Panama Canal review
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00097366/00215
 Material Information
Title: Panama Canal review
Physical Description: v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.
Language: English
Creator: United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Publisher: Panama Canal Commission
Place of Publication: Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Creation Date: June 1957
Publication Date: 1961
Frequency: semiannual
Subjects / Keywords: PANAMA CANAL ZONE   ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama)   ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Panama
Additional Physical Form: Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body: Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note: Title from cover.
General Note: "Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note: Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01774059
lccn - 67057396
issn - 0031-0646
sobekcm - UF00097366_00184
System ID: UF00097366:00215
 Related Items
Related Items: Panama Canal review en espagñol

Full Text


Canal Zone



W. A. CARTER, Governor-President
JOHN D. McELHENY, Lieutenant Governor


EVLNN cAl V ^v

N. D. CHRISTENSEN, Press Officer
JOSEPH C':NNOR, Publications Editor


Canal Zone

Community Leaders

THE EIGHT MEN and one woman on the front of this month's REVIEW
are the 1961 presidents of the nine Civic Councils in the Canal
Zone and, consequently, are the primary channel of communica-
tion and direct contact between the various Zone communities
and the Administration at Balboa Heights.
Living, as they do, in an area where there is no official represen-
tative government, the residents of the Zone each year elect Civic
Council members to represent them in matters of community
interest, such as housing, health, schools, and recreation.
The Civic Councils operate under their o\ n constitutions and
bylaws and with the official endorsement and encouragement of
the Canal Zone Administration. Through the Councils and the
bi-monthly community meetings attended by the Governor, res-
idents are able to present their views and desires, while the
Governor is able to discuss Company-Government plans and
The nine Civic Council presidents pictured on the cover, and
the communities they represent, are as follows: top row, Robert
L. Johnson, Gatun, and Miss Violet Henry, Santa Cruz; second
row, Cecil Callender, Pedro Miguel; and W. H. Esslinger, Pacific
Council; third row, Ellis L. Fawcett, Paraiso, and Joseph L.
Hickey, Cristobal-Margarita-Brazos Heights; fourth row, E. W.
Brandt, Coco Solo, and Seabert Haynes, Rainbow City; bottom,
Alfred L. Lazar, Gamboa.
Our congratulations and best wishes go to all of them as they
begin their terms of office with the arrival of the New Year.

In This Issue
Now THIS may not look like a very relaxing way to
spend an afternoon-or a morning, either, for that
matter-but it has its place in the operation of the
Panama Canal and its
supporting facilities.
This training in how
to lower an unconscious
man from a burning
building by means of
Bu rope and ladder is just
o one of the many things
in which employees of
Sthe Canal enterprise re-
Sceive instruction through
Sthe Company-Govern-
ment training program.
One employee may be
taught more about hand-
ling cargo on the piers,
another will receive in-
struction in better sales
techniques, a third will
learn how to operate a
wheel-aligning device, a
fourth may be given in-
struction in how to write
shorter letters. These are
just a few of hundreds of
different training needs which may be supplied to
employees of the Canal organization.
But regardless of the type of instruction, it all has
one purpose: to enable the employee to do his job
better and thus improve the service provided by the
Canal enterprise. The program through which much
of this instruction is supplied is thoroughly discussed
in the illustrated article beginning on page 11.


A Look Ahead-And A Glance Backward.
And A Good Time Was Had By All .
So You Want To Learn Spanish .
Toward An Ever-Improving Work Force .
Now's Time For Fun .
New Director Of Marine Bureau Arrives
Safety Shoes Can Be Stylish

5 Weather Can't Hurt These Flowers .
8 Worth Knowing .
10 Anniversaries
11 Promotions and Transfers .
15 Canal History and Retirements .
16 People Of Interest
17 Shipping .

JANUARY 6, 1961

WILL AREY Official Panama Canal Company Publication c.ntitor[a .AsS1s;
na Canal Information Officer Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z. EUNICE RICHARD and
Prinedat the Printi Plant, Maunl Hope, Canal Zone WILLIAM BURNS, Official
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cent each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mall and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Editorial offices are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heights, C. Z.

Message From

Governor Carter

Into A

New Year

Of Progress

\\H.iT WELL MIGHT have gone down in the record
books as "the year of tension" on the Isthmus has ended
with a renewed understanding locally of the extent to
which the Canal organization sincerely desires to con-
tribute its part to the progress and the security of our
neighbors in Panama, and of all the peoples throughout
the world which we strive to serve 365 days a year.
As we advance one more year into this era of the sixties,
we do so with a warm climate of understanding and the
proof of the final months of 1960 that we have a reservoir
of good will which has developed between two peoples
living side by side, working and playing and worshipping
together through half a century. Truly, it is by a large
measure that the Canal Zone and its people symbolize
away from home the traditions and ideals of the United
States. May we all further dedicate ourselves to this
purpose in the year ahead.
As the Canal organization moves into a new year of
achievement, I want to voice my appreciation for the
cooperation which I have received from the men and
women throughout the Company-Government and wish
each of you and your families the very best for the future.
As a relative newcomer to the Isthmus, it has been my
good fortune to inherit an organization which is flexible
and versatile in both ability and attitude, and composed
of individuals of outstanding knowledge and integrity,

who provide the efficiency which characterizes the Canal
With these men and women putting forth the highest
level of achievement and dedicated to the proper func-
tioning and management of the Isthmian waterway as a
public utility operated for the benefit of world commerce,
the future effectiveness of the organization is assured.
During the past year, there have been great strides
forward in the continuing effort to meet the increasing
requirements of world commerce using the waterway.
The widening and lighting of Gaillard Cut continued to
represent the major effort to increase the capacity of the
Canal and this work will continue to be one of the major
improvement activities during the year ahead.
Other improvements also were pushed during the year.
with three new tugboats taking shape in Savannah, Ga.,.
and construction of new towing locomotives for use at'
the Locks being carried forward in Japan. Simultaneously,
design work on an electronic Marine Traffic Control
System was moving toward the final stages and planning
was continued on a new Lock's maintenance method
which is expected to reduce the time Lock lanes must
be out of service for major maintenance.
Construction of the high level bridge across the Canal
at Balboa also proceeded, encountering some setbacks,
but none which should keep the substructure from being


completed during 1961 nor work from beginning on the
superstructure, for which the steel now is being fabricated
in \Vest Germany.
Also during the past year, two new schools were con-
structed on the Pacific side of the Isthmus, a new theater
was built on the Atlantic side and work virtually was
completed on the new telephone microwave system to
provide more dependable and efficient telephone service
between the various points in the Zone.
Late in the year, President Eisenhower ordered the
Flag of the Republic of Panama flown daily in Shaler
Triangle alongside the Stars and Stripes "in reflection of
the genuine friendship that exists between our Govern-
ments and peoples."
Earlier in the year, the President announced a Nine-
Point Program for improvement of relations between the
United States and Panama. As the year ended, several of
the points had been fully implemented and implementa-
tion of the others was underway. Those fully implemented
included a 10 percent increase in pay for both unskilled
laborers in the organization and teachers in the Latin
American schools of the Canal Zone, a -$10 per month
increase in cash relief payments to former employees of
the Canal, expansion of the apprentice program by ap-
pointment of 27 Panamanian apprentices, two more than
the number directed by the President, and a substantial
reduction in the rate charged Panama for purified water.

On the other points of the President's program, two
complete reviews of all security positions within the
Company-Government were made during the year as the
beginning of a continuing procedure; a contract was let
and work started on construction of a 30-inch water line
to serve Panama; construction of 500 housing units in
the Zone was started; and discussions are underway in
Washington on various plans and proposals for the con-
struction and financing of 500 housing units in Panama
for sale to Panamanians employed by the Zone.
There was progress in other areas, too. As a result of
steps we took during recent months, no longer are separate
drivers' licenses and separate motor vehicle inspections
needed in Panama and the Canal Zone, and no longer
are there restrictions among our residents for the use of
community facilities.
Despite the multiplicity. of activities represented by
these and the many other improvements of the past year,
the Canal continued to fillthe role for which it was built,
as a record number of ships carrying cargo to and from
all parts of the world transited from ocean-to-ocean
through the waterway. Looking back, it was a good year
As we look forward to aniotler year of service to world
shipping, it is with the determination to further improve
our operations and the assurance that our service will
continue to meet all tests to which it may be submitted.

Bank lighting through Gaillard Cut is part of continuing program of Canal improvements.

JANUARY 6, 1961

Long-range housing program for eniployees will continue.

Change, improvement, and achievement
distinguished 1960 at the Isthmian
crossing and more is in store for 1961. Widening Cut to 500 feet will remain major improvement effort.

A Look Ahead-And A Glance Backward

THE FIRST 12 months of the decade
of the 1960s added up to a year of
change, improvement, and achievement
for the Panama Canal enterprise, with
projects and plans moving forward on
several fronts to keep the waterway and
its supporting facilities ahead of the
demands of world shipping.
As major improvements moved
toward completion along the waterway
itself, changes also were being made and
planned in the supporting facilities
which provide the indirect services so
essential to the efficient functioning of
the Canal organization.
Hospitals, schools, retail stores, hous-
ing, transportation, communication
equipment, and many other facilities
were in the process of improvement
during the year, while changes also
were being made in personnel benefits
and programs.
As 1960 drew to a close, the En-
gineering and Construction Bureau re-
ported that the widening of Paraiso-
Cucaracha Reach was 90 percent com-
plete and the Empire Reach widening
was 15 percent complete. Lighting of
the Cut and Locks was more than 90

percent complete and the three new
tugboats were 80 percent complete.
The Schools Division of the Civil
Affairs Bureau could report that two
new schools, one at Los Rios and
another at Diablo, were opened during
the year and a third, the new Junior
High School in Diablo, was just short
of completion. The school improvement
program will be continued this year with
an extensive construction program at
Paraiso, including a new swimming
pool, to be carried out before the re-
opening of the Latin American schools
after the dry season.
The Postal Division's Margarita Post
Office was moved to more modern quar-
ters and plans are being made to close
the Diablo Post Office this year and
open a new one at Fort Davis.
The Civil Defense unit issued the
new Disaster Relief and Survival Plan
and continued the training of Company-
Government employees for special duty
in an emergency. The unit reported that
20 fixed radiological monitoring stations
will be equipped and staffed by trained
personnel during the coming 12 months
and all three Control Centers will be

equipped for communications and radio-
logical defense and emergency opera-
Across the Isthmus, the Transporta-
tion and Terminals Bureau expanded
employee training in the Terminals Di-
vision, employing an Employee Devel-
opment Officer and establishing a Train-
ing Center in the Cristobal pier area.
Some 400 employees received on-the-
job instruction and by the end of 1961
the program is expected to reach all
The Railroad Division's track main-
tenance program was improved through
use of a tie-tamping machine and, in
accordance with the 1955 Treaty and
Memorandum of Understandings be-
tween Panama and the United States,
the Panama City terminal, freighthouse,
and yards were turned over to Panama
during the year.
While handling a record-breaking
number of transits through the water-
way, the Marine Bureau helped with
the ,. widening of Gaillard Cut, supported
the Engineering and Construction Bu-
reau in installation of the lighting
through the Cut and on the Locks, and


expanded the hours of Canal operation,
thus reducing the average time vessels
spend in Canal Zone waters, with con-
sequent savings to ship operators and,
ultimately, to consumers around the
The Marine Bureau will handle a
continuing heavy workload this year,
with the Gatun Locks overhaul starting
this month and will continue its role in
the Cut-widening project.
All launch repair facilities were con-
solidated under the Industrial Division
at Gamboa and, as the year ended, the
first of the three new tugs, the John F.
Wallace, was delivered. The other two,
the George W. Goethals and John F.
Stevens, are expected during the early
months of this year.
In the Supply and Community Service
Bureau, the Retail Store, Service Center,
and Storehouse Branches completed the
merchandising improvements recom-
mended by the consulting firm of A. T.
Kearney Co. and the inventory control
system in the Retail Store and Service
Center Branches was changed from a
manual operation to a mechanized
Considerable obsolete equipment
was replaced and remodeling of the
Tivoli Guest House was completed. A
new service station was opened in La
Boca, the retail stores in Balboa,
Gamboa, and Paraiso were modernized,
the Coco Solo store was air conditioned,
and a self-service merchandise section
was opened in the Balboa Heights Cafe-
, Plans for 1961 include addition of a
wing to the main store in Paraiso and
the air conditioning of the main build-
ing of the Balboa Retail Store and Shoe

New equipment such as this 10-ton fork lift brought improved operations on Zone docks.

Store. The Diablo Heights Retail Store
is to be closed and the merchandise
section of the Diablo Heights Service
Center expanded as part of the year's
A new theater-auditorium was built
at Rainbow City at a cost of more than
$100,000. The long-range program for
construction of quarters was pushed for-
ward, with 45 new housing units com-
pleted, and made available for assign-
ment. One hundred and twelve more

New Rainbow City Auditorium-Theater was opened in facility improvement program.

housing units are scheduled for comple-
tion this year, and $360,000 has been
allotted for use in the employee liva-
bility program during 1961.
The Health Bureau's hospital modern-
ization program was actively carried on
at Coco Solo and Corozal Hospitals.
Specifications and plans for new con-
struction at Gorgas Hospital were far
advanced and work is expected to start
this year. In the program at Coco Solo,
a new out-patient clinic building was
almost completed and at Corozal modern
dining facilities for women were devel-
oped. During 1961, a similar develop-
ment is planned for male patients at
As always, preventive medicine and
public health remained prime functions
of the Health Bureau. A survey program
on rabies in bats was completed and the
Bureau reported that the intensified
mosquito control program of the past
few years has cut the incidence of ma-
laria in the Zone.
The Bureau also reported that plans
are well advanced to integrate the acti-
vities of the well-baby clinics and the
school health service into a service for
children from birth to high school. A
broad program in industrial health to
further promote healthful, sanitary, and
safe working conditions also is being
The Personnel Bureau, which played
a major role in implementation of points
affecting personnel in President Eisen-

JANUARY 6, 1961

shower's Nine-Point Program for im-
provement of relations between the
United States and Panama, developed
health insurance plans for all employees
to replace the plans' formerly in effect,
added a tuition-refund plan to the Com-
pany-Government training program, and
initiated a visiting nurse program of
home visits for Disability Relief bene-
As the year ended, the Bureau was
attempting to provide for a group hos-
pitalization insurance plan for the Dis-
ability Relief beneficiaries and was
hoping to implement such a plan early
this year.
The normal acti ities of the Bureau
in carrying out the length-of-sei % ice
awards program, reviewing job classifi-
cations, recruiting personnel, imple-
menting 'wage revisions, and operating
the Oqmpany-Government training pro-
gram continued dir'ing the year. Plans
now are being developed to strengthen
the training program at the bureau level
and institute a retirement counseling
service for all employees.
Having received an accolade from the
Comptroller General of the United
States for its. 1960 financial accounting
and internal audit procedures, the Office
of the Comptroller entered the new year
with plans for a feasibility study of auto-
matic data processing and the establish-
ment of a catalog pricing system for
storehouse items.
The Administrative Branch continued
the modernization of equipment at the
Mount Hope Printing Plant, including
installation of a new offset press. During
1961 plans will be completed for con-
solidation of the Mount Hope and
Balboa units in a building at La Boca.
The Branch also installed a new filing
system, reducing the number of subject
classifications from 10,000 to 1,000. The
Records Center moved to a roomier
building, thus gaining space necessary
for the efficient processing of Company-
Government records for retention or
The Office of the General Counsel,
while handling the normal quota of
routine legal matters, pushed forward
with the preparation of a Revised Canal
Zone Code, % hic h it hopes to submit to
Congress for approval early this year.
Other highlights of the year's activi-
ties included the appointment of Gov.
W. A. Carter to fill the post vacated by
former Gov. William'E. Potter, revision
of the Company-Government Master
Plan for the next decade by the Execu-
tive Planning Staff, the continued con-
solidation of a number of operations,
and elimination of duplicate require-
ments affecting residents of both Pan-
ama and the Canal Zone, such as driver's


New equipment was added to Mount Hope Printing Plant, such as this new offset press.

August fire caused extensive damage to Administration Building,
but repairs were completed and offices reoccupied by the year-end.

AndA Good Time Was Had By All .

As 1960 DREW to a close last month
with the festive holiday season, the
friendly associations and interchanges
between residents of Panama and the
Canal Zone, which have been part of
Isthmian life for more than half a cen-
tury, continued apace.
Some of the interchanges were asso-
ciated with the holiday season, but many
S others were unrelated to it, merely being
S a continuation of the long record of
Isthmians living, working, worshipping,
and playing together.
The vast majority of the activities
were simply the natural result of people
of many nationalities and interests living
close to each other, learning each other's
language, customs, attitudes, and view-
points, while sharing a common effort
in operation of the Isthmian waterway.
During the closing month of the year,
people from all walks of Isthmian life
urged their favorite Professional Base-
ball League teams to victory, helped
their less fortunate neighbors, shared
cultural experiences, visited one another,
exchanged holiday greetings, and gen-
erally continued the cordial relation-
Balboa High School Glee Club and Band performed at National Institute in Panama City. ships of friends and neighbors every-

The Rev. John A. Spalding, president of the International
Boy Scouts of the Canal Zone, opens Scout review in
honor of Council 801, Boy Scouts of America, in Mount
Hope Stadium. B. I. Everson, Director of Transportation
and Terminals Bureau, represented Gov. W. A. Carter.

Mrs. E. O. Kiernan, president of the Balboa Woman's Club, and Mrs. Albert
Saarinen with some of various food items which Club members donate each
year for students at the Salvation Army School for the Blind in Panama City.

JANUARY 6, 1961

. As Isthmian Residents Mingled

ONE OF THE happiest students at the
School of Agriculture in Divisa these
days is Didier Moreno, who last month
became the proud owner of a year-old
heifer calf from Mindi Dairy in the
Canal Zone.
Young Sefior Moreno was one of six
students from the school at Divisa who
served as showmen for cattle from the
school's herd during the Second Na-
tional Livestock and Industrial Fair in
Penonom6. Although all the students
demonstrated their showmanship train-
ing in the judging ring, Sefior Moreno
was adjudged the best and awarded the
heifer calf as a prize.
The year-old heifer was one of two
which the Panama Canal Company
donated as prizes for the fair. The
second one, a 10-month-old calf, was
awarded to an exhibitor, Domingo Al-
millategiii, through a drawing in which
all exhibitors were entered. The manner
of awarding the prizes was determined
by the directors of the fair.
Gumercindo L6pez, herdsman on La Estrella Azul dairy farm, displays one of prize-winning
Gumercindo L6pez, a 1952 graduate animals in show ring at Second National Livestock and Industrial Fair in Penonom6.
of the Divisa school and herdsman on
La Estrella Azul, the dairy farm owned
by Panama President Roberto F. Chiari
and his brothers, Rodolfo and Ricardo,
was judged third in showmanship, while .....
second place went to Eduardo Mejia, a
livestock handler at La Estrella Azul. I

Six students from the School of Agriculture at Divisa,
with two of the calves they exhibited at the Fair in Peno-
nom6. With the calves are Mario Dutari and Santiago
Rios, while seated on the edge of the pens are Belizario
Centeno, Didier Moreno, who was adjudged best show-
man at the fair, Alfonso Guevara, and Carlos Solis.

Executive Secretary Paul M. Runnestrand; Dr. Manelco Solis, director of
SICAP; John D. Hollen, Chief of the Executive Planning Staff, and Panama
President Roberto F. Chiari examine calves contributed by Mindi Dairy.


So You Want

To Learn


Dr. Russell Stodd, who had three months of instruction
coming to the Isthmus six months ago, is picking up tl
through association with patients at Gorgas Hospital

There are many different courses and methods for learning the
language. All you have to do is find the one that suits you.

n in Spanish before
he language rapidly
and private lessons.

MOST NEWLY arrived Canal Zone res-
idents have one ambition in common
-to learn to speak Spanish, if they aren't
already familiar with the language.
Those who travel by plane to the Isth-
mus have a head start, for right at take-
off they can begin to study a slim Air
Travelers' English-Spanish Dictionary
that usually is part of the complimentary
kit at each seat.
But the method is not entirely satis-
factory. The newcomer probably will
glance at the table of contents and select
"Everyday Expressions" as just the thing
for everyday usage. The list usually
starts with "Good morning (afternoon)
(evening;" translated "Buenos dias (bue-
nas tardes) ( buenas noches)." So far, so
good. But the next expressions aren't too
encouraging. Here we have -'I don't
speak Spanish" given as "No hablo es-
pafiol" and "I don't understand" as "No
comprendo," which certainly appears to
be a negative approach.
So the next move, after arrival and
getting more or less settled, is to investi-
gate the possibilities for studying
Spanish. The opportunities are many'
and range from group instruction spon-
sored by various organizations to private
lessons. Nearly all emphasize conver-
sation over composition and gram-
matical aspects.
Spanish language courses are always
underway at the USO-JWB in Balboa,
where a new course starts every' three
months. The most recent course started

in September and ended in December.
and registration is about to begin for
the new classes. Almost SO0 persons were
enrolled in the last classes, wheie a few
children attended with their mothers.
The students included servicemen in
the first three ranks, together with
officers and ci\ ilians.
The J\VB classes meet once a week
on Wednesday night and the instructors
have been Miss Claudette de Villa-
franca, a nurse at Gorgas Hospital, and
Miss Lucila Molina of Panama City, who
by da\ teaches English to Spanish-
speaking boys and girls at the National
Institute in Panama City.
Spanish classes at the Y.M.C.A. in
Balboa will start about the first of
March. Two-way classes are planned,
with Spanish to be offered for English-
speaking people and English for
Spamnsh-speaking persons. Bilingual in-
structors from Panama, who have spe-
cialized training in teaching languages,
will conduct the classes.
At the Canal Zone Junior College, an
elementary conversational Spanish class
meets every Monday and Thursday for
a 50-minute class from October 1 to the
end of January A second semester class
\will start on February 1, if a minimum
of 10 students is enrolled.
The Florida State University Spanish
course is offered to any high school
graduate and is essentially a regular
college introductory course in th2 lan-
guage. The beginners' Spanish classes

meet two evenings a week, and each
completed course earns three semester
hours of credit for the student.
A beginners' Spanish course spon-
sored by the Panamanian-North Amer-
ican Association in Panama City. which
was attended by more than 100 stu-
dents, has just ended. Next registration
will take place in January. The course
is conducted on a trimester basis.
A Colon Branch of the Panamanian-
North American Association, similar to
the one in Panama City' and organized
at the request of the Citizens Committee
of Colon, is to open after the first of the
year. Here, too, the beginners' Spanish
courses will be offered, together with
the English courses.
Should none of the above courses suit
the need of the prospective student of
Spanish, tutors and private instructors
advertise in the local newspapers. The
advantage here, in addition to the per-
sonal nature of the instruction, is that
the classes may be arranged at the
student's convenience.
And, of course, at the Canal Zone
Administration Building. a course in
"Spoken Spanish for Executives" is held
daild, \vith Carlos de Paredes as the in-
structor. He also conducts classes in
Spanish for doctors, nurses, and admin-
istrative personnel at Corgas Hospital,
as well as private classes. In these
courses, special stress is placed on imi-
tation, repetition, substituion. and varia-
tion in acquiring familiarity with the

JANrA.RY 6, 1961

R. G. Plummer, pilot-in-training, listens as Capt. Daniel M. R. Haff points out a feature of the Canal which pilots must understand.

Toward An Ever-Improving Work Force

Training of Canal employees in safer, more efficient methods is
one of major ways in which the waterway continues to meet
the many demands made on it and the people who run it.

THE PANAMA CANAL organization
isn't exactly an educational institution,
but the diversified activities for which
it is responsible and the training which
employees must have to perform multi-
tudinous duties has made it an em-
ployee-instructor, as well as a Com-
With 14,000 employees working a
total of approximately 25 million man-
hours per year, the Company-Govern-
ment last year used almost 1 percent of
those man-hours in training employees
to do their jobs more efficiently, safer,
with different methods, or by using new
techniques and equipment.
The diversity of training, which
ranged from relatively simple instruc-
tion acquired through assigned reading
to seminars for middle management per-

sonnel, covered an area virtually as
broad as the 900-odd job classification
designations carried by Canal em-
Like many other facets of the Canal
operation, much of the training was un-
dertaken because long-range planning
indicated it would be required in the
future, even though it might not be
needed as of the day it was authorized.
Training of pilots, for example. With
an e\er-increasiriig flow of ships through
the Isthmian % ater. .ta, more and more
pilots are needed to guide them safely
from deep water to deep water. During
1960 a total of 18 pilot-trainees were
advanced to the rating of probationary
pilots and 12 new trainees were taken
into the system.
The still-to-come Marine Traffic Con-

trol System represents another aspect
of the same need for a studied glance
ahead. While the system itself still is in
the planning stage, a number of Com-
pany-Government employees have re-
ceived training which will enable them
to put it into operation after it is installed
-and make it operate properly.
All in all, the number of hours of
employee-training provided by the
Company-Government was roughly
equal to the number of hours of instruc-
tion provided by the Canal Zone Junior
College for full-time students. The Com-
pany-Government program was spread
among several thousand employees,
however, while the Junior College in-
struction was directed at approximately
250 full-time students.


James E. Barrett, Bureau Training Officer, in
of models developed for that purpose in

Automotive Mechanic Apprentice Courtney E. Jarvis watches indicators on wheel alignment
device at the Motor Transportation Division, as Clarence E. Dorr adjusts the wheels.

Sgt. T. J. Polite and Patrolman Ralph E. Stone of the Cristobal District demonstrate the
use of a mouth-to-mask resuscitation device during training session for other officers.

Training of personnel in the many
activities carried on by the Canal organ-
ization is not something new. As Loron
B. Burnham, Supervisory Employee
Development Officer, notes in a recently
completed report on the Company-
Government training program during
Fiscal Year 1960, "Training has been an
essential activity at the Panama Canal
almost from the time the first shovelful
of earth was turned to start construction
of the great waterway."
Mr. Burnham points out that in ad-
dition to building and operating the
waterway, the Canal organization has
had to provide civil administration and
services such as police and fire protec-
tion, schools, highways, hospitals, water
purification and distribution, and sew-
age disposal, along with housing, food,
clothing, recreational facilities, and
many others for employees.
Just as in any other organization,
training needs within the Company-
Government arise, primarily, in four
areas: (1) as new employees are hired;
(2) as old employees advance or
transfer; (3) as job content changes,
and (4) as new techniques and equip-
ment are introduced.
As a result of the 1955 Treaty and
Memorandum of Understandings be-

JANUARY 6, 1961

lass in cargo-handling techniques with the use
training quarters in the Cristobal pier area.

tween the United States and Panama,
some shift in training objectives has
been made in order to increase training
opportunities for non-U.S. citizens.
The purpose of all the training pro-
vided by the Company-Government is,
of course, an improvement in the oper-
ations of the Canal organization. And
it has provided that improvement. Units
throughout the Company-Government
report increased efficiency, a greater
ability to absorb heavier workloads
without any increase in work force, and
the intangible benefits of employee
morale and understanding.
The most common method of instruc-
tion throughout the organization was in
on-the-job training, usually carried out
by supervisors who previously had re-
ceived :.special instruction in training
techniques. This method is used
throughout the Supply and Community
Service Bureau, with Fred Dahl, Bureau
Training Officer, planning programs for
the various units,
In the Storehouse Branch, for
example, Mr. Dahl worked out a training
program in cooperation with Joseph L.
M. Demers, Branch Chief, who was
himself a student in the sessions con-
ducted by Mr. Dahl. Mr. Demers, in
turn, conducted instructional sessions

Fire Division Sgt. Frank Berry demonstrates how to tie a line on a man preparatory to
lowering him from a burning building by use of ladder and rope. Firefighter D. N. Austin
is in the role of victim. Watching demonstration are Alexio Morris and D. L. Greaves.

Fred Dahl, Bureau Training Officer, looks on as employees in Balboa Retail Store are
instructed in sales techniques by Supervisor George P. Hinds, fa.- right. From left to right
are Beresford S. Thompson, Ethelbert Seales, Rose Lewis, Anthony Jordan, and Mr. Hinds.


Loron B. Burnham, Supervisory
Employee Development Officer, stands
between Personnel Director
Edward A. Doolan and
Daniel J. Paolucci, Assistant
to the Personnel Director, as he
outlines a training plan.

for nine supervisory personnel within
the branch. The supervisors then held
meetings with their employees to pass
along the things they had learned
through their sessions with Mr. Demers.
By this means, some 650 man-courses
were provided in subjects ranging from
storehouse inventory and employee rela-
tions to safety and proper use of the
A somewhat modified form of this
program was carried out among Retail
Store personnel, with approximately 20
selected supervisors and regular em-
ployees receiving special instruction in
training methods, then developing a
small-scale training session to cover
special problems encountered in the
various stores. Subjects covered in these
brief training sessions included such
matters as the proper use of paper bags,
display of merchandise, care of tools
and equipment, stock control, and many
On the Atlantic side of the Isthmus,
a number of special training needs were
met during the year, with James E.
Barrett, Transportation and Terminals
Bureau Training Officer, leading the
The T & T Bureau's training methods
also utilize the method by which super-
visors are trained in teaching methods
so they can give instruction in new
work methods. With all the changes in
shipping methods which constantly are
taking place, much of the T &T Bureau
instruction is directed at teaching how
new equipment should be used, how
rigging for special jobs can be devised,
and how different types of shipping

containers can be handled safely and
Of the 207,998 man-hours devoted to
employee-training during the 1960 fiscal
year, more than 195,000, or almost 95
percent of the total, were carried out
within the Company-Government or-
ganization. A total of 5,825 man-hours
of training was provided by other U.S.
Government agencies and the remaining
6,982 man-hours were obtained in non-
government facilities.
The training of Company-Govern-
ment employees provided by other gov-
ernment agencies ranged from a Middle
Management Seminar and Work Plan-
ning and Control course taught by five
instructors from the Rock Island, Ill.,
Arsenal and attended by 24 Company-
Government employees to instruction of
eight employees in the use of tabulating
and card-punch machines by personnel
of Albrook Air Force Base.
Virtually all of the training in non-
government facilities was in highly
specialized fields and more than half of
the man-hours spent in such training
was of a technical nature in the fields
of medicine, engineering, and architec-
ture. Non-government facilities also
provided two teachers with training in
special techniques for the education of
handicapped children.
As Mr. Burnham notes in his report,
it is not always possible to isolate the
effects of training from those of other
factors involved in a particular saving
or operational improvement.
This inability to place a monetary
value on training is particularly obvious
in the areas of safety and the emergency

instruction received by fireme, n and
policemen. How can you put a price on
a sightless eye or a useless limb-or on
a life itself?
Safety instruction is an integrated
part of the Company-Government
training program, with unit safety rep-
resentatives carrying out the policies
established by the Safety Branch in
cooperation with top officials of the
Company-Government. Special training
in rescue techniques and emergency
first aid procedures likewise are a
regular part of the training programs
carried on by the Police and Fire Divi-
In addition to all the formalized
training provided for personnel through
formal instruction, there is the informal
orientation required by new employees,
regardless of qualifications. This train-
ing, invaluable as it is to the efficient
operation of the Canal organization, is
not included in the report prepared by
Mr. Burnham, which covers only the
formal training provided for Company-
Government employees.
Also disregarded in the body of the
training report is what Personnel Direc-
tor Edward A. Doolan terms "continu-
ous training of a sort whose nature
makes it impossible to report in a survey
such as this," pointing to the day-to-day
informal, unplanned experience which
an employee gains under a good super-
visor as an example.
"But," as Mr. Doolan noted in a trans-
mittal memorandum distributed with
the report, "on the basis of the reports
alone, our organization may take satis-
faction, and go forward with confi-

JANUARY 6, 1961



As always, the arrival of the
dry season signals the start of
pleasant outdoor activities.

Kathy Burs, daughter of Official Photographer and Mrs. William Burs,
relaxes on porch of hotel at El Valle, popular vacation spot in Panama.

THE WEATHERMAN SAYS that the wet season is following the
sun as it moves south of Panama and, barring accidents, should
leave the Isthmus bright and sunn)', swept by the trade winds
-and filled with tourists.
In other words, January is the beginning of a three-month
period when slightly waterlogged Isthmian residents, and
tourists, too, can go on picnics and trips and explore those
inaccessible spots in the interior of Panama which virtually are
closed to travel during the rainy season.
These spots can be found in the hills and mountains and
along the beaches which stretch from Chame to Santa Clara
and beyond. Some of the most popular spots, such as Santa
Clara, El Valle, and Boquete can be visited all year round but
are at their best when the dry season sun shines. Then there
are the others closer to home, like Fort San Lorenzo, Las
Cruces Trail, and the island of Taboga, where the new hotel
is attracting hundreds of visitors each week.
The dry season is also a time for fishing. Local and visiting
fishermen who haven't bothered to wet a line during the rainy
season, are casting their eyes at their tackle boxes, examining
their fishing poles, and preparing for another go at both the
freshwater and saltwater denizens of the deep.

These youngsters from Panama know a good warm weather drink.

Students attending Latin American schools in the Canal
Zone and those who attend schools in Panama, will start their
mid-term vacation early next month. During the dry season
they will accompany their parents to summer homes in the
interior or frequent the beaches and swimming pools closer
to the city.
This is the time when house owners who have worked all
year on their gardens can entertain friends at garden parties
without fear of a sudden thunderstorm. It is the time when
the golfer can schedule his games weeks in advance without
worrying about being rained out and when the family can
visit picnic spots with the same assurance.

Trails through the woods have special lure during dry season.


New Director


Marine Bureau

Capt. and Mrs. Richard G. Jack at farewell party in California.

Canal organization will get a new Di-
rector this month, a successor to Capt.
William C. Hughes, Jr., who is retiring
and leaving the Isthmus after 30 years
of Nan service, the last 19 months of
which have been spent as head of the
Marine Bureau.
' The new Marine Bureau Director,
Capt. Richard G. Jack, who has spent
almost 25 years in Naval service since
being graduated from the U.S. Naval

Capt. William C. Hughes, Jr.

Academy in 1935, arrived on the Isth-
mus the day after Christmas, accom-
panied by his wife and two of their
three sons. He will assume his duties as
Bureau Director when Captain Hughes
leaves later this month.
Life on the Isthmus will not be a
completely new experience for the wife
of the new Bureau Director. As the
daughter of an early submarine officer,
retired Capt. Arthur Folz, she lived in
the Zone twice while her father was
stationed here.
Captain Hughes, who will retire effec-
tive February 1, plans to go to Europe
soon after separation from active duty
and intends to take up residence in
Spain, probably on the island of Mal-
lorca in the Mediterranean Sea or in
the Canary Islands of the Atlantic.
The retiring Marine Director, a native
of Oklahoma City and a 1931 graduate
of the Naval Academy, was a member
of the Naval Mission to Colombia from
1939 to 1942. During World War II, he
served as commanding officer of the
U.S.S. Somers, a destroyer leader in the
Atlantic which sank a German blockade
runner and two German corvettes while
Captain Hughes was in command. He
later served as plans officer for the last
amphibious assault of the Pacific war,
at Balikpapan on Borneo.
Captain Hughes became Marine Bu-
reau Director on June 1, 1959. During

his service as head of the Bureau, im-
proved scheduling of ships and greater
manning of the Locks has resulted in a
reduction of several hours in the aver-
age time which ships spend in Canal
Zone waters and "holdover" ships have
been reduced almost to zero.
His wife and 13-year-old son, Philip,
will accompany him to Spain. An older
son, William C. Hughes, III, is a sales
representative for a tobacco company
in Bellevue, Ill.
Captain Jack, who was at Pearl
Harbor on "the day of infamy," later
served in the convoy which took the
First Marine, Division to the South Pa-
cific and participated in the first attack
on Japanese held island bases in Feb-
ruary 1942. He has been commanding
officer of the U.S.S. Hector, heavy
repair. ship, since October 1959.
Prior to his assignment to the Hector,
Captain Jack had been Aviation Ships
Maintenance Officer in the Office of the
Chief of Naval Operations and had held
various administrative posts, including
Assistant to the Plans Officer of the
Naval War College and Operations Of-
ficer on the staff of the Commander of
the First Fleet.
The sons who accompanied Captain
and Mrs. Jack to the Isthmus are Robert,
17, and Richard, 13. Their third son,
Howard, 19, is a student at California
Western University in San Diego.

JANUARY 6, 1961

Despite its sporty appearance, this really is a safety shoe.

Safety Shoes Can Be Stylish

Not only are they sporty-looking despite their safety
features, but you can save money on them.

ARE YOU IN the mood to save some
money? Then take a look at the shoe
shown with this article. It's a sporty-
looking dress shoe-and it also is a
rugged safety shoe, ready to go on the
job with you after seeing its best days
as your dress shoe. Buying a pair like
it is one way of saving money on work
Zone retail stores carry several dress-
style safety shoes which may be sold
on a payroll deduction plan to those
with Canal Zone purchase privileges.
You'll save money on the price, too. Any
style of dress or work safety shoe in the
retail stores sell for about 10 percent
less than an identical shoe without the
one and a quarter-ounce steel safety cap
hidden in the toe. The retail stores make
possible that 10 percent saving to help
you get started on making safety shoes
part of your "tools of the trade."

Even without the 10 percent saving,
safety shoes are the best buy in shoes,
because, dollar-for-dollar, you get better
quality leather, better construction, and
better workmanship in them. The manu-
facturers of safety shoes do not have
plush sales stores, big selling staffs, and
expensive, national sales campaigns. All
the money thus saved is plowed into
giving you a better shoe for your money.
As for the protection and dollar
savings built into a safety shoe by that
invisible, one and a quarter-ounce alloy
steel cap-imagine, if you can, a fork
lift truck running over your toes, or a
300-pound block of ice falling on them,
or a 30-pound vise dropping on them
from a workbench. Those things all
happened recently to workmen, either
on the job or at homo, but no harm was
done because in each case the prospec-
tive victim was wearing safety shoes at

the time. If they hadn't been, chances
are they would have been laid up in
bed, on leave, or on compensation pay-
ments. And here's where the third type
of savings come in-the money they
would have lost as a result of reduced
income would have been more than the
cost of all the work shoes they'd have
needed for the next 10 or 15 years.
Would you buy a new car without a
front bumper? "Not me," you say. "I
want some protection for those new
fenders." Then why not put a good
bumper on your toes in the next pair
of work shoes you buy and thus protect
your income? A word to the ladies-if
they happen to be stubborn about their
husbands wearing safety shoes: the cost
to the family of a foot injury could be
enough to buy you a whole new outfit,
including hat, dress, gloves, handbag,
and shoes.






'59 '60 '5!
284 14 3M
2560 126 14(

Mrs. Helen Swearingen and Mrs. Dolores Hammetter make poinsettias.

Weather Can't Hurt

These Flowers

Mrs. Swearingen supplies

flowers for this leaf spray.

Atlantic-side women make attractive
floral arrangements with scissors and
then use scraps for colorful corsages

DRY SEASON, wet season, or any varia-
tion on the weather scene which may
have a disastrous effect on the flowers
that bloom in Canal Zone gardens,
doesn't worry Mrs. Helen Swearingen
of Gatun. Her home is always gay with
flowers in endless variety and color, for
she makes them. Mrs. Swearingen's fa-
vorite materials are wood fiber or velour,
depending on the kind of flower she's
'about to create, and the season.
Her interest in the wood fiber flower
field dates back some three years, when
her mother was presented an unusually
lovely corsage on Mother's Day. The
flowers in the corsage had never seen a
garden or florist shop, but were made
by the giver. Mrs. Swearingen sat in on
some flower-making lessons and now
can whip up a bouquet of red, red roses,
a spray of purple, white, and pink asters,
or lovely cherry blossoms at the click of
a scissors. Well, a few clicks, anyway.
On one wall of her living room is a
graceful Italian metal leaf spray on
which Mrs. Swearingen adds the floral
interest. One time, the spray may be.

exotic with cherry blossoms and tropical
birds, also artificial, of course. Or at
holiday time, white Christmas roses,
created by Mrs. Swearingen, bloom on
the spray.
This holiday season nearly all the
Atlantic side abounded in poinsettias.
Mrs. Swearingen and Mrs. Dolores
Hammetter, a neighbor in Gatun, in-
tructed the Cristobal Woman's Club in
the art of poinsettia making. And never
were such lovely poinsettia arrange-
ments seen in a Canal Zone town.
Velour was used for the poinsettias.
The material comes by the yard.. The
poinsettia petals are outlined on the
back and then cut out. Veins on the red
poinsettias are traced on the material
with a bobby pin; on the white poinset-
tias, they are drawn with chalk. There
never is any waste, or scraps, for even
bits are used to make gay corsages.
Mrs. Swearingen has as keen an inter-
est in growing plants as in creating the
never-wilt varieties. The outdoor recrea-
tion area below the living quarters is a
".living friendship" area. Here plants'

and ferns, each contributed by some
family before leaving the Canal Zone
for residence in the United States, are
living reminders of former neighbors
and friends.
C. Truman Swearingen, not to be
outshone by his wife in the green thumb
field, is responsible for the huge rose
apple tree that stands beside their home.
In 1943 he planted a rose apple seed.
Fifteen years later the tree bore its first
fruit, and continues to bear to the de-
light of all the children in the neighbor-
hood, who are ardent rose apple fanciers.
The tree has a feathery purple flower
which, when it drops off, leaves a little
green bell. The rose apple comes from
the bell. And if Mrs. Swearingen is
lucky enough to get ahead of the rose-
apple-eating children, she takes time
off from flower-making to whip up rose
apple sauce.
But flower-making and rose apple
dishes do not take all her time. Her
afternoons, Monday through Friday, are
spent at the Gatun Circulating Library,
where she has been a library assistant
for 10 years.

JANUARY 6, 1961


Big crane working on Mississippi bridge job at Helena, Ark.

NEW OFFICERS for 1961 were elected
by the Central Labor Union-Metal
Trades Council during December and
are to take office this month.
James H. Elliott was named president,
succeeding E. W. Hatchett, who had
held the top post for several years, but
was not a candidate for reelection this
Seated with President Elliott, who is
in center, are, from left to right: Samuel
Roe, Jr., legislative representative; H.
E. Munro, secretary; President Elliott;
W. M. 0. Fischer, treasurer, and J. C.
Dyer, Wage and Grievance Board
member. Standing, from left to right,
are J. S. DeFrees, second alternate to
the Wage and Grievance Board; C. L.
Coate, trustee; J. H. Young, trustee, and
W. W. Huffman, first vice president.
Not present when the picture was
taken were R. J. Balcer, second vice
president; T. P. McCGann, alternate
legislative representative; D. P. Bender,
first alternate to the Wage and Griev-

Worth knowing .
ONE OF THE largest and tallest cranes in the United States
will be brought to the Isthmus next year to be used by the John
F. Beasley Construction Co. of Dallas, Tex., on construction of
the superstructure for the high level bridge over the Canal at
Now being used by the Beasley Company in Helena, Ark.,
on construction of a bridge across the Mississippi River, the big
crane will be dismantled and loaded on barges for transporta-
tion to the Canal Zone.
The crane has a boom 250 feet long and a jib extension of
75 feet. With the boom fastened to the body of the crane
25 feet above ground level, the whole outfit has a vertical
reach of 350 feet. For the job on the Balboa bridge, an extra
section will be installed in the boom to add another 50 feet to
the vertical reach.
The contract for the construction of the bridge superstruc-
ture was awarded to the Beasley Company in February on a
total base price offer of $9,119,000.
The superstructure work will include construction of the
5,425-foot long framework which will soar to a maximum
height of 384 feet above the average level of the water below
it. The work also will involve installation of a concrete deck,
aluminum railings, roadway lighting, and power and communi-
cation conduits.
The contractor has until approximately October 1, 1962, to
complete the work. The steel for the bridge now is being
manufactured in West Germany and the prefabricated bridge
parts will be brought to the Isthmus-ready for assembly.
THE QUARTERLY meeting of the Panama Canal Company's
Board of Directors was to be held today and Saturday at
Balboa Heights. During the meeting, which is the annual
session held in the Zone, members of the Board will hold'a
general discussion of problems pertaining to the operation of
the Panama Canal Company. They also will make a tour of
Gaillard Cut, to inspect the widening and bank lighting
projects there. Most of the Board members are expected to
return to the United States by air on Sunday.

New Officers Elected By CLU-MTC

ance Board; F. S. Brown, sergeant-at-
arms, and J. J. Delcourt, trustee.
President Elliott, Mr. Dyer, and Mr.

Munro took office on January 1; but
all other officers will be sworn in Jan-
uary 15.


(On the basis of total Federal Service)

Roger W. Collinge
Assistant Superintendent and
Director of Elementary
William M. Jensen

F6lix E. Dandrade
Nursing Assistant
Edward J. Husted
Guard Supervisor

Richard Stephens Laundry Checker
Power Plant Superintendent TRANSPORTATION AND
Lorenzo A. Anderson TERMINALS BUREAU
General Helper Philip A. Clarke
Rupert G. Allison Claude P. Yard
Nursing Assistant Chauffeur

Osmond N. Austin
Horace L. Smith
Customs Guard
Alberts Cooper
Police Sergeant
Edwin J. Compton
Construction Inspector
Walter E. Marek
Lead Foreman Quarters
Ivan Temple
Leader Seaman
Pio Cantoral
Domingo Marcelino
Boat Maintenanceman
Pablo Segura
Patrocinio GonzAlez
Oiler, Floating Plant
William H. Billerman
Gabriel Rivera
Frank A. Hall
Preston J. Barker
Water Supply System
General Foreman
Hilario Rodriguez
Aquilino Castillo
Enrique A. Jaen
Laboratory Helper
Pr6spero Rosas
Rock Crushing Plant
Roman Cabeza
Seaman i

Ruth A. Fishbough
Medical Record Librarian
Charlotte Clara
Nursing Assistant
Martin W. Johnson
Nursing Assistant
Ephraim B. Campbell
Nursing Assistant
Vernon Edwards
Nursing Assistant
Marcus M. Smith
File Clerk
Alphonsine Almont
Nursing Ass
Claren A. B ce
Nursing As nt
Oswald A. Ebanks
Leo A. Wals
Towboat r F. r
Oscar JohnB-
Lead Foreman Lock
Willston N. Kelly
Oiler, Floating Plant
Joseph Peters
Norman G. Baker
Leader Boatman
Earl H. Turner
Marine Machinist
Daniel S. Lewis
Thomas N. Page
Earle Johnson
Launch Operator
Dathan Martin
Helper Lock Operator.

Emilio Diaz
Alberto A. Robinson
Crane Hookman
Jos6 Pereira
Chester Brown
Helper Boilermaker
David Torres
Edward L. Spinney
Marine Machinist
George Palmer
Ladis ernindez
unc ator
f argaret E. M p A
| Salary nrd N ag Analyst
leophas Maci der
William A. Gaskin
File Clerk
Earl W. Sears
Administrative Services
Roy Best
Alfred Anderson
Truck Driver
George L. Fenton
Tree Trimmer
Curley McCree
Food Service Sales Checker
Carmen I. Lugo
Laundry Checker

Francisco Brito M.
Tiburcio P6rez
Rose Elena Lewis
Sales Clerk
Louise A. Johnson
Claudius T. Samuels
Llewellyn 0. Bowen
Hortencio Aranda
Laborer Cleaner
Honorio Magan
Edna C. Howard
Counter Attendant
Cleophus Blackman
Laborer Cleaner
Edmund N. Reid
Laborer Cleaner
Ursil L. Savoury
Sales Clerk
John M. Brown
Supervisory Supply Officer
Angelica de Joya
Sales Clerk

Joseph E. Foster
Shipment Clerk
Charles Simon
Clerk Checker
Marcelino Dean
Gabriel C. Thom
High Lift Truck Operator
Charles S. Fortune
Marcos Arrocha
Alfred A. Hammond

20 JANUARY 6, 1961


EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between November 15 and
December 15 are listed below. Within-
grade promotions and job reclassifica-
tions are not listed.
Fannie M. Sosa, to Applications Examiner.
Division of Schools
Patricia E. Headley, to Junior High School
Teacher, Latin American Schools.
Patricia E. Lazar, Sylvia M. Rindt, to Ele-
mentary and Secondary School Teacher.
Rochelle H. Head, Clerk-Stenographer,
from Community Services Division.
Postal Division
William K. McCue, to Relief Supervisor,
Edward G. Moran, to Special Postal Clerk.
Winfield S. Ireland, to Special Clerk, Mail
Handling Unit.
Carroll E. Kocher, to General Foreman,
Mail Handling Unit.
Frank P. Sullivan, to Clerk-in-Charge,
Window Services, Cristobal.
Accounting Division
Burton F. Mead, from Substitute Distribu-
tion Clerk, Postal Division, to Time,
Leave, and Payroll Clerk.
Edgar R. McArthur, to Supervisory Ac-
counting Assistant.
Clarence E. Notyce, to Accounting Clerk.
Lucille D. Van Riper, to Accounting Tech-
Byron J. Atherley, from Clerk, Supply Di-
vision, to Mail and File Clerk.
Teonilda I. Larrinaga, to Personnel Clerk.
Engineering Division
Thomas G. Toda, to Structural Engineer.
Dredging Division
Andrew J. Gagliano, from Lock Operator
Machinist, Locks Division, to Engineer,
Floating Crane.
H. P. Burchett, from Lock Operator Elec-
trician, Locks Division, to Electrician.
Florencio Flores, from Heavy Pest Control
Laborer, Division of Sanitation, to Boat-
Agustin Santana, to Launch Seaman.
Electrical Division
Burnell F. Dowler, from Marine Machinist,
Industrial Division, to Operator-Diesel
James G. Murray, from General Engineer,
Industrial Division, to Training Instruc-
tor, Welding and Metallurgy.
Cleveland A. Jordan, Jos6 Murillo, to Dis-
tribution Systems Maintenanceman.
Maintenance Division
Robert C. Herrington, to Lead Foreman
Public Works Road Construction.
Carl L. Simons, to Lead Foreman Public
Works Road Paving.
Frank R. Turman, Jr., to Lead Foreman
Quarters Maintenance.
James R. McCarrick, from Towing Loco-
motive Operator, Locks Division, to
Sheetmetal Worker.
Byron R. Brookes, from Waiter, Supply Di-
vision, to Helper Maintenance Ma-

November 15 through December 15
James N. Beckles, to Work Order Clerk.
Alfonso D. Gittens, Laborer, from Com-
munity Services Division.
Donald E. Gagne, from Boilermaker, In-
dustrial Division, to Welder.
Hubert C. Agard, Clayton E. Clarke,
Charles G. Brown, to Painter.
Basil E. SuArez, from Pin Setter, Supply
Division, to Messenger.
JuliAn Amaya, Bruce A. Chase, Stephen C.
Pirre, Adal S. Dawes, from Dock Worker,
Terminals Division, to Laborer.
Florice Renee, William D. Welsh, Arnold
R. Ferraro, Edward C. Wilson, Alfonso
R. Allman, Ralph J. Flemming, Glad-
stone E. Clarke, George M. Clarke, Lubin
L. Theresia, Fernando Robinson, to Car-
Contract and Inspection Division
James H. Bowen, Joseph L. Gwinn, to Elec-
trical Systems Inspector.
Charles N. Norris, from Supervisory Ac-
counting Assistant, Accounting Division,
to Accountant, Gorgas Hospital.
St. Clair L. Thorne, to Dental Laboratory
Technician, Coco Solo Hospital.
Industrial Division
Eric S. Charles, to Crane Hookman.
Donald Q. Ralston, from Heavy Laborer,
Supply Division, to Guard.
Locks Division
Joshua H. Chapman, from Laborer Cleaner,
Supply Division, to Heavy Laborer.
Elisha E. Gordon, Juan Joseph, Eustace A.
Walters, Slenue P. Gilbert, Leonard S.
King, to Helper Lock Operator.
Joseph L. Hummer, to Leader Lock Oper-
ator Machinist.
William S. McKee, to Lead Foreman, Lock
Bernardino Vega, Juan D. Contreras, Jos6
Hall. Jerome A. Muir, to Cement
Buty Mawell, Wilfred S. Mattison, Car-
melo Ziniga, Agustin Romero, Harold
Irvin, Hector Geart, to Maintenance
James S. Best, Lester 0. Williams, Melvin
0. Husband, to Toolroom Attendant.
Navigation Division
Howarth V. Rowe, Jr., to Pilot.
Robert S. Mate, to Probationary Pilot.
John W. O'Daniel, Jr., William Farrell,
William M. Deaton, to Pilot-in-Training.
Victor J. Gonzalez, Norbert R. Welsh, to
Oiler, Floating Plant.
Jaime D. Ceballos M., Juan Mejia, Cecilio
Livingston, Alejandro Garc6s, from Dock
Worker, Terminals Division, to Deck-
Amable A. Herrera, from Dock Worker,
Terminals Division, to Deckhand.
Jos6 G. Agostini, to Seaman.
Jos6 H. Bedoya V., from Laborer, Ter-
minals Division, to Deckhand.
Betty J. Farrell, from Accounts Mainte-
nance Clerk, Office of Director, En-
gineering and Construction Bureau, to
Clerk-Typist, Office of Director.
Community Services Division
August I. Bauman, to Superintendent of
Grounds Maintenance Branch,

Roy A. Sharp, to Assistant Superintendent
Grounds Maintenance Branch.
Virgil C. Reed, to Grounds Supervisor,
Northern District.
Burton J. Hackett, Jr., Jack W. Clarke,
Ralph L. Hanners, John W. Purvis, Gene
E. Clinchard, to General Grounds Fore-
Samuel 0. Alexander, to Lead Foreman
Tree Trimmer.
Lionel E. McLlean, James S. Raymond, to
Lead Cemetery Foreman.
Clifford Niles Samuel L. Ford, Francisco
Bosquez, Albert E. Watson, Frank Henry,
Pascual C6rdoba, Pedro Mufioz, Martie
S. Pierre, to Field Tractor Operator.
Remigio Sanjur, SebastiAn Santamaria, Ho-
racio GonzAlez, Modesto SAnchez, Edu-
vigis Rangel, Ismael Carrasco, Raimun-
do Ceballos, Oscar Edmund, Calliford
S. Watson, Leonard Austin, Nelson Saa-
vedra, Carlos G. Vega R., Nazario De
Garcia, Arcadio P6rez, Buenaventura
Quezada, Eusebio Quintana, Ruben C.
Trottman, Le6n Chiri, Jos6 Tufi6n, Ge-
rardo Aparicio, Tomas Jim6nez S., Jos6
D. Altamar B., Felipe Catuy, Jos6 D.
Oviedo, Trinidad Garcia, Pascual Oroz-
co, Julio Serrano, Rafael C. Granados
M., Eugenio Hernindez, Epifanio Za-
mora, Domingo Montenegro, Maurice
Rodriguez, Pr6spero Franco, Renny G.
Peters, Luis Adames, Silverio Guti6rrez,
JonAs SAnchez G., Demetrio Avendafio,
Te6filo Alveo A., Gilberto Duque, Junios
F. Jordan, Florencio Jean, Julio Ortega,
Rafael Rodriguez M., Jos6 D. Vergara,
Alfred L. Grimes, Albert D. Jones, Pe-
dro Oses C., Headley McAdams, Cle-
mente Calder6n, Hilario Rojas, Manuel
Gordon, Hilario Cortez, Eladio C6rdo-
ba, Calixto Ferrer, Alfonso Rodriguez U.,
Antonio Urquilla, SebastiAn Martinez,
Agustin Diaz, William Bennett, Llewel-
lyn 0. Bowen, Victoriano G6ndola, Da-
vid L. Donaldson. Abraham W. For-
cheney, Rolando L6pez, Humberto Cas-
tro, Joseph L. Powell, Angel Romero,
Ruperto Acosta, Aristides L6pez, George
L. Dutton, Cecil A. Lipsitt, Santana Vas-
quez, Valentin Jaen, Aquilino de la Cruz,
JuliAn Martinez, Manuel A. Rauda, Ber-
nardino Castro, Faustino Castro, Ray-
mond A. Weeks, Arcadio Barlanoa, Jes6s
Ceballos, Roberto Arias, George Max-
well, Mario Pineda, Dario E. Villarreal,
Charles P. Romain, Fidelino Rodriguez,
Fidel Toribio, Pablo Portillo, Jos6 Quin-
tana, Agustin Rodriguez, to Grounds
Maintenance Equipment Operator.
Gilbert E. Manning, Stanley V. Waterman,
Walter E. Clarke, Norman N. Bonnick,
Fitz R. Scantlebury, Charles A. Alex-
ander, Norman A. Blades, Cornelius E.
Brooks, Daniel Byfield, Joclyn E. Byrnes,
Egbert M. Best, to Lead Foreman,
Alexander R. Holder, Concepcion Barriosd
Charles C. Mayors, Jos6 A. Arias, to Lead
Foreman Grounds Maintenance Equip-
ment Operator.
Supply Division
Edwin F. Rigby, to General Supply Of-
Ella J. Maynard, to Sales Section Head.
Arthur C. Parchment, James A. Smith,
Granville L. Reece, to Leader High Lift
Truck Operator.
Stanley C. Vanterpool, to Truck Driver.
(See p. 23)



RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of December to the
employees listed below, with their birth-
places, positions, years of Canal service,
and future residence.
McKin B. Alcide, Santa Lucia; Laundry-
man, Supply Division; 37 years, 6
-months, 6 days; Panama.
Josiah Alleyne, Barbados;. Laborer, Main-
tenance Division; 30 years, 11 months,
8 days; Colon.
Cephas A. Arthur, Jamaica; Machinist
Helper, Electrical Division; 34 years, 6
months, 10 days; Panama.
Marfa S. Bellay, Panama; Pantry Woman,
Supply Division; 37 years, 1 month, 1
day; Panama.
Joseph I. Brown, Jamaica; Fumaceman,
Industrial Division; 41 years, 4 months,
4 days; Colon.
Harry F. Cranfield, Massachusetts; Oper-
ator Foreman, Electrical Division; 19
years, 10 months, 4 days; Florida.
Mrs. Carolyn J. Henry, Florida; Clerical
Assistant, Personnel Bureau; 5 years, 1
month, 14 days; Florida.
Samuel Johnson, Santa Lucia; Seaman, Na-
vigation Division; 37 years, 2 months, 2
days; Panama.
Charles L. Latham, Washington, D.C.;
Retail Store Supervisor, Supply Division;
32 years, 9 months; France.
Manuel L. Le6n, Colombia; Foreman, Ter-
minals Division; 41 years, 11 months,
29 days; Panama.
Jasper Leonard Long, Texas; Assistant
Foreman, Postal Division; 23 years, 4
months; Texas.
Capt. Harold T. Longmore, Massachusetts;
Pilot, Navigation Division, 24 years, 5
months, 11 days; New Orleans.
Jos6 I. Martinez, Panama; Laborer, Com-
munity Services Division; 22 years, 2
months, 3 days; Panama.
Kurt F. Menzel, Washington, D.C.; Super-
visory Medical Technician, Health Bu-
reau; 33 years, 8 months, 12 days; Pan-
Charles A. McLean, Panama; Scrap Metal
Sorter, Supply Division; 31 years, 3
months, 22 days; Panama.
William C. Moore, Barbados; Boilermaker
Helper, Industrial Division; 42 years, 11
months, 24 days; Panama.
Alfred Myers, St. Vincent; Warehouseman,
Dredging Division; 46 years, 8 months,
14 days; Panama.
Ernesto Navalo V., Panama; Ship Worker,
Terminals Division; 13 years, 10 months,
17 days; Panama.
Marcelina Navarro, Panama; Presser,
Ancon Laundry; 34 years, 2 months, 12
days; Panama.
Lt. Richard G. Nichols, North Carolina;
Police Lieutenant, Police Division; 20
years, 27 days; Florida.
Bruno Olayo, Panama; Trackman, Railroad
Division; 21 years, 20 days; Panama.
Huntley S. Phillips, Barbados; Leader Sand-
blaster, Dredging Division; 40 years, 10
months, 23 days; Chilibre.
Ralph 0. Williams, Jamaica; Cook, Health
Bureau; 40 years, 10 months, 26 days;
Arthur G. Wright, Jamaica; Welder Helper,
Dredging Division; 40 years, 1 month,
12 days; Panama.
IrisM. McNeil, Jamaica; Laundry Checker,
Supply Division; 43 years, 9 months, 3
days, Panama.

50 Years Ago
WORK ON construction of the Panama
Canal Locks was going great guns 50
years ago this month. By the end of
January, more than 50 percent of the
concrete for the three twin locks at
Gatun had been laid, with the exact
amount in place totaling 1,051,723
yards. Concrete work on the Locks at
Pedro Miguel was more than 60 percent
complete, while approximately 8 per-
cent of the concrete for the system of,
Locks at Miraflores had been laid.
The first shipment of materials for
work on the Lock gates arrived on the
Isthmus from Baltimore. It consisted of
400 tons of equipment for handling the
steel that would form the gates. The first
shipment of steel for the gates was to
leave Pittsburgh the middle of the
A break occurred in the west bank of
the Canal at a point opposite the Cule-
bra Hotel. It involved from 200,000 to
250,000 yards of material. The move-
ment was anticipated, however, and did
not encroach on the lower tracks in the
Cut to any extent. Regular operations
were continued.
In Panama, work was being done on
the construction of a street railway
which would connect with a similar rail-
way in the Canal Zone. The main line
was to extend through Central Avenue
in Panama to and around Cathedral
Park in one direction and along the
Sabanas Road in the other direction,
thus passing the Panama Railroad
25 Years Ago
in his annual budget message to Con-
gress in January 1936, asked for an ap-
propriation of $11,262,944 for the Pan-
ama Canal. The amount represented an
increase of approximately two and one
half million dollars over the budget
estimate for the previous fiscal year.
Most of the funds were slated for main-
tenance and operation of the waterway.
Meanwhile, the U.S. Army an-
nounced that $700,000 would be set
aside for Canal Zone projects. Some of
the money would be used for roads and
part of it for the construction of bar-
racks and quarters in Fort Clayton.
As a result of the passage of the
Soldiers' Bonus Bill in Washington,
Canal Zone veterans were expected to

receive more than a half million dollars.
Final negotiations were in progress in
Washington on the new Panama-United
States Treaty, which was signed later
in the year.
The United States announced that
plans had been made to build a $2530,000
legation in Panamaa.
10 Years Ago
HOUSING IN BOTH the Canal Zone and
Panama came up for discussion on the
Isthmus 10 years ago this month, as
President Truman asked for 11 millionn
dollars for houi;irg in the Canal Zone as'
part of his annual budget message to;
Congress. In Panama, it was announced
that plans for the construction of 8,000-
low cost housing units at an' estimated
cost of 20 million dollars were under
study by the Government.
A report on Communistic activity in
Panama was to be given in the Natfnal
Assembly by Alfredo Aleman, St., Min-
ister of Government and Justice, follow-
ing a statement made earlier in the
month in the Assembly that an undeni-
able Communist penetration existed in
A United States income tax office
opened in the Canal Zone to provide
Zonians with help in the preparation of
their tax returns. Meanwhile, Rep. G. P.
Miller introduced a bill in Congress
which would exempt Canal employees
from payment of tax on their 1950 in-
Among the prominent visitors to the
Isthmus during January 1951 was the
Archbishop of Canterbury, who arrived
by ship from England and made a tour
of the Locks and other points of interest
in the Zone.

One Year Ago
THE NEED FOR experienced key men
and the use of first-class equipmeiit was
emphasized by Lt. Col. R. D. Brown,
Engineering and Construction Bureau
,Director, during the pre-bidding con-
ference held a year ago this month on
the Empire Reach widening project.
During the month, a new million and
a half dollar Cristobal Junior-Senior
High School was formally dedicated
during a ceremony attended by :Gov.
W. E. Potter, Dr. James Ray Graham,
Director of Special Education in Illinois,
Zone school officials, and 300 Atlantic
side residents.

JANUARY'6, 1961



People Of Interest
PETER BRENNAN, former Chief Deputy Marshall of the
Canal Zone, former Panama newspaperman, and former em-
ployee of The Panama Canal Record Section, joined hundreds
of other former Canal employees
,W.:v in St. Petersburg, Fla., last month.
h When he left Panama, after
'" his retirement in November, he
:,.. headed for Boston. Boston was
too cold, however, for one who
Shad spent 30 years in the tropics.
Florida is on the chill side this
month, too, Pete has written his
old friends. So far he has spent
most of his time in his warm hotel
room looking at television.
Pete retired after 19 years of
service as Chief Deputy Marshal.
His service with the Canal organ-
ization was much shorter. He was
an employee at the Administra-
tion Building less than a year.
Between the two government jobs, Pete worked for the
Panama American, including several years as editor, and later
with the Star & Herald. Most people in Panama remember
him best for his daily colum, "Through the Looking Glass,"
which ran in the Star & Herald for a number of years.

THE CANAL ZONE Civilian Personnel Policy Coordinating
Board, which is responsible for administering the Canal Zone
Merit System and maintaining uniform rates of pay among
civilian employees of U.S. Govern-
ment agencies in the Zone, last
month acquired its first perma-
nently appointed executive head.
Executive Officer George R.
Johnson, who came to the Isthmus
from Washington, D.C., formerly
was head of the Legislative Co-
ordination Section of the Naval
Office of Industrial Relations.
A native of North Dakota, Mr.
Johnson is a graduate of the Uni-
versity of North Dakota, and has
done graduate work at North
Dakota State University, George Williams College, the Uni-
versity of Oregon, and the University of Southern California.
He entered federal service in 1953 and was with the Federal
Housing Administration and the Air Force before joining the
Navy office which he left to come to the Zone.
The Canal Zone Civilian Personnel Policy Coordinating
Board was established in January 1959 to carry out the regula-
tions issued by the Secretary of the Army on Uniform Wage
Legislation, as provided for in the 1955 Treaty and Memo-
randum of Understandings between the United States and

Promotions and Transfers
(Continued from p. 21)
Herbert N. Whittaker, George X. Jean
Louis, Clerk, from Railroad Division.
Ivan R. Evering, to Merchandise Manage-
ment Assistant.
Carlos 0. Stephens, Miguel F. Arias, to
High Lift Truck Operator.
Samuel U. Johnson, to Stockman.
Frances M. Jones, Julian G. Wharton, Lin-
nett J. Reed, Violet R. Harewood, John
A. Gulston, Alfred W. Anderson, Eunice
E. Drayton, Grendeline Grant, Sim6n
Cort6s, Reginald E. Murray, to Ware-
George E. Farley, Jr., Osmond P. Brown,
Jr., Aubrey C. Baxter, Carlos Coto R., to
Utility Worker.
Pedro J. C6rdova, Miguel A. Pineda, Pablo
Pertuz C., Alexander Johnson, Percival
A. Sanson, Olganon Clarke, to Heavy
Clifford Blythe, Lionel Brathwaite, Te6filo
G6mez, to Laborer Cleaner.
Preston W. McBarnette, Clarence N. Brin,
to Supervisory Clerk.
Arthur L. Dale, to Supervisory Accounts
Maintenance Clerk.
Harold W. Williams, Louise Young, to
Clerk Typist.
Henry G. Fergus, to Supervisory Stock
Control Clerk.
Clifford C. Reid, Ida E. Lynch, Beryl E.
Carson, George B. Palmer, Maud I.
Lynch, Clara C. Pimento, Leonard I.
Sealey, Louise A. Johnson, to Stock Con-
trol Clerk.
David J. Failey, Ivy Sealey, Lester V.
Bailey, to Sales Clerk.
John R. Bovell, Jr., to Messenger.
William A. Thorns, to Lead Foreman High
Lift Truck Operator.
Terminals Division
Jorge L. Pico, from Laborer, Industrial Di-

vision, to Dock Worker.
Oswald R. Smith, from Laborer, Division
of Schools, to Dock Worker.
Thomas Gondola, to High Lift Truck Oper-
Manuel Moor, Luis Riascos, Alexander A.
Cox, from Laborer, Supply Division, to
Dock Worker.
Kenneth W. Maloney, Percival A. Samuels,
to Timekeeper, Typing.
Manuel Navalo, Jos6 E. Rodriguez, to Ship
Irad Reid, Alejandro Atencio, Eustis Haw-
kins, to Helper Liquid Fuels Wharfman.
Alphaes Plato, to Clerk Checker.
Manuel H. Asprilla, to Leader Ship Cargo
Carlyle D. Clark, to Freight Rate Assistant.
Reginald V. Reid, to Heavy Laborer.
Motor Transportation Division
German R. Langshaw, to General Supply
Ruben N. Richards, from Utility Worker,
Supply Division, to Truck Driver.
PROMOTIONS which did not involve
changes of title follow:
Norman B. Davison, Superintendent Retail
Store Branch, Supply Division.
John F. Manning, Assistant Superintendent
Retail Store Branch, Supply Division.
James 0. DesLondes, Administrative Of-
ficer, Office of Director, Supply and
Community Service Bureau.
Harry E. Pearl, Civil Engineer, Engineering
Carol A. Vose, Clerk-Typist, Accounting
George Parris, George Kirton, Guillermo
E. PNrez B., Vallan E. Ramsay, Antonio
Moran, Felton L. Gill, Efraim Linares,
George C. Clark, Vincent A. Lucas,
Ephraim R. Innis, Guards, Supply Di-
Frederick H. Taylor, Victor M. Quintero,
Rupert G. Allison, Alfonso A. Moore,
Jos6 P. Romero, Nursing Assistant,

Gorgas Hospital.
Evelyn D. Engelke, Josephine E. Hilty,
Nancy A. Symons, Clerk-Stenographer,
Police Division.
Raymond A. Nesbitt, James M. Walsh,
Admeasurer, Navigation Division.
George V. Lewis, John A. Redway, Launch
Dispatcher, Navigation Division.
Leslie M. Spencer, Systems Accountant,
Office of the Comptroller.
Sarah D. Cheney, Clerk-Stenographer,
Dredging Division.
Ervin D. Hicks, Guard Supervisor, Supply
Ruth L. Turner, Library Assistant, Canal
Zone Library-Museum.
Antoni R. Doughty, Cecil J. Dutton, Lionel
D. Bellamy, Timekeeper, Locks Divi-
Rita M. Hoyle, Clerk-Typist, Electrical
James C. Cullen, Mechanical Engineer,
Engineering Division.
Jerry L. Carlton, Signalman, Navigation
James H. Payne, Supervisory Baker Spe-
cialist, Supply Division.
Wilfred C. Adams, Supervisory Clerk, Sup-
ply Division.
Sidney Morris, Arnoldo J. Sinclair C., Wil-
liam A. Collins, Hylton Mills, Launch
Dispatcher, Navigation Division.
Richard Thompson, Cyril M. Richards,
Robert Ennis, William N. Arthur, Hunt-
ley F. Mignott, Fernando Ostrea, James
F. Amburgey, Charles Grenda, to Signal-
man, Navigation Division.
Winifred B. Palacio, Ann M. Baptiste, Roy
J. Raveneau, Clarissa M. DePass, Gren-
vill G. Cooper, Sydney R. Worrell, Edna
C. C6rdova, Lester A. James, Mary A.
Lindsay, Cuthbert C. Butcher, Oswald
A. Smith, Ruby R. Lynton, Muriel A.
Jardine, Louise L. Knight, Charles T.
Mayers, Eric B. Johnson, Cuthbert 0.
Russell, Fitz H. Grant, Arnold A.
Grenion, Milray L. Barrow, Ainsley Cal-
lender, Astor N. Lewis, to Stock Control
Clerk, Supply Division.


f~htq hh


Volkswagens Transit Canal
EIGHT HUNDRED tons of Volkswagens
were carried through the Canal in
December as the only cargo aboard the
Norwegian-flag Dagfred, which arrived
here from Hamburg, Germany, on her
way to Los Angeles. The ship, which
makes a round trip between the Pacific
coast and Europe once every two
months, carries automobiles on her way
out, and wheat, lumber, and general
cargo on her way back to Hamburg.
Owned by John P: Pedersen of Oslo
and chartered by the Volkswagen Corp.,
the Dagfred is specially designed for
the carriage of motor cars between
Europe and North America. On one of
her recent voyages to Los Angeles, she
landed 1,152 German cars in Long
The ship is fitted with detachable
steel racks which fit into her holds and
between-decks, locking each car into
position. Instead of masts and derricks,
she has 12 five-ton deck cranes to enable
her to load and discharge 'in record
time. C. B. Fenton & Co., agents for the
ships at the Canal, expect the vessel
back here from the West Coast Jan-
uary 15.

Miami Cruise Ship
OPERATING OUT of Miami, the cruise
ship Ariadne of the Ariadne Cruise Line,
Inc., arrived in Cristobal on Christmas
Day on the first of a series of Caribbean
cruises which will bring her to the Canal
nine times during the present cruise
season. After leaving Miami, the ship
calls at Montego Bay, Jamaica; Cris-
tobal; Curacao; Fort-de-France, Marti-


Cristobal.............. January 6
Ancon..................January 13
Cristobal.............. January 24
Ancon ........... .... .. January 31
Cristobal ......... .... ....January 14
Ancon. ... . .. ... .January 21
Cristobal.... ...... ... February 1

1959 1960
Commercial................ 886 857
U.S. Government ............ 20 20
Total ............... 906 877
Commercial..... $4,128,086 $4,307,877
U.S. Government. 66,855 76,308
Total..... $4,194,941 $4,384,185
CARGO (long tons)
Commercial ...... 4,596,809 5,162,820
U.S. Government. 58,083 36,598
Total.... 4,654,892 5,199,418
*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small

nique; Guadaloupe; St. Thomas; and
San Juan, P.R.
According to Boyd Bros., agents for
the ship here, the Ariadne also is sched-
uled for a cruise this summer which will
take hei through the Canal May 11 on
her '. a) to Acapulco, Mexico; and Los
Angeles, Calif. She will return through
the Canal July 23 on her way to Miami
by way of Kingston and Nassau.

The Ariadne, formerly owned by the
Hamburg-America Line, carries ap-
proximately 500 cruise passengers and
has visited Canal ports previously.

Ships Get Bigger
SIiPS ARE getting longer, wider, and
bulkier, as any Panama Canal admeas-
urer can testify. Superships pass through
the Canal almost daily and last month
the National Defender, a U.S. flag
tanker built in Newport News broke
the overall length record for commercial
cargo ships by measuring in at 810 feet.
This surpassed by quite a few feet
the former record of 788 feet chalked
up by the Sinclair Petrolore, which tran-
sited the Canal on December 19, 1959.
(It won't transit again, however, having
sunk off the coast of Brazil a month ago
Meanwhile, news came from Japan
that a supertanker called the Universe
Apollo had been built with an overall
length of 940 feet and: a beam of 125
feet. The present Canal will never have
to worry about that one, however. The
Canal locks are 1,000 feet long but only
110 feet wide.

At least two of the type of fleet cargo ships represented by the Pioneer Mart, shown here
in Miraflores Locks, makes the Canal transit each week-one northbound and the other
southbound. On the day this picture was taken of the northbound Pioneer Mart, a sister ship,
the Pioneer Min, transited southbound. The Pioneer Line, a subsidiary of the United States
Line, operates nine of these mariner class freighters through the Canal on a fast service
from the East Coast of the United States to Japan. The. cruise at approximately 21 knots
and can accommodate up to 12 passengers. Panama Agencies represents the line at the Canal.

JANUARY 6, 1961