Group Title: adelantamiento of Florida: 1565-1568
Title: The Adelantamiento of Florida: 1565-1568
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097583/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Adelantamiento of Florida: 1565-1568
Physical Description: xv, 426 leaves. ; 28cm.
Language: English
Creator: Lyon, Eugene, 1929- ( Dissertant )
Menéndez de Avilés, Pedro, 1519-1574 ( Author, Secondary )
McAlister, L. N. ( Thesis advisor )
Mahon, John K. ( Reviewer )
Paul, Harry W. ( Reviewer )
Suarez, Andres ( Reviewer )
Fairbanks, Charles H. ( Reviewer )
Sisler, Harry H. ( Degree grantor )
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1973
Copyright Date: 1973
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: History thesis Ph. D
History -- Spanish colony, 1565-1763 -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Dissertations, Academic -- History -- UF
 Notes
Abstract: The Florida conquest of 1565-1568 was accomplished by an entrepreneur titled Adelantado ^ in keeping with a Castilian tradition of expansion by Royal. surrogate. Ade - lantados underwrote the pacification and settlement of new lemds in return for license to exploit them and the granting of titles, monopolies, revenues 2md lands. The Hapsburg ruler Philip II, caught between urgent dynastic policies and limited resources, created many adelantamientos and promulgated Royal ordinances in 1563 which defined a place for private conquerors in Spanish expansion. After Spanish-French negotiations over New World spheres of influence collapsed, Philip II attempted to conquer a Huguenot settlement at Port Royal and appointed Lucas Vazquez Ayll6n Adelcintado in 1563. Both the Spanish and French attempts failed, but another French expedition built Fort Caroline in 1564. The capture of mutineers from its garrison eventually resulted in the dispatch of news of the fort to Spain. Meamwhile, the Asturiam seeman Pedro Menendez de Avil€s had become an Indies trader and Royal fleet official, After conflict with the House of Trade led to his jailing at Seville, Menendez was freed and signed a contract with Philip II for the conquest and settlement of Florida at his own expense. Only later, after knowledge of Fort Caroline reached Spain, did the Crown add troops and supplies to Menendez' own effort. Thereafter, the Florida conquest was a joint-venture, with the resources of the Adelantado proving the more telling. Menendez had recourse to a network of Asturian noble families to help staff and finance his enterprise. The Mayordomo of this network was Pedro del Castillo of Cadiz, who held a contract with Menendez to supply and sustain his efforts in Florida. This network was built through the use of powers-of-attorney. The events of the conquest tested Menendez' resources to the utmost. His decision to proceed directly to Florida in 1565 made victory over Jean Ribault possible but cost heavily in ships, lives, and money. Menendez had great difficulty providing for his Florida garrisons after Royal aid promised failed to materialize, and he lost private income potential through the loss of many ships. The unruly contract soldiers' mutinies and rebellions cost Menendez dear, and their treatment of the natives undermined his Indian policies. In spite of obstacles, Pedro Menendez and his norteno conquest group explored much of the adelantcuniento of Florida, which extended from the Gulf Coast around the Keys to Newfoundland. They established forts 2md missions in the peninsula, to the north, and inlamd to the Appalachiems, and founded the cities whose cabildos were to be the foci of local government and the means of land distribution. Menendez set up a system of local government and promulgated ordinances to regulate it. In keeping with his dream for Florida development, Menendez arranged to fund the coming of hundreds of settlers, and all shared in the hope for agricultural and commercial growth in an atmosphere of community. The Adelantado himself expected to Obtain the title of Marquis, to be backed by his huge land-grant from the King. Jesuit missionaries labored diligently with the Indians, but made little headway. At the end of the first phase of the Florida conquest in mid-1568, Pedro Menendez had been personally rewarded by his King for his deeds in Florida, and Philip II had agreed to support a minimum garrison at Royal expense. Real penetration of the land and pacification of the Indians had not yet been accomplished, however.
Thesis: Thesis-University of Florida.
Bibliography: Bibliography: leaves 408-425.
Additional Physical Form: Also available on World Wide Web
General Note: Typescript.
General Note: Vita.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00097583
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: alephbibnum - 000121231
oclc - 01511268
notis - AAN7154

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