Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Creation Date:
June 1957
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )
UF00097366_00184 ( sobekcm )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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PANAMA~~i~ CANAL
















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ARTER, Governor-President --ND.CRTNSNPr
ELHEN, Liutenat Goerno JOSE~PH CONNOR, Pulplicati
WILL AREY 0 6iial Panama Canal ConspaJk PublicalisD. Eioia sitn
Canal Information Officer Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z,.: EUxiCE RIC~ER 110 aid To:
Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone WILLIAM BURNS, Official i
On sale at all Panama Canal Senrice Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cents each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Editorial offices are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heights, C. Z.


Iss Officer
ons Editor
:s:
mI BITTER
Photographer


W. A. C!
JoHN D. McI

Panama


In This Issue
THE COVER PHOTO on this month s issue may very

iT":::ner is::: rl tivl siml: ;n ds buasins ed
of the suction dredge Mindi, which soon will be back
at work on the familiar task of dredging the harbors
and channel of the Canal.
Welder Robert Haines, who has been among those
working to get the Mindi back into operation after
a 30-month layup, is welding the cutter head of the
dredge to the shaft which turns it. This cutter head
weighs a total of 22 tons and is just one of several
different types which are used on the dredge for
different purposes. This one is for solid af~aterial, such
as coral. A different type is used for mtid.

NEw ORLEANS, considered by maxi to be one
of America's most cosmopolitan cities, will be familiar
to hundred to Canal Zne res den s byeend ofithis
who never have been to the Crescent City and know
little of its charms.
A few of those charms and some of the history
behind the modern city are discussed and presented
pictorially in an article beginning on page 1.1, which-
features an aerial photograph of the city.

Index
Presenting Board of Directors.__, __ 3
New Second Famnily _____ ___ 5-
Doing Battle Against Bacteria______ 6
Preparing for Cleanup- - ___ 8
Lifeblood of Canal-Water-___ -__ 10
New Orleans-City of Charm__ ---- 11
Simulated Attack Tests Civil Defense._ __ 14
Toward Faster Data Processing____ 16
Scuba Diving and Safety_______ __ 17
Four Busy Years Ending-_ ____ __ 18
After 120 Years of Teaching______ 19
Anniversaries___ __ ______ 20
Promotions and Transfers______ -21
Canal History- - - 22
Retirements____ 22
Change of Command for Police__) __ 23
Worth Knowing___________ 23
Shipping--_- __ _____L_ 24


Congratulations

From the Governor


PANAMA CANAL COMPANY
BALBOA HEIGHTS, C. Z'
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT


May 10, 1961


MEMORANDUM TO MARINE: DIRECTOR:

SUBJECT: Expeditious ITIandling ~of Record Traffic in
the Canal.

ON MONDAY file 8til Of May a niew\ record was set in which
46 ships were transited through thle Canal. This exceeds the
2 previous all time high record' for commercial traffic, 43 ships
in one day set on March 27, 1960. I am particularly pleased
that, in addition to setting an all time record for commercial
traffic, there were no ships held over and that the safety record
wias kept unblemished for the dlay.
In the five day period from Thursday the 4th of May through
Monday the 8th of May, 198 ocean-going ships were transited
through the Canal in addition to numerous small vessels under
300 tons. The above rate of handling ships could be accomplished
only by a great many men of the Na< igatlon and Locks Divisions
working many long hours of overtime, including extra shift work
and elimination of their normal "day off." These men have worked
cheerfully and efficiently, and their efforts have contributed
materially towards maintainig the world-wide reputation of
the ability of the Panama Canal organization to transit ships
expeditiously and safely from one ocean to the other.
Please inform the men of the Navigation and Locks Divisions
of my complete satisfaction in their outstanding performance and
extend to them my hearty congratulations.




1 1 President.


JUNE 2, 1961









Presenting



Board


of


Directors


Stephen Ailes
Chairman of the Board


Elvis J. Stahr, Jr.
Secretary of the Army


A 10-MEMBER BOard of Directors which includes a new
Chairman and three former Board members has beeh
named to direct the affairs of the Panama Canal Com-
pany. The fist meeting of the new Board is to be held
this month in the Canal Zone.
Secretary of the Army Elvis J. Stahr, Jr., who became
a member of the Board at the time he assumed his
Duties in the top Army post, announced appointment of
the 10-member Board last month. The previous Board
had 13 members.
The new Chairman of the Board is Stephen Ailes,
Under Secretary of the Army, while the other new Board
members are J. Kenneth Mansfield of Farmington, Conn.;
Clarence D. Martin, Jr., of Spokane, Wash.; C. Robert
Mitchell of Kansas City, Mo.; State Senator Walter J.
Pearson of Portland, Oreg.; and Dr. Charles J. Zinn of
Washington, D.CT.
The three former Directors retained on the new
Board are Gov. W. A. Carter, Howard C. ]tetersen of
SPhiladelphia, and John W. Martyn of Washington, D.C.


J. Kenneth Mansield


John W. Martyn


State Senator W. J. Pearson


Dr. Charles J. Zinn


Howard C. Petersen


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Gov. W., A. Carter


Clarence D. Martin,Jr.


C. Robert Mitchell



















































Board Due on Isthmus June 4

STATESIDE members of the Board of Directors of the Panama Canal
Com any are scheduled to arrive on the Isthmus June 4 for a 2-da
meeting starting- the following day. Most of them will return to the
United States on June 7.
The 2-day meeting will include discussion of the Company's current
activities and poects, as well as plans for the years immediately ahead.
The Board members also will be taken on a tour of the Canal and its
related installations.
The agenda for the Isthmian meeting, first to be held by the new
Board, will include a study and review of the Company's budgets for
both, the 1962 and 196i3 fiscal years. There also will be detailed explana-
tions of the: continuing programs now being carried out by the Company.
Under Secretary of the Army Stephen Ailes, who is Chairman of the
Board of Directors, is slated to spend some time with Caribbean
Command and Headquarters, U.S. Armny Caribbean, as well as taking
part in the meeting of the Board.


The new chairman of the- Board is
a native of Romney, W. Va., where! he
was born March 25, 1912, but spent
most of his boyhood in Scarborough,
N.Y. ]He was graduated from Princeton
University in 1933 and 3 years later
received his bachelor of laws degree
from West Virginia University.
His civilian pursuits have been chiefly
concerned with law, having served as
an assistant professor of law at West
Virginia University from 1937 through
1940. He first entered Federal service
on the legal staff of the Office of Price
Administration during W~orld War II
and was Assistant General Counsel of
the Consumer Price Division.
After the war he returned to private
law practice in Washington for a year,
then was called back to Federal service
as Counsel to the American Economic
Mission to Greece, which developed the
aid program for Greece and Turkey.
In 1948, Mr. Ailes returned to private
law practice and, except for a brief
period in the Office of Price Stabiliza-
tion during the Korean conflict, con-
tinued as a private attorney until early
this year.
He was nominated for the post of
Under Secretary of the Army by
President Kennedy on February 9.
Mr. M~ansfield, a Phi Beta Kappa
graduate of Northwestern University in
1943, is a native of Chicago and at the
present time is Staff Director of the
Jackson Subcommittee, which is study-
ing the formulation and execution of
national security policy.
After Armny service during World
War II, Mr. Mansfield did graduate
work at Yale University and was
appointed to the Yale faculty as a
member of the International Relations
Department. He joined the staff of the


the Boy Scouts of America, of whiich
he is an Executive Board mem~ber.
Mr. Mitchell, President of the Federal
Savings and Loan Association of Kansas
City, is a native of Springfield, Mo., and
a graduate of Drury College there.
A Navy veteran of World War II,
Mr. Mitchell has been active in savings
and loan and real estate business organi-
zations, having served as president of
the United States Savings and Loan
League in 1959 and as a director and
officer of the Kansas City Real Estate
Board. A member of the Kansas City
Chamber of Commerce, the University
Club, and the Carriage Club, he also
is serving on the Board of Trustees of
Drury College.
Mr. Pearson, who was born in Blue-
field, W. Va., in 1903, was~educated in
the public schools of Portland, Oreg.,
and was graduated from the University
of Oregon with a bachelor s degree in
economics mn 1926. He is president of
the Pearson Insurance Co. of Portland
and has been active in politics since 1942.
A State Senator for the past 10 years,
Mr. Pearson also has served 4 years as
a State Representative, 4 years as State
Treasurer of Oregon, and was President
of the Oregon State Senate and Acting
Governor in 1959-60. He has 2 more
years to serve of his present term in the
State Senate.
Dr. Zinn, who has visited the Canal
Zone previouslyats~ a member of the
Governor's Committee on Revision of
the Canal Zone Code, was educated in
New York public schools and received
his bachelor of laws degree from
Fordham University in 1930.
Admitted to the New York Bar in
June 1931, Dr. Zinn was in private law
practice in New York for a number of
years and was named Law Revision
Counsel in the House of Representatives
in 1939, a position he still holds.
The author of publications on How
Our Laws Are Made, American Con-
gressional Procedure, The Veto Power
of the President, and numerous articles
in law journals and periodicals, Dr. Zinn
also has served as a professorial lecturer
in law at George Washington University
since 1952.
Gov. Carter became a member of the
Board of Directors and President of the
Panama Canal Company at the time he
assumed his duties as Governor in July

Fdlity- hI laelpnia T set Co fitrt
was appointed to the Board in 1953,
while Mr. Martyn, former Administra-
tive Assistant to the Secretary of the
Army, has been associated with the
Canal enterprise for many years and
was a member of the original Board of
Directors of the Pjanama Canal Comnpany.


Joint Congressional Committee on
Atomic Energy in 1950, serving as
Chief of Staff of the Subcommittee on
Military Applications of Atomic Energy.
He now is a member of the Advisory
Panel to the same subcommittee and
in 1958 served as a consultant on scien-
tific manpower problems at the Fourth
Parliamentarians' Conference of the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Mr. Martin, who was nominated as
Under Secretary of Commerce for
Transportation by President Kennedy
on February 9 and confirmed by the
Senate on the same day, is a native
of Spokane, Wash., and is a 1938
graduate of Harvard College.
Prior to world War II, he was asso-
ciated with the family flour business
in Cheney, Wash., but was called to
active service as a U.S. Navy Reserve
officer in May 1941, and served 5 years,
advancing: from ensign to lieutenant
commander, and including service as
Commanding Officer of the U.S. Naval
Air Facility at Middle River, Md.
After being released from active duty,
Mr. Martin entered the wholesale hard-
ware and rawr materials business in
Seattle, Wash., and since 1950 has been
engaged in business in Los Angeles
County, Calif., with a retail automobile
dealership in Santa Monica, and real
estate developments there and in Ingle-
wood, Calif., and Phoenix, Ariz. Fol-
lowing the 1955 death of his father,
who was Governor of Washington from
1933 to 1941, Mr. Martin also assumed
the management of the family's farming,
real estate, and investment business in
the State of Washington.
He is active in the Navy League of
the United States, having served as
president of both the Santa Monica and
California units of the organization, and


JUNE 2, 1961






























New Lieutenant Governor and family in Washington home.


A NATIVE of St. Louis, Mo., who is
completing 3 years as Executive Of~eer
to the Chief of Engineers in Washing-
ton, D.C., will arrive on the Isthmus
June 28 to begin his service as Lieu-
tenant Governor of the Canal Zone and
Vice President of the Panama Canal

Col. Watlter P. Leber, who is succeed-
ing Col. John D. McElheny as the Canal
organization's second in command, will
be accompanied by his wife and three
children. The family will occupy the
official Lieutenant Governor's quarters
in Balboa Heights.
Lieutenant Governor McElheny and
his family left the Isthmus May 29 and,
through prior arrangement with his
successor, soon will beoccupying the
W~ashington house being vacated by
Colon-el Leber and his family.
Governor Carter and the new Lieu-
tenant Governor are acquainted with
each other, having served together pre-
viously, most recently while both were
assigned to. duties in the Pentagon.
A boating and fishing enthusiast,
Colonel Leber is expected to feel very
much at home in the water-abundant
area of the Isthmus. The new Lieu-
tenant Governor reportedly is an excel-
lent golfer, another favorite sparetime
pursuit on the Isthmus and one which
Governor Carter also pursues when
time permits.
Mrs. Leber, a dress styliist in her own
right, takes a lively interest in commu-
nity affairs and h~as been active in a
number of organizations during past


years. She served as president of the
Officers' Wives Club of the Corps of
Engineers during 1960, a climax to
several years of service in other posts
within the club.
Now 42 years of age, Colonel Leber
was born on September 12, 1918, just
2 months before the end of World
War I. He was commissioned in the
Army Reserve in May 1940 upon
graduation from the Missouri School of
Mines at Rolla, Mo., slightly more than
18 months before the United States was
swept into World War II by the Japa-
nese attack on Pearl Harbor.
Called to active Army duty as a
reserve officer in March 1941, the new
Lieutenant Governor was commissioned
in the Regular Army in June 1942, at
approximately the same time as he was
sent to the European Theater of Opera-
tions, where he remained throughout
the war.
During his European tour of duty,
Colonel Leber first served as a staff
of~eer in the Office of the Chief of
Engineers, European Theater, and
later was Executive Officer of the
Engineer Division, Advance Section
Communications Zone.
For several years after the war, Colo-
nel Leber was assigned to duties in
connection with the atomic energy
program of the United States. Soon after
returning from Europe in 1946 he was
assigned to the Manhattan District at
Oak Ridge, Tenn., in charge of one of
the projects then underway there. After
completion of that assignment he served


from, 1947 to 1949 as Chief of the Tech-
nical Branch of the Military Liaison
Committee to the Atomic Energy
Commission.
His assignment in the atomic energy
field was followed by service, during
1949 and 1950, in the North Pacific
Division of the Corps of Engineers. He
first was assigned as Assistant: to the
District Engineer in Seattle, Wash.,
and later as Executive Ofl~eer at Wialla
Walla.
Following a tour of duty at Fort Sill,
Okla., during which he served as both
a battalion and later a group com-
mander, Colonel Leber wvas assigned
to the Department of the Army General
Staff in Washington from 1952 to 1955,
after which he attended the Command
and General Staff College at Fort
Leavenworth, Kans., from which he
was graduated in 1956, having been
promoted to colonel in 1955.
A tour of duty with the Eighth
U.S. Army in Korea followed the Fort
Leavenworth assignment, first as Deputy
Engineer and later as Commanding
Offieer of the Second Engineer Group
(Cons.). Another period of training fol-
10wed his return to the United States,
this time at the Industrial College of
the Armed Forces, from which he was
graduated in 1958.
Colonel Leber was assigned as Exec-
utive Officer to the Chief of Engineers,
the post he is leaving to assume h~is new
duties in the Canal Zone, after his
graduation from the Industrial College
in 1958.


THE PANAMAA CANAL REVIEW


N~ew



Second



Family


Lt. Gov. W. P. Leber
and family to
arrive on Isthmus
this month.














1Train~in~ of food hrandlers is
one Iof many wea~ponls used in -
continuous effort to reduce
risks of food contamination. \









Henry Gaskin puts finishing touches on face of figure in cartoon as
T. G. Relihan, J. P. Smith, Jr., and Mack F. Bailey examine his handiwork.




Doing Battle Against Bacteria


TRAINING for Canal Zone workers is
a constant process to keep the labor
force abreast of changes in methods,
new developments in their field, or to
better equip then to do their jobs
easier, faster, and with more safety to
both themselves and others as well as
equipment.
The programs of training are, for
the most part, developed by specialists
assigned to that task and trained in
finding ways to simplify and dramatize
the presentation and thus make it more
easily and readily understood.
A program carried out for food han-
dlers last month through the coopera-


tion of the Sanitation Division of the
Health Bureau, the Supply and Com-
munity Service Bureau, and the
Employee Development Unit of the Per-
sonnel Bureau employed cartoons and
oral presentation, combined with films.
In 16 separate presentations on both
sides of the Isthmus, Richard A.
Williams, sanitation inspector, and Fred
A. Dahl, training officer of the Bureau,
Outlined ways and means of minimizing
the danger of spreading harmful bac-
teria through food, with more than 400
food handlers attending the programs.
In addition to the cartoons used by
Mr. Williams to emphasize the nature





Richard A. Williams
I ( holds bacteria
culture in one hand
as he talks
.Tt~. ito food handlers.


of harmful bacteria and related micro-
organisms, bacteria cultures developed
from such common sources as finger-
prints, coughs, and residue from a
supposedly clean comb were used to
provide a visual means of pointing out
the rapid growth of bacteria.
Mr. Williams also used several props
to demonstrate the shapes of the various
kinds of micro-organisms, explained how
they develop, and what makes them
harmful or helpful, as the case may be.
Following the presentation by
Mr. Williams, which required approxi-
mately an hour, Mr. Dahl showed twvo
films with further information about
safe and unsafe ways of handling food
in the constant battle against bacteria
and other micro-orgamisms.
The various cartoons used by Mr. Wil-
liams, part of which are shown on the
opposite page with dialogue similar to
that which he used in explaining them,
were prepared by Henry Gaskin and
Pallu Jarvis in the sign shop of the
Retail Store Branch.
The interest aroused among food
Handlers attending the various programs
was indicated by the number of ques-
tions they asked following each program.
Mr. Dahl said the cartoons will be
used separately for future presentations
limited to a single aspect of the problem
and also will be available for any future
presentation of an overall program on
food handling.


JUNE 2, 1961





"Y, (d~dSr
=~~ CoOKING
o~sHul~'SH~'O=f

B


'i
a$ '
I~i~i~;i
L~





~72t'


"That ugly little fellow
is a germ. Of course, a
germ doesn't look like that,
but they can be a lot
nastier than this fellow
looks. You'll note that
there's just one on. board,
but a germ can solve that
problem by splitting every
20 minutes. In just 24
hours one germ can pro-
duce a family of more than
25 billion germs.


"This thing has
nothing to do with
the man who went
up at Cape Cana-
veral. It has a lot
to do with us and
our jobs, though,
as it is carrying
something which
is all around us,
all the time. Our
job is to fight
what it carries.



Common cold
Dysentery
Food poisoning
Influenza
Jaundice
Meningitis
Mumps
Pneumonia
Poliomyelitis
Scarlet fever
Sore throat
Syphilis
Trenchmouth
Trichinosis
Tuberculosis
Tuleramia
Ty hoid fever
Un uant fever

"There are 65
diseases which
can be .passed
from one person
to another. Of
these, 25 can be
passed along
through food or

Its ~~~our job to
keep that from
happening. A few
are listed.


"These germs cis everywh-ere: All they need to live is a bit of moisture
and a moderate temperature. O~ur body temperature is just right for them
and the normal amouirit ojf moistul~'re onbur bodies is:`enough to keep them
going in great style. One reason it's so important that we wash frequently
is that washing takes some of them off our bodies. Germs particularly
like moist areas like our mouths and nostrils, but won't stay put there
if woe sneeze and cough, knocking them loose and spewing them all
around us in the air.
"It takes constant egfort to reduce the number of these germs, who
are around us all the time. We have quite a few ways of doing this, but
the best friend in our fight against themt is heat, portrayed by the blast
of this cannon. Heat kills germs, just like it will kill us or any other living
thing. Pasteurizing cooking, smoking, baking, and dehydrating all kill.


,,.


"In addition to fighting germs with heat, we also have other
weapons. One of them, oddly enough, is the opposite of heat,
as indicated by the iceberg-carrying missile. Buildings, too, are
importanzt-the way they are built and the way they are maintained,
Chemicals which kill insects and disease-carrying animals such as
rats help, as well as those we use in cleaning ourselves and the
equipment we use in connection with food.
"Its important that we use enough chemicals, including soap,
when washing things, so that we can kilas many germs as possible.
And, after washing things, it's important that we rinse them in water
which is at least 1700 and then let them dry in the air. A spot may
show up on some things as a result, but that spot Gisnt a health11 hrazacrd
like the germs which would be spread with a drying towel.


"This cemetery scene serves
two purposes. It depicts what
happens to germs if we do
things right, but also shows
what may happen to us or
someone eating contaminated
food if woe don't do our jobs
right. I'm sure all of us will
try to be just a little more
careful about things that
may spread germs after seeing

grow. Don'tou yo think~ ~rsop'ed


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


'"Germs Are Tough, But They Can Be Bested"'







Armando Chow
brightens the brass
on Mindi's controls.






Preparing



For Cleanup



Suction dred ge Mi'ndi soon will
be back at familiar task of
cleaning channels and harbors.


machine to form more lengths of pipe.
Still useful pipe previously.used by
the dredge and stored in Gamboa is
being reconditioned, along. with the
pontoons on which it is floated behind
the vessel while in use.
The first task of the Mindi .after it
is moved from its dock next month will
be to remove some high spots which
have developed in the channel through
Gatun Lake. After about a month in
the lake it will be moved to Cristobal,
where it will resume its familiar task
of maintaining the depth of the harbor
and the approach channel to the Canal.
Machines have been at work for
several weeks at Telfer's Island, repair-
ing the dikes inside which the material
dredged up by the Mindi will be dis-
charged. Like previous dry-land dis-
charge from the dredge, this material
will- be used to raise the Jevel of an
area which now is part of a tidal
swamp and thus achieve the objective
of improving sanitation conditions on
the Atlantic side by eliminating at least
a small tract of land where sandflies now
breed and develop in IArge:numbers.
Present estimates are that the Mindi
will be able to complete its Atlantic
side assignment by about the first of
the year and then will be brought to
the Pacific side, where it will duplicate
its Atlantic work by dredging the
approach channels and harbor at Balboa.
The 28-inch dredge, which is capable
of reaching some 70 feet below the
surf ace of th~e water, is a tremendously
powerful, underwater vacuum cleaner
capable of moving not only. mud and
water but sizable chunks of coral, stone,
and other solid materials, which in the


chipped, cleaned, anid repainted to
protect them. against the sea water
which soon will be splattering against
the dredge as it works in the approach
channel and harbor at Cristobal.
Operating machiliery aboard the
vessel has been completely overhauled,
with most of the smaller work done in
the dredge's own machine shop. The
internal piping also has been overhauled
and repaired, while new discharge pipe
is being readied,
A huge pile of new discharge pipe
for the dredge is taking shape in the
boiler shop of the Industrial Division,
while close by, big sheets of extra tough
V2L-inch steel are being rolled into cir.
cular form, then the two edges welded
together with an automatic welding


AFTER BEING idle? for approximately
2V2 yearS, the Canal's huge suction
dredge Mindi will be put back into
service on harbor an'i channel main-
tenance next month, while the dipper
dredge Paraiso will join the Cascadas
on the Cut-wiidening project.
Reactivation of the Mindi and the
simultaneous use of the two dipper
dredges on the Cut-widening job will
mark the first time in a number of years
i that all of the Canal's big dredges have
bee in, ue at, the same time. c
The routine maintenance work on the
Mindi since it was put in the reserve
fleet in December 1958 now is being
augmented by a virtually complete
overhaul of the auxiliary equipment.
Metal parts on the dredge have been


T~his mass of pipe in the Industrial Division soon will be carrying discharge from the Mindi.


.JUNE 2, 19 1






past have included such oddments as
an outboard motor, a pressurized tank
of oxygen, and even pieces of old
rail abandoned in the Canal during
construction days.
During the year ahead, the Mindi
will have very little rest, with opera-
tions scheduled to keep it hauling up
material from the bottom at the rate
of 20,000 cubic yards or more per
day, up to a theoretical maximum of
about 60,000 cubic yards under ideal
conditions.
David J. Burkett will serve as master
of the reactivated Mindi, transferring to
it from other floating equipment which
he has been operating for the Canal.
C. T. Askew, who left the Zone when
the Mindi was put in the reserve fleet,
has returned after being engaged in
dredging work in both Venezuela and
Florida and will serve as first mate of
the vessel, while R. M. Christensen, who
has been with the Mindi throughout the
layup period, except for brief relief
assignments to other floating equipment,
will serve as chief engineer.
The chief engineer and fi1ve men have
constituted the full crew of the vessel
during the layup period, but although
the Mindi has been idle throughout that
time, the men have not. They have
overhauled valves, pumps, small tur-
bines and other equipment aboard the
vessel and once each week have fired
up and operated the 5,000 horse-
power steam engine which supplies the
dredge's power.
Auxiliary floating equipment for the
Mindi also has been receiving an over-
haul in preparation for the reactivation,
with the anchor barge having its bottom
repaired in drydock at Cristobal, as
well as having its engines over-


Industrial Division
rolling machine
1 g
being used to shape
sheets of steel
into pipe.












hauled, and its electrical wiring system
completely revamped.
The massiveness of the Mindi, which
is one of the world's largest suction
dredges, is one of its most striking
features. From the forward edge of the
22-ton cutter head which chops up
underwater material like a meatchopper
grinds hamburger, to the 100-foot long,
66-ton spuds at the rear, the vessel is
some 300 feet long.
The 100-foot ladder which protrudes
in front of the main body of the Mindi
and at the forward end of which the








Welder Ben Favorite
-- and Helper
Tombs E. Obeso
operate automatic
welder on
pipe length.


cutter head is mounted, can be easily
raised or lowered by the massive power
of the vessel's engine, while the tre-
mendous suction of the machine gobbles
up tons of earth and other loosened
material through the 36-inch maw in
the center of the cutting head.
The dipper dredge Paraiso, which
soon will join its sister vessel, the
Cascadas, on the Cut-widening project,
now is tied up in Gamboa awaiting the
start of its new duties. Plans to put both
of them into operation on the widening3an~
work are designed to push theCal
organization s part of the project and
bring the underwater excavation
abreast of the dry land excavation being
performed by Foster-W~illiams Bros.
The Paraiso was returned to the
Canal earlier this year after having been
on loan for use in the St. Lawrence
Seaway project since 1957. Shortly after
its return here, it was put to work on
the Cut-widening, relieving the Cas-
cadas for a short while so repairs could
be made to the latter. More recently,
it has joined the Cascadas for several
weeks of channel maintenance work in
Gaillard Cut, remoymng a number of
hig sptswhich had developed and
werehreatening to reduce the usable
draft of the Canal.
Some men have been hired to man
the Mindi and the Paraiso and more
will be added in the weeks ahead to
achieve full operating status for the
two dredging vessels.


TH PANAMA CANAL REVIEW




































Fresh and salt water make foamy mixture at Gatun Locks a's chambers in both lanes spill 55 million gallons of fresh water into the sea.


EACH TIME R tranSit frOm ocean-to-ocean is completed
through the Panama Canal, 55 million gallons of fresh water
runs through the locks to mingle with the salt water of the
ocean. In the course of a year, approximately 600 billion
gallons of water thus are released through the Canal.
Because of the near-tropical rainfall on the Isthmus, this
vast amount of water isn't difficult to obtain-except during
the dry season, when lack of rain forces the Canal to rely
on water stored in Gatun and Madden Lakes. During the dry
season which now is ending, approximately 210 billion gallons
of water--or about two-thirds of the available water in the
two lakes--was used to transit ships.
Gatun Lake, which stood at 87 feet above sea level as the
year opened, was near the 83%/-foot mark in the last half
of May, and Madden Lake, which stood at 250 feet above sea
level as the year opened, had been lowered to about 210 feet.
According to the Report on a Long-Range Program for
Isthmian Canal Transits submitted to Congress by the Mer-
chant Marine and Fisheries Committee of the House of
Representatives last year, the water available from the two
lakes during a dry season 5 months long would be able to
handle an average of 42 complete lockages per day. In the
4%z-montli period from January 1 through May 15 of this year,
lockages averaged just short of 29 per day.
Each dry season, as Gatun Lake falls from its normal rainy
season level of 85 feet or more, the placid appearance of the
lake's surface, particularly in the shallow areas, is broken
b~y the appearance of literally thousands upon thousands of
still sturdy tree stumps, left there by trees abandoned to a
watery grave when the lake was filled in the years before
'th; Canal opened. Most of the trees since have rotted at the
normal water line and tumbled into the lake, but their stumps
still Jurk below the surface, reminders of the days when the
lake area was covered by trees instead of water.


jg


Stumps dot
Gatun Lake
like freckles
as dry season
usage drops
lake below
normal level.


JUNE 2, 1961


]Lifeblood of Canal

~~CY~ater8 -Wa











































Most of the downtown area is visible in this view of New Orleans, in which the Army Transportation Terminal is at upper right.



New Orleans -- City of Charm


MARDI GRAS, pralines, bayous, fine
food, pirates, the French Quarter,
Bourbon Street jazz, the Sugar Bowl,
voodoo, cotton, the last battle of the
War of 1812, and Evangeline. These
are some of the things which merge
to form the mental image that many
U.S. citizens have of New Orleans, now
the stateside port of arrival and depar-
ture for most Company-Government
employees traveling on home leave.
Rich in O~ld-World charm, New 7
Orleans often has been called "America's
most interesting city," and small wonder.
Founded by the Spanish, later acquired
by the French, and then transferred
to the United States in history's biggest
real estate deal, the city's architecture
and cuisine still reflect Spanish and
French influence.
This metropolis of 878,000 persons,
with a rich ante-bellum heritage and
a bustling, active present, serves as a
natural and logical gateway to the mid-
continent area of the United States and
is a major link between the United


States and the countries of Central and
South America.
The Port of New Orleans, which
ranks as the second U.S. port in value
of foreign commerce passing through
it, offers facilities which are among the
finest available anywhere. The facilities
include~ the harbor frontage of Orleans
Parish and parts of three neighboring
parishes, the Inner Hlarbor Navigational
Canal, which connects the Mississippi
with famous Lake Pontchartrain, and
frontage along a 76-mile tidewater ship
channel now under construction be-
tween the river and the Gulf of Mexico.
Canal Zone residents arriving in New
Orleans aboard the Company-operated
steamship will find a cosmopolitan city
with myriad inducements to linger a
while but also served by excellent trans-
portation facilities for travelers who
wish to go elsewhere.
For those who are staying overnight
or longer, the downtown district is well
supplied with numerous hotels and
eating places, while motels and related


facilities are abundant at the city's
fringes. From the Army Transportation
Terminal where the Company steam-
ship docks it is a 15-minute ride to
the downtown district and about a
45-minute ride to the airport.
The attractions of cuisine and enter-
tainment available in the ciYty are
perhaps its most well-known faue
As Booton Herndon observed in a recent
article about New Orleans which
appeared in Better Hiomes ir Gardens,
"Jazz began on Bourbon Street, and
Bourbon Street begins about midnight."
But he also said, "New Orleans hums
the year round, but most major events
occur during the winter an~d spring.
A midwinter sports carnival begins the
big season on the twelfth night after
Christmas, and there is no stopping until
Mardi Gras, 41 days before Easter."
There are other lures, however. Five
museums located in the city offer dis-
plays which include the world's finest
collection of Mayan artifacts, an exhlibit
tracing the history of medicine in New


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW















































IF YOU ARE taking an automobile to the United States from the Canal
Zone, there are several things worth knowing to save yourself time, troubled.
and irritation:
1. The car must be free of any foreign soil-before it leaves the Isthmu~s.
2. If it is foreign-built and U.S. duty has not been paid, it is dutiable aIt the
rate of 8V/2 percent of appraised value, which normally is far less than the
sale price. (On one make of popular foreign car, the Customs S.-rtice
appraised value when the car is new is slightly more than half the sale prie.,
Regular Customs exemptions may be applied against the appraised \alue
to reduce or possibly even eliminate the payment of duty.
3. If the car is American-made and originally was sold in the United States.
there is no charge for taking it back into the country-if proof of its U.S. saile
can be provided. If it was built in the United States but sold abroad o~r f~r
delivery abroad, a slight duty charge will be made for foreign-made ma~tcrinls
used in its manufacture on which the manufacturer recovered the originl ~i
import duties at the time the finished car was exported. Depending on n-r~lke
of car, this usually is $1 to $5, but for a very few cars may be up to $28.50 l
One gallon of alcoholic beverages may be taken in free of duty by returning
residents, but because of State laws in Louisiana which limit the amount
of such beverages which any person may have in their possession, youwll \ 1
not be permitted to take more than one gallon ashore even if you are n lIlIng $
to pay import duties on the excess.
With ships leaving Cristobal at 9 p~m., a meal for passengers will be serv\ cd
aboard ship from 7 to 8 p~m. Breakfast will be served prior to the 6 a.n.
arrival in New Orleans, and also prior to debarkation in Cristobal. A nuous II
meal will be served aboard ship on southbound sailings, which licave
New Orleans at 1 p~m.
On the return trip from New Orleans, all cars and hold baggage ma\ be
left at the New Orleans dock 3 working days prior to sailing and mlist
be there no later than 10 a.m. on the last working day before sailing. cab-in
baggage must go aboard at the same time as the passenger and will noct
be accepted ahead of the passenger.


7

p~,'


downlown ar during famnou, hlardi Gras cele


Canal Street is the main thoroughfare through downtown New Orleans.


The fancy ironwork which frames this view of St. Louis Cathedral and the
Cabildo, where the Louisiana Purchase was finalized, is typical of ornamen-
tation on many of the homes and buildings in the older part of the city.


Thi, ir the iame


631 degrees, while the normal clal\
average from April through 5~. ptc mber
is 78.6 degrees. Freezing \\rather
seldom is experienced and the! tc=-m-
perature goes above 95 degrcc-s o.n an
average of only 6 days per !icar.
Southern Louisiana, readily\ asr c essiblc


Ilrrr So. rletifu r hsh?-inhab~ited
vwatcrs tha~t ; it Ir, possblr to, hjh motri!




dai ~ ~ b~l cin thel \,\ lhnasdius o
I~IoiI mie .1nc the city\ h3n-j itht r iin

The se b ad\ ':'t'tof water toices \hc
In\l. adeli t\ !clicin to seasona~.l atra tions

Il. l~'.. b I the hil trcld(.j c -ith n ali cl




Tcpioil. ts of a ttll kinds 14nd a a wecoe at




"r al (1 i JilC'ito \ l IC Il 31 11.151
deles: the Icit inchede 11 tbscheul crla air
l~, :ines a~l-ein b2 (ll~dr flght l arrita S an
d.. qhrn res dlri trom AloriiSan INter-
nationald AirpIrtinludn jeS'.SCt sevce


al~tc 516 l-li \..n series l~l~ passepnge


Orleans, art treasures, several State
historical exhibits, and, of course, a
collection of Civil War relics.
Considered both a summer and
winter resort, the normal daily average
temperature in New Orleans from
October through March is a comfortable


Pirates' Alley, in French Quarter, is in heart of the old city.


officials report that the Army Transpor-
tation Terminal has been very helpful
in arranging things for the convenience
of those arriving on Company steam-
ships and has done everything possible
to make your visit a pleasant one.
So, bon voyage!


This ante-bellum
home ismtypical
ofmnyi
the city.


------- ---------


St. Louis Cathedral, built
in 1794, and the famous
statue of Andrew Jackson
are two of the city's
best-known tourist meccas.


Jach' 2. 1961


rl

* .
~:*
v i-


P: ri;l
c,
;r,
,
-r: *'1
~t~:
.ifr I
I~~i J5;;3~.:l~?illiF~*"
'r








L*--2-


r3
-


Main Control Center for Zone participation in Civil Defense alert was a busy spot for many hours, handling messages about "attack."



Simulated Attack Tests Civil Defense


John D. Hollen, Chief Monitor for exercise, and _J. B. Clemmons, Jr.,
Assistant to Civil Affairs Director, were two of busiest participants.


T~wo theoretical nuclear

blasts rip Zone in test exercise,

causing heavy casualties.



A SIMULATED Huclear blast above
Limon Bay near the entrance to the
Cristobal breakwater and a second deto-
nation 6,600 feet high and a mile west
of Fort Kobbe theoretically brought
heavy damage to both sides of the
Canal Zone, killing virtually all inhabi-
tants on the Atlantic side, a majority
of those in Gamboa, and a number on
the Pacific side.
These simulated blasts did not
actually occur, of course, but were the
key elements in OPERATION ALERT
1961, the Civil Defense exercise in
which the Canal Zone joined the United
States at the end of April.
The general objective of the alert,
which was limited to a command post
operation, wvas a test exercise in manning


JUNE 2, 1961


dl.
C
r ,z





1:;:.ism de la Mater and James Brigman plot data
on map to determine probable effect of "bombs."


Roger Howe mans radiotelephone in main
c;..trol room during busy part of alert.


relocation sites, preparing normal offices
for emergency operations, use of emer-
gency communication facilities, making
decisions and directing action under
attack conditions, and managing avail-
able resources both before and after
the attack.
In the theoretical situation built up
prior to the attack, the Offce of Civil
Defense Mobilization issued warnings
that an international situation was
developing which might culminate in an
attack on the United States. The situa-
tion wcorsened during the day of April 28
and the actual warning of imminent
attack was issued at 4 p.m. that day.
As part of the plan for the exercise,
leading officials of the Canal organize_
tion and the Civil Defense Unit pre-
pared last minute plans for their
operations in event of attack, prior to
the time of the first nuclear blast over
Limon Bay.
As a result of the pre-attack warnings,
those participating in the exercise pre-
pared orders which would have cleared
the Canal of all ships before the Einal
warning was received. Masters of all
ships requesting transit during the
afternoon were--theoretically, but not
actually-ordere~d to leave copies of their
manifests with Canal authorities, then
pull offshore a safe distance and standbjr
for orders. Thus a large reserve of
evacuation transportation and possibly
useful cargo was held at the Canal in
event it were needed,
Orders were prepared to have all
Canal tugs, launches, and floating
equipment removed from the Canal and
harbors and taken a safe distance into
the ocean to protect them and add to
the reserve fleet.
During the "increased readiness
buildup" period prior to the attack, the
Main Control Center of the Civil


William Wigg and Mr. de la 1Mater dis-
cuss messages received about attack.


that fallout in the area was minimal.
By plotting blast and fallout data
from the fragmentary pre-positioned
messages, the staff in the Main Control
Center arrived at the conclusion that
the Limon Bay blast had completely
destroyed everything within a radius of
4 miles, including Cristobal, Margarita,
Coco Solo, Fort Sherman, and inter-
mediate points. It also was assumed
that Fort Gulick and Gatun were
heavily damaged and that fallout would
kill all who survived the initial blast,
with the possible exception of a few
in underground areas.
The Mlain Control Center personnel
also arrived at the conclusion that resi-
dents of Gamboa probably would not
have been aware of the danger in time
to avoid deadly radiation fallout from
the first blast, the effects of which would
have reached the mid-Isthmus com-
munity an hour after the explosion.
The second nuclear blast, which
occurred at 6S:40 p.m. near Fort Kobbe,
was assumed to have completely des-
(See p. 19)


Defense operation was opened at
Balboa Heights, while an Alternate
Control Center was activated in Cris-
tobal, and a Reserve Control Center
was put into operation at Gamboa.
Pre-positioned messages giving frag-
ments of information about the simu-
lated attack were sent from the various
outlying areas to the Main Control
Center, with first indications of the blast
over Limon Bay arriving at 5:54 p.m.
After that, the arrival and dispatch of
messages through the Main Control
Center increased rapidly and from the
fragments of information it was esti-
mated that the Limon Bay blast was
of 5 megaton value.
After the attack, orders were pre-
pared for the Ancon to deviate from
her course to New Orleans and put in
at Kingston, Jamaica, discharge her
passengers there, and return to the Zone
with any medical supplies and person-
nel which could be obtained. On the
Pacific side of the Isthmus, armed
guards were detailed to safeguard all
food supplies after it was determined








Mrs. Barbara Hutchings
and Mrs. Fannie Sosa
help with calls
in Control Center.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


lii~























Feasibility of using
electronic computers to
be studied by special group.

Members of the electronic computer study group discuss plans with Comp-
troller. Left to right are A. J. O'Leary, M. B. Huff, William Goldfein, Howard
Turner, and Mr. Steers. John Montanye, upper left, is on leave in the States.




Toward Faster Data Processing


ELECTRONIC COMPUTERS, which now
are playing a major role in both Govern-
ment organizations and business firms,
may be called into use by the Canal
organization to help with 'the account-
ing, statistical, and other data needs
of the Company-Government.
A special staff group of employees
has been named to conduct a study of
the organization's recordkeeping and
recordmaking procedures and opera-
tions to determine if, how, and in what
ways electronic data processing could
serve the enterprise.
One possible use of such a system,
for example, would be for inventory
control purposes. In such a usage, and
depending uon the extent of the appli-
cation of th electronic process, with-
drawals and additions of specific items
from inventory would be included in
the data fed to the computer and the
total amount on hand of any item could
be determined immediately simply by
asking the machine for the information.
Other potential uses would be in
figuring and preparing pay checks,
including accounting for payroll deduc-
tions, and recording all personnel infor-
mation about the various employees.
Comptroller Philip L. Steers, Jr.,
named the special staff group which
will make the feasibility study and
announced that the group is expected
to complete the study and make a final
i-eport by the end of this year.


Members of the group are Deputy
Comptroller Arthur J. O'Leary, who will
serve as chairman; Hloward E. Turner,
now Chief of the Payroll and Machine
Accounting Branch, who will be
deputy chairman, and William Gold-
fein, Maenner B. Huff, and John
Montanye, all systems accountants.
Members of the staff group and a
number of other employees in the Office
of the Comptroller, including Mr. Steers
and key members of his staff, have
taken special study courses and attended
seminars and conferences on automatic
data processing (ADP) preparatory to
the study.
Mr. Turner has taken computer
programing and systems courses in the
United States and has extensive experi-
ence mn data processing. During the past
year and a half, Mr. Turner has con-
centrated his efforts on reprogrammng
the workload in the present data pro-
cessing unit to improve operations and
as an auxiliary step toward evaluating
the feasibility of ADP. Good programing
in the present operation is advantageous
in any transition to more rapid means
of accumulating accounting data.
Messrs. Goldfein and Montanye
recently completed a 7-month Middle
Management Intern Program on ADP
in Washington to enable them to
recognize and exploit the potentialities
of ADP and thus be able to play a more


effective role in the feasibility study.
During the training program, Mr.
Montanye worked with the Inter-
national Cooperation Administration
and the Army Ordinance Corps, assisting
them with their ADP programing.
Mr. Goldfein worked with t~he Post
Office Headquarters and the Federal
Communications Commiission, assisting
with ADP feasibility and applications
studies,
In addition to the members of the
study group named by Mr. Steers, rep-
resentatives of the operating bureaus
affected will be added to the group
as it becomes necessary Outside con-
sultants also will be engaged to assist,
guide, and monitor the study by the
staff group.
The study will be primarily directed
to the feasibility of using ADP in the
areas of payroll, inventory, plant
accounting, and other activities now
served by the machine accounting
method. In addition to these major
areas, however, the study also will
include a general analysis of the fea-
sibility of using ADP) in other volume
areas, such as hospital and school
statistics.
Major objective of the study will be
to determine if new equipment and
an appropriate system will be more
efficient and less expensive than the
present data-processing methods used


JUTNE 2, 1961


































DIVER'S DAILY DOZEN


-IACCIDENT<"


by the Company-Government. The
recommendations of the study must be
fully documented and will be reviewed
by and coordinated with the General
Accounting Office before any action
is taken.
Mr. Steers says that definite and
valuable benefits are expected from the
study, whether it results in a recom-
mendation for or against ADP. He
points out that the intensive study of
various Company-Government opera-
tions which will be necessary todee-
mine if ADP is feasible is expected to
result in improved methods in a number
of areas, even though ADP may not
be adopted for a specific area.
An ADP system for performing data-
handling operations would utilize an
electronic digital computer in which
operating instructions can be stored
along with the data being processed.
Instructions thus stored can be manipu-
lated exactly the same way as the
data they relate to, thus producing
desired data at any time.
Accuracy, speed, and flexibility are
the major benefits derived from the use
of automatic equipment, but other
benefits may also be derived from it.
'These include the handling of more
complete and informative data at little,
if any, additional cost.
The decision to make a full-scale
study of ADP potentialities as they
relate to the needs of the Company-
Government was made following a pre-
lm inr evie mhic i cate t

'three areas of operation having maxi_
mum volume and considered most
readily susceptible to use of ADP
equipment.
Asked how adoption of ADP would
affect personnel in the areas involved,
Mr. Steers said experience has shown
that any reductions which might occur
in stafing needs normally can be accom-
plished through attrition. Present
employees would be given extensive
training on ADP operations at the time
of implementation, so that they could
be retained in the new system, he said.
Mr. Steers said the primary purpose
of an ADP system is to improve the effi-
ciency of operations at minimum, cost
arid it is essential that the accounting
and related processes of the Canal
organization be kept abreast of progress
in the profession.
He also noted that if the feasibility
study indicates that ADP equipment
should be used here, completion of the
study-and subsequent programing could
not be accomplished before 1963 or
1964, with actual implementation in the
various areas being achieved gradually
after that.


until an emergency occurs. When this
happens, the well-trained diver knows
what to do to survive. The untrained
diver could drown or get badly hurt
because of his frantic and misguided
efforts.
To cite one example, many dead
amateur divers would be alive today
if they had understood the principles
of air embolisn~i and how to prevent
it. Air embolism is an accident whch
occurs when a person inhales, holds his
breath and rises rapidly in the water.
Pressure in the lungs mecreases (one lungB
full of air at 33 feet under water wl
expand to two lungs full in the ascent
to the surface). If not exhaled, the air
bursts from the lungs into the blood
stream and is fatal.
Understanding the physiological and
psychological principles of diving is
vital for a diver s safety. Proper inten-
sive training in the use of diving
equipment is also necessary.


FOUR STUDENTS at a southern univer-
sity died while Scuba diving last year.
These students might have been alive
today had they known diving safety.
The term Scuba is an abbreviation
of self-contained underwater breathing
apparatus. T~he Scuba diver carries a
breathing tank on his back and can
maneuver freely under water without
having to come up for air or drag along
a tangle of tubes and cables.
Of the two basic breathing devices
-open circuit and closed circuit-the
open circuit is less dangerous, using
compressed air and not involving the
rebreathing of any exhaled air.
An increasing number of people have
taken up this fascinating underwater
sport. Many literally dive into danger
because of poor swimming ability, no
knowledge of underwater environment,
and no training or experience in using
underwater breathing equipment.
Scuba diving is deceptively easy


1. Use a buddy system-ever,
never dive alone.
2. Be an excellent swimmer.
3. Have a complete medical

chep -huyicaivaend n ntal cndtio
Never dive with a cold, sinus con-
dton,caor er nfbrioa. eDor nt
gas-producing foods before diving.
4. Learn Scuba skills from a quali-
fled instructor and practice to profi-
ciency. Study the physiological
dangers of diving and know how to
prevent and neutralize them.
5. Use only approved equipment
and check it before each dive. Obtain
your compressed air at recognized
outlets.
6. Study the U.S. Navy's decomn-


pression tables so you will know the
length of time you must stay at
different levels before surfacing,
based on the de th and duration of
a dive. Remem er that successive
dives within a day or even a week
require longer periods to surface.
exh AleAi~ris ac rid slowly and
8. Fly a diver's flag whenever
anyone is down.
9. Be able to free tanks and
weight belts instantly.
10. Wear depth gauge and water-
proof watch for deeper dives.
11. Know your diving limitations
and respect them.
12. Practice pushing the panic
button-plan and test your emergency
actions,


sFon
THIS MONTH
AND
THIS YEAR


APRIL

ALL UNITs
YEAR TO DATE


FIRS-T AID DISABLING DAYS
CASES INJURIES LOST
'61 '60 '61 '60 '61: '80
216 246 10 17 220 6287
1065(397) 997 51(4) 49 1198(58) 6710
( ) Locks Overhaul Injuries included in total.


THE: PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Scuba Divmng and Safety































Lt. Col. R. D. Brown, Jr., and family gathered at stairway of their home.


LT. COL. R. DUNCAN BROWN, Jr.,
who leaves the Canal Zone at the end
of June, has served the Canal as
Engineering and Construction Director
during one of the largest and most diver-
sified Company-Government construc-
tion programs since the Canal was
opened to traffic in 1914.
When he arrived here in July 1957
to succeed Col. Hugh M. Arnold, Canal
contracts valued at $5,000 or more
totaled only $7,631,091. During the
4 years that he has directed the affairs
of the Engineering and Construction
Bureau, the total value of the contracts
which are not completed but have been
started has increased to $36,472,636.
The latter amount does not include
projects started earlier and completed
during his tour of duty, such as conver-
sion of Canal electrical equipment to
60-cycle current and the $7 million
Paraiso-Cucaracha Reach widening
project, which was one of the first steps
in the long-range plan for increasing
the capacity arid moder~nizing the
Pnanama Canal. "
,It does include the high-levtel bridge
across the Canal at Baliboa, :the con-
'struction of new towing Toodmotive to
replace the venerable Canal "mules,"
the initial studies and designs for the
marine traffic control system, plans for
the construction of the new seven-story
Gorgas Hospital, the Empire Reach
,and Bas Obispo widening project, and
several other items~included in the.long-
range study of Canal improvements.
As Director of the Engineering and
Construction Bureau, fast-nrioving,


energetic Colonel Brown is also the
Canal's Contract Officer. He has had
direct supervision over six divisions:
Engineering, Dredging, Electrical,
Maintenance, Contract and Inspection,
Cut-widening, and the Balboa Bridge
Project. In addition to dividing his time
between the office and the fields, he was
one of the ~first E. & C. directors to travel
to Europe and the Far East in connec-
tion with his work. These were inspec-
tion trips on matters pertaining to the
Balboa bridge and the towig locomo-
tive contracts-one involving the use of
foreign materials and the other foreign
manufacture.
Although Colonel Brown wvas sched-
uled to complete his tour of duty here
last year, he was granted a 1-year exten-
sion by the Secretary of the Army mn an
authorization which took note of the
diversified construction under way or
about to be started in connection viith
the Canal's modernization.
As an officer of the US. Army Corps
of Engineers, co~nstru~ctionl programs are
not new to Colonel Brown, who has had
a hand in building military camps and
airfields in Germany and France, super-
vising work in Alaska, and serving as
Executive Officer .in the Omaha
Engineer District for 2 years before
coming to the Canal Zone in 1957.
Between assignments in the field,
he has returned to school, taking his
master of science degree in civil
engineering at Texas A. & M. in 1947,
and completing the engineer Officers'
advanced class at Fort Belvoir, Va., in
1950. He also is a graduate of the


Army's Command and General Staff
College at Fort Leavenwor-th, Kans.
He graduated from the U.S. Military
Academy at West Point with the class
of 1941 and served with the Artiller
in the Aleutian Islands during W~oel
War II. After a tour of duty in Wash-
ington and another in Alaska as poject
engineer and assistant chief ofthe
Construction Division of the Alaska
Engineer District, he was sent to Ger-
many to command the 406th Engineer
Construction Battalion. He later was
Executive Officer at the U.S. Army
Engineer School in Murnau, Germany.
During his 4 years on the Isthmus,
Colonel Brown and his attractive wife,
Molly, have become popular members
of the Canal Zone community.
Their four children, two boys and
two girls, have attended the Canal Zone
schools and the eldest, Robert D.
Brown, III, will graduate from Balboa
High School this June and is expecting
to follow in his father's footsteps by
entering West Point this fall.
When Colonel Brown hasn't been
busy with the affairs of the Engineering
and Construction Bureau, he has played
golf, gone deep-sea fishing, and spent
his spare time studying foreign lan-
guages. He and his wife also have
been active in the affairs of St. Luke's
Cathedral.
When he leaves the Isthmus, he will
go back to school again. He has been
assigned to attend the Industrial College
of the Armed Forces at Fort Lesley J.
McNair, in Washington, D.C.


18


JUNE 2, 1961


Four Busy



'Years Ending






Director of Engineering
and Constructio~n Bureau
leaving post later this month.





Into Retirement



After 120


YTears of


Teaching

TwO WOMEN and two men with a
total of more than 120 years of teaching
service in the Canal Zone school system
will close the door on their teaching
careers when the current school year
ends June 6.
They are Miss Mercedes Castro,
Spanish teacher for 30 years; Miss
Monica Farley, elementary school
teacher for 35 years; Edward W. Hat-
chett, Sr., mathematics teacher for
30 years; and Noel E. Gibson, manual
training teacher for 25 years.
Miss Castro was born in Panama
City and is the daughter of a one-time
employee of the Panama Railroad. She
attended public schools in Panama and
on Staten Island, where she was
graduated in 1915. For 2 years after
graduation she taught private classes in
English, then from 1917 to 1929 taught
Spanish and English in Panama schools.
In 1930, Miss Castro became a
Spanish teacher in the Canal Zone
grade schools and since 1942 has been
a junior high school teacher. In recogni-
tion of her long service, she this year
had the honor of cutting the ribbon for
the official opening of the junior high
school in Diablo Heights. She will


Miss Castro


Miss Farley Mr. Hatchett


school vacation periods. Mr. H~atchett
also was awarded the citation of the
Eloy Alfaro -International Foundation.
He was secretary of the Canal Zone
Central Labor Union and Metal Trades
Council for many years- and served as
president of the organization from 1955
until January 1961, when he voluntarily
left the position. He alsb has served
as president of the Teachers Union
in the Zone.
Mr. and Mrs. Hatchett will leave the
Isthmus June 8 aboard the SS Ancon
and plan to travel in the United States
and Canada prior to going to Orlando,
F'la., to spend next winter,
Mr. Gibson, a native of Louisville, Ill.,
and a graduate of. Bradley College in
that State, has been a member of the
Cristobal High Schook -faculty during
most of his Canal Zone service. Before
coming to the Zane 25 years ago, he
taught manual arts and was a coach
at th7e W~oodhull, Ill., high school.
Although he is retiring from Com-
pany-Government service, Mr. Gibson
will remain on the Isthmus, as Mrs.
Gibson is a teacher in the second grade
at Coco Solo Elementary School. They
plan to retire to Florida later.


make her home in Panama City after
retirement,
Miss Farley, who has taught in the
elementary schools in Balboa, Ancon,
and Diablo, where she served this year,
received her retirement certificate last
November, but was reemployed for the
remainder of the school year for the
good of the service,
After leaving the Isthmus, Miss Farley
plans to travel in the United States
before selecting a permanent residence.
Mr. Hatchett, who has taught both
high school and junior college mathe-
matics in the Zone school system, is a
native of Yanceyville, N.C. He attended
the U.S. Naval Academy from 1919 to
1923, received his bachelor of arts
degree at Duke University and his
master's degree at Columbia, and taught
high school classes in Durham, N.C.,
before coming to the Isthmus.
The retiring mathematics teacher,
who was decorated by the Government
of the Republic of Panama with the
Order of Vasco Nifiez de Balboa in
recognition of his many years of work
with Panamanian children attending
Zone schools, also has taught at the Uni-
versity of Panama during several U.S.


analysis was made in the Main Control
Center shortly before midnight. This
analysis included plans for action in the
wake of the attack.
It was decided that women and chil-
dren who had survived the attack would
be evacuated the following day on the
vessels which had been he~cld offshore.
It also was decided that on-the-spot
inspection of damages and other recon-
naisance would be started on the Pacific
side at 6 a.m. An appraisal of the situa-
tion on the Atlantic side indicated that
survey teams could not safely be sent
into that area for at least 3 days.
When the near-midmight evaluation
was completed, the staff in the Mam
Control Center was reduced to the
minimum required. to receive radia-
tion fallout messages which had been
pre-positioned before the exercise
started and which continued to arrive
throughout the night.


The minimum staff left on duty
plotted the data as it was received and
sent regular reports to the Office of
Civil Defense Mobilization for Region
III in T~homasville, Ga., thus keeping
that office abreast of developments in
the Zone.
The Main Control Center finally was
closed and this phase of the exercise
terminated a fewi minutes before noon
the following day,' after having been
in operation for almost 24 hours during
the period prior to, during, and after
the simulated attack.
Col. John D. McElheny, who was
Acting Governor at the time, said the
exercise was by far the most realistic
of any Canal Zone Civil Defense opera-
tion to date and that many of the
simulated actions taken should be estab-
lished as "standard operating proce-
dure" under actual disaster conditions.


Civil Defense Exercise
(Continued fr~om p. 15)
troyed everything within a 5-mile radius
of ground zero, with the Administration
Building at Balboa Heights barely sur-
vivmng complete destruction. It was
assumed that the Main Control Center
in the basement of the building was
damaged, but usable.
Corgas Hospital also was severely
damaged in the second blast, although
some areas of the basement were con-
sidered to be sufficiently protected to
have permitted a few occupants to
have survived.
After 9 p.m., the tempo of activity
in the Main Control Center slowed
somewhat, with principal activity
devoted to estimating damage and
evaluating the availability of remaining
resources.
To climax the exercise, a situation


'TmIEPAN~AMA CANAL REVIEWP


Mr. Gibson





ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Walter N. Babb
Navigational Aid Work Z
Joseph J. Lukacs
Maintenance .Machinist
Carlos Mlorales
" Heavy Laborer
MARINE BUREAU

Ch 11erCL~ook Operator -
John F. Runck~hre C .R g
Guard
Dayton S. Wilshire
Helper Lock Operator


MARINE BUREAU
Wilbert L. Ney
Supervisory Adminis~trative
Assistant
William H. Brown
Stock Control Clerk
Donald King
Fireman
Genaro N. Tufi6n
Seaman
Vincent A. Hodgson
Helper Loc~k Operator
Samuel E. Johnson
Pilot
George Howell
Helper Marine Machinist
Marcelino Ortega
Helper Lock Operator
McDonald A. Thomas
Sign Painter
Samuel Campbell
Helper Marine Machinist
Raymond A. Davidson
Lock Operator Machinist
RaalFontalvo






onAarti N aic* n
Alfons heater

Heavy Labo e
.. H.d M ad 's

LuPPs A.D e los Rios

Pua fte e anter
Launch Operatr
Alfonso Mrinez A a

HayLaborer
T.ar S. dreMericado


ALurae I. Dvis
Sales lek
Gwenoin BaA. D av
Coune ttnat
Mirnam D.Alenns

UtLaborer e


Alfred Coward
Utility Worker
Blas Martinez
Utility Worker
Josephine Best
Counter Attendant
Catherine F. Blades
Garment Presser
Lillian V. Brooms
Pantryman
Darrell A. Palmes
Maintenancemnan
Miguel J. Babacaris
Laborer Cleaner
Violet L. Carrington
Counter Attendant
Apolonio Camarena
Dairy Field Leader
Sidney C. Thompson
Warehouseman
Samuel Campbell
Heavy Laborer
Mildred Z. Johnson
Clerk
Delfin Gonz~lez
Milker

Stock Control Clerk
Delfina Reyes
Pantryman
Rosa Smngh
Counter Attendant
Ruby C. Lindo
Sales Clerk
Linnett M. Turner
Clerk
Winifred ~J. Curtle

Sillilm khmpson
Laborer
Adriana Dawkins
Counter Attendant
Enriqueta C. De Polo
Laundry Checker
Ruby A. Mahon
Sales Clerk
TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Charles E. Staples
Lead Foreman Tire
Rebuilder
William J. McKeown
Leader Liquid Fuels
Wharfman
Mesias L. Lewis
Laborer Cleaner
Marcial Valencia
Truck Driver
George Akin on
Lionel B. Cyrus
Cargo Clerk


ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Daniel T. Foster
Bookbinder
ENGINEERING AND
CONSTRUCTION BUREAU
Georg G. Rowe
Le dsman
Claro Rivera
Floating Plant Firemnan
H~erby Farrell
Helper Cable Splicer
James A. Wood
Leader Sheetmetal Worker
FBlix Ndilez
Sandblaster
Nicanor S~nchez
Seaman
Calvin R. Burgess
Floating Plant Oiler
Reginald D~ouglas
Seaman
Paulino Ruiz
Helper Cable Splicer
Victoriano Carribn
General Helper
Pablo Arango
Heavy Laborer
John W. Acker
Leader Maintenance
Machinist
CI!vde C. Hurley
Chauffeur
Beecham F. Dunn
Seaman
Louis E. Martin
Painting Inspector
HIEALTH- BUREAU
William J. Anderson
Nursing Assistant,
Psychiatry
Daisy C. Drakes
Seamstress ~
Doris Edghill
Clerk
INTERNAL SECUrRITY ,
OFFICE
Ruth R. Campbell
Security Specialist
OFFICE. OF THE
COMPTROLLER
Ralph R. Grassau
Budget Analyst
Clarence E. Notyce
Bookkeeping Machine
Operator
PERSONNEL BUREAU
Elsa L. Bailey
Supervisory Personnel Clerk


': 20


JUNvE 2, 1961


ANNIVERSARIES

(On the basis of total Federal Service)


SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
ofroGarcia
avy Laborer
uG. Jones
agement Gardener
Al t.Prince
rgClerk
NSPORTATION AND
RIASBUREAU
ip O. Beckford
Oiler
Fitz Matthews
Heavy Laborer












Anthon H Hopiak, to Leader Shipwright.
GavleHuntet, to Maintenanceman
(Bas. Locks Division
Charles E. Leves, to Towing Locomotive
O erator
Leonardo A. Illueca, Floyd S. Smith, to
Helpe Lck prt.
Thomas N Pagep a Lok Operator.
Eliott F. Brathwaite, to Stock Control
Clerk.
Melvin O. Husband, to Toolroom Attend-
ant.
Richard E. Kresge, to Cuard Supervisor.
Robert A. Christie, Rudolph Coppin, Wilton
B. Jones, Adriano Navalo, Claudio E.
Wedderburn, Antonio Ramirez, Leopold
H. Small, Di6genes Torres G., Juan D.
TIroncoso L., to Helper Lock Operator.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE
Ana S. Cans, to Clerk Stenographer.
Albert D. Farrell, to Clerk-Typist.
Conrad L. Jarvis, to Clerk.
Ruthwin Samuels, Ivan V. Butler, Garnel
W. Campbell, to Reail Store Supervisor.
Cecil A. Archbold, Francis A. Cadogan,
NicolasiCameron, Reginald A. CarterJr.,
Blanford Clarke, Camilo Cordero, Rito
Tufi6n, to Utility Worker,
Irene Smith, George C. Bennett, to Sales
Clerk.
George F. Earle, to Leader Heavy Laborer,
Edgar N. Lawrence, Wilbert A. Bailey, to
Heavy Laborer.
Henry G. Fergus, Ashton A. Brown, Jr.,
to Laborer Cleaner.
Harold T. Kildare, to Laborer.
Marvin K. Davis, to Packager.
Bertene E. Smith, to Grocery Worker.
Alberto L. Brown, to Messenger.
RbertdP rter, o nJ hsmeakn.Drvr
Ophelia M. Burrowes, Bernice B. Whyles,
to Sales Checker.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
Terminals Division
William, Geer, to Liquid Fuels Gauger.
Carlos Alexandler, Mario J. Ceballos, Joseph
O. Nicholson, Florentino Rivera, San-
tia o Sanguill~n, to Clerk Checker.
Char es G. Brown, to Carpenter.
Agustmn Nuniez, to Leader Dock Cargo
Operations.
Carlos J. Barroso, Victor M. Rodriguez, to
-Hellper Liquid Fuels Wharfman.
Al orac o Im Dum e, Fra liscouOo ez,
Charles C. Morris, to H~igh Lift Trulck

Sylvpemtor racey, from Heavy Laborer,
Maintenance Division, to Do k Wrorker.
Augusto R. Samaniego, from Laborer
Cleaner, Community Service Division,

Dos A Epinorker.Aurelio Guillknd Eusta-
quio Herrer1e NIro PM ldnauo, a

mamkeego, Randolph A. Smith, to Ship
Norm A abelf, Ht~ctor M. Contreras, to
.Motor Transportation Division
Philip A. Gill, from Helper Lock Operator,
Locks Division, to Truck Driver.
kiasN. EMo~rrsin Ge Acodnting Clerk.
(Se~e p. 22)


]EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between April 10 and
May 10 are listed below. Within-grade
promotions and job reclassifications are
not listed.
CIVEL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Customs Division
Robert A. Wainio, to Senior Inspector,
Balboa.
Earl M. Stone, to Customs Inspector.
Fire Division
L~arry J. Miller, Bruno L. Emanuele, from
Towing Locomotive Operator, Locks
Division, to Firefighter.
Police Division
Albert I. Hermanny, to Detective Sergeant.
William H. Staats, to Police Sergeant.
John F. Borromeo, from Guard, Locks Divi-
sion, to Police Private.
Division of Schools
Auvie H. Byrd, to Supervisory Administra-
tive Services Officer.
Lawrence E. Horine, to Supervisor, Phy-
sical. Education and Athletics.
E. Katherine Murphy, to Elementary and
Secondary School Teacher.
Maria M. Dzevaltauskas, to Elementary
and Secondary School Teacher, Latin
American Schools.
Felipe A. Len R., to Swimming Pool
Manager.
Lucy C. Rosemond, to Dressing-Room
Attendant.
Eleuterio Delgado, to Grounds Keeper.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Vivian E. Hall, to Card Punch Operator,
Payroll Branch.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
Jos6 Landecho, to Surveying Aid.
Epifanio P~rez, to Boatman.
Dredging Division
David J. Burkett, to Master, Pipeline
Dred e
Arnold J.eLandreth, to Electrician, Pipeline
Dredge.
Richard M. Vosburgh, to Construction and
Maintenance Superintendent.
Julius Cheney, to Leader Electrician.
Sarah D. Cheney, to Accounting Clerk.
Katherine G. HeadLrick, Clerk-Stenographer,
from Division of Schools:
Harris A. Hinds, to Clerk.
Silvestr Faro,etoaLeader Navigational Aids
Porfirio Willington, to Automotive Equip~

JoS en Se 1 n, from H~eavy Laborer,
Locks Division, to Sandblaster.
Eugenio Arbuz, Juan Batista, Pedro R.
Martinez, Arthur Morgan, William A.
Cr st alnCdeo 12dblasDrock Worker, Ter-
Huil OD vision, to, IevL Z.,
to Floating Plant Oiler.

Hos talt 021tin Pnt .k e

Navigation Division, to Floating Plant
Oiler
Miguel A. Reyes, from Oiler, Locks Divi-
sion, to Floating Plant Oiler.
Alberto A. Belizaire, from Deckhand, Navi-
ainDivision, to Launch Seaman.
EudoGonzflez, Justiniano- Herrera,


Felipe Mendieta, Alejandro Montenegro,
to Seaman.
Luism laiceD vio D o eka Morker, Ter-
Antonio Cedefio, from Heavy Laborer*
Supply Division, to Seaman.
Fglix Ortega, from Deckhand, Navigation
Division, to Seaman.
N~stor Rachel, Jules F. Urie,.from Boat-
man, Locks Division, to Seaman.
Electrical Division
Philip A.. Downs, to Lead Foreman Elec-
trician.
Marguerite Runck, to Supervisory Clerk.
Cirilio P. Rosemond, from Dock Worker,
Terminals Division, to Helper Main-
tenance Machinist.
Maintenance Division
James F. Hickman, to Supervisory Admin_
H israt T.Cretr, to Chief Foreman,
Buildings and Maintenance Shops.
Juli~n Julio, to Crane Hookman.
Natiel S. Douglas, Emilio Mayorga, to
Carpenter.
Eustorgio Otero C., to Oiler.
Harold M. Cummings, Aurelio Pozo, Urvin
N. Cornwall, to Paver.
Felipe M. DBvila, Maintenance Painter,
from Locks Division.
Demetrio Castillo, Jest's Martinez, Ambro.
sio Rivas, to Asphalt or Cement Worker.
Robert C. Ferguson, Helper Machinist,
from Navigation Division.
Vicente Acosta, Antonio Palma V., Ellis B.
Alleyne, Orlando James, to Wharf-
builder.
HEALTH BUREAU
Ruth R. Beck, to Clerk, Coco Solo Hospital.
Cecil G. Wilmot, to Nursing Assistaant,
Division of Preventive Medicine ad
Ab aham n aetroverde S., to Exterminator,
Division of Sanitation,
Lorenzo Ribas, to Heavy-Pest Control
Laborer, Division of Sanitaion.
MARINE BUREAU
Navigation Division
Dean K. Bruch, Robert F. Rowe, Jr., John
E. Wallace, Jr., to Pilot
William H. Nehring Johr H. Stone, Jr.,
to Probationary P~iot
Harry E. Bentsen, to Pilot-in-Training.
Joseph A. Gardner, to Deckhand Boat-
Herbr C spades, from DHeav laborer,
Edwr Buchaivisi fom High inft Truck
10pe ator, Terminals Division, to Deck-
Hkc or Gardner, from Dock Worker, Ter-
minals Division, to Deckhand.
Clifford N. Francis, Juan Sheffer, from
D boer dCleaner, Supply Division, to
Santiago Gonzilez, from. Laborer, Supply

Eaodu u ustine, f om Laborer Cleaner,
Ev pl Ciiin I o Hea~vy Laborer.
Industrial Division
Dave J. Madison, to Leader Marine
Machinist.
Allan P. Noel, to Paint and Varnish Maker.
Candelario Pineda, to Leader Maintenance
Painter.
Anthony Williams, to Painter.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


-----PROMOTIONS- AND TRANSFERS -
April 70 thorough May 1O





10 Years Ago
AN INCREASE in Canal Zone rents
loomed in June 1951, as the Appro-
priations Committee of the House of
Representatives urged the Secretary
of the Army to take immediate steps
to increase rentals on Government
housing for Panama Canal and Panama
Railroad employees.
In a report approving an appropria-
tion of $11,595,000 for the Canal organi-
zation for fiscal year 1952, the committee
asked that housing for employees be
put on a self-sustaining or profit-making
basis. Gov. F. K. Newcomer told Canal
employees he would do everything in
his power to avert ah increase in rentals.
A bill was introduced in the House
by Representative Garner R. W~ithrow
of: Wisconsin which would permit
certain employees, primarily mn fie-
fighting and ~fire prevention, -to retire
at the age of 50 if they had 20 years
of service.

One Year Ago
CANAL ZONE residents rallied to the
aid of Chilean earthquake victims with
donations of food and clothing a year
ago this month. In response to an urgent
call from President Eisenhower to heads
of executive departments and agencies
to give Federal personnel in all~ parts
of the world an opportunity to make
voluntary contributions, funds were
collected in the Canal Zone through
On-the-job solicitation.


Promotions and Transfers
(Continued fro p. 21)
OTHER PROMOTIONS
PROMOTIONs which did not involve
changes of title follow:
Ralph E. Masters, Police Sergeant, Police
Division.
Mary L. Clark, Nurse Supervisor, Gorgas
Hospital.
Lawrence J. Keegan, Marine Traffic Con-
troller, Navigation Division.
Roger J. Rios, Guard Supervisor, Locks
Division.
Virginia E. Favorite, Hope H. Hirons, Ro-
lando A. Linares, Jr., Harold Brown,
Swimming Pool Manager.
Florence E. Derrer, Time, Leave, and Pay-
roll Clerk, Accounting Division.
Coralia R. Avilks, Clerk, Gorgas Hospital.
Ann M. Batiste, Beryl E. Carson, Ida E.
Lynch, Stock Control Clerk, Supply
Division.
Icilda C. Johnson, Sales Section Head,
Supply Division.

22. JUNE 2, 1961


I'$El"I "w* T


5O Years A~go
WORK ON reclaiming tidal swiamnp-
land in the Balboa area was begun
50 years ago, using spoil from Gaillard
Cut. The land on which the town of
Balboa now stands was flooded at high
tide and, although drained, never was
entirely dry. It was estimated, when
the work started in 1911, that about
600,000 cubic yards of spoil would be
needed to reclaim 66 acres by filling
it to an average depth of 6 feet'
The first commencement of the Canal
Zone High School in Gatun was held
in the Isthmian Canal Commission
Clubhouse in Gatun on June 30, 1911,
with two students, Miss Blanche Stevens
of Gorgona and Miss Maria Elise
Johnson of Catun, graduating from the
4-year high school course. At the end
of the school term, that June, there
were 50 students in the high school.
Total enrollment of all Canal Zoie
schools was 2,600-
Automobile license regulations, as
issued by the Isthmian Canal Commis-
sion 50 years ago, required applicants
to have experience in the operation of


automobiles and knowledge of gasoline
and electrical motors and machinery.
The applicant had to have the backing
of two reputable citizens of the Canal
Zone or Panama who could ouch for
his sobriety and trustworthiness, and
was required to prove that he had the
skill, knowledge, and judgment neces-
sayfor the safe and skillful driving
handling of automobiles.
25 Years A~go
PLANS FOR construction of two pas-
senger-cargo ships for the Canal
organization were announced by the
Panama Railroad 25 years ago this
month. The new ships were to replace
vessels which had been in service since
construction days.
Politics held Zonians' interest in June
1936, as two Democratic delegations
were sent to the Democratic National
Convention in Philadelphia from the
Zone and both were seated, after
agreeing to split their six votes equally.
Mrs. L. O. Keen, National Democratic
Committeewoman for one of the Zone
delegations, seconded the nomination
of Franklin D. Roosevelt.


RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the. end of May to the
employees listed below, with their bit-
places, positions, years of Canal service,
and future residence.*
Narciso B~rcena, Panamna; Laborer, Com-
munity Services Division; 26 years,
9 months, 2 days; Panama.
George A. Bowen, St. Vincent; Laborer,
Dredging Division; 33 years, 2 months,
16 days; Panama.
Victor E. Carter, Colon; H-eler Liquid
Fuels Wharfm~an, Terminals Division;
21 years, 6 months, 21 days; Colon.
Benjamin A. Darden, Florida; Chief, Police
Division; 26 years, 9 months, 1 day;
Pennsylvania.
Irene E. D. DeJacks, Jamaica; Presser,
Supply Division; 33 years, 10 months,
12 days; Panama.
Oney Evans, Texas; Armature Winder,
Electrical D~ivision; 15 years, 11 days;
Texas.
Robert C. Ferguson, Bahamas; Helper Ma-
chinist, Maintenance Division; 45 years,
6 months, 6 days; Colon.
Henry R. George, St. Lucia; Helper Elec-
trician, Electrical Division; 33 years,
5 months, 2 days; Colon.
Sydney Grimes, Barbados; Dockworker,
Terminals Division; 21 years, 1 month,
18 days; Colon.


Carleton F. Hallett, Massachusetts; Fire
Sergeant, Fire Division; 29 years,
4 months, 11 days; probably in Florida.
Adam H. untD Paama; Launall Oertor
Panama.
Joshua A. James, Jamaica; Oiler, Floating
Plant, Dredging Division; 45 years,
10 months, 16 days; Panama.
Isabel P. Reeves, T~exas; Supervisory Cargo
Assistant, Terminals Division; 19 years,
9 months, 27 days; Texas.
Cecil- C. Robinson, Jamaica; Oiler, Elec-
trical Division; 44 years, 4 months;
Jamaica.
Francisco Rugama, Nicaragua; Dock-
worker, Terminals Division; 10 years,
10 months, Iday Colon.
Harwel Singh, Indi~a; Dockworker, Ter-
minals Division; 14 years, 9 months,
15 days; Colon
Phagat Singh, India; Dockworker, Ter-
minals Division; 30 years, 6 months,
2 days; Colon.
Vincent N. Stultz, Jamaica; Surveying
Aid, Engineering Division; 32 years,
3 months, 14 days; Panama.
Leo A. Walsh, Newr York; Master, Towboat
or Ferry, Navigation Division; 20 years,
5 months~, 26 days; New York.
William L. Willumsen, Maryland; Customs
Inspectors, Customs Division; 28 years,
3 months, 29 days; somewhere in Florida.


HISTORY





EUGENE SAUNDERS SHIPLEY, Com-
mander of the Cristobal Police District
since January 1956, was appointed chief

I ------


of the Canal Zone Police Division last
month, suceeding B. A. Darden, whose
retirement from. Company-Government
service became effective June 1.
A veteran of 21 years with the Canal
Zone Police Division, Chief Shipley was
born in Kingston, Tenn., and arrived
on the Isthmus as a member of the
Armed Forces. After receiving an honor-
able discharge, he joined the Canal
organization in May 1940.
Starting as a probationary policeman
on the Atlantic side, the new chief of
police was promoted through the ranks
to captain and district commander of
the Cristobal District.
Former Chief Darden left the
Company-Government after 26 years,
9 months, and 1 day of service. His
career in the Canal Zone Police Divi-
sion, like that of his successor in the
top police job, started in Cristobal.
In December 1945, he was trans-
ferred to the Balboa Central Police
Station as assistant district commander.
He was promoted to captain and
assigned as district commander in July
1950 and the following October was
named chief of the Police Division, the


post he held until retirement.
The former police chief left the
Isthmus aboard the Ancon on May 9.


Retiring Chief B. A. Darden


New Chief E. S. Shipley


A TELEVISION presentation of the story of the Republic of'
'Panama and the Canal Zone was filmed on the Isthmus last
month by the American Broadcaisting Co. and tentative plans
call for it to be shown~l in the United States later this month,
Don Goddard of ABC was in charge of the filming, which
wias done by John Heyman, Panama City photographer.
Governor Carter was one of the top officials of the Canal
Zone and Panama interviewed by Mr. Coddard. He answered
questions relative to operation of the Canal and relations with
Panama, during this meeting at Miraflores Locks.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


Change of Command for Police


WOrt k HOWing,. ..
ToURmsTs, visiting officials, and anyone else interested in
making a partial transit of the Panama Canal, soon will be
able to do so aboard a new sightseeing vessel which is
scheduled to arrive in the Canal Zone later this month from
the United States.
To be named Las Cruces, the new 6S3-foot vessel is designed
to accommodate 200 sightseers at a time. It was built by the
Blount Marine Corp. of Warren, R.I., for the Panama Canal
Company. It is being brought to the Canal by Blount personnel,
who fitted the craft with extra fuel tanks so it can make a
nonstop voyage across the Caribbean from Miami.
The diesel-powered vessel has a 23-foot beam and a normal
speed of 11 knots. It is fitted with all essential navigational
aids, two-wiay radio, a public address system, and is of all-steel
welded construction. Constructed with double decks, th~e lower
deck is encircled by windows and the top deck is partially
covered by a convertible awning.
The new vessel will fill the role formerly filled by the
President Porras, relief ferryboat, which frequently was
used to carry groups of tourists through Gaillard Cut on
sightseeing trips.
ThIe name Las Cruces was selected by Canal officials as the
most appropriate for the newi craft, since it conforms with
a policy of 35 years' standing under which motorboats more
than 50 feet in length are named after rivers or towns associated
with the history of the Canal. Las Cruces was a former con-
struction town on the Chagres River. It also was the name
of a town above Gamboa and the famous trail across the
Isthmus over which thousands of travelers passed during the
pre-railroad and pre-Canal days.





funds in the till are English, Australian,
New Zealand, and Fiji pounds; Cana-
dian, American, and Hong Kong dollars;
Japanese yen; Philippine pesos; and
French francs.
The 24,000-ton Chusan was sched-
uled for a periodic round-the-world run
2 years ago and visited, the Canal for
the first time in June 1959. She will
arrive here from the U.S. west coast
in June and will dock in Cristobal for
a few hours. The ship will sail the same
day for London via Trinidad, Barbados,
Las Palmas, and Le Havre, according
to a schedule announced by her agents,
Norton, Lilly & Co.
Last Luckenbach Trip
THE LAST OF the fleet of Luckenbach
freighters to make a regularly sched-
uled trip through the Canal on an
iatercoastal run under Luckenbach
Steamship Co. Operation, the Horace
Luckenbach, made the northbound
transit on her way to New York in April.
The termination of the intercoastal
service by the 110-year-old line was
announce~drecently by Edgar F. Lucken-
bach, Jr., president of the line, who said
that the company's seven freighters and
a tanker would be "redeployed' into
foreign trade.
Luckenbach ships have been regular
customers of the Panama Canal smnee
it opened to traffic in 1914. In fact,
it was the Edward Luckenbach which,
in December 1956, carried the billionth
ton of cargo to pass through the Canal.
Wilford & McKay act as agents for the
Luckenbach line here.


New Canal Customers
ONE HUNDRED and ninety ships made
their first visit to the Panama Canal
during the first 4 months of 1961,
according to figures compiled by the
Panama Canal Admeasurers' Office. Of
these, 39 arrived at Balboa and 151
at Cristobal for transit.
The number of new customers, most
of them ships making their maiden
voyages, was slightly higher than the
number of new ships reported at Cris-
tobal and Balboa during a similar period
in 1960, when there was a total of 177
new arrivals*
Newi Japanese flag vessels, which
have been predominant among the new
ships arriving at Balboa in recent years,
have been giving ground to new Philip-
pine vessels built in Japan and operated
on newv services between the Far East
and the east coast of the United States.
New sh ps arriving at Cristobal carried
flags of the United States, Norway,
Germany, Liberia, and Great Britain.
Scrap Ship
A FORMEaLiberty ship built in 1943,
the National Trader, arrived ant Cris-
tobal from. Mobile early ,in .May as a.
dead tow. The ship, which was rebuilt
and lengtthened in 1956 and later
dama~ged ~by fire, was en iroutes to Japan
to be br~okenl up for scrap. In addition,
she was loaded with scrap destined for
Japanese steel mills.
When the National Trader arrived
at the Canal, she was under tow of the
Ocean-going tug Ocean Master. She was
brought through the Canal by Panama


TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN .1PImL"


1900 1961
90(3 904
S 12 1.4
---- 915 918
.S*
06G,160O $4,525,632
56,151 83,253
6S2,311 $4,li0s,as
,ng tonls)
)89,129 5,287,4i5
.57,884 128,073
)47111 i 5,415,548


Commercial_ __ __ _
US.S. Covernment... ..
Totil -- -


TOLL
lercial $4,2
governmentt
Total_ $4,2
CARGO (lo
iereinl__ 4,9
:overnment
Totanl_ 5,0


Comm
U.S. C


Comm
U.S. G


*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small.


Canal tugs anid tied up in Balboa until
the arrival at Balboa of the Ocean
Master. The two vessels continued their
journey to' the Far East a few days
atler. C. Fernie & Co. acted as agents
aDt the Canal.
'Floating Branch Bank
THE P.4cific & OmUEN'r liner Chusan,
which is due in Balboa June 29 on the
last lap of a round-the-world voyage,
w\ill have visited approximately 16
different countries before she returns
to her home port of London in Jl.
In order to meet currencynedin
the different ports of call, the Chusan,
like other Pacific & Orient liners on
Pacific and worldwide service, carries
a branch bank on board. Among the


The Canal had a bunch of midget customers a few weeks back when the annual
ocean-to-ocean cayuco race was staged by local Boy Scout troops. The race was won
by members of Troop 20 of St. Mary's Mission, Balboa, who were sponsored in the
race by American Legion Post No. 2. The crew of the winning cayuco set a new
record of 7 hours, 11 minutes, and 13 seconds for the transit. Crew members were
George O'Masta, Jr., Arwin J. Jansen, Jr., Bernard Starkenberg, and Curtis D. Seary.


.:-)
-;


~T~~
~. ~u


...hf--~b


S HL 1


PPI


NI


G


CG)7uco RacB




Full Text

PAGE 1

0 W44 ? uz "NNW, lot 41

PAGE 2

W. A. CARTER, Governor-President N. D. CHRISTENSEN, Press Officer JoHN 1. McELHENY, Lieutenant Governor JOSEPH CONNOR, Publications Editor WILL AREY Official Panama Canal Coipany Publication Editorial Assistants: Panama Canal Information Officer Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z. EUNICE RicdARD and TOBI BITTEL Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Ilope, Canal Zone WILLIAM BURNS, Official Photographer On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 centU each. Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each. Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M, Balboa Heights, C. Z. Editorial offices are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heights, C. Z. Congratulations In This Issue THE COvER PHOTO on this month's issue may very well raise the question in many minds: what is it? Fm tThe answer is relatively simple: it's the business end of the suction dredge Mindi, which soon will be back at work on the familiar task of dredging the harbors PANAMA CANAL COMPANY and channel of the Canal. Welder Robert Haines, who has been among those BALBOA HEIGHTS, C. Z. working to get the Mindi back into operation after OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT a 30-month layup, is welding the cutter head of the dredge to the shaft which turns it. This cutter head weighs a total of 22 tons and is just one of several different types which are used on the dredge for May 10, 1961 different purposes. This one is for solid material, such as coral. A different type is used for mud. MEMORANDUM TO MARINE DIRECTOR: NEw ORLEANS, considered by many to be one of America's most cosmopolitan cities, will be familiar SUBJECT: Expeditious Handling of Record Traffic in to hundreds of Canal Zone residents by the end of this summer, but at the moment there are many Zonians the Canal. who never have been to the Crescent City and know little of its charms. ON MONDAY the 8th of May a new record was set in which A few of those charms and some of the history 46 ships were transited through the Canal. This exceeds the behind the modern city are discussed and presented >revious all time high record for commercial traffic, 43 ships pictorially in an article beginning on page 11, which I g 1 features an aerial photograph of the city. in one day set on March 27, 1960. I am particularly pleased that, in addition to setting an all time record for commercial traffic, there were no ships held over and that the safety record Index was kept unblemished for the day. Presenting Board of Directors------------3 In the five day period from Thursday the 4th of May through New Second Family _-_------------------5 Monday the 8th of May, 198 ocean-going ships were transited Doing Battle Against Bacteria --__-_-_6 through the Canal in addition to numerous small vessels under Doing Battleanst B e----------------300 tons. The above rate of handling ships could be accomplished Preparing for Cleanup-_8 only by a great many men of the Navigation and Locks Divisions Lifeblood of Canal-Water --------------10 working many long hours of overtime, including extra shift work New Orleans-City of Charm -----------11 and elimination of their normal "day off." These men have worked Simulated Attack Tests Civil Defense _-----14 cheerfully and efficiently, and their efforts have contributed Toward Faster Data Processing ----------16 materially towards maintaining the world-wide reputation of Scuba Diving and Safety-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_-_17 the ability of the Panama Canal organization to transit ships Four Busy anding-------------------18 expeditiously and safely from one ocean to the other. Fter 120 Years Eaing-----------------19 After 120 Years of Teaching_ _---_19 Please inform the men of the Navigation and Locks Divisions Anniversaries ---------------20 of my complete satisfaction in their outstanding performance and Promotions and Transfers --_-_-_ 21 extend to them my hearty congratulations. Canal History------------------------22 Retirements -__-----------------------22 Change of Command for Police ----------23 Worth Knowing _-_---------------------23 President. Shipping -._---------------------------24 2 JUNE 2, 1961

PAGE 3

Presentin Board of Directors Stephen Ailes Elvis J. Stahr, Jr. Chairman of the Board Secretary of the Army A 10-MEMBER Board of Directors which includes a new Chairman and three former Board members has been named to direct the affairs of the Panama Canal Company. The first meeting of the new Board is to be held this month in the Canal Zone. Secretary of the Army Elvis J. Star, Jr., who became a member of the Board at the time he assumed his duties in the top Army post, announced appointment of the 10-member Board last month. The previous Board J. Kenneth Mansfield had 13 members. Gov. W. A. Carter --7 The new Chairman of the Board is Stephen Ailes, Under Secretary of the Army, while the other new Board members are J. Kenneth Mansfield of Farmington, Conn.; Clarence D. Martin, Jr., of Spokane, Wash.; C. Robert Mitchell of Kansas City, Mo.; State Senator Walter J. Pearson of Portland, Oreg.; and Dr. Charles J. Zinn of Washington, D.C. The three former Directors retained on the new Board are Gov. W. A. Carter, Howard C. Petersen of Philadelphia, and John W. Martyn of Washington, D.C. Clarence D. Martin, Jr. John W. Martyn C. Robert Mitchell State Senator W. J. Pearson Dr. Charles J. Zinn Howard C. Petersen THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 3

PAGE 4

The new chairman of the Board is Joint Congressional Committee on the Boy Scouts of America, of which a native of Romney, W. Va., where he Atomic Energy in 1950, serving as he is an Executive Board member. was born March 25, 1912, but spent Chief of Staff of the Subcommittee on Mr. Mitchell, President of the Federal most of his boyhood in Scarborough, Military Applications of Atomic Energy. Savings and Loan Association of Kansas N.Y. He was graduated from Princeton He now is a member of the Advisory City, is a native of Springfield, Mo., and University in 1933 and 3 years later Panel to the same subcommittee and a graduate of Drury College there. received his bachelor of laws degree in 1958 served as a consultant on scienA Navy veteran of World War II, from West Virginia University tific manpower problems at the Fourth Mr. Mitchell has been active in savings his civilian pursuits have been chiefly Parliamentarians' Conference of the and loan and real estate business organiconcerned with law, having served as North Atlantic Treaty Organization. zations, having served as president of an assistant professor of law at West Mr. Martin, who was nominated as the United States Savings and Loan Virginia University from 1937 through Under Secretary of Commerce for League in 1959 and as a director and 1940. le first entered Federal service Transportation by President Kennedy officer of the Kansas City Real Estate on the legal staff of the Office of Price on February 9 and confirmed by the Board. A member of the Kansas City Administration during World War II Senate on the same day, is a native Chamber of Commerce, the University and was Assistant General Counsel of of Spokane, Wash., and is a 1938 Club, and the Carriage Club, he also the Consumer Price Division. graduate of Harvard College. is serving on the Board of Trustees of After the war he returned to private Prior to World War II, he was assoDrury College. law practice in Washington for a year, ciated with the family flour business Mr. Pearson, who was born in Bluethen was called back to Federal service in Cheney, Wash., but was called to Mr. eas, wh0 was b ur e Bn as Counsel to the American Economic active service as a U.S. Navy Reserve fied, -.Va., in 1903, was educated i Mission to Greece, which developed the officer in May 1941, and served 5 years, the publc schools of Portland, Oreg., aid program for Greeceato lieutenant and was graduated from the Uversity aid rogam fr Geec andhirey. dvacin fro enignof Oregon with a bachelor's degree in In 1948, Mr. Ailes returned to private commander, and including service as egon i a9ba.He s det o law practice and, except for a brief Commanding Officer of the U.S. Naval economics in 1926. He is president of period in the Office of Price StabilizaAir Facility at Middle River, Md. the Pearson Insurance Co. of Portland tion during the Korean conflict, conAfter being released from active duty, and has been active i politics since 1942. tinted as a private attorney until early Mr. Martin entered the wholesale hardA State Senator for the past 10 years, this year. ware and raw materials business in Mr. Pearson also has served 4 years as He was nominated for the post of Seattle, Wash., and since 1950 has been a State Representative, 4 years as State Under Secretary of the Army by engaged in business in Los Angeles Treasurer of Oregon, and was President President Kennedy on February 9. County, Calif., with a retail automobile of the Oregon State Senate and Acting Mr. Mansfield, a Phi Beta Kappa dealership in Santa Monica, and real Governor in 1959-60. He has 2 more graduate of Northwestern University in estate developments there and in Ingleyears to serve of his present term in the 1943, is a native of Chicago and at the wood, Calif., and Phoenix, Ariz. FolState Senate. present time is Staff Director of the lowing the 1955 death of his father, Dr. Zinn, who has visited the Canal Jackson Subcommittee, which is studywho was Governor of Washington from Zone previously as a member of the ing the formulation and execution of 1933 to 1941, Mr. Martin also assumed Governor's Committee on Revision of national security policy. the management of the family's farming, the Canal Zone Code, was educated in After Army service during World real estate, and investment business in New York public schools and received War 11, Mr. Mansfield did graduate the State of Washington. his bachelor of laws degree from work at Yale University and was He is active in the Navy League of Fordham University in 1930. appointed to the Yale faculty as a the United States, having served as Admitted to the New York Bar in member of the International Relations president of both the Santa Monica and June 1931, Dr. Zinn was in private law Department. He joined the staff of the California units of the organization, and practice in New York for a number of years and was named Law Revision Counsel in the House of Representatives Boa rd ( () sth h nm S g 4 in 1939, a position he still holds. The author of publications on How STATESIDE members of the Board of Directors of the Panama Canal Our Laws Are Made, American ConCompany are scheduled to arrive on the Isthmus June 4 for a 2-day ete Presdent, andue, nuerus articles meeting starting the following day. Most of them will return to the in law journals and periodicals, Dr. Zinn United States on June 7. also has served as a professorial lecturer The 2-day meeting will include discussion of the Company's current in law at George Washington University activities and projects, as well as plans for the years immediately ahead. Gov. Carter became a member of the The Board members also will be taken on a tour of the Canal and its Board of Directors and President of the related installations. Panama Canal Company at the time he The agenda for the Isthmian meeting, first to be held by the new assumed his duties as Governor in July Board, will include a study and review of the Company's budgets for 1960. Mr. Petersen, president of the Boad, illincudea sudyFidel ity-Philadelphiia Trust Co., first both the 1962 and 1963 fiscal years. There also will be detailed explanawas appointed to the Board in 1953, tions of the continuing programs now being carried out by the Company. while Mr. Martyn, former AdministraUnder Secretary of the Army Stephen Ailes, who is Chairman of the tive Assistant to the Secretary of the Board of Directors, is slated to spend some time with Caribbean Army, has been associated with the Canal enterprise for many years and Command and Headquarters, U.S. Army Caribbean, as well as taking was a member of the original Board of part in the meeting of the Board. Directors of the Panama Canal Company. 4 JUNE 2, 1961

PAGE 5

~CO=7 Lt. Gov. W. P. Leber and family to arrive on Isthmus this month. New Lieutenant Governor and family in Washington home. A NATIVE of St. Louis, Mo., who is years. She served as president of the from 1947 to 1949 as Chief of the Techcompleting 3 years as Executive Officer Officers' Wives Club of the Corps of nical Branch of the Military Liaison to the Chief of Engineers in WashingEngineers during 1960, a climax to Committee to the Atomic Energy ton, D.C., will arrive on the Isthmus several years of service in other posts Commission. June 28 to begin his service as Lieuwithin the club. His assignment in the atomic energy tenant Governor of the Canal Zone and Now 42 years of age, Colonel Leber field was followed by service, during Vice President of the Panama Canal was born on September 12, 1918, just 1949 and 1950, in the North Pacific Company. 2 months before the end of World Division of the Corps of Engineers. He Col. Walter P. Leber, who is succeedWar I. He was commissioned in the first was assigned as Assistant to the ing Col. John D. McElheny as the Canal Army Reserve in May 1940 upon District Engineer in Seattle, Wash., organization's second in command, will graduation from the Missouri School of and later as Executive Officer at Walla be accompanied by his wife and three Mines at Rolla, Mo., slightly more than Walla. children. The family will occupy the 18 months before the United States was Following a tour of duty at Fort Sill, official Lieutenant Governor's quarters swept into World War II by the JapaOkla., during which he served as both in Balboa Heights. nese attack on Pearl Harbor. a battalion and later a group coinLieutenant Governor McElheny and Called to active Army duty as a mander, Colonel Leber was assigned his family left the Isthmus May 29 and, reserve officer in March 1941, the new to the Department of the Army General through prior arrangement with his Lieutenant Governor was commissioned Staff in Washington from 1952 to 1955, successor, soon will be occupying the in the Regular Army in June 1942, at after which he attended the Command Washington house being vacated by approximately the same time as he was and General Staff College at Fort Colonel Leber and his family. sent to the European Theater of OperaLeavenworth, Kans., from which he Governor Carter and the new Lieutions, where he remained throughout was graduated in 1956, having been tenant Governor are acquainted with the war. promoted to colonel in 1955. each other, having served together preDuring his European tour of duty, A tour of duty with the Eighth viously, most recently while both were Colonel Leber first served as a staff U.S. Army in Korea followed the Fort assigned to duties in the Pentagon. officer in the Office of the Chief of Leavenworth assignment, first as Deputy A boating and fishing enthusiast, Engineers, European Theater, and Engineer and later as Commanding Colonel Leber is expected to feel very later was Executive Officer of the Officer of the Second Engineer Group much at home in the water-abundant Engineer Division, Advance Section (Cons.). Another period of training folarea of the Isthmus. The new LieuCommunications Zone. lowed his return to the United States, tenant Governor reportedly is an excelFor several years after the war, Colothis time at the Industrial College of lent golfer, another favorite sparetime nel Leber was assigned to duties in the Armed Forces, from which he was pursuit on the Isthmus and one which connection with the atomic energy graduated in 1958. Governor Carter also pursues when program of the United States. Soon after Colonel Leber was assigned as Exectime permits. returning from Europe in 1946 he was utive Officer to the Chief of Engineers, Mrs. Leber, a dress stylist in her own assigned to the Manhattan District at the post he is leaving to assume his new right, takes a lively interest in commuOak Ridge, Tenn., in charge of one of duties in the Canal Zone, after his nity affairs and has been active in a the projects then underway there. After graduation from the Industrial College number of organizations during past completion of that assignment he served in 1958. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 5

PAGE 6

TIrainin ii ~ 0 d Iihandlers is One o' ma)Oi lweap s used iii o tin uiouis ort to reduce risks of food contamination. Henry Gaskin puts finishing touches on face of figure in cartoon as T. G. Relihan, J. P. Smith, Jr., and Mack F. Bailey examine his handiwork. Doing Battle Against Bacteria TnAINING for Canal Zone workers is tion of the Sanitation Division of the of harmful bacteria and related microa constant process to keep the labor Health Bureau, the Supply and Comorganisms, bacteria cultures developed iorce abreast of changes in methods, munity Service Bureau, and the from such common sources as fingernew developments in their field, or to Employee Development Unit of the Perprints, coughs, and residue from a better equip them to do their jobs sonnel Bureau employed cartoons and supposedly clean comb were used to easier, faster, and with more safety to oral presentation, combined with films. provide a visual means of pointing out both themselves and others as well as In 16 separate presentations on both the rapid growth of bacteria. equipment. sides of the Isthmus, Richard A. Mr. Williams also used several props The programs of training are, for Williams, sanitation inspector, and Fred to demonstrate the shapes of the various the most part, developed by specialists A. Dahl, training officer of the Bureau, kinds of micro-organisms, explained how assigned to that task and trained in outlined ways and means of minimizing they develop, and what makes them finding ways to simplify and dramatize the danger of spreading harmful bacharmful or helpful, as the case may be. the presentation and thus make it more teria through food, with more than 400 Following the presentation by easily and readily understood. food handlers attending the programs. Mr. Williams, which required approxiA program carried out for food hanIn addition to the cartoons used by mately an hour, Mr. Dahl showed two dllers last month through the cooperaMr. Williams to emphasize the nature films with further information about safe and unsafe ways of handling food in the constant battle against bacteria and other micro-organisms. The various cartoons used by Mr. Williams, part of which are shown on the R a opposite page with dialogue similar to Richard A. Williams that which he used in explaining them, holds bacteria were prepared by Henry Gaskin and culture in one hand Pallu Jarvis in the sign shop of the Retail Store Branch. as he talks The interest aroused among food to food handlers. handlers attending the various programs was indicated by the number of questions they asked following each program. Mr. Dahl said the cartoons will be used separately for future presentations limited to a single aspect of the problem and also will be available for any future presentation of an overall program on food handling. 6 JUNE 2, 1961

PAGE 7

I~ L so COOKING "This thing has "That ugly little fellow "These germs are everywhere: All they need to live is a bit of moisture nothing to do with is a gerim. Of course, a and a moderate temperature. Our body temperature is just right for tiin the man who went germ doesn't look like that, and the normal amount of moisture ou our bodies is enough to keep then up at Cape Canabut they can be a lot going in great style. One reason it's so important that ice wash frequently veral. It has a lot nastier than this fellow is that washing takes some of them off our bodies. Germs particularly to do with us and looks. You'll note that like moist areas like our mouths and nostrils, but won't stay put there our jobs, though, there's just one on board, if we sneeze and cough, knocking them loose and spewing them all as it is carrying but a germ can solve that around us in the air. something which problem by splitting every "It takes constant effort to reduce the number of these germs, ic/io is all around us, 20 minutes. In just 24 are around us all the time. We have quite a few ways of doing this, but all the time. Our hours one germ can prothe best friend in our fight against them is heat, portrayed by the blast job is to fight duce a family of more than of this cannon. Heat kills germs, just like it will kill us or any other living what it carries. 25 billion germs. thing. Pasteurizing cooking, smoking, baking, and dehydrating all kill. Common cold Food poisoning Influenza J aundice J Meningitis Mumps Pneumonia Poliomyelitis Scarlet fever Sore throat Syphilis Trenchmouth Trichinosis. Tuberculosis TuleramiaL Typhoid fever Typhus Undulant fever "There are 65 "In addition to fighting geris with heat, we also have other "This cemetery scene serves diseases which weapons. One of them, oddly enough, is the opposite of heat, two purposes. It' depicts what can be passed as indicated by the iceberg-carrying missile. Buildings, too, are happens to germs if we do from one person important-the way they are built and the way they are maintained. things right, but also shows to another. Of Chemicals which kill insects and disease-carrying animals such as what may happen. to us or these, 25 can be rats help, as well as those we use in cleaning ourselves and the someone eating contaminated passed along equipment we use in connection with food. food if we don't do our jobs through food or "It's important that we use enough chemicals, including soap, right. I'm sure all of us will by food handlers. when washing things, so that iee can kill as many germs as possible. try to be just a little more It's our job to And, after washing things, it's important that we rinse them in water careful about things that keep that from which is at least 170 and then let them dry in the air. A spot may may spread germs after seeing happening. A few show up on some things as a result, but that spot isn't a health hazard how these germs spread and are listed. like the germs which would be spread with a drying towel. grow. Don't you think so?" THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 7

PAGE 8

Armando Chow brightens the brass on Mindi's controls. Preparing For Cleanup Suctioui dredge Mindi soon will be back at familiar task of cleaning channels and harbors. Ai'rin BEING idle for approximately chipped, cleaned, and repainted to machine to form more lengths of pipe. 22 years, the Canal's huge suction protect them against the sea water Still useful pipe previously used by dredge Mindi will be put back into which soon will be splattering against the dredge and stored in Gamboa is service on harbor and channel mainthe dredge as it works in the approach being reconditioned, along with the tenance next month, while the dipper channel and harbor at Cristobal. pontoons on which it is floated behind dredge Paraiso will join the Cascadas Operating machinery aboard the the vessel while in use. on the Cut-widening project. vessel has been completely overhauled, The first task of the Mindi after it Reactivation of the Mindi and the with most of the smaller work done in is moved from its dock next month will simultaneous use of the two dipper the dredge's own machine shop. The be to remove some high spots which dredges on the Cut-widening job will internal piping also has been overhauled have developed in the channel through mark the first time in a number of years and repaired, while new discharge pipe Gatun Lake. After about a month in that all of the Canal's big dredges have is being readied. the lake it will be moved to Cristobal, been in use at the same time. A huge pile of new discharge pipe where it will resume its familiar task The routine maintenance work on the for the dredge is taking shape in the of maintaining the depth of the harbor Mhidi since it was put in the reserve boiler shop of the Industrial Division, and the approach channel to the Canal. fleet in December 1958 now is being while close by, big sheets of extra tough Machines have been at work for augmented by a virtually complete %-inch steel are being rolled into cirseveral weeks at Telfer's Island, repairoverhaul of the auxiliary equipment. cular form, then the two edges welded ing the dikes inside which the material Metal parts on the dredge have been together with an automatic welding dredged up by the Mindi will be dis_____ -charged. Like previous dry-land discharge from the dredge, this material will be used to raise the level of an area which now is part of a tidal swamp and thus achieve the objective of improving sanitation conditions on the Atlantic side by eliminating at least a small tract of land where sandflies now breed and develop in large numbers. Present estimates are that the Mmidi I, 'will be able to complete its Atlantic side assignment by about the first of -the year and then will be brought to the Pacific side, where it will duplicate its Atlantic work by dredging the approach channels and harbor at Balboa. The 28-inch dredge, which is capable of reaching some 70 feet below the ---surface of the water, is a tremendously powerful, underwater vacuum cleaner capable of moving not only mud and water but sizable chunks of coral, stone, This mass of pipe in the Industrial Division soon will be carrying discharge from the Mindi. and other solid materials, which in the 8 JUNE 2, 1961

PAGE 9

past have included such oddments as an outboard motor, a pressurized tank of oxygen, and even pieces of old rail abandoned in the Canal during construction days. During the year ahead, the Mindi will have very little rest, with operations scheduled to keep it hauling up material from the bottom at the rate of 20,000 cubic yards or more per day, up to a theoretical maximum of about 60,000 cubic yards under ideal Industrial Division conditions rolling machine David J. Burkett will serve as master of the reactivated Mindi, transferring to being used to shape it from other floating equipment which sheets of steel he has been operating for the Canal. into pipe. C. T. Askew, who left the Zone when tha Mindi was put in the reserve fleet, has returned after being engaged in dredging work in both Venezuela and Florida and will serve as first mate of the vessel, while R. M. Christensen, who has been with the Mindi throughout the layup period, except for brief relief assignments to other floating equipment, will serve as chief engineer. The chief engineer and five men have constituted the full crew of the vessel during the layup period, but although the Mindi has been idle throughout that hauled, and its electrical wiring system cutter head is mounted, ean b easily time, the men have not. They have completely revamped. raised or lowered by the massive power overhauled valves, pumps, small turThe massiveness of the Mindi, which of the vessel's engine, while the trebines and other equipment aboard the is one of the world's largest suction mendous suction of the machine gobbles vessel and once each week have fired dredges, is one of its most striking up tons of earth and other loosened up and operated the 5,000 horsefeatures. From the forward edge of the material through the 36-inch maw in power steam engine which supplies the 22-ton cutter head which chops up the center of the cutting head. dredge's power. underwater material like a meatchopper The dipper dredge Paraiso, which Auxiliary floating equipment for the grinds hamburger, to the 100-foot long, soon will join its sister vessel, the Mindi also has been receiving an over66-ton spuds at the rear, the vessel is Cascadas, on the Cut-widening project, aul in preparation for the reactivation, some 300 feet long. now is tied up in Gamboa awaiting the with the anchor barge having its bottom The 100-foot ladder which protrudes start of its new duties. Plans to put both repaired in drydock at Cristobal, as in front of the main body of the Mindi of them to operation on the widening well as having its engines overand at the forward end of which the work are designed to push the Canal organization's part of the project and bring the underwater excavation abreast of the dry land excavation being performed by Foster-Williams Bros. The Paraiso was returned to the Canal earlier this year after having been on loan for use in the St. Lawrence SPSeaway project since 1957. Shortly after Welder Ben Favorite its return here, it was put to work on the Cut-widening, relieving the Casand Helper cadas for a short while so repairs could Tom6s E. Obeso be made to the latter. More recently, it has joined the Cascadas for several operate automatic weeks of channel maintenance work in welder on Gaillard Cut, removing a number of high spots which had developed and pipe length. were threatening to reduce the usable draft of the Canal. Some men have been hired to man the Mindi and the Paraiso an(d more will be added in the weeks ahead to achieve full operating status for the two dredging vessels. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 9

PAGE 10

Fresh aind salt water make foamy mixture at Gatun Locks as chambers in hoth lanes spill 55 million gallons of fresh water into the sea. EACH TIME a transit from ocean-to-ocean is completed Lifeblood of Canal through the Panama Canal, 55 million gallons of fresh water runs through the locks to mingle with tho salt water of the W W ocean. In the course of a year, approximately 600 billion W ater, W atergalons of water thus are released through the Canal. Because of the near-tropical rainfall on the Isthnmus, this vast amount of water isn't dlifflcult to obtain-except during the dry season, when lack of rain forces the Canal to rely C on water stored in Catun and Madden Lakes. During the dry season which now is ending, approximately 210 billion gallons of water-or ahout two-thirds of the available water in the -* .two lakes-was used to transit ships. --Catun Lake, which stood at 87 feet above sea level as the year opened, was near the 83%-foot mark in the last half of May', and Madlden Lake, which stood at 250 feet above sea level as the year opened, had been lowveredl to about 210 feet. Isthmian Canal Transits submitted to Congress by the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee of the House of *Stumps dt Representatives last year, the water available from the two Gatun Lake lakes during a dry season 5 months long would be able to handle an average of 42 complete lockages per day. In the U" like Ireckles 4%-month period from January 1 through May 15 of this year, as dry season lockages averaged just short of 29 per dlay. -Each dry season, as Catun Lake falls from its normal rainy usage drops season level of 85 feet or more, the placid appearance of the lake below lake's surface, particularly in the shallow areas, is broken normal level. by the appearance of literally thousands upon thousands of ~a~-' ~'~'still sturdy tree stumps, left there by trees abandoned to a watery grave when the lake wvas filled in the years before the Canal opened. Most of the trees since have rotted at the normal water line and tumbled into the lake, hut their stumps still lurk below the surface, reminders of the clays when the lake area was covered by trees instead of water. 10 JUNE 2, 1961 ;q

PAGE 11

New O-eans-iyo.hr V4V Moesm of the wtwngaes wisiblee i ive ofe Orclteas, inhicham the hem 4ras-min Te rinalis th t airprt. i MA frm Cthe meraline baos fine Slaes andithe conwtre.o TCentan facilitiesTe araini dacn ad tenctyrBUrbon teet azzhua Bw, TePr of New Orleans, whichuete abr rnag fOren Terinaln whereabe ( inthe city arei the stateside port of arrival and cdeparParish and parts of three neighboring perhaps its most well-known feature. tore for most Company-Government parishes, the Inner H~arlbor Navigational As Ikooton H Iernidon observed ini a recen t employees traveling on home leave. Canal, which connects the Mississippi artiel e about New Orleans wliichi Rich in Old-World charm, New with famous Lake Pontchartrain, and appeared in Belier IHoomes & Gardens, Orleans often has been called "America's frontage along a 76-mile tidewater ship "jazz Ibegamn 11( nml min St ri et, and1( most interesting city," and small wonder. channel no w unidler construction leBourbom Street Ibegins abom it m id n igh t." Founded by the Spanish, later acquired tween the river and the Gulf of Mexico. But lhe also saidl, "New Orleans lionms by the French, and then transferred Canal Zone residents arriving in New the year roomnd, buit must major events to the United States in history's biggest Orleans aboard the Company-operated occur dIurinig the winter and spring. real estate deal, the city's architecture steamship will find a cosmopolitan city A midwinter sports cariiival begins the and cuisine still reflect Spanish and with myriad inducements to linger a big season on the twelfth night after French influence. whlile bumt also served by excellent transChristmas, aid there is nii stop)piig imitil This metropolis of 878,000 persons. portation facilities for travelers who Mardi Cras, 41 days before Easter." with a rich ante-helium heritage and wvish to go elsewhere. There are other lures, however. F'ive a bustling, active present, serves as a For those who are staving overnight museums located iii the city oiler dlisnatural and logical gateway to the midor longer, the dowmitown district is well plays which include the world's Jiiiist continent area of the United States and supplied with numerous hotels amid eulluxtimi of May ai artifacts, an exhibit is a major limnk betwveen the United eating places, while motels and related tracing the history oif medicine ini New THlE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11

PAGE 12

Canal Street is the main thoroughfare through downtown New Orleans. This is the saime downtown area during famous Mardi Gras celebrn. The fancy ironwork which frames this view of St. Louis Cathedral and the SCabildo, where the Louisiana Purchase was finalized, is typical of onametation on many of the homes and buildings in the older part of the city. Ora t treasures, several State 61 degrees, while the normal daiy r historical exhibits, and, of course, a average from April through September men and hunters. This vast area of coletn ofCvl a efics. is 78.6 degrees. Freezing weather coastal marshland offers fish from perch -am squlrel t Considered both a summer and seldom is dxiened and the temnto tarpon and game brm wi ter resort, the normal daily average s psrature goes' 95 degrees on an deer. So plentiful are fis-inhabited s temperature in Now Orleans from average of only 6 days per year. waters that it is possible to fish every Octob, through March is a comfortable Southern Louisiana, readily accessible day the year within a radius ofiithV9hee 100 miles of the city without visiting the same body of water twice. Pirates' Alley, in French Quarter, is in heart of the old city. Iayaddition to seasonal attractions 0sueilas the Mardi Gras, the Sugar Bowl football ame, fall and spring histo .diiot se.sa ofatateeprtthtthtAmyTanpo-s IF YOU ARE taking as automobile to the United States from the Canal recing seasons, and similar events, the afflian Teir has bteth e ey TheopT-Zode, theee see several things worth knowing to save yourself time, trouble, city offers musical activities ranging tatis Tesng ogths he ee e his tyila leaseter a fo Bash to hap, tours of the wastesis arranging things foe the coveniesnce hoses is typical sod irritatie ost t of those arriving on Company steamof many in 1. The car must be free of any foreign soil-before it leaves the Isthmus. front, city and nearby bayous, water ships and has done everything possible the city. 2. If it is foreign-built and U.S. duty has not been paid, it is dutiable at the sports of all kids, and a welcome mat is maeyorsisisapleasassn rate of 8% percent of appraised value, which normally is far less than the o aellvisitors. .so o yge sale price. (On one ma e of popular foreign car, the Customs Service The transportation facilities which appraised value when the car is new is slightly more than half the sale price.) serve the city include 11 scheduled airRegla Customs exemptions may be applied against the appraised value lines offering 200 flight arrivals and to redoe or possibly even eliminate the payment of duty. departures daily from Moisant Inter3. If the car is American-made and originally was sold in the United States, national Airport, ineluding jet service there is no charge for taking it back into the country-if proof of its U.S. sale to a number of major cities. can be provided. If it was built in the United States but sold abroad or for A centrally located Union Passenger delivery abroad, a slight duty charge will be made for foreign-made materials Terminal, completed in 1954 at a cost used in its manufacture on which the manufacturer recovered the original of $16 million, serves all passengers import duties at the time the finished car was exported. Depending oi make traveling by rail, with eight trunkline of car, this usually is $1 to $5, bt for a very few cars may be up to $28.50. railroads providing direct connections One gallon of alcoholic beverages may be taken in free of duty by returning to 28 States. Modern highways also lead residents, but because of State laws in Louisiana which limit the amount from the city to all parts of the country. of such beverages which any person may have in their possession, you will Passegers arriving in New Orleans not be permitted to take more than one gallon ashore even if you are willing aboard the Company steaship will to pay import duties on the excess. find an efficiently functioning customs St. Louis Cathedral, built Sn 1794, ted the fasesas With ships leaving Cristobal at 9 p.m., a meal for passengers will be served service which will prevent any unusualin74,adheams aboard ship from 7 to 8 p.m. Breakfast will be served prim, to the 8 a.m. delay to leaving the dock area and t statue of Andrew Jackson ival in New Orleans, and also prior to debarkation in Cristobal. A no0n special arrangements are being made are two of the city's meaI will be served aboard ship on southbound sailings, which leave so cars ca be unloaded from the ship hest-knowe tseriseeccas. Noe Orleans at I p.m. within iniutes after it docks. Os the return trip from New Orleans, all cars and hold baggage may be On the return trip through New left at the New Orleans dock 3 working days prior to sailing and must Orleans, passengers will be able to leave he there no later than 10 a.m. on the last working day before sailing. Cabin automobiles and hold baggage at the I baggage must go aboard at the same time as the passenger and will not dock several days ahead of the sailing be accepted ahead of the passenger. date, if they want to do so. Company 12 JuNE 2, 1961

PAGE 13

VII The fancy ironwork which frames this view of St. Louis Cathedral and the Cabildo, where the Louisiana Purchase was finalized, is typical of ornamentation on many of the homes and buildings in the older part of the city. Pirates' Alley, in French Quarter, is in heart of the old city. officials report that the Army Transportation Terminal has been very helpful This ante-bellum in arranging things for the convenience home is typical of those arriving on Company steamof many in ships and has done everything possible the city. to make your visit a pleasant one. So, bon voyage! 17 St. Louis Cathedral, built in 1794, and the famous statue of Andrew Jackson are two of the city's best-known tourist meccas. +4

PAGE 14

V Main Control Center for Zone Participation in Civil Defense alert was a busy spot for many hours, handling messages about "attack." Simulated Attack Tests Civil Defense John D. H-ollen, Chief Monitor for exercise, and J. B. Clemmons, Jr., Assistant to Civil Affairs Director, were two of busiest participants. Two theoretical nuclear --blasts rip Zone in test exercise, causing heavy casualties. A SIMULATED nuclear blast above Limon Bay near the entrance to the Cristobal breakwater andl a second detonation 6,600 feet bigh and a mile west of Fort Kobbe theoretically brought heavy damage to both sides of the Canal Zone, killing virtually all inhabitants on the Atlantic side, a majority of those in Camboa, and a number on the Pacific side. These simulated blasts did not actually occur, of course, but were the key elements in OPERATION ALERT N 1961, the Civil Defense exercise in which the Canal Zone joined the United States at the end of April. The general objective of the alert, which was limited to a command post operation, was a test exercise in manning 14 JUNE 2, 1961

PAGE 15

Roger Howe mans radiotelephone in main VWiiliam do la Mater and James Brigman plot data William Wigg and Mr. de ]a Mater disc-trol room during busi part of alert. on map to determine probable effect of "bombs." cuss messages received about attack. relocation sites, preparing normal offices Defense operation was opened at that fallout in the area was minimal. for emergency operations, use of emerBalboa Heights, while an Alternate By plotting blast and fallout data gency communication facilities, making Control Center was activated in Crisfrom the fragmentary pre-positioned decisions and directing action under tobal, and a Reserve Control Center messages, the staff in the Main Control attack conditions, and managing availwas put into operation at Gamboa. Center arrived at the conclusion that able resources both before and after Pre-positioned messages giving fragthe Limon Bay blast had completely the attack. ments of information about the simudestroyed everything within a radius of In the theoretical situation built up lated attack were sent from the various 4 miles, including Cristobal, Margarita, prior to the attack, the Office of Civil outlying areas to the Main Control Coco Solo, Fort Sherman, and interDefense Mobilization issued warnings Center, with first indications of the blast mediate points. It also was assumed that an international situation was over Limon Bay arriving at 5:54 p.m. that Fort Gulick and Gatun were developing which might culminate in an After that, the arrival and dispatch of heavily damaged and that fallout would attack on the United States. The situamessages through the Main Control kill all who survived the initial blast, tion worsened during the day of April 28 Center increased rapidly and from the with the possible exception of a few and the actual warning of imminent fragments of information it was estiin underground areas. attack was issued at 4 p.m. that day. mated that the Limon Bay blast was The Main Control Center personnel As part of the plan for the exercise, of 5 megaton value. also arrived at the conclusion that resileading officials of the Canal organizaAfter the attack, orders were predents of Gamboa probably would not tion and the Civil Defense Unit prepared for the Ancon to deviate from have been aware of the danger in time pared last minute plans for their her course to New Orleans and put in to avoid deadly radiation fallout from operations in event of attack, prior to at Kingston, Jamaica, discharge her the first blast, the effects of which would the time of the first nuclear blast over passengers there, and return to the Zone have reached the mid-Isthmus comLimon Bay. with any medical supplies and personmunity an hour after the explosion. As a result of the pre-attack warnings, nel which could be obtained. On the The second nuclear blast, which those participating in the exercise prePacific side of the Isthmus, armed occurred at 6:40 p.m. near Fort Kobbe, pared orders which would have cleared guards were detailed to safeguard all was assumed to have completely desthe Canal of all ships before the final food supplies after it was determined (See p. 19) warning was received. Masters of all ships requesting transit during the afternoon were-theoretically, but not actually-ordered to leave copies of their manifests with Canal authorities, then pull offshore a safe distance and standby for orders. Thus a large reserve of evacuation transportation and possibly useful cargo was held at the Canal in Mrs. Barbara Hutchings event it were needed and Mrs. Fannie Sosa Orders were prepared to have all Canal tugs, launches, and floating help with calls equipment removed from the Canal and in Control Center. harbors and taken a safe distance into the ocean to protect them and add to the reserve fleet. During the "increased readiness buildup" period prior to the attack, the Main Control Center of the Civil THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15

PAGE 16

Feasibility of using electronic computers to be studied by special group. Members of the electronic computer study group discuss plans with Comptroller. Left to right are A. J. O'Leary, M. B. Huff, William Goldfein, Howard Turner, and Mr. Steers. John Montanye, upper left, is on leave in the States. Toward Faster Data Processing Epc-iioNH c COMPTErS, which now Members of the group are Deputy effective role in the feasibility study. are playing a major role in both GovernComptroller Arthur J. O'Leary, who will During the training program, Mr. mient organizations and business firms. serve as chairman; Howard E. Turner, Montanye worked with the Intermay be called into use by the Canal now Chief of the Payroll and Machine national Cooperation Administration organization to help with the accountAccounting Branch, who will be and the Army Ordinance Corps, assisting ing, statistical, and other data needs deputy chairman; and William Goldthem with their ADP programing. of the Coimpany-Government. fein, Maenner B. Huff, and John Mr. Goldfein worked with the Post A special staff group of employees Montanye, all systems accountants. Office Headquarters and the Federal has beer named to conduct a study of Members of the staff group and a Communications Commiission, assisting the organization's recordkeeping and number of other employees in the Office with ADP feasibility and applications recordinaking procedures and operaof the Comptroller, including Mr. Steers studies. tions to determine if, how, ard in what ad key members of his staff, have In addition to the members of the ways electronic data processing could taken special study courses and attended study group named by Mr. Steers, repserve the enterprise. seminars and conferences on automatic resentatives of the operating bureaus One possible use of such a system, data processing (ADP) preparatory to affected will be added to the group for exa ple, would be for inventory the study. as it becomes necessary. Outside concopn g pupoes. n ch athsae, aMr. Turner has taken computer sultants also will be engaged to assist, cation of the electronic process, withprograming and systems courses in the guide, and monitor the study by the drawals aid additions of specific items United States and has extensive experistaff group, from inventory would he included in ence in data processing. During the past The study will be primarily directed the data fed to the computer and the year and a half, Mr. Turner has conto the feasibility of using ADP in the total amount on hand of any item could centrated his efforts on reprograming areas of payroll, inventory, plant be determined immediately simply by the workload in the present data proaccounting, and other activities now asking thme machine for the information. cessing unit to improve operations and served by the machine accounting Other potential uses would be i as an auxiliary step toward evaluating method. In addition to these major figuring and preparing pay checks, the feasibility of ADP. Good programing areas, however, the study also will including accounting for payroll deducin the present operation is advantageous include a general analysis of the feations, and recording all personnel inforin any transition to more rapid means sibility of using ADP in other volume nation about the various employees. of accumulating accounting data. areas, such as hospital and school Comptroller Philip L. Steers, Jr., Messrs. Goldfein and Montanye statistics. named the special staff group which recently completed a 7-month Middle Major objective of the study will be will make the feasibility study and Management Intern Program on ADP to determine if new equipment and announced that the group is expected in Washington to enable them to an appropriate system will be more to complete the study and make a final recognize and exploit the potentialities efficient and less expensive than the report by the end of this year. of ADP and thus be able to play a more present data-processing methods used 16 JUNE 2, 1961

PAGE 17

by the Company-Government. The recommendations of the study must be Scuba Diving and Safety fully documented and will be reviewed by and coordinated with the General FouR STUDENTS at a southern univeruntil an emergency occurs. When this Accounting Office before any action sity died while Scuba diving last year. happens, the well-trained diver knows is taken. These students might have been alive what to do to survive. The untrained Mr. Steers says that definite and today had they known diving safety. diver could drown or get badly hurt valuable benefits are expected from the The term Scuba is an abbreviation because of his frantic and misguided study, whether it results in a recomof self-contained underwater breathing efforts. mendation for or against ADP. He apparatus. The Scuba diver carries a To cite one example, many dead points out that the intensive study of breathing tank on his back and can amateur divers would be alive today various Company-Government operamaneuver freely under water without if they had understood the principles tions which will be necessary to deterhaving to come up for air or drag along of air embolism and how to prevent mine if ADP is feasible is expected to a tangle of tubes and cables. it. Air embolism is an accident which result in improved methods in a number Of the two basic breathing devices occurs when a person inhales, holds his of areas, even though ADP may not -open circuit and closed circuit-the breath and rises rapidly in the water. be adopted for a specific area. open circuit is less dangerous, using Pressure in the lungs increases (one lung An ADP system for performing datacompressed air and not involving the full of air at 33 feet under water will handling operations would utilize an rebreathing of any exhaled air. expand to two lungs full in the ascent electronic digital computer in which An increasing number of people have to the surface). If not exhaled, the air operating instructions can be stored taken up this fascinating underwater bursts from the lungs into the blood along with the data being processed. sport. Many literally dive into danger stream and is fatal. Instructions thus stored can be manipubecause of poor swimming ability, no Understanding the physiological and lated exactly the same way as the knowledge of underwater environment, psychological principles of diving is data they relate to, thus producing and no training or experience in using vital for a diver's safety. Proper intendesired data at any time. underwater breathing equipment. sive training in the use of diving Accuracy, speed, and flexibility are Scuba diving is deceptively easy equipment is also necessary. the major benefits derived from the use of automatic equipment, but other benefits may also be derived from it. DIVER'S DAILY DOZEN These include the handling of more 1. Use a buddy system-never, pression tables so you will know the complete and informative data at little, never dive alone. length of time you must stay at if any, additional cost. 2. Be an excellent swimmer. different levels before surfacing, The decision to make a full-scale 3 based on the depth and duration (f study of ADP potentialities as they 3. Have a complete medical asdvo. teembpth ad sureiv o relate to the needs of the Companycheck-up. Dive only if you are i dive. Remember that successive of AP poentilitisasthe Div onl ifonre dveiitinadaornve. we Government was made following a pretopphysical and mntl conditiron.ne ds o svrnawe liminary review which indicated the Never dive with a cold, sinus conrequire longer periods to surface. dimly r wof making the complete dition, or ear infection. Do not 7. Always ascend slowly and desirability ming the comee drink carbonated beverages or eat exhale while rising. study. The preliminary study covered three areas of operation having maxigas-producing foods before diving. 8. Fly a diver's flag whenever mum volume and considered most 4. Learn Scuba skills from a qualianyone is down. readily susceptible to use of ADP fled instructor and practice to profi9. Be able to free tanks and equipment. ciency. Study the physiological weight belts instantly. Asked how adoption of ADP would dangers of diving and know how to 10. Wear depth gauge and wateraffect personnel in the areas involved, prevent and neutralize them. proof watch for deeper dives. Mr. Steers said experience has shown 5. Use only approved equipment 11. Know your diving limitations that any reductions which might occur and check it before each dive. Obtain and respect them. in staffing needs normally can be accomyour compressed air at recognized 12. Practice pushing the panic plished through attrition. Present outlets. button-plan and test your emergency employees would be given extensive 6. Study the U.S. Navy's decomactions. training on ADP operations at the time of implementation, so that they could be retained in the new system, he said. Mr. Steers said the primary purpose A of an ADP system is to improve the efficiency of operations at minimum cost FOR and it is essential that the accounting TN S MONTH and related processes of the Canal organization be kept abreast of progress N in the profession. He also noted that if the feasibility YEAR study indicates that ADP equipment should be used here, completion of the Al D DISABLNG DAYS study and subsequent programing could APR IL not be accomplished before 1963 or 1964, with actual implementation in the various areas being achieved gradually ALL UNITS 216 246 10 17 220 6287 after that. VAR TO DATE 1065(397) 997 51 4j 49 1198(58) 6710 Tim PANAMA CANAL REvIEw 17

PAGE 18

Four Busy Years Ending Director of Engineering and Construction Bureau leaving post later this month. Lt. Col. R. D. Brown, Jr., and family gathered at stairway of their home. Lr. COL. .DUNCAN BROWN, Jr., energetic Colonel Brown is also the Army's Command and General Staff who leaves the Canal Zone at the end Canal's Contract Officer. He has had College at Fort Leavenworth, Kans. of June, has served the Canal as direct supervision over six divisions: He graduated from the U.S. Military l'ngineering and Construction Director Engineering, Dredging, Electrical, Academy at West Point with the class during one of the largest and most diverMaintenance, Contract and Inspection, of 1941 and served with the Artillery sifi(d Company-Government construeCut-widening, and the Balboa Bridge in the Aleutian Islands during World tion programs since the Canal was Project. In addition to dividing his time War II. After a tour of duty in Washopened to traffic in 1914. between the office and the field, he was ington and another in Alaska as project \Vhein he arrived here in July 1957 one of the first E. & C. directors to travel engineer and assistant chief of the to succeed Col. Hugh M. Arnold, Canal to Europe and the Far East in connecConstruction Division of the Alaska contracts valued at $5,000 or more tion with his work. These were inspecEngineer District, he was sent to Gertotaled only $7,631,091. During the tion trips on matters pertaining to the many to command the 406th Engineer 4 years that he has directed the affairs Balboa bridge and the towing locomoConstruction Battalion. He later was of the Engineering and Construction tive contracts-one involving the use of Executive Officer at the U.S. Army Bureau, the total value of the contracts foreign materials and the other foreign Engineer School in Murnau, Germany. which are not completed but have been manufacture. During his 4 years on the Isthmus, started has increased to $36,472,636. Although Colonel Brown was schedColonel Irown and his attractive wife, The latter amount does not include uled to complete his tour of duty here Molly, have become popular memhi ers projects started earlier and completed last year, he was granted a 1-year extenof the Canal Zone community. during his tour of duty, such as conversion by the Secretary of the Army in an sion of Canal electrical equipment to authorization which took note of the Their four children, two boys and 60-cvcle current and the $7 million diversified construction under way or two girls, have attended the Canal Zone Paraiso-Cucaracha Reach widening about to be started in connection with schools and the eldest, Robert D. project, which was one of the first steps the Canal's modernization. Brown, III, will graduate from Balboa in the long-range plan for increasing As an officer of the U.S. Army Corps High School this June and is expecting the capacity and modernizing the of Engineers, construction programs are to follow in his father's footsteps by Panama Canal. not new to Colonel Brown, who has had entering West Point this fall. It does include the high-level bridge a hand in building military camps and When Colonel Brown hasn't been across the Canal at Balboa, the conairfields in Germany and France, superbusy with the affairs of the Engineering strletion of new towing locomotive to visin( work in Alaska, and serving as and Construction Bureau, he has played replace the venerable Canal "mules," Executive Officer in the Omi-aha golf, gone deep-sea fishing, and spent the initial studies and designs for the Engineer District for 2 years before his spare time studying foreign lanmarine traffic control system, plans for coming to the Canal Zone in 1957. guages. He and his wife also have the construction of the new seven-story Between assignments in the field, been active in the affairs of St. Luke's Gorgas Hospital, the Empire Reach he has returned to school, taking his Cathedral, and Bas Obispo widening project, and master of science degree in civil When he leaves the Isthmus, he will several other items included in the longengineering at Texas A. & M. in 1947, go back to school again. He has been range study of Canal improvements. and completing the engineer Officers' assigned to attend the Industrial College As Director of the Engineering and advanced class at Fort Belvoir, Va., in of the Armed Forces at Fort Lesley J. Construction Bureau, fast-moving, 1950. He also is a graduate of the McNair, in Washington, D.C. 18 JUNE 2, 1961

PAGE 19

Into Retirement After 120 Years of Miss Castro Miss Farley Mr. Hatchett Mr. Gibson Two WOMEN and two men with a make her home in Panama City after school vacation periods. Mr. latcliett total of more than 120 years of teaching retirement. also was awarded the citation of the service in the Canal Zone school system Miss Farley, who has taught in the Eloy Alfaro International Foundation. will close the door on their teaching elementary schools in Balboa, Ancon, He was secretary of the Canal Zone careers when the current school year and Diablo, where she served this year, Central Labor Union and Metal Trades ends June 6. received her retirement certificate last Council for many years and served as They are Miss Mercedes Castro, November, but was reemployed for the president of the organization from 1955 Spanish teacher for 30 years; Miss remainder of the school year for the until January 1961, when he voluntarily Monica Farley, elementary school good of the service. left the position. He also has served teacher for 35 years; Edward W. HatAfter leaving the Isthmus, Miss Farley as president of the Teachers Union chett, Sr., mathematics teacher for plans to travel in the United States in the Zone. 30 years; and Noel E. Gibson, manual before selecting a permanent residence. Mr. and Mrs. Hatchett will leave the training teacher for 25 years. Mr. Hatchett, who has taught both Isthmus June 8 aboard the SS Aiicon Miss Castro was born in Panama high school and junior college matheand plan to travel in the United States City and is the daughter of a one-time matics in the Zone school system, is a and Canada prior to going to Orlando, employee of the Panama Railroad. She native of Yanceyville, N.C. He attended Fla., to spend next winter. attended public schools in Panama and the U.S. Naval Academy from 1919 to Mr. Gibson, a native of Louisville, Ill., on Staten Island, where she was 1923, received his bachelor of arts and a graduate of Bradley College in graduated in 1915. For 2 years after degree at Duke University and his that State, has been a member of the graduation she taught private classes in master's degree at Columbia, and taught Cristobal High School' faculty diig English, then from 1917 to 1929 taught high school classes in Durham, N.C., most of his Canal Zone service. Before Spanish and English in Panama schools. before coming to the Isthmus. coming to the Zone 25 years ago, lie In 1930, Miss Castro became a The retiring mathematics teacher, taught manual arts and was a coach Spanish teacher in the Canal Zone who was decorated by the Government at the Woodhull, Ill., high school. grade schools and since 1942 has been of the Republic of Panama with the Although he is retiring from Coia junior high school teacher. In recogniOrder of Vasco Nofnez de Balboa in pany-Government service, Mr. Gibson tion of her long service, she this year recognition of his many years of work will remain on the Isthms, as Mrs. had the honor of cutting the ribbon for with Panamanian children attending Gibson is a teacher in the second grade the official opening of the junior high Zone schools, also has taught at the Uniat Coco Solo Elementary School. They school in Diablo Heights. She will versity of Panama during several U.S. plan to retire to Florida later. Civil Defense Exercise analysis was made in the Main Control The minimum staff left on duty (Continued from p. 15) Center shortly before midnight. This plotted the data as it was received and analysis included plans for action in the sent regular reports to the Office of troyed everything within a 5-mile radius wake of the attack. Civil Defense Mobilization for Region of ground zero, with the Administration It was decided that women and chilIII in Thomasville, Ga., thus keeping Building at Balboa Heights barely surdren who had survived the attack would that office abreast of developments in viving complete destruction. It was be evacuated the following day on the the Zone. assumed that the Main Control Center vessels which had been held offshore. The Main Control Center finally was in the basement of the building was It also was decided that on-the-spot closed and this phase of the exercise damaged, but usable. inspection of damages and other reconterminated a few minutes before noon Gorgas Hospital also was severely naisance would be started on the Pacific the following day, after having been damaged in the second blast, although side at 6 a.m. An appraisal of the situain operation for almost 24 hours during some areas of the basement were contion on the Atlantic side indicated that the period prior to, during, and after sidered to be sufficiently protected to survey teams could not safely be sent the simulated attack. have permitted a few occupants to into that area for at least 3 days. Col. John D. McElheny, who was have survived. When the near-midnight evaluation After 9 p.m., the tempo of activity was completed, the staff in the Main Acting Governor at the time, said the in the Main Control Center slowed Control Center was reduced to the exercise was by far the most realistic somewhat, with principal activity minimum required to receive radiaof any Canal Zone Civil Defense operadevoted to estimating damage and tion fallout messages which had been tion to date and that many of the evaluating the availability of remaining pre-positioned before the exercise simulated actions taken should be estabresources. started and which continued to arrive lished as "standard operating proceTo climax the exercise, a situation throughout the night. dure" under actual disaster conditions. TiE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 19

PAGE 20

ANNIVERSARIES (On the basis of total Federal Service) ENGINEERING AND SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY CONSTRUCTION BUREAU SERVICE BUREAU Walter N. Babb Porfirio Garcia Navigational Aid WorkdP Heavy Laborer Joseph J. Lukacs Dudley G. Jones Maintenance Machinist /aiatgement Gardener Carlos Morales Albert E. Prince Heavy Laborer Cargo Clerk MARINE BUREAU TRANSPORTATION AND Charles C. Rogers RIASBRA helper Lock Operator TERMINALS BUREAU John F. Runck Phillip 0. Beckford Guard Oiler Dayton S. Wilshire Fitz Matthews Helper Lock Operator Heavy Laborer ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH MARINE BUREAU Alfred Coward Daniel T. Foster Wilbert L. Ney Utility Worker Bookbinder Supervisory Administrative Blas Martinez ENGINEERING AND Assistant Utility Worker CNTRCION B A William H. Brown Josephine Best CONSTRUCTION BUREAU Stock Control Clerk Counter Attendant George G. Rowe Donald King Catherine F. Blades Lcadsman Fireman Garment Presser Claro Rivera Genaro N. Tufi6n Lillian V. Brooms Floating Plant Fireman Seaman Pantryman Herby Farrell Vincent A. Hodgson Darrell A. Palmes Helper Cable Splicer Helper Lock Operator Maintenanceman James A. Wood Samuel E. Johnson Miguel J. Babacaris Leader Sheetmetal Worker Pilot Laborer Cleaner F6ljx N6iiez George Howell Violet L. Carrington Sandblaster Helper Marine Machinist Counter Attendant Nicanor Sinchez Marcelino Ortega Apolonio Camarena Seaman Helper Lock Operator Dairy Field Leader Calvin R. Burgess McDonald A. Thomas Sidney C. Thompson Floating Plant Oiler Sign Painter Warehouseman Reginald Douglas Samuel Campbell Samuel Campbell Seaman Helper Marine Machinist Heavy Laborer Paulino Ruiz Raymond A. Davidson Mildred Z. Johnson Helper Cable Splicer Lock Operator Machinist Clerk Victoriano Carri6n Rafael Fontalvo Delfin GonzAlez General Helper Dc hand Milker Pablo Arango Gregorio Aparicio Sybil M. Miller Heavy Laborer Boatman Stock Control Clerk John W. Acker Alfonso Ashers Delfina Reyes Leader Maintenance Seama1 -Pantryman Machinist Rodley L. Green Rosa Singh Clyde C. Hurley Xlelper Lock Operator Counter Attendant Chauffeur Eleuterio SAnbez Ruby C. Lindo Beecham F. Dunn /Heavy Laborer Sales Clerk Seaman will adarits. Linnett M. Turner Louis E. Martin TW g Locomotive Opaudr Clerk Painting Inspector Luis A. de los Rios Winifred J. Curtle HEALTH BUREAU Maintenance Painter Sales Clerk Partrick N. Jamieson William Thompson William J. Anderson Launch Operator Laborer Nursing Assistant, Alfonso Martinez Adriana Dawkins Psychiatry Heavy Laborer Counter Attendant Daisy C. Drakes T. S. de Mercado Enriqueta C. De Polo Seamstress Guard Laundry Checker Doris Edghill SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY Ruby A. Mahon Clerk SERVICE BUREAU Sales Clerk INTERNAL SECURITY Aura I. Davis TRANSPORTATION AND OFFICE Sales Clerk TERMINALS BUREAU Ruth R. Campbell Gwendoline A. Davis Charles E. Staples Security Specialist Counter Attendant Lead Foreman Tire Miriam Dennis Rebuilder OFFICE OF THE Counter Attendant William J. McKeown COMPTROLLER Rumaldo Amor Leader Liquid Fuels Ralph R. Grassau Laborer Wharfman Budget Analyst Pearl H. Fredericks Mesias L. Lewis Clarence E. Notyce Sales Section Head Laborer Cleaner Bookkeeping Machine Louise Young Marcial Valencia Operator Clerk Truck Driver Rene Bayard George Atkinson PERSONNEL BUREAU Cook Cargo Clerk Elsa L. Bailey Varona U. Allen Lionel B. Cyrus Supervisory Personnel Clerk Utility Worker Cargo Clerk 20 JUNE 2, 1961

PAGE 21

-0PRO CTIOIAN TRANSFERS Apid ) throuagh May 10 EMPLOYEES who were promoted or Felipe Mendieta, Alejandro Montenegro, Anthony H. Hopiak, to Leader Shipwright. transferred between April 10 and to Seaman. Granville Hunte, to Maintenanceman 10 are listed below. Within-grade Luis Caicedo, from Dock Worker, Ter(Boats). May finals Division, to Seaman. Locks Division promotions and job reclassifications are Antonio Cedefio, from Heavy Laborer, Charles E. Leves, to Towing Locomotive not listed. Supply Division, to Seaman. Ort B UFlix Ortega, from Deckhand, Navigation Leonardo A. Illueca, Floyd S. Smith, to CIVIL AFFAIRS BUEDivision, to Seaman. .Helper Lock Operator. Customs Division Nestor Rachel, Jules F. Urie, from BoatThomas N. Page, to Lock Operator. Robert A. Wainio, to Senior Inspector, man, Locks Division, to Seaman. Eliott F. Brathwaitc, to Stock Control Balboa. Electrical Division Clerk. Earl M. Stone, to Customs Inspector. Philip A. Downs, to Lead Foreman ElecMelvin 0. Husband, to Toolroom AttendFire Division trician. ant. Larry J. Miller, Bruno L. Emanuele, from Marguerite Runck, to Supervisory Clerk. Richard E. Kresge, to Guard Supervisor. Towrry J Locomotive Operator, Locks Cirilio P. Rosensond, from Dock Worker, Robert A. Christie, Rudolph Coppin, Wilton Towing LocFiefih er r Terminals Division, to Helper MainB. Jones, Adriano Navalo, Claudio E. Division, to Firefighter. tenance Machinist. Wedderburn, Antonio Ramirez, Leopold Police Division Maintenance Division H. Small, Di6genes Torres G., Juan D. Albert 1. Hermanny, to Detective Sergeant. James F. Hickman, to Supervisory AdminTroncoso L., to Helper Lock Operator. William H. Staats, to Police Sergeant. .. John F. Borromeo, from Guard, Locks Diviistrative Assistant. SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY SERVICE sion, toPolice rivate.Henry T. Carpenter, to Chief Foreman, SPL N OMNT EVC sion, to Police Private. Buildings and Maintenance Shops. Ana S. Canas, to Clerk Stenographer. Division of Schools Julisn Julio, to Crane Hookman. Albert D. Farrell, to Clerk-Typist. Auvie H. Byrd, to Supervisory AdministraNatiel S. Douglas, Emilio Mayorga, to Conrad L. Jarvis, to Clerk. tive Services Officer. Carpenter. Ruthwin Samuels, Ivan V. Butler, Garnel Lawrence E. Horine, to Supervisor, PhyEustorgio Otero C., to Oiler. W. Campbell, to Reail Store Supervisor. sical Education and Athletics. Harold M. Cummings, Aurelio Pozo, Urvin Cecil A. Archbold, Francis A. Cadogan, E. Katherine Murphy, to Elementary and N. Cornwall, to Paver. Nicolas Cameron, Reginald A. Carter ,Jr., Secondary School Teacher. Felipe M. Ddvila, Maintenance Painter, Blanford Clarke, Camilo Cordero, Rito Maria M. Dzevaltauskas, to Elementary from Locks Division. Tuil6n, to Utility Worker. and Secondary School Teacher, Latin Demetrio Castillo, Jesas Martinez, AmbroIrene Smith, George C. Bennett, to Sales American Schools. sio Rivas, to Asphalt or Cement Worker. Clerk. Felipe A. Len R., to Swimming Pool Robert C. Ferguson, Helper Machinist, George F. Earle, to Leader Heavy Laborer. Manager. from Navigation Division. Edgar N. Lawrence, Wilbert A. Bailey, (o Lucy C. Rosemond, to Dressing-Room Vicente Acosta, Antonio Palma V., Ellis B. Heavy Laborer. Attendant. Alleyne, Orlando James, to WharfHenry G. Fergus, Ashton A. Brown, Jr., Eleuterio Delgado, to Grounds Keeper. builder. to Laborer Cleaner. Harold T. Kildare, to Laborer. OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER HEALTH BUREAU Marvin K. Davis, to Packager. Vivian E. Hall, to Card Punch Operator, Ruth R. Beck, to Clerk, Coco Solo Hospital. Bertene E. Smith, to Grocery Worker. Payroll Branch. Cecil G. Wilmot, to Nursing Assistant, Alberto L. Brown, to Messenger. Division of Preventive Medicine and Robert Porter, to Warehouseman. ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION Quarantine. Osmond P. Brown, Jr., to Truck Driver. Jos6 Landecho, to Surveying Aid. Abraham Castroverde S., to Exterminator, Ophelia M. Burrowes, Bernice B. Whyles, Epifanio Pdrez, to Boatman. Division of Sanitation. to Sales Checker. Dredging Division Lorenzo Ribas, to Heavy-Pest Control TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS David J. Burkett, to Master, Pipeline Laborer, Division of Sanitaion. Dredge. Termals Division Arnold J. Landreth, to Electrician, Pipeline MARINE BUREAU William Geer, to Liquid Fuels Gauger. Dredge. Navigation Division Carlos Alexander, Mario J. Ceballos, Joseph Richard M. Vosburgh, to Construction and Dean K. Bruch, Robert F. Rowe, Jr., John 0. Nicholsosn, Florentino Rivera, SanMaintenance Superintendent. E. Wallace, Jr., to Pilot. tiag Sanglon, to Clerk Checker. Julius Cheney, to Leader Electrician. William H. Neibring, John H. Stone, Jr., Charles C. Brown, to Carpenter. Sarah D. Cheney, to Accounting Clerk. to Probationary Pilot Agustin Niiez, to Leader Dock Cargo Katherine G. Headrick, Clerk-Stenographer, Harry E. Bentsen, to Pilot-in-Training. Operations. from Division of Schools. Joseph A. Gardner, to Deckhand BoatCarlos J. Barroso, Victor M. Rodriguez, to Harris A. Hinds, to Clerk. sephn. Helper Liquid lFuels Wharfman. Silvestre Faro, to Leader Navigational Aids Heswe C6spedes, from Heavy Laborer, Alfredo E. Arosemena, Miguel Couloote, Maintenanceman. Terminals Division to Deckand. Horacio 1. Dunkley, Francisco Ortiz, Porfirio Willington, to Automotive EquipEdward Buchanan, from High Lift Truck Charles C. Morris, to High Lift Truck ment Serviceman. Operator, Terminals Division, to DeckOperator. Jos6 D. Camano, from Heavy Laborer, hand. Sylvester Tracey, from Heavy Laborer, Locks Division, to Sandblaster. Hector Gardner, from Dock Worker, TerMaintenance Division, to Dock Worker. Eugenio ArAuz, Juan Batista, Pedro R. finals Division, to Deckhand. Augusto R. Samantego, from Laborer Martinez, Arthur Morgan, William A. Clifford N. Francis, Juan Sheffer, from Cleaner, Commuty Service Divisr., Watson, to Sandblaster. Laborer Cleaner, Supply Division, to to Dock Worker. Cristobal Cedenio, from Dock Worker, TerDk dJose A. Espinosa, Aurelio Guillen, EustaCrstba Cdeofrm oc WrkrTeDeckhand. quio Herrera, NicolAs Maldonado, Maminals Division, to Heavy Laborer. Santiago GonzAlez, from Laborer, Supply nuel Hor, ndoPr Ljn MaHumberto Camarena, Rafael Villalta Z., Division to Deckhand. nue Moor, Alejandro PArez, LujAn Sato Floating Plant Oiler. Edmond Augustine, from Laborer Cleaner, manego, Randolph A. Smith, to Ship Rein S. Parris, from Chauffeur, Gorgas Supply Division, to Heavy Laborer. Wor er. Hospital, to Floating Plant Oiler. Evaristo Cantillano B., to Seaman. Norman A. Jeff, H6ctor M. Contreras, to Salom6n I. Martinez, from Deckhand, ..Heavy Laborer. Navigation Division, to Floating Plant Industrial Division Motor Transportation Division Oiler. Dave J. Madison, to Leader Marine Miguel A. Reyes, from Oiler, Locks DiviMachinist. Philip A. Gill, from Helper Lock Operator, sion, to Floating Plant Oiler. Allan P. Noel, to Paint and Varnish Maker. Locks Division, to Truck Driver. Alberto A. Belizaire, from Deckhand, NaviCandelario Pineda, to Leader Maintenance Evans N. Morrison, to Accounting Clerk. gation Division, to Launch Seaman. Painter. Zedekiah E. Smith, to Guard. Eduardo Gonzilez, Justiniano Herrera, Anthony Williams, to Painter. (See p. 22) TIIE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 21

PAGE 22

50 Years Ago automobiles and knowledge of gasoline 10 Years Ago WOiiK ON reclaiming tidal swampand electrical motors and machinery. AN INCREASE in Canal Zone rents land in the Balboa area was begun The applicant had to have the backing loomed in June 1951, as the Appro50 years ago, using spoil from Gaillard of two reputable citizens of the Canal operations Committee of the House of Cut. The land on which the town of Zone or Panama who could vouch for Representatives urged the Secretary Balboa now stands was flooded at high his sobriety and trustworthiness, and of the Army to take immediate steps tide and, although drained, never was was required to prove that he had the to increase rentals on Government entirely dry. It was estimated, when skill, knowledge, and judgment neceshousing for Panama Canal and Panama the work started in 1911, that about sary for the safe and skillful driving Railroad employees. 600,000 cubic yards of spoil would be and handling of automobiles. In a report approving an approprianeeded to reclaim 66 acres by filling 25 Years Ago tion of $11,595,000 for the Canal organiit to an average depth of 6 feet. PLANS FOR construction of two pasnation for fiscal year 1952, the committee The first commencement of the Canal senger-cargo ships for the Canal asked that housing for employees be Zone High School in Catun was held organization were announced by the put on a self-sustaining or profit-making in the Isthmian Canal Commission Panama Railroad 25 years ago this basis. Gov. F. K. Newcomer told Canal Clubhouse in Gatun on June 30, 1911, month. The new ships were to replace employees he would do everything in with two students, Miss Blanche Stevens vessels which had been in service since his power to avert an increase in rentals. of Gorgona and Miss Maria Elise construction days. A bill was introduced in the House Johnson of Gatun, graduating from the Politics held Zonians' interest in June by Representative Garner R. Withrow 4-year high school course. At the end 1936, as two Democratic delegations of Wisconsin which would permit of the school term that June, there were sent to the Democratic National certam employees, primarily m firewere 50 students in the high school. Convention in Philadelphia from the fighting and fire prevention, to retire Total enrollment of all Canal Zone Zone and both were seated, after at the age of 50 if they bad 20 years schools was 2,600. agreeing to split their six votes equally. of service. Automobile license regulations, as Mrs. L. 0. Keen, National Democratic One Year Ago issued by the Isthmian Canal CommisCommitteewoman for one of the Zone sion 50 years ago, required applicants delegations, seconded the nomination CANAL ZONE residents rallied to the to have experience in the operation of of Franklin D. Roosevelt. aid of Chilean earthquake victims with donations of food and clothing a year ago this month. In response to an urgent call from President Eisenhower to heads R R E Eof executive departments and agencies RETIREM EN TS to give Federal personnel in all parts of the world an opportunity to make RETIREIMENT certificates were preCarleton F. Hallett, Massachusetts; Fire voluntary contributions, funds were sented at the end of May to the Sergeant, Fire Division; 29 years, collected in the Canal Zone through employees listed below, with their birth4 months, 11 days; probably in Florida. on-the-job solicitation. Adam H. Hunt, Panama; Launch Operator, places, positions, years of Canal service, Navigation Division; 34 years, 25 days; and future residence. Panama. Narciso BErcemna, Panama; Laborer, ComJoshua A. James, Jamaica; Oiler, Floating mionity Services Division; 26 years, Plant, Dredging Division; 45 years, Promotions and Transfers 9 months, 2 days; Panama. 10 months, 16 days; Panama. (Continued from p. 21) George A. Bowen, St. Vincent; Laborer, Isabel P. Reeves, Texas; Supervisory Cargo Dredging Division; 33 years, 2 months, Assistant, Terminals Division; 19 years, OTHER PROMOTIONS 16 lays; Panama, 9 months, 27 days; Texas. Victor E. Carter, Colon; Helper, Liquid Cecil C. Robinson, Jamaica; Oiler, ElecPROMOTIONs which did not involve Fuels Wharfman, Terminals Division; trical Division; 44 years, 4 months; changes of title follow: 21 years, 6 months, 21 clays; Colon. Jamaica. Ralph E. Masters, Police Sergeant, Police Benjamin A. Darden, Florida; Chief, Police Francisco Rugama, Nicaragua; DockDivision. Division; 26 years, 9 months, 1 day; worker, Terminals Division; 10 years, Mary L. Clark, Nurse Supervisor, Gorgas Pennsylvania. 10 months, 1 day; Colon. Hospital. Irene E. D. DeJacks, Jamaica; Presser, Harwel Singh, India; Dockworker, TerLawrence J. Keegan, Marine Traffic ConSupply Division; 33 years, 10 months, minals Division; 14 years, 9 months, troller, Navigation Division. 12 days; Panama. 15 days; Colon. Roger J. Rios, Guard Supervisor, Locks Oney Evans, Texas; Armature Winder, Phagat Singh, India; Dockworker, TerDivision. Electrical Division; 15 years, 11 days; minals Division; 30 years, 6 months, Virginia E. Favorite, Hope H. Hirons, RoTexas. 2 days; Colon. lando A. Linares, Jr., Harold Brown, Robert C. Ferguson, Bahamas; Helper MaVincent N. Stultz, Jamaica; Surveying Swimming Pool Manager. chinist, Maintenance Division; 45 years, Aid, Engineering Division; 32 years, Florence E. Derrer, Time, Leave, and Pay6 months, 6 days; Colon. 3 months, 14 days; Panama. roll Clerk, Accounting Division. Henry R. George, St. Lucia; Helper ElecLeo A. Walsh, New York; Master, Towboat Coralia R. Avil6s, Clerk, Corgas Hospital. trician, Electrical Division; 33 years, or Ferry, Navigation Division; 20 years, Ann M. Baptiste, Beryl E. Carson, Ida E. 5 months, 2 days; Colon. 5 months, 26 days; New York. Lynch, Stock Control Clerk, Supply Sydney Grimes, Barbados; Dockworker, William L. Willumsen, Maryland; Customs Division. Terminals Division; 21 years, 1 month, Inspectors, Customs Division; 28 years, Icilda C. Johnson, Sales Section Head, 18 days; Colon. 3 months, 29 days; somewhere in Florida. Supply Division. 22 JUNE 2, 1961

PAGE 23

Ch e f Comm and for Police EUGENE SAUNDERS SHIPLEY, Cornof the Canal Zone Police Division last post he held until retirement. wander of the Cristobal Police District month, suceeding B. A. Darden, whose The former police chief left the since January 1956, was appointed chief retirement from Company-Government Isthmus aboard the Ancon on May 9. service became effective June 1. A veteran of 21 years with the Canal Zone Police Division, Chief Shipley was born in Kingston, Tenn., and arrived on the Isthmus as a member of the Armed Forces. After receiving an honorable discharge, he joined the Canal organization in May 1940. Starting as a probationary policeman on the Atlantic side, the new chief of police was promoted through the ranks to captain and district commander of the Cristobal District. Former Chief Darden left the Company-Government after 26 years, 9 months, and 1 day of service. His career in the Canal Zone Police Division, like that of his successor in the top police job, started in Cristobal. In December 1945, he was transferred to the Balboa Central Police Station as assistant district commander. He was promoted to captain and assigned as district commander in July 1950 and the following October was New Chief E. S. Shipley named chief of the Police Division, the Retiring Chief B. A. Darden Worth knowing ToUmUsTs, visiting officials, and anyone else interested in making a partial transit of the Panama Canal, soon will be able to do so aboard a new sightseeing vessel which is scheduled to arrive in the Canal Zone later this month from the United States. To be named Las Cruces, the new 63-foot vessel is designed to accommodate 200 sightseers at a time. It was built hy the Blount Marine Corp. of Warren, RI., for the Panama Canal Company. It is being brought to the Canal by Blount personnel, who fitted the craft with extra fuel tanks so it can make a nonstop voyage across the Caribbean from Miami. The diesel-powered vessel has a 23-foot beam and a normal speed of 11 knots. It is fitted with all essential navigational aids, two-way radio, a public address system, and is of all-steel welded construction. Constructed with double decks, the lower deck is encircled by windows and the top deck is partially covered by a convertible awning. The new vessel will fill the role formerly filled by the President Porras, relief ferryboat, which frequently was used to carry groups of tourists through Gaillard Cut on sightseeing trips. A TELEvISION presentation of the story of the Republic of The name Las Cruces was selected by Canal officials as the Panama and the Canal Zone was filmed on the Isthmos last most appropriate for the new craft, since it conforms with month by the American Broadcasting Co. and tentative plans a policy of 35 years' standing under which motorboats more call for it to be shown in the United States later this month. than 50 feet in length are named after rivers or towns associated Don Goddard of ABC was in charge of the filming, which with the history of the Canal. Las Cruces was a former Conwas done by John Heyman, Panama City photographer. struction town on the Chagres River. It also was the name Governor Carter was one of the top officials of the Canal of a town above Gamboa and the famous trail across the Zone and Panama interviewed by Mr. Goddard. He answered Isthmus over which thousands of travelers passed during the questions relative to operation of the Canal and relations with pre-railroad and pre-Canal days. Panama, during this meeting at Miraflores Locks. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 23

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New Canal Customers T1 A NSITS BY O( ClA N-OING funds in the till are English, Australian, ONE UNDED an ieNA1, New Zealand, and Fiji pounds; Canaand ninety ships madey\iKSS H Ide dian, American, and Hong Kong dollars; their first visit to the Panama Canal 0 .(J Japanese yen; Philippine pesos; and during the first 4 months of 1961, ( lW:1 French francs. according to figures compiled by the I I The 24,000-ton Chusan was schedPanama Canal Admeasurers' Office. Of these, 39 arrived at Balboa and 151 '1 oki 1) 1 uled for a periodic round-the-world run ait Cristoal for transit. TObIS d2 years ago and visitedthe Canal for The nus befr newsost T L the first time in June 1959. She will The number of new customers, most 2060 1,5 25, arrive here from the U.S. west coast of them ships making their maiden 56 51 8:fl5 5)11,:1 in June and will dock in Cristobal for voyages, was slightly higher than the as sm number of new ships reported at CrisT(&11 .1l26 25 11 S40oil a few hours. The ship will sail the same tobal and Balboa durn a similar erios ( ( o ) t day for London via Trinidad, Barbados, dm p do Las Palmas, and Le Havre, according in 1960, when there was a total of 177 1 15)I 57A75 to a schedule announced by her agents, new arrivals. 215. ( 0WhheiI 57,51 12 Norton, Lilly & Co. New Japanese flag vessels, which have been predominant among the new 5115,5 1 Last Luckenbach Trip ships arriving at Balboa in recent years, tod' w1, 1 vcls, >ceangoing a". sml have been giving ground to new PhilipTHE LAST OF the fleet of Luckenbach pine vessels built in Japan and operated freighters to make a regularly schedon new services between the Far East uled trip through the Canal on an and the east coast of the United States. Canal tugs and tied up in Balboa until intercoastal run under Luckenbach New ships arriving at Cristobal carried the arrival at Balboa of the Ocean Steamship Co. operation, the Horace flags of the United States, Norway, Master. The two vessels continued their Lickenbach, made the northbound Germany, Liberia, and Great Britain. journey to the Far East a few days transit on her way to New York in April. later. C. Fernie & Co. acted as agents The termination of the intercoastal Scrap Ship at the Canal. service by the 110-year-old line was A FORMER Liberty ship built in 1943, announced recently by Edgar F. Luckenthe National Trader, arrived at CrisFloating Branch Bank bach, Jr., president of the line, who said tobal from Mobile early in May as a THE PACIFIC & ORIENT liner Chusan, that the company's seven freighters and dead tow. The ship, which was rebuilt which is due in Balboa June 29 on the a tanker would be "redeployed" into and lengthened in 1956 and later last lap of a round-the-world voyage, foreign trade. damaged by fire, was en route to Japan will have visited approximately 16 Luckenbach ships have been regular to be broken up for scrap. In addition, different countries before she returns customers of the Panama Canal since she was loaded with scrap destined for to her home port of London in July. it opened to traffic in 1914. In fact, Japanese steel mills. In order to meet currency needs in it was the Edward Luckenbach which, When the National Trader arrived the different ports of call, the Chusan, in December 1956, carried the billionth at the Canal, she was under tow of the like other Pacific & Orient liners on ton of cargo to pass through the Canal. ocean-going tug Ocean Master. She was Pacific and worldwide service, carries Wilford & McKay act as agents for the brought through the Canal by Panama a branch bank on board. Among the Luckenbach line here. The Canal had a bunch of midget customers a few weeks back when the annual ocean-to-ocean cayuco race was staged by local Boy Scout troops. The race was won by members of Troop 20 of St. Mary's Mission, Balboa, who were sponsored in the Gayu CO R ace race by American Legion Post No. 2. The crew of the winning cayuco set a new record of 7 hours, 11 minutes, and 13 seconds for the transit. Crew members were George O'Masta, Jr., Arwin J. Jansen, Jr., Bernard Starkenberg, and Curtis D. Seary.