Title: Performance of normals and retardates on Piaget's conservation tasks
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097707/00001
 Material Information
Title: Performance of normals and retardates on Piaget's conservation tasks
Physical Description: vii, 54 leaves ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Brogle, James Frederick, 1942- ( Dissertant )
Schumacher, Audrey S. ( Thesis advisor )
Goldman, Jacqueline ( Reviewer )
Gordon, Ira ( Reviewer )
Raimy, Madelaine ( Reviewer )
Riet, Vernon Van De ( Reviewer )
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1970
Copyright Date: 1970
Subjects / Keywords: Children with mental disabilities   ( lcsh )
Conservation of substance (Psychology)   ( lcsh )
Psychology thesis Ph. D
Dissertations, Academic -- Psychology -- UF
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Abstract: Piaget's theory of cognitive development has been the source of a great deal of research, particularly in the area of conservation attainment. A review of the literature revealed that few of the previous studies in this area involved mentally retarded subjects. Because of the sparsity of research aimed at examining retardates in relation to Piaget's findings with normals, the present study was undertaken . In this study, 30 mental retardates, divided equally into two mental age group's (7 to 9 and 10 to 11 years), were matched with an equal number of normals for mental age. Both IQ groups were presented three types of conservation tasks, namely, mass, weight and volume, using the initial technique employed by Piaget, i.e., the transformation of one of two identical clay balls. However, the present method differed in that the subjects were required to select one of the three possible judgments presented to them after a transformation, and then explain the reason for their choice. Three different transformations were performed for each of the types of conservation, so that a total of nine trials was administered to each subject. The results, in addition to supporting previous studies concerning the significance of age and type of conservation as variables affecting conservation performance, confirmed the major hypothesis of this study. The normals attained significantly higher conservation scores than the retardates. An unexpected finding xjas the extent of this disparity between the nonnal and retardate per-formances. This was due to both the poor performance of the retardates and the somex-jhat advanced performance of the normals. As a result, three hypotheses on more specific aspects of the subjects' performances were not verified. The findings of the present study were related to Inhelder's theory that attempts to account for the delayed development of m.ental operations in retardates. Sne maintains that the equilibrium attained by retardates in their cognitive development is a pseudoequilibriuia, i.e., it contains some intuitive elemients of earlier mental stages. Also discussed was the relevance of the present findings to the area of mental retardation. Piaget and Inhelder have long maintained that present diagnostic methods are inadequate because they do not examine actual thought processes but only measure the efficiency of intelligence in relation to certain norms. The results of this study support the position that these two approaches do not yield comparable results as far as evaluating the mental capacities of an individual. The possible implication of assessment based on an evaluation of mental operations for educating and training retardates was also noted.
Thesis: Thesis - University of Florida.
Bibliography: Bibliography: leaves 50-53.
Additional Physical Form: Also available on World Wide Web
General Note: Manuscript copy.
General Note: Vita.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00097707
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: alephbibnum - 000565594
oclc - 13556327
notis - ACZ2012


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