Group Title: effect of institutionalization on the social behavior and language of mentally retarded children
Title: The Effect of institutionalization on the social behavior and language of mentally retarded children
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 Material Information
Title: The Effect of institutionalization on the social behavior and language of mentally retarded children
Physical Description: xii, 130 leaves : illus. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Montague, James Clark, 1935-
Publication Date: 1971
Copyright Date: 1971
Subjects / Keywords: Speech thesis Ph. D
Children with mental disabilities -- Language   ( lcsh )
Children -- Institutional care   ( lcsh )
Dissertations, Academic -- Speech -- UF
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Abstract: This investigation compared 20 institutionalized and 20 non-institutionalized retarded children on various language and non-language measurements. The language measurements included a computer content analysis utilizing the General Inquirer with the associated Harvard III Dictionary. A developmental sentence type syntactical analysis, employing a system developed by Laura Lee, was used to compare the children on the structural elements of their expressive verbal language. Non-language comparisons included the Vineland Social Maturity Scale, Two-Factor Index of Social Position, and the I Feel - Me Feel self-perception scale. In analyzing the non-language variables it was found that the institutionalized retardates scored significantly higher on the Vineland scale. These differences in Vineland scores may result more from a problem in informant reliability than in any inherent advantages for retardates in either an institution or community environment. The T\>/o-Factor Index of Social Position revealed that the social position of the institutionalized children's surrogate parents was significantly higher than the social position of the natural parents of the community-based retardates. For the I Feel - Me Feel self-perception scale no significant differences were found between groups or sexes. The computer content language analysis revealed. certain significant differences with respect to the content categories specified by the Harvard Dictionary. The statistical analysis indicated that the non-institutionalized retardates had more words in the content categories of female role , community, higher status , family and authority theme . In examining the content analysis differences between groups, it was observed that the expected reference words about family members, in the verbal language of non-institutionalized retardates, transcend across the content tags of female role, higher status, family and authority theme . The community category included words such as "hello, name, people, and park . " The institutionalized retarded children scored significantly higher in the referent categories of other , military, s ign reject and danger theme . The other content category reflects the institutionalized child's use of non-sex-specific pronouns in adapting to a large number of peers found in the institutional environment. The mi literary, sign reject and danger theme categories apparently contain many semantic ambiguities within the language of the institutionalized retarded children as opposed to any real differences between the control and experimental groups of retarded children. In comparing the retarded subjects on the basis of sex, it was found that the female role category favored the females over the male retardates. Due to their sex identification, retarded girls tend to use more feminine gender words in their propositional speech. The content categories favoring the male retardates were male role , good , social place and female theme . The male^ role related quite logically to the sex identification of the retarded boys. Many of the social place words related to the cottage environment of the institutionalized male retardates. The good content category contained some semantically diffuse words and it would be hazardous to imply any significance to this category appearing more in the verbal language of the male institutionalized retardates. No significance is placed on the female theme favoring the male retardates as there is a strong possibility of a Typo I statistical error. The syntactical analysis illustrated that the group of non-institutionalized retardates used more single word responses than the institutionalized group. Apparently the word "mother" and its derivatives account for this difference. The male retardates used more two-word combinations possibly because certain two -word responses, among the institutionalized retardates, created more interaction with substitute mother figures. The community male retardates also used an exceptional number of two-word combinations referring to pets. Clinical implications and future research possibilities were discussed along with various subjective impressions.
Thesis: Thesis - University of Florida.
Bibliography: Bibliography: leaves 126-129.
Additional Physical Form: Also available on World Wide Web
General Note: Manuscript copy.
General Note: Vita.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00097682
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: alephbibnum - 000559377
oclc - 13475621
notis - ACY4830


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