil r. ...
66 a. dwaarsensis, ilihvr.
,'l Thornl.. ......
6(6 ,. rhinopihorI) s. /llr, .
;(0i ros:e. Bllr.........
6; J. haboreri, 'tdr. ...
600 iurits. ll/'y.r. ....
07. il rl r tli, ,'h .. ....
6S. pavtonii, li/ r. .....
69. rolthslihli, G'tr. .
71). riIgenbachi, rl/.. .
71. fritschii, (itIr........
72. \\a ldoi, BltP.. .....
73. atlanlicus, lil'. r. .
7-1. gilehrisli, /?//i. .
71 a. seeleri, (ilh,/r. d-
Thomrps. ........
75. bowkri, li/i. ......
75. a. robinsoni, (;il/ r. -"
Thornp? s. ........
70. aureus, (ope ......
77. jlhnsloonii, Bi/ ... ..
77 a. 'fnsolt, lipanpc. ..
7S. zanlll c'ls isi, l'1ters ..
7!). ]obocliilus, llqr .. .
79a r. gll ningi, 'Dlrlr. ,I"
Thompsn .........
l). c lilotes, /?,/r. .. ... ...
SI. eatndoviltatius. lly/...
S2. rhodesianui, Bl/yr. ..
2(( sabien is, (;ilh,/ ,-
T2 iiim pa. ........ .
83. victoria', li/ r. ........
S3(a. cookie, (ilchri. 4-
l'/Thompl . .... ...
84. fairbairniii .li .
84 a. s\ ierstran, (;ilcle. ,-"
T7ilomPs. ........
85. codriigtoni', li/vp..
St;. \\ i tzi, I'ellclr.
b ia. iawalvan)i, Pappe)ih..
m7. macrolepis, l'fe/.
SS. lagocnsis, (;lr.
'11. :iltidt or'alis. l:; ir.


11.
PIge

So


241
.. 241
S9i


.. 2-11

9o

. 211
91
92


.. 243
93
94
95


. 241
( I 2 I 1










SYSTEMATIC I)NDIX.


Volume II. IV.
4. Barbus (con.). Page l'aze
89 a. Ilalacantlius, P'ip-
penh. .. ....... . 247
89 b. nasutus, Gilchr. 4-
7'omips. ........ 247
89 c. allnaudi, Pell/et r. .. .. 24S
90. progenys, B/lr. .... (102
90 a. aspius, Bl . ...... .. 249
,1 trimaculatus, Peters .. 103 250
92. numinifer, B/:r. .... 105 250
93. jacesonii, Gthr ....... 106
94. pappenhelini, Blgr. .. 107
95. biscarensis, Bl/r. .... 108 250
90. callensis, C. 4 V. ... 109 250
1.7. setivimensis, C. 4c V.. 110 251
9S. ksibi, BlR r.. ........ 111
99. antinorii, Bly....... 112
100. nasus, Gthr. ........ 113
101. sorra, Peters ........ 114 251
102. paliudinosus, Peters .. 115- 251
103. taiteiinis, Gthr. ...... 117
104. pi'efferi, Bl/jr. ...... 117
105. mattozi, Uinwmr. .... 11S 251
106. rapax, Std,. ......... 119 251
106 a. liamiltonii, Gilchr. 4,
Thops. ........... 251
106 brookingi, Gilchr. 4-
T'hom,. ........... 252
107. thikensis, Bl/r. .... 120
108. pleurograinma, llrj'.. 20
109. ongicada. :/..... 121 25:3
110. akakianus, BlUr. .... 122
111. capensis, A. Smiih. 123 253
112. srriFo r, Bl,'r. .. .... .. 124 2b3
I 12 a. mohiasicus, P/!peIdh .. 253
112b. Illazonmel;, Lijunn... .. 254
112 c. guineeisis, l lte r'. . 255
11 luiiiiensis, li/'.. .... 123
11 1. mini hiniii, B '/ .... .. 126 255.
115. an; orgii, R,1pi ...... 126
1 10. ttlriaspilti 'fe '. .... 1 27
117. latiieps, 1''eff. ...... 12S 255
11 ,,xradinalu B/>r'. .. 1 2,
11 sanlin I'tr f. ........ 1 2!
120. kerstl nii, liters ... 13 255
1211a. Ih lindol / 'ipp,/ i... .. 255.1


4. Hlarbus (con.).
120 h. rufna, Pappenh.....
121. enitania, Blyg.. ......
122. neumayeri,.I. G. Fish.
123. nairobiensis, Bl/pr. ..
124. portali, B/ir. ......
125. carpio, I~feff'. .. ...
126. percivali, Bl .'. .......
127. zanz.ilaricis, Peters ..
127 a. argyrotniia. Bli)r...
12S. airgnltens, Glth. ....
12.). welliunni, Iilr/. .. ..
130. kessleri, Std.'. ......
131. holotwaoi, BRhr. ....
132. miolepis, Blig.......
133. guirali, T7ho. .......
134. litainla, Kei"/il.......
135. trevelyvni, Othr. ....
135 serlrula, (ildrlc. 4
'honmps. .........
135 1. sauvagii, P'ellel r. .
130;. apleuirogrinaima, Bl/p..
187. m)lphigramma, lilqr...
13S. burcelli, A. Sm;ith..
139. miotlensisi, Stdr. ....
140. burgi, Blr. .........
141. vulneratus, Cisteil.. .
142. usamnbarm', Lii,,b.
143. lhemipleurograinina.
B If/ ..........
143 a. liija, BIl .........
144. gurneyi, Glth ......
145. 1)a tgueleisis, Bliir. ..
1-10. incrmnis, 1',lers ......
14-1(l urotaini: Illir. ....
I-16 b. itbialis, (;il./h 4"
Thomps. . ... .
146(c. nmlim'iruru. Uilchr. &,
Thnoaps. ........
147. q( adripilui cta:tur 1'f. '.
I IS. ,igerien'si' lhr.
149. humeralis. Blr, ..
1 50. ra(diiat s. I'ters ....
151. ailahbe-. Blr. .....
151 a. p-urrnlli. Bi, .
151 /,. marn.-up t r. .


II. 1'V.
Pange lTge
1. 250
131 250

132 257
133 257
134 257
135 257
136 257
. 257
136
137
13S 25S
139 258
141
142 259
143: 259
143 259

259
2(0
. 2(O
144 260
145
146 201
147
147 201
14S 261
149

150 201
.. 261
150 2G01
151
132
202

2. ".20











Volume 11.
4. Harbus (con.). pag,
152. desert, Pcilegr ..... 157
153. unitTeniatus, Gihr. .. 153
154. lincomacnlatus, Bi,. 159
155. innocent, Pfeff'. .... 160
1 50. huimilis, Bklr. .... 160
157. fasciolatus, Gthr. .... 161
157 a. barilioides, Bllr. .
15,. cllorot:inia, Biyr. . 162
159. trispilus. Blkr........ 163
1591a. tetrastigina, Bilr. .
160. walker, Bllr, ...... 164
161. ticniurus, Blgr....... 105
102. caumptacanthus, Blkr.. 1 (;
163. callipterus, Blgr. . 167
163 a. aboinensis, Bigr. ....
164. werneri, Bgr. ....... 168
165. areislonga, Keilh..... 109
166. viuiparus, 11. Ilc. .. 170
167. prince, liipp ....... 171
16S. trispilopleura, Blgr.. 172
109. neglcctus, Blgr.. .... 173
169 a. unimus, Blgr........
170. doggetti, Blgr. ...... 174
170 a. aurantincus, Bilr. .
171. congicus. Bl/jr. ...... 174
171 a. nmusumibi, Blgr... ..
172. phleuropliolis, Bir. .. 175
1 73. aspl r, Br/r. ........ 176
17-. anoplus, .I. I lie... 177
175. afer, Peters ........ 17y
176. inm gdJaleii:e, Blr. . 179
177. rogersi, B/.r. ...... 1S0
17". brazzw, Al'ilUr. ... 1I0O
179. aspilus. Blig ....... 1I
1 0. aneina, Bl, ...... 1 2
1 1. trispilonmiiuiis, Blr... 1 3
1S2. small ssii, Peille ... 1 "3
1"2 a. apogoiiostomiatui.,
.llelr. .......... .
1I 3. j,, Bl/r. ....... .. 1 4
1~33a. leoneiic isi Blr. ......
1'4 b. toppini, Blyr. .......
1 -4. -tigmatopygui. Blgr.. 1]5
1 punuilis, Byig ..... 1 "6
I'" i,. racns. B . ... .


IV I Volume 11.
Page Page
5. Rasbora, Blkr. .......... 186
260 1. zanzibarensis, Playf. J-
206 Glhr. .......... S7
266 6. Leuciscus, Cur. ........ ISS
1. callensis, Guichen. .. ISS
2. chaignoni, I'aill.... 18O
200 7. ].eptocypris, Blr. ...... 190
1. modestus, Blr. .... 190
267 8. Harilios. Ham. Buch .... 1!)1
207 1. niloticus, Joan .. .. 193
2. weeksii, Byigr. ...... 195
3. longirostris, Bigr. .. 195
4. ]ujw, Bilgr. ........ 190(
2;S 5. steindachneri, Pellegr. 197
268 ;. zainbesensis, Peters .. 198
( a. peringueyi, Gilcdr. ,.
269 T'lomps .........
269 7. weynsii, Blr. ...... 19
269 8. ncavii, Blg .......... 199
269 9. ubangensis, Ptilegr.. 200
10. ulchholzi, Peters . ..201
20' 11. kingsleye, Blgr. .... 202
11 a. batesii, Blr. ......
70 11 b. ansorgii, Blgr. .....
12. loati, Bigr. ........ 203
271 12I(. macrostoinm, BIgr. .
272 13. sonegalensis, ,Slr. 204
1 1. microceplalus, Gthrl. .205
272 15. imoorii, Bilr. ...... 206
1(;. tanganicte, Blfr.. .. 207
17. microlepis, Gtlh/.. 2. .
9. Engrauitlicypris, Othr.. .... 9
1. sardella, Gthr. ...... 210
272 2. brevianalia, Blyr. ... 11
272 3. argentieu. l 't leq,'. .. 212
272 4. bottcgi, Iincil. .... 213
272 5. miiiutui, Bl/r'. ...... 213
10. C'hel lthiop, B/yr. ...... 214
272 1. bl bie. JoaM, ......... L15
2. elongat us, BlIr. .... .. 21
273 11. Ncinachils, 1T )u lh. ss.. 21
274 1 lyssiiieus, Blfd r. .. 217
274
Fain 3. i. uSnI) .
271 1. C'la:ria ( -n. . . . . 221


SYSTEMATIC' INDEX.










SYSTEMATIC INDEX.


Volume 1 1.
1. Clariis (con.). Page
1. anguillaris, L. ...... 226i
2. gariepinus. liroch. .. 228
:3. moorii, Bll/r. ...... 2301
4. selnegalnnis, C. i( 1'.. 231
i5. mossanibclIus, iPeters. 232
G. vinciguerre, Blyr. .. 234
7. lnzern. C. ,- V. ... 23:5
7 a. ngaimesii, Costeln. ..
S. imiellaidi. /?q.. ..... 23':
9i. tsanlonsis, I/JAr. . . 2:3
10. capensis, C. I'.. .. 240-
11. platycephlalus, lijr.. 24 1
12. jaensis, Bl!/r. ...... '242
13. earsonii, llyr'. ... 243
14. poensis, IllB /. ...... 244
15. suiilmarginatus, Peters. 2-14
16. liocepliahis, Bhl .... 246
17. breviceps, Bl/r. .... 247
i walker. (itr. ...... 24 "
19. longior, ,llr. ...... 249
20. angolensis, C. F . 2.50
21. bylhiipogon, am'..... .252
22. allnI udi, lllr....... 2:)3
23. werneri, Bh..r. .... 234
2:3 a. oxy)ceplialus, Blpr. ..
24. mincromioiytax, Gthr.. 23)6
24 a. csanme,:' l!/r,. .... ..
23. dlimerilii, tir. .... 257
26. liberien is, .St,/, . 2.9
27. pachyvniiin I''... .. 2 9
2S. lawiceps, (fill ...... 260
28a. hilgeu(lorli, hl'rr.
29. buottikoferi, S'tdr. 2. 1i
:30. a;iplexicauda, BlHjr... 261
14l. theodort, .11. 'eh. . 2162
32. fouloni, /Bhr. ...... 263
:i:3 s baie; Il ,hr.. ........ 264
2. Allabenclielys. Iiqr. .... 26i;
1. lrei ior, Il/.r.. ...... 26i
2. longicauda, /r. . . 2;7
2 a. laticeps, Stdlr. ..... .
3. ('Clriailla: bes, Ir. ...... 2.(i8
1. mn'las, ]ll./ ......... 20S
1 a. ibr vibal-rbis, IP'cll r.. .. .
I. (; mnalla; <. iOthr. ....... 2701


Volume II.
4. (yvinnallabes (coo.). Page
1. tyvpns, Gthlr. ........ 270
C3. Clannallabes, (thr. ...... 271
1. alpuI Gthr. ........ 271
0. llcterobranicliis, Geoffr.. .272
1. bidor.salis, I. Ucoffr. 273
2. longililis, C. & .. 274
3. isoptcuiis, /llr. . 276
7. 1)inoloplteru lllr........ 276
1. (elt ingtoni, BI:lr. .. 277
S. 'lotonsui, Lacep. ......... 278
1. ;ang illaris, Il. ...... 278
9. EI:ulrolpi 31. '. ..... 27!
1. congolen'sis, Leacd .. 2S1
2. bangielvt'l is, BlYr. .. 282
3. nilotnliCi l/ ) .... 28:
4. grelnfllli, Bly,.. ..... .26
.5. liberihinsis, ll, r. .... 2.'7
1. debanw i, !/r. ....... 2~S
7. mentalis, Blyr....... 2s'
8. maindlil laris, Uthr. .. 290
9. boclagii, (;ulmuri .. 290
9 a. :Isoirgii, Bill.Y......
9 ,1. selr oi, B/,r. ....
10. Ial iccps, bll,. ..... 291
11. deprlcssiro-tris, Ieters. 291
11 fa. multilineattis, lh'le r. ..
12. mloebii. l',:'1 ...... 293
10. Schilbe, I ',,. .......... 293
1. mylstu ........ 293
2. urazioscopus, ]'i/pp. 29(0
2a. congol' isi, tdr. .
2 l. mu1arollratus, Ily. .
10 l A niolgia, Illy/! .......
1. Nittatfa, /I/ r. ...... .
I 1. Siluranodon, B/Ir. ...... 29S
iuriit s, (;.,"/f;'. .. 29S
12. Phlysailia, BIl/,.. ........ 300
1. pelhtcida, IB/pl:. .... 300
2. occidentalis, Pelleclr.. 301
2 a. ansoigli, Blyr. .....
3. somalen) i,, In igl. .. 301
3 a. villieri, JBi.r. .... .
13. Pairailia, IlIr............ :302
1. congica, /)/ll! ...... 3'02
2. longifiliis, | qr.. .. t : 3









SYSTEMATIC INDI)EX.


Vulume 1I. IV.
I'age l'ige
14. Bagrus, Cur. .......... :3 1
1. bayad, Fors'k ....... 305 !297
2. orientalis, Bliy .... 307
3. docnmac, FordJ,. ..... 305 29S
4. degeni, Blgr. ...... .311
5. urostigmna, 'inciU. .. 312 29S
6. meridionalis, Gihr. .. 312
7. ubangensis, Blyr. .. :313 : 9
15. Chrysichthys, Blkr. .... :14
1. sianenna, Bigr. .... 317
2. sharpii, Bl/.r. ...... 3: 1
2 a. graieri, Stdr. .... .. 29S
3. acutirostris, Gt/i .. 319 299)
4. furcatus, GCbr. .... 320 299
4 a. bocagii, Bli.r. .... .. 2) !
4 b. ansorgii, Blr. ...... 300
5. nigrodigit:1tui,
Lacep .. ..... 321 301
G. walker, (Uhi,. .... 321 :301
6a. persiinilis, Gi'r. .. 301
6 b. filamentosus, Blri. .. 301
7. auratus, Geof['r. .... .323 303
8. rueppelli, Blr. . . 327
9. brevibarbis, Iigr. .. 329'
10. longibarbis, Blr. .. 330 303
11. duttoni, Big/r. ...... 3311
11 tlonneri, Sldr. .... .. 303
12. \wagennari, Blr. .... .331
13. cranclhii, Leach .... 332
14. )puctatus, Blyr.... .. :334
15. dellezi, Bll.lr. ...... 335
16. mabusi, Bl.r.. ...... 336
S7. ornatus, Bljr. ..... ..3:17 313
18. myriodon, Bli.r. .... 339
19. brachyneia, Blijr. .. 340
1 a. lhabereri, Stdr .... .. 304
l16. Clarotes, Kner .......... 341
1. laticeps, Riipl ..... 342 3,04
17. Geplhyroglanis, Bler. .... 344
1. congicus, Blr,. .... 345
2. ogoensis, Pelleejr. .... 346
3. sclateri, Blr. ...... 346 304
4. tilhoi, 'ellegr. ....... :16 3 :13
4 (. gyn"iorlihynchus,
1',ppenh .......... : 303
VOL. IV.


Volume II.
17. Gephliroglanis(con.). P>g
5. longipinnis, Blr. .. 34S
5 a. habereri, Str. .. ...
1 Phyllonemus, HIr....... :319
1. typus, Bl!yr. ........ 349
I14. Leptoglanis, Illjr. ...... 350
1. xenognathus, llr.. ..35 1
2. rotundicops, lfily. .. 332
20. Amphilliis, thr. ........ 3353
1. iuraoscopus, 3lfe:f'. 354
2. grandis, Blr. ...... 353
2 a. oxyrhinus, Bl/'. .. ...
3. krelftii, Bi'.. ....... 356
4. platychir. Gthr. .... 357
5. hlargfri. lI/fr. .... .. 358
5 a. jacksonii, il ...... .
6. longirostris, Blpr. .. 359
6 a(. graninatophorus,
l llh r. . . . . .
7. atesuensis, BIllr. ... .. 30
S. brevis, Bilr. .. ... 361
9. angu.stifrouls, Blir. 362
9 a. lamnpii, Pietschm ..
21. :llramphll ilills, Pelleeij .. 363
I. trichomyeteroides,
P'eller. ........ 363
22. Parachlenoglanis, Bligr. .. 364
1. guttatus, L6nn,...... 364
1 (. ansorgii, Bl,' .... .
2. macrostoma, P'llr/r.. 365
23. Ai\chenoglanis, Gthr. . 306
1. biscutatus, I. Geo.f'r. 367
2. occidentalis, C. F" I'.. 3(;9
;3. ugamensis, Blr. .... 371
4. altipinuis, Blr, .... 372
4 -. munkei, K1 ill. ......
4 /. iturii, Sid .. ...... .
5. ballayi, laur. ...... "373
5a. longieeps, Bi1..r.....
;. ubla:ngen.is, 'l r. .. 5375
7. punlIc tus, Bl/r. .... :;76
24. Notoglanildi ut, Gthr.. .. 77
1. walkeri, Gth,. ...... :77
1 a. thominasi, Blip. .. .


x\ ii

IV.
l'ail4








506
306
300








3117
306

35,)S



300

309







301


311
310



311
311
3121
:112
312






3;;!


24 a. Liauchenoglanis, Bl'iy. .. .. :14
1. macuhlaus, BlU/r. .... .. 314









SY-STEI.1ATIC INDEX.


Volume 1I.
PaI'e
2'.. A ncharius, Sbit ....... . 3
1. I'll C. q. llr. .... 379
2. brevibarbi-, Bl/.r. .. 3,1
26. Galeiclithlys, (L. J- I'. .3 1
1. feliceps, ('. d- I'. ... 3'1l
2. after, ('at ........ 3 2
27. A riis. C(. I . . ... '.
1. lhtiscut'tlus, (;thr. .. : ; 5
2. gigas, l Bl .. ....... ;
3. lieudeloti, ('. 4" 1 .. ..3 7
4. mnadagascariensis,
IT'l l. .......... : '3
5. .ki ii, (lh r......... :I'9
africaiiis, (' /ir. -.
'laYf. ........ ... :'n,
28. Syvnodont.is, (. ........ : 1 1
1. camdalis, Bli.r.. ...... 3 !7
2. polyodon, I'Fill .... 3:l.S
3. acanitlhoia;, Bl'/r.. -100
4. aoiia,,. (;th. ......... -11
5. budgetti, b.1/,..... 1. 3 I
6. schall, /I/. cha . . 4"4
gainbienlis, (ithr. .. 1107
8. ocelliler, Bll '. ....... I 'i
9. frolntosis, lrill. .... 410
10. c:nldovititus, B/lyr... 112
11. graniiulosuii, /l!'/. .... 413
12. zaniibe.scnsis, Petcrs .. 4 1
1:3. nigio acuiila it i B /l r.. I L
14. iiIlan otlh icitus, IB.r. 4 1S
15. multiiimaculatts, /11//r.. 419
1,. 1nultipunctatus, lllr.. 420
17. victori:r, H!r. ....... 421
1S. nibuilos.IS, 1 'er s . .. 423
1 i. \woosiimlliii, IIB r. .... 42-I
20. marmoratus, Lobin. 425
21. afro-tiselieri, //il, t12"5
22. fuellelhorni, l//lil.*
lap'lpe. ......... 427
2:3. eupteriu, Bh/f,'. .... 427
24. nigrita, ('. (- I'. .... -120
25. nielaniolterin-, l1!11,'. . 1:1
25 a. ansorgii. lilf'u. ......
27 imaruotigna. l '... .. 4-132
27. ohe uu i ". . . . I


IV'.
Page










31i


.317
31
31 ,


Volume 11.
M'. SYnodntitis (con.). Page
2S. robbianu, .. A,. NAmith. 435
2S a. sleindalih eri, lh/" .. .
29. ihangi, P'/le/ .. ... 431;
31). depaitlvi, B' i'. ....... 43S
31. tholloni, lly,....... 43!9
:32. angelicus, Schilth. .. 4 ti
33. courteti, 'Pelle/r. ...441
31. p:ardalis, B1ly........ 442
34 a. leopardliiinn, I11 ,'r. .
35. ornatipinnis, Blyr,. 44 1
:3(. soloni, Bly'. ....... 445
36 a. tessmainni, P'uppenh. .
37. guttatus, (;ithr. .... 417
38. longirostris, MIY,'. .. 44S
313 labeo, (:thli. ........ 1 19
40. vaillanti, Ilrp. ...... -145
41.. xiphin . ..... 4.'4 1
42. gre'holli, Schilth..... 452
43. alberti. Schilth/ ....... .454
44. batesii, B/1 r. ........ 455
45. serratus, lipp. .... 457
4 ;. geledensis, t(hrI ... 4
17. lilamentosus, 1Ur. .. 4
4,'. siniti, I!/'r. ..... ... 4 1;l
14I. notatus, ai.ll....... 4-62
ll. imniiiiiifer, l r/,. ..... . 163
51. S.orex, (ih'. ......... 1;5
52. pileouiops, Bly/r. ...... ..i
53. decoriis. I/Ir. ...... 4GiS
54. clarias, L. ......... 4iU
54 a. ainllectenll, lir. . .
5.. r.isupinattu llyr. .. 171
5i;. hatliisoda, li;i, ..... -172
5*7. iiuiiimbraiiaceLi,
(G ol; ............. 474
29. Alicrosynodontis, Bl/r. .. 476
1. b ttesii, Blb.r. ...... 176
:30. C'hilogl:nis, J liters ...... -17.
1. deckenii, liters. ...... 179
2. modjeinsis, BI/y. .... 4`I)
3:. neiiin niii, Bl'/ r. .... 4 1
4. caineroeii si,, Bl/y. . -;2
5. niloticui l/r. . . . 4,'3
6. lbrveibarbis, /iy/r..... . 1
7. batcii. lilr.. ... . '.


I V.
Page
318
318




320
320
:120
320



321









321
321


322




322
322
322
322
322
322


\\;iii










SYST'EMATIC INID)X.


Volumne 11. 1\.
Pago Pas'n
31. Euichiliclithys, Blr.... .. 4-I;
1. guentheri, Schilth. .. -17
2. royvauxi. gr.qr ....... 4 zS
3. dybow-oskii, Vaill ..... 4,9
3 a. habereri, St. .. 323
3.' A topochilus, Saur. ...... 490
1. savorgnani. S. '. .... 490
2. mnacrocephlalus. Bl*tr. 491,
33. .Moclhorus. Joann. ...... 492
1. nilotieu<.JoanN. ... .193
2. brevis, Bl ir. ........ 4-l4
34. I)oumen, Sawn .......... 196
1. typicn, S ai,......... 496
2. angolensis, Bi :ir. ... 497
35. Phractura, Blyr.. ........ 490
1. bovei, I'erugir ...... 499
2. lindica, Blhr. ...... 500
3. lbrevic:illd, Bl, r. ... 502
4I. inltrmedin, !y'r/r. . 503
5. loucinieanda. Bbljr. .... i4
a;. ansorgii, Blly ...... 504
7. seaphiirhlynehi ra. T;ll. 5:i0.
36. Paraplrnacturn RIl'. .. 5061
1. tenuicauda, Blr. .. 5. 56
37. TrachyglaniS, Blyr. ...... 507
1. minutus, lyrr....... 507
3S. PBlonoglanis. Blyr. . ..... 0;
1. tennis, Blyr. ........ 5009
39. Andersonia, 13yr. ...... 510
1. leptunra, Bqgr. . 510
40. Malopternirii, Lace. ... 511
1. electricus, (7m....... .i12 324

Subord. II1. S M B R A c In I t.

I'nm. 1. SYvMBRAlnnID.E.

Volume Ill.
1. Symbranclus l. ...... 1I
1. al"er, B/nlr............ 2

Sublord. IT. A ron s.

Fam. 1. Axclrtin.DF.

1. Anguilla, Shat ..... ... :
1. vulgaris, 7'Tr. ...... 4
2. mo;sambic; I'Pct, s .. G;


\ ,iniii 111. 1\.
1. Anguilla (con.). Page P,,e1
3. bengalensi, Gra .. 7
4. australis, ich. ...... 9
2. Sphagebranchus, Bl. .... 10
1. cephalopeltis, Bll-r... 10

Subord.V.. I1I Av po I.

Fam. 1. (;AI.AXII).:.
1. Galaxias. C'r. ........... 12
1. zelratus!, 'Ciste!, ..... 12
2. puinetifer. Csteln. .. 13

Subord. 1V. Sco 1 B Esoc v. s.

Fain. 1. SCCOnMBR.OCID.Y.

I. llemirlainmplh s, (O r. .... 14
1. far, l'ors,-. ........... 15
2. Zenarehopterus. Gill .... 10
1. dispnr, C. 4- VT....... .

Fain. 2. CyrPIN:m oNTID.T.
1. Cyprinodon, Lacep....... 1.I
1. fasciatus, ~il. ...... 1R
2. dispar, Rifijip. ....... 2
3. iberns, C. ,J- . ... 21
2. T'ellia, Ger ............. 22
1. a:podn, G'er.......... 22
3. Funiduln, Lacep ......... 23
1. hivittatus, Liin ..... 24
2. loennbergii. Blr..... 25
3. gardneri, BIr. ........ .26
4. spurrelli, Blyr. ....... 27
A. hatesii, Blgr......... 2S
6. gularis. Blhgr. ...... 29
7. arnoldi. Bl.qr. ...... 30
8. p:ilnmq istii, i innis ... 31
9. walker, Blpr. ...... 32
10. orthonotus, Aier's ..33
11. melanospilus. Pf.r.. 34
12. neumanni. llly. .... .35
13. guentheri, Pfiff. .... 35
14. t:eniopygii, lily. .. 37
15. sjosetedlti. Lo ..... 3S 325
1I. microlepis, Ficigi/. .. 39
17. i:isorius. Cope ...... 39
1I Cplien- is. G'arm. .... 39










SYSTEMATIC INDEX.


V,lhune TI1. IV.
Page P':ic!.
4. Iaplochillis, c('lell .... 4(1
1. anili orii., Vinc'ii... 14
2. Imypvosac, Blr.. ... 44
3. pulm ilus. 1:lr. ...... 4-
4. chrisltyi, Bl'r. ...... . (4 ;
17
5. ferralnti, JB7,r. ..... -7
6. fameronensis, lIii,. 47 325
7. liberiensis. /!lr. .... 4S
S. lujep, BI .. . . . . 4
ho. homalonolus, A. Ih'ii. 50
]0. nuCflinmculatis,
Guiclen.. . . . . . )
11. playfairii, Udtir. .... 51
12. lfaiolatus, (thr. . 2 325
13. :I sorgii, Biq '. ...... ):
1i sexIrasciantu i(;;i .... 54
15. chaperi, S',ir. ...... 5
1];. derorsii. Pelle.lr. ... 57
17. exiguns, Il'l.r. ...... 57
18. elegnaul. Blig ...... 5S
1 9. petersii, ,tra. ...... .59
20. enlliuirns, Bl ). ....... 59
2 striatlus, B7'/r. . ... . (6
22. zspilain chen. A. I)iu,... ;1 32.-
2'. liutrc auiii, BI,'. .... 63
24. lonti, Bll'.. . . ...
25. kin igi, Ilr. ....... .. t;
26. schorlleri, Ipr. ... 5.
27. Inoeruensis, 1ll'..... .
2'. macrurun, B/1... .... 67 32;
29. katange, Blgr. ...... Gi7
30. calinldw', Blil. ....... (q
31. johiistonii, <(thr. .... ..
32. i Orl'ii, Stl. .......... 70
33. senegallnsis, Stldr. .. 71
34. ncuticandatus, P1i/ler. 72
5). longiventralis, Blyr.. 72
36. macrostiginm. Blyr,.. 7
37. nigrieians, Bl/.. .... 74
3I. imultifasciatus, B lr. 75
39. grahamnii, l!/r. .. .
40. hIifasciatuii,, Slr..... 70; 3:
41. clievalieri, Pelrl'i. .. 77
41 a. aniulatus, B1jr. .... 3:
4.2. Linga, Bl,. .. ... .... 7


Volume TII. IV.
Page Page
.i. Procaltopul 1/;!, "......... "S
1. nototwcnio., lr. .. 79
;. Lainprililchlys. leaI .... 80
1. tanlganicaiulls l l'*. S 8O

Subord. \1I. Lon, IoIl A Ns (nI .


'll. 1. .SYNGNA.\TIIlur.
1. Belouicllihys, lcters. ......
1. z:7aibesensis, IPters .
2. I)oryicllthys, Ka p) ......
1. smithii, A. Dum. .
3. Crnlon lot us, Peters ........
1. arguins. ]'iter's ......
2. linspis, l i.'r........ .
4. Svungni: thul s, .'1 ........
1. kaupi, B/lr. ........
2. an'orgii, BIlr. ......
3. pulrchellus. 'i/ .
4. algeriensis, PhIluf.


Subord. V111. A CA N T 11 o P T IE n Y i r.
]ain. 1. C'ENTRnARUCHITIE.
1. K ai. ('ill . . . . . 92
I. riupestris, Lacep. .....

3. mnlo, C. 4 VI. ...... ..
-1. caud(o\iittat. Lacer... 9S

F:n. 2.. NA-NDI DE.
1. Polycv ntrn psii B/i.r. .... 99
1. nbbreviint, Bip'-. .... 10


F;all). 3. SERIIu.\NII) .
1. orone litch ........
1. labrax, L...........
2. p niclatn, BI. .....
2. Lates, C. d . .. .......
1. niloticuii, L ........
2. microlepis. BIlr. .. ..
:3. angustifrons, lEgr. ..
;. Liciolates, Bl/r. ........
1. stappersii. B7l, .
2. brevior. B1.r. .....
I. .\mbacoi. C'. i i. ...
1. commeri nnii. C. 4-' T'.









SYSTE3MA TIC IND)X.


\ olllae III. IV.
PI'ge I'Page
5. T'Ilerapon, C rI........... 113
1. jirbu'n ors'. . ... . 113

Fam. 4. Sci.i,:NIvn.
1. ('or\viina, CO r. .......... 115
1. nigrita C. ... 110
2. Otolitlis, Cu ........ 117
1. senega:lensis, C. -" V1. 1 S
2. macrognat ihuis, Blr.. .11

Faml. 5. SconriDin r.
1. Psettus, C. I. ....... 119
1. falciformis, Lacep. .. 120
2. nrgentens, L. ....... 12
3. sebn, C. T. ..... 123 327

Fain. GPRiISTIPOM ATI ).E.
1. l'ristiponna, Cur. ......... 125
1. jubelini, C. 4- . . 120
2. Pingrnamina, Cr. ........ 127
1. griseum, C. 4-" T. .. 12S
2. nmerolepis, BIr.. .... 129
3. ()O op rca, liSIr.. ........ 130
1. aurita, C. ."- I....... 130

Fa111. 7. SP iti. r. .
1. Spnrus, ............ 132
1. vnga. meters. ........ 132

Fnam. S. CII III) v.
I. Tilapia, A. ,ith ........ 13S
1. Iiunteri, Gthr....... 1.19
2. slirana, B..lr.. ...... .151
3. nigra, Othr. ........ 152
-1. kl fuensis, Bl/lr. .... 1. 53
5. mossnambiea. Peters .. 151 :1327
G. voriax, lyfe.:f......... 150
7. natlilnsis. J/. 1 e/,.. 157 327
S. linnelli, Limal) ....... 1]59
9. inacrochir, BllIr. .... l1GO
10. nilotica, L. ....... 1.. 2 327
11. eduardinila, B/lr. ... 6
12. variabilis, BIgcr. .... 1 67
13. galil-a, Art. ........ 1(19 327
1 1. andersonii, Caslhi .. 171


Volume III.
1. 'Tilipia (con.). Page
15. heudeloti, A. mnm. .. 173
15 a, caudolnargintain Bll. .
1(;. niltifasciata, GCir. .. 175'
1 7. macrocephlinn, I. Bkr... 170
IS. ngomensis, Pelleqr. 1 78
19. ihan gi, Pille/. ...... 17;
20. auroinarginata, Il/l'r. 180
21. lepidura, ll/lr. ...... 11
22. boulengeri, -l'bll,' 1 2
23. squamipinlnis, (thlr... 18
2-. dolloi, B I/r. .... .... 1S-
2.. inm rire. Bli ......... 1S;
20. manvyavr, Ilil. ..... 187
27. nmphinelni, l/ilh. .. 1Ss
28. alcalicn, Il/i/ ...... 18S
29. dubia, Loml, ...... 189
30. melanop]lemur, A. Di)m. 100
31. meeki, Pellejr....... 194
32. cnlbre, Bglr. ........ 194
33. 1revimanus. Blhr. .. 190
34. zillii, Gerr. ...... 197
35. kottle, LijOa,. ...... 200
30. gnincensis, Blk-r. .... 201
:37. liolloni, Sir.. ...... 202
:'8. chlristyi, lBly. . ..... 204
39. bilineatn, IlPcllcr. ... 204
40. crnssn, Pelleyr....... 20,
41. splarrmani, A. Smith.. 2011
41 a. margaritacea, Bligr. ..
42. ovalis, Stdl. ......... 20S
43. steindaclncri, hlqr. . 209
44. pereivali, llp. ....... 211
45. gralami, B!r. ...... 211
46. woosnami, Blr. .... 212
47. j:llm., BIl/. ........ 213
48. liumilis, Stdr.. ...... 213
49. buettikoferi, lUn/br. 214
50. fascinta, Peru'oyi .... 215
)51. birtoni, Gtr. ....... 217
52. acuticeps, Stdr. .... 21S
53. s\. yniiierloni, l/l 1r... 219
514. !dolphi-frederici, Blly'. 220
55. giardi, lle/..,r. ..... 221
50). l'elleborniii, /lil/ .
P,/lpenh ........ 222












\'olum'e III.
1. Tilapia (con.). Pa ,,,
57. calliptera. Gthr. ... 222
;iS. lucull, B/p .... .. 22-
59. illiiamsii, (oth. 225'
60. stigmlatogenvs, B,I1. 22(1
G1. stormnii, Big. ..... 227
62. horii, (,thr. .. . . 22s
03. perrieri, l'/,lr. .... 229!
64. hinmilior, BIr,........ 230
65. pallitld I:l . . . 231
6(. papponheimi, Bl/r. . 232
67. laerimosa, BkIjr. . . 23-1
iS. nubila, Bl ,p ......... 23:
11. ~ector;lii, Pf/f .... 237
70. nmicrops, B!ir,.... ... 2:N
71. martini. II r. ..... 23:!
72. bay ni, 1llir. ...... 241
73. nigric:.k is, lit:,.. .... 241
74. simotes, IBl r. .. .. . 242
7; livillg tonii. Blqi ... ... 243
7(;. z.ebra;i, I .r, ........ '244
7. a.nrait, I// !,.. ... .. 246
79. poly* canthins, 1l!/r... 247
7!). ]pleniirot:iia, /Illr. .. 247
S joiiistoniiii. ithr. .... 241)
1. tetral tigma, (itr. 250>
'2. kirkii, (th,.. ........ 2.31
o3. lnleri-triga 'ftr. 253
84. I liriiius, (ik1h .... 25
r8'. o l'0 rait;. Il1 r. ...... 2.. 5
,6. dardeim ii, B1/'Y .... 2.3)
,7. oligaeantlhuii, Blr. .. 2.S
,"". let-ilp::m Ijll. ..... 259!
S9. inicroplhthalma, BlIr. 261
90. hreis, BlIpr. ......... 2;2
91. inorn:lat., lir[. ....... 2(3
'2. 1 riin tlocephl; la,
BIl,'.. .......... 2 i-1
93. lIoops. BIr. ...... .. 265
l 1. pr;iia loculi, B /,r. . 266
2. PItroclhromi,, Bllyr.. ..... 2fi;7
1. aig:aniew', thrl. .. 2('S
2. iandersonii. B/,r. .... 26!)
:3. pol odon, 711,r. .... 271'
4. iny:ss;:, Bi/r. ...... 272
5. l': i

Volume II. 1 V.
Page Pago
3. ('inningtonia, Blyr. .... 273
1. longiventrailis. Ilr.. .273
4. Simochromis, Bhlr. ...... 274
1. diagramma, Gt1'r.. .. 275
5. Troplellus, B/lq7r. ........ 276
1. mlloorii, Blir. ...... 276
2. annectens, Il3lr. .... 278
i Aprolilnpin, lilr. ...... 2 7S
1. lhptulral, Bl/,r. ...... 279
7. I.ohocl iloes, Illr. ..... 2 0
1. h]liiat us. BI,,. ..... .. . 2
S. I),cimnod, Bl r.I ........ 2 1
1. jolisloinii, Blq . ... 2>2
f. ,teatocranus. BlI,.. ... . 2-3
1. gibbiceps, BI/'. .... 2,.. 3

1. liviiigstoi i. I:thr. .. 2'G
2. Vellnists, Bl/"' .... .. 7
3. schubil otzi, lllr. . 2 *`
4. nlchisqu.li ull;tl l i1.
/lil .......... 290
5i. painn li, I'e,'ii! rr. .... 291
6. anigutifrons. Byr. 292
7. inlimaeli, rB ,: ....... 293
,.i.rol it i. el/ r. . 2!.9
9. snta levi, Br ... . 293
10. pereoides. Rllr. .... 29 6
11. graiiri, Bi,'. ...... 2. !.
12. ,t rigigeoi 1./; .... 299
13. inioflati. (',artln. ..... 30: ::33
14. de-font:ailisii, Lacep. 302 3;;'
13. alliiiutli. [i e'lir. : .
16. moirneinsis, l'. .. 1 3 7
11. P'rat lilpin. i lk ....... : 3
1. polleni. B/lkr.. ...... 315
2. eeral o igst'or, Bllr,. : f
:3. macroeephaclni, I/... 317
'4. gestri, I rI.......... 31]
.. lonfgimianu, BllY'r. 319
(;. anglilstiCP) Bltr. .32
7. parvidens, B/(/r' ... 322
pfefferi, BIllr. ...... 323
9. ldemeusii. B/l; .. ..... 324
10. afra, (;thr. ........ :323.
1 1. inlodesl:t 'til r'. . . 32(;


SYSTEEMATIC INDEX.









SYSTE51 \TIC INDEX.


\,luiiie 11.
1 I. Paratilapii:i (c0 !.). I',,,.
12. toddi, B .ir. ........ :. 27
13. thuiubergiii, Casitila... 328'
14. vittata. ldfir. . . . M
15. coimpressicep,. LB!r. 331
1!. longirolstri., Hlily. .. :332
17. prognath'l. 1 llt,,r. .. 333
I ,. serranniu, /I f. .... 334
19. g iiari i, Il,,le1. .... 336
21). ba ouiii, IlUjr. ...... 3:. 7
21. chilotule. I;/". ....... :33
'22. )pertoralis. 3il. ... .. :139
23. Iaculiplima. I/'lrir. :MI
24. victoriaii, /I',/i '. . 3 1:
25. grant. /l,l.......... 3 2
26. cinerea, llyr. ...... 344
27. erassilibris. 1!1,r. .. 315
2,. bicolor, 1ig1, ...... 341i
29. ret rodens, /il.. .. :.. 47
31. polyodon I/'.. .... :349
31. durs:tlis, I'clleqr. ... 350
31 a. thoimasi, ;ilr, .... ..
32. luebberti. I/il. ..... :1.50
33. corbali, /) II .... 351
31. codrin tiii, l/Bi ,. .. 352
35. ca'lott ;e. B/ q ....... : 1
30. gibbicep-, 1 h'/ ... 354
37. frederici, ('s,, l/. .... .35
3S. .mnithii. ('C sten. ..... 357
39. liellandi. BI/,....... 35S
40. nototaenia. Illr. .... 35. 9
4 1. dimidiata, lir. .... 311)
142. rhoade.sii, BDIUr. .... 3;1
4:1. chrysonota, lir/.. ... 362
4 1. iiterleli dia. (ithe ..... 3;3
15. sehwliehi.schi. San . 3 6.
41!. ventralis. 11ir. .... 36i5
47. de\indti, />/r. .... 3ii67
4's. furcift.ra, lilyr. .... 36z
449. stenosoma, BIl:r. .... 369
50. microlepis. fir*'. .... 370
51. leptosoma, 1i/yr. .... 372
5'2. nigripinnuis, l, ir..... .373
53. calliura, ll r. . . . 374
12. .Nannochromis, Pe'll/r. .. :173
1. nudiceps. B/lpI. .... :173
2. dimidiatlu. lP llh,'r.. 371i


IV. 1Vum IIme I. IV.
l'ng. 1"2. Nannoch,'unis 12o..). lPage Page
:". squaii iceps, /li *. :. 376
330 1:1. IPtel, :itoch]romis, N'i/ ..... 377
1. pul lepi.' B!!/r. .... 3. 2
2. jenitinki, "StIlr .... .: 8;3 332
2 a. intermedis, /l/r...... 332
3. lateralis, Bll,.. ...... 3-)
4. congieus, Big,...... 3.)o
5. gueintheri, Sav. .... 31SS
I;. regani. I/lefr. ....... :190
7. b.eltikoferi. Stlr. .. 3:i) :33
8. ocellifter. l.ir. ... . 391
9. nligrolasc-iatus[, Pelleyr,!.. 393
1'. c.ludifasciat, i1.jr. 394 333


12. boulengeri, Liiin/. 3. 39)
1 ew ]vit.sclii, I ,l.r. .. ;97
1 1. kingsley:e, ir. . . 398
14 a. humnilis, B /1r.. . . 1 ;33
I 3. sublocellatus. 1 ,hr. i99
11;. kribeni i-, Ill,.r. .... 401)
331 17. ta-niatui, B/Ir....... 401
18. pl lcher. 1I3,.. ....... 402
19. arnaldi, Bly. ...... 404
20. anlectens, B/,Ir. .... 405
21. anorgii, Bkpr ...... 4ll
22. mullidites, P /ller. .. 407
2:1. ang lolelsi., ,s'tdr. .... 408
24. miultiocellatus, Blfr. .409
'5. tl.ir ingi, ly,. ... .. 410
2)l. riponianuw., lRl.. .. 41 ]
27. microdon, B11/i .... 412
2 obesus, Bigr. ...... 4]4
29. auritus. BIgr. ...... ... 5
30. sp)elii. B/:.1 ......... 41 )
:31. tlavipinnis, li r. .... 4 1
:32. caviftrons, lil -..... 4 19
;::3 lrionto.tus. liilr. .... 420
:14. macrops, B r. ....... 421
: t3. .tappersii, Bitr. .... 423
36. pleurospilu.. Blry,. .. 42:3
:37. rholdostigmai, Bli/. 421
1 1. I'lia ytaiiiodus., Bl r. .... 42i;
1. degenli, B/I r,. ...... 426
15. Ilemichlromisn liters. .... 427.
1. faseciatn, liter- .... 42S 335
2. binma ulatnu i, fill . :

xxiii









SYSTEMATIC INDEX.

I


Voluilme

16. Chlinpsochlromis, I/r. ..
I. ca'riilcns, Blir. ...
2. longiceps, G;thr. ..
3. esox, yli ?/r. ........
17. BathyIbtes, B/l/r. ......
1r.graleri, . ... .
2. ferox, B r. . . . .
3. lorni, Stt ........
4. vittatis, Bl/r. ......
5. fasciatus, Jlhr/ ...
(. minor, iB/pr.........
18. IIaplot:xodon, Blprt. ....
1. mllicrolpis, lillr. .. ..
19. ('yrloc:ara, Bllr. ........
1. inoorii. lh.1/ . .... .
20. Ectodus, l," . . . . .
1. descalllpsii, liyr.....
21. Enintiopus, ]/r. ..
1. mielanogenlys, B/r...
2. oclrogenys, l;l,/r. .. .
22. Staip ersia, iBlr. . . . .
1. singularis, Illqr. ....
23. Xenotilapia, BI/r. ......
1. silna, /I/)r. .......
2. omi'ltipinii li/ly. ..
24. (raminatotria, lilir. . .
1. lenairii, B lr. . . .
25. Tirematorc:tnr, i /j. .. ....
1. marginatuin, Blyr. ..
2. nigrifrons, Blyr. ....
;. unimiaiculiatum, Bltr. .
20. (ephivroehrouinis, lidr.
1. moourii, Bliyr. ......
27. amiproliogts, Schilth.....
1 1.bre\ nali, lIjr. . .
2. tetricanthus, Bl/r. ..
Il. ali rgin t s, /r.. .
4 .,.i_ ,1. ii. i. i l. .
5. Itumlanius, i r. . .
mi. iocquardii, Pl'dcleyr. .
7. tretocephallis, Bljr. .
e. lie iqui, Bli/r. . . .
1. multil'asciatui Bl'/. .
10. imoldestu,, /ll/).. . .
11. mondabuli, Bl}/r. . .
12. stcinda lch eri. Bl/r.. .


111.
Page
433
4-33
434
435
436
4:37
.138
440
440
441
412
443
-14:3
444
445
445
441;
4.41;
447
44,S
449
4.50
15o
451
452
453
453
454
4355
455
436
457
458
435
459
1;2
463

46-1
463
166
400;


4086
469
17o
171


27. Iamnprologus (con.).
13. boulengeri, ,S1 dr. ...
14. elongatus, Bljr. ....
15. pleurostigima, l11r...
16. cenningtoini, Blijr. .
1 7. lemaiirii, Bh// r. ......
1'. callipterus, B r. . .
19. fasciatu n, B/r. ...
20. brevis, B/lir. ......
21. tio urii, il Ir. ......
22. compressiceps, Bl,/r. .
23. tlI nitiur s, l r. ....
21. callitru.t, llr.......
25. reticulatii, BiUr. .. .
26. urciel'o, llyr. .......
28. Julidochromis, Bllyr ...
1. ortnatus, IB/r. ......
29. 'I'lnatoclihro isi, ll/j r. ..
1. temporalis, lblir. ...
2. vittatus, BI/j,. .......
3:3. B'ayonia, 1ily. .........
1. xein doi ta, /Ill . ..r .
31. Ilemitilapia, Blyr. .......
1. c oxvri \ il nch is, r........
2. baiyoni, S/ihr. ......
3. mIaterl'amilias, Pl'l,/r.
32. Chilochromnis, II,'. ......
1. dulponti, lig lr. ......
33. .'orematedus. /i/jr. ......
1. shliranus, 1li/ '. . . .
31. ErlCet odLus, I',./r.. ......
1. c vtlost ict us, li/r. ..
35. Spa:thoIud. i/l/I..........
1. rvthirodol, i/;*r... .
36. Pcri.-odus, libyr..........
I. imcrulepis, RBlb, . ..
37. Chilotilia ia, BIjr. ......
1. rhoadi li, l BIr. . .
3'. chul botzin'ii, li r. .........
1. (duLardiana, l: r. . .
39. Xenochromis. 11pr. . . ..
I. hlite li, ]Bl r. ......
40. 'lecodus, ilYr.'. ........
1. );rado.\us, BI/,r. .... .
41. Parvtropluiis Bkr. ......
1. d:alnii 111/.' ... ...
2. pI l,, acti: litkr, ... .


Yolum


.XXiv


1TI.
I'Pago
471
472
473
474
475
47;
477
478
478
479
4O)0


482
483
454
484
485
460
457
488
485




492
492
403
494
494
495
495
490
490
497
497
490
499
500
500
501

350
503
51:8

5015
So S










SYSTEMATIC INDEX.


Fam. 9. CARANGIILE.
Volume I V.
Page
1. Trachynotns. Lacep. .. 1
1. fnalalnt ,i L......... ..... 2
2. goreensis, C. J- I ........ 3


Fam. 10. PLEURONECTID.E.
1. Cithlarichlth s, 1B,1 . .......... 4
1. spilopter'ns, Gthr. ........ 4
2. Cynoglossus, Iiam. BIuch....... 5
1. senegalensis, Kaup ...... i


Fain. 11. GOBIID.E.
1. Eleotris, Cron ............. 7
1. lebretoni, Stlr. .......... 9
2. ilenirop Big .......... 10
:3. butis, lai. Buch. ........ 10
4. tolizone, Sidr. ........... 12
5. nana, Bll. ............... 12
6. iellensis, Blp.. ......... 13
7. kribensis, BlYl'. ........... 14
S. loonensis, Bl!r. ........... 15
9. ophiocephalus, C. 4"- .... 13
10. mna:lagaea'rieniss, ('. &- ... 10
11. africann, Sdr. ........... 17
12. vittata, A. MRmn. ........ 1S
13. moniteiri, O'Shaughn ....... 20
14. fusca, Bl. .............. 21
2. G obius, A rt. .................. 22
1. giuris, lHam.. Buch. ...... 24
2. rhodopteruls, Othr. ...... . 2
3. dewanlii, .11. IWe'. ........ 26
3 a. thomasi, 13!.r.. ........ 33:3
4. maindroni, Nitam. ........ 2
5. gilchristi, Bl'r. .......... 27
6. nudiceps, C. 4L T......... 2S
7. bustamantrei, Orcell .... 29
S. madagascariensis, 1B/k ... . 29
9. macrorhynclhus, BIr. .. 29
10. teneofuscus, Ieters ........ 30
11. giineensis, Peters ... .... 31
12. samberanensis, B/klr. .. .... 32
13. soporator, C. 4j- V. ..... 33
14. nigri, Gthd'. ............ 34
VOL. IV.


Volume I V.
2. Gobitis (con.) Page
15. paganellus, L. .......... 35
16. hypselosolma, l/IC. ...... 3
17. occllaris, Brouss. ......... 3;
16. schlegelii, Uthr. ......... . 37
19. hilgenidorli, Pfejff ....... 3.'
20. polvyzona, Blkr. ........... 3
21. occidentalis, Blr. .......... 39
3, Xematogobius, Bly........... 40
1. ansorgii, BIpr............. .i4
4. Gobioides, Lacep. ............. 41
1. ansorgii, BlRU .. .......... 42
5. Sicydiun, C. J- V............ 42
1. brevifilis, Ogilvic-G'rant .... 43
2. acutipiunis, Guticten....... 4 1
3. laticeps, C. VT. ......... 44
4. lagocephalun, Pall. ...... 45
5. parvipinnis, Guidchen....... .15
6. Lentipcs, Gth7i. .............. 46
1. bustamantei, Blyr.. ....... 46


''ami. 12. OSPHROMENIDAE.

1. 31icracanthus, Saut( .......... 47
1. marchii. Sauv. .......... 47


Famn. 13. ANABANTID.E.

1. Anabas, Ctv. ............... 4S
1. capensis, C. c- V. ........ 50
2. vicious, BliPr.............. 51
3. bainsii. Castein. ........... 52
4. multispinis, l'ters ...... . 53
5. pellegrini, BRig. ......... 5-
6 nigropannosus, Belt/en. .. 55
7. congicus, Blg .. .......... 57
S. naus, Gthr. ............. 58
9. ansorgii, Bi,... .......... 59
10. fascilatus, Bilgr. ........ .. o
11. petlerici, Gthr. ........... G
12. kingsleywe, 0thr........... 62
13. mliurici, Blr. ............. (4
14. maculatus, Thomini. ....... .5
15. oxyrhynchus, Bgr. ...... 60
16. ocellatus, 'dlleg. ........ 07










SYSTEMATIC INDEX.


xxVi


Fam. 14. OPHIHOCEPILALID.E.
Volume IV.
IPage
1. Opiiocephalus, Bl. .......... 6
1. africanus, tdr. .. ....... 69
2. obscures, Gth. .......... .70
3. insiguis, Saute. .......... 72


Fain. 1. 1ATHERINISit.
1. Atherina, L. ............... 73
1. muochon. C. I. ........ 74
2. gabonensis, 11. IF. 'owler .. 76
3. sikor:e, Sauv .............. 76
4. alaotrt nsis, 'elle r. ..... 76
2. Bedotia, Regaa .............. 77
1. madagascariensis, Rerjan .. 77
2. geayi, Pel'ler. ............ 77


Fami. 16. L.UGILIDlE.

1. Mugil, Art. ................ T7
1. cephaltus, L. ... .......... 80
2. oeur, Forsk.. ............ 8
3. capito, Cat' .............
4. salieus, l isso ............ 8.
5. auratus, lisso .......... !
6. falcipinnis, C. ..... . -
7. chelo, Cat . .............
8. s helili, Forsk ...... ...... !)
9. robustus, Gth... ..........
10. coylohnesi-, Gth(l.... .. .. .
11. macrolepis, A. Smith ...... 9-
12. hoefleri, Sd. .............. .
13. grandisquaniis, C. I- . 9
14. waigiensis, Q. J- G ..... .
2. Agonostoinm s, Ile ........... 9
1. telfairii, BeU,. ........... 9


Fain. 17. POLYIEMIl.E..
1. Pentanemus, Art. ............ 10
1. quii(n uarius, L. .......... 10
2. Polynemts, L. ............. 1
1. quadritilis, C. J- V. ....... 1(
3. Galeoides, (Gthr. ........... 1
1. decadactvlus, B1l. ........ 1


Fnam. 1S. SliiaRENsD.E.
Volume IV.

1. Sphyrtena. Art. .............. 105
1. guachancho, C. . . . 105


Fain. 19. GASTROSTEID-E.
1. Gastrosteui L. ............. 107
1. acileatus, L ............ 107

Fain. 20. B L.E NM IE.
i. Blennius, L. ................ 10
1. fratcr, Bl.-Schni. ........ l O
2. Salaries. C0'r. .............. 110
1. ionochrous, Blkr,. ...... 111


Snbord. IX. Or sT 1 l M 1.


Fam. 1. 31ASTACE-.3 IELl l.'.
1. Mastacembehis. ,roun. ........ 112
1. pauci-pinik, Bllj. ......... 11
2. frelnatus, Bl,'. ............ 11
3. marchii, Saunr. .......... 111;
4. cryptacanthus, (;!h1. ....... 117
5. selateri, Bl .. ....... ........
G. cunniiiigtoni. Blr 1......... 1!
7. liberien~is, ,b' ....... ... 119
l. ]oennbergii. B.1!r. ........ 121
9. goro, Bl r................ 1 21
10. ansorgii, Ill/. . . . 122
11. congicus, lr. .......... . 12'
12. signatus. Il:h... .......... 12-4
13. niger. 'Nac. ............ 125
14. la\ullargillatll Bigr. .... 125
15. batesii. Bil .............. 121;
16. nmoorii. B1lr.. ............ 127
17. shlir:mus, (tth. ....... ... 12
1 -. nigroim rginatlus. Bli,'. . 12
19. iimoerlcnl !i, BIl *!/'. ...... 1:1)
20. victories. Bli r. .. .......... 131
21. ubaingeusis, B fi, ......... 1"2
22. ellipsifer, Bl'r. ... ...... 132
23. marmorat us, Pe'ru/i . ... I 3:"
24. brevicanda, Bllr. ........ 1.3. 1
25. reticulatus BI.. B ........ 13










SYSTEMATI.\C INDEX.


Vumnne 1V.
1. Mastacemibelus ('ol .). age
:'Gi. Incll;i ldi, /; /. . ......... 13. 5
27. 1lrachyrhirnl s. IB/rl ...... 1:3I;
2'". stappl)l)rsii, ligr ......... 1:137
2'). tri| )inosns, St r... ........ 1:7
:li. ta-n'tlns, lir3,.. ........ 1:i3
:11. t; alg:anlic('V, G hir,.. ........ 13]
32. longianuda, 1 .i,. . . ... ill !
1::3. greshofti, Il)7r. ..... .... 140
-34. oplhidi ini, (th,. .......... 141


Snhiinl. X. P1' E C' ( N \ T II 1.
l-ain. 1. 'I' t'ri)Dovr\ n.'i.



1. ''tr l n, L. ...............
1. 'nhaka, L . .............
2. inbu, BI :i. ..... .......
3. pllus latllus, A. Mur'a.I ....
1. miirums, %llr,. .............
2. lhon ,'rhiniii B!/,-, ..........
I1. al'ricainm BIyr ...........


xXvii














CATALOGUE


OF


AFRICAN FRESH-WATER FISHES.






Suborder VI 11. AC A NT' 1I O PTI'E R Y G 1 I (cont.).

Fain. 9. CARANGIDI)E.
Sconil)liform fishes with the plneLmaxillaries more or less protractile;
body covered with small scales or naked, often with enlarged scutes on
each side of the body or of the tail; dorsal spines few, or slender or
rudimentary ; a more or less developed spine adnate to the soft portion
of the anal, often precede by a pair of spines separated from the rels
(f the fin; ventral fins thoracic. Vertebie 24 to 26 ; ribs behind the
transverse processes; epipleurals on the transverse processes, rarely on
the ribs.
Seas of the temperate and tropical regions, a few species entering
fresh waters.

1. TRACHYNOTUS.
Laeolp. li.-t. Poi-s. iii. p. 78 (1802) ; ('uv. & Val. lli.t. Poi.-. iii. p. :308 (1 31);
(Giinth. Cal. lFi-h. ii. 1). 480 (16l0).
Body strongly compressed, deep, covered with minute scales. Mouth
rather small ; very small teeth in jaws and on palate, usually disappearing
with age. 7 branchiostegal rays; no pseudobranchize. Dorsal fin with
5 to 7 short spines, preceded by a smaller one directed forwards. 2 anal
spines separated from the principal portion of the fin. Vertebre 2.1
(10+14). Air-bladder forked behind.
Atlantic. Indian, and Pacific Oceans.
VOL. IV, .








CARANG 1 D.


1. T1ALCIIYNOTUS FALCATUS*.
Lhrus ir(latIs, Linn. Sy.t. Nat. i. p. 475 (1766).
(Iste slttitu o atuls, Linn. t. c. p]. 490.
,Somher fal at us, Forsk. Descr. Anini. p. 57 (1775).
Trachinnolhus.al hlcuis, Lcep. Iist. Poiss. iii. p. 79 (1802).
7Tr',hiniotus Ierali, (hCv. & Val. Hist. Poiss. viii. p. 418 (1831).
TIic1iynoltus ovaits, Giintl. Cat. Fish. ii. p. 481 (1810); Steiml. Sitzb. Ak. Wien,
lx. i. 18;00, p. 709: Klnnz. V. r. ool -hot. Ges. Wien, xx. 1870, p. 449,
and Fische Iloth. Meer. p. 103 (1884); Sani. Hist. M;lag., Poiss. p. 332
(1891) ; Steind. Notes Levd. Mus. xvi. 1894, p. 21.
TrIhinotus ma.rillosu.s (non C. & V.), Bleek. Nat. Vorli. Ges. H11ai:lein, xviii.
1863. p. 78, pl. xvii.
7Trrichniotis mIurtlii. Steind. Sitzl. Ak. W ien, Ix. i. 186i90 p. 711. pl. i. fi-. 1.

Fig. 1.




-=;




'- ------- ----- -

: / v




IX.



'I'rt chiolots .fulclatuLs.
St. Louis. :.

Depth of body 1. to 2 times in total hlngth, length of head 3 to 3
times. Profile of snout very steep, nearly vertical in adult; eye as long
as or a little longer than snout, 3 to 3. times in length of head, equal
to interorbital width; maxillary extending to below centre or anterior

I In view of tlihe wide distribution and extensive synonyimy of this species, I have
confinedi myself to references to African specimens, on which the present description is
exclueivelY ba-ed.








TILACI 1 N V rTUS.-PI'.U 1N l'CT'lI I E.


third of eve. 9 or 10 gill-rakers on lower part of anterior arch. )orsal
I + 1-VI1 19-21. Anal II, I 16-17. Anterior rays of dorsal and
anal more or less produced into falciform lobes. Pectoral a little
shorter than head. Canudll deeply forked, longest rays 2.1 to 3 times
in total length. Silvery, back bluish grey or olive; fins yellow, with a
large black blotch on the produced part of the dorsal fin.
Total length 200 millim.
Tropical and Subtropical Atlantic, Indian and Tropical Pacific Occans.
1-3. Al. & hgr. St. Louis. Senugall. M3. 1'. Dlhei (('.).
4. Ilgr. (;a; li .1. ul,. ]i lge(t, E'-l. (]'.).
5. Ad., skin. Zumzibar. Sir L. P'layl'air (('.).
;. Ad. 310mbasa. 11 J. Ci iniiigli ie, E'-q. (I'.).


2. TIL.ACYXOTUS CiOIEENSIS.
(uv. & Val. Ilist. 'oi-s. viii. ,. .119 (1831) ; (iinlh. Cat. Fi.lh. ii. I. 483 (1860)
]'leck. Nat. \ rhli. (cs. liaar imn. xvili. 1863, p. 77, pl. xvi. lig. '3; ; ieinil.
Sitzlh. Ak. \\'ie'n. Ix. i. 1866 p. 707 : 'P llcgr. Bull. Soc. I'lilouii. (9) ix. I107,
p. ll).
;Traclitiuois i,(a.rillosus, Cuv. & Val. t. c. p. 42t0.
'Tracl uiotus mn/rias, Cuv. & Val. t. c. p. 421 ; Giinlth. c.
Distinguished from the preceding by more iiinlerous soft rays in tlie
dorsal and anal fins. Dorsul 1+VI-VII 20-21. Anal II, 1 1S-22.
A series of 2 to 5 dark dots sometimes present on the lateral line.
Total length 200 millim.
West Coast of Africa, from the Senegal to the Congo.-Type in Paris
l u"senin.
1. Higr. Gamila. ,J. S. Budgett, Es1q. (I'.).
2. :3-5. Ad. & vg. cape Verde 1,. l1v. I. T. Low ('.).
G. llgr. .. C ld. ]Boyd Alex nlder (I'.).
7. llgr. Niger. Nr. L. Fra.er (('.).
N. Ad. \\'. A rica.



Fam. 10. PLEURONECTlI I)E.

Bilalerally as\mmnetrical fishes probably derived from forms similar
to the Zcid'. Easily recognized among all other fishes by thie skull
being twisted in front and the eyes situated on one side of the body,
which functionally represents the upper surface, the other side being
usually colourless. Dorsal and anal fins much elongate, with soft rays








I'LEU KON'EC1TI D)E.


only ; vential fins with 4 to 7 soft rays and no spine. Vertebrc 24 to G5.
Air-bladder absent.
Distributed over the seas of the whole world ; a few species confined
to or entering fresh waters. The latter, in Africa, belonging to two
genera:-
Cleft of mouth wide, with teeth of un'qual size.
lateral line single: pectoral fins present;
caudal fin distinct from dorsal and anal . 1. Citharichthls, Blkr., p. 4.
Mouth smnaill, teeth miniiute; two or three lateral
lines: no pectoral fins l fi n c dl i confluent [p. 5.
with dorsal and anal ....... 2. ('pynoflossus.. 11am. Buich.,


1. CITHARICHTHYS.
lleek. Versl. Ak. Ainsterd. xiii. 18;2, p. 427 : G inth. C('at. Fi-h. iv. p. .120
(1862).
Eyes on the left side. Mouth wide, with teeth of unequal size, in a
single series in both jaws; no teeth on the palate; gill-membranes
broadly united below the throat. Dorsal fin originating on the snout;
caudal distinct ; pectoral and ventral well developed, the latter with 6
rays. Scales rather small, ctenoid on coloured side; lateral line single,
straight. Vertebne 33 to 40.
North Pacific and Tropical Atlantic Oceans; one species ascending
rivers in VWest Africa.


1. CI ARICIIITIYS SPILOPTERUS.
Giinth. t. c. p. 421 ; Steind. Sitzb. Ak. W ien, Ix. i. 1870, Ip. 975 : Jord. & Goss,
1iep. U.S. Fish Commi. f. 1886, p. 27(; (1889) ; Jord. & Evermn. Fish.
N. Amer. iii. p. 2685 (189s).
Cftlhari,.th,,ys guatimalensis, Bleek. Nederl. Tijdsehr. DIierk. ii. 1864, p. 73.
lilmnir,'ho,,tlus /a'scus. Poey epert. fis.-nat. ('llh, ii. p. 406 (18(68).
Ilemnliombtus stampljii, Steinm. Notes Lovd. Mnus. xvi. 1894, p. 52, pl. iii. fig. 3.
Depth of body 2 to 2- times in total length, length of head 31 to
3o times. Eves nearly exactly superposed, narrowly separated from
each other, diameter 5 to 7 times in length of head; jaws equal in
front, upper extending to below centre or posterior border of eye;
anterior teeth largest. G;ill-rakers rather long, 14-16 on lower part of
anterior arch. Pectoral about length of head. Djral 77-SG. Anal
57-64. Caudal rounded. Scales 45-52 1 Coloured side brown,








CIT11M. ICllTI' I YS.-CYNOGLOSSUS.


uniform or with darker spots or blotches ; a more or less distinct series


of small blackish spots along dorsal and anal.
Total length 160 millim.
Both coasts of the Tropical and Subtropical
Africa. from Senegambia to Angola.
1-2. Ad. Lagos Lagoon.
3-4. Twoofthle typeC. Niger.
5'-8. Ad. & lgr. Degama, Lower Niger.
9-10. AtL. Belito 1., Spanish Guinea.
11-12. Ad. C'hiloango Town.
13-14. AlI. Bengo II. at Quifingondo,
Angola.
Fig. 2.


Atlantic; rivers of West

Major G. E. Bruce (P[.).
Mr. L. Fraser (C.).
Dr. W. J. Ansorge (C.).
G. L. Bates, Esq. (C.).
Dr. W\. J. Ansorge (C.).


Eyes o the left side. on small, asymmetrical, sot prodded
Indian Ocean and West Cost of A s e species ering fresh







watrs. single species in West African rivers.
S. .--.-*---. ..'\..\.\I...








C'dthrliciJldl ts .5pi,t)',ttr us.


2. CYNOGLOSSUS.
lam. Bniin.chan.1 Fi-hes G'ngv, ). 32 (1822) ; (liilhi. (';tt. Fi-hli. iv. p. 492 (18t2).
l rela(. laupl, ArcIh. f. Naturg. 1858, i). 107.
Eves (on the left side. Mouth sn;ill, asymmetrical, snout produced
licyond it aln(l looked; teetli minute, on tle right side only ; no teetli
on tlihe palate; gill-openings narrow. l)orsal fin originating on the
snont; caudal confluent with dorsal anld anal; pectoral absent, ventral
small, with 4 rays. Scales small, cteuioid on coloured side; two or
three lateral lines. V'ertelcrrc 46-00.
Indianii Ocean and WVest Coast of Africa, some species entering fresh
waters. A single species in West African rivers.









PLEURONECTI D:E.


1. ('YN(OGOSSUS SENEGALENSIS.
lArelia sene qalensis, 'Kn:1i t. c. p. 10 ,.
(qio,.lo.,ssus se 'eal,, is., (iinth. t. c. p. 502 ; Steind. Sitzb. Ak. W ien. Ix. i. 1870.
1). 977, and Notes LeIe l.. Mus. xvi. 1894, p). 50.
I)epth of body 4 to 3 times in total length, length of head 5 to 5.)
lines. Lower eye farther back than upper, close to month ; dialneter
of eye S to 12 times in length of head; intcrorbital space narrower
than eye; two nostrils, one between the eyes, the other near the mouth
in front of lower eye. Dorsal 126-140; anal 110-120. 120-140 scales
in longitudlinal series along lateral line, from above gill-openlin;
2 lateral lines on cololured side; 17 or IS longitudinal series of scales


Fig. 3.





------------- ----------


1 -S. "

Cy.'/olossu.s sent' y /ln ss.
St. Louis. g.


between lateral lines at widest point; longitudinal and transverse series
o' sensory canals on the head. Uniform reddish or purplish brown.
Total length -.5)0 million.
West Africa, from Senegambia to Angola.-Types in Paris Museum.

1. A l. St. Louis. Seno :al. M. I'. Declihe ((.).
2-4. Adl. & lgr. Camblia. .1. S. Budgett. 'Esq. (P.).
5. Skel..
G. Ad<. Li'gos. Sir A. hloloney (1'.).
7. Ilr. D)egnma, Lower Niger. Dr. W. .T. Ansorge (('.).
5.-10. I r". (011 Calabar. A. 2Iurray, Esq. (1'.).
11-13.. Adl. &- lir. Il ain,: r(ene, Ogowe. Miss King-ley (C.).
14. Adl. Ogowce.
15. A\d. Qmi;ua z: I {. at C( ng:i. Anglih. Dr. W. .1. Ansorge (t'.).









EL1E OTI' IS.


Fain. 11. GOBHIDzE.

Month protractile, tile maxillaries excluded from the oral border.
Lower pharyngeal bones separate. Two nostrils on each side. Sub-
orbital arch ligamenitous or absent. Gill-membranes more or less
broadly attached to isthmus. Scapula and coracoid more or less
reduced or even vestigial ; pterygials large, 4 or 5 in number, forming
together a thin plate which is in contact with or narrowly separated
from the clavicle; one or two of the pterygials in coulact with the
coracoid. Ventral fins thoracic, with a feeble spine and 4 or 5 branched
rays, often united to form a sucking disk. Anterior part of dorsal fin
composed of slender, flexible, non-articulated, simple rays. No lateral
line. A more or less developed anal papilla, larger in the males. All
or most of the priecaudal vertebra with transverse processes bearing the
ribs. Air-bladder often absent.
Cosmopolitan. Mostly marine or occurring in both salt and fresh
water.

Sy >opsis of the (entera.
I. Ventr;il fins distinct : two dorlal fins I. Eleotris, Gron.. p. 7.
II. Vecntrals united into a disk, which is not adherent to the blihly.
Two dorsal fins : no hiarlels .2. Gobius, Art., p. 22.
Two dorsal fins; a pair of nasal and a pair or
mental barbels . . . . 3. . eimatogoobis, Blgr., p. 40.
A single dorsal lin . . . . . 4. Golioidel Lacep.. p. 41.
III. Ventrals united into a disk, which is more or less adherent to the belly;
two dlor.-l tins.
Iody sc'ly; imiova1)le, slender teeth 1 on the lips 5. Siryiimn, C. & V., p. 42.
liodv naked, or with tie posterior part scaly;
jaws with a single series of fixed teeth Leutijpes, Gthr., p. 46;.

1. ELEOTRIS.
(ronov. lMus. Iehtlivol. p). 10 (1754), part. ; C(nv. & Val. Ilsi-. P'oiss. xii. p. 217
(1837) ; Giinth. C(at. Fish. iii. p. 105 (8lt;I) : Bouleng. Fish. Nile, p. 537
(1907).
rCulius, lleek. Nat. Tijd.-chr. Nederl. Ind. xi. 185;. p. 411.
fatis, Bleek. h. c. p. 412.
Opjj1ioca (Gill), Bleek. Arch. N'eerl. ix. 1874, p. 303.
Teeth small, conical, with or without curved canines. Two dorsal
fins, the anterior with 5 to S flexible spines, the posterior with onie











simple and 6 to 12 branched rays. Anal similar to second i1' 'r';l.
Ventral fins distinct. Scales large or small, cycloid or minl-r or lc-
strongly ciliated.
Coasts and rivers between the tropics; most of the species coriineid 1t.
fresh waters. 14 species are known from fresh water in Afri.-a.


SliOnpsis jf tHe SJpecics.
1. No p1r;"'oeruci:l spine.
A. Bolv strongly ciiipres-ed ; head scalv.
1. D)orsals VI -V[I- I 8-, narrow y separated fIrom .1. f IIh-, .'
anal 1 9-10; scales ciliated, '28-32 in longitudinal series.
Head munch deeper than road ; caudal peduncle
I to 2 times as long as deep . . 1. lereto i, Stdr.. I'
Head as broad as deep : caudal pedllncle 1Q
times as long as deep . . 2. 2 pleurops, l'Igr.. I'. 1 .
2. Dorsal., VI, 1 8, rather widely separated froin each other.
Ilea:l broader than deep : A. I 8 : Sc. 29-32 3. /. utlis. Hnam. Bil I.. II
lleal deIeper Itan broal ; A. 1 10; Sc. 25-27. 4. E. toli:omer, Stdr.. I I 2.
B. 1Body not or hit feelily compressed.
1. Scales ciliated, less th n i 0 in longitudinal series. 9-1-1 Ibet ... i ..t .:,
and unal.
I. Head naked : 29-39 scales in longitudinal series.
1). V. 1 9; A. 1 7; Sc. 29-30 ; audal pedtncle
twice as long :Is dele . . 5 nan,. Blgr., p. 1 2
I). V1, I 6 ; A. I 5 ; Sc. 30-32; caudal peduncle
twice as long as doeIp . . . . E. uellensis. Blgr.. '- I..
). V I 8-9 : A. 1 7 : Sc. 32-.3; caudal
leduncle 1j to 1 j times as ,ong as deep 7. E. kribensjs, 1Ilgi I I1.
I). VI, 1 8; A. T 7 ; Sc. 38-39 ; caudal peduncle
1 t limes as long as deep . . . . A. leonensis. Bigr.. .. 1-..
1,. 1lad scaly : 3'5-12 scales in longitudinal series, 12-1.1 )n .' 'ii h -. i
and nnal.
1). VI. 1 8; A. 1 7: depth of hody 4-5 times
in total length ; ca dial oediuniile 1.- or 11 ''
times as long as deep . . . I oph ioceJl.hlu. I' A ,
I). V, I 9 : A. 1 7 : depth of iody 5 to 5.
times in total length ; caudal peduncle [p. I'
nearly twice as long a.- deep . . 10. inuldaascaril..' I' ,
2. Scale- cycloid, 110-95 in longitudlinal series, 32-35 hetwoi- d.. .Il :ndl

1). V I. I I.,: A I ,s . . . 11. I1 qlri'va Stdr.. .. 17.


GOlillD.E.








ELEOTRIS.


11. A strong antrorse spine at anglo of prlooperc"lun ; 1). 'VI, 1 8; .. I 8 ;
40 scales or niore in longitudinal series.
Sc. .10-50 ; caudal pedunele 1. to 2 times as
long as deep . . ... . 12. E. rittala, A. Dum., p. 18.
Sc. ;0-70 : ealdal pedunclo twice as long as
deep .. . . ... 13. E. monteiri, O'Sl.. p. 20.
Sc. ;0-78 ; eaudal peduncle 1:, to I times as
long as deep . . . . 1. E. I. Sch ., p. 21.

1. ELEIOTIilS LIIIIETON I.
Steind. Sitzb. Ak. W ien, Ix. i. 1870, p. 017, pl. i. figs. 3 & 4.
Body rather strongly compressed, its depth nearly equal to length of
head, 3} to 3- times in total length. Head much deeper than broad,
flat above, upper surface and sides scaly; snout broad, truncate, as
long as or slightly longer than eye; eye perfectly lateral, 4 to 41 times

1ig. -4.





t----
Eleutris lelretoni.
Type, after Steindachner (1. c.).
in length of head and 1 to 2 times in interorbital width; lower jaw
not or but slightly projecting; maxillary not extending beyond vertical
of anterior border of eye; no canine teeth ; no pnropcrcular spine.
D)orsals VII-VIII, I S-9, narrowly separated from each other, longest
soft rays 2 to 1I times length of head. Anal I 9-10, opposite to second
dorsal. Pectoral 4 to once length of head, as long as or a little longer
than ventral. Caudal rounded, as long as or a little longer than head.
Caudal peduncle 12 to 2 times as long as deep. Scales strongly ciliated,
28-32 in longitudinal series, S-10 between origin of dorsal and anal.
Br'ownisl with dark spots forming a more or less regular lateral series,
or dark olive-brown with yellowish spots or vertical bars on the sides;
fins with numerous small dark spots.
Total length 115 millim.
Senegambia to Angola.-Types in Vienna Museum.
1-1;. IIgr. & y. St. Louis, Senegal. M3. P. Dellez (C.).
7-2. & yg. lg. ag. I3aijor (. El. IBruce (I'.).








G' )B1ID.-'.


27-30. Ad. & hlir. Forcaulo, .Nigeria. A. E. Kit.-i. I'-., I'
;:1-:14. Al. ( 'hiloango Town. 1). \\ \ An.,i.' i' I
3,3-37. Ad. S. Nicolas It., Little Fi.ih .1. .J. M:..tj..,.:, I-1 11' i .
lia, Angola.

2. ELEOTIIIS PLEU11ROPS.
IBouleng. Ann. & Mag. N. IH. (8) iii. 1909I p. 42.
Body rather strongly compressed, its depth 3 time- in t-it:il IIllith,
length of head 3. times. I ead as broad as deep, f.it aiih\.-, lli,
whole upper surface and sides scaly; snout broad, I1inlollcr., ;o l a 11
as eve; eye perfectly lateral, 4 times in length of l.:l :1and ti'-, iII
initerorbital widthl; lower jaw not projecting; mna \ill.\ 1 t liiii-












'1'y pe.

reachiiing to below interior border of eye; no canimii tI ti-i Ii.' "ut -
Fig. 5.














operceular spine). Porasals VII, 1 S, narrowly s.- separate! truin :icI 'l.ier.
longest rays length of head. Anal I -10, opposite to s cII l:i
Pectoral length of head, ventral j. Ca l
as lon-g as ,hea:d. Caudal peduncle I times as long a '" *. Sah.
strongly ciliated, 32 in a longitudinal series, 10 Ihit\a irigi III
dorsal and anal. Dark brown, lighter on the bel; li l
ithl round whitish spots.
Total length 75 millim.
1,ower Niger.
1. Tv e. Lower Nigc r. 31r. .l I1'ul .\i .,.1 I 1 '.

3. EILEOTIhTIS BUTIS.
Ch(eillditeru s, I1, tyis, llam. Buchan u. Fill ( (5n7 (1, '.; I $22 i .; & I I ,l .I
Ill. Ind. Zool. ii. pl. xciii. fig. 3 (1831).
IEl.hot'i I imer lits. ('nv. & Val. Ilist. I'oss. xii. >p. 21I (1-'; 7); VI.l.-'1. i'.lh.
lAitav. (,cn. xxii. 1iS19, li,. p; t22.








ELEOTRIS.


Ifleotri. bOtis, CI antor. 't. 3al. FihlI. IP. 14 (1850) ; (iintlh. CatI. Fih. iii. p. I1l;
(1$1(i) ; I'lInyf. & Giintli. Fish. Zanzib. p. 73 (1 ,i4 ); Day, Fi.h. Ind. p. 315,
pl. lxvii. fig. 3 (1876) : Steind. Sitzh. Ak. Wien, lxxxii. i. 18l p. 214.
/'leontris nelunopterus, Blleek. Nat. Tijdslch Nederl. Ind. iii. 16.32. p. 706.
/itis nmilanilpterus, Bleck. Nederl. Tijdsclhr. D)ierk. ii. 1865 p. 150.
/litis blitis, llek. Ver-1. Ak. Ait-terd. (2) xi. 1877, p. G2.
Lle',tris butis, part.. Sa iu\. lli-t. Madag.. Poiks. p. 380 (1,91).
Body strongly compressed, its depth 4- to 5 times in total length,
length of luad 2 to 3 times. JIcnd much depressed, flat above,
broader than deep, nearly twice as long as broad, nearly enltirelv scaly,
with fil'lv serrated ridges above ; a groove on each side behind the
eve; snout broad, rounded, V1 (young) to 2 times as long as eye, which

rig. t;.


-. i






Eleotris butis.
India. after Day (op. cit.). .

is 3 to C1 times in length of head and 1 to 12 ties in interorbital
width ; lower jaw projecting; maxillary extending to below anterior
third or centre of eye; no canine teeth; no prnopercular spine.
Dorsals VI, I S, rather widely separated from each other, longest
branched rays to 3 length of head. Anal I 8, its origin slightly
behind that of dorsal. Pectoral to length of head, longer than
vential. Caudal rounded, shorter than head. Caudal peduncle 1-F to
21 times as long as deep. Scales ciliated, 29-32 in longitudinal series,
10-11 between dorsal and anal. Brown, fins with small dark and light
spots; anal with a light edge; a large black spot, between two light
ones, at the base of the pectoral.
Total length 13-3 millim.
East Africa to Malay Archipelago *.
1. Ad. Johlala. Comor(o hi. Sir L. Plan fair (P.).

I In tlii-, as in other species of mide ditiribi tiutl. oinly African specimiien are listed.








GOBIID.E.


4. ELEOTIlIS TOIIIZON.E.
Steind. Sitzl. Ak. W ien, lxxxii. i. 1880, p. 215, pi. ii. fig. 2.
Eleotris bltis, part., Sauv. Ii.st. Maidag., Poiss. ,p. xli.A. fig. 2 (1891).
Eleotris pectoralis, Regan, Rev. Suisse Zool. ii. 1903, p. 415, pl. xiii. fig. 2.
lHead and body compressed; depth of body equal to length of head,
31 to 4 times in total length. Head longer than deep, scaly; snout
shorter than eye, which is 3. to 4 times in length of head and equals
interorbital width ; lower jaw slightly projecting ; mouth not extending
to vertical of anterior border of eye; teeth small, in a narrow band;
no canines; no pryopercular spine. Dorsals VI, I 8, widely separated
from each other. Anal I 10. Pectoral length of head, scarcely
longer than ventral. Caudal rounded-subtruncate. Caudal peduncle
nearly twice as long as deep. 25-27 scales in longitudinal series, 9-1 0
in transverse series. Brownish ; a blackish bar at base of pectoral;
small dark spots on second dorsal and dark streaks across caudal.
Total length 85 millim.
Madagascar.-Types in Vienna Museum.

Fig. 7.





Eleutris tohizon r.
Type, after Steindachner (/. c.).


5. ELEOTRIS NANA.
Bouleng. Ann. & Miag. N. II. (7) viii. 1901, p. 44., and Fish. Nile, p. 538, lig.
(1907) ; Pellcgr. Poiss. Bass. Tehad, p. 137, fig. (1914).
Body cylindrical or a little compressed, its depth nearly equal to -
length of head and 4 times in total length. Iead as broad as deep, naked;
snout broad, rounded, as long as eye, the diameter of which is 4 times
in length of head and nearly equals interorbital widthl; lower jaw
projecting; maxillary extending to below anterior border of eye; no
canine teeth ; no prmopercular spine. Dorsals V, I 9, well separated
from each other, longest rays about 2 length of head. Anal I 7, its
origin a little behind that of second dorsal. Pectoral about length
of head, nearly as long as ventral. Caudal rounded, nearly as long as








ELEOTRIS. 13

head. Caudal peduncle twice as long as deep. Scales strongly ciliated,
29 or 30 in longitudinal series, 9 between second dorsal and anal.
Greyish olive, dotted and marbled with blackish ; vertical dark bars on
sides of head ; a black bar at base of caudal ; dorsal, anal, and caudal
with small blackish spots.
Total length 38 million.
Upper Nile, White Nile, and Shari.
1. Type. Pond near Third Caiaract, N. of L. Loat, Eq. (C'.).
Kernioh.
2-3. 1lgr. Fa.s1ioda. White Nile.
.1. Ad. L. No,
5 l-7. lgr. .. 11. II. King, E,-. (!P.)
S.
Fig. S.









Type (F. N.). x 2.
G. "I '-LOT16, UE. l K 1- .



louileiig. Rev. Zool. Afr. ii. 1913. p. 1 .61.
Body cylindrical or a little compressed, its depth 41 to 42 times in
total length, length of head 3" to 3. times. Head a little longer than
broad, naked; snout broad, rounded, as long as eve, the diameter of
which is 41- times in length of head and equals interorbital width;
lower jaw strongly projecting; maxillary extending to below anterior
border of eye; no canine teeth; no prreopercular spine. Dorsals VI,
I 8, well separated from each other, rays short. Anal I 5, its origin
considerably behind that of 1dorsal. Pectoral l length of head, a little
longer than ventral. Caudal rounded-snuacuminate, nearly as long as
head. Caudal peduncle twice as long as deep. Scales strongly ciliated,
30-32 in longitudinal series, 10 between dorsal and anal ; belly naked.
Yellowish, spotted and speckled with dark brown ; a blackish bar at
base of caudal, which bears transverse series of brown dots ; black spots
on dorsal and anal fins.








GOB11ILE.


Total length 35 miilliin.
Uelle R., Upper Congo.-Types in Congo Muscmn, Tervueren.
1-2. Two of the types. DL)I i, Ul'ppr LeCll. ('aipt. ltutereai I'.


7. ELEOT1IS KIIBENSIS.
lionleng. Ann. & lMag. N. 11. (7) xx. 1907, p. 52.
Iody cylindrical or a little compressed, its depth 4 to 5j tinll-. ill
total length, length of head 3 to 3. times. Head broader 1wi:In
deep, naked; snout broad, rounded, as long as or a little iiiI nr
than eye, which is 4 to 4 times in length of head and equal tI ..r
a little less than interorbital width ; lower jaw strongly projc-,:il; ;
maxillary extending to below anterior third or centre of cy\':; ii
canine teeth; no prieopercular spine. Dorsals VI, 1 8-9, narr l

1,v: '.








E lris ki;, sis.
'fpe. x 11.


separated from each other, longest rays not longer than head. A.d I1 7.
opposite to second dorsal. Pectoral to Ilengtli of head, as loll,- a; O
a little longer than ventral. Candal rounded, a little shorter tham riiin.
Scandal peduncle 1. to 1 times as long as dleep. Scales smooth ,I
ape, strongly ciiated oni the body, 32-3. in longituidinal set i 1-
beteen oi-gin of dotisl and anal. Yellowish to brown, dotted % lII
darker, with or without five or six ill-detined (ark cross-banil: a
blackish bar at thile root of the caudal filln; fills brown or blacki-di :IdI
white-edged in males, whitish with blackish spots in females.
Total length 50 mnillimin.
South C'aieroon.
1-20. T pes. K ibi L. t .
2 opposi-2te. Ad. seond dorsal. pectorall to length of ead, as g
21. a al 1i lb to a H atl A bs d. S s ,,
'l;. Ill r. liiin ba 1{. ;il A --obaii ,,








ELEOTIIS.


8. ILEOT'IlIS LEOINENSIS, sp. n.
Body slightly compressed, its depth 4' to 5 times in total length,
length of head 3 to 3 W times. Head as broad as deep or slightly
broader, naked ; snout broad, rounded, as long as eye, which is 4 times
in length of head and equals intcrorbital width; lower jaw feebly
projecting; maxillary extending to below anterior third or ccntre
of ece ; no canine teeth ; no pnropercular spine. Dorsals VI, I S,
narrowly separated from each other, longest rays munch shorter than
head. Anal I 7, opposite to second dorsal. Pectoral ] length of head,
longer than ventral. Caudal rounded, a little shorter than head.
Caudal peduncle 1 time as long as deep. Scales ciliated, 38-39 in
longitudinal series, 13-14 between origin of dorsal and anal. Yellowish,
speckled with brown, with seven ill-defined brown cross-bands; a black
bar at the root of the caudal fin ; vertical fins with small blackish spots.
Total length 37 million.
Sierra I,"one.
1-2. T' l,,>. 31:k:a N. WV. Tlihom:,. Esq. (I'.).
4-t6 7-9. Ad. & hgr. P'ujelin and lKencm;. ,,
10. llgr. Victoria.

9. El EUTlIS OPHIUCEPIIALUS.
Ciuv. & Vil. His.t. Poiss xi.x ]. 230 (1837) ; Bleek. Verh. i;atav. Gen. xxii. 1849.
no. 3. p. '22; Giinth. ALt. Fl'i iii. p. 107 (l861); Ply'. & (GHiinth. Fi-h.
Zanzl). p. 73 (186t;) : l)y, FiSh. Ind. p. 312, pl. lxvii. fig. 2 (187(;); (iinth.
Fish. Siie.o, ii. i. 185, pl. exii. fig. A (1877) : Sauv. llist. Madag., P'oiss.
p. 37%, pl. xxxviii. fig. 8, & xli. A. fig. 3 (1891).
.l olris poriPCehalls, C(i. & U V\ t. cV. t 237; Cantor, C:t. al. FijSh. p. )195
(1850) ; BIleek. Nat. Tijdschr. Nederl.. In 18d53, p. 31 1; Day, 1. c. fig. 1.
l1,othis omari /a'itur'a. ('uv. & Val. p. 240 ; lleek. Nat. Tij -dchr. Nederl. Ind.
viii. 1855, p. 4153.
Aleotw'is porocepihaloides, lileek. Nat. Tijdlsehr. Nedcrl. Ind. v. 1 $53, p. 511 ; Giiinth.
Cat. iii. p. 109.
l/leo)/is cantoris., Cilinth. t. c. p. 108; Kner, Sitzh. Ak. W ien, Iviii. i. 18i8;, p. 321.
E'leotr'i. madaolscariiesis. (non C & ) f. & l.), ll inth. 1. c.
pihi,,ara ophiocephalus, Bleek. Vers]. Ak. Ainsterd. (2) xi. 1877, p. 28.
(phliiocara pjorocelIphaluis, Block. 1. c.
Body feebly compressed, its depth 4 to 5 times in total length, length
of head 3 to 4 times. Head longer than broad, scal] above and on
the sides ; a groove on each side behind the eye; a series of groups of
papillh in a groove below lower jaw; snout broad, rounded, 1 (young)
to 1 times as long as eye, which is 4 A to 6 times in length of head and







G (BI11D.E.


1t to 2. times in interorbital width; lower jaw projecting; inmi ll. v
extending to below anterior third or centre of eye; no cn.IIe 1 lteeti:
no pranopercular spine. Dorsals VI, I 8, well separated f1ini e:(. It
other, longest branched rays to Ic length of head. Anal I 7, its oi
slightly behind that of dorsal. Pectoral 2 to length of hle..., ]nI~'ui
than ventral. Caudal rounded, as long as or a little shorter TlI2n lit :il.
('audal peduncle 1] to 1 times as long as deep. Scales cilii:tti, :l. -4'-
in longitudinal series, 12-1.1 between dorsal and anal. Dark bi,'In ,r
blackish, with or without yellowish spots, blotches, or irreigulr croi'.--
bars, soft dorsal and caudal with small black spots; anal, and som'.ntimii'
also second dorsal, witli a light edge.
Total length 261 millim.
East Africa to Polynesia.-''ype in Paris Mu ~eumn.
1-:L 4. Al & v-. Zanziluar. Sir J. Kirk (1' .
5-6. Ad. Mozambiiiue. Sir L. I':lyfa I '.I.
7. A d. Silhouette 1l., Seychelle:. Prof. J. Stan.ii y I.; li.i
fresh water. (l.).
S-10. Adl. Above C6te-l'Or. ]'rilin ,,
hi., Seyc-helles.
11-13. A,. S& lh r. S'oychelles. Sir L. Pl';iyf:; I' 1.
11. A l. Johanna, Comoro Ids. ,,

Fig. 10.

"- :-. "* -'* . . .r ..

..-a ,. F %A "J '---i .i, '*" ..
7 --:.-. ,'-, .. ... ..





'Eleotris oJlhioce phalus.
India, after Day (1. c.). :.


10. ELEOTHIS MIADAGASCA IIENSIS.
(Cuv. V ail. i-t. Poiss. xii. p. 210 (1837); (iinth. Cat. Fish. iii. p. 111 I: l -
Bleek. Poiss. Ahadag. p. -10 (1675); Saiv. Ilist. Malad ., PI... I :'p7.
pl. xviii. fig. 1 & xli.A. fig. 4 (1891).
Body feebly compressed, its depth 5 to ,5 times in total leniill. I ng ii
of ead 3:; to 4. times. 1enad longer than broad. scaly exc:Il oi I Il
sinoul ; a groo\e on each side behind the eye ; snout broad, iu nd1,-I., n'It










longer than eye, which is 41. to *., times in length of head, 1] to 2
times in interorbital width ; lower jaw projecting; maxillary extending
to below centre of eye; no canine teeth ; no prweopercnlar spine.
Dorsals VI, 9, narrowly separated from each other, longest branched
rays about ( length of head. Anal I 7, its origin slightly behind that
of dorsal. Pectoral 3 length of head, longer than ventral. Caudal
rounded, as long as or a little shorter than head. Caudal peduncle
nearly twice as long as deep. Scales ciliated, 38-42 in longitudinal
series, 12-13; between dorsal and anal. Dark brown, soft dorsal and
caudal with small black spots ; soft dorsal and anal with a red

Total length 28( mnillini.
iMadagascar.-Typie in Paris Museum.


11. ,LMTi''IS AFHICANA.
Sttinld. Silzh. Ak. W ien. 1xxx. i. 1,880, 1. 153 pl. iii. fig. 1.
Body feebly compressed, its depth 4- to .5 times in total length;
length of head .3 to 31 times. lead longer than broad, scaly abome
from between the eyes and on the cheeks and opercles; snout broad,
rounded, I to 1 times as long as eye, which is 5 to 6 times in length
of head anld I1 to nearly 2 times in interorbital width ; jaws equal in
front; maxillary extending to below centre or posterior third of eve;

Fig. 11.

.-.,--, .',. ^ ,
' -'\:"
-7- -

...... --. --- ----_ "



rIcotris aif.ricaut.
1'1', aftLr Stei ildl]anl c r (I. c.).

a series of groups of papilhe in a groove below lower jaw ; no canine
teeth; no prieopercular spine. Dorsals VI, I 9, narrowly separated
from each other, longest soft rays 1 to length of head. Anal I 8, its
origin a little behind that of dorsal. Pectoral 2 to length of head,
longer than ventral. Caudal rounded, to 5 length of head. Caudal
peduncle 1l to 1I times as long as deep. Scales cycloid, 90-9.5 in
voL. 1v. C


E LE )T'R IS.








(~ I I D.E.


longitudinal series, 32-3.- between dorsal and anal. Brown, whitish
beneath ; fins purplish, lower border of anal and caudal, and outer
border of ventrals white ; a more or less distinct dark spot or ocellus on
the upper part of the caudal fin near its base.
Total length ] 60 millim.
Rivers of \Ve.t Africa, from P1ortluguese Guinea to the mouth
of the Congo.-Type in Stuttgart Altuseum.
1. Ail. (;unrnll, lPortull ( ii 'l 1)r' J. Ansor'e (W .).
2-3.'> Ad. & lgr. ('ross IB. dill-rict, C)ht 31Aior W A. ('raiwlord (P.).
( 'alaba: r.
4-9. Ad. & hgr. Benito It.. ,Spallniil (; iiinlei. G(. L. e 1. (( .).
10. Skil.
I1. Ad. Ul.;il;lnli. (JCuing M I'. l]k hih/, (('.).


Fig. 12.









'A''^
..~~C -,, Jml






iE eutris vti/tia.
T''pe of Eltitris senirq lfeafsis, after Steinduchlicr (I. c.). '.

12. EHl EITI' I VITTATA.
,leotriu s ne ulata (non Bloch), A. DuinL. Arch. Mius. x. I6l;0. p. 248, pl. xxi.
tig. :3.
-leotri.,c rlta1 A. I)un, t. :. p. 2-1, p1. xxi. fi. 4.
Heotris (C,/lius) .seneqalensis, Steiml. Sitzb. Ak. Wien, Ix. i. 1$70. p. 949, pl. ii.
figs. 1 & 2.
l-letris (rlifs) ,iqanensis. Srteind. t. c. p. 9.51. pl. ii. fig-. 3-5.
Eleotris dulmrilii, Sauv. Bull. Soc. Philom. (7) iv. 188(. p. 52.
Eleotris (Culius) bnatikoferi, Steind. Notes I.eyd. ns. xvi. 1894, p. 27, pl. ii.
fig. 2.
? lleotris ( C(ils) pisonis (inon ( ncl.), Steind. 1. c.
Body feebly compressed, its depth 3- to 42 times in total length;
length of ]head 2w to 3 times. Head longer than broad, scaly above
hroll between the eves; a groove on each side behind the eve; check









ELEOTR1 S.


naked or with a few scales ; operculunu more or less scaly ; siolt broad,
rounded, as long as or a little longer than eye. tle diameter of which is
5 (young) to S times in length of head, 1} to 2A' times in intcrorbital
width; lower jaw projecting; maxillary extending to below centre or
posterior border of eve; no canine teeth ; a strong antrorse spine at
angle of prwoperculuin. Dorsals VI, 1 8, narrowly separated from each
other, longest soft rays j to -- length of head. Anal 1 8. its origin a
little behind that of dorsal. Pectoral I to length of head, longer than
ventral. Cadal rounded-subacumninate, shorter than lead. Caudl
peduncle 1 to 2 times as long as deep. Scales smooth on the nape,
strongly ciliated on the body, 40-50 in longitudinal series, 15-17
between dorsal and anal. Reddish brown or dark brown above, spotted
and speckled with darker; a dark lateral band sometimes present; tins
yellowish, with dark brown or black transverse bands or series of spots;
lower surface of head brown, usually with light spots.
Total length 220 millim.


West Africa,
Museum.

1-2. Adl.
3. Yg.

.1-I 1. Ad.,hgr., &
y.-
12-13. Types of E..
huett ik/I r,i.
14. Yg.
]5. Yg.
I G-17. Ad. & hgr.
18-21. Ad. & hgr.
22. Skl.
23-213,. Ad. & yg.
27. Ad.
2s-30. ligr. A yg.
31-33. Jlgr.
34--35. Hgr. & yg.
3;l-50. A\d., hgr &
39-
51. Ad.
52. Adl.
53. 31. Ad.


from Senegambia to the


;anhl)in.a.
Corl)l i{. nt Tichitul>.
Portuguese (uinea.
N. Sherlo district. Sierra
Leone.
rmand ('ape 3Lount I.,
Liberiia.
Nana Kru, Meileria.
Lagos.
Loagos Lagoon.
A!-:Iya. Lower Nigoer.

Ablo,
Agheri,
Dc anna, ,,
Sup ll. ..
Warri, ( ld C1 ('laiar.
BiMNito A., Spani-h ninean.

Kondlo-\Kondol>, Ogowe.
Ngoimo. ( )go e.
(a aoon.


Congo.-Type in Paris


1. S. Iludgett, Elq. (I'.).
Dr. W. J. Ansorge ((.).

N. \V. Tlihoa;i, E.,.( (1.).

Dr. J. itlilk ol'fer (('.) ;
LeJ.Ml 3l e:mn (E*.).
\ '. l. owe, E-q. (('.).
Sir A. 31iloney ('.).
1:,.ijor (". E. Ilh'n e (1'.).
,1. S. BuIgell, EI' (I'.).

Dr. W. .1. Ansorg (('.).




Miss King-ley (C.).
( L. l. Iate", E.sq. ((C'.).

lis King.lhy (('.).
1)r. V'. .1. An.-org (( '.).
N. l. N. Walker, I,,.
(1.),








GO BIIILE.


55, 5.i. .\1.
57. Ad.
5.s. A,.
.,9. ligr.


(hloun.
('hiloni o Ik. i,'ar Llla.
Luillht It.. Chilhiingo.
lu1longo II. near (l':ltinla,
'ortuiiuese ('oi"go.


13. ELEUOTHIS M( NTEI I.
O'Siha lghn. Ann. & nlag. N. 11. ( I) x\. 1675, p. 1417.
Body not or but feebly conpresserl, its depth 4 to 5 timl, inl total
length; length of head 3 to 3} times. ]lcad longer than broaI. seald\
above from between the eves; a groove on each side behindI tlie C-t:
check naked or with a few scales; operculuin more or les. C;Ily sniio
broad, rounded, as long as or a little longer than eve, thle d:ii:ieltr if
which is 5, to 7 times in length of head, l. to 2 times i iiiil lIr. biiL t.cl
widthl; lower jaw projecting; nlaxillary extending to biw.v Icentre orl
posterior border of eye; no canine teeth; a strong antrol,,- sp ,Ine it
angle of prinopereuluml Dorsals VI, I narrowly separit.lI 'ion en:li
other, longest rays to lengtli of head. Anal I S, its lig-u a little
behind that of dorsal. Pectolrl 2 to 3 length of heal, III.- ll i:i n
ventral. Caudal rounded, shorter than head. Caudal pe, Ilcle t"\'icU.-
lioig as deep. Scales strongly ciliated, 60--70 in longitliial sCe I.- .
.19-22 between dorsal and anal. Brown, with rather indlt-intc d.tki.i

l'ig. 1:.


'h otris munt'i'i.
TY p. 1'


spots, with or without a dark
small dark and light spots;
border, which is whitish.
Total length 230 million.
W\est Africa, from Spalnish


lateral band ; fins purplish \\i h uiiinei'i.
first dorsal blackish towalsii the ill.tI r



Guinea to Angola.


I.


Dr. W. .1. .\A -..r.- (, '..








E I. EIOT' I S.


S-;n Nicola; I., Lilil Fi-l I>:lvy,
Aiiwola.
Benigo HI. at Quiiiaingondlo. Angolia.
Benito R{.. spnilih Guinhea.


.. .I. 1. nt' iro, Esq. ( '.).

Dr. W. J1. An.onrge (('.).
G. L. Bates, Esq. (C.).


I ELEOTIIIS FUSCA.
Pcdlia fiisa. Bloch, chneid. Syt. Ichlithyol. p. 4:53 (1801).
']heilodlipleruts ,lius. llhin. Biinchn. Fihi (ings, ]I. 55.1. 5 v. tig. 1 ( 1822).
L7eotris nip/, Quoy & Giiin,. Vov. Uran. P'Ihysic., Zool. p. 2.59, pl. Ix. (ig. 2
(1824); (n. & V. & Val. Ilist.h oiss. xii. p. 233 (1837); Bleek. Verh. lataNv.
Cell. xx no. 4, 185i3, p. 105. p1,. i. lig. 1.
EJleotri.s mau'itianus, Benn. Pro,. Comni. Zool. Soc. i. 18:31, p. 1it;.
('o/tlis a.rwfica, Forst. Deselr. Anim. p. 235 (1844).
C0ulius i.;er. Block. 'Nat. Tijdsehr. Nedlorl. Ind. xi. 185;c, p. 411.
? Eleotris fiornasni l. Bianconii, Sp]o. Zool. Alosainh. 1). 267. pl. viii. (185S8).
Eleotrins fjlsca, Giinth. Cuat. Fish. iii. p. 125 (1861;) ; Plavf. k Giinth. Fish.
Zanzib. p. 74 (18l;;); Day, Fi.h. Ind. p. :13, p. 1xv. fig. 7 (187;) ; Giintli.
Fisclh Siidsee, ii. p. 188 (1877) : Sauv. Hist. Madag., Poiss. p. 181, pl. xli.A.
fig. 1 (1891) ; PfefT. Thierw. O.-AIr.. Fisclhe, p. 7 (189(3).
("oli; /-,uss, Bleck. Yer'l. Ak. Ain-iord. xiv. 186i2, 1p. 111, and (2) xi. 1877.


p. 42.
Eleoti'is 's,,1refs. Pl'vyf. & Oiintih. i. c. p. 74, pl. ix. lig. 4.
El/c .s /l;'h.h:inl lcri. Pl'off. .;alihrl. iliainl). Wi\s. Anst. x. 2, 1803,
ig. ', andl 1. c. (flu.. .I.


p. 1-1. pl. iii.


1Fig. 14.


Elotris. /',1iS a.
Type of R. 'lmrizinferi, after Pieffer (7. c.). ,.


Body feebly compressed, its depth 4 to 42 times in total length;
length of head 3 to 3J times. Head longer than broad, scaly except
on the snout; a groove on each side behind the ee ; snout broad,
rounded, as long as or a little longer than eye, which is 4- (young) to 7
times in length of head. 1 to 2 times in intcrorbital width ; lower jaw
projecting; maxillarv extending to helow centre or posterior third of


1. TypVe.

2. Ad.
3-1. Ad.










eye ; no canine teeth ; a strong antrorse spine at augl- (l' 1pi;i.1:'lll(ni:'C nl.
Dorsals VI, I 8, narrowly separated from each other., Io:.c-t bra ncld
rays 5" to length of heal. Anal 1 8, its origin slightly I cII iii'd iliat l1
dorsal. Pectoral to 5 length of head, longer than \cntr,. (andl.il
lpedUllcle 1I to 1. times as long as deep. Scales stiii -l\ clliated. i.i-
78 in longitudinal series, 17-21 between dorsal and n:,ill I),lk bii i
to blackish, fins often with small light spots; first ldo-;il w..,in nllcS.-: \\wn
dark and light occllar spots.
'oital length 2(10 nuillin.
'East Africai to Polvnesia.
1. 'g. Ho\vul II 0 S mIiles 1'rom1 Sil .T. 1;i kI i 1'. 1.
coast.
2 -1. TYpes of E. lo31 z:m lln iql Si 1 I.. 'l-\i'..i i i

5. Ad. DRrevn. N eitl. lIr\. N .\l.r.,h:nm I' 1.
6-ll. A IL.. Ihgr., lul'riguez, f'rc-h w\va lr. (;. I; lllli\.-i, F'- I I'. i
& 'g.


2. GOBIUS.
Arteli, ien. Pisi- p. 2S (1792) ; ('C & YVl 1li-t. PI'iss. xi I '1 K1 .. i iih
('at. F ihi. iii. 1). ( I3; ).
O.r.,prirchlh.s. Illeek. Act. Soc. Indo-NeSrl. vi. 1 5M, p. 120.
S,,,nophori s. Poepv, 31,ei. ('ubaL. ii. p. 274 (186l 1).
(GlA .<>/)s o/-(l..s ( ( ill). IBleek. Arch. N_ -erl. ix. 1 74, 1). :1 .
.I i.wc .s, BIleck. t. c. Ip. 320.
Teeth conical, with or without curved canines. Two J or .il fins. tlie
anterior with 5 to 0 flexible spines, the posterior w i I o. sili mpl' andl
7 to 28 branched rays. Anal similar to second dnisal. Vciitial fill-
united into a disk, which is not attached to the bell\. S(ale n largIe ,
small, cycloid or more or less strongly ciliated.
Coasts an(d months of rivers of tihe greater part .,f ill.' w\\ild. "'in
species confined to fresh water. 21 species are know ii 'In friAI \\;laer
in Africa.


Synopsis of Ike Species.
1. l d)(lv not or but felblv coillpres.-.d : ud l titn not o i -lighil l..ii,,
lii1:111 hi<:lvl.
A. I'-ee ral without -ilk-like upper rays.
1. Diorsal and anal \\ith 7 it 9 Ibrnii lied ravIs.


GO I D.I-E.











Scale.s :0-.31 in longitudinal series ; dlor-il
with 9 branched rayvs. anal with ; lower
jaw projecting month extending to below
anterior border of eye, or not quite so I'ar. 1. t;. 1uis, Il in. Buch., ). 24.
Se. 40-1l ; D. 8-9 ; A. 8-9 ; lower jaw pro-
jecting ; mo111th extending to ellow
:aterior third or centre of eye . . 2. (. rhodopterns. thr., p. 2G;.
Sc. 21; ; 1). 9 ; A. 9 ; mouth shinf'erior. ex-
tenling beyond vertical of Ipost( ior bordIer
of eve; a curved cannin toothli on eachl
.-ide of lower jaw . . 3. t;. dewa ltli, 1. WVb.. p. 2;.
2. Dorsal and anal with 10 or 11 branched rays.
(. IIead not iImuch longer than broad ; mou th extending to below
interior border of eve.
Sc. 3-1-37 ; interorbital width not dianweter
of cye; jaws equal in front depth of
body 5 to 51 times in total length . .1. G. miml',ir, SaIv.. p27.
Sc. 55-56 ; interorl-ital widlh about X diameter
of eye; lower jaw projecting; depth of
hody 4 times in total length ; holdy
entirely seal . . 5. 0. filchrlsti Blgr., p. 27.
Sv. 56-60; interorlbital \idlh about dialmeter
of (e ; loWuer jaw projecting; depth of
bodlv .5 times in total length anterior
lart of back naked . . .. G.. ti. m lres, ('. & V., p. 28.
So. ti5); interorbital w idtl eilual to liamnwtr iof
eve ; upper jaw slightly ipojecting ; depth
of body 4 times in total length 7 U.(. liIstIoniti, reefl', p. 2..
,. Ilenad I to 2 times as long as broad.
a. olith extending to bellow centre of eye or beyond jaws eiliii in
front.
Sc. (;0 ; mouth extending to below centre of [p. 2".
eve ; small scales on the cheek . . . G';. mldagascriensis, Blkr.,
c. 65 ; month extending to below posterior
border of eve ; cheek niked . . G. mar orhy/nrhus, Blkr., p. 29.
M3. Month subinferior, extending to below interior border of eye or
not quite so far.
Sc. 58-64 ; interorbital width equal to ldia-
meter of eye in adult ; depth of bo lv 5 to
( times in total length . . . 10. G. Pfeofusc.S, Peters, p. 30.
Sc. 61-70 ; interorbital width h to g diameter
of eye; depth of hodly 1; to 7 timing' in
total l th . . 1 -. wn sis, I'terr p. 31.









(;()B I I ). ..


l;. I'eltoral \ill ti d upper r: v- .-.ilk-I
Sc. 30 : dor.-il and anam will 7 braniclid r:
cleek nakeil . . .


39-13: 1). 9 : A. 8 cheek naked . .
15 : D. 9 ; A. 8 ; cheek scaly. . .
52-60 ; 1). 13-15 ; A. 11-13 ; cheek
lin ked . . .


1 5.


11. im'lyv more or le- stronglyy (compreed.
A. C('nlal fin ronndeId, not longer ith::n ha':
lininhed runy.
S,. 55 ; j:wl\s e('q il in Fronit : mouth extending
:I little beyond vertical of interior l(irder
ol eve . . . 1;.
Sr. 35-(3;; upper jiaw projecting Iheoniitl
lower; mouth extending to Ielow :Interior
horller of oyo or not quite so fl:r. . 17.
II. ('aiudal] pointed. iuilil l "nger than h adl.
S. 3(-35 : dorsal with 9-10 biranclhed ra:.
:in1 with 8-. . . .. 1 8.
IS,'. 18-52; I). 11; A. i. . . 1. .
Sc : ; A. 1 ; l( IIIIC ]ieul ncile tw ice
a. long a s l'ee . . .20.
Sc. ;-63; D. 1 : A. 14; caidal I edluncle
Sloing :i deep . 21.


,.
I '*


1. (;IIlUS ( GIUIltS.
1:uii. Bl u llan. Fish. angel's ). 51. pI. xxxiii. fig. 5 (1 2' i I 'l A, \.,i lI.-i
'oiss. xii. p. 72 (1 37) ; Giinth. Cat. Fihi. iii. p. 21 1 .'. l : I'lSi & iS h.
Fish. Zaiuzib. p. 70 (1lSti) ; Peters, Heise 3MossIl. i' i.. .'0, 1 iii.
fig. 2 (1808) Kner, Novara. Fi-che, p. 173 (1 .':' : I '. I'i-l. iil.
p. 294, pl. lxvii. fig. 1 (187;); Steind. Sitzh. Ak. \\ i.i, I\\\n. i. 1." s
p. 2-12 : San V. H ist. 3aduig.. P1ois. p. 3,3. pI. xxxvil. li-;. .' i.'I l I I'l.11.
Tlhierw. O.-Afr., Fisc.e. p. 5 (189;) : ]. \Vl)ebcr. Zo..lI ..hI. .< \ >,i7,
p. 144.
(,ldus kokiiis, ('uv. & Van. t. c. ]. 68 : ( C:itor. I it. M:il. I 'i- p. I-N i l,'. i.
(ioliis riusselli, ('iv. & Va:l. t. c. p]. 75.
(;oli.us cate,/'s, ('uv. & Val. t. c. p. 76.
(;ol'tis kori. (iv. & Vail. t. e. p. 77.
(ti;/;.is '.urptah, Sykes, Tr. Zool. Sot. ii. 1841. p.I 52. pl. 1.1 ii 1.
Go/li's /lt/tycephal.us, Peters. 31oin. liIr]. Ac. 18.52, p. ('".
(;,,!Ni.s qraididiuri, Playf. P'roc. Zool. Noe. 186;.. |). 10.
,lis,/olis tiiris. leek. Verli. Ak. A mintlerd. x\ iii. 187'.' p. 1
? t;ili, f ,spectabilts noli Giinth.). 31. \\ch r. 1. c.


S 12. G. siD/i,.,,,,,',,.i;.. ,lilk.. p. :.'-'


1 3. G &,op ..-,. -.., .'. V I' '
14. (/.. pil '; il .. I. 1.


(;. ptaY .,,,I ,,ir" 1' I. : -.


d : du. -I.1 l. I "l-m .I 1. 1 i ]1t








(i. oc Ie / ..i .. I..u "'
mymoIv. Ham-


G. do(y:..... I11 Ip. : .

/7 o ,'e ,./, ,,,t ,1.' l .l-' I.. .'- ..








( ;();i U'S.


I)dm\ e\linhdrical or feeble compressed; depth of body Q: to 5., times
in total l length, length of head 3 to 3. times. Head 13 to 2 times as
long as broad, naked except the occipnt; snout depressed. IJ (young)
to 2. times as long as eye, which is 4- (young) to 7, times in length of
lead anl equals interorbital width in adult; lower jaw projecting;
mouth extending to below anterior border or anterior third of ee;
teeth in a narrow band, outer strongly enlarged and widely spiedl.
Dorsals VI, I 9, narrowly separated from each other, longest ray 1 to
Length of head. Anal 1 S, opposite to dorsal. Pectoral to 4 length
of head. Ventral with a broad basal membrane, its extremity not
reaching vent. Caudal rounded, as long as or a little shorter than
head. Caudal peduncle about twice as long as deep. Scales ciliated,
3(0-36 in longitudinal series, 9-11 in transverse series between dorsal
and anal. Olive-brown above, with or without dark longitudinal

Fig. 15.

A- /I
- 't.7



TYP of pla us, atr Peters (Eise., ssa b.).
i^*






Gli(ts ginris.
T'vpe of G. plotqcePhdlus, arter Petrs (Reise M[ossamb.). I.

streaks andl witli large dark blotches, some of lwhichl usually form a
regular series along each side ; pectoral, dorsal, and caudal fins with
dark spots whicl may be confluent into bars.
Total length 320 millim.
oastss and fresh waters of Fast and South Africa to India, Southern
China, al.d time Malay Archipelago.
1-2. Ad. & higr. Zanzilar. Sir L. Playfair ('.).
3-4. 1igr. & vy RIoviiia 1., ;0 miilo froimn coast. Sir J. Kirk (P.).
5. Ail. Dl1)rbL:, Nat:il, in Inresh water. Reov. N. Albra:lmm (P.').
g. YJ .. .. .. J. Qnlckett, Esq. (TI.).
7. Yg. Banikeni- Iiver, P1ort Ellizabeth. 0. West, Esq. (P.).
S. Ad. Taflm:atave, 31anill 'va: r. PI ris IMnIemIn (E.).
-. Ilgr. lmerina. .. Rev. H. K:i:ron (C'.).
Io. .A l. .M ahln1 ,r1 m .








(iO lliT)A.'


2. GOBI 'S ItOD)UPTER- -.
(i4bis 'reiculatus (non Eiciw.), ('nv. & Val. Hist. 1'.-i-.. |I'. I' i, l qi-,37 ,
Moreau, Poiss. Fnince, ii. p. 217 (1881).
Gobius rhodopterus, Giinth. (at. Fish. iii. p. 16 (1861) : PL~. I'. L:..it.:.rn..\i. ..
Mlig. N. H. (4) viii. 1871, p. 386.
Gobius sp., Gervais, Zool. Pal. G(3I'mr. p. 202, pl. xlv. i^ 2 I li.'.1
Body cylindrical ; depth of body 4' to *5 time, in tnital length, lenili
of head 3a to 32 times. Head 1 times as long as Ii:id. nakdl ; sinmr_
rounded, as long as or a little shorter than eye, \hliclh i ::I. to -I ; times
in length of head ; interorbital space very a:111-M\; ,11,er j;i'% rl' -
jecting; mouth extending to below anterior thiilI o c..ntre o.f e.;
teeth in a villiform band; no canines. Doisil 'VI I 8-'. inri o"lI
separated from each other, longest rays to a length ,f hi:ad. Anal
1 S-9, opposite to second dorsal. Pectoral l t, -: Iliith of hua' l
Ventral with a broad basal membrane, reaching \cnt. Can'nl;i ronided,
- to 1 length of head. Caudal peduncle twice na I ni as dle' p. Scales
thin, ciliated, 40-46 in longitudinal series, 12-14 in tran.;:rce 'erie.
between dorsal and anal; anterior part of back nak-Il. 1ale Iru nish-
olive, irregularly spotted and reticulated with dik .'il II s):,Il and cut:ial
fins with small dark spots; first dorsal witli : I na ie black -pI
posteriorly in the male.
Total length 45 millim.
Mediterranean, entering rivers in Algeria.-T-vpes in Pl' i M~l seum.
1-4. Ad. & lhgr. Near G ,eiimln Algeria. .S1 I,. I'l. f I':,1 i l'. .
5-8. Ad. G;ran Achkel, ,, If. i u i r. l q. ('..

3. GOBlUS I)EWAAIlI.
3f. Weber. Zool. Jalhrb., Sy.-t. x. 187. p. 145.
Deptli of body 4:- times in total length, length of lat1' Iii il ri limes.
Lead naked except on the gill-cover; snout sh:ilrt-: tlh;n i\e. hicl is
nearly 4 times in length of head; interorbit;Il ~ic_'iiin 'tiv ioi ii\ ;
mouth subinferior, extending to beyond vertical of loite~ cil Ir rider iIf
eye; teeth in two series, with a curved canine on earch sie lo tf tiie I,\\"c
ja. I)orsals VI, I 9. Anal 1 9. Ventral ie;dchinm vent. C;am.i:1
rounded. Scales ciliated, 26 in longitudinal s-cies, I In ntinan-til-e

:* This species is probably identical witlh (. micn rops, lI, .\v '-i, I'-. n I k.-, i. I'. 11'
(1810), and (C'llet, Vidie sk. Selsk. Fdrhl C(lristiania, 1 -1.. V Ih ', .,f it"- iw "i .l.-
coasts of Europe, which has been confounded with 6'. i.. t,,t l.,,.I. ('" I1: Boulenger, P'roc. Zool. Soc. 1911, p. 40. Onlv he .\ l'ri-ican 1 n..- a: .1'-. rl.. l ,I i, .


lb








GOBI US. 27

series. Yellowish brown, with large dark brown spots, forming a zigzag
band on each side ; dorsal and anal fins with irregular dark spots; a
deep black spot on the hinder third of the first dorsal.
Total length 40 millim.
Umgeni R. and Illovo R., Natal.-Types in Amsterdam University.

4. GOBIUS MAINDRONI.
S.a v. Bull. Soc. Philoom. (7) iv. 1880, p. 40.
Body cylindrical or feebly compressed ; depth of body 5 to 5. times
in total length, length of head 32 to 41 times. Head a little longer than
broad, naked, or scaly on the occiput; snout rounded, as long as or a
little longer than eye. which is 3- (young) to 4 times in length of
head; interorbital space very narrow; jaws equal in front; mouth
extending to below anterior border of eye; teeth very small, in a
narrow band. Dorsal VI, I 10-11, narrowly separated from each other;
third simple ray produced in male, as long as head. Anal 1 9-10,
opposite to second dorsal. Pectoral a little shorter than bead. Ventral
not reaching vent, with a broad basal membrane. Caudal rounded-sub-
acminiate, as long as head. Caudal peduncle little longer than deep.
Scales strongly ciliated, 34-37 in longitudinal series, 10 in transverse
series between dorsal and anal. Yellowish brown, with dark brown
spots and cross-bands ; dorsals and caudal with dark brown spots.
Total length 55 millim.
Senegal,. Sierra Leone. Niger.-'l'ype in Paris Museum.
1. Ad. N. Sherlo district, Sierra N. W. ThoI m s, Esq. (P.).
Leone.
2-5. Ad., hgr.. A yg. Niger. M r. J. Paml Arnold (P.).

5. GOBIUS GILCIRISTL.
Bouleng. in Gilchlrist. Mahir. Invest. S. Afr. i. 1898, p. 8.
Body feebly compressed ; depth of body 4 times in total length, length
of head 31 to 3.) times. Head 1H times as long as broad, naked; snout
rounded, very convex, as long as or a little longer than eye, which is
4J to 5 times in length of head and about twice interorbital width;
lower jaw projecting; mouth extending to below anterior border of ee ;
teeth forming a villiform band. Dorsals VI, 1 11, contiguous; longest
rays about I length of head. Anal 1 10, opposite to second dorsal.
Pectoral a little shorter than head. Ventral with a broad basal
memnibrane with a short process on each side, reaching vent or not quite










so fi r. Candal rounded. i e V. lin1 tlh t, f Ir-ail. (X%',i Il p ,Im ii.ie
J- times as long as deep. ,Sc I.> l m< Iated, I.: -:., 111 i .n uiturill;l .-I, ..i
17-19 in transverse series I.'t~ceen 1i.rsal and a:n-i I)I\,- ,bil e,
spotted and marbled with ibl.,ckr],l ir., t\ \ello'.idlh I.,n.-itli : tin; d.lik
grey. first dorsal streaked with black. sI.I.i a d Ir .:l au n an:l \\I sI naI Ill
black spots, both dorsals edg,, d .wi \\ii It li.
Total length 110 inillim.
(ape of' Good Hope.
1-3. Tylpes. Little i r k I .. ...- I I1i 1 I'. 1; I. ,l -t 1 [P.


l' I,.









('It. & V:l. I it. Poi* x i ..




xxi. lSti(. p. 73 : ( G intlih. I'li. I -l IIh 1,. I .' ,. : K neI r. N :11:1. il-'i- ,',
i). 1 77 (1 8 ;).
(t;,iis PPyminau efl n (non 11011 BIleck. I, Al. \\.-I,, v. Z ... .1., .. .. '. .. 1 1 I.
lody cylindrical ; depth of I.'Ivy :Il,in' t ; t lin ".' 111 int11:l I l.-n tli. I,' 'ilI
of head 3. times. Head 1 tim,.s a lIni i' :it, lieirld. k.-l ; sn11.tit i1)[
longer tlian eye, hliicli is -1 t- 5 liile' I li.,.ri (,i f h a,' l, a d1 1 :ili,1 li
twice intcrorl)ital width; Im ,\'r j:.\ [,r)lcring m'tntli i\t'-iidii to-
below) anterior border of ev, ter.tl in .ia Ihnil, o r.i 'nlaii,.d ])i,]- 11
VI, 1 10. Anal I 10. Ca in I r uinded. Ait.:,i ii jI t 1,i L- Ick :l'ln-il:
scales ciliated, 56-60 in l2.2itih lin.il .ir.i :. "2" in tianl ,\cre ,-rI .-r
between dorsal and anal. lr:w\\ i i Inil lki, ,li ve. a 1-.'p \iitl.t ,r
black band, edged with whit'ih, :i tlre hi-)ns.? 'f tli per"r ti.Il tin. l fi t
dorsal with dark and light liin-' :ind tile inargui ,lli\ ; sc.',ii, 1l(,sal
with oblique blackish lines; enind.l oittedl ,tth 'iacklili.
Total length [110 inillim.
Cape of Good Hope and N.it:il :ll : \n 1' ) -'1!1" inl Pali' n-, n111


1 ;, I I I I I .1'.








( OBI US.


7. GOBIUS I['STA.MANT.EI.
Greeff. Sit.l. -Ge. Nat. 3Marlnrg. 16s2. no. 2, p. 37. and 184l, p. 1 0.
lody slightly compressed ; depth of body 4 times in total length.
length of iheadl 3tij es. IIcd 1 times as long as broad, naked;
snout, in adult, 3 times as long as eye, which is 6 times in length of
head and equals interorbital width; upper jaw slightly overlapping
lower; mouth extending to below anterior holder of eye; teeth in a
band, outer enlarged. Dorsal VI, I 11. Anal I 11. Caudal rounded.
Scales feebly denticulate, 6.5 in longitudinal series. Olive-brown, belly
whitish; vertical fins with brown spots.
Total length 200 millim.
San 'lihoin Id., Gulf of Guinea.
1. Ad. i0 do Ouro. Dr. J. A. Ienriques (P.).


S. GOliUlS MADAGA(SCARIENSIS.
Bleek. Arch. N~'rl. i. I St;86. p. 405. and Poiss. Madag. p. 4 p. xxi. fig. 2 (1875);
Sanv. Hi-t. Midag., Pois-. p. 373. pl. xl. fig. 4 (1 91).
Body cylindrical ; depth of body 4a~ times in total length, length of
head 3 times. Head I times as long as broad, naked except on the
cheeks, which bear scattered small scales; snout pointed, a little more
than twice as long as eye, which is nearly 6 times in length of head
and a little less than interorbital width ; jaws equal in front; mouth
extending to below centre of eye; teeth in broad bands, outer scarcely
enlargedd Dorsals VI, 1 10, well separated from each other, longest
rays -I length of head. Anal I 10, opposite to second dorsal. Pectoral
Length of head. Ventral not reaching vent. Caudal rounded, slightly
shorter than head. Caudal peduncle about 1. times as long as deep.
Scales ciliated. 0O in longitudinal series, IS in transverse series between
dorsal and anal. Olive-brown above, greenish white beneath; fins
purplish brown, dorsals, caudal, and pectorals with the rays orange.
Total length 200 millini.
.anibiraio R., N.W,. 31ladagascar.-Type in Leyden Museum.


9. GOBIUS 3ACHIOIYIIYNCHUS.
lleck. Arch. N ecrl. ii. 1867, p. 403, and Poiss. M 3ladlg. p. 48, pl. xx. fig. 2 (187):
Sauv. list. Madag., Poi .-. p. 372, pl. xxxix. fig. 7 (1891).
Body cylindrical; depth of body 5 times in total length, length of
head 31 times. Lead I times as long as broad, naked ; snout pointed,








GO B 11 D-E.


twice as long as eye, which is nearly 6 times in length of head and a
little less than interorbitl width ; jaws equal in front; month extending
to below posterior border of eye; teeth in broad bands, outer scarcely
enlarged. Dorsals VI, I 10, well separated from each other, longest
rays about -1- length of head. Anal I 10, opposite to second dorsal.
Pectoral length of head. Ventral not reaching vent. Caudal rounded,
shorter than head. Caudal peduncle nearly twice as long as deep.
Scales ciliated, 65 in longitudinal series, 20 in transverse series between
dorsal and anal. Olive-brown above, pinkish olive beneath ; fins dark
brown, with the rays orange.
'lotal length 263 miillim.
Sambirano R., N.W. Madagascar.-Tyvpe in Leyden Museum.


Fig. 17.











'T'vpe, after 1Peters (Reis.e Mossamb.). .

10. GOBIUS .ENEOFUSCUS.
I'etcrs. Ion. Berl. Ae. 1852, p. 6 1 ; Giinthl. (it. Fi.sh. iii p. 61 I ); Peters,
Hleise .. os iv. p. 18. pl. iii. fig. (18 '8); Stcinld. Sitzh. Ak. W ien,
lxxxii. i. 1sso, p. 212.
(;obli's hIanami (noiln Cuv. & Val.), Sauv. list. 3Iadlag., P'oi ,. .lI7, pt. Nxxxviii.
fig. 1 (1891).
Body cylindrical or feebly compressed; depth of body .3 to 6 times
in total length, length of head a3 to 83 times. Head 1 w to nearly
2 times as long as broad, naked; snout rounded, witli curved upper
profile, j to 2 length of head; eye 4 (young) to 7 times in length of
head, equal to interorbital width in adult (1 1 in young) ; mouth snb-
inferior, extending to below anterior border of eye or not quite so flr;
teeth in narrow villiform bands. Dorsal VI, I 10, rather widely
separated, longest rays about length of head. Anal 1 10, opposite








GOBIUS.


to second dorsal. PIectoral 2 to length of head. Ventral with a
broad basal membrane, terminating at a great distance from vent.
Candal rounded, shorter than head. Caudal peduncle 1- to 1 times
as long as deep. Scales strongly ciliated, 58-64 in longitudinal series,
16-IS in tiansverse series between dorsal and anal. Olive-brown or
green above, metallic bronzy or golden on the sides, white beneath;
more or less distinct dark brown or black spots or marblings above ; two
dark oblique lines directed forwards from the eye to the moith;
second dorsal wili numerous small blackish spots; caudal with trals-
verse series of black spots, which may be confluent into irregular
cross-bars.
Total length 160 millin.-Grows to 250 millim.
Fre-h waters of East and South-East Africa and Madagascar.-Types
in Berlin Museum.
1-2. Ad. & hir. Mkata I{.. (erman E. Africa. Dr.. E. J. Baxter (('.).
3. One of the lvyc. Sein, Mozamiiique. Dr. W. Peter. ('.).
41-5. AdI. Tete, ,, Mr. (. H. B. Grant ('.) ;
U. D. Ruddi, Esq. (PI.).
0. Skel. ,. .. ,,
7. Ad. Umsindusi I{., Pieteriaritzburg. Dr. E. Warren (J1.).
8 Ad. Imnerina, Malndagscar. Rev. I{. Baron (('.).

The following specimen is referred with doubt to this species:-
9. Ad. Niger. Mr. J.Paul Arnold (P.).


11. (UBIUS GUINEENSIS.
(A,,ii's eneotisruss, va;r. ntiwnensis. Pelers, M lon. Berl. Ac. 1817l6, p. 248.
Goh',iil ((Chii, oho/rut.) tajasica( (Ilon Liclht.), Stoind. Notes Lceil. 31us. xvi. 18894.
1. 25.
Ge(,tls ('neojn'as'us (non Peter.-), Giintli. Ann. & M3ug. N. H. (6) xvii. 1896,
p. 267.
Gobtis ,,nineensis, Bouleng. Proc. Zoo!. Soc. 1902. ii. p. 32-'.
Body cylindrical ; depth of body 6 to 7 times in total length, length of
head 3o to 3 times. Head 1 to 2 times as long as broad, naked;
snout rounded, with curved upper profile, about length of head; eye
3~ (young) to 6 times in length of Lead, 1] to 3 times interorbital
widlt ; mouth subinferior, extending to below anterior border of e e
or not quite so far; teeth in 2 or 3 rows in each jaw, outer rather
large. Dorsals VI, I 10, well separated, longest rays about 4 length
of head. Anal 110, opposite to second dorsal. Pectoral to | length of








(GOBI I )-E.


head. Ventral with a broad basal membrane, terminating at a great
distance from vent. Caudal rounded, shorter than head. Caudal
peduncle 1i2 to 1l times as l as lo as deep. Scales strongly ciliated,
1il-70 in longitudinal series, 14 -10 in transverse series between dorsal
and anal. Yellow, with small crimson or purplish-brown spots and
lots, some of which may formn a regular lateral series, or be confluent
into cross-bars on the back, or form two oblique series or lines
directed forwards from the eye to the mouth ; dorsal and caudal spotted
with crimson or purplish brown ; pectoral sometimes with crimson
cross-bars.
Total length 1J 55 milim.
Fresh waters of West Africa, from Sierra Leone to Angola.-Tlypes in
Berlin Mlusellm.
Fig. 1 '.


- ,- -f -


('uol;us luiutnce l'is.
('hiloaingo.


1-3. Ad. & hgr.

41-5, Ad.
(i6-13. Ilgr. & yg.
1-1-15. Yg.
11;. lHgr.
17-20. Hgr.
21-:)0. IIgr. & yg.
31-32. llgr.
:3-:3.1. Ad.
3:,-37. Ad. & hgr.


N. Sherbo district, Sierra
Leone.
Tano I., Gold ('oast.
Agheri, Lower Niger.
Alo, ..
A 1(0,
As-:;y.
Boenito II., Spanislh Guinea.
Konmo-IKonlo, ()go\\e.



liDeio at (Qiiifangoindo,
A tg)la.


N. W. Thoma,. Esq. (P.).

Pr. II. (-. F. Splurrell (I'.).
Dr. W. J. A-sorge ('.).



G. L. Bates, E .li..- King-ley (C.).
Dr. W..l. .1.A-rge (('.).


12. GOBIUS SAMIBEIIANENSIS.

Bleek. Arcih. Necerl. ii. 18;67, p. 417, and 'ois. Miadlag. p. 57, pl. xix. fig. 2
(1,S7:5); Sauiv. Ii-t. ladag.. P'ois.. p. 355, pl. xxxix. lig. 5 (1,_;1).
?G,,li,ls ce'reri. lleek. 11. cc. pp. 418, 5,% p;. xix. fig. 1.
JBo( c vlindrical; depth of bod) -3 to nearly 6 times in total length,








GOi1L'S. '3

length of head 3 to 3.1 times. lead nearly twice as long as broad,
naked; snout obtuse, very convex, a little shorter than eye, which is 3'
times in length of head and double interorbital width ; jaws equal
in front; mouth extending to below anterior border of eye teeth in
rather broad bands, outer enlarged. Dorsals VI, I 7, narrowly separated
from each other, longest rays length of liead. Anal I 7, opposite to
second dorsal. Pectoral a little shorter than head, with silk-like upper
rays. Ventral not reaching vent. Caudal rounded, a little shorter than
head. Caudal peduncle twice as long as deep. Scales 30 in longitudinal
series, 8-9 in transverse series between dorsal and anal. Olive above,
greenish pink beneath; head with five purplish-black narrow cross-bars ;
numerous irregular brown spots on the sides; first dorsal with two
narrow purplish-black bars; second dorsal and caudal with black spots.
Total length 33 inillim.
Sambirano River, N.W. Madagascar.-Types believed to be lost.



13. GOBIUS SOPORATOU I.
('uv. & Val. lli.. 1'ois. xii. p. 56 (186 7) : iinth, ('ut. Fish. iii. p. 26 (1861) :
Steindl. Notes ,evdl. MIus. xvi. 189-1, p. 26.
Body feebly compressed ; depth of body 4 to 4 times in total length,
length of head 3 to 31 times. Head J1 to I- times as long as broad,
naked ; snout rounded, as long as or slightly longer than eye, which is
4 to 4- times in length of head ; interorbital space very narrow; month
terminal, extending to below anterior third or fourth of eve; teeth
in a narrow villiform band, outer enlarged. Dorsals V], 1 9, narrowly
separated from each other, longest rays about I length of head. Anial
1 8, its origin a little behind that of second dorsal. Pectoral to -
length of head, upper rays filiform, silk-like, free. Ventral not extending
to vent, with a broad basal membrane, eacl side of which is pointed
and produced. Caudal rounded, a little shorter than head. Caudal
peduncle 11- to 1- times as long as deel). Scales ciliated, 39-45 in
longitudinal series, 14-1(i in transverse series between dorsal and anal.
Brown, with darker streaks along the series of scales and with irregular
dark blotches or with dark cross-bands ; fins brown, dorsal and caudal
with small darker spots.

'* ThI present description is )Imsed exclusively on Alfrican specimens.-The \A eric;ii
syinnymv has not been w worked out.
VOl.. IV. D








GOB11 D.E.


Total length 110 millim.
Atlantic coasts and neighboring fresh waters of Tropical America
and Tropical Africa.-Types in Paris Museum.
1. AI1. 0(gun R. nt Aro, near AbLo- majorr G. I. Bruce (1'.).
kuta, L:tigos.
2-3. Ad. I)eg:im, Lower Niger. Dr. W. .I. Ansorge (('.).
4-12. Ad. & lihr. Fernano Po. Mr. E. Soinind ((.).


13. Skl.
1 1. Ad.
15. All.


Fig. 10.


.... ..-. .



N1 ;,,, ,i:!,.




1.1. (;tU1BIUS NIclil.
(;iintli. (at. Fi h. iii. p. 27 (2 It;1l).
Body feebly compressed; depth of body 4 times in total length, length
of head 3 times. Head 1 times as long as broad, scaly except the
snont ; snout rounded, as long as eye, which is 4 times in length of
head; interorbital space very narrow; mouth terminal, extending to
below anterior fourth of eye; teeth in a narrow villiform band, outer
enlarged. Dorsals VI, 1 9, narrowly separated from each other, longest
rnys length of head. Anal I 8, its origin a little behind that of second
dorsal. Pectoral length of head, upper rays filiform, silk-like, free.
Ventral not extending to vent, with a broad basal membrane, each
side of which is pointed and produced. Caudal rounded, shorter than
head. Caudal peduncle 1 times as long as deep. Scales ciliated, 45
in longitudinal series, 15 in transverse series between dorsal and anal.
Brown ; dorsals, caudal, and pectoral with darker spots, anal and ventral
blackish.
Total length 65 millim.
Niger.


I:rl~~\cl~~ 3111~('11111 (1).).


l(li;lm;il Lower Conli'-o.


1. T vpe.


Niger.


,Mr. L. Frni.er (('.).








Uon IL.s. .1*


15. GO001' I'AOANELLUS.
Liin. Svst. Nat i. i p. -14. (176() ; Giinth. Cat. Fi-h. iii. p. 5. 2 (18 1);
Steind. Sitzh. Ak. Wien, h ii. i. 18t;8, p. 413; Planf. & Letourn Ann. &
llai N. II. (4) viii. 1871, p. 386 ; Day, Fi.hi. Gr. Brit. p. 1t2, pl. lii. fig. 2
(1881); Morean. Pois<. France, ii. p. 225 (1881); lolt & Byrne, Rep.
Fisher. Ireland, ii. App. iii. 1901, p. 9, pl. i. figs. 1 S 2.
Gbiuis licolor, ('nv. & Val. 11 ist. PIoiss. xii. p. 19 (1637) ; Moreau, t. c. p. 228.
tolbis miaderensis, Curi. & Val. t. c. p. 55 ; Ginthi. t. c. p. 413.
(;obiits melainio, Pall. Zoogr. lios.-A<. iii. p. 157 (1640) ; Nordin. in Demini."
Voy. ltu-s. 31i r. iii. p. -112, pl. xi. fig. 1 (1840).
Gobiils ,nijer, var., Lowe, Proc. Zool. Soe. 1839, p. 84, and Tr. Zool. Soc. iii.
1842, p. 9.
Bodv cylindrical or feebly compressed ; depth of body 4, to 05' times
in total length, length of head 3'" to 4 times. Head I .- to 1 times as
long- as broad, scaly from between the eyes, naked on the check;
snout rounded, as long as or shorter or a little longer than eye, which is
3 (young) to 41 times in length of head ; interorbital space very narrow;
month terminal, extending to below anterior fourth or centre of eye;
teeth in a villiform band, outer much enlarged. Dorsals VI, I 13-13,
contiguous or narrowly separated, longest rays or length of head.
Anal I 1 1-13, origin a little behind that of second dorsal. Pectoral 3
to 5 length of head, upper rays filiform, silk-like, free. Ventral not
extending to vent, with a broad basal membrane, each side of which is
pointed and produced. Caudal rounded, shorter than head. Caudal
peduncle 1 to I1 times as long as deep. Scales strongly ciliated, .2- (iO
in longitudinal series, 16-20 in transverse series between dorsal and
anal. Gre isl or yellowish brown to dark brown or blackish, witli darker
spots or marblings; second dorsal and caudal fins with dark or red
spots, which may form bands; a more or less distinct white or yellow
band on the top of the first dorsal.
Total length 150 million.
Atlantic coasts from the British Isles to Mladeira alnd the Canaries :
Mediterranean. Sometimes entering fresh waters.
1. Ad. Seyhouse 1. near .Guclii Sir I. 1'layfair (P.).
Algeria.
2-7. Ad. & A.r. 31ahira. A. J. Arelldrup, El). (E'.).
S-13, 14. AdI.. hgr..
& yg.
15-22. Ad. Grcat Salvage Ii. 11on. C. Bring and \. I.
Sil'e-(lrm]|, E^, (1'.).
Du2








GOBI1D.E.


It;. GOI1US HYPSELOSOIA.
lihek. Arch. Nt'erl. ii. 186;7, 1p. 407, and I'oiss. ,Mladli p. 51, pI. xxi. lig. 1
(1875) : Satnv. 1li-t. Madag., Poiss. p. 3:6;8, pl. xxxix. fig. 6 (18091).
?(oiluius itso ,,tihus, Ilee(k. 11. cc. p. 411 & p. 5:3, II. xv. fig. 1; Sauv. op. cit.
". 371, p1. xl. fig. 1.
Body compressed ; depth of body 3'- to 4 times in total length, length
of head 33t times. Head 1 to ;I times as long as broad, naked; snout
a little shorter than postocular part of head ; eye 5 times in length of
head, to 2 width of interorbital region; jaws equal in front; mouth
extending a little beyond vertical of anterior border of eye; teeth in
villiform bands. Dorsals VI, I 10, well separated from each other,
longest rays 2 length of head. Anal I 10, opposite to second dorsal.
Pectoral 4 length of head. Ventral not reaching vent. Caudal
rounded, a little shorter than head. Caudal peduncle -I times as long
as deep. Scales ciliated, 55 in longitudinal series, 14-15 in transverse
series between dorsal and anal. Purplish brown, fins dark, dorsals and
anal with light spots.
Total length 160 inillim.
Sambiraio t.. N.W. M1adagascar.-Types in Leyden Museum.


17. GOBIUS OCELLARIS.
Briuns.on. lchtlih ol. p1. ii. (17,2) : ('uv. & Val. Ilist. Poi.,. xii. p. 98 (1837);
Giiunth. Cat. Filsh. iii. 1 64 (16;01), and Fische Sidsa c, iii. p. 177, pl. cviii.
fig. (- (1877) ; Sauv. 1Hi.t. Mailag., 'Pois- p.375. p. xl. fig. 2 & xli. fig. 5
(1,9 1).
;oli'is Ji/,i l/'J;inis, Cuv. & V\ l. 1. c. p. 10)1.
(;,,Il i, i elainjterns, Bleek. Arch. N 'rl. ii. 1.867, p. -401., and I',i:.. ladulg.
p. 5-2. p. xx. fig. 1 (1875).
.Ir uIus ocellaris, Bleck. V'rh. Ak. A ii terd. xviii. 1879, p. 17.
Body compressed ; depth of body 4 to 5 times in total length,
length of head 331 to 3.- times. Head 1 to 2 times as long as broad,
scaly on occiput, cheek, and upper part of gill-cover ; snout as long as
postocular part of head in adult, shorter in young; eye 4- (young) to 7
times in length of head, equal to or a little less than interorbital \width
in adult ; mouth inferior, extending to below anterior border of eye or
not quite so far; teeth in villifrom bands. Dorsals VI. I 10, \iell
separated from each other, longest rays about length of head. Anal
1 10, opposite to second dorsal. Pectoral to length of head. Ventral









(;1 0B I'S.


with broad hamsl membrane, its extremity widely separated from vent.
Scandal rounded, jt to once length of head. Candal pedtlcle 11 to ]
times as long as deep. Scales ciliated, 5.5-3 in longitudinal series, 15-
17 in transverse series between dorsal and anal. Brownish, with darker
(lots and small spots; first dorsal with a large black spot in its posterior
thircl ; second dorsal and caudal with small dark spots; fins sometimes
dark purplish brown.
Total length 210 millim.
nadagascar and Mascarene Islands; Tahiti, Samoa, larotonga, and
V iti Lovu; confined to fresh waters.
1. Ad. 'Tunmatave. Madagascar. P;iris Mnseumn (E.).
2-3. Yg. oilriInx. ,. ,ulliver, E '<. (1'.).


Fig. 20.



I I
2 '" " "




GotuA s sch/hcl/lii.


18. ISC011 SlILE-G ELI.
(iiinthl. Cat. Fibl. iii. p. 4-1i (18; 1); Ilreek. Nat. Verli. (Gen. Il;i]lepin, (2)
xviii. 166.3, p. 103. pl. xiii. fig. 1.
Body strongly con pressed; depth of body 4 to ) times in total
length, length of' head 3 to 3 times. H ead I to 2 times as long as
broad, naked ; snout rounded, as long as or a little longer than eye,
which is .1 to 5 times in length of head ; interorbital space very
narrow; lower jaw projecting; month extending to below anterior
border or anterior third of eye; teeth in a narrow band, outer
enlarged; a curved canine on each side of lower jaw often present.
Dorsals VI, I 9--10, narrowly separated, longest ray I to t length of
head. Anal 1 S-. opposite to second dorsal. Pectoral as long as or a
little longer than head. central reaching vent or not quite so far, with
a broad basnl membrane, each side of which is pointed and produced.
Caudal pointed. thle median rays more or less prod tced. 1, to 2 times











length of head. Caudal )peduncle 1 times as long as deep. Scales
ciliated, 30-3.5 in longitudinal series, S-9 in transverse series between
dorsal and anal. Olive, darker on the back, fills purpllish; a dark
curved purple line on each side of the head, from the angle of the monotl
to the upper border of the gill-cover; a more or less distinct, yellowish,
dark-edged spot on the base of the pectoral; anal with a black longi-
tulinal streak ; a series of light spots may be present on tlie dorsals;
scandal with or without small light spots.
Total length 13- mnillim.
Portuguese Guinea to Lower Niger.-Type in Leden Museiin.
1-2. tlgr. Bissan, Portunguese Guline. )Dr. W. J. An.orgo (('.).
:--1. Hgr. Ig-os. .1. Cuiiman, Esq. (P.).
5. Ad. (oll Coal t ('). M r. Burton (1'.).
(-Io. llgr. I)egnma, Lower Niger. I)r. W. J. Ansorge (C'.).
11-12. 11gr. Aghl ri.


19. (;OlilUS HIILGClNDURFl.
I'feff. Thierw. O.-Air., Fichli. p. 5 (189-;).
Depth of body 41 to 5. times in total length, length of head 3."
to 3. times. Snout 1 times diameter of eye, upper profile strongly
carved ; interorbital region narrow with strong ridges; lower jaw slightly
projecting beyond upper, which extends to below centre of eve ; 3 series
of teeth ; no canines. Dorsals VI, I 11 ; third and fourth rays of first
dorsal much produced, extending to beyond middle of second dorsal.
Anal I 9. Caudal pointed, 12 times as long as head. Scales ciliated,
4S-52 in longitudinal series, 13 in transverse series. A'liost colorless,
except a triangular purplish-brown spot below the eye, its point on the
extremity of the upper jaw; a dark longitudinal streak on tihe first
dorsal.
Total length 115 millim.
Kingani River, East Africa.-Types in IIamburg Musenm.


20. (iOBILS POIYZONA.
Ifleek. Archl. Nc erl. ii. 1867, p. 413, and Poiss. MI:ulag. . 55. pl. xvii. fig. I
(1875) ; S uv. Hlist. 31alda ., Poiss. p. 370, pl. xl. fig. 3 (1891).
Body strongly compressed ; depth of body 5 times in total length,
length of head 4 times. Iead twice as long as broad, naked; snont
rounded(, as loni, as eve. which is nearly 5 times in length of head;


( ()IlI Il )E.









GOBl US.


interorbital region narrow; jaws equal in front ; mouth extending
to below posterior border of eye; teeth in a band, outer largest.
Dorsals VI, I 11, well separated from each other; posterior rays
longest, as long as head. Anal 1 11, opposite to second dorsal. Pectoral
as long as lead, with filamentous upper rays. Ventral nearly reaching
uent. Caudal pointed, 11 times as long as head. Caudal peduncle
1 times as long as deep. Scales ciliated, 510 in longitudinal series, 12
in transverse series betseeon dorsal and anal. Pinkish Nellow, head
purplish ; 14 or 1.3 purplish-black narrow bars on eachi side of the body;
dorsal and caudal purplish black, anal purple.
Total length 145 iillim.
Samibirano i., N.iW. Madagascar.-Type in ,Ledein S\lusem.

l-'ii. 21.


--







Golim. pol/:o-na.
L I I L i- r






Tl'F p, after lleeker (lI.). ).


21. UGO liS OCCID)ENTALIS.
t;oi s (O.,.qrihtliys) wcridentali., Bouleng. Ann. & 31ig. N. 11. (,) iv. 1'0'1,
p. 431.
Body strongly compressed; depth of body 5. times in total length,
length of head 5 times. lead twice as long as broad ; snout rounded,
as long as eye, which is 4 times in length of head; interorbital region
very narrow, with two strong ridges; jaws equal in front; mouth
extending to below centre of eye ; teeth in a single series; no canines;
cheek and gill-cover scaly. Dorsals VI, I 13, separated by a mere
notch ; third simple ray longest, as long as head. Anal I 14. Pectoral
as long as head. Ventral terminating at a great distance from vent, with
a broad basal membrane, each side of which is pointed and produced.
('audal acutely pointed, twice as long as head. Caudal peduncle as long
as deep. Scales ciliated, 0G-63 in longitudinal series, 12-13 in trans-








GO31ID;E.


verse series between dorsal and anal. Yellowish ; a dark spot on the
gill-cover, and another at the root of the caudal fin.
Total leiinth 120 inillim.
Portuguese Guinea and Lower Niger.
1. T'.pe. Gunnel 1.. affluent of C'achen I., D)r. W. J. Ansorge ('.).
l'ortipnuese Guinea.
2-3. Ad. Ilissau, Portugu-ese uninea. ,
-1-6. Al. l)o(g:nnaI, Lower Niger.


Fig. 22.






\7 -



G'oldnus ocei lentallis.
Type.


:3. NEMATOGOBIUS.
Bouleng. Ann. & i1:.-. N. II. (8) vi. 1910. p. 5(;i).
Distinguished from Gobits by the presence of a pair of barbels on the
chin and of one to the anterior nostrils.
A single species.


1. NEIMATOGOBIUS ANSOUGII..
]louleng'. I. c. and Ann. 3Mus. Cuon o. Zool. ii. 3, p. 26. pl. xvii. fig. 8 (1912).
Body feebly compressed; depth of body : to G times in total length,
length of head S to :)_ times. Head naked, 1! to 1 times as long
as broad, broader than deep; snont short, romndcd; jaws equal in
front or lower slightly projecting; eye 4 to 4' times in length of
head; interorhital space very narrow; mouth extending to below centre
of eve; teeth in villiform bands; no canines; very regular series of
sensory papillm on the head; mental barbels nearly as long as eye,
nasals shorter. l)orsa]s VI. 1 11-12, contiguous; longest ray } to 2
length of head. Anal 1 9, originating a little further bak than second








NE3IATOG OBI US.--GC 03 oIDES.


dorsal. Pectoral as long as head or slightly shorter. Ventral not
reaching vent, with well-developed anterior membrane. Candal rounded,
as long as or a little shorter than head. Caudal peduncle 1 to 1 times
as long as deep. Scales ciliated, 37-40 in longitudinal series, 10-11 in
transverse series between dorsal and anal. Yellowish brown above,
speckled with brown, with more or less distinct dark cross-bands ; dorsal
and caudal fins spotted wiith dark brown ; a round blackish spot on
upper part of pectoral fin, near its base.
Total length SO millim.
West Africa.
1-2. Types. lleni o It. at ('hiri, Dr. W. J. Ansorge ( '.).
Angola.
3-.5. Ad. & lgr. Bingo II., at Quifiagonlo. ,,
GI. Ad. ('lhilongo Town.
7. A<1. (A'lin It., Portuguese Giniea. ,,

Fig. 23.







St matogobil's assorryli.
Type (A. M. C.).



*1. GOBIOIDES.
Licep. lli-t. Poiss. ii. p. .7; (1600) ; Cnv. & Val. Hist. Poiss. xii. p. 1:11
(183:7).
Amilj/oplus, ('nv. & Val. t. c. p. 1.57 ; Giiintl. Cut. Fish. iii. p. 13:3 (1861).
Teeth conical, in a band, the anterior enlarged. Body much elongate
and compressed. A single very long dorsal fin, with the 6 or 7 anterior
rays simple; anal also very long. Ventral fins united into a disk,
which is not attached to the belly. Scales absent or very small or
rudimentary.
Coasts, estuares, and fresh waters near the sea, within the tropics.-
One species in West Africa, closely allied to G. broussoneli, Lacep., from
the East Coast of S. America.








G1OI1I)iDLE.


1. GOUBIOIDES ANSUOtIGI1.
lioulcng. Ann. & 31:lg. N. 11. (8) iv. 1909, I. 43I.
Depth of body 8 to 10 times in total length, length of head 6 to
7 times. Snout -} length of head; eye very small; lower jaw pro-
minent; maxillary extending to beyond vertical of eye; very regular
series of sensory papilhv on the head. Dorsal VI-VII 10-21, rays
subcqual, 2 length of head. ('audal nearly twice as long as lead,
acutely pointed. Scales very small. Head and back greyish, the rest
of the body yellowish ; fins white.
Total length 280 million.
R. Mansoa (tidal), Portuguese Guinea.
1-3. Tyl -. Port 1;anso. Dr.Dr . T. Ansorge ('.).

Fig. 24.


t< > t.- -- ---------------------------------- -----------.......................





.........--------



Type. e .

:. SICYDIUM.
(uv. & V;l. Hit. Poi s. xii. p. 167 (1837) ; Giinth. Cat. Fish. iii. p. 91 (1861);
Ogilhie-G!a;m t, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1884. 1I. 153.
< .., t,, ,,rts ( ill. Proc Ae. Ihilad. 1860, p. 101.
Cotylopus, (Guichen. in M;.Tillard, Notes lH',nmion, ii. Add. C, p. 9 (186;2).
Small, movable. slender labial teeth in both jaws, attached to the bone
by ligament, those on the lower lip directed horizontally outwards;
lower jaw with a series of widely set conical teeth. Two dorsal fins,
the anterior with 5 to 7 flexible spines, the posterior witl one simple
and 10 to 12 branched rays. Anal similar to second dorsal. Ventral
fins united into a cup-shaped disk, more or less adherent to the belly.
Scales small, strongly ciliated.
Fresh waters near the sea. within the tropics; breeding in the sea.
Five species in Africa.








S1CYD)II'IM.


I,.,,.sis of th e 8,p, ,'ies.
1. 3lovable teeth in upper jaw nnicuspid; [p. 13.
conical teeth in lower jaw subequal . 1. S. blrecirlls, Ogil\ic-Grant,
I .lovalle teeth in upper jaw triceuspid.
A. (onical teeth in lower jawi sihequal.
lead as broad as deep : nape naked 2. S. actfilinnis, ; uich ., p. 1.
P1. Anterior conical teeth in lower jaw nmuch larger than the others.
Ile:lad roadler than deep ; nape and belly
cal . . . . S. lticeps, C. & V., p. 441.
Ileadl a, broad a, deep ; nape and belly scaly 4. SY. lajqoeeplialiin, P'all., p. 45.
l'lly naked . . . . . S. parripitnis, ( iichl., 45.

Fig. 25.






4 1 tms Head as dep bro- ;e 4(o-.t i


,'icytldiii brei'iJ ilis.
'Type, after Ogillie-(ralnt (1. c.). .


1. SICYDIUM3 IBREVIFILIS.
()gilvie-Orant, Proc. Zo7 l. Soc. 1881, p. 1.,s, pl. xii. fig. I ; 'ietcliianniiii, ,.lalirlh.
Na-s. Ver. Naturk. lxvi. 1913, p. 1 3.
)eptli of Ihdy 5, to c times in total length, length of head 3| to
4, times. lHead as deep as broad ; eye 4 (young) to 7 times in length
of head. 1 to 1 times in interorbital width ; mouth extending to below
centre or posterior border of eve; movable labial teeth unicuspid;
mandibular teeth subequal. Dorsals V', 1 10, narrowly separated,
second to fifth simple rays produced into short filaments. Anal I 10.
Pectoral a little shorter than head. Caudal rounded. Body entirely
scaly; 70-75 scales in longitudinal series. Yellowish brown or pale
olive, uniform or with ill-defined dark spots on the sides; anal fin with
a brown and white margin.
Total length 105 millim.
Cameroon.


(aminroon.
Kribi If. at Kribli.


1. Type.
2*-:. \'g.


Sir A. Smith (P.).
G. L. Ia;e-, l'%(|. (C.).








GOBIID.E.


2. SICYI)I1 U ACUTI'INNIS.
('otyloFps acutipinnis, Guichen. in 3Maillard, Notes Rkunion, ii. Add. C, p. 10
(1862) ; Bleek. Arch. N,,erl. ix. 1874, p. 313.
Sir/ldiumn aue'tilpinne, Ogilvie-Grant, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1884, p. 159.
Depth of body 6 to 7 times in total length, length of head 51 times.
Head as broad as deep; eye 5 to 6 times in length of head, equal to
interorbital width ; mouth extending to below centre of eye; movable
labial teeth tricuspid ; mandibular teeth subequal. Dorsals VI, I 10;
last ray of second dorsal produced, as long as head. Anal I 10.
Pectoral as long as cead. Nape naked. About 70 scales in longi-
tudinal series. Blackish brown. dorsal fins with lighter variegations.
Total length 90 millim.
Rdunion, lMascarene Isladslld.--Type in Paris lMuseum.
1. Ad. biiuilioi. l'ari, M3 iCeImi (I'.).


Fig. *2li.







.- -I L... 1 1' ,1 f I .I 11i"-
.' f-. -,,,: ... ,' .'/ v .' ,' .', I; ','





Sicjilnlm llatices.
After Sauvage (1. c.).


3. S1CYDIU31 LATICEPr.
C(LI. & Val. Ili4. Pois xii. p. 177 (18:37) : Giinth, ( at. Fi-.. ill. p. 93 (1831) ;
Saiuv. Hi-t. 3[adig., Poise. p. 378, pl. xl. .. fig. 2, and xlvii. fig. 5 (1891).
Depth of body 54 times in total length, length of head 5 time'.
I ead broader than deep ; eye about 3 times in length of head ; month
extending to below anterior border of eve ; movable labial teeth
tricuspid; anterior mandibular teeth much longer than the others.
Dorsals VI, 1 10, rather widely separated ; second to fourth simple
rays produced into filaments. Anal I 10. Pectoral as long as headl.








SICYDIUMI.


BoJy entirely scaly; about 60 scales in longitudinal series. Blackish
brown.
Total length 110 millim.
REnnion, Mascarcne Islands.-Type in Paris Museum.



4. SICYDIUM LAGOCEPIIALUM.
(Goio Koelrenter. Nov. Acta I'etropol. ix. 176-1, p. 428, pl. ix. figs. 3 & 4.
Go1,ius la"ocephalus, Pall. Spicil. Zool. viii. p. 14, pl. ii. figs. 6 & 7 (1774).
Siyu'dium lagocephalam, Cuv. & Val. list. Poiss. xii. p. 174 (1837); iinth. Cat.
Filh. iii. p. 12 (18 l) : Knl r', Novar:i, F'i.lche, p. 181 (1.86 ) ; Ogilvie-Granr,
Proc. Zool. Soc. 184, p. 161.
Si,'yopterus laqioreJhalus. Ble k. Veri. A. A Anicrterl. xviii. 1879, p. 17.
Depth of body 3 to 5) times in total length, length of head 42 to
5 times. Head as broad as deep ; eye 5 to 6 times in length of head,
1L times in interorbital width ; mouth extending to below centre of
eye; movable labial teeth tricuspid ; anterior mandibular teeth much
larger than the others, curved, canine-like. Dorsals VJ, 1 11; third
and fourth rays of first dorsal produced into short filaments. Anal
I 10. Pectoral as long as head. Body entirely scaly ; 60-65 scales in
longitudinal series. Brown, uniform or clouded with darker; second
dorsal with dark dots, anal with a black and white margin.
Total length 90 millim.
Mauritius and Ileunion, Mascarene Islands; Nicobar Islands (?).
1. A.I. uniono. Paris Mulseum (P.).
2. Ad1.



5. SICYDIU1 PAlVII'INNIS..
C,,tylopns parripinnis, Guichen. in 3M;illarl, Notas Ieunion, ii. Ald (', p. 11
(1862).
Siry/dian parrijinne, Ogilvic-Grant, Proc. Zool. Soc. 18b4, p. 170.
Depth of body about G times in total length. Eye double interorbital
width; month not extending to below anterior border of eye. Dorsals
VII, I 10; rays of first dorsal not produced. Anal I 10. Pectoral as
long as head. Belly naked. Yellow, each scale bordered with brown;
a black spot on the first dorsal; anal edged \\ith black.
Total length 110 millim.
Reunion, Mascarene Islands.-Type in Paris M useum.








GC I 1IID..-( SPIIHRO31ESIDE.


;. LENTIPES.
rSfi,/yoster (non Buriine .), (,ill, P'roe. Ac. 'Philad. ] (;160, p. 102.
L.elipeeS, Giinthi. C'at. Fi.-li iii. p. 96 (1 l1); Ogilvie-Grant, Proc. Zool. Soc.
1s,s p. 170.
Closely allied to the preceding, but with a series of fixed teeth in the
jaws, movable teeth absent or present on the lower jaw only, and body
nnked or with the posterior part covered with cycloid scales.
Rivers of San Thome and the Sandwich Islands.


1. LENTIPES dUSTAMAN'T.El.
Silnium lista nuhi i, Cireeff, Sitzb. Go Nat. Marburg. 181, p. ,)() itomen
nUdnim).
Body feebly compressed, its depth 7 to 8 times in total length ; length
of head 53 to GA times in total length. Head 1] times as long as
broad ; snout shorter than the eye, which is 3 to 3, times in length of
hea nd and exceeds interorbital width ; mouth small, inferior. Dorsals VI,
II10, widely separated from each other. Anal IS. Candal rounded.
Body nearly entirely naked. Uniform yellowish.
Total length 25 millim.
San Thom6, Gulf of Guinea.
1-20. Tlyps. Rio 1o Otnro. ]Dr. J. A. lenriln' (PI.)




Fam. 12. OSPllRO3MENID.E.

A superbranchial respiratory organ, situated in a cavity above the
gills. MIouth protractile, the maxillaries excluded from the oral
border; palate toothed. Suboibitals with more or less developed
internal laniune, supporting the eye; lower pharyngeal bones separate;
gill-membrane grown to isthmus; 4 to 6 branchiostegal rays. Two
nostrils on each side. Spinous dorsal more or less developed. Ventral
fin near the pectoral, with a spine and four or five soft rays, or reduced
to a single filamentous ray. Prwcandal vertebnre \ith transverse
processes, at the back of which the ribs are inserted. Air-bladder
simple or bitid and prolonged into the caudal region.
South-eastern Aia. One genus in Africa.








31 ICRA\CA NTI US.-ANN.A NTt I DLE. .17


1. MICRACANTHUS.
S;nv. Bnll. Soc. Plhilom. (7) iii. 1 7 p. 5, and N. Arch. Mis. (2) iii. 1,88I .
1'. 7.
Body rounded. elongate, covered with moderately large strongly
ctenoid scales; no lateral line. Mouth rather small, with small teetl.
Bones of head not serrated ; no opercular spines. Dorsal fin short,
with 3 spines; anal long. with 4 spines. Ventral fins a little behind
vertical of base of pectoral, with a feeble spine and 5 soft rays.
Ogone.

J. 1.MIIil'ANTIIl US 31MAI'l1Il.
ouni\ ti. ce. pp. 96;, 3;S, pl. iii. ftig. 4.
Depth of body equal to length of head, 3. times in total length.
Snout hardly as long as eye, which is 4 times in length of head ; 3 series
of scales on the cheek. Dorsal 1II 7; spines very short, longest soft
rays about as long as head. Anal IV 23 ; rays increasing in length
posteriorly. Pectoral a little shorter than head. Outer soft ray of
ventral produced. Caudal rounded. Caudal peduncle much deeper
than long. Scales in 3- longitudinal and 9 transverse series. Uniform
brown.
Total length 4.5 millim.
Ogowe.-Type, in Paris M\useum, examined.


The type of this family, Osphlromeis olfJax. C('., has been accli-
matised in Mauritius. It is remarkable for its large size (iup to 500
millim.), its deep compressed body, the much produced, filamentous
outer soft ray of the ventral, and the presence of iI to 13 dursal and
9 to 12 anal spines.



Fam. 13. ANAB.ANTI 1)E.

A supeibranchial respiratory organ, situated in a cavity above the
gills.. Mouth protractile, the maxillaries excluded from the oral
border; palate toothed. Suborbitals will internal laminme, supporting
the eye; lower pharyngeal bones large, united, with persistent suture;
gill-membranes grown to isthmus; 4 branchiostegal rays ; two nostrils
on each side. Dorsal and anal tins long, with nun.erous spines. Ventral








ANABANTID-E.


fin near the pectoral, with one spine and five soft rays; pelvic bones
connected with the clavicular symphysis by ligament. Pnrcaudal
vertebrn all with transverse processes, to the extremity of which the
ribs are attached. Air-bladder much elongate, bifid behind, and
prolonged into the caudal region, which bears ribs.
A single genus.


1. ANABAS.
('uv. 1 igne Anim. ii. p. 339 (1817) ; Gilnth. Cat. Fish. iii. p. 374 (1801) ;
1oileng. Poiss. B.as. Congo, p. 371 (1901), and Fi-h. Nile, p. 411 (1907).
SpirolraIci/ s, Cni. & Vl. Hi.,t. P'oiss. vii. p. 392 (1831) ; Giintl. t. c. p. 373.
(Cleiooioa, meters .Mon. Berl. Ac. 1844, p. 31 ; Giinthl. t. c. p. 373; Peters,
Heise lossamli iv. p. 14 (1868).
Sa&,elia, (astchi. M-1m. Poi-s. Afrr. Au-tr. p. 36 (1801).
iBodt short or moderately elongate, more or less compressed, covered
with large, hard, ctenoid scales; lateral line interrupted. Head convex,
covered witll scales; mouth moderately large, with small conical teeth;
teeth on the vomer and on the parasphlenoid ; palatine teeth present or
absent. Anterior nostril in a short tube. Spinous part of the dorsal
and anal fins longer than the soft; 12 to 20 dorsal and 6 to 11 anal
spines. Vertebre 25 to 31.
South-eastern Asia and Tropical and South Africa.

Synopsis of the Species.
1. ('Cautl peduncle very di-tiinct. ,imeasnrinng at least the diameter of the ve ;
depth of hody more than 2. time-i in total length.
A. Vcntral fin not reaching anal : n:axillarv extendling to below anterior
third of' c e, or Ibeyond; teeth on palatine bones.
1. 12 to 17 dorsal -piines ; sulbop'lrciiulull not denticulate : scales partly
cycloid, partly ctenoidl.
1). X1l-XIV '-10; A. VI-VI1 8-11 ; Sc. 27-
30 3-. . . . . . .. I. c.a. 'n.sis, (' & V.. p. 50.
1). XIII-XV 8-9 ; A. V1II-IX 8-9 ; Sc. 27-
9 40 9............... i s, "..
20 . . . . 2. ii Ir., 51.
1. XV-XVIl -101 : A. Vll-VIII 9-10; Sc.
33-35 13-11;. . . ... bainsii, Ca-teln.. p. 52.


SThel muscular part, not including the base of the caudal fin, \hicli is covered \ith
scales.








A N.\ IAS.


2. 17 to 20 dlor:il p iines ; -il, perculumn ilenticulnto : c;ale> all eton,idl.
1. XVII-XVIII 8-1: A. VIll I-X 8-; Sc. 31-
35 . . . . multispinis. Petris,r;. 5:
1). XVIII-XIX 10-11 : A. VII 11 ; S'. 33-
S . . . . . . 5. A1. pelleqrini, Hl'gr., p. 51.
1). XI X-XX 9-10 ; A. IX-X I 9-10 ; Sc. 30- 3[p.
33
.. . . . Re. niyol ,~s, l ichenl .


.)5.


B. Ventral lin extending to or beyond origin ol anal in adult: maxillary
not extending beyond anterior third of eye ; no teeth on palatiun
hones.
1). V1I-XV] [ 8-9 ; A. IX-XI 1-l11 ; Sc. 21;-
28 3 t
2 : eye 3 to 3. time- in length of head. 7. A. conyieus, Bigr., p. 57
D. XV-XVII 7-1t); A. VII-I X 9-11 : Se. 25-
30 ; eye I- to 4.- ties in length of
head . . . na t. Othr.. p. 58.

11. ('aulal peduncle absent or much rIeduced, shorter than the diameter of
tlle eve.
A. (audal peduncle very -mlort, or barely definable.
1. Plr:'lorh)ital not '-o rated.
a. Ventral extenilindg much heyoon, origin of anal.
I). XVII-XVIII 7; A. X-XI 7; maxillary
extending to Ihelow anterior fourth of' eye. 9. .I. asor!ii, Blgr.. p. 59.
1). XVI 8-9 ; A. X 9-11 ; maxillary extending
hardly to below anterior border of eye. 10. A. fasciolat's, Blgr., p. l'0.
i. Ventral not extending much beyond origin of anal; maxillary
extending to below anterior fourth or third of eye.


1). XVII-XIX -10 ; A. X 10-11; depth
of body 2 to 21 times in total length;
suibopereulum and interoprerulum finely
rrat . . .
n. XVI-XVIII 8-10; A. IX (rarely X) 9-11 ;
deplit of body 2 to 2~ time., in total
length ; .ulboperuelum and interoperculmm n
more or less distinct serrated . .
I). XIV-XV1 8-10: A. IX-XI 8-11 ; depth
if body 2- to 3 times in total length;
interolercultmn often entire . . .
D. XIV-XVI 8-11: A.VI -IX8-11 ; detlh
of body 2 to 2A time- in total length;
Iuhoperciulimn and interopercultim entire
or eebl rated . . .
VOL. IV.


11. A. petherici, Gthr., p. 61




12. .. kingsleyw', Gthr., p. I2.



13. A. m,,riei, Bigr., p. t; l.


1 1I. t. mitculatus, Thomin.. p. 65.


3I.








7)0 ANA ANTI DY..

2. Pr:corbital -errateil -,nout poinit'l ; no palatine teeth.
). V 10 A. VIII 11 . . 15. .. o.yrhynchis, Blgr., p. 66.
B. ('andal peduncle ab.-ent, doisal and anal close to the caudal fin and
forming a neairl continuous outline : D. XVI-XVI1I 0-12 ; A. IX-X 10-12 . 1. A. ocellatus, Pellegr.. p. 67.


1. ANABAS ('APENSIS.
,Spirohranchius capensis. Cuv. & Val. Hist. Poi:.,. ii. p. 392. pl. cc. (1831); Val.
in ('uv. ]-giie Anim. Illustr.. Poiss. pl. lxxv. fig. 1 (1836) ; Cas(eln. Maim.
Poiss. Afr. Anstr. p. 36 (1.(;61) ; Giinth. ('at. Fi.h. iii. p. 373 (1861) *.
Anabas canpensis, BoulenIg. Ann. & 3Mai. N. H. (7) xvi. 1905, p. 53.
Depth of body 3 to 31 times in total length, length of head 22 to 3
times. Snout rounded, as long as eye. which is 4 to 5 times in length
of head and 1 to 1I times in interorbital width; maxillary extending to

F:is. 27.



A, .. ..' -, .

7',
l/i--(. ,nsi _




Anhas caplesis.
TYle, after Cuvier & Valenciennes.

below anterior third or centre of eye; palatine teeth present; none of
the bones of the head serrated ; operculum with a notch, between two
more or less obtuse spines. S or 9 short gill-rakers on lower part of
anterior arch. Dorsal XII-XIV 8-30; spines increasing in length to
tlie niinth or tenth, which measures about 1 length of head ; longest
soft rays about 1 length of head. Anal VI-VII S-11. similar to dorsal.
Pectoral I. to 2 length of head. Ventral not reaching anal. ('audal
rounded. (';audal peduncle about V1 times as long as deep. the distance
between dorail and caudal J to 1 length of head. Scales rugose, partly
c cloid, partly ctenoid, 27-30 1 ; lateral lines Olive-brown
above. vellowi.sh beneath, back sometimes spotted with blackih ; three

'le diagnoi is given ll ( iinithcr does not apply to the tlic rt of the three specimens
m1111erated by himi \'hiih bI long to the specie, here d(l cribcd as .1. vircit ,s.








A A 1N AS.


more or less distinct dark streaks radiating' from the eve towards the
gill-cover; mciinbrane in the opercular notch black.
Total length ] 10 millimi.
South-western parts of Cape Colony.-Types in Paris Museuim.


1-:3. AIl.
-1 A l.
5-;. Ilr. & vy.
s-9. IIgr. & vg.
10. Ald.
11-20. Ad.
21. Skel.
22. Al.
2:-2 1. Ad. & hgr.
25. Ad., siffTl.


Vvgo K raual, luar t'ape 'l'o\ n.
('I pe Flas.
Near Cape 'lTown.
Eer-le It.. 'iellenlosch.
lrinice-s \'Vli, 'C pe I)ivislion.
'aul- li., ('alle Divi.,ion.

\Wool\ ille. near Georgetow n.
Ber' I.. \ elliiI olln.
(':Ipe of (Good HIople.


,Lord I Derhy (P1.).
S. African 31u.enni (P.).
II.M.S. (li haI lenger.
S. Al'rioain 3nseui ('.).

G. E. Dol,-on. El-. (IP.).

Dr. J. D. F. Gilcliri-t (I'.).
('ol. Slogget (1'.).
Sir A. Smith (P.).


lbg. -"^.


'[A1 [( 11' < 1" (---
L ., ,,.
I^:-, ....... ,' ,\ '. t : "'. --!_, -



x^- ^ .a..2,


,nabIas vicin'ls.
Type.


2. ANABAS VIC'INUS, sp. n.
Depth of body 22 to 3 times in total length. length of head 21 to 3
times. Snout rounded, as long as or a little shorter than eye, which is
4 to 5 times in length of head and 1 to 1I times in interorbital width;
maxillary extending to below anterior third or centre of eye ; palatine
teeth present; none of the bones of the head serrated ; operculum with
a notch, between two more or less obtuse spines. 9 to 11 short gill-
rakers on lower part of anterior arch. Dorsal XIII-XV S-9; spines
increasing in length to the eighth or ninth, which measures about .
length of head; longest soft rays to A length of head. Anal VIII-
IX S-9, similar to dorsal. Pectoral to length of head. Ventral
not reaching anal. Caudal rounded. Caudal peduncle 1" to 2 times
i: "2








ANABANTID.E.


as deep as long, the distance between dorsal and caudal about I length
of head. Scales rugose, partly cycloid, partly ctenoid, 27-29 10-4
lateral lines I'. hown above, lighter beneath, often spotted all over
with black ; blackish lines radiating from the eye ; spinous dorsal with
black markings ; lobe between opercular spines black.
Total length 120 millim.
Port Elizabeth, Cape Colony.
1-3. Types, Port Elizalbeth. 11. A. Spencer. EL1. (P.).
4i-6. Types. ., (). West, 'Esq. (P.).
7-10. Types.
11. Skel.
12. IIr. --

Fig. 29.



.,. . .. - ..







1\

1Am l hin diiatt.
Blffalou i. .


3. ANABA\S BAINSII.
Situdelia bais.i, ,Csteli. ,mn. Pois-. Afr. Austr. 1p. 37 (I8t1) ; Iouleng. Ann.
& iJ, g. N. 11. (7) iii. 181)9, p. 213.
lenopona mi rolepidotum, Giintli. Cat.. Fish. iii. p. .65 (1801).
Sp-irobranchis hainsi, Glinth. Ann. & Mag. N. H. (4) xviii. 1876, p). 67.
Anabas baihii, Bouleng. Ann. & Mu. N. II. (7 xvi. 1.105, p. 53.
Depth of body 3 to 3'" times in total length, length of head 2:, to 3
times. Snout rounded, as long as or slightly longer than eye, which
is 4 to 5- times in length of head and 1 to I1; times in interorbital
width ; maxillary extending to below centre of eye; palatine teeth
present; pr voibitil, prioplerculuin, suboperculum, and interoperenlum
not denticulate ; operculum with a deep notch, between two spines or
groups of spines. 10 or 11 short gill-rakers on lower part of anterior








.\NA 1HAS.


arch. Dorsal XV-XVII 9 10; spines increasing in length to the ninth
or tcnth, which measures about -1 length of head; longest soft rays
to I length of head. Anal VlI--VIII -10, similar to dorsal. Pectoral
- to length of head. Ventral not reaching anal. Caudal rounded,
some of the rays sometimes somewhat produced. Caudal peduncle
1- to -1 times as deep as long, the distance between dorsal and caudal
about length of head. Scales rugose, partly cycloid, partly ctenoid,
33-35 i l;, lateral lines . Olive-brown or dark green above,
yellowish beneath; a more or less distinct dark oblique streak from
below the eve to the angle of the prroperculin.
Total length ISO millim.
Eastern parts of Cape Colony.-Type lost.
I. Type of flnopoiom ('aio of Good I lop1. Ariy Meiolical ('ollhge (P.).
mi'lrohlill d l lli0.
2-1;. Ad. & higr. Butli'lo I., Port IEl'iza- 1ajor H. Trevelvan (1'.).
lI,.th.
7. ,k l..



4. ANABAS MULTISPINIS.
rtnoponloa mitispdtinis, Peters, Mon. Berl. Ac. 1844, p. 34-1, miller's Arch. 1.
Anat. u. Phlys. 1846i, p. 181, pl. x. figs. 10-15, and ol ise Mlo.sainmb. iv. p. If;,
pl. ii. fig. 3 (1,(;8 .
? Anauls s.'mtleiis (non l)allortl'). Bi:inconi, Spec. Zool. 3Mosanub. p. 270 (1 858).
.S;piiroh!ranclms miltii, Bi iinc. op. cit. p. 279, l. x. (18.59).
Ie'iloponula multispine. ('iinth. ( nt. ["ihi. iii. p. 373 (18l l).
AInabls mniispiois, B oul. eng. A n. & Mag. N. JI. (7) xvi. 1905, pp. 53 &, ;('),
and Tr. Zool. Soc. xciii. 191 I, p. 40..
Depth of body 3! to 4 times in total length, length of head 3t to
32 times. Snout rounded, as long as or a little shorter than eve, which
is 4 to 5 times in length of head and 1 to 11 times in interorbital width;
maxillary extending to below centre or posterior third of eye ; palatine
teeth present; prmorbital and prneoperculnm entire; interoperculum
also entire, or posterior part serrated; suboperculnm and opercuilum
more or less strongly serrated or spinose; operculumn more or less
strongly notched. 6 or 7 short gill-rakers on lower part of anterior
arch. Dorsal XVII-XVIII S-9; spines equal from the fourth or fifth,
about I length of head ; longest soft rays to length of head. Anal
VIII-X 8-9, similar to dorsal. Pectoral to 2 length of head.
Ventral not reaching anal. Caudal rounded. Caidal pedmunle about








1I ANAIANTID.E.

1. times as deep as long, the distance between dorsal and caudal
about J- length of head. Scales rugose and strongly ctenoid, 31-
35 ; lateral lines Olive or green above, with or without black
spots or with rather indistinct dark vertical bars, whitish beneath ; soft
dorsal spotted with blackish.
Total length 140 million.
Beclhanaland, Zambesi Basin. Lakes Bangwelu and Mvcwru, Uelle.-
Types in lBerlin .Museum.

1. One of the t pes. Quelliminne, Mozambique. 'rof. W. Peters (1'.).
2-4. Ad. & lhg. 1rmsitu R. at Broken Hill, ev. F. A. Rogers ind
N.W. Rhodesia. E. C. Chubb, 1".T (1'.).
-5. Ske l.
Yg. lKazuiiiigula,l Upp.Zaimbec.i. Rev. L..1alla (('.).
7. 8-10. Ad. & lhgr. L. Bangweln. F. II. Melland, Esq. (I.).
11. Al. Lukonzolwn, L. M\weru. Dr. L. Stappers (C.).
12--14. AId. Okova;ngo 1., L. Ngamni. B. WoosiIin, Eq. ((.).
15. .kll .




ul Ann. us. o Zool i. p. l. f 1 (102).

--^ ^ "''"*-.






.! 3
*/













i oe of the specimens )large round yellow egmgs. abot 2 millim. in diameter,
Tycp.n after Petvrs ( v1ei-e 1 o ,--a il1. t.


:. ANABAS I'PElLEGIHlN].
louleng. Ann. ?lus. C.ongo. Zool. ii. p. 51, p]. xv. fig. 1 (1 i2).
Depth of body equal to or a little greater than length of head.
2-- to 3,; times in total length. Snout rounded, a little shorter than
eye, which is 4 times in length of head and I1^ times in interorbital

In one of tire specimens (2 ) large round yellow eggs. about 2 orillirn. in diarnelr,
ar' rcloscly packed. 7 or S on eaclih idel, in a ecnaity behind the gills. entirely covered lby the
)'1Irrr'lll lit.








A \ .\ .\S. J)

width ; Inaxillary extending to below centre of eye ; palatine tcethl
present; In.iorbital and pcopercii llin entire; strong in o n i ie inter-
operculum, sibopcrcilum, and operculum ; latter with a deep notch,
and another between it and the suboperculUin. 6 very short gill-rakers
on lower part of anterior arch. Dorsal XVI [I-XIX 10-11; spines
e(iual front the sixth, rather mnore than I length of head ; longest soft
ia\s I lenIgth of head. Anal VII 10. similar to dorsal. Pectoral nearly
' length of heal. Ventral not reaching anal. Caudal rounded.
('aiudl Ipednmcle nearly twice as deep as long, tli distance between
dorsal anld caudal a little greater than diameter of eye. Scales rugose
2,16-1-
and strongly ctenoid, 33-34 ; lateral lines Olive, very dark
above ; more or less indistinct dark hars on posterior part of body.
Total length 10- mnillim.
Ubaughli.-Type in Congo Museum TIervleren.
1. One of thie typ. s. Yenioe It. at Banzyvillp. Spt. Royaux (I.).


1ig. :1.




.' ., ', i,, '--' '/ y,, ----....---.....




tAnabas pelleg'ini.
'Type (A. 3M. C.). .



G. ANABAS NIGROPANNOSUS.
Ctenopoma )iUyropannosum, Rciclen. Sitzh. Ges. Nat. Fr. Berl. 1875, p. 147.
rtenopoma gabonense. Giinth. Ann. & M3ag. N. II. (6) xvii. 1896, p. 269, pl. xiii.
fig. C ; Pellegr. Bull. M3I<. Paris, 1899, p. 358.
Analas niqr/opann/osus. Bouleng. Ann. S& I3ag. N. H. (7) iii. 1899. p. 21 and Poiss.
Ba;s. Congo. p. 373 (1901) : Stind. Tenk p. 49.
De)pth of body 3 to 31 times in total length, length of head 3 to
3. times. Snout rounded, hardly as long as eye, which is 4 to 5 times
in length of head and 1 I to 1 times in interorbital width ; maxillary









.6 ANABANTID.E.

extending to below centre of eye; palatine teeth present; pr:rorbital
entire or feebly denticulate behind ; angle of prroperculum feebly
serrated in adult; strong spines on interoperculum, suboperculum, and
operculum ; latter with a deep notch, and another between it and the
suboperculumi. 6 or 7 very short gill-rakers on lower part of anterior
arch. D)orsal X IX-XX 9-10; spines suequal from the fourth or fifth,

Fi.. 3"2.





"














Anal IX-X1 '-10, spines and soft rays a little shorter than in dorsal.
Pectoral I to I length of head. Ventral not reaching anal. Caudal
roulded. Caudal peduncle twice as deep as long, the distance between
lorsal and caudal at least as great as diameter of eye. Scales rugose
2A 15 : ( li'e-bro mn above,






llrll.t- '.

". Sk..l.
5. Ald Ktoikn N'Zolhe, a Ce il 31ajlr C'abrai (('.).

ango.
A I Ii'iloango Town. DIr. W. J. Ansorge ((t.).
7. A.l. Lu1 li IR. ( 'hiloan igo)
:it ] l11n1o.








AN.\ IAS.


8. AdI.

9-10. Ad. & higr.
11. Adl.
12-14. 15. Ad. & hgr.

16. Ad.


Liebui i I. ((h'liloungo)
at Kiika 31uno.
Banana, Lower Congo.
Manyanga, ,,
Monsembe, Upper
('ongo.
Lpper (C'ongo.


Ir. \V..J. Ansorge (('.).

C:ipt. Wilvertli (C.).

Rev. J. H. Weeks (P.).

Bru-sels Univer-itv.


Fig. :ci.


A na(bas co'lji:ys.
Tyvpe.


7. ANABAS C(ONGIC'US.
Ct,)nopoma coniacum, Bouleng. Ann. & Mag. N. H. (5) xix. 1887, p. 148.
Andals congicus. Bouldeng. An.& 3Ilg. N. H. (7) iii. 181), p. 242, Poiss. Ba:is.
Congo. p. 371 (1901), and Ann. .Mus. Congo, Zool. ii. pp. 22 & 51 (1902).
Depth of body 2 to 3 times in totil length, length of head 3 to
34 times. Snout rounded, shorter than eye, which is 3 (young)
to 3a times in length of head and nearly equals interorbital width;
maxillary extending to below anterior border or anterior fourth of ee ;
no palatine teeth; pncorbital, prlmoperculumi, and interoperculum entire;
subolperculum more or less strongly denticulate ; 4 or 5 spines above
and one beldw opercular notch. 7 or S very short gill-rakers on lower
part of anterior arch. Dorsal XVI-XVII S-9 ; last spine longest,
to 1 length of head ; longest soft rays : to let of Iiead in females
and young, produced and longer than head in males. Anal 1X-X1
.)-11, similar to dorsal. Pectoral nearly as long as head. Ventral
produced into a filament, reaching far beyond origin of anal. Caudal
rounded. Caudal peduncle nearly twice as deep as long, as long as eve.
Scales rugose, strongly etenoid, 26-2S ,; lateral lines -_I Yellowish
!








. NA AB NTI D.1.E.


to dark brown, spotted w\itlh blackish, with light spots on the lower half
of the body and on the vertical fins, the dark and light spots sometimes
forming wavy vertical bars.
Total length S5 miillim.
Ogowe, ('hiloango, Lower Congo, and Ubanghi.
1. T'l'v Lagoons on i.-lails ill 1. F. lins (C.).
Lower Congo.
2-8. Ad., Ihgr.. & yg. Luali R. (Chliloango) at LDr. \. J. Ansorge ('.).
Lundo.
9. Igr. Lainbarene, Oguowe.


Fig. 34.



S4---.-' ,


"', ^ "
I- /

Auatias iinNcus.
Type, after Giinther (l. c.).


8. ANAl',AS NANUS.
C/enpoma nanum, Giinth. Ann. & 31ag. N. II. (;) xvii. 189I p. 269, pl. xiii.
fig. B.
A. nll( s maitllatis (1non Thomini .). Illoiluh Ang Ann (M Congo. Zoo]. ii. p. 51
(1882): Steindl. I )nkschr. Ak. W i'en. lxxxix. lilt3. p. 50.
l)epth of body equal to length of head. 2-to to 3 times in total lengtii.
Snout rounded, as long as or a little shorter than eye, which is 4 to
4- times in length of head and nearly equals interorbital width;
maxillary extending to below anterior fourth of ee ; no palatine teeth;
pri'orbital, pr'loperculum, and interoperculum entire ; snbopercuiimI
entire or more or less strongly denticulate ; 2 to 5 spines above and one
or two below opercular notch. 5 or 6 very short gill-rakers on lower
part of anterior arch. Dorsal XV-XVII 7-10; last spine longest,
about 1 length of head; longest soft rays 1 to 2 length of head.
Anal V1-IX 9-11 I, similar to dorsal. Pectoral ( to "3 length of head.
Ventral. in adult, produced into a filament, reaching beyond origin of
tatil. Caudal rounded. Caudal peduncle 2 to 2, time; as deep as









ANA HALS.


."1 3
long, as long as eve. Scales rugo:e, strongly ctenoid, 2-O-30 '-o; lateral
lilies 1 3-. Brownish or olive, with G to 9 more or less distinct dark
cross-bands ; yonng with a round blackish spot at base of caudal.
Total length 75 millim.


South Cameroon

1-;. AdI. &. hl r.
7-11. Ad. & hgr.
12-16. Ad. & hgr.
17-19. Al. &- vg.

20-24. Adl.
2.-26. Tv*p',s.
27. A l.
28. Ad.

29-30. Ad.
31-32. A.d. & hgr.
33. Ad.
34. Ad.


to (ongo.

Kribi I{.. S. 'iuneroon.
Zinil (unry.
Nv.o il R..
,. iat Akonmlinga, >.
( 'alm1roon.
Ja It.. S. Camieroon.
(;|llhooll.
I.nLmu);irene. Ogowe.
Lindi II., Upper C'ong0o.

Avankubi, Aruwivimi.
1Ianzyvillh, Ulbnlighi.
I hiunli Uellh.
lI'l ween Ar,,hi nl Ai\hn. ICllh.


;. 1,. lates.. E-q. (C.).


Dr. W. J. Ansorge (W.).
I1. M1. Storins (C.);
Brusels Museumi (1.).
D)r. C. (Christy (('.).
(;apt. Itoyinix ((.).
('apt. lli 'teroan (('.).
.1


'. ."




A- 'al,,s ansorgi i.
Tl pe (A. .1. ('.).


9. ANAUAS ANSOIILII.
liBo leng. Ann. l3nst. Congo, Zool. ii. ). 23, pl. xvii. fig. 7 (1912).
Depth of body equal to length of head, 3' to 3- times in total length.
Snout rounded, a little shorter than eye, which is 3S to 4 times in
length of head and equals or a little exceeds interorbital width;
maxillary extending to below anterior fourth of eye ; no palatine teeth;
pr;corbital, pnioperculum, initeroperculum, and suboperculinm entire;
2 to 5 small spines above and one below opercular notch. 7 or S very
short gill-rakers on lower part of anterior arch. Dorsal XVJI-XVIl
7 ; last spine longest. lcngith of head; median soft rny prod(lced into








\ NA I.\ A NTI ). E.


a filament. Anal X-XI 7, similar to dorsal. Pectoral length of
head. Ventral produced into a filament, reaching beyond origin of anal.
Caudal rounded. Caudal peduncle extremely short, shorter than eve.
Scales rugooe, strongly ctenoid, 28-30 2 ; lateral lines Brownish,
with 6 or 7 regular dark brown or blackish vertical bars, narrower than
the interspaces ; fins greyish brown, dorsal and anal with black bars,
the continuation of those on the body, and with the rays terminating in
white filaments ; the bars indistinct in some specimens.
Total length G:0 millim.
Chiloango.
1-.'. Ty,- s. Luall 11. at l nhdo. Dr W J. An!orge (('.).


Fig. :36.


.> -- -
I.3


Slnahas fasciolut us.
Type.


10. ASABAS FASCIOLATUS.
Boulencg. Ann.& M:g. N. H. (7) iii. 1899, p. 2412, and Poise. Bass. Congo, p. 375
(1901) ; Arnoldl, Wocehenschr. Aq.-Terr. 1913, pp. 681. 723, figs.
Depth of body 21 to 2- times in total length, length of head 3- to
3' times. Snout rounded, a little shorter than eye, which is 4 times in
length of head and a little exceeds interorbital width ; maxillary hardly
extending to below anterior border of eye ; no palatine teeth ; prie-
orbital, pnroperculum, and interoperculum entire ; siboperculum entire
or indistinctly denticulate ; 3 or 4 small spines above and 1 or 2 below
opercular notch. 8 or 9 very short gill-rakers on lower part of anterior
arch. Dorsal XVI 8-9; last spine longest, 4 length of head ; median
soft rmv produced into ; filament. Anal X 9-11, similar to dorsal.








ANA 1AS.


P'ctoral as long as head. Ventral produced into a filament, reaching
tiftl or sixtl anal spine. Caudal rounded. Caudal peduncle merely in-
3 14-15
dictated. Scales rugose and strongly ctenoid, 27-28 ; lateral lines l
BIrownishl, with 6 or 7 regular dark bars with wavy edges, wider than
the intcrspaces; spinous dorsal and anal edged with blackish, the
former with several oblique dark streaks; outer hal f of vetrals black.
Total length 79 millim.
Congo.
1-3. T NpCs. [MoM'-n-mh, Upper ( 'ongo. liev. J. II. Weeks (P'.).
'I. Ad. ionia., L i\ er ('ongo. Mr. .1. I'ani Arnold (P.).



FI i7.










'I'pe (- . N .). ..






11. ANA .AS i'ETi '.rIC i'r.
Cteno.pom-a pe .eii, part., Giintli. Ann. & M. ag. N. 11. (3') xiii. 1"I-, p. 211, xx-.
l .(;7, p. 110, and Petlieri(c. k's, Tr v. ii. p. 2'8, p i. fig. A (1-'I ).
--i-,'d pether Ci, .ouleng. Ann. & 3a, g. N. i .. (7) iii. 1-9,, p. 21,', and Fish.
N'ile. P. 442, pl. lxxxiiL lig. 1 (19.U7) Pellegr. Poi.. Bss. Tch.ad, p. 120,
fig. (1914).


2 to 3 times. Snout rounded, as long as or a little shorter than eve,
which is 4 to 4) times in length of head and about I1 times in inter-



present at the angle of tile luoperculn ; in"troperculnm and sub-
operculum in errate; operculu with w groups of strong serr,
Ctelop, o e,,ina Medwr part., Giinth. Ann. & A1a,,. N. 11. (:3) xiii. 18 ;.1, p. 211I, xx.

Anuba,;s petlerii, Bouleng. Ann. & 3Ia '. N. 11. (7) iii. 1699, i). 213, and Fikl.
ile.. 4.12, pl. ]xxxiii. fig. I (U907) Pellor. P'oitss. Bass. Tchad, 1). 120,
fig. (]t, 1l).
Depth of body 2-L to 2 times in total length, length of head
22 to 3 times. Snout rounded, as long as or a little shorter than eve,
Ndhcieh is 4 to 42 times in length of" head and about 1,l times in inter-
orbital wvidth; maxillary extending to below anterior third of eve;
palatine teeth present ; prworblital entire; a few small serre may be
present at the angle of' the plwopereulnin ; interolperculum and sub-
UpculuiI finly ',CrateCd ; olerculuIn Mith tNNo groIupls of strong serIFr,









A NA ANTI DE.


with a deep notch between them. 6 or 7 very short gill-rakers on lower
part of anterior arch. Dorsal XV11-XIX 8-10; spines increasing in
length to the last, which measures to length of head ; longest soft
ra s I to 2 length of head. Anal X 10-11, similar to dorsal. Pectoral
about 2 length of' Iead. Ventral extending to origin of anal. Candal
rounded. A mere indication of a caudal peduncle. Scales rugose and
1)0 .3 litC14-17k 14een
strongly ctenoid, 2S-8 0 lateral lines Olive or dark green
above, whitish beneath : a large black spot in front of the base of
the candal.
Total length 160 inillin.
White Nile, Bahr el Gebel, Lake Chad.
1-3. Ad. (;harb-el-Aish. White Nile. L. Loat, Esq. (('.).
*I 15. Ad. & hIir. Fa;hod:I ..,


1i;. Skel.
17. T'ype.
18. Adl.


(onclok ro,
Shari R.


Fig. 3:Q.


lnanbas k'inUsle l'.
Type, tfter Giinther (Ann. & 31ag. N. II. 189G). .


12. ANABAS KINGCSILEY.E.
('tenO) nima pelhe'rirC. part., Giiinll. Ann. & hlag. N. 11. (3) xx. 186t7 p. 110, and

IO'irpronit peth I rici (non Giinth.' Steind. Sitzh. Ak. Wien, lxi. i. 1870(1. p. .7 I,
and Notv.e L, d. M31 x i. 1,0 .11. 1. :7.


,J. Petherick, ':q. (('.).
( pt,. I. 11. Gowling (1'.).


Balhr-el-G;ebel.








ANA B.\S.


Ctenopoma ci,.,l, Giiunlh. Ann. & Ilag. N. II. (6) xvii. 1896, p. 270. p1,1. xiii.
fig. A ; Pellegr. Bull. 31il-. 'Pari-, 1899, p. 359.
Anal'as kingsler!v, Bonleng. Ann. & Mag. N. II. (7) iii. 1899, p. 213, and Poiss.
Bas'. Congo, p. 375 (19li).

Depth of body 2 to 2- times in total length, length of head 2- to
3 times. Snout rounded, a little shorter than eve, which is 3.1 to
4 1 times in length of head and 1 to 1A times in interorbital width;
ina\illary extending to below anterior fourth or third of eye; palatine
teeth present ; preorbital and prteopercculhn entire; suboperculumn and
interoperculum more or less distinctly denticulate; several spines above
and below opercular notch. G to S vern short gill-rakers on lower part
of anterior arch. Dor-al XVI-XVII1 8-10; spines subequal from tlhe
fourth or fifth, to length of head ; longest soft rays 1 to 2 length of
head. Anal IX (rarely X) 9-11, similar to dorsal. Pectoral to
. length of head. V\entral not extending beyond origin of anal. Caudal
rounded. A mere indication of a caudal peduncle. Scales rugose andl
strongly etenoid. 25-29 21 ; lateral lines Brown or olive ; a large
black spot in front of the base of caudal, surrounded by a yellow circle
in the youtg.
Total length 190 millim.
Senegambia to Congo.
1-2. Ad. (ambnia. T. S. Budget, Esq. (P.).
3. Ad. Corlhl H. at Tchitote, Portu- Dr. W. J. Ansorge (C.).
guese (Gninea.
.L. Yg. N. hlierlo Di:trict, Sierra N. W\. Thomas, Esq (P1.).
Leone.
5-13. Ad. & hgr. Nanna Krn, Iileria. W. P. Lowe, Esq. ((.).
14. Ad. Lagos. Sir A. 31oloney (P.).
15. Ad. Odo Omi, he:ad-water of Omi Major G. E. Bruce (P.).
RI., Lagos.
16. Ad. Niger. mSr. j. T. Dalton ((c.).
17. Ad. Aglieri, Lo\er Niger. Dr. W. J. An orge ((.).
18-21. Yg. Abo. .
22-27. Yg. A--aY',
28. Ad. ,, ..
20. 11gr. Kwiale, Ethiope R., Lower (C;apt. H. DI.(aird'ner (P.).
Niger.
30-31. Ad. & hgr. Ahiogaji,hi,:nl-t ater.sof Aoin:i Major U. 1. Bruce (P.).
R., (ros, It. system.
32-31. 'r Ie. Kondo-komldo, Ugowe. 3li, King.-ley (('.).
:35'-37. Ad. & lgr. Onmbroklu, .. Dr. W. J. Aiourge (( '..
3;.. Y[ I'.hlo.I Galh on.
."-1I .\Ad. & v". GahYon.








ANA BANTID ..


13. ANABAS IUIIIEI.
'tenopoma pethe'riri, part., Giinth. Ann. & Mag. N. II. (3) xiii. 1861, p. 211, and
Petlheriek'.s Trav. ii. p. 208 (180G).
Anabas lpetlherici, Pellegr. M6m. Soc. Zool. France, xvii. 1905, p. 185.
.A iabas marici, Bouleng. Ann. & Alag. N. 11. (7) xviii. 19608, p. 3.18, and Fish.
Nile, Ip. 444, pl. Ixxxiii. fig. 2 (1907).
Depth of body equal to length of head, 2. to 3 times in total length.
Snout rounded, a little shorter than eve, which is 3" to 41 times in
length of head and 1 to 11 times in interorbital width; maxillary
extending to below anterior fourth or third of eye; palatine teeth
present; prcorbital and pr;operculuum entire; interopercuilum often











Anabas murici.
Type (F. N.).

entire; suboperculuin finely serrated; operculum with two groups of
strong serme, with a deep notch between them. 5 or 6 very short gill-
rakers on lower part of anterior arch. Dorsal XIV-XVI S-10; spines
snbequal from the fifth or sixth, about ( length of head ; longest soft
rans about a length of head. Anal IX-XI 8-10, similar to dorsal.
I'ectral a to length of head. Ventral reaching origin of anal or a
little beyond. Caudal rounded. A mere indication of a caudl
peduncle. Scales rugose and strongly ctenoid, 27-28 yi- lateral
lines 16". Olive, with numerous small black spots ; a blackish ocellar
spot edged with yellowish at the root of, anl partly upon, the caudal
fin.
Total length 80 millim.
White Nile, Bahr-el-Gebel, Lake Victoria.
1-2. Types. Klaka, White Nile. L. Loat, Esq. ('.).
3-2. rb-el-Ais, White Nile.
23. Skel. ,, ..








\A A B.\S.


21. llgr.
25. Ad.
26-29. T\ ple. (:,l]o
I v pes oft A. Ill t-
eri, i).
:31. Ad.
31. A\1.
32-33.. Adi. A yg.


KlI r .irlovy, \\'h:t Ni':e.
l:ike No, ,,
(Gondlokoro. Ba:llr-l-Gebel.



l1injako, L. Victori:1.
Cllijcju, S. lh li, l ,. Victorina .
1L. ('n:mg E'. i| LI Victoria.


11. 11. King, E-q. (1'.).

.J. P'ctherick, E1-. (('.).



1. r. ). )cgen ((t.).
31. T. l): we. E-I. ('.).
C. W\. W\\' lhonse, E-i.
(1'.).


Fig. 41.


-' I ' \ 't.T

.. -- <-. . .,


"' -,7.. "/-"~"
"" r>"7 V
TA, ;\

(Lj
~c if


- a- -.


An lt.l s /lo .cltl 10tis.
Type of A. pileurusligma (P. Z. S. 1903). |.


14. ANAIAS MA('ULATUS.
Cieno1,oma uacilalta, Tliomin. Bull. Soc. Philon. (7) x. 18S;, pI. 1.8; P, llgr.
Bull. 31us. Paris, 1i 99. p. 359.
Clenwooina mnulht/asciatit, Thomin. t. c. p. 159 : Plllear. t. c. 16. 35.
t''leopomna weeksii, Bouleng. Ann. & 3l:ig. N. H. ((;) xvii. 16.. p. M,10.
Idt/as we'eksii. pa rt, louleng. op.cit () iii. 169 p1. 2-13, andl Poi-s. Ba;i-. C'ungo,
p. 377 (1901).
AnIbas ]slero.sitma, Bonleng. Proc. Zcol. Soc. 1 03, i. p. 27, ld. v. fig. 1.
.AInldas o.rIlrynchIs (non Bouleng.), S'Icinl. Deiktchlr. Ak. \Wien, Ixxxix.
1913, p. 52.

Depth of body 2 to *2 times in total length. length of head 2, to 3
times. Snout ronndcd and as long as eye in adult, more pointed and a
little shorter than eve in young; eye 3 (young) to 5 times in length
of head, 1 to 1I times in interorbital width maxillary extending to
below anterior fourth or third of eye; palatine teeth ]present (mnay
VOL. IV. y








A NABANTIIDE.


be absent in the young) ; pirorbital entire; angle of priroperculiun
sometimes slightly serrated ; interoperculum and suboperculum entire
or feebly serrated ; operculum with two groups of strong sernr,
with a deep notch between them. 7 to 9 very short gill-rakers on
lower part of anterior arch. Dorsal XIV-XVI 9-11 ; spines subequal
from tile sixth or seventh, about 1 length of Ihead ; longest soft rays 3
to length of head. Anal VII-IX 9-11, similar to dorsal. Pectoral
. to length of head. Ventral not reaching beyond origin of anal.
Candal rounded. A mere indication of a caudal peduncle. Scales
rugose and strongly ctenoid, 26-29 3; lateral lines 14 Brown or
olive in the adult, with a large round blackish spot on the middle of
the side, above the extremity of the pectoral fin; young variegated
with brown and yellow in addition to the black lateral blotch, and with
two oblique dark brown streaks behind the eye, the upper ascending
to the upper border of the operculnm, the lower descending to the angle
of the prieoperculum ; ventrals black in the yonng.
Total length 200 millim.
South Cameroon to Congo.-Types in Paris Museum.
1-7. Types of A. ilewro- Kribi It., S. Caineroon. G. L. Bates, E (('.).
esnasnst.

8-13, 14. Ad., lgr., & Nyong I., ,,

15-23. Ad., lgr., & vg. Ja It.,
24. Skel.
25. Yg., fvpe of ('t. Monsembe, Upper 'ongo. Rev. J. 11. Weeks (1.).
zweek.sii.



15. ANABAS OXYIlIIYNCl'US.
Bouleng. Ann. ilus. Congo, Zool. ii. p. 52, pl. xv. fig. 2 (1902).
D)pthl of body 2- times in total legth, length of head :3 times.
Snout very pointed, as long as eye, which is 4 times in length of head
and 1 in interorbital width ; maxillary extending to below anterior
third of eye; no palatine teeth; pri.orbital serrated behind; inter-
operculum and suboperculium strongly denticulate: 4 or 5 spines above
and 1 or 2 below opercular notch. Dorsal XV 10; spines equal from
the fourth, nearly 1 length of lead ; soft portion thickly scaled, longest
rays length of head. Anal VIII 10, similar to dorsal. Pectoral
5 length of head. Ventral not reaching anal. Caudal short. rounded,









A NA HAS. (;7

greater part covered with scales. Caudal peduncle merely indicated.
Scales finely striated and ctenoid, 2S ; lateral lines Dark
brown, ventrals and caudal edged with white ; a darker band on eacii
side of tile head, passing through the eve; another, oblique, below
the eye.
Total length 100 miillim.
Yemibe River, Ubanghi.-Type ill Congo [Museum. Terviueren.

Igi. II.












A1lmlat s ox./rl0 y tcm'/ its.
Type (A. M. C.). :

16. ANABAS O(' ELATCLS.
('te/o)0fp(t /,pether,, i (non G(liUnth.), Schilth. Tijdschr. Nedorl. Dirk. Ver. (2) iii.
1 91, 1). 64.
('tenopl omi ocni llat i1'llhgr. IB ll. .l l'airis, 1 .l )p. 3;'9.
'lenoi oml aci tiroslre, 1Pe'llegr. 1. C. c ] ). t l
"'ten)opolni denticllatainm, P'ellegr. t. c. p. ;1.
A nahas weeksii, part., liouleng. Ann. & AIag. N. Hi. (7) iii. 1899. p). 2 13, and I'oi.-s.
Mass. Congo, p. 377 (1901).
A-mIn as ocelltaus, Bouleng. Ann. & MIg. N. It. (7) xvi. 190,., ]p. 53.
Analas weeksii, Steindi. Dcnkl.,chr. Ak. Wien, lxxxix. lI13, p. 51.
l)epth of body 14 to 21 times in total length, length of head 2', to
3 times. Snout vcry pointed, as long as eye; ulppcr profile of head
straight or concave; eye 34 to 4 times in length of head, 1 to 1 times
in interorbital width ; maxillary extending to below anterior border or
anterior fourth of eye ; palatinc tecth present ; pncorbital entire; angle
of lpr;oplerculum sometimes feebly serrated ; interoperculuin and sub-
opleleulum entire or serrated; several spines above and below opercular
notch. 1 to 11 short gill-iakers oil lower part of anterior arch. Dorsal
XV1-XVIll 9-12; spines equal from the sixth or seventh, about
F '









ANA\ ANTI 'IE.


length of' heid. Anal IX-X 10-12. Soft dorsal and anal covered
with scales and forming a nearly continuous outline with the short and
likewise scaled caudal ; no candnl pedtucle whatever. Pectoral length
of head. Ventral reaching origin of anal or a little beyond. Scales
rugose and strongly ctenoid, 2G-28 S lateral lines .-17 Brownish
with numerous irregular vertical darker bars or with round blackish
spots, which Imay be so large as to be separated by a mere network of
the lighter ground-colour; a black ocellar spot, edged with yellow, on

Fig. 42.


Anlnls ocellatus.
Kondue.


the root of the caudal ; soft dorsal
distinctly edged with whitish.
Total length 140 millim.
Congo.-Types in Paris Museum.


and anal and caudal more or less


Stanley Pool.


3-7, 8-10, 11-13. Ad., Sainkuiu It. at Konldue,
hgr., & yg. Kas ai.
14. 15-16. Ad. & yg. M1onsenl)e, Uppl. Congo.
17. Skel.
18. Ad. It:nilhv FalI-.


3I. A. Gre.hoff (C.);
Utrecht University (1'.).
31. E. Lnja (C.); Luxemburg
31nsIeu.um (P'.).
Rev. J. 11. Weeks (P'.).

31. D 31eul-e (C.).


1-2. Adl. & hgr.




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