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HIDE
 Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Title Page
 August 1927
 September 1927
 October 1927
 November 1927
 December 1927
 January 1928
 February 1928
 March 1928
 April 1928
 May 1928
 June 1928
 July 1928
 August 1928
 Index
 Back Cover


PCANAL DLOC



Panama Canal record
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097368/00031
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal record
Physical Description: 34 v. : ill., tables, diagrs. ; 24-30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States
Publisher: The Panama Canal etc.
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Canal Zone etc
Balboa Heights, Canal Zone etc
Frequency: monthly[july 1933-1941]
weekly[ former 1907-june 1933]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1-34, no. 9; Sept. 4, 1907-April 30, 1941.
Numbering Peculiarities: No more published.
Issuing Body: Published under the authority and supervision of the Isthmian Canal Commission, 1907-Mar. 1914; of the Panama Canal, Apr. 1914-1941.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01761828
lccn - 07035378
oclc - 1761828
sobekcm - UF00097368_00031
System ID: UF00097368:00031

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
    August 1927
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
    September 1927
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
    October 1927
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
    November 1927
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
        Page 184
        Page 185
        Page 186
        Page 187
        Page 188
        Page 189
        Page 190
        Page 191
        Page 192
        Page 193
        Page 194
        Page 195
        Page 196
        Page 197
        Page 198
        Page 199
        Page 200
        Page 201
        Page 202
        Page 203
        Page 204
        Page 205
        Page 206
        Page 207
        Page 208
        Page 209
        Page 210
        Page 211
        Page 212
        Page 213
        Page 214
        Page 215
        Page 216
        Page 217
        Page 218
        Page 219
        Page 220
        Page 221
        Page 222
        Page 223
        Page 224
        Page 225
        Page 226
        Page 227
        Page 228
        Page 229
        Page 230
        Page 231
        Page 232
        Page 233
        Page 234
        Page 235
        Page 236
        Page 237
        Page 238
        Page 239
        Page 240
    December 1927
        Page 241
        Page 242
        Page 243
        Page 244
        Page 245
        Page 246
        Page 247
        Page 248
        Page 249
        Page 250
        Page 251
        Page 252
        Page 253
        Page 254
        Page 255
        Page 256
        Page 257
        Page 258
        Page 259
        Page 260
        Page 261
        Page 262
        Page 263
        Page 264
        Page 265
        Page 266
        Page 267
        Page 268
        Page 269
        Page 270
        Page 271
        Page 272
        Page 273
        Page 274
        Page 275
        Page 276
        Page 277
        Page 278
        Page 279
        Page 280
        Page 281
        Page 282
        Page 283
        Page 284
        Page 285
        Page 286
        Page 287
        Page 288
        Page 289
        Page 290
    January 1928
        Page 291
        Page 292
        Page 293
        Page 294
        Page 295
        Page 296
        Page 297
        Page 298
        Page 299
        Page 300
        Page 301
        Page 302
        Page 303
        Page 304
        Page 305
        Page 306
        Page 307
        Page 308
        Page 309
        Page 310
        Page 311
        Page 312
        Page 313
        Page 314
        Page 315
        Page 316
        Page 317
        Page 318
        Page 319
        Page 320
        Page 321
        Page 322
        Page 323
        Page 324
        Page 325
        Page 326
        Page 327
        Page 328
        Page 329
        Page 330
        Page 331
        Page 332
        Page 333
        Page 334
        Page 335
        Page 336
        Page 337
        Page 338
        Page 339
        Page 340
        Page 341
        Page 342
        Page 343
        Page 344
        Page 345
        Page 346
    February 1928
        Page 347
        Page 348
        Page 349
        Page 350
        Page 351
        Page 352
        Page 353
        Page 354
        Page 355
        Page 356
        Page 357
        Page 358
        Page 359
        Page 360
        Page 361
        Page 362
        Page 363
        Page 364
        Page 365
        Page 366
        Page 367
        Page 368
        Page 369
        Page 370
        Page 371
        Page 372
        Page 373
        Page 374
        Page 375
        Page 376
        Page 377
        Page 378
        Page 379
        Page 380
        Page 381
        Page 382
        Page 383
        Page 384
        Page 385
        Page 386
        Page 387
        Page 388
        Page 389
        Page 390
        Page 391
        Page 392
        Page 393
        Page 394
        Page 395
        Page 396
        Page 397
        Page 398
        Page 399
        Page 400
        Page 401
        Page 402
        Page 403
        Page 404
        Page 405
        Page 406
        Page 407
        Page 408
        Page 409
        Page 410
        Page 411
        Page 412
        Page 413
        Page 414
    March 1928
        Page 415
        Page 416
        Page 417
        Page 418
        Page 419
        Page 420
        Page 421
        Page 422
        Page 423
        Page 424
        Page 425
        Page 426
        Page 427
        Page 428
        Page 429
        Page 430
        Page 431
        Page 432
        Page 433
        Page 434
        Page 435
        Page 436
        Page 437
        Page 438
        Page 439
        Page 440
        Page 441
        Page 442
        Page 443
        Page 444
        Page 445
        Page 446
        Page 447
        Page 448
        Page 449
        Page 450
        Page 451
        Page 452
        Page 453
        Page 454
        Page 455
        Page 456
        Page 457
        Page 458
        Page 459
        Page 460
        Page 461
        Page 462
        Page 463
        Page 464
        Page 465
        Page 466
    April 1928
        Page 467
        Page 468
        Page 469
        Page 470
        Page 471
        Page 472
        Page 473
        Page 474
        Page 475
        Page 476
        Page 477
        Page 478
        Page 479
        Page 480
        Page 481
        Page 482
        Page 483
        Page 484
        Page 485
        Page 486
        Page 487
        Page 488
        Page 489
        Page 490
        Page 491
        Page 492
        Page 493
        Page 494
        Page 495
        Page 496
        Page 497
        Page 498
        Page 499
        Page 500
        Page 501
        Page 502
        Page 503
        Page 504
        Page 505
        Page 506
        Page 507
        Page 508
        Page 509
        Page 510
        Page 511
        Page 512
        Page 513
        Page 514
        Page 515
        Page 516
        Page 517
        Page 518
        Page 519
        Page 520
        Page 521
        Page 522
        Page 523
        Page 524
        Page 525
        Page 526
    May 1928
        Page 527
        Page 528
        Page 529
        Page 530
        Page 531
        Page 532
        Page 533
        Page 534
        Page 535
        Page 536
        Page 537
        Page 538
        Page 539
        Page 540
        Page 541
        Page 542
        Page 543
        Page 544
        Page 545
        Page 546
        Page 547
        Page 548
        Page 549
        Page 550
        Page 551
        Page 552
        Page 553
        Page 554
        Page 555
        Page 556
        Page 557
        Page 558
        Page 559
        Page 560
        Page 561
        Page 562
        Page 563
        Page 564
        Page 565
        Page 566
        Page 567
        Page 568
        Page 569
        Page 570
        Page 571
        Page 572
        Page 573
        Page 574
        Page 575
        Page 576
        Page 577
        Page 578
        Page 579
        Page 580
        Page 581
        Page 582
        Page 583
        Page 584
        Page 585
        Page 586
        Page 587
        Page 588
        Page 589
        Page 590
    June 1928
        Page 591
        Page 592
        Page 593
        Page 594
        Page 595
        Page 596
        Page 597
        Page 598
        Page 599
        Page 600
        Page 601
        Page 602
        Page 603
        Page 604
        Page 605
        Page 606
        Page 607
        Page 608
        Page 609
        Page 610
        Page 611
        Page 612
        Page 613
        Page 614
        Page 615
        Page 616
        Page 617
        Page 618
        Page 619
        Page 620
        Page 621
        Page 622
        Page 623
        Page 624
        Page 625
        Page 626
        Page 627
        Page 628
        Page 629
        Page 630
        Page 631
        Page 632
        Page 633
        Page 634
        Page 635
        Page 636
        Page 637
        Page 638
        Page 639
        Page 640
        Page 641
        Page 642
    July 1928
        Page 643
        Page 644
        Page 645
        Page 646
        Page 647
        Page 648
        Page 649
        Page 650
        Page 651
        Page 652
        Page 653
        Page 654
        Page 655
        Page 656
        Page 657
        Page 658
        Page 659
        Page 660
        Page 661
        Page 662
        Page 663
        Page 664
        Page 665
        Page 666
        Page 667
        Page 668
        Page 669
        Page 670
        Page 671
        Page 672
        Page 673
        Page 674
        Page 675
        Page 676
        Page 677
        Page 678
        Page 679
        Page 680
        Page 681
        Page 682
        Page 683
        Page 684
        Page 685
        Page 686
        Page 687
        Page 688
        Page 689
        Page 690
        Page 691
        Page 692
        Page 693
        Page 694
        Page 695
        Page 696
        Page 697
        Page 698
    August 1928
        Page 699
        Page 700
        Page 701
        Page 702
        Page 703
        Page 704
        Page 705
        Page 706
        Page 707
        Page 708
        Page 709
        Page 710
    Index
        Page Index 3
        Page Index 4
        Page Index 5
        Page Index 6
        Page Index 7
        Page Index 8
        Page Index 9
        Page Index 10
        Page Index 11
        Page Index 12
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text










Gift of the Panama Canal Museum

















UNIV. OF FL. LIB.
JtI L i I 2007

D UMEN DE T.
























Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2011 with funding from
Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation


http://www.archive.org/details/panamacanalr21192728isth





i:i.





THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD







PUBLISHED WEEKLY UNDER,
THE AUTHORITY AND SUPER-
VISION OF THE PANAMA CANAL








AUGUST 10, 1927, TO AUGUST 1. 1928









VOLUME XXI
WITH INDEX







THE PANAMA CANAL
BALBOAA HEIGHTS, CANAL ZONE
1928


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THE PANAMA CANAL PRESS

MOUNT HOPE. CANAL ZONE

S1928










S For additional copies of this publication address The Panama Canal, Washington. D. C., or Balboa
Heights. Canal Zone. Price of bound volumes. $1.00: for foreign postal delivery. $1.50. Price of
current subscription, $0.50 a year, foreign $1.00.
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THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY.
Subscription rates, domestic, $0.50 per year; foreign, $1.00; address
The Panama Canal Record, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone, or
The Panama Canal, Washington, D. C.
Entered as second-class matter February 6, 1918, at the Post Office
at Cristobal, C. Z., under the Act of March 3, 1879.
Certliic e.-By direction of the Governor of The Panama Canal the matter contained herein is published as statistical
information and is required for the proper trazW et ion of the public business.

Volume XXI. Balboa Heights, C. Z., August o1, 1927. No. I.


Tanker Traffic Through the Canal in July, 1927.

During the month of July, 1927, 116 tank ships transited the Canal,
with an aggregate net tonnage, Panama Canal measurement, of 657,178,
on which tolls of $574,202.90 were collected. In point of net tonnage,
tanker traffic for the past month showed a decrease of approximately
0.15 per cent under the same traffic for the corresponding month a
year ago, while cargo tonnage showed an increase of approximately
2.5 per cent over the same tonnage of July, 1927.
Tank ships comprised 22.8 per cent of the total commercial transits
of the Canal during the month; made up approximately 27.3 per cent
of the total Panama Canal net tonnage; were the source of 25.9 per
cent of the tolls collected; and carried approximately 24.4 per cent
of the total cargo in transit through the Canal.
The number, aggregate tonnage, tolls, and cargo of tank ships
transiting the Canal during the month of July, 1927, segregated by
direction of transit and nationality of vessels, are shown in the follow-
ing tabulations, with comparative totals for the two preceding months
and for July, 1926.

No. Panama Tons
Nationality. of Canal net Tolls. of
ships. tonnage. cargo.


Atlantic to Pacific.
B ritish ............................... ........
Danzi .... .......
N orwegian .......................... ...............
United States ..................................
Tolals. July, 1927. ............. .. ........
Totals, June, 1927................... .......
Totals, May, 1927.................. ... ...
Totals. July. 1926................... ....... ...
Pacific to Atlantic.
B ritish . .. ....... ... ........... ... .......
Danzig .. ...... ..... ................ .......
Norwegian ... ......................... .....
United States. .......... .................
Total.e July, 1927. ................... ........
Totals. June, 1927.................... .......
Totals, M ay, 1927... ....... .............
Totals, July, 1926 ........ .. .... .............


62
55


i.1

11
2
1
40
54
54
55
53


64,113
12,984
III, .Til
-j57.isi.


2w. s1.33
' It,.496i


.!31 ;11



57,601
12,237
5.331
236,513
J3 I ,02
2 *.2'13
315,740
309,835


$1 6., .1 36
'i.314 4S
7,625 52
189,397.54
'52,5.2 W0
21j.21.3 22-
255.50 32
251,5.3 31.1

62.126 25
13. l 1 25
5,820.00
240,532.50
321.670 00
303,749 15
321,.3'j 401
316.537.50


14,846.
14,846,
9.617
12,462
14,233

105,244
22,784
9.249
445.950
583.227
558,159'
599,659
583,419'


Of the total tanker traffic shown above, the following is a summary
of the vessels giving Los Angeles as their port of origin or destination,




I *.

S' V


2 ', THE. PANAMA CANAL RECORD | ,

together with the totals for the two preceding months and for July? '
1926:
No. Panama Tone
of Canal net Tolls. of
vessels, tonnage. .e 1
To Los A ngdles." .
July. 1927. ...... .. .. ...... ... ..... 48 '268,988 $196,611.70 6,02O
Jtbe, 1927..... .. .. .. .............. ..2 234,008 168,673 44 ..........
May, 1927.... .......... .... ...... .... 47 265.106 191,831.25 ....,..
July. 1926 ........... ... ... .. ........ 52 292,407 210,882.60 .......
From Los A ngdes.
July. 1927 ................... ............. 45 263.810 271,442.50 492:97k'
June, 1927.. ........ ... .... .. ... ... ....... 46 252,378 255,559.15 468,70F
May, 1927 .. ....... .. .. ... ............... 41 236,931 244,372 50 449,264
ruly, 1926.. ............ ...... ...... .... 41 211,772 246,721.25 456,457 4

Proportion of Traffic by Frequency, Fiscal Year, 1927. .
.4 The following tabulation shows for the fiscal year ending Jutie 30,-
1927, the number of vessels making the indicated number of transits
through the Panama Canal, the per cent which each class formed of: '
the total number of individual vessels (1,640), their aggregate number
of transits, and their percent of the total commercial transits (5,475):
Per cent of
Number individual Total Per cen#of
Number of transits. of vessel number of total Canal
vessels. (1,6401 transit,. .. transit.
.. ... .. .. .. . 563 34.4 563 10.2
2..... .... . .. ...... . . 385 23 5 770) 14.2
3....... . . . .. .... .. 155 9.5 465 8.5
4 ... .. .. . 145 8 8 580 10.6
5 .. .. 10 6 6 540 9.9
6... . . .. 67 4.1 402 7.4
7 .. ... ... 46 2 9 322 5.9
8 .... .. . .. 57 3 4 456 8.3
9.. ...... .. . ... 34 2 1 306 5.6
10 . .. .. .. 17 1.A 170 31
1 ........ .. . .... .. ......... .... .... 11 .6 121 2.
12 ................. ..................... ........ 12 .7 144 2 .6
13 ............. . ..... .......... .... .... ......8 .4 104 1 .
14 ........... ..... ..................... .. 10 .6 140 2.6
5. ......... ... .. ...... .......... .......... .. 4 2 60 1.1
16 .. ......... .. .. . . .... ...... ...... .. 6 .3 96 1.8
17.... .......................... ... ........ .4 2 68 1.2
18 .................... ................... .... 5 .3 90 1.6
22 ...... .. ................ ... ........... .... 1 .1 22 .2
S 28........ ..... . ............................2 56 1.1
Total .... .. . ... . 1,610 100 0 5.475 100.0

S FREQUENCY OF TRANSIT OF VESSELS THROUGH THE PANAMA CANAL.
During the fiscal year 1927, 1,640 individual commercial vessels
representing 24 nationalities, passed through the Panama Canal.
The number of transits per individual ship varied from 1 to 28, the
1,640 vessels making a total of 5,475 transits, or an average of 3.33.'
transits per vessel.
4 The highest number of transits by any vessel during the fiscal year
was 28, made by gach of two vessels, the small motor schooner Agnes E,
owned and operated by the Pacific Fruit Company, and the motor ship
SChiman, operated by the National Navigation Company. These ves-
sels are of Panaman registry, and operate between the west coast of
the Republic of Panama and Cristobal, and between the west coast of
*Colombia and Cristobal, respectively. '
Vessels of the United States registry led in aggregate number*of
transits, though not in number of individual ships. While.repre- .
seating only 34 per cent of the individual vessels passing through the, ,








THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Canal, they made up approximately 50 per cent of the total transits.
Ships of the British registry ranked second in total transits with 1,340,
and Norway third with 267.
The following table shows the number of individual ships, the fre-
quency of transit per vessel, and total transits for the year, segregated
by nationality:
NATIONALrrY, NUMBER, AND TRANSIT OF VESSELS THROUGH THE PANAMA CANAL, FISCAL YEAR 1927.


Nationality
of vessels.



Argentinian ......
Belgian ... ... ...
B ritish .............
Chilean ...........
Colombian ........
Costa Rican ......
Danish. .........
Danzig ...... ...
Dutch. .........
Ecuadorian.........
Finnish ... .....
French .... ... .....
German. ....... .
Honduran.........
Italian ..........
Japanese ............
Mexican............
4 Norwegian...........
ranaman...........
Peruvian..... ......
SB anish.......... .
Swedish........ ..
United States.......
Yugoslav...........


Totals........... 3


Vessels making indicated number of transit per vessel, during fiscal
year 1927.


1 2 3 4

1234
2 3, 2
265 155; 46 394
2
I 2. I
. . .
13 7 I
5 2 2 2.
12 4 3
3 .. 1
6 8 7 8
25 19 9 9
1 . . . . .
10 4 3 6.
40 34 5 10!


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E


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1 1 1
1 .. .
1
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57 52 40
2.
155 145 108


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12 1 2
2.. .. .... .. .. .. ..
39 35 49 31 13 5 I' 7 10 3 4 ..

67 46 571 34 17 11 12 111 4 C 6 4 5


From the above it will be noted that 563, or nearly 35 per cent of the
individual vessels using the Canal during the year, made but one transit;
that 42 per cent made 3 or more transits; and that less than 5 per cent
made 10 or more transits.


Provisions Required by Ships.

The Panama Canal Commissary Division, with facilities at Balboa
and Cristobal for delivery of supplies to steamships, carries a complete
line of provisions, such as meats, fruits, vegetables, eggs, butter,
canned goods, cigars, cigarettes, tobacco, etc., which are sold to ships
at the prices which are in effect for employees, no surcharge being
added. Beef especially is available at low prices, hindquarters selling
at 12 cents per pound and forequarters at 91 cents per pound.
Orders may be placed in advance by radio for delivery on arrival,
or at either terminal for prompt delivery or for deliveryat the other
terminal after transit. All vessels are boarded on arrival by a repre-
sentative of the Commissary Division.


Ships' Chandlery Supplies.
Panama Canal Storehouses carry a complete line of ships' chandlery supplies,
available for sale to ships at C. I. F. cost, plus 25 per cent surcharge which covers
local freight, handling, and other costs.


3.
E-3




1.00
2.00
2.34
6.25
7 71
2.00
1 87
2.41
3.28
1.50
2.00
3 10
2.78
1.00
2.80
1.83
1.00
2.36
6.05
3.26
3.45
4.28
4.86
2.00
3.33


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THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


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8 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Tanker Traffic Through the Canal During Fiscal Year, 1927.

During the fiscal year ended June 30, 1927, 1,324 tank ships transited
the Canal, carrying a total of 7,250,579 tons of mineral oil products.
These vessels had a combined net tonnage of 17,624,112 Panama Canal
measurement, on which tolls of $6,658,806.90 were collected.
Tank ships comprised 24.2 per cent of the total commercial transits
passing through the Canal during the year; made up 29.1 per cent of
the total Panama Canal net tonnage; were the source of 27.5 per cent
of the total tolls, and carried 26.1 per cent of all cargo passing through
the Canal in commercial vessels.
Tanker traffic, both actually and relatively, was greater than for
any preceding fiscal year excepting 1924. The distinct gain in 1927
tonnage and tolls, as compared with last year's figures, is due primarily
to the increase in mineral oil shipments. In comparison with 1926,
tanker tonnage for 1927 was greater by 1,280,872 tons, Panama Canal
measurement, as compared with an increaseof 172,352 tonsfor general
cargo ships; a like comparison for tolls, shows an increase of $1,032,-
638.97 additional revenue derived from tank ships as against additional
tolls of $265,135.16 derived from general cargo ships..
* The following tabulation shows the number of tank ships, the Pan-
ama net tonnage, tolls collected, and cargo carried by tank ships for
the past fiscal year:


Atlantic to Pacific.


Pacific to Atlantic.
July ..
August
September ..
October.. ....
November....
December
January... .
February...
March ......
April .......
May...... .
June...... .
Totals
Fiscal year totals:
1927 ..
1926 .. ...


No.
of
transits.


61
61
59
46
44
52
53
60
60
58
60
55
669

53
60U
60
59
46
51
50
44
5S
65
55
54
655

1,324
1, 9.J


Panama
Canal net
tonnage.


I II


348,310
366,605b
330,025
258,496
254,064
286,913
304,898
359.733
344,866
335,575
346, 711
296,653
3,835,849

309,835
347,588
345,775
331,919
271,068
300,457
289.045
255.772
349,070
372.701
315,740
299,293
3,788,263

7,624,112
6,343.240


Information from American Consuls.
The Consular officers of the United States at seaports all over'the world are ex officio representatives
of The Panama Canal for the purpose of furnishing information to shipping and allied interests as to
conditions, charges. etc.. at the Panama Canal affecting the operation of ships. The current publications
of The Panama Canal of interest to shipping are furnished to the Consular officers and filed for reference.
It is not desired that inquiries of a general nature be addressed to the Consular officers, or that they
be burdened with requests which should be made direct to The Panama Canal; but ships' operators who
may not be sufficiently advised as to charges, supplies, facilities, etc.. at the Canal will often save time
by applying to t he nearest American Consul.


Tolls.


July.......
August ..
September
October...
November ..
December
January ......
February.....
March ..
April...
M ay....... ..
June
Totals


Tons
of
cargo.


14,233
12,300
34,757

14,391
13,779
7,400
18.349
12,462
9.617
137,288

583,419
655,955
665,826
625,880
493,180
576,777
532.381
474,403
647.132
700,520
599,659
558,159
7.113.291

7,250,579
6,073,779


$254,533.30
266,220 59
244,057 21
186,405 81
182,997.66
209,670 89
221,922.55
260,048 31
250,165.09
247,792 46
255,560.32
216,243.22
2,795,617 41

316,537.50
356,559 80
353,531.05
336,060.70
276,079 53
306,361.75
288.519.46
260.493.75
355,116 50
383,190 90
326,989.40
303,749.15
3,863,189.49

6,658,806 90
5,626,167 93










THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Commercial Traffic Through the Panama Canal in July, 1927, by
Trade Routes.

ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC.

TONNAGE.


Nationality.


United States intercoastal:
* United States.... .
Europe to west coast of United
States:
Belgian .. ......
British .
Danish
Dutch.....
German.....
Italian .. ..... .
Norwegian ... ...
Swedish .. .....
United States

Totals. ...
East coast of United States to
Pest coast of South
America: ,.
British.
Chilean .
Danish .....
Norwegian .
Peruvian..
Swedish. .....
United States .

Totals. .... . .

Europe to west coast of South
America:
British .. .......
Danish...
Danzig ........
Dutch... .....
French...... .....
German...
Italian . . .
Spanish ...........
Yugoslav. .......

Totals ...... .

East coast of United States to
Far East:
British... ..........
Japanese...........
Norwegian ....... .....
United States .... .

Totals .. ..

Europe to west coast Canada:
British.... . ....
Danish........ .... .
French ..........
German ..... ......
Italian ....... ..
Norwegian.. .....

Totals
Europe to Australasia:
British ............
French... ...

Totals .... ... ....

East coast of United States to
Australasia:
British ......... .....
D utch...... ..........
Norwegian......... ..
United States.........

Totals. ... ........


No.
of
vessels.


90

I
16
1
2

7
1
33

33



6
1
1
I

1


24


8
1

2
2
3
I1
1
I1

20


4
6
1
6

17

6
3
1

2
14

14

8
4

12


2

13


United
States
equivalent.

379,300

4,568
55,853
2.495
11,179
3,711
4.620
26,255
2,781
12,020

123.482



16.886
3.512
3,027
1,652
128
11,505
40,084

76.794


32,646
2,517
5,346
8,512
7,170
12,359
3,474
2,960
3,.593

78,577


16,780
25,260
2,446
24,742

69,228

22,282
12,065
4,237
2,624
10.295
4,509

56,012

35.846
11,820

47,666


Panama
Canal
net.

481.155

4.976
8, 194
4,483
14 163
5,514
5.048
33.172
4,860
15,091

155,501



22.278
4,705
3,477
S,887
140
13,808
47,926

94,221


41.242
2,562
6.310
13,550
9,349
14,250
4.280
3,729
4,163

99.435


21. 156
30,321
4.240
33,702

89,419

30,061
15,062
5.580
4,027
12,405
5,637

72.772

48,970
13,068

62,038


Registered
gross.


608,129

7.138
89,721
4,194
17,783
5.708
5.593
41,726;
4,900
19.340

196.163



28.411
7.310
4,.932
2.402
304
37,274
69,414

150,107


5.3, 223
2.529
8.940
14.459
II .478
17,836
6,161
5,087
5,699

125,412


26,785
37,422
4.297
39,627

108. 131

36.102
18,989
7,030
4,454
15,222
7, r16

88.913

59.019
17,771

76,790


Registered
net.


Tons
of cargo.


378,542 $409,l06.09 221,882


4,154
55,362
2,532
11,251
3.115
3,433
26,106
3.665
11,889

121.807



17,283
3,976
3.037
1,462
134
13,763
40,317

79.972


33,051
1,564
5.050
7,998
7.196
10,921
3,483
3,009
3.567

75.830


16,889
23,192
2.443
24,591

67,115

22,368
12,053
4,265
2.618
9,626
4,493

55,423

36,600
11,946

48,546


5,710 00
50,718.23
3.118.75
13,973 75
4.638 75
3,634 56
21.234 49
3.476.25
11,860.57

121.365.35



19,584.15
4.390 00
3,783 75
2,065 00
160 00
9,941 76
38,260.50

78.185.16


38.864 77
3,074.40
4,543.20
10,640 00
8,962 50
15,395.40
4,342 50
3.700 00
2,997.36

92,520 13


20.975.00
31,391.55
3,057 50
* 30,927 50

86.351.55

26,745.08
15,081 25
5,296 25
3,280.00
12,868.75
5,636.25

68.907.58

44,807 50
14,620.75

59,428 25


8.187
3,506

6,111
5,602

6,560
5,284
5,373

40,623



9,68'
2,948
6,510
2,350
20

11.551

33.061


22.536
3,612

9,104
1,216
20,559
1,406
185

58,618


19,627
40,194
4.228
50,469

114,518

10,652
19,709
3,651
6,574
5,983
5,756

52,325

41,002
12,681

53,683


I I I I I I -


34.744
2,219
2.151
7,281

46,395


47,244
3,268
3,970
10,617

65,009


55,844
3,598
3,673
11.781


34.755
2,180
2,159
7,266


43,430.00
2,773.75
2,688 75
9,101.25


52.253
2.670
6.300
5,784


74.896 I 46360 57,99375 67,007










THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC.-Continued.


Nationality.


Cristobal. C. Z.. to west coast
of South America.
Colombian .
German ... .
Panaman
Peruvian
Swedish

Totals
East coast of United States to
west coast of Canada:
British. ....
Danish
Norwegian .
United States.

Totals... ... ......
Cristobal, C. Z., to west coast
of United States:
Panaman ... .. .
United States.. ...
Totals. .. ..... .
East coast of United States to
Philippine Islands:
British..
United States ...... ..

Totals..... . .
Around the world:
United States ..... .
Cristobal, C. Z.. to west coast
of Central America:
British . .......
East coast of Canada to Aus-
tralasia:
British.. ......
East coast of South America to
west coast of South
America:
D anzig ...........
Norwegian. .........
Peruvian...

Totals
East coast of South America
towestcoastof United
States:
United States
East coast of Canada to west
coast of South America.
British .
Foreign vessels in ballast-
United States coastwise
British
East coast of Canada to west
coast of Canada:
British .
East coast of United States to
Hawanan Islands:
United States
Cristobal. C. Z., to Balboa,
C. Z.:
Panaman.
West Indies to west coast of
Canada:
Norwegian ......
West Indies to west coast of
United States:
B ritish.... ... . ....
West Indies to Australasia:
British ... ..........
West Indies to west coast of
South America:
Belgian........ ...


No.
of
vessels.


I3






6
3
I
I

6


I
3


2
2

4

3

3

3






3



3

3

3

2

2

2


Ii

I,
I

1


TONNAGE.


UIited
States
equivalent.


245
618
226
1,515
344

2.948


9,493
2,651
2,415
4,266

18.825


1,394
13,245

14,629


6.611
9,358

15.969

18.661

1,910

9.861


4.427
600
1,506

6.533



8.693

19,2'1l

9,102

3,463

3,156

174

3,214






4.142


Panama
Canal
net.


255
698
218
2,959
421

4,5'1


12,174
4.583
4.358
5,536

26,651


2,606
15,350

17,956


12,011
11,670

23,681

25,461

2,092

12,366


6,674
742
2,951

10,367



10,530


21.293


12,442

4.344

3,386

181

4,134


4,792


Registered
gross.



386
1.023
414
4,617
654

7.098


14,773
4,454
4.111
6,886

30.224


3,644
21.332

24,976


12,028
13,427

25,455


31,632

3,394

16,437


7.299
1,036
4,744
13.079



12.964

31.382

14.652

5,978

4,395

266

5,242






6,512


Registered
net.



234
616
218
2,437
436

3.941


9,104
2,694
2,356
4,261

18,415


2,594
13.218

15,812


6.744
9,364

16,108


18,595

1,902

10,100


4.230
582
2.673

7,485


19,201

8,976

3.568

3,166

170

3,264






4.038


$296.85
772 50
178.56
1,893 75
430.00

3,571 66


9,888 42
3,313.75
3,018.75
5,332 50

21,553.42


1,730 00
II,052.00

12,782 00


8,263.75
11,697.50

19,961.25

23,326 25

2,366 40

12,326 25


4,805 28
750 00
1,882.50
7,437 78



10.302 55


15.330 96 .. . .


8.958 24

4.266 26

3.902 70

135 03


2,976 48 .


2.460.00

2,560.00


3,450.24 1.


' Warships with an aggregate displacement tonnage of 10,040.


Tons
of cargo.



521
196

545
750

2,012


3,000
3,000

7,185

13,185


* 2.772

2,772


7,769
14,512

22.281

9,697

3,098

6.706



275
137

412



13.108


4,995

5.874









THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD 1]


ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC.-Continued.


Nationality.


East coast of South America to
we-t roast of Canada:
Norwegian ... ....
Europe to west coast of Cen-
tral America:
British .
East coast of South America to
Far East:
Japanese .........
Europe to Far East:
British
East coast of Central America
to west coast United
States:
United States .... .... .
Totals, July, 1927...

Totals, July, 1926.

Totals, July, 1925..


No.
of
vessels.


280

241


TONNAGE.

United Panama i
States Canal Registered Registered
equivalent, net. gross net.


2,728

1.957

5.958

210


4,149

1,032,027

906,259


221 797,228


4,723

2.503

7,351

213


4,959'

1,323,649

1,156,000

1,018,017


4,624

3.175

9.455

357


6,653

1.6s6.511


2.765

1.973

5,926

218


1,154


Tolls.


$3.410.00

2.446.25


7.447

255


Tons
of cargo.



7.700

3.500

2,469

190


3.570 48 ..........


1,031,969 1,149,465.16 739,656


1,490.562 1909,056 1,001,504.93 686.354


1,298,979


802,601


882,189.13
*


606,103


* PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC.


United States intercoastal:
United States ..........
West coast of South America
to Europe:
British............ .
D anish .................
Danzig ....... .
D utch..................
French. ...............
German.......... ...
Italian ... ............
Spanish ............
Swedish ...... ......
Yugoslav......... .

Totals..............

West coast of South America
to east coast United
States:
British ...... ... .
Chilean ... ... .. ..
Finnish ........
Norwegian .... ..
Peruvian
Swedish
United States ... ...

Totals .

West coast of United States to
Europe:
B ritish...... .... ..
Danzig .........
German... .....
Norwegian ... .... .
Swedish .... ..... ..
United States .......

Totals. ... .... .

West coast of Canada to
Europe:
B ritish..... ...........
D anish..... ...... ....
Dutch. ... ...........
French . ...... .....
Italian ..................
Norwegian.. ...........

Totals.. ........ .


86

9

2
3
7
2
1


28


24


II

2
I8

2

18


4
1
3
3
I1

13


359,647

38,938
2,483
5,346
7,858
11,903
23.950
6,700
3,017
3,338
2,222

105,755



17.237
3.792
1.837
4,803
3.510
3.743
44,1U3

79,025


44,115
5,207
6.394
2.687
3.406
. 9,702

71,511


15,461
4,219
15,809
10,855
5,275
4,679


462,383

48,406
2.482
6,300
12,979
13.538
32.694
8,283
3,844
5,014
3,428

136,978



22.372
5,033
1.833
7.246
3,544
4,496
51,.958

06,482


51,724
5,. 27
9,778
2,845
5,4S5
12.885

88,644


21,222
5,317
19,849
15,613
5,913
5,854


578.625

62,409
2,952
8,940
13,262
19,097
39,322
11.623
5,205
5,391
3,516

170,717



28,485
7,971
2.019
7.b76
4,763
15,337
73,725
140,176


71,397
8,744
10.532
3.851
5.558
15,689

115,773


24,817
6,645
25,366
17,955
7,061
7,468


56,298 73,768 89,312


359,123

38,743
2,665
5,050
7,851
11,901
24,048
6,951
3,226
4.048
2,217

106.700



17,657
4,263
1.743
4,817
3.089
4,385
44,097

80,051


44,416
5,026
6,431
2,106
4,246
9,674

71,899


15,396
4,214
15,774
11,011
4,460
4,721

55,609


$449,558.75

48,672.50
2,978 40
6,682 50
9,822.50
14,761.40
29,937.50
8,375.00
3,771.25
4,172 50
2,777.50

131,960 05



21,546 25
4,740 00
2,199 60
6,003 75
4,252 SO0
4,678 75
51 ,947.15

98,368 30


55.143 75
6,508 75
7.992 50
3,358 75
4,257 50
12,127.50

89,388 75


19,326.25
5,273 75
19,761 25
13.568.75
6,593 75
5,848.75

70,372.50


728,471

61,435
3,950
11,292
18,389
22,980
54,183
9,549
1,260
9,400
6,128

198,566



32.375
5,352
3,300
12,399
6.373
21.000
112,129

192,928


92,500
11,492
13,840
2,800
7,638
22,339

150,609


32,947
9,554
27.505
24.431
9,222
8,715

112,374








12 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC.-Continued.


Nationality.


West coast of South America
to Cristobal, C. Z.:
British.
Colombian
German
Norwegian .
Panaman
Peruvian .... .
Swedish
United States .
Totals .
West coast of Canada to east
roast of United States:
British.
Italian... . ....
Norwegian
United States

Totals .
West coast of United States to
Cristobal, C. Z.:
Panaman.
Irnited States .

Totals ......
Canadian intercoastal:
British .
Philippine Islands to east coast
of United States:
Japanese
United States

Totals ..
Australasia to Europe:
British ......... ...
Australasia to Canada:
British.. .... ........
West coast of United States to
east coast of South
America:
Norwegian .... .....
United States .. .......

Totals ............
West coast of South America
to east coast Canada:
British ... .........
Norwegian . ...

Totals ...........
West coast of Central America
to Cristobal, C.Z.:
British...........
West coast of South America
to Egypt:
British ..... ... .
Japanese..... ... .. .

Totals ........ .
West coast of United States to
I West. Indies:
United States ... .....
West coast of South America
to'West Indies:
Yugoslav ...... .. .. .
Balboa, C. Z., to Cristobal,
C. Z.:
Panaman...............
Supplemental bill............

Totals, July, 1927....

Totals, July, 1926...


No.
of
vessels.



I
3
I
.1
2
'1

2

13


2
I1
3
4

10


I
4

5

5


3

5

4

4



2

3


2

3


2

1
1

2


2

I1




229

215


Totals. July. 1925. .. 197


TONNAGE.


United
States
equivalent.


614
409
618
600
226
1.506
688
3.764

8.425


7,184
3,303
7.240
8,801
26,828


1,3S4
19.250

20,613

14.518

9.013
13,677

22,690

22,282

14.201


4,656
7,823
12,479


II,959
2,710

14.669


1.286

4,007
5,055

9,062


8,499

3,202

61

851,111

786,109

737,680


Panama
Canal
net.


622
418
698
742
248
2,951
842
4, b6b

11.187


'.531
41.013
8.497
11.977
34.018


2.606
23,345

25.951

19.3V49

II,357
16.395

27,752

28.314

17,858


5,331
10.213

15,544


13.999
4.220

18,219


1,.441

6.249
5.139

11.388


9,867

4.056

57


Registered
gross.



1.138
619
1,023
1,036
414
4,744
1.316
6.197

16,487


11.807
5,493
10,535
14 ,b05

42,530


3,461
30.97 1

34.432

23.527

14.50P.
20.761

35.267

35.661

23,640


7.455
12,711

20,166


20.378
4.340

24,718


2.298

6,386
6,786

13,172


13,928

5,226

89


1.083.306 1.385,744


Registered
net.



602
400
616
582
218
2,673
872
3.770

9.733


7.441
3.241
6,775
8,948

26.405


1,384
192.231
20,615

14,945

8.796
13,748

22,544

22,260
14,448


4,415
7,871

12,286


12,089
2,724

14,813


1.304

4,030
5,077

9.107


8,607

3,179

61

853,689


998.821 11.285166 794,331


Tolls.


$746 40
51n 25
772.50
534.24
282 50
I,882.50
860 00
4,542.50

10,130.89


9,355 00
4.128.75
9,050.00
11,001 25

33.535 00


1,730.00
24,073.75

25,803.75

18.185 00

11,266 25
17,096.25

28,362.50

27,852 50

17,751.25


5,820.00
9,778 75

15,598.75


14,948 75
3,387.50
18.336 25


1,607 50

5,008.75
6.166.80

11.175 55


10,623.75

4,002.50

45.75
3,400 54

1,066,050.83

979,214.74


933.248 11,205.578 747.357 I 918,050.71


Tons
of cargo.



554
703
690
57
2,108
1,617
7,836

13.565


15.788
6.332
14,518
19,116

55,754



41,388
42.314

29,758

17,981
26.893

44.874

25,919

5,458


9.249
15,781

25,030


27.600
7,900

35,500


1,236

9,838
9,333

19,171


21,485

7,800




1,710,812

1,499,173
1,354,551









THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Postal and Cable Addresses of The Panama Canal.
The postal address is, "The Panama Canal. Balboa Heights. Canal Zone." or "The Panama Canal.
Washington, D. C."
Mail for ships passing. through the Canal or touching at.either of the terminal ports should be
addressed to "Cristobal. Canal Zone."
The cable address of The Panama Canal. on the Isthmus, is "Pancanal. Panama;" in the United
States. "Pancanal. Washington."


Traffic by Nationality for July, 1927.

The following tabulation shows the commercial traffic through the
Canal during the month of July, 1927, classified according to nationality
of vessels by direction of transit, and the combined traffic in both
directions, together with corresponding totals for July, 1926, and 1925:
ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC.

TONNAGE.


Nationality.


Belgian
British
Chilean .
Colombian
Danish
Danzig
Dutch..
French
German
Italian
Japanese
Norwegian
Panama n
Peruvian
Spanish
Swedish
United States
Yugoslav

Totals, July, 1927 .

Totals, July. 1926

Totals, July. 1925


No.
of
vessels.


I'
2

2
5

6
4

15


I_
127

28U

241

221


United
States
equivalent

8,710
275,935
3.512
245
22.755
9,7;3
21,910
23,227
19.312
I8,389
31,216
45.1711
1,784
1, 7M
3,149

14,630
524,935
3.593

1,032,027

906 259

797.228


Panama
Canal
net.

9.76G3
35.58393
4.705
255
30,167
12.9hb
30,981
27,0,97
24.4819
21.733
37,b;5
b3 67S
h)2.'63
3,035
6., 05')
.3,72;4

Gi)3.383
4. 1.3

I1.323 649

1,156,000

1.018,047


Registered.


Grons.

13. 65')
451 ,281
7.31 u
356
353,0'8
lb,239
35.8410
3b.2;9
29.j1121
2t.,976
4t,. 77
74.2S7
4.324
9.665
5,087
42 892
845.6.00
5,6.,9

1.6.8 511

1 .490,562

1.2s8,979j


Net.

&192
27,. 094
3,976
234
21,880
9,280
21,429
23,407
17.570
11,542
29.118
45.630
2,982
5,244
3.00u
17.664
523,9110
3.517

1I,31 ,. 9

'.U9,056

802,601
"gi


Tolls.


39,0l0 24
314,246 86
4.39' 00
291 85
28.371 90 J
9.348 48
27.387 50
28,679 50
24.086 t5
20,845 81
38.839 115
47,i37.22
2,043 59
3,936 "*-5
3,70') OU
13.81S 01
561.,249 89j
2,997 3b

1.149,465.16

1,001.504 93

882,189 13


Tons
of
cargo.

8,187
1SS,516
2.948
521
32,831

17.885
17,548
32,931
7.389
42,663
33, 169
.1 772
702
185
6.1134
315.375

739,656

686,354

606,103


Nationality.


British ...
Chilean
Colombian
Danish .
Danzig .
Dutch
Finnish
French
German
Italian.
Japanese.
Norwegian .. ..
Panaman... .. ..
Peruvian .
Spanish
Swedish
United States.....
Yugoslav......... .. .
Supplemental bill.......... .

Totals, July, 1927........

Totals, July, 1926 .

Totals, July, 1925.. ... .


No.
of
vessels.

50
2
3
2
2
5
I1
6
10
4
3
10
4
2
I
5
117
2


229

215

197


PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC.

| TONNAGE.


United
States
equivalent

192,132
3,792
409
6,702
10,553
23,667
1.837
22,758
30,962
15.278
14,068
27,375
1.671
5.016
3.017
11.175
475,275
5,424

851.111

786,109


Panama
Canal
net.

241.137
5,033
418
7,799
12,237
32,828
1,833
29.151
43,170
18.209
16.496
34,735
2.911
6,405
3,814
15.837
603,689
7,4S4

1,083,306

998,821


Registered.


Grojs.

312.033
7,"71
619
9,59;
17,684
3S.62S
2,019
36.052
50,877
21.177
21.2'92
42,564
3.91)4
9 5)7
5,2115
27, 602
767.211
8.742


1,385,744

1,285,166


737,680 933,248 1.205,578


Net.

193,331
4,263
400
6,909
10,076
23,625
1.743
22,912
31.095
14,652
13.873
26,113
1,663
5.762
3,226
13,551
175,069
5,396

853,689

794.331

S747.357


Tolls.


8210,143.90
4,740 00
510'25
8,252 15
13,191 25
29.583 75
2,199 60
28,330 15
38,702 50
19,0W7.50
17,433 .05
34,002.99
2.058 25
6,135 30
3,771 25
13,968 75
593,749.65
6,780 00
3,400.54

1,066.050.83

979,214.74

918.050.71


Tons
of
cargo.

335,408
5,352
703
13,504
22,784
45.894
3,300
47,411
68,713
25,103
27,314
55,581
983
8,481
1,260
39,655
995,438
13,928


1,710,812

1,499.173

1,354,551


PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC.
TONNAGE.


I






9


14 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


COMBINED TRAFFIC.


Nationality.


Belgian.. ... .. .....
British........
Chilean ..... . .
Colombian ... ..... .
Danish.. ... ............
Danzig .. .. .........
Dutch .. ....
Finnish. .
French. .
German.. ......... ...
Italian .............
Japanese ....... . ..
N orwegian ............. . .
Panaman ......
Peruvian.. .
Spanish
Swedish ..
United Slates .......
Yugoslav
Supplemental bill

Totals, July. 1927.

Totals, July, 1926 ...

Totals, July, 1925 ..


No.
of
vessels.

2
130
3
5
9
4
10

13
16
S
10
25
9
5
2
10
24-1
3
.,


TONNAGE.


Umted
States
equivalent.

8,710
468.067
7.304
654
29,457
20,326
45,577
1,837
45,985
50.274
33.667
45.286
73,345
3,455
8.165
5,977
25,805
1.00u.230
9,017


509 1,.8S3.13S

456 1.b92.368

418 1,534.908


Panama
Canal
net.

9).768
599.720
9,738
673
37,6'66
25,221
63,809
1 ,833
57,148
67. 15'1
39,912
51.171
97,598
5,946
12.5.45
7.573
31.926
I ,269.072
II ,47

2,106,955

2,154,821


Registered.
Gross. I Net.


13,650
763,314
15,281
1,005
44,695
33,923
74.468
2.019
72,331
79,898
51,153
6S,169
116,851
8,2iS
19.172
10.202
70.494
1,612,811
11.411

3.072.255

2.775.728


1,951.295 2,504,557


8,192
471,425
8,239
634
28,789
19,356
45,054
1,743
40,319
48.665
31.194
42,991
71.773
4.t45
11,006
6,226
31,415
999,02'1
8,963

1.8S5,653

1,703.387


Tolls.


$9,160 24
554,390 76
9,130 00
o80 10
36.624 05
22.539 73
56,971 25
2,199 60
57,209 65
62,78,' 15
34,943 31
56,272 10
81,840 21
4.101 84
10,071 55
7,471 25
27,816 76
1,162,909 54
9,777 36
3,400 54

2,215.515 99

1.980.719 67


1,549.958 1,800,239 84


Report of Cargo Discharged and Laded by Vessels Entering and Clearing
from Port of Cristobal, C. Z., for Week Ending August 6, 1927.


Name of vessel.


Cartago... ......
Sebara ...........
Lagarto........ ...
Cauca ...............
Bogota.............
Ulua ........... ...
Corinto.............
Scania .............
Baralt .. .....
Annie Johnson.......
Honduras ....... ...
Santa Tecla .........
Askua Maru .........
Saramacca .........
Cristobal..... ..
Carrillo ... ...
Chiman ..........
Stuyvesant..........
H eron ...............
Jason. . .........
Suriname..... ... ..
Favorite ...... ..
U. D. Vinton .. ..
Sixaola .. . ...
Galicia .... ......
Lochkatrine .......
Narento ........
Kinderdyk .........
Carare .... ........
W anderer...........
M antaro ............
Saint Louis ....... .
Geo. Washington.....
Favorite ............
Stuyvesant ..........
Padilla.......... ....
San Jose ........ ..


Line or charterer.


United Fruit Co
Hamburg-American Line
Pacific Steam Naviuation Co
National Navigation Co.. ...
Pacific Steam Navigation Co ...
United Fruit Co ......
Panama Mail S. S. Co
Colombian Transport Co
Royal Netherlands S. S. Co
Jobhnon Line
French Line
N. 0. & S. A. S. Co. ....
Nippon Yusen aha .
United Fruit Co
Panama Railroad S. S. Line
United Fruit Co .
Isthmian Land & Fruit Co
Royal Netherlands S. S. Co .
Anglo Saxon Petroleum Co
Royal Netherlands S. S. Co .
United Fruit Co
Standard Fruit S. S. Co....
G. & N. Bryan . . . . .
United Fruit Co .. ...
Hamburg-American Line
Pacific Steam Navigation Co
Pacific Steam Navigation C'o
Holland-American Line .. .....
Elders & Fyffes, Ltd.........
T. & J. Harrison. ......... ....
Peruvian Line ...............
French Line ... ...... .
Norway-Pacific Line ..........
Standard Fruit S. S. Co .. .. .
Royal Netherlands S. S. Co.. ...
Colombian S. S. Co ......... .
United Fruit Co. ...... . ...


Arrive ed


." . .


August 1..
Augu.t 1. ..
August 2..

August 2
August .
Auzumt 3 ..
August 3
August 3..
Auuist 3*..
August 3 ..
August 3 ..
Aueust 3...
August 3 ..
Auga t 3 .
August 4.. .
August 4 ...
August 4
August 4 ..
August 4 ..
August 4 ..
.\ugust 5
August 5 ...
August ( .. .
August 6 .
August 6 ..
August 6.....
August 6 .....
August 6..
August 6....
August 6 ...
Aueust 6


Departed.


August 1....
Au uist 1 ....
August 2 ....
.%ugust 2 ...
August 2. .
August 3.

August 4 ..
A.vgtst 5 ... .
August 3 ...
Augu:,t 3 .
August 3 ...
Aiizust 3.....
August 4 .....

August 4 ..
A.ui ust 4 ....
August 4.
August 5..
August 5.
August 4 .
August 4
August 4 .
August 4....
August 5
August 6.
August 5.
August 6...


August 6....
August 6 ..
August 6 ...


Cargo-

Discharged Laded.

Tons. Tons.
222
..... ... 273
8
'. '. . 397
122 50
299 6
940 .........
845
. 405
(') 98
63 (')
S5 84
76 (.)
1.1001 64
5,207 .. ..... ..
230 678
20 (')
242 (')
7,8t,7 0)
404 202
65' 382
130 Il
('I 26
L'J 167
76 61
211 617
('0 49
257 104
(, 1 3
636 .........
2,542 .........
50 .......
(,) 35
(0) 306
607
826 ........
481 ........


'No cargo discharged. 'No cargo laded.


Tons
of
cargo.

8,187
523.924
8,300
1,224
46.335
22,784
63,779
3,300
64,959
101,641
32,492
69,977
88,750
3,755
9,183
1,445
45,689
1.340,813
13.928

2,450,468

2,185,527

1,960,654


a No cargo discharged.


' No cargo laded.








THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Report of Cargo Discharged and Laded by Vessels Entering and Clearing
from Port of Balboa, C. Z., for Week Ending August 6, 1927.
Cargo-
* Name of vessel. Line or charterer. Arrived. Departed.
Discharged Laded.
Tons. Tons.
Hamburg Maru Osaka Shosen Kaisha.. . August 1.. August 1.... 110 ... ...
Corintb ..... .. Panama Mail S. S. Co ..... August 2. Auusf2 .. 43 .......
Chateau Thierry .... U.S. Government............... August 2 August 3... 58 38
Asuka Maru . . Nippon Yusen Kaisha ........ August 2 .. August 2. . 118 ... ....
Santa Tecla. ........ N. 0. & S. A. S. S. Co .. ... August 3 .... August 4" 54 .....
Edgar F. Luekenbach Luckenbach Line ..... .. A t 4 . . . . 3,792 .... ....

Official Publications of Interest to Shipping.

Masters may obtain from the office of the Captain of the Port,
at either Ciristobal or Balboa, without charge, the Rules and Regu-
lations Governing Navigation of The Panama Canal and Adjacent
Waters," and the current Tariff of charges at the Canal for supplies
and services.
Requests for Canal publications sent by mail should be addressed to:
The Panama Canal, Balboa Heights, C. Z.; or, when more convenient,
to The Panama Canal, Washington, D. C.
The'Hydrographic Office at Cristobal maintains at all times a com-
plete stock of navigational charts and books, includingcharts of all
parts of the world, sailing directions of the world, nautical tables,
light lists, tide tables, nautical almanacs, etc.
At the office of the Port Captain in Balboa a limited stock of navi-
gational charts, books, etc., is also carried, and this office is in a
position to fill practically any order in this connection that ship might
place.
Copies of current issues of Pilot Charts, Notices to Mariners, and
Hydrographic Bulletins may be obtained in return for marine infor-
mation.
Observations of weather, ocean currents, and other marine data
collected, and blanks, instructions, barometer comparisons, etc.,
furnished.
Correct time is maintained and chronometers rated.
1


Current Net Prices on Fuel Oil, Diesel Oil,
and Coal.
Crude fuel oil is delivered to vessels at either
Cristobal or Balboa, from tanks of T1i Panama
Canal, for $2.00 per barrel of 42 gallons.
Diesel oil is sold by the Canal at $2.35 per
barrel.
Crude fuel oil and Diesel oil are also sold by
private companies with tanks at the Canal
terminals, at prices which will be quoted by them
on application. The prices at present are as
follows: Crude fuel oil, $1.70 per barrel at Cris-
tobal and Balboa. Diesel oil, Balboa only. $2.15
per barrel.
Coal is supplied to steamships, including war-
ships of all nations, delivered and trimmed in
bunkers at $9.00 per ton of 2,240 pounds at Cris-
tobal, and $12.00 at Balboa. For ships in transit
through the Canal, which are directed to take
S coal at Balboa, for the convenience of The
Panama Canal, $9.00 per ton at Balboa. When
coal is delivered from lighters in quantities of 50
tons or more, the price is $10.00 per ton at Cris-
tobal, $13.00 at Balboa. If less than 50 tons is
taken from lighters, prices are $12.00 per ton at
Cristobal and $15.00 per ton at Balboa with
minimum charge for 20 tons and maximum
charge not to exceed that for 50 tons at $10.00
K Cristobal and $13.00 Balboa. For furnishing


lump coal for galley use, or run of mine coal, in
sacks, $6.00 additional per ton; but if vessel fur-
nishes sacks $3.00 additional per ton.
Coal for cargo is sold only by special authority o
of the Governor, at prices quoted upon applica-
tion.
For trimming on deck, between decks, or
special trimming in bunkers for convenience of
vessel, when requested, an additional charge of
90 cents per ton will be made for extra handling.
Deliveries of coal to individual ships can be
made up to 1,500 tons per hour, as fast as it can
be handled in the ship's bunkers. Oil deliveries
can be made up to 5,500 barrels per hour, rate
depending on gravity of o'l, location of shore
tanks, and ship's facilities for handling.

Appointment-Marshal.
THE PANAMA CANAL, EXECUTIVE OFFICE,
BALBOA HEIGHTS, C. Z., August 4, 1927.
To all concerned.-Mr. John T. Barrett was
appointed to the vacant office of Marshal of the
Canal Zone by the President on July 6, 1927,
and qualified for office on July 16, 1927.
MI. L. WALKER,
Governor.







16 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD l t

Merchandise Shipped to Canal Zone for Orders.

The Panama Railroad Company, a New York corporation, of whi'h '
the stock is now owned by the United States Government, will ware-
house" for orders" at its piers and warehouses at Balboa and Cristobal,
Canal Zone, nonperishable and nondangerous merchandise, excepting
alcoholic liquors. An illustrated pamphlet explaining in detailthe
arrangement may be had upon application to the Panama Railroad
Co., Balboa Heights, C. Z., or 24 State Street, New York City.
On general merchandise the rates are as follows:
(a) For handling cargo from ship's side to storage place, the customary inward
local charge of $1 per ton.
(b) For delivery or reforwarding, customary outward local charge of $1 per ton.
(Total of 20 cents per ton more than regular transfer charge.)
(c) For storage, 3 cents per ton per day, except that no charge will be made for
the first 35 days.
The Panama Railroad Company stores this cargo in four fireproof warehouses, 160
feet by 850 feet, at Cristobal, and in one of the same dimensions at Balboa.
Cargo stored for orders can be reforwarded from the Isthmus-each carrier to col-
lect its proportion of the through rate instead of the local. This means that should a
shipment move from New York to the Canal Zone, it will of course pay regular local a
rate to Balboa or Colon, as the case may be-but should owner wish to reforward to,
say, "Guayaquil," he can do so by paying the oncarrier's proportion of the through
rate. Upon evidence that the shipment or any part of it moved beyond the Canal
Zone, the initial carrier will refund the difference between the through and local rate.
Th.-re are no special forms for use in shipping except the warehouseman's order to
release the cargo for shipment ("Authority to Deliver Cargo from Storage on Piers)".
Shipper takes out his bill of lading and consular invoice and the cargo moves as regular
outward local.
Samples of the forms used, "Negotiable Warehouse Receipt," and "Authority to *
Deliver Cargo from Storage on Piers," are.shown in the pamphlet referred to above.


Location of Patients and Visiting Hours, at Ancon Hospital.

The following table shows the distribution of patients in the Ancon
hospital buildings and the visiting hours for the various wards and
sections:
Section and Ward. T Visiting Hours.
Section "B:"
Ward 5, Male, private rooms. American boys........ Daily 9.30 to 11 a. m.; 2.00 to 4.30 p. m.;
Ward 6, Foreign, male and female, private rooms, 6.30 to 8.00 p. m.
American girls............................. (No visitors permitted in nursery.)
Ward 7, White female, private rooms..............
Ward 8, Obstetrical department, white females
(Nursery).................................
-Seetion "C:"
.*. Ward 9. White foreign, male.................. Wednesday. Friday, Sundays, and holidays, 1.30 to 3p.m.
Ward 11, Colored, male, surgical...............
Ward 12, Colored, male, medical, eye and ear.......
Ward 13, Colored, male, G. U. ..................
Ward 14, American, male, G. U.................
Section "D:"
Ward 15, American, male, surgical ............... Tuesday, Thursdays, and Saturdays, 2.30 to 4.30 p. m.;
6.30 to 7.30 p. m.
Ward 16, American. male, medical, eye and ear...... Sunday and holidays, 9.30 to II a. m.; 2.30 to 4.30 p. m.
Ward 17, Colored children...................... Wednesday, Fridays, Sundays, and holidays, 1.30 to3p.m.
Ward 18, White children........................ Daily 9.30 to 11 a. m.; 2 to 4 p. m.
Ward 19 Colored female, sur,medical ................. obstetricaWednesdays, Fridays, Sundays, and holidays, 1.30 to3 p.m.

Isolation.......................................... No visitors permitted except to visit tuberculosis patients.,
Thursday, Sundays, and holidays, 1.30 to 3 p. m.

Permission to visit outside of visiting hours will be granted upon application to the Superintendent's Office.
Immediate relatives of seriously ill patients will be admitted at any time by and in the discretion of the attending
physician, section nurse, and in her absence, the nurse in charge.







F THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY.
Subscription rates, domestic, 0S 50 per year: foreign, 81.00: address
The Panama Canal Record. Balboa Heights. Canal Zone, or
The Panama Canal. Washington, D. C.
Entered as second-class matter lFebruary 6, 1918. at the Post Office
at Cristobal. C. Z., under the Act of March 3. 1879.
S CMrificate.-By direction of the Governor of The Panama Canal the matter contained herein is published as statistical
information and is required for the proper transaction of the public business.
Volume XXI. Balboa Heights, C. Z., August 17, 1927. No. 2.

Market for Fruits and Refrigerated Products.
The Commissary Division of The Panama Canal is in the market
for almost every kind of fruit from the West coast, particularly apples
in reasonably large quantities for holding purposes over a period of
from six to eight months. The annual consumption of various fruits
is approximately as follows:
Apples. ....... . . . . . . . ..... .. ............... . . boxes.. 18,000
Apples.................. ...... ..................... barrels.. 2,000
L em ons........................... ... .......... ...... boxes 2,000
Oranges........ .... ... ... . . .... ... .. ..... boxes.. 2,000
Peaches, plums, grapes, pears, etc., in season . . . . . . . . .tons. 250
Fruits, dried........................................ pounds.. 80,000
In addition the Commissary Division is in the market at all times
for all kinds of poultry and other refrigerated commodities, the annual
consumption of which is approximately the following:
Poultry........... .......... ................ pounds.. 250,000
Eggs............... ...... ...... ... .................. cases.. 18,000
Potatoes............. ......... ..... ............... ..... tons.. 3,000
Lettuce.'................................... pounds. 500,000
Celery ...................... .................... .heads. 150,000
O nions........... ..... . .. ....... ......... ... tons 500
Cabbage ......... ...... .... .. ..... . ............. tons.. 500
Purchases are usually made in quantities sufficient for two or more
months' consumption, depending on seasonal and market conditions.
Frequent small shipments, however, are preferred to occasional large
shipments.
Lack of refrigerated space from the West coast to Panama has in the
past prevented proper investigation of West coast markets, but with
the additional space which it is understood will be available through the
addition of several more steamships in the North Pacific service, it is
believed that there will be ample available space to take care of Com-
missary Division requirements. Information from chambers of com-
merce, steamship companies, interested organizations, etc., is solicited.
Correspondence should be addressed to General Manager, Commissary
Division, Cristobal, C. Z.

Mechanical Division Erecting Scows for Use on Port Works at Buenaventura.
The Mechanical Division has erected three of 12 scows destined to be
used as construction equipment for port works at Buenaventura,
Colombia. These scows were made in the United States, assembled by
bolting together without riveting, and then taken apart and shipped
to the Isthmus for erection. When completed they are forwarded to the
company which has the contract for constructing port works in
Buenaventura.






18 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD

For the last two years, Buenaventura has been congested by ship-
ments entering Colombia through this port. Someof it is cargo diverted.
from the Magdalena River entry by low water conditions on' the
Magdalena. From Buenaventura there is a railroad across the moun-
tains to Cali, in the Cauca Valley. Cali is the point from which goods
are distributed by rail and pack train to various parts of the Andean
Plateau of Colombia in which at present there is a great deal of
activity. There is a concrete wharf at Buenaventura built during
1919-1920, which has berths for two vessels, but this wharf does not
afford sufficient capacity, and it is not uncommon for vessels to remain
several weeks at Buenaventura awaiting discharge. Lighters are
being added continually to the equipment of the port but the dis-
charge facilities for such lighters are inadequate and the congestion
has increased steadily.
Extensive port works are to be constructed to relieve the situation.
The 12 lighters constitute construction equipment upon which the work
is dependent. The lighters form the hulls for two pile drivers, a derrick
hull for placing heavy weights in position, a concrete depositing barge.
a cement barge, six scows for handling construction material to and
from the work, and a small oil barge for carrying oil to the pile drivers
and other construction equipment.
The scows aie all of similar pattern. They are rectangular, com-
pletely decked over with a steel deck, have square ends with the hull
raked back in a 45-degree angle under the end, and have flat bottoms.
Each scow has a transverse bulkhead a little distance from each end
so that the ends may become damaged and develop leakage without
materially affecting the floating capacity of the scow. The pile drivers
and derrick barge are reinforced by longitudinal bulkheads or girders to
take the strain of operation. The oil barge carries a large cylindrical
oil tank on deck. The pile drivers and derrick barge carry cylindrical
oil and water tanks in saddles inside the hull. Except the oil barge,
which is small, the scows vary in length from 75 to 90 feet and in beam
from 26 to 30 feet, and are 7 feet in depth. The weight of the hulls,
except the oil barge which weighs 43 tons, varies from 54 to 84 tons.
These scows are built on the dock wall and as completed are not
launched but lifted off by cranes. They are to be towed to Buenaven-
tura in batches of three. Seven are of such weight that each can be
handled by the cranes at the Balboa shops and five require the 250-
ton crane Ajax or Herculs for lifting. Only the bare scows are repre-
sented by the work done at Balboa. After they reach Colombia the
equipment above the deck line will be supplied and built by the con-
tractor for the port works, the Raymond Concrete Pile Company.
The first three barges completed were three material-handling
scows. They left Balboa on July 22, under tow of the Canal tug
Favorite, and were delivered in Buenaventura on July 25. Two pile-
drivers, a derrick barge, and the oil barge have since been erected and
are being riveted. The first three will leave for Buenaventura about
September 20. Included in the following tow will be an oil barge and
trvo material scows, and in the last tow a material scow, a concrete
barge, and a cement barge. Delivery of the entire order will be com-
pleted in December.






THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Tariff No. 9.
The Panama Canal and the Panama Railroad Company have issued
Tariff No. 9, publishing the schedule of rates in effect July 1, 1927, for
supplies and services furnished to shipping and allied interests at the
Panama Canal. The new tariff supersedes Tariff No. 8 and all sup-
plements thereto.
Tariff No. 9 contains 62 pages and covers 43 items or classes of serv-
ice in which are included practically all services at the Canal which may
be furnished to shipping or related interests. Commissary and store-
house supplies are not included in this tariff on account of their great
variety, and separate price lists covering them are published. An
Index of the items covered in the tariff follows:
S Agency fees; air, compressed; ashes, handling; baggage, allowance; baggage,
transfer; bakery products; barges; berth, shifting; bills of health; bills, payment
of; buoys, mooring to; cablegrams advising deposits; cargo, handling from vessel
Account of repairs; cargo, stevedoring and transferring; cars, railroad motor;
cattle inspection; chandlery, ship; coal; coal, handling from vessel account of re-
:. pairs; cold storage; collections, agency fde; cordage; cranage; craneboats; cranes:
current, electric; customs fees; deck hands; demurrage, Panama Railroad; Diesel
oil; dispensaries; divers; dry docks; electric current; excursion rates-tugs and
launches; express, Panama Railroad tariff; fire extinguishers, recharging; floating
cranes; freight, Panama Railroad classification and tariff; fruits; fuel oil; fumigation
t of vessels; garbage; general conditions; groceries; guards for ships transiting Canal
in quarantine; handling lines; Holiday and Sunday passenger rates, special; Holiday
and Sunday work; hospital treatment; hotels; inspection of cattle; launches;
laundry; lighters, lubricants; measurement of vessels; meats; medical supplies;
medical treatment; motor cars, railroad; night customs fees; night quarantine
service, oil; oil, Diesel; oil, fuel; overdraft vessels, requiring towboat services;
overtime; Panama Railroad Company passenger tariff;. pangas; physicians:
pilotage; provisions and supplies; pumping oil; quarantine: rat guards; repairs to
vessels; salvage service; scows- shifting berth; ship chandlery and stores; special
trains and cars; stevedoring and transferring cargo; storage on piers, storage,
Panama Railroad; subsistence, lodging, etc., in quarantine: subsistence of seamen
handling lines; Sunday and holiday passenger rates, special; Sunday and Holiday
work; supplies; supply boats; switching; switching, Panama Railroad tariff;
telephones; Tivoli Hotel; tolls; towage of vessels through Canal; trains, special;
transferring baggage; transferring cargo; trans portation of tourists through Gaillard
Cut; tugs; vegetables; vessels, measurement of; vessels, repairs to; Washington
hotel; water: water transportation of tourists through Gaillard Cut; whaleboats;
wharfage; wrecking barges; wrecking cranes.
Canal Traffic During First Fifteen Days of August.
During the first 15 days of August, 1927, 255 commercial vessels
and 8 small nonseagoing launches transited the Canal. The tolls
on the commercial vessels aggregated $1,081,902.69, and on the
Slaunches $19.71 or a total tolls collection of $1,081,922.40.
The daily average of transits of commercial vessels was 17 and the
daily average tolls collection, $72,126.85. The average amount of
tolls paid for each of the commercial transits was $4,242.76, as com-
pared with $4,248.77 for the first 15 days of July.
In the following tabulation, the number of commercial transits
and the amount of tolls collected are shown for the first 71 months of
the current calendar year, with the daily average of transits and tolls.
Totals For month. Daily averages.
Month.
Transits Tolls. Transits. Tolls.
SJanuary. .. 443 $1,984.760 71 14.29 $64,024 9
S February. .. 449 1,994,860.82 16.03 71,245 03
March ..... 496 2,217.913 20 16.00 71,545 59
A ril. .. .. ... 464 2,065,206 92 15 46 68.840.23
May ...... .. ... 471 2.06i,070.73 15.19 66,647.44
S June... ... ...... 455 1,970,377.97 15 16 65,679.26
July... ....... 509 2.215,515 9 16 42 71,358 56
August (firet 15 days)............ ...... . 255 1,081,002.69 17.00 72,126.85
Totals................. .... ... .. I 3,542 15,596,609 03 15.60 68.707.53






S


THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


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A.

26 THE PANAMA' CANAL RECORD

Hydrographic Survey of Gulf of Panama.

The U, S. S. Niagara arrived in Cristobal on August 1, 1927, and
passed through the Canal to Balboa on August 6th, under orders to
begin a survey of the Gulf of Panama .and the Pacific approaches to
the Panama Canal. It is estimated this work will require three or
four years, during which time the Niagara will be operating in the
Gulf of Panama, excepting for a few months each year when she will
proceed to the Philadelphia Navy Yard for annual overhaul, and for
the plotting of the accumulated survey data.
The Niagara was formerly a privately-owned steam yacht, and was
purchased by the Navy Department in 1917. She is 245 f et long,
36 feet beam, with a mean draft of 17 feet, and a normal displacement .
tonnage of 2,600 tons.
An outline of the general scope of the survey was published in
THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD of June 8, 1927.


Report of Cargo Discharged and Laded by Vessels Entering and Clearing
from Port of Cristobal, C. Z., for Week Ending August 13. 1922.

Cargo-
Name of vessel. Line or charterer. Arrived. Departed. Cargo-
Discharged Laded.
Tons. Tons.
Corinto.. . . Panama Mail S. S. Co August 7 1. 88
Saint Louis .... Frenrh Line August 7 196
San Jose . .. United Fruit Co August 7 823
Ulus . . .. United Fruit Co ... Augult 7 August 7 6 145'
Parismina United Fruit Co August 7 August 8 284 53
Leon XIII .. Spanish Line August 7 August 8 178 157
Legaspi ... Spanish Line ... ugust 7 August 4 151 I1)
Perene ... Peruvian Line August 7 August 9 15 38
Cristobal ... Panama Rai:roid S. S. Line. ... August 9 . 3,845
Utacarbon .... Union Oil Co .August8. August 9 10,857 (')
Toloa. .. .. ... United Fruit Co ... August 8. .August 10 352 49
George... .....French Line . August 8 August 10 4 173
Call ..... ... Roland Line .... Auust 8 August II11 504; (')
Linda S... .. R. Feuillebois .. August 9 August 9 (*) 36
Cellina.......... ... Nav. Lib.-Triestina . .... August 9 August 10 121 'I
Cerigo ... ......... Hamburn-Ameriran Line .... August 10 205
Negada ... ..... Kosmos Line ... .. August 9 August 10 1) 161
Flandre... ..... French Line .......... August 9. August 12 282 354
Santa Luisa. .... Grace Line August 10.... August 10 1() 10
Santa Marts ..... United Fruit Co .. ... August 10. August 11 563 426
Coppename ....... United Fruit Co . ..... August 10 August II 335 1041
Westerdijk. ...... Holland-American Line ....... August 10 August II.. (1) 62
Spreewald . Hamburg-American Line..... .. August 10 August 12 117 278
Alrich.... .. .. Roland Line. ......... .. August 10 August 11 ('* 112
Chiman .. Isthmian Land & Fruit Co .. ... August JO0 August II 28 (')
Atrato. .... Colombian Transport Co ....... August 10 ... 142
Oropesa.. Pacific Steam Navigation Co .. August 10.. August 11 5 105
Bienvenido . Welcome S. S. Co ... .. August 10 August 10 130 ('1
Baramacca ...... ... United Fruit Co. . August 11 August 11 67 3564
Carrillo . . ... United Fruit Co.. .... .. August II August 11. ,'I 6
Aconcagua ... Chilean Line ... August 11 Augunt II 1 77
Virginia .. Standard Fruit S. S. Co .. August 11 August II 146 58
Jacksonville.. ..... Grace Line .. .. ....... August 11 . August 12.. 87 29
Carmania .... ... Jay Lung Brqhers .. ...... August 12.. August 12 ( ) 54
Mantaro ........ .. Peruvian Lin. ... . ..... August 12 155 '
Orit.......... ..... Pacific Steam Navigation Co ..... August 13 ......... 40 ........
Almagro ..... ..... Pacific Steam Navigation Co... August 13 .... 291 .......
Cid ....... .... Pacific Steam Navigation Co.. August 13 143 .
Mayanr.. .... . United Fruit Co August 13 August 13 715 127
Virginia....... ... Standard Fruit S. S. Co August 13 August 13 (') 451


r No cargo discharged.


SNo cargo laded.


Postal and Cable Addresses of The Panama Canal.
The postal address is. "The Panama Canal. Balboa Heights. Canal Zone." or "The Panama Canal,
Washington. D. C."
Mail for ships passing through the Canal or touching at either of the terminal ports should be
addressed to "Cristobal, Canal Zone."
The cable address of The Panama Canal. on the Isthmus. is "Pancanal. Panama;" in the United
-States, "Pancanal. Washington."






'" :,.', . .
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Ca rgo-
Name of vessel. Lineor charterer. Arrived Deparled.
DzErharged, Laded
Toni. Tons
Leon X7II .. Spanish Line .'urudt I; AuCzt 234
V.tacarbon I.rann il I'o Ac Ai t 7 .ug.ntl 174
Corirnto T'Jr.ara MaiJ l S.('o .irlnew 7 Au:'jst 7 2
Spreewd. .. H-Iarburn-.American i.irne \.u.'u- 12 Au,' J-. 13 403 II
President Monrne Dollar .Lile \ue r 12 August 12


I


I


Merchandise Shipped to Canal Zone for Orders.
The Panama Railroad Company, a New York corporation, of which
the stock is now owned by the United States Government, will ware-
house "for orders" at its piers and warehouses at Balboa and Cristobal.
Canal Zone, nonperishable and nondangerous merchandise, excepting
alcoholic liquors. An illustrated pamphlet explaining in detail the
arrangement may be had upon application to the Panama Railroad
Co., Balboa Heights, C. Z., or 24 State Street, New York City.
On general merchandise the rates are as follows:
(a) For handling cargo from ship's side to storage place, the customary inward
local charge of $1 per ton.
(b) For delivery or reforwarding, custonmry outward local charge of S1 per ton.
(Total of 20 cents per toin iuie thai regular transfer charge )
(c) For storage, 3 cents per ton per day, except that no charge will be made for
the first 35 days.
The Panama Railroad Company stores this, cargo in four fireproof warehouses, 160
feet by 850 feet at Cristobal, and in one of the same dimensions at Balboa.
Cargo stored for orders can be reforwarded from the Isthmus-each carrier to col-
lect its proportion of the through rate instead of the local. This means that should a
shipment move from New York to the Canal Zone. it will of course pay regular local
rate to Balboa or Colon, as the case may be-but should owner wish to reforward to.
say, "Guayaquil," he can do so by paying the oncarrier's proportion of the through
rate. Upon evidence that the shipment or any part of it moved beyond the Canal
Zone, the initial carrier will refund the difference between the through and local rate.
Th:-re are no special forms for use in shipping except the warehouseman's order to
release the cargo for shipment ("Authority to Deliver Cargo from Storage on Piers)".
Shipper takes out his bill of lading and consular invoice and the cargo moves as regular
outward local.
Samples of the forms used, "Negotiable Warehouse Receipt," and "Authority to
Deliver Cargo from Storage on Piers," are shown in the pamphlet referred to above.
Tolls Charges for Transit of The Panama Canal.
1. Merchant vessels carrying passengers or cargo, per net vessel ton (each 100
cubic feet) of actual earning capacity.............................. $1.20
"2. Vessels in ballast, without passengers or cargo, per net vessel ton (each 100
cubic feet) of actual earning capacity............................... .72
3. Naval vessels, other than transports, colliers, hospital ships, and supply
ships, per displacement ton ....................................... 50
4. Army and Navy transports, colliers, hospital ships, and supply ships, the
vessel to be measured by the same rules as are employed in determining
the net tonnage of merchant vessels, per net ton ...................... 1.20
5. Tolls may not exceed the equivalent of $1.25 per net registered ton as determined
by United States rules of measurement, nor be less than the equivalent of $0.75
per net registered ton.
6. Vessels returning from Gatun Lake to original point of entry into the Canal, with-
out passing through the locks at the other end, are charged tolls for one passage
only.
7. Vessels transiting the Panama Canal from Cristobal to Balboa and return for
the sole purpose of having repairs made at the Balboa dry dock and shops
will be exempt from payment of tolls, but a charge will be made for pilotage
and for handling lines as provided for in the current tariff or supplements
thereto.


THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD 27

Report of Cargo Discharged and Laded by Vessels Entering and Clearing
from Port of Balboa, C. Z., for Week Ending August 13, 1927.







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Current Net Prices on Fuel Oil, Diesel Oil,
and Coal.
Crude fuel oil is delivered to vessels at either
Cristobal or Balboa. from tanks of The Panama
Canal, for $2.00 per barrel of 42 gallons.
Diesel oil is sold by the Canal at $2.35 per
barrel.
Crude fuel oil and Diesel oil are also sold by
private companies with tanks at the Canal
terminals, at prices which will be quoted by them
on application. The prices at present are as
follows: Crude fuel oil, $1.70 per barrel at Cris-
tobal and Balboa. Diesel oil. Balboa only, 52.15
per barrel.
Coal is supplied to steamships, including war-
ships of all nations, delivered and trimmed in
bunkers at $9.00 per ton of 2.240 pounds at Cris-
tobal, and $12.00 at Balboa. For ships in transit
through the Canal, which arc directed to take
coal at Balboa. for the convenience of The
Panama Canal, $9.00 per ton at Balboa. When
coal is delivered from lighters in quantities of 50
tons or more, the price is $10 00 per ton at Cris-
tobal, $13.00 at Balboa. If less than 50 tons is
taken from lighters, prices are $12.00 per ton at
Cristobal and $15.00 per ton at Balboa with
minimum charge for 20 tons and maximum
charge not tA exceed that for 50 tons at 510.00
Cristobal and S13.00 Balboa. For furnikhina
lump coal for galley use, or run of mine coal. in
sacks. $6.00 additional per ton; but if vessel fur-
nishes sacks $3.00 additional per ton.
Coal for cargo is sold only by special authority
of the Governor, at prices quoted upon applica-
rion.
For trimming on deck, between decks, or
special trimming in bunkers for convenience of
vessel. when requested, an additional charge of
00 cents per ton will be made for extra handling.
Deliveries of coal to individual ships can be
made up to 1,500 tons per hour, as fast as it can
be handled in the ship's bunkers. Oil deliveries
can be made up to 5,500 barrel! per hour, rate
depending on gravity of o'I, location of shore
tanks, and ship's facilities for handling.

Trips Through the Canal.
The following lines operating passenger vessels
through the Canal carry local passengers from
one terminal to the other: Panama Mail Steam-
ship Company, Pacific Steam Navigation Com-
pany. Grace Line, Chilean Line. The Panama
Mail and Chilean Line charge $6 for the trip.
the others $10. The several services together
afford about 4 transirs of the Canal each way
every week

Information from American Consuls.
The Consular officers of the United States at
seaports all over the world are ex oficio repre-
sentatives of The Panama Canal for the purpose
of furnishing information to shipping and allied
interests as to conditions, charges, etc., at the
Panama Canal affecting the operation of ships.
The current publications of The Panama Canal
of interest to shipping are furnished to the Con-
sular officers and filed for reference.
It is not desired that inquiries of a general
nature be addressed to the Consular officers, or
that they be burdened with requests which should
be made direct to The Panama Canal; but
ships' operators who may not be sufficiently
advised as to charges, supplies, facilities, etc.,
at the Canal will always save time by applying to
the nearest American Consul.


Binders for The Panama Canal Record.
Cardboard covers, punched and fitted with
brass fasteners forming binders for THE PANAMA
CANAL RECORD are offered for sale at 25 cents
a set, for the benefit of those who wish to keep
a file of the issues for ready reference. Orders
may be addressed to The Panama Canal. Balboa
Heights,. Canal Zone, or The Panama Canal,
Washington, D. C.


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THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY.
Subscription rates, domestic, $0.50 per year; foreign, $1.00; address
The Panama Canal Record, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone, or
The Panama Canal, Washington, D. C.
Entered as second-class matter February 6, 1918, at the Post Office
at Cristobal, C. Z., under the Act of March 3, 1879.
Carificae.-By direction of the Governor of The Panama Canal the matter contained herein is published as statistical
information and is required for the proper transaction of the public business.

Volume XXI. Balboa Heights, C. Z., August 24, 1927. No. 3.

CANAL WORK IN JULY, 1927.

The following is the report of the Governor to the Secretary of War,
of Canal work in the month of July, 1927.
BALBOA HEIGHTS, C. Z., August 20, 1927.
The Honorable, the Secretary of ['ar,
Washington, D. C.
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report covering operations of The
Panama Canal during the month of July, 1927:
NUMBER OF TRANSITS.
During the month 509 commercial vessels transited the Canal, exceeding the
previous high record of 506 commercial vessels transiting in one month. In addition
to these, 16 nonseagoing launches, measuring under 20 tons, and 29 vessels belonging
to or chartered by the United States Government, transited the Canal. There were
also two transits of a Panaman Government vessel, and two transits solely for repairs
on which no tolls were collected, making a total of 558 transits for the month, or a
daily average of 18.
Tolls on the 509 commercial vessels amounted to $2,215,515.99, including $3,400.54
collected on supplemental bill for a transit in a previous month, and on the launches
to$141.51, or a daily average on all traffic of $71,363.13. In this average theS3,400.54
supplemental collection is not included.
The total number of craft of all kinds transiting the Canal during the month of
July, 1927, as compared with the same month in 1926 and 1925, is shown in the fol-
lowing tabulations:
July, July. July,
1927. 1926. 1925.
Commercial vessels.. . .... . ... .. .. 509 456 418
Noncommercial vessels (Army and Navy). . ....... 29 19 52
Launches (under 20 tons measurement). ... 16 7 20
Panaman Government vessels ... 2 1 3
Vessels for repairs .... ... . . ... 2 2 ... . .
Total vessels transiting Canal. . .. 558 485 493

In addition to the vessels listed above, Panama Canal equipment consisting of
dredges, tugs, barges, etc., was passed through the locks as follows:
North- South-
bound. bound. Total.
Gataun...... ......... ... ... .. .. . . 15 13 28
Pedro Miguel . . .. . .. . 38 40 78
Miraflores ... .. .. .. . .. 40 41 81
Totals .. ... .. 93 94 187

COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC.
The following tabulation shows the number of vessels, Panama Canal net tonnage,
tolls, and tons of cargo carried by vessels transiting the Canal each month from the






s30 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


beginning of the calendar year 1927 to the end of July, 1927, as compared with the
same months in the previous year:

No. of Panama Canal
Month. vessels. net tonnage. Tons of cargo. ToUs.
Month.
1926. 1927. 1926. 1927. 1926. 1927. 1926. 1927.
January... 479 443 2,300,187 2,121,631 2,346,643 2,241,765 $2,103,368.29 $1,984,760.71
February 424 449 1,991,127 2,201,328 2,139,207 2,230,107 1,835,226 47 1,994,860.82
March.... 506 496 2,398,694 2,413,999 2,607,046 2,533,525 2,206,212 20 2,217,913.20
April .... 425 464 2,048,247 2,224,500 2,237,567 2,429,807 1,917,457.11 2.065,206.92
May..... 470 471 2,243,103 2,248,892 2,418701 2,379,713 2,056,965 55 2,066,070.73
June ... 419 455 1,990,344 2,152,926 2.134,686 2,229,097 1,852,670 66 1,970,377 97
July..... 456 509 2,154,821 2,406,955 2,185,527 2,450,468 1,980,719.67 2,215,515.99
Totals. 3,179 3,287 15,126,523 15,770,231 16,067,377 16,494,482 13,952,619 95 14,514,706 340

Commercial traffic includes all ocean-going vessels paying tolls. Vessels in direct service of the United States
Government, including merchant vessels chartered by the Government, do not pay tolls. Shipping Board vessels in
commercial service pay tolls. Statistics on vessels not paying tolls are shown under "Noncommercial traffic."

The following is a summary of the commercial traffic for July, 1927, as compared
with the corresponding month in 1926 and 1925, and the monthly average for the
fiscal year 1927:
Average per
July, July, July. month for fiscal
1927. 1926. 1925. year 1927.

Number of vessels .. 509 456 418 456
United States net tonnage ... 1,883,138 1,.692,368 1.534,908 1,713,800
Panama Canal net tonnage.. 2,406.955 2,154,821 1,951,296 2,185,651
Registered gross tonnage .. 3,072,255 2,775,728 2,504,557 2,796.318
Registered net tonnage . 1,885,658 1,703,387 1,549,958 1,718,188
Tolls.. 2.215.515 99 $1,980,719 67 1,800.239 84 2,019.069 17
Tons of cargo carried ... 2.450.468 2,185,527 1,960,654 2.312,351


The average daily number of transits, tonnage, tolls, and cargo, are shown in the
following statement, in comparative form, commercial vessels only:

Average per day.
Average per day
for
July. July. July. fiscal year, 1927.
1927. 1926. 1925.

Number of transits 16 42 14 71 13 48 15 00
Panama Canal net tonnage 77,644 69.510 62.945 71.857
Tolls .. $71.358 56 $63,894 18 158,072 25 $66,380.36
Tons of cargo carried 79.047 70.501 63,246 76,022

Does not include $3,400.54 collected on supplemental bill. or $141.51 collected from launches.

AVERAGE TONNAGE, TOLLS, AND TONS OF CARGO PER VESSEL.

The average tonnage, tolls, and tons of cargo per vessel transiting the Canal during
the month of July, 1927, as compared with July, 1926, and 1925, are shown in the
following tabulation:

Average per vessel.
July, July. July,
1927. 1926. 1925.

United States equivalent net tonnage 3,700 3,711 3,672
Panama Canal net tonnage 4,729 4,725 4,668
Registered gross tonnage 6,036 6,087 5,989
Registered net tonnage .. 3,705 3,735 3,707
Tolls ..... .. '4,346 08 $4.343 68 $4,306.79
Tons of cargo (including vessels in ballast) 4,814 4,792 4.690
Tons of cargo (laden vessels only' .. 6,126 5,843 5.766

Does not include 13,400.54 collected on supplemental bill.
TOLLS.
At present tolls are collected at rates of $1.20 per ton for laden vessels and $0.72
per ton for vessels in ballast, computed on the basis of the Panama Canal rules of







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


measurement, with the provision that tolls shall not exceed $1.25 per ton nor be less
than $0.75 per ton as determined in accordance with the United States rules for meas-
urement of net registered tonnage. In order to ascertain the proper tolls charges,
it is necessary, therefore, that the net tonnage of vessels transiting the Canal be
determined both in accordance with the Panama Canal and the United States rules
of measurement.
Taking the traffic through the Canal for the month of July, 1927, the following
tabulation shows a comparison of tolls actually collected under the present method of
assessing tolls, and the tolls that would have been collected on the basis of the Panama
Canal rules of measurement at the proposed rates of $1 laden and $0.60 ballast, with
the traffic for the month segregated by flag:
Tolls that would
have been collected Difference.
Tolls actually under proposed
Nationality. collected under rates of $1 laden
present dual and 60c ballast ou
system. basis of Panama Increase. Decrease.
Canal net tonnage.
Belgian ...... ......... $9,160 24 $7,851 20 ... $1,309.04
British.... ... ........ 554,390.76 549,242 40 5,148 36
Chilean .. . ....... 9,130 00 9.738 00 $608 00
Colombian . ... 807.10 673 00 134 10
Danisb ........... .... 36,624 05 36,.172 80 451 25
Danzig.. ................... 22,539.73 20,027.40 2,512 33
Dutch ............. ... ... 56,971 25 63.809 00 6,837 75
Finnish ... .. .. 2.199 60 1, 833 00 366 60
French. .. .. . 57,209 65 57,143 20 66.45
German.... ...... . ...... 62,789 15 67,659 00 4,869 85
Italian .. ... .. 39,943.31 37,922 S0 2,020 51
Japanese .... .. . 56,272 10 54,171 00 2,101 10
Norwegian ...... .. .. 81,840 21 82,327 60 487 39
Panaman. ...... ... .. ....... 4,101 84 5,751 60 1.649 76
Peruvian.... .. ....... .. ... 10,071 55 12,545 00 2,473 45
Spanish .. ... .. 7,471 25 7,573 00 101 75
Swedish ... .... 27,816.76 29,402 SO 1.586 04
United States .... .. ... 1,162,999 54 1,151 ,989 60 11.009 94
Yugoslav .. . ... 9,777 36 9,981 S0 204 44
Totals. ... .. ........ 2,212,115 45 2.205,814 20 18,81S 43 25,119 68
Net increase or decrease for
all traffic ...... ... .......6.301 25
Does not include $3,400.54 collected on supplemental bill.
The decrease on vessels of United States registry would have been distributed with
respect to channels of trade in which the vessels were engaged as follows:
United States intercoastal trade.... $6,715 64
United States foreign trade . .. 1,723.55
United States-Canal Zone trade . 2,570 75
Totals . . . . . 11 .009 94


RATIO OF CARGO TONNAGE TO NET TONNAGE.
The ratio of cargo tonnage to net tonnage, Panama Canal measurement, of vessels
transiting the Panama Canal in July, 1927, is shown in the following tabulation,
segregated by nationality of vessels and direction of transit. Laden vessels only are
included:


Nationality.


Belgian ... ....... ... ..... .
British ... .... . ... .. .
Chilean . . .. .. ....... ...
Colombian... .... .. ...... ....... ....
D anish.............. .. .. .. . .
Danzig .... ..... .. .
Dutch. ........ ... ... ...... ..
Finnish .. ............. ..... . .... ..
French .. .. .. .... .. ...... ......
German. ...... ...... ... .. ... ...
Italian ..... ............. ...... .. ..
Japanese... ..... ........ ..... .
Norwegian........... ..... ...
Panaman ............ ....... ... ..... . .
Peruvian........... .. ..... .. . .
S a ih ............ ....... ............... . .


Atlantic
to
Pacific.


Pacific
to
Atlantic.


Total.


-1I I I-


I 65
1.11
85
1 82
I 39
I 85
I 00
I 80
1.14
I 50
93
I 29
I 49
.69
.73
.19
2.11







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Atlantic Pacific
Nationality. to to Total.
Pacific. Atlantic.

United States .. . . .93 1.65 1.37
Yugoslav. .. .. ..... 1.86 1.86
Averages. July, 1927 .90 1 58 1.29

Averages, July. 1926 90 1 51 1.25

Averages. July. 1925 88 1 46 I 21

CLASSIFICATION OF VESSELS.
A further classification of commercial vessels passing through the Canal during the
month of July, 1927, is as follows:


Tank ships:
Laden
Ballast
General cargo ships:
Laden
Ballast
Noncargo-carrying ships:
Tugs
Totals


Method of propul..ion:
Steam
Motor
Motor schooners
SOil
Totals


Atlantic to Pacific.


No.
of
ships.

2
60
172
45

1


Panama
Canal net
tonnage.

8,839
336,657

812.9'80
1653.161
12


280 1.323,649


241)
41
.352


28U


Tolls.


$10,075.60
242.457 30

772,772.40
124,159.86


1.149.465 16


1,160,163 1.011.804 14
161,315 135,087 62
2.171 2,573 40

1,323,649 1,149,465.16


Pacific to Atlantic.


No.
of
ships.

54


172
2


229

198
26
3
2

229


Panama
Canal net
lonunage.

311,682

770,602
799

223

1,083.306


966,852
inn OJA I


Tolls.


$321,670 00

743,557 09
579.99
243.75

,066,050.83

950,235 08
inf7 771 O5


2.295 2.866.50
4,315 5.178 00

1,083,306 1,066,050 83


Of the 438 steam-driven vessels 324 were oil burning and 114 coal burning.
NONCOMMERCIAL TRAFFIC.

The following statement shows the tonnage and the amount of cargo carried by
vessels transiting the Panama Canal free of tolls during the month of July, 1927.
If tolls had been assessed against these vessels at commercial rates, the amount col-
lected would have been approximately as indicated:


Class and nationality.


U. S. Naval vessels:
Cutters ....
Destroyers .
Gunboats
Launches .
Minesweepers
Motor sailors
Submarines..
Submarine tenders
Tankers..
Tugs.
U. S. Army vessels:
Mineplanters
Transports

Totals, United States Gdvernmei,t
Panama Government vessels:
Coast guard.
Launches .
Vessels for repairs:
General cargo
Totals, other than U. S. Govern-
ment ....
Grand totals .. .


Atlantic to Pacific.


No.
of
transit.

I
4



3



18
2

I
1

18

I

1


Tonnage.


.5
'4,860
I,760
J5
950
'5
1.560
,3,908
'31.300
1,000

'1,208
3,908



.5

'1,239


2 .


Tolls.


$3.60
2.430.00
880.00
3 60
475.00
3.60
780 00
2,813.76
15,650.00
500 00

604.00
4,885.00

29,028.56

3 60
1.548 75


1,552.35


Pacific to Atlantic.


No.
of
transit.


4


I
3

1
1

II

I


20 1 ..... I 30.580.91 13


Tonnage.



'4.860




s3,908
18,459
S168
1,208
'5,212


= 101

3 1,239


Tolls.


$2,430.00




2,813 76
22.151.00
120.96

604.00
6.254.40

34,374.12

72.72

1,548.75


... ..... 1 621.47

.......... 35,995.59


* Indicates displacement tonnage. Indicates Panama Canal net tonnage. 3 Indicates United States net tonnage.


1







THE PANAMAA CANAL RECORD


The foregoing noncommercial vessels transiting the Canal during the month of
July, 1927, carried cargo as follows:

Tons.
Atlantic to Pacific. 589
Pacific to Atlantic 29,932
Totals . 30.521


The following statement shows the number of launches transiting the Canal during
the month of July, 1927. These launches, although paying tolls, are excepted from
statements concerning commercial traffic:

Panama
Number. Canal net Cargo Tolls.
tonnage.
Atlantic to Pacific 12 132 $105 76
Pacific to Atlantic 4 35 72 35 75
Totals.. It 167 72 141 51


STATEMENT OF TERMINAL OPER \TIONS.

Details of the business transacted at the Atlantic and Pacific terminals of the Pan-
ama Canal during the month of July, 1927, are shown in the following tabulation:

Cristobal. Balboa. Total.
Local cargo arriving . tons 75.953 61,605 137,558
Local cargo shipped tons 7.441 644 8,085
Transit cargo arriving, tons. 2,401,409 2.457,337 4,867,746
Transit cargo clearing . .. tons 2,395,586 2.529,520 4,925,106
Cargo received for transshipment .... (ons 22,792 73 22,865
Cargo transshipped t... ns 27,619 58 27,677
"Canal Zone for orders" cargo:
Number of receipts issued 48 22 70
Number of withdrawals. 264 128 392
Tons received .... 876 179 1,055
Tons withdrawn. .1,610 173 1,783
Packages received 4.398 1,711 6.109
Packages withdrawn . .. 2,451 1,738 4,189
Vessels supplied with bunker coal:
Commercial. other than Panama Railroad Company 59 2 61
Coal supplied to above vessels:
Commercial. other than Panama Railroad Company irn- 17, t84 t 17.690
Coal issued, miscellaneous:
Panama Canal departments ton- 95 67 162
U. 8. Army. eveepting vessels to',s 35 35
Individuals and companiess ton.s 96 96
Panama Railroad Company toilj 7 7
Transferred to Navy torns 1. 101 1,161
Total issues and sales tins 19.078 73 19,151
Coal on hand, August 1. 1927 ton, 68,888 68.888
Coal on hand, July I, 1927 toni 87,966 87,966
Coal received from Navy tons .. 73 73
Fuel oil issued from Panama Canal tanks:
Panama Canal departments bbls 6,612.85 15,t'57 05 22.269 90
Panama Railroad Company bbls 432 77 432 77
Army and Navy.. bbls 640 50 108 34 748.84
Individuals and companies bbls . 113 81 113 81
Loaned United States Shipping Board. bblh 4.062.80 30,671 20 34,734 00
Total salesand issues.. bbls 11,748 92 46,550 40 58,299 32
Fuel oil received during July, 1927 (inventory average .bbis 32 18 609.93 642.11
Fuel oil on hand, August 1, 1927.. bbls 29.366 15 39,421 90 68,788.05
Diesel oil sold during July, 1927.. bbl 25 99 26 20 52 19
Diesel oil on hand, August I, 1927 bbls 28,093 71 802.07 28,895 78
Miscellaneous transfers ............. bbls. 15,112.30 1,718.47 16,830 77
Gasoline and kerosene pumped for The Panama Canal .bbls 1,308 36 2,726.72 4,035.08
Gasoline pumped for individuals and companies bbls .. .... 4,922.43 4,922.43
Oil pumped for individuals and companies ...... bbls 698,729.77 719,326.93 1,418,056.70
Total fuel oil, gasoline, and kerosene handled... bbls 726,925 34 775,271 15 1,502,196 49







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Admeasurement of vessels:
IU. S. equivalent certificates issued
Measured for Panama Canal net tonnage
Remeastured for Panama Canal net tonnage
Panama ('anal net tonnage corrected
II. S. equivalent tonnage corrected
Services of harbor equipment
Tugs, total operating hours
Launches, total operating hour
Revenue from tupg crviee. pilotage, etc.:
Tug revenue
Pilotage
Seamen
Launch service
Wharfage
Ships measured
Miscellaneous and cash colle tions
Ships repaired at Panama (anal shops:
Commercial
U. S. Army and Navy
Panama Canal equipment

Totals
Vessels dry docked
Commercial
U. S. Army and Navy
Panama Canal equipment

Totals
Clearances issued
Bills of health issued


Cristobal.

29
8
22
5
12

5041
1,411

$15,026.25
17,976.00
12.900 00
2,145.50
14,505.80
90.00
218 40

49
4
7

60


4
269
o72)


Balboa.


2
2
2
15
19

5151
1,766

$16.015 15
9,713.00
10,640.00
3.947 50
6.159 75
100 00
585 00
14
14
6
34


II

290
298


Total.


31
10
24
20
31

1,019!
3,177

$31,041.40
27,689. 00
23,540.00
6,093.00
20,665.55
190.00
803.40
63
18
13
94

3
4
8
15

559
570


ALL VESSELS ENTERING AND CLEARING PORT.

Port of Cristobal. Port of Balboa.
No. Registered Registered No. Registered Registered
of gross net of gross net
ships. tonnage. tonnage. ships. tonnage. tonnage.
Ships I ,F nfn q.
All vessels, including those. transiting C.inal 584 3.422,369 2,096,885 560 3,320.489 2,095,343
Vessels entering port but riot transition Canal 68 305,646 182,852 15 67,339 44,349
Vessels transiting Canal and handling passen-
gers and cargo at ttrmiirial ports 104 612,552 373,368 81 519,132 314,549
Sihnp cbirang.
All vessels. intdiiring those trani.-ltii ar nal 583 3.412,574 2,092.250 549 3,260,398 2,024,295
Vessels clearing port but notl ranrifirigl'anal 69 302.102 182.601 12 60,872 40,577
Vesselstransiting (Ca'rl and handling passen-
gers and cargo at terminal port<. 103 611.104 371.985 81 520.564 313.553

MOVEMENT OF PASSENGERS.

At Cristobal. At Balboa
First- First-
class. Others. Total. class. Others. Total.
Disembarking:
From Atlantic port, 1,553 1.127 2,6SO 76 240 316
From Pacific ports 154 105 259 294 188 482
Total disembarking 1,707 1,232 2,939 370 428 798
Embarking:
For Atlantic port:. 1.455 705 2,160 65 262 327
For Padific ports 231 73 304 415 213 628
Total embarking. 1,686 778 2,464 480 475 955
Remaining on board:
From Atlantic to Pacific ports 1.401 2.569 3,969 1,330 2,214 3,544
From Pacific to Atlantic ports I,165 2,216 3,381 879 1,302 2,181
From Atlantic to Atlantic ports 638 257 895 .. .......
From Pacific to Pacific ports .. ...... ...... 12 371 383
Total remaining on board 3,204 5.041 8,245 2,221 3,887 6,108
Total arriving 4,911 6,273 11,184 2,591 4.315 6,906
Total departing 4.890 5,819 10,709 2,701 4.362 7,063







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


PASSENGER-CARRYING VESSELS THROUGH CANAL.
Totpl com- Passenger- Per cent
mercial carrying of total
vessels. vessels. transits.

Atlantic to Pacific....... ........... ..... 280 43 15 4
Pacific to Atlantic. ... .. .......... .. .... 229 37 16 1
Totals ... 509 so80 15 7

In addition to the aforesaid, 77 passenger-carrying vessels called at the port of
Cristobal and 2 at the port of Balboa without transiting the Canal, making a total
of 159 passenger-carrying vessels calling at Canal ports during the month.
COMMISSARY SALES TO VESSELS.
The following is the statement of commissary sales to vessels during the month
of July, 1927:
I Cold M iscel-
lee. Groceries. storage. Laundry. laneous. Totals.

Sales at Cristobal to:
Commercial vessels $2,380 64 $12,2.30 fib $23.061.29 $273.67 $5,710 30 $13,656.86
Government vessels 310.77 1,708 89 11,010.27 76 20 2,789 96 15,896.09
Panama Railroad vessels . .. 933 31 639 34 285 16 1,857 8t
Total sales, July. 1927 2.691 41 13.939 85 35.004 87 989 21 8,785 42 61,410.76
Total sales, July. 1926 3,225.31 10,810 19 37,245.48 797 23 4,718 05 56,796.26
Total sales, July. 1925 2,208 20 10,948 92 31,333 78 1,101 73 4,036 67 49,629.30
Sales at Balboa to:
Commercial vessels 962 63 9,330 20 16,209 84 247 60 3,961 63 30,711 90
Government vessels 646 50 5,466 53 28.161 74 92 54 1,655 06 36,022.37
Total sales. July. 1927 . 1,609 13 14,796 73 44.371 58 340 14 5,616.69 66,734 27
Total sales, July, 1926 1.454.85 10,349 87 27,692 13 569 41 3,164.74 43,231 00
Total sales, July, 1925. . 2,096 45 12,670 26 35,687 38 658 77 2,794 15 53,907 01


The aggregate sales to Government vessels during the month were $51,918.46,
to Panama Railroad vessels $1,857.81, and to other commercial vessels $74,368.76,
making the total sales to all vessels $128,145.03.

LOCK OPERATIONS.
The following tabulation shows the number of lockages, and the number of vessels
passing through the locks during the month of July, 1927, as compared with the
corresponding month in 1926, and 1925, with the consumption of water for lockages,
maintenance, etc., in July, 1927, as compared with the preceding month and the
corresponding month of 1926:
Number of lockages. Comparative

Locks. Commercial. Noncommercial. grand totals.
July. July, July,
North. South. Total. North. South. Total. 1927. 1926. 1925.

Gatun ..... . 220 264 484 13 6 19 503 440 428
Pedro Miguel. . .. ... 220 275 495 15 21 36 531 463 435
Miraflores. 221 271 492 15 20 35 527 455 431

Number of vessels put through locks.
Gatun.. .. ... 241 292 533 35 30 65 598 514 525
Pedro Miguel .. ... 235 286 520 49 59 108 628 533 516
Miraflores ..... ..... .. 234 286 520 53 61 114 634 530 513


CLASSIFICATION OF NONCOMMERCIAL VESSELS.
Pedro Mira-
Gatun. Miguel. flores.

Army and Navy vessels. ................ ....................... 36 30 33
Panam Canal equipment ... .................... .......... 28 78 81
Panaman Government vessels...............:.......... ... . . I .......... .. .......






THE PANAMA. CANAL RECORD


I-.1


The total consumption of water for lockages, maintenance, and loss in leakage
was as follows:,


Pedro
Gatnt. Miguel. Miraflres.
Cubic feet. Cubic feet. Cubic feel.
Lokages... . ........ . 2,007,030,000 1,676,540,000 1,603,920,000
M maintenance . . .. ........... 22,850,000 .... .. . .............
Leakage... .. . .. ............ ........ 20,000,000 20,000,000 20,000,000
Totals, July, 1927..... .. ... .... 2,049,880,000 1,696,540,000 1,623,920,000
Totals, June, 1927. 1.980,060,000 1,633.560,000 1,529,550,000
Totals, July, 10926 ........... ... .. 1,700,930,000 1,453,060,000 1,455,140,000

METEOROLOGY AND HYDROLOGY.
In the following tabulation the meteorological and hydrographic conditions over
the Canal Zone and vicinity during the month of July, are shown in comparative
form:
July. July-Years of record.
Rainfall for month.
1927. 1926. Maximum. Minimum. Mean.
Inches. nlaches. Inches. Inches. Inches,
Pacific section .... ... .... 8.87 11 27 12.16 4.36 7.91
Central section... ... ... ........ 15.08 16.14 16.43 5 43 11.67
Atlantic section.... .. .... .... ...... . 18 31 19 49 20.40 6.66 15.12
Maximum recorded on any one day ....... .. 4 49 5.24 '6.69 ........
Gatun Lake watershed .. ... .. ... ...... .. 17.99 15.93 18.21 5 63 11.74
Chagres River watershed above Alhajuela.... .. 21.70 16.37 20 10 7.92 14%6 1
Maximum recorded for month at any one point .. 30.93 23.47 34.96 ..... ........
Minimum recorded for month at any one point. 5.37 9.29 ......1.. 64 .........
Hydrography. C. f s. C. 1. 8. C. f. a. C. f. a. C. f. s.
Discharge of Chagres River at Alhajuela 6,197 2,155 6,197 1.,248 2,864
Maximum momentary discharge for the month .. .. 37,700 7,664 '37,700
Gatun Lake watershed, total yield .......... ...... 14,663 7,955 14,663 2.677 7,081
Gatun Lake watershed, net yield ... ....... 14,156 7,488 14,156 1,898 6,594
Draft on Gatun Lake for lockages and power.... ....... 2,760 2,624 2,778 1,244 2,141

'12.25 represents the maximum 24-hour rainfall recorded on the Canal Zone and vicinity since American occupation;
recorded at Gatun on October 23 and 24, 1923. (NorE.-Extreme outlying stations in the Republic of Panama are not
included in this report.) July 22, 1927. j Not including 1914.
The rainfall for the month was in general above the normal. The rainfall at San
Bias Farm was 61.06 inches, establishing a new high record in the Canal Zone and the
Republic of Panama; 15.05 inches of this amount fell on one day, July 19, a new high
record for a period of 24 hours.
The discharge of the Chagres River at Alhajuela was 116 per cent above the 26-
year July average, amounting to 6,197 cubic feet per second as compared with an
average of 2,064 cubic feet per second. It was the highest July discharge on record,
exceeding that of the year 1910 by 1,777 cubic feet per second and the old French
record of the year 1892 by 546 cubic feet per second. The Chagres River discharge
was equal to one-half the Gatun Lake storage between 80 and 87 feet elevation,
and would have been sufficient to have filled the proposed Alhajuela reservoir to three-
fourths of its capacity at elevation 240.
The total yield of Gatun Lake watershed was 107 per cent above the 17-year July
average. It was 14,663 cubic feet per second, the highest July yield on record. It was
enough to have raised the elevation of the lake from 80.00 to 88.60 feet. Gatun spill-
way showed the highest July spilling of record, requiring 747 spillway gate hours. The
wasteage was 39.3 billion cubic feet, equivalent to 6.5 feet elevation on Gatun Lake.
SEISMOLOGY.
One seismic disturbance was recorded during the month, on the 15th. The distance
of the epicenter was estimated at 230 miles.
ELECTRICAL DIVISION.
Continuous service at the Gatun hydroelectric station was maintained during the
month, and the gross generator output was 4,656,500 kilowatt-hours. The Miraflores
Diesel electric station, in reserve, had zero gross generator output, with fuel eil
consumption of 4.67 barrels. There were no interruptions to transmission line
service during July.


36


ii






THE IANAMA CANAL RECORD 37

In addition to the usual operating and maintenance work performed, electrical
additions and repairs were completed on 24 vessels during the month. There were
339 work orders issued during July as compared with 342 for the previous month.
MECHANICAL DIVISION.
During the month miscellaneous repairs were made on 60 vessels at Cristobal and
34 at Balboa. Eleven vessels were drydocked at Balboa, none at Cristobal. The
drydock at Cristobal, which was closed for alterations on June 11, continued closed
during the month. The overhaul of the U. S. Army steamship Nones was completed
during the month. Overhaul of the U. S. Army motor ship Morgan Lewis and of the
motor ship Floreana was continued, and general overhaul of the steamship Acajutla
was started during the month.
MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING DIVISION.
The laying of 20-inch water main from Mount Hope to Cristobal was advanced to
90 per cent of completion. The erection of fence at Gatun Locks and spillway was
completed. On the Alhajuela road survey, paper relocation for the section between
Paraiso and Summit was made and estimate partly made; the survey is 91 per cent
complete. For the bridge across the discharge channel of the Miraflores Spillway,
950 square yards were cleared, and in construction of west approach 150 cubic yards
were excavated; plans were prepared and requisition was forwarded for the steel
for the bridge, and the project was 14 per cent completed at the end of July.
The usual maintenance work was performed on roads, streets, and walks. The
amount of water pumped during the month totaled 688,824,000 gallons.
DREDGING DIVISION.
The East and West Culebra slides showed no additional movement during the
month. Cucaracha slide moved again on July 10 and about 35,000 cubic yards entered
the basin; on July 27 and 28 there was another general movement over the back
portion of this slide but no material entered the basin. There were no other slides
during the month and no delays to shipping occurred. No excavation was done on
improvement project No. 1, Pacific entrance, during the month, the dipper dredge
Cascadas having been transferred to Gaillard Cut on account of the slides, and pipeline
action dredge No. 86 being under repair.
The total excavation during July was 356,161 cubic yards, as follows:
Classified as----
Cubic Classified a Character Station. Equipment.
yards- Earth. Rock. of work.
131,000 131,000 .. ... Maintenance.... Atlantic terminals.. .. .................. No. 88.
68,550 10,550 58,000 Maintenance. ... Gaillard Cut...... .. .... .. .. Paraiso.
98,9050 16,500 82,450 Maintenance Gaillard Cut. Cascadas.
56,650 12,250 44,400 Maintenance Gaillard Cut Gamboa.
1,011 1,011 Auxiliary . Dredging sand at Chame. .. La Valley.


OCCUPANTS OF QUARTERS.
The occupants of Panama Canal and Panama Railroad quarters on July 31,
1927, numbered 20,791, composed of 6,945 Americans, 2,526 of whom were men, 2,050
women, and 2,378 children; 200 Europeans of whom 92 were men, 32 women, and
76 children; and 13,637 West Indians of whom 4,049 were men, 2,600 women, and
6,988 children.
WORKING FORCE.
The following tabulation shows the number of gold and silver employees as of
July 15, 1927, with a comparison of the working force for the preceding month and for
July, 1926:


I As of June 15, 1927. Total employees.
Gold. Silver. Total. June, 1927. July, 1926.
Operation and Maintenance:
Office........... .... .............. 38 40 78 77 72
Electrical............ .......... ........... 147 179 326 322 317
l Engineering................... ..r. 10 881 663
Operation......................................... 210 817 817 838
i ......... .. .. ........... .. 186 25 1,111 1,080 1,038
....................... ............ 436 841 1,277 1,236 1,199
i .. ................. .................... 196 627 823 792 809
. Jitm ................. ........................ 14 152 166 49 132
Total.................................... 1,307 3,991 5,298 5,254 5,068

,". ""


I?






THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


As of June 15, 1927. Total employees.
Gold. Silver. Total. June,1927. July, 1926.
Supply Department:
Quartermaster ... 187 1,710 1,897 1,903 1,719
Subsistence. .... 7 99 106 104 104
Commissary .. 206 1,066 *1.272 1,259 1.196
Cattle Industry 6 150 156 134 295
Hotel Washington 8 96 104 103 96
Transportation .. 48 204 252 254 250
Totals 462 3,325 3,787 3,757 3,660
Accounting Department .. 201 8 209 208 211
Health Department ... .. .. 246 785 1,031 1.024 998
Executive Department . 479 298 777 769 727
Totals.. . 926 1,091 2.017 2,001 1,936
Panama Railroad Company:
Superintendent. ...... .. ... 50 234 284 282 265
Transportation ....... .. .. 64 112 176 177 179
Receiving and Forwarding Agency 88 1.554 1,642 1,674 1 .030
Coaling stations ... .. ... 49 241 290 258 327
Totals.. . 251 2,141 2,392 2.391 1.801
Grand totals, July, 1927. 2,946 10.548 13,494 . ........
Grand totals, June, 1927 . . 2,936 10,467 ... ..... 13,403 ..... ...
Grand totals, July, 1926 ......... 2,895 9,570 ...... ... 12,456

Additions to the gold force on the Isthmus in July were as follows: Employed in
the United States, 14; reemployed in the United States, 2; employed on the Isthmus,
32; reemployed on the Isthmus, 14; total, 62. Separations from the gold force
totalled 38, as follows: Resigned, 30; discharged, 6; died, 2. At the end of the
month there were on file 97 applications from residents of the Isthmus for employ-
ment.
VITAL STATISTICS.
A total of 187 deaths occurred during the month of July, 1927, among the popula-
tion of the Canal Zone, and the cities of Panama and Colon, which is equivalent to an
annual death rate of 17.60 per 1,000 population. The leading causes of death were:
Pneumonia (broncho and lobar), 32; tuberculosis (various organs), 28; diarrhea and
enteritis, 21; nephritis (acute and chronic), 9; organic diseases of the heart, 8;
and cancer (various organs), 5. There were 4 deaths from apoplexy, 1 from menin-
gitis, 1 from dysentery (amebic), I from diphtheria, and I from leprosy. There were
23 deaths among nonresidents of the Isthmus; these are not included in the above
statistics.
There were 227 births reported during the month, and 22 stillbirths. Including
stillbirths, this is equivalent to an annual birth rate of 23.43 per 1,000 population.
Deaths among children under 1 year of age numbered 46, giving an infant mortality
rate of 202.64 per 1,000 live births.
The total number of malaria cases reported from the Canal Zone and the cities of
Panama and Colon during July was 131, of whom 17 were employees (6 white and 11
colored), 16 were members of employees' families (5 white and 11 colored), 38 were
other civilian nonemployees, and 60 were Army and Navy personnel. Seven of the
33 employees and members of employees' families were probably infected outside
our sanitated areas, as they gave a history of working, living, or having' been in such
areas at night previous to their becoming sick.
The total cases, 131, is the lowest with the exception of 1920, for the month of
July, during the past 10 years.
There were 4 deaths from malaria; one was of a soldier from Corozal, one a white
nonemployee residing in Bella Vista, one a colored child from Las Cascadas, and
one a sailor brought down sick from Nicaragua, a nonresident.
RECEIPTS AND SALES OF MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES.
The value of material ordered on United States requisitions and received on the
Isthmus during the m6nth totaled $332,789.11, of which $288,821.64 was for the
Department of Operation and Maintenance, and $43,967.47 for other Panama Canal
departments.
Cash sales on the Isthmus from stock, fuel oil, scrap, and obsolete and second-
hand material amounted to $32,892.28.








THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD 39


FINANCIAL STATEMENT.

The following statement shows in a condensed form the aggregate revenue and
expenditures for the month of June, 1927, as compared with June, 1926, with the
figures for the fiscal year as compared with the fiscal year 1926.
It is impossible to submit figures for the month of July at the time of writing this
report, since all charges, etc., involved in the accounting have not been completed:


Tolls ..
Other receipts
Total transit revenues
Total transit expenses
Net transit revenues
Three per cent capital charge.
Transit surplus
Business revenues .
Business expenses
Net business revenues
Three per cent capital charge.
Business surplus
Combined revenues
Combined expenses .
Combined net expenses
Three per cent capital charge
Combined surplus


Month.


June,
1927.


I I--'


$1,959.542 72
289,642 37
2.219,185 09
1.094,894 78
1,154.290.31
609.589 16


June
1926.


$1.852.711 01
293,039 68
2.145,750 69
1,082.810 32
1,062.910.37
610.705 02


544.701 15 452,235 35


1,781,710 12
1.902,423 72
120,713 60
59,313 34
180,026.94
3.767,905 51
2,734,328 80
1,033,576 71
668,902 50
364,674.21


1,444.197 03
1,411,543 10
39,653 9.3
55.636 03
15,982 10
3.312,254 50
2.209,661) 21U
1,102,594 30
6o6,341 05
436,253 25


Fiscal year to end of June.


This
year.

$21,217,185 32
3.574,643 27
27.791,828 59
12,180,734 79
15,611,093 80
7.309,248 28
8,301,845 52
15,87S,654 57
15,002,117 77
876,536.80
744.496 74
132,040 06
40,487.463 39
23,9 9,832.79
16,487,630 60
8.053.745 02
8,433.885 58


Last
year.
$22,927,456 03
3,262,825 96
26.190,281 99
11,038,bl13 93
15,151,668 06
7,348.293.04
7,803,375 02
15,874.478 01
15.033,167.72
841,310.29
702,873 27
138,437.02
39,019,614 54
23,026,636 .19
15,992,978.35
8,051,166 31
7,941,812 04


Respectfully,
NM. L. WALKER,
Governor.


Sailings of Panama Railroad Steamship Line.

Following are proposed dates of sailings of passenger vessels in the New York,
Cristobal service of the Panama Railroad Steamship Line, in which the steamships
A ncon and Crislobal are engaged, sailing alternately:

Leave Leave Arrive Leave Leave Arrive
Steamer. New York Port-au-Prince Cristobal Crntobal Port-au-Prince New York
3 p. m. p. m. a. m. 3 p. m. p. m. a. m.
Cristobal Aug. 23. Aug. 28 Aug. 31 Sept. 4 Sept. 7 Sept. 12.
Ancon Sept. 7.. Sept. 12 Sept. 15 Sept. 19 Sept. 22 Sept. 27.
Cristobal Sept. 20 Sept. 25. Sept. 28 i.kt 2 Oct. 5 Oct. 10
Ancon .... Oct. 4 Oct. 9 Oct. 12 Oct. lb Oct. 19 Oct. 24.
Cristobal Oct. 18 Oct. 23 Oct. 26 Oct. 30 Nov. 2 Nov. 7.
Ancon . Nov. I Nov. 6 Nov. 9 Nov. 13 Nov. 16 Nov. 21
Cristobal Nov. 15 Nov. 20 Nov. 23 Nov. 27 Nov. 30 Dec. 5.
Ancon Nov. 29 Dec. 4.. Dec. 7. Dec. 11. Dec. 14 Dec. 19
Cristobal Dee. 13. . Dec. 18.. Dec. 21 Dec. 26. Dec..29. Jan. 3.
Ancon. Dec. 27. . Jan. 1. Jan. 4. Jan. 8. Jan.11 Jan. 16.

Steamers sail at 3 p. m from pier 65. North River, foot of West 25th St., New York.
All vessels call at Port-au-Prince, Haiti, which is approximately 5 days from New York and 60 hours from Cristobal.
The stay of steamers at Port-au-Pn nee is of sufficient length of time to allow passengers to visit points of interest.
West coat sernfci-In addition, a regular freight service is maintained without[ calls en route direct between New
York and Cristobal. Buenaventura, and Ecuadorian ports. Particulars upon application.


Postal and Cable Addresses of The Panama Canal.
The postal address is, "The Panama Canal. Balboa Heights, Canal Zone," or "The Panama Canal,
Washington, D. C."
Mail for ships passing through the Canal or touching at either of the terminal ports should be
addressed to "Cristobal. Canal Zone."
The cable address of The Panama Canal. on the Isthmus, is "Pancanal. Panama;" in the United
States. "Pancanal. Washington."







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


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THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


. Report of Cargo Discharged and Laded by Vessels Entering and Clearing
from Port of Balboa, C. Z., for Week Ending August 20, 1927.
Cargo-
Name of vessel. Line or charterer. Arrived. Departed. Discharged La .
Discharged Laded.
Tons.' Tom.
Chile ... ......... East Asiatic Co.. ... .... August 13.... August 13... 88 .........
Kenowis..... ..... U.S. Government ..... August 13.. August 16.... 1,782 80
Cid........ ... Pacific Steam Navigation Co ..... August 14.. August 14..... ..... ... 14
City of Panama Panama Mail S. S. Co... ..... August 14..... August 14.... 83 ..........
Venezuela ....... Panama Mail S. S. Co ....... August 17.. August 18.. 160 26
Takaoka Maru..... Nippon Yusen Kaisha. August 17.. August 17..... 355 .........
Borga........ .... Fred Olsen & Co. .. ... August 18.. August 18.. 287 ....
Cepolis... ...... Hadley Shipping Co ..... August 19.. August 21.. 7,164 .......
____ ____ _____ ______ r


Location of Patients and Visiting Hours, at Ancon Hospital.

The following table shows the distribution of patients in the Ancon
hospital buildings and the visiting hours for the various wards and
sections:


Section and Ward.


Section "B:"
Ward 5, Male, private rooms, American boys........
Ward 6, Foreign, male and female, private rooms,
American girls.......... .. ....... ...
Ward 7, White female, private rooms. ...........
S Ward 8, Obstetrical department, white females
(Nursery).. ............... .........
Section "C:"
Ward 9, White foreign, male............ .........
Ward 11, Colored, male, surgical...................
Ward 12, Colored, male, medical, eye and ear.......
Ward 13, Colored, male, G. U................
Ward 14, American, male, G. U........ .........
Section "D:"
Ward 15, American. male, surgical...............
Ward 16, American, male, medical, eye and ear ....
Ward 17, Colored children.................. ...
Ward 18, White children..........................
Ward 19, Colored, female, medical................
'Ward 20, Colored, female, surgical, obstetrical.......
Isolation......................... ............ ... .


Visiting Hours.


Daily 9.30 to 11 a. m.; 2.00 to 4.30 p. m.;
6.30 to 8.00 p. m.
(No visitors permitted in nursery.)



Wednesday, Fridays. Sunday. and holidays. 1.30 to 3p.m.



Tuesday, Thursdays, and Saturdays, 2.30 to 4.30 p. m.;
6.30 to 7.30 p. m.
Sunday and holidays, 9.30 to 11 a. m.: 2.30 to 4.30 p. m.
Wednesday, Fridays, Sundays, and holidays. 1.30 to3 p.m.
Daily 9.30 to II a. m.; 2 to 4 p. m.
SWednesdays, Fridays, Sundays, and holidays, 1.30 to3 p.m.

No visitors permitted except to visit tuberculosis patients,
Thursday, Sundays, and holidays, 1.30 to 3 p. m.


Permission to visit outside of visiting hours will be granted upon application to the Superintendent's Office.
Immediate relatives of seriously ill patients will be admitted at any time by and in the discretion of the attending
physician, section nurse, and in her absence, the nurse in charge.


Facilities for Shipping.

The Panama Canal is equipped with all the facilities for the fueling, supply, and repair of ships
which are found in modem ports.
The coaling plants, with an aggregate storage capacity of 700,000 tons, can bunker ships up to
1,500 tons an hour, practically as fast as it can be handled in ships' bunkers. Oil can be delivered
as fast as the ships can take it, from 30 tanks aggregating approximately 3,536,500 barrels of storage
capacity. Crude fuel oil, Diesel oil, and gasoline are sold.
The ships' chandlery storehouses carry a wide variety of marine supplies and spare parts. The
commissary stores sell foodstuffs, fresh meats, fruits, and vegetables, as well as clothing and a general
line of goods for supplying about 30,000 people resident on the Isthmus. Ice plants, a large laundry.
hotels, hospitals, and restaurants serve the passengers and crews of ships.
A 1,000-foot dry dock, capable of receiving the largest ships built, a smaller dry dock, floating cranes,.
foundry, and amply equipped shops, employing about 1,100 men, provide the means of making prac-
tically any kind of marine repairs.
Ample space exists at either terminal of the Canal for the berthing of vessels, as well as large
covered piers for the storage of cargo. These are modern structures, fireproof, ratproof, in splendid
condition, well lighted and maintained in a clean and orderly condition.
In general, the services to shipping at the Canal are such as have been developed and found ample
and effective in the course of handling large traffic through the Canal in over 11 years of operation.







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL.
lemurL PUBLISHED WEtKLY. %
Subscription rates, domestic, 80.50 per year; foreign, $1.00; address
The Panama Canal Record. Balboa Heights. Canal Zone. or
The Panama Canal. Washington, D. C.
Entered as second-class matter February 6, 1918, at the Post Office
at Cristobal. C. Z., under the Act of March 3, 1879.
Certijicate.-By direction of the Governor of The Panama Canal the matter contained herein is published as statistical
information and is required for the proper transaction of the public business.

Volume XXI. Balboa Heights, C. Z., August 31, 1927. No. 4-

United States Intercoastal Cargo During Past Six Years.
The aggregate cargo passing through the Canal in the United States
intercoastal trade increased from 2,518,885 tons for the fiscal year
1922 to 13,614,657 tons for the fiscal year 1924, but decreased to
9,715,442 tons the following fiscal year. Since the fiscal year 1925
there has been an increase again to 10,862,402 tons for the fiscal year
1927. The figures are given in the following table, in which are shown
the United States intercoastal cargo tonnage, segregated by direction,
the total cargo tonnage through the Canal, and the percentage which
the intercoastal cargo was of the total cargo tonnage for each fiscal
year.
Fiscal year. Fiscal year. Fiscal year. Fiscal year. Fiscal year. Fiscal year.
Direction. 1922. 1923. 1924. 1925. 1926 1927.
Atlantic to Pacific .. .. 1.312,554 2,673,521 2,733,075 2,320,159 2.562,991 2,822,598
Pacific to Atlantic ....... 1,206.331 5,525,504 10.881.582 7.395,283 7,679,624 8,039,804
Total intercoastal.. . 2.518,885 8.199,025 13,614.657 9,715,442 10.242.615 10.862,402
Total cargo through Canal. 10.884.910 19,567.875 26,994.710 23,958.836 26.037.448 27.748,215
Per cent ofintercoastal. 23.1 41 9 50.4 40 6 39 3 39 1

The total amount of cargo passing through the Canal has been
affected largely by shipments of mineral oils from the west coast of the
United States. Most of this cargo has ben destined to the Atlantic
seaboard. As these shipments have fluctuated considerably during the
years under consideration, it is necessary to deduct them from the total
cargo tonnage in the intercoastal trade to find the growth in general
cargo. The difference shown for each fiscal year in the following table
is approximately the United States intercoastal cargo tonnage through
the Canal for those years, exclusive of mineral oils, and is a better
indication of the general growth in this trade than the total inter-
coastal tonnage shown in the first table:
Total IT. S. Mineral oils Difference
Year. intercoastal from west coast or general
tonnage. of U. S. shipments.
1922.............................. . . .. .. ..... 2,518,885 55,838 2,463,047
1923 ..... .. .. ...... ..... ..... .. .. .. ..... .... ... 8,199,025 3,494,405 4,704,620
1924. .................. .... .. .... ... .. 13,614,657 8,524,837 5,089,820
1925.... ................ ...... ... ..... .... 9,715,442 4,832.766 4,882,676
1926..... ..... .......... . .. ...... ......... . . 10,242,615 4,860,799 5.381,816
1927.................. .... .. .. . . 10,862,402 4,392.682 6,469,720

Postal and Cable Addresses of The Panama Canal.
The postal address is. "The Panama Canal, Balboa Heights. Canal Zone." or "The Panama Canal.
Washington, D. C."
Mail for ships passing through the Canal or touching at either of the terminal ports should be
addressed to "Cristobal. Canal Zone."
The cable address of The Panama Canal. on the Isthmus, is "Pancanal. Panama;" in the United
States. "Pancanal, Washington."








46


THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


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THE PANAMA CANAL RECORi)


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50 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


United States Intercoastal Traffic by Commodities for July, 1927.

The following table shows the cargo carried through the Canal in
the United States intercoastal trade, segregated by commodities and
by direction, with the totals for July, 1927, and the totals for July,
1926, and 1925. Cargo statistics are compiled from cargo declarations
submitted by masters of vessels, and in these declarations small
items are frequently grouped under the designation of "General Cargo."
These statistics are accordingly not precise but they are indicative
of the kind and quantity of the cargo in transit through thd Canal.
The figures represent tons of 2,240 pounds, and are for the United
States intercoastal trade only:

Allantic Pacifir
Commodity. to to Totals.
Pauific. Atlaqtie.
Agricultural implements ......... .. ... ............ 3.. 35 411
Ammonia......... ... .. .... ..... .. .. ... .. . 191
Asphalt ......... ............ .. .. . ... ........ .. 25 . 25
Autos ... ............... .... .... .. .. .. ... .... 57 7A 835
Auto accessories ............ ........... .. . . 8.. 2 15 907
Bark, eascara.......... . ..... . ... 4; 47
Barley. . ....... . . .... 60
Beans..... ..... ... . 12 2 5iJ3 2 718
Borax ...... . .. .. . 1 5;> 5S3
Burlap .......... 314 311 344
Camphor .. ......... .. .. ... ... ... .. .. . 414 419
Canned goods:
Fish ................... .. .. .. .... .. ..... .... .. .... 225 4 45 5 .170
Fruit ................... .. .. .. . ....... 24 II 556 11 ,580
M eat ..... ...... .. .. .... . .. .. . 180 S 1.360
Vegetables............. .... . .... ....... 1.61.11 3. 1.30 5,231
M ilk . ............. ... .................. ... 1 72 172
Other..... ............... .... .... .. ..... ... 1.085 4.1511 5.235
Carbon black.... ....... .... . ... .... .. 71, 70
Celite filtercel ............. ... ........ ... .. 1 .)20 1.026
Cement ........... .. ......... ............ .... ... 1.0I52 205 1. 57
Charcoal .......... .... ... .. ........... .. 1510 0l 0 250
Chemials '. .. ... ... 1. 16 S t) 1,096
China and fire clay. ... . .. .i)5 65
Coal . ................ ...... ..... ..... 2.731. 2,730
Cocoa ...... .. ..................... ......... 15 ..
Coronuts ........ ...... . ......... ....... ........ 5; 569
Coffee ... .... .......... .. .. .. ..... ... . .. ... 239 7S .316
Coke . ..... .... ............. .. .. 20
Cold storage:
Peef ....... ............... .. ... .............. ....... 12 12
Butter ..... ...... . .... . .. ... .. . 5u 50
C hee. .e ... ...... . ...... 7... .. .. .. I
Lard ............... ................. n 310
M eat ................ .. ...... . .. ........5 13 32
Tallow ................... .... . .. . 431 43r
O their ............. .. . . 318
Confectionery ... . ...... .. ... . I 1 141
Cork .......... .. .. .. .... .. .. .. . ........ .. 24 . 224
C orn .......... .. ... ... . .. . 5 50
Cotton.. .............. . . . . .. .. 2.441t 5283 2, 74
Cyanide .......... ..... ............... 25 . 25
Drugs .... . ....... .. . . .. .... .. .246 246
Earthenware .. ...... . .. ... ... r)4 . 104
Eggs, dried .. ..... . ....... ....... 34 34
Explosives ....... ....... . .. .. ... .. 35 35
Flour ....... ...... ..... ... .... .... .. 17 3.774 3.952
Fruit:
Dried ................. ... . ... ....... 266 5 ,08 5,874
Fresh .................. ..... 25 25
Furniture ...... ...... .. .. .. ... 625 ... 625
General ... ....... ... ..... 44.821 p .409i 54.233a
Class ............................. 2.41.3 658 3.071
Graphite .......... ... ... .... 55 ... .. 55
Gum kauri .... .......... ...... ..... . . ... 300 .. .... 300
H air .. ......... ... ............. . ... . .. ... .. . .. . 126 126
Hardwoods................ ........ ... .. .......... 18 I..........
Hemp ........ ... 806 806
Hay................. . ..... .......... . ... ... ... ........ 1 87
Hemp ................ ............ 806 806
Honey .......................... .......... ......... 13
H ops ......................... .. ... ... .. .. . ..... ..... ......... 2 2
Ink .............................. ......... .. ................ ...........10 10
Jute ........................... ......... ....... ...... . . .. . 101 101
Leather.............. .. .. ........... ......... .. .............. ... . 52 52







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Atlantic Pacific
Commodity. to to Totals.
Pacific. Atlantic.
Linoleum ............... ... .. .. 130 130
Lumber....................... .. 2.580 261.113 263,693
M arble .................... . 75 75
Manufactured goods:
Iron and steel............. .. .. 89,276 1,218 90,494
M achinery................... ... .. .. .. 3,907 714 4.621
Railroad material.......... .... . .. 2,151 .... ... 2.151
Textiles........................... . ... . 3,926 250 4,176
Other ..................... 7,536 22 7,558
M atches................... ... 69 ... ..... 69
Metals:
Copper...... ............ ....... ........ 165 10,058 10.223
Gold and silver............. .... ......... 231 .. ... .. 231
Iron ...................... ..... ... . .. 594 25 619
Lead ...................... ....... .. .. .. 106 22 128
Scrap..................... ........... ... ... 750 109 859
Tin............ .............. 6,486 8 6,494
Other.................... .. . . . 94 458 552
Milk, powdered.......... ........... .......... . . .... 145 145
Molasses................... .... ... 216 ... .... 216
N uts......................... ... . . 15 15 30
Oats............................ ... 17 .. .... ... 17
Oils:
Cottonseed............ ... ... . . .... .... .. ... 15 .......... 15
Crude ................... .. .. .. . .. 155,846 155,846
Gas oil, fuel oil .............. .. .. .. 70.814 70,814
Gasoline, benzine, naphtha.. . ... 145 143,387 143,532
Lubricating and greases............ 3,236 3,236
Vegetable................... .. 294 294
W ood.................. . .. .... 29 2 31
Other............... .. .... 394 .......... 394
Ores:
Copper .................... ... .. .. ... .. 627 1,175 1,802
Iron............ ..... ... . 28 28
Maguesite................... . 905 905
Zinc......... ........... .. .. .... 50 50
Paint.................. .......... .. .. .. 15 130 145
Paper...................... .. . .. 5.070 1,649 6,719
Peanuts............... ....... ... .. ... .. 100 100
Peas.......................... . . 417 417
Porcelain.................... . . .. . . 281 281
Ragse......................... .. 287 287
Rice.... .. ...................... .. 735 195 930
Rope .......................... 84 19 103
Rosin......................... ... .. .. 830 .. .. 830
Rubber:
Manufactured............ .. 896 90 986
Raw .................... . 23 .. 23
Scrap.................. ... 240 240
Salt........ ...............................250 483 733
Sand.............. .................... ...... .. . 1,020 . .. 1.020
Seeds:
Hemp ............................... .. .. .. .. 28 28
Other............................ 128 128
Shells, oyster .................. ... .. ...... 1374 50 1,424
Silk.......................... ......... ....... ... . . . 2 88 90
Skins and hides. ........... .. .. ........ ... .... . . ..... 93 1,792 1,885
Slag......................... . . .. .. .. ... ..... . . 100 100
Soap................... ..... .. 1,018 18 1,036
Soda......... ................. . ... 280 .. . 280
Soda, ash.............. ..... ... .... 756 . ... . 756
Soda, caustic................... .......... ...... 880 ........ 880
Starch ......................... 161 . .... 161
Sugar............................. ..... .. .. . ..... 1,183 6,100 7,283
Sulphur.. .................. . ..... .... ..... 8,000 .. ... .. 8,000
Tale....... ............... . ........... .... ............ 211 211
T ea .................... . .... . .. ...... .. .. . 28 28
Tobacco............................ .. .. . . . .. 1,304 9 1,313
Turpentine.................... .... .. ... .. .. .. 604 .. . 604
Waste....................... ..... 73 1,024 1,097
W ax........... ...... ....... . .. .... 96 96
W heat ........ ...................... ..... .. .. ...... 4,844 4,844
W ine.............. ..... ... .... . .. .. .. .. .... ......5 50 55
W ool ........................... .. ....... .. .. .. ...... 7,720 7,720
Totals, July, 1927....... .. ...... .. .. 212,214 726,553 938,767
Totals, July, 1926 ........ ..... .............. .. .. ....... 216,831 617,535 834,366
Totals, July, 1925............. ... .. .......... 209,260 610,919 820.175




A,


THE. PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Report of Cargo Discharged and Laded by Vessels Entering and Clearing
from Port of Cristobal, C. Z., for Two Weeks Ending August 27, 1927. .


Name of vessel.


Almagro .............
Cid.................
Iowa................
Tolos...............
Heredia.............
Commercial Courier...
City of Panama......
Calamares...........
Santas Ana...........
Napoli................
Carl Gerhardt........
Nueva Espana.......
Galicia.............
Jamaica.............
Brielle...............
Venezuela............
Takaoka Maru.......
Borga...............
Chiman.............
Mineola.............
Ancon...............
Manhattan Island....
Suriname............
Guayaquil ........
Ashbee .... ........
Tivives............. .
Bologna ........ ....
Essequibo............
Amasis........ ....
Favorita.............
Santa Marta .........
Coppename.........
Venezuela...........
Nictheroy...........
Esparta....... .....
Cartago....... ..
La Plata Maru .....
Stella ............ .
Venezuela...........
Bowden ..... .....
Ancon..............
Atrato ..... ......
Jamaica... ........
Cartago........ ..
La Plata Maru.......
Stella ...............
Nebraska...........
Oranian ...........
Calamares..........
Salvador.... ........
Ebro...... ........
Zenon..............
Tirso............ .
Colombia ...........
Santa Cecelia..... .
Pastores.............
U. D. Vinton .....
Baralt.. ..........
Grootendijk. .........
Saint Jean...........
Linda S.............
Orbita ............
Kellerwald........ .
Urubamba...........
Balboa...... .......
Sixaola........... .
Tivives..............
Saramaeca...........
Resolute............
Chiman.............
Suriname..........
Indiana............
Ammon............
Virginia...........
Somme........... .
Limon ..............
Amassia ...........
Virginia...........


Line or charterer. Arrived.


Pacific Steam Navigation Co ..... ... .........
Pacific Steam Navigation Co .... .. ...........
French Line. ................. August 14.....
United Fruit Co.. ......... August 14.....
United Fruit Co................ August 14...
Commercial S. S. Co ............. August 14.....
Panama Mail S. S. Co.... ....... August 14.....
United Fruit Co................. August 15...
Grace Line................. .... August 15.....
Italian Line.......... ... . August 15.....
Mamaos Trelleberg........ ..............
Juan Diez ................... August 15....
Hamburg-American Line...... August 16.....
Pacific Steam Navigation Co...... August 16......
Royal Netherlands S. S. Co...... August 17.....
Royal Netherlands S. S. Co.... August 17.....
Nippon Yusen Kaisha ..... ..... August 17.. .
Fred Olson & Co ..... .. . August 17.....
Isthmian Land & Fruit Co.... August 17.....
Grace Line................. .... August 17....
Panama R. R. S. S. Line... ...... August 17.... .
Finkbine Guild Transportation Co. August 17.....
United Fruit Co.. .......... August 17... .
Panama Railroad S. S. Line... August 17.....
Grace Line ... ...... August 17...
United Fruit Co.......... .. August 17..
Italian-American Shipping Corp... August 17....
Pacific Steam Navigation Co. ... August 18....
Hamburg-American Line .. August 18.....
Standard Fruit S. S. Co... ..... August 18....
United Fruit Co. .. August 18...
United Fruit Co...... ... August 18...
Panama Mail S. S. Co. .... August 18...
Royal Mail Steam Packet Co August 19...
United Fruit Co.. ........ August 20.....
United Fruit Co ........... August 20..
Osaka Shosen Kaisha .... August 20.. .
Grace Line ... August 20... .
Royal Netherlands S. S. Co . August 20..
United Fruit Co .. .......
Panama Railroad S. S. Line ........ .
Colombian Transport Co ....... .. ..... ...
Pacific Steam Navigation Co ... ........ .. .
United Fruit Co . ..... . ... ..
Osaka Shosen Kaisha ... .. .... . ..
Grace Line.. ... . ...... .. .
Pacific Steam Navigation Co..... August 21....
W. Andrews & Co ... .... August 21....
United Fruit Co. . .. . August 21....
Pacific Steam Navigation Co August 21....
Pacific Steam Navigation Co .... August 22..
French Line ..... .. August 22...
Italian-American Shipping Corp August 22.....
Panama Mail S. S. Line . .... August 22...
Grace Line .. . August 22..
United Fruit Co...... .... August 22...
G. & A. Bryan .... ..... August 23...
Royal Netherlands S. S. Line.... August 23....
Holland-American Line August 23....
French Line ......... ...... August 23....
R. Feuillebois........ ........ August 23.....
Pacific Steam Navigation Co... August 24....
Hamburg-American Line...... August 24....
Peruvian Line ........ .... August 24.....
Panama Agencies Co .. .... ... August 24.....
United Fruit Co.. ...... .. August 24....
United Fruit Co......... ... August 24.....
United Fruit Co ...... .... August 24.....
Colon Import & Export Co ... August 24....
Isthmian Land & Fruit Co .. .... August 24.. .
United Fruit Co ....... August 25.....
French Line.................. August 25....
Hamburg-American Line ........ August 25.....
Standard Fruit S. S. Co ......... August 25.....
U. S. Army ........... .. August 26.....
United Fruit Co ... .. ... August 26.....
Hamburg-American Line......... August 27.....
Standard Fruit S. S. Co.......... August 27.....


Cargo-
Departed.
Discharged Laded.


August 14.....
August 14.....
August 14.....
August 14.....
August 15.....
August 19.....
August 20.....
August 17...
August 15...
August 16.....
August 17......
August 18.....
August 17....
August 17....
August 18....
August 18....
August 18.....
August 18....
August 18...

August 19..
August 18....
August 18.....
August 17....
August 18....
August 20....
August 19....
August 19.....
August 18....
August 18.....
August 18.....
August 20....
August 20....
August 20....


August 20....
August 21..
August 21...
August 24.....
August 26...
August 22....
August 21..
August 25.....
August 22....
August 22.....
August 21....
August 27...
August 22...
August 23.....
August 23.....
August 23.... .
August 22.....
August 24.....
August 24.....
August 27....
August 25....
August 24.....
August 23.....
August 25.....
August 24.....
August 25.....
August 25.....
August 25.....
August 25.....
August 24....
August 25.....
August 25.....
August 25.....
August 27.....
August 25.....
August 27.....
August 27.....
August 27.....
August 27....
August 27..-...


Tons.

52
11
176
923
826
* 396
(I)
22

15
6
1981
466
132
30
258
281
46
2,980
665
664
3571
3
216
1941
245
75
210

191
572
191
150
73
65
414



( ')



577
5
311
7
48
141
474
118
338
(9)
381
432
68
('1
74
1
2,411
771
483
3
606
(')
32
13
45
154
110
549
48
99
(I)


I I


Tons.
128
315
27
19
143
1,588
2,600
5
209
4791
1,000


166
505
( ,)
(2)
( 'I
144
.... ......

61
(2)
(a)
710
381
(2)
64
11
10
273
132
109
91
..... .. ...

505
5241
1,173
49
401
136
(,)
435
189
40
551
1,077
68
43
136
(a)
31
23
26
(a)
(2)
33
193
53
..........
710
133
34
28
(a)
22
65
00
28 -
259
37
337


, No cargo laded.


-'No cargo discharged.








THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Notaries Public in the Canal Zone.

The following is a list of notaries public commissioned in the Canal
Zone as of August 27, 1927. The list gives, by towns, the name,
where stationed, and the date of expiration of commission:


ANCON.
Bowen, Vollie S., Land Office, February 27-
1930.
Boyd, Oscar S., Municipal Division, July 30.
1928.
French, A. W.. Ancon Hospital, May 14. 1929.
Ohison. Elmer F., Ancon Hospital. December 3.
1927.
Russell, C. V., Ancon Hospital. April 29, 1930.
Schaeffer, L. E., Office of District Attorney.
April 6, 1929.
Sheibley, F. H., District Court, October 27,
1929.
BALBOA.
Hyde, W. H., Port Captain's Office. March 6,
1930.
Kalar. J. D., Port Captain's Office. April 13.
1929.
Kelley, Thomas H., Mechanical Division.
August 18. 1930.
Lefever, John E.. Fort Amador. February 28.
1928.
Prager. J. F.. Balboa storehouse. December 13.
1929.
Smith, Walter R., Balboa storehouse. Septem-
ber 4. 1928.
Stillwell, J. L., Fort Amador. April 16. 1928.
BALBOA HEIGHTS.
Attaway, E. F., Administration Building, room
343, October 28. 1927.
Boggs, W. B., Administration Building, room
316-, August 4. 1928.
Buehler, G. H., Administration Building, room
205, August 17, 1928.
Fenton. John A., Administration Building.
room 203, July 28, 1930.
Gallagher. A. J., Administration Building, room
325, December 13. 1929.
Illwitzer, P. G.. Administration Building, room
270, October 12, 1929.
Schecker, C. A., Administration Building, room
244. January 19, 1930.
Sims, Walter H., Quarry Heights. December 1.
1927.
Taylor, R. G.. Administration Building, room
318, April 30. 1930.
Ungar. J., Administration Building, room 301,
February 2. 1929.
Wang, Frank H.. Administration Building,
room 305. April 29. 1929.


COROZAL.
Grimm. G. L.. Corozal Hospital. October 6.
1929.
Johnson. Mrs. Anna 0., Panama Ordnance
Depot, February 26, 1930.
CRISTOBAL.
Atwood. H. E.. Commissary Division. April 8.
1930
Campbell. J. S., District Court. January 28,
1920.
Clarke. V. J.. Commissary Division, January
14. 1929.
Concklin. A. W.. Commissary Division. April
27, 1929.
Cotton. Charles.Coaling Plant, March 20, 1929.
Daly. E. ... ULnited Fruit Co.. May 26. 1929.
Flood. Arthur. Custom's office, November 15.
1928.
Hargy. F. F.. Port Captain's office. May 28.
1930.
NIcSparran, E. S Receiving & Forwarding
Agency. December 1. 1927.
Murray. P. E. Magistrate. October 13. 1929.
Scarborough. W. W.. clubhouse, January 21.
1930.
Slocum. E. L., Chase National Bank, August 10,
1920.
Walsh W. H.. Customs Office, August 5, 1929.
Elli-. Edward E.. Coaling Plant. May 24, 1930.

CrATvN.
McGahhey. J. T., clubhouse. August 12. 1930.
MOUNT HOPE.
Latimer. J. G.. Cristobal storehouse, April 30,
1930.
PARAISO.
Holzapiel. A. F.. Dredging Division, August 10.
1929.
PEDRO MIGUEL.
Norris. R. N.. Municipal Division, August 11,
1930.
Rader. T. C.. Pacific Locks. January 21. 1930.
Wright. A. M.. Dredging Division, January 21.
1930.
Cauthers, R A., Municipal Division. June 16
1930.


Acting Governor.
THE PANAMA CANAL, EXECUTIVE DEPT..
BALBOA HEIGHTS, C. Z., August 25, 1927.
To all concerned-Effective the 29th instant.
and during my absence from the Isthmus.
Col. Harry Burgess, U. S. A.. Engineer of
Maintenance, will be Acting Governor.
M. L. WALKER.
Governor.


Acting President, Panama Railroad.
PANAMA RAILROAD COMPANY.
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT.
BALBOA HEIGHTS, C. Z.. August 25, 1927.
To all concerned-Effective the 29th instant.
and during my absence from the Isthmus.
Col. Harry Burgess, U. S. A., Second Vice
President, will perform such duties of the Presi-
Sdent as relate to the operations of the company
'i on the Isthmus.
M. L. WALKER,
President.


Information from American Consuls.
The Consular officers of the United States at
seaports all over the world are ex officio repre-
sentatives of The Panama Canal for the purpose
of furnishing information to shipping and allied
interests as to conditions, charges, etc., at the
Panama Canal affecting the operation of ships.
The current publications of The Panama Canal
of interest to shipping are furnished to the Con-
sular officers and filed for reference.
It is not desired that inquiries of a general
nature be addressed to the Consular officers, or
that they be burdened with requests which should
be made direct to The Panama Canal; but
ships' operators who may not be sufficiently
advised as to charges, supplies, facilities, etc..
at the Canal will always save time by applying to
the nearest American Consul.

Ships' Chandlery Supplies.
Panama Canal storehouses stock a complete
line of ships' chandlery supplies available for sale
to shipping at cost prices plus 25 per cent sur-
charge. which surcharge includes freight, hand-
ling, and other costs.






54. THE PANAMA .CANAL RECORD :

Merchandise Shipped to Canal Zone for Orders.
The Panama Railroad Company, a New York corporation, of which
the stock is now owned by the United States Government, will ware-
house" for orders" at its piers and warehouses at Balboa and Cristobal,
Canal Zone, nonperishable and nondangerous merchandise, excepting
alcoholic liquors. An illustrated pamphlet explaining in detail the
arrangement may be had upon application to the Panama Railroad
Co., Balboa Heights, C. Z., or 24 State Street, New York City.
On general merchandise the rates are as follows:
(a) For handling cargo from ship's side to storage place, the customary inward
local charge of $1 per ton.
(b) For delivery or reforwarding, customary outward local charge of $1 per ton.
(Total of 20 cents per ton more than regular transfer charge.)
(c) For storage, 3 cents per ton per day, except that no charge will be made for
the first 35 days.
The Panama Railroad Company stores this cargo in four fireproof warehouses, 160
feet by 850 feet, at Cristobal, and in one of the same dimensions at Balboa.
Cargo stored for orders can be reforwarded from the Isthmus-each carrier to col-
lect its proportion of the through rate instead of the local. This means that should a
shipment move from New York to the Canal Zone, it will of course pay regular local
rate to Balboa or Colon, as the case may be-but should owner wish to reforward to,
say, "Guayaquil," he can do so by paying the oncarrier's proportion of the through
rate. Upon evidence that the shipment or any part of it moved beyond the Canal
Zone, the initial carrier will refund the difference between the through and local rate.
There are no special forms for use in shipping except the warehouseman's order to
release the cargo for shipment ("Authority to Deliver Cargo from Storage on Piers)".
Shipper takes out his bill of lading and consular invoice and the cargo moves as regular ,
outward local.
Samples of the forms used, "Negotiable Warehouse Receipt," and "Authority to
Deliver Cargo from Storage on Piers," are shown in the pamphlet referred to above.

Provisions Required by Ships.
The Panama Canal Commissary Division, with facilities at Balboa
and Cristobal for delivery of supplies to steamships, carries a complete
line of provisions, such as meats, fruits, vegetables, eggs, butter,
canned goods, cigars, cigarettes, tobacco, etc., which are sold to ships
at the prices which are in effect for employees, no surcharge being
added. Beef especially is available at low prices, hindquarters selling
at 12 cents per pound and forequarters at 91 cents per ppund.
Orders may be placed in advance by radio for delivery on arrival,
or at either terminal for prompt delivery or for delivery at the other
terminal after transit. All vessels are boarded on arrival by a repre-
sentative of the Commissary Division.


Facilities for Shipping.
The Panama Canal is equipped with all the facilities for the fueling, supply, and repair of ships
which are found in modern ports.
The coaling plants, with an aggregate storage capacity of 700.000 tons, can bunker ships up to
1,500 tons an hour, practically as fast as it can be handled in ships' bunkers. Oil can be delivered
as fast as the ships can take it, from 30 tanks aggregating approximately 3,536.500 barrels of storage
capacity. Crude fuel oil, Diesel oil, and gasoline are sold.
The ships' chandlery storehouses carry a wide variety of marine supplies and spare parts. The
commissary stores sell foodstuffs, fresh meats, fruits, and vegetables, as well as clothing and a general
line of goods for supplying about 30,000 people resident on the Isthmus. Ice plants, a large laundry,
hotels, hospitals, and restaurants serve the passengers and crews of ships.
A 1,000-foot dry dock, capable of receiving the largest ships built, a smaller dry dock, floating cranes,
foundry, and amply equipped shops, employing about 1,100 men, provide the means of making prac-
tically any kind of marine repairs.
Ample space exists at either terminal of the Canal for the berthing of vessels, as well as large
covered piers for the storage of cargo. These are modern structures, fireproof, ratproof, in splendid
condition, well lighted and maintained in a clean and orderly condition.
In general, the services to shipping at the Canal are such as have been developed and found am*
a g gpctive In the course of pandling large traffic through the Canal in pver 13 years of operation. ,


1







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY,.
Subscription rates, domestic. $0.50 per year: foreign. $1.00; address
*, s The Panama Canal Record. Balboa Heights, Canal Zone, or
The Panama Canal. Washington. D. C.
Entered as second-class matter February 6. 1918. at the Post Office
at Cristobal, C. Z.. under the Act of March 3. 1879.
Certifcate.-By direction of the Governor of The Panama Canal the matter contained herein is published as statistical
information and is required for the proper transaction of the public business.

VolumeXXI. Balboa Heights, C. Z., September 7, 1927. No. 5.

Canal Traffic During August-New Record for Transits.
During the month of August, 1927, 543 commercial vessels and 17
. small launches transited the Canal. Tolls on the commercial vessels
aggregated $2,274,040.55, and on the launches, $75.51, or a total tolls
.collection of $2,274,116.06.
The daily average number of transits of seagoing vessels for the
month was 17.52, and the daily average tolls collection, $73,356.15.
The average amount of tolls paid by each of the commercial transits
was $4,187.92, as compared with $4,346 for the month of July, 1927.
With respect to the number of commercial transits, August was the
largest month since the opening of the Canal, the former record being
509, made during the previous month, July, 1927. The tolls collection
on these 543 transits was the second highest in the history of the Canal,
being exceeded by December, 1923, when $2,335,729.81 was collected.
In the following tabulation the number of commercial transits and
the amount of tolls collected are shown for the first eight months of the
current calendar year, with the daily average of transits and tolls:
Totals for month. Daily average.
Month.
Transits. Tolls. Transits. Tolls.
January......................................... 443 $1,984,760.68 14.29 $64,024.54
February.......... ........... ... ....... .. 449 1,994,860 82 16.03 71,245 03
March ..... ............................ ..... 496 2,217,913 20 16.00 71,545 59
April............................ 464 2.065,206 92 15.46 68,840.23
M ay................... ... . .. .... .. .... 471 2,066,070.73 15.19 66,647.44
June........... ............................... 455 1,970,377.97 15.16 65,679.26
July.......... ............ ............... . 509 '2,215.515.99 16 42 71,358 56
August............ ..... .. ... ........... ... 543 2,274,040.55 17.51 73,356.15
Totals........... ... ..... ....... ... ...... 3.830 16,788,746.89 15 76 69.089.49
Includes $3,400.54 additional collected on supplemental bill. Does not include $3.400.54 collected on supple-
mental bill.

Japanese Training Squadron Transits Canal.
The cruisers Iwate and Asama, forming the training squadron of the
Imperial Japanese Navy, arrived at Balboa on August 25, 1927,
from California. The Iwale passed through the Canal on August 28,
took on 700 tons of coal at Cristobal, a'nd cleared for New Orleans on
August 31. The Iwale is of 10,289 tons displacement, 424 feet long,
58 feet beam, and 26 feet draft, and carries a crew of 720. The Asama
remained at Balboa until August 31, when she transited the Canal
and after bunkering with 756 tons of coal, cleared for New Orleans
Sthe same day. While the Asama was at Balboa the Mechanical
Division made repairs to her main engine. She is a vessel of 10,180
tons displacement, 441 feet long, 67 feet beam, with 26 feet 9 inches

I~







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Panama Canal Traffic During Fiscal Year, 1927, Segregated by
Nationality of Vessels.

Flags of 25 nations were represented in the traffic through the
Panama Canal during the year ended June 30, 1927. The only differ-
ences in the nationalities as compared with the year immediately pre-
ceding were the reappearance of the Argentine and Costa Rican flags
and the disappearance of the Portuguese flag.
Commercial traffic through the Canal during the fiscal year 1927,
segregated by flag in accordance with the registry of the vessels, is
shown in the following tabulation:
No. United States Panama Registered Registered Tons
Nationality. of equivalent Canal net gross net Tolls. of
transits. net tonnage. tonnage. tonnage. tonnage, cargo.
Argentinian.. 1 ...... ..... .... . ........ .... . .$1.200.00 ..........
Belgian.. 16 71.224 79,214 105,474 68.235 75,245.31 82,558
British...... 1,351 5,392,401 6,942,555 8,797,856 5,431,833 6,452,527.30 6,436,785
Chilean.. 27 85,830 114,427 178,013 96,051 106,899 60 86,960
Colombian.. 52 18,185 21,500 30,049 18,163 22.592 25 20,917
Costa Rican 2 138 138 246 144 103.50 ......
Danish .... 46 153,048 198,432 236,832 152,607 187,640.36 261,543
Danig...... 29 155,863 192,947 250,971 143,139 166,959.26 159,362
Dutch.. 105 433,648 575,065 699,091 424,823 542,023.19 571,700
Ecuadorian 6 1,187 1,210 1,916 1,201 1,322 46 1,638
Finnish .2 3.730 3,722 4,058 3,623 3.644 55 3.100
French.... 116 424,017 535,719 683,186 419.961 518,419 78 530,026
German... 212 571,957 779,812 939,830 572,884 707,510 22 973,741
Greek ... 1 3,208 4,047 5.269 3,322 4,010.00 6,124
Honduras.... 1 341 425 623 348 306 00 .........
Italian 74 293,190 344,491 457,846 282,325 363,168.32 308,050
Japanese 165 701,983 818,310 1.033,725 685,814 862,699.61 1,036,786
Yugoslav .. 14 45,703 57,340 72,045 45,453 53 847 88 76,649
Mexican 1 1,569 2,159 2,876 1,892 1,961.25 2,145
Norwegian 265 691,481 907,675 1,115,468 685,140 808,621 74 1,052,453
Panaman.. 105 54,115 85,374 109,427 71,478 66,844.25 87,776
Peruvian. 63 98,785 143,157 205,555 114,987 123,125.70 107,997
Spanish -30 90,252 110,544 152,949 93,118 107.904.65 47,576
Swedish 106 285,747 394,907 794,272 343,306 329,804 98 652,173
UnitedStates 2,685 10,987,994 13,914,645 17,678,240 10,958,406 12,720,447.95 15,242,156
Totals,1927. 5,475 20,565,596 26,227,815 33,555,817 20,618,253 24,228,830.11 27,748,215
Totals,1926. 5,197 19,452,828 24,774,591 31,672,618 19,548,881 22.931,055 98 26,037,448
TtalO,1925. 4,673 18,127,153 22,855,151 29,148,358 18,188,061 21,400.523.51 23,958,836


Vessels of United States registry comprised 53.05 per cent of the
aggregate Panama Canal net tonnage, were'the source of 52.5 per
cent of the total tolls collected, and carried 54.9 per cent of the total
cargo passing through the Canal during the year.
A comparison of the traffic through the Canal during the fiscal year
1927 with that of the preceding fiscal year for 10 of the nations having
the largest amount of traffic shows the following:
Number Panama Tons
of Canal net of
Nationality. transit. tonnage. cargo.
1926. 1927. 1926. 1927. 1926. 1927.
United State ...... ........ .... 2,432 2,685 12,565,255 13,914,645 13,710.956 15,242,156
British ..................... .... 1,423 1.351 7.039,542 6,942,555 6.750,843 6,436,785
Norwegian ..................... 306 265 G87,040 907,675 1,051.276 1,052,453
German .......................... 163 212 726,340 779,812 885,007 973,741
Japanese................... 131 165 649,028 818.310 667,982 1,036,786
French ... ..................... 90 116 421.752 535,719 398.393 530,026
Swedish .................... ..... 84 106 369,272 394,907 636,266 652,178
Dutch ............................ 93 105 530,652 575,065 552,741 571,700
Italian ........................... 90 74 379,990 344,491 322,236 308,050
anish ........................ . 63 46 234,753 198,432. 295,530 261,548
Alothers............................. 322 350 870,967 816,204 766,218 682;802
Totals ........................ 5,179 5,475 24,774,591 26.227,815 26,037 448 27,748,215







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD 3VI

Increases in Panama Canal net tonnage are shown as follows:
United States, 10.7 per cent; German, 7.4 per cent; Japanese, 26.1
per cent; Dutch, 8.4 per cent; French, 27 per cent; and Swedish,
6.9 per cent. Decreases: British, 1.4 per cent; Norwegian, 8.04 per
cent; Italian, 6.7 per cent; Danish, 15.4 per cent; and all others
6.3 per cent. Total traffic shows an increase of 9.97 per cent in Panama
Canal net tonnage.

Price of Coal at the Canal.
THE PANAMA CANAL, EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,
BALBOA HEIGHTS, C. Z., August 31, 1927.
TO ALL STEAMSHIP AGENTS:
1. Effective September 1, 1927, the prices for coal will be as follows, and tariff
No. 9, dated July 1, 1927, is modified accordingly:
Cristobal- Balboa.
Colon.
2. For steamships, including warships of all nations, delivered
from coaling plants, per ton of 2,240 pounds, except as pro-
vided in paragraph 5 ................................ $8.50 $11.50
3. For vessels transiting the Canal that are directed by The Pan-
ama Canal to take coal at Balboa on account of the con-
dition of the plants, the quantity available, or for the pur-
pose of expediting traffic.............. ......... ........... ...... 8.50
4. For steamships, including warships of all nations when de-
livered from lighters in quantities of 50 tons or more, per
ton of 2,240 pounds.................................. 9.50 12.50
5. For steamships, including warships of all nations, when deliver-
ed from lighters in quantities of less than 50 tons, with mini-
mum charge for 20 tons and with maximum charge not to
exceed that for 50 tons at prices specified in paragraph 6,
per ton of 2,240 pounds .............................. 11.50 14.50
H. BURGESS
Acting Governor, The Panama Canal.
Second Vice President, Panama Railroad Company.


Report of Cargo Discharged and Laded by Vessels Entering and Clearing
from Port of Balboa, C. Z., for Two Weeks Ending September 3, 1927.
Cargo- '-
Name of vessel. Line or charterer. Arrived. Departed.
Discharged Laded.
Tona. Toss.
City of Panama .. Panama Mail S. S. Co .... ..... August 21... August 21..... ....... 18
0 Colombia ....... .. Panama Mail S. S. Co ...... August 23.. August 24... 17 1
Atrato............ Colombian Transport Co ...... August 24.... August 25..... ... ... 58
Salina.. ..... .. U. S. Shipping Board ........ August 24.... August 25... 9,460 .....
Mojave ....... ... Standard Transportation Co ... August 25.. August 26.... 10,226 ........
E. J. Sadler.......... Standard Oil Co. of N. J.. ... August 25.... August 25........ ...... 2
President Wilson Dollar Line ........... ..... August 26.. August 26... ..... 22
Ammo... ....Hamburg-American Line......... August 27.. August 28... 689 ........
Cuyama......... .... U. S. Government..... ... ... August 28.. September 1.. 6,984 ........
Havana Maru........ Osaka Shosen Kaisha .. ....... August 30... August 30... 35 ......
Boskoop ........... Royal Netherlands S. S. Co....... August 31.. August 31.... 422 ......
Santa Cruz......... Grace Line ... .... September 1.. September ... .... .... 23
Commercial Pioneer... Moore & McCormack........ .. September 1.. September 1. 1 .........
jP Rakuyo Maru........ Nippon Yusen Kaisha ........... September I.. September 1.. 469
Epoca.... .......... Gorrissen & Co .... ......... September 1... .............. 4 ..........
Point Reyes ........ Gulf-Pacific Line .............. September 2... September 3... 877 ........


ft Publication of Notices and Circulars of Interest to Shipping.
S All of the Panama Canal notices to mariners, notices to steamship lines, and general circulars of
k Interest to shipping in its relation to the Canal are published in THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD. For
. this reason it is considered unnecessary to make a separate general distribution away from the Isthmus
of such notices and circulars to those receiving THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD. Shipping interests
re areadvisel to look for them in this paper, which is supplied to them without charge.







0 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD



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II.g3


Tolls Charges for Transit of The Pananu
Canal.


1. Merchant vessels carrying passengers
cargo, per net vessel ton (each 100
cubic feet) of actual earning capacity St .
2. Vessels in ballast, without passengersor
cargo, per net vessel ton (each 100
cubicfeet) of actualearning capacity..
3. Naval vessels, other than transports,
colliers, hospital ships, and supply
ships, per displacement ton ...........
4. Army and Navy transports, colliers,
hospital ships, and supply ships, the
vessel to be measured by the same
rules as are employed in determining
the net tonnage of merchant vessels,
per net ton....................... 1.
5. Tolls may not exceed the equivalent of $1.2
per net registered ton as determined bl
United States rules of measurement, nor b
less than the equivalent of $0.75 per ne
registered ton.
6. Vessels returning from Gatun Lake to origna
point of entry into the Canal, without pasesi
through the locks at the other end, as
charged tolls for one passage only.
7. Vessels transiting the Panama Canal from C
tobal to Balboa and return for the sole
pose of having repairs made at the Bal
dry dock and shops will be exempt frol
payment of tolls, but a charge will be mada
for pilotage in such causes, as provided i,
Paragraph 4, Item 3, of the tariff, and for
handling lines in accordance with Item 4Q
S of the tariff.

D Information from American Consuls.
The Consular officers of the United States at
Seaports all over the world are ex officio reprei
sentatives of The Panama Canal for the purpose
.g of furnishing information to shipping and allied!
interests as to conditions, charges, etc., at the
._ Panama Canal affecting the operation of ships:
The current publications of The Panama Canal!
. of interest to shipping are furnished to the Con-
,. sular officers and filed for reference.
2 It is not desired that inquiries of a general
nature be addressed to the Consular officers, or:
that they be burdened with requests which should
be made direct to The Panama Canal; but!
* ships' operators who may not be suffi&idhtly
a advised as to charges, supplies, facilities ?c,
* at t he Canal will always save time by applying to
the nearest American Consul.

Ships' Chandlery Suppliesl
Panama Canal storehouses stock a complete1
line of ships' chandlery supplies available for sale
to shipping at cost prices plus 25 er, cent sur-.
charge, which surcharge includes freight, hand-'
ling. and other costs., ,

.4 Provisions Required by Ships.
The Panama Canal Commissary Division, with.
. facilities at Balboa and Cristobal.for delivery ofi
(3 supplies to steamships, carries a complete line ofI
provisions, such as meats, fruits, vegetables, eggs,i
butter, canned goods, cigars, cigarettes, tobacco,
etc., which are sold to ships*at the prices which'
are in effect for employees, no surcharge being
added. Beef especially is available at low prices,.
hindquarters selling at 12 cents per pouqd andl
forequarters at 9f cents per pound.
Orders may be placed in advance bf radio for:
delivery on arrival, or at either terminal for,
prompt delivery or for delivery at Lthe other'
terminal after transit. All vessels are boarded onM
arrival by a representative of the Commissaryl
: Division. 4

t rCable Addresses of The Panama Canal. .J
" The cable address of The Panama Canal, on
the Isthmus, i "Pancanal, Panamaa" b the.
.United States, "Pancanal. -Washington.


E.I.


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THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL.
ll ~PUBLISHED WEEKLY.
Subscription rates, domestic, 50.50 per year; foreign, $1.00; address
The Panama Canal Record, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone, or
The Panama Canal, Washinkton, D. C.
Entered as second-clams matter February 6, 1918, at the Post Office
at Cristobal, C. Z., under the Act of March 3, 1879.
CrtifieaU.-By direction of the Governor of The Panama Canal the matter contained herein is published as statistical
information and is required for the proper transaction of the public business.

Volume XXI. Balboa Heights, C. Z., September 14, 1927. No. 6.

Tanker Traffic Through the Canal in August, 1927.

During the month of August, 1927, 116 tank ships transited the
Canal, with an aggregate net tonnage, Panama Canal measurement,
of 669,218, on which tolls of $571,057.66 were collected. In point
of net tonnage, tanker traffic for the past month showed a decrease of
approximately 6.3 per cent under the same traffic for the corresponding
month a year ago, while cargo tonnage showed a decrease of approxi-
mately 10.7 per cent under the same tonnage of August, 1926.
Tank ships comprised 21.4 per cent of the tdtal commercial transits
of the Canal during the month; made up approximately 26.6 per cent
of the total Panama Canal net tonnage; were the source of 25.1 per
cent of the tolls collected; and carried approximately 24.6 per cent
of the total cargo in transit through the Canal.
The number, aggregate tonnage, tolls, and cargo of tank ships transit-
ing the Canal during the month of August, 1927, segregated by direction
of transit and nationality of vessels, are shown in the following tabu-
lations, with comparative totals for the two preceding months and for
August, 1926:


I,
i~.


L







L


~1'


No. Panama Tons
Nationality. of Canal net Tolls. of
ships. tonnage, cargo.
Atlantic to Pacific.
British ..................................... ......... 11 54,203 $40,734.26 7,638
D anzig .............. .. .... .... .. .................. 1 5,927 4,267.44 ...........
G erman ..................... .......................... 1 4,574 3,293.28 ...... ...
Norwegian............................................ .. 3 14,305 10,299.60 .........
Swedish........... ....... ....... ................ 1 1,574 1,086 25 .........
United States......................................... 45 272,785 196,595.58 ...........
Totals, August, 1927. .............................. 62 353,368 256,276.41 7,638
Totals, July, 1927............. ....................... 62 345,496 252,532.90 14,846
Totals, June, 1927 ........ ........................ 55 296,653 216,243.22 9,617
Totals, August, 1926.. ................... ......... 61 366,605 266,220.59 12,300
Pacific to Atlantic.
British........................... .................. 8 36,701 38,935.00 69,517
-Norwegian .............................................. 1 5,071 5,427 50 10,075
United States.......................................... 45 274.078 270,418.75 509.639
Totals, August, 1927................................. 54 315,850 314,781.25 589,231
Totals, Jply, 1927.................................. 54 311,682 321,670.00 583,227
Totals, June, 1927................................... 54 299,293 303,749.15 558,159
Totals, August, 1926....................... .. ...... 60 347,588 356,559.80 655,955


Of the total tanker traffic shown above, the following is a summary
of the vessels giving Los Angeles as their port of origin or destination,






64' THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD

together with the totals for the two preceding months and for August,
1926:
No. Panama Tons
of Canal net Tolls. of
vessels, tonnage. cargo.
To Los Angeles.
August, 1927 ........................................ 52 297,107 8214,209.09 7,638
July, 1927.................... . ............. 48 268,988 195,611.70 6,028
June, 1927 ......................................... 42 234,008 168,673.44 .........
*August, 1926...... ................................. 52 311,840 224,682.42 ..........
From Los A ngeles.
August, 1927 ............................. ... ..... 43 254,044 251,755.00 469,890
July, 1927 .................. ..... ... .... ......... 45 263,810 271,442.50 492,975
June,1927 ...................................... 46 252.378 255,559 15 468,701
August, 1926.... .................................. 47 273,665 283,296.05 512,099


Trade with West Coast of South America.

The amount of cargo passing through the Canal to and from the
west coast of South America during the fiscal year 1927 was less by
661,817 long tons than in the previous year, and 544,648 long tons less
than in the fiscal year 1925. There was an increase, however, over the
amounts carried during the years preceding 1925. The following table
shows the amount of cargo in long tons, passing through the Canal in
the trade with west coast of South America, segregated by direction
of transit, the total cargo tonnage on all trade routes, and the per cent
which the trade with the west coast of South America formed of the
total, for each of the last six fiscal years:

TRADE WITH WEST COAST OF SOUTH AMERICA.
Per cent of
Atlantic Pacific Total South Ameri-
Fiscal year. to to Total. through can trade
Pacific. Atlantic. Canal. of total.
Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons.
1922 ........................... 814,379 1,317,846 2,132,225 10,884,910 19.6
1923 ...... .................... 1,063,107 3.307,505 4,370,612 19,567.875 22.3
1924.......................... 1,290,208 4,008,496 5,298,704 26,994.710 19.6
.1925 ......................... 1,338,150 4,714,243 6,052,393 23,958,836 25.3
1926........................... 1,279,867 4.889,695 6,169,562 26,037,448 23.7
-1927 ........................... 1,087,654 4,420,091 5,507,745 27,748,215 19.8


The decrease of 661,817 tons for the fiscal year 1927, as compared
to the preceding fiscal year, was divided into 192,213 tons from the
Atlantic to Pacific, and 469,604 tons from the Pacific to Atlantic trade.
The decrease of 192,213 tons from the Atlantic to Pacific was distribut-
ed among nearly all commodities. The important decreases in the
cargo transiting from the Pacific to Atlantic were: Nitrates 695,763
tons, mineral oils 15,686 tons, and copper ore 17,521 tons. Shipments.
in the same direction showing increases were principally in the follow-
ing commodities: Barley 57,311 tons, cotton 11,812 tons, cotton seed
oil cake 6,009 tons, oats 35,023 tons, iron ore 70,808 tons, tin ore
8,783 tons, sugar 65,332 tons, and copper 9,565 tons.
Nitrate shipments have been an important item in the trade from
Chile and large fluctuations in shipments of this commodity affect
considerably the total cargo tonnage from the west coast of South







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD 65

America. For the past six fiscal years shipments of nitrate from the
west coast of South America through the Canal have been as follows:.

Nitrates Destination.
from Europe
Fiscal year. west coast of United including Miscel-
South States. Canada. British laneous.
America. Isles.
Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tofs.
1922 ......................... ........ 470,796 214.297 ....... 244,999 11,500-
1923 .................... ..... 1654,753 853 173 .. 740,291 61,289
1924 ............. ...... .. . 1,744,437 855,864 761,629 126,944
1925 ............. .. .. . 2,153,742 1,045,578 8.000 982.105 118,059'
1926............ ...... .. ... 1,869,931 847.738 16,290 921,737 84,166
1927 ................... ....... 1 ,174,168 514.246 25,678 478,510 155,734

The greater part of the shipments shown under "Miscellaneous"'
were routed to thenorthern coast of Africa with the bulk of these cargoes
going to Egypt. Miscellaneous also includes some cargoes routed to
Cristobal for orders.
It is probable that a low point in nitrate cargoes has been passed.
Shipments through the Canal during May and June, 1927, were 45,800
and 49,061 tons, respectively, increasing to 221,379 tons for July and
221,519 tons for August. August shipments were destined as follows:
United States 52,961 tons, Europe 116,788 tons, Egypt 23,122 tons,
West Indies 7,150 tons, and Cristobal for orders 21,498 tons.


German Cruiser "Emden" Visits Balboa.
The German cruiser Emden, having on board a number of midship-
men on a training cruise around the world, arrived at Balboa from
Manzanillo, Mexico, the afternoon of August 31, 1927. The vessel
cleared for Guayaquil, Ecuador, the evening of September 6, 1927.
The Emden is the second German naval vessel to visit Panama
Canal waters. The cruiser Berlin with a party of 80 German midship-
men on a training cruise arrived at Cristobal on October 30, 1925, and
transited the Canal on November 2. The Emden is one of the latest
types of cruisers in the German Navy. She is a vessel of 6,000 tons.
displacement, 500 feet long, 40 feet wide, and 20 feet draft. At the
time of this visit she carried a crew of 520 men, a large part of whom
were midshipmen who, as a part of their training, filled the different
stations aboard the ship.


Report of Cargo Discharged and Laded by Vessels Entering and Clearing:
from Port of Balboa, C. Z., for Week Ending September 10, 1927.
Cargo-
Name of vessel. Line or charterer. Arrived. Departed.
Discharged Laded.
Tons. To=.
Dilworth ............ U. S. Shipping Board............. September 6... September 8... 10,000 ........
Bokuyo Maru....... Nippon Yusen Kaisha .......... September 6... September 7... ...... ... 22-
City of San Francisco. Panama Mail S. S. Line ... ..... September 6... September 7... 254 .......
Cauca............... National Navigation Co. .... .. September 7... September 7... .......... 1
Ecuador............. Panama Mail S. S. Line...... ... September 7... September 7... 194 .... .....
Legas .............. Spanish Line ...... ........... September 8... September 9... 234 ........
Preidet Van Buren.. Dollar Line.................. September 9... september 9... .......... 33
Sirin...............U. S. Government ............. September 10.. September 10.. 17 112
American .......... American-Hawaiian Line ........ September 10.. September 10.. 1 ........








THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


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51


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101010
CC-04
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o CO1
*t.0I0o
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qi" upm=u


STHE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


04


CZC Nl.-
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a N
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C. 5 C E


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CC r- COT
101N 04
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pn o o co -d '
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i n 04 "n No : :C



*I~s Iad I I I -. I 1 .... II I
puuubudg I______ 1 11 : 1 i_____ I ____ __ _R_ 1 Q0



"s.,l I'0 0c C I"
flfl djnJ YI 1S1 S. i S IL
"P:- ir 10 ~S o -- o; .11 o ,
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: .-,:,.p,-+ : : g a s i ll :"
'II I : I. -0 I 'I- I +



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..______ *___ a_______ II .o .0 .I____I0


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IV M eq M* La zo o^
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.00 CO u 1' CMC CC 93 0 00 cc 00
qizojqC mnL~ 04 L" SCC C ~ I CC 4 C4 0 I c!
_______ ___ ____ ___ ___ I_ _____ _j__ __I_ ^___



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jo ;mso iuv ______ ______ I _______ ____ II ______




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: n~jnL *nnr COIICD o C ^*I '< t~ar~e cM dM 1 !


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III


I rrr-c Llmll


, I
pM







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


4


Commercial Traffic Through the Panama Canal in August, 1927, by
Trade -Routes.


Nationality.


United States intercoastal:
United States ... ......
From east coast of United
States to west coast
of South America:
B ritish................
Chilean..... .... ..
Japanese...............
Norwegian..............
Peruvian...... ... ...
Swedish..... .... .....
United States.... .
Totals . ........
From Europe to west coast of
United States:
British........ .......
Danzig ........ ......
German....... ....
Norwegian...... .. ...
Swedish................
Totals.............
From Europe to west coast of
South Anerica:
British..............
Danish................
Dutch.............
French......... ......
German...............
Italian........ ... .
-Spanish.... .. .......
Yugoslav...............

Totals ........ ....
From east coast United States
to Far East:
B ritish ....... ..........
Japanese ...........
Norwegian ..... .....
United States...........
Totals ......... .....
From Europe to west coast of
Canada:
British... ..........
Danish ..............
Dutch..............
French...............
Italian. ...... ........
Norwegian .............

Totals..............
Foreign vessels in ballast-
United States inter-
coastal:
British................
Norwegian.............
Totals.............
From east coast of United
States to Australasia:
British................
United States...........
Totals.............
SExcegA bunkers.


No.
of
vessels.


92


3
1
2
3
3
16
29


23
1
1
2
1
28


7
I1
3
2
4
3
I1
3
24


4
5
3
4
S16


8
1
2
2
1
2
16



8
3
11


9
3


ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC.

I I TowAaE. I


United
States
equivalent.

381,569


8.853
3,479
9,701
9,608
1.483
8,355
60,397
101,876


83,609
5,207
3,832
5,285
3.430
101.363


31,120
3,221
9,176
7,511
11,468
12,390
2,459
10,516
87,861


14,789
22,127
7.714
15,350

59,980


32,977
5,188
10,044
7,442
5,249
5.466
66.366



29,401
.10.522
39,923


33,964
12,166


Panama
Canal
net.

488,436


11,974
4,672
9,773
12,642
1.529
10.491
71.767
122.848


104,255
5,927
4.574
8,025
5,533
128,314


39,760
3,289
14,015
9,186
15,952
14,778
2,827
12,874

112.681


22,184
27,226
12,403
22,666
84.479


40,961
5,663
11,920
9,766
5,934
7,951
82,195



36,750
12,122
48,872


46,450
16,044


12 46.130 63.394


Registered
gross.


613,322


15,422
7,310
13,014
15,515
2,155
32,269
101,360
187,045


132,545
8,744
6,358
8,799
5,554
162,000


51,946
3,901
15,592
12.205
18,926
18,610
4,349
16,395
141,924


23,247
34.013
12,859
24,833
94,952


51,890
6,913
16,016
12,059
7,061
9,183
103.122



42,647
16,922
59,569


53,548
19.181


Registered
net.


380,840


9,248
3,976
9.465
9,549
1,169
9,817
59,444
102,668


81,373
5,026
3,637
5,056
4,225
99.317


31.537
3,329
9,206
7,577
11,502
11.357
2,565
10,251

87,324


13,686
21,615
7,680
15,180

58.161


33,145
5,218
9,964
7,443
4,460
5,485
65,715



26,585
10,484
37.069


33,773
11.977


Tolls.


Tons
of cargo.


$403,274 09 208,228


10,087 59
4.348.75
7,275 75
11,288.94
1,834.80
7,506.49
57,472.75

99,815.07


77,789 99
4,267 44
3,293 28
5,776 04
4,287.50
95.414.25


37.563.56
2,415.75
11,470.00
9,388 75
14,335 00
13.374 37
3.073.75
11,696 97
103,318 15


18,337.45
27,469.45
9,642.50
19.187.50
74.036.90


36,795.46
6,485 00
12,555.00
9.302 50
6,561.25
6,832 50
78,531.71



28,748.99
8,727.84

37,476.83


42,455.00
15.207.50


--- --- --- I I-r- - I -


72,729 I


45.750


57,662.50


4,844
1,205
..........
3,749
821

23,544
34,763


5,863


6,426

12,289


18,582
1ii,278
886
22,060
1,870
177
12,800
67.653


20,699
33,942
18,648
32,590

105.879


7,396
8.080
6,939
4,725
1,731
10.448
890,319



,58
..........

52


44.458
15,745


60,202


.)
i







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC.-Continued.


Nationality.


From Cristobal, C. Z., to west
coast of South Amer-
British...............
Colombian ............
D utch............ ....
German...............
Norwegian.............
Panaman.......... ...
Peruvian. .............
Swedish ..............

Totals ......... .

SFrom east coast of United
S. States to west coast
of Canada:
British.................
Norwegian..... .....
United States ..... ...
Totals... ..........
Europe to Australasia:
British .................
D utch..................
Totals..............
From east coast of South
America to west coast
of United States:
British ..... .....
Norwegian... ........
United States........
STotals.............

From Cristobal C. Z., to Bal-
boa, C. Z.:
i. Panaman .... ....

South American intercoastal:
British .......... ...
Dutch. ..... ..........
Norwegian..............
Totals.......... .

From Cristobal, C. Z. to west
coastof United States:
Panaman.............
United States .......
Totals..... ......


From east coast of Canada to
Australasia:
British .................
Dutch ......... ........
Totals.'.............

From east coast of Canada to
west coast of S. America:
British................
From Africa to west coast of
United States:
British .................
From West Indies to west coast
of United States:
United States...... ....
SAround the world:
United States...........
Canadian intercoastal:
I, British.................
Prom Egypt to west coast of
British .............
rom Egypt to west coast of
United States:
British.................
. -:. .:*


No.
of
vessels.


11



3
2
3
8

6
1I

7



3
2
1

6


5

I
2

4


2
1

3


3

2

2
2
2

1

1


TONNAGE.


United
States
equivalent.



614
245
294
1,124
485
149
1.515
344

4,770



10.727
5,968
13.445
30,140

30,703
2,707

33,410



10,846
5,800
3,731

20,377


Panama
Canal
net.



622
255
742
1,709
606
158
2,959
421

7.472



14,107
7,006
15,967

37,080

43,275
3.921

47,196



14.039
8.199
5,040

27,278


Registered Registered
gross. net.


1,138
386
780
2,143
855
207
4,617
658
10,784



17,172
8,482
20,175

45,829

48.848
4,693
53,541



17,678
9,410
5,823

32',911


602
234
323
1,138
482
109
2,427
436


Tolls.


6746 40
296.85
367 50
1,135.06
606 25
130.08
1,893.75
430.00


Tons
of cargo.


402
443
26
200
250
155
845


5,751 5.605 89 2.321


10,735
5,348
13.431
29,514

30,774
2,789

33,563



10,752
5,771
3,705
20,228


436 463 710 388


424
606
1,200

2,230


S 11,383
3 11,508


12,891


6.535
3,039
9.574


16,112

6,457

7,787
14,573
6,577

3,042

3.744


806
742
1,484

3,032


2,603
14,746

17,349


8,475
3.749
12.224


18,679

9,117

10,005
19,028
8.280

4,283


944
780
2,072

3,796


2,461
18,689
21.150


10,809
4,411

15,220


27,418

10,398

12,233
24,681
10,843

4.868


482
323
1,164

1,969


1,384
11,534
12,918


6,575
2,746

9,321


16,639

6,361

7,695
14.515
6,667

3,999


5,175 I 6,079 3,689


11.155 45
5.903 47
16,573.20
33,632.12

38,378 75
3.383 75
41,762 50



10,108 08
5.884 54
4.663 75

20,656 37


354.39

530 00
757 50
1,500.00
2,787.50


1.728 75
10,960.59
12,689.34


8,168.75
3,798.75

11,967.50


3.037
2,042
25,329

30,408

38,819
6.449

45,268




S6517
6,719

13,236


192
392
540
1,124


2,640
1,816

4,456


4,566
2,402

6,968


13,448 88 .........


6,564.24

8,117.98

18,216.25
8,221.25

3,118.32


122

8,478
2,005

48


3.726 00 1...... ...








74 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC.-Continued.


Nationality.


From Europe to Far East:
Swedish ...............
From east coast United States
to west coast of Cen
trial America:
Danish............... .
From east coast of Canada to
west coast of United
States:
British ..... ... ... .
From east coast of Canada to
Far East:
British......... ....
From east coast South America
to Far East:
Japanese .. .........
From east coast of South Amer-
ica to Balboa, C. Z.:
British .... ....... ..
From east coast United States
to Gatun Lake, C. Z.:
Norwegian .......... .
From east coast South America
to Gatun Lake, C. Z.:
Norwegian ..........
From Cristobal, C. Z., to west
coast Central America:
British ............ :...
Totals, August, 1927.
Totals, August, 1926
Totals, August, 1925


No.
of
vessels.


I1


1


I

I

I

I

1I

I


TONNAGE.


United
States
equivalent.

3.406


1,399


3,197

4,244

4,170

3,607

691

687


Panama
Canal
net.

5,661


1,827


4.061


Registered
gross.


5,142


2.355


5,275


6,068 I 6,635


5,821

4.032

711

716


7,267

5.578

1,255

1,255


1 648 735 1,128
298 1,079,237 1,387,511 1,751,014
239 902,488 1,157,409 1,484,333
196 735,241 948,690 1,196,408


Registered
net.


Tolls.


Tons
of cargo.


4,320 $4,257.50 7,053


1,411


3,195

4,272

4,387

3,365


1,748.75


2,059


2,923 92 ..........

5,305 00 6,678


5,212 50

4,508.75


1,862

7,638


716 853.20 .......

704 858.75 ..........

650 810.00 1,077
1,073,081 1,167,476.40 669,187
909,143 999,201 30 689.547

737,663 836,562.38 611,063


PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC.


United States intercoastal:
United States..........
From west coast of South
America to east coast
of United States:
British.................
Chilean.................
Danish ............ ....
Italian..................
Panaman .... ....... .
Swedish. .. .. ....
United States.. ........
Totals.. ... ......
From west coast of South
America to Europe:
British ..........
Dutch............
French .................
German .........
Italian. ........... .
Norwegian..........
Spanish ...... ....
Swedish..... ......
Yugoslav. .............
Totals .............
From west coast of United
States to Europe:
British .......... ...
French................
German ..... .......
Norwegian ............
Swedish... ........
United States .........


1
I1
I2
I
I
2
14

25


7
2
2
6
1
1
2
1
23


411,716


15,106
3,512
3,595
3,308
4.014
7,486
55.429
92,450


24.838
8.307
6,964
20,162
3,474
1,896
2,960
5,447
3.547
77,595


57,519
* 4,211
2,542
4,342
2,878
6,744


Totals............. 22 78236


530,418


20,368
4,705
4,519
3,838
4,897
8,917
67,779
115,023


31,936
11,413
8,413
25,781
4.280
2.199
3,729
6,318
4.536
98,605


71,669
5.301
3,533
5,071
4,919
10,012
100,505


662,057


25,180
7,310
5,886
5.404
6.386
30,676
93.493
174,335


39.665
13,850
11,184
32,947
6.161
3,016
5,087
8,113
5,635
125.658


88.909
6.672
4,201
7,313
4,960
0in ag


412,435


15,517
3,976
3,658
3,184
4,067
8,762
55,403
94,567


24,786
8,157
6,971
20,116
3,483
1,948
3,000
6,429
3,537
78,427


55,141
4,164
2,554
4,307
3,665
a a31


5514,645.00


18,882.50
4,390.00
4,493.75
4,135.00
5,017 50
9,357 50
69,080.70
115,356 95


31,047 50
10.383 75
8,705 00
25.202 50
4,342 50
2,370 00
3,700 00
6,736.15
4.433 75

96,921.15


71,989.75
5,263.75
3,177.50
5,427.50
3,597.50
a A3n in


835,918


27,476
4,019
8,728
7,100
8,900
41,500
141.137
238,860


51,705
18,884
14,219
43,038
3,183
4.400
1.625
11,960
8,560
157,574


120.566
8,635
5,126
10,075
5,760
IA 801


V U122,743 U 76U 4U 165,02
122,743 76,462 97,795.00 165,023








THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD 7


PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC.-Continued.


Nationality.


From west coast of South
America to Cristo-
bal, C. Z.:
Belgian....... ........
British..... .. ......
Colombian... .........
Danish...... ......
Dutch ......... ....
German................
Norwegian.. .. .... ...
Panaman......... .....
Peruvian...... ... ...
Swedish ........ .....
Totals. ........ ..
From west coast of Canada to
Europe:
British.................
D utch.... .... .......
French .......... .
Itali n .. ... ........
Nbrwegian. ..........

Totals. ......... ..
From west coast of Canada to
east coast of United
States:
British ........... .
Danish...... .. .... ..
Italian. .... ...... ....
Norwegian ....... ..
United States .... ..

Totals. ..........
From Australasia to Europe:
B ritish...... ........
French... .. ...

Totals .. ......
From Philippine Islands to
east coast of United
States:


No.
of
vessels.






3

3
1
6
2

20


4








3
1
I






6
1
7


United
States
equivalent.



4,142
3,109
1,444
2,517
294
1,813
485
601
3,021
344
17.770


18,426
5,192
3,3S5
5,332
4,523
36,858



9,233
2,634
4,693
2,415
2,009
20,984

41,224
4,343

45,567


TONNAUG.


Panama
Canal
net.



4,792
4,133
1,761
2,562
742
2,618
606
654
5,910
421


Registered
gross.


6,511
4,999
2,441
2,529
780
3,457
855
1,090
9,361
658


24,199 32.681


22,950
5.690
4,936
5,908
5,627
45,111



12,933
4,268
4,784
4,358
2,628

28,971

55,159
5,629
60,788


29,542
8,261
5,751
7,098
7,093

57,745



15,139
4,289
6,097
4,111
3,286
32,922

66,469
7,007

73,476


Registered
net.



4,172
3,105
1,485
1,564
323
1,819
482
578
5,100
436
19,064


18,521
5,235
3,555
4,498
4,479

36,288



9,179
2.675
3.899
2,356
1,998
20,107

41.483
4,4U2
45.887


Tolls.


$5.177.50
3,886 25
1,801.60
3.074.40
367 50
2,059.48
606 25
747.05
3,776.25
430.00
21,926.28


23,032 50
6.450.00
4,231 25
6,665.00
5,653 75
46,072 50



11,541.25
3.292 50
5,866.25
3,018 75
2,511.25

26,230 00

51,530.00
5,428 75
56,958.75


Tons
of cargo.


8,350
4,620
1,201
4,550
382
454
414
155
4,956
568
25,650


31,004
9,339
7,686
8,833
9,500
66,362



19.817
6,333
6,253
7,417
4,700
44,520

37,448
3,748

41,196


Japanese............ 3 13,213 16,037 20,183 12,316 16,516.25 19,233
UnitedStates........... 3 14,172 18,168 21,018 13,269 17,715.00 28,811

Totals .............. 6 27,385 34,205 41,201 25,585 34,231.25 48,044
From west coast of United
States to Cristobal,
C. Z.:
Panaman ............... 1 1,383 2,603 3,645 2,594 1,728.75 834
United States ........... 3 10,188 12,297 16,438 10,215 12,735.00 17,797

Totals ............. 4 11,571 14,900 20,083 12,809 14,463.75 18,631
From west coast of South
America to West
Indies:
British ............ 2 3,074 4,569 5,248 3,142 3,842.50 7,150
Norwegian.............. 1 1,652 1.887 2,462 1,462 1,358.64 ........
Yugoslav............... 1 3.593 4,163 5,687 3,562 4,491.25 8,620

Totals ............. 4 8,319 10,619 13.397 8,166 9,692.39 15,770
From west coast of South
America to Egypt:
Yugoslav ............... 3 9,513 12,301 14,702 9,200 11,891.25 23,122
From west coast of South
America to east coast
of Canada:
" British ................. 2 9,470 10,984 16,109 9,794 11,837.50 22,318
Canadian intercoastal:
British................. 2 6,722 8,485 11,010 6,886 8,402.50 14,043
SFrom Far East to east coast of
United States:
Japanese................ '2 '3,468 4.301 '5,220 '3,159 '9,425.00 4,618
Japanese cruiser Awma, displacement 10,180 tons paying tolls of 85,090, included in number of ships and tolls,
U1t4 not included in tonnage figures.


THE~~~ IAAACNLRCR ,








76 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD

PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC.-Continued.

I |TONNAGE.


Nationality.


From Hawaiian Islands to'eaat
coast of United States:
German ............
Japanese ... .........
Totals ......... .
From west coast of Central
America to Cristobal,
C. Z.:
British .... . .....
South American intercoastal:
Norwegian .. .....
From west coast of United
States to east coast of
South America:
United States..
From west coast of United
States to east coast
of Central America:
United States. ..... .
From west coast of United
States to West Indies:
United States.. ....
From west coast of Central
America to east coast
of United States:
Norwegian ..
From west coast of Canada to
South Africa:
British. . . .... .
From Australasia to east coast
of Canada:
British........ ... ....
From Balboa, C. Z., to Cris-
tobal, C. Z.:
Panaman .........
From Gatun Lake, C. Z.. to
east coast of United
States:
Norwegian.... .... .
Totals, August, 1927
Totals, August, 1926.


No.
of
vessels.


United
States
equivalent.


3
(C)


2 3


I
I







1





S2

245
225


1,262
1.200


4,263


4,149

2,004


1,418

3,111

3,373

61


S1,378
878,468
849,614


Totals. August, 1925 I 176 I 659,043


Panama
Canal
net.


3
C()
3



1,357

1.484


5,143


4.959

2,525


1,406

5.561

4,193

57


1.427
1.126,.103
1,073.496
830,937


Registered
gross.


Registered
net.


69 14


2,266
2,072


7,072


6,653

3,317


1,907

5.064

5,455

89


32,510
1,437,303
1.381.787
1.069,128


1,252
1,164


4,360


4,154

2,025


1,136

3,128

3,361

61


1,420
879.491
851,379
660.803


Tolls.


$2.25
'5,144.50
5,146. 75



1,556.40
1,068.48


5.328 75


5,186.25

2,505.00


1,772.50

3,888 75

4,216 25


Tons
of cargo.


........13



513


10,000


8,847

4,982


2,933

8,067

2,856


45.75 .......


31,711.95
1,106,564 15
1.055,840.61
821.331 52


913
1,760,760
1,632,150
1.301.154


Japanese cruiser late, displacement 10,289 tons paying tolls of $5,144.50, included in number of ships and
tolls, but not included in tonnage figures. j These two ships entered the Canal at Cristobal and proceeded as far as
Gatun Lake, where after loading cargo of bananas, 1hey returned to Cristobal. As vessels transiting the Canal as far
as Gatun Lake only, are entitled to return to Canal port of entry without payment of tolls for return voyage, the only
item taken up in connection with these transats in the Pacific to Atlantic traffic statistics is the amount of cargo
tonnage.

Traffic by Nationality for August, 1927.

The following tabulation shows the commercial traffic through the
Canal during the month of August, 1927, classified according to
nationality of vessels by direction of transit, and the combined traffic
in both directions, with corresponding totals for August, 1926, and 1925:
ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC.
TONNAGE.
No.
Nationality. of United Panama Tolls. Tons
vessels. States Canal Registered Registered of cargo.
equivalent. net. gross. net.


British ...................
Chilean .....................
Colombian.................
Danish.....................
Dan ig ............ ........
Dutch....................
French....................
German....................


342,190 444,087
3,479 4,672
245 255
9,808 10,779
5,207 5,927
25,866 35,089
14,953 18,952
16,424 22,235


546,056
7,310
386
13,169
8,744
42,272
24,264
27,427


338,104
3,976
234
9,958
5,026
25,351
15,020
16.277


$369,491.83
4,348.75
296.85
10,649.50
4,267.44
32,332.50
18,691.25
18,763.34


166.356
1,805
443
10,139
.... ......
27,486
5,611
22,2560








THE PANASIA CANAL RECORD


ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC.-Continued.
TONNAGE.
No. -
Nationality. of United Panama Tolls. Tons
vessels. States Canal Registered Registered of cargo.
equivalent, net. gross, net.
Italian ................ 4 17,639 20,712 25,671 15,817 $19,935 62 3,601
Japanese ..... ........... 8 35,998 42,820 51,294 35,467 39,957.70 35,804
Norwegian ............. 22 53,426 71,865 86,607 52,439 57,874 03 42,194
Paaamn ...... ..... 8 1.968 3,224 3,378 1,881 2,213.22 2,040
Peruvian ... .. ............ 2 2,998 4,488 6772 3,596 3,728.55 976
Spanish ............... 1 2,459 2,827 4,349 2,565 3,073.75 177
Swedish ............... ... 6 1,535 22,106 43,623 18,798 16,481 49 14.324
United States............. 126 520,526 664,599 840,297 518.321 553,673 61 322.571
Yugoslav............. 3 10.516 12,874 16,395 10,251 11,696 97 12,800
Totals, August, 1927. 298 1,079,237 1,387,511 1.751,014 1,073,081 1,167,476 40 669,187
Totals, August, 1926.... 239 902,488 1,157,409 1,484,333 909,143 999,201 30 689,547
Totals, August. 1925. 196 735,241 948,690 1.196,408 737.663 836,562.38 611,063
PACIFIC TO ATLANTIC.

TONNAGE.
No. Tons
Nationality. of United Panama Tolls. of
vessels. States Canal Registered Registered cargo.
equivalent, net. gross. net.
Belgian .................... 1 4,142 4,792 6,511 4,172 $5,177.50 8,350
British....... .......... 52 196,467 254,297 315,055 195,297 245,562 65 347,583
Chilean.......... .. ... 1 3.512 4,705 7,310 3.976 4,390.00 4,019
Colombian ................ 3 1,444 1,761 2,441 1,485 1,801 60 1,201
Danish .............. .... 3 8,746 11,349 12,704 7,897 10,860.65 19,611
Dutch.......... ........ 4 13,793 17,845 22,891 13.715 17,241.25 28.605
French .................. 5 18,903 24,279 30,614 19092 23,628 75 31,288
German................. 11 24,520 31,935 40,674 24,503 30,441.73 48,618
Italian................. 4 16,807 18,810 24,760 15,064 21,008.75 25,369
Japanese ........ ........ 6 16,681 20,338 25,403 15,476 31,087575 23,851
Norwegian.. ..... .. 9 17,931 22,638 28,829 17,334 21,275 87 35.652
Panaman............ ... 9 6,059 8,211 11,210 7,300 7.539 05 9,889
Peruvian........... .... 2 3,021 5,910 9,361 5,100 3,776.25 4,956
Spanish ................... 1 2,960 3,729 5,087 3,000 3,700 00 1,625
Swedish ................. 6 16,155 20,575 44,407 19,292 20,121.15 59,788
United States......... .... 123 510,674 653,929 824,022 510,490 638,136 95 1,067,053
Yugoslav ................. 5 16,653 21.000 26,024 16,299 20,816.25 40,302
Totals, August, 1927..... 245 878,468 1,126,103 1,437,303 879,491 1,106,564.15 1,760,760
Totals, August, 1926..... 225 849,614 1,073,496 1,381,787 851,379 1,055,840 61 1,632,150
Totals, August, 1925..... 176 659,043 830,937 1,069,128 660,803 821,331.52 1,301.154

COMBINED TRAFFIC.

TONNAGE.
SNo. -
Nationality. of United Panama Tolls. Tons
vessels. States Canal Registered Registered of cargo.
equivalent, net. gross. net.
Belgian.................. ...... 4.142 4,792 6,511 4,172 $5,177.50 8,350
British ................... 143 538,657 698,384 861,111 533,401 615,054 48 513,939
Chilean..................... 2 6,991 9.377 14,620 7,952 8,738.75 5,824
Colombian.................. 5 1,689 2,016 2,827 1,719 2,098.45 1,644
Danish ......... ........ .. 6 18,554 22,128 25,873 17.855 21,510.15 29,750
Danzig................... I1 5.207 5,927 8,744 5,026 4,267.44 ..
Dutch............ 13 39,659 52.934 65,163 39,066 49,573.75 56,091
French......... ........ 9 33,856 43,231 54,878 34,112 42,320 00 39,899
German........ ...... 18 40,944 54,170 68,101 40,780 49,205 07 70,878
Italian....... .... 8 34,446 39,522 50,431 30,881 40,944.37 28,970
Japanese................... 14 52,679 63,158 79,697 50,942 71,043.45 59.655
Norwegian ................ 31 71,357 94,503 115,436 69,773 79,149.90 77,846
Panaman................... 17 8,027 11,435 14.588 9,181 9,752.27 12,529
Penvian.................. 4 6,019 10,398 16.133 8,696 7,504.80 5,932
Spanish........ ....... 2 5,419 6,556 9,436 5,565 6,773 75 1,802
Swedish ................... 12 31,690 42,681 88,030 38.090 36,602.64 74,112
UnitedStates............... 249 1,031,200 1,318,528 1,664,319 1,028.811 1,191,810 56 1,389,624
Yuodslav ................... 8 27,169 33,874 42,419 26,550 32,513 22 53,102
totals, August, 1927..... 543 1.957,705 2,513,614 3.188,317 1,952,572 2,274,040.55 2,429,947
.Total, August, 1926..... 464 1,752,102 2,230,905 2,866,120 1,760,522 2,055,041.91 2.321,697

TOa, August, 1925..... 72 1,394,284 1,779,627 2,265,536 1,398,466 1,657,893.90 1,912,217








THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Current Net Prices on Fuel Oil, Diesel O11,
and Coal.
Crude fuel oil is delivered to vessels at either
Cristobal or Balboa, from tanks of The Panama
Canal, for $2.00 per barrel of 42 gallons.
Diesel oil is sold by the Canal at $2.35 per
barrel.
Crude fuel oil and Diesel oil are also sold by
private companies with tanks at the Canal
terminals, at prices which will be quoted by them
on application. The prices at present are as
follows: Crude fuel oil. $1.70 per barrel at Cris-
tobal and Balboa. Diesel oil, Balboa only. $2.15
per barrel.
Coal is supplied to steamships, including war-
ships of all nations, delivered and trimmed in
bunkers at $8.50 per ton of 2,240 pounds at Cris-
tobal, and $11.50 at Balboa. For ships in transit
through the Canal, which are directed to take
coal at Balboa. for the convenience of The
Panama Canal, $8.50 per ton at Balboa. When
coal is delivered from lighters in quantities of 50
tons or more, the price is $9.50 per ton at Cris-
tobal. $12.50 at Balboa. If less than 50 tons is
taken from lighters, prices are $11.50 per ton at
Cristobal and $14.50 per ton at Balboa with
minimum charge for 20 tons and maximum
charge not to exceed that for 50 tons at $9.50
Cristobal and $12.50 Balboa. For furnishing
lump coal for galley use, or run of mine coal. in
sacks, $6.00 additional per ton; but if vessel fur-
nishes sacks $3.00 additional per ton.
Coal for cargo is sold only by special authority
of the Governor..at prices quoted upon applica-
tion.
For trimming on deck, between decks, or
special trimming in bunkers for convenience of
vessel, when requested, an additional charge of
90 cents per ton will be made for extra handling.
Deliveries of coal to individual ships can be
made up to 1,500 tons per hour, as fast as it can
be handled in the ship's bunkers. Oil deliveries
can be made up to 5,500 barrels per hour, rate
depending on gravity of oU. location of shore
tanks, and ship's facilities for handling.

Tolls Charges for Transit of The Panama
Canal.
1. Merchant vessels carrying passengers or
cargo, per net vessel ton (each 100
cubic feet) of actual earning capacity $1.20
2. Vessels in ballast, without passengersor
cargo, per net vessel ton (each 100
cubic feet) of actual earning capacity.. 72
3. Naval vessels, other than transports,
colliers, hospital ships, and supply
ships, per displacement ton......... .50
4. Army and Navy transports, colliers,
hospital ships, and supply ships, the
vessel to be measured by the same
rules as are employed in determining
the net tonnage of merchant vessels,
per net ton...................... 1.20
5. Tolls may not exceed the equivalent of $1.25
r net registered ton as determined by
united States rules of measurement, nor be
less than the equivalent bf $0.75 per net
registered ton.
6. Vessels returning from Gatun Lake to original
point of entry Into the Canal, without passing
through the locks at the other end, are
charged tolls for one passage only;
7. Vessels transiting the Panama Canal from Cris-
tobal to Balboa and return for the sole pur-
pose of having repairs made at the Balboa
dry dock and shops will be exempt from
payment of tolls, but a charge will be made
for pilotage In such cases, as provided in
Paragraph 4, Item 3,. of the tariff, and for
handling lines In accordance with Item 4.
of the tariff.

Cable Addresse of The Panama CanaL
The cable address of The Panama Canal, an
the Isthmus. Is "Pancanal, Panama;" la the
United States. "Pancanal. Washington.:


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STHE PANAMA CANAL RECORD
OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL
PUBLISHED WEEKLY.
Subscription rates, domestic. 60.50 per year; foreign, $1.00; address
The Panama Canal Record, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone, or
The Panama Canal, Washington, D. C.
Entered as second-class matter February 6, 1918, at the Post Office
at Cristobal, C. Z.. under the Act of March 3, 1879.
SCrl0 fale.-By direction of the Governor of The Panama Canal the matter contained herein is published as statistical
information and is required for the proper transaction of the public business.

Volume XXI. Balboa Heights, C. Z., September 21, 1927. No. 7.

Canal Traffic During First Fifteen Days of September, 1927.
During the first 15 days of September, 1927, 263 commercial vessels
Sand 1 small poneagoing launch transited the Canal. Tolls on the
commercial vessels aggregated $1,111,693.82, and on the launch $7.50,
or a total tolls collection of $1,111,701.32.
S The daily average of transits of commercial vessels was 17.53, and
Sthe daily average tolls collection, $74,112.92. The average amount
: of tolls paid by each of the commercial transits was $4,226.97, as com-
Spared with $4,242.76 for the first 15 days of August.
S In the following tabulation, the number of commercial,transits and
Sthe amount of tolls collected are shown for the first 8 months of the
current calendar year, which will end December 31, 1927, with the
Daily average of transits and tolls:
Totals for month. Daily average.
Month.
Transits. Tolls. Transits. Tolls.
January........... ....... ......................... 443 1,984,760.68 14.29 $64,024.54
February ........................................... 449 1,994,860.82 -16.03 71,245.03
M arch ................................................ 496 2,217,913.20 16.00 71,545 59
April................................................. 464 2,065,206.92 15.46 68.840.23
S May................................................ 471 2,066,070.73 15.19 66,647.44
une................................................. 455 1,970,377.97 15.16 65.679.26
Jul ............................ ..... ............ 509 2,215,515.99 16.42 71,358.56
August.................................. .. .. .... 543 2,274,040.55 17.52 73,356.15
8 ptember (first 15 days).............................. 263 1,111.693.82 17.53 74,112.92
Total.............. ............. ........... 4,093 17.900,440.71 15.86 69,381.55

I Panama Canal Records.
A statement of various records made by traffic through the Panama
I Canal at different times was published in THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD
.::.of January 19, 1927. Since that time some new records have been
'-.established and a revised statement is accordingly given below.
In the tabulations directly following, data a*e shown separately for
nierchant or commercial vessels and for naval vessels because they
. are different types of craft:
..... : MERCHANT OR COMMERCIAL VESSELS.
Feature. Record. Vessel. Date of transit.
i gth.... ......................... 678.2 feet. ........ Empress of Scotland....... April 2. 1926.
.............. .................. 78.4 feet. ......... Belgenland ... ........ .. December22. 1926.
t... ... ........................ 35 feet 6 inches...... Lebore............. .. July 23, 1925.
35 feet 6 inches...... Marore............... April 18. 1927.
]'. R t groes.................. 27,132 tons........ Belgenland .............. December 12, 1924.
net .................... 15,352 tons......... Belgenland .............. December 12. 1924.
Pa n.. PMs Canal net............... 18,999 tons......... Empres of Scotland....... April 2, 1926.
M.. it. d States net ................... 13.769 tons......... Empress of Scotland....... April 2, 1926.
....... S ..-.................... 117,211.25....... . Empres of Scotland...... April 2. 1026.
....i! .-.. ......... .......... 22,000 tons crude oil. Wilsm Rockefeller....... October 27. 1922.


rBasb au aise made two transit since December 12. 1924. wis., in December, 1925, and Decembe
ireso of tloadWd nad made oae transit since April 2, 1926, iwn., In April, 1927.)







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


NAVAL VESSELS.
Feature. Record. Vessel. Date of transit.
Length .. .. ............ ... 870 feet 7 inches H. M. S. Hood .... .... July 23 and 24, 1921.
Beam ................... ... ... 106 feet I inch... U. S. S. Texas.... ... September 13, 1927.
Draft....... . .... ........ .. 33 feet 1 inch ...... U. S. S. Colorado .... March 19, 1926.
Tonnage. .. ......... . .... 44,799 tons displace- H. M. S. Hood . . July 23 and 24, 1924.
ment.
Tolls...... ..... ... .... ... 22,399.50 .. ..... H. M. S. Hood ......... July 23 and 24, 1924.

In the following data the term "commercial traffic" includes all
craft subject to payment of tolls except small vessels under 20 net tons,
Panama Canal measurement. It does not include vessels in the public
service of the Governments of the United States, Panama, and Colop-
bia, and ships which transit the Canal solely for the purpose of having
repairs made at the Balboa shops and dry dock, as' such vessels are
exempt from payment of tolls.
Largest year's commercial traffic:
Number of transits, 5,475, fiscal year 1927.
Panama Canal net tonnage, 26,227,815 tons, fiscal year 1927.
Tolls, $24,290,963.54, fiscal year 1924.
Cargo, 27,748,215 tons, fiscal year 1927.
Largest month's commercial traffic:
Number of transits, 543, August, 1927.
Panama Canal net tonnage, 2,516,491 tons, December, 1923.
Tolls, $2,335,729.81, December, 1923.
Cargo, 2,607,046 tons, March, 1926.
Largest day's commercial traffic:
Number of transits, 29, December 29, 1926.'
Panama Canal net tonnage, 146,184 tons, December 29, 1926.
Tolls, $136,604.77, May 25, 1923.
Cargo, 163,202 tons, January 14, 1924.
Largest day's commercial traffic in one direction:
Number of transits, southbound, 18, September 19, 1927.
Panama Canal net tonnage, southbound, 90,922 tons, September 19, 1927.
Tolls, northbound, $80,364.95, May 2, 1924.
Cargo, northbound, 133,757 tons, May 2, 1924.
Largest number of transits in any one day:
Thirty-five Government and 22 commercial vessels, a total of 57 vessels, Janu-
ary 1.7, 1924.
Smallest day's commercial traffic occurred on November 18, 1924,
on which the number of transits was 2; Panama Canal net tonnage,
2,870 tons; tolls, $2,865; and cargo, 2,809 tons.
The lowest pro rata est of tolls per ton of cargo carried through the
Canal on a commercial vessel is $0.2176 per ton, which occurred with
the transit of the Swedish motor ship A merikaland, on March 28, 1927,
carrying cargo of iron ore from Cruz Grande, Chile, to Baltimore,
Maryland. The Amerikaland carried 21,500 tons of cargo and paid
tolls of $4,678.75.
The fastest transit through the Canal, in 4 hours and 10 minutes,
was made by the United States destroyer Lawrence, southbound, on.
December 2, 1917.
Publication of Notice. and Circulars of Interest to Shipping.
All a.a nlma Canal notices to mariners, notices to steamship lines, and general circularus .-"
inte.e pi in its relation to the Canal are published in TaHE PANAMA CANAL RECORD. F
it ddered unnecessary to make a separate general. distbution away frm the t
of vWeth't ad lif uaini to those receiving TH PANsaM C uNA Ra*', l5nte ttt, "
are ad vi to look for Ubc in this paper, which i supplied to them without care. * *








THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Report of Cargo Discharged and Laded by Vessels Entering and Clearing
from Port of Cristobal, C. Z., for Two Weeks Ending September 17, 1927.

Name of vessel. Line or charterer. Arrived. Departed. Cargo--
Discharged Laded.


Urubamba..... ...
Altmark.... ......
Parismina ........ .
Pastores.............
Ballena............. .
Ioa.............. ..
Boskoop.............
Seania.... ........
Ramapo....... ..
Cauca. ........
Van Rensselaer.......
Rugia...... .....
Chiman .. .......
Cristobal..........
Cqppename.........
Carrillo .. .......
Santa Crus...... ..
Saramacca...........
Si aola... .... ......
ladien..............
Illinois ..........
Call ............
FPavorita. .......
Dakotian.. ......
Lobos......... ....
Orduna.. .. . .
Nueva Espana ....
San Jose.....
Drechtidijk .......
Sonora..... ........
Ariguani .......
Noorderdyk ...... .
Van Rensselaer .....
Favorite ..... .
Linda S.........
Heredia... ... ....
Cauca ........ ....
Cristobal..... .
Heredia .. ..
Padilla .... ....
Feltre.. ... ... .
U lua.......... .....
Toloa .............
Cerigo...... ....
Apurimac .. ......
Modavia....... . .
Oroya.. ........ ..
City of San Francisco
Buenaventura .
Santa Marta.....
Suriname...
Ecuador........... ..
Carrilo..... .. .
Coppename . ....
Teno ......... ....
Virginia...... . .
Knute Nelson........
Legaspi........
Buenos Aires........
Director.............
M acoris ....... .....
Texas .... ...... ...
Havenstein..........
Honduras...........
Santos........ ......
Pennsylvania.........
Cartago............
Virginia .............
Rugia...... .........
I :


Peruvian Line .......... . .....
Hamburg-American Line.. August 28..
United Fruit Co .............. August 28....
United Fruit Co ............. August 28...
Pacific Steam Navigation Co...... August 28....
United Fruit Co ............... August 29...
Royal Netherlands S. S. Co .... August 30....
Colombian Transport Co. ..... August 30..
U. S. Navy.. ... .......... August 30.. .
National Navigation Co ......... August 31...
Royal Netherlands S. S. Co ...... August 31...
Hamburg-American Line........ August 31....
Isthmian Land & Fruit Co ..... August 31....
Panama Railroad S. S. Line.. ... August 31.....
United Fruit Co ................ August 31....
United Fruit Co ............ .. August 31...
Grace Line...................... August 31 ....
United Fruit Co................ September 1..
United Fruit Co...... ....... September 1...
Hamburg-American Line........ September 1....
French Line .... ............ .. September I..
Roland Line .. ....... .. September 1...
Standard Fruit S. S. Co... .... September 1...
Leyland Line ... ..... ... ... September L..
Pacific Steam Navigation Co . September 2...
Pacific Steam Navigation Co September 2..
Juan Diaz ..... .. . .. September 2..
United Fruit Co ........ September 2..
Holland-American Line. .. .. September 2..
French Line ........ September 2...
Elders & Fyffes. Ltd ....... September 3..
Holland-American Line September 3..
Royal Netherlands S. S. Co .. September 3...
Standard Fruit S. S. Co.. ..... September 3..
R. Feuillebois . .... September 3...
United Fruit Co. September 3...
National Navigation Co. ... ........ .
Panama Railroad S. S. Line ... .. ..
United Fruit Co ..... . ..............
Colombian S. S. Co... September 4..
Nay. Libera Triestina .. . September 4..
United Fruit Co... .... ... September 4..
United Fruit Co .. ...... September 5..
Hamburg-American Line. .. September 6...
Peruvian Line ... . . ... September 6..
Donaldson Brothers ......... September 6..
Pacific Steam Navigation Co... September 7..
Panama Mail Steamship Co .... September 7...
Panama Railroad S. S. Line....... September 7...
United Fruit Co .. .......... September 7...
United Fruit Co. ..... ... September 7..
Panama Mail S. S. Co ...... September 8..
United Fruit Co...... .. . September 8..
United Fruit Co..... ....... ... September S...
Chilean Line .. ... .. .... September 8...
Standard Fruit S. S. Co .. September 8...
Peter Olsen S. S. Line ... .. September 8..
Spanish Line .. . ....... .. September 8...
Spanish Line .............. September 8...
Thos. J. Harrison......... .. September 8..
French Line... ......... September 9...
French Line .... ........ September 9..
Hamburg-American Line... ... September 9..
French Line ...... .. ..... September 9..
Johnson Line............. .... September 9..
Texas S. S. Co. ...... .. September 9...
United Fruit Co ...... ..September 10..
Standard Fruit S. S. Co.. ....... September 10..
Hamburg-American Line ... . September 10..


* No cargo laded.


August 29 .
September 2..
August 29.....
August 28.. .
August 29....
August 31....
August 31....
September 2..
September 1..
August 31.....
September I...
September ...
September 1...
September I...
September 1..
September 1...
September 3...
September 2...
September 2..
September 2..
September 2..
September 2...
September 3..
September 3...
September 3..
September 3..
September 3..
September 3..
September 3..
September 3..
September 7..
September 4..
September 5..
September 6..
September 5...
September 4..
September 7...
September 10..
September 7..
September 8...
September 8..
September 8...
September 8..
September 8..
September 10..
September 8..
September 8...
September 8...
September 8...
September 10..
September 10..
September 80..
September 8...

September 10..
September 10..
September 10..
September 10..
September 10..


.............


' No cargo discharged.


Ships' Chandlery Supplies.
. '* Panama Canal Storehouses carry a complete line of ships' chandlery supplies,
Ssvailable for sale to ships at C. I. F. cost, plus 25 per cent surcharge which coven
t he$) freight, handling, and other costs.


Tons.
2,411
82
230
15
17
361
260
568
2,686
2164
1
143
6
2,696
605
377
90
13
8
400
111
190
61
710
39
9
21
32a
20
445
1
( )

500


13
38
8
2101
732
252
(')
34
1,302
2461
553
791
544
1
14
1
I11
124
333
301
463
402
(')
577
I.')
169
8,100
79
(*)
(*)


Tons.
(')
903
53
13
63
4
88
s)
(,)
80
(C)
02i
3411
196
45
1951
104
298
io*
7,669
140
l1
104
366
(C)
0()
66
358
480
17
161
3,062
40
27
( )
61
36
497
5
2511
71
661
752
42
309
1711
1
4
41
312
439
29
(,)


333
(')
( )
..i







THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


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86 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD

United States Intercoastal Traffic by Commodities for August, 1927.
The following table shows the cargo carried through the Canal in the
United States intercoastal trade, segregated by commodities and by
direction, with the totals for August, 1927, and the totals for August,
1926, and 1925. Cargo statistics are compiled from cargo declarations
submitted by masters of vessels, and in these declarations small items
are frequently grouped under the designation of "General cargo."
These statistics are accordingly not precise but they are indicativeof
the kind and quantity of the cargo in transit through the Canal. The
figures represent tons of 2,240 pounds, and are for the United States
intercoastal trade only: ___________
Atlantic Pacific
Commodity. to to Totals.
Pacific. Atlantic.
Agricultural implements...... ... ..... ... ..... ............... ..772 9 781
Ammonia........... ...... .................. ........ 172 ........... 172
Asbestos... ................. ..... ......... .. ........ .41 ............ 41
Asphalt............... ..................... .. . .. 60 ........ .. 60
Automobiles.................. ............ ... ..... .. .. 406 88 494
Automobile accessories ....... . . ...... ... . .. 517 46 563
Bark Cascara............... ........ ..... .... .. .. .. .. 25 25
Beans........... ......... ..... .... ... ......... 362 3,282 3,644
Borax .... .................. .. .. ...120 837 957
Bricks ......... .... ...... .. 1,127 ...... .. 1,127
Burlap.... ............... .. .. ...... ...... 325 53 378
Calaium carbide .......... ... ...... .39 .. ........... 39
Canned:
Fish............... ........ ..... . 532 10.678 11,210
Fruit......... .. .. .. 604 17,607 18,211
Meat ... ... ......... ........... ... 141 100 241
Vegetables............ ... . ..... 1,681 3,727 5,408
Milk...... .. .................. 1,033 1,033
Soup ................. .. 1,399 .. ... .1,399
Miscellaneous............. .. ...... ... . 1.016 1.115 2,131
Carbon black......... ..... .... 117 82 199
Celite filtercel .... 370 370
SCement............. ... ..... .. 2,07 424 2.500
Charcoal...... ............ .. 161 . 161
.Chemicale ................. . .. 1,174 43 1,217
China and fire clay............ ... . 33 33
Coal......... ............ .... ............. 4,001 .... ... 4,001
Coconuts .......... 429 429
Coffee...... ........... 41 105 146
Cold storage:
SCheese............... 49 49
Lard... .................. . .. ... ... 309 6 315
Tallow .................. .. ........ ......... ... 316 316
Other..................... ............... .... .......... 79 ... 79
Co4fectionery........ ........ .. . . ... 400 .... ..... 400
Cork ................... 93 .......... 93
Cotton ........... ............ .. .. .. .. ...... 1,561 1,202 2,763
Creosote........... ... ...... ........ 19 .......... 1
Cyanide............... . .. ....... 43 4 . ....... 43
D rug ... .......... .... .... 959 .......... 959
Dyes........... 12 .... ...... ............. 12
Earthenware................. .. . .. . 248 17 265
Fertilizer........................ 25 40 65
Flour ........... ....... ..... 21 2.593 2.614
Fruit:
Dried........... ... ... 15 7,238 7,253
Fresh ......... .......... ........ . .. ...... ........ ..... 712 712
Fuller's earth..... ... .. . . . .. ............... 25 .. ........
Furniture..... ..... ........ ... .............. 998 .......... 98
General ........ ......... ........................ 45,325 13,130 58,455
Glass.............. .. . . ... . 1,860 1,082 2,942
Glue............. ........ . ... .... ... .. .14 14
Graphite ......... ............ ........ 75 ........... 75
Gum............ 25 .... ... .. 25
Hair ....... . ......... .. .. o 25
Hardwoods ....... ........... 538 ...... 38
Hats....................... . . ... .. . .......... 2 20,
Hemp............................................... 1,255
Honey ............... .. . ... .. ... ... ... 177 1774
Han ..................... ........ ..... ... ..... ............ '15 275 i255
iJute...................... ... ...... .. .. . ........ .... .. ..... .. 1
Leat ................. ... ..... .... .. .................. 18
L e ume .......... ....... .. ........ 1 so 9
Lim e .................... .. .. .. .. 24 ...... .4
inole m ............. .... .. . .. .. .. . ... ..... go 16 i1,061
Lumber ..................... ....... ........... ........ ..... 1,5835 275,088 276,623
M azi e ............................................................ ............ so
Marble .............................................. ......... ... 18 186 186






























F
ii. ,


di.




















115


;.q


Manufactured goods:
Iron and steel..... 88,140 542 88.682
Machinery....... ... 11,809 490 12.299
Railroad material. . . 957 . 957
Textiles ....... .... .. 4,710 319 5.029
Miscellaneous ....... . .. 2,5663 208 2,774
Matches .... ... .... .. 133 133
Metals:
Copper... .. .. 28 6,689 6,717
Iron .. ...... .. 2,784 . 2.784
Lead.... ... . 109 109
Scrap ...... .. .. 759 759
Tin......... ... 9.941 . . 9.941
Zinc.... .. . . 50 ...... 50
Other .... 70 50 120
Milk, powdered ...... .. .. 585 585
Molasses .. 107 .... 107
Nuts ............. ..17 17
Oats ........ ..... .. . 40 ..... .... 40
* Oils:
Cottonseed........ .. 267 ... ... ... 267
Crude .. .... ... 209,167 209.167
Gas oil, fuel oil.. . 62" 90,117 90,746
Gasoline, benzine, napththa. . 415 134,083 134,498
Kerosene..... . 3 . . .. 39
Linseed . 17 .. .... 17
Lubricating and greases 5,290 10,025 15,315
Olive . 154 ... .... 154
Vegetable. .......... 419 .......... 419
Wood....... 26 100 126
Other .... ..... . .. 309 160 469
Ores:
Copper......... .. 864 864
Magnesite .. . 75 75
Manganese............. 28 1,589 1,617
Zinc......... ..... 120 .... .... 120
Paint ........ 185 133 318
Paper ................. . 6,171 2,127 8,298
Paber roofing ....... ............... 114 ...... .... 114
Peanuts....... .... .. . .. .. 200 .. .... 200
Pete................. . . 70 70
Phosphates .... ... 1687 .1,687
Porcelain ....... ....... . 116 116
Quicksilver..... ...... . 2 2
Rags. .... .... ... .. . 137 162 299
Rie..... .... ... .. ... . .. .. . 40 22 62
Rope............. 1.226 80 1,306
Roin .... ........ ... ... 11,005 ..... ... 1,005
Rubber:
Manufactured. ..................... ... ....... 586 4 590
Scrap .... ....... ................ .. . ... . .. .. . 153 153
Salt...................... ....... .... 618 36 654
Sand................ ... ... ... ......... .. .. 625 625
Seeds... ... .. . ..... . ...... . . .. . 127 127
Shells, oyster .... .. 2.548 .......... 2.548
ilk ... ..... 57 57
Skins and hides ... 25 2,836 2,861
Slate ..... 600 .......... 600
So .p .......... .. ....... .. ... ... 1 .4. .. 1,485
So p.. .. . ...1,485 . .. 1,485
oda... 371 .... .. 371
Soda, ash... 1.574 ........ 1,574
Sda, bicarbonate... 13 13
Soda, caustic.. 122 122
Starch ........ . 192 192
FSugar... 1,329 9,063 10,392
Sulphur.... ...... ... .. . 1.025 .. 1,025
Syrup... .. .. . .. 161 ... ... 161
Talc... . ..... 160 160
Tar...... ..... .... .. ..... ..... 110 .... .. ... 110
Tartar.... 18 18
Tha..... ... .... 105 110 215
Tobacco...... ........ 2.990 32 3.022
WTy..... 303 .... ... 303
Turpentine ..... .. . 282 282
t ea..... .. .. 141 141
te...... . .. . .. . 51 148 199
...... . ... .. . . 100 .. ... 100
heat. ................. .. ... . .. ...... 12 403 415
... .......... ....... .... ..... . . .... .... 95 05
................ ...... ... . 41 3,964 4,005

S ; tpt, 192.7....... .. ... ... . .. ... . 227.472 821,643 1,049,115
S 'th, 1926: .......................... ... .......... 202,875 788,927 958,802

ol. e.Augukt ,1925 .................................. ... 168,297 017,757 786,064


THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD 87


Atlantic Pacific
Commodity. to to Totals.
Pacific. Atlantic.









88 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Report of Cargo Discharged and Laded by Vessels Entering and Clearing
from Port of Balboa, C. Z., for Week Ending September 17, 1927.
Cargo-
Name of vessel. Line or charterer. Arrived. Departed. Dishaed L
Duoharged Laded.
Tow. TOM.
Tejon..... .. Standard Transportation Co...... September 12.. September 13.. 9,635 ..........
Guayaquil .......... Panama Railroad S. S. Line...... September 13.. September 14.. .......... ... 43
Venezuela .... ... Panama Mail S. S. Co......... .. September 13.. September 14.. 9 .........
Bomme ............ U. S. Government ............. September 15.. September 16. ...........
Bengal Marun........ Nippon Yusen Kaisha ........... September 15.. September 16.. 95 .........
Salvador............. Pacific Steam Navigation Co...... September 17.. September 17.. 4 .........


Prices of Miscellaneous Supplies at Panama Canal Storehouses.

The following are prices to individuals and companies including the
25 per cent surcharge, effective September 3, 1927:
Commodities. Unit. Price.
Brass, bar, average............................................................. Lb. 10.18
Brass. sheet, average.......................................................... Lb. .39
Bronze, Tobin, average.......................................................... Lb. .23
Gasoline. motor grade.......................................................... Gal. .13
M etal, yellow .................................................................. Lb. .21
Oakum, Navy, spun............................................................. Lb. .19
Oakum, Navy, unspun......................................................... Lb. .18
Oil, Diesel, at Cristobal only, in bulk. no surcharge................................ Bbl. of 42 gals. 2.35
Oil, fuel, at Balboa and Cristobal, in bulk, no surcharge............................ Bbl. of 42 gals. 2.00
Oil, ammonia, cylinder............... ........................................... Gal. .31
Oil, burning, Colza.............................................................. Gal. 1.06
Oil, engine, gas, in drums, Gulftriton Med. No. 300.... ............................. Gal. .48
Oil, engine, gas, extra heavy, in cases, Gulftriton No. 750............................ Gal. .63
Oil, engine, gas, extra heavy, in drums, Gulftriton No. 750........................... Gal. .50
Oil, kerosene, in drums.......................................................... Gal. .11
Oil, marine engine ............................................................. Gal. .56
Paint, lead, white, dry.......................................................... Lb. .15
Paint, lead, white, in oil........................................................ Lb. .13
Paint, mine oxide, dry............................................................ Lb. .11
Paint, zinc oxide, in oil......................................................... Lb. .12
Grease, gear, chain and wire rope, lubricating..................................... Lb. .08
Grease, yellow, cup, No. 3....................................................... Lb. .01
Grease, yellow, cup, No. 5....................................................... Lb. .09
Soda, ash...................................................................... Lb. .O0
Waste, cotton, colored.......................................................... Lb. .17
Waste, cotton, white........................................................... Lb. .20


Tolls Charges for Transit of The Panama Canal.

1. Merchant vessels carrying passengers or cargo, per net vessel ton (each 100
cubic feet) of actual earning capacity............................. $1.20
2. Vessels in ballast, without passengers or cargo, per net vessel ton (each 100
cubic feet) of actual earning capacity ............................. .72
3. Naval vessels, other than transports, colliers, hospital ships, and supply
ships, per displacement ton........................................ 50
4. Army and Navy transports, colliers, hospital ships, and supply ships, the
vessel to be measured by the same rules as are employed in determining
the net tonnage of merchant vessels, per net ton ..................... 1.20
5. Tolls may not exceed the equivalent of $1.25 per net registered ton as determined
by United States rules of measurement, nor be less than the equivalent of $0.75
per net registered ton.
6. Vessels returning from Gatun Lake to original point of entry into the Canal, with-
out passing through the locks at the other end, are charged tolls for one passage
only.
7. Vessels transiting the Panama Canal from Cristobal to Balboa and return f*1^
the sole purpose of having repairs made at the Balboa dry dock and suhop'.
will be exempt from payment of tolls, but a charge will be made for pilotagu ,
and for handling lines as provided for in the current tariff or supplenoents
thereto. I


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tTHE


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PHq


PANAMA CANAL RECORD


OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL
lwS PUBLISHED WEEKLY.
Subscription rates, domestic, $U.50 per year: .foreign, $1.00; address
The Panama Canal Record, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone, or
The Panama Canal, Waehington, D. C.
Entered as second-class matter February 6. 1918, at the Post Offir-e
at Cristobal. C. Z.. under the Act of March 3, 1879.
CerJoleat.-By direction of the Governor of The Panama Canal the matter contained herein is published as statistical
information and is required for the proper transaction of the public business.


9.


L


Volume XXI. Balboa Heights, C. Z., September 28, 1927.


No. 8.


Heavy Traffic Through Canal for Week Ending September, 1927.
During the week ending midnight, September 24, 1927, the com-
mercial traffic through the Canal was exceptionally large. A new high
record for the largest day's commercial traffic in one direction for num-
ber of transits and Panama Canal net tonnage was established on Sep-
tember 19th, when 18 southbound ships, with a total Panama Canal
net tonnage of 90,922 made the transit. The following tabulation
shows the total transits, Panama Canal net tonnage, and tolls collected
on commercial vessels for the week ending midnight September 24,
1927, together with the averages per day, as compared to the corre-
sponding averages made during record months:
Week ending
September 24. 1927.
Average per day
Total Average during record months.
for week. per day.
. Number of vessels ................. 16t 22 86 17 52 August. 1927.
SPanama Canal net tonnage.. ..... 771,S38 110 263 81.177 December. 1923.
Tolls...... .. .... ........... ... $683,380 75 $97.625 75 $75.346 12 December. 1923.

The lowest number of commercial transits on any day in the week
was 20 and the highest was 27.


CANAL WORK IN AUGUST, 1927.
The following is the report of the Acfing Governor to the Secretary
of War, of Canal work in the month of August, 1927.
BALBOA HEIGHTS, C. Z., September 17, 1927.
'The Honorable, The Secretary of War,
TTWashington, D. C.
SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report covering operations of The
Panama Canal during the month of August, 1927:
NUMBER OF TRANSITS.
During the month 543 commercial vessels transited the Canal, exceeding the pre-
vious high record of 509 commercial vessels, made in the preceding month, July,
1927. In addition to the 543 commercial transits, 17 nonseagoing launches, measur-
ing under 20 tons, and 34 vessels belonging to or chartered by the United States
Government, transited the Canal. There were also two transits solely for repairs
,n. which no tolls were collected, making a total of 596 transits for the month, or a
dailyy average of 19.23.
Tolls on the 543 commercial vessels amounted to $2,274,040.55, and on the launches
:$75.51, a total of 2,274,116.06, or a daily average on all traffic of $73,358.58. The
Ails collection for August was the second largest in the history of the Canal, being
;1t,675.25 below the record of $2,335,791.31 made in December, 1923.





'4 4


90 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


The total number of craft of all kinds transiting the Canal during the month of
August, 1927, as compared with the same month in 1926 and 1925, is shown in the
following tabulation:
Auillht. Al ulst. Aueust,
1927. 1926. 1925.
Commercial vc..,ls 513 464 372
Nuncominrcial vessels Army amind Na .. 34 26 32
Launched, 'under 211 tons rnea rrnenlt 17 7 13
Panaman Governmeiit c.&sel. I ......
Vessels for repairs 2
Tot'il vessels traii't1ing Canal. .596 498 417

In addition to the vessels listed above, Panama Canal equipment, consisting of
dredges, tugs, barges, etc., was passed through the locks, as follows:
North- South-
bound. bound. Total.
Gatun S 17 25
Pedro Miguel 35 46t 81
Miraflores .... 33 42 75
Totals 76 105 181
Includes caisson
COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC.
The following tabulation shows the number of vessels, Panama Canal net tonnage,
tolls, and tons of cargo carried by vessels transiting the Canal each month from
the beginning of the calendar year 1927 to the end of August, 1927, as compared with
the same months in the previous year:
No. of Panama Canal
vessels. net tonnage. Tons of cargo. Tolls.
Morth.
1926. 1927. 1926. 1927. 1926. 1927. 1926. 1927.
January... 479 443 2,300.187 2,121,631 2,346,643 2,241.765 $2,103,368 29 $1,984,760.71
February 424 449 1,991,127 2,201,328 2,1301,207 2,230,107 1.835,226.47 1.994,860.82
March.. 506 496 2.398,094 2.413,999 2.607,046 2,533.525 2.206,212 20 2.217.913.20
April.. 425 464 2.048,247 2,224,500 2,237,567 2,429,807 1,917.457 11 2,065,206 .92
May...... 470 471 2,243.103 2,248.892 2.416,701 2,379,713 2,056.965 55 2,066,070.73
June..... 419 455 1.990.344 2,152.926 2.134,686 2.229,097 1,852,670.66 1,970,377.97
July . 456 509 2,154.821 2,406.955 2.185,527 2,450,46S 1,980,719 67 2,215,515.99
August... 464 543 2,230.905 2,513,614 2,321,697 2.429,947 2,055,041 91 2,274,040.55
Totals. 3,643 3,830 17,357,428 18,283,845 18,389,074 18,924,429 16,007,661.86 16,788,746.89

Commercial traffic includes all ocean-going vessels paying tolls. Vessels in direct service of the United States
Government. including merchant vessels chartered by the Government. do not pay tolls. Shipping Board vessels
in commercial service pay tolls. Statistics on vessels not paying tolls are shown under "Noncommercial traffic."

The following is a summary of the commercial traffic for August, 1927, as compared
with the corresponding month in 1926 and 1925, and the monthly average forot'he
fiscal year 1927:

August. August, Auiust. mont for fiscal
1927. 1926. 1925. year,1927

Number of vessels 543 464 372 456
United States net tonnage ........... 1.957.705 1,752,102 1.394.284 1,713,800
Panama Canal net tonnage ........ 2.513.614 2,230,905 1,779,627 2,185,651
Registered gross tonnage . 3,188,317 2.866.120 2.265.536 2 796,318
Registered ne! tonnage .. ... .... .. 1.952,572 1,760,522 1.3u8,466 1,718,188
Tolls.... .. ... .. ... 2,274,040 55 $2,055,041 91 1,657,893 90 $2,019,069.17
Tone of cargo carried 2,429.947 2,321.697 1,912217 12,351

The average daily number of transits, tonnage, tolls, and cargo, are shown in the
following statement in comparative form, commercial vessels only:
Average per day.
Average per day
Aucust, August, August. fiscal year, 1927.
1927. 1926. 1925.

Number of transit .... ....... 17 52 14 96 12.00 15.00
Panama Canal net tonnage ...... ...... 81.084 71.294 57.407 71.857
Tollsa.. .. ........................ $73,356 15 $66,291.67 553,480.45 $66,380.36
Tons of cargo carried ..... ..... 78,385 74.893 61.684 76,028








THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD 91


AVERAGE TONNAGE, TOLLS, AND TONS OF CARGO PER VESSEL.

The average tonnage, tolls, and tons of cargo per vessel transiting the Canal during
the month of August, 1927, as compared with August, 1926, and 1925, are shown in
the following tabulation:
Average per vessel.
August, August, August,
1uJ27. 1926. 1925.
United States equivalent net tonnage ....... 3.605 3.776 3,748
Panama Canal net tonnage ......4... 4629 4,808 4,784
Registered mrozs tonnage . ... . .. . .. ... 5.q72 6.177 6,090
Registered net tonnage.. .. ......... ... ...... 3.5 i 3,74 3,759
Tolls....... .. ... . .. ...... $1,187 92 $4.423 U6 $4,756 70
Tons of cargo includingg vessels in ballast) .. . .. 4.475 5,003 5,140
Tons of cargo (laden vessels only) .......... ...... 6,000 6,174 5,975


TOLLS.


At present tolls are collected at rates of $1.20 per ton for'laden vessels and $0.72
per ton for vessels in ballast, computed on the basis of the Panama Canal rules of
measurement, with the provision that tolls shall not exceed $1.25 per ton nor be less
than $0.75 per ton as determined in accordance with the United States rules for meas-
urement of net registered tonnage. In order to ascertain the proper tolls charges,
it is necessary, therefore, that the net tonnage of vessels transiting the Canal be
determined both in accordance with the Panama Canal and the United States rules
of measurement.
Taking the traffic through the Canal for the month of August, 1927, the following
tabulation shows a comparison of tolls actually collected under the present method
of assessing tolls, and the tolls that would have been collected on the basis of the
Panama Canal rules of measurement at the proposed rates of $1.00 laden and S0.60
ballast, with the traffic for the month segregated by flag:
Tolls that would
Shave been rolled ted Difference.
Tolls actually under propo-ed
Nationality. collecIrd under rates of 61 laden
precrnt dual and 6uc balli-t on
system. basis of Panama I increase. Decrease.
Canal net tonnage.
Belgian . 5,177.50 $4,792 00 $385 50
British .. .. 615,054 48 614 5160 0 508.03
Chilean 8.738.75 9,377 00 $638 25
Colombian 2,09S 4-15 2.ul6 0 . 82 45
Daniqh .. 21.510 15 2u.812.40 .. 647.75
Dani . 4,207 44 3.556 2 711 24
Dut:h . 49,573 75 52,.j34 ,' .3 300.25
French 42.32 110 43 231. Ull ....
German.. . .. 49,205 07 51,2'12 nu 2,086 93
Italian 40,'44 37 3i,7,.,5 6 4,148 77
Japanese ,71,043 45 *by.4h3 30 .... 1,560 15
Norwegian ... 79,149 00 80,0121 S1 871 90 .
Pana an. 9,72 27 11, 13 .P ,i_ 1,411 53
Peruvian 7,504.80 10,3',s i0 2,893.20
Spanish.. . 6.773.75 6,.556 u'J . 217.75
Swedish ..... ... 36,tiu2 64 38,4.-4 6lf 1.881 90
United States 1,11,810 56 1,1S8.035 2) ... 3.775 36
Yugoslav ... 32.513 22 32,223 o, 289 62
Totals .. .. . 2,271.010.55 2.275.718 40 L4.053.02 12 376 67
Net increase or decrease for
all traffic . .... 1,678 35

Tois on two Japanese cruiser. at 50 cents per displacement ton, amounting to $10,231.50, included.

The decrease on vessels of United States registry would have been distributed with
respect to channels of trade in which the vessels were engaged as follows:


United States intercoastal trade . . .
United States foreign trade
United States-Canal Zone trade .. .......
Net decrease. .. .. ... .. .


'Indicates increase under proposed rates.
i


$3,405 24
. . 1.561 27
. .. . 1,931 39
3,775 36








92 THE PANAMA CANAL: RECORD


RATIO OF CARGO TONNAGE TO NET TONNAGE.
The ratio of cargo tonnage to net tonnage, Panama Canal measurement, of vessels
transiting the Panama Canal in August, 1927, is shown in the following tabulation,
segregated by nationality of vessels and direction of transit. Laden vessels only
are included:


Atlantic Pacific
Nationality. to to Total.
Pacific. Atlantic.


Beltgian .... ... ....
British . .
Chilean. ...........
Colom bian. . .. .... .... .... ..
Danih. .. .. . ..
Dut,-h .
Fren -h . ... . ... . .
German .. . .. .
Italian . . .
Japanese .
Norwerian .
Pana an . . . . . ..
Peruvi.an . . . . ..
Spanish .
Swedish . .
United States .
Yugoslav .
Averages. August, 1927 ... .....
Averages. August. 1]26 .
Averages, August, 1925 ....... ..


.71
38
1 74
I 35
78
301
1 31
.26
1 08
I 08
I 00
.22
.06
1 23
96
1 .14
86
93
89


1.74
1 37
.8f
69
I 73
I 60
1 41
I 62
1 35
1 19
I 85
1 21
84
44
2.91
1 f63
1.92
1 57
1 55
1.57


CLASSIFICATION OF VESSELS.
A further classification of commercial vessels passing
the month of August, 1927, is as follows:


through the Canal during


Atlantic to Pacific. Pacific to Atlantio.
Class. No. Panama No. Panama
of Canal net Tolls. of Canal net Tolls.
ships. tonnage. ships tonnage.

Tank ships:
Laden. ..... ... .. 1 4.031 54,508 75 54 315,S50 $314,781.25
Ballast .......... ... .. . 61 349,337 251,767 66 .. ..............
General cargo ships:
Laden ................... 169 769.313 717.938 80 181 804,096 777,256.30
Ballast .. .. ..... ......... 66 264.521 193,038.71 7 6,154 4,289.86
Noncargo-carrying ships:
Naval vessels .. .. ...... .... ... 2 .. 18,234.80
Yachts. . ....... 1 309 222.48 1 3 2.25
Totals .. . 298 1.387.511 1,.167,470.40 245 1.126,103 1,106,564.16
Method of propulsion:
Steam ........ ... .. ..... 255 1.225,085 1,034,767 80 211 1,031.065 1.019,678.39
Motor ..... .... ....... 41 158.074 130,007 25 33 t63,611 85,173.36
Motor (schooners)... . . ... I 163 1l'.5 60 . .. ..... .....
Sail . ... .. ..... 1 3289 2 415 75 1 1.427 1,712.40
Totals . 298 1.387,511 1,167.470 40 J245 1.126 103 1,106.564.15

Of the 466 steam-driven vessels, 314 were oil-burning and 152 coal-burning.
NONCOMMERCIAL TRAFFIC.
The following statement shows the tonnage and the amount of cargo carried by
vessels transiting the Panama Canal free of tolls during the month of August, 1927.
If tolls had been assessed against these vessels at commercial rates, the amount
collected would have been approximately as indicated:


Atlantit to Pacific. Parific to Atlantic.
Class and nationality. No. No.
of Tonnage Torie. of Tonnage. Tolls.
|transits. transit.


U. S. Naval vessels:
Battleships .... ... ...... .
Cruisers .. .......... ..
Destroyers .. .. .....
Gunboats .. .. .. ....... ......
Launches.............. .......


'8.909
'4,860
'3,200
=10


2 51,080
$4.450 00 1 8.900
2.430.00
1,600.00 .... .. . ..
7 20 . .... .... ..


$


27.000.M
4,450.00


'.i
.1
a.. . .


1.74
1.061
.60
.82
1.58
1.06
.92
1.51
.89
1.12
1.34
1.16
.57
.27
3.81
1.40
1.79
1.29
].29
1.26




"P 14 ,:i:, It,4K
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THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Atlantic to Pacific. Pacific to Atlantic.
Class and nationality. No. of No. of
transit. Tonnage. Tolls. transit. Tonnage. Tolls.

U. 8. Naval vessels---Continued:
Minesweepers. ............... I 950 $475.00 1 950 8475 00
Submarines........... ........ 2 '1,040 520 00 2 1,010 520.00
Survey ships .. ... ............1 703 52.25 ..... .. . .. .. ... .
Tankers ...... .. .. 1 '4,068 2,92S.96 2 '12.840 15,409.00
Transports. .. ............ ... ..... 1 13,400 6,700.00
Tugs .. ..... ........ ... 2 2,000 1,000.00 2 2,.000 1,000 00
U. 8. Army vessels:
Mineplarners .. ............ 3 '3,624 1,812 00 2 2,416 1.208 00
Transports... ....... ..... i '5.212 6,254 40 2 '0.592 11,510.40
Totals, U. S. Government.... 19 22,004 41 15 .. .. 68.271 40
Vessels for repairs:
Tanker... ...... .. .. ..... .. I '1.239 920 25 1 31,239 929.25
Grand total . ... .1 20 ... ... 22, 13. I r, 69,.200 65
a Indicates displacement tonnage. Indicates Panama Canal net Loanage. i Indicates United States net tonnage.

The foregoing noncommercial vessels transiting the Canal during the month
of August, 1927, carried cargo as follows:
Tons.
: Atlantic to Pacific . ........... .... .. ... ....... . .. .. ......... .......... 6,608
Pacific to Atlantic. .. . .. ...... . . .... ..... ............. 23.479
Total ........... ...... ..... ... ...................... ...................... 30,087


The following statement shows the number of launches transiting the Canat
during the month of August, 1927. These launches, although paying tolls, are
excepted from statements concerning commercial traffic:
Panama
Number. Canal net Tolls.
tonnage.
Atlantic to Pacife .. . .. ................................. ... 13 81 $67.26
acifio to Atlantic ............. ...................... 4 11 8.25
Totals ..... .... .................................... .17 92 75.51

STATEMENT OF TERMINAL OPERATIONS.
Details of the business transacted at the Atlantic and Pacific terminals of the
Panama Canal during the month of August, 1927, are shown in the following tabu-
lation:


Local cargo arriving... .. ............................ tons.
Local cargo shipped ..................................... tons. .
. Transit cargo arriving............... ........................ tons.
, Tranait cargo clearing.......... .............. ......... tons..
Cargo received for transshipment......... ............ ... ..tons..
Cargo transshipped... ................................. tons. .
:, Canal Zone for orders" cargo:
. Number of receipts issued ... ........... .....................
Number (l withdrawals................... ......................
Tons received.........................................
Tons withdrawn ... ..................................
Packages received..................................... ....
Packages withdrawn.................................. ......
V :'eel supplied with bunker coal:
Commercial, other than Panama Railroad Company .... . .....
\CoalI supplied to above vessels:
Commercial, other than Panama Railroad Company...........tons..
Coal issued, miscellaneous:
" Panama Canal departments ............................tons..
1.U.S. Army, excepting vessels............................. tons..
" Individuals and companies............................... tons..
Panama Railroad Company ............................ tons..
i:: Tri erred to Navy................... .. .......... ... tons..
j: tal issues and sales................................. tons. .
K7 :!: F. "


Cristobal.


76,525
6.490
2.405,477
2,426,018
23,959
26,818
62
255
2,143
1,218
5.540
4.854


Balboa.


I I I


42,648
4,047
2,391,787
2,403,723
32
15
21
133
112
103
1,384
1.408


Total.


119,173
10.537
4,797,264
4,829,741
23,991
26.833
83
388
2,255
1,321
6,924
6,262


62 6 68

23.045 772 23,817


130
47
96
215
3,137
26,670


26
... ... ... .
............ 0


808


156
47
96
225
3,137
27,478








94 THE PANAMA CANAL RECORD


Cristobal. Balboa. Total.
Coal on hand. August 1, 1927 ....... tons 8,88 .. .. 68,888
Coal on hand, September 1. 1927. ... ....... .........tons. 62,245 62,245
Coal received during month ... .. .......tons. 20,027 20,027
Coal received from Navy ... ... tons ......... 808 808
Fuel oil issued from Panama Canal tanks:
Panama Canal departments.. . .. bbls 7,294 69 18,413 39 25.708.08
Panama Railroad Company... ............ .... bbls 284 47 284.47
Army and Navy. .. ........... ... .... ..bbls 620.50 197 f12 817.52
Individuals and companies.... ...... . bbla ...... .. .. 308 84 308.84
Loaned United States Shipping Board bbls ...... 14,572.30 14,572.30
Total sales and issues ... .. ....... bbls 8,199.66 18,919.25 27,118.91
Fuel oil received during August, 1927.. .... . .. ...... bbl.. 4,062.80 53,537 73 57.600.53
Fuel oil on hand, September 1, 1927 .. . . .. bbls 18,474.53 59,468 08 77,942:61
Diesel oil sold during August. 1927 .... bbls. 28.47 26 20 54.67
Diesel oil on hand, September 1, 1927.... .. .. ...... bbls 28,065 24 775 87 28,841.11
Miscellaneous transfers .... .. ............. . .bbls 9,399 08 9,399.08
Gasoline and kerosene pumped for The Panama Canal. .. .... bbls 1,599 36 2,988 85 4,588.21
Gasoline pumped for individuals and companies bbls .. 4,803 60 4,808.60
Oil pumped for individuals and companies .. .. ...... .. .. bbls. 590.979 06 624.487 56 1,215,466.62
Total fuel oil, gasoline, and kerosene handled . bbs 600,806 55 660,624.54 1.261,431.09
Admeasurement of vessels:
U. S. equivalent certificates issued .. ........ 26 3 29
Measured for Panama Canal net tonnage ..... ....... ....... 5 3 8
Remeasured for Panama Canal net tonnage ...... ............... 28' 2 30
Panama Canal net tonnage corrected ........ .. .. ............ 19 6 26
U. 8. equivalent tonnage corrected ......... . .. .... 23 13 36
Services of harbor equipment:
Tup, total operating hours ............... ........... .. ... 492 4775 9691
Launches, total operating hours ............. ............ ..... 1,569 1,605 3,174
Revenue from tug service, pilotage, etc.:
Tugrevenue............. . .. ... .... ... ... ........ 13,856.25 15.138.75 28,995.00
Pilotage...... ...... .... ........................ ..... 17.513.00 8,489.00 25,002.00
Seamen...... ................... ... .......... 13,756.00 11,068.00 24,824.00
Launch service. ..... ........................ ..... 2,404 50 3.698 50 6,103.00
Wharfage... ........................................ 14,834.98 6,119 41 20,954.39
Shipes measured.......... .. .. . . ...... ........... 150.00 ... ..... 150.00
Miscellaneous and cash collections .... ... ...... 1.392 15 720.00 2,112.15
Ships repaired at Panama Canal shops:
Com m ercial ....... ......... ..... ....... ................. 66 14 80
U. S. Army and Navy......... .. ........... .... ............... 4 8 12
Panama Canal equipment... .. ........ ...... ...... 9 11 20
Vessels dry docked:
Commercial.. . . ... 3 2 5
U. S. Armvy and Navy . . 5 5
Panama Canal equipment 8 8
Clearances issued ... 320 301 621
Bills of health issued 294 313 607



ALL VESSELS ENTERING AND CLEARING PORT.

Port of Cri.tobal. Port of Balboa.
No. Registered Registercd No. liegitered Registered
of gross net of gross n t
ships. tonnage. tonnage. ships. tonnage. tonnage.
Ships entering.
All vessels, including those transiting Canal 617 3.641,469 2,272,289 567 3.317.630 2.067,300
Vessels, entering port but not transiting Canal. 71 320,092 181,526 10 36.356 25.129
Vessels transiting Canal and handling passen-
gers and cargo at terminal ports . 121 704.063 433,238 78 470.634 27f,273
Ships d-aring.
All vessels, including those transiting Canal 611 3.623.004 2,258.750 575 3,397.579 2,125,415
Vessels clearing port but not transiting Canal 68 309,601 173,583 11 33.012 22,117
Vesselstransiting Canaland handling passen-
gers and cargo at terminal ports 117 691,286 429,503 79 480,295 277,157


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