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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
In This Issue
STEPHEN AILES, Under Secretary of the Army and
Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Panama
Canal Company, had a spring in his step and a smile
on his face as he set foot on the Isthmus last month
for the first time. Following close behind Chairman
Ailes in our cover photo is Col. Boyd L. Branson,
executive to him in his role as Under Secretary
of the Army.
In his dual capacity, Secretary Ailes spent a busy
62 hours on the Isthmus, presiding at a1 meetingS of the
Panama Canal Company Board of Direc~tors during
his first full day and spending several houmrs siting
military installations and Canal~l facilitie~S on his second
day. H-is colleagues on the Board also -were busy
during their stay on the Isthmus, as i~scribed in the
articles beginning on page 9.
N. D. CHIRISTENSEN, Press Officer
JosEPH CONNOR, Publications Editor
W. A. CARTER, Governor-President
W. P. LEBER, Lieutenant Governor
Wron AREY Oflicial Panama Coana Company Publication Eioa Astn!
Canal Information Officer Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C.Z. EUNICE RICHARD and ToI
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mou~nt Horpe, C~anal Zone WILLIAM BURNS, Official I
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M. Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Editorial offices are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Governor Carter speaks at Fourth of July observance shortly after arrival.
Message frorn the Governor
A Stimulating Challenge
IN REVIEWVING my first year as head of the Canal organi-
zation, I have been impressed by the continuing high standards
of excellence of the men and women whose labors are responsible
for the efficient operation of this unique enterprise.
We all are fortunate in living and working with a stimulating
challenge-the constant effort to improve the Canal's effciency
and service to world shipping. I wish to congratulate the members
of the Company-Government for their success in meeting the
challenge and express my confidence that they never will fail
During the past year we have continued cementing the bonds
that have existed with our friends in the Republic of Panama for
more than 50 years. The mutual social and professional relation-
ships, the kinship of sharing religious, charitable, athletic, and
cultural activity, have continued building on the foundation of
mutual understanding and trust which exist between the Canal
Zohe and the Republic of Panama, and which characterize free
fnen and democratic societies.
As we move forward into our second year together, let us
rededicate ourselves to efficiency in our daily tasks, and continue
to strengthen our relationships with. our friends and neighbors
and our abilityr to serv~e.
For Canal Tours-the Las Cruces_----
Primitive Acres- -- -- ---
President Chiari Guest of Governor .
Classmates Tra ing Posts- ---
Military Assistant Reassigned_ .------.
Into Another Year of Achievement_
Trip Through Cut_ .--. -. .----.
Aerial Inspection_--- ------
Improvements at Locks .
Board Membership Increased .
Abandons Type for Books_--- ---
Swallowing the Anchor -- .
Community Services Gets New Chief____
Champion Linethrower_-- ,- -- -
Canal History_----- -----
Promotions and Transfers_---- -_
Worth Knowing------ ---
How's Your Driving? ------ ---
Shipping -- -- -- -- -- --- -
JULY 7, 11961
U.S. LAS CRUCES
New tourist launch Las Cruces will provide visitors and Isthmians with enjoyable and educational tours of the Panama Canal.
For Canal Tours The "Las Cruces"
THE CANAL S NEWV Sightseeing launch
Las Cruces tasted the waters of the
Chagres for the first time late last month
and, like many vessels and individuals
before her, liked the sample and will be
Built for the Panama Canal Company
by the Blount Marine Corp., of Warren,
R.I., the Las Cruces made the trip to
the Canal under her own power, utilizing
specially installed fuel tanks to make
the nonstop run from Fort Lauderdale.
TThe Blount Marine crew which
brought her to the Isthmus said the
63-foot launch handled extremely well
on the trip from Rhode Island, respond-
ing quickly and smoothly to her con-
trols and her engines functioning well
throughout the voyage.
The effort to acquire the new vessel
was among the early official acts of Gov-
ernor Carter after his arrival last year.
Availability of the Las Cruces for tours
of the Canal is expected to help the
Republic of Panama in its efforts to build
a greater tourist trade. Several groups
already are planning tours.
The 200-passenger vessel, constructed
with double decks, has a 23-foot beam
and her diesel engines are designed to
carry her at a normal speed of 11 knots.
The lower deck of the all-steel vessel
is encircled by windows, while the
top deck is festively outfitted with a
The tourist vessel is based at Gamboa,
having been placed umder the operation
of the Dredging Division and is to be
available on a rental .basis for the use
of employees, religious, civic, fraternal,
and similar employee organizations,
tourist agencies and other organized and
Forms which canl be used to apply
for use of the launch are available at the
Engineering and Construction Bureau
office in Room 318 of the Administration
Building at Balboa Heights, or may be
obtained by telephoning the Dredging
Division office in Gamboa.
To enable those taking a trip on the
vessel to obtain the greatest benefit from
their cruise, arrangements have been
made for tour guides to be supplied by
the Panama Canal Company. Guides
will be able to give a complete and
accurate account of the history of the
area traversed by the launch, an expla-
nation of the work now being done to
improve the efficiency of the Canal, and
to answer questions. They will usea
public address system installed aboard
the craft for that purpose.
A brochure on the vessel and on the
rules and regulations governing its use
now is being prepared, along with
advance schedules for the vessel similar
to those issued for the Ferryboat Presi-
dente Porras, which frequently was used
in a similar role before it was removed
With the start of operations in the
Canal by the new launch, a name with
a long history on the Isthmus has been
restored to the modern Isthmian cross-
ing. A village carrying the name of Las
Cruces served as a construction town
while the Canal was being built, but
long before that the name had been used
to designate the famous trail which led
across the Isthmus and which was the
main route from ocean-to-ocean before
the construction of the Panama Railroad.
Selection of the name Las Cruces for
the new launch conforms with a policy
which the Canal organization has usedl
for the past 35 years to designate motor-
boats of more than 50 feet in length by
using the names of rivers or towns asso-
ciated with the history of the Canal.
TIHE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Tract of tropical jungle is
protected against change
by order of Zone authorities.
P RES SERV E
THIE AIR IS W~arn ITI c 000 11.Illid, the~ Sunl
virtually obscured b\ ther nltc--twrining
jungle growth, the thn.l CC ~ledil Illnderl-
foot soft and slippe r\. .Ind It takes- little
imagination to si-e packl mulcs and
Spanish soldiers tialdgling ;longI, ladCIn
with the riches of t h.- Ne w \\ol ild. on~
bringing supplies to, th-l.. P.aolhn outrpost
This is one impr~~ressin of the Maddeni
Forest Preserve, a tlact o:f morec thal~n
3,000 acres of rtllabletl unldlstulrbrd
tropical forest which bIIJ.,rdr Maddten
Road most of the w as be~t\a cen It inter-
section with Gaillandr HIal\.1ai at onr
end and the Boydl-Roose-\lel Hlghwa.d
at the other.
In this tract of land. pro'-tlecteC ld ginst
the heavy hand oft man- bi Iolder of
Canal Zone autholities ii nio. rec thaln
30 years, and scarelytl tomlil~t bed bere;
that, hundreds of thoull~SandsC oft treeS anld
millions of other Iplants .Indt anlimlns
thrive and renew themsekesl~r ;Ind dle.
maintaining this trl-ltal~l fastllc- s miuchl
as it has been for hun~lldlreds oft \err.
Within these cndtur~llbtd prealnrts
live many of the ;Inamlal, no~th, tol the
Isthmus: the sloth, tht coal~ti-moullli, the'
iguana, the boa consltrie~tor. ther painted
rabbit, the bushmaster, anld mnyl~n others,
seldom venturing inorthl from the pro-
tective cover o h ambnn
plants, wild figs, hog plumsj, espace~,
plantain, quipo tr-li.ri c Ind their p~ljnts
among which they do~ ell
Here, too, the inscc.ts naitive to the
Isthmus continue to liad thtil tradnquil
lives, undisturbed b) the; insec~tic ides and
other death-dealing p~.rtctice employed
in the inhabited aEas~i sulrro.undingg thr
forest preserve to keepI themll use-fII fo~r
man s own purpos~.
Former Canal Zonle Got er nocr Harry
Burgess established. tllhe bt forma~ll pro)-
tection for the area1 n~ Ill, ;n orde~r issued
on May 27, 1930, w\hichr dcsilgnatedc thr
tract "a natural timbert~l presers c."
Less than a yealr latrr. on .-\prll "9,
1931, he made it someni\ hat molre formald
by issuing a new I-olelr dresignating the
area a "forest prescovet" Indl stipulating
that "the cutting of timber,~ the triml-
ming, injuring, or <.allly ing :1nal! of at!y
4 Ju'L..Y ;, 1961
A lone man on the
Las Cruces Trail
is dwarfed by the
growth of the
trees, palms, or other plants in that area
is prohibited." This order still is the basic
foundation of the area s preservation.
Governor Burgess apparently was
influenced in his action by George
Green, Municipal Engineer of the Canal
Zone for more than 25 years, and Dr.
Thomas Barbour, who was Director of
the Museum of Comparative Zoology at
Harvard College at the time, and who
had participated in the successful effort
to establish; Barro Colorado in Gatun
Lake as a nature study preserve.
Dr. Barbour had discussed the matter
with the Governor previously and in a
letter dated the same day as the 1930
order, he said, "It is the only bit of
undisturbed, mainland tropical rain
forest with the exception of Barro
Colorado Island and as such will be of
interest to the naturalists of the country
in the future."
The area is not truly a tropical rain
forest, however, the rainfall being some-
what short of the level required by such
a forest. It does have plants which are
typical of rain forests, however, including
some which live without benefit of the
normal root system and store their own
water for use during dry periods.
Today's protectors of the preserve,
which comes under control of the Com-
munity Services Division, say the major
purpose in the continued safeguarding
of the tract is to maintain it for scien-
tific study. They note that even removal
of specimens from the area is forbid-
den to insure that no imbalance of
nature is caused within the tract by
"Creating even a minor and tempo-
rary imbalance by removal or destruc-
tion of a single specimen conceivably
could change the entire course of natural
development," those in charge say.
Qualified individuals occasionally do
receive permission to enter the area to
make studies, however.
Signs posted along the highway today
offer no reason for the preserve, but
merely assert the area is a "Govern-
ment Forest Preserve" and stipulate,
"The cutting, removing, or destroying
of any shrubbery, foliage, trees, etc.,
But even those who are not naturalists
or who do not have anly particular inter-
est in the flora and fauna of the Isthmus
probably would agree with the purposes
which former Governor Julian L. Schley
once stated in an order about the area:
"In order to preserve the beauties of
this forest area for the benefit of the
public, cutting or injuring trees and
plants therein is prohibited.
An incidental benefit accruing from
the preservation of the Forest Preserve
and its attendant condition is that a strip
of the famous Las Cruces Trail is pro-
tected against the ravages of encroaching
Where this famous Isthmian trail
crosses Madden Road it is marked by an
ancient cannon on one side and a small
roadside park on the other, both visible
reminders--along with the concrete
pavement between them-that civiliza-
tion has forced its will on the bordering
jungle, which nevertheless stands ever
ready to reclaim its own if man should
stop his constant effort to hold it incheck.
A short distance south of the trail
crossing, in a quiet jungle dell, another
mark of civilization and its ways stands
in silent tribute to the late Mr. Green.
This is a simple stone and bronze plaque,
of Madden Road and
George Green Park in jungle dell.
set in this location because it was one of
Mr. Green's favorite spots in the Zone.
The famous Las Cruces Trail, ancient
forerunner to the Panama Canal, still is
discernible where it cuts through the
Forest Preserve. The trail, which origi-
nally ran from Las Cruces, a village
located along the Chagres River north
of the present town of Gamboa, to Ean-
ama, was fairly well surfaced, according
to Isthmian historians, and traces of this
still can be seen today. Although the
trail was broad enough in some places
to permit the passage of carts, it is
unlikely that wheeled vehicles ever were
used over the entire 18 miles between
Las Cruces and Panama.
It was over this trail that much of the
treasure of Peru and other South Ameri-
can lands was carried across the Isthmus
to be shipped to Spain. And this also
was the trail followed by Henry Morgan
and his buccaneers when they crossed
the Isthmus to sack Old Panama.
Today, the function once filled by the
famous trail has been assumed by the
Canal, the Panama Railroad, and the
trans-isthmian Boyd-Roosevelt H~igh-
way, while the once busy pathway is
traveled only infrequently by nature
lovers, Boys Scouts, or the curious.
And on each side of the trail, as it
wends its way through the quiet jungle,
the Madden Forest Preserve stands,
silent, virtually impenetrable in places,
deserted by man and avoided by most,
much the same as it stood in the days
when the trail was the major route
between the two oceans.
Governor Carter and President Chiari inspect Cut-widening work.
Guest of Governor
AN INFORMAL conversation some weeks ago bect\\eenl
Gov. W. A. Carter and Panama President Roberto F'. Chliari
culminated last month in an extensive tour of the Plc~ific-sidelr
locks and Gaillard Cut by the President and part o-f his
cabinet and staff.
The presidential party, escorted by Governor Calrter anid
members of his staff, went to the bottom of an uinu atered
chamber at Miraflores Locks, walking past the- mssit e
70-foot gates and observing the myriad tasks being per-
formed during the partial overhaul for which the chamlber
had been unwatered.
They also were conducted into one of the 18-foot diametetr
culverts through which water flows to and from the Inck
chambers during ship transits.
After the visit to Miraflores, the group drove to Pedro Miguel
Locks, where those making the tour boarded a Panama Canlal
Company launch for a trip through Gaillard Cut and pasdt
the $46,600,000 project now in progress to widen the tha~nne~l
from 300 to 500 feet and thereby improve the Canal's abhility
to transit ships from ocean to ocean.
Returning to Pedro Miguel an hour and a half later,. thle
party drove to the top of Contractors H~ill, encountering thr-
first rainfall of what otherwise was a clear, sunny trip A4fter
viewing the Canal from the top of the hill which marks the
Continental Divide, members of the party were taken to the
job site of the Cut-widening project, watching as heav\ eadrth-
moving equipment pursued the task of removing the 7,3001.(000
cubic yards of material which Foster-Williams Brcl. has
contracted to excavate.
Those in President Chiari's party included Foreign Mliniste~r
Galileo Solis, Minister of Governmnent and Justice Mnlrea .1
Robles, Minister of the Treasury Gilberto Arias, Miniister of
the Presidencia Gonzalo Tapia, Col. Bolivar Vallarino. C3om-
mandant of the National Guard, and Lt. Federico Bo~cl. the
Joseph S. Farland, U.S. Ambassador to Panama, and lIve
members of his staff, also participated in the inspection trip.
which is believed to be the most extensive ever ma~de o
Canal structures by a President of the Republic of Panlanul
Massive miter gates tower above President Chiari's party and hosts
as they visit unwatered chambers at Miraflores Locks during a
3-hour inspection of improvements now being made to the waterway.
6 JULY 7, 1961
New Engineering and Construction Bureau Director with family.
Two WEST POINT classmates who
have not seen each other since shortly
after the start of W~orld War II barely
missed a renewal of acquaintanceship
on the Isthmus as one left the post he
has held 4 years and the other headed
for the Zone to take up the job.
Lt. Col. R. D. Brown, Jr., Director
of the Engineering and Construction
Bureau for the past 4 years left the Zone
on June 24, thus missing by 2 weeks the
arrival of Lt. Col. Matthew C. Harrison,
who will arrive here July 9 to start his
new duties as head of the E.&C. Bureau.
Colonel Harrison and Colonel Brown,
both of whom were graduated from
West Point with the class of 1941, have
not seen each other since brief service
together as second lieutenants at Fort
Monroe, Va., for a few months after
Not only will Colonel Harrison be
taking over his former classmate's duties
with t~he Canal organization, but Colonel
Brown will be assuming a role recently
vacated by his successor as he becomes
a student at the Industrial College of the
Armed Forces at Fort Lesley J. McNair,
Washington, D.C., from, which Colonel
Harrison was graduated last month.
Colonel Harrison, his wife, Roberta,
and four of their ive children are coming
to the Zone by ship. Their eldest son,
Matthew C. Harrison, Jr., is remaining
in Washington to complete his final year
of high school at Washington Lee High
School, where he is president of the
The four other children, Robert, 14,
Philip, II, Vicky Lou, 8, and Anne
Lindell, 7, will accompany their parents
to the Isthmus, however, and enroll in
Canal Zone schools this fall.
A native of Glasgow, Mont., where
he was graduated from high school,
Colonel Harrison attended the Univer-
sity of Montana and the University of
Washington before entering West Point,
partially as a result of working with the
Army Corps of Engineers on the con-
struction of Fort Peck Dam during a
After his brief tour of duty with
Colonel Brown in 1941, Colonel Harri-
son served 2 years in the Antilles area
in charge of installing radar equipment
there. He returned to the United States
in 1943 to become an assistant pro-
fessor of social sciences at West Point, a
position he held until 1948.
During his service at West Point, he
authored a textbook used at both West
Point and Annapolis entitled Principles
of Insurance, and edited a widely used
textbook entitled International Relations.
While at West Point, he received a
master's degree in political science from
Leaving West Point in 1948, Colonel
Harrison attended the advanced officer's
course at the Engineer School at Fort
Belvoir, Va., leaving there to com-
plete work for his master's degree in
civil engineering at the University of
Minnesota in 1950.
Named assistant executive officer of
the Engineer Section in Tokyo, Japan,
in 1950, he later transferred to the 7th
Infantry Division for duty as Division
Engineer and Commanding Officer of
the 13th -Engineer Combat Battalion
during the Korean conflict. This bat-
talion, as part of the 7th Infantry Divi-
sion, was responsible for assault river
crossings, minefield laying and clear-
ance, bridge construction, general
engineering work, and combat duty.
Returning to the United States in
1952, Colonel Harrison commanded the
67th Engineer Aviation Battalion at Fort
Leonard Wood, Mo., and attended the
Command and General Staff College at
Fort Leavenworth, Kans., graduating in
1953. He then served until 1955 as
executive officer and assistant district
engineer of the Mobile District, Corps
of Engineers, which was responsible for
approximately $200 million in contracts
during this period.
In 1955, Colonel Harrison was assigned
to the office of the Assistant Secretary
of Defense, Comptroller, where he wuas
deputy chief of the Construction Branch,
with the budgetary responsibility for
the construction program of the Depart-
ment of Defense. In 1960, he became
Special Assistant to the Assistant Secre-
tary of Defense and was responsible for
coordination and presentation of the
Defense Department's budget to the
Appropriations Committees of Congress.
Mrs. Harrison, a native of Virginia,
has just completed a year s service as
president of th~e W~omen of St. Michael's
Episcopal Church in Arlington, Va.,
where the two older Harrison, boys
served as acolytes. She also has been
active in the Parent-Teachers Associa-
tion, various civic organizations, and
scouting units to which the children
It is not only assignments which
Colonel Brown and Colonel Harrison are
exchanging, however. The two families
also are trading cats. The Brown family's
cat, Susie, which the departing E. & C.
director describes as "just a standard
cat," is being left on the Isthmus for
the Harrisons, who are leaving a cat
named Henry for the Browns to acquire
on arrival at Fort Lesley J. McNair.
Colonel Brown says he believes his
family is getting the best of the bar-
gain, because Henry reportedly is of
TIHE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Lt. Col. Matthew C. Hlarrison to
assume duties as head of Engi-
neering and Construction jBureau.
THE MAN WHO has arranged the infi-
nite details of VIP visits to the Canal
Zone, given tour lectures about the Canal
to several thousand visitors, handled
hundreds of trips and other activities for
two Canal Zone Governors, and filled the
multitudinous duties of Military Assist-
ant to the Governor since arriving on the
Isthmus in mid-1958 is leaving the Zone
for a new assignment.
Maj. Harvey C. Jones, a 1945 gradu-
ate of the U.S. Military Academy at West
Itl ~ ~ -?
Point, will be succeeded by Maj. Daniel
M. Leininger, son of an Army family
and a 1946 graduate of the Military
Academy. Major Leininger will arrive
July 18 and Major Jones will leave 10
days later for h~is new assignment as
Assistant for Construction with the
North Atlantic Division of the Corps of
Engineers in New York City.
Those who have heard him conduct a
tour of the Canal or the Zone know that
the energetic, 37-year-old, Major Jones
has a virtually inexhaustible knowledge
of the area and its history, including
hundreds of little known anecdotes
and thousands of items of solid, factual
As Military Advisor to the Governor
and Protocol Officer for the Canal Zone
Government, Major Jones is acquainted
with hundreds of Panamanian offcials
and members of the diplomatic corps
assigned to Panama by other nations, as
well as knowing the U.S. military
commranders and their staffs.
Despite a schedule which frequently
keeps him on the move for 16 to 18
hours a day, Major Jones and his family
managed to spend a brief period in Haiti
during their Caribbean sojourn and the
Major has accompanied Governor Carter
on trips to David, Ocu, and other interior
areas of Panama.
Mrs. Jones, who has served as a sub-
stitute physical education teacher in
Canal Zone schools during her 3 years
on the Zone, also has lent a hand to
her husband on numerous occasions by
assisting distaff members of VIP groups
visiting the Zone and aiding Mrs. Perle
Mesta during her visit in October 1958.
The vivacious and friendly Mrs. Jones,
better known as Joani= to her many
friends, has been active in the Engineer
Wives Club in the Zone, as well as
caring for her family, which includes
three children, Mark, 8; Jeffrey, 5; and
(See p. 22)
Major Leininger and family examine photograph of the home they will occupy in the Zone.
JUor 7, 1961l
Milit ar y
Major Jones leaving
Canal ~Zone for New
Tropical breeze wvafts across Miraflores Bridge as Major Jones and family pose for picture.
Members of thle Board of Directors and other top ofieiali concerned writh the operation of the Panamla Canal Comlpan? poced for Ihis
formal portrait as they met at Balboa Heights last month. Clockwise around the table are J. Kenneth .Mansfield, Walter Pearson, Howard
C. Petersen, Chairman. Stephen Ailes, Secretary W. M. Whitman, C. Robert Mitchell, Deputy Under Secretary of the Army for Interna-
tional Affairs Howard C. Haugerud, C. Owen Smith, Comptroller Philip L. Steers, Jr., Governor Carter, Fred Korth, Clarence D.
Martin, Jr., and Dr. Charles J. Zinn. The Board members spent 2%z days on the Isthmus in connection with their first local meeting.
Into Another Year of Achievement
AS THE CALENDAn advanced to a new
month and a new fiscal year at the end
of. June, Governor Carter could look
back at the first year of his administra-
tion, with the knowledge that it had
been_ a year of achievement and of
solid planning for the future of the
In fact, the last month of fiscal year
1961 had included a considered and
concentrated look at the Canal's opera-
tion and probable future, as the Board
of Directors appointed by P~resident
Kennedy to direct th-e affairs of the
Fanama Canal C~ompany met on the
Zone for the first time and received a
thorough introduction to the waterway-
During 62 fast-paced hours on the
Isthmus, the Board members learned
details of the Canal's organizational
structure and operational procedures,
were introduced to some of the problems
facing the waterway, saw the progress
made on a number of major construc-
tion and improvements projects, and
met the officials who manage and direct
Arriving by air on June 4, the Board
members spent their first evening as
guests of Joseph S. Farland, U.S.
Ambassador to Panama, at a reception
in honor of Under Secretary of the
Army Stephen Ailes, the Chairman of
the Board of Directors.
Early the next morning, Board
members had an op ortunity to see
some of the new employee housing in
La Boca and the rising piers of the new
$20 million bridge across the Canal,.as
they visited the Model Room, in La
Boca to be formally welcomed by
Governor Carter and to receive their
first detailed briefing on the organize_
tion, operation, physical characteristics,
and facilities of the Canal.
An hour later they were at Balboa
Heights to start a day-long formal meet-
ing which included detailed reports on
the five bureaus of the Com an a com-
prehensive report on Canal traffic and
trends, and an explanation of financial
policy and structure.
After conclusion of the formal meeting
late in the afternoon, the Board members
prepared for an inspection trip through
Gaillard Cut aboard the craneboatdtlas,
thus having an opportunity to view the
massiveness of the Cut at close range
and see the locks and bank lighting
which have been installed to improve
nighttime use of the waterway.
First item on the agenda for the
Board's last full day in the Zone was
a low-level, zig-zag flight over the Zone
from Albrook Air Force Base. Following
a carefully plotted route over the Zone,
the flight gave the Board members an
opportunity to view the massive Cut-
widening project from the air, watch
ships and tugs moving through this
restricted part of the Canal, get a better
viewv of the new Balboa bridge, and see
t~he other installations in the Zone.
Landing at France Field on the
Atlantic side, the Board members were
escorted on a tour of Atlantic side
installations, visiting the Cristobal piers,
Gatun Locks, and the Industrial Divi-
sion at Mount. Hope, then stopping for
lunch at the Breakers Club.
Returning to the Pacific side on the
Panama Railroad, the Board members
left the train at Pedro 1Miguel and
went to Miraflores Locks to inspect the
unwatered lock chambers and culverts
undergoing overhaul. During this visit
to Miraflores they entered the unwatered
chambers .and culverts, and heard an
explanation of the work being done
during the overhaul to reduce lane
outage time during future overhauls.
The Miraflores visit ended the
planned agenda for the Board and the
follwin morning the plane on which
tehad arived 2% days earlier left
Albrook Air Force Base for the return
flight to Washington.
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
THE liEALITY OF the: Canal, the mas-
siveness of the engineering achievements
which made it possible, the immensity
of the effort to modernize it, and the
progress of that effort, were brought
home strongly to the Board during
Board Chairman Stephen Ailes and Governor Carter discuss Canal operation aboard Atlas. the trip to and through Gaillard Cut
from Pedro Miguel boat landing on the
evening of June 5.
Year of Achievement pd u
Board member C. Robert Mitchell, left, Lt. Col. John J. Norris
and John D. Hollen, Chief of Executive Planning Staff, aboard Atlas.
Deputy Under Secretary of the Army Howard E. Haugerud, left,
and Board member C. Owen Smith sample food, refreshments.
JULY 7, 1961
mng the total capacity of the Canal and
reducing the average time spent in the
waterway by transiting ships.
By the end of fiscal year 1962 the
dry-land excavation along Empire Reach
will be completed by F'oster Williams
Bros. and the dipper dredges will be
completing the excavation by removing
the material from 95 feet above sea level
to 32 feet above sea level.
Even as work is drawing to a close
on the Empire Reach section, work
probably will be started on the final
3 miles of the Cut-widening job, extend-
ing from the northern end of Empire
Reach to Gamboa. This section, which
includes both the Cascadas and Bas
Obispo Reaches, is scheduled for com-
pletion in 1962. Estimates are that
14 million cubic yards of dry material
and 7 million cubic yards of wet material
will be excavated from this final 3 miles.
In addition to the widening of the
channel through the Cut, tentative
planning calls for deepening the channel
several feet to provide for safer passage
for deep-draft vessels using the Canal.
These efforts, combined with an elec-
tronic marine traffic control system
now being planned, more powerful tugs'
acquired during the past year,an
related improvements to the locks and
other Canal facilities, are expected to
bring the waterway to a point where it
can handle the requirements of world
shipping for several decades.
The completed portions of the widened
channel and the faster, more powerful
tugs already have proved their value to
Canal traffic-handling, with both serving
to increase the safety and speed with;
which ships can be moved through
the Cut, the Canal's steadily receding
Walter Pearson, center, with Rear Admiral Richard S. Craighill and Mrs. Paul S. Sidebotham.
The lighting installed during the past
year at both Miraflores and Pedro
Miguel Locks to aid in transiting ships
at night was plainly visible to the Board
from the craneboat Atlas, as it carried
them on a partial transit of famous
This lighting, completed during the
first half of fiscal year 1961 at a cost of
approximately $400,000 for all three
sets of locks, replaced the incandescent
lights previously used. The improved
lighting has eliminated the shadows and
semidarkness which formerly hampered
nighttime lock operations.
In the Cut itself, the shoreline of the
Canal was clearly outlined by the lights
which have been installed just above
water level to shine upward on the
banks, thus facilitating night transits by
improving illumination of the outer
edges of the channel without blind-
ing the pilots who guide ships through
after darkness. Plans are being made for
installation of similar lighting along the
sea-level approaches to Locks.
For about 3%4 miles, the Atlas moved
through the widened channel above
SPedro Miguel Locks, past the scars of
the widening work and the dipper
dredge Cascadas, lifting tons of material
from below the surface of the Canal and
loading it in barges for the trip to Gatun
Lake, where it is dumped.
The Cascadas will complete its work
in this stretch of the Canal during the
next few weeks and then will movie
north through the Cut to start on the
1%/-mile Empire Reach strip,~ where
Foster Williams Bros. is carrying out
the dry-lan~d excavation and blasting the
material to be removed by the Cascadas
and her sister dredge, the Paraiso.
During fiscal year 1961, some 6 million
cubic yards of dry material was removed
in the Cut-widening work by contractors,
while the dipper dredges of the Dredg-
ing Division removed an additional
2 million cubic yards as they widened
the channel from 300 to 500 feet. This
widening will increase the number of
vessels which can pass other ships
in the Cut.
The number of these "clear-Cut" ships
has been increasing steadily since World
War II and is approaching 1,500 per
year, but when the entire length of the
8-mile Cut has been widened the number
of ships which are not permitted to meet
another ship in the Cut is expected to
be reduced considerably, thus increas-
Dynamite blast along Empire Reach loosens more material for dipper dredge to remove.
THE PANAMAL CANALr VIEW
YarT OI AChileVellent
Earthmoving equipment labors on west bank in Cut-widening project.
CWO S. T. Stagg and Dr. Charles J. Zinn view Canal Zone
panorama through .window of low-flying Air Force plane.
Aerial Inspect on
Clarence D. Marin, fr., prepares to take serial
photo with miniature camera obscured by; his hands.
ude to the visit they made there later
in the day.
At Gamboa, they saw the dipper
dredge Paraiso and the suction dredge
~Mindi, the latter being readied: to renew
its familiar task of maintaining the
Canal's channels and harbors and the
former being prepared to join the Cas-
cadas on the Cut-widening effort. Later
in the da, during a visit to the Indus-
trial Diision at Mount Hope, they
saw some of the equipment being made
for the dredges.
The spreading acres of Gatun Lake,
the winding Chagres River, and Madden
Lake all emphasized the ever-increasing
need for water with which to transit
the: mounting number of ships using the
waterway each year. Although traffic
during fiscal year 11961 was pproxi-
mately the same as durig fiscal year
1960, the long-term increase whichhas
marked the year since Word War IIis
exected to be resumed tis yea.
The mounting traff, coupled with
the increasing use of electrcal powe
in the Zone, is resulting in a need for
more electrical geeratin g lequimen
which is not dependent on water for. its
operation. Studies now are being made;
to determine the best way of meeting
this need fo additional electrical power.
To impove the efficiency with which
ships are dispatched and transited
through the Canal, plans for an elec-
tronic marine trffic control system now
ar being completed and the system is
exectedl to be in use by mid-1963. The
three new tugs acquired during the past
year! and the new towing loootives,
which are to start arriving this year, also
Directors and party board plane for aerial trip.
Gatun Locks spread below plane -like giant stairsteps leading to the top of the Isthmus.
Year of Achievement the L~ocks
RETURNING to file Pacifie side lof the
Isthmus after visiting Atlantic-side instal-
lations, the Board members were; taken
on a comprehensive tour of Miraflores
Locks, viewing advance preparations for
the arrival of the new towing loco-
.~S ~ ~ *Ilk motives and for the 1963 Pacifice locks
Primary task at Miraflores was filling
of the declivities left in the lock walls by
'9g removal of the emergency dams several
years ago. The declivities at Gatun Locks
were filled during the overhaul; there
earlier this'year and those at Pedro
Miguel will be filled this month and
next to complete the job.
The declivities, located adjacent to
the upper levels of the locks, have to be
filled with concrete so the new loco-
motives can be used. The design of the
new machines would prevent them, from
traveling past the retaining walls which
separate the declivities from the water
in the locks. The fill raises the tracks
high enoughto eliminate any obstruction.
While the declivities were being filled
at Miraflores, the miter gate recesses
over which the new and heavier loco-
i motivesivs must travel were reinforced to
support the additional load. Preliminary
work necessary to changing from the
25-cycle electrical current now used by
the locomotives to the 60-cycle current
which will be used after the .new
The new towing locomotives, which
9 are being built in Japan, are designed
primarily as replacements for some of
the aging machines now in use. Forty of
~the seventy locomotives now in tase are
~ru ::-SII~ r Is~i~a~ original equipment, having been pur-
chased at the time the Canal first was
;ci, put into operation almost 47 years ago.
A major improvement i h e oo
motives will be the use of two cables
:C.I.. I.C.instead of one. The present equipment
.~1 uses a single cable exerting a pull of
25,000 pounds, while each of the cables
on the new machines will have a pull
of 35,000 pounds.
The additional power and consequent
extra weight of the new locomotives al-e
expected to reduce the number of loco-
motives necessary to assist ships thllough
the locks and possibly decrease lockage
time slightly. The number of the itew
machines which will have to be used, for
ships will note known until actual tests
have been conducted at the locks, but
Canal officials believe that no more than
6 of the new ones will be required to do
the work performed 19y 10 to 12 of thle
Board members and accompanying party walk through empty chamber from service elevator. Modifications made in' the lock struc'-
JULY 7, 1981
coupled with other procedures then in
use, required each lane to be out of
service for an average of 35 days during
As a result of the experiments at Gatun
in 1959, the time necessary for the com-
plete gate overhaul earlier this year was
approximately half of that previously
required. Procedures similar to those
used at Gatun will be employed at Mira-
flores and Pedro Miguel for the 1963
overhaul of those locks.
The successful method used at Gatun
involves removing the miter gates from
their pintles with the 250-ton floating
crane Hercules and then placing them
atop concrete blocks installed in one of
the lock chambers for that purpose. In
preparation for using the method at
Miraflores, the necessary concrete blocks
were installed on the chamber floor
last month. Similar blocks also will be
installed at Pedro Miguel Locks while
the declivities there are being filled.
After the 1963 overhaul of the Pacific
locks Canal officials hope to reduce lane
outage time to not much more than 24
hours per lane at any one time. Governor
Carter has told Congress he believes
such an improvement in overhaul pro-
cedures is possible. Such a change wil
involve removal of the miter gates from.
the locks to a dry dock, where the actual
work will be done. It also will involve
the use of special caissons against the
_~3D1*3Lr,~ E~RIE- 2..e2~~% Y
Governor Carter, flanked by Mr. Mansfield on left and Mr. Martin on right, explains details
of Canal operation to group as they visited one of the empty culverts under the lock walls
world shipping without undue delays.
Prior to an experimental, partial over-
haul at Gatun Locks in 1959, the huge
miter gates which separate one lock from
the next were laboriously jacked up and
moved several feet in the unwatered
chamber prior to overhaul. This practice,
tulrcs concurrently with the work on the
declivities, f~or which each lane had to
be closed, were aimed at improving lock
overhaul procedures and thus reducing
lane outage time during overhauls. A
reduction in lane outage time is neces-
sary so the Canal can continue to serve
Workmen on floor of empty chamber install forms for concrete
blocks on which miter gates will be placed during 1963 overhaul.
Concrete which forms the lock chambers was tested for defi-
ciencies to be corrected by grouting, a routine overhaul procedure.
THE PANAMA CANAL 11EVIEW
Year of Achievement
walls of the lock chambers to enable
work to be done on pintles and wall
bearing plates while the chambers
continue to be used by transiting ships.
To prepare the way for these caissons,
the sills blelow the miter gates have to
be redesigned so that a standard caisson
can be used on each of them in turn.
The work on sill modification will be
done in 1963 at the Pacific looks and in
1964 at Catun Locks. It is probable that
the new 24-hour lock lane outage pro-
cedure will be used for the first time
Other modifications made at Mira-
flores included installation of bulkhead
recesses to be used to close off the! side
wall culverts so valves and other equip-
ment in them can be repaired or replaced
without closing the affected lane to
traffic. A similar installation of bulk-
heads was made at Gatun earlier this
year and provision is to be made for their
use at Pedro Miguel.
Primary purpose of the Miraflores project was filling of emergency dam declivities.
The wNork at Miraflores was completed
June 23 and that to be done at Pedro
Miguel is scheduled to start July 30 and
be concluded no later than August 30.
prior to the Board's June 5-6 meeting
in the Zone.
The additional members are George
W. Ball, Under Secretary of State for
Economic Affairs; Fred Kcrth, a former
Assistant Secretary of the Army and
now President of the Continental
National Bank of Fort Worth, Tex.; and
C. Owen Smith, editor and publisher
of Outdoor MAINE.
Under Secretary Ball is a native of
Des Moines, Iowa, where he was born
December 21, .1909. He received a
bachelor of arts degree from North-
western University in 1930 and 3 years
later received a doctor of jurisprudence
degree from the same school.
He was with the General Counsel's
Office of the Treasury Department in
Washington from 1933 to 1935, then
practiced law in Chicago from 1933 to
1942, returning to Federal service that
year as Associate General Counsel of the
Lend-Lease Administration. In 1944 he
served as Director of the U.S. Strategic
Bombing Survey in London and the fol-
lowing year became General Counsel of
the Frelich Supply Council in Washing-
ton. He reentered private law practice
in W~ashington in 1946.
Mr. Korth, a native of Yorktown, Tex.,
was born September 9, 1909, received
his bachelor of arts degree from the Uni.
versity of Texas in 1932 and his bachelor
of laws degree from George Washington
University in 1935, after which he
entered law practice in Fort Worth.
He served in the Air Transport
Command from 1942 to 1946, leaving
the service as a lieutenant colonel and
resuming private law practice. He
was appointed Department Counselor,
Dpfar ent ofte Arwsmy, dl s9 taand
Secretary of the Army, a post he held
Named president of the Continental
National Bank of Fort Worth in 1959,
Mr. Korth also is a director of Bell Aero-
space Corp., the Professional & Business
Men's Insurance Co., and ~the Texas
& Pacific Railway Co. He also is a trustee
of. Texas Christian University and the
Hockaday School, Dallas, as wells as
treasurer of the Texas & Southwestern
Cattle Raisers Association.
Mr~l Smith, who was born in Akron,
Ohio,;On May 28, 1916, is a 1939 gradu-
ate of Harvard College and served in
the U.S. Naval Reserve from 1940. to
1945, attaining the rank of lieutenant
Before entering military service,
Mr., Smith was engaged in production
planning with the United States Rubber
Co. at Chicop'ee Falls, Mass. After
World War II, he became a reporter for
.the Jannett Publishing Co. of Portland,
Maine, and in 1946 became editor of the
Maine Coast Fisherman, Belfast, Mlaine,
a post he held until 1959, when he
became president of Outdoor MAINE.
Mr. Smith and Mr. Korth attended
the Board meeting last month, but Under
Secretary Ball was unable to be present.
George W. Ball
JUor 7, 1961
THREE ADDITIONAL members were
named to the Board of Director of the
Panama Canal Company at the end of
May, bringing total membership to 13
After 42 years at Printing
Plant, Eustace Wiltshire
c~bandona Ziype for &obaL
A PRINTER who has worked on every
issue of THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEw
since it was started 11 years ago and
who has been employed in the lPrinting
Plant of the Canal organization since
1919, left the Isthmus last month after
living here for more than 50 years and
now is living in retirement in his
Eustace Wiltshire, who lived in
Colon until retirement, came to the
Isthmus with his foster parents in 1907,
when he was 7 years of age. He first
went to work for the Canal organi-
zation in 1915, when he took a job
as a messenger for the Superintendent
of the Building Division.
A year earlier, as a curious boy of 14,
he was on the scene when the Isthmian
waterway was put into service after
10 years of work by U.S.-directed
forces, including his foster father,
Joseph Daniels. Mr. Daniels worked on
the construction and later for the Pan-
ama Railroad, retiring in 1934, 2 years
prior to his death.
Young Wiltshire learned the printing
trade while attending school in Panama
and transferred to the Printing Plant
in February 1919, to start more than
42 years of service in the Mount Hope
operation, where he has worked at vir-
tually every job from the bindery to the
make-up of pages and including service
as a pressman and typesetter.
The veteran printer ended his service
at the Printing Plant with a final demon-
stration of the loyalty to the craft in
which he excels: He took a week's leave
of absence in mid-May so his departure
date would come after he had worked
on the June issue of THE REVIEW.
Not only has Mr. W~iltshire employed
his skill at the various tasks performed
in the Plant, but he also has passed
along some of his specialized knowledge
to students in occupational classes at
Rainbow City, where he served as an
instructor for a time.
A bachelor, the retiring printer plans
to live in St. Michael, Barbados, where
his mother now lives. He says he has
Eustace Wiltshire works on June Review.
no plans except to rest and enjoy the
healthful climate for which the island
is noted and to catch up on his reading.
Earlier in the year he shiipped an exten-
sive library of more than 2,000 books
to his home in Barbados.
Capt. Gorman of the Cristobal is
Swalllorintg the adaclor
of the 10,000-ton Cristobal in 1939, the
ship he commanded from 1953 until a
few weeks ago, when the vessel under-
went her first major overhaul since 1947.
The ship returned to service late in June
as the only active steamship operated by
the Panama Canal Company.
Governor Carter, in a letter to Captain
Gorman, said, "I take this opportunity
to express mny sincere personal thanks
for the exemplary manner in which you
have carried out your responsibilities
during your entire career with the U.S.
Government. On behalf of the offi-
cials of the Panama Canal Company, I
congratulate you on a job well done."
During his years at sea, Captain
Corman has pursued several hobbies,
including chess, astronomy, and collect-
ing old books on navigation and old nau-
tical instruments. His collection includes
several 18th century wooden quadrants
and an 1804 edition of H~amilton Moore's
FRANCIS DE SALES GORMAN, Master
of the SS Cristobal since 1953, has "swal-
lowed the anchor" after 41 years at sea
and from now on will be "gunk holing"
on the south shore of Long Island, N.Y.
All of which means that Captain Gorman
has retired to life ashore and, in future,
will sail only in sheltered bays rather
than on the open sea.
His craft will be the 22-foot auxiliary
sloop Rete, which ties up in the captain's
backyard at Amityville, Long Island.
During his blue water career, Captain
Gorman sailed to far corners of the globe
in both war and peace. In 1920, he was
graduated from the old schoolship
Newport and as soon as he was 19 sat
for his junior mate's license. He took
command of his first ship, the Samuel
Griffn, in 1942.
His association with the Canal's steam-
ship operations dates back to l936, when
he signed on as a third mate of the old
Ancon. He was on the maiden voyage
Capt. Francis de Sales Gorman
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
Cj~api* I rul
J. C. Randall
Housing Manager in the Balboa offce
and in 1955 became Housing Chief.
The following year, when the Housing
and Grounds Divisions were combined,
he became Chief of both Divisions
and since 1958, when the name was
changed, has held the title of Chief of
the Community Services Division.
Active in the Teen-Age Baseball
League for many years and longtime
president of the Fastlich Teen-Age Base-
ball League, Mr. Randall has received
a number of letters of commendation
from. Canal Zone Governors for the
amount of time and effort he has
devoted to making the teenage baseball
program a success.
Mr. and Mrs. Randall's two children
were born in the Canal Zone and
attended schools here. Their daughter,
Mrs. Joy Maale, now lives in West Palm
Beach, ~Fla., and their son, Jack, who
majored in drama at Carnegie Tech-
nological Institute, now is playing in
stock in New York City.
Mr. Egolf, who is succeeding Mr.
Randall as Chief of the Community
Services Division, has been with the
Canal since 1934. Born in Reading, Pa.,
he came to the Isthmus in 1917 and is
a second-generation employee, his father
having worked as a lock operator.
In 1934, after attending the Canal
Zone Junior College, Mr. Egolf was
hired as a clerk in the Supply Division
in Cristobal, transferring to the District
Quartermaster offce at Balboa Heights
in 1937. He was promoted to principal
clerk in l941 and a year later was named
assistant district quartermaster. He was
made housing manager in 1950, assistant
chief of the Housing Division and
manager of the Balboa office in 1955,
and since 1959 has been superintendent
of the Housing Branch.
Like his predecessor, Mr. Egolf is inter-
ested in the Little League and Teenage
Baseball League programs and has been,
commended by Canal Zone Governors
for his contributions to the programs.
AFTER DEALING with thousands of
problems relative to the housing of
Canal Zone employees during the past
quarter-century, Jack C. Raridall, retir-
ing as Chief of the Community Services
Division, has taken up temporary
residence at sea.
Mr. and Mrs. Riandall, accompanied
by their beagle, Tuffy, left the Isthmus
by plane last month for Baltimore, Md.,
but shortly afterward boarded the
cruiser El Gringo, for the beginning of
an 8-month trip in United States and
H. C. Egolf, former superintendent
of the Housing Branch, has served as
Acting Chief of the Community Services
Division since Mr. Randall's departure
and officially will become Chief of the
Division on July 9.
The Randalls and Tuffy will cruise
upo the eastern coast of the United States
frm Maryland and through the Intra-
coastal Waterway to Long Island. From
there, the itinerary includes travel up
the Hudson River to Lake Champlain,
FOR THE FOURTH year in the past 6,
Juan Garz6n of Miraflores Locks has
walked off with the Locks Division line-
throwing championship. Competing in
a contest where 9 is the highest possible
score, Mr. Garzttn earned 7 points to
top all other entrants.
Using a %4-inch manila line with an
8-ounce monkey fist weighting the end,
the contestants in the annal event
throw at a target, over a raised bar from
80- feet back, and then try for distance.
The contest was started in 1956 and
this year's winner previously held the
title in 1957, 1958, and 1959, but
lost it temporarily last year to Carlos
Mel~ndez of Pedro Miguel Locks.
Lorenzo Rios of Miraflores Locks
scored 4 points to place second this year,
while Mortian Hinds of Gatun Locks
came in third with 3 points.
Juan Garz6n, good man with a line. -
.. ... .. -4. g
JULY 7, 19Zil
then to the St. Lawrence Seaway in
Canada for the trip to and through the
Great Lakes. They will go down the
Mississippi River to New Orleans, cross
the Gulf of Mexico to the west coast
of Florida, th~en go around the Florida
Keys to the east coast and their ultimate
destination, West Palm Beach.
Although born in Brooklyn, N.Y.,
Mr. Rand~all is a second generation
Canal Zone employee, his father having
been employed in the Building Division*
Originally employed in 1926, Mr.
Randall worked through a series of posi-
tions before being promoted to Assistant
District Quartermaster on the Atlantic
side of the Isthmus in 1940. In 1950
he was named Housing Manager of the
Cristobal of~ee, administering housing
on the Atlantic side.
He left Canal service briefly in 1951
to become a Doctor of Chiropractic
through study in Davenport, Iowa, but
returned to the Canal Zone service
after receiving his degree. Irr 1954 he
was transferred to the Pacific side as
SO Years Ago
HENRY L. STIuson, Secretary of War,
visited the Canal Zone 50 years ago this
month, shortly after his appointment by
President Taft. He was accompanied
by his wife, secretary, and Brig. Gen.
Clarence Edwards, Chief of the Bureau
of Insular Affairs. As part of his busy
schedule of Canal inspection, he walked
through the Cut from Pedro Miguel
Locks to Empire, then climbed the 106
steps from the excavation to the Divi-
sion office. He later walked through the
Other half of the Cut and inspected the
progress of work on the Atlantic side.
Excavation in the Cut at the end of
Eiscal year 1911 was 78 percent com-
pleted and 56 percent of the concrete
RET IR EMENTS
for all locks was in place. The excava-
tion in the Central Division during the
previous 12 months totaled 18,479,642
cubic yards, the largest of any year to
Isthmian Canal engineers, accom-
panied by an engineer from Panama,
made a 4-day survey of the Panama
coast and traveled to the Pearl Islands,
investigating the need for navigational
aids in the area. They recommended
that navigation lights be established at
Cape Mala, San Jose Island, Bona Island
and Melones Island.
25 Years Ago
THE FIRST aerial display by planes
based at Albrook Field was the highlight
of the Pacific-side Fourth of July cele-
bration 25 years ago. The air show
included a number of parachute jumps.
The holiday was a big event on both
sides of the Isthmus in 1936, with
parades, athletic events, artillery salutes,
kiddie trains, and fireworks.
As a result of economy measures by
Congress, free tuition in Canal Zone
schools was restricted to residents of the
Zone and to children whose parents or
guardians were citizens of the United
States employed by the U.S. Govern-
ment. Prior to this, children of U.S.
citizens living in Panama could attend
Zone schools without payment of tuition.
As an indication of the general
improvement in world trade, total ton-
nage passurg through the Canal during
the fiscal year ending in June 19363 was
26,505,943 tons, an increase of 4.7
percent over the previous fiscal year.
Sharp gains were recorded in lumber,
ores, and manufactured products of
iron and steel.
10 Years Ago
BIRTH OF the Panama Canal. Com-
pany, which joined the Canal enterprise
and the Panama Railroad Company into
a single Government-owned corpora-
tion, occurred 10 years ago this month.
The Panama Canal Company, newvs-
papers noted, marked a turning point
in the history of the waterway. Under
the new organization, the waterway was
made a self-sustaining concern and busi-
ness and governmental functions were
Although the change involved a major
alteration in fiscal procedures for the
Government's two enterprises in the
Zone, it required no realinemEnt in the
administrative framework, which had
been accomplished by a preparatory
reorganization a year earlier,
Onre Year Ago
MAJ. GEN. W. A. CARTER took the
oath of offce as the 13th Governor of
the Canal Zone in a simple ceremony
at Balboa Heights 1 year ago this month.
One of the new Governor s first offcial
acts was signing a $2,332,000 contract
with the W. B. Uhlhorn Construction Co.
of Harlingen, Tex., for the construction
4o 84 rep acement housing units on the
Division; 18 years, 8 months, 27 days;
Mrd Le d.Iona Gibbs, Indiana; Clerk,
Personnel Records Division, Personnel
Bureau; 17 years, 1 month, 1 day;
Isthmus for the present.
Manuel Gonz~lez, San Salvador; Janitor,
Tivoli Guest House; 19 years, 4 months,
17 days; San Salvador.
Edward W. Hatchett, SrS North Carolina;
sece, Dvsio la c Ios; 19 years'
Mrs. Martha W. Keller, California; Super-
visory Steward, Service Center Branch;
Jos~ep aI Kumer, Ar nd s; Leade ei-
wright, Industrial Division; 19 years,
4 months, 23 days; Blytheville, Ark .
David D. Minto, Jamaica; Painter, Indus-
trial Division; 31 years, 8 months, 4 days;
Josg 6.mMor~n, PanamA; Helper Electrician,
Electrical Division; 22 years, 8 months,
23 days; PanamA.
David G. Peters, Colorado; Locomotive
E ots 2Rda rsoaCana v sd ;for rear t
Isaac A. Price, Ohio; Locomotive Engineer,
Rild-oad SDiv so; 20ye rs, 4 months,
Guillermo Puello C.,Panami; Watchman,
Terminals Division; 14 years, 5 days;
Mame n. Quinto,Panamir; Boatman, Pacific
Locks; 35 years, 9 days; Chilibre, Panama.
Joseph Richards, Barb~ados; Chauffeur,
Motor Transportation Division; 41 years,
5 months, days Panami.
Felipe Romin, Canal Zone; Painter, Indus-
trial Division; 21 years, 3 months,
13 days; Colbn.
Lorenzo Sginchez, Panami; Roofer, Main-
tenance Division; 26 years, 1 month,
1 day; PanamA.
Eustace Wiltshare, Barbados; Compositor,
Printing Plant, Administrative Branch;
46 years, 2 days; St. Michael, Barbados.
RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of June to the
employees listed below, with their birth-
places, positions, years of Canal service,
and future residence.
Ernest A. Angermuller, New York City;
Tank Inspector, Indiustrial Division;
31 years, 11 months, 15 days; Arkansas.
N ten antai ,orgasmno ita 0d S ease
6 months, 21 days; Panama.
Mrs. Pearl B. Belgrave, Canal Zone; Sales-
woman, CocC 5610 Retail Store; 19 years,
William E. Bent, San Andrds; Dock Em-
ployee, Terminals Division; 27 years,
12 months, 10 days; Col~n.
Boyd M. Bevington, Ohio; Housing Man-
a ement Aid Comnalnit OSdrysice Di
Charles Brathwaite, Barbados; Carpenter,
Maintenance Division; 30 years, months,
25 days; Panamr.
Miss Marie V. Brauer, Virglima; Nurse
Spread r, G 0 as H 1 dal;29Vayears
Samuel S. Brown, Jamaica; Painter, Indus-
trial Division; 43 years, 7 months, 5 days;
Miss Mercedes Castro, Panamti; Teacher,
Diablo Heights Junior High School;
31 years, 3 months, 7 days; Panama.
Hubert E. Coke, Jamaica; Fireman, Trans-
portation and Terminals Bureau; 30 years>
5 months, 18 days; Col6n.
Miss Rae F. Elicker, Pennsylvania; Director
of Nurses, Coco Solo Hospital; 31 years,
4 months, 14 days; St. Petersburg, Fla.
Thomas W. Fels, Michigan; Operator-
Foreman, Electrical Division; 19 years,
4 months, 11 days; Venice, Fla.
Robert H. Fisher, West Virginia; Auto
Repair Machinist, Motor Transportation
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
SE UIC \~EAU
Melvin E. Walker
NServiceACen rh Manager
Gladys B. Baldwin
Rebecca T. Kendall
OFFICE OF '
C. E. Scantlebury
SUPPLY AND COn
James C. Cross
Retail Store Superv
C. J. O'Sullivan
Robert C. Walker
Chief, Internal Security
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Thomas J. Egger
Bla~n in mA. Wa ean
Senior High Teacher, Latin
Santos A. Matos
Alma P. McPherson
Dressing Room Attendant
James C. Cullen
Asphalt or Cement Worker
Debris Control Winchman
Emory H. Paulk
Darnley D. Smith
Helper Electronics Mechanic
Josk M. Rivera
Edward Acre -
Margaret C. Yerkes
General Supply Assistant
M. C. Brenneman
Lillian R. Forde
Heavy Pest Control Laborer
John W. Litton
Benjai R.a Budgo
Chief Engineer, Towboat
Rufus L. Carey ..
Lock Operator Electrician
Edward L. Spmnney
Wx lrper Loowk
James A. Cu
Rober aJ. ne
Anthony G. Wi s
G. P. Gal,.
Lock Operator Machinist
Basil L. Lloyd
F. P. Hormechea
John M. Klasovsky
Lead Foreman Locks
Helper Lock Operator
DSn drvisor S eral Engineer
James H. Johnston
Helper Marine Machinist
Sam k Dp rato achinist
Jorge L. de la Cruz
Joseph N. James
Dgmaso A. Rudas
Helper Lock Operator
IMMUNITY TRANSPORTATION AND
~EAU TERMINALS BUREAU
Leo J. Krziza
~isor Supervisory Administrative
lry Store John E. Maughn
William G. Slaughter
Ruben N. Richards
Henry Lorenzo Davis
CheckerJames N. Burgess
CheckerLeader Heavy Laborer
Sylvester E. Lessey
Helper Liquid Fuels
aItor Everald M. Brown
Fitzroy O. Best
Helper Liquid Fuels
Jose R. Llovell
AletusrkA. Recc rd son
Fitz G. Low
F Helper Aueomotive Mechanic
Harry A. Dawvkins
Madlin J. Jones
Lillian J. Gibson
Retail Store Sales C
MSales CC rk
Mareo rk at
Ro1 uaem an
Myrtle D. Newman
Samuel J. Frank
JULY 7, 1961
A NN IVE RSA-R IES
(On the basis of total F~ederal Service)
EMPLOYEEs who were promoted or
transferred between May 10 and
June 10 are listed below. Within-grade
promotions and job reclassifications are
Earl E. Bennett, Earl H. Jarvis, to Multilith
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Postal Di vision
Darwin E. Grier, to Relief Supervisor>
Division of Schools
Hypolite V. Agustine, to Senior High
Techer Lai Ameia School .
W fered E. Laa e, to Juio High T acher,
Lati Ameia School .
Eneida T. Avl,nMaria M. Dzevaltauskas,
Juan Phillips, Rhoda U. Sealey, to Ele-
mentary and Secondar School Teacher,
Latin American Schlools.
El is abdelh apA o to Ee s' ar
Bartolome Savory, to Furniture Repairman.
Andrks L6pez, to Heavy Laborer.
Caroline D. Mason, from Teller, Supply
Division, to Clerk-Typist.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
William S. Walston, to Dipper Dredge
Arthur W. Farrell, to Master, Small Tug.
Venancio Arsuz, from Garbage Collec-
tor, Community Services Division, to
Pascual C6rdoba, from Field Tractor Oper-
ator, Community Services Division, to
Jos6: D. Vergara, from Grounds Mainte-
nance Equipment Operator, Community
Services Division, to Boatman.
Julio Samaniego, from Heavy Pest Con-
trol Laborer, Division of Sanitation, to
Horman V. Archibold, from Clerk Checker,
Terminals Division, to Clerk.
James V. Greene, from Hospital Laborer,
Gorgas H~ospital, to Clerk.
Ernesto M. Stewart, Clerk, from Supply
Henry A. Miorgan, from Helper Lock Oper-
M nelL k.Rich 2, f omF em .r Lock
Operait r, Lo ks Division, to F oating
DaCo ta Maho to Floating Plant Fireman
Selvington H. Pusey, Fk ix Tabarin, to
Paulin eBala, from Heavy Laborer, Main-
tenance Division, to Helper Core Drill
Alfred R. Lord, from Laborer Cleaner,
Community Services Division, to Helper
Pedro Oses, from Grounds Maintenance
Equipment Operator, Community Serv-
ices Division, to General Helper
Jacinto Castro, from Heavy Laborer, Main-
tenance Division, to He per Pipefitter.
Roger E. Hamor, from Fire Sergeant, Fire
Division, to Guard Supervisor.
Hector Geart, from Heavy Laborer, Locks
Division, to Seaman.
John H. Butler, from Helper Lock Operator,
Locks Division, to Seaman.
Linton B. Ivey, from Warehouseman,
Supply Division, to Seaman.
Rafael Rodriguez, from Grounds Mainte-
nance Equipment Operator, Community
Services Division, to Seaman.
Joaquin Castaneda, from Laborer, Comn-
munity Services Division, to Seaman.
Eustace J. Hurley, from Leader Laborer
Cleaner, Supply Division, to Seaman.
Carlos A. Diaz, Theophilus Peterkin, from
Firefighter, Fire Division, to Truck
George H. Myrie, from Heavy Laborer,
Division of Schools, to Toolroom
Lorenzo Galvsn,Williamn Rollox,to Floating
Plant Water Tender.
Manuel Moreno, Marcelino Troya, to
Christopher T. Cox, to Helper Maintenance
Fu dri k M ae, toDstribution System
Thomas J. Dee, to Operator-Foreman
Ernest E. Berger, to Electrical Instrument
R. Gen Cowe,kfrom Towing Locomotive
OM rator, Lo ks Division, to Electronics
Kennetha F. Millard, from Towing Loco-
motive Operator, Locks Division, to
James W. Hicks, Edwin J. Roddy, to
William M. Brandl, to Leader Pipefitter.
Aureliano Bejarano, Valentin Gonzdlez, to
James H. L. Thomas, to General Helper.
Gilbert Myers, to Clerk.
Clarence C. Hansen, from Firefighter, Fire
Division, to Chauffeur, Corgas Hostpital.
George X. Jean Lours, Clerk, from Supply
Division, to Division of Preventive
Medicine and Quarantine.
Coco Solo Hospital
Frances D. May, to Nurse Supervisor.
Mildred R. Largent, Staff Nurse, from
William P. Escoffery, from Service Station
Sales Checker, Supply Division, to Stock
Talbert Weeks, Medical Technician, from
Allen T. Hamlin, to Clerk.
Richard Belzer, Daniel M. R. Haff, Gerald
H. Smith, to Pilot.
William M. Deaton, Joseph L. McDaniel,
John W. O'Daniel, Jr., to Probationary
W~illiam T. Lyons, to Pilot-in-Training.
Peter N. Riley, to Supervisory Administra-
tive Services Oflfice~r.
Robert G. Peterson, to Supervisory Admin-
istrative Services Assistant.
(See p. 22)
Gene R. Griffith, from Counter Attendant,
Supply Division, to Laborer.
Felix A. Ifill, from Utility Worker, Supply
Division, to Laborer.
Sotero Garcia, Eugenio Navarro, from Dock
Worker, Terminals Division, to Laborer.
Arcelio A. Ardines, Claud A. Morant, Clif-
ford A. Springer, from Laborer Cleaner,
Supply Division, to Laborer.
Augustus C. George, Lionel A. Perry,
Atkinson M\/yles, Harry T. Barber, Theo-
philus L. Bowen, Felix M. Townsend,
Walter W. Shan, Henry M. Robinson,
to Leader Seaman.
Daniel Ramos, from Launch Seaman, Navi-
gation Division, to Leader Seaman.
Ismael Carrasco, from Grounds Mainte-
nance Equipment Operator, Community
Services Division, to Hleavy Laborer.
Ezequiel Mejia, from Laborer, Railroad
Division, to Heavy Laborer.
Charles Edwards, Robert H. Elliott,
Leonard A. Kirton, to Launch Operator.
Jose Garnica, Elias Urriola, from. Launch
Oeaman, Navigation Division, to Launch
Ju ean E let non i e. o, ire ee 1
Alberto McKenzie, Reginald G. Young'
Richard Stephens, Douglas Kelly, to
Floating Plant Oiler.
Lawrence W. Matthews, Ernesto Rodriguez,
nrm. t~eler toc Plpteraitr Locks Divi-
Samuel Alfred, from Helper Machinist,
Railroad Division, to Floating Plant Oiler.
Clovis Sinisterra, from Oiler, Locks Divi-
sion, to Floating Plant Oiler.
Harold L. Duncan, from Chauffeur, Gorgas
Hospital, to Floating Plant Oiler.
Julian J. Hoyte, from Firefighter, Fire Divi-
sion, to Floating Plant Oiler.
Jorge Castro, William W. Hodgson, from
Boatman, Locks Division, to Seaman.
Learie N. Hinds, to Launch Seaman.
Samuel Campbell, from Heavy Laborer,
Supply Division, to Launch Seaman.
Rudolph McBean, from Kitchen Attendant,
Gorgas Hospital, to Launch Seaman.
Marcos Mero, from Laborer Cleaner, Divi-
sion of Schools, to Launch Seaman.
Justino Fimentel, from Dock Worker, Ter-
minals Division, to Launch Seaman.
Ralph Roper, from Waiter, Supply Division,
to Launch Seaman.
Orington N. Battershield, Elwyn C. W.
Conliffe, Alsibades Escobar, Williams A.
Evans, Cleveland A. Heath, Earl Jordan,
Egbert A. Matthews, Augstin Santana,
Henry Morris, Florencio Flores, Cres-
cencio Rivera, Catalino Ruiz, Pedro
Smith, to Seaman.
Jorge Campbell, from Helper Automotive
Machinist, Motor Transportation Divi-
sion, to Seaman.
Edward R. Hayle, from Clerk Checker,
Terminals Division, to Seaman,
Emanuel Reefe, from Laborer, Panama
Local Agency, to Seaman.
Vicente A. Carrera, Cyril S. Hutchinson,
from Dock Worker, Terminals Division,
Hubert L. Joseph, Joseph B. Stennett, from
High Lift Truck Operator, to Seaman.
Charles L. Mussa, Alejandro Cunningham,
Seaman, from Navigation Division.
Joseph S. Ford, from Deckband, Navigation
Division, to Seaman.
THE PANAMA CANAL ELEVIEW~
-----PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS ---
May 10 through June 10
Proll1tiORS and TranSfetrS
(Continued from p. 21 )
Wilbur T. Greaves, Samuel A. Grant, Jos6
del C. Caballero, Etelberto Bustos, Lloyd
G. Thornhill, Alonso S~nchez, Felipe
Soo, to Launch Seaman.
Clifford Bowen, Jos6; D. Castillo, from Dock
Worker, Terminals Division, to Deckhand.
Ricard te afo I~s aL Quinte oro Al
Dionisio N. Lucas, from Heavy Laborer,
Terminals Division, to Deckh~and.
Marcelino Carrasco, from Kitchen Attend-
ant, Supply Division, to Deckhand.
Joseph A. HIaylock, to Maintenanceman.
Carlos G. Vega, from Grounds Mainte-
nance Equipment Operator, Community
Services Division, to D~eckh~and.
Lu rato~r, 16l Dvis oinghto~d rukhnd
Whitman Pomares, from Laborer Cleaner
Community Service Division, to Deck-
hn. Locks Division
Lee Kariger, to Supervisory Administrative
George M. Lowe, Wilbert L. Ney, to Super-
visory~ Administrative Services Assistant.
Pantaleon de Hoyos, Esau Livingston, Cyril
J. Myers, Joseph Bayne, Jos6 Su~rez, to
Gerald Anderson, to Heavy Hammer
Kelvin L. Cumberbatch, from Laborer
Cleaner, Community Services Division'
to Heavy Laborer.
Ram6n A. Gonzitlez, Rudolph C. Hunt, to
LeIroldo A. Anderson, Carlos A. Beech,
Victor Grant, Antomio Jim~nez, Salva-
dor Miranda, Edward C. Price, Luciano
Villarreal, to Helper Lock Operator.
Pa ioviSi a frt oam Labrr rMaintenance
Genaro Valdks, from Utility Worker,
Supply Division, to Heavy Laborer.
OFFICE OF THIE COMPTROLLER
Nellie F. Holgerson, to Accounting Tech-
Gwendoline P. Jordan, to Card Punch
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
Estanislao Asprilla, Harold T. Kildare,
Reyes Rodriguez, to High Lift Truck
Cl atonAr.Lewis, Julio Paredes, to Milk
Reginald Denny, Joel W. Tappin, Leon C.
Wilson, to Sales Checker.
Jos6 F. Romero, Brigido Cubilla, Aquilino
Gonz~lez, to Grounds Maintenance
Cyril D. Adams, Arthur Hilton, to Leader
Milk Plant Worker.
Oswald P. Matthews, to Produce Worker.
Karl L. Harris, Jr., to Clerk.
John R. Bovell Jr., to Clerk-Typist.
Mary B. Fra ~i, to Counter Attendant.
Andres Guioms, to Field Tractor Operator.
Jo yinE.LsCiu ntto Supervisory General
Margarita F. Preciado, to Supervisory Cleri-
Sixto Mariaga, to Storekeeping Clerk.
Clarence Levy, to Heavy Laundry Worker.
Jose Grant, to Extractor and Tumblerman.
Vicente A. Esguerra, Jr., to Chief Usher,
Fdlix EspinosaVenancio Ariruz, to Garbage
Vincent C. Forde, to Laborer.
Dario ChirG, from Heavy Laborer, Main-
tenance Division, to Laborer,
Jos6 Armuelles, from Heavy Laborer, Main-
tenance Division, to Laborer Cleaner.
Antonio C. Dixon, to Service Station
Joseph S. Parris, to Light Packer.
Earl WV. Alleyne, to Messenger.
James Grant, to Utility Worker.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
Ter BinalsEDi ision
Francis E. Reardon, to Clerical Assistant.
Doris L. Barfield, to Supervisory Cargo
Richard H. Lester, to Liquid Fuels Dis-
Granville Barrow, to Office Machine Oper-
Esteban Rodriguez, to Ship Worker.
Luis A. Mufioz, to H-igh Lift Truck Oper-
Dorothy W. Pate, from Time and Leave
tuprvisor, Locks Division, to Clerical
Motor Transportation Division
Claude B. Bellamy, to Accounting Clerk.
Enrique I. Marshall, to Automnotive Me-
Sidney N. Campbell, Ronald F. Payne, to
Junie N. Scott, from Firefighter Division,
to Truck Driver.
Ivan E. M~orris, to Storekeeping Clerk.
Kenneth E. Licorish, to Automotive Acces-
Henry G. Ledgerwood, to Materials Han-
dling Equipment Repairman.
Iva hR.RetF Ily, 0r Dri rC Oh r tor Fire-
Augustus C. Bennett, Juan Sl~nchez, Carlos
Segreda, to Farm Equipment Repairman.
Herman V. Cameron, to Timekeeper.
Paolworrows which did not involve
changes of title follow:
A. Paul Jones, Jr. Chief Engineer, Tow-
boat or Ferry, Dredging Division.
David I. KIelleh~er, Auditor, General Audit
George N. Ateek, Graduate Intern, Business
Administration, Su ply Diviivison
Paul R. Forrest, To oa or Ferry Master,
Oscar A. Sealey, Surveying Aid, Engineer-
Jo nV. Hl,nGeraldine WV. Knick, Saindra
I. Schaffer, Clotilde A. Urban, Stag
Nurse, Gorgas Hospital.
Charles A. McArthur, Auditor, General
William J. Joyce, Leslie M. Spencer, Sys-
tems Accountant, Accounting Policies
and Procedures Staff.
John P. Corrigan III, Retail Store Super-
visor, Supply Division.
Marie G. Housley, Clerk-Typist, Industrial
Catherine I. Oliver, Clerk-Typist, Division
Juli Ioo er, Nursing Assistant, Gorgas
Purcefi R. Gilmore, Sales Section Head,
Maud I. Lynch, Stock Control Clerk, Supply
Louise E. Goldson, Clerk, Gorgas Hospital.
Joan M. Brathwaite, Clerk, Supply Division.
Ira A. Bailey, Conrad S. Best, Maximino
Carrasco, Amado Rodriguez, Utility
Worker, Su ply Division.
Lina Davis, C er -Typist, Supply Division.
James L. Sites, Apprentice Pipefitter, Indus-
Lif I TSurance Plan
Non-U.S. CITIZENS employed by the
Company-Government are expected to
start enrolling this month mna low-
cost life insurance program for which
arrangements were completed last month
with the approval of Gov. W. A. Carter,
Benefits under the plan are based on
salary, with a minimum coverage of
$2,000 and a maximum of $10,000.
Cost of the insurance is to be $7.15
per year for each $1,000 of insurance,
or the equivalent of 27Vz2 cents per pay
period. Premiums will be paid through
payroll deductions. United Benefit Life
Insurance Co. of Omaha, Neb., was
awarded the contract on the basis of
competitive bids sought from 12 firms
licensed mn the Canal Zone.
THE HOURS of operation of the Zone s
U.S. schools will be somewhat different
Miljialy ASSIStalli ReaSSigled
(Continued from p. 8)
colonel, served with the Military Assist-
ance Advisory Group to Formosa-where
Joanie gained quite a reputation asa
disc jockey on a Chinese radio station.
He also has served with Headquarters
Continental Army Command, attended
the Naval War College, and filled
a number of other assignments since
leaving West Point.
His successor as Military Assistant to
the Governor is coming to his new post
from the Command and General Staff
College at Fort Leavenworth, Kans.,
where he has been assigned as a student
officer since last July. Major Leininger,
whose main hobbies are golf and bowl-
ig ill obsev his 38th birthday les
than 2 weeks after arriving.
Like Major Jones, the new Mili-
tary Assistant to the Governor holds a
master s dgree in civil engineering and
previously has served mn the Far East
and with the Headquarters Continental
Army Command at Fort Monroe, Va.
Major Leininger's Far East assignments
have included duty in both Korea and
Japan, where his wife, Virginia, taught
English conversation classes to J panese
stu ents and stude te art of Japanese
flower arranging. For the past year,
Mrs. Leininger has spent much of her
spare time studying S anish.
Major and Mrs. Leininger have two
children, Danny, 5, and Janet, 3, who
will accompany them to the Canal Zone.
JULY 7, 1961
during the school year starting Sep-
tember 8 than they were last year, Super-
intendent of Schools S. E. Esser reports.
The schedule this year will be: kinder-
garten, 9 to 11 a.m. and I to 3 p.m., first
and second grades, 8 a.m. to noon and
1:30 to 3 p~m.; third through sixth
grades, 8:30 a.m. to noon and 1:30 to
3:30 p.m.; junior and senior high schools,
7:45 to 11:33 a.m. and 12:35 to 2:45 p.m.
Incentive Payments Increased
AN IMPROVED payment schedule for
the Company-Government Incentive
Awards Program became effective July 1,
in line with changes instituted by the
Civil Service Commission. Minimum
award which will be made under the
new schedule will be $15.
Under the payment schedule in effect
prior to July 1, a suggestion resulting in
measurable benefits of $2,000 would
have resulted in an award of $75, but
under the new schedule will earn an
award of $100. Similarly, a suggestion
producing $4,000 in measurable benefits
now will earn an award of $200, instead
of the $125 previously paid.
Improvements in the definition of the
kind of ideas eligible for evaluation
under the program also are being con-
sidered by Company-Government offi-
cials, in line with a recommendation by
the Civil Service Commission to all U.S.
Strude~nts and Cars
A SURVEY recently completed by
Dean Roger C. Hackett among fl-
time students at the Canal Zone Junior
College supports conclusions of similar
stateside surveys that college students
who own cars tend to make lower
grades than those who do not own cars.
The survey showed that during the
first semester of the school year there
were 32 full-time students in the Junior
College who owned cars, compared to
179 full-time students who did not.
A comparison of the grades of car
owners and non-car owners showed that
the average grade point ratio of the car
owners was 11.3 percent lower than the
average among non-car owners. :
Dean Hackett acknowledges that it
is possible that factors other than car
ownership might be ~involved in the
results, but adds quickly that "it is not
considered likely that car ownership
had nothing to do with the results.
FOR TH fifth consecutive year the two
steamships of the Panama Canal Comp-
panyy have qualified for Certificates of
Sanitation from the Public Health Serv-
ice, Governor Carter has been notified by
M. D. Hollis, Assistant Surgeon General,
In a letter to Governor Carter, Mr.
Hollis said the 1960 award to the Ancon
and Cristobal makes the Panama Canal
Company the first of the many compa-
nies with 5 or less vessels to qualify for a
commendation for 5 consecutive years.
Copies of the letter from Mr. Hollis
and an accompanying letter from Syla
C. Martin, regional engineer o h
Public Health Service, have been for-
warded to the Water Transportation
Division with personal notes of appre-
ciation and congratulation from both
Governor Carter and B. I. Everson,
Transportation and Terminals Director.
In another study 9 out of 10 drivers
(and 100 percent of those with a record
of traffic violations) rated themselves
above average in driving skill and
also claimed that they were better than
average in obeying traffic laws-views
which cannot readily be accepted as
confirming facts and expert opinion.
Moreover, 82 percent of the drivers
surveyed thought that it is just as wrong
to break a traffic law as to steal or lie;
at the same time, 64 percent recommend
that warnings be given instead of tickets
for minor violations. This suggests that
"although they paid lip service to a
highly moral way of looking at traffic
violations, people are usually concerned'
mainly with their own convenience."
Obviously, when reference is made
to sense of responsibility and emotional
stress in connection with "average"
people, we are dealing with adjustments
and attitudes that fall in the general
category or characteristics of accident
repeaters and chromec violaters.
It would seem. that offenders differ
principally in degree and pattern of
such characteristics, that safe and unsafe
behavior are not discreet things but
belong on the same continuum, and that
certain basic characteristics of personal-
ity apply in the explanation of accident
FIRST AID DISABLING DAYS
CASES INJURIES LOST
'61 '60 '61 '80i '61 '60
230 269 10 13 111 458
1295(se7) 1266 61(4) 62 1309(sa) 7168
( ) Locks Overhaul injurees included in total.
THE PANAMVA CANAL REVIEW
SAFETY SEEMS to lack real significance
to the "average" person. To him or her
an accident may be a momentary news
item and that is all. There usually is
no evidence of persistaixt feelings, no
sense of personal involvement, no sense
of moral responsibility in regard to
There is good reason to believe that
in this area lies a major problem, insofar
as accident potential of "average"people
The following statistics derived
from a recent survey support this
1. Eighty-two percent of drivers
involved in auto accidents blame the
2. Eighty percent consider them-
selves good or excellent drivers; only
I in 100 admits he or she is a poor
3. Only 5 percent think their
driving could be improved through a
4. Fifty-three percent feel there is
nothing they can do to avoid another
YEAR TO DATE
TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN MAY
Commercial______ 7 1,0 2
U.S. Govern_ __- 17 16
Total_----- 991 1,018
CommerciaL__ $4,714,050 $4,963,955
U.S.GCovernment_ 77,424 71,309
TotaL__ $4,791,474 $5,035,264
CARGO (long tons)
Commercial__ 5,597,468 5,954,029
U.S. Government_ 66,156 83,918
Total__ 5,663,624 6,037,947
* Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-goinlg and small'
new midsection to the two ends of an
old ship is not new, however. Several
regular Canal customers have been
"jumbo-ized" in this way to increase
cargo capacity and efficiency-
Aluminum Ore Ship
ALUMINUM OXIDE derived from baux-
ite mined in Jamaica, Haiti, and various
.l-Mg m-a .am ummmmew-
An accumulation of scrap, which included about 2,000 tons of 70-year-old construction
equipment uncovered during the current Cut-widening work, left the Isthmus last monthly
bound for Japan. The scrap was loaded aboard the Greek freighter Mount Athos at Balboal
thus starting on another leg of a fourney which it started after being made into equipmni
in Belgium during the French effort to build the Canal. The scrap loaded by the Mouni
Athos also included approximately~ 2,000 tons purchased in Panama and 4,500 tons ol
outmoded Canal machinery and equipment. Luther A. Caddie, Jr., of the Storehouse Brandh
took this picture of the scrap piled on the pier preparatory to being loaded aboard the ship
JULY 7, 1961
New Chemical Ship
THE NEWEST of three chemical ships
in Dow Chemical Co. service, the
18,000-ton Leland I. Doan, made
another southbound transit of the Canal
in June, with a cargo of liquid chemicals
for various west coast terminals.
Owned and operated by Marine
Transport Lines, Inc., the ship was
named for Dow Chemical's president,
Dr. Leland I. Doan. Like two other
Marine Transport Lines vessels, the new
ship is under exclusive lease to Dow.
She was built in the Bethlehem ship-
building yards at Quincy, Mass., and is
designed to carry 3,725,625 gallons of
The chemical tanker made her first
trip through the Canal on February 23.
The companyis represented at the Canal
by Wilford & McKay.
Summer Cruise Ship
HUNDREDS OF TOURISTs will visit the
Canal this year aboard the French Line
trans-Atlantic liner Bretagne, which has
been chartered by Caribbean Cruise
Lines to make a series of 12 and 13
day Caribbean cruises during July and
Carrying 500 passengers on each
cruise, the ship called at Cristobal
July 6 and will return on August 3 and
August 31. On each visit she remains
in port from 9 a.m. until 2 a.m. the
following day. In addition to Cristobal,
the 18,710-ton Bretagne will call at
Port-au-Prince, the San Blas Islands,
Cartagena, Kingston, and Nassau.
Built in France in 1952, the liner is
completely air conditioned. Boyd Bros.
is agent for the ship while she is under
charter to Caribbean Cruise Lines.
Micisection To Transit
THE MIDSECTION of a ship, which
alone is nearly the size of an ordinary
sea-going freighter, is due to arrive in
Balboa on July 16 on its way from Japan,
where it was built, to Baltimore, where
it will be fitted to the bow and stern
of the SS David D. Irwin. It is being
towed from Japan by the tug Daisho
This is believed to be the first time
that the Canal has served this type of
cus omer, a toug Ih h it has been used to
transit floating drydocks and a number
of dead ships. The process of fitting a
South American countries is being car-
ried through the Canal to the U.S.
west coast these days aboard the Carl
Schmedeman, a self-unloading ore ship
which carries 14,500 tons of the ore
at a time.
Operating on a regular run between
Jamaica and the west coast since April,
tevessel became the first self-unloading
ore ship ever to discharge cargo at the
port of Longview, Wash. On subsequent
sailings, she also has discharged ore at
Troutdale, Wash., both cities being sites
of Reynolds Metal Co. reduction plants.
According to Marine Digest, aF1
aluminum oxide shipped to Longview:
previously came by rail from plants in.
Arkansas and Texas. The sea route
will not entirely replace the rail routes,
The Carl Schmedeman was built
in 1952 and recently modified. She
is the property of Caribbean -Steam-
ship Co., a subsidiary of Reynolds
Metals Co., and is under Panamanian
registry. She is represented at the Canal
by Panama Agencies,