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HIDE
 Front Cover
 Letter of transmittal
 Table of Contents
 Organization chart
 Introduction
 Canal traffic
 Canal operations
 Supporting operations
 Administration and staff
 Financial report
 Statistical tables
 Back Cover


DLOC PCANAL



Annual report
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097367/00010
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Spine title: Annual report of the Panama Canal Commission ( 1980-<1994> )
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Creation Date: 1984
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: Periodicals   ( lcsh )
statistics   ( marcgt )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Fiscal year 1980-
Numbering Peculiarities: Fiscal year ends Sept. 30.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Vols. for 1992- distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Fiscal year ended Sept. 30, 1998.
Statement of Responsibility: Panama Canal Commission.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 07777425
lccn - 96645119
issn - 1936-5306
System ID: UF00097367:00010
 Related Items
Preceded by: Annual report, fiscal year ended ...

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Letter of transmittal
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
    Organization chart
        Page vi
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Canal traffic
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
    Canal operations
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    Supporting operations
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
    Administration and staff
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    Financial report
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
    Statistical tables
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 75a
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
    Back Cover
        Page 117
        Page 118
Full Text
&


PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 1984


UAL


RE


ORT
















ANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Balboa


, Republic of Panama


OFFICE


THE


ADMINISTRATOR


FROM THE


ADMIN


ISTRATOR


It is a


pleasure to submit the annual report of the Panama Canal Com-


mission, for fiscal year
Panama Canal Treaty


brated the


984, our fifth year of successful operation under the
and the year in which the Canal organization cele-


seventieth anniversary of the opening of the Canal.


The recession in maritime trade and the loss of Alaska North Slope (ANS)


oil traffic combined to make fiscal year


984 one


in which al


major elements


Canal


cover a


traffic declined.


Nevertheless


costs from revenues in 1984


the Commission continued


, and ended the year with a


sma


to re-
Sposi-


tive balance.


This was due to effective cost-reduction efforts as wel


full-year effect of a modest toll rate increase


in March


as to the


983.


Looking to a future in which Canal traffic is expected to


Increase


taking advantage


current


traffic


level


s, management


continued a


capital program including improvements difficult to accomplish at higher


levels of traffic
the Canal passe


uch as channel dredging in the narrow Gaillard Cut where


through the continental divide.


also completed work on a new


Tug


This year the Commission


Miter Gate Repair Facility and a new


Marine


Traffic Contro


closed circuit television (CCTV yve


sel l1Irveillanrp


.






Canal users.


Canal equipment continued to be maintained at a high level or


replaced with technologically improved equipment as necessary


Attention to the equally important human side of the enterprise, the key to the
future of the Canal, is shown by the considerable resources which were dedicated
to training. Emphasis on training, in order to effectively increase participation by


Panamanians


at all


levels


Commission,


continued


receive


priority


attention.


Panamanian citizens now comprise approximately


78 percent of the


work force and are increasingly involved at all management levels.


Please


assured


we at the


Commission


continue


to meet


challenges of the future in carrying out our mission of providing cost-effective, safe
and efficient transit service to the maritime industry.


Administrator.




















TABLE OF CONTENTS



PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Page


ORGANIZATION CHART . . . . . . . . ... . . ... .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
INTRODUCTION


ORGANIZATION
THE CANAL
TOLLS RATES.


BOARD OF DIRECTORS


* , ta ..... . et. . ... a..... atea em** tee . ., tae,,t.
* 9O ta tstO* t�~ et .. .e a * a e ae ea at .
* *aatta Ce S .. . . e st e tt s *e * tO etatOOe
S et..... a s .. .. CS Je ca * t a... SeesO 5 Oat sa e


OFFICIALS IN THE REPUBLIC OF PANAMA
OFFICIALS IN WASHINGTON, D.C. ......


e.. ... . 3


. .... ... .. . .. e. ..... ...... 3


CHAPTER I-CANAL TRAFFIC


TRAFFIC


COMPARATIVE HIGHLIGHTS OF OPERATIONS
COMMODITIES AND TRADE ROUTES . . . ...


.....a t � *.. . at. a *. .t a ...,


S.. ........................... 6


CHAPTER II-CANAL OPERATIONS
TRANSIT OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
MAINTENANCE AND OTHER CANAL PROJECTS....................a...


CHAPTER II-SUPPORTING OPERATIONS


LOGISTICAL SERVICES.......
COMMUNITY SERVICES ......


teee.....a.
St..a.a..S C* *


sa.. ...... a .. *st ..t e a Cae at
* eeata..s.e. ,a cete c e *te t


SANITATION AND GROUNDS MANAGEMENT


TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES
PUBLIC UTILITIES AND ENERGY
FIRE PROTECTION ..........


.. . . . . .... . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. 18


a.eta. ....., t e......at......,eats.


.. . . . 20


CANAL PROTECTION
HEALTH AND SAFETY


5....... a


a a a e t. . . . e m s , .. * C a. . .t .. . a
S t a t . , . , t e . . , t s a* S * sl. . . .


CHAPTER IV-ADMINISTRATION AND STAFF
PERSONNEL: FORCE EMPLOYED AND RATES OF PAY


EQUAL OPPORTUNITY PROGRAM


a tee.....� st a t..... C ta .a, , a �� at


PUBLIC AFFAIRS


19


���L���l......~.







CONTENTS


Financial Tables


Page


TABLE
TABLE
TABLE


.-Balance Sheet.........


2. -Statement of Operations and Non-Interest-Bearing Investment
3.-Statement of Changes in the Investment of the United States


Government


TABLE
TABLE

TABLE


4.-Statement of Changes
5.-Statement of Status of


in Financial Position

Appropriations ....


...... 28

..... . 31


* a . a a ..... 44. 4.. . 4. 4.
* ..*.....C..a......a*..
* a ta . . . . ... . . . a . . . . ..


6.--Statement of Property, Plant, and Equipment


Notes to Financial Statements..


CHAPTER


VI-STATISTICAL TABLES


Shipping Statistics


TABLE
TABLE


1.-Panama Canal Traffic-Fiscal Years 1975 through
2.-Oceangoing Commercial Traffic by Months-Fisca


Years 1984


and 1983 ..


TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE


3.-Canal Traffic by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1984 ......


4.-Classification of Canal Traffic by


.-Laden and Ballast


6.--Segregation


Type of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1984


Traffic by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1984


of Transits


Registered


Gross


Tonnage-Fiscal


Year 1984


TABLE
TABLE


7.-Principal Commodities Shipped Through Canal by Fiscal Years ...
8.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo Through the Panama
Canal from Atlantic to Pacific During Fiscal Year 1984 Segregated


by Countries in Principal Trade Areas


. . . .......... . .. . .. . 64


TABLE


9.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo


Through the Panama


Canal from Pacific to Atlantic During Fiscal Year 1984 Segregated


by Countries in Principal Trade Areas


.............. . 70


TABLE


10.-Important


Commodity


Shipments Over


Principal Trade


Routes-


Atlantic to Pacific ..


S. . .......... . . 78


TABLE


1.--Importan


Commodity


shipments Over


Principal Trade


Routes-


Pacific to Atlantic ..


........ . 96


TABLE


12.-Principal Canal Commodities by Direction-


Fiscal Year 1984


.me' CI


Other Statistics


TABLE


--Water Supply and Usage ..
C-^ - .-.- ,. / - ^-.* - ^


C C S S * 4


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INTRODUCTION
ORGANIZATION
The Panama Canal Commission is an agency of the Executive Branch of the
United States Government, provided for by the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977,


and established by the Panama Canal Act of 1979 (93


Stat.


452; 22


U.S.C. 3601


et seq),


enacted


September


1979.


authority


President


United States with respect to the Commission is exercised through the Secretary


of Defense and the Secretary of the Army.


nine-member Board.


The Commission is supervised by a


Five members are nationals of the United States and four


are Panamanians. Board members who are U.S. nationals are appointed by the


President


with


the advice and


consent


Senate.


The Commission was established to carry out the responsibilities of the United


States with respect to the


Panama


Canal


under the


Panama


Canal Treaty of


1977


fulfilling these


obligations,


the Commission


manages,


operates, and


maintains


the Canal,


its complementary works,


installations, and equipment,


provides


orderly


transit


vessels


through


Canal.


Commission


perform


these


functions


until


the treaty terminates


on De-


cember


1999,


when the Republic of Panama will assume full responsibility


for the Canal.
The Commission is expected to recover through tolls and other revenues all


costs of


operating and maintaining the Canal, including interest, depreciation,


capital for plant replacement, expansion and improvements, and


payments to


Republic of Panama for public services and annuities, in accordance with


paragraph


Article


paragraphs


Article


XIII,


respectively, of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977


Revenues from tolls and all


other sources are deposited


Panama


U.S.


Canal Commission Fund.


Treasury in an account known as the


Appropriations for operating expenses and


capital improvements are enacted annually by the Congress and are limited to
the sum of the estimated receipts for the year, plus any unexpended balances in


Panama


Canal


Commission


Fund.


r3rr A T


mII--


`







INTRODUCTION


Vessels


transiting the Canal are


raised


in three steps to the level of Gatun


Lake,


three steps.


principal source of Canal water, then lowered to sea level again in
The three sets of Canal locks are paired so as to permit simultaneous


lockage of two
Since August


vessels


in the same direction


or in


opposite directions.


, 1914, the official date of its opening, the Panama Canal has


served world trade virtually without interruption.


Through this fiscal year, a total


of 638,033 vessels of all types have transited with 534,569 or 83.8 percent of the


total


being


the oceangoing commercial


class.


TOLLS


RATES


Panama


Canal


March


tolls
Tolls


rates
rates


were


are:


increased


approximately


merchant


vessels,


percent


Army and


Navy


transports,


tankers,


passengers or cargo


hospital


hips,


supply


ships,


yachts,


when


$1.83 per net vessel ton of 100 cubic feet of actua


carrying
I earning


capacity


Such


tonnage


determined


accordance


with


"Rules


Measurement of Vessels for the Panama Canal;"


(b) on such vessels in ballast,


without passengers or cargo: $1.46 per net vessel ton; and (c) on other floating


craft:


per ton


displacement.


By treaty


United


States continues


to provide to Colombia free transit


through


the Canal


of its


troops,


materials


war, and


ships


war.







PANAMA


CANAL


COM MISSION


BOARD


DIRECTORS


Ending Fiscal Year 1984


Honorable WILL


IAM R.


IANELLi,


Honorable


ANDREW E. GIBSON


Chairman, Board


Directors


Short Hills, New Jerser


Panama Canal Commission


2000 L St


Washington, D.


N. W., Suite 550


20036


Honorable OYDEN ORTEGA


Minister


Honorable Luls A.


of Foreign


Panama, Republic


ANDERSON


Relations
f Panama


Secretary


General


Interamerican


Regio


nal Labor


Organization
Postal Box 7039


Mexico,


His Excellency CARL
Vice President
Panama, Republic oj


. 0600


os OZORES


Panama


Honorable JOHN A.


SHNELL


Deputy Chief
U.S. Embassy


Mission


Honorable WILLIAM SIDELL


Powar. California


Buenos A ires, Argentina


Honorable FER


NANDO C


Panama, Republic


ARDOZE


Panama


Honorable WILLIAM W.


Beaufort,


South


WATKIN, Jr.


Carolina


Executive Committee
Honorable WILLIAM R.


Cut Widening Feasibility Committee


ANELLI.


Honorable FERN


ANDO C


ARDOZE,


Chairman


Chairman


Honorable FER


NANDO C


ARDOZE


Honorable OYDEN ORTEGA


Honorable ANDREW GIBSON
Honorable OYDEN ORTEGA


Honorable WILLI


AM SIDELL


Honorable WILLI


AM W


WATKIN. Jr.


Honorable WILL


IAM W


WATKIN. Jr.


OFFICIALS


Administrator


Deputy Administrator


OFFICIALS


IN THE REPUBLIC OF


PANAMA


... Honorable D. P.


.............. Honorable FERNANDO M


IN WASHINGTON


MCAULIFFE


ANFREDO, Jr.


D.C.


Secretary


. . . . . .. . . . M


ICHA


EL RHODE, Jr.









CANAL


TRAFFIC


















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Chapter


CANAL


TRAFFIC


TRAFFIC


All major elements
already depressed lev
increased due to the
March 12, 1983. Thc
(ANS) oil and the con
the year were the maj


of Canal traffic declined during fiscal year 1984 from the
els registered in the prior year. Tolls revenue, however,
full-year impact of the toll rate increase implemented
e full-year effect of the loss of the Alaska North Slope
ltinued recession in maritime trade through the first half of
or factors in the traffic drop experienced during the year.


Oceangoing tra
vessels daily from
by the U.S. Gov
vessels made 154
year 1983.


.nsits in fiscal year
11,846 or 32.5 dai
ernment and free
transits during th


1984 decreased 3
ly the prior year.
Colombian and
e year compared


9 percent to 11,384 or 31.1
Vessels owned or operated
Panamanian Government
with 139 transits in fiscal


Growth in ship size was not evident during fiscal year 1984, as a result of a


decline
and coa
5,496 o
percent
having
of total
in fiscal
Panama


in transits by large tankers
il. Transits by vessels havin
r 48.3 percent of total ocear
of total oceangoing transits
beams of 100 feet and over
oceangoing transits from 2,.
year 1983. Average size of
a Canal net tonnage, also


and PANA MAX size vessels carrying grains
g beams of 80 feet and over accounted for
going transits compared with 5,869 or 49.5


in the prior


declined
371 or 20
oceangoi
declined


year. In fiscal year
percent to 2,170 or
recent of total ocean
commercial transit


slightly


Oceangoing


984.
19.1
>ing
in t


vessels
percent
transits
erms of


commercial


vessels averaged
with 14,485 in


14,461
983.


Panama


Canal net tons in fiscal year


984 compared


otal Panama Cana
I rflC A PC - I "^fl '7


1 net tonnage dropped 4.0 pe
*"I " A l-1


recent to 163.8 million in fiscal


T







CANAL


TRAFFIC


COMPARATIVE


HIGHLIGHTS


OPERATIONS


Fiscal


Oceangoing transits:
Commercial ...
U.S. Government


11,230


11.707


Free . .


11,384


Daily average


Small transits:
Commercial ....
U.S. Government


Free . . . . . .
Total ..


Total cargo:
Commercial


Government


Free .....
Total ..


.....


* ...


a * * * ac aaaattata t ttt*t*t*t* *.....s*
4*t*C*C CCC CCC..... *******C * ** * * * St


1,139



140,471,470
329,607
59
140,801,136


11,846
32.5



810
242
56
1,108



145,591,428
354,878
2,512
145,948,818


Total


Panama


C


ment tonnage.


'anal
* a .


net tons and


reconstructed


displace-
.C .C.C ' *


163,833,038


170,655,341


Transit revenue:
Commercial tolls.....
U.S. Government tolls


Tolls revenue..


Harbor pilotage,
Total tran


launch,


and other


$286,754,765
2,400,270
$289,155,035


58,931,942
$348,086,977


services


visit revenue


$286,057,692
1,733,331
$287,791,023


55,381,005
$343,172,028


COMMODITIES


AND


TRADE


ROUTES


Oceangoing commercial cargo


totaled


40.5 million long tons during fiscal


1984,
total.


with


twelve


key commodity groups accounting for 86.2 percent of that


The groups, shown on page 11


have maintained relatively stable levels of


importance to Canal traffic in recent years. In


-- nbA


, the proportion observed for


-,,, - ---A


Tr flacsa nrrr1 rrt) mu Ur fL ns t a a a r rr'5^an


Total ..


I'ear


It,,, ,,,,,,,11L..


rru r��un


1






PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


The second major commodity group in fiscal year 1984 was grain, accounting


20.0 percent of commercial cargo. Grain shipments totaled 28.


million long


tons,


showing


a substantial


percent


decline


from


million


tons


registered


in fiscal


year


1983. Almost the entire drop in this commodity group


was


a sharp


decline


corn


movement


which


offset


improvement in the wheat trade. Corn shipments were down by 56. 1


a marked
percent to


9.5 million tons from the record 21.6 million tons reached the prior year.


decline resulted from a diversion of U.S. corn exports to


West Coast ports, a


drought


which severely reduced


U.S. corn production, and increased competi-


tion from Canada, Australia, and Argentina-in part, as a result of the strength


of the


U.S. dollar.


The diversion of corn exports to


West


Coast ports can be


attributed to a number of factors such as lower ocean rates from the West Coast
during the period, railroad contract haulage rates and the effect of the drought


year in


sections of


Midwest.


improvement


shown


by the wheat


movement,


which


increased


million tons the prior year,


by 60.7 percent to 9 million long tons from 5.6
was largely due to a resumption of U.S. exports to


China. U.S. exports to China via the Canal increased from 1.9 million tons to 4.2


million


tons


1984.


Rice,


barley, and


miscellaneous grains showed


increases


during the year while the remaining products in the group-soybeans, sorghum


oats-reflected lower tonnages.


Grain shipments from the U.S.


to the Far


East


constituted


74.0 percent


of the total


movement,


with Japan,


China, and


Taiwan


being the


principal


destinations.


Coke


depressed in 1
million tons.
mercial cargo.


1


S1- 1


1%,


-n


S


coal, me mnira commoatny group in tanal traillc, continue
984, dropping from the 10.7 million tons registered last year to 10


group accounted


percent


total


oceangoing com-


The weak coal trade reflected a number of factors, including low


steel


production


levels


Japan,


a declining


U.S.


market


share


in Japanese


imports, and an increase in


Canal.


the proportion of U.S. coal exports bypassing the


Coal shipments to Japan totaled 5.5 million tons, or 55 percent of the


trade, and shipments to Taiwan and South Korea accounted for 2.3 million tons,
or 23 percent of the coal and coke commodity group. The coal bypass
movement via the Cape of Good Hope this year was 45 percent of the total U.S.
East Coast coal shipped to the Far East, compared with 40 percent in fiscal year
1983.


With the exception of


canned and refrigerated foods,


which declined by


percent to 3.3 million tons. all other maior commodity prouns experienced gains


rP






CANAL


TRAFFIC


miscellaneous


machinery


minerals


equipment


increased


rose


percent


percent


to 3.9


to 2.2


million


million


tons;


tons.


Trade


between


East


Coast of the


United States and Asia continued to


dominate Canal traffic,
moving over this route.


with nearly


39.3 percent of the total commercial cargo


The total cargo tonnage plying the U.S. East Coast-Asia


route declined


million


tons,


again
drop


year,


of 8.5


however,


from


60.3


million


long tons to 55.2


percent.


The following chart and table show the principal commodity groups moving in
eangoing commercial vessels in 1984 and a comparison of the major trade


routes in fiscal years 1984 and


1983.


oc














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CANAL


OPERATIONS


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Chapter


CANAL


OPERATIONS


Canal operations are comprised of Transit Operations and Maintenance and


Related Canal Projects.


The various functions are divided among a number of


operating bureaus


within


the Canal agency.


TRANSIT


OPERATIONS


Daily average transits by oceangoing vessels decreased from the 3


5 per day


during fiscal year


1983 to 31.1


per day during fiscal year


984. Average time in


Canal waters increased from 20.1 hours in fiscal year


983 to 23.3 hours in fiscal


year


Percent


Percent


Vessels
of 600-foot
Ith and over


year


of total
oceangoing
transit


Vessels
of 80-foot
beam and over


of total
oceangoing
transits


3,865
4,157
5,534
4,855
4,598
4,089


The number


5,496
5,869
7,226
6,364
6,089
5,503


vessels transiting at more than 36-foot drafts remained


about the same during FY 1984 with


,716 such vessels transiting the Canal.


The maximum allowable draft remained at 39 feet 6 inches during the entire
fiscal year.


Total job


performed by Commission tugs decreased from 35,454 in fiscal


year


1983 to 33.796 in fisca


year


984.


Fiscal










CANAL


OPER NATIONS













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an-






PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


MAINTENANCE


AND


RELATED


CANAL


PROJECTS


During
intensified


fiscal


year


1984.


efforts on


Cana


dredging activities were dedicated primarily to


the channel-deepenin


1984, approximately


one third


g project. At the beginning of
of the Canal channel required


deepening to about


Mmndi


37 feet above sea level.


Christensen excavated


During the year, the


nearly


Dredges


million cubic yards of


earth and rock, leaving only ten percent of the channel-deepening project
uncompleted. This project is expected to be completed early in CY 1985. In


other
dredge


dredging-related


maintenance


Cascadas was completed at the


work,


overhaul


Industrial Division'


Mount


dipper
Hope


facility.
In conjunction with the $4 million Pedro Miguel Locks overhaul, Miter


Gates
March


, 64,


1984


Commission


forces


were


first


included


overhauled


time


twenty


renewal


between


years.


miter and


November


Work
quoin


1983 and


performed


bearing plates,


pintle and jaw bushings, bottom seals, strut arms and anchor castings. Much
of the work performed in the west chamber phase was similar to that done


earlier


East


Chamber,


including


lateral


culvert


clean


construction of a modified


sill. Other overhaul and major maintenance work


included


overhaul


Caisson


continuing


work


rehabilitation of locks locomotive tow track systems. During the fiscal year,


with


installation


wingwall-knuckle


pneumatic


fenders


conversion of the Machinery


Transformer Room at Gatun from 240 to 480


volts, these projects were completed at all locks.
Extensions to each side of the Locomotive Component Repair Facility at


Pedro


Miguel Locks were added by private contractor forces.


equipped and staffed


traction


units and


this facility


windlasses will


When fully


capacity to overhaul towing locomotive
be significantly increased. Six locomo-


tives were overhauled during fiscal year


1984, and ten to twelve units are


expected


to be


overhauled


during


fiscal


year


1985.


A new design replacement runner (waterside prime mover), was installed


in the number


unit at


Madden


Dam


Power


Plant.


The older units


regularly suffered from cavit
with a greater-than-designed


:ation damage as a consequence of


hydraulic


head.


operation


The new design will reduce


A I -. I-


* -


411







CANAL


OPERATIONS


maintenance


work,


necessitated


Mamei


curve


widening


project,


included the erection of new towers for navigational aids, range targets and
lights.


Contract work on the construction of the new


Tug/Miter Gate Facility


at the Commission's Industrial Division in Mount Hope is complete except


correction


deficiencies.


The Commission


took


possession


prior to


final acceptance of work under contract in order to be ready for the Gatun


Locks


overhaul


which


was


scheduled


to begin


during


October


984.


Contract


work


on the


Vessel


Tie-Up


Station


was


more


than


a year


behind schedule when, in May of 1984, the contract was terminated and the


Surety
works


Company
contractor


elected
was e


to complete


engaged


work.


to complete


experienced


project


marine
is now


progressing


plete


satisfactorily.


should


Commission


Marine


The


finished


Traffic


project
by Ma


r


Controllers


is approximately 80 percent corm-
ch 1985. The project to provide


with


a closed


circuit


television


(CCTV) system


for improved vessel surveillance along critical sections of


Canal


been


completed


contractor


work


accepted.


Considerable


miscellaneous


maintenance


work


was accomplished as a


part


treaty-mandated


housing actions resulting from


the relocation of


transfer-of-function


movement


(TOF)


Commission


Armed I
personnel


forcess


civilian


core


housir


personnel
ig areas.


and
Work


houses


being


transferred


to the


Republic


Panama


on September


1984,


was


completed


schedule


included


units


Santa


Cruz,


Gamboa,


Diablo and the Gavilan area of Balboa.


The maintenance work


on thes
safety,


;e housing un
serviceability,


uts v
and


vas


limited


ensuring


minimum


standards


sanitation.


w


J














III


SUPPORTING


Supporting operation


OPERATIONS


of the Panama Canal Commission provided essential


support


services


to the


operation and


maintenance of the


waterway


Agency's


facilities,


as well


as to other


U.S.


agencies


on the


Isthmus and


employees and


their dependents.


These operations included logistical services,


employee services, sanitation and grounds management, transportation facilities,
public utilities, fire protection, Canal protection, health and safety, and library
services.


LOGISTICAL


SERVICES


The Storehouse


Division provided centralized


procurement,


inventory man-


agement,


warehousing, distribution, contract administration, supply and prop-


erty disposal support to Canal operations. A total of $70 million in goods and


services


were


procured


during fiscal


year


1984,


including $30.3


million


from


sources in


Panama.


Major contracting activities included approximately $16.7


million in Bunker "C" fuel for thermoelectric power generation, $7.8 million for


light diesel fuel, $3.4 million on a spud carriage system for the


suction dredge


million for two split-hull dump barges, $2.5 million for a harbor


towboat,


$1.0


million


premium


gasoline.


Approximately $22.4 million in Commission inventory items were issued, and
$19.3 million was obligated for new inventory purchases during the year. A total
inventory of 39,364 line items with an average landed cost value of $27,514,000


was on hand at year end.


1 I


This represented a drawdown of over $6.0 million from


1 * 1


I


. .,a n-t ,.-Ut ~ UFan ~ *r * a F -~ *q -~ tr a n 4 .� -a hL Y..� L .


Chapter


Mindi,


r


tHn r 'n inc


F







SUPPORTING


OPERATIONS


Commission


continues


participate


under


Military


Sealift


Command's contract out of- the Gulf port of New Orleans, LA.


Approximately


12,700 measurement tons of containerized and breakbulk cargo were shipped to
the Port of Balboa under the contract. An additional 2,826 measurement tons of
general cargo and vehicles were shipped under a commercial contract with an


ocean freight


transport service


from


port


of New Orleans to


Las Minas,


Panama,


without experiencing any major problems.


COMMUNITY


SERVICES


During fiscal year 1984, the Community Services Division managed employee


housing,


Commission-owned buildings, library services, and recreation facilities


agency.


Housing


expenditures


were


concentrated


on programs


enhancing quarters security, quarters energy conservation and preventive main-


tenance of


aging


quarters.


Commission


continued


multiyear


housing


management


plan


concentrate its diminishing housing requirements in selected core housing areas.
Implementation of the plan is enabling the Commission to utilize housing and


related


same


maintenance


time


resources


preserve


in the most cost-effective manner,


optimum


housing


accommodations


while at the
its eligible


employees and to meet its responsibilities under the Panama Canal Treaty. A


significant


milestone


was


passed


with


cessation


five-year


period,


wherein certain civilian employees of the U.S.


treaty to reside in Commission housing.


Armed Forces were entitled by the


In preparation for this event, over


housing relocations were mandated during the year, including some 400 transfer-


of-function employees of the U.S.


Armed Forces.


At year's end, the use of 680


housing


units


(498


on the


Pacific


Side


on the


Atlantic


Side)


was


transferred


to the


Republic


of Panama.


Library


Services


Branch


is responsible


for providing mission-support


information


research


to all


units of


the Commission and


maintaining a


special
history


collection


of the


library


Panama Canal.


three-dimensional


On April


984,


materials


relating


to the


the Commission library was


converted from a public library to a technical library, offering limited reference


research


service


to researchers


scholars


official


service


to the


Commission.






PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


About


3,000


acres


improved


grounds


were


maintained


around


Commission


townsites,


Commission


buildings,


work


areas.


Vegetation


control for the maintenance of aids to navigation, survey markers, utility lines,
Canal bank stability drainage systems, and the various dams on Gatun Lake was
continued by Commission forces. Grass cutting along utility line right of way was
accomplished by contract forces.
Efforts to control and eliminate migrating swarms of Africanized honeybees


continued.


Commission and U.S. military bee control teams handled 741 cases


in fiscal year 1984, as compared to 670 cases the previous year.


Twelve transiting


vessels required boarding by Commission bee control teams to destroy


African-


bee swarms


in fiscal


year


1984,


while


seven


ships


requested


bee control


service during fiscal year 1983.


These control efforts are important in preventing


the accidental ship


transport


Africanized


bees


to noninfested


world


ports.


Several incidents of


severe stinging attacks have been reported


from


Panama


during the past fiscal year; however, none have occurred within populated areas


where Commission


bee control


efforts


have


been directed.


The Commission's sanitary


landfill


refuse disposal


facilities handled


tons of


refuse.


Modest


improvements


begun


year


were completed at the


landfills, including employee rest rooms, telephone service, and entrance security
fence.


TRANSPORTATION


The Motor


FACILITIES


Transportation Division operated and maintained a consolidated


motor


pool


vehicles


requirements of the Commission.


signed to meet the vehicular
The vehicle fleet in fiscal year


transportation
1984 included


trucks


various


types,


passenger-carrying


vehicles, and


special-


purpose vehicles.


Vehicle mileage decreased slightly from 7,501,000 miles in fiscal


year


1983 to


7,170,000 miles in fiscal year 1984. Fully equipped shops, including


a tire


retreading


plant


heavy


duty


repair


shops,


provide


facilities


overhauls, maintenance and repairs to the Motor


Transportation Division fleet


equipment


other


Commission


units.


In addition, some services


were


contracted


out where they


were available


in required quantity and quality in


Panama.


The vehicle inspection facilities located within the Motor


Division


areas


were


used


Government


Panama


Trap'sporta-
to conduct


S( - . r - - -


* *1


L







SUPPORTING


OPERATIONS


Total Canal area energy demand during fiscal
hours, a 5.9 percent decrease from the 567 gigaw


year


1984


att hours u,


was 533 gigawatt
sed last year. The


peak hourly demand


of 84 megawatts reached on


February


, 1984,


was


percent below the peak of 91 megawatts in the prior year. Agency-directed energy
consumption in fiscal year 1984 for electrical power and fuel, calculated together


Btu's,


was reduced a total of 25.6 percent in relation to the fiscal year


1975


baseline established by the Federal Energy Management Program. Electrical
power consumption by the Commission, of 68.8 gigawatt hours, was 7.4 percent


below the usage levels recorded for comparable operations in fiscal year


fuel consumption, excluding fuel for power generation,
was 40.4 Dercent below the corresoondine 1975 fiscal


I--


The water treatment and distribution systems operated


1975


of 4.6 million gallons,
year baselines.


by the Commission


provide potable water for the Canal area and areas of the Republic of Panama.
The Pacific side system serves the Canal area, Panama City, and suburban areas;


the separate


Atlantic side system serves the Canal area, the city of Colon,


suburban areas.


During fiscal


year


1984,


the two systems supplied 3,062


million cubic feet of potable water to consumers, a decrease of about 0.5 percent


from


previous


year.


However,


Panama


City


suburbs


consumption


increased


about


percent


to an average


of 34.2


million


gallons


per day.


FIRE


PROTECTION


Panama


Canal


Commission


Division,


coordination


with


Panama


Fire Corps, is responsible for fire protection, fire fighting, and rescue


operations in Canal operating areas, defense sites, civilian and military areas of


coordination, and shipboard fire fighting on all vessels in Canal Area


waters.


During fiscal year 1984, there were 563 fires (excluding ships), causing a loss of
$384,952 as compared to 971 fires during fiscal year 1983 which resulted in a loss
of $233,262. Although there were 17 fires aboard ships with losses amounting to


$243,112 during this fiscal year compared to


14 ship fires and losses of $17,670


the year


before,


increase


in ship


fires does not constitute a threat to the


Canal.


The Commission continued to upgrade its fire fighting capability, and


during fiscal year 1984 we initiated a 3-year program to upgrade our fire fighting


locks.


facilities
totaled


variety


hazardous


material


type


emergencies


CANAL


PROTECTION


u


��--- --�


--- --






PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


HEALTH


AND


SAFETY


The


Occupation


components o
Director is the


Health


Office


Division
Personnel


Designated Agency Safety and


Safety


Administration.


Division


The


Personnel


Health Official.


During fiscal year J(
duty accidents in which


)84,


the Commission


experienced


performance of


the employees required medical attention beyond first


as compared


to 761


such


accidents


in fiscal


year


1983.


That


experience


equates to an incident rate of 7.7 per


200,000 man-hours worked in fiscal year


1984 versus an incident rate of 9.5 in fiscal year 1983. Despite intensified safety
awareness training and increased emphasis on the safety role and responsibilities


managers and


supervisors,


there


were


ten job-related


fatalities recorded in


fiscal year


1984.


the end


Eight of the ten fatalities occurred in two separate accidents at


fiscal


year.


An agency level Occupational


Health and


Safety Committee, comprised of


labor and


five management representatives,


was established


in fiscal


year


1984.


This committee,


which has been certified


by the


Department


of Labor,


serves to consult and advise on the operations of the Commission's occupational


safety


health


program and


to monitor its


performance.


















Chapter


IV


ADMINISTRATION


AND


STAFF


PERSONNEL


FORCE


EMPLOYED


AND


RATES


PAY


At the end of fiscal year


984, the total Isthmian force of the Commission was


8,090 compared to 8,344 employees in fiscal year


Of the total in


984, 7,47


were permanent and 6


5 temporary


In addition, there was a


U.S.


Coas


Guard


officer assigned to the Commission on the Isthmus.


Fourteen persons, all


U.S.


citizens,


were employed


by the Commission in New Orleans and


Washington,


D.C.


Approximately


percent


total


sthmian


force


was


comprised


Panamanians; 3 percent of third country nationals; and the remaining 19 percent


of U.S. citizens.


Rates of pay were based on a


U.S.


Wage


Base for positions


normally filled


by recruitment from the United States, on a Canal Area


Wage


Base for occupational categories normally filled by recruitment on the Isthmus


prior to the treaty effective date of October


1, 1979, and on a New Wage System


for employees hired locally on or after that date.


Effective January


984, the first


step of a plan to phase out the New


Wage System eliminated one fifth of the


difference


Subsequent
difference.


between


steps,


New


Wage


System


pretreaty


in October


following


table


wage


eliminate


shows


Commission


civilian


schedules.
remaining
permanent


Isthmian


work


force


by citizenship and


wage


base.


Fiscal


Year 1984


Canal


Area


Wage Base


........ 92


Wage Base


I 1 L- V1


Wane Ba


1,324
AV


ise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


3,079
1,956
OQA


3,171
3,280
1 fl")A


Inl I I *


Non-


i


P







ADMINISTRATION


AND


STAFF


EQUAL


EMPLOYMENT


OPPORTUNITY


PROGRAM


Between the fiscal years 1983 and


1984, there was a significant decrease in the


number


of EEO complaints


formally


filed


with the agency.


breakdown of


formal EEO complaints filed on the basis of citizenship groupings between the


fiscal


years


follows:


Fiscal


United States ....
Non-United States


Total ..


* S S S * 5 4 5 5 4 S S S S S * 4 * S 4 5 S * S S * * S S S S S S * S * S * * * * S S P 5 5 5
* S * S S S S S S S S S S P 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 5 * S S S S S S S S S S * S S S S S S S S 4 5 S S


decline


number


formal


EEO


complaints


filed


reflects


employees are beginning to utilize the negotiated grievance procedure (NGP) for


filing their complaints under collective bargaining agreements.


While the Office


of Equal Opportunity is not directly involved in the NGP process, pursuant to


Administrator's


decision,


Office


does


make


inquiries


management into all grievances which include an EEO issue. In addition to the


eight


cases


investigated


1984,


such


in-depth


inquiries


were


conducted


office.


Panamanians continued


to increase as a


percentage of the total permanent


work


force as


follows:


United States..........
Panama. . .. ....... . .
Third Country Nationals


* S S * S P S P 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 5 5
* S S S S S S S P P 5 S S S P 5 5 5 4 5
* S S S S S S S P 5 5 5 5 5 5 S S S S S


Fiscal
1,499
5,790
201


year 1984


I I


Fiscal
1,646
5,966
230


rear 1983


1.0%)
6.0%)
3.0%)


There was little variation


basis


n the total permanent work force composition on


sex:


Fiscal


year 1984


Fiscal year 1983


Female
Male .


6,716


(10.3%)
(89.7%)


I I


791
7,051


(10.1%
(89.9%


Employment statistics for fiscal year 1984 reflect continued compliance with


treaty


mandates.


Commission's


During


total


permanent


five-year


work


period


force


since


October


decreased


1979,


percent,


while


Panamanians on


the rolls in


permanent positions


increased


by approximately


percent as of September


30, 1984.


'ear


4
8


4
10
14






PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


over the world during the events surrounding the election of a new Panamanian


President and


the end


five-year treaty transition


period.


The Graphic Branch provided support to the foregoing activities, as well as
producing three new films, among which was a new pilot training film entitled


"Filling and


Spilling.


During


year,


Guide


Service


handled


a total


of 251,888


visitors at


Miraflores


Gatun


Locks and


conducted


tours


locks


facilities.


Among those visitors were


United


Nations Secretary General, Javier Perez de


Cuellar, and numerous representatives of the international press, television and


motion


picture


industry.


OMBUDSMAN

The Office of the Ombudsman, established by the Implementing Legislation


for the


Panama


Canal Treaty of 1977, continued to respond to employee and


dependent


complaints,


grievances,


requests


information.


Generally,


client traffic required the Ombudsman to investigate administrative problems,


inefficiencies,


omissions, and


Commission and other U.S.


policy conflicts caused within the Panama Canal
Government agencies on the Isthmus as a result of


treaty.


However,


widest


latitude


possible


was


applied


to problems


affecting


employee


morale and


quality


of life.


During fiscal year


984, over 2,670 requests for information and/or assistance


were recorded by the Ombudsman. As in the previous year, the majority of the


Ombudsman's


work


concerned


Commission


employees and


those employees


who were transferred


Canal


Zone


Govern


with their functions from the Panama Canal Company/
lent to the Department of Defense. Regardless of the


everchanging variety


scope of


complaints and


questions


raised,


root


cause remained the same, i.e., treaty stress and strain in the work place and in


personal


INDUSTRIAL


RELATIONS


After several months of negotiation, the fifth and last original contract to be
negotiated for a bargaining unit under the Federal Service Labor-Management
Relations Statute (Title VII of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978) was


initialled by the Commission and


Maritime/ Metal Trades Council for the


S1CC I;anL,~


-~ 1l ,- . .A


- - A.


- - A.-- -A


L .. -- -


*EfL . mlIIf- Eu., mil.gu .,.d *u riftt- Sl *fl*S Sr 1U5-n 11t115 r'.11~ n,.tt~~ u-.u,. lg


-cc--


Y rn Cnnn: r\ ~ n 1


11






26 ADMINISTRATION AND STAFF

at mediation failed, the Federal Service Impasses Panel ordered one of its
members to resolve the dispute by use of mediation-arbitration. The impasse
procedure is scheduled to take place during the first few weeks of fiscal year
1985.














Chapter


FINANCIAL


REPORT


FINANCIAL


STATEMENTS


FOR


THE


FISCAL


YEAR


ENDED


SEPTEMBER


1984


financial


statements


Panama


Canal


Commission, appearing as


Tables


through 6,


with accompanying notes, present the financial position of


the Commission at September


1984, and the results of its operations for the


fiscal


year then


ended.


The accounts and statements of the


Panama


Canal Commission have been


examined by the Office of General Auditor of the Commission and are subject to


examination


reports


by the


Unite


United
d States


states


General


General


Acco


Accounting Office.
hunting Office are


Detailed audit
directed to the


Congress and


are presented


as Congressional


documents.


Summary


information concerning operating results and capital expenditures


follows


RESULTS


OPERATIONS


revenue


from


operations


amounted


to $6.8


million.


Pursuant


to the


provisions of paragraph 4(c) of Article XIII of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977
subject to the limitations set forth in chapter 3, subchapter V, section 1341(bX2)


of the Panama Canal Act of 1979 (Public Law No.


96-70), the net revenue was


reduced
balance


by the
of $2.7


fiscal y
million


/ear


1983


payable


unrecovered


to the


costs


Government


of $4.
tof P


million,


leaving a


anama.


CAPITAL


EXPENDITURES


Ac.rniPid canital PYnpnditnrpg fnr ficr-al rpar


IORA 2mrnlnintP tn C")" S million







FINANCIAL


Table 1


REPORT


.-Balance Sheet


Assets


PROPERTY. PLANT AND EQUIPMENT:


At cost


Note Ic)


Less accumulated depreciation and valuation


allowances


Notes


and 3)..


$888,551


420,152,474
468.399.327


$869.818


402,676,579
467,141,642


CURRENT


ASSETS:


Cash and fund balances


Notes 4 and


Deposit funds and undeposited receipts:
Postal fund ...... . . . ... .. ..
Trust fund . . . .. ..... .... .
Cash receipts for deposit into U.S.


151,542
521,421
917,191


Treasury


,590,154


Unexpended appropriated funds:


Operating funds
Capital funds...
Emergency fund


Accounts


receivable


Other receivables


Note


Inventories, less allo\
excess stock of $4C
respectively (Notes

Other current assets


* . . . 9 9 9 * * * * * . S S S * C C C S C S C 0 S
* 9 9 9 9 9 5 * S S S S S C S C C C C C S 5 9 0 0 9
* 9 9~ S C * S C C C C S C C C C *SSOOOC9S





* . S * C S S S S S S S S C C S S S S S SO~*~S
* 9 9 4 5 9 9 C S S * S S S S C S C C C 9 C S S S S


vance for obsolete and
10,000 and $750,154,
Ig and 6d) . . . . . . . .


46,185,064
28,986,025
10,000,000
85,171,089

86,761,243

13,844,708
826,867
14,671,575



40,718,200

262,627


142,413,645


OTHER ASSETS:
Deferred charges:
Cost of early retirement
Retirement benefits to c


of predecessor agencies
O their .... . . ........ .


benefits


Note


certain former employees


Note


* 9 S C U S S
* C S S S C S


293,400,000

9,596.000
408,213
303,404,213


..t.w.....


Unrecovered costs due from subsequent revenues
(Notes Ib and 8)....... . . . ...... ......


158,657
,132,860
282,793
.574,310


45,222,217
28,517,883
10,000,000
83,740,100

85,314,410

11,043,545
826,867
11,870,412


42,010,283


354,383

139,549,488



312,960,000

10.776,000
612,319
324,348,319


4,132,804







PANAMA


CANAL


COM MISSION


September 30, 1983 and 1983



Liabilities

INVESTMENT OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT:
Invested capital:


Interest-bearing (10.208%
(Note 9) . . . .. . .
Non-interest-bearing.....


Current budget
Obligated
Obligated
Unobligat
Unobligat


and 9.885%,


respectively)


*iSiGS**WS 99 S.c g.e.e
* 99g*** C CS estee * * * g S C S


$84,014,932
277,910,116
361,925,048


accounts (Note 4):


operating funds..
capital funds ....
:d capital funds..
:d emergency fund


* a a... *Og*S**99 a C..
* S *9eteeS* S S S St t C *9
* S a C C 9*t*** 99C**St*


46,185,064
19,792,831
9,193,194
10,000,000
85,171,089

447,096,137


$108,905,590
268,748,245
377,653,835

45,222,217
18,031,685
10,486,198
10,000,000
83,740,100

461,393,935


CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable:
U.S. Government agencies
Government of Panama .
O their .................


* C C C C C S C *999t*Caa' S * *
*9tC****e C 9 *959**tt*g9


Accrued liabilities:
Employees' leave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .
Salaries and wages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
Cost of early retirement benefits (Note 1h)
Retirement benefits to certain former emplo


predecessor agencies (Note


I i) ...


Employees' repatriation...........
Ship accident claims (Notes 7 and 10)
Net revenue payable to Government
(N ote 11) . .. . . ........... .. .
O their ...........................


* S C C S S
* C *t S S


get .. ..
.* . . . . C .J


Panama


. . ..9e9.
.... e.g..


Other current liabilities:
Unfunded ship accident claims (Notes 7 and 10)
Advances for capital-unexpended (Notes Id and
O their . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


DEFERRED CREDIT:
Advances for
6a and 12) .


capital


being
. C " .ti


amortized
� ��.. .....


(Notes
a.t.....


4,861,685
6,630,604
8,067,022
19,559,311

39,643,978
4,513,849
19,560,000

1,234,000
1,270,000
8,569,562

2,704,695
5,010,926
82,507,010


19,782,519
14,078,394
483,062
34,343,975

136,410,296


17,501,785


3,914,323
6,205,923
4,708,282
14,828,528

38,075,806
6,124,362
19,560,000

1,364,000
1,457,000
9,818,560


2,432,361
78,832,089

17,890,038
13,231,035
1,114,088
32,235,161

125,895,778


14,437,009


LONG-TERM LIABILITIES AND RESERVES:
Cost of early retirement benefits (Note I h) ...


* .C "*


273,840,000


293,400,000











PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Table 2.-Statement of Operations and Non-Interest-Bearing Investment
Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 1984 and 1983


OPERA [INi Rt VFNirI S:
Tolls (Note Ib) . .
Advances for capital


Net tolls revenue


Other . . .


Advances for capital
Net other revenue


S(N ote
(Note




(Note
* .. . . �


* C * C C C S C C C


Total operating revenue . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . ..


OPERATING EXPENSES:
Payments to the Government of Panama


Public services
Fixed annuity.
Tonnage .....


(Note


rir� r0,rrr
. .S . ...S S .S . . . S
* C C C C C C C


Maintenance of channels and harbors
Navigation service and control ......


Locks operation
General repair,


storehouse,


nance services .. ......
Transportation and utilities
Housing operations .......
fePneral and administrative


II):
�.* U S.
* .� C S .
. . .. . C


..S....C . S .C gS . S
. C . C 9 C S S S . S S . .


engineering and


*. . . .S . . . . .S
* C C S C S S S S
......... C


* C �C g
*. S . . . .S
* . . . . .


Interest on interest-bearing investment (Not
O their ... . .... . ............ . .......


mainte-
* U C S C S C
* . . . ..S S. S
*. S .C .S C. C


e 9)


* U C


C C S S C C C S *


Total operating expenses


NET OPERATING REVENUE (L


Notes


INVESTED CAPITAL NON-INTEREST-BEARING:
Unrecovered costs (recovered) deferred
(Notes Ib and 8) ..................


revenue


payable


to Government


(N ote II) . ......... ...... . ... . .
Investment at beginning of fiscal year ..
Miscellaneous receipts deposited in'
Treasury . ........................


S .S C . .9 .. S


Ib. 8 and


of Panama


* ...C ..


Due U.S. Treasury for undeposited receipts...
Interest on interest-bearing investment (Note 9)


U.* S. *

U.S.


* * C * C
* C99U I


$289,155,035

289,155,035

120,114,444
(4,853,615)
115,260,829

404,415,864




10,000,000
10,000,000
49,143,817
69,143,817

39,633,790
71,396.827
46,516,500

10,538,895
35,607,259
7.009,386
70,460,073
9,796,269
37,475,549
397,578,365

6,837,499



(4.132,804)

(2,704,695)
268,748,245

282,793
(917,191)
9,796,269


$287,791,023
(4,078,000)
283,713,023

111,417,549
(1,173,549)
110,244,000

393,957,023


10,000,000
10,000,000
51,190,136
71,190,136

35,970,930
72,452,357
45,641,090


625,1
104,5
871,0
126,8
943,1


398,089,827

(4,132,804)



4,132,804


258,511,310

576,536
(282,793)
9,943,192


INVESTED CAPITAL- N
FISCAL YEAR ....


ON-INTEREST-BEARING AT END OF


$277,910,116


$268,748,245


The accomnanvine notes are an integral nart of this statement













FINANCIAL REPORT


rfl ri ~ I

~r~t~tr-"



r~iO


9


* C


-~1





GaE

C
CU
Sc~
02

*i


* * *
* , * 9


* * 9


* 9 9 9
* 9 * *


0 *




L C
ezL9


'e
'* '* C3
* rM ^


I-.-




C E


Sc
Ga


Ga


*c*


t
c
1-
'2

C
Q


,-rt











PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


* eSOC
OI v~.

eflflr
,3\ en


o - -~ ' Cli
1 xlrJ~rt Orn
~n' ci
cOo
en


TJ
P)
~ re,
E 00
3
~I
e,
c o
r
rr,


* *


* . *
* * .
* . *
* * .
* * * *
* * . *
* * .
* . . *
* * * .*


SF-
MC
(C'E

Cu c


#4

0o;


- 30






enn





'ri


- rloc
* Ic1O, 9
* 1 c


.0..


. 4 . C . * '-.J
*.. .oo . . .
. * ( * *

� a I
H- *LL.
oo * *too
-z > .-
S:s : ^


^s- 0 *0 cQ



.- .-. . C . ^ ^ a
.So.^ >^0


^ C * C -
a. z v
E3cmn'
r, AH-


* .0

.co
--


4)CuC

I-U 4 Ec

* -C
-e, *- f.-








FINANCIAL


REPORT


Table 4.-Statement of Changes in Financial Position
Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 1984 and 1983


SOURCE OF FUNDS:
From Operations:
Revenue ...


$404,415,864


1983

$393,957,023


Less operating expenses:
Interest on interest-bearing investment .....
Payments to the Government of Panama
(N ote II) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other expenses... ............ .. ..... ..


Total operating expenses ...


9,796,269

69,143,817
318,638,279


397,578.365


9.943,192

71,190, 136
316,956,499
398.089,827


Net operating revenue (loss) (Notes lb. 8 and I 1)
Unrecovered costs for fiscal year 1983
(recovered) deferred (Notes Ib and 8) ........
Net revenue payable to Government of Panama
(Notes Ib. 8 and II) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......


6,837,499


132,804)


4,132,804


704.695


U recovered


costs


for fiscal v


1983 deferred


(Notes Ib. 8 and II) .. . . . . .. . ......
Add transactions not requiring outlay of funds:


Depreciat
Provision
Provision
Provision
(Note 6


Other ......


on (Note le)
for lock overhauls (Note ii)..
for casualty losses (Note Ij)..
for floating equipment repair


* . . tie.
* S S * * S~S


0.06*C "i* .6"9'.
.....�........


19,586,529
5,071,000
7,400,000


2.500,000
5,665,966
40,223,495


4, 132,804


18,514,996
4.354.000
3,117,088


1,970,819
27,956,903


Change in investment of the U.S. Government:
Interest on interest-bearing investment ...
Receipts deposited into U.S. Treasury....
Disbursements from appropriated funds ..
Repayment to the U.S. Treasury of the


9,796.269
405,954,027
381,351.575


fiscal


9,943,192
398,461,068)
446.006.200


year 1980 appropriation lapsed
Net property transfers..........
Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Amortization of advances for capital.


Advances
6a and


for capital
12) ....... .


being


Total source of funds


APPLICATION OF FUNDS:
Lock overhauls expenditures....
Casualty losses .......... . ....
Accrued capital expenditures....
Total application of funds ....
INCREASE (DECREASE) IN WORKING C1
ANALYSIS OF CHANGES IN WORKING C


Increase (decrease) in current as:
Cash. .......


amortized


..............


....c....... c..


(Notes


* .S ..*..........to.....


* S* * .." ".6.6 5..
* ". c. c "...".. " .�
*..6 .S c. . atee . ee..


CAPITAL
APITAL.


(288.206)
(634.399)
(15.728,788)
941,478

3,064,777
28,500.962

7,283,342
7.842,622
22.456,349
37.582.313
$ (9,081,351)


sets:


$ 15.843


28.200,421)
(202,466)
293,744


29,379,181
919,711

2,480,771
60,736,566


5,040,623
4.214.134
21,704.598


30,959,355
$29,777,211


$ (185,931)


i











FINANCIAL


REPORT


Table 5.-Statement of Status of Appropriations
Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 1984 and 1983



1984


SOURCE OF APPROPRIATIONS:
Operating funds:
Current year operating appropriation .........


$391,912,000


$405,378,634


Obligated


operating


Fiscal year 1980.
Fiscal year 1981
Fiscal year 1982.
Fiscal year 1983.


funds

* . * * * .
*.f....
*..t Stin
* * f. t . f


brought
.....�..
* . . e. ..
* f......
* ft ftS**e. .


forward:
*.se......

..S...f...
. . . t8.*.t..


2,543,398
3,424,423
4,717,168
34,537,228
45,222,217

437,134,217


23,684,912
5,623,556
45,131,545
f.t .......e .


74,440,013


479,818,647


Capital funds:


Current year capital appropriation (no year) ....


21,813,000


29,024,000


Obligated capital funds brought forward:


Fiscal year 1980............
Fiscal years 1981 through 1982
Fiscal years 1981 through 1983


Unobligated capital funds
forward:


Fiscal year 1980.
Fiscal years 1981
Fiscal years 1981


.tf ........ s..t


no year) brought


through 1982
through 1983
through 1983


* C S ..fff
* ft .9t * *
.......5 5


273,632


17,758,053

18,031,685







201,847

10,284,351

10,486,198

50,330,883


358,549
15,347,121
*.....C Ce.e C


15,705,670


599,957
5,118,488


5,718,445

50,448,115







PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Table 5.-Statement of Status of Appropriations


Fiscal Years Ended September 30,


1984 and 1983


APPLICATION OF APPROPRIATIONS:


Operating funds:
Expenditures from operating appropriations:
Repayment to the U.S. Treasury of the fi


year
Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal
Fiscal


Obligated
Fisca
Fisca
Fisca
Fisca
Fisca


1980


ropriation lapsed


* S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S *
* S S S S S 5 * S S S S S S S S S
* S S SSSS SCS 4 **S1( S * S S


operating funds:


* SO S C S S S S 55655955555555
SS*..S*S S 5*4555*55*~ab*
* 505~**~**~ a SSSSS**S S S S S


Unobligated operating funds lapsed ............


Capital funds:
Expenditures from capital appropriations:
Fiscal year 1980........................ .
Fiscal years 1981 through 1983 . ......
Fiscal years 1981 through 1984............



Obligated capital funds:
Fiscal year 1980 .................... . . .
Fiscal years 1981 through 1983 . . . . .....
Fiscal years 1981 through 1984.......



Unobligated capital funds (no year):
Fiscal year 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fiscal years 1981 through 1983............
Fiscal years 1981 through 1984.. ..... ....


886,097
1,167,815
2,326,651
29,591,407
326,034,746

360,006,716


1,692,534
3,558,134
2,854,042
3,887,554
34,192,800

46,185,064

30,942,437

437,134,217



229,106

21,115,752

21,344,858


159,269

19,633,562

19,792,831


87,103

9,106,091


$28,200,421
21,121,981
2,830,821
38,274,112
333,648,633


424,075,968


2,543,398
3,424,423
4,717,168
34,537,228


45,222,217

10,520,462

479,818,647



483,026
21,447,206
............

21,930,232


273,632
17,758,053


18,031,685


201,848
10,284,350
* .......... .












FINANCIAL REPORT


s-. -




-J


00 -3 e N 0 N-t

*t Cl er OO0



enCo N-99 ao C

&etnooo'


0en oC en 0
N O r ~ re C 9 -
V~ ro Fn tn V V
ItO 0C N 0~ en00
e nd - J


-oo i

*t .


00 0% Cll 00
XIO00'N0
0%-den
*O C C



-On


~Cu o


S0*'



Sa-





S12

4) 4.
4)4
Cu1r~


~~3e 0 ci en en 00 o

Corn 9C nrn c10%en



Co'f ON Cl 0% 00u
Or- N- enS C N
bcn -N


(A rlt (A


S-^
- - ^
- ^
= -"
',


- II
*l -


* * a a a a a a
* a * a a a a a
* * a a a a S a
* * a * S S
* S * * a S S S
* a a a S S S S
* a a S S S S S


* a *
* S * S


* S

*C
* aO
* -
*E


. - iJ


U
C)


~- -�






PANAMA


CANAL


COM MISSION


NOTES


FINANCIAL


STATEMENTS


Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.


The Comptro


er Genera


of the United States approved the Accounting


Principles and Standards Statement of the Panama Cana


Commission


his letter dated September


982.


summary of


significant accounting


policies follows:


Accounting


and


reporting.


required


section


Panama Cana


Act of


hereinafter referred to as the Act


the account


the Commission are maintained pursuant to the Accounting and Auditing


950.


This


requires


that


principle


standard


related


requirement


be met


, as prescribed by the Comptroller Genera


of the United


State


after con


ulting with the Secretary of the


Trea


sury and the Di'rector


Office


Management


Budget


concerning


their accounting,


financial reporting and budgetary need


950 also require


that the account


The Accounting and Auditing Act
be maintained on an accrual basis.


Cost


reco very


application


. As


generally


required
accepted


section


accounting


(e)(l)


principles


to the


Panama


Cana


Commi


ssion


, a United States Government agency comparable to a


rate-regulated


public


utility


determines


manner


in which


costs


recognized


The ba


is for to


rates is prescribed


in section


602(b) of the


Act.
that:


section of the Act


known a


the "statutory tolls formula,


"provides


"Toll


shal


be prescribed at rates calculated to produce revenue


cover as
Panama


thereto


nearly a


Cana


practicable a


costs


, together with the faci


, including unrecovered costs


of maintaining and operating the


cities and appurtenances related
ncurred on or after the effective


date


Panama


interest


pursuant


, depreciation,


to paragraph


5 of


payment


to the


Article


Repub


paragraph


c of
4(a)


and (b) of Article


XIII of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977


, and capital


for plant replacement,


prescribed at


expansion,


rates calculated


and improvements.


to produce revenue


Tolls shall not be
efficient to cover


payments to the


Article


Repub


c of Panama


II of the Panama Cana


pursuant to paragraph


Treaty of


977."


4(c) of


It


FS


ca


I n ln *ln nn,� fl fC t f. *fl In�� *n . e nn I~


S II


I


I �r rl n






FINANCIAL


REPORT


and Budget. Administrative and other related general expenses are recovered


currently and therefore not capitalized.


The cost of minor items of property,


plant and equipment is charged to expense as incurred.


Advances


capital.


portion


tolls


in excess


depreciation


recoveries may be programmed annually by the Board of Directors for plant


replacement,


expansion,


or improvements.


Such


funds


are considered


capital


advances


from


Canal


users.


Upon


utilization,


these advances are


amortized through an offset to depreciation expense in an amount calculated


to approximate the depreciation on assets acquired


with such advances.


Depreciation.


Property,


plant


equipment


are depreciated


over


their estimated service lives at rates computed using a straight-line method


with additional annual depreciation,


identified as composite, to provide for


premature plant retirements.


The


recurring


costs


dredging the waterway are charged


to expense.


Non-recurring dredging costs for substantial improvements and betterments
to the waterway are considered additions to plant and are capitalized and
depreciated over their estimated service lives.


f. Accounts receivable.


Uncollectible accounts receivable of the Panama


Canal Commission are recognized as a reduction in revenue when written
off. Any subsequent collections of Commission accounts receivable previ-


ously written off are recorded as revenue.


Inventories.


Operating


materials and


supplies


are stated


at average


cost, plus cost of transportation to the ultimate destination on the Isthmus of
Panama. An allowance has been established to reflect the estimated cost of
obsolete and excess stock.


Retirement benefits.


Employer payments to the contributory United


States


Civil


Service


Retirement


System and


to the


Republic of Panama


Social Security


System are charged


to expense.


The Commission has no


liability for future payments to employees under these systems.


Non-United


States


citizen


employees


who


retired


from


predecessor


agencies prior to October


5, 1958, are not covered by the United States Civil


Service Retirement System but do receive benefits under a separate annuity
plan. Payments made under this annuity plan are recorded as a current year


expense.


The


liability of


the Commission for future annuity payments to


these former employees or their eligible widows is reflected in the balance






PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


charge to expense to cover the estimated cost


of periodic lock overhauls.


Reserve for


casualty r losses.


A reserve is provided through an annual


charge to expense to cover the estimated cost of marine accidents and other
casualty losses.
k. Housing use rights. No monetary value is assigned to the rights granted


to the United States Government by the Republic of Panama to use


Canal


Area housing transferred to the Republic of Panama under the terms of the


Panama Canal Treaty of 19


The cost to manage, maintain and provide


livability


improvements


to these


quarters


is charged


expense.


Rental


income is included in other revenues.

2. Plant Valuation Allowances.


July


equipment


1951,


certain


transferred


valuation


from


allowances


Panama


Canal


for property, plant and
(agency) to the Panama


Canal


Company


Canal


Zone


Government


were


established,


reduce to usable value the costs of the assets transferred. At October


,1979,


such valuation allowances as were applicable to the assets transferred from


Panama


Canal


Company


Canal


Zone


Government


to the


Panama Canal Commission were carried forward and are comprised of: (a)


$5.5 million at September


30, 1984, and $5.6 million at September


,1983,


to reduce


to usable


transferred; (b) $50.9
interest costs imputed


value


cost


million at


Septemb


property, plant
er 30, 1984, and


equipment


1983, to offset


for the original Canal construction period; and (c)


$42.8 million at September


facilities and


1984, and


suspended construction proj


1983, to offset the cost of defense
ects, the latter being principally


the partial construction of a third set of locks abandoned in the early part of


World


War


Property, plant and equipment offset by valuation allowances, when fully


or partially


reactivated,


are reinstated


a reduction


valuation


allowance and by an increase to the non-interest-bearing investment of the
United States Government in proportion to the value to the Commission of
the reactivated asset.

3. Depreciation as a Percentage of Average Cost of Plant.


The provision for depreciation, expressed a


s a percentage of average cost


of depreciable plant exclusive of valuation a


owances


was


2.63% for fiscal


w






FINANCIAL


REPORT


made up of $80,721,975 on deposit in the United States Treasury, $ 1,647,360


on deposit
$83,740,100


in commercial


banks,


$2,945,075


on hand.


the total,


was comprised of current budgetary accounts which included


appropriated funds for operations, capital and the emergency fund.
The emergency fund represents the amount on deposit in the United States


Treasury which is to be used"


to defray emergency expenditures and to


insure


the continuous


efficient


safe


operation


of the


Panama


Canal


when funds appropriated for the operation and maintenance of the Canal


prove insufficient for such purposes


The postal fund consists of outstanding money orders, postal savings and
interest accrued thereon. This fund will remain available until liquidated.
The trust fund primarily includes deposits made by customers for future tolls
and other service payments.


Panama Canal Commission Fund.


The


Panama


Canal


Commission


Fund


as established


Panama


Canal Act of 1979 (Public Law No. 96-70) is made up of receipts deposited in


United


States


Treasury


less appropriation warrants issued during the


fiscal year


The balance in this account, $171.2 million as of September 30,


1984, and $146.3 million as of September


1983, is available for future


appropriations.


Section


1302 of the


Panama Canal Act of


979 (Public Law No. 96-70)


provides


that all appropriations necessary to operate the


Panama


Canal


shall be issued from the Panama Canal Commission Fund.


tions for fiscal year


The appropria-


1980 were issued to the Commission from the General


Fund of the United State


Treasury.


The status of the amount still owed to


the General


Fund of the United States


Treasury for fiscal year


1980 is as


follows:


Million of Dollars


Operating Appropriation.
Capital Appropriation ...


Repaid to General Fund
Repaid to General Fund


* 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
*. 9 .4 4 . 4


*I 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 9 4


$427.2
36.6

(350.0)
(28.2)


$463.8

(378.2)


Amount owed General Fund of U
September 30, 1984 .........


Treasury
9. 4 4. 4 4 4


as o


$ 85.6


--






PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


depreciation


costs


arising


from


completed


projects


transferred


from


construction work in progress.
b. The intent of the lock overhauls reserve policy is to normalize costs directly


related


periodic


repair


maintenance


locks.


Repair


maintenance costs of caissons, which are used exclusively for lock overhauls, have


increased


dramatically in


recent


years.


To minimize significant fluctuations in


results of operations, these costs are now charged to the reserve. In fiscal year 1983,
$754,136 for repair and maintenance of caissons was charged to the reserve for
lock overhauls.


c. During fiscal


year


1984, a reserve was established for floating equipment


repair similar to the reserves now in existence for lock


overhauls and


marine


accidents. A one-time charge to expense of $2.5 million was made to establish the


reserve
d.


'e.


The annual accrual will be reviewed and adjusted as appropriate.


Effective with fiscal year 1984, there was a change in the method of applying


accounting


policy


certain


inventories.


Inventories


manufactured


materials and supplies and water system chemicals valued at $1.3 million were


written off by a charge to operations in fiscal year


1984.


Other Receivables.
Other receivables represent services provided in connection with ship accidents


for which the vessel is considered to be responsible awaiting final settlement.


This


amount is also included in the computation of estimated liabilities established for
ship accident claims.

8. Unrecovered Costs Due from Subsequent Revenues.
Pursuant to the provisions of section 1341(e) and section 1602(b) of the Panama


Canal Act of 1979 (Public Law No. 96-70) the net loss of $4.


million from fiscal


year


1983 operations was recovered from fiscal year


1984 operating revenue.


Interest-Bearing Investment of the United States Government.


interest-bearing


investment


United


States


Government


in the


Panama Canal is determined based on section 1603(a) of the Panama Canal Act


1979.


interest-bearing


investment


United


States Government at


September 30,


1984, and September


1983,


was determined as follows:







FINANCIAL


REPORT


Millions of Dollars


Investment at September 30, 1982 ....................... .....
Fiscal year 1983 transactions:
Disbursements . .. . ... . . . . .. . ..............
Receipts ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .� .. . . . . .
Repayment to United States Treasury
of FY 1980 lapsed funds . . . . . . . .. ..... .....
Net property transfers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Net change........


Investment at September 30, 1983
Fiscal year 1984 transactions:
Disbursements.. .......
Receipts ..............
Net property transfers .


$ 89.8


$ 446.0
(398.5)


. . . . ............. .. ..... . 19.1


108.9


* 0 0 * S 0 C *
.. .. .. .. ..S...... S**S*S* S * ......
* C *S C C* .C t ..SS S * . . a s......


381.4
(406.0)
(0.3)


Net change....


...... . . . . . ... . . .... . (24.9)


$ 84.0


Investment at September 30, 1984


Ship Accident Claims.


Liabilities arising from ship accident


claims are divided into fund and non-fund


categories.


The fund category is made up of the following:


a. Accidents which occurred prior to October


1979.


Accidents which occurred within the locks after September


c. Accidents which


occurred outside the locks after September


1979, for


which the claim or estimated liability is $120,000 or less per ship per accident.


Settlement


of liabilities


for ship accidents which occurred


outside the locks


where the claim exceeds $120,000 requires specific Congressional approval. Until


Congressional action


is completed, liabilities for these accidents are booked as


non-fund.


Payments to the Government of Panama.


Based on Article 111 and Article X III of the Treaty, the Government of Panama


received


payment


public


services,


fixed


annuity


thirty


cents


Panama Canal net ton. In addition to these payments, an amount of $2.7 million is


payable to the Government


of Panama in accordance with paragraph 4(c) of


Article XII I, which states that an annual amount of up to $10 million will be paid
out of operating revenues to the extent that such revenues exceed expenditures of


the Commission.


This amount


is subject


to the limitations set forth in section


1341(e) of the Panama Canal


Act of 1979 (Public Law No. 96-70).






PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


. Reserve for Casualty Losses.
The reserve for casualty losses a


September 30, 1984, of $12.4 million includes


$11.8 million for marine accidents and $0.6 million for other casualty losses. The
monthly accrual for the reserve for marine accidents in fiscal year 1984 was $0.3
million per month for a total of $4.0 million.
The reserve for casualty losses at September 30, 1983, of $12.8 million included
$12.5 million for marine accidents and $0.3 million for other casualty losses. As a
result of a management analysis of accident frequency and severity, the regular
monthly accrual of $0.8 million was adjusted downward to recognize in the reserve


account


balance


decreased


trend


larger


vessels and


reduced


potential loss exposure resulting from the significant drop in overall transit levels.
Accordingly, the reserve for marine accidents was adjusted during fiscal year 1983
to maintain a balance of $12.5 million in the account.

14. Contingent Liabilities and Commitments.
In addition to recorded liabilities, the estimated maximum contingent liability


which


could


result


from


pending


claims


lawsuits


was


$3.4


million


September 30,


1984, and $9.8 million at September 30,


1983.


In the opinion of


management and Commission counsel, these pending claims and lawsuits will be
resolved with no material adverse effect on the financial condition of the agency.


Commitments


under


uncompleted


construction


contracts


unfilled


purchase orders amounted


million at September


to $29.7


1983.


million at September


Of this amount $0.


1984, and $30.8


million in unfilled purchase


orders were prepaid as of September 30, 1984, and $0.2 million at September 30,
1983. In addition, the Panama Canal Commission is liable for an indeterminable


amount


with


respect


to death


disability


payments


under


Federal


Employees' Compensation Act.


Cash


negotiable


securities


a kind


acceptable


by the


United


States


Government in the amount of $6.3 million were held by United States depositories


designated by the Panama Canal Commission at September 30,


1984, and $6.5


million at September


983,


to guarantee payment by third parties of their


obligations.


The Panama Canal Treaty of 1977, Article XIII, paragraph 4(c), provides that
an annual amount of up to $10 million per year be paid to the Government of







FINANCIAL


REPORT


Treaty Impact.


September


1977


United


States of


America and


Republic of


Panama signed the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977


Treaty provided for the


establishment of the Panama Canal Commission on October 1, 1979, to assume


certain operational responsibilities for the Canal until December 31, 1999.


When


Treaty


terminates


on December


1999,


Republic of Panama shall


assume total responsibility for the management, operation, and maintenance of
the Panama Canal, which shall be turned over in operating condition and free of
liens and debts, except as the two Parties may otherwise agree. The effects of these
long-range requirements are not considered in the financial statements.








VI


STATISTICAL


TABLES


Shipping Statistics


Chapter








STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table 1.-Panama Canal Traffic-Fiscal Years 1975 Through 1984


Total traffic


Long tons


on net

Number
of
transit


tonnage basis


Panama
Canal net
tonnage


Traffic assessed tot
on displacement
tonnage basis


Number
of
transit


OCEANGOING


COMMERCIAL


TRAFFIC'


* 4* 4 * * 91' '4 9
* 4 9 61 * 4*4 * 4* 4


* . 9* ~ * * 9 6* 4.


13,609
12,157
3,037
11,896
12,677
12,935
13,507
13,884
14,009
11.707
11,230


41,898,218
34,204,402
35,272,300
63,826,571
94,773,111
08,376,741
91,838,590
01,762,600
23,958,366
85,983,805
86.677.844


40,101,459
17,212,266
30,888,300
22,978,785
42,518,288
54,110,866
67,214,935
71,221,762
85,452,332
45,590,759
40,470,818


35,053,680
27,778,919
33,686,757
33,353,132
56,907,260
67,470,601
82,063,175
88,656,491
02,884,207
69,503,918
62,334,838


11,418
29,684
32,431
16,335


OCEANGOING


U.S. GOVERNMENT


TRAFFICI


. .. . . .. . . . . . .. . I
* . 44 9 9* #44 6 64 44
4 * * 9 9 4. 6 1 6 4
* 4 4*9 4 .*.* * 4**
. . . .*. .. .. .. ... . I


. * .... * ....4 *
.... o.. .......


$1.376,797
727,983
166,779
805,983
889,093
1,054,169
1,515,326
1,241,442
1,546.746
1,721.925
2,388,272


526,497
177,508
55,383
212,677
291,115
357,482
396,481
301,776
285,451
354,873
329,607


,287,777
641,137
118,300
577,483
589,085
726,755
844,748
705,936
794,282
812,840
,131,865


122,953
87,728
65,025
165,148
214,145
207,640
217,055
143,121
309,206
350,699
410,682


FREE OCEAN


GOING


TRAFFIC'


* 41 * 4*


444~*~ 9*
* 9* 9 9946
* . * 9 9* 4*
444. 4. 4*
#49 4 4***


5,635


380


694
22,854
1,474
21,252
3,789
4,527
1,686
2,248
5,010
9,119
2,224


9...~ 4....
..........


2,


10,400
41,655
1,800
10,380
1,100
2,194
4,810
8,544
21,903
5,986
21,025


TOTAL


ANGOING


TRAFFIC


*4 4 * * * * 9 64 449* * >
44 9 J * * * 64 6 * 499**
* 4 4 4 4 4 9 4 4 4 9 6 4 9 4
* 4* 4 * 9 . 9 . . . . .
........i......
...... .i......

* 9 9 *9* * * * *9 4 * 6 * B
S* 4 * 4* 6 44 4 44 44 **
. ........... .


13,786
12,280
3.059
11.997
12,785
13,056
11614


35,439,079
164,632,554
195,662,204
209,430,910
293.353.916


40,627
17,395
30,943
23,191
42,809
54,468
67.611


3,715
2,208
3,047
1,935
2,721
2,990
3.552


136,342,151
128,442,910
33,806.531
133,951,867
157,500,134
168,201,883
182.909.609


304,359
260,641
90,030
284,170
325,043
346,434
359,458


Number
of
transit


Traffic assessed


Displace-1
ment
tonnage









PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION



Table 1.-Panama Canal Traffic-Fiscal Years 1975 Through 1984

(Continued)


7ira//u


(JAA(?,rri %l I)I


Thiflic


Total tra/it


tItn (rR o UA


(JAAC% setl


unI neI rnnage haais
I I-Num--r----ama
1 Number Piinan


ofl
trwirs its


('anal net
/oifmuvvi


ofn tli{ )laI lment
tonnage hatis


herl("
ofr.~l


fln place-
))nt'nI
t)InagelOX


SMALL. COMMERCIAL


TRAFFIC'


* 4 * 4 4 4 4 * 4 4 * * *


* 4 4 * 9 * * 9 * 9 4 4 9 * 9
* 9 *4* * * * * 49 . * .4 9
*4 * * * 4 * 9 * 4 * 4 4 * *
w* . . *4 * 4 * 44


J* ** 94 . 4. 4 * * * * 44*

(* 94 * * * 4* * S 4* 9 4 *
* 4* 94*04* 9 9 4*


$52.684


54.174


73,887
76,921


145


SMALL U.S. GOVERNMENT


TRAFFIC


* � * 0** 9* 0** �* * *44

* 4 9 *4 * * * 44 *4 * 4* S S
* 4 * 4* * *4 4 4. 4* *
�* 4 4 5 4 * 4 4 * 4 l * * 4 l *

* 9 * * *4* * 4 5 * 4 * S

* 4 * * 4 * 44** * * 4 9* t i

* 4 * * 9. 4 *4** *44 *


$4.729
6,.168
1.613
12.851
9,504
14,375
15,129
10,712
10.757
11,406
11,998


* 9 * 9 4 4


MALL FREE


TRAFF


....II.
ememmeM


70
8


.... . . . 59


ANAMA


ANAL TR


AFFIC


9rn -


4,735
3,201
3,313
3,087
3,808
4,362


143,332.428
134,987,867
35,465,477
164,685,365
195,735,234
209,521,876


140,635
117,402
30,944
123.194
142,816
154,476


jn - t a a nfl


136,398,866
128,495,834
33,823,345
134.004,377
157.562,393
168,276,137
4 flt a A . -� -f A.^


- S


312,046
270,590
92,174
302,513
336,897
362,679
,� - a - a a~


Number
rof
IrulrnIis


* 9 4 4 9 4 9
* 4 9 4 4


















tU~ t O- ~C~l 00-rn0r

o 'n - V Cl Ci-flo'- en r-
00v -0 000%CICMV--rflON ~ C

'C ffl tt (16 O Sn 4 en e nlr

'9


.r cl if \ Cr r* rI * Ci F
t" TCPO OO ? r- N- ri tf 0

NrlrnlQ 0 o oo\


*C rs fO9(r * *c P C r



4l C0 t P if C r~ *0 4 *r
N-c Cl 000 Sn C0 -1 rn 'n ~

In efl N . O 00 c cin '. coo in V





00 eno' r-t \ ono rno o
~n N- OT 0' 'C nv Sn -0 '0 -
d ri(r ~ 0 9r\9o ivO n0r 0




-~--- -------- f


.0


-00 o900 C l - O

ccN ~0%-- C\0 0aN-
Itr oO-~- ri VIONC
- - - - - - - - - -


0' - 0 cc 'C n 0v cc l - 0'.
tI N- N- l 0' Cl n -~ Cl fl 00

So0 n 0tVC0%N-Sn00flO9







-- ---------- 0~0U~

'0-- r00 - \ in en V\ e
O\~~~~0 0' 0' 0' 0' 006~o ~ \o


*


STATISTICAL TABLES








PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION



Table 3.-Canal Traffic' by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1984

Measured tonnage
fI iii u iiiiiiiiiiiii11111 1 iiii 11111 *i ii ii iin -lr **ir ** iii *** �


Number

lransusM


Panama
Canal
net


Registered
gross


Long
tons of
cargo


Algeria ........
Argentina ......
Australia .......
Austria .......
Bahamas .......
Belgium ........
Bermuda .......
Bolivia. .........
Brazil ....... . .
Bulgaria........
Canada ........
Cayman Islands.
Chile ..........
Colombia ......
Costa Rica .....
Cuba ....... . .
Cyprus.........
Czechoslovakia .
Denmark.......
Dominican Repul
East Germany ..
Ecuador........
Egypt ...........
Finland ........
France .........
Ghana . . .......
Greece .........
Honduras ......
Hong Kong ....
India ..........
Indonesia ......
1 raq ...........
Ireland ..........
Israel .. . . . . .
Italy ...........
Japan....... .
Kuwait ........
Liberia........ .
Libya ..........
Malaysia......
Malta..........
Mauritania .....
Mexico ...... .
Morocco .......
Netherlands ....
New Zealand ...
Nicaragua ......
Norway ........
Panama ........
People's Republic
Peru . . . . . .. . .
Philippines . ..
Poland.........
Portugal .......
Rumania .......
St. Vincent .....
Samoa .........
Saudi Arabia ...
Singapore......
South Korea....
Spain ........ .
Sri Lanka ......
Sweden ....... .
Switzerland .....
Taiwan ..........
TrL.-<- 1J


4
2
10
3
33
54
3
9
32
8
1 5
6
100
168
6
125
86
1 I
250
1
10
454
1
24
78
3
788

15
25

18
10
2
4
67
93
1,191
2
1,379
6
14
23
4
97
7
216
4
22
337
1,770
132
197
170
67
4
4
3
2
15
222
185
126
4
115
79
167


44,066
45.478
212,000
68,331
434,128
966,662
29,196
76,599
269,075
50,158
33,114
4,164
927,020
2,301,267
5,682
751,909
804.007
8,811
4.913.177
8,275
53,886
3,924,611
18,762
313,025
1,322,464
29,544
12,151,998
140,887
346.808
423,865
114,396
20,478
31,716
1,349,688
1,104,287
22,190,145
24,204
25,493,575
40.855
229,705
229,373
2.509
1,872,156
76.047
2,319,145
50,241
37.382
6,269,607
22,351,853
2,630,788
2,130,210
2,219,499
488,263
4,318
35,166
19,298
18,398
95,492
4,375.177
2,744,765
729,832
54,170
2,503,812
766,623
3,826,453
n ^'-f


53.926
53,038
256,910
80,532
527,791
1,140,631
23,799
96,300
323,514
60,839
48,306
2,200
1,054,342
2,551,048
5,952
883,884
872,642
10,416
6,248.367
9,661
58,750
4,584,842
22,606
383,614
1,178,910
39,012
13,808,383
173.576
429.572
510,336
131,907
25,948
37,830
1,770,153
1,390,968
18,775,393
30,892
26,043,109
51,486
275,563
262,391
1,049
2,406,042
93,091
2.586,488
52,028
32,940
6.699,166
22,318,616
2.925,450
2,574,852
2,183,090
538,356
5,375
41,166
22,812
21,100
89,626
3,903,033
3.299,467
715.442
61,826
2,045,346
906,526
4,744,484
tI flAt


$78,239
83,225
387,960
125,046
790,760
1,755,355
46,227
140,176
490,310
91,789
59,007
7,117
1.638,245
4.120,048
10,398
1,349,906
1,454,435
16,124
8,741,658
15,143
88,642
6,815.958
34.334
565,026
2.434,016
54,066
21,402,463
239,685
621.783
747,399
209,345
37,475
57,435
2.469,929
2,005,981
38,425,469
44,293
44,926,127
66,963
420,360
408,641
3,880
3,141,887
137.127
4.162.252
94,372
65.770
11.079.426
39,406,920
4,661.452
3,754,032
3,%5,557
869,785
7,902
57,848
31,820
33,668
153,465
7,589,730
5,016,393
1,323.680
92,869
4,522,016
1,400,295
6,918,014


49.815
36,605
155,444
53,008
379,103
1. 11,099
2,241
68,255
125,706
40,348
19,034
1,417
852,909
1,562,699
1,741
578,353
805,870
13,858
3,555,601
14,436
15,379
2,914,773
30,394
386,915
854,638
24,028
14,522,261
44,076
537.387
527,389
79,597
38,197
53,477
861,572
791,049
I 11,873,771
15,031
25,359,753
28,071
392,116
270,423

1,638,344
124,463
1,884,015
26,338
17,396
5,800.614
20,570,055
2,588,032
2,278,542
2,620,480
257.326
3,015
16,672
11,889
15,166
17.362
3,304.008
3,625,203
574,667
45,514
1,066,348
349,291
3,104,410
7 ni0









STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table 3.-Canal Traffic'


Flag of Vessel-Fiscal


Year


1984-Continued


NOTE.-In Canal traffic


statistics,


foreign naval


vessels


ment of 300 net tons (Panama Canal measurement) and


tons and


over


ment tonnage, hav
the following table


are classified


as oceangoing commercial


e been included in the table above.


shows


statistics


covering 31


vessels


such as transports, supply ships, tankers,


over,


vessels.


and vessels


Statistics


As displacement


of war, dredges,


on these


vessels


etc., with


measure-


etc., with a displacement of 500


* except


tonnage cannot be combi


which transited the Canal during fiscal


as related to displace-
ned with net tonnage,


year 1984 and paid tolls on


displacement tonnage.


Number
of
transits


Canada


Chile


Ecuador
France.
Italy ...
Japan ..


..... ...... . ... .. ... .. ... ..... ... ....... D redge
... . . ... . .. . . .. . . ..... ... .. ......... N aval
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . do
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . d o
. * c a c g * * *. ...... * . . * * * * * * * a * * . do
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . * . . .... I . . . . * * * * . * ... * . . . . . . . do


Netherlands.. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .
New Zealand .................


. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dredge
..... ..... . .. ........ . N aval


Displace-
menl
tonnage


7,500
4,739
18,916
13,100
14,590
19,014


$2,417
7,650
4,834
19,294
13,362
14,882
19,394


People's Republic of China


Peru . . . . . . . ..
Turkey ...... ....
United Kingdom
United States ....


Total.....


e.g...
* . . . S .S
.* C...
. .ge .. a


S........ . . .......... . . D redge
.... .. ... ....... ...... .. . Naval


15,216
4,732


15,520
4,827


.. ...S . C.C .CC S. ettC. e * . . gag......
*.. ... ...ee ~ ~ C e g .*... . .. C


4,500


. ... .... . e. g... .. . ....... ..e. ..* e.... 31


116,335


4,590


$118,661


Statistics compiled by Office of Executive Planning.


,.... Dredge















STATISTICAL TABLES


rJr-rioo
cr-ot~r-~
V S S
en 00 N- tfl
N-cnN


9\CON'J
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- ON rCf ON
C'Hf -?r


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t4~












PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


69 'f rf' 'f in9
r~~l V * ~ Ud *
r~r- C l v
69~


ec r~V n
000\000

-Cl- O


69~1\ o-'0 act


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64 -
69


900C1


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9r69


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0 5=
0 0 c S C.


o, UC Cv Cr
5 0 a z 0 S ,
C 1O ' OQU Uocn

.- i.. * - e...












PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION



Table 5.-Laden and Ballast Traffic by Flag of Vessel

Fiscal Year 1984


Laden


Ballast


Num-
her
of
transrts


Algeria .....
Armpnti na


,.... *1# lt


a


Australia.
Austria ..
Bahamas .
Belgium..
Bermuda.
Bolivia...
Brazil....
Bulgaria .
Canada ..
Cayman Isl
Chile ... .
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba ....


* 4*
S* .
* .

* 4*
* 4.
* . .
* .
* 4,*
.* .
lan
* 4
* * *
* 4
* 4 .


Cyprus......
Czechoslovaki
Denmark....
Dominican Re
East Germany
Ecuador ....
Fcu.tn


* .. .4.
*. . .. .



* . .. ..
* . .. 4..
* . .. ..
is . . ..

* . . 4 . .
a . 4* . *
a.... .
public
9 4**
*......


Finland ... .... .... ..
France . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
Ghana . . . ... . . .. . .
Greece.............
Honduras . .. . . .. ..
Hong Kong .........

Indonesia ..... ....
Iraq ................
Ireland . ... . . . . . . .
Israel.... ..........
Italy ................
Japan. ......... . . .
Kuwait ... . . . . . . .
Liberia ..... ...... .
Libya...............
M alaysia............
M alta.. ............
Mauritania ..........
M exico .............
Morocco............
Netherlands .........
New Zealand ........
Nicaragua...........
Norway......... . . .
Panama. ............
People's Republic of C
Peru..... . . . . . . . . . .
Philippines .. .... ....
Poland.. ...... . . . .
Portugal . . . . .. . ...
Rumania ............
Saint Vincent ........
Samoa . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saudi Arabia ........
Singapore ...........
South Korea.........
Spain ...............
Prit I nlri


I
23
71
3
654
17
13
15
10
2
3
67
84
923
2
1,144
3
14
20
1
59
6
175
2
15
275
1,474
110
166
152
58
4
2
2
2
6
179
180
Ill
9


Panama
Canal net
tonnage
37.574
45,478
212,000
68,331
424,143
929,807
9,732
76,599
263,407
50,158
22,279
2.803
749,043
2,054,591
5,682
681,402
758,337
8,811
4,238,973
8,275
26,943
2,922,140
18,762
291.917
1,307,903
29,544
9,893,367
91,866
312,008
347,450
114.396
20,478
30,079
1,349,688
1,027.999
16,251,285
24,204
20,820,533
19.770
229,705
199,341
586
1,104,160
70,535
2,045.333
48,376
30,249
5,204.864
18,305.985
2,175,625
1,727,293
1,959,699
424,111
4,318
17,583
9,850
18.398
37,965
3,248,571
2,727.124
697,636
17 74i


Tolls
$ 68.760
83.225
387,960
125,046
776.182
1,701.547
17,810
140,176
482,035
91.789
40,771
5,129
1.370,749
3,759,902
10,398
1,246,966
1,387,757
16,124
7.757.321
15,143
49,306
5,347,516
34,334
534.208
2,393,462
54,066
18,104.862
168,1 15
570,975
635,834
209,345
37.475
55,045
2,469,929
1,881,238
29,739,851
44,293
38,101,574
36.179
420,360
364,794
1.072
2,020,613
129,079
3,742.959
88,528
55,356
9,524.901
33,499,952
3,981.394
3,160,946
3,586,249
776,123
7.902
32,177
18,026
33,668
69.476
5,944,885
4,990,637
1,276,674
AR ISR


Num-
her
of
transit


I2


4
*.............


2

4
2


19
*.......
I

4

21
19
21
. . 4. 4 .
16
10

40
* .............
5
87
*.................
I
4
*.... ...........
134
8
2
3


I

7
264

235
3
* 4 .. 3.
3
38
38
I
38
I
7
62
296
21
27
18
9
. .. . . . .
2
I

9
43
5
15
2


Panama
Canal net
tonnage
6,492



9,985
36.855
19,464
..... ...
5,668
..4 ... ..
10,835
1.361
177,977
246,676
* . . * . . . . .
70,507
45,670

674.204
. . . . 4. . .
26.943
1,002,471

21,.108
14,561

2,258,631
49,021
34,800
76,415


1,637

76,288
5.938,860

4,673,042
21.085

30,032
1,923
767.996
5,512
273,812
1.865
7,133
1,064,743
4.045,868
455,163
402,917
259,800
64,152

17,583
9,448

57,527
1,126,606
17,641
32,196
16.925


Tolls
$ 9,478



14.578
53.808
28,417

8.275

15,819
1.987
259,846
360,147

102,940
66.678

984.338

39,337
1,463,608

30,818
21,259

3.297,601
71,571
50.808
111,566


2.390

111II,380
H.670,737

6,824,786
30.784
.... .i. .
43,847
2.808
1.121,274
8,048
399,766
2,723
10,414
1:554,525
5,906,967
664.538
588,259
379,308
93.662
.... 9~ .
25,671
13,794

83,989
1.644,845
25,756
47.006
24.710
















STATISTICAL TABLES


N 'C mm oy N 0-~en N- 0% 0m- f Ofl~e-0
~~~ ~~~0& Cot0%Ifl~9N'Cm~tflv~ Qc
r'JC'I9~ (N -- -- 1 9~6009--tL r, - - - - r M i-


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PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Sr - 0 3- (Ni -0 - - - -J ('4 - - -n - -J - - -i tr -- r4 9dF � - -* -\




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STATISTICAL TABLES


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STATISTICAL TABLES


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PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


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Table 9.--Origin and Destination o0

Atlantic During Fiscal Year 1984




m -r.�


WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA:
United Stats:
Alask ......... .. ...........
Hawaii ............ .........
Mainland ...................
Total United States........


4*)1 **I~ ** 4L( ** 4.*40 ***f
*ft*S ~ �11 m**cS c 1 *11tftt
ftc ft1fcd**** c * (i 4 *4*ft*


* 4**t cm


WEST COAST CANADA.


I

,gium


528829
528.829

818.426


Den-
mark

* **** *** 5
15,034
15.034


212.717


Finland






225.286


France


278.082
278.082

436.118


halr
4.823

340.431
345.254

309,886


WEST COAST CI
Costa Rica ...
El Salvador ...
Guatemala. ....
Honduras .....
Mexico........
Nicaragua .....
Panama .. ....
Central America


CENTRAL AMERICA:


. * * . . � I
t..... t
.. . . � . �
~. ..m.. ..
'f......
(other)'


36

... ...
88
3.875

.3.... 999

3.999


Total Central America


2.000


C.fttcti
S cSS**i


751
658

1,169
11.069

1.408
16.005


26.778
2.125
9.047
1.902
6.900
2.938
57.300
8.125
115.115


WEST COAST SOUTH-A
Chile..................
Colombia............ ..
Ecuador.......... ....
Peru .............. ..
South America (other)'..
Total South America..


145.776
15.233
37.268
247.801
14.973
461.051


OCEANIA:
Australia .......
British Oceania..
French Oceania
New Zealand....
Oceania (other)'.
Total Oceania.

ASIA:
Taiwan.........
Hong Kong.....
Indonesia......
Japan.........
Philippine Islands
South Korea...
U.S.S.R. .,....
Asia (other)' . ..
Total Asia ...


Grand total .............
Percent of Atlantic-Bound Cargo


cc... **1*C1i1tf mci...1 ie ft.... CeII~ i5LtICI 1ft1 11
ftU *Ucfteftft 4f6.O1tI *4Ii C ftI icc...... S~ll lll C tcmIc fC


25.323

18.587
52.653
5.652
102.215


6.038





6.038

1.920.558
3.1


,tS7

4
1.541
35
2.737


3.169




3.169


4 ft 4* ft

* ceam


235,.657
0.4


32.733

82
1,451

34,268


ft.., .. .




ft... St...


648





648


260.202
0.4


66.529
581
2.556
57,969
42.164
169,799


45.702
10.071 ,.
11.996
67.769


835

6.475



136
7,511

975.284
1.6


178.125
13.587
42.456
74,141
15,485
323.794


178

4.225
3.837
1.662
9.902


71





88

1.104,039
1.8


See\ rntnn nl no end nf Ish


!




















STATISTICAL TABLES


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o~teYelaOn -o '




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ENrl N -


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* 9 9 9 9 9
* 4 9 9r 9 9
* 4 4 4 4 9


* 4 4 9 4
* 4 4 9 4
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* 4 9 4 4
* 4 9 4 4
* 4 4 4 4
* 9 9 9 9
* 4 9 9 9
* 4 9t 9 9
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* 9 9 9 9
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* 9 9 9 4
* 4 4 4 4
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* 9 9 ft 4
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* 9 4 . 4
4 9 4 4 9
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* 4 4 4 4
* 4 9 9 4
* 9 4 4 4
9 9 4 4 9
* 4 9 4 4
* 9 9 4 4
* 4 9 4 9
* 9 9 4 9
* 9 4* 4 4
* 4 4 4 4
* * 4t 4 9
9 4 9 4 9
* 9 9 4 4
* 9 4 4 4
* 9 4 9 4
* 9 4 4 9
* 9 4 4 4
* 4 4 4 4
* 4 4 4 9
* 4 9 9 9
* 9 4 4 9
* 9 9 9 9
* 9 4 4 9


* 4 4 * 9
* 4 4 4 4
* 9 4 4 4
* 4 4 4 4
* 4 9 9 9
* * 9 4 9
* 4 9 9 4
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* 4 ft 4 4
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* 4 4 4 9
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4 4 4 9 4
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* 9 9 4 9
* 9 4 9 4
- 9 4 9 9
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4 9 9 9 4
* 4 4 9 4
* 9 4 9 4
* 9 4 9 4
* 9 4 9 4
* 4 4 9 9
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PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


* * 4 V~ <





at









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* * *








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4 4 4 4 *
* 4 4 4 4
* 4 4 4 4


dn9~ret~~m~

~;d~~dd~ddi








STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table


10.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
UNITED STATES:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ........


Caustic soda .....................
Chemicals, unclassified ............
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous .
Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous
Manufactures of iron and steel .........


Plates, sheets, and coils ....
Other and unclassified .....
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash
Ammonium compounds ...


Phosphates.........
Ores and metals ........


Ore, alumina/bat
Petroleum and produce
Crude oil ......
Fuel oil, residual
Gasoline .......
Jet fuel . ... ...
Kerosene ......
Lubricating oil .
Other and unclas:
Miscellaneous ......


ixite
:ts


*.. *..t...


.....5...... 1
* *..e.... Ce.
.. .. ........ 1
S. ..........


. . ..e.a. ....... ...
* * tea... .... e. . . .. at. .
b...........*ta..,.....


age.................. eeC**

*. S at...... * . ..*ttg** ...S


. .ame see...... *..atat...... *c59.
geee .. ...s*.......Se....... aa e...
. .. . . .. ........... a . ..sg sa. .. S . .. .. .

* . .. . a. .... ...... s.. . ......
........bat........a..... ....
sifie* t * .a . . .. ... . ea. .. . . t.****.. .


All other and unclassified


Total.....


.at...........4 a... .C
t...S..aS ....... ctttt
C ....te.e..e.c....s...


14
64
15
49
137
137
479
0..4 .0Ct
61
75
32

251
60
514
514
1,595


"......

. a . . a .6
76


7

135


135
90
90
1,450


381
87
45

186
101
413


1,637


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST CANADA:
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash.... .......


Phosphates..
Miscellaneous ...


as*.ese sees
*. et. ..... .


All other and unclassified


Total


EAST COAST UNITED


569
27
27


2,388




601
601
...601..

601


STATES TO WEST COAST CENTRAL


AMERICA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous .
C oal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
G rains ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ... . . . . . . . ..


Corn ....
Sorghum


. . . " * " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
* a...eee .. . C a .. . . ..... ....b.CC S b aeatt.


227
104


--







PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Table


10.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST CENTRAL
AMERICA-Continued
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash-Continued
Phosphates................... .f ........
Potash .......... ........... .........


Ores and metals


Ores, miscellaneous ......
Other agricultural commodities


Oilseeds .........
Sugar . . . . . . . . . ..
Petroleum and products


Diesel oil
Gasoline.


� ..a...a
��. ' �'.��.


ftttt. tttttttt. ft.. .. .ft f
*.Sftft.t t f f...f...... .f...
* ...t ft ..... a .a.... . .. . f


*. . t. t. . . . . . ........ * t a a f # tfttft



* ftt ft ...Yft. t. ft. ft . . ft a... .f.f..


Fuel oil, residual... . . . . . . . . . . ...
Lubricating oil .................
Petroleum products, miscellaneous


Miscellaneous .......... .
Flour, wheat ...........
Paper and paper products
Tallow ................
All other and unclassified


Total.....


* ft.t ft ttc .ft .t.tf
*.ft .*.ft t .....ft
* .. f....f.......


* * a a .. a. a .... *f t tt t ft. .


*.ft.at.. *f. ..ft. f..... .ft.ft


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous


Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ....
Caustic soda ...................
Chemicals, unclassified ..........
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous


Coal and coke
Grains.......
Corn ....
Oats ....
Rice.....
Sorghum
Soybeans
Wheat...
Other and


* ..... a a....
*. f...... S *ft . f
*..tat......
"�..���������


* .. .. * aSa.a. ..f.t..ftt.t * a.a..a... .......ft
Sttt. ..f.*.*.t.ftft. f... ...... a a ...... a...t
* S S S S S S *S. ftf. ftft ft. . .t. . t. . a * . * a * . . a a aaa* .
*.ft* .ft .* t.t.t . at. a*.... *. *fftftf...ft ft.**
* ...tat .........t . a a.. . a tat,..., a a a a
f... ..ft. .. ........5f* a...... *a * f . .S...
**f. f.f...t ............tin,.a .......a.a.a


unclassified


Lumber and products ....
Pulpwood...........
Other and unclassified
Machinery and equipment


t a ft. . . . . . . . . t f ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft f
a a..aft ...... f .... f tf......

ft.t.t.t.t.f.f.f.f.. ..... .f.... ft.. f
a.. a..ftftft... .. f.. a. . .. at.t a ..
a ft.f...ftfttft.t..f S b........ft


89
26
63
95


78
10
6
78

23
14
41
1,281



36
183
42
128
13
161
2,806
347
3
85
22
137
2,210
2
7


t......

77
55
22
54
2
2
45
5
..85


2,593


45
134
7
227
3,100


Agricultural machinery and implements...
Automobiles, trucks, accessories, and parts
Construction machinery and equipment...


2
164
136
28
33
22
1

10
1
82
3
18
4
57
2,067



16
171
33
125
13
100
3,231
824
15
7
75
146
2,156
8
15
10
5
139
29
55
29


. . . . . . .


.








STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table


10.--Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA-Continued
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash.......


Ammonium compou
Fertilizers, unclassifi
Phosphates........
Potash . .... ......
and metals .......
Ores, miscellaneous
M etals... . . . . . . . ..


inds
ied..


* . . C C S C C C S C C *~S memaama*
* . . C * C C C * * * C C S * * * *SSS**


. S . . . . . C . . C . . " " " . S � S�SSSSC
�... a . . . " " " " " . . . " a

." . . . . " . . " . . . " . . ... ..
...............# to ... .........C
.. ...ama.. ........a*ata ac...SS


Scrap ... ..........
Tin, including tinplate


Other
Other agricultu
Oilseeds .
Sugar ...
Other and
Petroleum and
Diesel oil
Gasoline.
Jet fuel..
Liquified r
Lubricatin


and unclassifie<
ral commoditie,


unclassified
products ..


.....
..' .0"C


tural gas
oil . . . .


Residual fuel oil .......
Other and unclassified .
Miscellaneous ....... . ..
Bricks and tile.........
Carbon black...........
Clay, fire, and china.....
Flour, wheat......... ..
Groceries, miscellaneous.
Oil, coconut............
Oil, vegetable...........
Paper and paper products
Resin..................
Rubber, manufactured...
Tallow ..... ..........
Textiles. . . . . . . . . . . . .
All other and unclassified


Total.


I


............5..em...... m
*.a.aCS.m. ems ........ e c
. ...e..e..eta...... ..


. .. c .... m.... ma.....
*...............5.. m .....
* mmm""t..S....... "...
em...... m...... w...... S
*..*.a...S.*.am...... ma a m
...mmm...m........m...

a.s. .. . ........ e **
.a.aaa.e.....m...... ee
..mc.... .mm...mam.am..me.

a a a a .m. . ... ...... . eta em...
mm ........m....m......m
mm.m..........amma.... m
s.e...........mmm......
*.aa....a.a...... ..c ... ..
mmcm.. . ... .. a a a a a a a a a.. ..
mm.m.........m... ....a...

mmcm.........am...... a
c........C .a. S..... a a..
ecee.eee.. tee..a.m.a..
at................ c....
m.e........ a...... a...

..............S.e.......
"'. ... ... ...".. ."


Ill
2
14
44
1
43

466
183
142
5
54
37
38
7
665
3
*.me.....
17
44

3
66
109
23
6
43
9
342
5,027


49
8
263
5,124


10

2
170
53
14

20
41
40
2
721
6
1
12
56
15
2
104
135
37
7
34
10
302
5,000


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO BALBOA. R.P.:


Canned and refrigerated fo<
Grains. . . . . ... . . .... . . ..
Corn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


miscellaneous


.s ee e..... S..
.. ..... .0e s..


* m C ~ C S 55*5*5
..sSm.e...S *


--


A


Jds,








PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Table


10.--Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal rear


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO HAWAII:
M miscellaneous ...... . ...... ..... .


All other and manalonified


S* A*,To tal i L .A
Total. ....


U.L-e%.,,..*d*S CC C5


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO OCEANIA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals


Caustic soda


*.


Chemicals, unclassified ..........
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous


Coal and coke
Grains.......


Cs........ C


Rice...... .........
Soybeans .... ...
Other and unclassified


Lumber and products


Pulpwood......


C 5 C C C


Machinery and equipment


. I �. . . . . . � ..
. . . . . C .C C. C
� * � D 9. C 9"


...�. . �... .. . .......�.

.. ���...e......* .......
.* * .. ..........� �.....


� .. . .. . ... . . O. ��. .. .
.. . ...... .. .. .. .. .
. .. e at...... .*.*.*.e...e..t


Agricultural machinery and implements ..
Automobiles, trucks, accessories and parts
Construction machinery and equipment..
Electrical machinery and apparatus......
Other and unclassified .................
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous


Minerals, miscellaneous........
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash


.... .�..
�.. ....
* CC 555CC* *

* C C C C C C a
C C.� .. ..t


. 9 C 5 5 .5 5


" .. ."". "' " "......... i


560
145
* C C * ICS
* C C C C C S
32

29
3
9
9
13
8
1
2

2
C......

500


1
105
10



12


Ammonium compounds
Fertilizers, unclassified.
Phosphates...........
Potash .... .... .....
Petroleum and products ...


Liquefied gas........
Lubricating oil ......
Residual fuel oil ....
Petroleum coke...
Other and unclassified
Miscellaneous ..........


..C...CC .C e . e .... . . . . C C. .S

.. ..ee. . ......... CCCCCCC C C C C

* a.. C C * C CSCCC t CC C . C .C


CC....... ...C..C....... C eCCC
. ....... ""a"Ca ...... CCC
""r..... C C CCC a C... ..". ".
. I C C.'. C 9 5 .**. ." " "'
.*. . 9 . . C 5 CS S C C . S C C C C C C C C


Clay, fire and china ........
Glass and glassware ..........
Oil, vegetable.... ... ... ....
Paper and paper products.....
R esin................... ...
Rubber, manufactured ......
Textiles . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .
All other and unclassified .....


....C.* .5C C959 .t .9C* .
..*S*C*C CI*C CC*CC


Ca. a. a . a.......C.


C. C . .C . .C .a . 5 5 . . . . S


CaS*CC*
* SSSCCC


568


....03
503


52
52


427








STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table


10.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO ASIA-Continued


Chemicals and petroleum


chemicals-Continued


Petroleum chemicals


Coal and coke
Grains.......


Barley ...
Corn ....
Rice. ....
Sorghum
Soybeans
Wheat...
Other and


miscellaneous


* . Ste. . .. . . C. Cat .t .C. s . . * * * . . Ce. e. e. .

S. . a a .. ..s . " �." .. . " . . . . . . . . . � "
.e.....*ssss ...* .s e ... . ........*** g C....
sa.. e..... .....................C.C....54CC
CCC. C.................. C ......C.... C.C.C


unclassified


Lumber and products ...
Pulpwood...........
Other and unclassified
Machinery and equipment


. � . . " . . � " " . . . . " .� . � . . . . �.
C. .. ..C.. ......... C * aaa C esC

. � . . " . " . . . . . . " C . . " . " C . " .
"*� � " . C.... � �C� *5*Sa*S


Agricultural machinery and implement
Automobiles, trucks, accessories and p
Construction machinery and equipment
Electrical machinery and apparatus...
Other and unclassified ..............
Manufactures of iron and steel .........


G


arts . . . . .
t . ... ....
..e C C C .. . . 5.
*...C.*S.tCCC


676
7,838
20,962

8,878

1,195
6,148
4,679
62
229


707
8,729
29,326


712
20,484
28,896


. a. . .
12,5

1,6
6,0
8.4


174
22
67
11
8
23
10
15
162


Angles, shapes, and sections
Plates, sheets, and coils....
Tubes, pipes, and fittings
Wires, bars, and rods......
Other and unclassified .....
Minerals, miscellaneous.......
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash


Ammonium compou
Fertilizers, unclassific
Phosphates... .....
Potash ......... . .
Ores and metals .......


nds
ed.


CI *55**


Ores, miscellaneous .....
M etals .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aluminum .........
Iron.umm . . . . . . . . . . C . .
Iron.........�... �
Scrap . .............
Tin, including tinplate
Other and unclassified
Other agricultural commodities
Beans, edible ............
Cntton. raw ...... ....


......�..... ......
g.....�.C . ""... "C..
... C . . �...C ...C " .


.......O C .CC ......"
""e. g. S.. .. t... ..C .�


* .CC .C . ..C ..".....�S.CC
C .C. � C...�t ...."� C .��..�


....�. ......� . .. ...�.





. C C.*C..� C.....C.�
C C C ...... .C . .C C* C C . C .
CC C C C . C C . .. . . * * C . Cs.


- a . . . a e a a - - . .C . . . . C. �


5,207
93
329
4,775
10
1,988
7
1,981
26

1,946

8
24
22


I
4,961


47
401
4,477
36
1,810
25
1,785
26
69
1,654
3
33
59
34
23


I
3,981


40
232
3,659
50
1,015
12
1,003
2

964
11
26
201








PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Table


10.--Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


- COAST UNITED STATES TO AS
Miscellaneous-Continued
Clay, fire and china .....
Fibers, plant ...........
Flour, wheat ...........
Groceries, miscellaneous
Marble and stone .......
Oil, vegetable...........
Paper and paper products
Resin.......... . .....
Rubber, manufactured...


Tallow .................
Textiles.................
Tobacco and manufactures
All other and unclassified


Total


IA-Continued


0 .c C m ......0 ..... " "
..S ....... C ...*..C..
"c. c.. ."... .c.Cc.c..
*...c ..... ..........


* . e. c..... c. . m e.....
...c .......... c...... c
*......c........c c.....
..... ..... ..""... ."
�".".. ........... ...
.. . . . 4. .. . .....
"0 . . . .. . . .. ""


* CCCSC*** & cm - * at.....
* cc.. .wcccccC .cc.c9.c


EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST UNITED


Petroleum and products ...
Gasoline....... . . . . .
Miscellaneous ............
Pulpwood..............
All other and unclassified


Total.....


STATES:


* *c* c0C~*cc9 99000*99**
eec...... . e.e.c.. cm cc.
.ccCC.c.c cc.. em......

tSccScSe *0tcCCtt t0*0*9
a.. * eeeccqc*eo. * cc...


EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous ......


Miscellaneous ...............
Paper and paper products.
All other and unclassified .


". ...... cc........ "..
" c . ."......"c.......c
c99c.. cC�9.9.9.9 " . "


Total....


EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA:


Grains.........


Barley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . .
Other and unclassified.................
Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous ....
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous


Minerals, miscellaneous..
Asbestos...........
Ores and metals ........
M etals....... . ..


eec..i


Tin, including tinplate


cm... et
c.c..c...t


c....c...
e......


c. ................ ....4
.......c.... c.. ......
..c.... ec. ..... ...
�. ..... .. c .......cc..
cc9. . 9 ....c cc . ... .. .cc..


3.896


44,012





46
1
45
46




36
12
24
36



5
5

5
4
12
12
2
2
* C . * . . .


53,049






II
2
9
11



I
57
10
47
58



8
5
3
5
17
13
13
1
1


" ' .'...


62,254


26
12
5
7
38



8
19
10
9
27



7

7
4
20
13
13
3
3
1


EASI








STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table


10.--Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


. Fiscal year


EAST COAST CANADA TO ASIA:
Canned and refrigerated foods


Refrigerated foods ......


Fish . . � . . � � � � � � � . � � � � � . � � � . � � � � � �
Other and unclassified .. . ..... ......
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous
Grains.. ....... . .. . .. . . .. .. ... . ... . .


Barley ...
Corn ....
Soybeans
Wheat...


* S ass a. . ..*..
*. a. *.*.* ...
* 0...et ....
*. 5.5 m.*.*C.al


Other and unclassified
Lumber and products ....


cam. el .. .... m e.... * a a.. . .. . a
*....* ..O .m.....attc ca....S m
*.*. d at.....ast. a...*.a.as ...
*..............*da.m...... tt
* s*. .. m. .a...m ..... a . m.s . .. a. .
*... . 5 5....t.. a. a .........c


Pulpwood .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . .
Other and unclassified . . . . . .. .... . ... . . ..
Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous .........
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous ........
Ores and metals .......... .. . a . . .. . .


Ores, miscellaneous
M etals. ..........


Aluminum ....


Iron.
Scrap


satin.. at. .
4 SC***. .. *


Other and unclassified
Miscellaneous .. . . ...........


*..*....ala......,.t. t...... m
as.. ...... t .a .. a. ..... .. d .. ..
* . mlm.u ..a.m... . .m t . .. .
.* ....... .t... . .am. . . d a . l. .
a m. . . .. ...... sca . ..... . . C . . . . .


25
18

176


176


228
226
2
1
42
335
117
218


45
43


a t. . ... ma acm . a.. .
d at.. ......... m . .ma c .. m..


39
21
2
145
8
20
60
43
14
120
120

2
37
203
74
129
119
10
S 6 . * 50

650


Paper and paper products
Resin..................
Slag.... .... ...........
All other and unclassified


Total.


.m...ss....a. a.... am.
a...at......m#. *.dat...
...m.....am.......*.at.a.a
*.*.... dat... .........
.. . .m .com. a a..m.......


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST UNITED
STATES:
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash............ ..


Amonium compounds .
Fertilizers, unclassified.
Petroleum and products ...
Residual fuel oil ......
M miscellaneous .......... . .
All other and unclassified


Total....


a.u.mC..... a....... ... ma.
m......... a...... mm.....

Im ma a c m mtdt .. a. a *.5. ..

d.c....a ....m.m....5. a..um
d .. as..5...as............


70
16

564
1,475




14
14




14
14
28


15
13


19
19
47


29

106
106



135








PANAMA


CANAL


COM MISSION


Table


10.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST CENTRAL
AMERICA-Continued


Miscellaneous


All other and unclassified


Total .


�a� ..a.a.a . .'a'..SStO." .
..S.. . �55 59. ..S...' ..'


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO WEST COAST


AMERICA:
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash
Fertilizers, miscellaneous.
Other agricultural commodities
Sugar . . ... .........
Petroleum and products .....
Other and unclassified ...
M miscellaneous ..............
All other and unclassified


Total . .... .


OUTH


a..........SO ......... Ca
.h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

*. a...ta .t..........a....
* a a a...tat.,..at......

* a a..... a. a .a . a .....


....a.a........t.......


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO BALBOA. R.P.:


Petroleum and products ..
Diesel oil .. . . ... .
Fuel, oil, residual . ..
Other and unclassified
Total .............


* . e. #.......S.tea .a .......
* a.a...t.et teat.. .. .. . . *.
C.*.t....t. t. * * * a a a.. tat...
*.tat...... .ta. ...........t
� . C C C C a � t a a S S �


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO OCEANIA


Petroleum products ..
Miscellaneous .......


All other and unclassified
Total ................


*.S .S t . .
. t... ..
t..tt.
* Ct * t


*...attt...a..a...

* a . ..a .a ..a.. S t ...
"" 0�'�'�" �"..


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO ASIA:


Chemicals and petroleum chem
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash
Phosphates.............
Fertilizers, miscellaneous.
Ores and metals, miscellaneous
Other agricultural commodities


Coffee . ...........
Petroleum and products
Crude petroleum..
Miscellaneous .......


* a ...
*....S..


All other and unclassified
Total ................


icals .. .. .. ...... ...

ah.a..a a ...... C.* .....S
* a . aa.. aa.. a. a.S CC..... p

tat..,.... aa ..at......
. . .. . . . . . ... .. ... . ..
* .S. . t.. 9 tate. ...,...

eta......,.aa..a........
9.9. 5 a a......at..... . a
. a...�.a ...a.. a a ..�.. a.

a a.......�.a aa.e�. ....


16
4,240



26
26
5
5
70
70
106
106
207


65
4
61
... .. a
65


46
11
11
57


13




43
2
2


73
73
131


3,352


20


5
5
39
39
64


56
33
23

56


10
10

10
61
II

56
56
76
76
224


2,306





10
10
I0
17
17
42
42
69


99
62
30
7
99


10

. a.....
38
38
152


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST UNITED








STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table


10. -Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific - Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST UNITED
STATES-Continued
Other agricultural commodities-Continued
Coffee..................................
Sugar, raw ..............................
Petroleum and products ......................


Asphalt........
Crude oil ......
Diesel oil ......
Fuel oil, residual
Gasoline.......
Jet fuel ........
Kerosene ......
Liquefied gas ..
Miscellaneous ......
Paper and produ


Fiscal year
1983


5
5
480
56
258
29
50
87



38
23
15


a ...... ..""....* S S


icts �


All other and unclassified
Total................


1982 '


4

295
64
48


48
90
45


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST CANADA:
Manufactures of iron and steel ..............
M miscellaneous .. . .... ... *. . . . . . . ........ .


All other and unclassified


Total...


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST CENTRAL
AMERICA:
Coral s... ... .............. .... ... .. ... .. .
G rains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -


Sorghum . . . . . . . . . . .
Soybeans ... . . . . ...
Other and unclassified.
Nitrates, phosphates, and pot
Fertilizers, miscellaneous
Petroleum and products ....
Crude oil . .. . . ..... .
Liquefied gas..........
Other and unclassified ..
Other agricultural commoditi


ash


S . . . . . . . " . * . " "
. . . . . . . *55 " " " "


*. e........ ..SSS '''"
* . C � " � " " " "ea . . " � � "


See..... .. "''' 'S . S 5
. .. . seemec .. C SS S.....


594
"".......

12


33


33



79




55
55
669
667
2
*t52


Sugar ......
Miscellaneous ...


All other and unclassified
Total......... . . ... . .


*5....' ' "am ..'.... "
...*...'.0""S.. "St5 SW a '..
*. .... . .� "S. " " " ". " ""








PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Table


10.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific- Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal rear


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA-Continued
Ores and metals--Continued


Metals, miscellaneous ....
Other agricultural commodities
Sugar ..................
Other and unclassified ....
Petroleum and products ......
Crude oil ............. .
Diesel oil . .......... ..
Fuel oil, residual ..


Gasoline .... ... . . . .
Jet fuel . . . . . . . .. . . .
Liquefied gas........
Lubricating oil ....
Other and unclassified
M miscellaneous ...... . . .. .
All other and unclassifi
Total.............


....
ft ft ft ft
ft ft ft ft


ft........ f ft t...... f.f..

ft...... t ft . ...t .. ...
"* ~ m *" * O**' **** * *,


* t t ft t ft ft f ft f t ft t ft t ft t ft ft ft ft
t.. .... . . ..f . tftf* . f ft .f t
ft.t.f.f.. .... ft.. . ... ft ft.f f


_ 1,568
1,085
102
26
224
25


ftftftftft ftfft .......ft f*ftftft ft
ftftf ftft � ftf ft f t f f ft t t t t ft ff t f


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO BALBOA.


Petroleum and products
Diesel oil . . . . . . . . .
G gasoline ..... .... .
Fuel oil, residual...
Miscellaneous .........
All other and unclas,


Total.....


R.P.:


ft ft . ft .f.ft tft tftf * fftf * ft tft tef e f ...




ftfftfft. ft t. t.fftfft. f..... .ft ..t ...f
sifie . .. . .. . .. . . ... ..

... .. ... .. ... .. ... ..


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO HAWAII:


Petroleum and products
Jet fuel ...........
Kerosene .........
Nitrates, phosphates, and
Fertilizers, unclassifii
Total...........


potash..... . . . . . .... .. .
ed . ............ . ....... ..
�..�.....�. ..... ..... .....


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO OCEANIA


Petroleum and products .......
M miscellaneous .............. ..
All other and unclassified ....


9....... f...... ft.f f
ft t t t .t .t .t .f f f f f f ft ft .f f


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO ASIA:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous.....
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous


Lumber and products, miscellaneous


f flt f tt .f f . ..f


151
1,829

42
20
22
. f5.

5
47

59
26
33


59

30
3
3
33

22
47
32


13
5
1,654
1,116
168
112
180
18
4
44
12
82
82
1,856

74
19
8
47
4
4


.ft f t f ft..

* ft ... ft.
..ft...
* ff f. ..

25
47
47
72

19
38
29


* f... . *
10
1,643
1,165
198
104
96

59
21
* ......
127
127
1,845

46


___________I
I


27


138
38


.


Total








STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table


10.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO AsiA-Continued
Other agricultural commodities-Continued
Other and unclassified .................
Petroleum and products ..................


Crude oil .. ..
Diesel oil . . . . . . . . . .
G gasoline . . . . . . . . . . .
Jet fuel . . . . . . . . . . . .
Liquefied gas.....
Residual fuel oil ....
Other and unclassified
Miscellaneous ........
Paper and products ..
All other and unclassifi


Total............


* .t P * . . C C C * . g. . .m. .t* .** .* .
* m~ . m. . . .. .... . t . et. . . ..
* *SCCSC. . .. . . ..e .t. . .. C C C C .
Cet. .. .... . . C mt.....@.....

* a Sat... ....,. aattm......C
te a.......meS.t.CCC C C ..* .


892


92
C......
47
27


1,537


WEST INDIES TO WEST COAST UNITED STATES:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous
M inerals, miscellaneous..................... ...


Salt . . ... . .. . . . . �
Ores and metals .........
Ore, alumina/ bauxite.
Metals, miscellaneous
Petroleum and products .
Asphalt............
Liquefied gas...
Fuel oil, residual.....
Gasoline . . . . . . . . . .
Jet fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricating oil ......
Miscellaneous .....


S. . a...tt.. e. e.. ...C ..t
....... ........C t C*.ett


All other and unclassified


Total.....


WEST INDIES TO WEST COAST CANADA:
Machinery and equipment ...........
Electrical machinery and apparatus


Ores and metals


Ore, alumina/bauxite...


Total.....


.C...


S* e*g
S.C...
* . . . .
* * � f


a t......tgC g
* . e.. . . em.. .e
...e m ...... Ca
e. ...e.e . C .J
......... C ...


WEST INDIES TO WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ...
n th r a orieniltrnIl nmrmndities .-.-----...........


2
18


32
1,683


..* .24
24
24
284
251
33
487
31

287
58
64
47



795




4
4
4


I
I I


31
2,208


24
.tee...
". .. 59
159
159

568
5

81
355
122
5
1

752


6
6
6
6
12


2
13








PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Table


10.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific--Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


WEST INDIES TO WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous


Other agricultural commodities
Minerals, miscellaneous ..


Sulfur .. . . . . . . .
Ores and metals .......


Ores, miscellaneous .
Metals, miscellaneous
Petroleum and products .
Crude oil ....... .
Diesel oil . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel oil, residual....
Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . .
Jet fuel . . . . . . . . .


Kerosene...
Liquefied gas ....
Lubricating oil
Other and unclas'si
Miscellaneous ......


* CC


* 0 * * ' f * .. * a......
* C ss C . e.C S S C . . . . . * C * . t


. .0 . . . . .. " " " " . . . ..
" e ete e * e t tt t * t . .ft t t


. . . ..... .' ."'"... ..
.* e.e. .. . eee. .ftft.f ft .....


. . .. . ...... . .
* ft ftftftftfte f* * ft* S * * t*SttSS ft ft.***
S. f t..... C C .. .... f f.. . ... .
� * . . * * . . . . . . .


�* �c 't e .. . c �c*f t e. . . ft ft *��
a . t .. ... a eec. .. ... .....

C C .CCC.C C s a.... . ft. . . . .
.� . . . .. .


filed


All other and unclassified


Total.....


WEST INDIES TO BALBOA. R.P.:
Petroleum and products .....
Diesel oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel oil, residual........
Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other and unclassified ..
M miscellaneous .. .. . . . . ... ...
All other and unclassified


Total . ...


ft ft CC. . C e e.e" . e. . .f . . . . ..
. f.f.tf .t ......ffttet ee ....


� . . . . . . . .C. . . .t C....
t ft * t ft * * eeeft* e * f*t S * f* SC* *t
. ft .. . ... . .t. tff. . .. . . S
. ...tt . .. ... .f. SCCC


6
12
7
5
733

357
91
147

39

79
15
16
16
820


97


9




975
45
363
53
379
28
26
7
56
18
27
27
1,061


297


5
. . m . . . .
.� . . . ..


. . . w..
I
.

",453


1,479



182
59
102
15
6
13
13
195


WEST INDIES TO HAWAII:
Petroleum and products
Diesel oil . . . . . . ..
Jet fuel . . . . . . . .
Residual fuel oil


Ice . ................. *e e fftttt .. CC . . . .


Total.


268

268


. t....


388


WEST INDIES TO OCEANIA:
M inerals, miscellaneous......... ...... . ...... ...
Salt


11% - ,


*^ ^


u








STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table


10.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


WEST INDIES TO ASIA:
Canned and refrigerated foods


Fl.sh, refrigerated . . . .
O h I & IS fied


.. S.... .... . .a...... C
* . S * .* C .. g.. . C. 5 . . * .


Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous
Ores and metals .................. . . ...


Alumina/bauxite .. ..
Other and unclassified
Mptial misQerllanP;IcE


SCa.


*Iv'U�J1 Va�Aaja&I* �*s ^*LJ
Other agricultural common
Sugar ..............
Other and unclassified
Petroleum and products .


Diesel oil ... . ..
Liquefied gas ...
Gasoline......
Jet fuel ........
Fuel oil, residual
Lubricating oil .
Petroleum produ


ct


Miscellaneous ......
All other and uncle
Total .........


* CCSSC*CC . C C C S CS. . 0. . .
. S S S S S S . S . . . a aa. a a . a.
*........c.S ... S......5*5.S
. . ....5 .... S 55. ...S . ..


a. a as...... C5 SSUCCSS .a.C
* Se..C*.C .*..CSCCC.#. .. ..


ts, mi scellaneous . . . .... ..... .



assified ................... .


�.C.CCC.... S C * *s*S.... SS 5 9. 5


26
5
5
1,162
1,161
I
70





38
32
22
22
1,353


39

7
1,394
1,393

439

86
78
71
138
66

34
34
1,976


21

17
48
43
36
7
5
1,466
1,464
2
374
36

7
246
58
27
'15

15
1,941


EUROPE TO WEST COAST UNITED STATES:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ........


.* ......
a...*.....*


Caustic soda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
Chemicals, unclassified ........
Lumber and products, miscellaneous
Machinery and equipment .........


a..Cab........ 555


Automobiles, trucks, accessories and parts
Construction machinery and equipment..
Electrical machinery and apparatus......
Other and unclassified .................
Manufactures of iron and steel ............


*. c .S S .S . a
55..*55. *
*.a.ta...
* . . . . ..5
..c.....


5
18
20
193
185
5
1
2
780


2
22
17
150
138
4
5
3
610


7
8
15
152
148
1

3
732


Angles, shapes, and sections
Plates, sheets, and coils ....
Tubes, pipes, and fittings ..
Wires, bars, and rods......
Other and unclassified . . ..
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash


* C C SC .C....S ..5555 ...
a . . . . . 999. ..t. C 54..
... ..e.........aa * 5 *SS 5
Sa. as. .. a.. a .S.* ....S
ca.asass ass.........a
a... .*CCS...CC S.. *.*5








PANAMA


CANAL


COM MISSION


Table


10.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal vear


EUROPE TO WEST COAST UNITED STATEs-Continued


Miscellaneous -Continued
Cement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Glass and glassware .....
Liquors and wines ......
Marble and stone ......
Paper and paper products
Rubber, manufactured...
All other and unclassified


* a S. *4. * .. .. O. . .9 . etSS .
*.a. a.aa a .... .a 9 .*a S .S.*.
..aa.aa. .. a.... .....t..*.
* a caat .. 9*......S * .5*9 .


*. . 4q.ees .t
* 4** 4.*....


1,108


Total..


EUROPE TO WEST COAST CANADA:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous.
Machinery and equipment ...............
Automobiles, trucks, accessories and parts
Other and unclassified ......... .. ..
Manufactures of iron and steel . ...........


a a.....

*..a......


2,940


7
13
6
7
137


2,152


2,208


5
14
5
9
68


Angles, shapes, and sections
Plates, sheets, and coils ...
Tubes, pipes, and fittings ..
Wire, bars, and rods ......
Other and unclassified .....
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash


Fertilizers, unclassified...
Petroleum and products ...
Asphalt......., .... . .
M miscellaneous .............
Bricks and tile..........
Liquors and wines .....
All other and unclassified


Total


*


*. . . .. . ......S~ S 9 9 S a *
.......... 9 c.e 4..O . .
*.. ...0..... a...a.a .* .
*.a. . m..6. aa. aa a. a *. a
* S..*. 0.. ...S. Sa. a. a...
. ...a . as ....... ..


* .... ...a.a..a...... St*
* a a.....S .tcS. * em. C . ..

* .....*..... a......... *


7


283

1
281
447


EUROPE TO WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous.....
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous
Grains. .. . . . . . . . .... ... ............ . . . . . �


*.a.a....

164

3
161
262



1
38
33


. � '....
.a aa6aa
6

174
2
3
169
403




6
48


Corn . . . . . . . . . . . .
W heat . . . . .. . . . . .
Other and unclassified
Machinery and equipment


* a a..... a ...... .a aa .t a ...
ca�a�5***� ece�e b�t� �S *
* � *99�4�S�* � * 9 �S*Sa �aa
* � aS � I�S�U�a� as . . *9�


Automobiles, trucks, accessories and parts
Other and unclassified .................
Manufactures of iron and steel ............


An 1rc chmrnsc nnA! Cec


..... a


*IfluU


841


4
30
19
41
9
32
46


1*


I 1