<%BANNER%>
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Letter of transmittal
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Canal traffic
 Canal operations
 Supporting operations
 Administration and staff
 Financial report
 Statistical tables
 Back Cover


DLOC PCANAL



Annual report
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097367/00007
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Spine title: Annual report of the Panama Canal Commission ( 1980-<1994> )
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Creation Date: 1981
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Genre: Periodicals   ( lcsh )
statistics   ( marcgt )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Fiscal year 1980-
Numbering Peculiarities: Fiscal year ends Sept. 30.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: Vols. for 1992- distributed to depository libraries in microfiche.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Fiscal year ended Sept. 30, 1998.
Statement of Responsibility: Panama Canal Commission.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 07777425
lccn - 96645119
issn - 1936-5306
System ID: UF00097367:00007
 Related Items
Preceded by: Annual report, fiscal year ended ...

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Letter of transmittal
        Page i
        Page ii
    Table of Contents
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Canal traffic
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
    Canal operations
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Supporting operations
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    Administration and staff
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Financial report
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
    Statistical tables
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 75a
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
    Back Cover
        Page 129
        Page 130
Full Text
a,6


PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


FISCAL YEAR ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 1981


REPORT


UAL






















Digitized by the Internet Archive
in 2010 with funding from
Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation













PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Balboa, Republic of Panama
OFFICE OF THE ADMINISTRATOR





FROM THE ADMINISTRATOR:


I am pleased to submit the second annual report of the Panama Canal
Commission covering Canal operations for fiscal year 1981.
During the second year under the Panama Canal Treaty, the Commission
continued to operate the Canal safely and efficiently while new records were
established in cargo tonnage and tolls revenue. Oceangoing transits and the
number of large vessels using the Canal also increased over the prior year.


Petroleum


products,


grains,


coal


continued


most


important commodity


groups accounting for about 60 percent of total


Canal commercial cargo movements during the fiscal year.


accommodate


these


growing


demands


waterway,


Commission devoted significant efforts to


improvement programs.


modernization and capacity


The locks towing locomotives and tugboat fleets


were expanded and modernized through the acquisition and replacement of


major equipment.


The contract


for construction of a


Gaillard Cut to increase Canal capacity was awarded.


tie-up station in
Other programs


provided for new launches, improvement of marine traffic surveillance,
replacement of locks equipment, and the improvement and replacement of
transit facilities. These projects and others are expected to augment Canal
capacity over 15 percent by 1983 and provide the waterway with sufficient






The successful performance levels reached during the last two years were
achieved under the difficult and challenging conditions that accompanied
the implementation of the Treaty, The Commission's Board of Directors is
meeting on a regular basis and has made progress on the resolution of policy


matters
created
continue


pertinent


by the


to Commission


Treaty


function.


for the


operations.


resolution of


Commission


Other


binational


bodies


day-to-day problems also


management


operating


organization are fulfilling their mission of providing a high standard of
transit service to world shipping. With prudent investment in maintenance,
modernization, and effective training programs, the Panama Canal will
continue as a viable artery for world trade well into the future.


.P. McAJLIFF


Administrator
























TABLE OF CONTENTS



PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


INTRODUCTION

ORGANIZATION

THE CANAL...


* S * S * S *9 4*t*

* . S S S * * S S I S *


* S I I S S S * S

* I * * S *95 9


* S S S I I *9*4*

* I S * * * I * S I S


* S S I 9 5 5 4

* S * S S S S S


* 9 S S S S S

* S S S * S 9


* S S I

* . . S 1


TOLLS RATES


TREATY IMPLEMENTATION ..


PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


ORGANIZATION CHART. .......

BOARD OF DIRECTORS . . . . . . ..


* SS****S

* S S S * 9 5 5


* S S 5 I 0 S 9 9 S S S

* S S S * * S S S S S I


OFFICIALS IN THE REPUBLIC OF PANAMA

OFFICIAL IN WASHINGTON, D.C. ......


* S S. S.

* 9 S S 9

* S 5 I 0 6


* 9 S I S * S S

* S S S I I S S


CHAPTER I-CANAL TRAFFIC

T RAFFIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... .. . .. .. . .. .

COMPARATIVE HIGHLIGHTS OF OPERATIONS. . ..... ...... ... . ... .. ...

COMMODITIES AND TRADE ROUTES . .. . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .



CHAPTER II-CANAL OPERATIONS


TRANSIT OPERATIONS


MAINTENANCE AND OTHER CANAL PROJECTS


CHAPTER III-SUPPORTING OPERATIONS


EMPLOYEE SERVICES

LOGISTICAL SERVICES


* S S 9*49

S S S S I 9


* S S


* 9 9 0 S S 9

5955*5*


* I S


* S S S S S S S

* S 55555*


* 5 9 5 5


TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES . ..

PUBLIC UTILITIES

POLICE AND FIRE PROTECTION . ..


16


* . S . * 9 9 9 5 9 5 5 5 5 5 4 S S .I. . . I I 9 9


CANAL PROTECTION ..

HEALTH AND SAFETY.

LIBRARY SERVICES ...


* S S S * . 4

* . S S . S.


* SOS


* S 9 9 9 S S I I S S S S

* S * S S S I I I S S I 9


* S S S * S


* St.....

* S * S S S 5 9


S II SS SS 6 5* **19


CHAPTER IV-ADMINISTRATION AND STAFF

PERSONNEL: FORCE EMPLOYED AND RATES OF PAY


SS * I21


EQUAL OPPORTUNITY PROGRAM ..
PI I I"m A -'AIDC


9599*S S


*U .5 . .99


S S S


I S S


2


71







CONTENTS


Financial Tables


Page


TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE

TABLE


.-Balance Sheet


.-Statement of Operations and Non-Interest-Bearing Investment


3.-Statement of Changes in the Investment of the United States


.-Statement of Changes in Financial Position
.-Statement of Status of Appropriations....


.--State


*


. .. 28


9.4...


S S404 115 . * 4*t 9 .35


ment of Property, Plant, and Equipment


**.. 36


Notes to financial statements


CHAPTER


VI--STATISTICAL TABLES


Shipping Statistics


--Panama Canal Traffic, Fiscal Years 1972-1981


TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE
TABLE


-Commercial Ocean Traffic by Months, Fiscal Years 1981 and 1980


-Canal Traffic by Flag of Vessel, Fiscal Year 1981


-Classification of Canal Traffic by


--Laden and Ballast


--Segregation


48
.. 50
.. 51


Type of Vessel, Fiscal Year 1981


Traffic by Flag of Vessel, Fiscal Year 198


of Transits


Registered


G ross


Tonnage,


..... 57


Fiscal


Year 198i .........


TABLE
TABLE


7.-Principal Commodities Shipped Through Canal by Fiscal Years.


8.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo


Through the Panama


Canal from Atlantic to Pacific during Fiscal Year


Segregated


TABLE


by Countries in Principal Trade Areas ....
9.-Origin and Destination of Commercial Cargo


... . . ............. 64


Through the Panama


Canal from Pacific to Atlantic during Fiscal Year
by Countries in Principal Trade Areas .........


Segregated
S S S C * *555


TABLE


ABLE


10.--Cargo
I1.-Cargo


Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific


Shipments by


........ . .78
. .. .. .... 8 1


Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic


TABLE


-I important


Commodity


shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific


S. . . . . . 85


TABLE


3.-'niportant


Commodity Shipments


Over Principal Trade


Routes


Pacific to Atlantic..


TABLE


14.-Principal Canal Commodities by Direction,


Fiscal


... . 104
.... 5123


Year


Other Statistics


TABLE


--Water Supply and Usage..
Sr^ * a -


5 4450 I S S S S S SW SISISSIS 4 55*5t4446* C CS













INTRODUCTION
ORGANIZATION
The Panama Canal Commission is an agency of the Executive Branch of
the U united States Government, provided for by the Panama Canal Treaty of


1977, and established


by the Panama Canal Act of 1979 (93 Stat.


452; 22


U.S.C.


et seq.),


enacted September


1979.


The authority


President of the United States with respect to the Commission is exercised


through


Secretary


of Defense


Secretary


Army


. The


Commission


is supervised


a nine-member


Board:


members


nationals of the United States and four are Panamanians. Board members


who are


U.S.


nationals are appointed with the advice and consent of the


Senate.
The Commission was established to carry out the responsibilities of the
United States with respect to the Panama Canal under the Panama Canal


Treaty


1977


. In fulfilling these obligations, the Commission manages,


operates, and maintains the Canal, its complementary works, installations,


and equipment, and provides for the orderly transit of vessel


through the


Canal.


The


terminates


Commission


on December


perform


, 1999,


these


when


functions
Republic


until


Treaty


of Panama


assume full responsibility for the Canal.
The Commission is expected to recover, through tolls and other revenues,


costs


operating


maintaining


Canal,


including


interest


depreciation, capital for plant replacement, expansion and improvements,
and payments to the Republic of Panama for public services and annuities,
in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article III and paragraphs 4(a) and (b) of


Article XIII, respectively,


from


of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977


tolls and all other sources are deposited in the U.S.


Revenues


Treasury in an


account known as the Panama Canal Commission Fund. Appropriations
for operating expenses and capital improvements are enacted annually by


the Congress and are


limited to the sum of the estimated receipts for the


year,


plus


unexpended


balances


in the


Panama


Canal Commission






INTRODUCTION


esse


transiting the Canal are raised in three steps to the level of Gatun


Lake
three


, the principal


steps.


The


ource of Canal water


three


Canal


, then lowered to sea level again in


locks


are paired


so as to permit


simultaneous


ockage of two


vessel


n the same direction or in opposite


directions.


Since August 15,


, the official date of its opening,


the Panama Cana


has served world trade virtually without interruption.


Through thi


fisca


year


a total of 597.285 vessel


of all types have tran


ited with 497,623 or 83.3


percent of the total being of the oceangoing commercial class.
TOLLS RATES


Panama Canal toll


rates were increased appro


ximately 29.3 percent on


October 1


1979.


These rates remained unchanged through fiscal year


Tolls


rates


are:


merchant


vessels


, Army


Navy


transports,


tankers


, hospital


hips,


supply


, and yacht


, when carrying passengers


or cargo


$1.67 per net vessel ton of 100 cubic feet of actua


earning capacity


Such tonnage


of V


esse


is determined in accordance with the "Rule


for the


Panama


Canal


(b) on


uch vessel


s of Mea
n ballast


surement
. without


sengers or cargo


$1.33 per net ves


sel ton; and (c) on other floating craft


93 cents per ton of displacement.


the Governments of Panama and Colombia


were giv


n free


Sransit


as were two transits


TREATY


ely for repairs at Commissi
IMPLEMENTATION


on facilities


The Panama Canal Treaty of 1977 entered into effect on October 1


The two years following implementation of the


1979.


Treaty have been not only a


time of


change for the


Panama


Canal


, but also a time of continuity and


achievement.


Innumerable changes and innovation


by the Commission in compliance with the


The Commission


have been carried out


Treaty throughout thi


's binational Board of Directors i


period.


meeting periodically to


resolve


broad


range


issues


pertinent


to the


Comm


mission.


Other


binational bodies establi


hed by the


Treaty for the resolution of day-to-day


problem


also continue to function.











































zz


Z~Z


w0 4o
COO<
II-

0. Q. HJ >-
Z Z e

< < >- 0

44 o
1-s2Z
3 0 2<
0040U Q


Ow~ z
422 o
tf 0~ 2

,yzz

CDI z0C jaU
LLt


U)
z

7~04


a: 0~4
22)r


BE
'a;-
a: 0
j00
'a C,
a:








BOARD


DIRECTOR


BOARD OF DIRECTORS


Honorable WILLIAM R.


GIANELLI.


Honorable ROBERTO M


HEURTEMATTE E.


Chairman


Panama, Republic of Panama


A assistant


Secretary


of the Army


(Civil Works)
'ashington, D.C.


Honorable CLIFFORD B. O'HARA


Riverside, Connecticut


Honorable JOHN A.


USHNELL


Honorable


TOMAS PA


REDES R.


Deputy Assistant
for Inter-Amer


Secretary of State
ican Affairs


Executive Director


Executive


Bureau for Panama Canal


'ashington, D.C.


Honorable J.


Treatyi Affairs
Panama. Republic of Panama


W. CLARK


President, Clark Maritime
Associates, Inc.
New Orleans, Louisiana

Honorable EDWIN FABREGA
Director General


Honorable RICARDO A.


Minister


RODRIGUEZ


the Presidency


Panama, Republic of Panama


Honorable WILLIAM
Poway, California


Institute


Hydraulic


Resources


and Electrification (IRHE)
Panama, Republic of Panama


Executive Committee
Honorable WILLIAM R.


Budget and Finance Committee


GIANELLi,


Honorable EDWIN F


ABREGA


Chairman


Chairman


Honorable JOHN A.


SHNELL


Honorable J.


W. CLARK


Honorable CLIFFORD B. O'HARA


Honorable CLIFFORD B.


honorable RICARDO


A. RODRIGUEZ


Honorable TOMAS


AREDES


orable


TOMAS


AREDES


Personnel Committee


Honorable J.


W. CLARK


Chairman


Long-Range Cana
Committee
Honorable EDWIN


Improvements


ABREGA


., Chairman


Honorable ROBERTO M


HEURTEMATTE E.


Honorable J.


W. CLARK


Honorable WILLIAM SIDELL


Honorable CLIFFORD B.


O'HARA


Honorable


TOMAS P


AREDES R.


orable


TOMAS


AREDES


OFFICIALS


IN THE


REPUBLIC


OF PANAMA


Administrator.


D. P


McAui


flonntt A /,, etnn Fn N N i N NIDm


IDELL


ARA


,IFFE
ID


rclvnlnr


h~fPF r�ln


FED~~N


on M












Chapter I


CANAL TRAFFIC

TRAFFIC

Most important elements of Canal traffic and tolls revenue again reached
record levels in fiscal year 1981. The gains were highly concentrated in
increased shipments of the three most important commodity groups moving
through the Canal-petroleum, grains and coal.
Oceangoing transits totaled 13,984, or 38.3 daily, during the fiscal year, an
increase of 2.7 percent from 13,614, or 37.2 daily, in fiscal year 1980.
Oceangoing commercial vessels accounted for 13,884 transits, compared to
13,507 such transit in the prior year. Vessels owned or operated by the U.S.
Government, and free Panamanian and Colombian vessels, made 100
transits compared to 107 transits in fiscal year 1980.
The trend toward larger vessels was again evident this year, although the
increase was lower than in previous years. Transits, of vessels having beams
of 80 feet or greater totaled 6,364 or 45.5 percent of total oceangoing
transits. In fiscal year 1980, 6,089 vessels, or 44.7 percent of the oceangoing
transits, were in this beam category. Transit of the larger vessels, those in the
100-foot beam and over category, totaled 2,263, or 16.2 percent of total
oceangoing transits, compared to 2,172, or 16.0 percent, during fiscal year
1980.
In terms of Panama Canal net tonnage, the average size of oceangoing
commercial transits rose 0.8 percent, increasing from 13,485 tons in 1980 to
13,593 in 1981. During fiscal year 1980, the average size of oceangoing
commercial transits rose 4.1 percent with respect to the prior year.
The increase in the number and size of vessels generated record Panama
Canal net tonnage and tolls revenue. Total Panama Canal net tonnage
increased 3.5 percent from 183.2 million tons in 1980 to 189.6 million tons.
Tolls revenue increased 3.3 percent to a record $303.1 million from $293.4







CANAL


TRAFFIC


COMPARATIVE HIGHLIGHTS OF OPERATIONS

Fi.alt rear


Oceangoing transit:


Commercial


.. . 13.884


13.507


U.S. Government


Free.....
Total..


* #9*999
, 9* 3 3 9~


Daily average


13,984


* 9 8 8 3


Small transit:


Commercial


Government


Free...
Total


Total


* a * a a


* S * *8


* S * S * 9
. . . "
...D...


* S S * 9 *


1,066


cargo:


Commercial ....
U.S. Government


Free.....
Total.


Total


Panama


ment tonnage


Canal
e .. ..


* 9* S S S * 549* 3 * ****S
* 9 5 * S S 9 9 5 9 9 9 5 5 6 8 9 9


* S S S S


. .. .. . ... ... . . .


net tons


and reconstructed


* I##S


displace-


Transit revenue:


Commercial


Government v


essels


Tolls revenue.......


Harbor pilotage, tug, launch,
Total transit revenue


and other


services


171,223,117
301,778


171,524,895


189,565,518



$301,828,204
1,252,154
$303,080,358


47,681,976
$350,762,334


13,614

37.2



788
276
47
1,111



167,215,722
396,481


167,612,203


183,173,120



$291,913,488
1,530,455
$293,443,943


41,717,532
$335,161,475


COMMODITIES AND TRADE ROUTES


Cargo


tonnage


moving through


Cana


during fiscal


year


1981


another record. Primarily as a result of increased shipments of petroleum.


* 9*::





PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION 7

million long tons in fiscal year 1981. Crude petroleum shipments totaled
36.4 million long tons compared to 35.3 million long tons in fiscal year 1980,
with the entire increase due to a stronger Alaska North Slope (ANS) oil
trade. The ANS movement accounted for 24.6 million long tons in 1981,
increasing I 1.1 percent from the prior year. Shipments of other petroleum
products, excluding crude oil, increased 7.9 percent from 12.0 million long
tons in 1980 to 13.0 million long tons in 1981.
Grain shipments surpassed prior year levels by 13.1 percent, totaling a
record 34.4 million long tons and accounting for 20. 1 percent of all Canal
commercial cargo. The increase in this commodity group resulted primarily
from nearly a doubling of the wheat movement, from 6.6 million long tons in
1980 to 12.5 million long tons this fiscal year. Nearly 55 percent of the total
wheat trade was destined for China. With the exception of barley, oats and
rice, the tonnage of the other grains composing this commodity group
registered declines from prior year levels. Corn decreased from 12.4 million
long tons in 1980 to 10.7 million long tons in 1981, sorghum from 3.0 million
long tons to 2.3 million long tons and soybeans from 6.9 million long tons to
6.7 million long tons. Grain exports from the East Coast of the United States
to Asia accounted for 72.3 percent of the total Canal grain movement, with
Japan remaining the primary destination.
Coal and coke shipments, which accounted for 11.8 percent of all Canal
commercial cargo this year, continued last year's upward trend, registering
20.2 million long tons, the highest level in six years. Most of that coal was
metallurgical type destined for Japan's steel industry, but part of the gain in
the coal movement may be attributed to burgeoning U.S. exports of steam
coal.
Two other major commodity groups experiencing gains during the year
were chemicals and petrochemicals, which increased 6.0 percent to 4.5
million long tons and machinery and equipment, which rose 5.0 percent to
2.5 million long tons.
Many other major Canal commodity movements registered declines
during the year. The tonnage of ores and metals decreased 26. 1 percent to
8.5 million long tons; nitrates, phosphates and potash fell 12.7 percent to 8.5
million long tons; manufactures of iron and steel dropped 2.6 percent to 7.2
million long tons; lumber and products continued to slump, falling 13.0
percent to 6.2 million long tons; and canned and refrigerated foods
S S A a a * .. * -







CANAL TRAFFIC


0



CO
I-


OO
00

t0
Z-
COLL
0


LC)
S.

*5
S.


0~~~3S* 0~~~3333~~~~333
ec',
-V S
CNI
.5


rfl
~S5*
N..-
S..-
Ma.-.'


* i


ceo6L
-I


i


I








PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


(J- e
- - (N


N~ fl en
,d~ J' o


oo4 'nr


9C vt 'n en en t rn en


en\Q
N-GO9
'dict


&fl ei~ ~n GO '1* fl en


rv


~n (fl dm(~Ci









CANAL TRAFFIC


Ouct


COO

fl. C
5-: -
o.S~
c~i-
'~~" A
-U
'Cos

ha
~ 41


dO

natO




ha

ouot

w0C7




QG


n.a














Chapter


CANAL


Canal operation


OPERATIONS


are comprised of Transit Operations and Maintenance


Other


Canal


Projects.


The


various


functions


are divided


among a


number of


operating bureaus within the Canal agency.


TRANSIT


Daily average transit


OPERATIONS


by oceangoing vessels increased from the 37.


day during fiscal year 1980 to 38.3 per day during fiscal year 1981


Average


time


Canal


waters


increased


from


-34.9


hours


fiscal


year


1980


to 40.7 hours in fiscal year


1981.


Percent


Vessels
of 600-foot


rear


* S * * *YSW**W* * S *9S~Sst* **
* . . S * * * * * . . . . S S S S S S S * S * S


length


of total
oceangoing


and over


trans its


Percent


Vessels
of 80-foot


beam


4,855
4,598
4,089
3,842
3,012


over


6,364
6,089
5,503
5,200
4.254


of total
oceangoing
transit
45.5


The number


of ves


sels transiting at more than 36-foot draft


increased


3.38


percent


during


with


2.200


vesse


transiting


Canal


compared


to 2.128


last year.


The maximum allowable draft


of 39 feet


inches was maintained for the entire fisca


year.


Total jobs performed by Commission tugs declined from 46,310


n fiscal


year


1980 to 41


,718 in fiscal year


1981


Commencing October


1980


harbor movements in the ports of Balboa and Cristoba


were performed by


tugs operating under contract with the National Port Authority of Panama.








CANAL


OPERATIONS


Ohs

Os..





PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


MAINTENANCE


AND


OTHER


CANAL


PROJECTS


The design for 23 high mast lighting poles on the east, center and west wall


Pedro


Miguel


Locks


was


completed.


Installation


new


lighting


system is expected to be completed in January 1983 and will provide Canal


pilots


better visibility when


transiting wide


beam ships at


night.


Similar


lighting was previously installed at Miraflores Locks and is presently being
installed at Gatun.
The seven phase Panama Canal Dam and Spillway Inspection Study was


completed


during


year.


The study


initiated


in fiscal


year


1977,


was


conducted by the Mobile District of the U.S. Corps of Engineers. In the final
phase, the Corps recommended a change in the flood control procedures
and eliminated the locks chambers at Gatun and Pedro Miguel from further


consideration as flood spillways.


higher lake
designed ai
procedure


levels as a


result


constructed


during


in time


flood


To protect vital Canal structures against
his loss in spillway capacity, dikes were


to implement


season


November


new
1980.


flood
Other


control
Corps


recommendations contained in the various phases of the study have already
been implemented.
A contract was awarded for the construction of the first phase of a ship


tie-up station in Paraiso Reach,


one mile north of Pedro Miguel Locks.


This


facility,


when


completed,


maximize


use of


Pedro


Miguel


Locks


permitting ships to be locked up through Pedro Miguel and then secured to


the station during "clear-cut"


operations or during periods of fog.


The first


phase of the


project


permit


the securing


two ships at the station.


When all


phases are completed,


the station


will accommodate five ships


which is expected to increase the capacity of the Canal by two ships per day


In fiscal year


1980, a new method was developed to repair the waterside


locomotive


tow track


at the


locks.


The


procedure,


called


"alternate


method"


consists of


removing and


replacing alternate ties


together with sections of the concrete foundation thus permitting the track


to be repaired without taking it out of service.


Work at


Miraflores Locks


was initiated in January with


1,970 feet of rail being repaired by the end of


the fiscal year. Repair work began at Pedro Miguel Lock


in February with


,880 feet


being completed.


A total of I


,125 feet of track were repaired at


Gatun during the year.


Commensurate with this rail repair, maintenance


crews also began repairing damaged rack section of the tow track system






CANAL


OPERATIONS


Completion


project


substantially


reduce


probability


generator failure.


In addition


nomina


capacity


each


unit


increased from 8,000


KW to


2,000 KW which will provide more peaking


power,


increase


hydroelectric


generating


capacity


during wet years,


and


reduce generating costs.


August


Commi


981,


sion-wide


telephone
eliminate


dialing


operational


change


implemented


conflicts


between


Comm


mission telephone


system and the recently established central office of


Institute


Nacional


Telecomunicacione


(INTEL).


The


change


standardized dialing throughout the Commission and military systems.
Work commenced at the locks on the voltage conversion of the machinery


transformer


rooms


from


to 480


volts.


The


obsolete


Roller-Smith


breakers are being replaced by molded case circuit breaker


mounted on the


existing
project


roll-out


nearing


mechanisms.


completion


The


Pedro


Migue


Lock


Miraflore


portion


Gatun


Locks


scheduled for future year


When completed,


this project will standardize


the operating voltage of all lock


machinery at 480 volt













Chapter


SUPPORTING


OPERATIONS


Supporting operations of the Panama Canal provided essential support
services to the operation of the waterway, as well as to other U.S. agencies


on the Isthmus and to employees and their dependents.


included Logistical Services, Employee Services,


Public
Safety


These operations


Transportation Facilities,


Utilities, Police and Fire Protection, Canal Protection, Health and


Library Services.


EMPLOYEE SERVICES


During


fisca


year


981,


Commission


provided


housing,


care


grounds, buildings management services and recreational facilities for the
agency and its employees and their dependents.


The housing livability program,


which permits


mited improvement


quarters I
composite


employees,


quarters


as well
exterior


as the


installation


interior


vinyl


painting


siding


quarters


were


continued as in previous years. Physical security improvements to quarters
were continued during the year.
A plan was developed late in the year to effect the early transfer in fiscal


year


1982


168 apartments on


Atlantic side to


the Government


Panama.


The apartments are located


townsite


Coco Solo and


Mindi.


U fl i r~ln VCnP3'n Ucrnnrrr






SUPPORTING


OPERATIONS


construction and delivery of six locks towing locomotives and component


parts,


due in


March and July


and another to a


U.S.


firm for $2.4


million for the engineering, design, materials and technical supervision for
rewinding and uprating the capacity of two existing generating units at the


Madden Dam Power Plant.


An option to purchase a second diesel-powered,


twin-screw tugboat for $4 million under an existing contract from FY 1980


with


a U.S.


manufacturer


was


exercised.


new


tug,


A lianza,


was


accepted by the Commission and put into service during the year


A second


tug, the


Progreso, is expected to be put into service in early fiscal


1982.


Almost $


7 million in Commission inventory items were issued and $19


lion was obligated for new inventory purchases during the year. A total


inventory


of 39.000 line items


with an average


landed cost value of $26


lion was on hand at year-end.

TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES


The


Panama


Canal


Commission'


transportation


facilities


included


motor vehicle fleet


, of 831 vehicles, and an oceangoing general cargo vessel


Cristobat) of 10,000 gross tons.


The


Motor


Transportation


Division


operated


maintained


cons


olidated


motor


pool


designed


to meet


vehicular transportation


requirements


Commission.


The


vehicle


fleet


in fiscal


year


1981


included 606 trucks of various types,


special-purpose vehicles.


150 passenger-carrying vehicles, and 75


Vehicle mileage increased from 7,048,000 miles in


fiscal year


980 to


7,950,000 in fiscal


The vehicle inspection facilities


located within the


Motor


Transportation Division areas were used by the


Government of Panama to conduct inspections of privately-owned vehicles
and by the Motor Transportation Division to perform Commission vehicle


inspections.


Fully equipped shops,


including a tire retreading plant,


provide


facilities for maintenance and repairs to the Motor Transportation Division
fleet.


The


Cristobal,


oceangoing


passenger/cargo


vessel,


was


decommissioned


fr om


service


with


Panama


Canal


Commission


mber


. The


vessel


constructed


Panama


Canal'


Panama Line in


, had provided reliable logistical support between the


United


States and


Government


Panama for the


Panama


Cana


Panama Canal Company


Commission,


and


other


/ Canal Zone
Government


- --






PANAMA CANAL COMMISS

At fiscal year-end 1981, the I


ION


'rocurement Division in New Orleans and the


Water


Transportation Division, which had operated the SS Cristobal,


discontinued


employees


entered


reduction-in-force.


were
;mall


ogistica


support activity remains in New Orlean


, which is


scheduled to


become a branch of the Storehouse


Division.


PUBLIC UTILITIES


Panama


Canal Commission faci


include electric power gen


eration


and distribution


systems, communication systems,


water purification and


distribution systems, and a central chilled water air conditioning
certain public buildings on the Pacific side.


system for


Total Canal Area energy demand during fisca


year 198


was 556 gigawatt


hours, a 1.9 percent decrease from the 567 gigawatt hours used last year


The


peak hourly demand of 88


megawatts reached on April


was


percent
energy


below the peak


consumption


of 93


in fisca


megawatts


year


in the prior year


electrical


Agency-wide


power


calculated together in Btu


energy conservation


baseline


was


reduced a total of 21.7


period


of fiscal


year


1975


percent from the
Electrical power


comsumption


below the


usage


Commission,


levels


recorded


71.6


gigawatt


hours,


for comparable operation


in fi


percent
cal year


; fuel consumption (excluding fuel for power generation),


gallon


, was 31.9 percent below the corresponding fisca


year 197


5.3 million
5 baselines.


The


water


treatment


distribution


system


operated


Commission


Republic
Panama


City,


provide potable


Panama.


The


water for the Canal Area and


Pacific


and suburban areas


side


system


serves


areas
Canal


and the separate Atlantic side


of the
Area,
system


serves the Canal Area


, the city of Colon,


and suburban areas. During fiscal


year


981, the two systems supplied 3,061 million cubic feet of potable water


to consumers, an increase of about 4.5


percent over the previous


year


Water Consumption by


Areas


(Millions of cubic feet


Canal Area..........


Fiscal


iear






SUPPORTING


OPERATIONS


POLICE AND FIRE PROTECTION
The mission of the Police Division is, in coordination with the Panama


National Guard


life and


property


, the preservation of public peace and order


prevention


crime throughout


protection of
Commission


areas.


During fiscal year


, the dual jurisdictional concept and joint patrol


with


Panama


National


Guard continued to provide law enforcement


services in an efficient manner.
The Penitentiary at Gamboa was officially transferred to the Government


of Panama on


December


1980.


Of the three remaining felony inmates


which


were


in United


States


custody


during


fiscal


year,


were


transferred to Panamanian custody and one was transferred to the custody


of the United States Bureau of Prisons.
proceedings in the United States District


All transfers were handled through
: Court, and in accordance with the


Prisoner
States. r


Transfer


Treaty between the Republic of Panama and the United


ratified June 27


980.


During fisca


year


1981


persons


subject


U.S.


jurisdiction


were


arrested compared to 335 persons arrested in fiscal year 1980. A tota


persons subject to Panama jurisdiction were arrested in the Cana


handled by


of 926


Area and


Republic of Panama authorities.


The


Panama


Canal


Commission


Fire


Division


is responsible


for fire


protection,


fire fighting and


rescue operations


in Canal


operating areas,


defense


sites


, civilian and military areas of coordination,


and shipboard fire


fighting on all vessels in Commission waters.


There were 723 fires (excluding


n fiscal year


981, causing a loss


of $205,234 compared to


770 fires


resulting


in a


of $247,988 in fiscal year


1980.


There were
fire losses in


hip fire


1981


were $1


during the year versus


13 the previous year. Ship


,750 compared to $512,195 the year before.


CANAL


The Canal Protection


PROTECTION


Division provides guard protection and physical


security
Commis


vital


installations


facilities


ion through the prevention and detection of


Panama


abotage,


Canal


theft and


pilferage; and the prevention of unauthorized use of Government property


equipment


facilities.


fiscal


year


1981


physical


security


function was transferred to the Canal Protection Division to consolidate the


operational


staff


physical


security


activities


with


objective






PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


house training films were produced by Graphics


19

Branch using division


security personnel and filmed on-site in Commission vital installations.


HEALTH


AND SAFETY


The


Office


Health


Safety


responsible


agency's


environmental


sanitation,


occupational


health


safety and zoonotic disease control programs.


i, industrial hygiene and
The Office of Health and


Safety is also responsible for maintaining close liaison with the U.S. Army


Medical


Department


Activity


(MEDDAC),


Panama


matters


pertaining to the health care provided to Commission employees, their
dependents and others sponsored by the agency. In addition, the Office
provides liaison with components of the Department of Defense, other U.S.
Government agencies and appropriate officials and organizations of the
Government of Panama relative to health matters.


During


fiscal


year


1981,


Office


Health


Safety


fully


implemented


in-house


program


conducting


reemployment and


periodic


physical


examinations


using


Commission's


Occupational


Health physicians. X-rays, laboratory testing and speciality consultations in
support of the program are ordered from M ED DAC on an as-needed basis.
The agency's disabling injury frequency climbed from 5.58 per one million


man-hours worked


in fiscal year


1980 to 6.85 in fiscal year


1981.


The


increase is


primarily the result of significant personnel turnover which


resulted in many position vacancies in the field being filled by employees and
supervisors with relatively less job experience and safety indoctrination.


Safety


continues


receive


management


emphasis


throughout


organization.


LIBRARY


The


Library


Services


Branch


SERVICES
f Community


Services


Division


responsible for providing mission-support information and research to the
Panama Canal Commission, maintaining a special collection of library and
three-dimensional materials relating to the history of the Panama Canal,
and providing general library service to Commission employees and their
dependents, U.S. Forces and their dependents, and to the extent possible,
other Isthmian residents.
The circulation index increased from 715.4 in fiscal year 1980 to 874.6 in
fiscal year 198 1. The reference index decreased from 14.7 in fiscal year 1980


















Chapter


ADMINISTRATION


AND


STAFF


PERSONNEL
FORCE EMPLOYED AND RATES OF PAY


At the end of
was 8,656 comj
1981, 7,846 v
temporary. In
Commission oi
employed by th
Approximate
Panamanians;
percent of U.S
Wage Base for
the Isthmus ir


positions
October 1
on or aftei
hired into
table sho


I


fiscal year 1981, the total Isthmian force of the Commission


pared
iere
addit
n the


to 8,626 e
full-time
ion, there
Isthmus.


ie Commission in
ely 74 percent of
3 percent of third
. citizens. Rates (
occupational cate
jior to October 1


Employees i
permanent
were 9 m
Twenty-tw


New
the to
count
)f pay
gories


n fiscal year


980.


Of the total in


and 801 were part-time and
itary personnel assigned to the
persons, all U.S. citizens, were


-leans and Washin
I Isthmian force is
nationals; and th<
ere established on


rton, D.C.
comprised
remaining
a Canal A


which were filled by recruitment on


, 1979; on a U.S. Wage


normally filled by recruitment from the United


, 1979; on
r October
Critical 5
ws the C


Base
Stath


Panama Area Wage Base for employees hi
1979; and on a Critical Skill Wage Base for
ill Occupations after October 1, 1979. The
mission permanent full-time Isthmian


for those
es prior to
red locally
employees
following
force by


citizenship and wage base, excluding student assistants:


Final Year 1981


Canal Area Wage Base ...
U.S. Wage Base .... ...... . . . .
Panama Area Wage Base ......
Critical Skill Wage Base ......
Total Full-time Permanent


* *0ew*
* * . . .
* . S * S
* * 4 S
Force


* *4**


* S S S S 4 9
* 9****~


* . . , * S
*. S . . . 9
*.....ee


C..S.
129
1,667
38
12
1,846


'on-
U.S.
4,178
1,617
143
62
6,000


Tital
4,307
3,284
181
74
7,846


I Inn ltl4nr A 1 Amn rrntn 4 r 0rA Irn.. -hAn *,nX +.- n.. L.. -- C .^ -I _ _


["






ADMINISTRATION


AND


STAFF


EQUAL


OPPORTUNITY


PROGRAM


During fiscal year 1981


the Administrator delegated joint responsibility


for an Upward Mobility Program for the Panama Canal Commission to the


Office of Personnel Administration and Office of Equal Opportunity.


The


concept


hared


responsibility


minority-related


programs


in the


Commission


proved


effective


earlier


with


Office


Personnel


Administration and


Office of Equal Opportunity jointly


developing and


implementing


other


EEO


Programs


Panamanian


Preference


Program. At the conclusion of the fiscal year, planning was completed for


both units to


hare responsibility also for the agency'


Handicap Program.


Pursuant to its responsibility for monitoring the Panamanian Preference


Program,


the Office of Equal Opportunity studies concluded that the trend


of growing participation of Panamanians is evident in all wage categories
and at all pay levels throughout the Commission. In the second half of fiscal


year


alone


, the percentage of Panamanians increased in


of the 14


wage categories.


The following trend


between the conclusion of fisca


year


980 and fisca


year


were noted in the permanent work force


in Permanent Work


Force


Fiscal Year


Percent
Increase/
Decrease


Panamanian...........
Third Country Nationals


Total..


1,920
5,499
308
7,727


1,866
5,778
280
7,924


EEO stud


optional retirements for the period between October 1,


1979


, and September 30,


1981


, reflected that the permanent Panamanian


work force grew in


size


approximately equivalent to the number of U.S


optional


retirements


during


first


years


operation


Commission.


During


period,


U .S.


citizens


elected


optional


retirement and the permanent Panamanian work force


PUBLIC


increased by


AFFAIRS


During fisca


year


1981


the Office of Public Affairs


expanded agency


communication
participation ii


with


shipping


world


maritime


conferences


industry


through


exhibition


increased


well


providing press releases to additional


shipping publication


port city


newena ners


Th"


Nh A A A


SI It I nI ! /"


CANAI


REVIEW was


published


on the


second


-9.1
+2.5


r





PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION 23

OMBUDSMAN
The Office of the Ombudsman, established by the implementing legisla-
tion for the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977, continued to provide answers to
requests for information, and investigate administrative problems,
inefficiencies, and conflicts caused within the Panama Canal Commission
and other U.S. Government agencies on the Isthmus as a result of the
Treaty. The widest latitude possible was given to those problems affecting
employee morale and quality of life.
During fiscal year 1981, over 1,350 requests for information and
assistance were registered at the Ombudsman's office. Based upon the origin
of these requests, it is evident that the primary impact of the Treaty has been
felt by Commission employees and employees who were transferred to the
Department of Defense with their functions from the former Panama Canal
Company/Canal Zone Government. The nature of the questions referred to
the office and the problems which required solutions reflected the stresses
and anxieties experienced by the employees and dependents in reaction to
the impact of the Treaty and implementing legislation, both at work and on
their personal lives.

INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
The statutory provisions of federal labor-management relations included
in the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 which were made applicable to the
Panama Canal Commission by the Panama Canal Act of 1979, continued to
be implemented during fiscal year 1981. Contract negotiations with the
International Organization of Masters, Mates and Pilots continued through
the first quarter of the fiscal year culminating in an agreement covering some
253 Panama Canal Pilots. The contract became effective on January 2,
1981. On February 12, 1981, the Federal Labor Relations Authority
(FLRA) issued a decision relative to the remaining units of Commission
employees which could be considered appropriate for collective bargaining
and ordered that a self-determination secret ballot election be held to permit
employees to select their exclusive union representatives. The Commission-
wide election was conducted on May 5-6, 1981.
At the close of the fiscal year, the unions which won the election
(International Association of Fire Fighters, Local 13, the Maritime/ Metal
Trade Council Coalition; and the Marine Engineers Beneficial Association,
















Chapter


FINANCIAL RE



FINANCIAL


;PORT


STATEMENTS


FOR


THE


FISCAL


YEAR


ENDED


SEPTEMBER


1981


The United States of America and the Government of Panama signed the


Panama


Canal


Treaty


1977


a Treaty Concerning the


Permanent


Neutrality and Operation of the Panama Canal on September


7, 1977.


The


Treaties were ratified by both countries and entered into force on October 1,


1979.


The Panama Canal Act of 1979 (Public Law No. 96-70) was passed by


the Congress of the United States on September 27, 1979. This Act provided
the legislation necessary for the implementation of the Panama Canal Treaty
of 1977 and for the operation and maintenance of the Panama Canal under


Treaty.


This Act also established the Panama Canal Commission as an


appropriated
operational


fund


agency


capital


funds


United


State


Panama


Government.


Canal


such,


Commission


specifically authorized and appropriated by law.
The Panama Canal Treaty of 1977 resulted in liquidation of the Panama
Canal Company and the Canal Zone Government, effective September 30,
1979. At liquidation, $84.2 million of fixed assets at net book value and $0.7


million


other assets were transferred at


no cost to the Government of


Panama. At the same time


, $34.9 million of fixed assets at net book value


$1.4


million


other


assets


were


transferred


to other


government


agencies


cost.


liquidation,


unexpended


balances


appropriation accounts of the Canal Zone Government were covered into


general fund


of the


U.S.


Treasury. At the same time, all unexpended






FINANCIAL


REPORT


Commission.


During fiscal year


1981,


the Congress of the


United States


appropriated to the Commission from the Panama Canal Commission Fund
$764,610,000 (Public Law Nos. 96-400, 96-536 and 97-12). Of that amount,
$370,351,000 was for operating expenses of the Commission for that year,


$350,000,000 for repayment to the general fund of the U.S.


Treasury of the


fiscal year 1980 appropriation, $31,560,000 for Commission capital outlay,
$10,000,000 for establishment of the Panama Canal Emergency Fund, and
$2,699,000 for payment to the Government of Panama of fiscal year 1980 net
revenues pursuant to paragraph 4(c) of Article XIII of the Panama Canal


Treaty


1977


. Of


fiscal


year


1981


operating appropriation,


$17.3


million remained unobligated at year end and will be returned to the U.S.


Treasury.
operating


In addition


funds,


appropriation


were


to the return


$14.2


of these


million


deobligated


unobligated


fiscal


during


fiscal


year


year
1981


fiscal year


1980


1981


operating


will also


returned to the U


Treasury.


Of the capital appropriation for fiscal year


1981, $24.7 million were obligated, with the balance of funds being retained
by the Commission for obligation during subsequent fiscal years. Of the $3.6
million unobligated balance of fiscal year 1980 capital appropriation, $2.3


million were obligated during fiscal year


1981.


The financial statements of the Panama Canal Commission, appearing as
Tables 1 through 6, with accompanying notes, present the financial position
of the Commission at September 30, 1981 and the results of its operations for
the fiscal year then ended.
The accounts and statements of the Panama Canal Commission have been


examined


General


Auditor


Commission


U.S.


General


Accounting


Office.


Detailed


audit


reports


U.S.


General


Accounting


Office


are directed


to the


Congress


are presented


Congressional documents.
Summary information concerning operating results and capital expendi-


tures follow


RESULTS


OPERATIONS


Net loss


from operations amounted to $0.9 million.


This amount wil


recovered from subsequent revenues as required by section


Panama Canal Act of 1979 (Public Law No.


1602(b) of the


96-70)





PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISS


ION


PRICE-LEVEL


ADJUSTED


STATEMENTS


The


balance


heet


statement


operations


presented


on the


conventional bas


of historic


costs are also separately presented to


how


the impact of inflation on the balance sheet and the results of operations.


These


price-level


statements,


accompanied


explanation


methodology of their preparation, follow the notes


to the regular financial


statements.






FINANCIAL


REPORT


Table 1.-Balance Sheet


Assets
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT:


At cost (Note 2c)


$866,931,982


$843,465,642


accumulated


depreciation


and valuation


allow-


ances (Note


, and 4).


400.615


384,231,884


466,316,392


459,233,758


CURRENT ASSETS:
Fund balances and cash (Note 5):
Operating funds:
Obligated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . ..
Unobligated to be returned to the U.S.
(Tables 3A and 3B) ......... .


Capital funds...
Emergency fund
Postal fund ....
Trust fund .....


59,433,349


76,894,964


Treasury


* . . . ~9~9~~~~~~* . S S **~S*S**** S *
* ..s...... .t9t....... S S S S *655*
* . . . *4** 5*65545* *9.9.S..*.. S *4
* .4.4.5* *5....... 5******* S * S S S


Cash receipts for deposit


Accounts
accounts
(Note 2f)


receivable, le
of $125,760
a e... . 0 S* .


into U


allowance


Treasury





for


$705,648,


J ......




doubtful


respectively


(Note


Other receivables


Inventories,


stock


(Note 2g)


Other current assets


allowance


$717,561


for obsolete


excess


respectively


93t** *5555559 *995*I*44# 55O** *9

* a S S S S * S *5***94* S S *#att***e S S 59


31,512,246
25,475,158
10,000,000
169,352
1,196,306
368,145
128,154,556






11,278,598
1,201,581
12,480,179






40,284,331

360,073

181,279,139


19,842,317
20,186,122

186,784
1,360,268


1,661,600


120,132,055


21,961,458
5,153,925
27,115,383






25,743,294

1,510,079

174,500,811


OTHER ASSETS:
Deferred charges:


- - S






PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


September 30, 1981 and 1980


Liabilities
INVESTMENT OF THE UNITED STATES:
Invested capital:


Interest-bearing (8.402% and 7.096%,


respec-


tively) (Note 8) .. . . . . .
Non-interest-bearing...........


959999999999 * S 99
~ *9*9v 9*9


$128,419,111
249,101,935
377,521,046


$148,246,061
236,530,780
384,776,841


Current budgetary accounts (Note
Obligated operating funds...
Obligated capital funds .....
Unobligated capital funds ...
Unobligated emergency fund


CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable:


Treasury


-Unobligated operating funds to be


returned (Tables 3A and 3B) ..............
U.S. Government agencies (Note 9) ... ..


Government of Panama


Other


Accrued liabilities:


Employees' leave ..
Salaries and wages


Retirement benefits to certain former employees


predecessor agencies (Note


Employees'


repatriation......


Damages to vessels (Notes 6 and 10)


revenue


payable


(Note 11)


Other


Other current liabilities:
Advances for capital


Unfunded damages to v


to Government


..... ...t
. S * * * S . S SW
* a 9*. . ..


of Panama


* S * C C *9CCCCCC C C C S S Wa...... 9
* 9* 9S9SW*4St S****** *99*999*


Note 2d)


essels (Notes


6 and


Other


59,433,349
17,371,012


8,104,146
10,000,000
94,908,507
472,429,553



31,512,246
19,367,682
8,397,367
3,672,626
62,949,921


34,711,831
5,278,400

1,506,000
2,427,000
11,514,828


1,120,525
56,558,584


16,785,190
13,870,414
1,195,849
31,851,453

151,359,958


76,894,964
16,630,877
3,555,245


97,081,086

481,857,927



19,842,317
13,972,693
7,004,420
6,468,939
47,288,369


32,814,578
4,339,009

1,613,000
1,991,000
30,272,398

2,699,181
2,658,193
76,387,359


6,909,190
7,213,170
1,369,035
15,491,395

139,167,123









PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Table 2.-Statement of Operations and Non-Interest-Bearing Investment
Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 1981 and 1980


OPERATING


REVENUES:


Tolls (Note 2b)...


Advances for capital (Note


Net tolls revenue.
Other . . . . . . . . . . . . .


* . S


* S *SS*S***9 ~9*** *9S'Get*
* . . S S * 5656*G* e........ SG


Total operating revenue


$303,080,358
(9,876,000
293,204,358
94,822,263
388,026,621


$293,443,942
(6,909,190)
286,534,752
82,874,355
369,409,107


OPERATING EXPENSES:
Payments to the Government of Panama (Note 11):


Public services
Fixed annuity.


* *G**GS*G C C 55***c *. C.... eec...
* Beceebee G~'~*~C* C * C e*e*ceU~9S


Tonnage


Maintenance of channels and harbors
Navigation service and control ......


Locks operation..........


e c...... .....S
"'S'C 0" GCG "'t ma


10,000,000
10,000,000
56,862,970
76,862,970


29,598,168
65,799,050
41,049,238


10,000,000
10,000,000
54,952,599
74,952,599

29,279,427
55,169,624
31,485,789


General repair, storehouse, engineering and mainten-


ance services...........
Transportation and utilities
Housing operations.......
General and administrative


Interest
Other ..


e.e.c..e...c......e......
........... .* . ... .tt .t .


* 9~9~~ 999C99*99
S S S C S 55**&668 S65 S


Total operating


expenses


NET REVENUE (Loss) (Notes 2b, 7 and


11,209,161
36,221,226
6,677,494
69,979,767
11,254,119
40,292,686
388,943,879


8,178,834
70,179,784
11,938,624
40,766,709
366,709,926


,258)


2,699,181


INVESTED CAPITAL-NON-INTEREST-BEARING:
Investment at beginning of fiscal year .........
Net revenues payable to Government of Panama


236,530,780


226,897,674


(Note


(2,699,181)


I) 59599*C9C*C CCS * *e.S.Ge


Unrecovered costs transferred to other assets
(Notes 2b and 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Funds covered into the U.S.


Due U.S.


Treasury ...


Treasury for undeposited receipts


Plant reactivations....
Interest on investment


INVESTMENT AT END OF FISCAL


Sc......
...*...t S S S


YEAR


. S SeG~CC*
* C C S .55cc


* S * S * C S
* S S S C S *


917,258
,661,600
(368,145)
23,581
,254,119


$249,101,935


(643,918)


1,661,600)


11,938,624
$236,530,780


.. e..... . . . . . (917









FINANCIAL REPORT


e#IOO
0%0


000CC


'ft3


.0 0 ' 00 00
* 21
* -r-r4



i en
* I


gotnr~cnoc
t~doan.0000t
ear(S- - N r
rU~o&C(U
C iggn ' i
m\Or\rQ


tOO-
r4h0



9tin


01



oGO


* C *


* S U


* S a 0 S
* S 0 S *
* U S * S
* S * - C
* S * S *
* 5 0 C S
* S * * C
* a S S S
* S S S S


0) C


(Al 0)




sa


A.e




Of
*, -

U
S ;


- 54)4
* *Ls*


* C -
* 0C0CC
*Q Q
* Sl
-l - >3



* a I- Liv
*
- *Uc
*0e-
aO~l1-


* S
* a
* C
* C


* 0 S
*0*^

f r'

*
* SCIoC

* n


* - -
* c -


-a,
Sz *cO SP S
* * ~ * ) i
.5 0.. *uCC
:E0. ~b
: vj goc
* *



:~~ Si -.O -
CLL.

4-o L C Li -L
- 54)4

* )fl00-'-P" c nj
*O.-0"0 .0i



Li~4~.. 6 4)


.00 00
,r-r4
*0 In
S 1 m~


* C C
* C S

- . *



P -~




~~a i: :i
$"-~ia

:u :Bg

SC*tg
.5O *Lb
-U~ 'os










PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


no

*










* *
�* a^
o *a-









* *
* a
* 9


* * a
* a a


* * a 0 9 0
* a . 0 9 0
* a 0 0 * a
* a . a a
* a . a a a
* a * * S S 0


*

*S
*


* a


* a a


* a

* a
*9


* a a
* a S
* a S
* a a
* S S


* 9
* S
* S





* a




* ak


* a 5 9 9
* a 5 9 0


* S a C
* a S
* a a (





* a S
* a C
* a C


* * U)
Ca

E:
95







* ? a

Sas
* ar


.0 r
co-


I-Jo
4-
4-


* S 9 a
* 5 9 S




* a




C3Cu

a
~so~c
- 4)

)UOO


1C EC



as
loI-s
i" -U


rn r


T.






FINANCIAL


REPORT


Table 4.-Statement of Changes in Financial Position
Fiscal Years Ended September 30, 1981 and 1980


1981


SOURCE OF FUNDS:
From Operations:
Revenue....


$388,026,621


$369,409,107


Less operating expenses:
Interest on net direct investment


Payments to the
(Note 11) . ...
Other expenses...


Government


Panama


.* ... m e.....


Total operating expenses...


Net revenue (loss) (Notes 2b, 7 and 11)........

Add transactions not requiring outlay of funds:
Depreciation (Note 2e) ................


Amortization


adjustment


of deferred


item s ..............................
Provision for Canal lock overhauls (Note 2i)
Provision for casualty losses (Note 2j)....
Interest on net direct investment..........
O their . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Total source of funds ..................


11,254,119


76,862,970
300,826,790
388,943,879


(917,258)


17,813,844

251,607
3,093,000
12,200,000
11,254,119
2,674,159


46,369,471


11,938,624

74,952,599
279,818,703
366,709,926


2,699,181


17,779,979


45,207
2,727,000
0,671,433
1,938,624
3,702,690


49,564,114


APPLICATION OF FUNDS:
Canal lock overhauls expenditures
Casualty losses . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
Accrued capital expenditures.....
Reduction in equity of the United


* . .*. .." .. S...* 6 *
.....***.*. ........


states


Total application of funds ...........


INCREASE (DECREASE)


IN WORKING CAPITAL


156,466
5,379,383
25,565,636
18,509,914

49,611,399

$(3,241,928)


4,724,648
9,214,092
17,805,823
44,370,747

76,115,310

$(26,551,196)


Increase


(decrease)


CURRENT ASSETS:
Cash.......
Receivables.
Inventories .
Other .......


$(1,474,849)
(14,635,204)
14,541,037
(1,150,006)
(2,7 19,022)


$(186,564)
(1,319,116)
(901,330)
(582,121)
(2,989,131)


CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable
Accrued liabilities
Other ...........


* S . S . *tS. *. S * .* S ..* *.6.... ...0
*. S . * *S . . * . . ..S StS S S. . S.S . a S S .S * . S
*. a *....*.. a......SSS.S *. S... ... C


(3,991,623)
19,828,775
(16,360,058)


(522,906)


(18,901,467)
9,424,045
(14,084,643)
(23,562,065)






PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Table 5.-Statement of Status of Appropriations


September 30,


SOURCE OF APPROPRIATIONS


1981 and 1980


(TABLES 3A AND 3B):


Funds reserved at FY 1980 year-end for payment of
liabilities and undelivered orders, operating appro-


priations, brought forward
Appropriations for operating
Appropriation for repayment
the U.S. Treasury for the I
Restoration of FY 1980 oper;
Funds reserved at FY 1980


liabilities and


undelivered


� � . � . e . � . � � . � . . . O � .
expenditures..........
to the General Fund of
-Y 1980 appropriation ..
eating appropriation.....
year-end for payment of


orders,


capital


appro-


priations, brought forward.....................
Unobligated balance of FY 1980 capital appropriation
(no year) retained, brought forward..............
Appropriations for capital expenditures (no year)....
Emergency fund (no year) ........................


TOTAL . ............... ... ...... ... .. ..........


APPLICATION OF APPROPRIATIONS


$76,894,964
373,050,000

350,000.000
4,892,198


16,630,877

3,555,245
31,560,000
10,000,000


$866,583,284


TABLES 3A AND 3B):


Expenditures from capital appropriations:


Fiscal year 1980.
Fiscal year 1981 .


5ScISS*ll


Funds reserved for payment of liabili
undelivered orders, capital appropriations:
Fiscal year 1980 . ..... . . . . . . . . . ..
Fiscal year 1981 ..................
Unobligated balance, capital appropriations


retained:
Fiscal year 1980.
Fiscal year 1981.


* C C 555
* * I 155


* a .. . .. . .. . . S . . . ..�. .
*S .. . * .t ... �. .�.C S .. C


* S S


$14,734,646
11,536,318


cities


4,162,768
13,208,244


(no year)


1,288,708
6,815,438
363.891.567


350,000,000

59,433,349
31,512,246
10,000,000


Expenditures from operating appropriations ........
Expenditures from operating appropriations for
repayment to the General Fund of the U.S. Treasury
for the FY 1980 appropriation ..................
Funds reserved for payment of liabilities and
undelivered orders, operating appropriations ......
Unobligated balance, operating appropriations lapsed
Unobligated emergency fund (no year) retained......


$. . . . . . . . . . .
427,158,000





*.S.S.S S .g .SS .


36,625,000
S. *.. ........

$463,783,000




$16,438,878



16,630,877
St..........


3,555,245

330,420,719




76,894,964
19,842,317
*. ee..... c.


TOTAL ................ . ...... ...*........... ......


$866,583,284


$463,783,000


The accompanying notes are an integral part of this statement.











FINANCIAL REPORT


0





ElU





--



PhS


(N c- ^- rN CM 0
l ^00 00 N0 t
>^C fe -� SM CM CM "-

0\ (Ns ^0 Q1 000 <^ \0 rr
s0 00 Oor ivre\Oe
*r 4* O* . S2
rA 0n N ON Cl en
6q vn v r40 -s


00 ~d~ r9do


00 CM ~ 00'C 00V 1

N00 SOcr0\0 00 - -


r an 1 en-C -l


^r- NIWv^to -"
en - oca CM n~ T -
oo 'C oN 0 -a >

&l - < N en
000 N C - 0 (
n r Ca n t--enQ
rO 00 v^ 9< *FS ^^ m

6' ' f ol (r 0 -
- -


C o









Pc



hex



ow

12
a Ca


Oh



-U,


00 -t~~0d F t0
00 en eSi OCM-NNN t

00 (Mef ~l'fl-N-'fl fl

N~0 00 00t~ QQ - ~ \~

StO9V ~ (
-n rnr4\O- -ncl
Elfe CM -J


* S 4 5 S 6 5 5
* . S S S S
* S * S S S S
* S S S S S S
* * S S S S S 5 4
* S 5 6 5 5 5 S
* S 4 5 5 5 5 4 5
* S 4 5 5 5 5 * S
* S S S 5 4 5 5 4
* * . a * * * S
* S S 5 4 4 S S S
* S * 4 5 4 S
* S S S S S S S S
* 4 5 S S S S S S
* 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
* S S S S S S S S
* S a * * S S
* S S S 5 4 5 S S
4 5 5 5 5 5 5 * S
* S S 4 5 a S 5 4
* * S S S S S S S
* S S S S S S S S
* S 5 9 5 5 5 5 5
* S S S S S S S S
* S S S S S S S S
* S S * S S 5 4
* * 5 4 * 5 S S S
* S S 5 5 5 - S a
* 5 4 4 5 * S * a
S S S S S S S S S
* S S S S S S S S
* S S S S S S S S
* S S S S S S S S
* S S S S S S S S
* S S S S S S S S
* S S S S S S S
* S S S S S S S S
* S S S S S S S
* 5 4 5 5 5 5 4
* 5 4 5 5 5 4 5 5
* S S S S S S S
* S S S S S 4 5 5


* a * a * *
* **4 4 * *


S S
- ~ S S S S
* S~ ) S


E ,E
Ld Ee,.4)
-' SO





PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


NOTES TO


Treaty Impact.
On September 7


FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


1977 the United States of America and the Government


of Panama signed the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977


hereafter referred to as


Treaty,


Operation


a Treaty
Panama


Concerning


Canal.


These


Permanent


Treaties


were


Neutrality


ratified


both


countries and entered into force on October 1, 1979.


The


Treaty terminated


prior


treaties


between


United States and


Panama concerning the


Panama Canal. On September 27, 1979, the United States Congress passed


the Panama Canal Act of 1979 (Public Law No.


96-70), hereafter referred to


as the Act, to provide legislation necessary for the implementation of the
Treaty and for the operation and maintenance of the Panama Canal under


Treaty.


The


Treaty provided for the Government of Panama to assume complete


sovereignty over the former Canal Zone, and to gradually assume control of


operation


defense


Panama


Canal


over


period


1979


through 1999.


The Treaty also provided for the establishment of the Panama


Canal


Commission


on October


1979


assume


certain


operational


responsibilities


that


previously


were


responsibilities


Panama


Canal Company and the Canal Zone Government.

When the Treaty terminates on December 31, 1999, all of the assets of the
Panama Canal Commission will have been transferred to the Government of


Panama based upon the prescription


of the Treaty and the Act.


The effects


these


long


range


requirements


are not


considered


in the


financial


statements.


Summary of Significant Accounting Policies.


a. Accounting and reporting.


As required by section 1311 (a) of the Act,


the accounts of the Commission are maintained pursuant to the Accounting


and Auditing Act of 1950.


related
General


requirements


United


This requires that the principles,


accounting,


States


after


as prescribed


consulting


with


standards and
: Comptroller


Secretary


Treasury


Director


Office


Management


Budget


concerning their accounting, financial reporting and


budgetary needs,






FINANCIAL REPORT


This section of the


, known as the "statutory toll


formula,


" provides


that:


"Tolls
cover


hall be prescribed at rates calculated to produce revenues


as nearly


as practicable


costs


maintaining and


operating


appurtenances


Panama
related


Canal


thereto


, together


with


, including


facilities


unrecovered


costs


incurred on or after the effective date of this Act,


interest, deprecia-


tion


, payments


to the


Republic


Panama


pursuant


para-


graph 5 of Article III and paragraph 4(a) and (b) of Article XIII of


the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977


, and capital for plant replace-


ment


at rates


, expansion, and improvements.


calculated


Tolls shall not be prescribed


to produce revenues sufficient to cover pay-


ments to the Republic of Panama pursuant to paragraph 4(c) of


Article XIII


of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977."


Under


recovered
subsequent


statutory


from


tolls


subsequent


revenues


formula


revenues.


is transferred


, any


The


from


unrecovered


amount


Invested


Capital


costs


are to be


recovery


from


to an account


within the Other Asset


classification.


Unrecovered costs are charged back


to Invested Capital to the extent subsequent annual revenues exceed annual
costs.


Property, plant and equipment.


recorded at cost


Property,


plant and equipment are


or, if acquired from another Government agency


at the


value determined by the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
Administrative and other related general expenses are recovered currently


and therefore not capitalized.


The cost of minor items of property, plant and


equipment is charged to expense as incurred.


Advances


capital.


portion of toll


in excess


depreciation


recoveries may be programmed annually by the Board of Directors for plant


replacement,


expansion,


or improvements.


Such


funds


are considered


capital


advances


from


Canal


users.


Upon


utilization,


these advances are


amortized
calculated
advances.


through


offset


depreciation


to approximate the depreciation


expense


on assets acquired


amount


with such


Depreciation.


Depreciation i


provided u


sing a straight-


ne method


. . . .*' . - -, -





PANAMA CANAL COMMIS


SION


Inventories.


cost, plu


of Panama.


Operating material


supplies are stated at average


t of transportation to the ultimate destination on the I


An allowance has been established to reflect the


thmu


estimated cost


of obsolete and excess stock.


Retirement


benefits.


Employer payments


to the contributory Civil


Service Retirement System or to the Republic of Panama Social Security


System are charged to expense. The
payments to employees under these


Commission has no liability for future


systems.


Non-


United


States


citizen


employees


who


retired


from


predecessor


agencies


prior


to October


are not covered


the Civil


Service


Retirement Sy


tem but do receive benefit


The amounts of the payment


made under thi


under a separate annuity plan.


annuity plan are recorded as a


current-year


expense.


The liability


the Commi


ssion for future annuity


payments to these former employees or their eligible widows is reflected


the balance
Predecessor


heet as


Agencies


"Retirement Benefits to Certain Former Employees of


" and


an equal


amount


is recorded


as a Deferred


Charge.


required


Panama


Canal


Panama


Canal


Commission is liable for the


increase in the unfunded liability of the Civil


Service Retirement Fund which i


attributable to benefit


payable from that


fund


or on behalf


, employees


their survivors


under the early


retirement
increased i


charge to


provisions of the


expen


e to cover the


Act.


The annual


installment to liquidate the


ability is determined by the Office of Personne


A reserve i


estimated cost


Management.


provided through an annua
of periodic lock overhauls.


Reserve for casualty losses.


A reserve


is provided through an annual


charge to expense to cover the estimated cost of marine accidents and other
casualty losses.


Housing


rights.


monetary


value


is assigned


to the


right


granted to the United States


by the Republic of Panama to u


housing transferred to the Republic under the term


of the Tre


e Canal Area
;aty. The cost


to manage,


maintain and provide livability


improvement


to these quarters


is charged to expense.


Rental income i


included in other revenues.


Plant


Valuation Allowances.


r . 4 . j -


i. Reserve for lock overhauls.






FINANCIAL REPORT


amounted to $1 16.6 million comprised of: (a) $5.9 million to reduce to usable
value the cost of property, plant and equipment transferred; (b) $50.9 million
to offset interest costs imputed for the original Canal construction period;
and (c) $59.8 million to offset the cost of defense facilities and suspended
construction projects, the latter being principally the partial construction of
a third set of locks abandoned in the early part of World War II.
Property, plant and equipment offset by valuation allowances, when fully


or partially
allowance .
investment


reactivated,


are reinstated


increase


United


States


a reduction


in the


non-interest-bearing


proportion


valuation
net direct


value


Commission of the reactivated asset.

4. Depreciation as a Percentage of Average Cost of Plant.


The provision for depreciation,


expressed as a percentage of average cost


of depreciable plant exclusive of valuation allowances, was 2.41% for fiscal


year


1981


and 2.46% for fiscal year


1980.


Fund Balances and Cash.
The fund balances and cash of $


28,154,556 are made up of $123,419,659


on deposit in the U.S


Treasury, $


837.81


on deposit in commercial banks,


and $1,897,085 on hand.


Of the total, $94,908,507 is comprised of current


budgetary


accounts


which


include


appropriated


funds


operations,


capital and the emergency fund.


The emergency fund represents the amount


on deposit in the U.S


Treasury which is to be used


. . to defray emergency


expenditures and to insure the continuous efficient and safe operation of the
Panama Canal when funds appropriated for the operation and maintenance


of the Canal prove insufficient for such purposes.
cash are composed of the following:


..." The fund balances and


Millions
ofdollars


Operating and capital funds ............
Emergency fund ........... . ............
Unobligated funds to be withdrawn by the U.
Postal fund .. . . . . .. .. . .. .. . . . . . . .
Trust fund ..............................


S. Treasury ... ............ . .


$84.9
10.0
31.5


1.6
$128.2


Fund balances and cash


The postal fund consists of outstanding money orders, postal savings and


t ^arar* an ro rr nnnO i t


Tic- fnn ni r mor ; l oivim1kin 1intl 1;n;i;A ata






PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


7. Unrecovered Costs Due from Subsequent Revenues.


Pursuant to the provisions of section


1979 (Public Law No.


602(b) of the Panama Canal Act of


96-70) the net loss from operations of $0.9 million wa


deferred as an


unearned


cost to


be recovered


from subsequent revenues.


Also,


in accordance with section


341(e) of that Act such unearned cost


must be deducted from any future net operating revenues due Panama.


8. Interest-Bearing Net Direct Investment.


The


interest-bearing


net direct


investment


United States


n the


Panama Canal is computed based on section 1603(a) of the Panama Canal


Act of 1979.


Computations are as follows:


Million.
of dollars


Interest-bearing investment from predecessor agency:


From Panama Canal Company .......
Transfer to Government of Panama ....


* a * . *a S
* C C C C S C


$319.3
(74.7)


Transfer to Department of Defense... ........
Transfer from Canal Zone Government ........


Panama Canal


Company cash turned into the U.S.


Assumed by the Panama Canal
Fiscal year 1980 transactions:
Disbursments............
Receipts ................
Net property transfers ....
Investment at September 30, 198
Fiscal year 1981 transactions:


Commission


Treasur


(71.3)
187.6


October


S............ . ..


* . a.a a ee *.a ...... .... C
* S.S.SC . .. * * a...... .t
* a a S S C . . . . C. . . t tttt . a
* . S S S C S S * S a a . . .. .. ...


346.9
(384.2)
(2.1)
148.2


Disbursements .....
Receipts ........ ..


..CC C C
* . . .. S a. a


Net property transfers .
Investment at September 30,


1981


* a......... aaaaa......
* C C C * C C C . .C .* . .C C C


* S S S C * * . a a ata... t


"* a a".. '.. . ......C ..C . . a. a.... .. .
*tt...a.. a..... e. e...ee........te e ...... C C.


390.2
(409.7)
(0.3)
$128.4


Accounts Payable-U.S.


Government Agencies.


Included in the accounts payable due to U.S.


Government agencies


ship accident and


other claims


in the amount


of $16.8


that were


forwarded to the Department of Justice in Washington,


D.C.


after reaching


a settlement or receiving a judgement for approval for payment.


Claims for Damages to


Vessels.


Liabilities arising from claims for damages to vessels are divided into fund


and non-fund categories.


The fund category is made up of the following:


Accidents which occurred prior to October


1979.


Accidents which occurred within the Canal locks after Septem-


* * * C C C * C eetW*~** tee.. eta
* * C *e**C*Ct *~CSb****t sis


b.






FINANCIAL REPORT


Payments to the Government of Panama.


Based on Article III and Article XIII


of the


Treaty, the Government of


Panama has received payment for public services, fixed annuity and thirty


cents
year


net ton.


addition


1980 in the amount


of $2.7


to these payments,


net revenues for fiscal


million were paid to the Government of


Panama


in accordance


with


paragraph 4(c) of


Article


XIII,


which states


that an annual amount of up to $10 million will be paid out of Canal operat-


ing revenues to the extent that such revenues exceed


expenditures of the


Panama


Canal


Commission.


This


amount


is subject


to the


limitations


set forth in section


1341(e) of the Panama Canal Act of 1979 (Public Law


96-70).


Reserve for Casualty


Losses.


The


reserve


casualty


losses


at September


1981


of $9.2


million


includes $8.2 million for marine accidents and $1.0 million for other.


The


monthly accrual of reserve for marine accidents in fiscal year 1981 was $1.0
million per month for a total of $12.0 million.


Adjusted Billing for Services.


Revenues


services


fiscal
Canal


year


1981


Support


include
Division


$0.8


which


million


were


transit-related


inadvertently


recognized


during fiscal


year


1980,


to conditions


arising


Treaty-related


reduction-in-force process with its inherent disruption of a


trained staff.


Collections of $0.7


million have been received.


Revenues


fiscal


year


1981


also


include a


net overbilling


by Canal


Support Division for transit-related services, primarily due to misapplica-


tion


Official


Tariff.


The


net overbilling, estimated


to be $291,000


consists of pilotage overcharges of $400,000 and tug service undercharges of


$109,000


evaluated


at 90%


95%


reliability


levels,


respectively.


The


precision of the estimate is plus or minus $100,000 for pilotage and plus or


minus $173,000 for tug services.


As of the balance sheet date, the known


adjustments are immaterial.


Audit is


being made and adjustments will be


recorded in fiscal year


1982.


Contingent Liabilities and Commitments.


The estimated maximum liability


in addition to liabilities taken into the


accounts,


which


could


result


from


pending claims and


lawsuits was $4.4


-�ir L i ~ n . df l -. . ai t





PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Cash and negotiable securities of a kind acceptable by the United States
Government in the amount of $7.0 million were on deposit in a United States
depository designated by the Panama Canal Commission at September 30,
1981 to guarantee payment by third parties of their obligations.


Section


1244 of the Panama Canal Act of 1979 (Public Law No.


96-70)


makes


Panama


Canal


Commission


liable


that


portion


estimated increase in the unfunded liability of the Civil Service


Fund


which


is attributable


to the early


retirement


benefits


Retirement
extended in


sections 1241


and 1242 and the provisions of 1231(b) and 1243(a) (1) of the


Act. As of September 30, 1981


the Commission'


minimum liability through


September


1999


amounted to approximately $350.7


million based on


information furnished by the Office of Personnel


Management.


The Panama Canal Treaty of 1977


, Article XIII, paragraph 4(c),


provides


that


an annual


amount


to $10


million


year


paid


to the


Government of Panama out of Canal operating revenues to the extent that
such revenues exceed expenditures. In the event Canal operating revenues in


year


not produce a surplus sufficient to cover this


payment,


unpaid balance shall be paid from operating surpluses in future years up to


the amount available from these surpluses. As of September 30,


unpaid balance is $17.3


1981, the


million.








FINANCIAL REPORT


Table 1-A.--General Price-Level


Historical
Dollars


General Price-
Level Dollars


Assets
PROPERTY. PLANT AND EQUIPMENT:
A t cost. . . . ..... . ... ... . . .... .. ...........
Less accumulated depreciation and valuation allowances....


(Dollars in thousands)


$866,932
400.616


466.316


CURRENT ASSETS:
Fund balances and cash:
Operating funds:
Obligated ....
Unobligated to


.be returned to the U.S. treasury
be returned to the U.S. Treasury


Capital funds . . .............
Emergency fund .......
Postal fund ... . ... .......
Trust fund..... ... . . . .
Cash receipts for deposit into U


..00......
........6
. . a. * . . . . .

. a..0...0a
Treasury


Accounts receivable-net
Other receivables .......


* . . . a a





* ma...


59,433
31,512
25,475
10,000
170
1,197
368
128,155

11,278
1,202
12,480


$2,706,136
1,317,714

1,388,422








59,433
31,512
25,475
10,000
170
1,197
368
128,155

11,278
1,202
12,480


Inventories:
Materials and supplies-net.........................


40,284


41,533


Other current assets


181,279


182,528


OTHER ASSETS:
Deferred charges:
Retirement benefits to certain former employees


predecessor agencies


Other


.... a........


"....aa. . ..


12,416
1,021


12,416
1,313


`e "'~' '''''''~'''''


`''''Y� 11 �I����������������� ���1







PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Balance Sheet-September 30, 1981 (Unaudited)


Historical
Dollars


Liabilities


General Price-
Level Dollars


(Dollars in thousands)


INVESTMENT OF THE UNITED STATES:


Invested capital:
Interest-bearing ........
Non-interest-bearing ...


Current budgetary accounts:
Obligated operating funds ..
Obligated capital funds.....
Unobligated capital funds ..
Unobligated emergency fund


. . tat...... ft * aft. S. . . ft.f.t.f . ..


ItftftftSftt ta***** *ftfttft~ft* *


$128,419
249,102
377,521


$896,452
396,129
1,292,581


59,433
17,371
8,104
10,000


59,433
17,371
8,104
10,000


CURRENT LIABILITIES:
Accounts payable:
U.S. Treasury


-Unobligated operating funds


returned. ......... . .
U.S. Government agencies
Government of Panama ..
Other . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


to be


. . t.....t...... ft ...t..0.
* * a ....... * SS S.ft tf t . . t. . .S. ..


Accrued liabilities:
Employees' leave . .. ........ .....
Salaries and wages ...............
Retirement benefits to certain former


employees


predecessor agencies ....... . . ...........
Employees' repatriation .... . . ..............
Damages to vessels . .. .. .. . . ... . . . .... .....
Net revenue payable to Government of Panama
O their . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


" .j. .


Other current liabilities:


Advances for capital . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unfunded damages to vessels .......................
O their ..........................................




LONG-TERM LIABILITIES AND RESERVES:
Retirement benefits to certain former employees of
predecessor agencies . . . . . . . . . . ..... ... . . . . . .. .


.4 rlninfr~rrnflanr raorlnrn


94,908

472,429




31,512
19,368
8,397
3,673
62,950


34,712
5,278

1,506
2,427
11,515

1,121
56,559


16,785
13,870
1,196
31,851

151,360


10,910
in nor


94,908

1,387,489


31,512
19,368
8,397
3,673
62,950


34,71
5.27


1,506
2,427
1.515


* . . a . .....
1, 121
56,559


16,785
15,005
1,196
32,986

152,495


10,910
1 A no0�







FINANCIAL REPORT

Table 2-A.-General Price-Level Income Statement for the Year Ended
September 30, 1981
(Unaudited)


Historical
Dollars


General


Price-


Level Dollars


(Dollars in thousands)


OPERATING REVENUES.
OPERATING EXPENSES:
Cost of goods sold
Interest .........


$388,027


* ��.S ..... � a �... .. ��t ". ..t.. C.
* ft . . a.. .* . . *..a *. . .. . . . . .* * * C. * ftft .f


Operating expense....
Administrative expense


Depreciation.



Operating revenue


General price-level


NET REVENUE (Loss) ...........


ain ... .. .......................
ain (loss) .. ........... *.. .... ... .


11,254
290,280
69,150
17,814


388,944

(917)



$(917)


$400,055


11,603
299,279
71,293
50,726

433,361


(33,306)

5,554

$(27,752)


The accompanying notes summarize the methods employed in the preparation of this statement.


NOTES


PRICE-LEVEL


FINANCIAL


STATEMENTS


. Methods


employed


preparation


general


price-level


financial statements:


Historical dollars are restated in terms of purchasing power at the


end of fiscal year 198


The change in the value of money has been measured


by using the gross national product implicit price deflators provided by the


U.S.


Department of Commerce.


b. The restatement of revenues and expenses, except for depreciation,
reflects the change in purchasing power of the dollar during the current fiscal


year.


The restatement of depreciation expenses for the year is based upon the


investment in property, plant and equipment revalued to reflect their ages.
Property, plant and equipment and the investment of the United States are


restated from July


1951


, the date of the previous reorganization of the


enterprise,


although the major proportion


of the plant facilities,


e.g.,


Canal itself and the locks,


were placed in service


in 1914.








Chapter


VI


STATISTICAL


Shipping


TABLES


Statistics








STATISTICAL TABLES



Table 1.-Panama Canal Traffic-Fiscal Years 1972 Through 1981


Traffic a sses tI tolls
on net tonnage bha.is


Traffic assessed tolls on
di\placemnen tonnarge
has is


Fi's^al


year


Long tons


Ni tipiherl
ofl


cargo


Number
frait
transit A


Panama
Canal net
tonnage


Nubehrr
afrnir


t)fslflagt'�


OCEANGOING COMMERCIAL. TRAFFIC'


* 4 * * 9. 9 * * 4 9 * * *' 4 4
* .4 9 4* 9 * S * 4* 444*
* 4 4 9 9* * 4 9 4 * 4 4 *
* 9 4* 44 9 *4* * 4* 4 4 4
...............
...............
. . . . . . . . . .. . .


* 9 9 4 4 4 * 9 44 4** 4 4
* 4 * 9 4 9 9 4 9 9 4 4 9 4 4
* 4 4 4 9 4 9 4* 9 4 9 4 * *
* 9 * 4 4* 9* 49 . 4 4 4 4* *
* . 4 4 4 4 9 4 4 9 9 4 9 * 4
* 4 * 4 * S 9* 4 *' 9 9 4I* 9.
...............
...............
...............
...............
...............


13.766
13,841
14,033
13.609
12,157
3,037
11,896
12,677
12.935
13.507
13.884


$98.764,959
111.032,088
119,422,568
141,898.218
134.204.402
35,272.300
163.826,571
194.773,111
208.376,741
291.838,590
301.762,600


109,233,725
126,104,029
147.906,914
140,101,459
117,212,266
30.888.300
122.978,785
142.518,288
154.110.866
167,214,935
171.221,762


112.971,201
126.203,549
135.715,628
135,053,680
127,778,919
33,686,757
133,353.132
156.907.260
167.470.601
182,063.175
188.656,491


214.681
152.025
200,376
171.006
131.258
23.205
108,642
109,798
136,600
137.593
111,418


OCEANGOING U.S. GOVERNMENT TRAFFIC'


.... .. .... .. 373
.... .. .... .. 248
... .. .....* * * * * * * * . 170
.... ..... ... .85
........... .. 2 18
S * * * *.... .... 88
..4..... .... 4 4103
. . . . . . . . . . I I I

...... ... 101
S. . . . . . . . . 89


$2,651,281
2,285.727
1,831,535
1,376,797
727.983
166.779
805.983
889.093
1.054 169
1,515,326
1.241,442


.742,303
.405,428
.748.963
526.497
177,508
55.383
212,677
291,115
357,482
396,481
301.776


2.913.307
2,478.646
2.021,966
1,.287,777
641.137
118,300
577.483
589.085
726,755
844.748
705.936


250.203
303,033
142,807
122.953
87.728
65,025
165,148
214.145
207.640
217.055
143.121


OCEANGOING FREE TRAFFIC'


* 9 4 * 94 44 99* 4
* 4 4 * 4 4 4 * 4 4

* 4 4 * 4 4 4 4 9 4
* 9 9 4 4* 4 9 4 9 4

* 9 4 4 4 4 9 * 9 9
* 4. 9* 9 49 9 * *
4 44 9 .4 .9 .9
44944.4... 4


62.532
12.810


5,635

380

I
*. 4 .4 .4 9.4. 4
9. 4 .4 .9.9 4 9


76.750
42.633
56.364
694
22.854
1.474
21.252
3.789
4.527
1 .686
2.248


23.275
20.640
27,244
10.400
41.655
1.800
10.380
1.100
2.194
4,810
8.544


TOTAL OCEANGOING TRAFFIC'


* 4 9 4 9 9 4 4 4 4 * 4 4 4 4
* 4 * 4 4* S 44 4 4, 4* 9 4

* 4 4 4 4 9 9 4 4 * * 9 4 4 9
* 4 4 4 4 4 9 4 4 * 9 l * 9 9
* 4 4 4 4 9 4 4 4 4 9 9 4 .4
* 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 9 4


14.238 $
14.238
14.304
13,786
12.280
3.059
11 997


101.416.240
113.317.815
121.254.103
143,275,015
134,932.385
35.439,079
164632. 554


111,038,560
127,522.267
149,655.877
140.627,956
117.395.409
30,943,683
123.191.842


14,128
14.121
14,213
13,715
12.208
3,047
1 1.935


115.961.258
128,724,828
137.793,958
136.342.151
128.442.910
33,806,531
133.951.867


488, 159
475,698
370.427
304.359
260.641
90,030
284. 170


Total traffic







PANAMA CANAL COMMIT


SSION


Table 1.-Panama Canal Traffic-Fiscal Years 1972 Through 1981

(Continued)


Traffic assessed tolls


Traffic
on net


Total


assessed
tonnage


displacement
basis


tonnage


Number
of
transit


tons


cargo


Number
of
transits


Panama
Canal net
tInnage


Number
of
transit


Displace-
ment
tonnage


SMALL. COMMERCIAL TRAFFIC'


* 9 3* 39 * * 5
* S 9* * ** a a in a�



.. .. .. 9 9 9. ..
.. .............


$68,414
59,518
62,376
52,684
49,314
24,785
39,960
63,526
76,591
74,898
65,604


38,243
39,466
23.496
7,939
6,866
1,236
2,820
6.962
7,718


81,998
73,903
77,722
54,174
50,281
15,389
48,717
57,827
69,229
52,052
44,962


2,374

611
1,120
1,229
*. S .9 . . .


SMALL U.S.


GOVERNMENT TRAFFIC'


$4.035
4.065
3,312


* 9 9 9* 5 5 * * 5 9 * * 93*

* *S 9 3* 9 * 9 9 9 � 9 9*
* 9 99 3 5 9t in in 9 * 9WI

* 9 * 99 9 9 9. 5 5 9 * 9 B*


* 9 9 59 * * * 5 9 * * 9* 4*
. * 9 3. 5 5 9. . 5 9 *
*. 9 . 99. . 5. . . . . 5

. .n . . .* 9 99 9. . . .9
* . . . . . . . .*.i.999
...............


...............


12,851
9,504
14,375
15,129
10,712


MALL FREE


* 9* * * 9 3 * *9q


* 99* * 9* 999
*. 9...9,99 .9


6,530
6,848
5,088
6,382
8,019
2,144
16,769
10,742
15,519
14,313
10,431


8
9
*...5 ...t S


RAFFIC2


* * * 9 * * 99 �*


* . 99 9 .* *9


* 5 . * 9 * 3l


TOTAL P


ANA


10
20


944
2,840
2,986
2,160
2,317
2,613


* 9 9 .* in S .9 5


MA CANAL TRAFFIC


9* 99 99 9 39 9 99 5 * *


* S 9S 99 S S * * 3 93 93**
*.,. *,.. .. 3. . 9.Sin
...............

... .. .. .. ..


15,198 $101,488,689
15,109 113,381,398


15,269
14,735
13,201
3,313
13.087


121,319,791
143,332,428
134,987,867
35,465,477
164.685.365


111,076,803
127,561,733
149.679,373
140,635,927
117,402,325


*


30,944,942
23.194.672


14,956
14,892
15,084
14,570
12,994
3,269
12.758


116,044,648
128,800,796
137,873,248
136,398,866
128,495,834
33,823,345
134.004.377


0Ait


498,919
483,594
377,043
312,046
270.590
92,174
302.513


a - .








50 STATI STICA L TA BLES


-e ~~n ~ lfQtr-O 0~ en cu c 1r 7O 3f I 0(
c0Cl0'�� l-'ct0'rOl O0N ~n 00 oIIIQ\0
. - Ir- *- c'r V- *- * p- C ' o
h c-Otn-c-n- e 00 0 ~99 . 0 C
~, eJnr yd~ ncco9~1 flrlo-'r en -


69 ('4 69r -r -lario99~dO

- Cu Jo oo0l~
- C. 6r mdd6v

O 0
CE
F-. en''a, en z -9-v
6 -ci'c0'r oco'r'I'nr9--c 0 00
Ve C' C'* S. V P
r - m l 0'cc0'C000r~ or- '0
c m-'0fl'.0Nen '?O%'n0 I- - o
P trt *V r r.

o C

r-0 co--N oo r- N~ od\0-c 'n cc

SbPnr1 I 0C~Q P rrxy......
r(~ e n'rrnw'nrn0'0'-en-'da'l en

C en Est \ c ~ S nL

0, -, -

UO ' vOfl-Cl'0-tne n %Cn 0 ci 0

4, 0 a 0OClctor 00 lC TIIIOO o c-r
-~~~o9 a 0'--Co%0000nN Cl V
4*C E



0''fE'~~~~ In -
ittosrJCd oo rn N l-mn Ns en
I d' ~ - 0 ' nO dn6 P

,~ -
cI ", 0''0'tccOm flflo~r 0 4l9u o

- (N -Op nQ ~dOm -y
t ~-o----- - --------M 00 - L



U -k '0't't00'0-Cl ne ~w.C'O '~t e
M~ E i&&u{&o6&-ZrZ&&o '6 - C


- Ce




u~ -0


o0 0
Q, S.
- dfN'cftltoO~ lN
-e tj 'fNOnf'rnOr c







PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION



Table 3.-Canal Traffic' by Flag of Vessel--Fiscal Year 1981


Measured tonnage


Algeria .....
Argentina . ..
Australia...
Bahamas....
Bangladesh..
Belgium. ....
Bermuda.....
Bolivia......
Brazil. ....... .
Bulgaria ....
Canada .....
Cayman Islam
Chile . . . ...
Colombia ...
Costa Rica...
Cuba . . . . . . .
Cyprus ......
Denmark ....
Dominican Re
East Germany
Ecuador ...
Egypt..... .
El Salvador .
Finland .... .
France......
Ghana ......
Greece ... ..
Honduras ..
Hong Kong..
Iceland . .
India . . . . . .
Indonesia . ...
Ireland . . . .
Israel .......
Italy...... .
Japan .......
Kuwait . .. .
Liberia . . . .
Malaysia....
M alta ......
Mexico ....
Morocco ....
Netherlands .
New Guinea..
New Zealand
Nicaragua.. .
Nigeria ......
Norway......
Panama.....
People's Repul
Peru ........ .
Philippines..
Poland ......
Portugal .....
Qatar ....... .
Republic of Ct
Saudi Arabia .
Singapore....
South Africa .
South Korea .
Spain.......
Sudan .......
Sweden .....
Switzerland ..
Tonga . ... ..


Number
of
transmit.
3
I
13
28
I
90
II
9
35
18
18
31
186
118
8
120
Ill
278
7
43
270
4
I
12
86
2
1,510
81
4
2
60
17
10
37
140
1.146
6
1,738
17
8
54
8
219
I
5
7
3
400
1,.503
102
261
158
101
13
I
134
I
158
7
182
132
2
144
35
I


Panama
Canal
net
46,169
2.525
288.594
132.404
10.124
1,290,454
101,258
76.599
281,155
134,712
86,168
93.571
1,626.221
1.428.026
7.663
696.526
517.605
4,365,042
40.53 I
266.442
1.939.310
71.304
1.143
166.262
1.489.79 I
19,703
18.729,682
411.692
82,604
8.044
905.470
155.600
142.277
693.638
1,663,506
17.421.807
69,958
29.072.728
232.661
89.172
890.228
18.858
2.244.837
3,330
145.315
59,507
23,469
7.231.291
15,247,286
1.454,563
2,.545.238
1.898,200
680,205
189.564
2.551
2,589,291
6.645
2.011.418
56,345
2.627.226
792.334
17.358
2.449,012
408.177
1.257


Registered
gross
54.784
3.255
352.734
143,471
12.193
1.480,577
113.931
96.030
307,468
156.853
132.723
1I1.070
1.861.764
1.559.050
10.238
8 16.785
615,661
5.502.899
46.847
306.865
2,335.318
82.254
1,146
193.870
1.525.911
26,008
21.641.836
503.381
100,913
9.616
1,099,657
169,247
168.280
929,362
2.012.916
16.001,319
88,458
30.595.630
276.617
103,506
1.075.395
18.092
2,623.192
3,895
169.366
67.200
27.415
8.001.584
15.225.258
1,746.586
2.993,395
2.140.963
762.715
236.606
2,904
3.293.570
8,123
2,056.541
67.572
3.259.985
857.588
20. 132
2.415.023
488,263
1.411


$66,689
3.358
481,952
211,175
16,907
2.080.756
155.691
127,920
464.61 1
221,869
161.741
145,655
2.650.593
2,336.468
12,072
1.138.025
849.248
7.164.352
64.356
400,450
3,11 1.463
113.335
1 520
275,447
2.500,559
32,904
30.143.921
636,921
132.336
13.433
1,476,584
259,852
237.603
1,158.375
2.713,402
27,714.101
112,712
46.781.209
388.436
148,917
1,380.113
28,287
3.655,438
4,429
242.676
96,486
39.193
11,838,268
24,429.995
2,335.027
4,155,419
3.142,750
1, 126.346
281,535
4,260
4.266.520
11.097
3.209.663
84,494
4.360,761
1,285.060
28,988
3,996.497
667.488
2.099


Long
un.\ of
cargo
29,724

175.768
39.931
5.823
1,505.813
56,746
57,463
163.783
153.505
104,900
76.909
1.141.641
1.105.868
2.408
566.857
363.683
3.141.857
47.514
107,422
1.201.680
91,279

288,225
1,179,117
9.771
23.522.250
137.924
112,120
14.168
1.197.593
133.362
227,640
488.785
1.195.069
9.795.683
46.774
30.328,925
388,200
S11,568
913.785
5,987
1.557.023

52.489
47.772
23.145
6.091.772
13,957.211
1.931.310
2,774.526
2,148,494
469.888
112.058
797
1.716.377
9.846
1,835.798
30.232
3.149.818
607.161
12.173
1.173.094
336.074
857







STATES


TICAL


TABLES


Table 3.-Canal Traffic'


by Flag of Vessel-Fiscal Year 1981


-Continued


NOTE.


In Canal


ment of 300 net


traffic statistics.


tons (Panama Canal


tons and over, are classified


ment tonnage, hav
the following table


foreign naval


measu


as oceangoing


e been included in the t;


shows


statistics


vessels


recent) and
, commercial
able above.


covering 37 vessels


such as transports, supply ships, tankers,


over, and vessels


vessels.


Statistics


a measure-


of war, dredges, etc.. with a displacement of 500


on these


vessels.


except


as relates to displace-


As displacement tonnage cannot be combined with net tonnage.


which transited


the Canal during


year 1981 and paid tolls on


displacement


tonnage.


Number


trans its


Displace-
ment


tonnage


Canada
Chile ..
Ecuador
France.
Mexico


21,502
3,673
2,278
21,553


$19,997
3,416
2,119
20,044


.... . . . ... . . ...... .... . . d o


Netherlands
Panama ...
Peru .......


............ ...... ... Dredge
. . . . ............ .. . do
. . ............... . . . Naval


* C S C S C S 59*9 5*#t
* S C *CWt 99 tee * em


.... . ...... . . 8


15,482
1,691
12,794


14,398
1,573


Republic
South Ko
Spain...


China


rea ....
S. . . . . .t


(Taiwan)


* 9 5 5 5t S S S C S S C S 99*99
* . . S C C 9 S C C C 5*9 C 9~**


* C 9 5 ** * SC S C S * Si
* . . . . . S .C . 9.St
.. 9CC C S C. S


Turkey . . ......
United Kingdom


S.... .... .... .. * do
. .. .. . .. * . .. do


.... .. .. .... . . CI


4.280


United
United


States ...
States ...


.... ... . .. . . .. . Floating dryd
...... . .. . . ... . . D redge . ....


United S
Uruguay


states ..
S . . 9 'C


. . ...... .. ... . . Naval
. . . ..... .. . . . . do


599 * 99.9. ..


* .C 99
....9..


Total ....


11,418


$103,619


Tolls


................... ...... Naval














STATISTICAL TABLES


doorr-



69


In'9O0

in ci eni
c4&


000%0O


.- , r 4'
c-in-


cc en 0'
nnoo0


rj O rf 0

* r *
eNi ooO 0 n
^-er "-


'flC\flN
r4 n r~


00 00 in
-Co 0O 0
-oa\r4
t .


r4 e n
69


00 In N
n-fir- t~
5' 4' 5' 5
-o0 cenri


OC1In
00 en
~r40
. 4'
c-Jrn
69


r400-~1rn
t'1000f l



*fl 00 In


r4'CC


-:64o


S' ,




iz-





-: a
-


-floG

enr 00








rJ00 'f


e nflr
(len


tJ cc en
-C"9


'tr-a'
00 t n
- 0' r4


Qrtlffl


--(N
69


---rr
69f


'CinO'


69


3' 00Nt
mriON


64






00 0c r


-eN


r ON r' C

r* , .- V-


n 'c 00

(4


N In 0I 00
r tneOnmno
O* rVi p r
�^ cr^ rPI T


c-i cc ene


69


* S S


* S S S
* S S S


* S S S

S a a S
* * *
* a 5 4
* S S S
* S S S
* S S S
* 5 4 5
* S S S


a a S S
a S S S


r4N~OO
~ n000O
tn tnr o









01 N 00 00
Nfl '1' 00

* NJ


occienfi~

flQ -o%-
NO-tn
Srid


f S * *
* * * S
* a a a
* S S S
* 4 5 *
* 4 ft .
* S S a
* S S a


* S S S
* 5 5 5
* a * *
* 5 4 5
S S * S
* 5 5 a
* . 5 5
a S S S
* a *


* 9 * 9
a * * a
* 6- *


in 6n 6nN





69




noenn
O3%C'I -


- In C-le P
ren rC l


-* CTIn N


* a . a
* . S S
* S S S
* S S S
a * a a
* S * S
* S S a
* S


* * S S
* * * *
* * 5 5
* S 5 5
* S S S
* S S S
* * S a
* 5 * 5
* S S S


* S S S
* a a a


O'CCN'C




69





enl cc (N N
cr-mo'C1
ON'C


mccc
in 00 in
o%\O


* 5 5 5
* S S S
* * S S
* S S S
* S S S


* S
* S S


* S S a
* S S S
* S S S
* S S S
* S S S


S S S S
* S S S


c en CT N
-'00 (9O



69






N 00 in -�


69


V V


* S S S
* S S S
* S S S
* S S a
* * S S
* 5 5 S


* S S S
* S S S
* a * a
* S S a
* 5 4 5
* 5 4 5


* S S
* S S


NC in N en
oFt~fl
r-0r40

en'rn
69 i i


-'Cr4-


r-mnmn er
0r'itn~
0- * *n *
--tnt--(r
r4ene


tnoCTtnr4U

o6440 ~
9 - -~9
ent~


* S * S
* S * S
* S S
* S S
* 5 5 a
* S S *


* S S S
* a a S
* S S S
* S a S
* S S S
* 5 0 5
4 5 5 S
* S S S


S S S S
a * a S


*~: *a : a *** a*a




* S *0 .0 a *0 **0 *... * 0
* - SI *l -C *) Ct *) * *r -I * *
-L S~ -~ SL - -


�CO �~O �OO C00�eo �*O~i
- *ccS *c'U *ccU * C e Jr-OO4 jOTU ' 0

*ecoS co co9 c0 c~oE
a .~. 0n *.r t-. 0 . .. o O


a.
a
4-




"k




4-


.4


-.










PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


--'0
en 100r
'at


r~ncN


r-eno00tt
dlocentn'*r
Ifl en 000'


cr1000'c
'0~ 0 ~i
-d r.
'ci


en r 0' 00

rflrioC l

- 30 I *
-(NJ- �


S30 en


rIJ00 -r



r~vw4

OJ r-\on

(rV Vr
0'?


ocen- I d
tnr-ao-rnf


r~io-'
C^ 0 '-
s0 T " 0
�- ^f --d


aX1Nrlrn-
- Clf
'43


CnC9 - -CF\


- eno -


0000-CM r




a V"Cc


en0
btf


*fl 00 (' 4
'0 00 (Ni C
('4~r
'at


vPenr-
V V V

t�0en
batcr


00 00 00
30 00 '.0
(N .t1
btt


* -9
V V0 V
Sr


* * a


*iO%~
V~Q


O 'n'.00

Sr-rnor J

-Cl-


'Cm Stnn*


300Ir
tn 9\
Cl *(N4C

V V


*-0
*r-c


* S S
* S S
* S S
* S S
* a a
* S S


-00vwer 0


tn tr '. -
~ N00


'-0

S r

bat


*,C"f
'3000
VCC
S30
*rioc


* a


* S S
* S a


(NVl *r-c



*69


r-rO O'

en flaG3
V V V V


~n en
(NC sr-C
(SJo Sr-n
V V


V VI
S~~0


* S


*i S S S


* S S S
* a S S
* S S S
* * S a a
* S * S S
* a a a S


* a S a
* S S S


* 5 5 5
* S S S
* S S S
* * S S
* S a S
* S S S
* a S


* S S S S
* S S S S


* S S S
* S S S
* S S S


* S S S *
* S a a


* S


* S


*: * cU* *U** c



pta Cn rn * -n Sc





czOL OcyO C oolom.
*: cu3o3; ~" 0..:C

c0 -Y -'P d c0 ,m -cl 0
fl� - f l O .


0\ 6 9










PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION



Table 5.-Laden and Ballast Traffic by Flag of Vessel

Fiscal Year 1981


laden


Ballast


Nwnberr
"I.
transit


Algeria ............
Argentina..........
Australia ......... . .
Bahamas .......... ..
Bangladesh ........
Belgium . . . .... .. ..
Bermuda ..........
Bolivia .... . ... .. .
Brazil . . .. . . . . .
Bulgaria . . . . . . . .
Canada............
Cayman Islands ....
C hile..............
Colombia..........
Costa Rica.........
Cuba..............
Cyprus . . . . . . . ....
Denmark ..........
Dominican Republic
East Germany .......
Ecuador .. . .. . .....
Egypt .............
El Salvador .... ....
Finland ...........
France ... . . . . . . . .
Ghana n ..........
Greece ...........
Honduras..........
Hong Kong ........
Iceland ... . . . ...
India ............. .
Indonesia ......... .
Ireland . .. ..... . .
Israel . ................
Italy ..............
Japan ..... .. . . . .
Kuwait . . . . . ...
L.iberia ............
M alaysia ..........
M alta . . . . . .....
M exico ........... .
Morocco ..........
Netherlands ....... .
New Guinea .......
New Zealand .......
Nicaragua .........
Nigeria . . . . ..
Norway ............
Panama .. ...... ...
People's Republic of
Peru . . . . . . .. . . ....
Philippines..... .
Poland ............
Portugal ...........
Qatar ....... . . . .
Republic of China (T
Saudi Arabia.......
Singapore .........
South Africa......
South Korea .......
Spain .............
Sudan.............


I

13
19

70
7
9
32
16
8
24
161
106
6
97
103
237
5
22
226
3

II
79
2
1,.222
53
3
2
56
17
10
37
124
946
5
1.436
16
8
30
4
170

5
6
3
352
1,193
83
228
153
94
8

123

130
4
173
115
2


Panama
Canal ner
tonnage

15.541

288.594
103, 70
10,124
1.071.917
61.818
76.599
266.690
125.593
79.827
62,368
1.424.420
1.285,862
5.529
622.487
473.039
3,996,606
30.734
135,536
1.559,007
54.414

159.761
1,467.921
19,703
15.392.482
262,855
66.097
8,044
800,908
155.600
142.277
693.638
1.473.350
13.362.053
57.848
23.871.725
232.343
89,172
572.691
9.429
1.927.668

145,315
51,006
23.469
6.531.327
12.204.505
1.,177.817
2,230.453
1,818,071
651.980
86,514
2.551
2,412,507
6.645
1,571.992
28,103
2.539,925
670,863
17.358


I 'Number
of
transl.u


$25.954

481,952
172.294
16,907
1.790.101
103,236
127,920
445.372
209,740
133.311
104.155
2.378.781
2.147,390
9.233
1.039.553
789.975
6.674,332
51.326
226,345
2,603.542
90,871
.. 4... ....!
266.801
2.451,428
32.904
25,705,445
438.968
110.382
13.433
1,337.516
259,852
237.603
1,158,375
2.460,494
22,314,629
96,606
39,863,875
388.013
148.917
956.394
15.746
3,219,205

242.676
85.180
39.193
10.907.316
20.381.523
1.966.954
3,724.857
3.036.179
1.088,807
144.478
4.260
4.028.887
I 1,097
2.625.227
46.932
4.241.675
1,120.341
28.988


2
I

9

20
4
* . 4 . ..
3
2
2
7
24
12
2
23
8
41
2
21
42
I
I
I
3

288
28
I
* . . . ..
4



16
200
I
302
I

23
4
47
I

I

4K
309
19
25
5S
7
5

10

28
3
8
16
* * . . 4


Panama
Canal net
tonnage

30,628
2,525

29,234

218.537
39.440
* . . . . . .
14.465
9.119
6,341
31.203
201.801
142.164
2.134
74.039
44.566
368.436
9,797
130.906
380.303
16,890
1,143
6,501
21,870

3,337.200
148.837
16.507

104.562



190.156
4.059,754
12.110
5.201.003
318

317.537
9.429
317.169
3.330

8,50 1

699.964
3.042.781
276,746
314,785
80,129
28.225
103,050

176,784

439,426
28,242
87.301
121.471
*. . . ,. .


$40.735
3.358

38.881

290,655
52.455

19. 239
12.129
8,434
41,500
268,395
189,078
2,838
98.472
59,273
490.020
13.030
174.105
505.803
22,464
1.520
8,646
29,087

4,438,476
197,953
21.954

139.067
* 4. ......


252,907
5,399.473
16,106
6.917.334
423

422,.324
12,541
421.835
4,429

11,306

930,952
4,046,899
368,072
418.664
106,572
37.539
137.056

235,123

584.437
37.562
116.110
161,556
.. . . .4.












STATISTICAL TABLES


bC~ -




$~-


Cor N -- g r- vr '0000 -morn 'Gi QNr ,- zv - ~ uh cr-coo - 'Co en t- 'o oo6dv4r
- - CM C ----a -� -?0?-� - CM~ - - -- -, N - - Cl--- vc - -


t 3111 0' 00 elrIO~O 0,~. gO# 0O- '000 co N - On cJ99o
77rn~ns~ s~s~~0 rr *... V ..~

en~ -,V -1 en- ocv 00 '0 'fl en en -C in C0 in -0 - 0-0 09 cr4 I6 J9CIri

vd- o ,- - tO Nr - -- - C'' 0 ~c rnoo9o u-vo ur
Nn - en J


en - rno-0-0'i 000- in N
--Nr < 0%- 'll - - o


N-N t' 0 c
- - (N in f--


* * 0 0 . * . 9
* 0 9 9 0 * * . 9-


*f e


* * * C


* 0


* * * * * * * * (
* . S 9 * a f * S


NC 0
en-I


* 9


* * ^^r- * rn
* * *M-
As9 -
* a - 9 ~
* 4 0


* - 4 9 '0
* - 4 0 -
* 9 4
* S 9
* 4 0
* 4 0


*t~ oe vn 4


* *9 * * * * f sQ
* 0 5 0 4 0 -* ~
* 4 0 9 4 0


*9* - *0' rl


*. . . s .
* 9 0s * *
* * * N^ * 9
* 0f 0 4 9


*- 00O


* fi


",-nno ~0
* -i 9 rr r


* *C0
* -4
* 4


* 9 9 1 - - -I


- '-coin^
- *0 r-n


(N * ('


*10t4CM


* it0 - 99 -
* -


* * *
* 9 9


"0000'
*EN Cl


* r4 *t'J


s~-N-U
.n - v -*


* ft
C


c K*


* * ' . , *r:


... *00(N OC'I0


* r- 0' ^ 6 0
* 9 /


* 9 9 4
* 0 0
* 0 0 4
* 4 9 4l


0'


0'
0 -P0


*0


* r-
.4- ('1(1


* * -- 4 . frs
* 4 4 * "


a 4 0
* 4 5


9 �- 4 /"


S0 * * '0 - 0'


(N3


*rn *r4 O cn


-004k


*�r


*00 1
t*


* *r '0
* -4 ^


*~~~ 9 * 60


* * 9 * 0
* a a * * *
* a a * * *
* 4 * 9 * 9



* 0 * 0 0 0 r^J -- 4
* a a * a * a^
* 4 9 0 0 5 *I- 4
* 9 9 9 0 9 4
* 0 0 0 0 4 9
* 9 a a 0 a 9


* t
*~ '0


* 4 9 9
* 4 0 0 0 4 5


O 0
O0
30 A


06
Vt Jt


9""











PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


frk~ocruoi


en ---- --


fl- encen 59 .oC -o;QI-r-crnoC -Ot9
,Y1r(-~n c� ~ r-v, vi�e vrJ ~ s ,


(Nj � - - C r-i


@.8-- d'o~ndrbo




00 1fl- (N (


*Yr~


30g
Clo


--00 Cl fl
brO\tO'00
* V VI~P
~0~en


00 en 00


- 'n r- e~n Q l n00- en
-J 0~0U-l0


~300en
-n - -


-Clr-cn0 cn ac
3QtenN


* O0 * * oC^
* *r *4
4 s 4


* -N *r


.rc?


* - - I -
* . * (


*r-~cac
* *t4* -


* CN lo r r-r *
. rS Os r^ -


0 "s ~~rJIri *ri


*~ ' ...C
* - 4 - 4 '


-* 0


* eln


- ^ - 0 C^ r

-*3


r * .--r jr'
* r *rn '.0


* ~-i
*


* * 'c.rr^O'?C 0-
* TT in r - 9


* -Q 3 3


* 9r *r r d r-.rjrir * - *- - - C c


* enc

* 4
* 4


-Cl


- rJi * o*
-C* *O"


*2 rim


Or'Jri


* ,e * -
* 4 in


-* r-
* * -*en'?- rim-"

* 9 4
* 4 4
* 4 4


4 4 4 4 9 ' G


* r *' *n
* 9 *


* . 9
* 4 9


j-, *- r


* 9 *eno~
* 9 4 -


*rn -*r-r
*r4 C-


*e *f *tr '?


* .4 * 9 - -(r '- -
* 4 * 4 4 9 ^-J - 1


* rj c en-


flrJ *efl
Cl *r


* 3* 00 r -
* 9 fe .


* *roen'


n4r- "n
0'


** *r *0 *-\C C
'* 4 9 * en'


*a cN0'g~ n
*r-fl ("l n


* 9
* 4 9


* 4 4 4 4 4 * *
* 4 4 4 4 4 9 9
* 4 4 4 4 4 9 4
* 4 4 4 4 * 9


* . 4 *



* . 4 4
* 4 4
* * * 4
* 4 * 9


* t


fl D


~Men












STATISTICAL TABLES


r,


'C N-C 45 en






erJ











en 45;X"00-0
9 ~C enenr

VP


x; a en ri N\ 't4




o yc l N-r en oc




OI rn 4 cl 000 r-.








~rJfl0\-ooC

-2 00 -J at V?
t rdl


'to~O 'en00



CM 0459pr









en3 - Ori
pr,~ C'(Jr,



en en 0


o0 Oen\Q

rr r4


-r4Tr4N
45or-
9 NCIC
C,


i tl CM * N--

*9


FFJ 9'C
-


Ifl en -I


en


r43 -en 'C
Sc-N-tNr
r-rC\oen
*r S 5














en-


* 4 4 S S
* . * a
* 4 5 5 5
* S S S C
* S C S U
* 0 5 5 5
* S S S S
* S S S S


* * a
* S S S
* * a
* S S S
* S S S
* S S S
* S U
* S S S
* U S
* 5 5 S
* 4 5 5
* S 4 C
* S S S
* S S C
* S S S
* 5 4 5
* S S S
* S S S
* a a S
* S S S
* S C S
* S S S


* S 5 4







* S U S
*~~ 5 55
* 5 5
* S U 5
* p * .
* S

* 5 L 4 S
*Cr S
*, S S S 4
* C S S
*l S S S I
* S S
* S S S


*
*

*

* .

*
* S

~ ts
* * a~

* S

* S S~
* S S

* 4 41




*3 0 0


* S

*. S *


.4- '-2 U -


iJ


^ -


1









PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


l t5 �C Cri 'C
- N^
V-1-
- 't


c3rl r-� Cr 'ry : X
t i =-y r t
rt-(lf~rf~lV
Cl-� Cl


IC -� =" Ce 'it x

3~ -C


rtOZ.3t ;61tr r. NNJZC CC-tt3'trN
(Ntr nnCC O fl-C'rO'xC tfl Pt P Z t r tN

Lit- - Cr,i


- -r
-^ r.|


- IC
X CI


- -, r
r c -r
� -*

'C


Irl IC~lr
r - 'it
V:


-y -, r, It -t *



j 'r it 3 r et '1 x I 'C't
3r ' C, \5- -t --- .r f



ICl


I$ V
-d


\- -


Lfl V1f~l tN1 ct N' 1 C1 Z C IC 3' ret 3' I
CC S,3' -C Z' ,cX InN- N-rI- 3' cry y* lrf
Crl ZC Cl---m c1 -l N- C
V S-


rite rl 'S Z-3 '
ret 3' Cl - rC
lt - V tfl't--r


*


*


S S
I-


*


* S S S S
* S S S S S


* y

. - 9 -
�O
*m _
I-
:' u


- Y
Cul


2r E


WlJS -


%I %1
IU p)
'P L
3
CLC3:


- *p

*� 'V
*P S S


. 3

Z ?


IS
* S 5 4-
* S S S
* S
* S S 5
,"P t
* S S
*
'~SQ
*-05
so S
* ' :5
* #)
-sl
.%rzrzS


* * * C


* S :
* S -
- -


* S S S
* S S S
S




S * "
S SE


''C
* 5


* S

SQC):











STATISTICAL TABLES


oo9t�-- - tr y (�









oorer flenenf





0'- --'er0


OI~ ~ oO r('4 1 t00fyl 0% 3


, 9r)Nrnfla O9 cr-oe into
Iv r-- 0


en



ON~ 00 00 enr 0 fi -~ tO InO


d vrir- U.


0%CNOeflOO\'f -~ 06N~ 1
-0en0-\ornrrl 9o%


rJr





*aoolIrIOo\- *'nnr
�Inr-N~c*0 :Q
.Otnoor.

.0- t






rJ00 Cr-C CIOI


mi n


* * *
* f 4

* 4 f
ft 4 4
* * *
* * *
* * *

* * *
* * *
* � *
* * *
* * *
* * *

* * *
* * *
ft ft 4














* 4 ft
* ft ft

ft ft ft
ft ft 9
ft ft 9
*t 9t f






* 9 ft
* ft ft
* ft S
a ft S








* f ft

* * *
* * 9



* * *
* * *


� * 4

� * *
* * *
* * *
* * 4
* * 9
4 5
ft 9


















* * 5
ft S 9















* * ft

* * *f
* ft ft

* a 9
*t * ft


* 9 ft
* 9 5
* 9 ft


* 3 9
* 4 4















. ..
* ft 9



















3 * 9


ft S S ft a 8 9f 4 4 9 f f 4 ft 4 ft ft ft f
* t ft t ft t ft t ft 4 t ft 5 t S ft t ft ft f

* * * ft * 9 4 f 4 * 9 4 9 * 9 S
* S f a a 4 f * ft * * * f * *
* f 4 f 4 4 f f ft * * 9 4 * f e 9 a
* f f 8 f f t * * * f t ft f f * 4 f f f
* a 4 ft ft S * f 9 f 4 4 6 f 9 9 f ft
* 4 4 9 5 9 ft * 9 9 f f 4 f f f f f * f
* 4 4 * 4 4 * 9 9 * * * * 4 * *
* * f 4 f f a ft 9 ft * a * f 9 f f f
* ft f f f f 9 f f f S 4 f ft 9 * * *
* * * 9 * * * f t * f * f * * f f f ft a
* * f ft * * f 4 f f ft * 9 f f 4
* * * * * * * A * * * * * * *
* f f f f *ft * 9 * f f * * 9 f f f f 9
f 4 * f 9 9 f f S * * * * f f * * a f f
* * * f * * * f S f f * 9 f 5 f . f S f
�* * * * * * * * * * * * * *
* 9 * ft 9 ft f S f ft 9 S 9 e * f f a
* f f * ft * 9 f f 4 4 f t * S * f 9 9
ft ft ft 9 ft f t S f ft ft ft 9 ft 5 f 4 4
f f * f 6* f & f * f f f f t * * * f
* * f * * * f* * 9 * * * * S a * f 4
* * * * * * * * * * * * * 4 * * * * * *
* * f * * f * 9 9 f t * * f f a * ft *
* f f S f f a f f f f f t 4 * * * 9 f *4
* * * f * * f f f f f f * 9 8 * * f 4 ft
* * * f 9 5 S * f t * * 9 9 * S * 9 * *

* * * * * * S a a f * f 9 f f a a * * *
* S f S f f f f f t * f f 5 f f * f * *
* f ft * f t f t * 5 f t * f t * f t
f ft f 5 f f * ft 9 f . f 9 * * f 4 ft
ft* * * f 9 * * * * * f 9 f * *
* * * 5 9 5 ft * * 5 * f * 5 f * 9 * * *
* * ft * * f a * * f * 0 * * 9 f * *
a * 9 f f f * a a f f f f * 9 4 * *
* f 9 5 * * f f t * * f * f 9 f * f f *
f f f a S f 9 4 f S 5 ft * * * f * *
* 5 5 9 * 4 S 9 9 * 9 9 4 f ft * f

* 9 t 4 9 4 ft 9 t ft f 4 ft 9 f ft f
* * * ft * 5 f t * * f f * * 4 4 f f f f
* * ft * * * 5 * * 5 * * * 4 f f ft 5 5
* * & * * * * * * * * * *


4 * ft* * * * f 4 f 5 ft * f
* & * * * * O * * * * * * 6

* * f f * * 4 9 * * * * * f * f S f f f
* 9 f * 8 * 4 9 4 9 f f a * * * 9 f f f
f * * 9 4 f f 4 9 f a 4 f * * 5 f f f
f 4 f 9 f f f f f 9 9 4 ft * f f S f f
e* 5 f * 9 4 f f f f f f f * 9 f ft S S
* * * f f t 3 f t * * * * * f
* * * * * a f f * * * * * 9 f 5 f S S
* f f a * S 4 f * * * f * a f f f S 9 f
* f * 4 ft * *f * * * *
* 9 f 9 f 4 f 9 4 * * f a 4 * * * f f f
* * * * . * . * * * * * * * * * * *
Crt
* . .4) . * 0 0 2 - * - * * *







gj - c oU
*4 Z 0 ft ft. f -t








wP rt ^^
* * * * * t * * ** * * * *
- f - )..A . *o 0 t S * - ft




f s * 3 00 ' 0 ft * ft

f t * C - 4 - * * *
* *t 7 -Eo * C* * * *#a


f 5* *Z c t * *ft


* ft- * - 0 . ) > ) * 4 * f
* . C c u 0 * ' cU 3 O -
ocOff . .Co e.-. . S



S^Sc ^3 cocoo -"-0^ . S
C*Oc -UU O-C . >-



.c UC>
>-aau UUSOL~a;Ly3cu
00 C ^HC ^ *


~c o o C

al Oov
m~~4 Cat b
SU) wCI LrOL


* 9 f
* 9 9
* f
* f f f
* t ft f
*~ ft ft f
* a *








* a ft ft
* ft ft f
* f f f
*,. ft ft
* ft ft f








PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


- -i - Cl� it 0"~- tF
3V


-0- 'i' - Vt - r- ri "c F�c - 'tt enV
- - -vt


-� 'It Cl r- Vt
'Cen
In


-)C -'C i
rJ \11<


*
*











STATISTICAL TABLES


0


U
* -

C

S
















23~
:C

*d -



A .

02



S al






et*
I-'E


p *





* oc





p *


~I






- b.&

a










ag

I�
(a


-en *oeM

cm

pi p
S- ' -f-
CNNN


S35
0





On
*S p,



0-
rC


*
*
4 4



*
* 4
*


*Om

So -


,N
:-
*N0

*o
F -
4-v-I
- -
4#
erMr


pS

* 4
* p
* p
* 4
* 4


- 0
'lu-

f-GOv
en- o


* p
* 9 4
* * 4
* * *
* * *
* 4 4
* 4 p
* 9 4


* p P
* 4 4
* 4 *
* - 4
* p 4
* 4 p
* p

* 4 4
* 4 4
* p 4
* p p
* 4 p
* p p
* p p
* 4 4





* po
*m 4

* *


0' 'en 0
p p .

oIN


N-IN


0' ON

vrcrri

0~~' -
f-n 0 i

ei * *


Nen vF. r


en


N












Co0O

.00-N5





*rno
*r4




* *

* . p
* . 4 -


unncn
-0k'
p p


*O0%tI
p


-nc


-m -
^ ^ S-"

c 01^-T


9v-

~4o=i
N0'0
a -O


* *
* p p


-I


m w� f









PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


C (N --
V., U'Y ~

(N 1~0--


A


* I-'


* *'oo
4 "on
* * 0
Sed
* *

* A.


** A
*
* * AI


-I~
V--co


* n
4 - -$
A1r~
A~


*VP~N
*~
* *g
* A


r~ 0 --C '-
* . . 4
r. a- -n


-I
*n





* 00

* ri




* 'C
*
* 0
A


cr4


-ru-'onns '0cc
*i orf ioo C -
NN


r^--r"or"'r3-"o%





Onar-^oEoc..0foOoc
-clg'd oF V � f - * �











nO ^ - r- -n - -



* * . * * . .00 _ *
9I



II
* . A A A A A - 0 A





�* A * � * A A A -A * *




- A



*~ A * l- ."
� # * * * * " *
- . . . - * -


0' 00









STATISTICAL TABLES


.1-N
"on

*r-O




'ON~




atm


.00 -
.ON


o cr
* p




a%


- p400
emtN
4.O 49


00-NC
SF
I-


-P U


U0





a;C

fU
Sc:

PI a-

*8~

0*"





Os

S~r
QQ '


3,

k










aa


~ON 0 F





Ormwmno

N -00 mf





tt


0- 00 00
-n 00 N





* 90

- 0I

a0


re900 ON


-d n
In In-


-C"

~
'0 -


*0.0
.-r4
p C


p 9 9JO
n -d


Nnno
p -


00n-co
oct--
In00
Nr


*0'C 0


N
* It
*N


N ~INNN '
n- 'nr
tmecr-

-�#r00


u.'Cnrt-





In00 In





In


* a 4
* * a


* a 4
* * *
* . 4
* . a
* * 4
* * a


gal~~ ~ ~ a, a


* * a


* * *


I l H









PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


1-ac-n

act-"d
nov20.


*vr0rnmrs
'en r EN e
4 . , . , N


0'0CN

* rn r
~ C P tV


WcOt~oc
OI-rr6
60drr
#ir*~E~~l
N


YFS









'*0,


rN

0cm


4$8
00 CN 00 e
-OOr


EN- - EN -







es-EN- ('4-flrnac1

t~~~rNr C CN 0 V 0


4 4 4. 4. * 4 4- 4
C-trw cc


~o2*2-gz
No0CO'4dN0'rI
nCJ~�~N~22V
EN -en 0' -


er~nenrr
- en C 0
U, C- I
. 4 4


*cenc
4 4 4 -


tN ri N *rir' c
0*-en e n


4 4 * 4 4 4
* 4 4 * 4 4
* 4 4 4 4 4
* 4 4 4 4 4


* 4 4 4 4 4 4
* * 4 4 4 4 4
* 4 4 4 4 4 4
* 4 4 4 4 4
* 4 4 4 4 4
4 4 4 4 4 4 4











STATISTICAL TABLES


.- ^-. � *
�- ,-; ,- -^ *-
?- -- ^

- - '- -
-%


zF r-< rJ
;C ri C


CtfNC


-a U

C -











C
* -
~U
E 2













OC
eW
61




v U
'C



o 'S
06 E



w c^





U w


-t




4-


'"-V


- Cl -J

'C -�


rita

. . ,

o -O
Cl


Vn V
N0


* V V
* V V
* V V
* * V
* V V
* V V
* . *
* V
* V V



V * *
49


S* V

* V
* *
* V
* . . .


ot-;



InIn





NOr-



eN


tC'4t
oo-P
. -

(-


o � C.

oC~n
V


-
6C


V *


VI r



9*i
~ O( V
* V



* VP





C' t


es r- 0 V


- - Q C




-, r9 r-, -


n yl r
n r-r
titaN
- V �V


t ri r- cr4
0' 0' ts 0


'tar'-'
tzrN
0'c


*
* tN
* V
* .
V

* V
' V
* *

* V
* *
* V V
* V V
* V V
* V Vi
* *
V V

* V V


* . V V
* * V
* * V


-bXd~~~
-� -1
c~-OE


ul









PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


O0t'4r~C-wnNO



-OOdrrNOdrdO't












-? V - (r tr,


. V< Vr

* .9 .M .
* .T . .




* 4 4
* * * *
* * *
-N "J *
- j > _


*t

ri


N -o N

M * . * V a




* * * * *








- . * * * *
- rJnO-
-Cafl-r


* 00

*FM








�n oo'
* 4 0










S00
* S
* 4 4
* 4 4
* 4 4



S00 00

* 00


*~


oc










STATISTICAL TABLES


rWOo.


r-r-


O"p


Ux




-a-
C'~1.


* * . . . 4 m
* . * * * * -
* * * * * . *


: : : : : *I


* 4
* . .~
* * .1
* * *
* * 4
* 4 4
* *
* * 4


* 4 4
- - 4


C

'a







- t




Q -!
S



E i




6 .2
A










~bZ

S.E


S.


000%n
4.-h-1
4 I
f-
4n


a



a




a








10
k


0 00

* 4




* 4 4


* 4 4
00-




S * *


* *0
00

* 4
* m

*m


00 N 00 0 0 0r



tN00rocoobc
- --IN


-N


oa9#rdo(inrr a
9 0 6 01 n PI
SoCn-OnNHn
~~oongNvr~
I-b(Y-~om


* 4 4
* 4 4
* * 4
* 4 *
* 4


* * -oty," 0
* * . N- N
* 4 4 - N
4..4 '.6


hN N N f

NVI

*rI-

-00I
4 * *
- -Yv
4






*o 00 00(





S- -


~00t

aN-


000 n eN
- t00rNF
NtrrO'
no rIv
VI C J (N
n~mcic4


* 4 4 4
* 4 4

* * 4



en an 0. C

ri - (N<
N v' C


rlN
N0&
e�arrW
4d
4N


eNN-tc

riN rF NF C4
0' 00 n 'A
C -ri


S00 00


m - - f
-Noo-


-N -0'
00 -


'4'
ttt


a', ri YIVI - C


'C00' C a
0EN 'C ri


'Art
'0-'nt
NacO
Or(N


- ** * 4


C -0
y* .l
eN


- cc
CN-


a


nO


rr
m


* * *


- -


-^ -









PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


enr-r





1N


~ 9


*rr


*rN'ntNh


--00-�






* .0 9 l
*$F
* Cr


*O




*~


*~ '0
�u7 ~yc


Pcflfl-tl0rnt-Or
V V * * V V
rrmFVC~YC






rrw00r--Qcor-n



COO- e 6cr~f


N� -


0' - tsr-


trr-n


vmfnt0

V V V V
flut-0tN
9- en


9n9
* fl-CO


dN In iN 0'9 COfl


- ~ - IN t p
",2"~~`OV


A










STATISTICAL TABLES


F-













0'0
v- - -- b

F-.s

0s


*0"
-
* *

I. *c
I


* F
* F
*
* F
* F -


'.000
. I9
# '-.4
ri m. -


N~lt

~N V

*03
* F�
*9
* . .


nO -!


tr~wr)N
ncr-ta-a
N NaGl
-3 -V.,


* *re

* * N






* *

* .



4 J00 N

4N0I
MI
rr


OCa








SU'

0<


Cs


i~ �-.


* F


0'-5

.00


*0'-


r-. *0nr
00-


* F F F
* F F F F
* . F * F
* * * F F
* F F * F
* F F F F
* F F F F


*0









'-C









U01


P--

"5 E

is
0-


F-3


0' 0


O~'QNN
mtct


* - -
4 - -
F"


.tt
"0'



- a'
* F


NienrJ
fl 00 OF'


- F F F0
-cc
00E 6000E
-abfnr


N-Ct
F F


..n * %- o
* Fr- ^5^


00tr-r40


00 C~t 4
N -
0"


c
0 1


CB -
C: "


'000


'I


""'










PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


P- N- -


4 I .










* * IN
* * 4


-0 00*~


* * 4


INno
tN

(N


tr^r-


E - -
FIF00

cN


*rl



w04




0-In

o- -








00


*r rJ0C0
Q NW r

- e r1
* - I





* *e a
* *Co..n
CIII










* 0 - -

C* *




-o


* .r





dr-'r-.$





000 (N 00
- n -N -
Or r-IV
tN-C'


* * * * * * *
* * * * * * * *
* * * . * * 4 *
* * * * 4 * * *
'* 4 * * 4 4 *
* 4 4 4 4 * * 4 *


"~~"`~


T

















Table 9.-Origin and Destination of Commercial C
Fiscal Year 1981 Segregated by


WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA
United Statem
Alasts...�-.........--*-****

al Un ....ted..............
To United Stat.....,...


WEST COAST CANADA.

WET COAST CENTRAL
COSta Rica .........***"
SSalvador *............t

Honduras �, � �...,....
Mexico . ........., ***W
NiarageUa.. . . . � ** . **

Central America (other) .
klbob, R.PF2.... ..... ..


Total Central Amaria ..


r


* Sit**.


* t * gS # *ll * ****** .**** 4CC, *.4*4 CS


,**,a.. 4eII rll~llic~t**t Clr4CS*ll CCF jece SS


SC St *C*,CS S * S 4,. it*C~t*# S *SScitS e***** S *OSCS*~* **


Begiumn
9,352

208,578
217.930

640.488


523



1.134
2.226

* * * * 94
4.194


50A452
50.452


20.405


(anur


Framn


25,702 256.870
25,702 256,870


378,240


20.49E6


143
3.000

21.208


* 3* * * * *1** .0* * 13.949
43X847 1,068 13.949


518,750
518.750

816,302


31,434
471
7.508
2,131
22,234
4.065
40.571
12.637


121.051


Neiher-
lands
6.421
26.634
1,394,862
1,427,917

320.389


Poland


80.386
80.386


161.428


cc..


5.3;
24.5

II
5,9:

. . . . .

36.6


94 ....


33 ........


3.743

78 3.743


WEST COAST SOUTH AME

Colombia ....,...........�
Ecuador *........t.....*.*

South America (ather)1 .....
Total South America .....


155.368 663 ........ 56.550
3.048 ........ .... ... 13
55.868 4 34,808 7.846
136.811 2.693 ........ 32.706
13.314 .... ... . ...... 10.937


364.409


34.808


108.052


124.792
23
40,464
125.838
20.226
311.343


228.767
29.581 12.986
12,640 2
143.072 29.609
11,996 30,149


426.056


72.746


OCEANIA
Australia........
Briehl Oceania ..
French Oceania..
New Zealand....
Oceania (other) .
Total Oeania

ASIA
CMla. (Mainland)
China (Talwan)..
ong Kon .....
Indonesia .. ... .
Japan ...,......
Malaysia...*....
Philippine Islands
Sinppore .......
South Korea ...
Asia (other)'....
Total Ada ...


Grand total.


4.193

37.341
26.463
1.3N0
69.377


.* ..*... .ae* C

..,.e...*.., ..
.. . .
.....*.� ...*�


* Ct m * .q 4

* . m. e...
* ssc....
* .cmc . ..,.


mc...,...
* ceg....
* * cc4 I * *
me......
* C C * * S
* * C *t * *
........

. . .. . .


* * * * C**. mmc* mc c * . ( C ge* 4*
* . c...t, . . C * . c g .. * cc
* c * . .I.c.... * g * *
*e mm *****Jcc., * **S * * * W
* . m m..,, * * c.* * ... * m n ...
cc...... cmm*.mce g..gc ..m
.* cmmm * egg,..,, c...,..,

.. me... C......t. . c m.,...

* ccc... *q *.. 4l U ..*. . c


5.533
80,842

7.871
94,246


331
1.614

3.597





3,281
8.823


1.296.398 118.064 64.249 860.180


335
7
7.787
237
3
8.369


222
1.581
m *4****
1.528


**** *4 * c


841
4.172

1.779,987


145

3.449
5,495
9.072
18,161


25.682
2,233
5.018




32.933

2.262,134


6.060
21

4.989

I 1.070


.me.....

g.......

* ec.....

..c.m.e.

g.m.....

* c4 * **
-.cc....
..c......


329.373


Percat of Atlantic-ound Cargo.


Mn fanntumt at nd fa tak h


AMERICA
X************
,*...H*t,. H. "*�

*****�*a*, **
*** �******�* �* *
� tl l~rr ii>
**�**********
*��******* ***
� . , * *> * ,* �� ** .
...�..******


1 _ ~_�
















STATISTICAL TABLES


�~C oono
Eg-=~lO Fr; d Y;
P~OLLIEe

L O~
dt~ g, f,


It r4


nebr'4-Oe4Ce

dddddooo


oo012'Ga COe"
r-oo"t"rB
CQ~.(ES Ilt
sn a.a rlvn S- n N
-Cr'4Ga100O(Cr-
rJr4- '0-It


#r@,t4OOO0


- n N a
C C'
* . C. C.

* C. C.
- ~Sna


NteiroO













$; a o.

ri~t
re


* "POo
*.- a0

* .
- -
*3 *f

* *

* C^


* C 3
* * ' -


* -C C
* a~ rI -








.-tc
00 0'
*300 -


oenr~r
nt4Y

* C. -


-so,



C sO.

5IrC


U"a






C -I




-a-



aE










OCM,

i 0

SQ







U;.

S


1 C
* C


* C C C.
* C C C
* C C C.
* C C C.
* C C C
* C C *
* C C C.
* C * C.


* C C
* C C
* C C
* . C.
* C. C
* C C
* C C
* C C


r-tN
S 00
-


* *
* . *
* * C
* C
* . C
* * *
* C C.
* C C


* * C
* C 4
* C. C
* * C.
* * C.
* C
* C
* * C


* C
* C C
* . C
* C C
* *
* C.
* C C
* C C


* - C
* C C
* . C
* C C.
* C C
* C
* C
*
* *
* C
* C C
* C


* C C
* * C
* C C.
* C C.
* C. C
* C. C.
* * C.
* C C
* 4 C.
* C. C.
* * C.
* C C
* . C.
* C C.
* C C
* C C


* C


* C C
* C. C
* C C
* C. C.
* C *


* C


0 11


0-


* C.


* C


* C C
* C C


* C C
* C C


* C * u
* C C
* C C.


* C
* C
* C
* C
* C
* C
* C.
* C.


L


- J










PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


nt~dgcr4-ri N?


I-
*








STATISTICAL TABLES


Table 10.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO:
West Coast United States..
West Coast Canada........
West Coast Central America
Balboa, R.P. . . . . . . . . . . . ..
West Coast South America


2.703


2,595


5,271


1,845


Chile.....
Colombia.
Ecuador..


Peru ...


2,108


2,604


3,325


4,873


1,786


2,849


2,253


3,354


1,146


1.592


Other ..
Hawaii.....
Oceania ....


2,136


1,554


Australia ...
New Zealand
Other ..


2,502


1,728


1,944


1,278


Asia ..... . ...
China. ...
Taiwan....
Hong Kong
Indonesia..
Japan .... .
Malaysia .


....... 0... ..0
."a.....a......
*. a..... ah......


*...Ct . at...... tat......


......... C


* at......
* . . a.tO .


6..*. *3..t...".....C a ... eta.....


Philippine Islands


Singapore ..
South Korea
Thailand ..


* C C.C.....S S ..C ta .a ...
*. .. . 4C. C*S .C .*.C.t.N


..tee.......
* C. .C . . . . S


55,060
9,767
3,864


32,806
55
440
312
5,242


50,083
6,266
3,642


32,141


4,248


46,522
4,702
3,582


29,127


5,459


U.S.S.R.


Other
Tota


Il ....


*.C.C .t.a.C
* ..CC..tC


at ......C. ..C. C ...t..
a a a .e .... .........t S


1,352
68,965


1,334
64,643


1,205
58,342


EAST COAST CANADA TO:
West Coast United States...
West Coast Canada.......
West Coast Central America
West Coast South America


.. 13
.. 19
53


Balboa, R.P....
Oceania........
Australia ...
New Zealand
Other .....
Asia ....... .. .


200


ate...... . a...


224


209


a at a ..... a..


1,580


1,486


1,785


China ....
Taiwan....
Hong Kong
lI nan


tt....
a . .C.* S


* C tCC ~ C C ~
CC......


........


I~1n-I - rr


,ri







PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION 7'


Table 10.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal rear


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA To-Continued
O ceania .... . ... .. .. . . .00 . . . .


13


10


Australia ...
New Zealand
Other......


Asia . � . .


.* . 3
*.. 4


221


...... I


163


177


China
Japan
Other


Total


1,918


112
21
1,724


1,681


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO:
West Coast United States...
West Coast Canada........


..... t......*. "..0e#.
. . . . ..S.* . . . .*9e . .** .* .P .te


West Coast Central America
West Coast South America


.* * *.* * ...'" . I *


1,273
1,904


1,854
1,506


2,306
1,620


1,162


Chile....
Colombia.
Ecuador..
Peru .....


Other
Balboa, R.I
Hawaii...
Oceania ..
Asia . .. .


P.


* tt*P**S* S C *t C SPOtS~S *qSPtSIt SS* 5655
6C* S *4P~~ P P#***S S *0 S S PSOP Pt*SPSt * 565


.S. .. ..*.t.. .... S. . .P P.P .t .SP S . .. * S . -P----
. . . . .. . . * ......... S . P.SPe S S S t SP***. S S S P


2,475


1,883


China......
Japan......
South Korea


.......00 . .....� .OO .� ... ..
*.5.8.te e...... .*5S. S PS.. . ...S ..


2,020
259


1,750
51


U.S.S.R.
Other ..


Total


.... . . .. . . . .. . .. .. . .... . 77
... . .............. .. . .. . .. .. . 3 1


6,136


6,490


28
5,701


CRISTOBAL, R.P., TO:
West Coast South America ........................
O their territories ............... . ..................


Total


WEST INDIES TO:
West Coast United States..
West Coast Canada.......


1,024


at............S.S* S Cte..


1,024
39


West Coast Central America


Balboa, R.P..............
West Coast South America


Chile....
Colombia


. ...... . .... ....I
. P. . .".5 .c 5..0. S." .. S


* 05t*s~* St...... S POSt 555505 etS****S S
C. 54055 t C C 555554500 55*555500w S S *3555


339
1.117


S - 1


5


842


751


529


J ^rt


1 r J








STATISTICAL TABLES


Table 10.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


WEST INDIES To-Continued
Asia-Continued


Taiwan.........
Indonesia......
Japan ..... ....
Malaysia .....
North Korea....
North Vietnam
Philippine Islands
Singapore ......
South Korea....
U.S.S.R. .......
Other ..........


SC * . a a aa. . � . . . . . g. ." . . a.
.* . St.... . a.a. . .a. . t~ * g .
*.. ...... S"0 s....... q.......

* . tt .. ..P*.. a~.. .eS. .. . . *. a * * * * .

* . * **S . . S . t. .t . . . C . u.. . . * . . .t S
. s.s S.".. .. ........ ........
".." . ..... ..... ..... .....


Total


13
403


14
90
105
3,945


1
90
27
4,097


3
27
700
12
11
82
6
25
5
136
54
4.744


EUROPE TO:
West Coast United States..
West Coast Canada.......
West Coast Central America


Balboa, R.P. .............
West Coast South America


Chile....
Colombia
Ecuador.
Peru ....
Other ...
Hawaii......
Oceania .....
Australia


British Ocea
French Ocea
New Zealan
Other .....
Asia .. .......
Singapore .
Taiwan....
Hong Kong
Japan.....
U.S.S.R. ..
South Korea


Other
Tota


.....
l .. .


* S * * 55~~~C**5t a * gsa stat
* S * *S S S~t**t4tS * * **t*au
* * * C StSgtt*t t S * * ***S 556


***s: a** * * t:t:g:u *ua..


......PC..C.SS.C0....a.............*.. S
Q. ........................... ". " . . "...

..S ...* ....t ..... tt.."...t""...... . a
*. .ease. . .. . ..........u. g es m..... U t C e


nia
nia
d


* ~ ~ Cpga5*55 S CCC uSSpaCaS Ca*C***a
CC*ttu555 a * **SC*CS**5 *5C58**C C


J.... . ". .s .tS""at. a".....us......
* a * e.... . ...g t ... ...* B * '" * CS
. e .. p... *S . ..... a ta..... *... . . 5
S..C. St"..""S"""W. ."".....t.......
.. as.... ."....""... p.. C m m .... ..a
app........... a......usa.s...tee...
�* pe e a u. .C* t * as a e St * 5*
I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
S...... . ..." s a"t"e . C... ...C..
..* ""."" .Pt.....at.."."".. . ..
a... gas. u.s..tO............ .s.a...g


2,084
497
509


1628
496
92
305
451
284
I
673
99
14
199
167
194
378
8
51
24
156
8
31
100
5770


2,155
395
433


1,211
315
77
186
330
303
2
751
94
14
253
151
239
371
3
28
22
193
3
9
113
5319


2,128
428
736


1,101
379
53
216
252
201
2
844
83
12
322
198
229
346
4
37
16
158
6
24
101
5 585


AFRICA TO:
West Coast United States..
West Coast Canada.......
West Coast Central America
West Coast South America


..s............... spa....
........C.CP.......ssp p.. a
..t.. ..... at.uu* sgge.....
A.. ... .. ...1.... ..


225
47
65
31
"71


n


1?


P1







PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Table 11.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


WEST COAST UNITED STATES TC
East Coast United States .
East Coast Canada ......
East Coast Central Americ
Cristobal, R.P...........
East Coast South America


Argentina ..
Brazil ......
Colombia...
Venezuela ..
Other ......
West Indies .....
Puerto Rico
Other ......
Europe.........


Belgium .....
Denmark ....
East Germany


Finland ...
France ....
Greece ....
Italy ......
Netherlands
Poland....
Romania ..
Spain-Portu,
Sweden ...
United King
U.S.S.R. .
Yugoslavia.
West Germa
Other .....
Asia (Middle Eas
Israel .....
Lebanon
Saudi Arabii
Other ...
Africa . . . . .
Algeria ....�
Egypt ....
Morocco ...
South Africa
Tunisia....
Other ....
Total ...


. asse �t a. at'. ..D. .. , , S
*�ee a a "as.. ... �,as ..s. ...O


" 00c..."a. ......*... .... .. .. . . ...

S e s � � at a.. ."." .... ......e. �. .*. . .

* . . S C * . . a a.. ........ .C..eet* . . *s. e. . t. ...


. * . t e e * . * * * .a. . . , .a . * a. . . . . . . . * a
**** 9*"SS** . e. * . . . . . C . . SI


* 5* *
* . . .
* I U.
eta.
* 9 a a


. C . . "5*****S .ea0 e... *s*C* * .*.
...~.......e..ee.....I ... tat....
*.C...* ....et. .... .es..e ...... *9 9


�. . . . . . . . . . . . . ." . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
* e....*c .e.* ...9 . C e...... ..*.C.C




S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . m *. . . . . . . . . . .









S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ny.. a ... .e............
Lt) � �.. ..... .










. . . . . � � . . . . . . . . . . . 4 . . . .�. . . . e .
.9,. * C*� .� �
. * t t t a c t...... set tce U
� � � . . . . .111I
. . � � � . � .11 11(1
. . # � � �)11()1 11 )1 11
� �. �� �� . . � .. .� �� . . � �� �. ..


25,256
26
11
12
435
8
202
10
205
10
4.197
3,164
1,033
4411
234
50
26
30
257
18
519
1,428
80
42
105
138
134
9
61
151
1,129
174
36
23
81
34
2.145
63
1,576
264
154
81
7
36 667
l2~


1980

21,316
4
24
5
480
9
274
16
157
24
3401
2,651
750
4978
409
89
32
4
183
77
449
1,418
1 1
17
376
97
190
151
28
221
1,226
_34
27

2
5
471
47
193

152
44
35
30.713


1979

14,370

22
49
486
27
293
14
134
18
4.020
2,836
1,184
4594
393
161

1
347
18
387
1,386
16
54
248
76
188
26

135
1,157
_30
3

8
19
89
25
23

30
Se a .
II


WEST COAST CANADA TO:


C aAA


rr ir i, in


MI L & ML







82 STATISTICAL TABLES


Table 11.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


WEST COAST CANADA TO-Continued
West Indies-Continued


Puerto Rico
Other .....
Europe........
Belgium ...
Denmark..
Finland ...
France ....
Greece ....


C * S * *S CC* *


S*


* 4 **t *.*ssS.*. S * C C tt**5*~* S.....
* * tamiSt * a *a**tCaa 555*S*aS a at *


*i *sa*


Irish Republic..
Italy ..........
Netherlands....
Poland ........
Romania.....
Spain-Portugal.
Sweden .......
United Kingdom
U.S.S.R... .
West Germany .
Other .........
Asia (Middle East)..


Israel ..
Other ..
Africa......
Algeria.
Egypt ...
Morocco


........
w.......
* *a s t


South Africa
Tunisia.....
Other ......
Total ....


..a. a * . e... ......t..........
* *.45 *t.*.5*** t ...* *tt.m..t*
* .t.......t .. . .. . . .m.. * s m t ...
* we ...*..mtc... ......m *C t 5 *a* t..


ate . . *. .. ..a m........ S * 5mta a * * *
me.a. .. ...S t S.. ., a. .. * * * * ** *S
. ..... S. a.a ..* . *.....*..c......S S
*.s..C C*.. S *..45*5 ..t....... a .. a

*.e.*5.5 ... est a. . 5t...... a.... .e

maca...........*554 t.tt......ass

*.t.a a .. ........ee.as e a... SSSCC .C


* a*.a..tC * *.. tee. * S. S..... .... S
*t#C..........C.****.*.....5...

* 4 s m ta a . ... . ...a. * . . . .....* a..


......a .. ...a .s........m ... ..*...* .. S
*..*...t *.. *.*..*.......... 5 *C*SSt S **
* *5*St.tW S ... mtttt.. ....s a. a.a.* .* .
*.....t. O S a.*. as.. .at.. e.....a.*. .....t
*. t. a55 a. *. s*.. ta . 5.. *S. S ......CC ..


6754
640
20
47
378
145
42
816
320
161

98
167
709
944
621
1,646
91
91

1425
224
90
470
160
440
41
10,419


20
8.169
580
203

504
202
29
1,098
630
298
52
186
56
1,121
891
625
1,694
30
30

1,250
257
62
311
243
338
39
12,238


28
6,715
624
268

402
85
56
808
489
106
33
258
53
1,012
156
679
1,686
4

4
967
309
2
185
216
211
44
9,963


WEST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA 1
East Coast United States ...
East Coast Canada ........
East Coast Central America.
Cristobal, R.P. ............
East Coast South America..


West Indies ..
Europe......
Belgium .
Denmark
France..


S. . . .


.5.....t. C .s .mm.a as
5 Sas.. **C.a***.cats,....


975
6
135
16
40
142
882


41
139
981


S S S S **S *CC** * *m SS *CCS*55


IIL41 . . . *I .. .. * I* . a . * . a . .. .. . m ..
Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Poland . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Spain-Portugal.


14
121
37
4
114


16
155
100
11
75
0


62
103
1,204
6
128
10
162
119
2
81
'ii







PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Table II.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


WEST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO
East Coast United States ...
East Coast Canada ........
East Coast Central America.
Cristobal, R.P. ............
East Coast South America..


Brazil ...
Colombia.
Venezuela
Other ....
West Indies ..


..a.at m a ...... .

*.m.. a.a.a.a .....


. a.. . tt.. at........a ...� ..*

* a a a . mm. .m t. .t . t.m


a * .* * c a a
.o.....


* . a . * a .I
* t.,..

i......


m......t* #.**tt*.tt..a.a.a.a.. a......
. .... a..... m et... CSC... a. . * C... em...


Cuba ............ .
Netherlands West Indies
Puerto Rico ..........
Trinidad/Tobago......
Other . . . ... . . . . . . .


Europe......
Belgium .
Bulgaria.
Denmark


East Germany..
Finland .......
France . . . .. . ..
Greece .. . . . ...
Irish Republic..
Italy . . . . . . . . . .
Netherlands ....
Poland . . . . . . ..
Romania ......
Spain-Portugal.
U.S.S.R.. . ...
Sweden .......
United Kingdom
West Germany .
Yugoslavia.....
Other . . . . . .
Asia (Middle East)..
Iran . . . . . . . . .
Lebanon ......
Saudi Arabia ..
Other . . . . . . . . .


Africa . . . . . . . .


Total


S.t.am . te a..... . . ....*
* S ... t.. m * ... . t ji a e


. m e...... m.....
. ta. t t. .C. . .t


* a..


St* ** t ma ti 9 4iCS t *a t
" 4� s * �t.. . at ""."..


t... ia aia..... aaC
*. *a ... a m...... ..... S


.. a a ..... . .. ... a t a a 4 .I ..... . ..
at...... at......a.t.....a.".. .
e m . . " . � " . " . . t " a " m. . ea . . . . . .

S. . . .. . . . . . . " . . c " a t . . . . .
�m ...�... .c m.. c . .. .. a. . . .
C. Ct.. . .. .. .944. Caca .. . .. . . a atm ma .
.m...........ca.......ae..a.cc.e. a


"..e'mt Rae''.


* . .mma. .. m a.. .. mc ay .. ... at.
a sea m . . . .. ............ cc. ....ca... . a. .
tac,. a a .teaacc. amt . a am. te at. . . . . ., a

* .a.at .a. C .t.. 0. a. .m. . ....
...a at........ca.....m .. m .....
. .c a c . . . . ...... .a a ta ct..., . .. s.c.m.
4 . . e.t.. . 4 C . c. . . . .c.a..sat . . C .
* ma m n. .......... ac . . . cc.. .. ... cm.


. .
* .


' 181
5,331
70
222
3
1.807
166
972
550
119
2,879
106
2,116
42
33
582
3851
364
32
3


15
54
311
426
73
94
169
480
33
289
790
174
364
_123
40

54
29
_106
14,392


Fiscal year
1980
6,986
21
523
2
1.631
73
1,106
386
66
3.291
76
2,513
176
41
485
5.541
460
10
19
48
18
174
38
24
359
451
127
806
280
413
42
288
949
531
504
_166
60
12
14
80
1!5
18,276


1979 '
8,281
34
1,624
13
1,876
48
1,483
274
71
2,556
118
1,935
149
83
271
4512
357
24
19
81
41
167
9
27
375
519
186
110
278
185
23
306
1,025
221
559
_154
34
15
41
64
197
19,247


BALBOA. R.P. TO:
West Indies . . . . . . ...... . .. . . ...... . . . .... . . .
O their territories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Total


HAWAII TO:
Fa~t Cnast IInited States


18

217


48


25


.I LlT


I tI I


..........................








STATISTICAL TABLES


Table 11.-Cargo Shipments by Trade Routes-Pacific to Atlantic-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]

Fiscal rear


OCEANIA TO-Continued
West Indies-Continued


Jamaica ...
Puerto Rico
Trinidad/ Tol


Other


Europe..

Belgi'
Frane
Italy
Neth<
Norw
Polar
Spair
Swed


um.. ...
ce .�....


.* C


SC� C. ..C .� . �O .CC.C.. ...... . ,.


.ago ......... .. .. ... .......... .
ago *. . .. * *. .. . . ... . . .. .. *


beet**c** * *9e)C***C** SSS* C S(eceC


654CC C....CC...C...e.c...... a yee
* C *iCC C C C C * 4 C S C C *


rlands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
nd ................................. ....
d . . . . . . . . . .* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
-Portugal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
en ... .. . ..


United Kingdom


C .C C�C.C.C.ft .C.C C . .C C CC CC.4


1981
8
40
13
24
913

69
94
8
18
44

II
2
II
354


1980
4
38
16
69
1,309

49


1979
11
17
19
24
1,422


U.S.S.R.


556 *CSCC C C C. . CC. . S.CCCC. C CCCC. . S.C


West Germany


m a . .. . * CY CCCCCC C 6�� � C C


Other .. . . . . . .
Africa. . . . . . . . . . .


Total


C C C S C C C S .
S� C.....


* C C. e.. . C C 55. 6CC CC
CCC... *.m et C.. . . . C C C C C .


�S����.. 555 5C�C CC C �CC ��C �C ���C �e1


ASIA TO:
East Coast United States .


*5455C C5665Cl ft 555CCCCCC


3,861


11,398


4,354


11,263


4,876
4,876


11,298


East Coast Canada


CCC 555*544 4 SSCSCC e


ft CS..C.C


East Coast Central America


*Ce4


S l *5 6 S C * CCC 9CYC


Cristobal, R.P. ..


e C C ~ C CS*C * ~ C4


C 5 55 5 C


* C S .5


East Coast South America


Argentina
Brazil . . . .
Colombia.
Guayana .
Surinam .
Venezuela


....


* CC SCCCC. . . * C C C C C C
. 5 . 6450 *CCC. C C C C C .
5556*. . 44 . C *CC C C C .


�* � CCCCCCC*


SSCSCCS
C .. . .. .


C C CC C C C C � . �.


. S.C 556 em. f..

CCC . S.9.. . CC CC .
* CCSSCCCCCC. C C .
CCC . CCCC .. .CCC.C.
* C.C .C s...... C
tint. . .. Se. S CCCC
. 640 . #. . .. C. C .C


865

35


* 055C

S* C C .
*56 C S .
C *S . c
..* CS
* C I C C
m e c . .


1,256


1,191


Other


C . Cll ��C *CCC. CC CC e CC �.C CCC..


West Indies ...


Cuba


e m�...... C e...... CC4C4C���� C. ..


rrcSSCCC# StemCC CC


Haiti-Dominican Republic


Jamaica ........


Netherlands West Indies


Puerto Rico


C � C CCCC. U CCCCSCC SC CC
CCCCCCC . C. C� * 55566 C C.


. C C C CCCCC...CC


C C . C S C. C . . . .


Trinidad/ Tobago


Other ..
Europe.....

Belgium
France .
Greece .


. S


����.�5CC C S
* .� � . . . .C . .

��� *S� SS444


. .5. 5
SC C Ce. e
S.CCCC.


CSCC.C.eC.C
C S C . C. . eC 44 .
* . CCCCC44. 4
CC. CCS. .. .SC.
*.C . . .CCCCC*


S . C C C C C C C CSSSC C Y


� C � �5 � � ��4 4 C C C C C


C CC CCC


etC. .. C C.CC C C C C C CSSSSS CCC CC CC


Italy .. C.......
Netherlands. .
Norway ...
EjlI *"A/


* C C C CC


CSS CCC C C C
SC .C..C.CC
SC.SCC C CCC.
.*SCCCCCC. .
.m a CCCCCC .
*. C .S .C . . C

CCC C C . C. .
C C4SCSSC . S
* C C C C C SIC


CSCC S C C C C *5C SCCC C C C


SSCCC C C C C C C C . 5.


C . .C C. C C C C C


C C CCCCC


� C CSCS C CC�SCCCCC C


866
425
76
59
II
127
76
92
128

..9

6
4
33
2


986


850


176


_169

II
15
8
20
35
1
1


A


I 1







PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Table 12.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes

Atlantic to Pacific

[T1housands of long tons]


r .heal tear


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
UNITED STATES:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ........
Caustic soda . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . .
Chemicals, unclassified . . . ... ...
Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous ....
Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous ...
Manufactures of iron and steel ..


* 9 * * 9 * * S
.�...�.
* . a * . * * .
* a . 9 * . a
O . 9 * 9
* S 4 3 *�


560 520
210 208
156 159
194 153


1979


558
229
181
148


27


Plates, sheets, and coils.....
Tubes, pipes, and fittings ...
Other and unclassified......
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash
Ammonium compounds ....
Fertilizers, unclassified


Phosphates .........
Ores and metals .........
Ore, alumina/bauxite
Petroleum and products ..
Crude oil.......
Diesel oil. . . . . . . . .
Fuel oil, residual
Gasoline .........
Jet fuel...... . . .


Kerosene . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricating oil .... . .
Other and unclassified ...
M iscellaneous.......... . .
All other and unclassified


* . *


* S S


* . 9 * * 9 9


� . .. . * 4


* a 4 5 9 4 4
* S S S S S S


* a a a. * . . . ...*e.
* 9~***~~ S 9 9#*e~
* S S 4*** 59444 5 * 4
* 4** * * a a a 4t 4*4 9
959.54 * 94449*9 S
* a 94*~~~ * *99 9*~


. 4 9 4 5 9 9 9 9 9
*. . . . . . ..9 S S
* *. S. S. . . 5 .
* 9 a 9 .9 .9 5 . . 4
*. 9 . * 9 * . S


* S S
a...
* . 9


* ....
* S 9 * * - -


* a * �* . .


* ... �


Total


13
119
10
55
54
254


1,461
58

75
757
108
5
330
128
278
278
2,703


2


252
22


133
133
1,414
190

175
143
312

534
60
281
281
2,604


7

156
35


340
340
1,516
174
66
92
389
417
25
353

268
268
2,849


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
CANADA:


Chemicals and petroleum chemicals


Caustic soda . . ...
Minerals, miscellaneous .


Salt....... ..... .........
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash


Phosphates ........
Miscellaneous . . . . . . . .
Clay, fire and china .


S. . 9.
*. 4 .5 .5 4


. a .


S 9 9 4 4
9 4 9 * 9 w


* " S 4 * 9 5 4 5 �
9 9 9 9 5 4 5 5 4 .5


844
844
32
29


851
851
41


All other and unclassified..


Total


EASr COASI UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST


S. S .S 4


21
21
804
804


876


41
905


I
835







STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table


12.- Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific


- Continued


[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal rear


EAST COAST UNITED


STATES TO WEST COAST


CENTRAL AMERICA-Continued


Minerals, miscellaneous


Borax.....


*6... G...a.G .. ....* **
..t.......Ga.......


II
I


II


Soda and sodium compounds


Sulfur .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash
Ammonium compounds
Fertilizers, unclassified .....
Phosphates . .. . . .......
Potash . . . . . .......
Ores and metals ..... . . . . ..


Metals, miscellaneous
Ores, miscellaneous .


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5


621


399


19

19

382


� a.. 79


S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . 3


Other agricultural commodities


136


Oilseeds


28


�.. 13
5. 123


Sugar ........ ....
Petroleum and products


42


18


Gasoline


Fuel oil, residual


S . ... .... .*.. . a 18


Lubricating oil .
Miscellaneous ......


61


52


17
21
21

a59
59

11



10
60


Flour, wheat


Paper and paper products
Tallow ......... . . ...
All other and unclassified


. .... I


23
2,595


Total


17
3,325


2
2,25
2,254


EASI COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA:
Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals ........


Caustic soda . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals, unclassified ....


Petroleum


* S * *


chemicals, miscellaneous


* a * * * * ass....
* . a elSa......


Coal and coke
Grains . . ..


2,723


2,436


1.602


Corn
Oats


�.. 21
* �4 128


Sorghum
CL /^ I r fr^* n rt.


r in


272


215


15
192


SJ


Er~ c







PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION 87


Table 12.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes

Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[T thousands of long Ions]


fiifral ear


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO WEST COAST
SOUTH AMERICA Continued


Manufactures of iron and steel .
Angles, shapes, and sections
Plates, sheets, and coils.....
Tubes, pipes, and fittings ..
Wire, bars, and irods ......
Other and unclassified......


Minerals, miscellaneous


Soda and sodium compounds


* . . .* .C S . . b
*. a .a a .e . .S . . a
*. a. a. . * a C * .
*. S *. a. a a. C


* . .


* � * * a a a


. .. .. 12


Sulfur . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other and unclassified.............
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash .......
Ammonium compounds ...........
Fertilizers, unclassified . . . . . . . . . .
Fishm eal ... . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .
Phosphates .. . . . . . . . . . .
Potash . . . . . . . . . ....


a* a a a a a a a a 8


. . . . . . C


432
34
167


366
45


. *182 .
182


308
37


159


Ores and metals .......
Ores, miscellaneous ......
M etals ........ . ........
Scrap .... .........
Tin, including tinplate
Other and unclassified
Other agricultural commodities


O ilseeds .. . . . . . . . .
.Sugar . . . . . . . . . . .
Other and unclassified.
Petroleum and products ...
Lubricating oil . . . . . ..
Other and unclassified.
Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . .....


Bricks and tile
Carbon black


Clay, fire and china ......
Flour, wheat . . . ....... . .
Groceries, miscellaneous .
Oil, coconut ..........
Oil, vegetable ..........
Paper and paper products
R esin .................


Rubber, manufactured
Tallow . . . . . . . . . . .
Textiles ............


All other and unclassified .


75


58


* * C C * C S C C C
* a a a a a a * a a


I* * a i. a
. .a. . . . .a . .a


Sa . a a


33


36


24


188
17


25


.....I


* . * C * C . a.a * . a a a
* . a... . . *a a


64


738


* C C C C * * * *
* CaCaCtee


* C S C C S


83


705


*...t a
* . a . a
* . . a a
* . . a a


* a a a... C C C et


S . C C CS C ..C. C


Tnrt1


624
10
* . C � C �
13
57
8
*. . .a a .a


*. a . a a .
. .a . .a . .a .
*. * . .a . . .
*. a . .a . a
* a . . . a .


20 16 15
302 287 240
571 A2 71 2 A


169
24


114
24


41


34


40
25


.*







STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table


12.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal rear


AST COAS


r UNITED STATES


TO BALBOA.R.P


Continued
Petroleum and products-Continued
Fuel oil, residual .. . ... ...
Other and unclassified... ....


Miscellaneous....


Oil, vegetable ... .. ...
All other and unclassified


Total


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO HAWAII:
Petroleum and products .... .....


Jet fuel . .... .. .. .
Other and unclassified


Miscellaneous


All other and unclassified


Total


..... . 29


51


CC #** *51


92


...... 42


55
55
81


42
42


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO OCEANIA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals.


Caustic soda . . . . . . . .
Chemicals, unclassified .
Petroleum chemicals, mi
Coal and coke ...........
Grains . . . ..... ... . . . .


scellaneous


33
44


Soybeans.


*


Other and unclassified
Lumber and products ....
Pulpwood ..........
Other and unclassified
Machinery and equipment


* C C S S C C C
* U * C S C * *


*. te .....
* C . . . . . . C


* * * * a a a


* C C C * C C C
a a e C C S C C


Agricultural machinery and


Automobiles, trucks,


mplements


accessories and par


Construction machinery and equipment
Electrical machinery and apparatus ...
Other and unclassified.. .... ........ .


* S . S C .C . .
ts~ .. a . a *
* 0 * . . .C
a. a . .a . . . .C . C
* SW CCC .* C


2


6


Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous
M inerals, miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


. . . . S


Sulfur.... . .... ........
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash


Ammonium compounds ..
Fertilizers, unclassified ...
Phosphates .............


.......


a S ** C a


105


121


101


86
232


41


95
271


102
501


26


42


602


671


579


29


12


2


6


C....13


26


20


58


85


654


262


crr


r�


Dr\~nF i~


I I








PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Table


12.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific-Continued


[Thousands of


long tons]


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO OCEANIA


Continued


Miscellaneous- Continued
Oil, vegetable .. . . . . . .
Paper and paper products
Resin . .. . . . . . . . . . ..
Rubber, manufactured ..
Textiles ...............
All other and unclassified


Total


......
......
* a 9 S ..9


* 9 5


* 9 5 C C C

* a 9 a * *
* . a C . C
......


706
2,136


717
2,502


1
688
1,944


EAST COAST UNITED STATES TO ASIA:
Canned and refrigerated foods ..
Canned foods, miscellaneous
Refrigerated foods ..... ....
Fruit. . . ........ ... .
M eat................
Other and unclassified..
Chemicals and petroleum chemical


Caustic soda . . . . . . . . . .
Chemicals, unclassified


* 9 I C C


....' .
...."


* 9 0.* *
* 5 5 5 5
* 9 * 9 *


* . * S . .C
* a * .* . *


Petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous
Coal and coke ... . ...... . . . ... . ..


* 9 9 C * S S a
* a * * a * a *


Grains


Barley...
Corn....
Oats ...
Rice ...
Sorghum
Soybeans
Wheat


* S C C .
f f . C S


* * 9 C C .
* a * . * a


* ..... * a a 9 *f* 5
* . * S C * * S 9 *C *


Sat * *as a.. a


Other and unclassified
Lumber and products ....


Pulpwood


* a * * * * *
* . . . . a *
* 9 99 C S S


S* ...
* 9 9 . . 5


Other and unclassified.....
Machinery and equipment .. . ..
Agricultural machinery and


* a C * a a

* * * * a ft


*.... C t
* S 9 . a .a
* 9 9 S. C .
...... C
*. 9 .9 5


4
211
113
I


1,708
31
1,219
458
17,818
24,851

9,320
3
329
2,044
5,932
7,167
56
292
229


110


4
188
102
2
84
1,683
160
1,102
421
13,490
22,460


25
0,395


162
2,586
6,294
2,905
93
319
163
156
105


mplements


Automobiles, trucks, accessories and par
Construction machinery and equipment


Electrical machinery and apparatus
Other and unclassified..... . ....
Manufactures of iron and steel .......
Angles, shapes, and sections
Plates, sheets, and coils..... . ...
Tubes, pipes, and fittings .......


* * . .


9 9 S 9 * C C


* t a *
* 4 9 *


* C S 9*~***
* C S S 9 9 C C 9


17
295


31
275


5
209
129

79
1,594
128
1,088
378
10,254
22,464


2,433


99
1,657
5,613
2,627
29
139
133
6
100
II
30
38
7
14
261
17


9 9 C *


(I~~ 1t cIPI te


"0.. ..
*. * *5 .


* S . . . . 9 * 9 * 9 . . . .a . a
*. 9 . .C . . . . .* . . ..C. . . . 9 9
* 9 . 9 . . . .S 9 . . . . ..9 9 S








STATISTICAL


TABLES


Table


12.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific


-Continued


[Thousands of long tons]


EAST COAST UNITED S


STATES


Fiscal ear
TO ASIA--


Continued
Ores and metals-Continued
Other and unclassified
M etals ................


1,147


2,410


3,012


Aluminum


* S: tt:S*: aes..... 5*1


Scrap ........ . ..
Tin, including tinplate
Other and unclassified
Other agricultural commodities


* S
* cc...... S
* 5~* *6t*se


* 5S** 561*95
* a. a.s.....
* C S * S S * SS6*


1,089
22
7
185


26
50
505


2,906
47
35
330


Beans, edible.... ...
Cotton, raw.........
Other and unclassified
Petroleum and products ..
Gasoline............
Liquefied natural gas.
Lubricating oil ......
Petroleum coke .....
Other and unclassified
Miscellaneous ... . .... .


* .. 2


* * a.. *..*


* S S 5565*5* * 5~*
* S S 5**~* *. . . C C


230


.. . 30
.. .. 4,243


394


3,715


513


3,140


Bricks and tile
Carbon black


* . . I .


*. .*.. s. . .S
..gee....


*... S.6 ..e*
*...S u.e ..*.*


* C S *6*e
* a S S 6*5


Clay, fire and china ......
Fibers, plant . . . . . . . . . . . .
Flour, wheat ........ . . . .
Groceries, miscellaneous..
Marble and stone ........
Oil, vegetable ...........
Paper and paper products
Resin ..................
Rubber, manufactured ...
Tallow . . .... ..........
Textiles ................
Tobacco and manufactures
All other and unclassified .


* * . . . ..S
* . 5# Sa
*. u *. 5 .. .
*...U .


2,660
55,060


Total


2,569
50,083


2,364
46,522


EAST COAS


T CANADA TO WEST COAST UNITED


STATES:


Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous
Ores and metals . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Metal, iron .....
Ores, miscellaneous .
Miscellaneous.. ... ...


Paper and paper products


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


25


. ..... 25


6
a . .*.. *


24
13


5
5

284
36


,.. .. .. .


......


I


. .








PANAMA CANAL COMMISSION


Table 12.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes

Atlantic to Pacific-Continued

([ thousands of long tons]


lincao iear


C


1979


EAST COAST CANADA TO WEST COAST Sot IH AMERICA


Grains


Barley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other and unclassified . . ... . . .. . . . . . .
Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous
Minerals, miscellaneous .. .. . ..... .


Asbestos ..... .
Sulfur ..... ......
Ores and metals .....


* S S S S S 9
* S 9 5 8 S S


* . . 9 . 4
* 9 9 9 9 4


45


5


44


* S 9 9 5


21
21
* S 5 9 9 5


16
16


. . . 5 . . . . . 4


Metals


Tin, including tinplate
Other and unclassified
Miscellaneous ..... ... ...
Paper and paper products
All other and unclassified .


Total


* S S 0


* S S


50
35


S S I


EASF COAST CANADA TO OCEANIA:
M miscellaneous . . . . . . .......


Paper and paper products
All other and unclassified .


Total


�. 46


* S S S S


154 163 161
200 224 209


EAST COAST CANADA TO ASIA:
Canned and refrigerated foods
Refrigerated foods .......


* . "


* 0 S S S


Other and unclassified .. .. . ......
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals, miscellaneous
G rains. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... ........


Barley.............. .
Corn . . . . . . . . .
Soybeans .... . . . . .
W heat . . . . . .. . .
Other and unclassified.
Lumber and products .....
Pulpwood ...........
Other and unclassified.


* S S S S S
* S S 9 5 5
* p * * * *
* S 5955
* S S 9~~


71
52


439


* S 9 9 5 5 5

* 5 9 9 5 5 S
*. 9 . . . . .5
* S S S . S
* S 5 5 . . 5


184


* 545* 55555* 5*
* 5 5 9 9 S 5 9 5 5 5 0 9


87
87
72


237

43
124
70

iS98
98


74
74


519

12
180
324

84
84
* S S S S


Machinery and equipment, miscellaneous .. . .
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous
Minerals, miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


*. *. . . 5 9
*. . . .5 . . . 5


Asbestos . . . . . . . . .. .


SS 9 5 5 9 S S S S


42
55
186


47
28
126


200


224


209


I


I


I


A








92 STATISTICAL TABLES


Table 12.-Important Commodity Shipments Over Principal Trade Routes
Atlantic to Pacific-Continued
[Thousands of long tons]


Fiscal year


EAST COAST CANADA TO ASIA-Continued
Miscellaneous-Continued


Paper and paper products
Resin ......... . . . . .
Slag ...... . ... . . . . .
All other and unclassified.


..a.t.tee .....a.a .......
..a... . S t.. � t.. a.a .a .
* a�ce 6.4O* a ace. ....


Total


1979


107
19
17
443
1,580


506
1,486


521
1,785


EAST COAST CENTRAL. AMERICA TO WEST COAST UNITED
STATES:
Petroleum and products.. .. . .. . . . . .


Liquefied gas . . .......
Miscellaneous......... . .
All other and unclassified


Total


� t e. ... �t cca... a* e s.
* ..... att .... cc. ...ta..


* . a ..
86


31


19


86


EAST COAST CENTRAL. AMERICA TO WEST COAST CENTRAL
AMERICA:


Minerals, miscellaneous


Sulfur ....... ...........
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash


.... . .. ... . .. . 5


...... *23
.c. a . a 23


Ammonium compounds
Phosphates . . . . . . ...
Fertilizers, miscellaneous
Petroleum and products ..


* at . . * at. ... S t.t . a * tee..
eta a. cca... * aa ta. a... a. a
..a.a .a ..... .a.a .sa... a .


31
.* . . .


1,344


87
7
a.. a a


1,140


1,097


Crude oil . . .. .
Diesel oil . . . . . . . . .
Fuel oil, residual .....
Gasoline ..... .... .
Other and unclassified.
Miscellaneous .. ... ......


1,039
28


.... .... .... .... ....84
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
. .a a. t . t. .. . . . a t. . a a. . . a a.. . . . __2


*All other and unclassified


Total


1,382


1.251


1, 178


EAST COAST CEN IRAI. AMERICA TO WEST COAST SOUTH
AMERICA:
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ...... .......


Phosphates ....... ....
Fertilizers, miscellaneous
Petroleum and products ....
Other and unclassified ...
Miscellaneous ........ .... ..


a.. ... , ..t c....... 4s


case's
a a...


16


50


52


Cement


* a a a a a a a a a a a a a a
*


All other and unclassified


Total


EAST COAST CN IRAI AMERICA TO BALBOA. R.P.:


...... 2


52


33
39







PANAMA


CANAL


COMMISSION


Table


12.-Important


Commodity


Shipments


Over


Principal


Trade


Routes


Atlantic to Pacific- Continued


[Thousands of


long tons]


Fiidal lear


EAST COAST CENTRAL AMERICA TO ASIA:
Chemicals and petroleum chemicals
Nitrates, phosphates, and potash ..


Phosphates .............
Fertilizers, miscellaneous


Ores and metals,


18


miscellaneous


Other agricultural commodities
Coffee .................
Petroleum and products ......


.... . .. .... . . . .... 7


31


33

33


6


. 9 C * S


Diesel oil
Other and unclassified
Miscellaneous ...........


All other and unclassified


* C C ' S * S S S * U S S *4 et
C S* S SS S 49 *. .. 4*17


55* t~ C S * 55m . . .17


Total


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COAST UNITED
STATES:


Canned and refrigerated foods, miscellaneous
Lumber and products, miscellaneous ........
Manufactures of iron and steel, miscellaneous
Ores and metals . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
O res . .... .... . .. . .. .. .. .......


* 41 S *45


30
24
96
96


Alumina/ bauxite


. C I * I o0


Manganese .......
Other and unclassified


M etal, iron .............
Other agricultural commodities
Cocoa and cacao beans...
Coffee . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
Peas, dried . . . . . . . . . * .
Petroleum and products ......


Asphalt .......
Crude oil .....
Fuel oil, residual
Gasoline.. ....
Jet fuel. . . . ..


S..... 6


10


* S CS U U St * S 440 SIC S S * 4***e S S S S S
* S Ct~ 934 5~e**e *49* 555554. *


... . . 34


.. . . . . . .. . . . . . . .S. S S . .. 58


Kerosene . . . . . . . .
Other and unclassified


Miscellaneous.


Paper and products .....
All other and unclassified


Total


EAST COAST SOUTH AMERICA TO WEST COA


ST CANADA


-. I I S a,


31


46


S.. .. 46


3
3
163


221


20
20


62
56


6
I


..S. . . 4 1


162


724


680


... . . . 77


27


50


26


13
297


48
968


26
804


hn