Title: Value orientations and modernization in two Colombian cities
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097661/00001
 Material Information
Title: Value orientations and modernization in two Colombian cities
Physical Description: xiv, 324p . ; tables.
Language: English
Creator: Coombs, David W. ( Dissertant )
Vandiver, Joseph S. ( Thesis advisor )
Smith, T. Lynn ( Reviewer )
Saunders, J. V. D. ( Reviewer )
Iutaka, Sugiyama ( Reviewer )
Bradbury, R. W. ( Reviewer )
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1971
Copyright Date: 1971
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Sociology thesis Ph. D   ( lcsh )
Urbanization -- Colombia   ( lcsh )
Dissertations, Academic -- Sociology -- UF   ( lcsh )
 Notes
Abstract: The major proposition of this dissertation evolved from participation of the writer in a teaching/research project in Colombia and knowledge of two facts: (1) that the rare and degree of modernization are highly variable in the world; (2) that economic, biological, and geographic explanations for this variability have not been sufficient. Given this reality, it was proposed that these differences, and therefore the degree of modernization or socioeconomic development achieved by any society or group, depend, to a large extent, on the strength with which value orientations are held by the leaders of that society or group. This proposition made logical and empirical sense since it is known that cultural values, implicitly or explicitly, become personal goals for most men and that effective leaders set the direction and tempo of any social group, large or small. Drawing on Florence Kluckhohn's theory of variation in value orientations, it was hypothesized that community leaders in Medellin--Colombia ' s best developed city--would hold, to a greater degree than would comparable leaders in the highly traditional city of Popayan, Colombia, those value orientations associated, by Kluckhohn and others, with the North American middle-class and the "modern" personality. This was, then, a comparative study to test the degree of association between modern values in leadership groups and the level of modernization reached by the areas they control and manage. Because some variation was expected within the Medellin leadership group, other hypotheses were formulated to predict variation in value orientations according to salient social characteristics (type of occupation, age, . education, father's occupational and educational status, etc.). Since, however, the leaders as a group were too homogenous to be differentiated by social class, senior high school boys were drawn from various social class levels and their value orientations elicited. The comparison their responses with those of the leaders also permitted a broader examination of generational changes. Data were collected from leaders by means of interviews and from students by means of a questionnaire. In both cases the same instrument was Used--a Spanish language translation of the urban version of Kluckhohn's value orientations schedule. In Medellin 60 leaders selected from seven sectors of leadership—commercial, industrial, banking, government, quasigovernment, the church, and the university --were interviewed and 417 male high school seniors were questioned. In Popayan 59 leaders from the same sectors were interviewed and 154 students were questioned. Value orientations expressed by leaders and students were compared with a purely "modern" profile of value orientations. Gross results showed that leaders in both Medellin and Popayan preferred modern value orientations in two of the four arean tested and traditional or other types of value orientations in the other two. A more detailed analysis revealed that Medellin leaders did, however, make more modern responses than did Popayan leaders, although the differences were not statistically significant in all cases. This difference was even more marked when leaders from "economic" sectors of the two cities, such as the commercial and industrial, were compared. Variations in student value orientations followed the same mixed pattern as that of the leaders except that detailed analysis showed Popayan students with a significantly greater number of modern value choices than Medellin students. Despite some support for the prediction that Medellin leaders would be more modern in their values than Popayan leaders, the reversal of these differences with regard to students in the two cities does not lend unambiguous support to either the hypothesized difference between the two cities or the proposition that the value orientations defined here as "modern" are clearly associated with modernisation.
Thesis: Thesis - University of Florida.
Bibliography: Bibliography: leaves 316-322.
Additional Physical Form: Also available on World Wide Web
General Note: Vita.
Original Version: Photocopy of typescript. Ann Arbor, Mich., University Microfilms, 1973. 21 cm.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00097661
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: alephbibnum - 000103118
oclc - 01143558
notis - AAL8619

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