Title: Alternative modes of self-enhancement
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097497/00001
 Material Information
Title: Alternative modes of self-enhancement
Physical Description: vii, 111 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Ashton, Nancy Lynn, 1950- ( Dissertant )
Shaw, Marvin E. ( Thesis advisor )
Schlenker, Barry R. ( Reviewer )
Baldridge, Barbara L. ( Reviewer )
Feldman, Jack M. ( Reviewer )
McClave, James T. ( Reviewer )
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1976
Copyright Date: 1976
Subjects / Keywords: Self-reliance   ( lcsh )
Psychology thesis Ph. D   ( lcsh )
Self-perception -- Testing   ( lcsh )
Dissertations, Academic -- Psychology -- UF   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Abstract: Numerous conceptual writings and experimental works dealing with self-concept and self-esteem suggest that under certain conditions individuals have a need to aggrandize and enhance their self-concept, even to the point of denial or distortion of "reality." This is viewed as a normal and valid part of self-evaluation and behavior, though it can reach extreme and unproductive limits in certain personality disorders. The present investigation was designed to study this notion of self-enhancement as ar. alternative form of behavior to accurate selfassessment of abilities and opinions as presented in Festinger's theory of social comparison processes. Seventeen hypotheses were tested dealing with alternative responses to feedback about one's performance. Data were collected on 96 female and 96 male college students from introductory psychology classes at the University of Florida by two teams of experimenter?. Independent variable manipulations were: the nature of the particular characteristic on which subjects were evaluated (opinion or ability), importance of the particular characteristic (high or low importance) , credibility of the source of feedback (moderate or low), and nature of the feedback (positive or negative). Response measures included self-esteem, attributions of causality for one's performance, evaluation of the characteristic, evaluation of the source of feedback, and a behavioral social comparison measure. Results indicated little support for the experimental hypotheses, largely due to the unexpected effect of the feedback variable. One hypothesis on attributions of causality received some support in that the two ability/feedback conditions differed in attribution to luck while the two opinion/feedback conditions did not. The other hypotheses were not supported. However, there were some indications of selfenhancing responses, though in different ways than were predicted. Results suggested that subjects did devalue an important characteristic and credible source after receiving negative feedback. There was some limited evidence for use of alternative modes of enhancement after negative feedback and for opinions. Alternative explanations for the results and implications for future research are discussed.
Thesis: Thesis--University of Florida.
Bibliography: Bibliography: leaves 104-110.
Additional Physical Form: Also available on World Wide Web
General Note: Typescript.
General Note: Vita.
Statement of Responsibility: by Nancy Lynn Ashton.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00097497
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: alephbibnum - 000178780
oclc - 03132210
notis - AAU5294


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