<%BANNER%>
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Letter of transmittal
 Table of Contents
 Organization chart
 Introduction
 Canal traffic
 Canal operations
 Supporting operations
 Administration and staff
 Financial report
 Statistical tables
 Back Cover


DLOC PCANAL



Annual report
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097367/00013
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Spine title: Annual report of the Panama Canal Commission ( 1980-<1994> )
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Creation Date: 1987
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: Periodicals   ( lcsh )
statistics   ( marcgt )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Fiscal year 1980-
Numbering Peculiarities: Fiscal year ends Sept. 30.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Vols. for 1992- distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Fiscal year ended Sept. 30, 1998.
Statement of Responsibility: Panama Canal Commission.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 07777425
lccn - 96645119
issn - 1936-5306
System ID: UF00097367:00013
 Related Items
Preceded by: Annual report, fiscal year ended ...

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Letter of transmittal
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
    Organization chart
        Page vi
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Canal traffic
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Canal operations
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    Supporting operations
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Administration and staff
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Financial report
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
    Statistical tables
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
    Back Cover
        Page 123
        Page 124
Full Text
Zn


b ~


PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 1987


Ca ~e$l


/""i"


RE


ORT

















ANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Balboa, Republic of Panama


OFFICE


THE


ADMINISTRATOR


FROM


THE


ADMINISTRATOR


a pleasure


ubmit


annual


report


Panama


Canal


Commission for fiscal year 1987.


This report covers


the eighth


year


operation


under the terms of the


Panama Canal Treaty. During this period, Canal traffic and tolls revenue


edged


moderately upward


over the


previous


year.


Oceangoing transits


increased 2.4 percent with a near parallel increase in tolls revenue of 2.2


percent.


Most of the growth resulted from a sharp improvement in corn


shipments


gains


in a number


other


commodities.


While


0


traffic was slightly up from last year, average vessel size remained


overall
near


1986 levels.


ensure


emphasis


was


long-term


placed


effective


operation


maintenance


Canal,


modernization


continued
programs.


Important major projects included the overhaul of the massive sea gates at
Miraflores Locks, the addition of five new towing locomotives at Gatun
1T nrlc Ari a oino if thP Panific annrna.h channel and enhancement of the






throughout the organization. Panamanian citizens now comprise approxi-
mately 83 percent of the Commission work force with increasing involve-


ment at all management levels.


During the past year, the Commission's


binational


work force demonstrated


exceptional


esprit de corps,


while


providing high quality transit service.


The


Panama


Canal


Commission's


performance during fiscal


year


1987


demonstrated


once


again


that


waterway


remains an important


efficient conduit for world trade.


I am confident that our dedicated work


force
nance


the effectiveness


efforts


allow


ongoing


Panama


modernization


Canal


continue


malnte-


handling


demand for its unique transit service well into the future.


Administrator





















TABLE OF CONTENTS


PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Page


ORGANIZATION CHART .....

INTRODUCTION
ORGANIZATION ...........
THE CANAL..................

TOLL RATES .................
BOARD OF DIRECTORS ......
OFFICIALS IN THE REPUBLIC
OFFICIALS IN WASHINGTON,


. . . . " . " . . . . . . . " . " . " " " . . . . " " " " " " . . . . .

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OF PANAMA
D.C. ...... ..


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CHAPTER I-CANAL TRAFFIC
TR A FFIC . .. .......................................................
COMPARATIVE HIGHLIGHTS OF OPERATIONS ...................
COMMODITIES AND TRADE ROUTES .............................


CHAPTER II-CANAL OPERATIONS
TRANSIT OPERATIONS ...........


....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13


MAINTENANCE AND RELATED CANAL PROJECTS ................

CHAPTER III-SUPPORTING OPERATIONS


LOGISTICAL SERVICES ........
COMMUNITY SERVICES........
SANITATION AND GROUNDS ..
TRANSPORTATION SERVICES ..
PUBLIC UTILITIES AND ENERGY
FIRE PROTECTION..............
CANAL PROTECTION .........
HEALTH AND SAFETY ..........


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CHAPTER IV-ADMINISTRATION AND STAFF


PERSONNEL: FORCE EMPLOYED AND
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY PROGRAM ....
DI)T1 TI ACCATOD


PAYROLL


. e.a.. .. . " "e ".... a ae ..."a







CONTENTS


Financial Tables


Page


TABLE
TABLE
TABLE


1.-Statement of Financial Position ..........................
2.-Statement of Operations and Non-Interest-Bearing Investment
3.-Statement of Changes in the Investment of the United States


Government


TABLE
TABLE
TABLE


4.-Statement of Changes in Financial Position ..
5.-Statement of Status of Appropriations ......
6.-Statement of Property, Plant, and Equipment


* . a a a a a a a a a. a a. .a . a
....aa.a..a.a ..a.. ....


. . . . . . . .. . . 38


Notes to Financial Statements..


CHAPTER


VI-STATISTICAL


TABLES


Shipping Statistics


TABLE
TABLE


1.-Panama Canal Traffic-Fiscal Years 1978 through 1987


. . . . . . 50


-Oceangoing Commercial Traffic by Months-Fiscal Years 1987


and 1986....


TABLE
TABLE


3.-Canal Traffic by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1987 .....
4.-Classification of Canal Traffic by Type of Vessel-Fiscal


. . . a * 52
s........ a 53


Year 1987


TABLE
TABLE


5.-Laden and Ballast Traffic by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1987
6.--Segregation of Transits by Registered Gross Tonnage-Fiscal


Year 1987


TABLE
TABLE


7.-Principal Commodities Shipped Through Canal by Fiscal Years ...
8.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through the Panama
Canal from Atlantic to Pacific During Fiscal Year 1987 Segregated


by Countries in Principal Trade Areas.


TABLE


.. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . 66


9.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through the Panama
Canal from Pacific to Atlantic During Fiscal Year 1987 Segregated


by Countries in Principal Trade Areas.


TABLE


. .. . . . .. . 72


10.--Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes-


Atlantic to Pacific ....


TABLE


. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 80


1.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes-


Pacific to Atlantic ....


. . . . . . . . . . 99


TABLE


--Principal Canal Commodities by Direction-Fiscal Year


..... a 1


Other Statistics























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INTRODUCTION
ORGANIZATION
The Panama Canal Commission is an agency of the Executive Branch of
the United States Government, provided for by the Panama Canal Treaty
of 1977, and established by the Panama Canal Act of 1979 (93 Stat. 452; 22
U.S.C. 3601 et seq), enacted September 27, 1979. The authority of the
President of the United States with respect to the Commission is exercised
through the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the Army. The
Commission is supervised by a nine-member Board. Five members are
nationals of the United States appointed by the President with the advice
and consent of the Senate. Four members are nationals of the Republic of
Panama who are proposed by the Republic of Panama for appointment by
the President.
The Commission was established to carry out the responsibilities of the
United States with respect to the Panama Canal under the Panama Canal
Treaty of 1977. In fulfilling these obligations, the Commission manages,
operates, and maintains the Canal, its complementary works, installations,
and equipment, and provides for the orderly transit of vessels through the
Canal. The Commission will perform these functions until the treaty ter-
minates on December 31, 1999, when the Republic of Panama will assume
full responsibility for the Canal.
The Commission is expected to recover through tolls and other revenues
all costs of operating and maintaining the Canal, including interest, depre-
ciation, capital for plant replacement, expansion and improvements, and
payments to the Republic of Panama for public services and annuities, in
accordance with paragraph 5 of Article III and paragraphs 4(a) and (b) of
Article XIII, respectively, of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977. Revenues
from tolls and all other sources are deposited in the U.S. Treasury in an
account known as the Panama Canal Commission Fund. Appropriations
rC - . A. *- - -- _ A i _ _ ._ ii.... U....






INTRODUCTION


channel is 500 feet.


Navigable channel depth can vary according to the


amount of water available in Canal storage areas; however,


the normal


permissible transit draft is 39 .feet 6 inches tropical fresh water.
Vessels transiting the Canal are raised in three steps to the level of Gatun


Lake


, the principal source of Canal water, then lowered to sea level again


three steps.


The three sets of Canal locks are paired


so as to


permit


simultaneous lockage of two vessels in the same or opposite direction.


Since


August


1914


official


date


opening,


Panama


Canal has served world trade virtually without interruption.


fiscal year,


Through this


a total of 677,521 vessels of all types have transited with 570,239


or 84.2 percent of the total being of the oceangoing commercial class.
TOLL RATES


Toll


hospital


rates


ship


supply


on merchant


hips,


vessels
yachts,


, Army


when


Navy


carrying


transports,


passengers


cargo,


$1.83 per net vessel ton of 100 cubic feet of actual earning capacity,


as determined in accordance with the "Rules of Measurement of Vessels


for the Panama Canal;" (b) on such vessels in ballast,


without passengers


or cargo,


$1.46 per net vessel ton; and (c) on other floating craft,


$1.02 per


ton of displacement.


By treaty,


United


States continues


transit through the Canal of its troops,


provide


materials of war


to Colombia free
, and ships of war.







PANAMA


CANAL


COMMI


SSION


BOARD


DIRECTORS


Ending Fiscal Year 1987


Honorable WILLIA


M R. GIANELLI.


Honorable OYDEN ORTEGA


Chairman


Board


Directors


Panama, Republic


Panama


Panama Canal Commission


Washington, D.


Honorable C


ARLOS


OZORES


Honorable Luls A.


ANDERSON


Panama, Republic of Panama


Honorable WALTER V
Annapolis, Maryland


. SHEA


Honorable ANDREW E. GIBSON


Short Hills, New


Jersey


Honorable CARLOS VELARDE


Honorable RICHARD N.


HOLWILL


Deputy Assistant


Secretary


Honorable WILLIAM W


WATKIN, Jr.


Inter-American Affairs
Department of State
Washington, D.C.


Executive Committee
Honorable WILLIAM R. GIANELLI
Chairman
Honorable OYDEN ORTEGA


Honorable W


ALTER V


SHEA


Honorable CARLOS VELARDE


Honorable WILLIAM W


WATKIN, Jr.


OFFICIALS IN THE REPUBLIC OF PANAMA


Administrator..........
Deputy Administrator ...


................... Honorable D. P


MCAULIFFE


Honorable FERNANDO MANFREDO, Jr.


OFFICIAL IN


WASHINGTON


D.C.


Secretary .........


MICHAEL RHODE, Jr.


Panama, Republic


Panama


Panama, Republic


Panama


Beaufort, South Carolina








4 CANAL TRAFFIC











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Chapter


CANAL


TRAFFIC


TRAFFIC


Canal traffic and tolls revenue continued
although at a more moderate rate than the


upward in fiscal


previous


year.


year


Most


1987


of the


growth


resulted


from


harp


improvement


in corn


shipments


moderate gains in a number of other commodities.


Oceangoing transits in fiscal year
or 33.7 vessels daily, from 12,023, or


1987 increased 2.4 percent to


32.9 daily, the prior year.


12,313,


Commercial


vessels


accounted


12,230


total


oceangoing transits,


from


11,925 in fiscal year 1986.


Vessels owned or operated by the U.S.


Govern-


ment and free Colombian and Panamanian Government vessels accounted


for 83 transits


, compared with 98 last year.


While


overall


traffic


showed


growth


over the


prior year,


vessel


remained near 1986 levels.


Transits by vessels having beams of 100 feet and


over totaled 2,668 compared with 2,627 transits the prior year. As a result,
transits in this beam category as a proportion of total oceangoing transits


decreased from 21.8 percent in 1986 to 21.7 percent,


the first decline in this


important traffic element since


1984.


Vessels having beams of 80 feet and


over accounted for


,908 transits or 48 percent of total oceangoing transits


compared with


,898 or 49.1 percent in 1986.


The lull in vessel size growth


was


reflected


average


Panama


Canal


tonnage


oceangoing


commercial vessels, which dropped slightly to 15,248 tons from the record
15,328 tons reached in the prior year.







CANAL TRAFFIC


year


summary


elements


Canal


traffic


tolls


revenue is shown in the following table:


COMPARATIVE


HIGHLIGHTS


OPERATIONS


Fiscal year


Oceangoing transits:
Commercial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
U.S. Government . . . ........ .. ... ... . . . .. . . . . . ..


12,230


11,925


Free .....


Total


12,313


12,023


Daily average


Small transits:
Commercial .....
U.S. Government


Free.......
Total....


1,131


1,255


Total cargo:
Commercial ....
U.S. Government


Free......
Total...


......
.0....


S. .... . . ."t.... ...... * . *.... 0 .
. . . . * tat.". ......... . * SS" S** .


148,693,662
205.701


148,899,425


139,948,885
176,853
80
140,125,818


Total Panama Canal net tons and reconstructed displace-
ment tonnage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Transit revenue:
Commercial tolls .....
U.S. Government tolls


Tolls revenue.


187,340,780


$328,463,544
1,395,231
$329,858,775


183,750,961


$321,163,325
1,570,877
$322,734,202


Harbor pilotage, tug, launch, and other services
Total transit revenue. ................


$68,128,024
$397,986,799


$67,363,962
$390,098,164


COMMODITIES AND TRADE ROUTES
Cargo movements in 1987 registered a fairly high rate of increase with


other compared elements of traffic,


6.2 percent to


with total commercial tonnage rising


148.7 million long tons from 139.9 million tons in the prior


i * I * P - . . . . . . . .. . .






PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


and South Korea 2.4 million tons. Other components of the grain commod-
ity group showing improvement included soybeans, which rose from 6.8
million tons to 7.8 million tons; wheat, which was up from 3.8 million tons
to 4.5 million tons; and sorghum, which increased from 2.3 million tons to
2.6 million tons. The increased grain tonnage via the Canal reflected an
overall recovery in U.S. grain exports generated by a number of factors,
including the lower value of the dollar, reduced harvests in other major


grain producing nations, and the


U.S.


Government export enhancement


program.


Petroleum


petroleum


products


decreased


15.9


percent


25.9


million long tons in fiscal year 1987.
was primarily due to a sharp drop in


down to 9 million tons from 12.9 million tons.


The decline in this commodity group
the crude oil movement, which was


This drop reflected reduced


oil flows from diverse sources, particularly Ecuador.


On March 5,


1987


Ecuador was struck


an earthquake which damaged


a section


trans-Ecuadorian pipeline, forcing the country to halt oil exports for about
six months. As a result, Ecuadorian oil exports via the Canal totaled 3.5


million tons this year versus the 5.8 million shipped in 1986.
products segment of this commodity group declined to 17


from 17.9 million tons,


The petroleum
'.0 million tons


with most of the reductions concentrated in diesel


oil and residual oil shipments.


The nitrates, phosphates and potash commodity group improved signif-
icantly to 12.0 million tons from the depressed 9.9 million tons registered


in 1986. Phosphates,


which accounted for 54.2 percent of the group, rose


23.7 percent to 6.5 million tons from 5.3 million tons. Over 90 percent of
phosphates moving via the Canal originated in the U.S. East Coast and
were primarily destined for South Korea, Japan and China.
The coal and coke trade continued downward, falling to 7.9 million tons
compared with 10.2 million tons in the prior year. Coal exports from the
U.S. East Coast accounted for 5.8 million tons, with Taiwan and Japan as
the main destinations.


The


automobile


trade,


which


generated


most


sharp


traffic


creases of the prior year, continued strong but did not attain further signif-


icant gains.


The trade, included in the machinery and equipment group,


totalPel 97 million trnc nll clioht1l frnm 9 A million tonnc


AntnmnhilPc


L







CANAL TRAFFIC


Canal


commercial


cargo


. The


cargo


tonnage


carried


hips


on this


voyage route totaled 58.1


million long tons, up from 50.6 million tons in


the prior year.


The


following chart and


moving in


table show the principal commodity


oceangoing commercial vessels during fiscal year


1987


groups
and a


company


on of the major trade routes in fiscal years 1987 and 1986.






PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


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CANAL TRAFFIC


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Chapter


CANAL


OPERATIONS


Canal operations are comprised of Transit Operations and Maintenance


and Related Canal Projects.


The various functions are divided among the


operating


bureaus


within


Canal


agency.


October


, 1986,


Marine


Bureau designated several new divisions and units to handle the


functions formerly performed by the Navigation Division,


established on that date.


which was dis-


The organizational chart on page VI reflects the


present structure of the Marine Bureau.
TRANSIT OPERATIONS


Daily average transits by oceangoing vessels increased from the 32


day during fiscal year 1986 to 33.7 per day during fiscal year 1987


.9 per


Average


time in Canal waters increased from 23.4 hours in fiscal year 1986 to 24.0
hours in fiscal year 1987.


Vessels
of 600-foot
length and over


Fiscal


Percent
oftotal
oceangoing
transit


Vessels
of80-foot
beam and over


Percent
of total
oceangoing
transit


. . . . .9 . S.C. ta.. . . . .
* ass. .. . .. . . . . * .4. . 9. .. t.tt.

. S . S . S . . .S ...S .C . ...S
* CC C CS S* * . S * *** S*


4,005
4,131
3,862
3,865
4,157


5,902
5,898
5,514
5,496
5,869
7,226
6,364
6,089


4,855
4,598







CANAL OPERATIONS


.fl

4' 1~.E~~~~~~ ~C

4~ ~







PANAMA CANAL COMMI


SSION


1986


Oceangoing transits
Tug jobs:
Balboa .......
Cristobal .....
Tug operating hours


12,313


.......................... .................... . 27,893
.. . .......... . ... . ............................ 11,599
.... . . . . . .. .. .. . . . . . ...... ... ... . .......... . 58,380


12,023
26,939
11,894
60,442


MAINTENANCE AND RELATED CANAL PROJECTS


Maintenance and improvement


to the Canal continued at high levels


throughout the year


The various


division


and units of the


Engineering


and Construction Bureau are generally responsible for the overall physical


maintenance


improvement


waterway


. The


Marine


Bureau


operate


and maintains the locks and related facilities.


During the first quarter of the fiscal year,


considerable resources


mate-


rials and equipment were dedicated toward cleanup of the major land


which occurred in Gaillard Cut on October


1986.


The


lide resulted in


approximately one-half million cubic yards of rock,


earth and debris flow-


ing into Canal


waters.


About half


of this


material


was deposited in


shipping la
Gold Hill.


nes,


causing a narrowing of the navigable channel in the area of


All available dredging equipment was immediately stationed in


the area to begin removal of the


lide material.


Given the significance of


the slide


, two dredges and related equipment were contracted from a dredg-


ing firm in the United States to assist in the removal project.


Effort


were


simultaneously undertaken by the Panama Canal Commission to success-


fully settle unstable areas affected by the slide.


Precautionary transit meas-


ures temporarily implemented in the interest of navigational safety


were


progressively


withdrawn


until


channel


width


normal


Canal


operations were restored on Decembe
From January through September,


1986.


maintenance dredging of the Pacific


approach channel was completed to restore maximum channel depth.


project served


to remove shoal formations and


iltation


caused


by tidal


variations


and propellor wash.


similar dredging project is contemplated


for the Atlantic approach channel.
A new miter gate lifting device was designed by the Engineering Division


Flrc'a(







CANAL OPERATIONS


Several other locks related projects performed during the year involved
e replacement of 6.000 linear feet of fenderine at the Pacific Locks.


A


4-


7


rehabilitation of a combined total of some 7,500 linear feet of locomotive
tow track, conductor slot and rack sections at all locks, and inspection and
maintenance of rising stem and cylindrical valves.


Other


significant


marine-related


maintenance


work


included


major


overhauls of the dipper dredge Christensen, the tugs Harding,
Rousseau and Parfitt, and drum gate No. 3 at Madden Dam.


Trinidad,


Major equipment acquisitions in support of Canal operations consisted
of the delivery of five new towing locomotives increasing the total fleet to
80, the dredge tender Chagres which is also capable of assisting with
transits, and four aluminum hull pilot/linehandler launches Xares, Umbla,
Trucha, and Albacore II.
Contracts were awarded for the fabrication of two tractor tugs, the Gula
and Lider, the construction of a tug refueling facility at Miraflores landing,
two locomotive cranes incorporating OSHA standards, and the fabrica-
tion and delivery of two locomotive turntables for subsequent installation
at the north approach walls of Gatun and Miraflores locks respectively.


The second generation Marine


tinued


undergo


upgrading to


Traffic Control computer system con-
further improve vessel monitoring and


scheduling. This system, as well as other computer systems throughout the


Commission,


will also benefit from advanced telecommunication capabil-


cities upon installation of a newly acquired telephone exchange system and
fiber optic wiring.


/












SUPPORTING OPERATIONS


Su;
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Chapter


SUPPORTING


OPERATIONS


Supporting


operations


Panama


Canal


Commission


provided


essential support services to the operation and maintenance of the water-


way and the Agency'


facilities


as well as to other U.S.


agencies on the


Isthmus and to employees and their dependent


logistical services,


community services,


These operation


sanitation and


grounds


included
manage-


ment


, transportation


services


, public


utilities


protection,


Canal


protection, health and safety and other employee services.
LOGISTICAL SERVICES


The


Logistical


Support


Division


provided


centralized


procurement,


inventory


tion


management,


supply


warehousing,


property


distribution


disposal


support


contract


Canal


ad ministra-
operations.


total


of $72.0 million in good


and services were procured during fiscal


year


1987


, including $24.2 million from


sources


in Panama.


Major con-


tracing obligations included approximately $3.7 million for Bunker "C"


fuel oil for thermoelectric power generation,


$4.6 million for light diesel


fuel


$3.5


million


a tractor tugboat,


$2.1


million


vehicles


$1.6


million for two towing locomotive turntables, $1.4 million for locomotive


cranes and $1.3 million for a


salvage barge.


Approximately $18 million in Commission inventory items were issued
for Commission use, and $21.2 million was obligated for new inventory
purchases during the year. A total inventory of 38,734 line items with an
-i C t�/NJrf 11�i I-i----- i







SUPPORTING OPERATIONS


coordinated all


Commission cargo


hipments from the


United State


Panama.


Under the coverage of the Military Sealift Command's contract,


12,326


measurement


tons


containerized


breakbulk


cargo


were


shipped to the Port of Balboa. An additional 5,274 measurement tons of
general cargo and vehicles were shipped under commercial contract with
an ocean freight shipper from New Orleans to the Republic of Panama.
COMMUNITY SERVICES
The Community Services Division is responsible for managing employee


housing,


Commission-owned


buildings,


technical


resource


center


(library) and the employee fitness program for the agency
are provided by the Office of Area Coordination.


Other services


The


Housing


Management


Branch


utilized


Commission and contract


force
phasi


maintain and


on s


repair its quarters inventory


afety and security upgrades.


with a strong em-


The agency continued its multiyear


housing management


plan designed


to concentrate resources on dimin-


fishing housing requirements in selected areas.


Implementation of the plan


is intended to utilize remaining housing and related maintenance resource


in the most cost-effective manner,


while at the


ame time preserving opt


mum housing for eligible employees and meeting ongoing responsibilities


under the


located


Panama
Balboa


Canal


Treaty


Gamboa


. Under these criteria, 56 housing units


Margarita


were


transferred


Government of Panama.


By the end


the fiscal year,


the Commission


retained 1,573 housing units, representing 37% of the inventory of approx-
imately 4,309 units owned by the Panama Canal Company immediately
prior to entry into force of the Panama Canal Treaty in 1979.


The


Buildings


Management


Branch


maintains


operates


Com-


mission buildings and structures not


specifically assigned to other Conm-


mission unit
relocations.


, a centralized custodial service and the agency'


unit was de


moves and


ignated as the agency space manager respon-


ible for implementing and managing Executive Order


12411


other


regulations.


The branch managed major renovations at four buildings and


actively


engaged


implementation


energy


conservation


programs.


The


Technical


Resources


Center


(library)


provided


mission-support


9 1 1 11 9 P1 S~ C


II _ 1Cl






PANAMA CANAL COMMIS


SION


required to be proficient in swimming,


instructing employees from various


divisions


Locks


Canal


Protection


Fire


, etc.) in basic rescue and water


, Dredging,


afety


Apprentice


advanced lifesaving,


School,
drown-


proofing,


survival floating and water


afety instructor'


courses.


SANITATION AND GROUNDS
Mosquito control and other environmental health measures essential to


maintain


a high


level


of health


employees


were


carried


Sanitation Branch.


capable of


Surveillance and control


transmitting disease were contini


of biting insects and vermin
led, with emphasis on non-


chemical control methods such as drainage maintenance in lieu of exten-


sive


dispersements


chemical


insecticide


Some


miles


surface


water drainage ditche


were maintained


to eliminate mosquito breeding


around employee work and housing areas.


Specialized mosquito control


measures continue to be necessary for the prevention of such major insect-


borne tropical disease


as malaria, yellow fever, and dengue.


Additional


control effort


were directed


against cockroaches,


houseflies


bats


venomous snakes and other vermin.
Approximately 2,900 acres of improved grounds were maintained within


and around Commission residential areas


, buildings,


the locks and indu


trial


facilities.


Vegetation


control


was


maintained


Grounds


Branch


crews along utility line rights-of-way


earthen


addle dams


Gatun Dam


Canal bank


ability drainage systems,


and around the perimeters of aid


to navigation towers and targets.


Following the major landslide in Gaillard Cut,


referred to on page 15 of


this report, Grounds and Sanitation workers participated in


oil stabiliza-


tion of the area by dispersing lime on the water


aturated


oil at the


sites.


Later


, slopes of Gold Hill were planted with 4,700 tree seedlings of


the Gmelina-arborea and Acacia-magnium
of the landslide and increase bank stability.


species to reforest the area


Africanized bee control operation


remained


table in FY 1987 with 173


bee swarms and nests destroyed by Commission bee control teams.


Four


Africanized bee swarm


were removed from transiting ship


in FY 1987


TRANSPORTATION SERVICES
The Motor Transportation Division operated and maintained a consoli-







SUPPORTING OPERATIONS


available in required quantity and quality in Panama.


The vehicle inspec-


tion


facility


located


within


Motor


Transportation


Division


Ancon


area garage,


also was used by the Government of Panama during the first


six months of the fiscal


year to conduct inspections of privately-owned


vehicle


Motor


Transportation


Division


perform


Commission vehicle inspections.
PUBLIC UTILITIES AND ENERGY
Panama Canal Commission facilities include electric power generation


and distribution systems,


communication


system


, water purification and


distribution systems,


and a central chilled water air conditioning system


for certain public buildings.


Total Canal area energy demand during fiscal year


1987 was 518 giga-


watt hours


a8.1


percent increase from the 479 gigawatt


used last year.


The peak hourly demand of 84 megawatts reached on September 28,


1987


was


2.4 percent above the peak of 82 megawatts in the prior year.


Agency-


directed energy consumption in fiscal year


, calculated together in Btu


1987 for electrical power and


, was reduced a total of 17.9 percent in


relation to the fiscal year 1975 baseline established by the Federal Energy
Management Program. Electrical power consumption by the Commission,


76.3 gigawatt hours,


was 2.6 percent above the usage levels recorded for


comparable operations


in fiscal


year


1975; fuel consumption, excluding


fuel for power generation,


.0 million gallons,


was 34.9 percent below the


corresponding 1975 fiscal year baselines.


The


water treatment


distribution


systems


operated


Com-


mission provide potable water for the Cahal area and areas of the Republic


of Panama.


The


Pacific


side


system


serves


Canal


area,


portions


Panama City,


and suburban areas; and the separate Atlantic side system


serves


Canal


area,


portions


Colon,


suburban


areas.


During


fiscal year 1987


the two


systems supplied 3.11 billion cubic feet of potable


water to consumers


, an increase of about 2.64 percent from the previous


year.


Water supplied by the Panama Canal Commi


ssion to Panama City


Colon metropolitan areas amounted


to approximately


55.4


million


gallons per day.


FIRE PROTECTION


n - 1 n


-- "






PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


quarter of fiscal year


1985.


Under this program, Fire Division personnel


respond with foam apparatus on standby at the locks for certain vessels
identified by the Marine Bureau as transporting hazardous or flammable
cargoes, particularly during the critical period when a vessel is entering the
locks.


Requests for ambulance service increased from 1,366 last year to


1,476


this year.


Bomb threats also increased from


15 last year to 31


this year.


Excluding ship fires, there were 517 fires during the year. As in the past,
the vast majority of these incidents were grass and brush fires, most fre-


quently occurring during the vulnerable dry season period.
Division statistics appear in Table 16 on page 120 of this i


Additional Fire


report.


CANAL PROTECTION


The


Canal


Protection


Division


provides


operational


security


for the


Panama Canal Commission and plant protection of installations and facil-


cities


devoted


to the


management,


operation,


maintenance


waterway. Security improvements to vital installations and support activi-
ties continued throughout the year with site surveys, inspection of facilities


installation


essential


security


hardware/ systems.


Recruitment


in-service employees into upward mobility program guard positions con-
tinued heavy during the year to meet the increased coverage requirements.
HEALTH AND SAFETY


The Occupational


Health


Division and


Safety


Division are com-


ponent


of the Office of Personnel Administration.


The Personnel Direc-


tor is the


Designated


Agency


Safety


Health


Official.


The


Panama


Canal
place


Commission is committed


its employees,


to ensuring a safe and


an objective


which


enjoys


healthful work-


support


from


management down.
During fiscal year 1987


, the Commission experienced 628 performance-


of-duty accidents/illnesses for which employees required medical attention
beyond first aid, as compared to 598 such accidents/illnesses in fiscal year


1986.
100 ei


The incident rate rose slightly from 7.5 in fiscal year 1986 to
mnnlovees in fiscal vear 1987. There were no fatalities reco


A S


a,


7.9 per
rded in


either fiscal year 1987 or fiscal year 1986.


As a means of


enhancing safety and health in


the Commission


work-


n innfl ,. 4 nf nna 1 an C1fl7 a,, A aTt Tntt.na - a: ...: -- . -. - :


-- ------


nl nna rllr r: rr rr f:nnnl


















Chapter


ADMINISTRATION


AND


STAFF


PERSONNEL


FORCE EMPLOYED AND PAYROLL


the end


of fiscal


year


1987


the total


Isthmian force of the Corm-


mission was 8,562 compared to 8,338 employees in fiscal year 1986.


total Isthmian force


7.561


were permanent and


1,001


temporary.


Of the
Of the


permanent


work force


were U.S. citizens and


persons,


U.S.


citizens


, 6,269 (82.9%) were


Panamanians,


(1.9%) were third-country nationals.


were


employed


Commission


(15.2%)
Nineteen
in New


Orleans and Washington,


D.C.


The total


Commission


payroll


was $196.2


million


in fiscal year


1987


compared to $190.8 million in fiscal year


1986.


Of the total Commission


fiscal


year


1987


payroll,


$133.6


million


was


paid


to non-U.S.


citizen


employees and $62.6 million to U.S. citizen employees.
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY PROGRAM
The new Multi-Year Affirmative Action Plan covering fiscal years 1988


through


992 for this agency was initiated in fiscal year 1987


The Affirma-


tive Action Accomplishment Report for fiscal year 1987 indicated that the
agency met its stated affirmative action goals and exceeded its employment
goal for the severely handicapped.






ADMINISTRATION AND STAFF


tion of Panamanian national


at all level


At the end of fiscal year 1987,


the composition of the work force by sex and minority group designation
was as follows:


By sex


Male..
Female


88.6%


. . . . . .. . .... . . . . .... . ."t t SW..II Q
..*.W W ***** ... *.......* * ... S S SSS*S.S 9 ..


By Minority Group Designation


Hispanics
61.7%


Blacks
23.9%


Whites
12.8%


Orien rals


1.3%


Amer.


0.3%


PUBLIC AFFAIRS
The Office of Public Affairs is responsible for handling all public affairs,


guide


services


informational


activities


Panama


Canal


Com-


mission, both locally and internationally.


In this connection


, through the


Commission publication Spillway,


local pres


releases


, video tape


films


exhibits


matters of


related interest


were disseminated


to the work


force and the public at large.


The Graphic Branch assisted in the accom-


plishment of
audio-visual


this task


by providing a broad range of photographic and


support services. Such support included the development of


exhibits


international


shipping


exhibitions


conferences


Expoship 87 in London and the Seatrade Cruise Shipping Conference in


Miami


audio


visual


assistance


for engagements


where


agency


officials served as guest speakers.


Similar support was provided for Com-


mission exhibits at the annual regional fair held in David


Expocomer, an


international exhibition held in Panama City; a display commemorating


Bicentennial


U.S.


Constitution;


a photographic display


featuring the work of Canal construction day photographer Ernest Hallen.


English and Spanish language press releases,


films


, video and audio tape


segments were also developed for internal agency use and for distribution
to the press services.


The


land


lide in


Gaillard


Cut and


political


events


in Panama placed


greater than usual demands on the office to provide local and international


media


representatives


with


information


Canal


under


various


formats.
The guide service handled a total of 305,416 visitors at the Canal and






PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


information; and channels many issues to the proper authorities for proc-
essing under existing statutes or administrative regulations. Generally, the
Office of the Ombudsman investigates administrative problems, inefficien-
cies. omissions and Dolicv conflicts existing within the Panama Canal


Commission


otl


her U.S.


Government


agencies


on the


Isthmus


Panama


resulting


from


Treaty.


However,


office


provides


widest latitude possible for handling problems affecting employee morale
and the quality of life.
During fiscal year 1987, there was marked increase in telephone traffic,
particularly during the last quarter. Much of the increase was attributable
to heightened concerns of Canal area employees and residents fueled by


ongoing political


unrest in Panama.


"hotline" was activated


to more


effectively handle the high volume of calls.
A total of 275 cases were processed by the Ombudsman as compared to


cases


in FY


1986.


number


complaints


continue


flow from


the progressive deterioration and lack of maintenance of highways,
streets and railroad crossings within the Canal Area, which are outside the
responsibility of the Panama Canal Commission.
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
During the past year, contract administration activities continued rou-
tinely. Efforts to promote more constructive and harmonious labor rela-
tions have resulted in an increased willingness on the part of management
officials to meet with union representatives to discuss changes in the work
place and attempt resolution of disputes without resort to third parties.


The collective


Association


bargaining agreement with Local No.
Firefighters, was extended for an add'


13, International


itional


year,


until


April


1988.


represented


The
the


agreement


with


Maritime/ Metal


Professional


Trades


Council,


Bargaining Unit,
was extended for


three more years.


The


Commission


was


one


several


U.S.


Federal


agencies


directly


affected by a landmark decision of the Federal Labor Relations Authority


(FLRA)
benefits


which
are not


held


that


intrinsically


union


proposals


non-negotiable


concerning p
The FLRA


fringe


ruled


four


cases involving the Commission


that eleven such


union


proposals were


- -






FINANCIAL REPORT


Panama Canal Amendments Act


30 out-of-locks vessel-accident


claims


been


filed


were


pending,


with


either the


United


States


Congress


or the Commission.


Since the enactment of the


Amendments


Act, th
claims.


Le Commiss


ion has steadily reduced this backlog of vessel-accident


By the end of fiscal year 1987


24 of these claims had been settled


and $15,702,367 (out of a total of $21,266,200 claimed) had been paid to
the aggrieved shipowners.
Two lawsuits for out-of-locks vessel-accident damage were filed before


the pas


age of the


Amendments Act and an additional seven were filed


after its enactment.


By September 30,


1987


, one case had been dismissed by


the Court, while
of $2,084,899.
In fiscal year


six suits have been settled out of court for a total payment


, one phase of litigation arising from the termination


of a contract for the purchase of a tugboat was successfully completed.


The


litigation concerned


the Commission'


termination for default of a con-


tract with a New England builder for the construction of the tugboat Paz.
The contract was terminated in August 1984 when the contractor failed to


make timely


delivery


of the tug.


the ensuing litigation in the Claims


Court


, the contractor demanded $1.9 million in damages,


and the Canal


Commis


sion


counterclaimed


approximately


$750,000.


The


Claims


Court in June 1986 denied the contractor's
favor of the Commission on its countercla


by the U.S.


claim and granted judgement in
dim. This decision was affirmed


Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit on February 2, 1987















Chapter


FINANCIAL


REPORT


FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


FOR THE FISCAL


YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30


1987


The financial statements of the Panama Canal Commission, appearing


Tables


through


with


accompanying


notes


, present


financial


position of the Commission at September 30,
operations for the fiscal year then ended.


1987


and the results of its


The accounts and


statements of the


Panama


Canal


Commission have


been examined by the Office of General Auditor of the Commission and by


the United States General Accounting Office.


Detailed audit reports of the


United States General Accounting Office are directed to the Congress and
are presented as Congressional documents.


Summary


information


concerning


operating


results


capital


expenditures follows:
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Net loss from operations amounted to $0.6 million.


This amount will be


recovered from subsequent revenues as required by section 1341(b)(2) of
the Panama Canal Act of 1979 (Public Law 96-70).
CAPITAL EXPENDITURES


Accrued


capital


expenditures


for fiscal


year


1987


amounted


$29.0


million.
tugboat,


The


principal expenditures were $3.2 million for purchase of


$2.4 million for replacement of a dredge tender, $2.2 million for


ranl 1 na n~ am an+


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FINANCIAL REPORT


Table 1.-Statement of Financial Position


Assets


PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT:
At cost (Note Ic) .......... .......................
Less accumulated depreciation and valuation
allowances (Notes le and 2) ......................


$915,595,874

447,025,403
468,570,471


$891,030,194

427,840,218
463,189,976


CURRENT
Cash
I


T ASSETS:
and Fund balances
)eposit funds and u
Postal fund ...
Trust fund ....
Cash receipts fo


(Notes 3 and 4):
rndeposited receipts:


rr deposit into U.S. Treasury


134,738
1,214,518
1,088,115
2,437,371


140,954
1,122,442
579,276
1,842,672


Unexpended appropriated funds:
Operating funds ..........
Capital funds ............
Emergency fund ..........


..........a. S ....C
. . . . . s e . .. . . . . C
. . .. . . . . . . .


55,658,038
26,086,026
10,000,000
91,744,064


75,776,159
30,367,019
10,000,000
116,143,178


94,181,435


117,98


Accounts receivable . . . . . .. .. . .. . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .


9,760,924


9,956,099


Inventories, less allowance for obsolete and
excess stock of $532,268 and $401,972,
respectively (Note Ig) ................


35,139,169


1,887,373
140,968,901


Other current


34,452,692


1,868,675


164,263,316


OTHER ASSETS:
Deferred charges:
Cost of early
Cost of work
(Notes im,
Retirement I


retirement benefits (Note ih)..
injuries compensation benefits
7 and 8a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
benefits to certain former em


ployees


of predecessor agencies (Note lh)


234,720,000

50,344,000


6,628,000


254,280,000

. a * . .e . 5.. ..


7,599,000


nA r tt-a a a


assets


rnr rA*








PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


September 30, 1987 and 1986


Capital and Liabilities
CAPITAL:
Investment of the United States Government:
Interest-bearing (10.756% and 11.033%, respectively)
(Notes 8c and 9) . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Non-interest-bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


$64,711,276
287,336,291
352,047,567


$49,803,121
287,909,798
337,712,919


Unexpended appropriations (Note 3):
Obligated operating funds......
Obligated capital funds ........
Unobligated capital funds ......
Unobligated emergency fund ...


CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable:
U.S. Government agencies
Government of Panama .
Other ........ .. . .. .... ..


. . . . . �.�. . . S. .
� t *.6* * * ** * �..


* * . . . S S S S *S * S S S S S S S S S
S * * S S S * S S S S S S S A S S S S S S S


Accrued liabilities:
Employees' leave .... ....................
Salaries and wages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cost of early retirement benefits (Note 1 h).....
Retirement benefits to certain former employees


of predecessor agencies (Note I h)
Employees' repatriation ...........


. . . . . . .


. . .


* S


. . . � � �. . . .


Marine accident claims (Note 8d) .... . . . .....
Net revenue payable to Government of Panama
(Note 6) . .. . . . ............ . . ............


Other . .. . . . . . . . . . . ........... . ..

Other current liabilities:
Advances for capital-unexpended (Notes
O their ...................... . .. .



DEFERRED CREDIT:
Advances for capital being amortized
(Notes Id and 9) . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . .


LONG-TERM


LIABILITIES


AND


Id and 10)


RESERVES:


Cost of early retirement benefits (Note h).....
Cost of work injuries compensation benefits


S S S S S S S


55,658,038
23,779,004
2,307,022
10,000,000
91,744,064
443,791,631


4,752,021
6,942,830
10,490,935
22,185,786


43,808,225
6,643,633
19,560,000

917,000
613,000
10,296,755


1,889,633
83,728,246

16,316,050
1.109,701
17,425,751

123,339,783


32,517,416

215,160,000


75,776,159
21,196,656
9,170,363
10,000,000
116,143,178
453,856,097


5,119,155
6,574,365
11,989,470
23,682,990

41,845,798
5,856,533
19,560,000

1,017,000
930,000
26,485,284

2,012,762
2,262,308
99,969,685

16,435,985
1,294,778
17,730,763

141,383,438


28,185,316


234,720,000











PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION



Table 2.-Statement of Operations and Non-Interest-Bearing Investment
Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 1987 and 1986


OPERATING REVENUES:
Tolls Revenue (Note 8b) ..
Other Revenues (Note 8b).


.......... . . . . . . . . . . .. . $329,858,775
......... . . . . . . . . . . . 106,275,461


Total operating revenues............. ...... ........


436,134,236


$319,643,202
104,658,022


424,301,224


OPERATING EXPENSES:
Payments to the Government of Panama:
Public services .. . . . . . . . . . . . ...
Fixed annuity ...... ..........
Tonnage. . . . . . . . . . ...... . . . . .


Maintenance of channels and harbors
Navigation service and control......
Locks operation .......... . . . . ....
General repair. eneineerine and


� ,


U D.


services. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supply and logistics.... .... .
Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Housing operations .........
General and administrative...
Interest on interest-bearing
(Notes 8c and 9) ..........
O their .....................


S C C C C


* S S * * **S


eaS**O*** *5*

* S S S 55*55S5**


maintenance


* S S * **C*S4~
* .*.*...**.
*5*5***5 S..
...,..... St
* S S S S S S S S S S


10,000,000
10,000,000
58,072,944
78,072,944

49,264,895
73,257,348
46,527,859


23,970
18,858
30,181
6,380
69,234


10,000,000
10,000,000
56,959,549
76,959,549

40,256,410
70,835,092
49,260,120


21,689
17,909
31,783
4,940
66,487


investment


6,944,752
34,033,132


Total operating expenses


436,724,660


6,786,828
35,379,984


422,288,462


NET OPERATING REVENUE (LOSS)
(Notes ib, 5 and 6). .. .. . . . . . ... .....


(590,424)


2,012,762


INVESTED CAPITAL-NON-INTEREST-BEARING:
Unrecovered costs due from subsequent revenues
(Notes lb and 5). . . . ......... ... .. ......
Net revenue payable to Government of Panama


(Note


Investment at beginning of fiscal year.......
Miscellaneous receipts deposited into the U.S
Treasury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Due U.S. Treasury for undeposited receipts..
Interest on interest-bearing investment (Notes
and 9)................................


* . S S S S ~ S ~
* S * S **CS*

ii......


590,424


287,909,798

579,276
(1,088,115)


(2,012,762)
286,084,032


64,668)


1,948,529


INVESTED CAPITAL-NON-INTEREST-BEARING AT
END OF FISCAL YEAR ................. .... .. .


$287,336,291


$287,909,798


6)..............................













FINANCIAL REPORT


\00
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* S S * S
*' S * S *
* S S S a
* a S S S
* S * a --

* S *
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* a *
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* 5 5 5
S S,


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I-U S *
*" Sc'
c/j~ -,.5

* - -

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* S S S a *
* S a a a S
* S S S S S
* a . S S *
* S a a S S
ft


* S S 5 5 5
* a *t * * *
* C S a S a
* ft * . . a
* S S S S S
* S S a a a


* a a S


* S S I
* S S *3
* S S



~' a
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xao S
4.) o


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S~e S
i.;vj'RS















PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


00


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* . *
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* . .*
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* . S
* . S
* * S
* ft
* * S


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;oo


V"i
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.00

* 0'
* S
* 0p


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. U\brt
S* oc�
.4.-.
*O~0
* C%0,


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* S S
* S S
* S P
* S P
* S
* S
* Su~
* 54)
*


5.'0

*50



:IcI

* )


Sc-O
.00*


HC: *
* CC . S
ag c. c *



*- a ,
-eO
o 0


* p * *
* S * S
* . S S
* p a
* S S *
* S p *
* S P 0
* S S P
* S S P
* S p 5
* S * S
* 5 P S


S S
* S S
4..
a *
*1
* .
* S
S S
- S
* S
* S
* S
* a



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5% a;
S

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S
a
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* S S
* S S
* S S


*E a




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let
O








FINANCIAL


REPORT


Table 4.- Statement of Changes in Financial Position
Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 1987 and 1986


SOURCE OF FUNDS:
From Operations:
Revenue .....


$436,134,236


1986

$424,301,224


Less operating expenses:
Interest on interest-bearing investment ..
Payments to the Government of Panama
Other expenses . .. .. . . . . ............


Total operating expenses
Net operating revenue (loss)
(Notes lb, 5 and 6) .........


Unrecovered costs due from subsequent revenues
(Notes lb and 5) ... . .....................
Net revenue payable to Government of Panama
(Note 6) ..

Add transactions not requiring outlay of funds:
Depreciation (Notes Id, le and 10) ........
Provision for lock overhauls (Note li)......
Provision for casualty losses (Note ij) ......
Provision for floating equipment overhaul


(Note ik) .
Other .....


.......
. . . g e. ..
� . �. C C �


.......... .g...
. . . . �O. . . ��..��.


* SWSS:


6,944,752
78,072,944
351,706,964
436,724,660


... (590,424)


6,786,828
76,959,549
338,542,085
422,288,462


2,012,762


590,424


(2,01


20,827,542
4,333,000
5,226,464

3,305,000
5,329,995
39,022,001


2,762)


22,587,367
4,141,000
5,200,000

2,500,000
2,055,856
36,484,223


Change in investment of the U.S. Gov
Interest on interest-bearing invest
(Notes 8c and 9) .........
Receipts deposited into U.S. Trea
Disbursements from appropriate
Net property transfers .........
Other... . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...


ernment:
ment


isury
1 funds


* S.g g C..
g.e....


Advances for capital utilized (including transit
booking fees) (Notes Id and 10) ..........


Total source of funds ..


APPLICATION OF FUNDS:
Lock overhauls expenditures............
Casualty losses expenditures ......... ..
Accrued capital expenditures ...........
Floating equipment overhaul expenditures


Total application of funds


e.g....e.. S
*..e.......

Se........ a


INCREASE (DECREASE) IN WORKING CAPITAL...
ANALYSIS OF CHANGES IN WORKING CAPITAL:
Increase (decrease) in current assets:
rnach


(64,668)
441,233,422)
456,448,815
(307,238)
(508,839)
14,334,648)


5,968,896
59,325,545


6,028,578
1,917,360
29,011,549
3,219,705
40,177,192
$ 19,148,353


S;SQ4d QQ


,948,
',961,
,819,
,955,
(122,


(25,272,166)

3,623,694
14,835,751


3,717,913
5,704,238
19,853,012
3,322,565
32,597,728
$(17,761,977)


t67 if6f6












FINANCIAL


Table


REPORT


5.--Statement of Status of Appropriations


Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 1987 and 1986


SOURCE OF APPROPRIATIONS:
Operating funds:
Current year operating appropriation ..........
Appropriation Public Law 99-195
(indefinite-funded interest)..................


Obligated operating funds brought forward:


Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal


year 1980.....
years-Merged
year 1984.....
year 1985.....
year 1986 .....


. a * a * * .

. . a . . . .
* * . * C * .


. . . . . * * *

. . . . . . we.
"" "'"tS .


* a * a *
* . S . .
* 0* * *
* . . ft ft
* S . S 9


$414,783,000

7,000,000

421,783,000




674,235
9,215,292

5,525,096
60,361,536

75,776,159

497,559,159


$418,584,000

6,450,000


425,034,000


713,275
3,687,150
3,197,827
35,759,615


43,357,867


468,391,867


Capital funds:
Current year capital appropriation (no year)


Obligated capital funds brought forward:
Fiscal year 1980. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fiscal years 1981 through 1985 ............
Fiscal years 1981 through 1986 ............


Unobligated capital funds brought forward


(no year)
Fiscal year 1980.............
Fiscal years 1981 through 1985
Fiscal years 1981 through 1986


.... 24,403,000


20,908

21,175,748

21,196,656





30,997

9,139,366

9.170.363


.*.a w a ...... Cf
.. *...* .wa...
" . a .t . . . . . . .


25,500,000


124,574
15,107,899


15,232,473





53,346
9,319,873


9.373.219







PANAMA CANAL


COMMISSION


Statement of Status of Appropriations
Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 1987 and 1986


APPLICATION OF APPROPRIATIONS:
Operating funds:
Expenditures from operating appropriations:


Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal


year 1980.....
years-Merged
year 1984.....


. *SSS****.*St . te. sS***t. .
*...........S.. ......
*...5S... *5... S ..*...5


. . .. ..� . ..... ."..
S.... ..". .t ......Sta..SS..
.....S.... S..t.S...5 ..*S.S


$362,500
2,316,168


2,011,226
52,852,454
370,222,474


427,764,822


Obligated operating funds:


Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal


year 1980.....
years--Merged


year 1984
year 1985
year 1986
year 1987


. ......S . ..... ....


. .... . .. *..S .. ...S. ..S
. . .... CS*... S. . .." ..t .*.e
* �1. t..... ."��. ... ... ...


Unobligated operating funds lapsed ..........


Capital funds:
Expenditures from capital appropriations:
Fiscal year 1980..................
Fiscal years 1981 through 1986 .....
Fiscal years 1981 through 1987.....


Obligated capital funds:
Fiscal year 1980... .. ... .....
Fiscal years 1981 through 1986
Fiscal years 1981 through 1987


Unobligated capital funds (no
Fiscal year 1980 ........


.S.SCWS
.5.55.5....
* **S***. .


.S....t..6...*


at...........S


311,229
1,857,423

2,148,693
5,695,374
45,645 319

55,658,038

14,136,299

497,559,159




31,578

28,652,415

28,683,993


12,070

23,766,934

23,779,004


8,257


392,080,587



674,235
7,352,546
1,862,745
5,525,097
60,361,536


75,776,159

535,121

468,391,867




126,014
19,612,659


19,738,673


20,908
21,175,748


21,196,656


30,997







































































Is


- a
:2


-S

U"


0"
- t
*-P

U T
I2 !
d�>-�^


cc r~ -l d 'n -� *
N Q\'nr--00 0
00 00 rI n 'n en -







00W~ ~000O \~cr
00 rfl ~N 0 0\ 'flN




t~ 0 N 00 eN


r--en-Nro *00P O 0




t4000 - c c

u64nno ol(Jd0
13 ft



o0 �-e '4 (\ O-C'f
00-tflO c NOOdONO,)

S00t~1I\O N -0 d O~'l










*, : U, cl a f


ft~ CsCUC .


SIrr I I
*~�In0


* ft S ft 4 ft a S a
* ft a 4 * a
* ft ft ft S S a * a
* a ft ft ft ft ft S ft
* a S S S S ft 4 ft
* a S ft ft ft ft
* . 9 9 * ft S S ft
* S ft S 4 ft ft 5 4
* ft 9 ft ft S 4 4


* t f a *
* t f f f Sf
* t f t t 5f
* t f f
* t t f f tf
* c Sl 4 t 4ft 9 f
* ~Ub ft ft f f t
*E S t 4


FINANCIAL REPORT


".8


r;]






PANAMA CANAL COMMIS


SION


NOTES


FINANCIAL


STATEMENTS


1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.

The Comptroller General of the United States approved the Accounting
Principles and Standards Statement of the Panama Canal Commission in


his letter dated September 14,


1982.


A summary of significant accounting


policies follows:


Accounting


and


reporting.


required


section


1311(a)


Panama Canal Act of 1979 (Public Law 96-70),


the Act


hereinafter referred to as


, the accounts of the Commission are maintained pursuant to the


Accounting and Auditing Act of 1950.


This requires that the principles,


standard


and related requirements be met, as


prescribed


by the Comp-


troller General of the United States


Treasury and the


, after consulting with the Secretary of


Director of the Office of Management and Budget


concerning their accounting,


financial reporting and budgetary need


The


Accounting and Auditing Act of 1950 also requires that the accounts be
maintained on an accrual basis.


Cost


application


recovery.


generally


required
accepted


section


accounting


1341(e)(1)
principles


to the


Panama


Canal Commission


a United State


Government agency comparable to a


rate-regulated


public


utility


determines


manner


in which


costs


recognized.


The basis for tolls rates is prescribed in section 1602(b) of the


Act.


This


section


known


as the


statutory


tolls


formula,


provides that:


"Tolls


shall


prescribed


rates


calculated


produce


revenues to cover as nearly as practicable all costs of maintaining


and operating the Panama Canal,


together with the facilities


appurtenance


related


thereto


, including


unrecovered


costs


incurred


on or


after


effective


date


interest


depreciation,


payments


to the


Republic of Panama


pursuant to


paragraph 5 of Article III and paragraph 4(a) and (b) of Article


XIII of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977


and capital for plant


renlrPemPnt


PYnan


lmnn


mnrnmvementc


Tnll


SVIY I1I~ .' ~ *b. WII~l U1A *WIU1 A*IIIO - aII W11I Ai~ - *J .'A It& *- * . SAVA 3 J AL A At






42 FINANCIAL REPORT

Invested Capital to the extent subsequent annual revenues exceed annual
costs.
c. Property, plant and equipment. Property, plant and equipment are
recorded at cost, or if acquired from another United States Government
agency, at the value determined by the Director of the Office of Manage-
ment and Budget. Administrative and other related general expenses are


recovered currently and therefore not capitalized.


The cost of minor items


of property, plant and equipment is charged to expense as incurred.


Advances for


capital.


portion


tolls


in excess


depreciation


recoveries may be programmed


annually


by the


Board


of Directors for


plant replacement, expansion, or improvements. In fiscal year


1986, $3.1


million were programmed for this purpose. In fiscal year 1987 no amounts
were programmed. Such funds are considered capital advances from Canal


users.


Upon utilization, these advances are amortized through an offset to


depreciation expense in an amount calculated to approximate the depre-
ciation on assets acquired with such advances.


e. Depreciation.


Property,


plant and equipment are depreciated


over


their estimated service lives at rates computed using a straight-line method


with additional annual depreciation, identified as composite,


to provide


for premature plant retirements.
The recurring costs of dredging the waterway are charged to expense.


Non-recurring


dredging


costs


substantial


improvements


bet-


terments


waterway


are considered


additions


plant


capitalized and depreciated over their estimated service lives.


f. Accounts receivable.


Uncollectible accounts receivable of the Panama


Canal Commission are recognized as a reduction in revenue when written


Any


subsequent


collections


Commission


accounts


receivable


previously written off are recorded as revenue.


Inventories.


Operating materials and supplies are stated at average


cost, plus cost of transportation to the ultimate destination on the Isthmus
of Panama. An allowance has been established to reflect the estimated cost
of obsolete and excess stock.


State


Retirement benefits. Employer payments to the contributory United
s Civil Service Retirement System and to the Republic of Panama


*






PANAMA CANAL COMMIS


SION


annuity payments


to these


former employees or their eligible widow


reflected
employee


in the


balance


sheet


as retirement


benefits


certain


former


of predecessor agencies and an equal amount is recorded as a


Deferred charge.


As required by the Act,


the Panama Canal Commission is liable for the


increase


in the


unfunded


liability


United


States


Civil


Service


Retirement Fund which is attributable to benefits payable from that fund


or on behalf of, employee


and their survivors under the early retire-


ment


provisions


Act.


The


annual


installment


to liquidate


increased liability is determined by the Office of Personnel Management.


Reserve for lock overhauls.


charge to expense to cover the


A reserve is provided through an annual


estimated cost of periodic lock overhauls.


Reserve for casualty losses. A reserve is provided through an annual


charge


expense


to cover the estimated


cost


marine


accidents


other casualty losses.


Reserve


floating


equipment


overhaul.


reserve


is provided


through


an annual


charge


expense


cover


estimated


cost


overhauls to the Commission tugboat fleet.


Housing


rights.


monetary


value


is assigned


rights


granted to the


United States Government by the


Republic of Panama to


use Canal Area housing transfi


rred to the Government of Panama under


terms


Panama


Canal


Treaty


1977


. The


cost


manage,


maintain and provide livability improvements to these quarters is charged


to expense.


Rental income is included in other revenues.


Under provisions of the Act,


liable for payment of all benefits due


under


vide


Federal


compensation


Employees'


Compensation


workplace


injuries


(FECA)


eligible


which


employees.


pro-
The


Commission accounts for these costs on an accrual basis.


Plant Valuation Allowances.


At July


1951


, certain valuation allowances for property,


equipment transferred from the


Panama


Canal (agency) to


plant and
e Panama


Canal


Company


Canal


Zone


Government


were established


raliinn. in ncokln liun ti-i nnotc nf this Qoccnt trana r r r Al


At frlrtnkrT


Work injuries compensation benefits.


Panama Canal Commission i


*






44 FINANCIAL REPORT

struction projects, the latter being principally the partial construction of a
third set of locks abandoned in the early part of World War II.


Property,


plant


equipment


offset


valuation


allowances,


when


fully or partially reactivated, are reinstated by a reduction in the valuation
allowance and by an increase to the non-interest-bearing investment of the
United States Government in proportion to the value to the Commission
of the reactivated asset.

3. Cash and Fund Balances.


September


1987


cash


fund


balances


totaled


$94,181,435.


total,


$91,744,064


represents


current


unexpended


appropriated funds for operations, capital and the emergency fund, and
$2,437,371 represents postal and trust funds. These funds are deposited:


$87,961,303 in the United States


Treasury, $2,717,457 in commercial banks


and $3,502,675 on hand.


September


, 1986,


cash


fund


balances


totaled


$117,985,850.


Of this total, $116,143,178 represented unexpended appro-


priated funds for operations, capital and
$1,842,672 represented postal and trust funds.


the emergency fund, and
These funds were deposited:


$111,480,204


United


States


Treasury,


$2,209,950


in commercial


banks and $4,295,696 on hand.


The unexpended appropriated funds for operations are limited to paying
operating obligations incurred but not yet liquidated. The unexpended
appropriated funds for capital are limited to paying for the acquisition or
construction of property, plant and equipment.


The emergency fund


States
tures


Panama


represents the amount on deposit in


Treasury which is to be used


insure


Canal


continuous


when


funds


United


to defray emergency expendi-


efficient


safe


appropriated


operation c
operation


maintenance of the Canal prove insufficient for such purposes.


The


postal fund consists of


outstanding money


orders,


postal savings


interest


accrued


thereon.


This


fund


remain


available


until


liquidated.


The trust fund primarily includes deposits made by customers


for future tolls and other service payments.






PANAMA CANAL COMMI


SSION


Section


1302 of the


provides that all appropriations


necessary to


operate the Panama Canal shall be i


issued from the Panama Canal Com-


mission Fund.


The appropriations for fiscal year


1980 were issued to the


Commission from the General Fund of the United States


Treasury.


The


status of the amount still


owed to the General Fund of the United State


Treasury for fiscal year 1980 is as follows:


Operating Appropriation ....................................
Capital Appropriation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .... .

Repaid to General Fund (07/81) ..............................
Repaid to General Fund (12/82) .............. . ..... .... ...


Amount owed General Fund of U
September 30, 1987 ..........


Millions
$427.2
36.6

(350.0)
(28.2)


Treasury as of
. . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . * . S


of Dollars


$463.8


(378.2)

$ 85.6


Unrecovered Cost Due From Subsequent Revenues.
Pursuant to the provisions of section 1602(b) of the Panama Canal Act


of 1979 (Public Law 96-70),


the net loss from fiscal year 1987 operations of


$0.6 million was deferred as an unearned cost to be recovered from


sequent revenues.


Also


, in accordance with section 1341(b) (2) of the Act


such


unearned


costs


must


deducted


from


future


net operating


revenue due to the Government of Panama.

6. Net Revenue Payable to Government of Panama.
Based on the provisions of paragraph 4 (c) of Article XIII of the Panama


Canal Treaty,


which


states that an annual amount of up to $10 million will


be paid o
exceed ex


ut of


Canal operating revenue to the extent that such revenue


penditures of the Panama Canal Commission,


net revenue in the


amount of $


.0 million from fiscal year 1986 operation was payable to the


Government of Panama.


Panama on July 20,


This net revenue was paid to the Government of


1987.


Cost of Work Injuries Compensation.


The


Commission


certain employees


administers


for death and


a self-insured


program


disability resulting from


to compensate
workplace in-


iiirie or illnenqes an net forth in the Federal F.mnlnveen'


C.nmnenantion Act






FINANCIAL REPORT


recovered


from


tolls over the remaining life of the


Treaty to


retire this


liability is $75.6 million.


Accounting Changes.
a. Effective in fiscal year


1987


, the Commission changed from a cash


basis to an accrual basis in accounting for workmen'


injury compensation


costs under the Federal Employee


' Compensation Act.


To implement this


change, the cost of accidents will be expensed as incurred starting in fiscal


year 1989.


Also beginning in 1989,


the unamortized cost of accidents which


occur prior to that year will be amortized to expense over the remaining


life of the


Treaty.


In fiscal year 1987


, the total liability for past accidents


was recorded.


This change has no impact on the fiscal year 1987 financial


position or operating results of the Commission.


Effective


with


fiscal


year


1987


financial


statements,


advances


capital will no longer be shown as separate line items on the Statement of
Operations and Non-Interest-Bearing Investment. In prior years, advances


for capital were shown as deductions from tolls and other revenues.


This


presentation


been


discontinued


because


those


collections


represent


direct capital contributions


by Canal


users and


not operating revenues.


The fiscal year 1986 presentation was changed to be consistent with fiscal
year 1987.


Effective January


1986


, the Commission implemented a change in


the treatment of interest required by enactment of Public Law 99-195 on


December 23


,1985 which amended, prospectively, the interest provision of


the Panama Canal Act of 1979.


Under the Act as amended, interest on the


United States investment in the Panama Canal will be deposited into the


General


Fund


United


States


Treasury


as miscellaneous


receipts


rather than into the Panama Canal Commission Fund.


Accordingly,


as of


January 1, 1986, interest will no longer reduce the investment base. Interest
for fiscal year 1986 amounted to $6,786,828 of which $4,838,299 was de-


posited into the General Fund of the United States


Treasury in accordance


with the Act


Public


as amended.
Law 99-209.


dated December 23


, 1985, amended the Act to


authorize the Commission to adjust and pay damages from marine acci-


dent


which


occurred


outside the


locks where the amount


of the claim







PANAMA CANAL COMMI


SSION


nated the non-fund category of marine accident liabilities and recognized


these liabilitie


as funded.


Interest-Bearing Investment of the United States Government.
The interest-bearing investment of the United States Government in the


Panama


Canal is determined


based


on section


1603(a) of


Act.


The


interest-bearing


investment


United


States


Government


September


1987


, and September 30,


1986


was determined as follow


Millions


Dollars


Investment at September 30, 1985
Fiscal year 1986 transactions:
Disbursements.........
Receipts . . . . . . . . . ..
Net property transfers ..


Net change ............


* C *4**C*** * * * * t*t#ttt *6tt*t
* S * * *UC**S9 S******t atttetCt


Investment at September 30, 1986 ...........
Fiscal year 1987 transactions:
Disbursements....................
Receipts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Net property transfers .............


$76.9


$411.9
(437.0)


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . (27.


456.4


Net change ....


Investment at September 30,


* 0 . . . . .
at......


$64.7


Advances for Capital--


Transit Booking System Fees.


With the approval of the Board of Directors,


system was activated in fiscal


year 1983 whereby shippers,


for a fee


can make an advance reservation for


vessel transit.


system generated fund


of $5.8


million in fiscal


year


1987 and $7.4 million in fiscal year 1986.


Such fund


are considered capital


advance


from Canal users.


By direction of the Board of Directors,


these


are set aside for capital improvements.


Upon utilization,


these advan-


ces are amortized through an offset to depreciation expense in an amount
calculated to approximate the depreciation on assets adquired with such
advances.


Contingent Liabilities and Commitments.


In addition to recorded liabilitie


, the estimated maximum contingent


'IC * .a I*


.5. t'


t.1 � �


4 6 a - -


4r f�l -4 *t *L -�lr aL IL a -- - - -, -I I . 4 I - a-- - . 1 *------- - - - -L






STATISTICAL TABLES

Cash and negotiable securities of a kind acceptable by the United States


Government in the amount of $11.4 million were held


United States


depositories


1987,


designated


$8.9


million


Panama


Canal


September


Commission


1986,


t Septem-
guarantee


payment by third parties of their obligations.


The


Panama Canal Treaty of 1977


Article XIII, paragraph 4(c), pro-


vides that an annual amount of up to $10 million per year be paid to the
Government of Panama out of operating revenues to the extent that such
revenues exceed expenditures. Payment to the Government of Panama is
subject to the limitations set forth in section 1341(e) of the Act. In the event
operating revenues in any year do not produce a surplus sufficient to cover
this payment, the unpaid balance shall be paid from operating surpluses in
future years up to the amount available from these surpluses. As of Sep-


tember


30, 1987


Panama amounts


the balance contingently payable to the Government of
to $71.1 million. As of September 30, 1986, the balance


contingently payable to the Government of Panama amounted to $61


million.

12. Treaty Impact.
On September 7, 1977


, the United States of America and the Republic of


Panama signed the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977


The


Treaty provided for


the establishment of the Panama Canal Commission on October


1, 1979,


to assume certain operational responsibilities for the Canal until Decem-


1999.


When


Treaty


terminates


on December


1999,


Republic of Panama shall assume total responsibility for the management,


operation, and maintenance of the Panama Canal,


which shall be turned


over in operating condition and free of liens and debts, except as the two


Parties may otherwise agree.


The effects of these long-range requirements


are not considered in the financial statements.

13. Recent Legislation-Public Law 100-203.


Public Law


100-203, converted the Panama Canal Commission from a


special fund agency to a revolving fund agency effective January 1, 1988.
This conversion to a revolving fund financial structure is not expected to
result in any maior chan e in the accounting Policies and orincioles of the








Chapter


VI


STATISTICAL TABLES

Shipping Statistics








STATISTICAL TABLES


Table 1.-Panama Canal Traffic-Fiscal Years 1978 Through 1987


Traffic assessed tolls
on net tonnage basis


Traffic assessed tolls
on displacement
tonnage basis


Number
of
transit


Long tons
of
cargo


Number
of
transit


Panama
Canal net
tonnage


Number
ofs
transits


Displace-
ment
tonnage


OCEANGOING COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC


..a . a a. .. ....e . . C


194,773,1


:i::'"':'":::~


2,714


142,518,
154,110,
167,214,
171,221,
185,452,
145,590,
140,470,
138,643,
139,945,
148,690,


2,647
2,902
3,476
3,847
3,976
1,668
1,199
1,498
1,901
2,206


156,907,260
167,470,601
182,063,175
188,656,491
202,884,207
169,503,918
162,335,342
168,941,997
182,750,830
186,406,530


09,798
36,600
37,593
11,418
29,684
32,431
16,335
86,623
73,631
30,129


OCEANGOING U.S. GOVERNMENT TRAFFIC '


..a.......t.....
. . . . . .� . . . . . . . . .


*. . .... ta......
.......*.....aa.as


889,093
1,054,169
1,515,326
1,241,442
1,546,746
1,721,925
2,388,272
2,223,938
1,553,037
1,384,125


589,085
726,755
844,748
705,936
794,282
812,840
131,865
148,311
708,616
662,286


214,145
207,640
217,055
143,121
309,206
350,699
410,682
248,967
309,161
239,023


FREE OCEANGOING TRAFFIC


* .... .... ... *
S. ..... ....... . 62
.t ...... .. .. .. 1

. . ... ... . .. . ..14
S.. . . .. .... . 17
S ... ... . ... .. .. 10
S. . . . . . ... .. 13
. . . . . ...... .. . 5


..a....c.... a I. at .

. . . . . . . . '. . 2,504
'.'.. '... '.. '.. '" 2 ,504


.......... a


3,789
4,527
1,686
2,248
5,010
9,119
2,224
2,731
556
2,224


1,100
2,194
4,810
8,544
21,903
5,986
21,025
8,771
20,759
1,300


TOTAL OCEANGOING TRAFFIC


a..a ..a.a* C.* ...
a.... ea t..... t a e
a.a.a.a.at........
tee......a.....e..
.. . . .. a * .*0c Sa
� R 0� �O


195,662,204
209,430,910
293,353,916
303,004,042
325,505,112
287,705,730
289,066,116
300,721,740
322,626,785
329,756,840


142,809,403
154,468,349
167,611,416
171,523,538
185,737,783
145,948,136
140,800,425
138,902,787
140,122,034
148,896,086


2,721
2,990
3,552
3,919
4,052
1,754
1,291
1,587
1,955
2,256


157,500,134
168,201,883
182,909,609
189,364,675
203,683,499
170,325,877
163,469,431
170,093,039
183,460,002
187,071,040


325,043
346,434
359,458
263,083
460,793
489,116
548,042
344,361
403,551
370,452


Fiscal


Total traffic


20










PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION 51



Table 1.-Panama Canal Traffic-Fiscal Years 1978 Through 1987

(Continued)


Traffic assessed tolls
on net tonnage basis


Traffic assessed tolls
on displacement
tonnage basis


Number
of
transit


Long tons


cargo


Number
of
transits


Panama
Canal net
tonnage


Number
of
transit


Displace-
ment
tonnage


SMALL COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC


9, 4 * 4 * 4 9 4 4 * 9 * 4
* * * 4 9 * * 9 4 4 * 4 9 9 4 *
* 4^ 4* 9 * 9 4 9 * 9 9* 9
S* 4 * 4 * * * 44 9 *> 9 * 9< 4
* 4 9 4 * * 4* 4 * 9* 9 4
* 4 9 4 * 4 9 * * 9 4 4 4 9 9 4
* 9 9* 9 * * *4 4 * 94 9 4
* 4 4 * * *9 4* 9 9* 9 9.
* C 9* 4* * 4* 4* * 9 *9


63,526
76,591
74,898
65,604
73,228
73,887
76,921
73,710
89,577
90,829


57,827
69,229
52,052
44,962
50,399
48,033
48,008
45,694
55,249
55,827


145
110
470
.* * * S * 9.


SMALL U


* 4* 4* 49 9 * * 9 49 9# * * 4
* 4 9* 9 * * 9 9 * 44 9 9 9 4
* 9 9* 4 * * 9 * * 4* 9 * 9' 4
* 4* 44* * 4* 4 94 9 4& 9
* . 4. 9 * 9 4. 9 * .* 9 9
9 * ** * 49 4 9 9 9 * * 9 9 *
* 9. 9 * * 4* 9 * 9 4 *4 *9.
* 94 . 9* * 9* * 4 * * 49 94*
* 9* 9 4* 9 * 9 94 9 *4 9 4
* 9 4 4 4 . 9 .4 .9 9 . . 4


GOVERNMENT TRAFFIC


9,504
4,375
5,129
0,712
0,757
1,406
1,998
2,464
7,840
1,106


* 9 44 9 44 9
2
* 9 9 44 9 * 9 9
5
* 44 9 * 4 9 4.4j
* 9. 9 4. 9 * C 9
9 4 9 . 44 9 9


0,742
5,519
4,313
0,431
0,973
1,177
1,282
1,113
6,407
9,572


SMALL FREE TRAFFIC


* S 9* 9 4* 9* 9 44 94 9 9
* 4 * 44 9 9 * 4 4* 9 *9 9


* 9* 9 * * 4* 94 9 44 949�*
* .4 9 * * * 9 9 44� *4 4 * *
9. 9 . 9 .4 9 9 9 9 9 9 4
* 9 9 94 4 * 94 44. 4.


S* * * .......... 70


2,986
2,160
2,317
2,613
2,803
2,321
4,637
1,721


TOTAL PANAMA CANAL TRAFFIC


.4 . . . .4 . .. . .. .. . . I
.9. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 1
.. .9 . .. ... . . . .. . . 1
. .. .. . . .. . ... ... I
. . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . 9
..4 . .. .. . . .. ... . I
. .. ...... .. ... .. 1
. . . .. .4 . .9 . . .. .. . 1
.... .. . . ... ... . 1
* *4 . * 9 *4 *. * 4 9. * 1


3,808
4,362
4,725
5,050
5,271
2,954
2,523
2,766
3,278
3,444


195,735,234
209,521,876
293,443,943
303,080,358
325,589,097
287,791,023
289,155,035
300,807,914
322,734,202
329,858,775


42,816,393
54,476,079
67,612,203
71,524,895
85,738,781
45,948,818
40,801,136
38,903,258
40,125,818
48,899,425


157,562,393
168,276,137
182,965,335
189,413,001
203,737,116
170,376,563
163,522,412
170,141,227
183,517,249
187,129,305


336,897
362,679
374,388
274,805
473,253
502,303
560,829
356,687
421,102
381.036


Total traffic












STATISTICAL TABLES


Nr CM \Q o9 0% CMt 0% -n Cfl f\ 0

a( 0% 0% 0%I 0% 0% 0% 0% .
N" N~ \ \O (MO O0 'CN \O ef lC
ClIr4 U U(Mr~Jrrl ri r3 r


00 en cc N 0' 'fl Ni CC 0 0' 0
-o F-00 % an'.Qc00-00 ,erl
I 0% N ean cc d rr % en can I.


F*a 0% a' *n a 0% 0% - o
N 0% 001 N~ 'fl && %0� 003 'Clt


~t69


Cl~ If l fld -0 In fl 000% 0 in

c~~0C InFn CO rn 00 C C
e' 0% 0%1 p. .C~ a'IOEl ~V

(N CM -r ---Cl----- 3


--entnt'J~a~r&-00OooN


'frl 'Cl 'finool -00 0%IN'C1'




o cc tf 0% 'n on en eJ In t




000 Irn C* en - N 000-F�


Sin O ~0c - Ntn a9 o -



Nanoe1II n C-n oo -o o-an
0%~ p. 0% 0% 0% \IC


an ' l n ylin en 'C In & nne



In~~~r Ni 'C enNNNIl (MOCO



-'a C - n&&C'4 000 NNa


0%0000


N en C, ('4
0% 00 0% 5


-u
U.-


4)>




E -:





* -,



no e

0-




0~


* 4 S S a a
* S * S a S 5 4 a 4 6
* S 6 5 S a a S S S U S
* S S S S S S S a a S S
* S 5 4 5 a * a S S a a
* S a S S a a S S a a
* S a 4 5 5 5 5 4 5
* 6 5 6 5 5 5 S S 4 4 5 5
* S S S S S S S S S S S
* 4 5 S S * S a a S U S a
* * a a a S S S a a a S 6
* a * * a a a S a S 6 4 6
* a S S S a 4 5 S a a S S
* 5 4 a S S S 5 a a S S
* S S S S 5 5 5 S a S S
* S S S 4 a a S S 5 5 6
* a S a * a S S S S S
* a a a S S S 6 S S S a a









PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION 53



Table 3.-Canal Traffic , by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1987

Measured tonnage


Num-
ber of
Flag transits


I Panama
Canal
net


Registered
gross 2


Long
tons of
cargo


Antigua .................
Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Australia................
Austria ... . ... .... ... .
Bahamas................
Belgium ................
Bermuda................
Brazil .................
Bulgaria ... .... ... .... .
Canada .................
Cayman Islands ..........
Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Colombia ...............
Costa Ri ca ..............
Cuba . i. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cuba ...................
Cyprus .......... ... ....
Czechoslovakia ..........
Denmark ...............
Dominica ...............
Dominican Republic......
East Germany ...........
Ecuador .................
Egypt ..................
El Salvador .............
Finland ............... .
France..................
Ghana ..................
Greece..................
Guatemala ....... ......
Honduras ...............
Hong Kong .............
India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Israel ..................
Italy................... .
Japan ................. .
Jordan ................
Kuwait ...... . . .. . . ..

M alaysia................
M alta ....... ... . .... .. . .
M exico ... . . . . . . .......
Morocco...............
Netherlands .. ..........
New Guinea .............
New Zealand ............
Nicaragua...............
Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
North Korea ............
Norway . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Panama ................
People's Republic of China
Peru ...................
Philippines..............
Poland .................
Portugal ................
Qatar ...................
Rumania................
St. Vincent ..............
Samoa ..................
Saudi Arabia ............
Sierra Leone ............
Singapore...............


9,426
56,649
130,817
3,115,197
1,038,579
137,689
198,488
157,555
71,815
549,977
797,819
1,505,666
6,333
769,338
4,726,979
44,718
4,530,447
3,370
1,256
363,742
4,583,825
36,162
5,715
22,491
989,574
39,427
9,845,011
24,528
53,359
897,094
526,231
1,353,472
1,541,314
24,215,003
30,903
145,153
25,361,198
337,142
211,867
2,301,627
29,614
2,421,114
1,392
17,716
16,094
9,924
8,556
1,608,175
40,136,752
2,035,988
1,337,188
5,919,793
750,389
166,934
24,250
80,076
82,330
27,597
56,552
674
5,144,510


10,076
69,044
149,251
3,720,897
1,202,637
155,952
265,198
192,231
91,098
280,936
913,221
1,443,645
4,309
906,822
5,495,912
53,621
5,650,781
2,954
998
405,311
5,307,672
44,204
5,730
24,464
761,667
52,016
11,240,399
28,903
66,149
1,053,491
636,134
1,786,701
1,889,868
16,458,153
38,922
184,794
25,075,674
382,639
259,485
2,772,637
30,812
2,638,872
1,190
15,430
18,414
13,197
9,160
1,621,850
40,304,380
2,538,507
1,487,855
6,214,564
856,935
207,263
30,250
88,048
100,794
31,650
67,746
964
5,098,676


$13,026
17,250
103,668
228,879
5,542,319
1,864,069
235,681
366,546
266,523
120,364
1,005,360
1,428,636
2,716,083
11,239
1,362,958
8,538,748
80,325
8,227,417
5,544
2,066
641,679
8,011,041
66,176
10,036
41,159
1,813,581
72,151
17,557,206
42,293
91,209
1,600,273
926,691
2,476,854
2,706,305
40,835,609
56,552
265,630
44,452,492
610,898
387,717
3,854,499
52,724
4,371,797
2,032
28,062
23,497
18,161
15,657
2,903,936
70,695,766
3,764,969
2,377,431
10,552,406
1,361,751
279,931
44,378
131,725
149,083
50,503
103,490
1,233
8,988,310


6,392
2,811
37,855
173,113
2,257,283
1,076,395
100,725
194,958
73,111
31,782
113,735
707,981
466,575
738
492,422
5,435,920
54,783
2,801,117
1,108
819
128,832
3,326,892
60,722
935
30,699
501,106
27,537
12,694,682
27,901
16,739
911,622
589,854
969,014
1,086,927
7,489,522
56,746
109,942
24,885,302
568,963
360,047
1,729,870
37,859
1,973,246

267
..........
7,354
11,121
1,299,110
30,923,310
2,540,121
1,477,623
7,421,945
464,811
37,176
16,110
61,102
109,326
16,672
55,062
15
4.183.975








STATISTICAL TABLES


Table 3.-Canal Traffic


, by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1987-Continued


Measured tonnage


Vanuatu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Venezuela .....................................
West Germany .......... ..... ............. ...
Yugoslavia ....................................
Total . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Num-
ber of
transits
30
138
269
67
12,230


Panama
Canal
net


254,430
355,579
3,069,968
858,697
186,406,530


Registered
gross 2
236,185
401,646
3,566,915
1,007,482
190,800,411


Long
tons of
cargo


458,455
635,142
,573,453
,556,589


$328,372,714


246,105
206,545
2,192,702
996,956
148,690,380


I Includes only commercial vessels of 300 net tons and over, Panama Canal measurement, or of 500 displacement tons
and over on vessels paying tolls on displacement basis (dredges, warships, etc.).
2 Includes 8 transits where no registered tonnage was reported.


NOTE.-In Canal traffic statistics, foreign naval vessels such


as transports, supply ships, tankers, etc.,


with a measure-ment of 300 net tons (Panama Canal measurement) and over, and vessels of war, dredges,
etc., with a displacement of 500 tons and over, are classified as oceangoing commercial vessels. Statistics on


these


vessels,


except


as related to displace-ment tonnage, have been included in the table above.


displacement tonnage cannot be combined with net tonnage, the following table shows statistics covering
24 vessels which transited the Canal during fiscal year 1986 and paid tolls on displacement tonnage.


Num-
ber of
transit


Brazil
Canada
Ecuado
France
Japan
Mexico


.................... ............................ .. N aval
I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . Naval
r .................. . ...... ..... ........ ............ Naval
S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N aval
............................. ..... .. ...... ..... . N aval


I.


S ... . . .. . . . . . . . . Naval


Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D redge
People's Republic of China ................. ............... Dredge
Sweden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N aval
United Kingdom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Naval
United States ................... ........ ....... ... .. ...... Dredge
Uruguay ....... . . ... . . ........ . . .. . . ... Naval
W est Germany........... ............ ........... .... .... Naval


4
2
I
1


Displace-
ment
tonnage
3,248
7,635
5,200
8,140
12,880
3,530
8,001
51,836
3,357
13,231
10,421
700
1,950


$3,313
7,788
5,304
8,303
13,138
3,601
8,161
52,873
3,424
13,496
10,629
714
1,989


Total.


S a a a � * a k * a b * a * * a * a n * * . a a a a � t a a * a � a * a a * a * a a 24


130,129 $132,732


Statistics compiled by Office of Executive Planning.















STATISTICAL TABLES


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PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


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STATISTICAL TABLES



Table 5.-Laden and Ballast Traffic by Flag of Vessel

Fiscal Year 1987


Laden


Ballast


I Nu4m-
ber
of
Flag transit


Panama
Canal net
tonnage


I Num-
ber
of
transit


Panama
Canal net
tonnage


Antigua.......
Argentina.....
Australia......
Austria .......
Bahamas......
Belgium ......
Bermuda......
Brazil ........
Bulgaria ......
Canada.......
Cayman Islands
Chile .. . . . . . . .
Colombia .....
Costa Rica ....
Cuba .........
Cyprus .......
Czechoslovakia
Denmark .....
Dominica .....
Dominican Rep
Fast flprmanv


* 9* 9
** 9*
....
* 4 4 9
.4*9
99..
* 449

* 9* *
* 9* *
* 9 *
* 9*4*
....
....
....
* . . 4

* 9* *
* ft* *
* 4* J
** 9 **
* 9* *
* *44
* 9 * 4
* 9&*
ubli



ublic


.f-.fc^.. * w *99W49/ 9 9 9 4 9
Ecuador ..........
Egypt ............
El Salvador .......
Finland ..........
France... ........

Greece............
Guatemala ........
Honduras.........
Hong Kong .......
India ............
Israel . . . . .... ..
Italy..............
Japan ............
Jordan . ... . ... . ..
Kuwait ...........
uiberia . . . . . . . . . . .
Liberia ...........
Malaysia..........
M alta . .......... .
Mexico ...........
Morocco.........
Netherlands .......
New Guinea.......
New Zealand ......
Nicaragua.........
Nigeria ...........
North Korea ......
Norway...........
Panama ..........
People's Republic of
Peru . ..... ......
Philippines........
Poland ...........
Portugal ..........
Qatar. ..........
Rumania..........
Saint Vincent......
Samoa ............
Saud Arabia ......
C*: - - - -. -.


* * 4 *9*

* #4* * 4 *
* *9*S*







* 9 * 9* f
** * * *
* * **
.* . . *
* ****
* 44. 4
.* . * . .












* 9* 994*

*> *4 944*
.4.. 9 . .
















* 9 * 499
* . . 9 * *















* 94* 94*




* 44* 44*
* 4 .9. 9*.





















* 9 * 994
** 9 * * *
* 4** 44*
* . . * . 4
*. . 9..
* 9****



*.. 9 . ..
* 994.*
.4.... 4
* 4. . .9
*..94.*
.....A
* 4 . .




* . * 949 .




* . 9 9.




China





49*4..
* ...449


I
2
4
198
52
6
18
9
4
48
69
155
I
13
II



1

402
432
4

62
4

594
5
9
36
21
67
80
860
3
12
995
14
13
73
3
201

2



66
2,058
102
119
266
90
17
2
2
6
3
4
4


9,426
56,649
102,396
2,686,842
939,847
93,661
198,488
98,630
20,883
547,009
696,072
1,399,489
5,386
647,904
4,425,293
40,640
4,359,364
1,685
628
298,961
3,549,601
36,162
4,572
22,491
974,324
39,427
8,604,027
17,520
35,958
785,178
428,091
1,353,472
1,232,395
14,779,841
30,903
145,153
20,090,557
320,731
211,867
1,325,738
25,643
2,240,027

5,938
* ** ....... ** * 938

9,924
8,556
1,502,705
32,692,184
1,998,795
1,149,018
5,160,832
719,413
97,857
24,250
40,038
78,056
27,597
56.552
yiA


$13,026
17,250
103,668
187,385
4,916,921
1,719,920
171,400
363,233
180,493
38,216
1,001,026
1,273,812
2,561,065
9,856
1,185,664
8,098,286
74,371
7,977,636
3,084
1,149
547,099
6,495,770
66,176
8,367
41,159
1,783,013
72,151
15,745,369
32,062
65,803
1,436,876
783,407
2,476,854
2,255,283
27,047,135
56,552
265,630
36,757,356
586,938
387,717
2,426,101
46,927
4,099,249
........
10.867

18,161
15,657
2,749,950
59,826,697
3,657,795
2,102,703
9,444,323
1,316,526
179,078
44,378
73,270
142,842
50,503
103,490
i /'i^


* * 9* 1J m*I
1I
48
9
5

6
3
2
15
20
I
30
46
1
24
1I
I
12
99

I
* . 4444


10
* * 9* 949*
84
2
5
7
5
* 9. .9.9.
18
307


230
1
I

48
1
38
I
2
3


8
409
4
20
39
9
12
* **. 9* ..
2
I


28,421
428,355
98,732
44,028

58,925
50,932
2,968
101,747
106,177
947
121,434
301,686
4,078
171,083
1,685
628
64,781
1,034,224

1,143

15,250

1,240,984
7,008
17,401
111,916
98,140

308,919
9,435,162


5,270,641
16,411

975,889
3,971
181,087
1,392
11,778
16,094


105,470
7,444,568
37,193
188,170
758,961
30,976
69,077

40,038
4,274

* 4 4....... *


541,495
625,398
144,149
64,281

86,030
74,361
4,333
148,551
155,018
1,383
177,294
440,462
5,954
249,781
2,460
917
94,580
1,509,967

1,669

22,265

1,811,837
10,232
25,405
163,397
143,284

451,022
13,775,337
* . 9 4 * 4. *9.

7,695,136
23,960

1,424,798
5,798
264,387
2,032
17,196
23,497


153,986
10,869,069
54,302
274,728
1,108,083
45,225
100,852

58,455
6,240









PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION



Table 5.-Laden and Ballast Traffic by Flag of Vessel

Fiscal Year 1987-Continued


Laden


Ballast


Taiwan . . . ...... .. . .
Thailand ...........
Toga . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turkey ............
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom ....


United


States


..


Uruguay ......
U.S.S.R.......
Vanuatu ......
Venezuela.....
West Germany.
Yugoslavia ....
Total ..


I Num-
ber
of
transit
184
I
4
19
I
347
471

485
25
212
257
63
10,084


* A A A A
* *A* * *
* A
* A A *
* A A A A
* A * * A
* 4A*


Panama
Canal net
tonnage
5,047,563
14,202
23,872
236,419
12,058
6,761,045
4,079,605

3,865,677
235,101
313,505
2,944,084
818,625
151,607,532


Tolls
9,237,040
25,990
43,686
432,647
22,066
12,372,712
7,465,677
* A A * * * * * . A -
7,074,189
430,235
573,714
5,387,674
1,498,084
$277,433,446


I Num-
ber
of
transit

* . 4* A A A

6

46
192

150
5
26
II
4
2,122


Panama
Canal net
tonnage



44,113

535,579
1,866,606

1,111,327
19,329
42,074
125,884
40,072
34,798,998


Tolls



64,405

781,945
2,725,245

1,622,537
28,220
61,428
183,791
58,505
$50,806,537


Above table involves only commercial vessels of 300 net tons or over, Panama Canal measurement.
Statistics compiled by Office of Executive Planning.














STATISTICAL TA BLES







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PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


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STATISTICAL TABLES


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STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table 10.--Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
UNITED STATES:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous ....
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ............


Caustic soda . . . . . . . ............
Chemicals, unclassified ...........
Toluene . .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . ....
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous
G rains . .. .......... ..... . .. . *. ..
Corn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous
Manufactures of iron and steel.........
Other and unclassified... .......
Njtrates, phosphates, and potash......
Ammonium compounds ........
Phosphates ........ .... .. . . . .


Ores and metals .........
Ore, alumina/bauxite
Petroleum and products .'.


Fuel oil, residual
Gasoline.......
Jet fuel........
Lubricating oil .
Petroleum coke.
Other and unclas


C


.0. .. . . . . . .. "
.......m .....e

...........S .
. . C . * . * . � "S * t


* C S *S***e** S C * *4**CBSC S
* C***S** C S * *45CC C*S*mS*S C
* C C S S S C C * St tee**S~~* 050CC
* a a * . . * * * . * m m5g...... S CO
* . C SC * S S S S S CC*t *.e. etgg.e


* See......
...........


,sified


Miscellaneous...........


. ..... "" . ... 0 ..
t...C . *.. .. .. ...
SCS...*C m.S*.*. m


. me*. . * . " .". .. m S . . . . . ..


CCC....


All other and unclassified


Total


* . S C *Cm*SCCC** C C * S
* . C Cm~*SCS* C S C C S S
. C S C C ~ C S C C *CSSS*CC


9

* * * * a *



278
28
86

162

2
16
16
682


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
CANADA:
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ...............


Phosphates .
Miscellaneous ...


* CS#C Stat


All other and unclassified


Total


........ . S...*CC m ...
St...C... .. . . m e.......S"


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
CENTRAL AMERICA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ....
C oal ........... .... .......................... .


13
832




11
*. ..--


2
9
9





32
947
81
479
184
169

34
311
311
1,540




603
603
25
25
628


* S C.."0

......


38
16
22


530
37
147
28
260
57
1
466
466
1,366


10
818


-7 S-L I


J 'lL








PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Table 10.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes

Atlantic to Pacific-Continued


[Thousands of long tons


Fiscal year


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
CENTRAL AMERICA-Continued
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash-Continued


Ammonium compounds
Fertilizers, unclassified ...


Phosphates
Potash


' " ' ""*mcies
* �.esc*....�


. .. . e. .c.. .. .. S....


Ores and metals ............
Other agricultural commodities


Oilseeds ..........
Petroleum and products
Diesel oil . .....
Gasoline. ........
Fuel oil, residual...
Lubricating oil ....
Petroleum products,
Miscellaneous.........
Flour, wheat ......
Oil, vegetable .....
Paper and paper pro
Tallow ...........
All other and unclas;


S. . . . . .... .. ... . . . . . .
�.. .... ..m..e...... � ..

. . .S.. . a. . . . . ....... e m e .v e. . .
* ccc ..... .em g ccc . . ... av. . ..
* c S St t . . . te a .v ee.eev
miscellaneous .........

" ..."" "...... e .... . . . . � �
* e .... ...c.... ems.. ....


ducts

sified


Total


me ..........m...... c...
..c.*.ye.. ....., e.......
.� � � e� .e...c�eva a a a �
� a emcee� �c � � v a�v.a� �


42
152
80
49

6
17
51

8

18
25
2,234


34
113


1,536


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous .....
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ............


Caustic soda .. . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals, unclassified .........
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous
Coal and coke . . . . . ....... .
Grain . ...... . . . . . . ......


cv...........
"'.'. . . 6" .6.


59
171
37
13
94
6
21
64


1.884




23
231
61
164
6
162
1.772


Corn........
Oats . . . . . .
Rice . . . . . . .
Sorghum ....
Soybeans....
Wheat .....
Other and unc


e...c...... .c...... ..e * C * * ..
eec ..... ...... ee . . e . . ... . e .e.e..c..
tee .... .... e. c .. cc.. .. . .... e t. .. . ...
* a v.a. .. . . ..... ... e.e. e. e. . . .. . a v a
ac . . .. . .......... .e.e. . .... .eva v . .. . .


lassified


Lumber and products ....
Pulpwood .........
Other and unclassified


......... S **cCvtam mcccv..
a... e.e.c...... mccc......
cc..... e e.e.c...... cc....
Ce...... cm..... C * C ~~CCCCS


473
4
29
a."..�. ".


91
1
37
85
154
1,403

8


cc....


7







STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table 10.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA-Continued


Minerals, miscellaneous
Soda and sodium co
Sulfur. . . . . . . . ....
Other and unclassified
Nitrates, phosphates, and
Ammonium compou
Fertilizers, unclassifi
Phosphates ......
Potash . ........
Ores and metals .......
Ores, miscellaneous
M etals ....... ..
Scrap ........
Tin, including ti
Other and uncla
Other agricultural common
Oilseeds ..........
Sugar . . . . . . . . . . .
Sugar ..........:.
Other and unclassified
Petroleum and products


Diesel oil
Gasoline.
Jet fuel..


......
....t.
" " " " �


*..


mpol


pot.
minds
ed .


.e..............ec...... S
.ash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

�* * * c * cc ct c . . a a * t . *
ash. .. ... e ......e........
. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . . .

. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . . .


*. .ie d ..............c ......
..cc.................... . . ..


ossified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
cities . . . . . . . " . . . . . . � " . " . . �

c. .................C .e.. ..


.. * a. a


Liquified gas .......
Lubricating oil .........
Residual fuel oil....
Other and unclassified...
Miscellaneous ..............
Bricks and tile .... . .....
Carbon black ..........
Clay, fire, and china.....
Flour, wheat...........
Groceries, miscellaneous.
Oil, coconut ...........
Oil, vegetable ..........
Paper and paper products
Resin ... ..............
Rubber, manufactured ..
Tallow . . . . . . . . . .. . ....
Textiles . ..............
All other and unclassified


.. . . . . . " . . . . � . . . . . . ."
� S * Ct�*S C * * *SS*C*C C cc**

* C *c * * * * eC e t e cc *****
* ..... .. .....e e...
..e.C.. ... . . . "�ec.. CaS
. .ccc. . . tecaee ...eC.. c. .



" . " .." . . '"... ....
e ......... . s...... cc



e.. e at t . . '" a a acc�c . *
t e . . .. ....... S . .. . . .ee. .


14
5

738
18
370
275
75
175
26
149
146

3
75
2
73

108
27
4

13
61

3
812


1
83
6
134


127
3
2
5
4

1
256
65
75

52
25
29
10
577
3
1
13
15
2
1
54
111
36
4
33
7
297
-< ?ft


A 17


1 Mk









PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Table 10.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific--Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST UNITED STAT
R.P.-Continued
Petroleum and products ..
Diesel . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel oil, residual.....
Other and unclassified
Miscellaneous ...........
Oil, vegetable .......
All other and unclassifi
Total ............


ES TO BALBOA,


.0. c...".... . . . . . . .e. . ...0
. . . " . " " " " " . . . " . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . " . " " " . . . . . " " . . . . . . . . . .
.ed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
*. ........... c.... c......
ied ccme........a....4.44cc..


34
11
77


65


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO HAWAII:
Petroleum and products .........................
Jet fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .
M miscellaneous ...................... . . . . . . . .. ..


All other and unclassified
Total ...............


". ....tt .... .... " ..e.
C . '"... ..........0..""


32
".c....

32


* 5***,


46


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO OCEANIA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals .........
Caustic soda . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . .


55C5 55CC


Chemicals, unclassified ........ ..........
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous .............
Coal and coke................... ... ..............
G rains ............... .. . . . . . . ..
R ice ................................. .....
Soybeans ... .......................... .....
Other and unclassified........................
Lumber and products ........... .. ... ........... .
Pulpwood ........... ..... .. ..............
Machinery and equipment ....................


Agricultural machinery and implements..
Automobiles, trucks, accessories and parts
Construction machinery and equipment..


Other and unclassified ................
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous
Minerals, miscellaneous ................
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash...........
Ammonium compounds ..........
Fertilizers, unclassified ............
Phosphates . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .


.......t C
ace....
... .... 5
. . ccc .ca. .
......C..S


* *......


34
* . c26
26
26
1I
* C C * SC*
1

* S C C C *
..5..79
me.....
579


1
40

7
7
3
1

2

3
8
403


...4...
48

2
2
11
1
4
5
1

10
743


n .. - -







STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table 10.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific- Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO OCEANIA-
Continued
Miscellaneous-Continued
Paper and products ............. .....
Resin . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . .
All other and unclassified .............


Total


2,069


1,772


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO ASIA:
Canned and refrigerated foods.........


Canned foods, miscellaneous ..
Refrigerated foods ...........
Fruit ..................
M eat. .............. . ...
Other and unclassified ....
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals
Caustic soda ................
Chemicals, unclassified .......
Benzene . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .
Toulene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Petroleum chemicals, miscellany


Coal and coke
Grains ......


Barley...
Corn....
Rice ...


* * **c* ccc...... C C
* C *** * C Cs C *USC9Ct
* m** *U*c*5*C S C * * 9
* 5~ *54SSCCCC C CC*C
* * * c~.a. * * * *4* * Ct
* C C Ce *9*9 teSt *.*.
* C CCSSCCSS* 5t5 S S *
* *. . e.tes*** 9#me*
* * . em. e*..e*ee Ce.
scm...... tee.....
~ous C C * C C C C C C S S C


........0..SSS.. *.. 9. t.. s.... ........ss
*...t.*.. *...**.....c*.........t~. m m m m....
.*.........ems........ m..m...... ssecC
...e . m. mc.. ..... c ...........e...*..*
m e. .. . .. . ..m....... CCCCCC* ** m........ m. mc


Sorghum .....
Soybeans...........
W heat .............
Other and unclassified
Lumber and products ....
Pulpwood ..........
Other and unclassified
Machinery and equipment


... . . . . . . . . . . " . . . . . . . . . � .
*. .m . ... . . .e.. .. . . ..s... �"
* a. . . . .. . e e es. . . . W . .SC.
* ....Cee............c...
tee.............te... *~*mm

cetest............. mmmmm*


Agricultural machinery and implements..
Automobiles, trucks, accessories and parts
Construction machinery and equipment..
Electrical machinery and apparatus......
Other and unclassified.................
Manufactures of iron and steel..............


Angles, shapes, and sectic
Plates, sheets, and coils.
Wires, bars, and rods...
fltkorl ,taria lon iinlnic&lCA


mmmcm...
CCCCCCU
* C C CCC**
949999Cc
s.c.m...
* C


* Stetteec 55m~~m c . cm
* *mmmm*Cm c*c**C* * *
S eSeSeSSe C CCC~m~mC*


262
115

147
2,846


151
1,860
58
133
644
5,669
26,277


110
14,881
15
2,521
7,098
1,452
200
510
510

29
2
2
4
3
18
199
11
100
22
I;,


166

67
.....s..
99
1,973
63
1,404
7
1
498
7,000
17,665
106
8,215

2,223
6,413
623
85
400
400

41


2.116
2,116



111
3
108
28
1
79
1.919
41
1,340

2
536
7,990
17,731
31
7,853
1
2,033
5,725
1,984
104
284
279
5
49
5
5
14
6
19
41


SCC S


. I








PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Table 10.--Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO ASIA-
Continued
Ores and metals-Continued


Scrap ..... . . . . .. .
Tin, including tinplate
Other and unclassified
Other agricultural commodities


* .. ma..... .. ...... * a a
. .s " " . " . " .. a . s
* a . C t a . .a. .a.aa a..


1,971

10


2,877


2,048


Beans, edible........
Cotton, raw.........
Sugar . . . . . . .. . ..
Other and unclassified
Petroleum and products ..
Gasoline............
Kerosene ...........
Liquefied gas........
Lubricating oil ......
Petroleum coke......
Diesel.......... ....
Residual fuel oil .....
Jet fuel .............
Other and unclassified
Miscellaneous ..........


Bricks and tile.........
Carbon black ........
Clay, fire and china ....
Fibers, plant .........
Flour, wheat..........
Groceries, miscellaneous
Marble and stone ......
Oil, vegetable .........
Paper and paper product
Resin .... ...........
Rubber, manufactured .
Tallow ...............
Textiles ..............


S


Tobacco and manufactures
All other and unclassified .


. . . . . . .
....... 4


. . .S. * . . a * * . * * * . C U . . S... . .
. . . s. a.amm mm ..... mt. . .... as.
.......aa m mat e.* ...*.* a.a .. a
..........5 a ...... a........ss
. a. . ... ........ a m...... at . . .. . .
*...........*a am e. e.tsa. .....
. . . a a Ct. et. . e. . s.a.. s . . . . . . . . .
.m.. ast .5.....a ............s S
..a...t .. *......... * ........a
a . . . . .* ..... S CS.Catt .s a . a .eat.
a a.......aas ........ *....a .e
* a .. a. ... ..... a m a...... as. . . ...
* . .*. . .t. . . . . . . . . . .


*s S *i~amtsa a.
a. ...... . * .... �.. ..� "
as.......m.mmm.m....m.. S


.C.t U..................5
...a.....a......st..... a

s...........a .....,.as .. *
..a.a.a.a....a....aaaa. a


...S.................
a................ attC
*.. .. ...a....aaaaa e ...


150
3
2,062


414
26
192
114
1,061


225
30
5895


369
1

22
8
71
355
40


1,824 821


120
60
324
81
1,106
29
82

22
4,929

17
312

13
I
5
63
166
78


3 .......
5,017 4,258


3

130
71
447
50
28
92
4,678


1
24
364
6
4
16
9
70
184
181
7
2
50
4
3,756


Total


EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST UNITED


STATES:
Manufactures of iron and steel.
Plates, sheets, and coils ...
Oret ant metal


50,486


40,420





. S.S...


40,976




aa.....
* a ease.


U-,


28







STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table 10.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST CENTRAL
AMERICA-Continued
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous-Continued


Miscellaneous ..........
Paper and paper products
All other and unclassified


* * * * * *e ~ *... S SS C S


......................
* C CSRS. . . S . . . .. S . ..S..S


Total


EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST SOUTH
AMERICA:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous.....
G rains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....


Wheat


Lumber and products


.... " '"."....


* S


Pulpwood .......... ......... . .
Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous ...
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous
Minerals, miscellaneous ................


Asbestos ..... .......... .
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash


Potash . . . . . . ..
Ores and metals ....
Metals ... . . . ..


CCC......
. . U U U U .URC.
. . . . . . . .U.


Tin, including tinplate
Miscellaneous ...............
Paper and paper products.
Resin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
All other and unclassified .


Total


11
4


. . . . m e . .


. ....UU. ... . .....
......SC*.........*.C S


. . CS. U C *CU *SS CSCS ...
*. SSSSS.. SU C*C' *.. .S






* ....S.S.C.C.C.C......S5 5
C e C. .... C.. *SSS *PR


EAST COAST CANADA TO OCEANIA:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous
Lumber and products ................


Pulpwood ................
Machinery and equipment ......
Minerals, miscellaneous ........
Nitrates, phosphates and potash .
Potash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ores and metals .............
Ores, miscellaneous .....
t S 1


9
16
16



37
19
4
14
100


1
i
2
14
14





38
17

21
68


.. ..C. .
* *.*...e..


23
6


4
4


.......


9
9
12
12

1
1
64
33
1
30
89



3






8
8


�'









PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Table 10.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes

Atlantic to Pacific-Continued


[Thousands of long tons


Fiscal year


EAST COAST CANADA TO ASIA-Continued
Canned and refrigerated foods-Continued
Fish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .
Other and unclassified..............
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous


Grains


Soybeans ...........
W heat . . . . . . . . .....
Other and unclassified
Lumber and products ....


Sc . . . � " " . . " .t . . . . . .. . .
* � ". .e . . . . " . e . . e . .. . m .

. . .mc . � " . . . . . . . . .. . . � .


Pulpwood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other and unclassified ..........
Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous


Manufactures or iron and steel,
Ores and metals ...........


*.me........ .
* C mmmm m**t a
S.O m s c m�e�


miscellaneous
.......... c.


Ores, miscellaneous
M etals ...........


79
. . . . * . .
28
185
185
. . . . . ..

25
355
48
307


. a ......
.me......


Aluminum.........
Copper.............
Iron ............
Scrap . . . . . . . . . .
Other and unclassified
Miscellaneous...............
Flour, wheat ............
Paper and paper products.
Resin . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
All other and unclassified .


Total


. .c.m........ m......
* .cc . . . . ...... .* em.e.e .
m mm.. .. .. ..... * c. .. .. ..
.c ...... .m e mm . . ... . . .
. * .ta m... .... e.e.c. . .m. .
.....c........ m.... m..
. . . C .c. .a. . .. . S Re ma.. .
.* . . . . . * c . . . ... . a .
. . . . O .� . �...


1,671


1,550


50
193
59
494
1,526


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST


CENTRAL AMERICA:
Nitrates, phosphates, and pot;
Ammonium compounds
Phosphates ...........
Fertilizers, unclassified .


Petroleum and products


Asphalt .......
Crude oil ......
Diesel oil ......
Liquefied gas...
Fuel oil, residual
,^.- -._ i


..a .. *.c .m m........a.t..*
C C .. ...... ....a. ...


...........c.c. C C . .. * . e .t . . a
...S e.amac.m... . c.....


142
22
234
2,655
8
624
118
509
1,376
1


188

226
3,042
8
561
256
441
1,580
10I


45
86
405
3,022
49
745
111
327
1,734
1'7








STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table 10.--Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA-Continued


Petroleum and products .....
Other and unclassified...
Miscellaneous ..............
All other and unclassified


Total


....t ......" c. .......
". . .c. c.. . c" ." .. .t
. . . . . . . s" . . . . ..

..................c c....


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO BALBOA,
Petroleum and products ...................


Diesel oil ..........
Fuel oil, residual....
Other and unclassified
Miscellaneous ..........
All other and unclassi


Total


*.....t...................

fied . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . .


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO ASIA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous.....


Nitrates, phosphates, and potash
Fertilizers, unclassified ..
Ores and metals, miscellaneous
Other agricultural commodities


Coffee ..
Sugar...
Miscellaneous


...'....c.....
c c . . . . c. . . . . . .
eccct. ..c..c . ccc .


All other and unclassified
Total ...............


Sh


h


. . ..... t t ..tSC c..

*.b.cc...............


.* c . . ......... cc C . .*.cc.. .
..cc...tc.............cc
* * .* . . c . .. . .. cc.ccccc.c..c.
. cc.. . .. ....... * . cc. . .s. .t.
* c a . ccc.t..S. e a * C .. ..C . .
c.*..c.....t.c.ccc...cc.


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST
UNITED STATES:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous .........
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ....
Lumber and products, miscellaneous ............
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous........
Ores and metals ............. ........... . ......


11
16

I
1
28


26
282
. c....

46

1

150
150
505



13
1
42
479
35


10
53

i


64


34

14
14
68
26
1
25
123
123
265


104
30
73
1



104


19
12
18


Ores . . . . .... � � . . . . . . .
Alumina/bauxite ....
Other and unclassified
Metals, miscellaneous ....
Other agricultural commodities


.* cc .. .. ..... Cc . .c . c .
.ccc... .. ........ cc . ...~ ... .
. .. cc. c .. ... .... cc. ..
cc..........Cc...... cc
cc .. . . . .... .... c c . .c cc .


34

55


-----


R.P.:









PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Table 10.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST


CANADA:
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous.
Miscellaneous ..... ..... .... ..... . .


Sa......


All other and unclassified .


Total


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST
CENTRAL AMERICA:
C oal ....................... ....................
GralHs ..........................................
Grains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sorghum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......
Soybeand unclassified....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other and unclassifiedel. miscellaneous. ..........
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous.........


Nitrates, phosphates, and po
Fertilizers, unclassified
Petroleum and products ...
Crude oil ............
Other and unclassified.
Other agricultural commodity
Sugar ...............
Miscellaneous ........
All other and unclassifie


Total


es . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


: . ............... ......


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous .
G rains ............. ... .. .... ..........


O ats . . ........................
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous
Minerals, miscellaneous ................


Salt. . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... . .
Soda and sodium compounds


Nitrates, phosphates, and potasi
Fertilizers, unclassified ...
Ores and metals .............
Ore, alumina/bauxite ....
Metals, miscellaneous ....
Other agricultural commodities
f *+ ltaar nn 4 *snn n ,, C~ aA��� -^


*St.......
cc.. . . . ..
....... ...


* tat. cOct~~C& Ca
*~*SSS~' * a a.....
ccc...... cc... ccc..


* .......... c.......cc
..4. tt.. c. a a.a ...... ..*
.............. c~~c. *.a


111




3


3
75
8
8
757
716
41


21
21
864



26
1
1
39
16
12
4
137
137
49
8
41
40
All


. . . t. .1
I


31
61
61
781



16
2
2
31
14
13
1
176
176
29
10
19
II


659
28


12
12
860



8
1
1
170
7
6
1
91
91
13
6
7
* ....* c









STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table 10.--Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO BALBOA, R.P.:


Petroleum and products .....
Diesel oil . . ... .. . . . . . .
Gasoline...............
Fuel oil, residual........
Miscellaneous ..............
All other and unclassified


* 5555 *emtm*e*4C *5 Cm'C#
* S * SOC C St6**##*m S*C*5


. * . .....ii e.. .....


Total


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO HAWAII:
Petroleum and products ...................
Jet fuel .................. ............ .
Total ........... .................


........
........
........


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO OCEANIA
Petroleum and products, miscellaneous .......
Miscellaneous .................... ..


All other and unclassified
Total ...............


* C CC


. . . e. . . . C. . . . . e .
*.C......*CS. C.. ...


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO ASIA:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous.....
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous
Coal and coke................................
Grains, miscellaneous ........ ....... . .......
Lumber and products, miscellaneous ............
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous.....


Nitrates, phosphates, and pi
Fertilizers, unclassified
Ores and metals .........
Ores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alumina/ bauxite
Iron . . . . . . . . . . .
Manganese .....
Other and unclassi
Metals .................
Aluminum..........
Other and unclassified
Other agricultural common


364


*......*.m. e ...........**...



* C emS* *@Ct~ttmm*( C St
. .S . ... . . . .. .Ss. . .5. .C
.S ... .* * em.. ... .. . * . . ..s..
S m. . .. . ............ C* * * * .e .a . ..

. . " " . . . " . . ." . " ." . . . . . " ."

. . . " . . . . . . .� . . . . . .� . " " .
ified . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.....see m....... .C ......S
*E ................. .. *...
. a . . .* .. .e. . .. . . m e . . . .. ..
ities . . . S * S * e . m S S . C . e . . . . C


--









PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Table 10.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific- Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


WEST INDIES TO WEST COAST UNITED STATES:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous .
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous.....


Minerals, miscellaneous


.tabs....... . . C
��. a. no����..


Nitrates, phosphates and potash, miscellaneous


Ores and metals .......
Ore, alumina/ bauxit
Petroleum and products


Asphalt .......
Fuel oil, residual
Gasoline.......
Jet fuel ...... .
Lubricating oil .
Other and unclas
Miscellaneous ......


isifit


. .
e


* n: ...


. e.....*...............
. . � � . � � . . . � . � � � � � � � � ..


.......C C SC *C .CC ...a ...... .
*...* .* ..t.* ...C C C C ...C..a C C
* . . * * C . . P . . . .. . . St t t ttttt..
.n. e. . ..... . . . . . . S . S . S S . . . ..
**. *.............*....S....... W
* S . S . . P . . S . . at. . .. . t * an ..
ed.I a a a a . a nt ..... C . C . C C C .C ..
e.p. . a.............. . . .C *P CS S* . P . S


All other and unclassified ..................
Total .......... ............... ..... ..


WEST INDIES TO WEST COAST CENTRAL
AMERICA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous
Other agricultural commodities .................


Sugar ............


Petroleum and products
Crude oil .........
Diesel oil. ........
Fuel oil, residual...
Gasoline..........
Kerosene .........
Lubricating oil ....
Other and unclassifi


Miscellaneous.


Cement


n.........


All other and unclassified


Total


� � C .


.apt....n......... ........t.a
a......a.........m.*.an. .*.
* p * n. . .b at.. . .. . . tatet t . t t ..
nn. n........*. ......C..P . ....a
.CC C. e e . P . s.. q. Ct .. St . . . S C P
. m. ..e. ..........Saa . n..... a
. m. m.. .. a.. ...a... at a a tt p s
...me........... ata..... C 5C~


ed


a..a.a.tat.at. ttnet.a....
. ..sa ... e..e ... C.*C .S.EC. .C .
*.a.a .a ...... .aa.a..an.*..t
t..t.t.te .e......a.a.a.....a


WEST INDIES TO WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA:
Nitrates, phosphates and potash, miscellaneous .....
Other agricultural commodities, miscellaneous ......


Minerals miscellaneous . .


a a a - C C C C S S S S C


Salt


36
139
29
23


35
7
7
254
25

105
29
46
49
93
93
408








169
35
71
34
22


6
90
8
82
259



53
24
"'''''.e


57
166


43
106
17




354




1
3
3
135

44
8
54
15
5
9
71
15
56
210



41

2


s


41

28
. . . . . .
7

1
5
73
2
71
119








STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table 10.--Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


WEST INDIES TO WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA-
Continued
M miscellaneous .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . ..... . . . . . . .
All other and unclassified .....................


Total


WEST INDIES TO BALBOA, R.I
Petroleum and products .....
Diesel oil ...... . . . .. . . .
Fuel oil, residual........
Gasoline...............
Other and unclassified...
Miscellaneous ..............
All other and unclassified
Total ....... . . . . . ...


S.:
a .


* S Ct


. . . ..e. ..... . .e.. . . .S . .

.. ... . ee* . C . . . CS . .*. C .


*1 C C C * *


WEST INDIES TO
Petroleum and
Jet fuel...
Residual fi
Total .


HAWAII:
products .


uel oil
* e. g


* ...
. . .�.


WEST INDIES TO OCEANIA:
Minerals, miscellaneous ..
Salt. . . ... . . . . . .
Petroleum and products ..
Gasoline . . . . .......
Lubricating oil ......
Other and unclassified
Miscellaneous
All other and unclassif
Total ............


� � � � ��


ed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. m e. . . .. . ........ SCa e *aa***ae s


87

87


2
1
5
5
28


49

20
20


8
8
77


29
5
23


S. ...83


WEST INDIES TO ASIA:
Canned and refrigerated foods.
Fish, refrigerated .......
Other and unclassified....
Chemicals and petroleum chemi
Ores and metals .............


Scas, miscellaneous .. .

cals, miscellaneous ....
S.....................06 m 0


flrsca


SA


*I|


d~