Title: Music as a prior condition to task performance
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00098264/00001
 Material Information
Title: Music as a prior condition to task performance
Physical Description: x, 109 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Gregoire, Michele Arlene, 1949- ( Dissertant )
Reichard, Cary L. ( Thesis advisor )
Algozzine, Robert F. ( Reviewer )
Dorman, Phyllis E. ( Reviewer )
Mercer, Cecil D. ( Reviewer )
Reid, Williams R. ( Reviewer )
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1983
Copyright Date: 1983
Subjects / Keywords: Music, Influence of   ( lcsh )
Performance in children   ( lcsh )
Special Education thesis Ph. D
Music -- Psychological aspects   ( lcsh )
Children with mental disabilities -- Education (Elementary)   ( lcsh )
Dissertations, Academic -- Special Education -- UF
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between a passive music- listening activity, designed to facilitate concentration and relaxation, and subsequent performance of a specific classroom task, matching numbers. Seventeen trainable mentally retarded (TMR) students, 6 to 11 years of age, in two primary self-contained classes were utilized in which both groups of students received treatment and control conditions over a 2-week period consisting of six sessions. Group P (the older students) received the control condition over the first three sessions, while Group C (the younger students) received the experimental treatment, Conditions were reversed for both classes in sessions four through six. Experimental conditions consisted of a brief taped story (1 minute 45 seconds) illustrated on a felt board with characters and scenes from the story, a 5 minute 26 second rest period paired with a relaxing music selection, and 5 minutes of individual number matching at the students' seats. Control conditions were identical except the music was deleted so the rest period occurred without any music stimulus provided. The music used was a South American ballad, 5 minutes 26 seconds in duration, played on a solo Paraguayan harp. The dependent variable for the study was matching numbers from 1 to 20. Measurement was in rate of correct response within a 5-minute independent work period occurring immediately after the rest period. Additionally, teacher and aide reactions to the study were obtained, and relaxing effects of the music selection were assessed. Data were analyzed by paired t_-tests. Results were not significant for number-matching comparisons for Group P; Group C exhibited a significant increase in correct number matching rates in Control session 3 compared with Experimental session 3. The older group of students exhibited significantly less behavior during the music-rest than during the rest phase, indicating that the music may have been relaxing to those students. Teachers generally felt sedative music (such as the selection used) was helpful during student rest times in class and indicated they would continue to use music during rest periods. Further research was recommended.
Statement of Responsibility: by Michele Arlene Gregoire.
Thesis: Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Florida, 1983.
Bibliography: Bibliography: leaves 103-107.
General Note: Typescript.
General Note: Vita.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00098264
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: alephbibnum - 001556236
oclc - 10063714
notis - AHG9865


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