Group Title: União Democrática Nacional in the state of Guanabara
Title: The União Democrática Nacional in the state of Guanabara
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098395/00001
 Material Information
Title: The União Democrática Nacional in the state of Guanabara : an attitudinal study of party membership
Physical Description: x, 348 l. : illus., maps. ; 28cm.
Language: Portuguese
Creator: Landers, Clifford E. ( Dissertant )
Dauer, Manning J. ( Thesis advisor )
Suarez, Andres ( Reviewer )
Hower, Alfred ( Reviewer )
McQuown, Ruth ( Reviewer )
Svarlien, Oscar ( Reviewer )
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1971
Copyright Date: 1971
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Political Science thesis Ph. D   ( local )
Politics and government -- Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)   ( lcsh )
Dissertations, Academic -- Political Science -- UF   ( local )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Abstract: This study of the União Democrática Nacional in the Brazilian State of Guanabara (UDN-GB) , a political party existing from 19A5 to 1965, focuses on the UDN-GB identifiers' perceptions of their party and what it represented, and on the relations between the state party and the national organization to which it was theoretically subordinate. A case study of the 1965 Guanabara gubernatorial election is also presented. Research materials included records of the national UDN and the UDN-GB, election statistics, interviews with party officials, and findings of the author's survey research involving 312 UDN identifiers. By using the widely accepted definitions offered by Joseph LaPalombara and Myron Weiner, it was determined that the UDN was truly a modern, national party and was, in Roy C. Macridis' terras, a comprehensive, open and specialized party. Within the national UDN the Guanabara state affiliate constituted an important power center, with Brazil's largest concentration of UDN voters. Despite the electoral code, state parties enjoyed virtual autonomy, receiving scant direction from the national headquarters. Such was the UDN-GB' s influence that sometimes the national/state power roles were reversed. Politically, Guanabara was unique. First, the state—coterminous with the city of Rio de Janeiro—was in the "take-off" phase of economic development, a stage which places severe strains on political institutions. Also, Guanabara, over 97 percent urban and geographically compact, had a sophisticated , highly politicized electorate. Finally, its politics exhibited extreme polarization between the UDN and the Brazilian Labor Party (PTB), revolvíng around the controversial figure of Governor Carlos Lacerda, undisputed ruler of the UDN-GB. The 1965 campaign to elect Lacerda' s successor demonstrated fatal shortcomings of the UDN-GB. The author's pre-election research showed that most rank-and-file UDN identifiers had little idea of the party's history, ideology or political stance and no clear preference for any potential gubernatorial nominee. Lacerdists and anti-Lacerdists, however, evinced marked differences attitudinally , as did varying levels of the party hierarchy (Officeholders , Activists and Sympathizers). Officeholders came from a privileged educational, income and socioeconomic class, and UDN identifiers in general tended to be from the middle class, although a significant number came from the working class. These latter tended to be attracted more by the charismatic Lacerda than by the party itself. Lack of understanding of party goals by UDN identifiers was seen during the election when, despite Lacerda' s efforts to awaken middle class fears of revanchism and communism should the PTB candidate win, the middle class deserted the UDN in large numbers to vote for the opposition. In so doing they were expressing discontent with the national government of President Castelo Branco more than with Lacerda' s administration, generally conceded to have been a progressive one.The conclusion is drawn that both nationally and in Guanabara internal dissension and Communications breakdown between national and State levels seriously hampered UDN electoral chances. In 1965 strained interfactional relations prevented Lacerda' s achieving the backing of the state's UDN federal legislators for his candidate. Lacerda' s decision to choose a "technician-candidate" would seem to be a tactical error, as was his choice of candidate. Polarization of the electorate gravely damaged UDN chances, but Lacerda himself furthered polarization toward the end of the campaign. Lack of coordination between UDN-GB leadership and the wishes of identifiers partially accounted for the mass desertion to the opposition which spelled defeat for the UDN. Less than a month later, all political parties were extinguished by the Second Institutional Act, marking the end of an era in Brazilian politics.
Thesis: Thesis--University of Florida.
Bibliography: Bibliography: leaves 340-348.
General Note: Manuscript copy.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00098395
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: alephbibnum - 000128134
oclc - 01618989
notis - AAP4131

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