Citation
Panama Canal review

Material Information

Title:
Panama Canal review
Creator:
United States -- Panama Canal Commission
Panama Canal Company
Place of Publication:
Balboa Heights Republic of Panama
Publisher:
Panama Canal Commission
Creation Date:
June 1957
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Semiannual
regular
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : col. ill. ; 28-34 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
PANAMA CANAL ZONE ( unbist )
Periodicals -- Panama Canal (Panama) ( lcsh )
Periodicals -- Canal Zone ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )
periodical ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Panama

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with v. 1 (May 1950).
Issuing Body:
Vols. for 19 -19 issued by Panama Canal Co.; <Oct. 1, 1980-> by Panama Canal Commission.
General Note:
Title from cover.
General Note:
"Official Panama Canal publication"--19 -19 .
General Note:
Description based on: Oct. 1, 1980.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
01774059 ( OCLC )
67057396 ( LCCN )
0031-0646 ( ISSN )
UF00097366_00184 ( sobekcm )

Related Items

Related Item:
Panama Canal review en espagñol

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Full Text





F--


Canal Zone
Community
Leaders


CANAL


-7
I,








W. A. CARTER, Governor-President
JOHN D. McELHENY, Lieutenant Governor


Panan


,P&NM NA
EVLNN cAl V ^v


N. D. CHRISTENSEN, Press Officer
JOSEPH C':NNOR, Publications Editor


ants:
TOBi BITTEL
Photographer


Canal Zone


Community Leaders

THE EIGHT MEN and one woman on the front of this month's REVIEW
are the 1961 presidents of the nine Civic Councils in the Canal
Zone and, consequently, are the primary channel of communica-
tion and direct contact between the various Zone communities
and the Administration at Balboa Heights.
Living, as they do, in an area where there is no official represen-
tative government, the residents of the Zone each year elect Civic
Council members to represent them in matters of community
interest, such as housing, health, schools, and recreation.
The Civic Councils operate under their o\ n constitutions and
bylaws and with the official endorsement and encouragement of
the Canal Zone Administration. Through the Councils and the
bi-monthly community meetings attended by the Governor, res-
idents are able to present their views and desires, while the
Governor is able to discuss Company-Government plans and
policies,
The nine Civic Council presidents pictured on the cover, and
the communities they represent, are as follows: top row, Robert
L. Johnson, Gatun, and Miss Violet Henry, Santa Cruz; second
row, Cecil Callender, Pedro Miguel; and W. H. Esslinger, Pacific
Council; third row, Ellis L. Fawcett, Paraiso, and Joseph L.
Hickey, Cristobal-Margarita-Brazos Heights; fourth row, E. W.
Brandt, Coco Solo, and Seabert Haynes, Rainbow City; bottom,
Alfred L. Lazar, Gamboa.
Our congratulations and best wishes go to all of them as they
begin their terms of office with the arrival of the New Year.


In This Issue
Now THIS may not look like a very relaxing way to
spend an afternoon-or a morning, either, for that
matter-but it has its place in the operation of the
Panama Canal and its
supporting facilities.
This training in how
to lower an unconscious
man from a burning
building by means of
Bu rope and ladder is just
o one of the many things
in which employees of
Sthe Canal enterprise re-
Sceive instruction through
Sthe Company-Govern-
ment training program.
One employee may be
taught more about hand-
ling cargo on the piers,
another will receive in-
struction in better sales
techniques, a third will
learn how to operate a
wheel-aligning device, a
fourth may be given in-
struction in how to write
shorter letters. These are
just a few of hundreds of
different training needs which may be supplied to
employees of the Canal organization.
But regardless of the type of instruction, it all has
one purpose: to enable the employee to do his job
better and thus improve the service provided by the
Canal enterprise. The program through which much
of this instruction is supplied is thoroughly discussed
in the illustrated article beginning on page 11.


Index


A Look Ahead-And A Glance Backward.
And A Good Time Was Had By All .
So You Want To Learn Spanish .
Toward An Ever-Improving Work Force .
Now's Time For Fun .
New Director Of Marine Bureau Arrives
Safety Shoes Can Be Stylish


5 Weather Can't Hurt These Flowers .
8 Worth Knowing .
10 Anniversaries
11 Promotions and Transfers .
15 Canal History and Retirements .
16 People Of Interest
17 Shipping .


JANUARY 6, 1961


WILL AREY Official Panama Canal Company Publication c.ntitor[a .AsS1s;
na Canal Information Officer Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z. EUNICE RICHARD and
Prinedat the Printi Plant, Maunl Hope, Canal Zone WILLIAM BURNS, Official
On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and The Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cent each.
Subscriptions, $1 a year; mall and back copies, 10 cents each.
Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M, Balboa Heights, C. Z.
Editorial offices are located in the Administration Building, Balboa Heights, C. Z.







Message From

Governor Carter








Into A



New Year



Of Progress


\\H.iT WELL MIGHT have gone down in the record
books as "the year of tension" on the Isthmus has ended
with a renewed understanding locally of the extent to
which the Canal organization sincerely desires to con-
tribute its part to the progress and the security of our
neighbors in Panama, and of all the peoples throughout
the world which we strive to serve 365 days a year.
As we advance one more year into this era of the sixties,
we do so with a warm climate of understanding and the
proof of the final months of 1960 that we have a reservoir
of good will which has developed between two peoples
living side by side, working and playing and worshipping
together through half a century. Truly, it is by a large
measure that the Canal Zone and its people symbolize
away from home the traditions and ideals of the United
States. May we all further dedicate ourselves to this
purpose in the year ahead.
As the Canal organization moves into a new year of
achievement, I want to voice my appreciation for the
cooperation which I have received from the men and
women throughout the Company-Government and wish
each of you and your families the very best for the future.
As a relative newcomer to the Isthmus, it has been my
good fortune to inherit an organization which is flexible
and versatile in both ability and attitude, and composed
of individuals of outstanding knowledge and integrity,


who provide the efficiency which characterizes the Canal
organization.
With these men and women putting forth the highest
level of achievement and dedicated to the proper func-
tioning and management of the Isthmian waterway as a
public utility operated for the benefit of world commerce,
the future effectiveness of the organization is assured.
During the past year, there have been great strides
forward in the continuing effort to meet the increasing
requirements of world commerce using the waterway.
The widening and lighting of Gaillard Cut continued to
represent the major effort to increase the capacity of the
Canal and this work will continue to be one of the major
improvement activities during the year ahead.
Other improvements also were pushed during the year.
with three new tugboats taking shape in Savannah, Ga.,.
and construction of new towing locomotives for use at'
the Locks being carried forward in Japan. Simultaneously,
design work on an electronic Marine Traffic Control
System was moving toward the final stages and planning
was continued on a new Lock's maintenance method
which is expected to reduce the time Lock lanes must
be out of service for major maintenance.
Construction of the high level bridge across the Canal
at Balboa also proceeded, encountering some setbacks,
but none which should keep the substructure from being


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW






completed during 1961 nor work from beginning on the
superstructure, for which the steel now is being fabricated
in \Vest Germany.
Also during the past year, two new schools were con-
structed on the Pacific side of the Isthmus, a new theater
was built on the Atlantic side and work virtually was
completed on the new telephone microwave system to
provide more dependable and efficient telephone service
between the various points in the Zone.
Late in the year, President Eisenhower ordered the
Flag of the Republic of Panama flown daily in Shaler
Triangle alongside the Stars and Stripes "in reflection of
the genuine friendship that exists between our Govern-
ments and peoples."
Earlier in the year, the President announced a Nine-
Point Program for improvement of relations between the
United States and Panama. As the year ended, several of
the points had been fully implemented and implementa-
tion of the others was underway. Those fully implemented
included a 10 percent increase in pay for both unskilled
laborers in the organization and teachers in the Latin
American schools of the Canal Zone, a -$10 per month
increase in cash relief payments to former employees of
the Canal, expansion of the apprentice program by ap-
pointment of 27 Panamanian apprentices, two more than
the number directed by the President, and a substantial
reduction in the rate charged Panama for purified water.


On the other points of the President's program, two
complete reviews of all security positions within the
Company-Government were made during the year as the
beginning of a continuing procedure; a contract was let
and work started on construction of a 30-inch water line
to serve Panama; construction of 500 housing units in
the Zone was started; and discussions are underway in
Washington on various plans and proposals for the con-
struction and financing of 500 housing units in Panama
for sale to Panamanians employed by the Zone.
There was progress in other areas, too. As a result of
steps we took during recent months, no longer are separate
drivers' licenses and separate motor vehicle inspections
needed in Panama and the Canal Zone, and no longer
are there restrictions among our residents for the use of
community facilities.
Despite the multiplicity. of activities represented by
these and the many other improvements of the past year,
the Canal continued to fillthe role for which it was built,
as a record number of ships carrying cargo to and from
all parts of the world transited from ocean-to-ocean
through the waterway. Looking back, it was a good year
indeed.
As we look forward to aniotler year of service to world
shipping, it is with the determination to further improve
our operations and the assurance that our service will
continue to meet all tests to which it may be submitted.


Bank lighting through Gaillard Cut is part of continuing program of Canal improvements.


JANUARY 6, 1961



























Long-range housing program for eniployees will continue.


Change, improvement, and achievement
distinguished 1960 at the Isthmian
crossing and more is in store for 1961. Widening Cut to 500 feet will remain major improvement effort.




A Look Ahead-And A Glance Backward


THE FIRST 12 months of the decade
of the 1960s added up to a year of
change, improvement, and achievement
for the Panama Canal enterprise, with
projects and plans moving forward on
several fronts to keep the waterway and
its supporting facilities ahead of the
demands of world shipping.
As major improvements moved
toward completion along the waterway
itself, changes also were being made and
planned in the supporting facilities
which provide the indirect services so
essential to the efficient functioning of
the Canal organization.
Hospitals, schools, retail stores, hous-
ing, transportation, communication
equipment, and many other facilities
were in the process of improvement
during the year, while changes also
were being made in personnel benefits
and programs.
As 1960 drew to a close, the En-
gineering and Construction Bureau re-
ported that the widening of Paraiso-
Cucaracha Reach was 90 percent com-
plete and the Empire Reach widening
was 15 percent complete. Lighting of
the Cut and Locks was more than 90


percent complete and the three new
tugboats were 80 percent complete.
The Schools Division of the Civil
Affairs Bureau could report that two
new schools, one at Los Rios and
another at Diablo, were opened during
the year and a third, the new Junior
High School in Diablo, was just short
of completion. The school improvement
program will be continued this year with
an extensive construction program at
Paraiso, including a new swimming
pool, to be carried out before the re-
opening of the Latin American schools
after the dry season.
The Postal Division's Margarita Post
Office was moved to more modern quar-
ters and plans are being made to close
the Diablo Post Office this year and
open a new one at Fort Davis.
The Civil Defense unit issued the
new Disaster Relief and Survival Plan
and continued the training of Company-
Government employees for special duty
in an emergency. The unit reported that
20 fixed radiological monitoring stations
will be equipped and staffed by trained
personnel during the coming 12 months
and all three Control Centers will be


equipped for communications and radio-
logical defense and emergency opera-
tions.
Across the Isthmus, the Transporta-
tion and Terminals Bureau expanded
employee training in the Terminals Di-
vision, employing an Employee Devel-
opment Officer and establishing a Train-
ing Center in the Cristobal pier area.
Some 400 employees received on-the-
job instruction and by the end of 1961
the program is expected to reach all
supervisors.
The Railroad Division's track main-
tenance program was improved through
use of a tie-tamping machine and, in
accordance with the 1955 Treaty and
Memorandum of Understandings be-
tween Panama and the United States,
the Panama City terminal, freighthouse,
and yards were turned over to Panama
during the year.
While handling a record-breaking
number of transits through the water-
way, the Marine Bureau helped with
the ,. widening of Gaillard Cut, supported
the Engineering and Construction Bu-
reau in installation of the lighting
through the Cut and on the Locks, and


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW






expanded the hours of Canal operation,
thus reducing the average time vessels
spend in Canal Zone waters, with con-
sequent savings to ship operators and,
ultimately, to consumers around the
world.
The Marine Bureau will handle a
continuing heavy workload this year,
with the Gatun Locks overhaul starting
this month and will continue its role in
the Cut-widening project.
All launch repair facilities were con-
solidated under the Industrial Division
at Gamboa and, as the year ended, the
first of the three new tugs, the John F.
Wallace, was delivered. The other two,
the George W. Goethals and John F.
Stevens, are expected during the early
months of this year.
In the Supply and Community Service
Bureau, the Retail Store, Service Center,
and Storehouse Branches completed the
merchandising improvements recom-
mended by the consulting firm of A. T.
Kearney Co. and the inventory control
system in the Retail Store and Service
Center Branches was changed from a
manual operation to a mechanized
system.
Considerable obsolete equipment
was replaced and remodeling of the
Tivoli Guest House was completed. A
new service station was opened in La
Boca, the retail stores in Balboa,
Gamboa, and Paraiso were modernized,
the Coco Solo store was air conditioned,
and a self-service merchandise section
was opened in the Balboa Heights Cafe-
teria.
, Plans for 1961 include addition of a
wing to the main store in Paraiso and
the air conditioning of the main build-
ing of the Balboa Retail Store and Shoe


New equipment such as this 10-ton fork lift brought improved operations on Zone docks.


Store. The Diablo Heights Retail Store
is to be closed and the merchandise
section of the Diablo Heights Service
Center expanded as part of the year's
activities.
A new theater-auditorium was built
at Rainbow City at a cost of more than
$100,000. The long-range program for
construction of quarters was pushed for-
ward, with 45 new housing units com-
pleted, and made available for assign-
ment. One hundred and twelve more


New Rainbow City Auditorium-Theater was opened in facility improvement program.


housing units are scheduled for comple-
tion this year, and $360,000 has been
allotted for use in the employee liva-
bility program during 1961.
The Health Bureau's hospital modern-
ization program was actively carried on
at Coco Solo and Corozal Hospitals.
Specifications and plans for new con-
struction at Gorgas Hospital were far
advanced and work is expected to start
this year. In the program at Coco Solo,
a new out-patient clinic building was
almost completed and at Corozal modern
dining facilities for women were devel-
oped. During 1961, a similar develop-
ment is planned for male patients at
Corozal.
As always, preventive medicine and
public health remained prime functions
of the Health Bureau. A survey program
on rabies in bats was completed and the
Bureau reported that the intensified
mosquito control program of the past
few years has cut the incidence of ma-
laria in the Zone.
The Bureau also reported that plans
are well advanced to integrate the acti-
vities of the well-baby clinics and the
school health service into a service for
children from birth to high school. A
broad program in industrial health to
further promote healthful, sanitary, and
safe working conditions also is being
planned.
The Personnel Bureau, which played
a major role in implementation of points
affecting personnel in President Eisen-


JANUARY 6, 1961






shower's Nine-Point Program for im-
provement of relations between the
United States and Panama, developed
health insurance plans for all employees
to replace the plans' formerly in effect,
added a tuition-refund plan to the Com-
pany-Government training program, and
initiated a visiting nurse program of
home visits for Disability Relief bene-
ficiaries.
As the year ended, the Bureau was
attempting to provide for a group hos-
pitalization insurance plan for the Dis-
ability Relief beneficiaries and was
hoping to implement such a plan early
this year.
The normal acti ities of the Bureau
in carrying out the length-of-sei % ice
awards program, reviewing job classifi-
cations, recruiting personnel, imple-
menting 'wage revisions, and operating
the Oqmpany-Government training pro-
gram continued dir'ing the year. Plans
now are being developed to strengthen
the training program at the bureau level
and institute a retirement counseling
service for all employees.
Having received an accolade from the
Comptroller General of the United
States for its. 1960 financial accounting
and internal audit procedures, the Office
of the Comptroller entered the new year
with plans for a feasibility study of auto-
matic data processing and the establish-
ment of a catalog pricing system for
storehouse items.
The Administrative Branch continued
the modernization of equipment at the
Mount Hope Printing Plant, including
installation of a new offset press. During
1961 plans will be completed for con-
solidation of the Mount Hope and
Balboa units in a building at La Boca.
The Branch also installed a new filing
system, reducing the number of subject
classifications from 10,000 to 1,000. The
Records Center moved to a roomier
building, thus gaining space necessary
for the efficient processing of Company-
Government records for retention or
disposal.
The Office of the General Counsel,
while handling the normal quota of
routine legal matters, pushed forward
with the preparation of a Revised Canal
Zone Code, % hic h it hopes to submit to
Congress for approval early this year.
Other highlights of the year's activi-
ties included the appointment of Gov.
W. A. Carter to fill the post vacated by
former Gov. William'E. Potter, revision
of the Company-Government Master
Plan for the next decade by the Execu-
tive Planning Staff, the continued con-
solidation of a number of operations,
and elimination of duplicate require-
ments affecting residents of both Pan-
ama and the Canal Zone, such as driver's
licenses.

THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


New equipment was added to Mount Hope Printing Plant, such as this new offset press.


August fire caused extensive damage to Administration Building,
but repairs were completed and offices reoccupied by the year-end.







AndA Good Time Was Had By All .

As 1960 DREW to a close last month
with the festive holiday season, the
friendly associations and interchanges
between residents of Panama and the
Canal Zone, which have been part of
Isthmian life for more than half a cen-
tury, continued apace.
Some of the interchanges were asso-
ciated with the holiday season, but many
S others were unrelated to it, merely being
S a continuation of the long record of
Isthmians living, working, worshipping,
and playing together.
The vast majority of the activities
were simply the natural result of people
of many nationalities and interests living
close to each other, learning each other's
language, customs, attitudes, and view-
points, while sharing a common effort
in operation of the Isthmian waterway.
During the closing month of the year,
people from all walks of Isthmian life
urged their favorite Professional Base-
ball League teams to victory, helped
their less fortunate neighbors, shared
cultural experiences, visited one another,
exchanged holiday greetings, and gen-
erally continued the cordial relation-
Balboa High School Glee Club and Band performed at National Institute in Panama City. ships of friends and neighbors every-
where.


The Rev. John A. Spalding, president of the International
Boy Scouts of the Canal Zone, opens Scout review in
honor of Council 801, Boy Scouts of America, in Mount
Hope Stadium. B. I. Everson, Director of Transportation
and Terminals Bureau, represented Gov. W. A. Carter.


Mrs. E. O. Kiernan, president of the Balboa Woman's Club, and Mrs. Albert
Saarinen with some of various food items which Club members donate each
year for students at the Salvation Army School for the Blind in Panama City.


JANUARY 6, 1961








. As Isthmian Residents Mingled

ONE OF THE happiest students at the
School of Agriculture in Divisa these
days is Didier Moreno, who last month
became the proud owner of a year-old
heifer calf from Mindi Dairy in the
Canal Zone.
Young Sefior Moreno was one of six
students from the school at Divisa who
served as showmen for cattle from the
school's herd during the Second Na-
tional Livestock and Industrial Fair in
Penonom6. Although all the students
demonstrated their showmanship train-
ing in the judging ring, Sefior Moreno
was adjudged the best and awarded the
heifer calf as a prize.
The year-old heifer was one of two
which the Panama Canal Company
donated as prizes for the fair. The
second one, a 10-month-old calf, was
awarded to an exhibitor, Domingo Al-
millategiii, through a drawing in which
all exhibitors were entered. The manner
of awarding the prizes was determined
by the directors of the fair.
Gumercindo L6pez, herdsman on La Estrella Azul dairy farm, displays one of prize-winning
Gumercindo L6pez, a 1952 graduate animals in show ring at Second National Livestock and Industrial Fair in Penonom6.
of the Divisa school and herdsman on
La Estrella Azul, the dairy farm owned
by Panama President Roberto F. Chiari
and his brothers, Rodolfo and Ricardo,
was judged third in showmanship, while .....
second place went to Eduardo Mejia, a
livestock handler at La Estrella Azul. I


Six students from the School of Agriculture at Divisa,
with two of the calves they exhibited at the Fair in Peno-
nom6. With the calves are Mario Dutari and Santiago
Rios, while seated on the edge of the pens are Belizario
Centeno, Didier Moreno, who was adjudged best show-
man at the fair, Alfonso Guevara, and Carlos Solis.


Executive Secretary Paul M. Runnestrand; Dr. Manelco Solis, director of
SICAP; John D. Hollen, Chief of the Executive Planning Staff, and Panama
President Roberto F. Chiari examine calves contributed by Mindi Dairy.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW












So You Want



To Learn



Spanish






Dr. Russell Stodd, who had three months of instruction
coming to the Isthmus six months ago, is picking up tl
through association with patients at Gorgas Hospital


There are many different courses and methods for learning the
language. All you have to do is find the one that suits you.


n in Spanish before
he language rapidly
and private lessons.


MOST NEWLY arrived Canal Zone res-
idents have one ambition in common
-to learn to speak Spanish, if they aren't
already familiar with the language.
Those who travel by plane to the Isth-
mus have a head start, for right at take-
off they can begin to study a slim Air
Travelers' English-Spanish Dictionary
that usually is part of the complimentary
kit at each seat.
But the method is not entirely satis-
factory. The newcomer probably will
glance at the table of contents and select
"Everyday Expressions" as just the thing
for everyday usage. The list usually
starts with "Good morning (afternoon)
(evening;" translated "Buenos dias (bue-
nas tardes) ( buenas noches)." So far, so
good. But the next expressions aren't too
encouraging. Here we have -'I don't
speak Spanish" given as "No hablo es-
pafiol" and "I don't understand" as "No
comprendo," which certainly appears to
be a negative approach.
So the next move, after arrival and
getting more or less settled, is to investi-
gate the possibilities for studying
Spanish. The opportunities are many'
and range from group instruction spon-
sored by various organizations to private
lessons. Nearly all emphasize conver-
sation over composition and gram-
matical aspects.
Spanish language courses are always
underway at the USO-JWB in Balboa,
where a new course starts every' three
months. The most recent course started


in September and ended in December.
and registration is about to begin for
the new classes. Almost SO0 persons were
enrolled in the last classes, wheie a few
children attended with their mothers.
The students included servicemen in
the first three ranks, together with
officers and ci\ ilians.
The J\VB classes meet once a week
on Wednesday night and the instructors
have been Miss Claudette de Villa-
franca, a nurse at Gorgas Hospital, and
Miss Lucila Molina of Panama City, who
by da\ teaches English to Spanish-
speaking boys and girls at the National
Institute in Panama City.
Spanish classes at the Y.M.C.A. in
Balboa will start about the first of
March. Two-way classes are planned,
with Spanish to be offered for English-
speaking people and English for
Spamnsh-speaking persons. Bilingual in-
structors from Panama, who have spe-
cialized training in teaching languages,
will conduct the classes.
At the Canal Zone Junior College, an
elementary conversational Spanish class
meets every Monday and Thursday for
a 50-minute class from October 1 to the
end of January A second semester class
\will start on February 1, if a minimum
of 10 students is enrolled.
The Florida State University Spanish
course is offered to any high school
graduate and is essentially a regular
college introductory course in th2 lan-
guage. The beginners' Spanish classes


meet two evenings a week, and each
completed course earns three semester
hours of credit for the student.
A beginners' Spanish course spon-
sored by the Panamanian-North Amer-
ican Association in Panama City. which
was attended by more than 100 stu-
dents, has just ended. Next registration
will take place in January. The course
is conducted on a trimester basis.
A Colon Branch of the Panamanian-
North American Association, similar to
the one in Panama City' and organized
at the request of the Citizens Committee
of Colon, is to open after the first of the
year. Here, too, the beginners' Spanish
courses will be offered, together with
the English courses.
Should none of the above courses suit
the need of the prospective student of
Spanish, tutors and private instructors
advertise in the local newspapers. The
advantage here, in addition to the per-
sonal nature of the instruction, is that
the classes may be arranged at the
student's convenience.
And, of course, at the Canal Zone
Administration Building. a course in
"Spoken Spanish for Executives" is held
daild, \vith Carlos de Paredes as the in-
structor. He also conducts classes in
Spanish for doctors, nurses, and admin-
istrative personnel at Corgas Hospital,
as well as private classes. In these
courses, special stress is placed on imi-
tation, repetition, substituion. and varia-
tion in acquiring familiarity with the
language.


JANrA.RY 6, 1961








































R. G. Plummer, pilot-in-training, listens as Capt. Daniel M. R. Haff points out a feature of the Canal which pilots must understand.



Toward An Ever-Improving Work Force

Training of Canal employees in safer, more efficient methods is
one of major ways in which the waterway continues to meet
the many demands made on it and the people who run it.


THE PANAMA CANAL organization
isn't exactly an educational institution,
but the diversified activities for which
it is responsible and the training which
employees must have to perform multi-
tudinous duties has made it an em-
ployee-instructor, as well as a Com-
pany-Government.
With 14,000 employees working a
total of approximately 25 million man-
hours per year, the Company-Govern-
ment last year used almost 1 percent of
those man-hours in training employees
to do their jobs more efficiently, safer,
with different methods, or by using new
techniques and equipment.
The diversity of training, which
ranged from relatively simple instruc-
tion acquired through assigned reading
to seminars for middle management per-


sonnel, covered an area virtually as
broad as the 900-odd job classification
designations carried by Canal em-
ployees.
Like many other facets of the Canal
operation, much of the training was un-
dertaken because long-range planning
indicated it would be required in the
future, even though it might not be
needed as of the day it was authorized.
Training of pilots, for example. With
an e\er-increasiriig flow of ships through
the Isthmian % ater. .ta, more and more
pilots are needed to guide them safely
from deep water to deep water. During
1960 a total of 18 pilot-trainees were
advanced to the rating of probationary
pilots and 12 new trainees were taken
into the system.
The still-to-come Marine Traffic Con-


trol System represents another aspect
of the same need for a studied glance
ahead. While the system itself still is in
the planning stage, a number of Com-
pany-Government employees have re-
ceived training which will enable them
to put it into operation after it is installed
-and make it operate properly.
All in all, the number of hours of
employee-training provided by the
Company-Government was roughly
equal to the number of hours of instruc-
tion provided by the Canal Zone Junior
College for full-time students. The Com-
pany-Government program was spread
among several thousand employees,
however, while the Junior College in-
struction was directed at approximately
250 full-time students.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW


































James E. Barrett, Bureau Training Officer, in
of models developed for that purpose in


Automotive Mechanic Apprentice Courtney E. Jarvis watches indicators on wheel alignment
device at the Motor Transportation Division, as Clarence E. Dorr adjusts the wheels.


Sgt. T. J. Polite and Patrolman Ralph E. Stone of the Cristobal District demonstrate the
use of a mouth-to-mask resuscitation device during training session for other officers.


Training of personnel in the many
activities carried on by the Canal organ-
ization is not something new. As Loron
B. Burnham, Supervisory Employee
Development Officer, notes in a recently
completed report on the Company-
Government training program during
Fiscal Year 1960, "Training has been an
essential activity at the Panama Canal
almost from the time the first shovelful
of earth was turned to start construction
of the great waterway."
Mr. Burnham points out that in ad-
dition to building and operating the
waterway, the Canal organization has
had to provide civil administration and
services such as police and fire protec-
tion, schools, highways, hospitals, water
purification and distribution, and sew-
age disposal, along with housing, food,
clothing, recreational facilities, and
many others for employees.
Just as in any other organization,
training needs within the Company-
Government arise, primarily, in four
areas: (1) as new employees are hired;
(2) as old employees advance or
transfer; (3) as job content changes,
and (4) as new techniques and equip-
ment are introduced.
As a result of the 1955 Treaty and
Memorandum of Understandings be-


JANUARY 6, 1961


































lass in cargo-handling techniques with the use
training quarters in the Cristobal pier area.


tween the United States and Panama,
some shift in training objectives has
been made in order to increase training
opportunities for non-U.S. citizens.
The purpose of all the training pro-
vided by the Company-Government is,
of course, an improvement in the oper-
ations of the Canal organization. And
it has provided that improvement. Units
throughout the Company-Government
report increased efficiency, a greater
ability to absorb heavier workloads
without any increase in work force, and
the intangible benefits of employee
morale and understanding.
The most common method of instruc-
tion throughout the organization was in
on-the-job training, usually carried out
by supervisors who previously had re-
ceived :.special instruction in training
techniques. This method is used
throughout the Supply and Community
Service Bureau, with Fred Dahl, Bureau
Training Officer, planning programs for
the various units,
In the Storehouse Branch, for
example, Mr. Dahl worked out a training
program in cooperation with Joseph L.
M. Demers, Branch Chief, who was
himself a student in the sessions con-
ducted by Mr. Dahl. Mr. Demers, in
turn, conducted instructional sessions


Fire Division Sgt. Frank Berry demonstrates how to tie a line on a man preparatory to
lowering him from a burning building by use of ladder and rope. Firefighter D. N. Austin
is in the role of victim. Watching demonstration are Alexio Morris and D. L. Greaves.


Fred Dahl, Bureau Training Officer, looks on as employees in Balboa Retail Store are
instructed in sales techniques by Supervisor George P. Hinds, fa.- right. From left to right
are Beresford S. Thompson, Ethelbert Seales, Rose Lewis, Anthony Jordan, and Mr. Hinds.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW














Loron B. Burnham, Supervisory
Employee Development Officer, stands
between Personnel Director
Edward A. Doolan and
Daniel J. Paolucci, Assistant
to the Personnel Director, as he
outlines a training plan.


for nine supervisory personnel within
the branch. The supervisors then held
meetings with their employees to pass
along the things they had learned
through their sessions with Mr. Demers.
By this means, some 650 man-courses
were provided in subjects ranging from
storehouse inventory and employee rela-
tions to safety and proper use of the
telephone.
A somewhat modified form of this
program was carried out among Retail
Store personnel, with approximately 20
selected supervisors and regular em-
ployees receiving special instruction in
training methods, then developing a
small-scale training session to cover
special problems encountered in the
various stores. Subjects covered in these
brief training sessions included such
matters as the proper use of paper bags,
display of merchandise, care of tools
and equipment, stock control, and many
others.
On the Atlantic side of the Isthmus,
a number of special training needs were
met during the year, with James E.
Barrett, Transportation and Terminals
Bureau Training Officer, leading the
way.
The T & T Bureau's training methods
also utilize the method by which super-
visors are trained in teaching methods
so they can give instruction in new
work methods. With all the changes in
shipping methods which constantly are
taking place, much of the T &T Bureau
instruction is directed at teaching how
new equipment should be used, how
rigging for special jobs can be devised,
and how different types of shipping


containers can be handled safely and
efficiently.
Of the 207,998 man-hours devoted to
employee-training during the 1960 fiscal
year, more than 195,000, or almost 95
percent of the total, were carried out
within the Company-Government or-
ganization. A total of 5,825 man-hours
of training was provided by other U.S.
Government agencies and the remaining
6,982 man-hours were obtained in non-
government facilities.
The training of Company-Govern-
ment employees provided by other gov-
ernment agencies ranged from a Middle
Management Seminar and Work Plan-
ning and Control course taught by five
instructors from the Rock Island, Ill.,
Arsenal and attended by 24 Company-
Government employees to instruction of
eight employees in the use of tabulating
and card-punch machines by personnel
of Albrook Air Force Base.
Virtually all of the training in non-
government facilities was in highly
specialized fields and more than half of
the man-hours spent in such training
was of a technical nature in the fields
of medicine, engineering, and architec-
ture. Non-government facilities also
provided two teachers with training in
special techniques for the education of
handicapped children.
As Mr. Burnham notes in his report,
it is not always possible to isolate the
effects of training from those of other
factors involved in a particular saving
or operational improvement.
This inability to place a monetary
value on training is particularly obvious
in the areas of safety and the emergency


instruction received by fireme, n and
policemen. How can you put a price on
a sightless eye or a useless limb-or on
a life itself?
Safety instruction is an integrated
part of the Company-Government
training program, with unit safety rep-
resentatives carrying out the policies
established by the Safety Branch in
cooperation with top officials of the
Company-Government. Special training
in rescue techniques and emergency
first aid procedures likewise are a
regular part of the training programs
carried on by the Police and Fire Divi-
sions.
In addition to all the formalized
training provided for personnel through
formal instruction, there is the informal
orientation required by new employees,
regardless of qualifications. This train-
ing, invaluable as it is to the efficient
operation of the Canal organization, is
not included in the report prepared by
Mr. Burnham, which covers only the
formal training provided for Company-
Government employees.
Also disregarded in the body of the
training report is what Personnel Direc-
tor Edward A. Doolan terms "continu-
ous training of a sort whose nature
makes it impossible to report in a survey
such as this," pointing to the day-to-day
informal, unplanned experience which
an employee gains under a good super-
visor as an example.
"But," as Mr. Doolan noted in a trans-
mittal memorandum distributed with
the report, "on the basis of the reports
alone, our organization may take satis-
faction, and go forward with confi-
dence."


JANUARY 6, 1961











NOW'S TIME


FOR FUN



As always, the arrival of the
dry season signals the start of
pleasant outdoor activities.


Kathy Burs, daughter of Official Photographer and Mrs. William Burs,
relaxes on porch of hotel at El Valle, popular vacation spot in Panama.


THE WEATHERMAN SAYS that the wet season is following the
sun as it moves south of Panama and, barring accidents, should
leave the Isthmus bright and sunn)', swept by the trade winds
-and filled with tourists.
In other words, January is the beginning of a three-month
period when slightly waterlogged Isthmian residents, and
tourists, too, can go on picnics and trips and explore those
inaccessible spots in the interior of Panama which virtually are
closed to travel during the rainy season.
These spots can be found in the hills and mountains and
along the beaches which stretch from Chame to Santa Clara
and beyond. Some of the most popular spots, such as Santa
Clara, El Valle, and Boquete can be visited all year round but
are at their best when the dry season sun shines. Then there
are the others closer to home, like Fort San Lorenzo, Las
Cruces Trail, and the island of Taboga, where the new hotel
is attracting hundreds of visitors each week.
The dry season is also a time for fishing. Local and visiting
fishermen who haven't bothered to wet a line during the rainy
season, are casting their eyes at their tackle boxes, examining
their fishing poles, and preparing for another go at both the
freshwater and saltwater denizens of the deep.


These youngsters from Panama know a good warm weather drink.


Students attending Latin American schools in the Canal
Zone and those who attend schools in Panama, will start their
mid-term vacation early next month. During the dry season
they will accompany their parents to summer homes in the
interior or frequent the beaches and swimming pools closer
to the city.
This is the time when house owners who have worked all
year on their gardens can entertain friends at garden parties
without fear of a sudden thunderstorm. It is the time when
the golfer can schedule his games weeks in advance without
worrying about being rained out and when the family can
visit picnic spots with the same assurance.


Trails through the woods have special lure during dry season.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW
















New Director



For



Marine Bureau


Capt. and Mrs. Richard G. Jack at farewell party in California.


THE MARINE BUREAU of the Panama
Canal organization will get a new Di-
rector this month, a successor to Capt.
William C. Hughes, Jr., who is retiring
and leaving the Isthmus after 30 years
of Nan service, the last 19 months of
which have been spent as head of the
Marine Bureau.
' The new Marine Bureau Director,
Capt. Richard G. Jack, who has spent
almost 25 years in Naval service since
being graduated from the U.S. Naval


Capt. William C. Hughes, Jr.


Academy in 1935, arrived on the Isth-
mus the day after Christmas, accom-
panied by his wife and two of their
three sons. He will assume his duties as
Bureau Director when Captain Hughes
leaves later this month.
Life on the Isthmus will not be a
completely new experience for the wife
of the new Bureau Director. As the
daughter of an early submarine officer,
retired Capt. Arthur Folz, she lived in
the Zone twice while her father was
stationed here.
Captain Hughes, who will retire effec-
tive February 1, plans to go to Europe
soon after separation from active duty
and intends to take up residence in
Spain, probably on the island of Mal-
lorca in the Mediterranean Sea or in
the Canary Islands of the Atlantic.
The retiring Marine Director, a native
of Oklahoma City and a 1931 graduate
of the Naval Academy, was a member
of the Naval Mission to Colombia from
1939 to 1942. During World War II, he
served as commanding officer of the
U.S.S. Somers, a destroyer leader in the
Atlantic which sank a German blockade
runner and two German corvettes while
Captain Hughes was in command. He
later served as plans officer for the last
amphibious assault of the Pacific war,
at Balikpapan on Borneo.
Captain Hughes became Marine Bu-
reau Director on June 1, 1959. During


his service as head of the Bureau, im-
proved scheduling of ships and greater
manning of the Locks has resulted in a
reduction of several hours in the aver-
age time which ships spend in Canal
Zone waters and "holdover" ships have
been reduced almost to zero.
His wife and 13-year-old son, Philip,
will accompany him to Spain. An older
son, William C. Hughes, III, is a sales
representative for a tobacco company
in Bellevue, Ill.
Captain Jack, who was at Pearl
Harbor on "the day of infamy," later
served in the convoy which took the
First Marine, Division to the South Pa-
cific and participated in the first attack
on Japanese held island bases in Feb-
ruary 1942. He has been commanding
officer of the U.S.S. Hector, heavy
repair. ship, since October 1959.
Prior to his assignment to the Hector,
Captain Jack had been Aviation Ships
Maintenance Officer in the Office of the
Chief of Naval Operations and had held
various administrative posts, including
Assistant to the Plans Officer of the
Naval War College and Operations Of-
ficer on the staff of the Commander of
the First Fleet.
The sons who accompanied Captain
and Mrs. Jack to the Isthmus are Robert,
17, and Richard, 13. Their third son,
Howard, 19, is a student at California
Western University in San Diego.


JANUARY 6, 1961


























Despite its sporty appearance, this really is a safety shoe.



Safety Shoes Can Be Stylish

Not only are they sporty-looking despite their safety
features, but you can save money on them.


ARE YOU IN the mood to save some
money? Then take a look at the shoe
shown with this article. It's a sporty-
looking dress shoe-and it also is a
rugged safety shoe, ready to go on the
job with you after seeing its best days
as your dress shoe. Buying a pair like
it is one way of saving money on work
shoes.
Zone retail stores carry several dress-
style safety shoes which may be sold
on a payroll deduction plan to those
with Canal Zone purchase privileges.
You'll save money on the price, too. Any
style of dress or work safety shoe in the
retail stores sell for about 10 percent
less than an identical shoe without the
one and a quarter-ounce steel safety cap
hidden in the toe. The retail stores make
possible that 10 percent saving to help
you get started on making safety shoes
part of your "tools of the trade."


Even without the 10 percent saving,
safety shoes are the best buy in shoes,
because, dollar-for-dollar, you get better
quality leather, better construction, and
better workmanship in them. The manu-
facturers of safety shoes do not have
plush sales stores, big selling staffs, and
expensive, national sales campaigns. All
the money thus saved is plowed into
giving you a better shoe for your money.
As for the protection and dollar
savings built into a safety shoe by that
invisible, one and a quarter-ounce alloy
steel cap-imagine, if you can, a fork
lift truck running over your toes, or a
300-pound block of ice falling on them,
or a 30-pound vise dropping on them
from a workbench. Those things all
happened recently to workmen, either
on the job or at homo, but no harm was
done because in each case the prospec-
tive victim was wearing safety shoes at


the time. If they hadn't been, chances
are they would have been laid up in
bed, on leave, or on compensation pay-
ments. And here's where the third type
of savings come in-the money they
would have lost as a result of reduced
income would have been more than the
cost of all the work shoes they'd have
needed for the next 10 or 15 years.
Would you buy a new car without a
front bumper? "Not me," you say. "I
want some protection for those new
fenders." Then why not put a good
bumper on your toes in the next pair
of work shoes you buy and thus protect
your income? A word to the ladies-if
they happen to be stubborn about their
husbands wearing safety shoes: the cost
to the family of a foot injury could be
enough to buy you a whole new outfit,
including hat, dress, gloves, handbag,
and shoes.


-ACCIDENTS


FOR
THIS MONTH
AN6
THIS YEAR


NOVEMBER

ALL UNITS
YEAR TO DATE
THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 17


FIRST
CASE
'60
221
2659


AID DISABLING
ES INJURIES
'59 '60 '5!
284 14 3M
2560 126 14(



























Mrs. Helen Swearingen and Mrs. Dolores Hammetter make poinsettias.



Weather Can't Hurt


These Flowers


Mrs. Swearingen supplies


flowers for this leaf spray.


Atlantic-side women make attractive
floral arrangements with scissors and
then use scraps for colorful corsages


DRY SEASON, wet season, or any varia-
tion on the weather scene which may
have a disastrous effect on the flowers
that bloom in Canal Zone gardens,
doesn't worry Mrs. Helen Swearingen
of Gatun. Her home is always gay with
flowers in endless variety and color, for
she makes them. Mrs. Swearingen's fa-
vorite materials are wood fiber or velour,
depending on the kind of flower she's
'about to create, and the season.
Her interest in the wood fiber flower
field dates back some three years, when
her mother was presented an unusually
lovely corsage on Mother's Day. The
flowers in the corsage had never seen a
garden or florist shop, but were made
by the giver. Mrs. Swearingen sat in on
some flower-making lessons and now
can whip up a bouquet of red, red roses,
a spray of purple, white, and pink asters,
or lovely cherry blossoms at the click of
a scissors. Well, a few clicks, anyway.
On one wall of her living room is a
graceful Italian metal leaf spray on
which Mrs. Swearingen adds the floral
interest. One time, the spray may be.


exotic with cherry blossoms and tropical
birds, also artificial, of course. Or at
holiday time, white Christmas roses,
created by Mrs. Swearingen, bloom on
the spray.
This holiday season nearly all the
Atlantic side abounded in poinsettias.
Mrs. Swearingen and Mrs. Dolores
Hammetter, a neighbor in Gatun, in-
tructed the Cristobal Woman's Club in
the art of poinsettia making. And never
were such lovely poinsettia arrange-
ments seen in a Canal Zone town.
Velour was used for the poinsettias.
The material comes by the yard.. The
poinsettia petals are outlined on the
back and then cut out. Veins on the red
poinsettias are traced on the material
with a bobby pin; on the white poinset-
tias, they are drawn with chalk. There
never is any waste, or scraps, for even
bits are used to make gay corsages.
Mrs. Swearingen has as keen an inter-
est in growing plants as in creating the
never-wilt varieties. The outdoor recrea-
tion area below the living quarters is a
".living friendship" area. Here plants'


and ferns, each contributed by some
family before leaving the Canal Zone
for residence in the United States, are
living reminders of former neighbors
and friends.
C. Truman Swearingen, not to be
outshone by his wife in the green thumb
field, is responsible for the huge rose
apple tree that stands beside their home.
In 1943 he planted a rose apple seed.
Fifteen years later the tree bore its first
fruit, and continues to bear to the de-
light of all the children in the neighbor-
hood, who are ardent rose apple fanciers.
The tree has a feathery purple flower
which, when it drops off, leaves a little
green bell. The rose apple comes from
the bell. And if Mrs. Swearingen is
lucky enough to get ahead of the rose-
apple-eating children, she takes time
off from flower-making to whip up rose
apple sauce.
But flower-making and rose apple
dishes do not take all her time. Her
afternoons, Monday through Friday, are
spent at the Gatun Circulating Library,
where she has been a library assistant
for 10 years.


JANUARY 6, 1961


patience,









































Big crane working on Mississippi bridge job at Helena, Ark.


NEW OFFICERS for 1961 were elected
by the Central Labor Union-Metal
Trades Council during December and
are to take office this month.
James H. Elliott was named president,
succeeding E. W. Hatchett, who had
held the top post for several years, but
was not a candidate for reelection this
year.
Seated with President Elliott, who is
in center, are, from left to right: Samuel
Roe, Jr., legislative representative; H.
E. Munro, secretary; President Elliott;
W. M. 0. Fischer, treasurer, and J. C.
Dyer, Wage and Grievance Board
member. Standing, from left to right,
are J. S. DeFrees, second alternate to
the Wage and Grievance Board; C. L.
Coate, trustee; J. H. Young, trustee, and
W. W. Huffman, first vice president.
Not present when the picture was
taken were R. J. Balcer, second vice
president; T. P. McCGann, alternate
legislative representative; D. P. Bender,
first alternate to the Wage and Griev-


Worth knowing .
ONE OF THE largest and tallest cranes in the United States
will be brought to the Isthmus next year to be used by the John
F. Beasley Construction Co. of Dallas, Tex., on construction of
the superstructure for the high level bridge over the Canal at
Balboa.
Now being used by the Beasley Company in Helena, Ark.,
on construction of a bridge across the Mississippi River, the big
crane will be dismantled and loaded on barges for transporta-
tion to the Canal Zone.
The crane has a boom 250 feet long and a jib extension of
75 feet. With the boom fastened to the body of the crane
25 feet above ground level, the whole outfit has a vertical
reach of 350 feet. For the job on the Balboa bridge, an extra
section will be installed in the boom to add another 50 feet to
the vertical reach.
The contract for the construction of the bridge superstruc-
ture was awarded to the Beasley Company in February on a
total base price offer of $9,119,000.
The superstructure work will include construction of the
5,425-foot long framework which will soar to a maximum
height of 384 feet above the average level of the water below
it. The work also will involve installation of a concrete deck,
aluminum railings, roadway lighting, and power and communi-
cation conduits.
The contractor has until approximately October 1, 1962, to
complete the work. The steel for the bridge now is being
manufactured in West Germany and the prefabricated bridge
parts will be brought to the Isthmus-ready for assembly.
THE QUARTERLY meeting of the Panama Canal Company's
Board of Directors was to be held today and Saturday at
Balboa Heights. During the meeting, which is the annual
session held in the Zone, members of the Board will hold'a
general discussion of problems pertaining to the operation of
the Panama Canal Company. They also will make a tour of
Gaillard Cut, to inspect the widening and bank lighting
projects there. Most of the Board members are expected to
return to the United States by air on Sunday.


New Officers Elected By CLU-MTC


ance Board; F. S. Brown, sergeant-at-
arms, and J. J. Delcourt, trustee.
President Elliott, Mr. Dyer, and Mr.


Munro took office on January 1; but
all other officers will be sworn in Jan-
uary 15.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW








ANNIVERSARIES
(On the basis of total Federal Service)


CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Roger W. Collinge
Assistant Superintendent and
Director of Elementary
Education
William M. Jensen


F6lix E. Dandrade
Nursing Assistant
MARINE BUREAU
Edward J. Husted
Guard Supervisor


Richard Stephens Laundry Checker
Power Plant Superintendent TRANSPORTATION AND
Lorenzo A. Anderson TERMINALS BUREAU
General Helper Philip A. Clarke
HEALTH BUREAU Clerk
Rupert G. Allison Claude P. Yard
Nursing Assistant Chauffeur


CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Osmond N. Austin
Firefighter
Horace L. Smith
Customs Guard
Alberts Cooper
Police Sergeant
ENGINEERING AND CON-
STRUCTION BUREAU
Edwin J. Compton
Construction Inspector
Walter E. Marek
Lead Foreman Quarters
Maintenance
Ivan Temple
Leader Seaman
Pio Cantoral
Boatman
Domingo Marcelino
Boat Maintenanceman
Pablo Segura
Laborer
Patrocinio GonzAlez
Oiler, Floating Plant
William H. Billerman
Electrician
Gabriel Rivera
Seaman
Frank A. Hall
Plumber
Preston J. Barker
Water Supply System
General Foreman
Hilario Rodriguez
Boatman
Aquilino Castillo
Seaman
Enrique A. Jaen
Laboratory Helper
Pr6spero Rosas
Rock Crushing Plant
Operator
Roman Cabeza
Seaman i


HEALTH BUREAU
Ruth A. Fishbough
Medical Record Librarian
Charlotte Clara
Nursing Assistant
Martin W. Johnson
Nursing Assistant
Ephraim B. Campbell
Nursing Assistant
Vernon Edwards
Nursing Assistant
Marcus M. Smith
File Clerk
Alphonsine Almont
Nursing Ass
Claren A. B ce
Nursing As nt
Oswald A. Ebanks
Cook
MARINE
Leo A. Wals
Towboat r F. r
Oscar JohnB-
Lead Foreman Lock
Operations
Willston N. Kelly
Oiler, Floating Plant
Joseph Peters
Clerk
Norman G. Baker
Leader Boatman
Earl H. Turner
Marine Machinist
Daniel S. Lewis
Seaman
Thomas N. Page
Engineman
Earle Johnson
Launch Operator
Dathan Martin
Helper Lock Operator.


Emilio Diaz
Carpenter
Alberto A. Robinson
Crane Hookman
Jos6 Pereira
Laborer
Chester Brown
Helper Boilermaker
David Torres
Laborer
Edward L. Spinney
Marine Machinist
George Palmer
Laborer
Ladis ernindez
unc ator
ERS E BUREAU
f argaret E. M p A
| Salary nrd N ag Analyst
leophas Maci der
Laborer/
LOYMENT
ICE
William A. Gaskin
File Clerk
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Earl W. Sears
Administrative Services
Assistant
Roy Best
Warehouseman
Alfred Anderson
Truck Driver
George L. Fenton
Tree Trimmer
Curley McCree
Food Service Sales Checker
Carmen I. Lugo
Laundry Checker


Francisco Brito M.
Warehouseman
Tiburcio P6rez
Warehouseman
Rose Elena Lewis
Sales Clerk
Louise A. Johnson
Clerk
Claudius T. Samuels
Laborer
Llewellyn 0. Bowen
Laborer
Hortencio Aranda
Laborer Cleaner
Honorio Magan
Laborer
Edna C. Howard
Counter Attendant
Cleophus Blackman
Laborer Cleaner
Edmund N. Reid
Laborer Cleaner
Ursil L. Savoury
Sales Clerk
John M. Brown
Supervisory Supply Officer
Angelica de Joya
Sales Clerk

TRANSPORTATION AND
TERMINALS BUREAU
Joseph E. Foster
Shipment Clerk
Charles Simon
Clerk Checker
Marcelino Dean
Chauffeur
Gabriel C. Thom
High Lift Truck Operator
Charles S. Fortune
Clerk
Marcos Arrocha
Laborer
Alfred A. Hammond
Guard


20 JANUARY 6, 1961








PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS


EMPLOYEES who were promoted or
transferred between November 15 and
December 15 are listed below. Within-
grade promotions and job reclassifica-
tions are not listed.
ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH
Fannie M. Sosa, to Applications Examiner.
CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU
Division of Schools
Patricia E. Headley, to Junior High School
Teacher, Latin American Schools.
Patricia E. Lazar, Sylvia M. Rindt, to Ele-
mentary and Secondary School Teacher.
Rochelle H. Head, Clerk-Stenographer,
from Community Services Division.
Postal Division
William K. McCue, to Relief Supervisor,
Balboa.
Edward G. Moran, to Special Postal Clerk.
Winfield S. Ireland, to Special Clerk, Mail
Handling Unit.
Carroll E. Kocher, to General Foreman,
Mail Handling Unit.
Frank P. Sullivan, to Clerk-in-Charge,
Window Services, Cristobal.
OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER
Accounting Division
Burton F. Mead, from Substitute Distribu-
tion Clerk, Postal Division, to Time,
Leave, and Payroll Clerk.
Edgar R. McArthur, to Supervisory Ac-
counting Assistant.
Clarence E. Notyce, to Accounting Clerk.
Lucille D. Van Riper, to Accounting Tech-
nician.
CENTRAL EMPLOYMENT OFFICE
Byron J. Atherley, from Clerk, Supply Di-
vision, to Mail and File Clerk.
Teonilda I. Larrinaga, to Personnel Clerk.
ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION
BUREAU
Engineering Division
Thomas G. Toda, to Structural Engineer.
Dredging Division
Andrew J. Gagliano, from Lock Operator
Machinist, Locks Division, to Engineer,
Floating Crane.
H. P. Burchett, from Lock Operator Elec-
trician, Locks Division, to Electrician.
Florencio Flores, from Heavy Pest Control
Laborer, Division of Sanitation, to Boat-
man.
Agustin Santana, to Launch Seaman.
Electrical Division
Burnell F. Dowler, from Marine Machinist,
Industrial Division, to Operator-Diesel
Machinist.
James G. Murray, from General Engineer,
Industrial Division, to Training Instruc-
tor, Welding and Metallurgy.
Cleveland A. Jordan, Jos6 Murillo, to Dis-
tribution Systems Maintenanceman.
Maintenance Division
Robert C. Herrington, to Lead Foreman
Public Works Road Construction.
Carl L. Simons, to Lead Foreman Public
Works Road Paving.
Frank R. Turman, Jr., to Lead Foreman
Quarters Maintenance.
James R. McCarrick, from Towing Loco-
motive Operator, Locks Division, to
Sheetmetal Worker.
Byron R. Brookes, from Waiter, Supply Di-
vision, to Helper Maintenance Ma-
chinist.


November 15 through December 15
James N. Beckles, to Work Order Clerk.
Alfonso D. Gittens, Laborer, from Com-
munity Services Division.
Donald E. Gagne, from Boilermaker, In-
dustrial Division, to Welder.
Hubert C. Agard, Clayton E. Clarke,
Charles G. Brown, to Painter.
Basil E. SuArez, from Pin Setter, Supply
Division, to Messenger.
JuliAn Amaya, Bruce A. Chase, Stephen C.
Pirre, Adal S. Dawes, from Dock Worker,
Terminals Division, to Laborer.
Florice Renee, William D. Welsh, Arnold
R. Ferraro, Edward C. Wilson, Alfonso
R. Allman, Ralph J. Flemming, Glad-
stone E. Clarke, George M. Clarke, Lubin
L. Theresia, Fernando Robinson, to Car-
penter.
Contract and Inspection Division
James H. Bowen, Joseph L. Gwinn, to Elec-
trical Systems Inspector.
HEALTH BUREAU
Charles N. Norris, from Supervisory Ac-
counting Assistant, Accounting Division,
to Accountant, Gorgas Hospital.
St. Clair L. Thorne, to Dental Laboratory
Technician, Coco Solo Hospital.
MARINE BUREAU
Industrial Division
Eric S. Charles, to Crane Hookman.
Donald Q. Ralston, from Heavy Laborer,
Supply Division, to Guard.
Locks Division
Joshua H. Chapman, from Laborer Cleaner,
Supply Division, to Heavy Laborer.
Elisha E. Gordon, Juan Joseph, Eustace A.
Walters, Slenue P. Gilbert, Leonard S.
King, to Helper Lock Operator.
Joseph L. Hummer, to Leader Lock Oper-
ator Machinist.
William S. McKee, to Lead Foreman, Lock
Operations.
Bernardino Vega, Juan D. Contreras, Jos6
Hall. Jerome A. Muir, to Cement
Finisher.
Buty Mawell, Wilfred S. Mattison, Car-
melo Ziniga, Agustin Romero, Harold
Irvin, Hector Geart, to Maintenance
Painter.
James S. Best, Lester 0. Williams, Melvin
0. Husband, to Toolroom Attendant.
Navigation Division
Howarth V. Rowe, Jr., to Pilot.
Robert S. Mate, to Probationary Pilot.
John W. O'Daniel, Jr., William Farrell,
William M. Deaton, to Pilot-in-Training.
Victor J. Gonzalez, Norbert R. Welsh, to
Oiler, Floating Plant.
Jaime D. Ceballos M., Juan Mejia, Cecilio
Livingston, Alejandro Garc6s, from Dock
Worker, Terminals Division, to Deck-
hand.
Amable A. Herrera, from Dock Worker,
Terminals Division, to Deckhand.
Jos6 G. Agostini, to Seaman.
Jos6 H. Bedoya V., from Laborer, Ter-
minals Division, to Deckhand.
PERSONNEL BUREAU
Betty J. Farrell, from Accounts Mainte-
nance Clerk, Office of Director, En-
gineering and Construction Bureau, to
Clerk-Typist, Office of Director.
SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY
SERVICE BUREAU
Community Services Division
August I. Bauman, to Superintendent of
Grounds Maintenance Branch,


Roy A. Sharp, to Assistant Superintendent
Grounds Maintenance Branch.
Virgil C. Reed, to Grounds Supervisor,
Northern District.
Burton J. Hackett, Jr., Jack W. Clarke,
Ralph L. Hanners, John W. Purvis, Gene
E. Clinchard, to General Grounds Fore-
man.
Samuel 0. Alexander, to Lead Foreman
Tree Trimmer.
Lionel E. McLlean, James S. Raymond, to
Lead Cemetery Foreman.
Clifford Niles Samuel L. Ford, Francisco
Bosquez, Albert E. Watson, Frank Henry,
Pascual C6rdoba, Pedro Mufioz, Martie
S. Pierre, to Field Tractor Operator.
Remigio Sanjur, SebastiAn Santamaria, Ho-
racio GonzAlez, Modesto SAnchez, Edu-
vigis Rangel, Ismael Carrasco, Raimun-
do Ceballos, Oscar Edmund, Calliford
S. Watson, Leonard Austin, Nelson Saa-
vedra, Carlos G. Vega R., Nazario De
Garcia, Arcadio P6rez, Buenaventura
Quezada, Eusebio Quintana, Ruben C.
Trottman, Le6n Chiri, Jos6 Tufi6n, Ge-
rardo Aparicio, Tomas Jim6nez S., Jos6
D. Altamar B., Felipe Catuy, Jos6 D.
Oviedo, Trinidad Garcia, Pascual Oroz-
co, Julio Serrano, Rafael C. Granados
M., Eugenio Hernindez, Epifanio Za-
mora, Domingo Montenegro, Maurice
Rodriguez, Pr6spero Franco, Renny G.
Peters, Luis Adames, Silverio Guti6rrez,
JonAs SAnchez G., Demetrio Avendafio,
Te6filo Alveo A., Gilberto Duque, Junios
F. Jordan, Florencio Jean, Julio Ortega,
Rafael Rodriguez M., Jos6 D. Vergara,
Alfred L. Grimes, Albert D. Jones, Pe-
dro Oses C., Headley McAdams, Cle-
mente Calder6n, Hilario Rojas, Manuel
Gordon, Hilario Cortez, Eladio C6rdo-
ba, Calixto Ferrer, Alfonso Rodriguez U.,
Antonio Urquilla, SebastiAn Martinez,
Agustin Diaz, William Bennett, Llewel-
lyn 0. Bowen, Victoriano G6ndola, Da-
vid L. Donaldson. Abraham W. For-
cheney, Rolando L6pez, Humberto Cas-
tro, Joseph L. Powell, Angel Romero,
Ruperto Acosta, Aristides L6pez, George
L. Dutton, Cecil A. Lipsitt, Santana Vas-
quez, Valentin Jaen, Aquilino de la Cruz,
JuliAn Martinez, Manuel A. Rauda, Ber-
nardino Castro, Faustino Castro, Ray-
mond A. Weeks, Arcadio Barlanoa, Jes6s
Ceballos, Roberto Arias, George Max-
well, Mario Pineda, Dario E. Villarreal,
Charles P. Romain, Fidelino Rodriguez,
Fidel Toribio, Pablo Portillo, Jos6 Quin-
tana, Agustin Rodriguez, to Grounds
Maintenance Equipment Operator.
Gilbert E. Manning, Stanley V. Waterman,
Walter E. Clarke, Norman N. Bonnick,
Fitz R. Scantlebury, Charles A. Alex-
ander, Norman A. Blades, Cornelius E.
Brooks, Daniel Byfield, Joclyn E. Byrnes,
Egbert M. Best, to Lead Foreman,
Grounds.
Alexander R. Holder, Concepcion Barriosd
Charles C. Mayors, Jos6 A. Arias, to Lead
Foreman Grounds Maintenance Equip-
ment Operator.
Supply Division
Edwin F. Rigby, to General Supply Of-
ficer.
Ella J. Maynard, to Sales Section Head.
Arthur C. Parchment, James A. Smith,
Granville L. Reece, to Leader High Lift
Truck Operator.
Stanley C. Vanterpool, to Truck Driver.
(See p. 23)


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW








RETIREMENTS

RETIREMENT certificates were pre-
sented at the end of December to the
employees listed below, with their birth-
places, positions, years of Canal service,
and future residence.
McKin B. Alcide, Santa Lucia; Laundry-
man, Supply Division; 37 years, 6
-months, 6 days; Panama.
Josiah Alleyne, Barbados;. Laborer, Main-
tenance Division; 30 years, 11 months,
8 days; Colon.
Cephas A. Arthur, Jamaica; Machinist
Helper, Electrical Division; 34 years, 6
months, 10 days; Panama.
Marfa S. Bellay, Panama; Pantry Woman,
Supply Division; 37 years, 1 month, 1
day; Panama.
Joseph I. Brown, Jamaica; Fumaceman,
Industrial Division; 41 years, 4 months,
4 days; Colon.
Harry F. Cranfield, Massachusetts; Oper-
ator Foreman, Electrical Division; 19
years, 10 months, 4 days; Florida.
Mrs. Carolyn J. Henry, Florida; Clerical
Assistant, Personnel Bureau; 5 years, 1
month, 14 days; Florida.
Samuel Johnson, Santa Lucia; Seaman, Na-
vigation Division; 37 years, 2 months, 2
days; Panama.
Charles L. Latham, Washington, D.C.;
Retail Store Supervisor, Supply Division;
32 years, 9 months; France.
Manuel L. Le6n, Colombia; Foreman, Ter-
minals Division; 41 years, 11 months,
29 days; Panama.
Jasper Leonard Long, Texas; Assistant
Foreman, Postal Division; 23 years, 4
months; Texas.
Capt. Harold T. Longmore, Massachusetts;
Pilot, Navigation Division, 24 years, 5
months, 11 days; New Orleans.
Jos6 I. Martinez, Panama; Laborer, Com-
munity Services Division; 22 years, 2
months, 3 days; Panama.
Kurt F. Menzel, Washington, D.C.; Super-
visory Medical Technician, Health Bu-
reau; 33 years, 8 months, 12 days; Pan-
ama.
Charles A. McLean, Panama; Scrap Metal
Sorter, Supply Division; 31 years, 3
months, 22 days; Panama.
William C. Moore, Barbados; Boilermaker
Helper, Industrial Division; 42 years, 11
months, 24 days; Panama.
Alfred Myers, St. Vincent; Warehouseman,
Dredging Division; 46 years, 8 months,
14 days; Panama.
Ernesto Navalo V., Panama; Ship Worker,
Terminals Division; 13 years, 10 months,
17 days; Panama.
Marcelina Navarro, Panama; Presser,
Ancon Laundry; 34 years, 2 months, 12
days; Panama.
Lt. Richard G. Nichols, North Carolina;
Police Lieutenant, Police Division; 20
years, 27 days; Florida.
Bruno Olayo, Panama; Trackman, Railroad
Division; 21 years, 20 days; Panama.
Huntley S. Phillips, Barbados; Leader Sand-
blaster, Dredging Division; 40 years, 10
months, 23 days; Chilibre.
Ralph 0. Williams, Jamaica; Cook, Health
Bureau; 40 years, 10 months, 26 days;
Panama.
Arthur G. Wright, Jamaica; Welder Helper,
Dredging Division; 40 years, 1 month,
12 days; Panama.
IrisM. McNeil, Jamaica; Laundry Checker,
Supply Division; 43 years, 9 months, 3
days, Panama.


50 Years Ago
WORK ON construction of the Panama
Canal Locks was going great guns 50
years ago this month. By the end of
January, more than 50 percent of the
concrete for the three twin locks at
Gatun had been laid, with the exact
amount in place totaling 1,051,723
yards. Concrete work on the Locks at
Pedro Miguel was more than 60 percent
complete, while approximately 8 per-
cent of the concrete for the system of,
Locks at Miraflores had been laid.
The first shipment of materials for
work on the Lock gates arrived on the
Isthmus from Baltimore. It consisted of
400 tons of equipment for handling the
steel that would form the gates. The first
shipment of steel for the gates was to
leave Pittsburgh the middle of the
month.
A break occurred in the west bank of
the Canal at a point opposite the Cule-
bra Hotel. It involved from 200,000 to
250,000 yards of material. The move-
ment was anticipated, however, and did
not encroach on the lower tracks in the
Cut to any extent. Regular operations
were continued.
In Panama, work was being done on
the construction of a street railway
which would connect with a similar rail-
way in the Canal Zone. The main line
was to extend through Central Avenue
in Panama to and around Cathedral
Park in one direction and along the
Sabanas Road in the other direction,
thus passing the Panama Railroad
Station.
25 Years Ago
PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT,
in his annual budget message to Con-
gress in January 1936, asked for an ap-
propriation of $11,262,944 for the Pan-
ama Canal. The amount represented an
increase of approximately two and one
half million dollars over the budget
estimate for the previous fiscal year.
Most of the funds were slated for main-
tenance and operation of the waterway.
Meanwhile, the U.S. Army an-
nounced that $700,000 would be set
aside for Canal Zone projects. Some of
the money would be used for roads and
part of it for the construction of bar-
racks and quarters in Fort Clayton.
As a result of the passage of the
Soldiers' Bonus Bill in Washington,
Canal Zone veterans were expected to


receive more than a half million dollars.
Final negotiations were in progress in
Washington on the new Panama-United
States Treaty, which was signed later
in the year.
The United States announced that
plans had been made to build a $2530,000
legation in Panamaa.
10 Years Ago
HOUSING IN BOTH the Canal Zone and
Panama came up for discussion on the
Isthmus 10 years ago this month, as
President Truman asked for 11 millionn
dollars for houi;irg in the Canal Zone as'
part of his annual budget message to;
Congress. In Panama, it was announced
that plans for the construction of 8,000-
low cost housing units at an' estimated
cost of 20 million dollars were under
study by the Government.
A report on Communistic activity in
Panama was to be given in the Natfnal
Assembly by Alfredo Aleman, St., Min-
ister of Government and Justice, follow-
ing a statement made earlier in the
month in the Assembly that an undeni-
able Communist penetration existed in
Panama.
A United States income tax office
opened in the Canal Zone to provide
Zonians with help in the preparation of
their tax returns. Meanwhile, Rep. G. P.
Miller introduced a bill in Congress
which would exempt Canal employees
from payment of tax on their 1950 in-
come.
Among the prominent visitors to the
Isthmus during January 1951 was the
Archbishop of Canterbury, who arrived
by ship from England and made a tour
of the Locks and other points of interest
in the Zone.

One Year Ago
THE NEED FOR experienced key men
and the use of first-class equipmeiit was
emphasized by Lt. Col. R. D. Brown,
Engineering and Construction Bureau
,Director, during the pre-bidding con-
ference held a year ago this month on
the Empire Reach widening project.
During the month, a new million and
a half dollar Cristobal Junior-Senior
High School was formally dedicated
during a ceremony attended by :Gov.
W. E. Potter, Dr. James Ray Graham,
Director of Special Education in Illinois,
Zone school officials, and 300 Atlantic
side residents.


JANUARY'6, 1961


CANAL


HISTORY








People Of Interest
PETER BRENNAN, former Chief Deputy Marshall of the
Canal Zone, former Panama newspaperman, and former em-
ployee of The Panama Canal Record Section, joined hundreds
of other former Canal employees
,W.:v in St. Petersburg, Fla., last month.
h When he left Panama, after
'" his retirement in November, he
:,.. headed for Boston. Boston was
too cold, however, for one who
Shad spent 30 years in the tropics.
Florida is on the chill side this
month, too, Pete has written his
old friends. So far he has spent
most of his time in his warm hotel
room looking at television.
Pete retired after 19 years of
service as Chief Deputy Marshal.
His service with the Canal organ-
ization was much shorter. He was
an employee at the Administra-
tion Building less than a year.
Between the two government jobs, Pete worked for the
Panama American, including several years as editor, and later
with the Star & Herald. Most people in Panama remember
him best for his daily colum, "Through the Looking Glass,"
which ran in the Star & Herald for a number of years.


THE CANAL ZONE Civilian Personnel Policy Coordinating
Board, which is responsible for administering the Canal Zone
Merit System and maintaining uniform rates of pay among
civilian employees of U.S. Govern-
ment agencies in the Zone, last
month acquired its first perma-
nently appointed executive head.
Executive Officer George R.
Johnson, who came to the Isthmus
from Washington, D.C., formerly
was head of the Legislative Co-
ordination Section of the Naval
Office of Industrial Relations.
A native of North Dakota, Mr.
Johnson is a graduate of the Uni-
versity of North Dakota, and has
done graduate work at North
Dakota State University, George Williams College, the Uni-
versity of Oregon, and the University of Southern California.
He entered federal service in 1953 and was with the Federal
Housing Administration and the Air Force before joining the
Navy office which he left to come to the Zone.
The Canal Zone Civilian Personnel Policy Coordinating
Board was established in January 1959 to carry out the regula-
tions issued by the Secretary of the Army on Uniform Wage
Legislation, as provided for in the 1955 Treaty and Memo-
randum of Understandings between the United States and
Panama.


Promotions and Transfers
(Continued from p. 21)
Herbert N. Whittaker, George X. Jean
Louis, Clerk, from Railroad Division.
Ivan R. Evering, to Merchandise Manage-
ment Assistant.
Carlos 0. Stephens, Miguel F. Arias, to
High Lift Truck Operator.
Samuel U. Johnson, to Stockman.
Frances M. Jones, Julian G. Wharton, Lin-
nett J. Reed, Violet R. Harewood, John
A. Gulston, Alfred W. Anderson, Eunice
E. Drayton, Grendeline Grant, Sim6n
Cort6s, Reginald E. Murray, to Ware-
houseman.
George E. Farley, Jr., Osmond P. Brown,
Jr., Aubrey C. Baxter, Carlos Coto R., to
Utility Worker.
Pedro J. C6rdova, Miguel A. Pineda, Pablo
Pertuz C., Alexander Johnson, Percival
A. Sanson, Olganon Clarke, to Heavy
Laborer.
Clifford Blythe, Lionel Brathwaite, Te6filo
G6mez, to Laborer Cleaner.
Preston W. McBarnette, Clarence N. Brin,
to Supervisory Clerk.
Arthur L. Dale, to Supervisory Accounts
Maintenance Clerk.
Harold W. Williams, Louise Young, to
Clerk Typist.
Henry G. Fergus, to Supervisory Stock
Control Clerk.
Clifford C. Reid, Ida E. Lynch, Beryl E.
Carson, George B. Palmer, Maud I.
Lynch, Clara C. Pimento, Leonard I.
Sealey, Louise A. Johnson, to Stock Con-
trol Clerk.
David J. Failey, Ivy Sealey, Lester V.
Bailey, to Sales Clerk.
John R. Bovell, Jr., to Messenger.
William A. Thorns, to Lead Foreman High
Lift Truck Operator.
TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS
BUREAU
Terminals Division
Jorge L. Pico, from Laborer, Industrial Di-


vision, to Dock Worker.
Oswald R. Smith, from Laborer, Division
of Schools, to Dock Worker.
Thomas Gondola, to High Lift Truck Oper-
ator.
Manuel Moor, Luis Riascos, Alexander A.
Cox, from Laborer, Supply Division, to
Dock Worker.
Kenneth W. Maloney, Percival A. Samuels,
to Timekeeper, Typing.
Manuel Navalo, Jos6 E. Rodriguez, to Ship
Worker.
Irad Reid, Alejandro Atencio, Eustis Haw-
kins, to Helper Liquid Fuels Wharfman.
Alphaes Plato, to Clerk Checker.
Manuel H. Asprilla, to Leader Ship Cargo
Operations.
Carlyle D. Clark, to Freight Rate Assistant.
Reginald V. Reid, to Heavy Laborer.
Motor Transportation Division
German R. Langshaw, to General Supply
Clerk.
Ruben N. Richards, from Utility Worker,
Supply Division, to Truck Driver.
OTHER PROMOTIONS
PROMOTIONS which did not involve
changes of title follow:
Norman B. Davison, Superintendent Retail
Store Branch, Supply Division.
John F. Manning, Assistant Superintendent
Retail Store Branch, Supply Division.
James 0. DesLondes, Administrative Of-
ficer, Office of Director, Supply and
Community Service Bureau.
Harry E. Pearl, Civil Engineer, Engineering
Division.
Carol A. Vose, Clerk-Typist, Accounting
Division.
George Parris, George Kirton, Guillermo
E. PNrez B., Vallan E. Ramsay, Antonio
Moran, Felton L. Gill, Efraim Linares,
George C. Clark, Vincent A. Lucas,
Ephraim R. Innis, Guards, Supply Di-
vision.
Frederick H. Taylor, Victor M. Quintero,
Rupert G. Allison, Alfonso A. Moore,
Jos6 P. Romero, Nursing Assistant,


Gorgas Hospital.
Evelyn D. Engelke, Josephine E. Hilty,
Nancy A. Symons, Clerk-Stenographer,
Police Division.
Raymond A. Nesbitt, James M. Walsh,
Admeasurer, Navigation Division.
George V. Lewis, John A. Redway, Launch
Dispatcher, Navigation Division.
Leslie M. Spencer, Systems Accountant,
Office of the Comptroller.
Sarah D. Cheney, Clerk-Stenographer,
Dredging Division.
Ervin D. Hicks, Guard Supervisor, Supply
Division.
Ruth L. Turner, Library Assistant, Canal
Zone Library-Museum.
Antoni R. Doughty, Cecil J. Dutton, Lionel
D. Bellamy, Timekeeper, Locks Divi-
sion.
Rita M. Hoyle, Clerk-Typist, Electrical
Division.
James C. Cullen, Mechanical Engineer,
Engineering Division.
Jerry L. Carlton, Signalman, Navigation
Division.
James H. Payne, Supervisory Baker Spe-
cialist, Supply Division.
Wilfred C. Adams, Supervisory Clerk, Sup-
ply Division.
Sidney Morris, Arnoldo J. Sinclair C., Wil-
liam A. Collins, Hylton Mills, Launch
Dispatcher, Navigation Division.
Richard Thompson, Cyril M. Richards,
Robert Ennis, William N. Arthur, Hunt-
ley F. Mignott, Fernando Ostrea, James
F. Amburgey, Charles Grenda, to Signal-
man, Navigation Division.
Winifred B. Palacio, Ann M. Baptiste, Roy
J. Raveneau, Clarissa M. DePass, Gren-
vill G. Cooper, Sydney R. Worrell, Edna
C. C6rdova, Lester A. James, Mary A.
Lindsay, Cuthbert C. Butcher, Oswald
A. Smith, Ruby R. Lynton, Muriel A.
Jardine, Louise L. Knight, Charles T.
Mayers, Eric B. Johnson, Cuthbert 0.
Russell, Fitz H. Grant, Arnold A.
Grenion, Milray L. Barrow, Ainsley Cal-
lender, Astor N. Lewis, to Stock Control
Clerk, Supply Division.


THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW






f~htq hh


PPI


Volkswagens Transit Canal
EIGHT HUNDRED tons of Volkswagens
were carried through the Canal in
December as the only cargo aboard the
Norwegian-flag Dagfred, which arrived
here from Hamburg, Germany, on her
way to Los Angeles. The ship, which
makes a round trip between the Pacific
coast and Europe once every two
months, carries automobiles on her way
out, and wheat, lumber, and general
cargo on her way back to Hamburg.
Owned by John P: Pedersen of Oslo
and chartered by the Volkswagen Corp.,
the Dagfred is specially designed for
the carriage of motor cars between
Europe and North America. On one of
her recent voyages to Los Angeles, she
landed 1,152 German cars in Long
Beach.
The ship is fitted with detachable
steel racks which fit into her holds and
between-decks, locking each car into
position. Instead of masts and derricks,
she has 12 five-ton deck cranes to enable
her to load and discharge 'in record
time. C. B. Fenton & Co., agents for the
ships at the Canal, expect the vessel
back here from the West Coast Jan-
uary 15.

Miami Cruise Ship
OPERATING OUT of Miami, the cruise
ship Ariadne of the Ariadne Cruise Line,
Inc., arrived in Cristobal on Christmas
Day on the first of a series of Caribbean
cruises which will bring her to the Canal
nine times during the present cruise
season. After leaving Miami, the ship
calls at Montego Bay, Jamaica; Cris-
tobal; Curacao; Fort-de-France, Marti-



PANAMA LINE

SAILINGS
FROM NEW YORK
Cristobal.............. January 6
Ancon..................January 13
Cristobal.............. January 24
Ancon ........... .... .. January 31
FROM CRISTOBAL
Cristobal ......... .... ....January 14
Ancon. ... . .. ... .January 21
Cristobal.... ...... ... February 1


TRANSITS BY OCEAN-GOING
VESSELS IN NOVEMBER
1959 1960
Commercial................ 886 857
U.S. Government ............ 20 20
Total ............... 906 877
TOLLS* ,
Commercial..... $4,128,086 $4,307,877
U.S. Government. 66,855 76,308
Total..... $4,194,941 $4,384,185
CARGO (long tons)
Commercial ...... 4,596,809 5,162,820
U.S. Government. 58,083 36,598
Total.... 4,654,892 5,199,418
*Includes tolls on all vessels, ocean-going and small


nique; Guadaloupe; St. Thomas; and
San Juan, P.R.
According to Boyd Bros., agents for
the ship here, the Ariadne also is sched-
uled for a cruise this summer which will
take hei through the Canal May 11 on
her '. a) to Acapulco, Mexico; and Los
Angeles, Calif. She will return through
the Canal July 23 on her way to Miami
by way of Kingston and Nassau.


The Ariadne, formerly owned by the
Hamburg-America Line, carries ap-
proximately 500 cruise passengers and
has visited Canal ports previously.

Ships Get Bigger
SIiPS ARE getting longer, wider, and
bulkier, as any Panama Canal admeas-
urer can testify. Superships pass through
the Canal almost daily and last month
the National Defender, a U.S. flag
tanker built in Newport News broke
the overall length record for commercial
cargo ships by measuring in at 810 feet.
This surpassed by quite a few feet
the former record of 788 feet chalked
up by the Sinclair Petrolore, which tran-
sited the Canal on December 19, 1959.
(It won't transit again, however, having
sunk off the coast of Brazil a month ago
today.)
Meanwhile, news came from Japan
that a supertanker called the Universe
Apollo had been built with an overall
length of 940 feet and: a beam of 125
feet. The present Canal will never have
to worry about that one, however. The
Canal locks are 1,000 feet long but only
110 feet wide.


At least two of the type of fleet cargo ships represented by the Pioneer Mart, shown here
in Miraflores Locks, makes the Canal transit each week-one northbound and the other
southbound. On the day this picture was taken of the northbound Pioneer Mart, a sister ship,
the Pioneer Min, transited southbound. The Pioneer Line, a subsidiary of the United States
Line, operates nine of these mariner class freighters through the Canal on a fast service
from the East Coast of the United States to Japan. The. cruise at approximately 21 knots
and can accommodate up to 12 passengers. Panama Agencies represents the line at the Canal.


JANUARY 6, 1961


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_M CANAL .' 961 Canal Zone Community Leaders

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ISANAMA W. A. CARTrER, Governor-President ,: N. D. CHRISTENSEN, Press Officer JoHN 1). MCELHENY, Lieutenant Governor JOSEPH CONNOR, Publications Editor WILL AREY Official Panama Canal Company Publication Editorial Assistants: Panamna Canal Information Officer Published Monthly At Balboa Heights, C. Z. EUNICE RICHARD and TOBI BITTEL Printed at the Printing Plant, Mount Hope, Canal Zone WILLIAM BURNS, Official Photographer On sale at all Panama Canal Service Centers, Retail Stores, and Tie Tivoli Guest House for 10 days after publication date at 5 cent each. Subscriptions, $1 a year; mail and back copies, 10 cents each. Postal money orders made payable to the Panama Canal Company should be mailed to Box M, Balboa Heiglhts. C. Z. Editorial offices are locateJ in theAdministration Building, Balboa Heights, C. Z. Canal Zone In This Issue Now THIS may not look like a very relaxing way to spend an afternoon-or a morning, either, for that Com m unity Leaders matter-but it has its place in the operation of the Panama Canal and its supporting facilities. THE EIGHT MEN and one woman on the front of this month's REvIEw This training in how are the 1961 presidents of the nine Civic Councils in the Canal to lower an unconscious Zone and, consequently, are the primary channel of communicaman from a burning tion and direct contact between the various Zone communities bu ling byddeea sjus and the Administration at Balboa Heights. one of the many things Living, as they do, in an area where there is no official represenin which employees of tative government, the residents of the Zone each year elect Civic the Canal enterprise reCouncil members to represent them in matters of community ceive instruction through interest, such as housing, health, schools, and recreation. e training program. The Civic Councils operate tinder their own constitutions and One employee may be bylaws and with the official endorsement and encouragement of taught more about handthe Canal Zone Administration. Through the Councils and the hing cargo on the piers, bi-montlhly community meetings attended by the Governor, resanother will receive inidents are able to present their views and desires, while the struction in better sales sable to discuss Company-Government plans and techniques, a third wil Governor is learn how to operate policies, wheel-aligning device, a The nine Civic Council presidents pictured on the cover, and fourth may be given inthe communities they represent, are as follows: top row, Robert struction in how to write L. Johnson, Gatun, and Miss Violet Henry, Santa Cruz; second shorter letters. These are row, Cecil Callender, Pedro Miguel; and W. H. Esslinger, Pacific different training needs which may be supplied to Council; third row, Ellis L. Fawcett, Paraiso, and Joseph L. employees of the Canal organization. Hickey, Cristobal-Margarita-Brazos Heights; fourth row, E. W. But regardless of the type of instruction, it all has Brandt, Coco Solo, and Seabert Haynes, Rainbow City; bottom, one purpose: to enable the employee to do his job Alfred L. Lazar, Gamboa. better and thus improve the service provided by the Canal enterprise. The program through which much Our congratulations and best wishes go to all of them as they of this instruction is supplied is thoroughly discussed begin their terms of office with the arrival of the New Year. in the illustrated article beginning on page 11. Index A Look Ahead-And A Glance Backward ...5 Weather Can't Hurt These Flowers ....18 And A Good Time Was Had By All ....8 Worth Knowing ......19 So You Want To Learn Spanish .....10 Anniversaries ........20 Toward An Ever-Improving Work Force ...11 Promotions and Transfers ...21 Now's Time For Fun .......15 Canal History and Retirements ...22 New Director Of Marine Bureau Arrives ...16 People Of Interest .......23 Safety Shoes Can Be Stylish .....17 Shipping ..........24 2 JANUA1Y 6, 1961

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Message From Governor Carter Into A New Year Of Progress WHAT WELL MIGHT have gone down in the record who provide the efficiency which characterizes the Canal books as "the year of tension" on the Isthmus has ended organization. with a renewed understanding locally of the extent to With these men and women putting forth the highest which the Canal organization sincerely desires to conlevel of achievement and dedicated to the proper funetribute its part to the progress and the security of our tioning and management of the Isthmian waterway as a neighbors in Panama, and of all the peoples throughout public utility operated for the benefit of world commerce, the world which we strive to serve 365 days a year. the future effectiveness of the organization is assured. As we advance one more year into this era of the sixties, During the past year, there have been great strides we do so with a warm climate of understanding and the forward in the continuing effort to meet the increasing proof of the final months of 1960 that we have a reservoir requirements of world commerce using the waterway. of good will which has developed between two peoples The widening and lighting of Gaillard Cut continued to living side by side, working and playing and worshipping represent the major effort to increase the capacity of the together through half a century. Truly, it is by a large Canal and this work will continue to be one of the major measure that the Canal Zone and its people symbolize improvement activities during the year ahead. away from home the traditions and ideals of the United Other improvements also were pushed during the year, States. May we all further dedicate ourselves to this with three new tugboats taking shape in Savannah, Ga.,, purpose in the year ahead. and construction of new towing locomotives for use at As the Canal organization moves into a new year of the Locks being carried forward in Japan. Simultaneously, achievement, I want to voice my appreciation for the design work on an electronic Marine Traffic Control cooperation which I have received from the men and System was moving toward the final stages and planning women throughout the Company-Government and wish was continued on a new Locks maintenance method each of you and your families the very best for the future. which is expected to reduce the time Lock lanes must As a relative newcomer to the Isthmus, it has been my be out of service for major maintenance. good fortune to inherit an organization which is flexible Construction of the high level bridge across the Canal and versatile in both ability and attitude, and composed at Balboa also proceeded, encountering some setbacks, of individuals of outstanding knowledge and integrity, but none which should keep the substructure from being THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 3

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completed during 1961 nor work from beginning on the On the other points of the President's program, two superstructure, for which the steel now is being fabricated complete reviews of all security positions within the in West Germany. Company-Government were made during the year as the Also during the past year, two new schools were conbeginning of a continuing procedure; a contract was let structed on the Pacific side of the Isthmus, a new theater and work started on construction of a 30-inch water line was built on tle Atlantic side and work virtually was to serve Panama; construction of 500 housing units in completed on the new telephone microwave system to the Zone was started; and discussions are underway in provide more dependable and efficient telephone service Washington on various plans and proposals for the conbetween the various points in the Zone. struction and financing of 500 housing units in Panama Late in the year, President Eisenhower ordered the for sale to Panamanians employed by the Zone. Flag of the Republic of Panama flown daily in Shaler There was progress in other areas, too. As a result of Triangle alongside the Stars and Stripes "in reflection of steps we took during recent months, no longer are separate the genuine friendship that exists between our Governdrivers' licenses and separate motor vehicle inspections ments and peoples." needed in Panama and the Canal Zone, and no longer Earlier in the year, the President announced a Nineare there restrictions among our residents for the use of Point Program for improvement of relations between the community facilities. United States and Panama. As the year ended, several of Despite the multiplicity of activities represented by the points had been fully implemented and implementathese and the many other improvements of the past year, tion of the others was underway. Those fully implemented the Canal continued to fill the role for which it was built, included a 10 percent increase in pay for both unskilled as a record number of ships carrying cargo to and from laborers in the organization and teachers in the Latin all parts of the world transited from ocean-to-ocean American schools of the Canal Zone, a $10 per month through the waterway. Looking back, it was a good year increase in cash relief payments to former employees of indeed. the Canal, expansion of the apprentice program by apAs we look forward to another year of service to world pointment of 27 Panamanian apprentices, two more than shipping, it is with the determination to further improve the number directed by the President, and a substantial our operations and the assurance that our service will reduction in the rate charged Panama for purified water. continue to meet all tests to which it may be submitted. A i Bank lighting through Gaillard Cut is part of continuing program of Canal improvements. 4 JANUARY 6, 1961

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Long-range housing program for employees will continue. Change, improvement, and achievement distinguished 1960 at the Isthmian crossing and more is in store for 1961. Widening Cut to 500 feet will remain major improvement effort. A Look Ahead-And A Glance Backward THE FIRST 12 months of the decade percent complete and the three new equipped for communications and radioof the 1960s added up to a year of tugboats were 80 percent complete. logical defense and emergency operachange, improvement, and achievement The Schools Division of the Civil tions. for the Panama Canal enterprise, with Affairs Bureau could report that two Across the Isthmus, the Transportaprojects and plans moving forward on new schools, one at Los Rios and tion and Terminals Bureau expanded several fronts to keep the waterway and another at Diablo, were opened during employee training in the Terminals Diits supporting facilities ahead of the the year and a third, the new junior vision, employing an Employee Develdemands of world shipping. High School in Diablo, was just short opment Officer and establishing a TrainAs major improvements moved of completion. The school improvement ing Center in the Cristobal pier area. toward completion along the waterway program will be continued this year with Some 400 employees received on-theitself, changes also were being made and an extensive construction program at job instruction and by the end of 1961 planned in the supporting facilities Paraiso, including a new swimming the program is expected to reach all which provide the indirect services so pool, to be carried out before the resupervisors. essential to the efficient functioning of opening of the Latin American schools The Railroad Division's track mainthe Canal organization. after the dry season. tenance program was improved through Hospitals, schools, retail stores, housThe Postal Division's Margarita Post use of a tie-tamping machine and, in ing, transportation, communication Office was moved to more modern quaraccordance with the 1955 Treaty and equipment, and many other facilities ters and plans are being made to close Memorandum of Understandings bewere in the process of improvement the Diablo Post Office this year and tween Panama and the United States, during the year, while changes also open a new one at Fort Davis. the Panama City terminal, freighthouse, were being made in personnel benefits The Civil Defense unit issued the and yards were turned over to Panama and programs. new Disaster Relief and Survival Plan during the year. As 1960 drew to a close, the Enand continued the training of CompanyWhile handling a record-breaking gineering and Construction Bureau reGovernment employees for special duty number of transits through the waterported that the widening of Paraisoin an emergency. The unit reported that way, the Marine Bureau helped with Cucaracha Reach was 90 percent com20 fixed radiological monitoring stations the widening of Gaillard Cut, supported plete and the Empire Reach widening will be equipped and staffed by trained the Engineering and Construction Buwas 15 percent complete. Lighting of personnel during the coming 12 months reau in installation of the lighting the Cut and Locks was more than 90 and all three Control Centers will be through the Cut and on the Locks, and THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 5

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expanded the hours of Canal operation, thus reducing the average time vessels spend itl Canal Zone waters, with conseq(lutiet savings to ship operators and, ultimately, to consumers around the world. The Marine Bureau will handle a contimiing heavy workload this year, with the C(atin Locks overhaul starting this month and will continue its role in the Cut-widening project. All launch repair facilities were consolidated under the Industrial Division at Gamboa and, as the year ended, the first of the three new tugs, the John F. 1Wallace, was delivered. The other two, the G-orge W. Goethals and John F. Sievens, are expected during the early months of this year. In the Supply and Community Service Bureau, the Retail Store, Service Center, and Storehouse Branches completed the merchandising improvements recommended by the consulting firm of A. T. Kearney Co. and the inventory control system in the Retail Store and Service Center Branches was changed from a manual operation to a mechanized system. Considerable obsolete equipment New equipment such as this 10-ton fork lift brought improved operations on Zone docks. was replaced and remodeling of the Tivoli Guest House was completed. A Store. The Diablo Heights Retail Store housing units are scheduled for complenew service station was opened in La is to be closed and the merchandise tion this year, and $360,000 has beer Boca, the retail stores in Balboa, section of the Diablo Heights Service allotted for use in the employee livaGunboa, and Paraiso were modernized, Center expanded as part of the year's bility program during 1961. the Coco Solo store was air conditioned, activities. The Health Bureau's hospital modern and a self-service merchandise section A new theater-auditorium was built ization program was actively carried om was opened in the Balboa Heights Cafeat Rainbow City at a cost of more than at Coco Solo and Corozal Hospitals, teria. $100,000. The long-range program for Specifications and plans for new con Plans for 1961 include addition of a construction of quarters was pushed forstruction at Gorgas Hospital were fa wing to the main store in Paraiso and ward, with 45 new housing units comadvanced and work is expected to star; the air conditioning of the main buildpleted and made available for assignthis year. In the program at Coco Solo. ing of the Balboa Retail Store and Shoe ment. One hundred and twelve more a new out-patient clinic building wae almost completed and at Corozal modern: dining facilities for women were developed. During 1961, a similar development is planned for male patients at Corozal, As always, preventive medicine and A NI W -y public health remained prime functions of the Health Bureau. A survey program on rabies in bats was completed and the Bureau reported that the intensified mosquito control program of the past few years has cut the incidence of malaria in the Zone. The Bureau also reported that plans arc well advanced to integrate the activities of the well-baby clinics and th: school health service into a service for children from birth to high school. A -----broad program in industrial health to further promote healthful, sanitary, and safe working conditions also is being planned. The Personnel Bureau, which played a major role in implementation of points New Rainbow City Auditorium-Theater was opened in facility improvement program, affecting personnel in President Eisen6 JANUARY 6, 1961

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bower's Nine-Point Program for improvement of relations between the United States and Panama, developed health insurance plans for all employees to replace the plans formerly in effect, added a tuition-refund plan to the Company-Government training program, and initiated a visiting nurse program of home visits for Disability Relief beneficiaries. As the year ended, the Bureau was attempting to provide for a group hospitalization insurance plan for the Disability Relief beneficiaries and was hoping to implement such a plan early this year. The normal activities of the Bureau in carrying out the length-of-service awards program, reviewing job classifications, recruiting personnel, implementing wage revisions, and operating the Company-Government training program continued during the year. Plans now are being developed to strengthen the training program at the bureau level and institute a retirement counseling service for all employees. New equipment was added to Mount Hope Printing Plant, such as this new offset press. Having received an accolade from the Comptroller General of the United States for its 1960 financial accounting and internal audit procedures, the Office of the Comptroller entered the new year with plans for a feasibility study of automatic data processing and the establishment of a catalog pricing system for storehouse items. The Administrative Branch continued the modernization of equipment at the Mount Hope Printing Plant, including installation of a new offset press. During 1961 plans will be completed for consolidation of the Mount Hope and Balboa units in a building at La Boca. The Branch also installed a new filing system, reducing the number of subject classifications from 10,000 to 1,000. The Records Center moved to a roomier building, thus gaining space necessary for the efficient processing of CompanyGovernment records for retention or disposal. The Office of the General Counsel, while handling the normal quota of routine legal matters, pushed forward with the preparation of a Revised Canal Zone Code, which it hopes to submit to Congress for approval early this year. Other highlights of the year's activities included the appointment of Gov. W. A. Carter to fill the post vacated by former Gov. William E. Potter, revision of the Company-Government Master Plan for the next decade by the Executive Planning Staff, the continued consolidation of a number of operations, and elimination of duplicate requirements affecting residents of both Panama and the Canal Zone, such as driver's August fire caused extensive damage to Administration Building, licenses. but repairs were completed and offices reoccupied by the year-end. THE PANAMA CANAL REvIEW 7

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And A Good Time Was Had By All ... As 1960 DREW to a close last month with the festive holiday season, the friendly associations and interchanges between residents of Panama and the Canal Zone, which have been part of isthmian life for more than half a century, continued apace. Some of the interchanges were associated with the holiday season, but many others were unrelated to it, merely being a continuation of the long record of Isthmians living, working, worshipping, and playing together. The vast majority of the activities were simply the natural result of people of many nationalities and interests living close to each other, learning each other's language, customs, attitudes, and viewpoints, while sharing a common effort in operation of the Isthmian waterway. During the closing month of the year, people from all walks of Isthmian life urged their favorite Professional Baseball League teams to victory, helped their less fortunate neighbors, shared cultural experiences, visited one another, exchanged holiday greetings, and generally continued the cordial relationBalboa Hgh School Glce Club and Band performed at National Institute in Panama City. ships of friends and neighbors everywhere. The Rev. John A. Spalding, president of the International Boy Scouts of the Canal Zone, opens Scout review in honor of Council 801. Boy Scouts of America, in Mount Mrs. E. 0. Kiernan, president of the Balboa Woman's Club, and Mrs. Albert Hope Stadium. B. I. Everson, Director of Transportation Saarinen with some of various food items which Club members donate each and Terminals Bureau, represented Gov. W. A. Carter. year for students at the Salvation Army School for the Blind in Panama City. 8 JANUARY 6, 1961

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....As Isthmian Residents Mingled ONE OF THE happiest students at the School of Agriculture in Divisa these days is Didier Moreno, who last month became the proud owner of a year-old heifer calf from Mindi Dairy in the Canal Zone. Young Sefior Moreno was one of six students from the school at Divisa who served as showmen for cattle from the school's herd during the Second National Livestock and Industrial Fair in Penonom6. Although all the students demonstrated their showmanship training in the judging ring, Sefnor Moreno was adjudged the best and awarded the heifer calf as a prize. The year-old heifer was one of two which the Panama Canal Company donated as prizes for the fair. The second one, a 10-month-old calf, was awarded to an exhibitor, Domingo Almillategiii, through a drawing in which all exhibitors were entered. The manner of awarding the prizes was determined by the directors of the fair. byumhedrcndof e, fair 15grGumercindo L6pez, herdsman on La Estrella Azul dairy farm, displays one of prize-winning Gumercindo Lopez, a 1952 graduate animals in show ring at Second National Livestock and Industrial Fair in Penonomin, of the Divisa school and herdsman on La Estrella Azul, the dairy farm owned by Panama President Roberto F. Chiari and his brothers, Rodolfo and Ricardo, was judged third in showmanship, while second place went to Eduardo Mejia, a livestock handler at La Estrella Azul. Six students from the School of Agriculture at Divisa, with two of the calves they exhibited at the Fair in Penonome. With the calves are Mario Dutari and Santiago Rios, while seated on the edge of the pens are Belizario Executive Secretary Paul M. Runnestrand; Dr. Manelco Sole, direcctor of Centeno, Didier Moreno, who was adjudged best showSICAP; John D. Hollen, Chief of the Executive Planning Staff, and Panasma man at the fair, Alfonso Guevara, and Carlos Solis. President Roberto F. Chiari examine calves contributed by Mindi Dairy. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 9

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So You Want To Learn Spanish Dr. Russell Stodd, who had three months of instruction in Spanish before coming to the Isthmus six months ago, is picking up the language rapidly through association with patients at Gorgas Hospital and private lessons. There are many different courses and methods for learning the language. All you have to do is find the one that suits you. MOST NEWLY arrived Canal Zone resin September and ended in December, meet two evenings a week, and each idents have one ambition in common and registration is about to begin for completed course earns three semester -to learn to speak Spanish, if they aren't the new classes. Almost 80 persons were hours of credit for the student. already familiar with the language. enrolled in the last classes, where a few A beginners' Spanish course sponThose who travel by plane to the Isthchildren attended with their mothers. sored by the Panamanian-North Amermus have a head start, for right at takeThe students included servicemen in ican Association in Panama City, which off they can begin to study a slim Air the first three ranks, together with was attended by more than 100 stuTravelers' English-Spanish Dictionary officers and civilians. dents, has just ended. Next registration that usually is part of the complimentary The JWB classes meet once a week will take place in January. The course kit at each seat. on Wednesday night and the instructors is conducted on a trimester basis. But the method is not entirely satishave been Miss Claudette de VillaA Colon Branch of the Panamanianfactory. The newcomer probably will franca, a nurse at Gorgas Hospital, and North American Association, similar to glance at the table of contents and select Miss Lucila Molina of Panama City, who the one in Panama City and organized "Everyday Expressions" as just the thing by day teaches English to Spanishat the request of the Citizens Committee for everyday usage. The list usually speaking boys and girls at the National of Colon, is to open after the first of the starts with "Good morning (afternoon) Institute in Panama City. year. Here, too, the beginners' Spanish (evening)" translated "Buenos dias (bueSpanish clases at the Y.M.C.A. in courses will be offered, together with nas tardes) (buenas noches)." So far, so Balboa will start about the first of the English courses. good. But the next expressions aren't too March. Two-way classes are planned, Should otone of the above courses suit encouraging. Here we have "I don't with Spanish to be offered for Englishthe need of the prospective student of speak Spanish" given as "No hablo esspeaking people and English for Spanish, tutors and private instructors panol" and "I don't understand" as "No Spanish-speaking persons. Bilingual inadvertise in the local newspapers. The pa~ol"advantage here, in addition to the percomprendo," which certainly appears to structors from Panama, who have speavatue ofrt, instrction i that be a negative approach. cialized training in teaching languages, sonal nature of the instruction, is that So the next move, after arrival and will conduct the classes. the classes may be arranged at the getting more or less settled, is to investiAt the Canal Zone Junior College, an student s convenience. gate the possibilities for studying elementary conversational Spanish class And, of course, at the Canal Zone Spanish. The opportunities are many meets every Monday and Thursday for Administation Building, a course in and range from group instruction spona 50-minute class from October 1 to the daily, with Carlos de Paredes as the insored by various organizations to private end of January. A second semester class structor. He also conducts classes in lessons. Nearly all emphasize converwill start on February 1, if a minimum Spanish for doctors, nurses, and adminsation over composition and gramof 10 students is enrolled. istrative personnel at Corgas Hospital, matical aspects. The Florida State University Spanish as well as private classes. In these Spanish language courses are always course is offered to any high school courses, special stress is placed on imiunderway at the USO-JWB in Balboa, graduate and is essentially a regular tation, repetition, substituion, and variawhere a new course starts every three college introductory course in the lantion in acquiring familiarity with the months. The most recent course started guage. The beginners' Spanish classes language. 10 JANUARY 6, 1961

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I L R. G. Plummer, pilot-in-training, listens as Capt. Daniel M. R. Haff points out a feature of the Canal which pilots must understand. Toward An Ever-Improving Work Force Training of Canal employees in safer, more efficient methods is one of major ways in which the waterway continues to meet the many demands made on it and the people who run it. THE PANAMA CANAL organization sonnel, covered an area virtually as trol System represents another aspect isn't exactly an educational institution, broad as the 900-odd job classification of the same need for a studied glance but the diversified activities for which designations carried by Canal emahead. While the system itself still is in it is responsible and the training which ployees. the planning stage, a number of Comemployees must have to perform multiLike many other facets of the Canal pany-Government employees have retudinous duties has made it an emoperation, much of the training was unceived training which will enable them ployee-instructor, as well as a Comdertaken because long-range planning to put it into operation after it is installed pany-Government. indicated it would be required in th2 -and make it operate properly. With 14,000 employees working a future, even though it might not be All in all, the number of hours of total of approximately 25 million manneeded as of the day it was authorized. employee-training provided by the hours per year, the Company-GovernTraining of pilots, for example. With Company-Government was rou hly ment last year used almost 1 percent of an ever-increasing flow of ships through C opany-oerment.was o iul those man-hours in training employees the Isthmian waterway, more and more qual to the number of hours of istructo do their jobs more efficiently, safer, pilots are needed to guide them safely tion provided by the Canal Zone Junior with different methods, or by using new from deep water to deep water. During College for full-time students. The Comtechniques and equipment. 1960 a total of 18 pilot-trainees were pany-Government program was spread The diversity of training, which advanced to the rating of probationary among several thousand employees, ranged from relatively simple instrucpilots and 12 new trainees were taken however, while the Junior College intion acquired through assigned reading into the system. struction was directed at approximately to seminars for middle management perThe still-to-come Marine Traffic Con250 full-time students. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 11

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FRONT ENO SERVI -James E. Barrett, Bureau Training Officer, of models developed for that purpose in Automotive Mechanic Apprentice Courtney E. Jarvis watches indicators on wheel alignment device at the Motor Transportation Division, as Clarence E. Dorr adjusts the wheels. Training of personnel in the many activities carried on by the Canal organization is not something new. As Loron B. Burnham, Supervisory Employee Development Officer, notes in a recently completed report on the CompanyGovernment training program during Fiscal Year 1960, "Training has been an essential activity at the Panama Canal almost from the time the first shovelful of earth was turned to start construction of the great waterway." Mr. Burnham points out that in addition to building and operating the waterway, the Canal organization has had to provide civil administration and services such as police and fire protection, schools, highways, hospitals, water purification and distribution, and sewage disposal, along with housing, food, clothing, recreational facilities, and many others for employees. Just as in any other organization, training needs within the CompanyGovernment arise, primarily, in four areas: (1) as new employees are hired; (2) as old employees advance or transfer; (3) as job content changes, and (4) as new techniques and equipment are introduced. Sgt. T. J. Polite and Patrolman Ralph E. Stone of the Cristobal District demonstrate the As a result of the 1955 Treaty and use of a mouth-to-mask resuscitation device during training session for other officers. Memorandum of Understandings be12 JANUARY 6, 1961

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A/ lass in cargo-handling techniques with the use I training quarters in the Cristobal pier area. tween the United States and Panama, some shift in training objectives has been made in order to increase training opportunities for non-U.S. citizens. The purpose of all the training provided by the Company-Government is, Fire Division Sgt. Frank Berry demonstrates how to tie a line on a man preparatory to of course, an improvement in the operlowering him from a burning building by use of ladder and rope. Firefighter D. N. Austin ations of the Canal organization. And is in the role of victim. Watching demonstration are Alexio Morris and D. L. Greaves. it has provided that improvement. Units throughout the Company-Government report increased efficiency, a greater ability to absorb heavier workloads without any increase in work force, and the intangible benefits of employee morale and understanding. The most common method of instruetion throughout the organization was in on-the-job training, usually carried out by supervisors who previously had received --special instruction in training techniques. This method is used throughout the Supply and Community Service Bureau, with Fred Dahl, Bureau Training Officer, planning programs for the various units. In the Storehouse Branch, for example, Mr. Dahl worked out a training program in cooperation with Joseph L. M. Demers, Branch Chief, who was himself a student in the sessions conducted by Mr. Dahl. Mr. Demers, in Fred Dahl, Bureau Training Officer, looks on as employees in Balboa Retail Store are turn, conducted instructional sessions instructed in sales techniques by Supervisor George P. Hinds fa, right. From left to right are Beresford S. Thompson, Ethelbert Scales, Rose Lewis, Anthkny Jordan, and Mr. Hinds. THE PANAMA CANAL REvIEW 13

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Loron B. Burnham, Supervisory Employee Development Officer, stands between Personnel Director Edward A. Doolan and -Daniel J. Paolucci, Assistant to the Personnel Director, as he outlines a training plan. for nine supervisory personnel within containers can be handled safely and instruction received by firemen and the branch. The supervisors then held efficiently. policemen. How can you put a price on meetings with their employees to pass Of the 207,998 man-hours devoted to a sightless eye or a useless limb-or on along the things they had learned employee-training during the 1960 fiscal a life itself? through their sessions with Mr. Demers. year, more than 195,000, or almost 95 Safety instruction is an integrated By this means, some 650 man-courses percent of the total, were carried out part of the Company-Government were provided in subjects ranging from within the Company-Government ortraining program, with unit safety repstorehouse inventory and employee relaganization. A total of 5,825 man-hours resentatives carrying out the policies tions to safety and proper use of the of training was provided by other U.S. established by the Safety Branch in telephone. Government agencies and the remaining cooperation with top officials of the A somewhat modified form of this 6,982 man-hours were obtained in nonCompany-Government. Special training program was carried out among Retail government facilities. in rescue techniques and emergency Store personnel, with approximately 20 The training of Company-Governfirst aid procedures likewise are a selected supervisors and regular emment employees provided by other govregular part of the training programs ployees receiving special instruction in ernment agencies ranged from a Middle carried on by the Police and Fire Divitraining methods, then developing a Management Seminar and Work Plansions. small-scale training session to cover ning and Control course taught by five In addition to all the formalized special problems encountered in the instructors from the Rock Island, Ill. training provided for personnel through various stores. Subjects covered in these Arsenal and attended by 24 Companyformal instruction, there is the informal brief training sessions included such Government employees to instruction of orientation required by new employees, matters as the proper use of paper bags, eight employees in the use of tabulating regardless of qualifications. This traindisplay of merchandise, care of tools and card-punch machines by personnel ing, invaluable as it is to the efficient and equipment, stock control, and many of Albrook Air Force Base. operation of the Canal organization, is others. Virtually all of the training in nonnot included in the report prepared by On the Atlantic side of the Isthmus, government facilities was in highly Mr. Burnham, which covers only the a number of special training needs were specialized fields and more than half of formal training provided for Companymet during the year, with James E. the man-hours spent in such training Government employees. Barrett, Transportation and Terminals was of a technical nature in the fields Also disregarded m the body of the Bureau Training Officer, leading the of medicine, engineering, and architectraining report is what Personnel Direcway. ture. Non-government facilities also tor Edward A. Doolan terms "continuway. ture.de N o -o er m n fa iit e also ous training of a sort w hose nature The T & T Bureau's training methods provided two teachers with training in makes it impossible to report in a survey also utilize the method by which superspecial techniques for the education of such as this," pointing to the day-to-day visors are trained in teaching methods handicapped children informal, unplanned experience which so they can give instruction in new As Mr. Burnham notes in his report, an employee gains under a good superwork methods. With all the changes in it is not always possible to isolate the visor as an example. shipping methods which constantly are effects of training from those of other "But," as Mr. Doolan noted in a transtaking place, much of the T &T Bureau factors involved in a particular saving mittal memorandum distributed with instruction is directed at teaching how or operational improvement. the report, "on the basis of the reports new equipment should be used, how This inability to place a monetary alone, our organization may take satisrigging for special jobs can be devised, value on training is particularly obvious faction, and go forward with confiand how different types of shipping in the areas of safety and the emergency dence." 14 JANUARY 6, 1961

PAGE 15

NOW'S TIME FOR FUN As always, the arrival of the dry season signals the start of pleasant outdoor activities. Kathy Burns, daughter of Official Photographer and Mrs. William Burns, relaxes on porch of hotel at El Valle, popular vacation spot in Panama. THE WEATHERMAN SAYS that the wet season is following the Students attending Latin American schools in the Canal sun as it moves south of Panama and, barring accidents, should Zonents attend schools m their leav th Ishmu brghtandsuny, wep bythetrae wnds Zone and those who attend schools im Panama, will start their leave the Isthmus bright and sunny, swept by the trade winds mid-term vacation early next month. During the dry season -and filled with tourists. In other words, January is the beginning of a three-month they will accompany their parents to summer homes in the period when slightly waterlogged Isthmian residents, and interior or frequent the beaches and swimming pools closer tourists, too, can go on picnics and trips and explore those to the city. inaccessible spots in the interior of Panama which virtually are This is the time when house owners who have worked all ic sie pots l d in the inriorofly a year on their gardens can entertain friends at garden parties closed to travel during the rainy season. These spots can be found in the hills and mountains and without fear of a sudden thunderstorm. It is the time when along the beaches which stretch from Chame to Santa Clara the golfer can schedule his games weeks in advance without and beyond. Some of the most popular spots, such as Santa worrying about being rained out and when the family can Clara, El Valle, and Boquete can be visited all year round but visit picni spots with the same assurance. are at their best when the dry season sun shines. Then there are the others closer to home, like Fort San Lorenzo, Las Cruces Trail, and the island of Taboga, where the new hotel is attracting hundreds of visitors each week. The dry season is also a time for fishing. Local and visiting fishermen who haven't bothered to wet a line during the rainy season, are casting their eyes at their tackle boxes, examining their fishing poles, and preparing for another go at both the freshwater and saltwater denizens of the deep. These youngsters from Panama know a good warm weather drink. Trails through the woods have special lure during dry season. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 15

PAGE 16

New Director For Marine Bureau Capt. and Mrs. Richard G. Jack at farewell party in California. TiHE MABINE BUHEAU of the Panama Academy in 1935, arrived on the Isthhis service as head of the Bureau, imCanal organization will get a new Dimus the day after Christmas, accomproved scheduling of ships and greater rector this month, a successor to Capt. panied by his wife and two of their manning of the Locks has resulted in a William C. Hughes, Jr., who is retiring three sons. He will assume his duties as reduction of several hours in the averand leaving the Isthmus after 30 years Bureau Director when Captain Hughes age time which ships spend in Canal of Navy service, the last 19 months of leaves later this month. Zone waters and "holdover" ships have which have been spent as head of the Life on the Isthmus will not be a been reduced almost to zero. Marine Bureau. completely new experience for the wife His wife and 13-year-old son, Philip, The new Marine Bureau Director, of the new Bureau Director. As the will accompany him to Spain. An older Capt. Richard G. Jack, who has spent daughter of an early submarine officer, son, William C. Hughes, III, is a sales almost 25 years in Naval service since retired Capt. Arthur Folz, she lived in representative for a tobacco company being graduated from the U.S. Naval the Zone twice while her father was in Bellevue, Ill. stationed here. Captain Jack, who was at Pearl Captain Hughes, who will retire effecHarbor on "the day of infamy," later tive February 1, plans to go to Europe served in the convoy which took the soon after separation from active duty First Marine Division to the South Paand intends to take up residence in cific and participated in the first attack Spain, probably on the island of Malon Japanese held island bases in Feblorca in the Mediterranean Sea or in ruary 1942. He has been commanding the Canary Islands of the Atlantic. officer of the U.S.S. Hector, a heavy The retiring Marine Director, a native repair ship, since October 1959. of Oklahoma City and a 1931 graduate Prior to his assignment to the Hector, of the Naval Academy, was a member Captain Jack had been Aviation Ships of the Naval Mission to Colombia from Maintenance Officer in the Office of the 1939 to 1942. During World War II, he Chief of Naval Operations and had held served as commanding officer of the various administrative posts, including U.S.S. Somers, a destroyer leader in the Assistant to the Plans Officer of the Atlantic which sank a German blockade Naval War College and Operations Ofrunner and two German corvettes while ficer on the staff of the Commander of Captain Hughes was in command. He the First Fleet. later served as plans officer for the last The sons who accompanied Captain amphibious assault of the Pacific war, and Mrs. Jack to the Isthmus are Robert, at Balikpapan on Borneo. 17, and Richard, 13. Their third son, Captain Hughes became Marine BuHoward, 19, is a student at California Capt. William C. Hughes, Jr. reau Director on June 1, 1959. During Western University in San Diego. 16 JANUAnY 6, 1961

PAGE 17

Despite its sporty appearance, this really is a safety shoe. Safety Shoes Can Be Stylish Not only are they sporty-looking despite their safety features, but you can save money on them. ARE YOU IN the mood to save some Even without the 10 percent saving, the time. If they hadn't been, chances money? Then take a look at the shoe safety shoes are the best buy in shoes, are they would have been laid up in shown with this article. It's a sportybecause, dollar-for-dollar, you get better bed, on leave, or on compensation paylooking dress shoe-and it also is a quality leather, better construction, and ments. And here's where the third type rugged safety shoe, ready to go on the better workmanship in them. The manuof savings come in-the money they job with you after seeing its best days facturers of safety shoes do not have would have lost as a result of reduced as your dress shoe. Buying a pair like plush sales stores, big selling staffs, and income would have been more than the it is one way of saving money on work expensive, national sales campaigns. All cost of all the work shoes they'd have shoes. the money thus saved is plowed into needed for the next 10 or 15 years. Zone retail stores carry several dressgiving you a better shoe for your money. Would you buy a new car without a style safety shoes which may be sold As for the protection and dollar front bumper? "Not me," you say. "I on a payroll deduction plan to those savings built into a safety shoe by that want some protection for those new with Canal Zone purchase privileges. invisible, one and a quarter-ounce alloy fenders." Then why not put a good You'll save money on the price, too. Any steel cap-imagine, if you can, a fork bumper on your toes in the next pair style of dress or work safety shoe in the lift truck running over your toes, or a of work shoes you buy and thus protect retail stores sell for about 10 percent 300-pound block of ice falling on them, your income? A word to the ladies-if less than an identical shoe without the or a 30-pound vise dropping on them they happen to be stubborn about their one and a quarter-ounce steel safety cap from a workbench. Those things all husbands wearing safety shoes: the cost hidden in the toe. The retail stores make happened recently to workmen, either to the family of a foot injury could be possible that 10 percent saving to help on the job or at home, but no harm was enough to buy you a whole new outfit, you get started on making safety shoes done because in each case the prospecincluding hat, dress, gloves, handbag, part of your "tools of the trade." tive victim was wearing safety shoes at and shoes. -ACCIDENTS FOR '. THIS MONTH AND THIS YEAR NOVEMBER FIRST AID DISABLING DAY S CASES INJURIES LOST '60 '59 '60 '59 '60 '59 ALL UNITS 221 284 14 38 531 6521 YEAR TO DATE 2659 2560 126 146 15029 21827 THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 17

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7-7 *. Mrs. Helen Swearingen and Mrs. Dolores Hammetter make poinsettias. Weather Can't Hurt T these F low ers Mrs. Swearingen supplies flowers for this leaf spray. Atlantic-side women make attractive floral arrangements with scissors and patience, then use scraps for colorful corsages DuY SEASON, wet season, or any variaexotic with cherry blossoms and tropical and ferns, each contributed by some tion on the weather scene which may birds, also artificial, of course. Or at family before leaving the Canal Zone have a disastrous effect on the flowers holiday time, white Christmas roses, for residence in the United States, are that bloom in Canal Zone gardens, created by Mrs. Swearingen, bloom on living reminders of former neighbors doesn't worry Mrs. Helen Swearingen the spray. and friends. of Gatun. Her home is always gay with This holiday season nearly all the C. Truman Swearingen, not to be flowers in endless variety and color, for Atlantic side abounded in poinsettias. outshone by his wife in the green thumb she makes them. Mrs. Swearingen's faMrs. Swearingen and Mrs. Dolores field, is responsible for the huge rose vorite materials are wood fiber or velour, Hammetter, a neighbor in Gatun, inapple tree that stands beside their home. depending on the kind of flower she's tructed the Cristobal Woman's Club in In 1943 he planted a rose apple seed. about to create, and the season. the art of poinsettia making. And never Fifteen years later the tree bore its first Her interest in the wood fiber flower were such lovely poinsettia arrangefruit, and continues to bear to the defield dates back some three years, when ments seen in a Canal Zone town. light of all the children in the neighborher mother was presented an unusually Velour was used for the poinsettias. hood, who are ardent rose apple fanciers. lovely corsage on Mother's Day. The The material comes by the yard. The The tree has a feathery purple flower flowers in the corsage had never seen a poinsettia petals are outlined on the which, when it drops off, leaves a little garden or florist shop, but were made back and then cut out. Veins on the red green bell. The rose apple comes from by the giver. Mrs. Swearingen sat in on poinsettias are traced on the material the bell. And if Mrs. Swearingen is some flower-making lessons and now with a bobby pin; on the white poinsetlucky enough to get ahead of the rosecan whip up a bouquet of red, red roses, tias, they are drawn with chalk. There apple-eating children, she takes time a spray of purple, white, and pink asters, never is any waste, or scraps, for even off from flower-making to whip up rose or lovely cherry blossoms at the click of bits are used to make gay corsages. apple sauce. y But flo-wer-mraking and rose apple a scissors. Well, a few clicks, anyway. Mrs. Swearingen has as keen an interdishes do not take all her time. Her On one wall of her living room is a est in growing plants as in creating the afternoons, Monday through Friday, are graceful Italian metal leaf spray on never-wilt varieties. The outdoor recreaspent at the Catun Circulating Library, which Mrs. Swearingen adds the floral tion area below the living quarters is a where she has been a library assistant interest. One time, the spray may be "living friendship" area. Here plants for 10 years. 18 JANUARY 6, 1961

PAGE 19

Worth knowing .. ONE OF THE largest and tallest cranes in the United States will be brought to the Isthmus next year to be used by the John F. Beasley Construction Co. of Dallas, Tex., on construction of the superstructure for the high level bridge over the Canal at Balboa. Now being used by the Beasley Company in Helena, Ark., on construction of a bridge across the Mississippi River, the big crane will be dismantled and loaded on barges for transportation to the Canal Zone. The crane has a boom 250 feet long and a jib extension of 75 feet. With the boom fastened to the body of the crane 25 feet above ground level, the whole outfit has a vertical reach of 350 feet. For the job on the Balboa bridge, an extra section will be installed in the boom to add another 50 feet to the vertical reach. The contract for the construction of the bridge superstructure was awarded to the Beasley Company in February on a total base price offer of $9,119,000. The superstructure work will include construction of the 5,425-foot long framework which Will soar to a maximum height of 384 feet above the average level of the water below it. The work also will involve installation of a concrete deck, aluminum railings, roadway lighting, and power and communication conduits. The contractor has until approximately October 1, 1962, to complete the work. The steel for the bridge now is being manufactured in West Germany and the prefabricated bridge parts will be brought to the Isthmus ready for assembly. THE QUARTERLY meeting of the Panama Canal Company's Board of Directors was to be held today and Saturday at Balboa Heights. During the meeting, which is the annual session held in the Zone, members of the Board will hold a general discussion of problems pertaining to the operation of the Panama Canal Company. They also will make a tour of Gaillard Cut, to inspect the widening and bank lighting projects there. Most of the Board members are expected to Big crane working on Mississippi bridge job at Helena, Ark. return to the United States by air on Sunday. NEW OFFICERS for 1961 were elected NeElc d by the Central Labor Union-Metal New Officers Elected By CLU-MTC Trades Council during December and are to take office this month. James H. Elliott was named president, succeeding E. W. Hatchett, who had held the top post for several years, but was not a candidate for reelection this year. Seated with President Elliott, who is in center, are, from left to right: Samuel Roe, Jr., legislative representative; H. E. Munro, secretary; President Elliott; W. M. 0. Fischer, treasurer, and J. C. Dyer, Wage and Grievance Board member. Standing, from left to right, are J. S. DeFrecs, second alternate to the Wage and Grievance Board; C. L. Coate, trustee; J. H. Young, trustee, and W. W. Huffman, first vice president. Not present when the picture was taken were R. J. Balcer, second vice president; T. P. McGann, alternate ance Board; F. S. Brown, sergeant-atMunro took office on January 1, hot legislative representative; D. P. Bender, arms, and J. J. Delcourt, trustee. all other officers will be sworn in Janfirst alternate to the Wage and GrievPresident Elliott, Mr. Dyer, and Mr. nary 15. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 19

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ANNIVERSARIES (On the basis of total Federal Service) CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU F6Iix E. Dandrade Roger W. Collinge Nursing Assistant Assistant Superintendent and MARINE BUREAU Director of Elementary Edward J. Husted Education Guard Supervisor William M. Jensen .Jacques Relief manee ran 1 Marine achinist UPPSA COMMUNITY ENGINEER D C -S ER\I BUREAU MARI E UREAU STRUCT AU Walter R. in ay .it Oscar A. Sealed Managei en Agronomist Lul Surveying Aid Leonard ight Lamn-1 Op a Federico Cdrde s Auto tiv Equipment Electri I me ervi an Repai n .Faulknot Richard Stephens Laundry Checker Power Plant Superintendent TRANSPORTATION AND Lorenzo A. Anderson TERMINALS BUREAU General Helper Philip A. Clarke HEALTH BUREAU Clerk Rupert G. Allison Claude P. Yard Nursing Assistant Chauffeur CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU HEALTH BUREAU Emilio Diaz Francisco Brito M. Osmond N. Austin Ruth A. Fishbough Carpenter Warehouseman Firefighter Medical Record Librarian Alberto A. Robinson Tiburcio P6rez Horace L. Smith Charlotte Clara Crane Hookman Warehouseman Customs Guard Nursing Assistant Josa Pereira Rose Elena Lewis Alberts Cooper .Laborer Sales Clerk Police sergeant Martin W. Johnson Chester Brown Louise A. Johnson Nursing Assistant Helper Boilermaker Clerk ENGINEERING AND CONEphraim B. Campbell David Torres Claudius T. Samuels STRUCTION BUREAU Nursing Assistant Laborer Laborer Vernon Edwards Edward L. Spinney Llewellyn 0. Bowen Edwi J. Compton Nursing Assistant Marine Machinist Laborer Construction Inspector Marcus M. Smith PHortencio Aranda Walter E. Marek Clerk George Palmer Laborer Cleaner Lead Foreman Quarters e Laborer Honorio Magan Maintenance Alphonsine Almont Ladis ernAndez Laborer Ivan Temple Nursig Ass ellune ator Edna C. Howard Pio Cantoral Nursing As nt ERS E BUREAU Cleophus Blackman Boatman Oswald A. Ebanks argaret E. M p Laborer Cleaner Domingo Marcelino Cook Salary and X ag Analyst Edmund N. Reid Boat Maintenanceman leophas Mac der Laborer Cleaner Pablo Segura MARINE Laborer Ursil L. Savoury Laborer Leo A. s Sales Clerk Patroerio GonzAlez Towboat or F r PLOYMENT John M. Brown ila, F ing Pman Oscar John ICE Supervisory Supply Officer a LoAng6lica de Joya li Billerman Lead Foreman Loc' William A. Gaskin Sales Clerk Gabriel Rivera Operations File Clerk Seaman Willston N. Kelly TRANSPORTATION AND Frank A. Hall Oiler, Floating Plant SUPPLY AND COMMUNITY TERMINALS BUREAU Plumber Joseph Peters SERVICE BUREAU Preston J. Barker Clerk Joseph E. Foster Water Supply System Norman G. Baker Earl W. Sears Shipment Clerk General Foreman Leader Boatman Administrative Services Charles Simon Ililario Rodriguez Earl H. Turner Assistant Clerk Checker Boatman Marine Machinist R Marcelino Dean Aquilino Castillo Daniel S. Lewis Warehouseman Chauffeur Seaman Alfred Anderson Gabriel C. Thom Enrique A. Jaen Seaman Truck Driver High Lift Truck Operator Laboratory Helper Thomas N. Page George L. Fenton Charles S. Fortune Pr6spero Rosas Engineman Tree Trimmer Clerk Rock Crushing Plant Earle Johnson Curley McCree Marcos Arrocha Operator Launch Operator Food Service Sales Checker Laborer Romin Cabeza Dathan Martin Carmen I. Lugo Alfred A. Hammond Seaman Helper Lock Operator Laundry Checker Guard 20 JANUARY 6, 1961

PAGE 21

PROMOTIONS AND TRANSFERS November 15 through December 15 EMPLOYEES who were promoted or James N. Beckles, to Work Order Clerk. Roy A. Sharp, to Assistant Superintendent transferred between November 15 and Alfonso D. Gittens, Laborer, from ComGrounds Maintenance Branch. December 15 are listed below. Withimunity Services Division. Virgil C. Reed, to Grounds Supervisor, Donald E. Gagne, from Boilermaker, InNorthern District. grade promotions and job reclassificadustrial Division, to Welder. Burton J. Hackett, Jr., Jack W. Clarke, tions are not listed. Hubert C. Agard, Clayton E. Clarke, Ralph L. Hanners, John W. Purvis, Gene Charles G. Brown, to Painter. E. Clinchard, to General Grounds ForeADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH Basil E. Sunrez, from Pin Setter, Supply man. Fannie M. Sosa, to Applications Examiner. Division, to Messenger. Samuel 0. Alexander, to Lead Foreman CIVIL AFFAIRS BUREAU Juliin Amaya, Bruce A. Chase, Stephen C. Tree Trimmer. Division of Schools Pirre, Adal S. Dawes, from Dock Worker, Lionel E. McLlean, James S. Raymond, to Terminals Division, to Laborer. Lead Cemetery Foreman. Patricia E. Headley, to Junior High School Florice Renee, William D. Welsh, Arnold Clifford Niles, Samuel L. Ford, Francisco Teacher, Latin American Schools. R. Ferraro, Edward C. Wilson, Alfonso Bosquez, Albert E. Watson, Frank Henry, Patricia E. Lazar, Sylvia M. Rindt, to EleR. Allman, Ralph J. Flemming, GladPascual C6rdoba, Pedro Muioz, Martie mentary and Secondary School Teacher. stone E. Clarke, George M. Clarke, Lubin S. Pierre, to Field Tractor Operator. Rochelle H. Head, Clerk-Stenographer, L. Theresia, Fernando Robinson, to CarRemigio Sanjur, SebastiAn Santamaria, Hofrom Community Services Division. penter. racio GonzAlez, Modesto Sanchez, EduPostal Division Contract and Inspection Division vigis Rangel, Ismael Carrasco, RaimunWilliam K. McCue, to Relief Supervisor, James H. Bowen, Joseph L. Gwinn, to Elecdo Ceballos, Oscar Edmund, Calliford Balboa. trical Systems Inspector. S. Watson, Leonard Austin, Nelson SaaEdward G. Moran, to Special Postal Clerk. HEALTH BUREAU vedra, Carlos G. Vega R., Nazario De Winfield S. Ireland, to Special Clerk, Mail Garcia, Arcadio P6rez, Buenaventura Handling Unit. Charles N. Norris, from Supervisory AcQuezada, Eusebio Quintana, Ruben C. Carroll E. Kocher, to General Foreman, counting Assistant, Accounting Division, Trottman, Le6n Chir6, Jos6 Tufi6n, GeMail Handling Unit, to Accountant, Gorgas Hos ital. rardo Aparicio, Tombs Jimeinez S., Jose Frank P. Sullivan, to Clerk-in-Charge, St. Clair L. Thorne, to Denta Laboratory D. Altamar B., Felipe Catuy, Josa D. Window Services, Cristobal. Technician, Coco Solo Hospital. Oviedo, Trinidad Garcia, Pascual OrozOFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER MARINE BUREAU co, Julio Serrano, Rafael C. Granados t D i -Industrial Division M., Eugenio Hernandez, Epifanio ZaAccounting Division mora, Domingo Montenegro, Maurice Burton F. Mead, from Substitute DistribuEric S. Charles, to Crane Hookman. Rodriguez, Pr6spero Franco, Renny G. tion Clerk, Postal Division, to Time, Donald Q. Ralston, from Heavy Laborer, Peters, Luis Adames, Silverio Gutiarrez, Leave, and Payroll Clerk. Supply Division, to Guard. Jonas SAnchez G., Demetrio Avendanio, Edgar R. McArthur, to Supervisory AcLocks Division Te6filo Alveo A., Gilberto Duque, Junios counting Assistant. Joshua H. Chapman, from Laborer Cleaner, F. Jordan, Florencio Jean, Julio Ortega, Clarence E. Notyce, to Accounting Clerk. Supply Division, to Heavy Laborer. Rafael Rodriguez M., Jose 1). Vergara, Lucille D. Van Riper, to Accounting TechElisha E. Gordon, Juan Joseph, Eustace A. Alfred L. Grimes, Albert D. Jones, Penician. Walters, Slenue P. Gilbert, Leonard S. dro Oses C., Headley McAdams, CleCENTRAL EMPLOYMENT OFFICE King, to Helper Lock Operator. mente Calder6n, Hilario Rojas, Manuel .Joseph L. Hummer, to Leader Lock OperGordon, Hilario Cortez, Eladio C6rdoByron J. Atherley, from Clerk, Supply Diator Machinist. ba, Calixto Ferrer, Alfonso Rodriguez U., vision, to Mail and File Clerk. William S. McKee, to Lead Foreman, Lock Antonio Urquilla, Sebastiin Martinez, Teonilda I. Larrinaga, to Personnel Clerk. Operations. Agustin Diaz, William Bennett, LlewelENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION Bernardino Vega, Juan D. Contreras, Josi lyn 0. Bowen, Victoriano G6ndola, DaBUREAU Hall, Jerome A. Muir, to Cement vid L. Donaldson. Abraham W. ForEngineering Division Finisher. cheney, Rolando L6pez, Humberto CasButy Mawell, Wilfred S. Mattison, Cartro, Joseph L. Powell, Angel Romero, Thomas G. Toda, to Structural Engineer. melo Zdniga, Agustin Romero, Harold Ruperto Acosta, Aristides L6pez, George Dredging Division Irvin, Hector Geart, to Maintenance L. Dutton, Cecil A. Lipsitt, Santana VAsAndrew J. Gagliano, from Lock Operator Painter. quez, Valentin Jaen, Aquilino de ]a Cruz, Machinist, Locks Division, to Engineer, James S. Best, Lester 0. Williams, Melvin Juliin Martinez, Manuel A. Rauda, BerFloating Crane. 0. Husband, to Toolroom Attendant. nardino Castro, Faustino Castro, RayH. P. Burcett, from Lock Operator ElecNavigation Division mond A. Weeks, Arcadio Barlanoa, Jesas trician, Locks Division, to Electrician. Ceballos, Roberto Arias, George MaxFlorencio Flores, from Heavy Pest Control Howarth V. Rowe, Jr., to Pilot, well, Mario Pineda, Dario E. Villarreal, Laborer, Division of Sanitation, to BoatRobert S. Mate, to Probationary Pilot. Charles P. Romain, Fidelino Rodriguez, man. John W. O'Daniel, Jr., William Farrell, Fidel Toribio, Pablo Portillo, Jos6 QuinAgustin Santana, to Launch Seaman. William M. Deaton, to Pilot-in-Training. tana, Agustin Rodriguez, to Grounds Electrical Division Victor J. GonzAlez, Norbert R. Welsh, to Maintenance Equipment Operator. Burnell F. Dowler, from Marine Machinist, Jaiiler F oatig Pl nt.Juan Mejia, Cecilio Gilbert E. Manning, Stanley V. Waterman, Industrial Division, to Operator-Diesel Livingston, Alejandro Garces, from Dock Walter E. Clarke, Norman N. Bonnick, Machinist. Worker Terminals Divisio to DeckFitz R. Scantlebury, Charles A. AlexJames G. Murray, from General Engineer, hand Tander, Norman A. Blades, Cornelius E. Industrial Division, to Training InstrucAmable A. Herrera, from Dock Worker, Brooks, Daniel Byfield, Joclyn E. Byrnes, tor, Welding and Metallurgy. Terminals Division, to Deckhand. Egbert M. Best, to Lead Foreman, Cleveland A. Jordan, Jos6 Murillo, to DisJos6 G. Agostini, to Seaman. Grounds. tribution Systems Maintenanceman. Jos6 H. Bedoya V., from Laborer, TerAlexander R. Holder, Concepcion Barrios, Maintenance Division minals Division, to Deckhand. Charles C. Mayers, Jos6 A. Arias, to Lead Robert C. Herrington, to Lead Foreman PEForeman Grounds Maintenance EquipPublic Works Road Construction. PERSONNEL BUREAU ment Operator. Carl L. Simons, to Lead Foreman Public Betty J. Farrell, from Accounts MainteSupply Division Works Road Paving. nance Clerk, Office of Director, EnEdwin F. Rigby, to General Supply OfFrank R. Turman, Jr., to Lead Foreman gineering and Construction Bureau, to ficer. Quarters Maintenance. Clerk-Typist, Ofie of Director. Ella J. Maynard, to Sales Section Head. James R. McCarrick, from Towing LocoSUPPLY AND COMMUNITY Arthur C. Parchment, James A. Smith, motive Operator, Locks Division, to SERVICE BUREAU Granville L. Reece, to Leader High Lift Sheetmetal Worker. Truck Operator. Byron R. Brookes, from Waiter, Supply DiCommunity Services Division Stanley C. Vanterpool, to Truck Driver. vision, to Helper Maintenance MaAugust I. Bauman, to Superintendent of 23 chinist. Grounds Maintenance Branch. (See P) 23) THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 21

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RETIREMENTS r l1ETHIilFMENT certificates WCrC prescit(d at the end of December to the emiployees listed below, with their birth_ _ _ places, positions, years of Canal service, and futUre residence. MKiji .Alcide, Santa Lucia; Laundry50 Years Ago receive more than a half million dollars. mau, Supply Division; 37 years, 6 WORK ON construction of the Panama Final negotiations were in progress in J onhs, days; Panama.Canal Locks was going great guns 50 Washington on the new Panama-United Josiah Alley3e, Barbados; Laborer, Mamnyears ago this month. By the end of States Treaty, which was signed later tenance Divisimn; 30 years, 11 months, g thi moth Byteenmf i the year. 8 (lays; Colon. January, more than 50 percent of the Cephas A. Arthur, Jamaica; Machinist concrete for the three twin locks at The United States announced that Helper, Electrical Division; 34 years, 6 Gatun had been laid, with the exact plans had been made to build a $250,000 months, 10 (lays; Panama. amount in lace totaling 1,051,723 legation in Panama. Maria S. Bellay, Panama; Pantry Woman, p Supply Division; 37 years, 1 month, 1 yards. Concrete work on the Locks at 10 Years Ago day; Pallama. Pedro Miguel was more than 60 percent Joseph I. Brown, Jamaica; Furnaceman, complete, while approximately 8 perHOUSING IN BOTH the Canal Zone and Industrial Division; 41 years, 4 months, cent of the concrete for the system of Panama came up for discussion on the Harry F. Cranfield, Massachusetts; OperLocks at Miraflores had been laid. Isthmus 10 years ago this month, as ator Foreman, Electrical Division; 19 The first shipment of materials for President Truman asked for 11 million years, 10 months, 4 days; Florida. work on the Lock rates arrived on the dollars for housing in the Canal Zone as Mrs. Carolyn J. Henry, Florida; Clerical w o part of his annual budget message to Assistant, Personnel Bureau; 5 years, 1 Isthmus from Baltimore. It consisted of Conress. In Panama, it was announced month, 14 days; Florida. 400 tons of equipment for handling the C Samuel Johnson, Santa Lucia; Seaman, Nasteel that would form the gates. The first that plans for the construction of 8,000 vigation Division; 37 years, 2 months, 2 shipment of steel for the gates was to low cost housing units at an estimated (lays; Panama. 1i o cost of 20 million dollars were under Charles L. Latham, Washington, D.C.; leave Pittsburgh the middle of the study by the Government. Retail Store Supervisor, Supply Division; month. 32 years, 9 monithis; France. A break occurred in the west bank of A report on Communistic activity in Manuel L. Lc6on, Colombia; Foreman, TerA Panama was to be given in the National minals Division; 41 years, 11 months, the Canal at a point opposite the Culeanama b he Aien the in 29 (lays; Panama. bra Hotel. It involved from 200,000 to Assembly by Alfredo Aleman, Sr., MinJasper Leonard Long, Texas; Assistant 250,000 yards of material. The moveister of Government and Justice, followForeman, Postal Division; 23 years, 4 ment was anticipated, however, and did ing a statement made earlier in the months; Texas. month in the Assembly that an undeniCapt. Harold T. Longmore, Massachusetts; notable Communist penetration existed in Pilot, Navigation Division; 24 years, 5 Cut to any extent. Regular operations a m months, 11 days; New Orleans. were continued. Panama. Jose 1. Martinez, Panama; Laborer, ComA United States income tax office unity Services Division; 22 years, 2 In Panama, ork was being done on oened in the Canal Zone to providee months, 3 days; Panama. the construction of a street railway o ..i Kurt F. Menzel, Washington, D.C.; Superwhich would connect with a similar railZonians with help in the preparation of visory Medical Technician, Health Buway in the Canal Zone. The main line their tax returns. Meanwhile, Rep. G. P. reau; 33 years, 8 months, 12 days; Panwas to extend through Central Avenue Miller introduced a bill in Congress Charles A. McLean, Panama; Scrap etal in Panama to and around Cathedral which would exempt Canal employees Sorter, Supply Division; 31 years, 3 Park in one direction and along the from payment of tax on their 1950 inmonths, 22 days; Panamak Sabanas Road in the other direction, come. William C. Moore, Barbados; Boilermaker thus passing the Panama Railroad Among the prominent visitors to the 1outh, u24 (lays; Panam. Station. Isthmus during January 1951 was the Alfred Myers, St. Vincent; Warehouseman, Archbishop of Canterbury, who arrived Dredging Division; 46 years, 8 months, 25 Years Ago by ship from England and made a tour 14 (lays; Pan~amas.ofteLcs 1t tftt Ernesto Navalo V., Panama; Ship Worker, PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, of the Locks and other points of interest Terminals Division; 13 years, 10 months, in his annual budget message to Conin the Zone. 17 Naays; Panama. gress in January 1936, asked for an apMarcelina Navarro, Panama; Presser, propriation of $11,262,944 for the PanOne Year Ago (lays; Panama. ama Canal. The amount represented an THE NEED FOR experienced key men Lt. Richard G. Nichols, North Carolina; increase of approximately two and one and the use of first-class equipment was Police Lieutenant, Police Division; 20 half million dollars over the budget emphasized by Lt. Col. R. D. Brown, years, 27 (lays; Florida. estimate for the previous fiscal year. Engineering and Construction Bureau Bruno Olayo, Panama; Trackma, Railroad Most of the funds were slated for mainDirector, during the pre-bidding conDivision; :21 years, 20 days; Panama. Huntley S. Phillips, Barbados; Leader Sandtenance and operation of the waterway. ference held a year ago this month on blaster, Dredging Division; 40 years, 10 Meanwhile, the U.S. Army anthe Empire Reach widening project. months, 23 (lays; Chilibre. nounced that $700,000 would be set During the month, a new million and area 40.Wi liams, xkmaoo, 6edal aside for Canal Zone projects. Some of a half dollar Cristobal Junior-Senior Palna the money would be used for roads and High School was formally dedicated Arthur G. Wright, Jamaica; Welder Helper, part of it for the construction of barduring a ceremony attended by Gov. Dredging Division; 40 years, 1 month, racks and quarters in Fort Clayton. W. E. Potter, Dr. James Ray Graham, 12 (lays; Panama.JaeRyGrhm Iris M. McNeil, Jamaica; Laundry Checker As a result of the passage of the Director of Special Education in Illinois, Supply Division; 43 years, 9 months, 3 Soldiers' Bonus Bill in Washington, Zone school officials, and 300 Atlantic days, Panama. Canal Zone veterans were expected to side residents. 22 JANUARY 6, 1961

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THE CANAL ZONE Civilian Personnel Policy Coordinating People Of Interest Board, which is responsible for administering the Canal Zone PETER BIRENNAN, former Chief Deputy Marshall of the Merit System and maintaining uniform rates of pay among Canal Zone, former Panama newspaperman, and former emcivilian employees of U.S. Governployee of The Panama Canal Record Section, joined hundreds meant agencies in the Zone, last of other former Canal einployees ionth acquired its first permain St. Petersburg, Fla., last month. nently appointed executive head. When he lett Panama, after Executive Officer George R. his retirement in November, i" Johnson, who came to the Isthmus headed for Boston. Boston was from Washington, D.C., formerly too cold, however, for one wno was head of the Legislative Cohad spent 30 years in the tropics. ordsation Section of the Naval Florida is on the chill side this Office of Industrial Relations. month, too, Pete has written his A native of North Dakota, Mr. old friends. So far he has spent Johnson is a graduate of the Unmost of his time in his warm hotel versity of North Dakota, and has room looking at television. done graduate work at North Pete retired after 19 years of Dakota State University, George Williams College, the Uniservice as Chief Deputy Marshal. versity of Oregon, and the University of Southern California. His service with the Canal organHe entered federal service in 1953 and was with the Federal ization was much shorter. He was Housing Administration and the Air Force before joining the an employee at the AdministraNavy office which he left to come to the Zone. tion Building less than a year. The Canal Zone Civilian Personnel Policy Coordinating Between the two government jobs, Pete worked for the Board was established in January 1959 to carry out the regulaPanama American, including several years as editor, and later tions issued by the Secretary of the Army on Uniform Wage with the Star & Herald. Most people in Panama remember Legislation, as provided for in the 1955 Treaty and Memohim best for his daily colum, "Through the Looking Glass," random of Understandings between the United States and which ran in the Star & Herald for a number of years. Panama. Promotions and Transfers vision, to Dock Worker. Gorgas Ilospital Oswald R. Smith, from Laborer, Division Evelyn D. Engelke, Josephine E. Hilty, (Continued from p. 21) of Schools, to Dock Worker. Nancy A. Symons, Clerk-Stenographer, Thomas Gondola, to High Lift Truck OperPolice Division. Herbert N. Whittaker, George X. Jean ator. Raymond A. Nesbitt, James M. Walsh, Louis, Clerk, from Railroad Division. Manuel Moor, Luis Riascos, Alexander A. Admeasurer, Navigation Division. Ivan R. Evering, to Merchandise ManageCox, from Laborer, Supply Division, to George V. Lewis, John A. Redway, Launch ment Assistant. Dock Worker. Dispatcher, Navigation Division. Carlos 0. Stephens, Miguel F. Arias, to Kenneth W. Maloney, Percival A. Samuels, Leslie M. Spencer, Systems Accountant, High Lift Truck Operator. to Timekeeper, Typing. Office of the Comptroller. Samuel U. Johnson, to Stockman. Manuel Navalo, Jose E. Rodriguez, to Ship Sarah D. Cheney, Clerk-Stenographer, Frances M. Jones, Julian G. Wharton, Lin'Worker. Dredging Division. nett J. Reed, Violet R. Harewood, John Irad Reid, Alejandro Atencio, Eustis HawErvin D. Hicks, Guard Supervisor, Supply A. Gulston, Alfred W. Anderson, Eunice kins, to Helper Liquid Fuels Wharfman. Division. E. Drayton, Grendeline Grant, Sim6n Alphaes Plato, to Clerk Checker. Ruth L. Turner, Library Assistant, Canal Cort6s, Reginald E. Murray, to WareManuel H. Asprilla, to Leader Ship Cargo Zone Library-Museum. houseman. Operations. Antoni R. Doughty, Cecil J. Dutton, Lionel George E. Farley, Jr., Osmond P. Brown, Carlyle D. Clark, to Freight Rate Assistant. D. Bellamy, Timekeeper, Locks DiviJr., Aubrey C. Baxter, Carlos Coto R., to Reginald V. Reid, to Heavy Laborer. sion. Utility Worker. Motor Transportation Division Rita M. Hoyle, Clerk-Typist, Electrical Pedro J. C6rdova, Miguel A. Pineda, Pablo Division. Pertuz C., Alexander Johnson, Percival German R. Langshaw, to General Supply James C. Cullen, Mcchainical Engineer, A. Sanson, Olganon Clarke, to Heavy Clerk. Engineering Division. Laborer, Ruben N. Richards, from Utility Worker, Jerry L. Carlton, Signalman, Navigation Clifford Blythe, Lionel Brathwaite, Teofilo Supply Division, to Truck Driver. Division. G6mez, to Laborer Cleaner. OTHER PROMOTIONS James H. Payne, Supervisory Baker SpePreston W. McBarnette, Clarence N. Brin, PRO2MOTIONS which did not involve cialist, Supply Division. to Supervisory Clerk. Wilfred C. Adams, Supervisory Clerk, SupArthur L. Dale, to Supervisory Accounts changes of title follow: p1,v Division. Maintenance Clerk. Norman B. Davison, Superintendent Retail Sidney Morris, Arnoldo J. Sinclair C., WilHarold W. Williams, Louise Young, to Store Branch, Supply Division. liani A. Collins, hlylton Mills, Launch Clerk Typist. John F. Manning, Assistant Superintendent Dispatcher, Navigation Division. Henry G. Fergus, to Supervisory Stock Retail Store Branch, Supply Division. Richard Thompson, Cyril M. Richards, Control Clerk. James 0. DesLondes, Administrative OfRobert Ennis, William N. Arthur, HuntClifford C. Reid, Ida E. Lynch, Beryl E. fleer, Office of Director, Supply and ley F. Mignott, Fernando Ostrea, James Carson, George B. Palmer, Maud 1. Community Service Bureau. F. Amburgey, Charles Grenda, to SignalLynch, Clara C. Pimento, Leonard I. Harry E. Pea-l, Civil Engineer, Engineering man, Navigation Division. Sealey, Louise A. Johnson, to Stock ConDivision. Winifred B. Palacio, Ann M. Baptiste, Roy trol Clerk. Carol A. Vose, Clerk-Typist, Accounting J. Raveneau, Clarissa M. DePass, GrenDavid J. Failey, Ivy Sealey, Lester V. Division. vill G. Cooper, Sydney R. Worrell, Edna Bailey, to Sales Clerk. George Parris, George Kirton, Guillermo C. C6rdova, Lester A. James, Mary A. John R. Bovell, Jr., to Messenger. E. Perez B., Vallan E. Ramsay, Antonio Lindsay, Cuthbert C. Butcher, Oswald William A. Thoms, to Lead Foreman High Moribn, Felton L. Gill, Efraim Linares, A. Smith, Ruby R. Lynton, Muriel A. Lift Truck Operator. George C. Clark, Vincent A. Lucas, Jardine, Louise L. Knight, Charles T. TRANSPORTATION AND TERMINALS Ephraim R. Innis, Guards, Supply DiMayers, Eric B. Johnson, Cuthbert 0. vision. Russell, Fitz H. Grant, Arnold A. BUREAU Frederick H. Taylor, Victor M. Quintero, Grenion, Milray L. Barrow, Ainsley CalTerminals Division Rupert G. Allison, Alfonso A. Moore, lender, Astor N. Lewis, to Stock Control Jorge L. Pico, from Laborer, Industrial DiJos6 P. Romero, Nursing Assistant, Clerk, Supply Division. THE PANAMA CANAL REVIEW 23

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S HI PPIING Volk Transit Canal The Ariadne, formerly owned by the VESSELS IN NOVEMBER Hamburg-America Line, carries apEIGHT HUNDRED tons of Volkswagens 1959 1960 proximately 500 cruise passengers and were carried through the Canal in Cormnercial. 880 857 has visited Canal ports previously. December as the only cargo aboard the U.S. Covernment. 20 20 Norwegian-flag Dagfred, which arrived Ships Get here from Hamburg, Germany, on her Total.906 877 Bigger way to Los Angeles. The ship, which TOLLS SIPS ARE getting longer, wider, and makes a round trip between the Pacific Commercial.$4,128,086 $4,307,877 bulkier, as any Panama Canal admeascoast and Europe once every two U.S. Government. 66,855 76,308 urer can testify. Superships pass through months, carries automobiles on her way Total. 4,194,941 $4,384,185 the Canal almost daily and last month out, and wheat, lumber, and general the National Defender, a U.S. flag cargo on her way back to Hamburg. CARGO (long tons) tanker built in Newport News broke Owned by John P. Pedersen of Oslo Commercial .4,596,809 5,162,820 the overall length record for commercial and chartered by the Volkswagen Corp., U.S. Government. 58,083 36,598 cargo ships by measuring in at 810 feet. the Dagfred is specially designed for Total. 4,654,892 5,199,418 This surpassed by quite a few feet the carriage of motor cars between *Includes toils on all vessels, ocean-going and smap the former record of 788 feet chalked Europe and North America. On one of up by the Sinclair Petrolore, which tranher recent voyages to Los Angeles, she sited the Canal on December 19, 1959. landed 1,152 German cars in Long (It won't transit again, however, having Beach. nique; Guadaloupe; St. Thomas; and sunk off the coast of Brazil a month ago The ship is fitted with detachable San Juan, P.R. today.) steel racks which fit into her holds and According to Boyd Bros., agents for Meanwhile, news came from Japan between-decks, locking each car into the ship here, the Ariadne also is schedthat a supertanker called the Universe position. Instead of masts and derricks, uled for a cruise this summer which will Apollo had been built with an overall she has 12 five-ton deck cranes to enable take her through the Canal May 11 on length of 940 feet and a beam of 125 her to load and discharge in record her way to Acapulco, Mexico; and Los feet. The prcsent Canal will never have time. C. B. Fenton & Co., agents for the Angeles, Calif. She will return through to worry about that one, however. The ships at the Canal, expect the vessel the Canal July 23 on her way to Miami Canal locks are 1,000 feet long but only back here from the West Coast Janby way of Kingston and Nassau. 110 feet wide. uary 15. Miami Cruise Ship OPERATING OUT of Miami, the cruise ship Ariadne of the Ariadne Cruise Line, Inc., arrived in Cristobal on Christmas Day on the first of a series of Caribbean cruises which will bring her to the Canal nine times during the present cruise season. After leaving Miami, the ship calls at Montego Bay, Jamaica; Cristobal; Curacao; Fort-de-France, MartiPANAMA LINE SAILINGS FROM NEW YORK Cristobal .January 6 Ancon .January 13 Cristobal.January 24 Ancon .January 31 At least two of the type of fleet cargo ships represented by the Pioneer Mart, shown here FROM CRISTOBAL in Miraflores Locks, makes the Canal transit each week-one northbound and the other southbound. On the day this picture was taken of the northbound Pioneer Mart, a sister ship, Cristobal. January 14 the Pioneer Min, transited southbound. The Pioneer Line, a subsidiary of the United States Ancon.January 21 Line, operates nine of these mariner class freighters through the Canal on a fast service from the East Coast of the United States to Japan. They cruise at approximately 21 knots Cristobal .February 1 and can accommodate up to 12 passengers. Panama Agencies represents the line at the Canal. 24 JANUARY 6, 1961